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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 153, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.316
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 29  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0949-1775 - ISSN (Online) 1432-0517
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Congresses, conferences, workshops and courses
    • PubDate: 2019-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-019-01373-z
  • Development of a certified reference material for lead in noodles powder
    • Authors: Lori Rastogi; A. Durga Prasad; R. Manjusha; K. Dash; Sunil Jai Kumar
      Abstract: Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has set maximum permissible level of lead in noodle at 2.5 mg/kg. The standardized lead measurement is of high priority in food matrix to obtain closer comparability of results obtained using routine measurement procedures. For this purpose, certified reference material (CRM) for lead in noodle matrix is required to assess analytical methods performance with respect to their validation, calibration and of comparability of measurements between laboratories. Considering the unavailability of matrix-matched reference materials, National Centre for Compositional Characterization of Materials (BARC-NCCCM) has initiated a program for the production of a noodle CRM for the certification of lead mass fraction. Various parameters for homogeneous spiking were optimized for the production of 2.35 kg of homogeneous noodle matrix. Parameters for sample digestion and minimum sample intake for analytical homogeneity (HE) were established before carrying out the homogeneity test between and within bottles. Homogeneity assessment and stability tests were carried out according to the ISO Guide 34 and 35. The certified value was assigned after inter-laboratory comparison exercise where eight national laboratories of repute from both government and private sector participated.
      PubDate: 2019-02-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-01367-3
  • Data integrity: requirements set in the accreditation standards
    • Authors: Kyriacos C. Tsimillis
      Abstract: The requirements for the competence of laboratories are described in two standards, namely ISO/IEC 17025 and ISO 15189. The former applies to all laboratories except medical laboratories where the latter is the most appropriate. The requirements of both standards include specific references to data and other related terms, their protection and integrity. The recently revised ISO/IEC 17025 introduces additional provisions for the control of data and information management compared to those of the 2005 edition. Both standards include provisions for the use of laboratory information management system(s) for the collection, processing, recording, reporting, storage or retrieval of data. ISO 15189 addresses these issues in more detail in order to meet the particular needs of the sector dealing with personal data of the patients. This article presents the requirements for data integrity and the control of relevant components of the management system set by the standards for laboratories as well as for some other conformity assessment bodies of importance for laboratory work, namely reference materials producers (ISO 17034) and proficiency testing providers (ISO/IEC 17043). Some additional regulatory requirements recently implemented are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2019-02-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1366-0
  • Principles for the characterisation and the value assignment of the
           candidate reference material in the new ISO Guide 35:2017
    • Authors: Thomas P. J. Linsinger; Angelique Botha
      Abstract: The production of reference materials (RMs) is a key activity for the improvement and maintenance of a worldwide coherent measurement system. General requirements for the production of all types of RMs are set out in ISO 17034:2016. These general requirements include a characterisation strategy with a note that references the list of approaches that are discussed in more detail in the new ISO Guide 35:2017. This paper provides an overview of the characterisation approaches explained in technical detail in the new ISO Guide 35:2017, with particular attention being paid to changes from the 2006 edition. Important changes include a clear distinction between the use of a single method in a single-laboratory approach when the method can be validated with a certified reference material (CRM) of the same kind as the candidate reference material compared to when a similar CRM is not available. For the approach where more than one method is used in one or more laboratories, the concept of the importance of the number of independent data sets is explained in more detail. A lot more technical detail is also provided for the use of an interlaboratory comparison for the certification study.
      PubDate: 2019-01-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1364-2
  • The integration of quality management systems in testing laboratories: a
           practitioner’s report
    • Authors: Pieter Dehouck; Robert Koeber; Elena Scaravelli; Hendrik Emons
      Abstract: When routine laboratories merge or are taken over by larger entities, their quality management systems usually need to be integrated. In many laboratories, quality management systems according to ISO/IEC 17025 are in place. The integration of the quality management systems is often advantageous in terms of efficiency of operations, reduction in number of processes and consequently amount of quality documentation. However, a number of practical problems, some of them hard to overcome, may be encountered. Examples are: how to deal with multi-site activities showing technical and/or cultural differences, how to merge historically different ways of working and how to overcome psychological resistance to change from laboratory staff. This paper demonstrates a way of working used in our organisation to integrate successfully the quality management systems of several laboratories under one quality management system. The laboratories were located in two different countries (Belgium and Italy) and had activities under ISO/IEC 17025, ISO/IEC 17043 and ISO Guide 34 accreditation. Involvement of the laboratory staff was essential for obtaining a fast and efficient integration.
