Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2626 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2626 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
aBIOTECH : An Intl. J. on Plant Biotechnology and Agricultural Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Adversity and Resilience Science : J. of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
Affective Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Functional Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 182, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Acta Geochimica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.24
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 8  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2096-0956 - ISSN (Online) 2365-7499
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Gold anomaly ranking based on stream sediment geochemistry in the
           Fariman–Kashmar axis, NE Iran
    • Abstract: Abstract One of the essential tasks accelerate the decision-making process in mineral exploration projects is ranking anomalous areas. In this study, we used fourteen geologic maps (at scale 1:100,000) in areas where systematic geochemical explorations were conducted in the Fariman–Kashmar axis in northeast Iran to conduct the anomaly ranking. On all these maps, samples were consistently prepared to be analyzed through statistical and geostatistical methods. At first, anomaly separation was carried out by fractal methods that resulted in the detection of 308 anomalous samples in 128 areas. These samples were classified into three groups of first, second, and third-order anomalies, whose number of anomalous samples were calculated based on this ranking technique. Three factors, including the average concentration of each anomaly, its surface area, and the number of its samples, were used to rank the areas. According to this technique, the maximum anomaly score obtained was 172 for the Taknar area, and the minimum score was 3 for several areas. To validate the ranking results, some exploration operations were carried out in some of these anomalous areas in which mining operations started later. Several significant gold anomalous areas were introduced, which is considered an important result of this study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-02
       
  • Petrographic and geochemical characterization of weathered materials
           developed on BIF from the Mamelles iron ore deposit in the Nyong unit,
           South-West Cameroon
    • Abstract: Abstract Iron ore deposits hosted by Precambrian banded iron formation (BIF) are the most important source of mineable iron. In Cameroon, they are located in the southern part of the country. This study reports the petrological and geochemical data of iron ores collected from a weathering profile in the Mamelles BIF deposit, SW Cameroon. The profile is composed of three levels which are from the bottom to the top: the saprock, the ferruginous horizon, and the loose horizon. Eight representative iron ore samples (rock fragments and loose clayey material) were collected along the profile and were subjected to petrographic and geochemical analyses. Their mineralogy consists of martite, goethite, quartz, and lesser amounts of hematite, magnetite, kaolinite, and halloysite. The presence of minerals such as kaolinite and goethite in the Mamelles iron ores suggests their supergene origin. Geochemically, the saprock is characterized by high iron content (70.25 wt% Fe2O3t), and low silica (26.38 wt% SiO2) and alumina (1.14 wt% Al2O3). The rock fragments collected from the ferruginous horizon display higher Fe2O3t (72–76.40 wt%), Al2O3 (2.80–5.43 wt%), and lower SiO2 (16.70–18.35 wt%) contents, suggesting the leaching of silica during the enrichment process. The loose clayey samples collected from both the ferruginous horizon and the upper loose horizon show lower iron and higher silica contents. When normalized to the underlying BIF saprock, both rock fragments and loose clayey ores display LREE enrichment, suggesting that they formed through supergene processes. Economically, most of the Mamelles iron ores are classified as medium-grade ores and a few display acceptable contents in contaminants. Overall, this petrological and geochemical study of the Mamelles iron ores revealed encouraging results. Given its strategic location near the deep seaport, the deposit should be investigated in more detail for its mining potential.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Hyperspectral estimation model of soil Pb content and its applicability in
           different soil types
