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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2574 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2574 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.825
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 11  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-5241 - ISSN (Online) 0364-216X
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2574 journals]
  • External Quilting: New Technique to Avoid Haematoma in Gynaecomastia
           Surgery
    • Abstract: Background Haematoma after gynaecomastia surgery is the most common early complication. It may necessitate a return to the theatre and cause increased infection risk, poor wound or delayed healing, and abnormal scar. Strategies to avoid haematoma range from perioperative blood pressure control to the use of tranexamic acid and compressive dressings. Objective To demonstrate a new technique that would avoid haematoma or limit its expansion should it occur, after gynaecomastia surgery. Methods One hundred and forty-nine patients had surgery for gynaecomastia between 2018 and 2019 by the senior author. External quilting sutures are used to obliterate any dead space following liposuction and piecemeal excision to address fatty, stromal, and glandular components. No drains are used. Patients receive cooling therapy before discharge, and they reattend clinic the following day for suture removal. Results Two patients had haematomas which were managed conservatively and healed well. Fine suture tracks, which were observed in another two patients, became unnoticeable at 3 months. Overall, the complication rate in our cohort was 2.7% (haematoma 1.3%, temporary suture track 1.3%). Conclusions Our method is useful in minimising haematoma. It limits expansion of haematoma should it occur. Suture track is the other transient complication. This new technique in gynaecomastia correction is simple, yields good results, and gives the surgeon another option to deal with haematoma. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-11-13
       
  • Quantitative Appraisal Through MRI of Breast Tissue Thickness and Implant
           Projection After Breast Augmentation with High- and Extra-High-Profile
           Round Implants
    • Abstract: Background Changes in breast tissue thickness and in implant projection 5 years after augmentation with high- and extra-high-profile round implants were measured through MRI with a DICOM standard viewer. Methods Twenty-four females with small-volume breast asymmetry without hypertrophy or ptosis underwent subfascial breast augmentation for cosmetic purposes, by using micro-textured soft cohesive silicone gel-filled round implants, from a single manufacturer. MRI measured the linear antero-posterior dimension of breast tissue thickness and projection of the implants. Statistical analysis of data was performed by Pearson correlation coefficient, line graph, and scatter diagram. Results The “r” of Pearson for right and left breasts indicated a significant correlation between the breast tissue thickness before and 5 years after augmentation. Closeness of the lines displayed in the line graph indicated strong linear positive correlation between the breast tissue thicknesses. The “r” values for projection of right and left implants indicated a significant correlation between the projection standardized by the manufacturer and that encountered 5 years after augmentation with high- and extra-high-profile round implants. A scatter diagram of data indicated a strong positive correlation between implant projection standardized by the manufacturer and that encountered 5 years after augmentation, on both breasts. Conclusion Soft cohesive silicone gel-filled high- and extra-high-profile round implants supported breast tissue compressing without significant loss of the implant projection. Despite the consistency of the soft cohesive silicone gel, the implant softness and flexibility were preserved, resulting in low-pressure gradient over the mammary parenchyma without significant changes of the breast tissue thickness. EBM Level IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-11-13
       
