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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2329 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2329 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
  [SJR: 0.821]   [H-I: 49]   [8 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-5241 - ISSN (Online) 0364-216X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Long-Term Follow-up of Recurrence and Patient Satisfaction After Surgical
           Treatment of Gynecomastia
    • Authors: A. Fricke; G. M. Lehner; G. B. Stark; V. Penna
      Pages: 491 - 498
      Abstract: Background “Gynecomastia” is an enlargement of the male breast. Our study aims to assess patient satisfaction as well as evaluate differences in recurrence rates in lipomatous and glandular gynecomastia 10–19 years postoperatively. Methods Forty-one gynecomastia patients undergoing surgical treatment from 1997 to 2005 were invited for a follow-up examination 10–19 years postoperatively. Of these, 16 patients presented for a clinical examination. Patient satisfaction was measured with a validated questionnaire [consultation satisfaction questionnaire (CSQ)-9]. Furthermore, photo-material and patient charts were evaluated concerning preoperative macroscopical type of gynecomastia, BMI, and operative technique. Results Mean follow-up time was 13.8 years (range: 10.5–19 years). Eight patients (50%) had presented with lipomatous and eight patients (50%) with glandular gynecomastia prior to surgery. One of the patients with glandular gynecomastia (12.5%) presented with recurrence at the time of follow-up, while five of the eight patients showing lipomatous gynecomastia (62.5%) presented with recurrence. Interestingly, younger patient groups tend to be more satisfied with the operative treatment of gynecomastia than older patient groups, especially regarding the improvement of self-esteem. Conclusions Long-term follow-up results showed that recurrence rates are significantly higher in patients with lipomatous gynecomastia than in patients with glandular gynecomastia, with BMI increase in patients with glandular and lipomatous gynecomastia showing no statistically significant differences. Furthermore, general patient satisfaction and improvement of self-esteem was higher in younger patient groups than older patient groups. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266. Clinical Trial Registration Number: DRKS00009630.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0827-x
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Bipedicle Vertical Mammoplasty Associated with
           Liposuction/Lipotunnelization
    • Authors: Manuel Maia; Cristina Pinto
      Pages: 499 - 506
      Abstract: Background Vertical techniques have become more popular and versatile in breast reduction and mastopexy procedures. The authors introduce a combination of vertical mammoplasty with vertical bipedicle technique, presenting some innovations concerning pedicle design, glandular dissection pattern, and the role of liposuction. Methods In this article, we describe a personal surgical technique and analyze the results on 73 mastopexy and breast reduction patients, operated on between 2012 and 2014 by the senior author. The most important aspects of this technique are as follows: 1. the concept of lipotunnelization, where parenchymal tunnels are made with cannulas without suction; 2. the systematic use of liposuction/lipotunnelization to recreate the inframammary fold and decrease pillars height; 3. the use of a thick and narrow vertical pedicle (bipedicled); 4. no skin undermining. Results Twenty-five patients underwent mastopexy and 48 breast reduction. Results were evaluated by clinical examination and patient photographs. Good shape and projection of the breast and correct nipple elevation were achieved, correlating with a high level of patient satisfaction. No major complications occurred. Conclusion This lipomammoplasty technique is a reliable and effective option, suitable for a wide range of symptomatic macromastia/ptosis. Adjunctive use of liposuction/lipotunnelization in vertical breast reduction accomplishes effective contouring of the breast with low associated complications and significantly reduces the revision rates. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0795-1
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Surgical Masculinization of the Breast: Clinical Classification and
           Surgical Procedures
    • Authors: Lazaro Cardenas-Camarena; Carlos Dorado; Maria Teresa Guerrero; Rosa Nava
      Pages: 507 - 516
