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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 119)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
  [SJR: 0.821]   [H-I: 49]   [9 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-5241 - ISSN (Online) 0364-216X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Application of Human Acellular Breast Dermal Matrix (ABDM) in
           Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction: An Experimental Study
    • Authors: Nahid Nafisi; Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari; Fatemeh Mahjoub; Mohammad Javad Mohseni; Shabnam Sabetkish; Reza Khorramirouz; Mona Tehrani; Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
      Abstract: Background The use of acellular dermal matrices (ABDM) has become more common for breast reconstruction to improve postoperative outcomes. We evaluated the efficacy of breast reconstruction by the application of human ABDM in a sheep model. Methods The sheep in group I (GI) (N = 4) underwent the following procedures on the right side: (1) breast reconstruction using human ABDM after total mastectomy, (2) human ABDM under the skin, near the breast area and on the left side, (3) fat injection and human ABDM after partial mastectomy, and (4) replacement of ABDM in the abdominal wall far from the breast. Sheep in group II (GII) (N = 4) underwent the following procedures. On the right side: (1) breast reconstruction using ABDM after total mastectomy, (2) replacement of ABDM under the skin, near the breast area, and on the left side, (3) application of vicryl synthetic mesh after partial mastectomy and (4) replacement of mesh under the skin, near the breast area. Results Histological evaluations of decellularized skin scaffolds demonstrated a collagen-based matrix with preserved ECM and complete nuclear removal. Histological evaluations of implanted ABDM demonstrated a viable matrix with fibroblast infiltration and revascularization in all follow-ups. The overall surgical complication rate was significantly lower in the ABDM implant under the skin and near the breast in both short- and long-term follow-ups. Conclusion The results of this study demonstrated that the application of novel prepared ABDMs has promising outcomes for breast reconstruction to provide total coverage without the need for breast expansion before implant placement. No Level Assigned This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors http://www.springer.com/00266
      PubDate: 2017-07-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0931-y
       
  • Experience of Immediate Ambulation and Early Discharge After Tumescent
           Anesthesia and Propofol Infusion in Cosmetic Breast Augmentation
    • Authors: Weiwu Pang; John M. Chois; Diana Lambie; Richard Ming-Hui Lin; Zao-Ming Shih
      Abstract: Introduction Current cosmetic breast augmentation relies on general anesthesia that normally requires 40 min to total recovery. With experience, the surgical procedure can be completed expediently in 20 min under tumescent anesthesia and propofol full sedation to achieve immediate postoperative ambulation and home discharge readiness, and thus improve patient satisfaction and reduce cost. We retrospectively examined the outcomes of the protocol. Materials and Methods Per protocol, 1200 female patients underwent simple cosmetic breast augmentation accomplished with tumescent anesthesia, immediate mobilization, and early home discharge readiness after surgery. The following records were analyzed: vital sign stability during mobilization in the first 30 cases (primary goal), duration of surgery and anesthesia, frequency of intraoperative opioid use, frequency of ambulation needing assistance, Verbal Analog Scores and incidences of pain, orthostatic intolerance events, incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting or anti-emetic use, and complications at follow-up visits (secondary goal). Results Hemodynamics during immediate postoperative mobilization demonstrated no statistically significant fluctuations and/or orthostatic intolerance requiring interventions. The mean duration of surgery was 20.4 ± 4.1 min. The mean duration of anesthesia was 25.2 ± 6.8 min. All patients tolerated immediate postoperative ambulation well. Adverse postoperative events were scarce. Only 9.1% reported postoperative pain, and 5.7% reported postoperative nausea and vomiting. One percent had transit post-ambulation dizziness needing supine positioning for less than 3 min. The average time to meet home-readiness criteria was 4.7 min, and there was no incidence of hematoma, infection, or complaints at follow-ups. Conclusions For simple cosmetic breast augmentation, instead of general anesthesia and 40 min of recovery time, a tumescent anesthetic technique can be used for immediate postoperative ambulation and a 4.7-min home discharge readiness without a decrease in anesthesia quality and safety. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-07-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0929-5
       
  • A Simplified Method for Management of Platysmal Bands: Platysmotomy as an
           Office Procedure
    • Authors: Ahmed M. Hegazy; Mohammed Farouk
      Abstract: Restoration of the esthetic neck contour is an integral component of facial rejuvenation. Characters of the aging neck include lipodystrophy, platysmal bands and jowls that extend into the neck, reducing the esthetic characters of the lower face. The authors present a new, simplified and economic method to manage platysmal bands as an office procedure under local anesthesia using a standard 18-gauge syringe needle as a cutting tool. The new technique was used on a selected group of female patients classified as non-surgical cases according to Rorich classification. Twenty-five female patients shared in this study, with a follow-up period standardized to 1 year; one patient showed up after 1.5 years with preserved esthetic outcome. One patient showed residual band managed by recutting immediately after bruising and edema resolved. The technique was proven safe regarding important neurovascular structures of the neck. Patients gave no negative comments regarding results of surgery. Kappa statistical analysis showed perfect interobserver agreement between patients and an independent assessor. The authors concluded that the studied new technique is safe, effective, and valuable for management of platysmal bands in a selected group of patients. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-07-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0934-8
       
