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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2351 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2351 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access  
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.641, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.825
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 9  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-5241 - ISSN (Online) 0364-216X
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Metrics of the Aesthetically Perfect Breast
    • Abstract: Breast surgery has long been viewed as an art more than a science. However, defining and objectively measuring the ideal breast morphology and aesthetic proportions are fundamental for surgical planning and to setting the goals of surgery as well as to evaluate surgical outcomes. Despite the fact that much has been written about aesthetic and reconstructive breast surgery, there is still no real consensus about what the attributes are of an ideal breast. Moreover, there are in fact no objective standard measurement systems and guidelines to describe ideal or even normal breast shape. Though there is great variability in the perception of beauty among patients and surgeons alike due to many factors among which are age, sex, and sociocultural background, there is common agreement that beauty is a universal phenomenon that has a universal standard present across all civilizations and centuries, and that perceived beauty is enhanced and optimal aesthetics are achieved when proper measurements are made and anthropometric proportions as well as attractive harmonious ratios are respected. The current review is an attempt to summarize the most relevant information available trying to introduce some harmony in our perception of aesthetic ideals of breast surgery. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-07-13
  • Sub-muscular Breast Augmentation Using Tumescent Local Anesthesia
    • Authors: Alberto Bolletta; Luca Andrea Dessy; Luca Fiorot; Alessio Tronci; Antonio Rusciani; Pedro Ciudad; Emilio Trignano
      Abstract: Background Tumescent local anesthesia (TLA) consists of infiltration of saline solution with lidocaine and epinephrine into the tissues to obtain regional anesthesia and vasoconstriction. The use of TLA in augmentation mammoplasty has been described for sub-glandular positioning. We describe a modified TLA technique for primary sub-muscular breast augmentation reporting our experience during the past 7 years. Methods From 2010 to 2017, 300 patients underwent bilateral primary sub-muscular breast augmentation under TLA and conscious sedation. The tumescent solution was prepared with 25 mL of 2% lidocaine, 8 mEq of sodium bicarbonate, and 1 mL of epinephrine (1 mg/1 mL) in 1000 mL of 0.9% saline solution. Firstly, the solution was infiltrated between the pectoral fascia and the mammary gland, secondarily, during surgery, under the pectoralis major muscle. Results The average amount of tumescent solution infiltrated while performing TLA was 740 mL per breast. No signs of adrenaline or lidocaine toxicity were reported and conversion to general anesthesia was never required. In all patients, no pain nor discomfort was reported during the pre-operating infiltration and surgical procedure. We reported a major complication rate of 3.3% (4 hematomas and 6 seromas) and a minor complication rate of 6.0% (8 implant dislocation and 10 dystrophic scars formation). Conclusions TLA represents a safe and efficacious technique for performing breast augmentation surgery with sub-muscular implant positioning. This technique guarantees good pain control during and after surgery and has low incidence of postoperative side effects. Patients subjected to sub-muscular breast augmentation with TLA were satisfied. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1181-3
  • Efficacy of Inverted “V” Release Surgery in the Correction of a
           Special Type of Epicanthus
    • Authors: Yuhong Wang; Dongping Li; Fang Du; Na Zhou; Junping Li
      Abstract: Objective To evaluate the efficacy of a new correction method (inverted “V” release surgery) for epicanthus as a cause of congenital entropion/trichiasis in the lower eyelid. Methods From May 2014 to May 2017, 60 eyes of 30 patients (13 male and 17 female patients, with the age of 6.85 ± 4.52 years underwent inverted “V” release surgery to correct epicanthus. The incision in the epicanthus and entropion was continuous. Lower eyelid entropion/trichiasis was corrected by a two-layered suture. We separately assessed the width of the palpebral fissure, exposed ratio of the lacrimal caruncle, eyelash direction, and incision scar at one and 6 months after surgery. Results All patients were followed up for 6–18 months. At 6 months after surgery, the palpebral fissure width of all patients was extended by 3–4 mm. The ratio of the exposed lacrimal caruncle was enhanced from 0.24 ± 0.22 to 0.75 ± 0.08. All patients presented with natural inner canthal angles, and their eyelashes clearly extended outward, with a 100% total effective rate. The inner canthal incision scars in 83% of patients were invisible 6 months after surgery. Conclusion Based on our experience, both functionality and aesthetics can be obtained by using inverted “V” release surgery to correct a special type of epicanthus that aggravates congenital entropion/trichiasis in the lower eyelid. Thus, this technique is suitable for clinical application. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1190-2
  • Correction to: Buttock Lifting Using Elastic Thread (Elasticum ® ) with a
           New Classification of Gluteal Ptosis
    • Authors: Chang Hyun Oh; Seung Bin Jang; Chang Min Kang; Jeong Su Shim
      Abstract: The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. On page 8, in Table 2, the superscripts for the vertical and horizontal axes are incorrect. The correct information is shown below.