      Abstract: Introduction Aesthetic breast area improvements for gynecomastia and gender dysphoria patients who seek a more masculine appearance have increased recently. We present our clinical experience in breast masculinization and a classification for these patients. Methods and Materials From July 2003 to May 2014, 68 patients seeking a more masculine thorax underwent surgery. They were divided into five groups depending on three factors: excess fatty tissue, breast tissue, and skin. A specific surgical treatment was assigned according to each group. The surgical treatments included thoracic liposuction, subcutaneous mastectomy, periareolar skin resection in one or two stages, and mastectomy with a nipple areola complex graft. The evaluation was performed 6 months after surgery to determine the degree of satisfaction and presence of complications. Results Surgery was performed on a total of 68 patients, 45 male and 22 female, with ages ranging from 18 to 49 years, and an average age of 33 years. Liposuction alone was performed on five patients; subcutaneous mastectomy was performed on eight patients; subcutaneous mastectomy combined with liposuction was performed on 27 patients; periareolar skin resection was performed on 11 patients; and mastectomy with NAC free grafts was performed on 16 patients. The surgical procedure satisfied 94% of the patients, with very few complications. Conclusions All patients who wish to obtain a masculine breast shape should be treated with only one objective regardless patient’s gender: to obtain a masculine thorax. We recommend a simple mammary gland classification for determining the best surgical treatment for these patients Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-016-0731-9
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Clinical Outcomes in Breast Reconstruction Patients Using a Sterile
           Acellular Dermal Matrix Allograft
    • Authors: Juan A. Ortiz
      Pages: 542 - 550
      Abstract: Background Human acellular dermal matrices (ADMs) have enabled successful breast reconstructions while decreasing muscle donor morbidity and pain for the patient. However, some literature reports indicate an increase in complications, especially infection. The decellularization and terminal sterilization properties of DermACELL (D-ADM), a human ADM, may reduce the rate of complications in augmented breast reconstruction while still maintaining successful outcomes. In the study presented here, we evaluate the quality and safety of outcomes with the use of D-ADM during tissue expander breast reconstruction. Methods A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients who underwent breast reconstruction with the use of D-ADM, at a single-military hospital-based practice, resulting in a population of 38 subjects and 58 breasts who had breast reconstruction augmented with D-ADM. Results Fifty-six breasts (96.6%) in thirty-six patients demonstrated successful outcomes with a median 27 weeks’ time to complete healing. Post-reconstruction radiation and chemotherapy were applied to 24.1 and 25.9% of reconstructions, respectively. Complications rates were minimal with rates of 1.7% for surgical site infection and 1.7% for red breast syndrome. Conclusion The low complication rates combined with the high success and patient satisfaction rates observed for D-ADM support the use of this ADM in breast reconstruction. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0817-z
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • The Measurement of Palpebral Fissure Height Using the Intersection Angle
           (the Réal Angle) Between the Meeting Points of the Upper Eyelid and the
           Edge of the Cornea
    • Authors: Hun Joo Lee; Soo Shin Kim
      Pages: 573 - 579
      Abstract: Background We evaluated a new palpebral fissure height measurement to evaluate medial, lateral, and overall ptosis. Methods We photographed 250 Koreans (44 males, 206 females) and evaluated their Réal 1 angle (angle between the meeting points of the upper eyelid and the corneal edge), Réal 2 angle (angle between the meeting point of the upper eyelid, medial corneal edge and a vertical line through the center of the pupil), Réal 3 angle (angle between the meeting point of the upper eyelid, lateral corneal edge and a vertical line through the center of the pupil), and Réal 4 angle (Réal 2–Réal 3). Angles were compared between sexes and age groups. We then evaluated the Réal angles of 13 Korean actresses. Results Mean age was 31.85 ± 14.60 years; Réal 1 was 129.01° ± 14.23°, Réal 2 was 68.20° ± 7.49°, Réal 3 was 60.80° ± 9.65°. There was no significant difference between the sexes in Réal 1, Réal 2, and Réal 3 angles. Réal 1 increased with age, and Réal 4 decreased with age. All Réal angles were significantly different between age groups. The actresses’ mean age was 30.66 ± 8.01 years; Réal 1 was 102.84° ± 10.16°, Réal 2 was 57.87° ± 6.10°, and Réal 3 was 44.97° ± 8.74°. Conclusion This simple measurement of palpebral fissure height using Réal angles consistently evaluated the amount of medial, lateral, and general ptosis. For average Korean eyes, the lateral portion of the upper eyelid is slightly higher than the medial portion; however, this lateral portion droops with age. Korean actresses have vertically higher eyes than average Korean women. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0808-0
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Ocular Complications Following Autologous Fat Injections into Facial Area:
           Case Report of a Recovery from Visual Loss After Ophthalmic Artery
