Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2626 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2626 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
aBIOTECH : An Intl. J. on Plant Biotechnology and Agricultural Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Adversity and Resilience Science : J. of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
Affective Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Functional Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 182, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)

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Allergo Journal International
Number of Followers: 2  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2197-0378
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Evaluation of a modified skin prick test for diagnosis of Hymenoptera
           venom allergy
    • Abstract: Purpose Skin tests are an integral part in the diagnosis of allergy to Hymenoptera venom (HV). While usually these include skin prick tests (SPT) and intradermal tests (IDT) with venom extracts at a maximum concentration of 100 µg/ml and 1 µg/ml, respectively, in addition, a SPT with 300 µg/ml (SPT300) may be performed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of SPT300. Methods In all, 75 patients with history of anaphylaxis to HV were evaluated by SPT and IDT, including SPT300, as well as measuring HV-specific IgE antibodies. In a subgroup of monosensitized patients with IgE antibodies to either only wasp (WV) or bee venom (BV) the specificity and sensitivity of SPT300 was assessed. Results While 64% and 68% patients showed positive test results in SPT with 100 µg/ml (SPT100) and IDT with 1 µg/ml (IDT1) HV, respectively, 82.7% reacted to SPT300, considering a mean wheal diameter (MWD) of at least 3 mm a positive skin reaction. Choosing either a MWD of 4 or 5 mm as threshold, merely 69.3% and 32% had a positive test result. Evaluation of individuals monosensitized to only WV (n = 27) or BV (n = 10) by IgE analysis revealed an almost equally satisfactory sensitivity of more than 80% for SPT300, but also for SPT100 and IDT1 with both allergens. Of note, while the specificity of SPT300 for WV exceeded 90%, it was markedly lower for SPT300 with BV (51.9%). Other factors like atopy, grade of anaphylaxis, and the time lag between index sting and skin testing had no influence on the test results. Conclusions SPT300 shows a high but not substantially superior sensitivity utilizing both WV and BV extract for diagnosis of HV allergy compared to SPT100 and IDT1. However, since SPT300 with BV extract demonstrated a very low specificity, our results indicate that SPT300 has limited added value in the diagnosis of HV allergy.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
  • Allergen immunotherapy for oral allergy syndrome: what is the evidence for
    • Abstract: Background The vast majority of IgE-mediated food allergies in adults are based on sensitization to pollen and subsequent cross-reactions to structurally related allergens in fruit, vegetables, and spices. The effect of allergen immunotherapy (AIT) against pollen on pollen-related food allergy has not been conclusively elucidated. Methods A review of studies on AIT in pollen-related food allergy was conducted. Results The fact that the published studies show considerable differences in terms of design (e.g., number of subjects, treatment duration, mode of administration, allergen content, oral provocation testing) hampers their evaluation and comparison. Only some of the studies demonstrated an improvement in pollen-related food allergy as a result of AIT with pollen allergens. Conclusion Reliable recommendations on the use of AIT with pollen allergens in pollen-related food allergy are not possible as yet. AIT with birch pollen allergens appears to have a positive effect on concomitant food allergy in some patients with birch pollen allergy.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
  • What’s new in the Global Initiative for Asthma 2018 report and
    • Abstract: Background The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) has regularly published and annually updated a global strategy for asthma management and prevention that has formed the basis for many national guidelines. The 2018 update of the GINA report incorporates new evidence following the routine twice-yearly cumulative review of the literature by the GINA Scientific Committee. Methods Recommendations in the 2018 edition were examined for new content and updates, and the scientific evidence behind these recommendations was examined and discussed. Focus was given to the management of asthma in adults in the general population and children more than 5 years of age. Selected new studies related to the management of asthma that may affect future recommendations were also discussed. Results and discussion There have been updates in the assessment of asthma, the role of fractional exhaled nitric oxide, and the stepwise treatment of asthma. Key messages from previous versions of the guidelines were also reiterated and updated with new evidence supporting previous recommendations. Changes and new recommendations may be expected in future editions based on new scientific evidence which has emerged in the recent months.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
  • Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis with Tri-a-14-sensitization
           as part of a lipid transfer protein syndrome
    • PubDate: 2019-02-14
  • Comparison of extended intervals and dose reduction of omalizumab for
           asthma control
    • Abstract: Purpose The necessary treatment duration of omalizumab in patients with severe asthma remains unclear. Currently, common practice is life-long therapy without adjustment of dose or treatment intervals. This study evaluated asthma control after either dosage interval extension or dose reduction in patients with asthma controlled by omalizumab. Methods Thirty-seven patients were assigned to receive either extended treatment interval (n = 26) or a reduction in omalizumab dosage (n = 11). The primary outcome was time until loss of asthma control. Results Nineteen patients (73%) of the extended interval group maintained good asthma control for at least 7–39 months. Of the remaining 7 patients, the median time to loss of asthma control was 8 months (range 5–35 months). In contrast, all patients in the dose reduction group lost asthma control. The median time of loss of control was 2 months (1–44 months). Extension of dose interval led to a significantly (P < 0.001) longer period of good asthma control than dose reduction. Conclusion If patients or physicians wish to reduce the cumulative dose of omalizumab after achieving good asthma control, extension of the interval between doses appears to be a better approach than dose reduction.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • Guideline: Hereditary angioedema due to C1 inhibitor deficiency
    • PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • Abstracts of the 31st Spring Symposium of the German Society of Allergy
           and Clinical Immunology
    • PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • Air pollutants and primary allergy prevention
    • Abstract: Background Air pollutants such as particulate matter (PM2.5) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in outdoor air have long been suspected of causing the development of asthma and allergic rhinitis. However, a variety of systematic reviews have reached different conclusions in the last 15 years on whether these air pollutants do in actual fact play a causal role in the onset of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema. Methods Based on published systematic reviews and the most recent publications, the current state of knowledge on epidemiological evidence is presented and the potential for primary prevention of these allergic diseases by reducing or avoiding exposure to these air pollutants evaluated. Results Despite conducting an extensive literature search, analyzing the most recent results, and focusing on the birth cohort studies most relevant to the question in hand, epidemiological results do not adequately support the concept of a causal relationship between the two air pollutants in question, PM2.5 and NO2, and asthma. Epidemiological studies predominantly show no effect of these air pollutants on allergic sensitization and the onset of allergic rhinitis. The small number of studies that have investigated the link between air pollutants and eczema largely revealed there to be no link. Conclusion If the evidence for the causal role of air pollutants in the onset of allergies is inconclusive, one must assume that it is probably not possible to achieve primary prevention of allergies by improving air quality. However, there is sufficient evidence to show that air pollutants can trigger exacerbations of allergic diseases. This alone justifies ensuring that the existing threshold values for air pollutants are adhered to, in order to protect particularly allergy sufferers from health impairments.
      PubDate: 2019-02-01
  • Prevalence of Hymenoptera venom allergy and sensitization in the
           population-representative German KORA cohort
    • Abstract: Purpose Allergic reactions to Hymenoptera venoms represent potentially life-threatening conditions. However, studies on their prevalence in Germany and their relation to specific IgE sensitization are rare. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of Hymenoptera venom allergy as well as the frequency of venom-specific IgE sensitization in a large population-based adult German cohort. Methods Questionnaire data were collected from the participants of the German population-based KORA (Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg) S4 baseline study population (n = 4261) and the follow-up F4 study population (n = 3074), which was conducted seven years later. Moreover, sIgE antibodies to honeybee (HBV) and yellow jacket venom (HJV) as well as to common aeroallergens were measured in the S4 study population. Results The prevalence of systemic sting reactions ranged between 2.3% and 2.6%. sIgE sensitization (≥0.35kUA/L) to HBV and YJV was demonstrated in 23.1% and 31.7% of the population, respectively (41.6% to HBV and/or YJV). Double-sensitization to both venoms occurred in 13.2% of the individuals. Approximately 53% and 77% of the individuals who reported shock symptoms after honeybee and yellow jacket stings, respectively, exhibited sIgE ≥ 0.35kUA/L to the culprit venom. In contrast, only 2.8% of the venom-sensitized individuals reported symptoms exceeding local reactions. Local reactions were reported by 4.4 to 4.8% of the population. Conclusions Self-reported Hymenoptera sting reactions and venom sensitization are frequent in the general German population. In many cases, sensitization and clinically relevant allergy are not observed in the same individual, indicating that comprehensive diagnostic approaches are a prerequisite for the identification of patients at risk for severe reactions.
      PubDate: 2019-01-09
  • Occupational asthma due to tampico fiber bystander exposure in a brush
           production company—case report and literature review
    • Abstract: Background A female machine operator in a brush factory presented for an expert medical examination due to suspected occupational obstructive pulmonary disease. She reported the occurrence of severe respiratory distress whenever colleagues in the same working area processed tampico fibers or a mixture of tampico fibers and bassine. The challenge posed in terms of the expert appraisal was to either prove or rule out occupational causality and IgE-mediated (IgE, immunglobulin E) sensitization in relation to the reported workplace-related symptoms. Methods As part of the further diagnostic work-up, tampico fibers were isolated from the workplace and the proteins biotinylated and coupled to a streptavidin ImmunoCAP for specific IgE testing. The material taken from the workplace was checked for mite allergen contamination. In addition, a systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed on “agave-/tampico fibers and diseases.” Results Tampico-specific IgE antibodies (10.5 kU/l and immunoblot labeling of protein bands in the 25-kDa range) were detected in the patient’s serum. The inhibition assay showed that mite-allergen contamination of the tampico materials was not responsible for the IgE reactivity. Conclusion Tampico fibers are robust fibers obtained from the leaves of the Mexican Agave lechugilla. The literature describes several cases of skin reactions in the form of irritant contact dermatitis due to occupational exposure to agave leaves or contact with agave sap. In the present case, the asthma symptoms of a female worker in a brush factory were attributed to inhalant bystander exposure to tampico fibers in the workplace. The unequivocal evidence of sensitization to tampico fibers met the medical requirements for the recognition of an occupational disease (BK 4301).