      PubDate: 2018-07-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1194-y
  • Why Choose the Septum-Supero-Medial (SSM)-Based Mammaplasty in Patients
           with Severe Breast Ptosis: An Anatomical Point of View
    • Authors: V. Bucaria; R. Elia; M. Maruccia; P. Annoscia; A. Boccuzzi; G. Giudice
      Abstract: Nipple–areola complex (NAC) loss is one of the most devastating complications of mastopexy or breast reduction, and it requires revisional procedures with poor aesthetic outcome. In high-risk patients, a free nipple graft could be a choice, but it is associated with the same aesthetic concerns for both patients and surgeons. We report our experience with the septum-supero-medial-based mammaplasty to treat 22 patients with severe breast ptosis (nipple-to-sternal-notch distance > 40 cm). No NAC loss was observed. The study highlights surgical technical details and discusses anatomical considerations to justify the successful result. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-07-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1189-8
  • Discussion of Shue et al. “Fat Injection: A Systemic Review of Injection
           Volumes by Facial Subunit”
    • Authors: Timothy Marten
      PubDate: 2018-07-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1168-0
  • “No Drain, No Gain”: Simultaneous Seroma Drainage and Tissue Expansion
           in Pre-pectoral Tissue Expander-Based Breast Reconstruction
    • Authors: Marco Marcasciano; Juste Kaciulyte; Fabio Marcasciano; Federico Lo Torto; Diego Ribuffo; Donato Casella
      Abstract: Seromas represent the most frequent complication following immediate breast reconstruction surgery, in particular when acellular dermal matrix or synthetic meshes are used to add coverage to implants. Little information regarding breast seroma management is available in the literature. When seroma becomes clinically significant, current methods for its management consist of repeated needle aspiration. We report a fast, efficient, easy and riskless technique to perform serum aspiration in patients who underwent breast reconstruction with a tissue expander that allows simultaneous drainage and expansion of the implant at once. This procedure is safe, painless, does not need special supplies or additional costs and can be easily performed in ambulatory setting to manage breast seromas. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-07-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1192-0
  • Muscle Insertion and Strength of the Muscle Contraction as Guidelines to
           Enhance Duration of the Botulinum Toxin Effect in the Upper Face
    • Authors: Antonio Carlos Abramo
      Abstract: Background In this series of patients the cutaneous insertion and strength of voluntary contraction of the muscles in the upper third of the face were used as guidelines for botulinum toxin application named “BTA Codes.” Method Anatomical dissection of fresh cadavers identified the shape and cutaneous insertions of the muscles in the upper third of the face. Patient voluntary contraction of the muscles in the upper third of the face created different patterns of skin lines classified by the 4-grade Facial Wrinkle Scale. For botulinum toxin application injections points followed the muscle cutaneous insertion and dose the 4-grade Facial Wrinkle Scale. Results Injection points ranged from 3 to 23 points per patient, average of 9.4 points. Dose per point varied from 2.5 to 7.5 U, ranging from 12.5 to 72.5 U per patient, average of 33.82 U. Skin lines resulting from the voluntary contraction of the muscle prior to toxin application were stated as baseline 1. The absence of skin lines and muscle activity on day fifteen after toxin application defined baseline 2. Skin lines resulting from the recovered voluntary contraction of the muscle after toxin application like those of baseline 1 established baseline 3. The botulinum toxin effect was the time elapsed between baselines 2 and 3, ranging from 171 to 204 days, average of 183.72 days, greater than the 3 or 4 months reported in the literature. Conclusion “BTA Codes” is a set of rules to apply botulinum toxin supported by muscle anatomy and degree of voluntary contraction to enhance the duration of its effect. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-07-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1157-3
  • Ideals of Facial Beauty Amongst the Chinese Population: Results from a
           Large National Survey
    • Authors: Souphiyeh Samizadeh; Woffles Wu
      Abstract: Surgical and non-surgical aesthetic treatments are very popular throughout Asia and in particular in China. With the globalisation and immigration of Chinese people to other countries where many seek treatment from Western-trained doctors, it is important to understand the ideals of beauty amongst Chinese people so as to achieve optimal results. We conducted an online survey to understand the preference of Han Chinese laypersons for facial shape, profile (straight, convex, concave), jaw angle and shape, and shape of the chin, nose, and lips. In addition, the participants were asked about their educational level, geographic location, likelihood to have cosmetic surgery, preference for surgical or non-surgical cosmetic procedures and whether “being beautiful” would affect their daily life. A total of 1417 responses were collected from 599 male and 818 female participants, the majority of them who were 25–35 years old (58.93%). The responses showed that the majority of participants preferred an oval face shape, with a smoothly tapered jaw angle for both men and women, round and pointy chin for both genders, straight to concave nose profile and full lips with well-defined cupid’s bow. Most responders indicated they were not willing to undergo cosmetic surgery; however, when given a choice between surgical and non-surgical cosmetic procedures, 82.22% of the participants preferred non-surgical procedures. The majority of respondents (83%) thought that being beautiful has an effect on daily life and improves quality of life. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-07-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1188-9
