Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2626 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2626 Journals sorted by number of followers
Information Retrieval     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 791, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. on Digital Libraries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 784, SJR: 0.441, CiteScore: 2)
Trends in Organized Crime     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 541, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 1)
Crime, Law and Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 504, SJR: 0.357, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Police and Criminal Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 432, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Diabetologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 346, SJR: 3.228, CiteScore: 5)
Innovative Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 322, SJR: 0.586, CiteScore: 1)
Natural Hazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 305, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 2)
Gyroscopy and Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 252, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Biodiversity and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 244, SJR: 1.243, CiteScore: 3)
Dysphagia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 204, SJR: 0.99, CiteScore: 2)
Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 202, SJR: 1.782, CiteScore: 2)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 188, SJR: 1.077, CiteScore: 3)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 184, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 172, SJR: 1.628, CiteScore: 4)
Crime Prevention and Community Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Space Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95, SJR: 3.262, CiteScore: 7)
J. of Autism and Developmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91, SJR: 1.81, CiteScore: 4)
Intensive Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77, SJR: 3.293, CiteScore: 4)
Ethics and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Education and Information Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Landscape Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.858, CiteScore: 4)
European J. of Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.375, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Archaeological Method and Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 2.014, CiteScore: 3)
Marine Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.085, CiteScore: 2)
Climatic Change     Open Access   (Followers: 62, SJR: 2.035, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.752, CiteScore: 4)
Educational Technology Research and Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 60)
Research in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.702, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Experimental Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 2.639, CiteScore: 4)
Machine Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.695, CiteScore: 3)
Oecologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.695, CiteScore: 3)
Cambridge journal of evidence-based policing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
J. of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.337, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 1.276, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. for Philosophy of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.354, CiteScore: 0)
Experimental Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 1)
Earth, Moon, and Planets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.63, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Archaeological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.159, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Memory & Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.379, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Earth System Science     Open Access   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.366, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Anesthesia/J. canadien d'anesthésie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.908, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Applied Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.186, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Astrophysics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Management     Open Access   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.921, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.331, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Historical Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.427, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Intl. Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 5.198, CiteScore: 7)
Demography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.345, CiteScore: 3)
Astrophysics and Space Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.616, CiteScore: 1)
Water Resources Management     Open Access   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 3)
Bulletin of Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Comparative European Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.24, CiteScore: 2)
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.984, CiteScore: 1)
Climate Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.445, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Family Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
IMF Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 3.287, CiteScore: 2)
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.093, CiteScore: 2)
Foundations of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
European Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 0)
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.204, CiteScore: 4)
Mindfulness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.132, CiteScore: 3)
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 1)
Scientometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.125, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.125, CiteScore: 2)
Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.864, CiteScore: 4)
European J. of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.408, CiteScore: 3)
Experimental Astronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.908, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Health Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.153, CiteScore: 2)
J. of World Prehistory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.022, CiteScore: 3)
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 2)
Environment, Development and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.323, CiteScore: 2)
Metal Science and Heat Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.312, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 3.228, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.991, CiteScore: 2)
JOM J. of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.054, CiteScore: 2)
Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.695, CiteScore: 1)
Solar Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.517, CiteScore: 3)
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.8, CiteScore: 4)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.621, CiteScore: 2)
Political Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.708, CiteScore: 2)
Italian Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.081, CiteScore: 4)
Child and Adolescent Social Work J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.444, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.058, CiteScore: 3)
J. of Risk and Uncertainty     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.471, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Quantitative Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 3.562, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Economic Growth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 5.529, CiteScore: 5)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Der Onkologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Australian Educational Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Higher Education Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.652, CiteScore: 1)
Motivation and Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.136, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Population Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.574, CiteScore: 2)
Plant Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.914, CiteScore: 2)
Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.911, CiteScore: 3)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.674, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Social Work J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Current Diabetes Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.618, CiteScore: 4)
Boundary-Layer Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.262, CiteScore: 2)
Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
CEAS Aeronautical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.248, CiteScore: 1)