    • Abstract: Abstract In order to obtain Pb content in soil quickly and efficiently, a multivariate linear regression (MLR) and a principal component regression (PCR) Pb content estimation model were established on the basis of hyperspectral techniques, and their applicability in different soil types was evaluated. Results indicated that Pb exhibited strong spatial heterogeneity in the study area, and more than 82% of the samples exceeded the background value. In addition, the pollution range was large. Pb was sensitive in the near-infrared band, and the correlation of absorbance (AB) was most significant of all the transformed forms. Both models achieved optimal stability and reliability when AB was used as an independent variable. Compared with the PCR model, the stability, fitting accuracy, and predictive power of the MLR model were superior with a coefficient of determination, root mean square error, and mean relative error of 0.724%, 24.92%, and 28.22%, respectively. Both models could be applied to different soil types; however, MLR had better applicability compared with PCR. The PCR model that distinguished different soil types had better reliability than one that did not. Thus, the model established via hyperspectral techniques can achieve large-area, rapid, and efficient soil Pb content monitoring, which can provide technical support for the treatment of heavy metal pollution in soil.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Using Sr isotopes to trace the geographic origins of Chinese mitten crabs
    • Abstract: Abstract Identifying the geographic origins of Chinese mitten crabs is important for food safety and fair market competition. In this study, we used strontium (Sr) isotopes as a tool to trace the geographic origins of Chinese mitten crabs. Chinese mitten crabs, water, and different types of crab feed were collected from four different lakes for Sr isotope analyses. The results showed that the Sr isotope compositions of the different parts from one single crab were consistent within error, indicating that any piece of a crab could be used to represent the Sr isotope characteristics of the whole crab. The Sr isotope compositions of Chinese mitten crabs from the same lake were consistent within the analytical error, and the values were similar to the Sr isotope composition of the water from the same lake. However, the Sr isotope compositions of water and crabs from different lakes are significantly different. Therefore, the Sr isotope compositions of Chinese mitten crabs are mainly controlled by lake water composition, while the impact of feed is limited. This study provides an effective method for tracing the geographic origins of Chinese mitten crabs.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Geochemical characteristics and origin of the Neoproterozoic high-K
           calc-alkaline granitoids in the northern part of Mandara hills,
           northeastern Nigeria
    • Abstract: Abstract The high-K calc-alkaline granitoids in the northern part of the Mandara Hills are part of the well-exposed post-collisional plutons in northeastern Nigeria. The calc-alkaline rock association consists of quartz monzodiorite, hornblende biotite granite, biotite granites and aplite which intruded the older basement consisting mainly of low-lying migmatitic gneisses and amphibolites during the Neoproterozoic Pan-African Orogeny. Petrological and geochemical studies have revealed the presence of hornblende, iron oxide, and metaluminous to slightly peraluminous characteristics in the granitoids which is typical of I-type granite. The granitoids are also depleted in some high field strength elements (e.g. Nb and Ta) as well as Ti. Plots of Mg# versus SiO2 indicate that the granite was derived from partial melting of crustal sources. Lithospheric delamination at the waning stage of the Pan-African Orogeny possibly triggered upwelling of hot mafic magma from the mantle which underplated the lower crust. This, in turn, caused partial melting and magma generation at the lower to middle-crustal level. However, the peculiar geochemical characteristics of the quartz monzodiorite especially the enrichment in compatible elements such as MgO, Cr, and Ni, as well as LILE element (e.g. K, Ce, Cs, Ba, and Sr), signify that the rock formed from an enriched upper mantle source. The emplacement of high-K granites in the Madara Hill, therefore, marked an important episode of crustal reworking during the Neoproterozoic. However, further isotopic work is needed to confirm this model.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Zircon saturation model in silicate melts: a review and update