           Occlusion and a Review of the Literature
    • Authors: Aleksandra Szantyr; Michał Orski; Ida Marchewka; Mariusz Szuta; Małgorzata Orska; Jan Zapała
      Pages: 580 - 584
      Abstract: With the increase in popularity of the use of cosmetic fillers in plastic and esthetic surgery, the possibility of severe ocular complications should not be neglected. Of the fillers used, autologous fat is the most common to cause permanent visual deterioration, one of the most severe complications associated with the use of cosmetic fillers. Here we present the first report of a complete recovery of visual acuity from an instance of visual loss with no light perception caused by ophthalmic artery occlusion of the right eye following autologous fat injection in the facial area. Immediate ophthalmological intervention and comprehensive therapy with prostaglandins and vinpocetine made it possible to restore retinal perfusion and achieve complete recovery of visual acuity. Awareness of the iatrogenic artery occlusions associated with facial fillers and the need for immediate treatment should be popularized among injectors to prevent devastating consequences, such as permanent vision loss. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0805-3
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Improvement on the Neo-umbilicoplasty Technique and Review of the
           Literature
    • Authors: Valderi Vieira da Silva Júnior; Francis Régis Soares de Sousa
      Pages: 600 - 607
      Abstract: Introduction The umbilicus is an important component of body esthetics, and its absence or dysmorphia may give rise to psychological discomfort, making it a common concern in surgical planning. Many techniques of umbilicus reconstruction have been proposed, each with its own limitations in terms of esthetics, risk of stenosis or final positioning. Reconstruction techniques may involve skin grafting, cartilage, purse-string suture and flaps. One of the most promising approaches is scarless neo-umbilicoplasty. Objective To improve the technique of neo-umbilicoplasty, creating a deeper and more natural-looking umbilicus, and propose a reoperation technique for shallow umbilici. Patients and Methods The sample consisted of 108 patients aged 25–67 years submitted to abdominoplasty and scarless neo-umbilicoplasty under epidural anesthesia performed by the same surgeon and at the same hospital between July 2013 and October 2015. Results Follow-up lasted from 6 to 24 months. The new umbilici were scarless. Discussion Many different techniques may be used to reconstruct the umbilicus. The main purpose is to create an adequately localized structure with a natural, youthful appearance and minimal scarring. To do so, we used ten (rather than six) attachment stitches and mobilized the adipose tissue toward the center of the new umbilicus to achieve greater depth, even in lean patients. Techniques which involve suturing the umbilical stalk onto the incised skin of the abdominal flap tend to produce unesthetic results, such as visible scars and umbilical skin islands of varying size. Scarless neo-umbilicoplasty does not require suture removal and poses no risk of dehiscence, secretion or umbilical stenosis, as observed with other techniques. Conclusion The localization of the new umbilicus in the space between the rectus abdominis muscles, the use of ten rather than six stitches and the mobilization of the adipose tissue toward the periumbilical area constitute an improvement on the neo-umbilicoplasty technique. The resulting umbilici were scarless and very natural-looking. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0847-6
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Delayed-Onset Edematous Foreign Body Granulomas 40 Years After
           Augmentation Rhinoplasty by Silicone Implant Combined with Liquid Silicone
           Injection
    • Authors: Hao-Chun Hu; Hsu-Wei Fang; Yu-Hsun Chiu
      Pages: 637 - 640
      Abstract: Despite the widespread application of augmentation rhinoplasty in Asia, reports on the interaction between alloplastic implants and injectable filler are scarce. This paper reports on a patient with delayed-onset edematous foreign body granuloma that had been caused by augmentation rhinoplasty performed using a silicone implant in conjunction with a liquid silicone injection 40 years earlier. This is the longest reported duration between initial rhinoplasty and the exacerbation of foreign body granuloma. This case report also presents intraoperative findings pertaining to the interlocking structures between silicone implants and injected liquid silicone. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0790-6
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Periorbital and Intraorbital Studies of the Terminal Branches of the
           Ophthalmic Artery for Periorbital and Glabellar Filler Placements
    • Authors: Tanvaa Tansatit; Prawit Apinuntrum; Thavorn Phetudom
      Pages: 678 - 688
