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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 133)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
  [SJR: 0.821]   [H-I: 49]   [9 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-5241 - ISSN (Online) 0364-216X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Usefulness of Cross-Linked Human Acellular Dermal Matrix as an Implant for
           Dorsal Augmentation in Rhinoplasty
    • Abstract: Background Asian noses are relatively small and flat compared to Caucasians; therefore, rhinoplasty procedures often focus on dorsal augmentation and tip projection rather than reduction in the nasal framework. Various autologous and alloplastic implant materials have been used for dorsal augmentation. Recently, human acellular dermal matrices have been introduced as an implant material for dorsal augmentation, camouflaging autologous implants without an additional donor site. Here, we introduce a cross-linked human acellular dermal matrix as an implant material in augmentation rhinoplasty and share the clinical experiences. Methods Eighteen patients who underwent augmentation rhinoplasty using acellular dermal matrix from April 2014 to November 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical outcomes and complications were assessed at the outpatient clinic during the follow-up period ranging from 8 to 38 months. Contour changes were assessed through comparison of preoperative and postoperative photographs by two independent plastic surgeons. Patient satisfaction was assessed at the outpatient clinic by six questions regarding aesthetic and functional aspects. Results Postoperative photographs demonstrated the height of the nasal dorsum did not decrease over time except two patients whose ADM was grafted into a subperiosteal pocket. Others who underwent supraperiosteal implantation showed acceptable maintenance of dorsal height. No major complication was reported. Overall, patient satisfaction scored 81.02 out of 100. Conclusions Cross-linked human ADM has advantages of both autogenous and alloplastic materials. The surgical results remain stable without complications. Therefore, it is a suitable alternative implant material for dorsal augmentation in rhinoplasty. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0996-7
       
  • An Alternative Rhinoplasty Technique: Rotational Spreader Flap
           (“Rabbit Flap”)
    • Authors: Ali Ahmet Sirin; Ibrahim Erdim; Omer Erdur; Alperen Sirin
      Abstract: Background In modern rhinoplasty, septal cartilage is the most commonly used graft material. It is a big challenge if septal cartilage is insufficient. We present an alternative technique named the “rabbit flap,” created from the cephalic portion of the lower lateral cartilage to show its effectiveness on nasolabial angle, nasal axis deviation, and nasal dorsal line. Methods An alternative flap, called a “rabbit flap,” is constituted from the cephalic portion of the lower lateral cartilage (LLC). The key for this flap’s success is in not cutting the connection between the lateral and medial crus of the alar cartilage. The flap is rotated and placed between the upper lateral cartilage and the septum to ensure a spreader graft effect; it can also be moved forward and backward to adjust the nasal tip rotation. Patients whose minimum width of LLC was 12 mm were included in this study. We subjectively evaluated the results of this technique for 24 patients who completed the rhinoplasty outcomes evaluation (ROE) questionnaire and objectively by measuring the nasal axis and nasolabial angles in the preoperative and postoperative first-year periods. Results There were significant improvements in ROE, nasal axis deviation, and nasolabial angle scores when preoperative and postoperative first-year controls were compared (p < 0.001). We also observed no complications. Conclusions With this technique, we can correct both a nasal tip rotation and a mild nasal axis deviation. Moreover, we can achieve a proper nasal dorsal line and prevent an inverted V deformity. By expanding the internal nasal valve, a functionally effective surgery can be performed. However, the LLC must be strong enough to avoid alar collapse. In light of our results, we believe that the technique we call the “rabbit flap” can be used as an alternative rhinoplasty technique. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0999-4
       
  • Trendy Tattoos—Maybe a Serious Health Risk'
    • Authors: Felix J. Paprottka; Nicco Krezdorn; Mustafa Narwan; Marvee Turk; Heiko Sorg; Ernst Magnus Noah; Detlev Hebebrand
      Abstract: Background The literature reports many cases of cutaneous malignancy in the setting of skin tattoos. In this study, we review the reported incidence of and risk factors for tattoo-associated skin cancer. Methods A PubMed literature review was performed for all cases of tattoo-associated skin cancer, including squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, keratoacanthoma, and other rare skin malignancies (source: PubMed/until June 2017). Results The authors identified 51 publications and 63 total cases of tattoo-associated skin cancer. We also report on a single new case of tattoo-associated skin cancer observed at one of our co-authors’ institutions. Among these 64 total cases, 58% were associated with black and blue inks and 34% were associated with red ink. Conclusions Overall, while the strength of association remains unclear, the literature reports many cases of tattoo-associated skin cancer. Among these cases, black, blue, and red inks were particularly worrisome for their carcinogenic potential. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-1002-0
       