  • Treatment of Breast Animation Deformity in Implant-Based Reconstruction
           with Selective Nerve Ablation
    • Authors: Dustin L. Eck; David C. Nguyen; Laura L. Barnes; David A. Jansen
      Abstract: Breast animation deformity is a known complication of subpectoral implant placement that is usually corrected by repositioning the implant to the prepectoral position. Other less common treatment options include performing the muscle splitting biplanar technique, triple plane technique, neuromodulator injections, and secondary neurotomies via transection of the pectoral muscle. We report a patient with animation deformity successfully treated with direct identification and ablation of the medial and lateral pectoral nerves using selective bipolar electrocautery. The patient is a woman with a history of invasive ductal carcinoma who underwent bilateral mastectomy and breast reconstruction with subpectoral implant placement and autologous fat grafting. Within 1 year of her breast reconstruction, she developed hyperactive pectoralis muscle contraction with resulting distortion of both breasts. Given the disadvantages of repositioning the implant to the prepectoral position and transecting the pectoralis muscles via secondary neurotomy, we chose to directly identify and selectively ablate distal branches of the medial and lateral pectoral nerves. This offers a novel technique for correcting breast animation deformity without transecting the pectoralis muscles, causing muscle atrophy, and preserving the subpectoral implant position. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to the table of contents or the online instructions to authors
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1184-0
  • A Novel Technique of Asian Tip Plasty: Rein-Shaped Columellar Strut Graft
    • Authors: Hyo In Kim; Won Jai Lee; Tai Suk Roh; Man-Koon Suh
      Abstract: Background The columellar strut graft is one of the most commonly used invisible grafts in tip plasty techniques for nasal tip projection. However, the columellar strut graft induces cephalic rotation of the dome with nasal tip projection. This is an effective change in Western people with a long nose; however, this change should be avoided in Asians who have a relatively short nose and visible nostrils. We designed a more convenient and effective technique using a rein-shaped columellar strut graft that can prevent cephalic rotation of the dome. Methods A total of 32 patients underwent surgery with a rein-shaped columellar strut graft with a septal cartilage. The projection and location of the nasal tip, nasal length, and nasolabial angle were measured after taking a photograph of the lateral view, and the preoperative and postoperative results were compared. Results There were statistically significant differences between the preoperative and postoperative values of the nasal tip projection ratio and nasal tip location ratio. There were no revision surgeries and no direct complications associated with the use of the columellar strut graft. Conclusion We performed tip plasty with a modified columellar strut graft—the rein-shaped columellar strut graft. In most cases of using this method, the tip projection was increased and the cephalic rotation of the tip was prevented. This surgical procedure can also be used for lengthening (rotating caudally) of the nose in some cases, as well as for the purpose of preventing the cephalic rotation of the tip. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1185-z
  • Invited Commentary: Dual Coverage of the Inferior Pole with Conjoined
           Fascial Flap and Acellular Dermal Matrix for Immediate One-Stage Breast
           Reconstruction with a Prosthetic Implant
    • Authors: Bianca Knoll
      PubDate: 2018-06-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1182-2
  • The Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire in the German General Population:
           Psychometric Properties and Normative Data
    • Authors: Katharina Schieber; Ines Kollei; Martina de Zwaan; Alexandra Martin
      Abstract: Background The Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (DCQ) is a widely used screening instrument assessing dysmorphic concerns ranging from a mild to an excessive level. It is often used in the setting of plastic and aesthetic surgery. The present study aimed at examining the psychometric properties of the DCQ in a random general population sample. Methods A representative sample of the German general population (N = 2053, aged between 18 and 65 years, 54% females) completed the DCQ as well as questionnaires on depression and appearance concerns. Results The DCQ showed a good internal consistency with Cronbach’s α = 0.81. Its one-factor model structure was confirmed. Normative data were stratified according to gender and age. Women reported more dysmorphic concerns than men, but also within females the DCQ scores differed between age classes. Overall, 4.0% of the sample reported excessive dysmorphic concerns based on a previously defined cutoff sum score ≥ 11. Conclusion The DCQ is a valid and reliable screening tool to identify individuals with excessive dysmorphic concerns. Excessive concerns may indicate also the presence of body dysmorphic disorder, but for verifying a final diagnosis the use of a structured clinical interview is necessary. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-06-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1183-1