  • Allogeneic and Alloplastic Augmentation Grafts in Nipple–Areola Complex
           Reconstruction: A Systematic Review and Pooled Outcomes Analysis of
           Complications and Aesthetic Outcomes
    • Abstract: Background With advancements in materials engineering, many plastic surgeons have looked to allogeneic tissue and alloplastic materials as a possible source of structure for long-lasting nipple–areola complex reconstruction. Furthermore, in light of the recent mandate from the Food and Drug Administration restricting the marketing and direct indication of acellular dermal matrices (ADMs) in breast reconstruction, we sought to highlight the overall safety and efficacy demonstrated in the existing literature surrounding all alloplastic materials in nipple–areola complex reconstruction. In this study, the authors conduct a systematic review and pooled outcomes analysis on allogenic and alloplastic implant materials utilized to achieve long-lasting nipple projection stratified by specific material used and respective outcomes. Methods A comprehensive systematic review on allogenic and synthetic materials data utilized in nipple reconstruction was conducted utilizing Medline/PubMed database. Articles were stratified by (1) alloplastic material, as well as (2) objective and patient-reported outcomes. Results A total of 592 nipple–areola complexes on 482 patients were featured in 15 case series. In all studies, alloplastic or allograft material was utilized to achieve and maintain nipple projection. Subjective measurements revealed a patient satisfaction rate of 93.3% or higher with the majority of patients being very satisfied with their reconstruction. The alloplastic and allograft implants analyzed had an overall complication rate of 5.3% across all materials used. The most common complication reported was flap or graft necrosis with a pooled rate of 2.5%. Overall, the Ceratite implant presented with the highest complication rate (18%) including flap/graft necrosis (13%) and extrusion of the artificial bone (5%). Other rigid implants such as the biodesign nipple reconstruction cylinder reported complications of extrusion (3.6%), projection loss requiring revision (2.5%), wound dehiscence/drainage (1.5%), flap or graft necrosis (1.0%) and excessive bleeding (0.5%). ADM implants had reported complications of both insufficient projection (0.8%) and excessive projection (1.6%), which required surgical revision. Injectable materials had minimal reported complications of pain during injection (0.8%) with Radiesse and a false-positive PET scan result (0.8%) with DermaLive. Conclusions Allogeneic and alloplastic grafts are a reliable means of achieving satisfactory nipple projection, with a relatively low overall complication profile. The use of Ceratite (artificial bone) led to the highest complication rates. Further clinical studies are necessary to better understand the feasibility and longer-term outcomes of the use of allogeneic and synthetic augmentation grafts to improve nipple projection. Level of evidence III This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-11-13
       
  • Comparison of Two Anticoagulants for Pain Associated with Platelet-Rich
           Plasma Injections
    • Abstract: Background and Aim Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has long been used in skin rejuvenation and hair loss treatment. Some patients require multiple intradermal injections into the face and scalp, and the way in which these patients process and experience pain differs, depending on the patient. Minimizing pain and discomfort during nonsurgical procedures is essential for patient satisfaction. In our experience, the use of acid citrate dextrose-A (ACD-A) as an anticoagulant caused more patient discomfort than did sodium citrate (Na-citrate) among patients who underwent facial rejuvenation with PRP. The aim of the present study was to evaluate patient-related discomfort in PRP sessions using two different anticoagulants. Materials and Methods This clinical trial included 10 patients who received facial PRP injections for facial rejuvenation and 10 patients who received PRP injections in their scalps for hair loss. On the application area, half the surface was treated with Na-citrate PRP injections, and the other half was treated with the same amount of ACD-A PRP injections. Neither the doctors who applied the treatment nor the patients were given information about which anticoagulant was used in each area. Immediately after the procedure, the patients were asked to score their pain on each side of the application area on a scale of 1–10 using a visual analog scale (VAS). Results PRP injections using Na-citrate as an anticoagulant caused less discomfort on both the face and scalp as compared with that of ACD-A. The outcome was statistically significant. Conclusion Anticoagulants used in PRP preparation affected patients’ pain perceptions during the injections. The sensation of pain with PRP prepared with Na-citrate as an anticoagulant was lower than that of PRP prepared with ACD-A. Further studies are required to evaluate the correlation between anticoagulants used for PRP preparation and pain feelings during injections. Level of Evidence III This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-11-13
       
  • Invited Discussion on: Tissue-Based Implant Selection and Preoperative
           Markings with the AK or Q2 Method
    • PubDate: 2019-11-12
       