      PubDate: 2018-12-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1365-1
  • Proficiency testing for pH measurements: a 3-year evaluation
    • Authors: Fransiska Sri Herwahyu Krismastuti; Nurhani Aryana; Ayu Hindayani; Nuryatini Hamim
      Abstract: Chemical Metrology Laboratory, LIPI, organizes an annual proficiency testing (PT) scheme with pH being one of the parameters investigated. This study presents and evaluates the performance of the laboratories that participated in the pH measurement during 3 consecutive years of the PT from 2014 to 2016. The PT test items were prepared by Chemical Metrology Laboratory, LIPI, from high-purity material. The homogeneity testing and stability testing of the PT test items were performed according to ISO 13528:2005. The measured reference value was directly traceable to the pH value of SRM® 185i and 187e produced by NIST, USA, and the expanded uncertainty was calculated according to ISO GUM:2008 with a coverage factor (k = 2), at a 95 % confidence level. Individual laboratory performance was reported in terms of z-scores. In the 2014 scheme, the reference buffer solution was not provided by provider, while in the 2015 and 2016 schemes, reference buffer solutions were distributed to participants alongside the PT test items. The best performance was achieved in 2015, where more than 90 % of the reported results were assessed as satisfactory. The laboratory performance in 2015 coincided with the distribution of two traceable pH standard solutions to participants which allowed them to satisfactorily calibrate their instrumentation. In conclusion, regular PT program is an effective way of demonstrating the effectiveness of quality assurance procedures applied in participating laboratories and provides opportunity for corrective action which will benefit measurements made in the future.
      PubDate: 2018-11-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1362-4
  • Establishment of proficiency testing programs in the Philippines
    • Authors: Leah C. Dajay; Teresita R. Portugal; Jolly C. Climaco; Ma. Rachel V. Parcon; Mildred A. Udarbe; Rose Elaine E. Placio; Prudencio E. Adona
      Abstract: In order to improve the competitiveness of Philippine food products in the global market, the Department of Science and Technology—Food and Nutrition Research Institute initiated proficiency testing (PT) programs on some nutrition labeling components using food matrices commonly exported by the country. The institute realized the need to organize affordable, accessible and reliable PTs designed to address the needs of the local testing laboratories. FNRI organized several PT rounds on different food matrices for the analyses of proximates, minerals, total dietary fiber, saturated fatty acids, cholesterol and vitamin C. More than 20 laboratories (government and private) participated in these PT programs, which helped them obtain/sustain their accreditation to ISO/IEC 17025:2005. In February 2013, the Proficiency Testing Laboratory (PTL) was accredited to ISO/IEC 17043:2010 by the Thailand Bureau of Laboratory Accreditation. This strengthened its credibility by being recognized as the first accredited PT provider in the Philippines. Initially, the scope of the accredited PTs included the analysis of proximates and minerals in infant formula. It was extended to include five different food matrices (infant formula, milk powder, wheat flour, corn-based snack food and powdered concentrate-water-based flavored drinks) for nutrition labeling parameters. The PTL continuously organizes new PT rounds to expand its scope of accreditation.
      PubDate: 2018-11-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1363-3
  • A comparative investigation of pressure distortion coefficient of a
           pneumatic piston gauge and its associated uncertainty using varied
    • Authors: Jasveer Singh; L. A. Kumaraswamidhas; Nita Dilawar Sharma
      Abstract: This paper reports the evaluation of the measurement uncertainty of the pressure distortion coefficient (λ) of a piston gauge using the Monte Carlo method (MCM) and its comparison with results obtained from the GUM (Guide to the expression of Uncertainty in Measurement) approach using the law of propagation of uncertainty. A reference pressure standard NPLI-4 was cross-floated against our pneumatic primary pressure standard NPLI-10, which is a large diameter piston gauge. The MCM was used for the simulated estimation. A good agreement is observed between the two methodologies, and the results are discussed in detail.
      PubDate: 2018-11-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1355-3
  • Congresses, conferences, workshops and courses
    • PubDate: 2018-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1361-5
  • Effect of irradiation for sterilization on beverage reference materials
           for the analysis of food additives
    • Authors: Seonghee Ahn; Byungjoo Kim
      Abstract: Reference materials for proficiency testing (PT) were prepared for 6 years. The target analytes were food additives, sorbic acid, benzoic acid, and propyl p-hydroxybenzoate, in two kinds of commercial beverages. To enhance the stability of PT reference materials, a sterilization step was employed in the procedure of preparation. However, when beverage reference materials were irradiated with gamma rays (γ-rays), the irradiation affected sorbic acid and benzoic acid, and the mass fractions of the analytes changed. In addition, the target analytes in a beverage containing many ingredients were less affected by irradiation than those in a beverage containing simple ingredients. To avoid the changes and the variation of the mass fraction of target analytes, propionic acid was used as an antibacterial agent instead of irradiation. The result was that the reference materials remained stable. The propionic acid preserved the matrices of the beverage reference materials and did not affect the mass fraction of the target analytes by the end of the PT program.
