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Showing 1 - 200 of 2341 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement
  [SJR: 0.378]   [H-I: 30]   [26 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0949-1775 - ISSN (Online) 1432-0517
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2341 journals]
  • Congress, conferences, workshops and courses
    • Pages: 109 - 109
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1259-7
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2017)
  • Bayesian framework for proficiency tests using auxiliary information on
    • Authors: Séverine Demeyer; Nicolas Fischer
      Pages: 1 - 19
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we propose a Bayesian framework to analyse proficiency tests results that allows to combine prior information on laboratories and prior knowledge on the consensus value when no measurement uncertainties nor replicates are reported. For these proficiency tests, where the reported data is reduced to its minimum, we advocate that each piece of information related to the measurement process is valuable and can lead to a more reliable estimation of the consensus value and its associated uncertainty. The resulting marginal posterior distribution of the consensus value relies on the management of expert knowledge used to build prior distributions on the consensus value and the laboratory effects. The choices of priors are discussed to promote the method when the required auxiliary information is available. This new approach is applied on a simulated data set and on a real-life environmental proficiency test.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1247-y
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2017)
  • Mass emissions and carbon trading: a critical review of available
           reference methods for industrial stack flow measurement
    • Authors: C. Dimopoulos; R. A. Robinson; M. D. Coleman
      Abstract: Abstract Flow measurements in industrial ducts and stacks are combined with pollutant or greenhouse gas concentrations to deduce mass emissions. These are then used to populate pollutant emission inventories and are traded under emissions trading schemes. Reference methods for flow are described in ISO 10780 and more recently in EN ISO 16911-1. This paper discusses the key differences between the two standards. We consider sources of error in flow measurement and discuss how each standard addresses them. We find that EN ISO 16911-1 introduces a series of improvements that when combined provide critical uncertainty gains that support compliance with the EU’s Emissions Trading System (EU ETS). All these areas are either not addressed or only partially dealt with in ISO 10780. More specifically, EN ISO 16911-1, (a) specifies a wider range of reference techniques enabling the optimal one to be used for different flue gas environments. (b) Provides a method to correct for cyclonic flow effects. (c) Addresses measurement assembly misalignment and specifies tolerance values for it and (d) provides wall effect correction factors. Most importantly, it has been validated through laboratory and field work. However, the quality control specified in EN ISO 16911-1 is more suitable for measurements to support EU ETS requirements and at times can be too onerous for pollutant mass emission reporting that will usually have less stringent uncertainty requirements.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1261-0
  • Organisation of proficiency schemes by testing and calibration
    • Authors: Rodrigo Leão Mianes; Carla Schwengber ten Caten
      Abstract: Abstract Each year, an increasing demand for proficiency testing is seen in the world. Participating in this type of activity has been adopted by testing and calibration laboratories, accredited under the ISO/IEC 17025 standard (General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories), as a means to meet normative and regulatory requirements. Nevertheless, the availability of proficiency testing schemes organised by providers accredited under the ISO/IEC 17043 standard (Conformity assessment—General requirements for proficiency testing) has been insufficient, which poses challenges to laboratories. Considering the similarities between requirements present in both standards, which would allow for their coexistence in a management system, this paper presents an analysis of potential conflicts of interest within an organisation operating simultaneously as proficiency testing provider and testing and calibration laboratory. Aspects of confidentiality, impartiality and undue internal pressures are discussed, and a procedure is proposed to mitigate such conflicts through a web application that codifies the relationship between laboratories and results with no human interaction. In order to minimise possible subjective aspects, the study was validated by a group of metrology specialists. It was concluded that the proposed simultaneous operation is possible and can effectively contribute to reduce shortage in the availability of such a service.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1260-1
  • PAH analysis in biomass combustion wastes: an approach to evaluate bias
           and precision of analytical results using routine samples
    • Authors: Susana García-Alonso; Rosa María Pérez-Pastor; David Sanz-Rivera; Enrique Rojas-García; Jesús Rodríguez-Maroto
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this work was to optimize and evaluate an analytical procedure to determine selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) using real samples. Samples of ash were collected during biomass combustion tests under different operating conditions during one week. PAHs were quantified using liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. Samples were extracted by a simple sonication/agitation method using small amounts of solvent and samples. This paper includes how the performance (bias and precision) of the proposed method was estimated from the analyses of samples. In order to obtain reliable data, we estimated the possible presence of two types of analytical bias: bias proportional bias to the level of analyte, expressed as recovery, and constant bias, comparing results from analyses of different ash masses. Apart from bias studies, the analytical variability was also evaluated as intermediate precision from the overall analyses of different routine samples, with different mass fraction levels and test dates. Intermediate precision values were reduced among 5 % to 10 % when measures on the optimized sample sizes and similar mass fraction levels were taken. The use of samples is rarely applied to assess trueness of analytical methods. Therefore, the presented findings can be considered as an interesting contribution to the analytical chemistry research field.
