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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2425 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2425 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.316
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 31  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0949-1775 - ISSN (Online) 1432-0517
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2425 journals]
  • The role of the CCQM OAWG in providing SI traceable calibrators for
           organic chemical measurements
    • Abstract: Metrological traceability for organic chemical measurements is a documented unbroken chain of calibrations with stated uncertainties that ideally link the measurement result for a sample to a primary calibrator in appropriate SI units (e.g., mass fraction). A comprehensive chemical purity determination of the organic calibrator is required to ensure a true assessment of this result. We explore the evolution of chemical purity capabilities across metrology institute members of the Consultative Committee for Amount of Substance: Metrology in Chemistry and Biology’s Organic Analysis Working Group (OAWG). The OAWG work program has promoted the development of robust measurement capabilities, using indirect “mass balance” determinations via rigorous assessment of impurities and direct determination using quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy methods. A combination of mass balance and qNMR has been shown to provide a best practice approach. Awareness of the importance of the traceability of organic calibrators continues to grow across stakeholder groups, particularly in key areas such as clinical chemistry where activities related to the Joint Committee for Traceability in Laboratory Medicine have raised the profile of traceable calibrators.
      PubDate: 2019-10-08
  • Enumeration of lactic acid bacteria: lacuna and improvement areas
           highlighted by proficiency testing
    • Abstract: During the 2011 to 2018 food microbiology proficiency testing (PT) schemes organized by REQUASUD, a systematic analytical issue was detected. For the enumeration of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB), laboratories carrying out the same analytical method (ISO 15214) yielded completely incoherent results while analysing naturally contaminated samples (raw milk, smoked salmon and ham sausage), leading to an atypically large distribution of the PT results. A comprehensive study of these atypical PT results provided insight into the source of systematic errors affecting the LAB enumeration. The main sources of analytical variability turned out to be linked to the ISO 15214:1998 standard. To better harmonize the analytical results, practical improvements can be proposed for the revision of this standard, mainly: the addition of precise criteria for the colony count, a restriction of the allowed incubation conditions and the use of a more selective culture medium (e.g. supplemented with sorbate) to limit the growth of interfering colonies. PT is a privileged observation post to highlight such analytical issues, which would otherwise remain unnoticed. Whenever an unusual distribution of PT results is observed (e.g. high dispersion or non-normal distribution of the values), it is the responsibility of the PT provider to try to identify the causes of non-normality, in a perspective of method improvement. The statistical analysis of atypical PT results requires specific attention: ignoring the non-normality of PT results when it occurs can lead to set an erroneous assigned value, unfairly penalizing participants.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Improving laboratory economic and environmental performance by the
           implementation of an environmental management system
    • Abstract: The RCPAQAP is a medium-sized healthcare organisation with a laboratory, logistics and office area. The organisation begun integrating an environmental management system as well as Lean and Business Excellence into its business practice. There have been real and tangible benefits to the organisation in terms of environmental footprint, cultural change and financial performance. There have been significant savings in waste, power and reduced paper usage. The total savings over 3 years were of the order of $800000. There has also been cultural change among the staff. The organisation has achieved accreditation to ISO 14001 and received an award from the Australian Business Excellence Awards scheme. The RCPAQAP has been able to document a process that has led to the successful integration of an EMS into business practice and has recorded real benefits from the exercise.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Compliance with good manufacturing practices for medicines in Brazil
    • Abstract: Good manufacturing practices (GMP) ensure that products are consistently produced and controlled according to appropriate quality standards. This study aimed to evaluate the GMP compliance of Brazilian medicine manufacturers over the past 3 years. The outcomes, deficiencies, and significance of these were collected from 485 inspections performed between 2015 and 2017. The nonconformities were arranged by sections of the GMP guidelines to demonstrate the main areas of deficiency. During the evaluation period, 61.4 % of inspected companies were classified as GMP ‘satisfactory’; 23.3 % were classified as ‘on hold’; and 15.3 % of inspections concluded that the company did not comply with GMP and resulted in an ‘unsatisfactory’ classification. At least one deficiency was found in 280 inspections (57.7 %). Critical deficiencies were found in 52 (10.7 %) inspections, major deficiencies were observed in 203 (41.9 %) inspections, and minor deficiencies were observed in 251 (51.8 %) inspections. The most common areas of deficiency were qualification and validation, documentation, and premises. The level of GMP compliance increased over the evaluation period. Updates or additional guidelines for the specific issues in which deficiencies are often identified might be useful to improve industry GMP compliance. The public disclosure of inspection outcomes and deficiencies may encourage the industry to comply with GMP and assist regulatory authorities in the maintenance of regulatory transparency. Knowledge of GMP noncompliance patterns and trends may allow the prioritization of inspections on high-risk areas and facilities, with the main goal of protecting the population from substandard medicines.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Direct analysis of free-base nicotine in tobacco leaf by headspace
