for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords

Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2350 journals)

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Showing 1 - 200 of 2350 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access  
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.641, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 146, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Journal Cover
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.316
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 26  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0949-1775 - ISSN (Online) 1432-0517
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Measurements recovery evaluation from the analysis of independent
           reference materials: analysis of different samples with native quantity
           spiked at different levels
    • Authors: Rui M. S. Cordeiro; Constantino M. G. Rosa; Ricardo J. N. Bettencourt da Silva
      Pages: 57 - 71
      Abstract: Measurement uncertainty evaluation involves combining uncertainty components reflecting all relevant random and systematic effects: the precision and trueness uncertainty components, respectively. Typically, trueness is assessed through the analysis of various materials with known reference value, such as certified reference materials (CRMs) or spiked samples, from which it should be decided about the relevance and the need to correct measurement results for systematic effects. Algorithms proposed so far to assess systematic effects are only applicable to the analysis of the same reference material type or assume that some uncertainty components affecting evaluations are negligible or constant. This work presents detailed algorithms for the assessment of systematic effects, through the determination of recovery and the respective recovery uncertainty, applicable to the analysis of various independent reference materials, such as CRMs and spiked samples with native analyte. These algorithms are applicable to cases where native analyte and/or spiking values are associated with relevant and significantly different uncertainties allowing for a reliable assessment of systematic effects and measurement uncertainty for these complex cases. This methodology was successfully applied to the quantification of Na, K, Mg, Ca, Cr, Mn, Fe and Cu in water samples from two proficiency testing schemes, by ICP-OES, where recovery was estimated from the analysis of samples with different native concentrations and spiked at different levels. The relative expanded uncertainties of the measurement results ranged from 28.9 % to 3.9 % and are fit for the monitoring of environmental water samples in accordance with criteria set in the European Union legislation.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1296-2
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Measurement uncertainty: requirements set in the accreditation standards
    • Authors: Kyriacos C. Tsimillis
      Pages: 109 - 114
      Abstract: Measurement uncertainty is of high importance to all testing and calibration laboratories and those involved in sampling activities. Its evaluation requires good understanding of the method implemented and realisation of all factors contributing to it. It is required that the users of the results fully understand the meaning of uncertainty stated on test reports and calibration certificates and, when needed, ask for clarifications. Laboratories, both the accredited ones and those being prepared towards their accreditation, need to take this into account when evaluating the uncertainty of their results. Competent authorities need to consider the stated uncertainty to compare the result with a legislative limit. The producer can decide on adjustments needed. The consumer may find it more difficult to understand how this “uncertain component” of the results could affect their health, safety or economic rights. This article describes the relevant requirements of the accreditation standards referring both to testing and calibration laboratories and to proficiency testing and reference material producers. Further to this, the article explains why all these factors have to be considered by a laboratory.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1310-3
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Occurrence of nitrate in vegetables and dietary exposure assessment for
           the Cypriot adolescent consumers
    • Authors: Georgios Stavroulakis; Demetris Kafouris; Maria Christofidou; Lefkios Paikousis; Eftychia Christou; Maro Christodoulidou; Popi Kanari; Eleni Ioannou-Kakouri
      Pages: 115 - 122
      Abstract: In this study, a simple, rapid and sensitive ion chromatography method was used for the determination of mass fraction nitrate (mg kg−1) in 396 samples of vegetables. The method performance characteristics were determined after spiking blank samples. The mean recoveries in vegetables ranged from 94.0 % to 108.7 %. Limits of detection and quantification were 10 mg kg−1 and 30 mg kg−1, respectively. The results showed the mass fraction nitrate in vegetables was in the range of 10 mg kg−1–5619 mg kg−1. Leafy, root and stem vegetables, and herbs were the most contaminated, compared to other vegetables. Approximately 87 % of the samples were contaminated with nitrate; however, none of the samples analyzed was above the maximum limits for nitrate in vegetables. The dietary nitrate intake through consumption of vegetables was estimated for the adolescent population in Cyprus. The mean and 95th percentile intake values, based on median nitrate concentrations, were 1.12 kg d−1 and 3.42 mg kg−1 d−1, respectively. A small percentage (3.3 %) of the adolescent population had a nitrate intake above the Acceptable Daily Intake (3.7 mg kg−1 d−1). Lettuce and other leafy vegetables (spinach, rucola, purslane, beet leaves) contributed nearly 60 % to the overall nitrate exposure (mg kg−1 d−1).