  • Quality Assessment of Online Information on Body Contouring Surgery in
           Postbariatric Patient
    • Abstract: Background Nowadays, we have to face the fact that the Web represents one of the most important sources of information for patients. Postbariatric patients in particular are usually very motivated, and they are enthusiastic users of the Web as a source of information on the different types of surgery they could undergo after their weight loss in order to reshape and remodel their body thus regaining physical and functional wellness and dignity. The aim of the study was to assess information on the four most commonly performed postbariatric procedures worldwide, tummy tuck, breast, arm and thigh lift, with the same scale. Methods Google and Yahoo have been probed for the keywords “Post bariatric Mastopexy OR breast lift” and “Post bariatric abdominoplasty OR tummy tuck” and “Post bariatric brachioplasty OR arm lift” and “post bariatric thigh lift”. The first 50 hits were included, and the quality of information was evaluated with the expanded EQIP scale. Results There was a critical lack of information about qualitative risks and side-effect description, treatment of potential complications, alert signs for the patient and precautions that the patient may take. Moreover, there was poor information about the sequence of the medical procedure, quantitative benefits and risks and quality of life issues after the procedure, and often, there were no other sources of information. Conclusions Due to the poor and not reliable information offered by the Web, health professionals should seek for a good communication practice with their patients. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-11-11
       
  • Enhance Mandibular Symphyseal Surface Bone Growth with Autologous
           Mesenchymal Stem Cell Sheets: An Animal Study
    • Abstract: Introduction The size and shape of the chin strongly influence facial profile and harmony. The current correction of chin deficiency mostly relies on genioplasty surgery involving osteotomy. To avoid osteotomy, one possible alternative is to enhance bone growth at the mental protuberance area with cell sheet transplantation. This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of this approach in a pig model. Materials and Methods Five 4-month-old pigs were included for mandibular bone marrow aspiration and MSC isolation. Triple-layer MSC sheets were then fabricated and utilized using culture-expanded MSCs. Four weeks after bone marrow aspiration, subperiosteal pockets were created on the labial symphyseal surface, followed by transplantation of autogenous MSC sheets to one randomly chosen side with the other side (control) receiving no transplantation. Six weeks after the surgery, the pigs were euthanized and the specimens from both sides were collected for computed tomography (CT) and histological and immunohistochemical analysis. Measurements between the experimental and control sides were compared using paired t tests. Results MSC sheet fabrication and transplantation were reliably conducted. The labial cortical bone thickness increased significantly with MSC sheet transplantation by an average of 2 mm (p = 0.0001). The average measurements of mineral apposition rate and cell proliferation at the cell sheet side tended to be higher than the control side although the differences did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.1–0.2). Tissue mineral density measurements from CT images and bone volume fraction (BV/TV) measurements from histologic images were identical between the two sides (p > 0.5). Conclusion These data provide a proof of concept that autologous MSC sheets may be transplanted to the subperiosteal region of the mandibular symphysis to stimulate local surface bone growth. No Level Assigned This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each submission to which Evidence-Based Medicine rankings are applicable. This excludes Review Articles, Book Reviews, and manuscripts that concern Basic Science, Animal Studies, Cadaver Studies, and Experimental Studies. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-11-07
       
  • Application of the Bracing System in Reduction Malarplasty in Asian
           Population
    • Abstract: Background In the East, a broad and prominent malar is considered to express an aggressive and unpleasing impression; therefore, patients seek to improve their appearance through malar reduction. Although most of the techniques have been greatly improved, still there are some pitfalls in the form of cheek sagging or bone nonunion. In this study, we performed a reduction malarplasty using a firm bracing system to minimize major postoperative complications. Method This was a retrospective study evaluating the results of a total of 157 patients (139 women and 18 men) who underwent reduction malarplasty using a bracing system via intraoral and periauricular. The age of the patients ranged from 17 to 44 with a mean age of 25.3 years. The mean follow-up period was 9.4 months. All patients underwent routine physical and laboratory examinations. Facial photographs in the frontal, oblique, and submentovertical views were taken. Patients with severe facial asymmetry and facial deformities were excluded from the study. Preoperative states and patients’ desires were considered. In some patients, combined malarplasty with mandibular angle reduction or genioplasty was performed. Results A total of 157 patients who underwent this modified reduction malarplasty between January 2015 and January 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Decent postoperative facial stability and satisfactory aesthetic results were realized among all patients. Major complications such as severe asymmetry or bone nonunion were not observed in our patients. Conclusion Based on a thorough anatomic understanding of zygoma and masseter action, we modified previous L-shaped reduction malarplasty through constructing a firm bracing system on the malar complex. Satisfactory surgical outcomes were obtained. Our method is an ideal surgical method to effectively reduce the height and width of the zygomatic arch and prevent complications such as bone nonunion and cheek drooping. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-11-07
       