           solid-phase micro-extraction combined with gas chromatography/mass
    • Abstract: A little nicotine in tobacco leaf is non-ionized, which is also known as free-base nicotine (FBN). The dynamic equation existed between FBN and ionized nicotine can easily change with water content, temperature and pH value. In this study, a method of the direct quantitative analysis for FBN in tobacco leaf by using headspace solid-phase micro-extraction, combined with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, was developed. The optimum conditions for analysis method, including sample forms, SPME fiber type, pre-equilibrium temperature, pre-equilibrium time, extraction temperature and extraction time, were investigated in detail. Under the optimized conditions, the linear range of the method was 1 mg/mL–100 mg/mL, with a correlation coefficient (r) of 0.9977 and a detection limit of 0.84 μg/g, the repeatability (expressed as relative standard deviation) was 3.35 %, and the recovery of this method was between 99.56 % and 99.80 %. The uncertainty budget was finally done according to the “Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement,” and the relative expanded uncertainty was 7.1 % with coverage factor k = 2. This method may be reliable and convenient for tobacco control.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Evaluation of measurement uncertainty in the elemental analysis of
           sintered silicon carbide using laser ablation in liquid—inductively
           coupled plasma mass spectrometry with external calibration and isotope
    • Abstract: The goal of this study was to evaluate the uncertainty of elemental analytical methods that use laser ablation in liquid (LAL) as a pretreatment. After LAL sampling of silicon carbide (SiC), trace impurities were quantified using inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry (ICP-SFMS) with external calibration (EC). The expanded uncertainty (k = 2) of the concentrations was less than 10 %. To obtain more precise values, the Ti, the element homogeneously distributed on the sample surface of SiC, was quantified using ICP-SFMS with isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS). The expanded uncertainty (k = 2) was reduced to 3.4 %. The smaller uncertainty associated with IDMS reflected the fact that measuring the isotope ratio of the same element with IDMS and high-speed isotope measurements at 10-ms intervals reduced the variability of signal intensities, the primary source of uncertainty, more effectively than EC. Moreover, the combination with ID improved the sample amount-dependent unrepeatability in pretreatment. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Purity assessment using the mass balance approach for inorganic in-house
           certified reference material production at Inmetro
    • Abstract: The production of Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) is one of the essential activities of the National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology (Inmetro) to ensure metrological traceability of inorganic elemental measurements in Brazil. This work presents a set of procedures for purity assessment and in-house certification of high-purity salts, implemented at the Laboratory of Inorganic Analysis, from the Chemical and Thermal Metrology Division at Inmetro. We developed and validated methodologies based on inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry measurements with standard addition calibration in order to determine the mass fraction of up to 71 elements considered as possible impurities. The purity of inorganic salts was determined using the mass balance approach with expanded measurement uncertainties smaller than a mass fraction of 0.007 %. All procedures were performed according to the ISO 17034:2016 standard. The CRMs will be used for the production and certification of single-element calibration solutions at Inmetro.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Congresses, conferences, workshops and courses
    • PubDate: 2019-09-24
  • Modelling European quality assurance procedures for analysers monitoring
           emissions under the EU’s Industrial Emissions Directive
    • Abstract: A model has been created to investigate the uncertainty of a gas analyser operating according to the European Standard EN 14181, which ensures that the measurement uncertainty meets the requirements of legislation (Industrial Emissions Directive). This paper summarises the validation and initial results from the model, looking at the effect of varying the uncertainty of the reference method used to calibrate the analyser. The legislation allows the reference method an uncertainty of up to 20 %, but this will influence the quality of the calibration of the analyser. The results illustrate the problem and highlight that it becomes a significant issue when the reference method’s uncertainty is greater than 15 %, with the analyser failing its calibration almost half of the time due to poor reference performance at 20 % uncertainty. The model can be used to test future changes to legislation and can help operators to ensure that they would be able to meet such future measurement challenges.
      PubDate: 2019-08-19
  • Revision of ISO 19229 to support the certification of calibration gases
           for purity
    • Abstract: The second edition of ISO 19229 expands the guidance in its predecessor in two ways. Firstly, it provides more support and examples describing possible experimental approaches for purity analysis. A novelty is that it describes how the beta distribution or some other suitable probability distribution can be used to approximate the distribution of the output quantity, i.e. the fraction of a component. It also provides guidance on how to report coverage intervals in those cases, where the usual approximation from the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement to use the normal or t distribution is inappropriate because of vicinity of zero. Coverage intervals play an important role in conformity assessment, and it is also customary to report measurement uncertainty in the form of a coverage interval, notwithstanding that ISO/IEC 17025 does not explicitly require it. ISO 6141, which sets requirements for certificates of calibration gas mixtures, does require the statement of an expanded uncertainty, which has been interpreted that in the case of a non-symmetric output probability distribution, a coverage interval should be stated, along with the value and the standard uncertainty. This paper gives a brief background to the choices made and examples in ISO 19229.