    • Abstract: Abstract Zircon stability in silicate melts—which can be quantitatively constrained by laboratory measurements of zircon saturation—is important for understanding the evolution of magma. Although the original zircon saturation model proposed by Watson and Harrison (Earth Planet Sci Lett 64(2):295–304, 1983) is widely cited and has been updated recently, the three main models currently in use may generate large uncertainties due to extrapolation beyond their respective calibrated ranges. This paper reviews and updates zircon saturation models developed with temperature and compositional parameters. All available data on zircon saturation ranging in composition from mafic to silicic (and/or peralkaline to peraluminous) at temperatures from 750 to 1400 °C were collected to develop two refined models (1 and 2) that may be applied to the wider range of compositions. Model 1 is given by lnCZr(melt) = (14.297 ± 0.308) + (0.964 ± 0.066)·M − (11113 ± 374)/T, and model 2 given by lnCZr(melt) = (18.99 ± 0.423) − (1.069 ± 0.102)·lnG − (12288 ± 593)/T, where CZr(melt) is the Zr concentration of the melt in ppm and parameters M [= (Na + K + 2Ca)/(Al·Si)] (cation ratios) and G [= (3·Al2O3 + SiO2)/(Na2O + K2O + CaO + MgO + FeO)] (molar proportions) represent the melt composition. The errors are at one sigma, and T is the temperature in Kelvin. Before applying these models to natural rocks, it is necessary to ensure that the zircon used to date is crystallized from the host magmatic rock. Assessment of the application of both new and old models to natural rocks suggests that model 1 may be the best for magmatic temperature estimates of metaluminous to peraluminous rocks and that model 2 may be the best for estimating magmatic temperatures of alkaline to peralkaline rocks.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Even-carbon predominance of Monomethyl branched alkanes in Humic coal from
           Junggar Basin, NW China
    • Abstract: Abstract A series of Monomethyl branched alkanes compounds were detected between nC14–nC36, in immature and low maturity Jurassic humic coal, Junggar basin. 2-methyl alkanes and 3-methyl alkanes accounted for the vast majority of the compounds. It is worth noting that the 2-methyl alkanes in the humic coal samples show an obvious distribution of even carbon predominances rarely reported in the literature. The results show that with the increase of Pr/Ph (pristane/phytane), the even carbon dominance of 2-methyl alkanes is more obvious, while the odd carbon number distribution of 3-methyl alkanes is weakened. As Pr/Ph increases in the humic coal, the relative content of the hopanes increased, while the relative content of 2-methyl alkanes and 3-methyl alkanes increases first and then decreases.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Geochemical constraints on the origin and tectonic setting of the
           serpentinized peridotites from the Paleoproterozoic Nyong series, Eseka
           area, SW Cameroon
    • Abstract: Abstract Serpentinized rocks closely associated with Paleoproterozoic eclogitic metabasites were recently discovered at Eseka area in the northwestern edge of the Congo craton in southern Cameroon. Here, we present new field data, petrography, and first comprehensible whole-rock geochemistry data and discuss the protolith and tectonic significance of these serpentinites in the region. The studied rock samples are characterized by pseudomorphic textures, including mesh microstructure formed by serpentine intergrowths with cores of olivine, bastites after pyroxene. Antigorite constitutes almost the whole bulk of the rocks and is associated (to the less amount) with tremolite, talc, spinel, and magnetite. Whole-rock chemistry of the Eseka serpentinites led to the distinction of two types. Type 1 has high MgO (> 40 wt%) content and high Mg# values (88.80) whereas Type 2 serpentinite samples display relatively low MgO concentration and Mg# values (< 40 and 82.88 wt%, respectively). Both types have low Al/Si and high Mg/Si ratios than the primitive mantle, reflecting a refractory abyssal mantle peridotite protolith. Partial melting modeling indicates that these rocks were derived from melting of spinel peridotite before serpentinization. Bulk rock high-Ti content is similar to the values of subducted serpentinites (> 50 ppm). This similarity, associated with the high Cr contents, spinel-peridotite protolith compositions and Mg/Si and Al/Si ratios imply that the studied serpentinites were formed in a subduction-related environment. The U-shaped chondrite normalized-REE patterns of serpentinized peridotites, coupled with similar enrichments in LREE and HFSE, suggest the refertilized nature due to melt/rock interaction prior to serpentinization. Based on the results, we suggest that the Eseka serpentinized peridotites are mantle residues that suffered a high degree of partial melting in a subduction-related environment, especially in Supra Subduction Zone setting. These new findings suggest that the Nyong series in Cameroon represents an uncontested Paleoproterozoic suture zone between the Congo craton and the São Francisco craton in Brazil.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Organic geochemistry of the Lower Permian Tak Fa Formation in Phetchabun
           Province, Thailand: implications for its paleoenvironment and hydrocarbon
           generation potential
