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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2349 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2349 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 145, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing-Green Technology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.335
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2288-6206 - ISSN (Online) 2198-0810
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2349 journals]
  • 3D Evaluation of Porous Zeolite Absorbents Using FIB-SEM Tomography
    • Authors: Kiho Bae; Jun Woo Kim; Ji-won Son; Tonghun Lee; Sangkyun Kang; Fritz B. Prinz; Joon Hyung Shim
      Pages: 195 - 199
      Abstract: An accurate characterization of the microstructure is of great importance in manufacturing zeolites for their appropriate use and optimal performance. Here, an analytical methodology suitable for the complex porous structures of zeolites using focused ion beam (FIB) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) tomography is demonstrated. For this analysis, a commercial zeolite absorbent is chosen, which is composed of a single zeolite bead filled with small internal beads, like eggs in a brood pouch. Some of the internal zeolite beads and their surrounding pore structures have been precisely reconstructed as three-dimensional (3D) image forms over the micro-scale through FIB-SEM, and the microstructural properties such as particle/pore sizes, specific volume, and surface area are numerically evaluated from the image analysis. This study describes the details of the characterization process from sample preparation to image analysis and discusses major factors influencing the results.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0019-4
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Development of Empirical Model for Biomachining to Improve Machinability
           and Surface Roughness of Polycrystalline Copper
    • Authors: Imran Muhammad; Tayyaba Khatoon; Sahar M. Sana Ullah; Tae Jo Ko
      Pages: 201 - 209
      Abstract: The demand for sustainable micro-manufacturing technologies is growing with their increasing application in micro and nanoelectromechanical systems. The micro-manufacturing techniques utilizing physical or chemical energy have adverse effect on environment. Utilization of biological energy could be a benign alternative approach. In the exhaustive list of micro-manufacturing processes, biomachining is the only process that utilizes biological energy by making use of the energy pathway of microorganisms for removing metals. Biomachining has been proven to present numerous advantages such as being environmental friendly, low consumption of energy, and no recast layer/heat affected zone generation. Despite all the advantage, biomachining has not been commercialized because of the common shortcomings reported i.e. a low metal removal rate and increased surface roughness after machining. The aim of this study is to develop an empirical model to optimize and predict machinability and surface roughness of polycrystalline copper in a biomachining process using response surface methodology. The correlation between different processes has been investigated and central composite design (CCD) was employed to develop an empirical model based on the correlation between input variables (process parameters) and output responses (MRR and change in Ra). The optimum values of selected parameters were predicted and verified by performing a series of experiments.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0020-y
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Design of a Modular Green Closed Internal Cooling Turning Tool for
           Applications
    • Authors: Tao Wu; Tianjian Li; Xiaohong Ding; Hong Chen; Lei Wang
      Pages: 211 - 217
      Abstract: Green machining has been aggressively pursued in the manufacturing industry in recent years. Dry or clean cutting without the hazards of cooling liquid, and their abilities to monitor thermal impact on turning tools in real time have been very appealed to the manufacturing industries. In this study, a modular green closed internal cooling turning tool is presented, in which coolant channel is designed only between an insert and an adaptor. The insert is grouped with the adaptor and designed as a Plug-and-Play component in cooling circuit. Thermal-fluid-structural coupling analysis is employed to evaluate the effects of the internal cooling system with machining process constraints. The numerical simulation results demonstrate that the newly designed internal cooing turning tool could effectively decrease the tool temperature. Preliminary experiments have further proved the effectiveness of the modular green closed internal cooling turning tool system. The study has potentially great significance in improving tooling performance, as well as achieving environmental friendly, economical and sustainable machining.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0021-x
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Experimental Investigation and Mechanism Analysis of Tungsten Disulfide