      PubDate: 2019-08-12
  • Measurement of organochlorine pesticides in drinking water: laboratory
           technical proficiency testing in Mexico
    • Abstract: An interlaboratory comparison exercise was performed to assess the technical proficiency of laboratories in measuring the organochlorine pesticides in drinking water. The homogeneity and stability of the samples to be used in the test were evaluated, the assigned value and the standard deviation were determined according to ISO Guide 35 and ISO standard 17043, and the results showed that the samples were homogeneous and stable for the study period. The test samples (previously verified, as pesticide-free) and the fortifying solution were distributed to nine laboratories in Mexico and analyzed using their own established analytical methods. The pesticides in the fortifying solution were aldrin, β-endosulfan, heptachlor, lindane (γ-HCH), and p,p′-DDE. The assigned values and reference standard deviations were compared with those obtained by each laboratory to determine the z-score for each pesticide and laboratory, and the results are shown graphically for each pesticide. The acceptable z-scores obtained by the participating laboratories were 20 %, 20 %, 20 %, 40 %, and 16.7 % for aldrin, β-endosulfan, heptachlor, lindane, and p,p′-DDE, respectively. This study also provides a summary of the sample preparation and chromatographic techniques used by the participating laboratories, which highlights the technical problems revealed by the interlaboratory exercise.
      PubDate: 2019-08-07
  • Designing a formulation of synthetic wastewater as proficiency testing
           sample: a feasibility study on a laboratory scale
    • Abstract: Monitoring water quality is very crucial for sustainability and availability of clean water on earth. Electrolytic conductivity is one of the important water quality parameters to be monitored according to American Environmental Protection Agency, World Health Organization and Ministry of Environment and Forests Republic of Indonesia. Testing laboratories have a significant role in producing the accurate measurement related to the water quality parameters including electrolytic conductivity. Therefore, participating in a proficiency testing (PT) is mandatory, especially for the accredited testing laboratories, to demonstrate the competency of laboratories in doing the measurement. As PT provider, Chemical Metrology Laboratory held annual PT round since 2013. In 2018 PT round, the Chemical Metrology Laboratory provided a PT to measure the electrolytic conductivity of synthetic wastewater. Before preparing the PT test samples, the feasibility study was conducted to determine the best formulation of synthetic wastewater. During this study, two different formulations were compared in terms of simplicity formulation, electrolytic conductivity value, total dissolved solid/electrolytic conductivity conversion value, homogeneity and stability of the synthetic wastewater. The results show that both candidates are sufficient to be used as PT test samples; however, only one candidate was selected due to its ease and simplicity formulation.
      PubDate: 2019-08-03
  • Proficiency testing for total mercury in oyster with a metrologically
           traceable reference value from isotope dilution mass spectrometry:
           implications on laboratory practices using mercury analyzers
    • Abstract: Mercury is a toxic element of particular concern for the environment and human health, but its accurate analysis is challenging due to its unique physical and chemical properties. In order to enhance the quality and traceability of measurements, a proficiency testing (PT) program (MFDS-PT-101FM-2017) for mercury in oyster tissue has been conducted by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS) of Korea. A majority of the participating laboratories have used commercial mercury analyzers based on thermal decomposition amalgamation atomic absorption spectrometry (TDA–AAS). Good agreement between the participants’ results and the reference value (RV) was observed, where the RV is traceable to the International System of Units and verified for international equivalence. The results of this PT program support the participating laboratories in demonstrating their competence in quantitative analysis, and show the potential of commercial TDA–AAS systems for accurate mercury analysis.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Rounding the expanded uncertainty
    • Abstract: When reporting expanded uncertainty, rounding the number of significant figures can affect the associated level of confidence. A simple numerical method is used to measure the level of confidence obtained after different rounding methods have been applied. This also offers some insight into the meaning of level of confidence. The findings are consistent with NIST recommendations that, for a level of confidence of 95 %, an expanded uncertainty should be rounded to two significant figures and the accompanying measured value reported in the same precision.