    • Abstract: Abstract The outcrop samples of the Tak Fa Formation (Lower Permian) in Phetchabun Province have been studied to determine their organic geochemical characteristic, depositional paleoenvironment, and hydrocarbon generation potential. The total organic carbon (TOC) values ranging from 1.42  to 4.58 wt% and extractable organic matter values ranging from 76.84 to 197.65 ppm of the Tak Fa Formation were generally low and associated with low S2 values (0.00–0.50 mg HC/g rock) and hydrogen index values in range of 0–32 mg/g TOC, although this could reflect highly thermal maturity and complex tectonic history. Thus, kerogen classification can be based on a non-biomarker study for these outcrop samples instead. The non-biomarker plot, Pr/n-C17 and Ph/n-C18 from this study indicates that organic matter originally comes from type II/III kerogen. The samples were also investigated and indicated that the organic matter inputs were derived from mixed marine and terrigenous sources and deposited under suboxic to oxic conditions. The depositional environment of the Tak Fa Formation in this study is interpreted to be an estuarine environment or restricted lagoonal carbonate platforms. This has been achieved from normal alkane and isoprenoids distributions, terpane, and sterane biomarkers. Thus, the Tak Fa Formation is considered to be a hydrocarbon source rock during the time of the deposition. Although the geochemical data in this study indicate that the Tak Fa Formation has experienced high maturation, one or more locations could meet a condition that places this formation to be an active source rock. The approach and concepts presented in this study can be applied to similar evaporite-carbonate deposits in Thailand to find more petroleum plays.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Trace elemental signatures and mineral chemistry of clays associated with
           the alteration halos of the Paleoproterozoic U mineralization in Bijawars
           of the Sonrai Basin, Central India
    • Abstract: Abstract Paleoproterozoic Bijawars of the Sonrai basin consists of (a) Sonrai (mostly carbonate carbonaceous shale and phosphatic breccia) and (b) Solda Formations (commonly chloritic and ferruginous shale) with well-developed clay-organo-rich facies, often marked with hydrothermal activities. Previous studies revealed abundance order of kaolinite > chlorite > illite > smectite; and kaolinite > illite > chlorite in clay (0.2–2.0 µm) fractions separated from the Sonrai and Solda Formations, respectively. To understand atomic substitutions and trace elemental concentrations, clay minerals were analyzed by fusion ICP-MS and SEM–EDS. PAAS normalized data plots show U, Th, Rb, Ba, Pb Sr, and large-ion lithophiles enrichment, whereas, Bandai sandstone and Rohini carbonate clays show HREE enrichment with asymmetrical patterns, similar to those reported from the well-established McArthur River, Cigar Lake, and Sue UTUD of Canada. For Rohni carbonate, chondrite-normalized REE data plots revealed M shape REE patterns, ascribed to Gd–Tb–Dy–Ho tetrad effect and anomalous Y, Zr, and Hf concentrations. Owing to HREE incorporation in the clay inter-layers, linear and flattened REE trends were noticed. Flat REE patterns associated with the highly altered chlorite and illite represent negative Eu anomaly related to the dilational nature of the uraninite structure and is suggestive of anoxic conditions.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • A re-assessment of nickel-doping method in iron isotope analysis on rock
           samples using multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
           
    • Abstract: Abstract Element doping has been proved to be a useful method to correct for the mass bias fractionation when analyzing iron isotope compositions. We present a systematic re-assessment on how the doped nickel may affect the iron isotope analysis in this study by carrying out several experiments. We find three important factors that can affect the analytical results, including the Ni:Fe ratio in the analyte solutions, the match of the Ni:Fe ratio between the unknown sample and standard solutions, and the match of the Fe concentration between the sample and standard solutions. Thus, caution is required when adding Ni to the analyte Fe solutions before analysis. Using our method, the δ56Fe and δ57Fe values of the USGS standards W-2a, BHVO-2, BCR-2, AGV-2 and GSP-2 are consistent with the recommended literature values, and the long-term (one year) external reproducibility is better than 0.03 and 0.05‰ (2SD) for δ56Fe and δ57Fe, respectively. Therefore, the analytical method established in our laboratory is a method of choice for high quantity Fe isotope data in geological materials.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Development of in-situ Micro-Raman spectroscopy system for autoclave
           experimental apparatus
    • Abstract: Abstract We developed a set of in-situ Micro-Raman spectroscopy system for autoclave experimental apparatus because of the scientific significance of in-situ Micro-Raman spectroscopy system under the high-pressure hydrothermal condition. We used this system to measure the Raman spectrum of water-fluid and quartz crystal at the temperature ranging from 125 to 420 °C. The signal-to-noise ratio of the Raman signal is good.