  • Re: Correction of Rhytides, Peau d’Orange and Thin Dermis of the Face by
           Neocollagenesis Using Novel Collagen Stimulating Slurry Protocol
    • Authors: Peter Scott
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0932-x
       
  • Combination of Würinger’s Horizontal Septum and Inferior Pedicle
           Techniques to Increase Nipple-Areolar Complex Viability During Breast
           Reduction Surgery
    • Authors: Osman Kelahmetoglu; Remzi Firinciogullari; Caglayan Yagmur; Kemalettin Yildiz; Ethem Guneren
      Abstract: Background Breast reduction techniques depend on the vascularity of the pedicle. Preserving vascularity of the nipple-areolar complex (NAC) is mandatory for reduction mammoplasties, as the NAC is the most important aesthetic and functional unit of the breast. The inferior pedicle technique is the most common method for breast reduction; however, pedicle length may increase after using this technique and cause problems related to NAC viability in gigantomastic and hypertrophic breasts. In this study, we present our technical approach to preserve NAC viability by combining Würinger’s horizontal septum and inferior pedicle techniques. Methods This study included 60 women (mean age 39.71 ± 10.52 years) who underwent a breast reduction combining Würinger’s horizontal septum and inferior pedicle procedures from April 2012 to January 2016. All patients were marked preoperatively in a standing upright position using a prefabricated Wise-pattern template. The base of the pedicle was marked at the level of the inframammary ridge at a width of 8 cm. Results The patients were followed up for a mean of 5.6 ± 3.3 months. The resection weights of the right and left sides were 1406 ± 566 and 1340 ± 563 g, respectively. Venous insufficiency was encountered in five cases (8.3%) and caused partial NAC necrosis in one case (1.6%). No cases of total NAC necrosis were encountered. Fifteen breasts (12.5%) were described as gigantomastic (resection weight >2000 g). Conclusions This combined method may promote safer and more satisfying outcomes from inferior pedicle breast reduction. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0933-9
       
  • New Insights into the Anatomy of the Midface Musculature and its
           Implications on the Nasolabial Fold (Discussion)
    • Authors: Arun K. Gosain; Walter M. Sweeney
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0939-3
       
  • The Anterior SMAS Approach for Facelifting and for Buccal Fat Pad Removal
    • Authors: Malcolm D. Paul
      Abstract: Having performed numerous varieties of SMAS advancement including: plication, resection, flap elevation with variable anterior deep dissection, the author has developed a direct approach to the mobile anterior SMAS which allows correction of midface descent, modest elevation of the modiolus, jawline correction, and, where indicated, direct access for buccal fat pad resection. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0921-0
       
  • Creation of an Aesthetic Male Nipple Areolar Complex in Female-to-Male
           Transgender Chest Reconstruction
    • Authors: Cori A. Agarwal; Vanessa T. Wall; Sagar T. Mehta; Daniel P. Donato; Norelle K. Walzer
      Abstract: Background Female-to-male chest wall reconstruction is becoming more common, but while there is a growing body of the literature describing technique and algorithms, little detail is written on methods for creating a male appearing nipple areolar complex (NAC) from a female NAC utilizing free nipple graft techniques. Incorrect positioning of the NAC on the chest wall and suboptimal shaping and sizing of the NAC are common pitfalls in male NAC creation. Methods With this paper, we present techniques for nipple grafting to achieve improved male appearing NACs, as well as a simple, reproducible method for appropriate placement of the NAC relative to the borders of the pectoralis muscle. To validate our technique, we performed photographic analysis of 64 NACs in 32 volunteers with BMI of 25 or less. Results The anatomic study determined the cis-male nipple to be positioned on average 2.5 cm medial to the lateral border of the pectoralis muscle and 2.4 cm above the inferior pectoralis insertion. This supports our surgical technique of positioning the NAC in relation to the pectoralis borders rather than previously advocated anatomic landmarks. We also present reliable techniques for creating a round or horizontally oval final NAC shape as well as a composite grafting technique for cases of large papillae. Conclusions Our anatomic study supports placement of the male NAC relative to lateral and inferior borders of the pectoralis muscle. Nipple grafting techniques presented allow for a simple and reproducible method of creating an aesthetic male NAC shape in female-to-male transgender chest reconstruction. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0935-7
       