Information Systems Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.821, CiteScore: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.552, CiteScore: 2)
IIC - Intl. Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.28, CiteScore: 0)
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.845, CiteScore: 3)
J. of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.249, CiteScore: 3)
J. of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.784, CiteScore: 2)
Flow, Turbulence and Combustion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.934, CiteScore: 2)
European Business Organization Law Review (EBOR)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.409, CiteScore: 1)
Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.599, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.827, CiteScore: 2)
Landslides     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.802, CiteScore: 4)
Breast Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Financial Services Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.31, CiteScore: 1)
Microsystem Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.346, CiteScore: 1)
Review of Accounting Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.757, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Banking Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.22, CiteScore: 0)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.066, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Information Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 3)
J. of Ornithology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
The European Physical J. D - Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.387, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Computational Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.888, CiteScore: 2)
Law and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.471, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Sexuality and Gender Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Human Rights Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.175, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Analytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Science and Mathematics Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.737, CiteScore: 1)
Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 2)
Public Choice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.991, CiteScore: 1)
Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Continental Philosophy Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Evolutionary Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.81, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.899, CiteScore: 5)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
World J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.359, CiteScore: 2)
Critical Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.609, CiteScore: 1)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.572, CiteScore: 2)
Water, Air, & Soil Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 2)
Wetlands     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.755, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Public Health Policy     Partially Free   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.715, CiteScore: 1)
Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.345, CiteScore: 1)
Experimental Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.276, CiteScore: 2)
Russian Aeronautics (Iz VUZ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.514, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. of Mental Health and Addiction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 1)
Environmental and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.186, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chemical Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.587, CiteScore: 2)
Mechanics of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.313, CiteScore: 1)
Science & Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Research in Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
J. of the Academy of Marketing Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 4.614, CiteScore: 7)
J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Electrical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.323, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 3)
Diabetes Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.094, CiteScore: 3)
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.099, CiteScore: 4)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.502, CiteScore: 1)
Current Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.562, CiteScore: 1)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.092, CiteScore: 2)
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
European Spine J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.535, CiteScore: 2)
Heat and Mass Transfer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.448, CiteScore: 1)
Experimental Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.947, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Child and Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.784, CiteScore: 2)
J. of General Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.612, CiteScore: 2)
Evolutionary Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.117, CiteScore: 2)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.514, CiteScore: 1)
Early Childhood Education J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
European Journal of Law and Economics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.375
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 65  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1572-9990 - ISSN (Online) 0929-1261
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • On the Application of Nash Bargaining in Reverse Payment Cases in the
           Pharmaceutical Industry
    • Abstract: Abstract Some applications of Nash bargaining in the antitrust analysis of reverse payment settlements estimate the bargaining power parameter as the split of the surplus in the actual settlement with alleged reverse payments. This estimated parameter is then used as the bargaining power parameter in the but-for world where reverse payments are prohibited. We demonstrate that this approach is incorrect. Indeed, in the but-for world there could theoretically be an alternative “no payment” settlement where reverse payments are prohibited. However, the prohibition on reverse payments disproportionately affects the shape of the bargaining set in favor of the patent holder. With this asymmetry in the bargaining set, the estimated “bargaining power” in the actual world (with a settlement) no longer accurately reflects the split of the surplus that would have been agreed during the but-for negotiation with no payments. Moreover, we find that keeping the split of the surplus constant between the actual and but-for worlds is not innocuous because it overestimates the extent of alleged generic delay.
      PubDate: 2020-06-10
  • Enforce taxes, but cautiously: societal implications of the slippery slope
    • Abstract: Abstract The general public often demands more frequent audits and harsher penalties to discourage tax evasion. This paper explores how deterrence via better-equipped tax agencies interrelates with the motivation to voluntarily pay taxes, and how both factors jointly influence tax evasion. For a panel of up to 25 European countries, this paper studies aggregate implications of the Slippery Slope hypothesis of tax compliance, and contributes to the literature on the societal dimension of tax evasion. The results suggest that both higher trust in authorities and increased deterrence efforts are positively associated with tax compliance. Trust and deterrence interact and depend on each other: if trust in authorities is low, an increase in tax enforcement works best for narrowing the tax gap (and vice versa). Generally, the positive influence of trust diminishes with increasing deterrence.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
  • The economics of Puritanism’s treatment of bewitchment: exorcism as a
           potential market-pull innovation'
    • Abstract: Abstract A long history of research on the witchcraft hysteria in Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1692 contends that a group of Puritan ministers, including Salem Village’s Samuel Parris, developed and used the witchcraft hysteria in order to boost religiosity and church attendance in an effort to augment corporate and personal wealth. In carrying out this effort, these ministers pitted churched colonists against unchurched colonists, resulting in the wrongful convictions of 20 American colonials. This study argues that it might have ended without the executions of the colonists, and perhaps in even greater corporate wealth for the Puritan church, had Puritanism been receptive to the potential market-pull innovation represented by exorcism. Scrutiny of this proposition through the lens of rational choice theory suggests, however, that exorcism was inferior to executions as a technology choice for the congregant-maximizing Puritan ministers in Salem Village in 1692.