      PubDate: 2020-05-14
       
  • In-situ nitrogen fate in the vadose zone of different soil types and its
           implications for groundwater quality in the Huaihe River Basin, China
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper focused on nitrate fate in the vadose zone (VZ) and its implications for groundwater vulnerability under different soil types in the agricultural area of Huaihe River Basin, China. Isotopic compositions of nitrate (δ15N and δ18O) along with NO3− and Cl− concentrations were determined in the VZ-shallow groundwater continuum beneath silty-loam and silty-clay-loam, which are distinctive in texture and organic carbon (OC). In the soil zone (< 1 m in depth), measured δ18O–NO3− suggested the ubiquitous of nitrification regardless of soil types. In the subsoil zone (> 1 m in depth), however, the concurrent enrichment of δ15N–NO3− and δ18O–NO3− indicated the occurrence of denitrification, which showed a dependence on subsoil properties. Specifically, during wheat and maize land uses, denitrification removed as much as 76 %–88 % of the total nitrate where the subsoil was dominated by stratified OC-rich silty-clay-loam. In contrast, only 0 %–28 % of the nitrate was degraded via denitrification where the subsoil was composed of uniform, OC-depleted silty-loam. Furthermore, inactive denitrification and higher permeability in the silty-loam VZ implied higher groundwater vulnerability. This observation was consistent with the fact that groundwater NO3−–N concentration beneath silty-loam (11.24 mg L−1) was over two times higher than that of the silty-clay-loam (5.32 mg L−1), where stricter fertilization management and conservation strategies should be applied to protect groundwater quality.
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
       
  • In-situ LA-ICP-MS trace element and oxygen isotope signatures of magnetite
           from the Yamansu deposit, NW China, and their significance
    • Abstract: The Yamansu iron deposit is hosted in submarine volcanic rocks in the Aqishan–Yamansu belt of Eastern Tianshan, NW China. A geological cross-section for the Carboniferous strata in the ore district shows that ore bodies in the Yamansu deposit are hosted in andesitic crystal tuff of the third cycle of the Carboniferous Yamansu Formation. This indicates an association between mineralization and volcanism. The orebodies are strata bound and lensoid and generally share the occurrence state of the host rocks. Magnetite mineralization mainly occurs asbreccia ores, ores in the mineralized volcanic rocks, massive ores, and sulfide-rich ores according to their structures and sequences of formation. Trace element compositions of magnetite from various types of ores were determined by LA-ICP-MS. The dataset indicates thatdifferent types of magnetite havedistinct trace element contents correlated to their formation environments. Magnetite crystals from breccia ores have high Ti, Ni, V, Cr, and Co and low Si, Al, Ca, and Mg contents, indicating crystallization from a volcanic magmatic eruption, which is consistent with field evidence of coexisting altered volcanic breccia. Magnetite crystals from ores in the mineralized volcanic rocks have moderate Ti, Ni, V, Cr, and Co contents. In contrast, magnetite from massive ores and sulfide-rich ores have low concentrations of Ti, Cr, Ni, and V, high concentrations of Si, Al, Ca, and Mg, and evidence of hydrothermal magnetite. In-situ magnetite compositions imply a magmatic-hydrothermal process. Although δ18O values for magnetite grains fromYamansu vary (+ 1.3 to + 7.0‰), they all plot in the range field of volcanic iron deposits, and they also record a magmatic-hydrothermal process. The compositions of Yamansu magnetites are interpreted as controlled mainly by temperature, fluid, host rock buffering, oxygen fugacity, and sulfur fugacity. The metallogenic conditions of the Yamansu deposit changed from high temperature and low oxygen fugacity to low temperature and high oxygen fugacity. However, more fluid-rock reactions and higher sulfur fugacity were involved during the deposition of massive ores and sulfide-rich ores. Graphic abstract
      PubDate: 2020-04-24
       
  • Guadalupian (Middle Permian) δ 13 C org changes in the Lower Yangtze,
           South China