           Soft Coated Micro-Nano Textured Self-Lubricating Dry Cutting Tools
    • Authors: Yunsong Lian; Huifeng Chen; Chenliang Mu; Jianxin Deng; Shuting Lei
      Pages: 219 - 230
      Abstract: A new dry cutting tool named WS2 soft coated Micro-Nano textured self-lubricating dry cutting tool (WTT tool) is developed and tested. Dry turning tests have been carried out on 45# quenched and tempered steel with a WTT tool and three other types of alternative tools. The machining performance was assessed in terms of the cutting forces, cutting temperature, friction coefficient at the tool-chip interface, chip deformation, tool wear, and the surface roughness of the machined workpiece. The results show that the WTT tool has the best cutting performance among all the tools tested under the same cutting conditions. Through theoretical analysis and experimental results, the mechanisms of the WTT tool in improving cutting performance were put forward. Meanwhile, the effect of Micro-Nano texture and WS2 soft coating on the cutting forces and the cutting temperature is analyzed. It can be concluded that the WTT tool can effectively improve the anti-adhesion and wear-resistance properties and increase the tool life.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0022-9
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Microstructural Control of the Electrochromic and Ion Storage Layers on
           the Performance of an Electrochromic Device Fabricated by the Kinetic
           Spray Technique
    • Authors: Hyungsub Kim; Kwangmin Kim; Dahyun Choi; Minji Lee; Won-Shik Chu; Sung-Hoon Ahn; Doo-Man Chun; Caroline Sunyong Lee
      Pages: 231 - 238
      Abstract: WO3 electrochromic (EC) and ATO ion storage films were fabricated by a kinetic spray technique at various substrate heating temperatures. The optimal heating condition for WO3 deposition was 80oC, which provided a total transmittance change of 31%. Furthermore, the total transmittance change (at 800 nm) of the WO3 EC cell fabricated with the ATO ion storage layer deposited at 150°C was 42%, which was caused a comparably large shift in the transmittance. The charge/discharge density of the EC cell with the ATO ion storage layer deposited at 150°C was 11.12-11.37 mC cm-2. Finally, the cyclic transmittance of 40% was maintained for 1 h. The uniform and densely packed microstructure that resulted from the heated substrate had good inter-grain and particles connections that provided sufficient absorption sites for ions. Therefore, it was established that microstructural control of the EC and ion storage layers are crucial to improving EC performance.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0023-8
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Synthesis and Characterization of Copper Nanoparticles (Cu-Nps) using
           Rongalite as Reducing Agent and Photonic Sintering of Cu-Nps Ink for
           Printed Electronics
    • Authors: Supriya A. Patil; Chung-Hyeon Ryu; Hak-Sung Kim
      Pages: 239 - 245
      Abstract: Copper nanoparticles (Cu-Nps) are one of the promising material for the advancement of nanoscience and technology. In this work, we successfully synthesized Cu-Nps using sodium hydroxymethanesulinate (Rongalite) as a novel reducing agent via solution process. Cu-Nps were achieved from chemical reduction of copper salt within 10-20 min at low temperature without using any complexing agent. In order to investigate the phase, size, and composition of the synthesized Cu-Nps, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were employed. Average particle size of the synthesized Cu-Nps is 152 nm. It is expected that the outcomes of this study take a step closer towards designing general strategies for a simple, environment friendly and low cost synthesis method of Cu-Nps. The synthesized Cu-Nps are mixed with commercial Cu-Nps and sintered using photonic sintering process. To determine the optimum sintering energy, the flash light irradiation energy was varied and optimized. An XRD and SEM were used to characterize the sintered Cu-Nps. The resulting sintered Cu-Nps exhibited a low resistivity (20.73 μΩcm) without any damages of the polymer substrate.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0024-7
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • An Analysis of Pinned Edge Layer of Slot-Die Coated Film in Roll-to-Roll
           Green Manufacturing System
    • Authors: Janghoon Park; Sungyong Kim; Changwoo Lee
      Pages: 247 - 254
      Abstract: Roll-to-roll slot-die manufacturing of soluble materials with a uniform layer is a critical step in realizing low-cost and eco-friendly printed electronics for solar cells and batteries. This study presents an analysis of the lateral thickness of a coated layer that consists of a fluid with a high viscosity produced by using a slot-die roll-to-roll system with specific attention focused on a pinned edge phenomenon exhibited in the coated layer. A solution viscosity of 832 mPa·s is used and includes relatively high capillary numbers in the experiment in the range of 0.47–3.47. The purpose of the study included analyzing various forces around the coating nozzle and determining the correlation between forces by using dimensionless numbers. Computational fluid dynamics analysis and experiments were performed to obtain various parameters in terms of these dimensionless numbers. The experimental results suggest that the pinned edge should be reduced below 10% by reducing the coating gap parameter that represents the gravity forces.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0025-6