  • Complications and Treatment Strategy After Breast Augmentation by
           
    • Authors: Rui Jin; Xusong Luo; Xiaoke Wang; Jie Ma; Fei Liu; Qun Yang; Jun Yang; Xi Wang
      Abstract: From 1997 to 2006, polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAAG) was approved for use in China as a permanent filler for breast augmentation, and it is estimated that 200,000 women have undergone PAAG injection since then. After injection, complications such as pain, mass, hematoma, asymmetry, migration, infection, and even cancer continue to emerge. Because of the potential toxicity and unstable nature of the material and the nonstandardized injection layers, complications after PAAG injection breast augmentation are often complex and difficult to treat. The only treatment for these complications is debridement surgery, which includes PAAG evacuation, capsule remove, lesion excision, and mastectomy. Currently, although there are a variety of surgical methods for complications after PAAG injection, there is a lack of consensus regarding the diagnosis and treatment. We systematically review the literature and summarize our experience of diagnosis and treatment of complications after PAAG injection in our hospital over the past 10 years. To date, this is the first attempt to propose a diagnostic classification for PAAG injection breast augmentation and to set out a treatment strategy based on this classification. Although the China Food and Drug Administration withdrew its approval in 2006, PAAG is still being used illegally in some areas, and the patient population is widespread. This study aims to provide a more comprehensive understanding of PAAG complications to drive the standard diagnosis and treatment based on clinical classification, and to provide references for the future development of safer injectable products. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-1006-9
       
  • Use of the BREAST-Q™ Survey in the Prospective Evaluation of
           Reduction Mammaplasty Outcomes
    • Authors: Isaias Vieira Cabral; Edgard da Silva Garcia; Rebecca Neponucena Sobrinho; Natália Lana Larcher Pinto; Yara Juliano; Joel Veiga-Filho; Lydia Masako Ferreira; Daniela Francescato Veiga
      Abstract: Introduction BREAST-Q™ is a patient-reported outcomes survey instrument with a specific module that evaluates breast reduction surgery. It allows assessment of patient’s satisfaction with received treatment and evaluates the impact of surgery on different aspects of the patient’s quality of life. This article aims to assess the satisfaction and quality of life of patients who underwent reduction mammaplasty. Materials and Methods Women aged between 18 and 60 years, with a body mass index ranging from 19 to 30 kg/m2, who were already scheduled for reduction mammaplasty, were included in the study. The Brazilian version of the BREAST-Q™ Reduction/Mastopexy Module (preoperative 1.0 and postoperative 1.0 versions) was self-applied preoperatively and 1 and 6 months after the operation. Results One hundred and seven patients were included in the study and completed the 6-month follow-up. The median age was 33 years, and the median preoperative body mass index was 25 kg/m2. The superomedial pedicle was used in 96.3% of the cases, and the total median weight of the resected breast was 1115 g. There was a significant improvement in the scores of the scales: Psychosocial well-being, Sexual well-being, Physical well-being, and Satisfaction with the breasts compared to the preoperative assessment (p < 0.0001). The scales Satisfaction with the NAC and Satisfaction with the outcome, available only in the postoperative version, demonstrated high satisfaction rates at the two postoperative periods evaluated. Conclusion Reduction mammaplasty improved the quality of life and provided high levels of patient satisfaction with outcomes 1 and 6 months postoperatively. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-1009-6
       