      PubDate: 2020-05-26
  • Day fines: asymmetric information and the secondary enforcement system
    • Abstract: Abstract The most common pecuniary sanction, i.e. fixed-fines, places an emphasis on the severity of the crime. This fine has the problem of being either too high for poorer offenders to pay or too low for the richer offenders to be deterred. Day-fines, on the other hand, systematically account for the financial situation of the offender as well as for the severity of his offense. Consequently, it imposes equivalent burden of punishment on offenders who committed similar crimes, regardless of their wealth. However, a problem of asymmetric information is raised. Accurate financial information is essential for the efficiency of day-fines, yet its collection is costly. Day-fines receive increasing attention from policy-makers around the world. Nonetheless, it is under-researched in the law and economics literature. Therefore, this article is the first to formally analyze the problem of asymmetric information in the context of day-fines and to develop an optimal secondary enforcement system that would incentivize criminals to provide accurate information regarding their wealth.
      PubDate: 2020-05-26
  • Judges and court performance: a case study of district commercial courts
           in Poland
    • Abstract: Abstract The goal of this paper is to analyse determinants of the performance of commercial district courts in Poland in the period 2009–2016 in terms of the number of resolved cases. To this end we apply a panel data approach to identify factors affecting court output (i.e. the number of cases adjudicated) and stochastic frontier analysis to investigate determinants of court efficiency in resolving cases. Although we found that the judicial system in Poland is mostly driven by the demand for justice, the results indicate that an increase in the number of judges can significantly enhance the number of resolved cases that require a full court trial. We also found that court efficiency is significantly associated with some auxiliary court staff members and variables capturing economic development of court jurisdiction. Specifically, we found that judge assistants increase court efficiency in resolving commercial cases requiring a full trial and court clerks boost court efficiency in resolving writ-of-payment cases.
      PubDate: 2020-05-19
  • Black boxes and market efficiency: the effect on premiums in the Italian
           motor-vehicle insurance market
    • Abstract: Abstract The paper addresses the research question of whether black boxes affect the market efficiency, particularly by reducing the level of premiums. The case analyzed is the Italian motor-vehicle insurance market, characterized by the greatest amount of black boxes in the world as a consequence of regulatory interventions that fostered the spread of these kinds of devices. Particularly, using the data provided by the Italian Insurance Authority (IVASS), we show a specific relation between the increasing number of these devices and the decreasing trend in average premium. Conclusive remarks outline that in the near future this efficiency effect may increase because of the specific use of information derived from the black box that reveals the behaviors of the drivers and allows for innovative ways of individually profiling the insurance policies.
      PubDate: 2020-05-13
  • Product liability under ambiguity
    • Abstract: Abstract The introduction of new varieties of goods increases welfare under certainty and perfect competition. However, when the quality of new goods is uncertain, the need for a regulatory regime on liabilities and hazards arises. We examine the optimality of the regulatory mechanisms of quality under ambiguity (non-uniqueness of the probability distribution). We develop a model showing that product liability does not lead to optimality under ambiguity and so it constitutes an inadequate instrument for controlling the potential damages caused by innovative products. The level of precaution will be larger, equal or less than the optimal level and will decrease with the degree of optimism and will increase with the degree of pessimism. Consequently the price will not reflect the actual product risk and consumers will buy either an insufficient or an excessive amount, according to the case. We present some considerations on the adequate institutional design, capturing the insights obtained in the comparison between regulatory regimes.
      PubDate: 2020-05-13
  • Protection heterogeneity in a harmonized European patent system
    • Abstract: Abstract This study proposes a divergent expectation model for patent infringement disputes, where both litigation and settlement are driven by patent quality. Under the model, patent quality depends on both broadness and definiteness of the patent. The model predicts that technologies where the definiteness attribute can be estimated with high accuracy will have higher settlement rates. At trial, it is rather the assessment of the patent quality by the judge which decides the outcome. In its empirical section, the paper evaluates over a thousand hand-collected and hand-coded patent infringement and counterclaim decisions rendered by courts in the three largest patent granting European countries—Germany, France and the United Kingdom. The paper utilizes empirical methods to investigate whether the characteristics of the patents or the country of litigation predict the outcome of litigation. Examination of the patent characteristics is guided by the factors of our model, in that the patent quality, and underlying technology and industry are tested. The findings provide evidence of the continuing heterogeneity of the patent systems in Europe, despite the harmonization efforts. Demonstrated was the lack of importance of the characteristics of the litigated patent; rather, it was the forum to which the case was brought that was decisive. At the dawn of the Unified Patent Court, our study provides for a window into the extent of heterogeneity still prevailing and a starting point for monitoring the further development of European patent harmonization.