      Abstract: Background Filler injections for sunken upper eyelid correction and glabellar augmentation at the orbitoglabellar region need to be performed correctly. Precise knowledge of the emerging sites of all terminal branches of the ophthalmic artery is essential for these procedures to be conducted safely. Methods The terminal branches of the ophthalmic artery were studied in both periorbital and intraorbital dissections. The aim of this study was to verify the critical positions of the emerging sites at the orbital septum that may act as potential retrograde channels for filler emboli. Results In the 40 eyes examined, the branches of the ophthalmic artery were found to emerge from four different sites. Two substantial emerging sites were situated on both sides of the trochlea of the superior oblique muscle. These sites were located at the superior part of the medial orbital rim (SMOR) and are alternatively named as the epitrochlear and the subtrochlear emerging sites. The other two sites can be regarded as accessory emerging sites due to the comparably smaller artery. Dissection of the intraorbital region revealed small periosteal branches of the infraorbital artery which coursed anteriorly on the orbital floor to form anastomoses with the lacrimal artery. In other areas of the orbital floor, no branches extended from the infraorbital artery. In front of the lacrimal gland, very minute branches descended and coursed along both margins of the superior tarsus but did not course outside the lateral orbital rim. Conclusion A danger zone was located at the SMOR, where the ophthalmic branches emerge to form anastomotic channels. Compression at the trochlea guarantees safe injection of filler, reducing the risk of complication. No Level Assigned This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-016-0762-2
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Reversible Alopecia with Localized Scalp Necrosis After Accidental
           Embolization of the Parietal Artery with Hyaluronic Acid
    • Authors: Qing Yang; Lihong Qiu; Chenggang Yi; Ping Xue; Zhou Yu; Xianjie Ma; Yingjun Su; Shuzhong Guo
      Pages: 695 - 699
      Abstract: Hyaluronic acid (HA) filler injection is widely used for soft-tissue augmentation. Complications associated with HA filling are not uncommon; however, HA-induced alopecia is a rarely reported complication that could result in severe secondary psychological trauma. The etiology, clinical traits, treatment strategies, outcomes, and possible reversibility of HA-induced alopecia have not been characterized. Here, we report a case in which bilateral temple injections of 6.5 mL of HA led to persistent pain over the left scalp for several days. Although the pain was relieved at day 9 after 600 U of hyaluronidase were injected in the left temple, the patient developed localized alopecia at the left temporoparietal region with central skin necrosis at day 15. After topical applications of recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor gel and 2% minoxidil spay, the necrotic skin wound was healed at day 42. Hair regrowth and normal hair density were restored at day 74. Analyses of Doppler ultrasound examinations and histopathology of the skin biopsy suggested that mild ischemia of the left temporoparietal region led to reversible alopecia, while the permanent hair loss in the left parietal area was associated with severe skin ischemia. Therefore, the key to treatment would be to focus on the effective correction of severe ischemia-induced skin necrosis to prevent permanent hair loss. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0841-z
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Anatomy and Aesthetics of the Labia Minora: The Ideal Vulva?
    • Authors: C. Clerico; A. Lari; A. Mojallal; F. Boucher
      Pages: 714 - 719
      Abstract: Female genital cosmetic surgery is becoming more and more widespread both in the field of plastic and gynaecological surgery. The increased demand for vulvar surgery is spurred by the belief that the vulva is abnormal in appearance. What is normal in terms of labial anatomy? Labia minora enlargement or hypertrophy remains a clinical diagnosis which is poorly defined as it could be considered a variation of the normal anatomy. Enlarged labia minora can cause functional, aesthetic and psychosocial problems. In reality, given the wide variety of vulvar morphology among people, it is a very subjective issue to define the “normal” vulva. The spread of nudity in the general media plays a major role in creating an artificial image and standards with regard to the ideal form. Physicians should be aware that the patient’s self-perception of the normal or ideal vulva is highly influenced by the arguably distorted image related to our socio-psychological environment, as presented to us by the general media and internet. As physicians, we have to educate our patients on the variation of vulvar anatomy and the potential risks of these surgeries. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0831-1
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Erratum to: Anatomy and Aesthetics of the Labia Minora: The Ideal
           Vulva?