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1311-2
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Congresses, conferences, workshops and courses
    • Pages: 123 - 123
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1314-z
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2018)
  • Accurate determination of formaldehyde amount fraction in cylinders using
           mixtures of primary standards of formaldehyde in nitrogen prepared by a
           gravimetric permeation method
    • Abstract: A reliable method for the quantification of formaldehyde (HCHO) amount fractions is required, because the results of comparisons between individual techniques used for the quantification of HCHO amount fractions often disagree owing to unknown causes. One reliable method comprises the quantification of HCHO using working gas standards in which the HCHO amount fraction is linked to the International System of Units (SI). In this work, the SI traceability of HCHO amount fractions in mixtures of commercial HCHO in nitrogen in cylinders used as working gas standards was established by calibrating them against primary gas standard mixtures (mixtures of HCHO in N2), which were prepared by a permeation method and were traceable to SI. The expanded relative uncertainties (k = 2) of the amount fractions in the primary gas standard mixtures were less than 0.6 %. The quantitative values of the amount fractions in the working gas standards had relative expanded uncertainties (k = 2) of 0.7 %–0.9 %.
      PubDate: 2018-06-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1321-0
  • Validation guidelines for PCR workflows in bioterrorism preparedness, food
           safety and forensics
    • Authors: Johannes Hedman; Moa Lavander; Emelie Näslund Salomonsson; Tomas Jinnerot; Lina Boiso; Bertil Magnusson; Peter Rådström
      Abstract: The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the backbone of contemporary DNA/RNA analysis, ideally enabling detection of one or just a few target molecules. However, when analysing food or forensic samples the analytical procedure is often challenged by low amounts of poor quality template molecules and complex matrices. Applying optimised and validated methods in all steps of the analysis workflow, i.e. sampling, sample treatment, DNA/RNA extraction and PCR (including reverse transcription for RNA analysis), is thus necessary to ensure the reliability of analysis. In this paper, we describe how in-house validation can be performed for the different modules of the diagnostic PCR process, providing practical examples as tools for laboratories in their planning of validation studies. The focus is analysis of heterogeneous samples with interfering matrices, with relevance in food testing, forensic DNA analysis, bioterrorism preparedness and veterinary medicine. Our objective is to enable rational in-house validation for reliable and swift quality assurance when results are urgent, for example in the event of a crisis such as a foodborne outbreak or a crime requiring the analysis of a large number of diverse samples. To that end, we explain the performance characteristics associated with method validation from a PCR and biological sample matrix perspective and suggest which characteristics to investigate depending on the type of method to be validated. Also, we include a modular approach to validation within the PCR workflow, aiming at efficient validation and a flexible use of methods.
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1319-7
  • Congresses, conferences, workshops and courses
    • PubDate: 2018-06-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1324-x
  • Correction to: Measurement uncertainty: requirements set in the
           accreditation standards
    • Abstract: Unfortunately, the references 12 and 13 were incorrectly published in the original publication. The correct references are:
      PubDate: 2018-05-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1323-y
  • Motivations, benefits and challenges on ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation of
           higher education institution laboratories
    • Abstract: Accreditation of laboratories from higher education institutions (HEI) according to ISO/IEC 17025 contributes to meeting national regulatory requirements and to the involvement of countries in foreign trade. Additionally, these laboratories can benefit from the introduction of quality concepts and practices. Worldwide, testing and calibration laboratories from HEI face several challenges toward accreditation. This paper presents and comments on the characteristics, motivations, benefits and challenges toward accreditation of HEI laboratories. Responses to questionnaires sent to accredited HEI laboratories in the American continent showed that the vast majority undertakes tests for external clients, uses standardized methods and performs tests other than those accredited. Institutional decisions, external clients and regulatory requirements were the main motivators for accreditation. Lack of financial resources and lack of personnel were considered the main difficulties, while a preexisting laboratory structure and a motivated staff, the main facilitators toward accreditation. The resulting data allow a better understanding of the characteristics and difficulties of these laboratories. Additionally, this paper aims the identification of strategies to overcome problems faced by laboratories in HEI and research institutes, in order to promote the increase of their accreditation globally.