      PubDate: 2020-05-12
  • “You reap what you sow”: Do active labour market policies always
           increase job security' Evidence from the Youth Guarantee
    • Abstract: Abstract The paper uses non-experimental longitudinal data to study the effects of participation in the Youth Guarantee programme aimed at fighting youth inactivity in the European Union territory. Particularly, this analysis questions the value of active labour market policy as a valid instrument to help individuals otherwise isolated from the labour market and, thus, at risk of deterioration of human capital overcome their condition of occupational inactivity. A difference-in-differences model is exploited in this regard to investigate whether there exists an advantage for participants of the Youth Guarantee in terms of employment and job stability. Results show that participants are 7.4 and 4.4 percentage points more likely to, respectively, become employed and be offered an open-ended contract. An assessment of profiling is also provided.
      PubDate: 2020-05-09
  • Optimal social media content moderation and platform immunities
    • Abstract: Abstract This article presents a model of the lawmakers’ choice between implementing a new content moderation regime that provides for platform liability for user-generated content versus continuing platform immunity for the same. The model demonstrates that lawmakers prefer platform immunity, even if incivility is increasing, if the costs of implementing a platform liability regime are greater than the costs of enforcing status quo law. In addition, inasmuch as implementation of a platform liability regime is coupled with new speech restrictions that are unconstitutional or prohibitively costly, lawmakers prefer immunity, but platforms are free to set strong content moderation policies consistent with existing law.
      PubDate: 2020-05-09
  • How does regulatory complexity affect business demography' Evidence
           from Spain
    • Abstract: Abstract The volume and fragmentation of the regulatory framework matter for the study of business demography. They may imply that the market is divided, reducing the ability of companies to take advantage of economies of scale and may reduce firm size. This article has two objectives: it analyzes the results of a new database on regulation in Spain and explores the impacts of the complexity of the regulatory framework on business demography. The volume of new norms adopted in Spain has increased by four-fold since the end of the 70s, reaching 11,737 regulations in 2018. The results of our analysis indicate that the complexity of the regulatory framework, broken down at the local level, is negatively related to the total number of firms in Spain. The negative association is clearer in the case of limited liability companies (which are larger firms) than in individuals with business activity (which have a smaller size). The analysis in this article is relevant to the study of productivity in Spain.
      PubDate: 2020-04-27
  • Competitors in merger control: Shall they be merely heard or also listened
    • Abstract: Abstract There are legal grounds to hear competitors in merger control proceedings, and competitor involvement has gained significance. To what extent this is economically sensible is the focus of our game-theoretic analysis. The competition authority applies some welfare standard while the competitor cares about its own profit. In expectation, there is neither a pure conflict nor a complete alignment of interest. We distinguish hard and soft information and ask whether hearing the competitor might convey valuable but non-verifiable information to the authority. We identify a case where, based on the authority’s verifiable information, the authority’s decision is improved by following the competitor’s selfish but non-verifiable communication. We argue that the practical relevance of this constellation is very limited, especially so under a consumer welfare standard. Thus, non-verifiable information should mostly be ignored. Complementary to our analysis, we provide empirical data of competitor involvement in EU merger cases and give an overview of the legal discussion in the EU and US.
      PubDate: 2020-04-20
  • On the judicial annulment of the ‘domestic’ trade moratorium in South
           African rhinoceros horn: a law and economics perspective
    • Abstract: Abstract The legalization of rhino horn ‘domestic’ trade in South Africa potentially unleashes market forces featuring new entry, new tastes and new rhino horn products. This risks escalating the rhino-poaching crisis further. It is argued that institutional contradictions have been engendered by the South African High Court ruling in Kruger and another v Minister of Water and Environmental Affairs and others [2015] JOL 34725, whose assumptions are shown to be highly restrictive and seemingly poorly informed about the true nature of demand for rhino horn and the dynamics of poaching. The shortcoming in the legal decision-making pertains to not taking account of the absence of any evidence for the existence of domestic demand for rhino horns in South Africa. The key arguments presented herein align with support for the reinstitution of the rhino horn trade moratorium, as well as administrative measures implemented effectively to contain the poaching crisis.