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Efficient Microfluidic Power Generator Based on Interaction between DI
           Water and Hydrophobic-Channel Surface
    • Authors: Yong Whan Choi; Segeun Jang; Myung-Suk Chun; Sang Moon Kim; Mansoo Choi
      Pages: 255 - 260
      Abstract: The fabrication of power generators utilized by streaming potential has been attracting profound interests for various applications such as wearable healthcare and self-powered micro/nano systems. So far, streaming potential has been generated by a charged channel wall and accumulated counter-ions. However, this approach is assumed as no-slip boundary condition, while the slippery channel wall is critical for high efficiency. Herein, we demonstrate a microfluidic power generator based on streaming potential that can be intrinsically charged at a hydrophobic channel wall. This charging mechanism has higher values of charge density and slip boundary condition. We have achieved output voltage of ~2.7 V and streaming conductance density of ~1.23 A/m2·bar with the channel that is ~2 μm high and ~3.5 μm wide. Our result is a promising step for obtaining low-cost, high efficient power-generators for micro/nano systems.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0026-5
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Multi-objective Global Optimization for Deformation Near a Hole in an
           Oxide Forming Alloy Foil Subjected to Thermal Cycling
    • Authors: Feng-Xun Li; Zhen-Zhe Li
      Pages: 261 - 269
      Abstract: The TBC (thermal barrier coating) systems provide protection against high temperature corrosion of the superalloy substrates in the gas turbine engines. However, the lateral growth of TGO (thermally-grown oxide) and the thermal expansion misfit between TGO and BC(bond coat) induce internal stress which can be sufficient to activate plastic deformation or buckling in TGO. In this paper, the analytic and optimization methods were applied for improving durability of the TBC system. First, an analytic method for obtaining the deformation results of TBC system was applied. In the following step, the analysis results were obtained for the experimental points selected by the D-optimal DOE method. Based on these analysis data, the fitting functions for showing the deformation of the TBC system were constructed using the response surface method. Finally, a multi-objective global optimization method was developed for upgrading durability of the TBC system. The developed analytic and optimization methods can be widely used to improve the performance of the TBC system for the gas turbine engines.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0027-4
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Fabrication and Performance of Segmented Thermoplastic Composite Wind
           Turbine Blades
    • Authors: Juan Garate; Stephen A. Solovitz; Dave Kim
      Pages: 271 - 277
      Abstract: Large-scale wind turbine blades exceed 50 m in length, and they are currently fashioned as single pieces. Along with the significant challenge of fabricating these blades, there is also an issue of transporting them to field sites, which can account for a substantial portion of the installation cost. Further, typical blades are produced from thermoset composite materials, which cannot be reused at the end of the turbine lifetime. Therefore, a new manufacturing process is developed, forming the blades in smaller segments that can be joined after transportation to the field. The process uses vacuum-assisted thermoforming of thermoplastic composites, which can be recycled after use. Six turbine blades were fabricated from two separate segments composed of two elements each, and they were joined using fusion welding and adhesives. A set of three blades was tested at a small-scale wind farm, producing power outputs on the order of 20 W at low wind speeds, comparable to an existing commercial turbine.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0028-3
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Fabrication and Operation Characteristics of Electrolyte Impregnated
           Matrix and Cathode for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells
    • Authors: Chang-Whan Lee; Mihui Lee; Min-Goo Kang; Jonghee Han; Sung-Pil Yoon; Suk Woo Nam; Ki Bong Lee; Hyung Chul Ham
      Pages: 279 - 286