      PubDate: 2017-03-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1257-9
  • Use of ETAAS, FAAS and ICP-OES for production and post-certification
           monitoring of a multielemental certified reference material according to
           national regulation limits for elements in drinking water
    • Authors: Christian Uribe; Elmer Carrasco; Steve Acco
      Abstract: Abstract This paper describes the development of a certified reference material (CRM), produced in the National Institute of Quality from Peru (INACAL) in order to provide a tool for assurance and quality control of nine elements in drinking water. Atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS or FAAS) allowed for measurements during the 18-month certification process. ETAAS or ICP optical emission spectrometry was used for 24-month post-certification monitoring measurements. CRM production took into account requirements of ISO Guides 34 and 35 for production of reference materials and criteria of the JCGM GUM and Eurachem QUAM Guides for uncertainty calculation. Mass fractions chosen for batch gravimetric preparation were based on the maximum permissible limits of the National Regulation for Drinking Water Quality in Peru. Characterization analytical measurements were performed using the bracketing calibration technique, applying a randomized 10-replicate measurement sequence and adjusting (matrix matching) the nitric acid concentration for all measured solutions. Characterization resulted from the combination of gravimetric preparation and analytical atomic absorption measurement results. Main sources of uncertainty were identified from the homogeneity study, characterization and the stability study. Expanded relative uncertainties for the assigned mass fractions (ng/g) of Pb, Cd, Ni, As, Cr, Cu, Zn, Mn and Al in the CRM produced were between 0.8 % and 1.9 %. INACAL’s capability to achieve the stated uncertainties has been confirmed through successfully participating in a comparison of the Inter-American Metrology System (SIM-QM-S2). All declared results (ETAAS and FAAS) were comparable to those declared by primary methods of other participants in this comparison.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1258-8
  • ETV-ICP-OES: a useful technique for homogeneity study of trace element in
           metals—application to the homogeneity study of 23 elements in
           electrolytic copper
    • Authors: Thomas Bacquart; Juergen Hassler; Thomas Vogt; Peter Perzl; Sascha Steigerwald; Wieland Schmidt; Marc Sterckx; Thomas P. J. Linsinger
      Abstract: Abstract Solid sampling techniques can perform multi-elemental determination on large number of samples in repeatable conditions without sample preparation, making them valuable tools for the homogeneity testing of reference materials. Even if techniques like glow discharge mass spectrometry are often used for large samples, the application to small chips was not well documented due to the small sample mass. This study compares two analytical methods for homogeneity studies of Ag, Al, As, Au, Bi, Cd, Co, Cr, Fe, In, Mg, Mn, Ni, P, Pb, Sb, Se, Si, Sn, Te, Ti, Zn and Zr in two electrolytic copper materials in the format of chips (ERM-EB074C and ERM-EB075C): (a) digestion methods: acid dissolution followed by ICP-MS or ICP-OES and (b) solid sampling method using electrothermal vaporization coupled with inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ETV-ICP-OES). The same 10 units were analysed in 3–5 replicates by the different methods. ETV-ICP-OES was more precise than digestion methods with relative standard deviations of less than 8 % for most elements. The between-unit uncertainties determined by ETV-ICP-OES were lower than the values reported by the digestion methods. ETV-ICP-OES is a very interesting alternative to the digestion methods for large homogeneity study involving large number of trace elements. Also, the intrinsic sample inhomogeneity (minimum sample intake) was re-evaluated using the results of ETV-ICP-OES (sample intake: 3 mg) for the two materials. The minimum sample intake of several elements (e.g. Au Pb, Se and Te) was evaluated to be lower than the 10 mg reported for the two materials.