    • Authors: C. Clerico; A. Lari; A. Mojallal; F. Boucher
      Pages: 720 - 720
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0871-6
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Effect of BTXA on Inhibiting Hypertrophic Scar Formation in a Rabbit Ear
           Model
    • Authors: Dong-qing Liu; Xiao-jing Li; Xiao-juan Weng
      Pages: 721 - 728
      Abstract: Background Hypertrophic scar (HS) is a refractory skin disease caused by major physical damage or other inflammation. Some reports found that botulinum toxin type A (BTXA) could be an alternative treatment of the HS. Therefore, the authors studied the effects of BTXA on the treatment of HS and the dose response of BTXA. Methods Hypertrophic scars were harvested from the ears of 18 young adult New Zealand big-eared rabbits and treated with BTXA or triamcinolone acetonide (TAC) in vivo experiment. The hypertrophic index (HI) was measured by histological examination. Collagen fibrils were checked by sirius red straining, and the cell nucleuses of fibroblasts were checked by Ki67. Results The HI of hypertrophic scars with BTXA treatment was lower than that with phosphate-buffered saline treatment (P < 0.05). Compared with the TAC treatment group, the efficacy of treatment with the middle dose of BTXA (1.0, 1.5 IU) had no significant difference, as shown by sirius red staining and immunohistochemistry Ki67. Conclusion These results demonstrated that BTXA effectively improved the appearance of hypertrophic scars and inhibited the formation of collagen fibrils and fibroblasts in vivo. Treatment with the middle dose of BTXA achieved similar efficacy as TAC treatment, indicating that BTXA might be useful for inhibiting hypertrophic scars and worth investigating further. No Level Assigned This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each submission to which Evidence-Based Medicine rankings are applicable. This excludes Review Articles, Book Reviews, and manuscripts that concern Basic Science, Animal Studies, Cadaver Studies, and Experimental Studies. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0803-5
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Comment to “Postero-Inferior Pedicle Surgical Technique for the
           Treatment of Grade III Gynecomastia”
    • Authors: Alessandro Innocenti; Dario Melita; Francesco Mori; Francesco Ciancio; Marco Innocenti
      Pages: 747 - 748
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0849-4
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Postero-Inferior Pedicle Surgical Technique for the Treatment of Grade III
           Gynecomastia
    • Authors: Nicolas Bertheuil; Christian Herlin; Raphael Carloni; Sophie Thiénot; Nathalie Kerfant; Eric Watier
      Pages: 749 - 750
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0865-4
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Comment to “Transconjunctival Orbital Septum Fat Release and
           
    • Authors: Alessandro Innocenti; Dario Melita; Francesco Ciancio; Marco Innocenti
      Pages: 751 - 752
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0851-x
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Indications of Transconjunctival Orbital Septum Fat Release and
           Preservation for Orbitopalpebral Sulcus in Lower Eyelid Blepharoplasty
    • Authors: Jia-Liang Chen; Chao-Hua Liu; Cheng-Gang Yi
      Pages: 753 - 753
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0846-7
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Advocating the Use of Absorbable Sutures for Columellar Incisions
           Following Open Rhinoplasty
    • Authors: I. Beegun; H. A. Saleh
      Pages: 754 - 754
      Abstract: Rapidly absorbable skin sutures have been found to be of use in numerous settings including for the closure of the columellar incision following open rhinoplasty. Its removal does not routinely require trimming, and the sutures tend to fall off with minimal intervention 10–14 days postoperatively. This practice has a good acceptance by patients and utilises less resources in the follow-up period. Level of evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      Authors www.springer.com/00266.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0807-1
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Editor’s Note
    • PubDate: 2017-04-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0855-6
       
  • Erratum to: Co 2 /Erbium:YAG/Dye Laser Combination: An Effective and
           Successful Treatment for Angiofibromas in Tuberous Sclerosis
    • Authors: Paolo Fioramonti; Liliana De Santo; Martina Ruggieri; Sara Carella; Federico Lo Torto; Maria Giuseppina Onesti; Nicolò Scuderi
      PubDate: 2017-04-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-017-0878-z
       
 
 
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