      Abstract: In this work, an electrolyte impregnated cathode and matrix were fabricated using (Li/Na)2CO3 powders for use in a molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). 87% of cathode pores and 90% of matrix pores were filled with electrolyte. A 25 cm2 single cell was used with electrolyte impregnated components. Cell performance of the single cell with electrolyte impregnated components showed a similar performance to a conventional single cell. After cell operation, electrolyte was found to have moved to the anode, cathode and matrix. The remaining electrolyte in matrix pores, cathode pores and anode pores are 94.62%, 42.75%, was 21.56%, respectively. By using electrolyte impregnated components, the change of the wet-seal height was decreased 86.78% (to 0.23 mm) comparing with the conventional cell. Electrolyte impregnated components will provide simplified pretreatment process and remove problems in the pretreatment condition such as non-uniform electrolyte melting.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0029-2
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Novel Evaluation Systems for Compact In-Wheel Vehicles Considering
           Deviation of Load Torque between Left and Right Wheel
    • Authors: Seungwan Son; Changhee Song; Suk Won Cha; Won Sik Lim; Chunhua Zheng; Guoqing Xu
      Pages: 287 - 294
      Abstract: In-wheel vehicles driven by electrical energy are more efficient and emit less pollutant emissions than conventional vehicles powered by internal combustion engine. However, evaluation system for the in-wheel vehicles is not well established, the absence of the evaluation system for in-wheel vehicles is one of the major obstacles to commercialization of the in-wheel vehicles. In this study, we have suggested a new methodology of dynamometer test for in-wheel vehicle and devised simulators that can analyze the performance of in-wheel vehicles. In general, a new vehicle goes through the performance evaluation on dynamometer test which can simulate a straight motion of vehicles. Due to the characteristics of dynamometer test which simulates only a straight motion, it is not suitable for test for in-wheel vehicle. In the case of in-wheel vehicle, since driving motors on wheels are controlled independently, the stability of in-wheel vehicles during turning is important. Therefore, we have developed an in-wheel vehicle simulator to build a dynamometer test which can simulate turning motions of in-wheel vehicle. Using CarSim & Matlab/Simulink, we realized dynamic motion of a vehicle on a curved 3-demensional road. With this simulator, we could extract the load torque of each wheel during driving on the 3D virtual road. If the derived load torque is applied to motors of dynamometer test, it is possible to simulate driving on real road, through which the performance and the efficiency of in-wheel vehicles can be analyzed before the actual vehicle experiment. Also, we developed another simulator to evaluate the performance and the efficiency of in-wheel vehicles. This simulator allows us to evaluate the performance of in-wheel vehicles by using load torque derived from previous simulator. In this study, we developed two types of simulators to evaluate the performance of in-wheel vehicles in the simulation environment where the load torque for each wheel is different. One simulator derives load torque of each wheel and the other simulator evaluates the performance of in-wheel vehicles.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0030-9
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Liquid Cooling of Laser-driven Head Light Employing Heat Spreader
           Manufactured by 3D Metal Printing
    • Authors: Yonghan Lee; Sangki Park; Changho Byun; Sun-Kyu Lee
      Pages: 295 - 301
      Abstract: Laser-driven white lighting is attracting attention due to its advantages compared to LED-based white lighting systems, such as high luminous intensity, high efficacy, and the possibility of miniaturization. The optical efficiency of a lighting system based on high-power laser diodes (LDs) is highly affected by the temperature of the LD and phosphor, meaning cooling is critical for many practical applications. The junction temperature must be properly predicted and controlled to prevent failure of the LD. This paper presents a thermal dynamic model of an LD cooling system for predicting the junction temperature and an experiment to validate the model. The system consists of an LD, heat spreader, heat sink, and liquid pump. The system was placed inside a test chamber, and the temperature of each element was measured under various ambient temperatures. The results were then compared with the simulation results. A heat spreader was designed with liquid cooling channels based on the model in consideration of both the thermal resistance and pressure drop. The spreader was then fabricated using 3D metal printing. The spreader provided higher performance compared with thermoelectric cooling.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0031-8
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Capacitive Oil Detector Using Hydrophobic and Oleophilic PDMS Sponge
    • Authors: Young Jung; Kyung Kuk Jung; Byung Geon Park; Jong Soo Ko
      Pages: 303 - 309