      PubDate: 2018-05-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1317-9
  • Changes to proficiency testing in developing countries over the last
           10 years
    • Abstract: Participation in proficiency testing schemes is necessary and beneficial for all testing laboratories across the world. Laboratories in developing countries face particular challenges in this context. These have been discussed during the last 10 years at various international workshops organized by Eurachem. An online survey on the developments during this period has been performed, and the results are presented here. Affordability and availability of proficiency tests as well as transport and customs issues are still the major problems. Installation of national or regional schemes could solve some of these problems, but their sustainability is a challenge. Finally, the author’s personal opinion on the conclusions that can be drawn from the results of the survey is given.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1322-z
  • Improved continuous packaging method of the certified reference material
           for low water content in liquid
    • Authors: Ting Wang; Haifeng Wang; Heng Su; Xingliang Huang; Xiaoping Song; Kang Ma
      Abstract: Certified reference materials (CRMs) for water content are used to calibrate or validate Karl Fischer titrations for accuracy and consistency. Ampoules of CRMs with low water content are typically prepared by a continuous packaging method, and the water content may decrease or increase over time as the CRM is dispensed. In the present study, we measured the water activities of solutions of water in xylene with various water contents. We found the equilibrated humidity of the solution increased as the water content increased. An improved continuous packaging method using a pre-equilibrated bottle was employed to prepare the CRM of xylene for water content. The average water contents of the solutions dispensed into the ampoules are 73 mg/kg (relative standard deviation 1.6 %) and 221 mg/kg (relative standard deviation 0.4 %). There was no obvious shift in the water contents in ampoules of these CRMs over time. Analysis of variance indicated that the water contents of these two CRM candidates in ampoules were homogeneous, and the relative uncertainties in the water contents because of the inhomogeneity were 1.2 and 0.3 % for the low and high water contents, respectively. This simple method dispenses xylene under its equilibrated humidity condition, which reduces the exchange of water between the solution and headspace. This method will be useful for the preparation of CRMs for low water content.
      PubDate: 2018-04-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1318-8
  • Interferences, a neglected error source for clinical assays
    • Authors: Jan S. Krouwer
      Abstract: In clinical assays, interfering substances can cause large errors, which in turn can result in severe patient harm. Yet, perhaps because such errors are rare, not much attention is devoted to interferences. This is evident in specifications, which often focus on most, but not all of the results. Methods such as total error analysis, six sigma, and measurement uncertainty intervals are all useful but fail to properly account for interferences, and the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute standard on interferences has misleading reporting advice. Suggestions are given to improve specifications, protocols, analyses, and reporting methods.
      PubDate: 2018-04-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1315-y
  • Report on the 40th meeting of ISO/REMCO
    • Authors: Angelique Botha; John Hammond; Hendrik Emons; Stéphane Sauvage
      Abstract: The 40th meeting of the Reference Material Committee of ISO, ISO/REMCO, was held in Berlin, Germany, from 26 to 29 June 2017, and was hosted by the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) and the German Institute for Standardization (DIN). This report details and summarizes the discussions and findings of the associated group sessions, and meetings.
      PubDate: 2018-04-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1313-0
  • Definition of reference values in synthetic emission monitoring bench
    • Authors: D. Cipriano; L. Fialdini
      Abstract: Proficiency tests (PTs) are widely used in order to certify capabilities of laboratories, determine and validate uncertainties and validate methods. One of the major difficulties in emission monitoring PTs is due to realisation of a stable and ‘metrological correct’ gas matrix, and, since now, the most common approach is based on emissions gases taken from industrial boilers, from which, therefore, the composition is ‘metrological’ unknown, or on ambient air added with compounds of interest, but, in this case, the chemical behaviour of the matrix may be different from real cases. Synthetic emissions loops give the possibility to fill this gap, but require particular protocols for definition of reference values and their uncertainties. One solution, adopted on the facility realised at RSE research centre in Italy, is shown.
      PubDate: 2018-03-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1312-1
  • Discussion on homogeneity assessment of reference materials based on
           uncertainty comparison method
    • Authors: Chonghua Liu; Zhiyong Ding; Yong Tian; Lezhou Yi; Ningshan Huang
      Abstract: An uncertainty comparison method is proposed to assess the homogeneity of reference materials. The method compares “standard uncertainty associated with between-unit variability” (ubb) with “target standard uncertainty” (utrg) or “measurement uncertainty” (umeas) to solve the problems in assessing homogeneity of reference materials. Methods for the calculation of ubb, utrg and umeas as well as criterion for the quantitative judgment of sample homogeneity are introduced. When ubb ≤ 0.3utrg, it shows the sample is considered to be homogeneous; when 0.3utrg < ubb ≤ 0.7utrg, the sample is considered to be sufficiently homogeneous for the intended use; and when ubb > 0.7utrg, the sample is considered to be inhomogeneous. The uncertainty comparison method is compared with the F test method and shown to be more objective for the assessment of the homogeneity of certified reference materials for the chemical testing of toys.