      PubDate: 2017-03-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1254-z
  • Criteria for using proficiency test results for estimation of measurement
           uncertainty: feed analysis example
    • Authors: Waldemar Korol; Jolanta Rubaj; Grażyna Bielecka; Sławomir Walczyński; Joanna Reszko-Zygmunt; Ryszard Dobrowolski
      Abstract: Abstract On the basis of long-standing proficiency testings (PTs) for the small number of PT participants p (7 ≤ p ≤ 30), laboratory bias and uncertainty were calculated by applying inter-laboratory experimental approaches. Uncertainty was estimated in two ways, according to Eurolab TR No 1/2007 and Nordtest TR 537 (2012). In the case of 24 tested feed components (basic nutrients, macro- and microelements, undesirable elements and some feed additives including vitamins A and E, lysine, threonine, methionine and urea) in the large variety of feed samples, differences between the expanded uncertainties calculated according to Eurolab TR No 1/2007 and Nordtest TR 537 did not exceed 1.4 % for all tested feed and analytes in wide concentration ranges. In order to get a reliable evaluation of bias and uncertainty, minimum of 6 PT rounds and a sufficient number of laboratories participating (p ≥ 10) are recommended. When the above parameters are applied and the standard deviation of the bias s bias ≤ 5 %, the expression s bias 2 /n can be omitted while calculating bias. Generally, both approaches fit the purpose of feed evaluation and the calculated uncertainties can be used for compliance assessment.
      PubDate: 2017-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1252-1
  • LC–MS/MS quantification of ractopamine in bovine and swine muscle:
           stability of matrix-matched calibration solutions
    • Authors: Leila Rodrigues Caldeira; Josefa Abucáter Lima; Flávio Alves Santos; Mary Ane Gonçalves Lana; Ana Cláudia dos Santos Rossi Ribeiro; Elcio Cruz de Oliveira
      Abstract: Abstract Ractopamine is used as an animal feed additive, but its adverse effects led to the necessity of the current monitoring programs of ractopamine residues in food products, so its reliable quantification is indispensable. This work aims to demonstrate the stability of solutions of ractopamine used for calibration of a liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method. Naturally contaminated samples with ractopamine were quantified using solutions prepared on different days. The stability study was based on an empirical model that considered a straight line (slope = 1) to describe the degradation mechanism. No significant change in the slope was detected. It could be concluded that solutions underpinning calibration curves at two different working intervals were stable for at least 11 months and 5 months, respectively.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1255-y
  • Risk-based thinking for chemical testing
    • Authors: Siu-kay Wong
      Abstract: Abstract As a result of the changes to the ISO 9001 in 2015, integration of risk-based thinking into the quality management system is going to be a new requirement in ISO/IEC 17025. Though the concept of risk should not be new to the testing laboratories as it has been implicit in the previous editions of ISO 9001 and ISO/IEC 17025 as well, there might be concern on how risk-based thinking could be introduced to their daily operations in a practical and effective way. As a means to address the concern, this paper recommends an initial process review followed by an ongoing risk management process. Besides, a number of potential risks were identified and ways to avoid them were also discussed. Furthermore, there were discussions on the implementation of the risk management process and how could the management make use of the outcome of regular assessments to explore opportunities for increasing the effectiveness of the management system, achieving improved results and preventing negative effects.
      PubDate: 2017-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1256-x
  • New Japanese certified reference materials for electrolytic conductivity
    • Authors: Toshiaki Asakai; Igor Maksimov; Sachiko Onuma; Toshihiro Suzuki; Tsutomu Miura; Akiharu Hioki
      Abstract: Abstract The National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ) has established three certified reference materials (CRMs) in electrolytic conductivity with a primary Jones-type cell: aqueous solutions of potassium chloride with different molalities (1 mol kg−1, 0.1 mol kg−1 and 0.01 mol kg−1) all supplied in glass bottles. The uncertainties were estimated from standard uncertainties of measurements (impedance, temperature and integrity of cell geometry), measurement’s repeatability, homogeneity of a batch and the storage stability of solutions. The storage stability of candidate NMIJ CRMs of upper and lower concentrations was examined with a secondary cell.