      PubDate: 2018-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1359-z
  • Competency evaluation on electrolytic conductivity measurement in
           Indonesia by an unofficial bilateral comparison between RCChem-LIPI and
    • Authors: Fransiska Sri Herwahyu Krismastuti; Sujarwo Sujarwo; Ayu Hindayani; Nuryatini Hamim; Nongluck Tangpaisarnkul; Wiphada Hongthani
      Abstract: The Research Centre for Chemistry—Indonesian Institute of Sciences (RCChem-LIPI) organized an unofficial bilateral comparison on electrolytic conductivity with the Electrochemistry Laboratory—National Institute of Metrology Thailand (NIMT). The electrochemical laboratory RCChem-LIPI, as a Designated Institute for Chemical Metrology in Indonesia, started to develop the secondary method on electrolytic conductivity measurement in 2016. Therefore, the purpose of this unofficial bilateral comparison was to test the ability of RCChem-LIPI laboratory and see the capacity building progress in doing the conductivity measurement. There were two samples containing potassium chloride prepared by RCChem-LIPI, and both samples had the electrolytic conductivity value in the range of 1000 µS cm−1 to 20000 µS cm−1. The samples were sent to NIMT and then measured at the same time duration. The results were compared, analyzed and evaluated based on their assigned values. The assigned values were 15309 µS cm−1 and 6650 µS cm−1 for samples A and B, respectively. The deviation for each measurement result was determined, and the uncertainties were also calculated from the data reported by both laboratories. The data evaluation and analysis confirm that the measurement results for both participant laboratories were in agreement with the assigned value of this unofficial bilateral comparison.
      PubDate: 2018-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1360-6
  • A proficiency testing scheme to evaluate the effectiveness of laboratory
           sample reduction of a soil sample
    • Authors: Ken Middlebrook
      Abstract: Although proficiency testing (PT) schemes in analytical chemistry are intended to test the entire analytical process, the reality is that some aspects of the analytical process are often excluded from this evaluation. This paper will describe an approach to PT that is being employed by the Canadian Association for Laboratory Accreditation designed to test specific aspects of the analytical process that are not typically addressed. The example detailed describes a PT study that was designed to test the ability of participants to obtain a representative test sample from a laboratory sample that was intentionally prepared to have good between-sample homogeneity but poor within-sample homogeneity.
      PubDate: 2018-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1357-1
  • Proficiency testing as an instrument to assess the analytical performance
           and the methods routinely implemented: the Italian experience for the
           screening of antibiotic residues in milk in the official control
    • Authors: Anna Maria Ferrini; Brunella Appicciafuoco; Maria Rosa Massaro; Fabio Galati; Marina Patriarca
      Abstract: The present work describes the outcome of the second proficiency test (PT) for the routine screening of antibiotic residues in milk, organized in 2016, for the Official Control Laboratories by the National Reference Laboratory (NRL) for veterinary antimicrobial residues in food of animal origin (ISS, Italy). Besides assessing the overall laboratories’ performance, this PT aimed to update the information concerning the screening methods used at the national level and focused, in particular, on the Official Control Laboratories performance for the detection of tetracyclines. This last feature intended to tackle the strong criticalities observed in the first PT, organized by the NRL in 2012, and to monitor the consequent implementation of relevant corrective actions. Thirty-one Official Control Laboratories joined the 2016 PT. They received five lyophilized milk samples, one negative and four positive for benzylpenicillin (PEN), sulphadiazine (SDZ) and oxytetracycline (OXY) to be reconstituted to the final concentrations of 1×MRL for PEN and SDZ and 2.5× and 4×MRL, respectively, for OXY. In addition, only for OXY, the protocol required the preparation by dilution of two additional samples at the final concentrations of 2× and 1×MRL. Overall the laboratories’ performance was satisfactory. However, for OXY, although a reduction in the percentage of false negative results was observed, as compared to the first PT, the majority of laboratories had not yet implemented complementary methods to respond to the criticality previously signalled. One more time the organization of a dedicated PT proved to be an effective means to provide objective indicators of the state of the art in a specific area of testing.