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
  • Quality management in research: management process of the laboratories of
           Moroccan faculties of sciences and techniques
    • Abstract: The implementation of a quality management system including management tools in the industrial sector has several advantages. In this perspective, can we use quality management tools to improve the performance of scientific research in Morocco and reduce the gap noticed in this field between the latter and the industrialized countries' To evaluate the level of application of good quality management practices related to scientific research in Morocco, a questionnaire was established and administered to the research laboratories managers of the faculties of sciences and techniques at the national level. Further to this study, it turns out that the good quality management practices related to the laboratory management and research management are applied by a percentage of the laboratories varies between 8 % and 75 %. Regarding the perspectives related to the quality management, 96 % of the laboratories managers declared important or very important the implementation of a quality management system in the laboratory. However, only 17 % have a certification (according to ISO 9001) and/or an accreditation (according to ISO/IEC 17025) project for the next 3 years, considering that the lack of financial means and staff involvement are the first two obstacles for the implementation of such projects. In short, the implementation of good quality management practices in research has several advantages and requires first of all training in the specific standards linked to this area. It also requires the sensitization of managers to the appropriate tools for managing research that can be used and whose purpose is the continuous improvement in the activities.
      PubDate: 2019-07-26
  • Determining modified reaction parameters for the real-time measurement of
           BTEX in biogas and nitrogen using Selected Ion Flow Tube Mass Spectrometry
    • Abstract: The increasing demand for high-quality biogas and the reduction of reliance on natural gas have driven the need for a well-defined framework to ensure conformity and quality of biogas by the introduction of traceable reference materials and methods across the community. Furthermore, there is a great need to quantify critical trace impurities in biogas. Here, we perform real-time measurements on reference gas standards containing trace hydrocarbons in biogas that are traceable to the international system of units using Selected Ion Flow Tube Mass Spectrometry (SIFT-MS). There are limited data on reaction rate constants in biogas matrices for SIFT-MS, and here we use the traceable gas standards to determine and compare the reaction rate constants of trace hydrocarbons in biogas and nitrogen. Here, we modify SIFT-MS constants for biogas avoiding the current 30 % bias and prevent the overestimation in the concentration of hydrocarbon amount fractions.
      PubDate: 2019-07-26
  • Congresses, conferences, workshops and courses
    • PubDate: 2019-06-25
  • Report on the 41st meeting of ISO/REMCO
    • Abstract: The 41st meeting of the Reference Material Committee of ISO, ISO/REMCO, was held in Ottawa, Canada, from 10 to 13 July 2018 and was hosted by the National Research Council of Canada. This report details and summarises the two brainstorming sessions that was held as part of the meeting, as well as the discussions and findings of the associated group sessions and meetings. Emphasis is placed on the two new guidance documents that the committee is drafting.
      PubDate: 2019-05-06
  • Verifying and assigning own target values and ranges for internal quality
    • Abstract: There is considerable variation in laboratory practices with regard to the review of internal quality control (IQC), and the literature is not exhaustive on the subject of own control limits, its interpretation, when to switch it over, and its benefits for routine practice and even for patient monitoring. The purpose of the present article is to stress the routine interpretation and challenges related to own results for IQC management. The first 20 (initial) measures, as well as monthly and cumulative IQC results of immunochemical tests, were analyzed for the selected tumor markers and hormones. While the average tended to get closer to the manufacturer value by increasing the number of measurements, the analytical coefficient of variation (CVA) tended to increase. Most parameters showed significant differences between initial and cumulative CVA, which were lower than the manufacturer’s specifications. While the quality specifications based on biological variation best fit the analytical and clinical purpose of our laboratory tests, we must be aware that the manufacturer’s control range, and even the method specification, should be used carefully, because it is usually wider than our goals.
      PubDate: 2019-04-24
  • Fifteen years of proficiency testing of total petrol hydrocarbon
           determination in soil: a story of success
    • Abstract: The total petrol hydrocarbon (TPH) content in soil is determined by gas chromatographic separation and flame ionisation detection according to ISO 16703 in routine laboratories for about 20 years. The development of the interlaboratory variability observed with this analytical procedure over 15 years in a proficiency testing scheme conducted annually with more than 170 participants is evaluated in detail. A significant improvement of the reproducibility standard deviation among participants is observed over the years and attributed to an increasing familiarity with the procedure. Nevertheless, the determination of TPH in the environmentally relevant mass fraction range between 500 mg/kg and 10 000 mg/kg in soils or sediments is far from reaching the reproducibility standard deviations predicted by the Horwitz curve. It is seen that laboratories with sporadic participation tend to report higher bias, while a core group of laboratories participating on a regular basis arrived at reproducibility standard deviations below 20 %. Results from a given laboratory obtained on two different samples tend to be highly correlated in the same PT round indicating a sound repeatability. Expectedly, the within-laboratory correlation between results from consecutive rounds was considerably lower. However, results from consecutive rounds with a temporal distance of 1, 2 or 3 years revealed largely similar correlations which suggests that the within-laboratory reproducibility adjusts to a constant level at least after a period of 1 year.
      PubDate: 2019-04-24
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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