      PubDate: 2017-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1253-0
  • Overview of proficiency testing provision in pharmaceutical area in Brazil
    • Authors: Carlos Eduardo de Oliveira Pereira; Mateus Araújo Castro e Souza; Gerson Antônio Pianetti; Scheilla Vitorino Carvalho de Souza
      Abstract: Abstract An historical review indicated that the provision of proficiency testing (PT) in the pharmaceutical area in Brazil is critical. Three providers were identified in the period between 2002 and 2015; only one provider was regular, but none was accredited according to the requirements of ISO 17043. A PT was organized without registration fees for educational purposes for the determination of mefenamic acid (2-[(2,3-dimethylphenyl)amino]benzoic acid) in raw materials. Proficiency test items consisted of a mixture of mefenamic acid and polyvinylpyrrolidone in the mass ratio 90:10. This proportion was used to simulate an adulterated raw material. Homogeneity and stability testing was performed and indicated that the materials were suitable for use in the PT scheme. First, 68 pharmaceutical laboratories, of which five were ISO 17025 accredited, were contacted to disseminate information about the specific PT and the benefits of this important quality assurance tool. Then, the proficiency test items were sent to the 13 registered participants, of which two were ISO 17025 accredited. In addition, the participating laboratories were surveyed regarding the technical and management aspects of their quality management system (QMS), such as the status of the accreditation process according to the ISO 17025 requirements, staff training, equipment calibration and participation in other PT schemes. All 11 participants that reported results in the study adopted the United States Pharmacopoeia Official Method. Only one laboratory, representing 9.1 % of the participants, had an unsatisfactory z-score result. Factors such as the reduced number of ISO 17025 accredited laboratories, the low number of participants in the educational PT, the high proportion of laboratories that participated for the first time and the portion of the participants who did not know about PT and its importance were considered as determinants for the restricted availability of the PT supply for medicines, as evidenced in the present study in Brazil. Thus, an urgent need for nationwide actions was identified to promote the critical consciousness of managers regarding QMS in pharmaceutical laboratories, including the importance of participation in PT schemes, as well as the importance of encouraging the providers already structured to broaden their scope in this area.
      PubDate: 2017-02-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1251-2
  • Congress, conferences, workshops and courses
    • PubDate: 2017-02-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1250-3
  • Discussion on classification and performance evaluation of diversified
           testing procedures
    • Authors: Lu Xiaohua; Li Hongmei
      Abstract: Abstract More and more testing procedures with different principles are being developed covering both quantitative and qualitative analyses. To ensure the reliability of them and relevant testing results, performance evaluation and method validation are necessary. Following the investigation into a variety of testing procedures, this paper is intended to discuss the rational classification of them according to the nature and purpose of testing. Five kinds of testing procedures are summarized according to different combination of input and output properties of the testing model, which are properties on nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio scales. On this basis, the method validation and performance evaluation parameters, statistical approaches and tools available for each group of testing procedures are discussed. The classification of testing procedures seems helpful for inter-comparison of testing procedures with different purposes and application fields, and the development of some general rules for the performance evaluation and validation of them.
      PubDate: 2017-02-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1249-9
  • Current American landscape in laboratory accreditation according to
           ISO/IEC 17025
    • Authors: Inês Hexsel Grochau; Carla Schwengber ten Caten; Maria Madalena de Camargo Forte
      Abstract: Abstract The number of laboratories worldwide seeking accreditation has increased considerably in the last years. These laboratories are from different institutions, some of them higher education institutions (HEIs) and research institutes. The aim of this work is to present the current landscape of accreditation of testing and calibration laboratories, according to ISO/IEC 17025 standard, in the American Continent (North, Central and South America). Data on accredited laboratories were taken from the Web sites of accreditation bodies signatories to the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation Mutual Recognition Arrangement. The accredited laboratories were classified by institution type. Countries with a high number of accredited HEI laboratories were identified, as well as a correlation between gross domestic product and total number of accredited laboratories. North American countries have the highest total numbers of accredited laboratories, except for Brazil in South America. This survey highlights strategies and activities adopted in some countries that resulted in high number of accredited HEI laboratories.
      PubDate: 2017-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1248-x
  • Report on the 39th meeting of ISO/REMCO
    • Authors: Angelique Botha; John Hammond; Stéphane Sauvage
      Abstract: Abstract The meeting report of the 39th annual ISO/REMCO meeting gives an update on the current activities of the ISO Committee for Reference Materials. The key topics that were discussed at this year’s meeting included ways of increasing the active membership of the committee and the interactions of the committee with its organizations in liaison. New opportunities to promote the deliverables of the committee and its other activities were also explored. ISO Central Secretariat approved a project for ISO/REMCO to develop a new website that could be used for more effective information sharing. The progress that was made with the work programme of the committee is also discussed in the report. This includes the completion of the project to convert ISO Guide 34 into a harmonized international standard ISO 17034. Progress was also made with the drafting of a new edition of ISO Guide 35 which provides guidance for the characterization and the assessment of the homogeneity and stability of reference materials. The committee is also exploring the possibility of developing some more sector-specific guidance for reference material producers in emerging fields, such as biological measurements.