      PubDate: 2018-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1352-6
  • Understanding the problems in pharmaceutical procurement with special
           reference to active pharmaceutical ingredients and excipients
    • Authors: Zauwad Alam; Sukhbir Kaur; Pawan Kumar Porwal
      Abstract: Procurement of raw materials, key intermediates and excipients for the preparation of finished pharmaceutical preparation is considered to be complex process which involve multiple channels and require skilled personnel and proper validation. This review attempts, in relatively brief compass to provide an account of the problems that arise while procurement of active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) and excipients in pharmaceutical industry. This review has been structured with specified as well as generalized problems raised up during procurement of API and other material in pharmaceutical industry. Lack of proper regulatory requirements and unbiased market information with the absence of a comprehensive procurement policy is the major factor which creates complications while procurement. Besides these, lack of properly designed user requirement specifications (URS) which ultimately affect quality and delivery of quoted material. An 8-Question-based approach has been proposed to design URS, other approaches for material procurement and supplier qualification have been discussed, and a vendor certification procedure is presented.
      PubDate: 2018-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1344-6
  • LC–ELISA as a contribution to the assessment of matrix effects with
           environmental water samples in an immunoassay for estrone (E1)
    • Authors: Holger Hoffmann; Christian Knizia; Maren Kuhne; Ulrich Panne; Rudolf J. Schneider
      Abstract: Estrone (E1), a metabolite of the estrogenic hormones 17β-estradiol (β-E2) and 17α-estradiol (α-E2), is itself a potent estrogen which can have a significant impact on the hormonal balance. Due to its high potential for adverse effects on human health and aquatic life even at pg/L to ng/L levels, its appearance in water should be monitored. E1 has also been considered a marker substance for the presence of other estrogens. This study presents a newly developed direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for quantification of E1 in environmental water samples using new monoclonal antibodies. The quantification range of the ELISA is 0.15 µg/L to 8.7 µg/L E1, and the limit of detection is around 60 ng/L for not pre-concentrated water samples. A pre-concentration step after careful selection of suitable phases for SPE was developed, too. The influence of organic solvents and natural organic matter on the ELISA was assessed. The high selectivity of the monoclonal antibody was demonstrated by determining the cross-reactivity against 20 structurally related compounds. For the assessment of matrix effects, a concept (“LC–ELISA”) is thoroughly exploited, i.e., separating complex samples by HPLC into 0.3 min fractions and determination of the apparent E1 concentration. Furthermore, fractions with interferences for nontarget/suspected-target analysis can be assigned. A dilution approach was applied to distinguish between specific interferences (cross-reactants) and non-specific interferences (matrix effects). In the determination of 18 environmental samples, a good agreement of the E1 concentration in the respective fractions was obtained with mean recoveries of 103 % to 132 % comparing ELISA to LC–MS/MS. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2018-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1351-7
  • Combining UK and German emissions monitoring proficiency testing data
           based on stack simulator facilities to determine whether increasingly
           stringent EU emission limits are enforceable
    • Authors: Marc D. Coleman; Thomas O. M. Smith; Rod A. Robinson; Benno Stoffels; Dominik Wildanger
      Abstract: We report an examination of the capability of the existing measurement infrastructure in the industrial emissions sector for successfully enforcing emission limits across three generations of legislation: the Waste Incineration Directive and Large Combustion Plant Directive (WID and LCPD); the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) which superseded the aforementioned directives in 2013; the Waste Incineration and Large Combustion Plant Best Available Technique Reference documents (BREFs) where the former is currently at the draft stage (WI BREF and LCP BREF). The significant volume of proficiency testing data based on semi-tech stack simulator facilities operated by the National Physical Laboratory in the UK and the Hessian Agency for Nature Conservation, Environment and Geology in Germany were combined into a unique database. The emission species considered and their associated standard reference methods (SRMs) were: CO EN 15058; NOx (NO + NO2) EN 14792; total organic carbon EN 12619; total dust EN 13284-1. Collectively analysing participant distributions from 2002 to 2015, it was found that emission limits: under the WID and LCPD could be enforced (the directives for which the SRMs were originally designed); under the IED could in principle be enforced; under the WI BREF and LCP BREF would struggle to be enforced. This evidenced the need for improvements in the existing measurement infrastructure, without which test laboratories would struggle to provide the data quality needed by process plant operators for reporting into national emission inventories, and for national regulators who are legally responsible for enforcing emission limits aimed at improving European health and environmental impact.