    • Abstract: Abstract The Middle Permian Guadalupian witnessed significant environmental changes in the Phanerozoic such as large-scale sea-level drop, supercontinent Pangaea assembly, and transition from Early Permian glaciation to Late Permian non-glacial intervals. Carbonisotope tracers can provide insights for these environmental changes. The δ13C studies of the entire Guadalupian epoch are rare, and most of them has focused on near the end of Guadalupian and carbon isotopes of inoragnics. Here, we present carbon isotopic compositions of organic matters in the Guadalupian from two sections (Chaohu and Xiaolao) in the Lower Yangtze area, South China. Our results show that δ13Corg profiles in the Guadalupian show a peak in the Roadian and a gradual negative shift from the Roadian to the middle Capitanian. These trends can be matched by δ13C changes of carbonate rocks or organic matter in South China and other places in the world, representing a global carbon cycle signal. The Roadian positive peak was probably due to high productivity which was caused by upwelling during cooling time. The gradual negative shift of δ13C was caused mainly by a decrease of organic matter burial on land and in the ocean, resulting from global sea-level drop and anoxia-caused benthos decline, respectively. The less important causes for the gradual δ13C negative shift are volcanic-gases releasing, decreased mountain belts, and the resultant reduced silicate weathering-consumption of CO2. The gradual negative shift of δ13C coincides with the gradual extinction in the Guadalupian. Therefore, global sea-level drop and marine reducing conditions may be the main causes of the gradual extinction in the Guadalupian.
      PubDate: 2020-04-23
       
  • Mantle plume: the dynamic setting of the origin of Early Paleozoic mafic
           dykes in Ziyang, Shaanxi Province, Southern Qinling Block, China
    • Abstract: Abstract The mafic dykes (dolerites) during the Early Paleozoic are widely spread in Langao-Ziyang, southern Qiling Block, and the investigation on these dykes are very important. Previous studies have mainly focused on the Silurian mafic dykes; however, research on the Earlier Paleozoic mafic dykes is relatively weak at present. Therefore, the overall understanding of the mantle source and genetic dynamic setting during the Early Paleozoic in this area is lacking. To study the accurate age and origin of the Early Paleozoic mafic dykes in Ziyang, southern Shaanxi Province, the mafic dykes from dabacunand Qinmingzhai were selected and the petrology, zircon U–Pb chronology, geochemistry, and Sr–Nd–Hf isotopes were studied. Analysis indicates that the mafic dykes studied are mainly composed of dolerite, and they are the products of the Early Ordovician (475.8–480.7 Ma). Furthermore, the dolerites belong to alkaline rock series, and they are characterized by enrichment in LREE, Rb, Ba, Sr, Nb, (87Sr/86Sr)i = 0.7020–0.7050, εNd(t) = 3.0–4.0), εHf (t) = 4.5–12.1,176Hf/177Hf = 0.282681–0.282844. This suggests that the mafic dyke were derived from the partial melting of a depleted lithospheric mantle, and the genetic process is mainly controlled by the mantle plume based on the discussion of the genetic model. Furthermore, the genetic process experienced the separation and crystallization of olivine and clinopyroxene at the same time, with little crustal contamination.
      PubDate: 2020-04-20
       
  • Organic geochemical characteristics of Eocene crude oils from Zhanhua
           Depression, Bohai Bay Basin, China
    • Abstract: Abstract Geochemical studies of crude oil and source rock play an important role in future exploration in Zhanhua Depression. In this study, thirty-one oil samples collected from Shahejie Formation in Zhanhua Depression, Bohai Bay Basin, NE China have been geochemically analyzed and their organic geochemical characteristics have been applied to differentiate groups of oils. These oil samples can be classified into two families based on multiple biomarker proxies and stable carbon isotopic values. Family I is characterized by a low ratio of pristane over phytane (Pr/Ph < 0.7), a relatively high ratio of phytane over n-C18 (Ph/n-C18), varying ratios of gammacerane over C30 hopane (Ga/C30H) and C22/C21 tricyclic terpane, and a low ratio of C19/C23 tricyclic terpane. Family II is marked by a relatively high Pr/Ph ratio (0.7–1.6), relative low ratios of Ph/n-C18 and C22/C21 tricyclic terpane, and avarying ratio of C19/C23 tricyclic terpane. Both families I and II within these crude oils can be subdivided into two families based on different values of stable carbon isotopic composition of individual n-alkanes. Moreover, the potential source rocks of oil samples in Family I and Family II were likely derived from the upper Es4 member and Es3 member, respectively, based on the correlation of organic geochemical characteristics of the oils and source rocks. The results of oil–source rock correlation provide insight into the process from oil generation to migration and to final accumulation, providing a better understanding of factors controlling oil–gas distribution for prediction of sweet spots.