  • Anatomical Study and Clinical Observation of Retro-orbicularis Oculi Fat
           (ROOF)
    • Abstract: Objective To study the anatomical location of retro-orbicularis oculi fat (ROOF) in the upper eyelid and to investigate how ROOF affects the appearance of the upper eyelid. Methods Twenty-eight Chinese hemifacial cadaver specimens were used (14 male cadavers; age range 52–82 years). In 28 hemifaces, the eyelids were dissected from the superficial to deep layers, and the appearance, location, extent, and surrounding tissue of ROOF were observed. Additionally, we observed the relationship between the upper eyelid morphology and ROOF of the upper eyelid in surgical patients who were treated in the plastic surgery department of Tongji Hospital affiliated with Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 2018. Results ROOF is a type of fascia adipose tissue that is located in a fat compartment between the muscles (the orbicularis oculi and frontalis muscles) and the orbital septum/frontalis fascia. In patients with hypertrophic ROOF, the upper eyelid appears as a heavy eyelid and as a drooping eyelid. And in patients with atrophic ROOF, the upper eyelid appears as a sunken eyelid. Conclusion ROOF is located in the fat compartment between the orbicularis muscle and the orbital septum/frontalis fascia. ROOF covers the entire upper eyelid and appears thinner medially and thicker laterally. It is continuous with the fat under the frontalis muscle and affects the appearance of the upper eyelid. It represents an important factor in upper eyelid surgery. No Level Assigned This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-11-06
       
  • Autologous Fat Grafting with Percutaneous Fasciotomy and Reduction of the
           Nipple–Areolar Complex for the Correction of Tuberous Breast Deformity
           in Teenagers
    • Abstract: Background Tuberous breast deformity in the adolescent can be a source of anxiety and social isolation. Current techniques of implant placement and flap reconstruction are not always feasible in this population. Objectives The authors evaluated the use of autologous fat grafting with percutaneous fasciotomy and reduction in the nipple–areolar complex for correction of tuberous breast deformity in teenagers. Methods A retrospective chart review was conducted for nine teenaged patients with tuberous breast deformity who received autologous fat grafting between January 2016 and December 2018. The recipient site was prepared with the use of percutaneous fasciotomies to release the constricted lower pole of the breast, lowering of the inframammary crease, and reduction in the nipple–areolar complex. Fat was harvested by conventional liposuction prior to injection through three designated sites located at the inframammary fold, anterior axillary line, and upper pole. Complications were recorded. Results Patients had an average age of 14.9 years at the time of surgery. An average of 1.8 filling sessions were required with a mean of 220 cc of fat injected per breast. Patients were followed for an average of 21 months postoperatively. No serious complications were noted. All patients reported satisfaction with their final outcomes. Conclusions Autologous fat grafting in conjunction with percutaneous fasciotomy and reduction in the nipple–areolar complex is a safe and effective treatment of the tuberous breast deformity in teenage patients. It provides an esthetic result with minimal scarring and high satisfaction rates while eliminating the need for flaps or implants. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-10-31
       
  • Invited Discussion on: PMMA Safety for Facial Filling: Rates of Granuloma
           Occurrence and Treatment Methods
    • PubDate: 2019-10-30
       
  • Transaxillary Endoscopic Approach to Capsular Contracture Following
           Previous Breast Augmentation: Operative Technique and Clinical Outcome
    • Abstract: Background Capsular contracture (CC) is a complication of breast augmentation that frequently requires revision surgery. The axillary approach reduces the visibility of the postoperative scar. It is unclear whether the previous incision can be used to repair the deformity caused by CC. Methods This study analyzed 21 patients (42 breasts) with grade III–IV CC during 2012–2017. The mean age of the patients was 32 years (range 23–48). Previous axillary scars were used to expose, and CCs were taken out completely or partially. Breast implants were removed. The dissection was performed with endoscopic assistance, using electrocautery under direct visualization. Results The mean follow-up period was 13 months (range 6–24 months). The dissection plane was changed to dual plane. Thirty-five CCs were taken out completely. Thirty-eight breast implants taken out remained intact. None of the patients required additional surgery. Conclusion Endoscopic-assisted treatment may be an effective technique for treating CC and avoiding the additional scar. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-10-30
       