  • Reductive Augmentation of the Breast
    • Authors: Paul E. Chasan
      Abstract: Aim Although breast reduction surgery plays an invaluable role in the correction of macromastia, it almost always results in a breast lacking in upper pole fullness and/or roundness. We present a technique of breast reduction combined with augmentation termed “reductive augmentation” to solve this problem. The technique is also extremely useful for correcting breast asymmetry, as well as revising significant pseudoptosis in the patient who has previously undergone breast augmentation with or without mastopexy. Methods An evolution of techniques has been used to create a breast with more upper pole fullness and anterior projection in those patients desiring a more round, higher-profile appearance. Reductive augmentation is a one-stage procedure in which a breast augmentation is immediately followed by a modified superomedial pedicle breast reduction. Often, the excision of breast tissue is greater than would normally be performed with breast reduction alone. Results Thirty-five patients underwent reductive augmentation, of which 12 were primary surgeries and 23 were revisions. There was an average tissue removal of 255 and 227 g, respectively, per breast for the primary and revision groups. Six of the reductive augmentations were performed for gross asymmetry. Fourteen patients had a previous mastopexy, and 3 patients had a previous breast reduction. The average follow-up was 26 months. Conclusions Reductive augmentation is an effective one-stage method for achieving a more round-appearing breast with upper pole fullness both in primary breast reduction candidates and in revisionary breast surgery. This technique can also be applied to those patients with significant asymmetry. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-1010-0
       
  • “The Chignon Mastopexy”: A Double Glandular Suspended Flaps for an
           Auto-Augmentation Effect
    • Authors: Bouraoui Kotti
      Abstract: Background Many mastopexy techniques have been described in the literature focusing on the new nipple areolar complex position and the breast deflation treatment, but only few of them detailed the glandular volume redistribution to avoid the use of implants. We describe a mastopexy procedure that brings the maximum of the volume to the central part of the breast. We compare the procedure to a “chignon” hair style way to vulgarize the technique and simplify its comprehension. Methods Breast volume is reshaped by the use of a vertical mastopexy and two deepithelized glandular flaps sutured for the first one to the pectoralis major fascia and for the second one to the contralateral flap. A lateral release of two fasciocutaneous flaps allows the final vertical suture. Results From January 2011 to January 2016, 30 patients, between 85 operated on for ptotic breasts, were treated with this technique. The follow-up period is from 6 months to 5 years. Esthetic improvement in the breast shape and its projection were achieved in 90%. The illusion of augmentation of the final volume was noticed in 70% of the cases. No complications were noticed during this study. Conclusion We describe an easy and reliable technique for breast lift, based on a mastopexy method that changes the architecture of the breast to bring the maximum of its volume to the central part. The technique is rewarding for moderate volumes when the ptosis is more related to a glandular sagging than to a cutaneous looseness and breast deflation. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to Table of Contents or Online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0985-x
       
  • Announcements December 2017
    • PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0993-x
       
  • Usefulness of Crosslinked Human Acellular Dermal Matrix as an Implant for
           Dorsal Augmentation and Rhinoplasty
    • Authors: Darryl J. Hodgkinson
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-1011-z
       
  • Comment on Mycobacterium Chelonae Infection of the Buttocks Secondary to
           Lipofilling: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
    • Authors: Masoud Keikha
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-1005-x
       
  • Discussion: Optimizing Patient Selection for Direct-to-Implant Immediate
           Breast Reconstruction Using Wise-Pattern Skin-Reducing Mastectomy in Large
           and Ptotic Breasts
    • Authors: Francesco Ciancio; Alessandro Innocenti; Paolo Annoscia; Michelangelo Vestita; Giuseppe Giudice
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0995-8
       
  • Modifications of Z-Epicanthoplasty Combined with Double-Eyelid
           Blepharoplasty in Asians
    • Authors: Shun Wu; Ke Guo; Peng Xiao; Jiaming Sun
      Abstract: Background Epicanthoplasty combined with double-eyelid blepharoplasty is one of the most popular cosmetic procedures in Asians. However, the postoperative medial canthal scar is a concerned issue. Here the authors adopted some modifications of Z-epicanthoplasty to minimize the canthal scar. Methods Modifications of Z-epicanthoplasty were mainly in three aspects. First, supratarsal creases were created before epicanthoplasty to prevent the impact of tension variation on epicanthal incisions, caused by elevating and tightening of the upper eyelid skin. Second, one triangle flap was determined according to the transposition of another one in Z-plasty, and hence, it can be guaranteed that the incisions were closed free of tension with more accuracy and less injury to surrounding tissues. Third, linear scar contracture was avoided by adopting discontinuous incisions, and the resulting skin bulge was eliminated by making an additional stitch to anchor the pretarsal skin on the tarsal plate. The follow-up interval was 1 month to 2 years, with a median of 6.5 months. Results From January 2012 to December 2015, 237 female and 4 male patients received the surgery. Except five (2.07%) patients, who were not satisfied with the color of incision scars in medial canthal area, none complained about scars 6 months after surgery. The appearance of the supratarsal crease was natural, and the medial canthal scar was inconspicuous in close observation at 2 years. Conclusion The modifications of Z-epicanthoplasty are safe and effective. It is potentially helpful to minimize postoperative medial canthal scars. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-1001-1
       