      PubDate: 2020-04-20
       
  • The efficiency and accuracy of probability diagram, spatial statistic and
           fractal methods in the identification of shear zone gold mineralization: a
           case study of the Saqqez gold ore district, NW Iran
    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, geochemical anomaly separation was carried out with methods based on the distribution model, which includes probability diagram (MPD), fractal (concentration-area technique), and U-statistic methods. The main objective is to evaluate the efficiency and accuracy of the methods in separation of anomalies on the shear zone gold mineralization. For this purpose, samples were taken from the secondary lithogeochemical environment (stream sediment samples) on the gold mineralization in Saqqez, NW of Iran. Interpretation of the histograms and diagrams showed that the MPD is capable of identifying two phases of mineralization. The fractal method could separate only one phase of change based on the fractal dimension with high concentration areas of the Au element. The spatial analysis showed two mixed subpopulations after U = 0 and another subpopulation with very high U values. The MPD analysis followed spatial analysis, which shows the detail of the variations. Six mineralized zones detected from local geochemical exploration results were used for validating the methods mentioned above. The MPD method was able to identify the anomalous areas higher than 90%, whereas the two other methods identified 60% (maximum) of the anomalous areas. The raw data without any estimation for the concentration was used by the MPD method using aminimum of calculations to determine the threshold values. Therefore, the MPD method is more robust than the other methods. The spatial analysis identified the detail soft hegeological and mineralization events that were affected in the study area. MPD is recommended as the best, and the spatial U-analysis is the next reliable method to be used. The fractal method could show more detail of the events and variations in the area with asymmetrical grid net and a higher density of sampling or at the detailed exploration stage.
      PubDate: 2020-04-13
       
  • Correction to: A re-assessment of nickel-doping method in iron isotope
           analysis on rock samples using multi-collector inductively coupled plasma
           mass spectrometry
    • Abstract: In the original publication, the vertical coordinate in Fig. 7 is incorrectly published as δ56Fe instead of δ57Fe.
      PubDate: 2020-04-01
       
  • The effect of pH on the sorption of gold nanoparticles on illite
    • Abstract: Abstract Sorption between nanoparticles (NPs) and minerals may critically affect the migration of associated elements as well as the environmental impact of NPs. Since illite is widely present in soil, sediment, and water, we have experimentally investigated the sorption behavior of citrate-coated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as model NPs on illite under different pH and mineral mass conditions. We demonstrated that sorption of these negatively charged AuNPs strongly depended on the suspension pH. At pH above 8, which coincided with the apparent point of zero charge (pH 7.9) of our illite sample, only marginal sorption of AuNPs was observed. At pH 3–8, significant sorption of AuNPs on illite was found, with almost complete sorption occurring at more acidic conditions (pH 3–4). TEM observations revealed that sorption took place through the attachment AuNPs on illite edges. At pH 2, AuNPs mostly formed chain-like fused structures and precipitated out of the suspension. Based upon the above pH dependence, residual organic ligand content after sorption, and complementary sorption results with positively charged AuNPs, we conclude that the sorption process is mainly driven by the electrostatic attraction between negatively charged AuNPs and positively charged illite edges, with possible competitive involvement of citrate molecules. We expect that our findings will improve our understanding of NP–mineral interaction and the environmental fate of NPs.
      PubDate: 2020-04-01
       
 
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