      PubDate: 2018-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1354-4
  • Standard addition method with cumulative spikes: uric acid determination
           in human serum by voltammetry with optimized uncertainty
    • Authors: Tony R. L. Dadamos; Airton J. Damaceno; Fernando L. Fertonani; Ricardo J. N. B. Silva
      Abstract: This work presents a low-cost, simple and adequately reliable voltammetric alternative to the determination of uric acid (UA) in human serum by the enzymatic colorimetric standard method. UA is an organic molecule of great biomedical interest since its level is used in the diagnosis of several diseases. The quality of the electrochemical measurements was evaluated by comparing their expanded uncertainty with a target (i.e. maximum admissible) value of 0.56 mg dL−1 (one eighth of UA ranges of healthy individuals) and by analysing spiked serum and human serum samples measured by the standard method. The modified working electrode has 25 % lignin, 60 % nanocarbon, 15 % mineral oil and a copper electrodeposit. Due to the vulnerability of voltammetric techniques to matrix effects and to the small amount of serum samples, it is used the standard addition method with cumulative analyte additions for electrode calibration. The measurement uncertainty was estimated by the “bottom-up” approach where uncertainty components were combined using either the uncertainty propagation law or the numerical Kragten method. The analytical procedure was successfully applied to the analysis of physiological serums spiked at 1.0 mg dL−1, 3.0 mg dL−1, 5.0 mg dL−1, 7.0 mg dL−1 or 9.0 mg dL−1 of UA and two human serum samples. The results of analysed serums estimated by the voltammetric procedure have adequately low uncertainty and are metrologically equivalent (i.e. compatible) to the reference values estimated by the spiking process or by the standard method. Therefore, the developed voltammetric measurement procedure is a promising alternative to the standard procedure.
      PubDate: 2018-10-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1350-8
  • Validation of new methodology for the definition of tolerance limits of
           critical properties in fuels handled in terminals and
           pipelines—giveaway: compliance with the specification
    • Authors: Elcio Cruz de Oliveira; Lúcio Abdala de Santana Maia; Lívio Garcia da Costa; Túlio Campos Lourenço
      Abstract: In any commercial transaction, the presence of tolerances from specification limits is essential to ensure that the true value of the property of interest is sufficiently close to the specification value with a mutually agreed probability, so that there is no litigation between the parties. In order to meet this requirement, this tolerance is treated elegantly as a “toast” or more technically as a superior quality that the customer receives—giveaway. This work presents a new methodology for determining the tolerance limits of critical properties in some fuels, based on the reproducibility, on the difference between the averages of all acceptable results of each laboratory and on the specifications derived from the Brazilian National Agency for Oil, Natural Gas and Biofuels. Applying this approach to flash point by tag closed, final boiling point, volatility (95 % evaporated temperature), electrical conductivity and total sulfur content of some fuels and by means of a hypothesis test, the results show that this methodology was validated for most of the proposed new limits.
      PubDate: 2018-10-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1353-5
  • Cooperation in publicly funded reference material production
    • Authors: Håkan Emteborg; Doris Florian; Steven Choquette; Stephen L. R. Ellison; Maria Fernandes-Whaley; Lindsey Mackay; Pearse McCarron; Ulrich Panne; Sylvia G. Sander; Sook-Kyung Kim; Andrea Held; Thomas Linsinger; Stefanie Trapmann
      PubDate: 2018-10-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1349-1
  • Innovative reference material for improving the quality control in the
           sucroenergetic sector
    • Authors: Maria I. V. Martínez; Rolf Zeisler; Elisabete A. De Nadai Fernandes; Márcio A. Bacchi
      Abstract: Analytical techniques in the sucroenergetic sector can now for the first time be supported by an innovative matrix-matching reference material produced from sugarcane leaves. This will further enhance the validity of the measurement results and contribute significantly to the quality assurance of plant nutrition analysis. The candidate reference material obtained had a low residual moisture and appropriate particle size. Neutron activation analysis was used to determine the mass fraction of Al, Br, Ca, Cl, Ce, Co, Cs, Cu, Fe, Hf, K, La, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, P, Rb, Sb, Sc, Sm, Sr, Th, V and Zn, and the Kjeldahl method for N. Statistical techniques were applied to evaluate minimum sample mass and within-bottle homogeneity (ANOVA, Tukey test and PCA) and between-bottles homogeneity (ANOVA). It is demonstrated in this paper that the material is homogeneous using 50 mg mass sample for most chemical elements. However, sample masses of 200 mg or greater are required for Co, Na, Sb and V.
      PubDate: 2018-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1348-2
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