  • Systematic Review of Quality of Patient Information on Phalloplasty in the
           Internet
    • Authors: Georgios A. Karamitros; Nikolaos A. Kitsos; Stamatis Sapountzis
      Abstract: Background An increasing number of patients, considering aesthetic surgery, use Internet health information as their first source of information. However, the quality of information available in the Internet on phalloplasty is currently unknown. This study aimed to assess the quality of patient information on phalloplasty available in the Internet. Methods The assessment of the Web sites was based on the modified Ensuring Quality Information for Patients (EQIP) instrument (36 items). Three hundred Web sites were identified by the most popular Web search engines. Results Ninety Web sites were assessed after, duplicates, irrelevant sources and Web sites in other languages rather than English were excluded. Only 16 (18%) Web sites addressed >21 items, and scores tended to be higher for Web sites developed by academic centers and the industry than for Web sites developed by private practicing surgeons. The EQIP score achieved by Web sites ranged between 4 and 29 of the total 36 points, with a median value of 17.5 points (interquartile range, 13–21). The top 5 Web sites with the highest scores were identified. Conclusions The quality of patient information on phalloplasty in the Internet is substandard, and the existing Web sites present inadequate information. There is a dire need to improve the quality of Internet phalloplasty resources for potential patients who might consider this procedure. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0937-5
       
  • Discussion—Cervico-Mental Angle Suspensory Ligament: The Keystone to
           Understand the Cervico-Mental Angle and the Aging Process of the Neck
    • Authors: Angie M. Paik; Patrick K. Sullivan
      Abstract: This is a commentary and discussion in response to a cadaveric study entitled, “Cervico-mental angle suspensory ligament: The keystone to understand the cervico-mental angle and the aging process of the neck.” While highlighting the cervico-mental angle suspensory ligament has the potential to give rise to new surgical technique in neck rejuvenation surgery, the authors caution readers of the study’s major limitation. Without well-documented results aligning with aesthetic ideals or reports of the safety and longevity of the procedure, it seems too early to consider this ligament the keystone to understand the aging neck. An actual surgical technique must be described and further clinical studies need to be performed before this ligament can be included in the armamentarium of neck rejuvenation surgery. As the goal of surgery should be a natural result that restores aesthetic ideals of the youthful neck, regardless of the significance that this ligament will carry, its application should be tailored to the patient to avoid overly aggressive treatment. Level of evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0928-6
       
  • Axillary Advancement Suture to Minimize Post-Implantation Deformity in
           Implant: Based Breast Reconstruction
    • Authors: Maurice Y. Nahabedian
      PubDate: 2017-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0923-y
       
  • Comment on: “Surgical Masculinization of the Breast: Clinical
           Classification and Surgical Procedures”
    • Authors: Alessandro Innocenti; Serena Ghezzi; Dario Melita; Marco Innocenti
      PubDate: 2017-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0925-9
       
  • Lymphocele Following Liposuction in the Thigh
    • Authors: Qianwen Wang; Jiaqi Wang; Peng Li
      Abstract: Lymphocele has not been reported as a complication after liposuction. In this study, we present the case of a patient who developed a cystic lesion after liposuction in her right thigh. The cyst could contract and evolve. The diagnosis of pseudobursa seroma (late seroma) was first considered. However, lymphoscintigraphy showed that lymphatic fluid accumulated in the cyst, and lymphatic vessel connected with it. The final diagnose was a lymphocele. After interventional therapy and conservative treatment failed, the lymphocele was resected. The subcutaneous soft tissue around the cyst was divided into bundles and then ligated with the purpose of blocking lymph leakage from the lymphatic duct. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0930-z
       
  • Response to: Comment to “The Characteristics and Short-Term Surgical
           Outcomes of Adolescent Gynecomastia”
    • Authors: Byung Seo Choi; Sung Ryul Lee; Geon Young Byun; Seong Bae Hwang; Bum Hwan Koo
      PubDate: 2017-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0927-7
       
  • Re: “The Role of Lipofilling After Breast Reconstruction: Evaluation of
           Outcomes and Patient Satisfaction with BREAST-Q”
    • Authors: Nina S. Naidu
      PubDate: 2017-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0924-x
       