  • Contemporary Management of Alopecia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
           for Surgeons
    • Abstract: Background The decision of surgical approach for hair restoration often involves evaluation of the type of alopecia; however, the impact of surgical hair restoration from existing techniques in specific population subsets has not been comprehensively investigated. Objectives The authors sought to systematically review the literature on micrografts, minigrafts, mini-micrografts, tissue grafts, tissue flaps and expanders, as well as evaluate graft survival and satisfaction within specific populations in a meta-analysis. Methods PubMed and Scopus literature searches between 1980 and 2018 yielded 57 articles for systematic review and 34 articles for meta-analysis. Study design, mean patient age and gender, patient alopecia type, surgical hair restoration technique, number of treatment areas, mean follow-up, graft survival rate and satisfaction rate were extracted from each study, and a meta-analysis was performed. Results The pooled rates of graft survival were 84.98% (95% CI 78.90–91.06) using micrografts and 93.11% (95% CI 91.93–94.29) using micrografts and minigrafts in nonscarring alopecia patients, as well as 88.66% (95% CI 80.12–97.20) using micrografts and 86.25% (95% CI 74.00–98.50) using micrografts and minigrafts in scarring alopecia patients. The pooled rates of satisfaction were 89.70% (95% CI 82.64–96.76) using micrografts and 97.00% (95% CI 92.48–100.0) using micrografts and minigrafts in nonscarring alopecia patients, as well as 97.80% (95% CI 94.59–100.0) using micrografts and 88.70% (95% CI 66.49–100.0) using micrografts and minigrafts in scarring alopecia patients. Dot plots depict rates of graft survival rate from micrografts and satisfaction from micrografts and minigrafts. Conclusion Surgical hair restoration for nonscarring and scarring alopecia yields high graft survival and satisfaction rates. Level of Evidence III This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-10-30
       
  • Outcome Measures in Gender-Confirming Chest Surgery: A Systematic Scoping
           Review
    • Abstract: Background The aim of this scoping review was to provide an overview of outcome measures in gender-confirming chest surgery. Methods A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus and the Cochrane Library to find studies evaluating gender-confirming chest surgery in a non-cis gender population. The systematic scoping review followed the PRISMA extension for scoping reviews. Data were charted for outcome measures including complications, reoperations, revision surgery, aesthetic outcome and patient-reported outcome measures. Results Our search yielded 849 records, which were screened on title, abstract and full text. Of these, 47 were included in the review. Feminising gender-confirming chest surgery was evaluated in 11 studies, and masculinising gender-confirming chest surgery was evaluated in 39 studies. Clinician-reported outcome categories were used in 40 studies and included complications, reoperation, revision surgery and aesthetic outcome. Categories of patient-reported outcomes were used in 29 studies and included aesthetic outcome, functional outcome and mental health parameters. The summary of outcome domains and classifications showed that there are large variations in outcome evaluation between studies. Although several studies reported on similar outcome categories, there was a high level of heterogeneity of domains and classifications of outcomes. Conclusions Evaluation of outcomes in gender-confirming chest surgery showed large variations in reporting, and further streamlining of reporting is therefore required to be able to compare surgical outcomes between studies. Level of Evidence III This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-10-29
       