      PubDate: 2018-02-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1308-2
  • Congresses, conferences, workshops and courses
    • PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1309-9
  • Trueness verification survey for blood lead concentration measurement in
           Chinese clinical laboratories
    • Authors: Shuai Yuan; Wei Wang; Jianping Li; Mingxia Liu; Junwei Xin; Fa L. He; Kun Zhong; Zhi G. Wang
      Abstract: The results of trueness verification for blood lead measurement were analyzed in a 2016 nationwide external quality assessment (EQA) survey, in order to evaluate current approaches of blood lead measurement in Chinese Laboratories and their traceability to certified reference materials (CRMs). A panel of 2 frozen whole blood CRMs with values assigned by an absolute quantitative method was provided to 12 laboratories with satisfactory performances from the 2015 blood lead EQA scheme. Participants were required to measure the samples 5 times each day for 3 consecutive days and report all 15 data, which were then calculated for means and standard deviations. Data were statistically analyzed by adopted method groups, before comparing with the assigned values to assess the trueness of blood lead measurement using different approaches. Eleven laboratories reported on schedule, rendering a reporting rate of 91.7 %. The target values for the two batches were (37.6 ± 2.7) μg/L and (124.6 ± 4.5) μg/L, respectively. By the evaluation criterion of target value ± 20 µg/L, the pass rates were 72.7 % for the lower concentration and 54.5 % for the higher concentration, while 5 out of 11 laboratories delivered satisfactory results for both CRMs. The overall performance of the few participating laboratories in this EQA survey was basically acceptable by CLSI standard on the whole, yet barely desirable for the higher concentration. Therefore, trueness verification of blood lead measurement with CRMs is potentially necessary for national EQA schemes, which can be imperative as part of the validation procedures of analytical methods in clinical settings.
      PubDate: 2017-12-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1304-6
  • Correction to: Combined uncertainty factor for sampling and analysis
    • Authors: Michael H. Ramsey; Stephen L. R. Ellison
      Abstract: In the penultimate paragraph of the original publication, a confidence interval of 93 mg/kg to 971 mg/kg was reported. These values should be 114.5 mg/kg to 786.2 mg/kg.
      PubDate: 2017-12-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1305-5
  • Quality system implementation in the National Metrology Institute of
    • Authors: Vanja Asanovic; Milena Raonic; Naina Cuturic-Knezevic; Goran Vukoslavovic; Milena Popovic; Vladan Jestrovic
      Abstract: Accreditation of calibration laboratories is a means for achieving competence recognition and assuring customers that their calibration services are accurate and reliable. Moreover, it is a powerful tool for a National Metrology Institute (NMI), enabling the formal acceptance of its measurement results. It could be especially useful when calibration activities are performed in well-developed laboratories, which have participated successfully in interlaboratory comparisons but have been awaiting the publication of Calibration and Measurement Capabilities in the BIPM Key comparison database. This paper describes establishment and implementation of a quality management system in the NMI of Montenegro called Bureau of Metrology (MBM) that complies with ISO/IEC 17025. We have presented the results of the first audit evaluation, corrective actions, preparation of quality management documentation, measurement traceability, as well as advantages of being accredited. Our experience of implementing ISO/IEC 17025 for the accreditation of national calibration laboratories established within the MBM shows that strategic planning, establishment of long-term objectives, as well as the commitment to fulfilling standard requirements are the basis for acceptable calibration results. International acceptance of confidence and reliability of calibration services and measurement results provided by the MBM laboratories represents a useful marketing tool for promoting the image of the institution.
      PubDate: 2017-12-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1303-7
  • The hitherto non-included component in the uncertainty budget for
           gravimetric measurement of particulate matter concentration in a conduit
    • Authors: Przemysław Kateusz
      Abstract: This article discusses the accuracy of the gravimetric measurement method of total particulate matter concentration in waste gases where the basic assumption is that sample collection of dust-laden gas is done in a grid with a finite number of points in the conduit’s measurement plane. In this standard approach, the sample is assumed to be representative for dust-laden gas in the conduit, and consequently, the total particulate matter concentration measured for the sample is considered the mean concentration in the conduit. The article investigates this assumption against the standard-imposed number of sampling points and in view of spatial distributions of particulate matter concentration in industrial plants which—being continuous—are not identified in measuring practice. Possible distributions were simulated both for particulate matter concentration and for gas velocity in rectangular conduits, and the following were calculated: (a) an accurate mean particulate matter concentration in the measurement plane, based on its definition employing continuous distributions of particulate matter concentration and gas velocity and (b) the concentration in a sample, i.e. measured concentration. Measurement deviation between those concentrations was determined, which is specific for cumulative gas sampling. Using the obtained set of possible deviations, an estimation method was suggested for the relevant uncertainty component of the gravimetric method, which so far has not been taken into account in the industrial measurement accuracy analyses. It turns out that the level of this uncertainty component for measuring the mean particulate matter concentration in the conduit (resulting from “measurement discretization”) is not to be ignored.
      PubDate: 2017-12-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00769-017-1302-8
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Your IP address:
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-