  • Reverse-Muscle Sling Reduces Complications in Revisional
    • Authors: Denis Souto Valente
      Abstract: Background Simultaneous augmentation–mastopexy is a particularly tricky operation with a considerable reoperation rate. The pectoralis muscle sling has proven to be a suitable alternative technique for long-term results in breast parenchyma suspension without silicone implants. This study aims to propose a promising approach to simultaneous augmentation–mastopexy revisional surgery using an inverted dual-plane technique acting as a muscular sling. Methods A 10-year historic cohort was conducted to obtain the following variables from our preexisting database: age, preoperative measurements, operative technicalities, implant details, time from procedure to revision, complications, and outcomes. Results Twenty-six patients assessed after the initial postoperative year were analyzed. Review of this series of patients revealed a revision rate of 3.8% and overall rate of morbidity of 11.5%. Conclusion Simultaneous augmentation–mastopexy using an inverted dual-plane technique acting as a muscular sling is a reliable and safe procedure. Review of this series of patients revealed low rates of morbidity and reoperation need. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1178-y
  • A Prospective Observational Study of the Effectiveness and Safety of
           Botulinum Toxin in the Horizontal Neck Lines
    • Authors: Jong Hun Lee; Yu Gil Park; Eun Soo Park
      Abstract: Background Botulinum toxin is used extensively, and its use for aesthetic indications in the lower face and neck is now becoming increasingly popular. It is the ideal alternative to surgical procedures for patients who are too young for facelift surgery or who are unwilling to take recuperation time. We review current approaches to BTX A treatment for horizontal neck lines. Methods Subjects were 20 women with an average age of 43 with mild to moderate horizontal neck lines but have had no treatment by BTX A for the past 3 months. Injections are performed at points 1–1.5 cm apart along the horizontal lines with 1–2 U in each injection site, for a total of 15–30 U. Patients were followed up 3 and 8 days after treatment and then every 4 weeks after initial treatment for 16 weeks. Results Except day 3 in the first neck line, the mean resulting from evaluation by the actual physician who performed the injection and two blinded physicians has statistical significance as shown by the maximum results at 8 weeks after injection. However, the patient improvement rate and satisfaction level did not exceed 50%. Adverse reactions were mild and transitory. Conclusions The overall results of applying BTX A are excellent, and the satisfaction level of treated patients is high to a certain extent. Moreover, smoothening of the neck skin was observed due to the intradermal effect. It is also a safe and effective therapeutic modality for any patient desiring rejuvenation of his or her neck, but who at the same time does not desire any recuperation time or is unwilling to undertake the potential risks associated with surgical procedures. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-06-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1160-8
  • Upper Arch Flap Combined with Extended Incision of Lower Eyelid: A
           Modified Epicanthoplasty in Correcting Epicanthus
    • Authors: Song Zhang; Hongyu Xue
      Abstract: Background The epicanthus, a lengthways cambered skinfold around the inner canthus, is particularly common in Orientals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical outcomes for patients with epicanthus after the application of a new surgical technique. Methods A total of 753 patients with epicanthus underwent epicanthoplasty in our hospital from October 2009 to March 2017 and were enrolled in this study. All patients were treated with upper arch flap combined with extended incision of the lower eyelid surgical method, and the effects of the surgery were assessed by photographic analysis and satisfaction surveys. Results After the surgery, the eyelids of patients were elongated, and their inner canthi diameter was shortened without recurrence in the epicanthus. For 3.32% of the patients, there was a nonuniform edge thickness of the lower eyelid incision; for 8.23% of the patients, there was a slightly lighter skin color in the rest of quondam arch flap. Six months after the surgery, the incision scar was not obvious for all patients, and most of the patients (90.31%) were satisfied with the effect of the surgery. Conclusions The upper arch flap combined with extended incision of the lower eyelid surgical method, a simple and effective surgical correction method, obtained a good cosmetic result with more secluded scar and high satisfaction for patients with epiblepharon. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-06-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1175-1
  • The Role of Appearance: Definition of Appearance-Pain (App-Pain) and
    • Authors: M. Barone; A. Cogliandro; R. Salzillo; V. Tambone; P. Persichetti