  • Polyurethane Foam Wound Dressing Technique for Areola Skin Graft
           Stabilization and Nipple Protection After Nipple–Areola Reconstruction
    • Authors: Toshihiko Satake; Mayu Muto; Yu Nagashima; Shoko Haga; Yuki Homma; Reiko Nakasone; Marina Kadokura; Seiko Kou; Hiroshi Fujimoto; Jiro Maegawa
      Abstract: We describe a new wound management technique using a soft dressing material to stabilize the areola skin graft and protect the nipple after nipple–areola reconstruction at the final stage of breast reconstruction. We introduced a center-fenestrated multilayered hydrocellular polyurethane foam dressing material that provides adequate pressure and retains a moist environment for a smooth skin graft “take.” Moreover, the reconstructed nipple can be monitored at any time through the fenestrated window for adequate blood circulation. Altogether, this simple and inexpensive wound dressing technique improves the clinical outcome. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-1013-x
       
  • Comparison of the Efficacy of Homologous and Autologous Platelet-Rich
           Plasma (PRP) for Treating Androgenic Alopecia
    • Authors: Bilsev Ince; Mehmet Emin Cem Yildirim; Mehmet Dadaci; Mustafa Cihat Avunduk; Nedim Savaci
      Abstract: Background Androgenetic alopecia (AGA), the most common cause of hair loss in both sexes, accounts for 95% of all cases of hair loss. Although the literature has suggested that both nonactivated (n-PRP) and activated autologous (a-PRP) PRP can be used to treat AGA, we did not find any study investigating the use of homologous PRP (h-PRP) for this purpose. Also, to the best of our knowledge, there are no studies comparing the efficacy of h-PRP, a-PRP, or n-PRP on AGA therapy. Objectives The aim of this study was to compare the increase in hair density, average number of platelets, complications, preparation, and duration of application in the treatment of AGA using a-PRP, n-PRP, and h-PRP. Methods Between 2014 and 2015, we studied male patients who had experienced increased hair loss in the last year. Patients were divided into three groups: Group 1 received n-PRP, Group 2 received active PRP, and Group 3 received h-PRP. For Group 1, PRP was prepared by a single centrifugation prepared from the patient’s own blood. For Group 2, the PRP was prepared from the patient’s own blood, but a second centrifugation was applied for platelet activation with calcium chloride. For Group 3, the PRP was prepared from pooled platelets with the same blood group as the patient from the blood center. PRP was injected at 1, 2, and 6 months. The hair density (n/cm2) of each patient before and after injection was calculated. Each patient was assigned a fixed evaluation point at the time of application to calculate hair density. Results At 2, 6, and 12 months after the first treatment, the increase in hair density was calculated as 11.2, 26.1, and 32.4%, respectively, in Group 1; 8.1, 12.5, and 20.8%, respectively, in Group 2; and 16.09, 36.41, and 41.76%, respectively, in Group 3. The increase in hair density was statistically significantly greater in Group 1 than in Group 2 and more so in Group 3 than in both groups among all controls (p < 0.05). Conclusion The efficacy of both PRPs was determined in AGA treatment in our study. However, it was determined statistically that the increase in hair density with h-PRP was greater than with autologous PRP groups. We believe that h-PRP therapy can be used in patients with AGA presenting with hair loss. Level of Evidence II This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-1004-y
       