      Abstract: In this study, we designed and fabricated a capacitive oil detector using a polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) sponge and evaluated its performance. A PDMS sponge has a hydrophobic/oleophilic characteristic, which blocks water infiltration yet absorbs oil. The absorbed oil changes the detector capacitance between the two electrodes within the PDMS sponge. We used three primary types of marine fuel oils (diesel, crude oil, and heavy oil) to evaluate the performance of the fabricated oil detector. Diesel was detected in the shortest time, followed by crude oil and heavy oil. That is, oils with lower viscosity were detected more rapidly. The measured capacitance was the lowest for diesel and the highest for heavy oil. Oils with higher dielectric constants had a higher measured capacitance. Water did not seep into the microcavity of the capacitive oil detector until it reached a depth of 140 cm. We were able to detect the presence of an oil-film below 900 μm. The fabricated detector showed almost the same capacitance throughout the ten cycles of repeated cleaning and measurements.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0032-7
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Life Prediction of IN738LC Considering Creep Damage under Low Cycle
           Fatigue
    • Authors: Jeong-Min Lee; Sunguk Wee; Junghan Yun; Hyunwoo Song; Yongseok Kim; Jae-Mean Koo; Chang-Sung Seok
      Pages: 311 - 316
      Abstract: As growing attention on greenhouse gas reduction, developing an eco-friendly power generation system of power plants and enhancing its efficiency has been actively researched. In order to increase the efficiency, the operating temperature has been raised, and hence the application of Ni-base super-alloy has increased to a core component of the power generation system like a turbine blade, a rotor and a boiler. Especially, turbine blades are exposed to high-temperature and high-pressure, and they bear mechanical loads due to the centrifugal force of the high-speed rotation. Thus, the durability of the blade material should be tested under high temperature conditions. In high temperature LCF tests, damage occurs in specimens because of creep. Hence, the aim of this study is to estimate the life of LCF precisely by considering the creep damage in specimens generated during the LCF test. We conducted the LCF tests to propose a new life prediction method considering the fatigue and creep damage. Finally, this study demonstrates the reliability of the prediction method by comparing the predicted life with the actual fatigue life. Through this, we expect to predict the fatigue life more accurately by predicting the fatigue life under different fatigue strain frequencies considering the creep damage.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0033-6
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Effects of Machining and Oil Mist Parameters on Electrostatic Minimum
           Quantity Lubrication–EMQL Turning Process
    • Authors: Shuiquan Huang; Tao Lv; Minghuan Wang; Xuefeng Xu
      Pages: 317 - 326
      Abstract: A cost-effective and eco-friendly alternative to conventional flood cooling-lubrication and minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) is electrostatic minimum quantity lubrication (EMQL). EMQL, which is a novel green machining technology that utilizes the synergetic effects between electrostatic spraying (ES) and MQL, has been successfully shown a potential in milling process. However, the effective application of EMQL is not only connected with machining parameters, such as cutting speed and feed rate, but also related to oil mist parameters including charging voltage, lubricant flow rate, air pressure, and nozzle position and distance. This paper investigated the effect of the above parameters on the cutting performance of EMQL turning stainless steels in comparison with completely dry and conventional wet and MQL cutting. The results suggested that cutting speed and voltage were important factors affecting the effectiveness of EMQL, and found that there were the optimum air pressure and nozzle position and distance when EMQL turning AISI 304 stainless steel. Properly selecting these parameters, a viable alternative to wet and MQL cutting could be achieved by promoting lubricants into cutting interface to reduce friction and adhesion of work-piece materials on the interface.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0034-5
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Processing Characteristics of Vegetable Oil-based Nanofluid MQL for
           Grinding Different Workpiece Materials
    • Authors: Yaogang Wang; Changhe Li; Yanbin Zhang; Min Yang; BenKai Li; Lan Dong; Jun Wang
      Pages: 327 - 339
      Abstract: Minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) is an efficient, green, and eco-friendly method of applying cutting fluids in machining processes. This study presents the processing characteristics of different vegetable oil-based nanofluid MQL for grinding various workpiece materials. The performance of three lubricant types (i.e., pure palm oil, MoS2 nanofluid, and Al2O3 nanofluid) of good lubrication performance and three types of materials (i.e., Inconel 718, ductile cast iron, and AISI 1045 steel) was evaluated in terms of force ratio, specific grinding energy, and G ratio. The optimal processing combination of lubricants and workpiece materials under the same experimental conditions was obtained using orthogonal experiment. Optimization results were verified by evaluating the morphology of the workpiece surface and grinding debris. Experimental results show the different processing characteristics of materials when various workpieces are processed using dissimilar MQL lubricants. MoS2 nanofluid MQL is suitable for machining soft medium carbon steels, such as 45 steel, while Al2O3 nanofluid is suitable for machining materials of high strength and hardness, such as nickel-based alloys.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0035-4