      Abstract: Introduction The objectives of the current study were: (1) to perform a systematic review of the existing scientific literature on appearance and any subsequently related disorders and (2) to research in the literature the correlation between the role of appearance and patient’s disease. Materials and Methods A systematic review protocol was developed a priori in accordance with the Preferred Reporting for Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-Protocols (PRISMA-P) guidance. A multistep search of the PubMed, MEDLINE, PreMEDLINE, Embase, Ebase, CINAHL, PsychINFO and Cochrane databases was performed to identify studies on patient satisfaction, quality of life, and body image. Results Our search generated a total of 347 articles. We performed a systematic review of the 18 studies, which had sufficient data and met all inclusion criteria. All studies identified from the literature review were assessed to determine the utilization of validated patient satisfaction questionnaires. The questionnaires were analyzed by reviewers to assess adherence to the rules of the US Food and Drug Administration and the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust. We identified 27 individual questionnaires. We summarized development and validation characteristics and content of the 27 validated measures used in the studies. Conclusions This is the first systematic review to identify and critically appraise patient-reported outcome measures for appearance and body image using internationally accepted criteria. DAS59 was deemed to have adequate levels of methodological and psychometric evidence. We also introduced the concept of Appearance-Pain which consists of the recomposed systematic view of the experimental indicators of suffering, linked to one of the dimensions of appearance. Level of Evidence III This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-06-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1158-2
  • Effectiveness and Safety of an Overnight Patch Containing Allium cepa
           Extract and Allantoin for Post-Dermatologic Surgery Scars
    • Authors: Welf Prager; Gerd G. Gauglitz
      Abstract: Background An occlusive overnight intensive patch medical device (OIP) containing onion extract and allantoin has been developed for preventing and treating dermatologic scars and keloids. Here, we examined the efficacy and safety of the OIP for post-dermatologic surgery scars. Methods This was an intra-individual randomized, observer-blind, controlled study in adults with post-dermatologic surgery scars. Two scars per subject were randomized to no treatment or overnight treatment with the OIP for 12–24 weeks. Scar quality was assessed using the Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) and a Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale. Results A total of 125 subjects were included. The decrease in observer-assessed POSAS from baseline was significantly greater for treated than untreated scars at week 6 (p < 0.001) and 24 (p = 0.001). The decrease in patient-assessed POSAS was significantly greater for the treated scar than the untreated scar at week 12 (p = 0.017) and 24 (p = 0.014). Subject- and investigator-evaluated Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale scores were higher for the treated than the untreated scar at all visits. All subjects considered the global comfort of the OIP to be good or very good, and no safety concerns were identified. Conclusions This study confirmed that the OIP safely promotes scar healing after minor dermatologic surgery. Level of Evidence II This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-06-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1172-4
  • Breast Reduction Using the Superomedial Pedicle- and Septal
           Perforator-Based Technique: Our Clinical Experience
    • Authors: A. Uslu; M. A. Korkmaz; A. Surucu; A. Karaveli; C. Sahin; M. G. Ataman
      Abstract: Background Adequate tissue removal must be performed for symptom relief following reduction mammoplasty. However, this is not always possible in patients with gigantomastia because the pedicle is planned wider and the breast cannot be sufficiently reduced to prevent compromising the blood supply to the pedicle. To maximize blood circulation to the nipple–areola complex in our patients, the pedicle was planned to include the internal thoracic artery branches coming from both the second and third interspaces and the intercostal artery branches coming from the fourth and fifth intercostal spaces. Methods A total of 185 patients underwent reduction mammoplasty with the superomedial pedicle- and septal perforator-based technique. The mean weight of excised tissue was 928.77 g from the right breast and 899.92 g from the left, whereas the mean distance of nipple–areola transfer was 11.52 cm on the right breast and 11.27 cm on the left. Results Complications developed in 11 patients (5.94%): hematoma occurred in three patients, partial loss of areola and fat necrosis in five patients, and wound dehiscence in three patients. Conclusions The pedicle included vessels of both superomedial and septum origin without any disruption in circulation. Consequently, the blood supply of the nipple–areola complex was preserved. Furthermore, in cases where the pedicle was long, intercostal perforators were identified and the pedicle was narrowed thoroughly; thus, the breast was reduced to the desired volume while minimizing the risk of complications. Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to
      PubDate: 2018-06-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1177-z
  • Commentary On: Several Opinions on Quantifying Dynamic Deformity after
           Dual-Plane Breast Augmentation
    • Authors: Marcelo Recondo Cheffe; Pedro Salomão Piccinini; Jorge Diego Valentini; Marcus Vinícius Martins Collares; Jefferson Luis Braga da Silva
      PubDate: 2018-06-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00266-018-1174-2
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