  • Drivers of Hospital Costs in the Self-Pay Facelift (Rhytidectomy) Patient:
           Analysis of Hospital Resource Utilization in 1890 Patients
    • Authors: Anmol Chattha; Alexandra Bucknor; David Chi; Klaas Ultee; Austin D. Chen; Samuel J. Lin
      Abstract: Introduction Rhytidectomy is one of the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures by plastic surgeons. Increasing attention to the development of a high-value, low-cost healthcare system is a priority in the USA. This study aims to analyze specific patient and hospital factors affecting the cost of this procedure. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study of self-pay patients over the age of 18 who underwent rhytidectomy using the Healthcare Utilization Cost Project National Inpatient Sample database between 2013 and 2014. Mean marginal cost increases patient characteristics, and outcomes were studied. Generalized linear modeling with gamma regression and a log-link function were performed along with estimated marginal means to provide cost estimates. Results A total of 1890 self-pay patients underwent rhytidectomy. Median cost was $11,767 with an interquartile range of $8907 [$6976–$15,883]. The largest marginal cost increases were associated with postoperative hematoma ($12,651; CI $8181–$17,120), West coast region ($7539; 95% CI $6412–$8666), and combined rhinoplasty ($7824; 95% CI $3808–$11,840). The two risk factors associated with the generation of highest marginal inpatient costs were smoking ($4147; 95% CI $2804–$5490) and diabetes mellitus ($5622; 95% CI $3233–8011). High-volume hospitals had a decreased cost of − $1331 (95% CI − $2032 to − $631). Conclusion Cost variation for inpatient rhytidectomy procedures is dependent on preoperative risk factors (diabetes and smoking), postoperative complications (hematoma), and regional trends (West region). Rhytidectomy surgery is highly centralized and increasing hospital volume significantly decreases costs. Clinicians and hospitals can use this information to discuss the drivers of cost in patients undergoing rhytidectomy. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0984-y
       
  • Anaplastic Large-Cell Lymphoma Associated with Breast Implants: A Case
           Report of a Transgender Female
    • Authors: Matej Patzelt; Lucie Zarubova; Pavel Klener; Josef Barta; Kamila Benkova; Adrianna Brandejsova; Marek Trneny; Robert Gürlich; Andrej Sukop
      Abstract: Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare peripheral T cell lymphoma. BIA-ALCL is a disease of the fibrous capsule surrounding the implant and occurs in patients after both breast reconstruction and augmentation. More than 300 cases have been reported so far, including two in a transgender patient. Here we describe BIA-ALCL presented with a mass in a transgender patient and the first case of BIA-ALCL in the Czech Republic. In 2007, a 33-year-old transgender male to female underwent bilateral breast augmentation as a part of his transformation to female. In June 2014, the patient developed a 5-cm tumorous mass in her left breast. Magnetic resonance imaging of the chest revealed a ruptured implant and a tumorous mass penetrating into the capsule and infiltrating the pectoral muscle. An R0 surgery was indicated—the implant, silicone gel and capsule were removed, and the tumorous mass was resected together with a part of the pectoral muscle. Histology revealed anaplastic large-cell lymphoma. The patient underwent standard staging procedures for lymphoma including a bone marrow trephine biopsy, which confirmed stage IE. The patient was treated with the standard chemotherapy for systemic ALCL—6 cycles of CHOP-21. The patient was tumor-free at the 2-year follow-up. BIA-ALCL has been reported mostly in women who received implants for either reconstructive or aesthetic augmentation. This is the third report of BIA-ALCL in a transgender person, the first in the Czech Republic. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-1012-y
       
  • Measurement of the Area of Corneal Exposure Using Digital Image and Its
           Application During Assessment for Blepharoplasty
    • Authors: Kisoo Park; Ziyi Guo; Dae Hwan Park
      Abstract: Background The normal morphological and functional values of orbits vary according to race, sex, and age. We measured the palpebral fissure using the marginal reflex distance (MRD1), marginal limbal distance (MLD), and vertical height of the palpebral fissure (VHPF). Unfortunately, these measurements are all one-dimensional figures that measure the distance between two points; they have limitations when it comes to measuring the three-dimensional ocular surface. Therefore, this study used the area of corneal exposure (ACE), which shows a two-dimensional area, to measure changes between the sizes of eyes according to age. Materials and Methods This study was conducted using preoperative photographs of Koreans in Daegu city, Korea, who underwent plastic surgery in our department except for eyelid surgery. We divided the subjects into eight groups, including ten males and ten females in each decade of age, from age 10 to over 80 years. A total of 160 people were recruited who were followed up for photograph analysis using Adobe Photoshop 7.0 software. Results In terms of the mean value, the ACEs were 73.3 ± 2% in male subjects and 77.1 ± 2% in female subjects, and values for female subjects were greater than those for male subjects (p < 0.05). Significant differences in ACEs were observed according to age. The peak level of growth in the ACE was reached between 20 and 29 years of age. After the 20 s, a gradual decrease was observed (p < 0.05). Conclusion The peak level of growth in the ACE was reached between 20 and 29 years of age. The growth pattern can be classified as continuously decreasing after reaching the peak level. The data from this study are significant in that they can be used as comprehensive data for normal eyelid values according to age. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0980-2
       