      PubDate: 2017-01-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-016-1246-4
  • In-house validation of a UV spectrometric method for measurement of
           nitrate concentration in natural groundwater samples
    • Authors: Alin Tudorache; Daniela E. Ioniţă; Nicoleta M. Marin; Constantin Marin; Irinel A. Badea
      Abstract: Abstract This paper presents the validation and evaluation of measurement uncertainty of a method for quantitative measurement of nitrate concentration in various groundwater samples by means of molecular UV absorption spectrometry. A calibration study was conducted for the working range from 0.10 mg/L to 6.00 mg/L NO3 −, being accordingly determined detection and quantification limits of 0.07 mg/L NO3 − and 0.10 mg/L NO3 −, respectively. It was also proven that the method is accurate and precise. Selectivity and applicability were discussed. Measurement uncertainty was evaluated based on the validation data.
      PubDate: 2017-01-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-016-1244-6
  • Self-Diagnosis of quality based on ISO 15189
    • Authors: Marouane Nasser; M’hamed Tijane; Omaima El Bouazzi
      Abstract: Abstract The accreditation of medical laboratories in accordance with ISO 15189 is becoming more and more a primary requirement to ensure work and laboratory results. The laboratory of toxicology and pharmacology of the Center of Poison Control and Pharmacovigilance of Morocco (LAB-CAPM) is committed to put in place an adequate quality management system based on ISO 15189. This article has the objective to highlight the weaknesses of the LAB-CAPM quality management system in relation to the standard ISO 15189. For this, we performed self-evaluation in the LAB-CAPM using a self-diagnosis grid. This work has allowed us to identify a number of discrepancies between the work done in LAB-CAPM and the work described in the standard. Therefore, we are proposing a remediation to those discrepancies, with a focus on the analytical process, which is the most important process.
      PubDate: 2017-01-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-016-1243-7
  • An enhanced bootstrap method to detect possible fraudulent behavior in
           testing facilities
    • Authors: Rosembergue P. de Souza; Luiz F. R. C. Carmo; Luci Pirmez
      Abstract: Abstract The testing process determines the specified characteristics of an object. Testing is commonly used to verify the quality, safety, reliability, efficiency, and environmental sustainability of products and services. In Brazil, the National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology (Inmetro) is responsible for accrediting the facilities that undertake testing and calibration activities. Typical accredited testing services include: water quality, clinical tests, emissions tests, and vehicle safety tests. Undertaking fraudulent behavior when testing processes can result in products that are dangerous to the ordinary citizen and to the environment. Further, fraudulent behavior produces unfair competition between concurrent organizations. This paper presents a method to detect possible fraudulent behavior in accredited testing facilities. The proposed technique combines the bootstrap method and the Dempster–Shafer theory of evidence, to investigate several fraudulent aspects at once. To validate the proposed method, we use a Brazilian real-world dataset with real cases of fraud. The proposed technique successfully detects the accredited testing facilities with fraudulent behavior.
      PubDate: 2017-01-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-016-1245-5
  • Preparation and characterization of a new reference material for the
           inorganic analysis of corn flour
    • Authors: Ana Maria P. dos Santos; Liz O. dos Santos; Geovani C. Brandao; Rennan G. O. Araujo; Fernanda A. de Santana; Valfredo A. Lemos; Marcos A. Bezerra; Daniela S. Anunciação; Lindomar A. Portugal; Edwin Palacio; Fernando M. de Oliveira; Edson G. Moreira; Rui J. L. Garcia; Daniel de C. Lima; Roberta Eliane S. Froes
      Abstract: Abstract Corn is one of the most consumed cereals in world and the second most cultivated in Brazil. Cereal flour has a flavor well accepted by the Brazilian population. This work describes the preparation and characterization of a new corn flour reference material which can be used as a quality assurance tool to demonstrate the reliability of the analytical results obtained from inorganic analysis of cereals and their derivatives. The studied elements were Ca, K, Mg, P, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn. Homogeneity and stability tests, material characterization and attribution of uncertainty value were performed in this work by following recommendations of ISO Guides 30–35. The material was shown to be homogeneous and stable for 15 months at temperatures of −10 °C, +25 °C and +45 °C, with small uncertainty. Alternatively, the data were analyzed by hierarchical clustering technique and the stability was confirmed. The confidence ellipse technique enabled a simple and fast evaluation of data supplied by collaborating laboratories allowing the exclusion of outlying values and indicating possible causes of the deviations.
      PubDate: 2016-11-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-016-1242-8
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