  • Anthropometric Analysis of the Human Skull for Developmental Left-Sided
           Asymmetry, New Finding
    • Abstract: Background Facial and cranial asymmetry is common in bilateral vertebrates, particularly human beings. Through years of injecting fillers and performing face-lift operation on patients, we began to observe that more fillers were required on the right side to reach symmetry and also more loose skin and soft tissue was observed on the right side in the majority of patients (Fig. 5). Here, we conducted an analytical study to comprehensively measure human skulls in order to observe and quantify this difference. Methods We collected forty-one natural skulls available from five medical schools of Tehran province in Iran. Standard photography was conducted from the front, lateral, and superior views. Measurements and statistics were completed using Image J software (National Institutes of Health) for exact comparison of fixed-point distances on the samples. Results Comparison of right and left dimensions on the skulls revealed several fixed asymmetries. The most significant differences were measurements around the orbit. The distance between the upper orbit point and zygion (zy), zygion to sub-nasal, and orbital areas were significantly larger on the left side. Measuring the anterior gonion–pogonion distance showed a wider mandibular body on the left side. We did not find any considerable differences between any other left-sided and right-sided skull dimensions. Conclusions Asymmetry of the face and body is a general rule in human anatomy, but correlation and consistency of this asymmetry between the left and right sides is a novel finding based on our measurements. Our findings showed that the orbit was significantly bigger in width, height, and surface area on the left side. We also quantified a narrower mandible on the right side. We hope these findings can be translated to aesthetic surgery practice to make the plastic surgeon and patient more familiar with the patient’s specific anatomy in order to better predict, plan, and successfully implement aesthetic procedures such as injecting fillers or doing peri-orbital procedures. No Level Assigned This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-10-29
       
  • Invited Response on: Breast Asymmetry, Classification and Algorithm of
           Treatment—Our Experience
    • PubDate: 2019-10-25
       
  • Invited Discussion on: Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell
           Lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) and the Textured Implant Crisis
    • Abstract: The author discusses some important points about breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) and adds new and updated information about the disease (ALCL). Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-10-25
       
  • Invited Discussion on: Analysis of Nasal Obstruction Patterns Following
           Reductive Rhinoplasty
    • PubDate: 2019-10-21
       
  • Contributions of the First Female Plastic Surgeon to Modern-Day
           Rhytidectomies
    • Abstract: Dr. Suzanne Noël was a pioneer for female surgeons and made fundamental contributions to the field of plastic surgery. Her hallmark operation, the “petit operation,” defined the fundamental aspects to many modern rhytidectomies including the mini-lift and the short scar facelift. These contributions included camouflaging incisions in the hairline, limiting incision length, avoiding tension on the skin, meticulous handling of the skin edges, appropriate and precise vector placement, and staging operation when required. Through understanding the history of the fundamental principles on which rhytidectomy was constructed will help the cosmetic surgeon understand the nuances of this operation. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine Ratings, please refer to Table of Contents or online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-10-21
       
  • Effect of Rosmarinic Acid and Alcohol on Fat Graft Survival in Rat Model
    • Abstract: Background Autologous fat grafting is a common procedure performed for cosmetic and reconstructive purposes. Unpredictable graft survival is a major drawback, and a variety of improvements on technique such as using antioxidants have been reported to increase retention. The authors examined whether a natural rosemary plant extract known with antioxidant properties, rosmarinic acid, could improve the survival of the adipose tissue. Methods Inguinal fat pads were harvested from 24 Sprague Dawley rats and implanted to the parascapular area. Rats were divided into three groups: rosmarinic acid and ethanol as solvent (RA), ethanol (E), and serum physiologic (C). These substances were administered intraperitoneally daily for 1 week and once a week for 7 weeks. Volume and weight measurements, blood specimens, weight and volume records, and histopathologic examinations were performed and analyzed. Results The RA group demonstrated lower TOS, TGF-beta, TNF-alpha, and MDA values compared to E and C groups. TGF-beta increase was statistically insignificant, but TOS, TNF-alpha, MDA decrease was found statistically significant. Weight and volume losses were lower in the RA and E groups compared to the C group. The difference between the RA and E groups in terms of weight and volume loss was statistically insignificant. Histopathologically fat necrosis, inflammation, and fibrosis were less in the RA group compared to the E and C groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion Rosmarinic acid increased the fat graft volume retained and decreased cyst formation and abscess formation in the rat model. Further studies can be undertaken to investigate rosmarinic acid’s local application as a tumescent and safety in humans. No Level Assigned This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each submission to which Evidence-Based Medicine rankings are applicable. This excludes Review Articles, Book Reviews, and manuscripts that concern Basic Science, Animal Studies, Cadaver Studies, and Experimental Studies. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2019-10-21
       
 
 
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