  • Male-to-Female Sex Reassignment Surgery using the Combined Vaginoplasty
           Technique: Satisfaction of Transgender Patients with Aesthetic,
           Functional, and Sexual Outcomes
    • Authors: Dmitry Zavlin; Jürgen Schaff; Jean-Daniel Lellé; Kevin T. Jubbal; Peter Herschbach; Gerhard Henrich; Benjamin Ehrenberger; Laszlo Kovacs; Hans-Günther Machens; Nikolaos A. Papadopulos
      Abstract: Background Currently available patient-reported outcome measures are limited in the field of sex reassignment surgery (SRS). Standardized questionnaires deliver high evidence data on satisfaction of male-to-female (MTF) transgender patients but do not allow any modification in their clinical application. We therefore designed a prospective study using self-developed indication-specific questionnaires to evaluate the aesthetic, functional, and sexual outcomes of MTF patients undergoing SRS. Methods Forty-nine adult MTF transgender patients who underwent two-stage SRS were eligible for study inclusion between September 2012 and January 2014. Forty patients (= N) ultimately filled out both parts of the questionnaire sets: 1 day before the first stage (T0) and 6 months after the second stage of SRS (T1). These questionnaires focused on demographic characteristics, the satisfaction with aesthetic and functional results, and sexuality. Results Patients rated their surgical satisfaction of most items with mean scores above 7 on a 0–10-point scale. Many items evaluating everyday life activities improved significantly after SRS compared to T0 (p < 0.01). All but one patient (97.5%) reported no regrets about having undergone surgery, and the majority recommended it to other patients with gender dysphoria. Femininity and sexual activity increased significantly postoperatively (p < 0.01). Satisfaction with intercourse and orgasm was high: 6.70 and 8.21, respectively, on a 0–10 scale. Conclusion Satisfaction with the cosmetic outcome, as well as the functional and sexual outcomes, reveal positive effects of SRS using the combined technique on transgender patient lives. Nevertheless, standardized and validated SRS-specific questionnaires are lacking. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-1003-z
       
  • What Neurotoxins Have Taught Us About the Brow: The Reintroduction and
           Review of the Transpalpebral Browpexy
    • Authors: Michael Patrick Ogilvie; Julius Warren Few; Alec James Semersky; Natasha Tamagni Kulick; Mary Katherine Vorisek
      Abstract: Introduction The use of neuromodulators has grown substantially in our society, particularly in the temporary treatment of brow ptosis. This study revisits the use of the transpalpebral browpexy for upper face and brow rejuvenation in the context of what has been learned from neuromodulators. Methods A retrospective review of 97 subjects was conducted who had transpalpebral browpexy performed for lateral brow ptosis. Qualitative degree of brow elevation after the procedure was determined by examining before and after photographs for each patient. Results Out of 97 patients, 95 (98%) experienced aesthetically optimal brow elevation for their respective gender. Two patients required surgical revision, both of which experienced extenuating circumstances. Two patients experienced edema and one patient experienced periodic eruptions of chalazia along the upper eyelid. Conclusion Transpalpebral browpexy is a reliable, minimally invasive surgical procedure that effectively emulates the results of neuromodulator injections for a much longer period of time. While it cannot replace traditional brow-lifting techniques, transpalpebral browpexy does have solid indications with proven long-lasting results, which can be effective in a significant portion of patients with brow ptosis. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-11-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0988-7
       
  • Comment to: “Complications and Outcomes After Gynecomastia Surgery:
           Analysis of 204 Pediatric and 1583 Adult Cases from a National
           Multi-center Database”
    • Authors: Alessandro Innocenti; Serena Ghezzi; Dario Melita; Francesco Ciancio; Marco Innocenti
      PubDate: 2017-10-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0989-6
       
 
 
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