  • Axillary Advancement Suture to Minimize Post-Implantation Deformity in
           Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction
    • Authors: Jun Ho Lee; Chi-Ho Yeo; Kyu-Jin Chung; Taegon Kim
      Abstract: Patients who have undergone implant-based breast reconstruction after skin-sparing mastectomy often complain about bulging on the upper flank or inferior axillary area. This is most likely because the subcutaneous tissue layer of the upper flank, which is continuous with the breast tissue, tends to show inferolateral drooping once the subcutaneous tissue becomes loose after eliminating the breast parenchyma. In addition, one of the weaknesses of implant surgery is that implants cannot completely replace the tissue removed during skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM). This leads to the formation of a depression and a stepping effect superior and lateral to the implant on both sides. Notably, because the pectoralis major muscle is quite thin, when there is a depression around the superolateral area of the implant, it acts as a band, which then leads to tissue bulging and serious aesthetic problems. Here, we describe a simple advancement suture technique that can be used to resolve these two aesthetic problems in direct-to-implant breast reconstruction. The advancement sutures are performed after the implant and drains are inserted following SSM and before closing the incision. First, the surgeon confirms the depression in the superolateral area of the implant insertion site by redraping a skin flap lateral to the margin. If a depression is suspected, the surgeon uses forceps to pull the subcutaneous tissue in the lateral flank pocket over to the lateral border of the pectoralis major muscle, superolateral to the implant. At this point, correction of the lateral flank bulging and depression on the superolateral border is verified. If the result is not satisfactory, the surgeon may attempt advancing the subcutaneous fat from different areas; the more posterior the tissue is advanced, the better it eliminates the lateral bulging and superolateral depression. However, too much advancement may cause extra tension, potentially resulting in tearing of the tissue. A round needle is used to suture two to three stitches, before completing wound closure. By performing this simple advancement suture, we were able to successfully minimize post-implantation deformity—bulging on the lateral flank and depression at the superolateral implant margin. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0919-7
       
  • Announcements August 2017
    • PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0926-8
       
  • Staying Out of Double-Bubble and Bottoming-Out Deformities in Dual-Plane
           Breast Augmentation: Anatomical and Clinical Study
    • Authors: Marzia Salgarello; Giuseppe Visconti
      Abstract: Background Double-bubble and bottoming-out deformities represent the second most common reason for revision surgery in breast augmentation. Etiopathogenesis of these complications is still unclear. The aim of this paper is to report our findings in breast cadaver dissections focusing on the inframammary fold (IMF) applied anatomy and to critically review our ten-year experience in breast augmentation. Methods A cadaveric study has been performed on four consecutive embalmed cadavers. A retrospective review of 207 consecutive women who underwent breast augmentation, using the submuscular dual-plane technique with a periareolar approach, between January 2003 and January 2013, was performed. Results According to our dissections, the IMF is a complex osseo-fascio-cutaneous structure in which the superficial pectoralis fascia represents a key structure in breast augmentation surgery. Hence, a critical analysis of the IMF relationship with surrounding breast structures helps to understand the etiology of double-bubble and bottoming-out deformities and gives the anatomical basis to prevent them. In our early clinical experience, we experienced 3% of double-bubble and 6% of bottoming-out deformities. Those complications were avoided later by dissection in the inferior pole according to the anatomical findings. Conclusions Bottoming-out and double-bubble deformities can be avoided if an anatomical approach is used during pocket dissection at the level of the IMF, paying attention to avoid disrupting the superficial and deep attachments of the superficial pectoralis fascia at the IMF. A comprehensive understanding of IMF anatomy and the key surgical maneuvers to avoid these complications must be taken into account for each route of dissection. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0918-8
       
  • Has the Quality of Aesthetic Surgery Research Improved over the Last
           20 Years'
    • Authors: C. M. Sugrue; R. M. Sugrue; J. L. Kelly
      PubDate: 2017-06-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0915-y
       
  • Complications of Fat Transfer for Breast Augmentation
    • Authors: Paraskevas Kontoes; George Gounnaris
      Abstract: Autologous fat grafting is quite common for breast augmentations as well as for reconstructive breast surgery. Coleman has described the surgical technique of fat grafting. Fat is harvested, and after centrifugation and refinement, blunt infiltration cannulas are used to place the fat through small incisions. The grafted tissue is placed in small aliquots with each withdrawal of the cannula. In order to achieve an aesthetically pleasing contour of the breast, the fat should be layered into different levels from the chest wall to the skin. However, autogenous lipotransfer if not performed lege artis might lead to complications such as fat necrosis, calcification, formation of encapsulated fatty masses (cystic lesions), lymphadenopathy, disfigurement of breast contouring, hypersensitive breasts, itchy nipples. A 36-year old female patient, presented with multiple palpable cystic lesions, disrupted breast contouring, asymmetry, hypersensation and pain during examination, 6 months after autologous fat grafting for breast augmentation elsewhere. The patient had ultrasound and MRI screening, which revealed the multiple bilateral cysts formation in the breast tissue. Surgical removal of the large lesions was performed, and specimens were sent for pathology and cytology consideration and screening. A few months after surgical removal of these lesions and after symptoms subsided, breast augmentation was performed with silicone implants. An aesthetically pleasing result together with relief of the patient’s initial symptomatology was achieved. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0911-2
       
 
 
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