      PubDate: 2020-04-10
  • Is the UK Supreme Court rogue to un-prorogue Parliament'
    • Abstract: Abstract On 24 September 2019, in a unanimous judgment the UK Supreme Court ([2019] UKSC 41) ruled that the Prime Minister’s action to prorogue (suspend) Parliament for 5 weeks in the run-up to the 31-10-2019 deadline of the UK leaving the European Union, was unlawful and of no effect, as it prevented Parliament from carrying out its constitutional functions without reasonable justification. Although the Court did not pronounce on the merits and demerits of Brexit, its decision delighted “Remainers” but appalled “Leavers”. The Court ruling epitomises the potency of constitutional review by an independent judiciary. The paper applies collective choice theory to analyse the ruling of the Supreme Court. This is accomplished by (a) examining the legal basis of the Court ruling; (b) reviewing arguments for judicial review and (c) exploring the effect of the Court as an additional player in the game of collective choice in a spatial decision model.
      PubDate: 2020-04-08
  • Legal forms, organizational architecture, and firm failure: a large
           survival analysis of Russian corporations
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we trace the survival status of more than 110,000 Russian firms from 2007 to 2015 and examine the relationship between legal forms of incorporation and firm survivability across industries and different periods of economic crisis and growth. Applying the Cox proportional hazards model, we find an optimal legal form that maximizes the probability of firm survival: closed joint-stock companies and those adopting limited liability survive longer than open joint-stock companies, partnerships, or cooperatives. This relationship is robust across periods of boom and recession and across industries.
      PubDate: 2020-04-07
  • The heat: temperature, police behavior and the enforcement of law
    • Abstract: Abstract Despite ample investigation into the influence of ambient temperature on behavior, and especially on criminal activity, little research exists on the impact of temperature on police behavior. As such, this analysis tests the “heat hypothesis” over 5 years of traffic stops by the City of Pittsburgh Police Department. Across a range of specifications, police officers are more likely to issue traffic citations when temperatures are warmer—holding constant driving behavior—and the magnitude of the increase is comparable to citation rate discrepancies between black and white drivers.
      PubDate: 2020-03-27
  • Automated fact-value distinction in court opinions
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper studies the problem of automated classification of fact statements and value statements in written judicial decisions. We compare a range of methods and demonstrate that the linguistic features of sentences and paragraphs can be used to successfully classify them along this dimension. The Wordscores method by Laver et al. (Am Polit Sci Rev 97(2):311–331, 2003) performs best in held out data. In an application, we show that the value segments of opinions are more informative than fact segments of the ideological direction of U.S. circuit court opinions.
      PubDate: 2020-03-06
  • Financial impact of regulatory sanctions on listed companies
    • Abstract: Abstract We examine the impact of the enforcement of financial regulations by the French Financial Market Authority on sanctioned firms. The early stages of the enforcement process are by law confidential, with an internal investigation and bilateral exchanges between the defendant and its regulator. The public hearing by the Enforcement Committee leads to a single publication of the decision, being the only public communication. Using an event study methodology, we find that the confidentiality of the initial steps of enforcement procedures is respected and that markets account for the publication of sanctions. Still, reactions are limited in absolute and relative terms, both compared to past studies and in terms of reputational penalty. Some parameters trigger a stronger reaction, but not the most straightforward (such as the cash fine or behavioral sanction). The results echo the reputation for leniency of sanctions (scarce procedures, lax verdicts, low fines, ending neglected by analysts and investors), despite consecutive regulatory tightenings and long procedures. They question the efficiency of enforcement.
      PubDate: 2020-02-27
  • Securing personal freedom through institutions: the role of electoral
           democracy and judicial independence
    • Abstract: Abstract We investigate empirically how electoral democracy and judicial independence relate to personal freedom. While judicial independence is positively and robustly related to personal freedom in all its forms, electoral democracy displays a robust, positive relationship with only two out of seven types of personal freedom (freedom of association, assembly and civil society; freedom of expression and information). Interaction terms and more refined indicators of the political system reveal that countries without elections or with only one political party benefit more from judicial independence than both democracies and multi-party systems without free elections.
      PubDate: 2020-02-24
  • Recent legislative measures to reduce overcrowding of prisons in Italy: a
           preliminary assessment of their economic impact
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper analyses the effects of two recent reforms introduced in Italy in 2010 and 2011 in an attempt to reduce prison overcrowding. The first, introduced by the law no. 199 of 2010 on house arrest for prisoners with final conviction. The second, passed by the decree law no. 211 of 2011 on house arrest for criminals arrested awaiting trial. The results of econometric analysis prove that these reforms have achieved the objective to reduce the overcrowding of prisons in the short run, but in the long run they contribute to exacerbating the problem. A strong link was found between the several kinds of crime and the total number of prisoners. The two reforms seems to be positively correlated with property crimes (a pickpocketing and home thefts), but not with violent crimes. Finally, the impact of the changes introduced in the condition to be eligible to access at house arrest, has a negative impact on welfare.
      PubDate: 2020-01-23
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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