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Design of Magnetic Force Field for Trajectory Control of Levitated
           Diamagnetic Graphite
    • Authors: Sumin Kang; Jihoon Kim; Jae-Bum Pyo; Jae Hyung Cho; Taek-Soo Kim
      Pages: 341 - 347
      Abstract: A diamagnetic material can be levitated in a strong magnetic field using a repulsive force due to its negative magnetic susceptibility. The magnitude of the repulsive force is proportional to the magnetic force field and the magnetic susceptibility of the material. Using this simple concept, a novel method is developed for trajectory control of the levitated diamagnetic material without a power source. In this study, pyrolytic graphite (PG) is adopted as the levitated material due to its strong diamagnetic response. Various motions of a PG disk, such as linear, curved, and pendulum motions, are realized with unique permanent magnet arrays. These movements are successfully achieved through manipulating the magnetic force field variation, which is verified with simulation results. Furthermore, a photo-gated motion is accomplished through utilizing photo-thermal energy that is transferred with a laser beam. This study demonstrates the possibility of developing frictionless transport systems.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0036-3
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A Review on Eco-Friendly Quantum Dot Solar Cells: Materials and
           Manufacturing Processes
    • Authors: Hyekyoung Choi; Sohee Jeong
      Pages: 349 - 358
      Abstract: Power conversion efficiencies of colloidal quantum dot solar cells, which have focused mainly on lead chalcogenide systems until recently, have increased rapidly and currently exceed 12%. Among the many issues involved in commercialization of this technology as a consumer product, lead-based materials in these systems must be replaced. This requires the use of a low-cost, low-loss, and non-toxic chemical, along with the development of an eco-friendly manufacturing process. Herein, we review recent progress in ecofriendly colloidal quantum dot photovoltaics, with a focus on two aspects. First, we examine non-toxic or less-toxic quantum dot materials designed for efficient thin-film based solar cells by considering factors such as bandgap tunability, exciton binding energy, and more. We then present the performance of quantum dot solar cells using these green quantum dot materials, and discuss the scientific and technological issues facing them. Second, we review fabrication methods of quantum dot thin films with low-cost, lowwaste, and non-toxic chemicals, for use in eco-friendly manufacturing processes.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0037-2
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Evaluation of Microstructure and Mechanical Properties on Solution Heat
           Treatment of Recycled A319 Cutting Chip
    • Authors: Dong-Hyuk Kim; Jong-Hyoung Kim; Yang-Gon Kim; Jin-Ho Lim; Hoon-Jae Park; Byung-Joon Ye
      Abstract: The problem of environmental pollution from CO2 emissions is drawing worldwide attention. With this trend, within the automotive industry, development of lightweight parts and application examples are increasing to react to environmental regulations and to obtain better mileage. Furthermore, with the demands of the time to cut energy consumption and to protect the environment, recycling aluminum, which is being widely used for daily necessities as well as for industrial purposes, is important. Recycling aluminum can be critical in environmental protection, resource saving, and both pollution and waste prevention. The demand in aluminum alloy is increasing since it provides better intensity, lower density and superior corrosion resistance when compared with steels. In particular, the Al-Si-Cu Aluminum alloy, which possesses outstanding castability and mechanical properties, is extensively utilized for automotive parts as a cylinder head, among others. Thus, this study will use test pieces melting and casting commercial A319 ingot and other pieces remelting cutting chips which are discharged and processed from automotive parts manufactured with A319 alloy to investigate changes in microstructure, hardness and tensile tests. Through these processes, this study aims to research the possibilities of remelted A319 alloy to be utilized as a casting material based on characteristic comparison of the material.
      PubDate: 2018-03-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0018-5
       
 
 
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