      PubDate: 2018-12-03
  • Correction to: Fragrances as allergens
    • Abstract: Correction to: Allergo J Int 2018 The conflicts of interest of the authors Axel Schnuch and Peter Griem had been omitted. The correct information is given …
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
  • Novel vaccines targeting dendritic cells by coupling allergoids to mannan
    • Abstract: Abstract Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the single disease-modifying treatment for allergy. Clinical trials show AIT to be safe and effective for many patients; however, it still faces problems related to efficacy, safety, long treatment duration and low patient adherence. There has been intensive research to develop alternative strategies, including novel administration routes, adjuvants or hypoallergenic molecules. Promising results are reported for some of them, but clinical progress is still moderate. Allergoids conjugated to nonoxidized mannan from Saccharomyces cerevisiae have emerged as a novel concept of vaccine targeting dendritic cells (DCs). Preclinical human and animal models demonstrated that allergoids conjugated to mannan enhance allergen uptake, promote healthy responses to allergens by inducing Th1 and T regulatory (Treg) cells, and show clinical efficacy in veterinary medicine. Dose-finding phase II clinical trials in humans are currently ongoing. We review the current stage of allergoids conjugated to mannan as next generation vaccines for AIT.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
  • Virus-like particles (VLP) in prophylaxis and immunotherapy of allergic
    • Abstract: Background Apart from active allergen avoidance, immunotherapy is regarded as the most effective form of treatment available for type I allergies. Such treatments involve the administration of allergen preparations in various forms and by various routes. Virus-like particles (VLPs) offer a very effective platform for immunization with the allergen and are characterized by high immunogenicity, low allergenicity and high clinical efficacy. Formulations that include Toll-like receptor ligands, T cell stimulatory epitopes and/or depot-forming adjuvants appear to enhance activation of the relevant immune cells. Short nucleotide sequences including CpG motifs have also been intensively explored as potent stimulators of dendritic cells and B cells. Methods The present paper is based on a systematic literature search in PubMed and MEDLINE, and focuses on the pertinent immunological processes and on clinical data relating to use of VLPs and CpG motifs for the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR). Results Many published studies have reported positive clinical results following administration of VLPs, either alone or in combination with CpG motifs and, in some cases, even in the absence of the allergen-specific allergen. Conclusions These results indicate that VLPs modulate immune responses in ways which underline their exceptional promise as a platform for the immunotherapy of allergic disorders. However, clinical evaluations remain limited, and further large-scale and longer-term studies will be necessary to substantiate the efficacy and safety of these novel therapies.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
  • Alpha-tocopherol acetate nasal spray in the treatment of pollen-induced
           allergic rhinitis
    • Abstract: Background This study compared the effectiveness and tolerability of alpha-tocopherol acetate nasal spray (ATANS) to those of beclomethasone nasal spray (BNS) and loratadine (LT) for the treatment of pollen-induced allergic rhinitis. Methods This active-controlled, patient-preference, observational trial lasted 7 days. Tested variables were nasal symptoms, endoscopic examination, additional medications, general effectiveness, safety, and tolerability. Results Of 116 patients, 63 patients decided to use ATANS, 32 BNS and 21 LT. During the treatment, the mean daily rhinitis symptom score decreased significantly in all groups. The 7‑day mean score in the ATANS group (0.98) was comparable to that of the BNS group (0.92) and significantly higher than that of the LT group (0.70, P < 0.05). After treatment, the endoscopic score was significantly lower in all groups; the reductions were significantly greater in the BNS and LT groups than in the ATANS group (BNS vs. ATANS: P < 0.01; LT vs. ATANS: P < 0.05). Additional medications were not used by 60% (ATANS), 47% (BNS) and 95% (LT) of patients; the difference between ATANS and LT was significant (P < 0.01). Treatment was assessed as good or very good by 56% (ATANS), 69% (BNS) and 86% (LT) of patients; the differences between ATANS and BNS (P < 0.05) as well as between ATANS and LT (P < 0.01) were significant. Most patients (96%) did not experience any adverse events. Pollen intensity was comparable between groups and decreased marginally on day 7. Conclusion ATANS can be considered an effective symptomatic treatment for patients with allergic rhinitis who wish to avoid side effects of antihistamines and corticosteroids. Trial registration German “Register Klinischer Studien” (Reference number: DRKS00009338)
      PubDate: 2018-11-28
  • Safety of a high-dose house dust mite allergoid in pediatric patients
    • PubDate: 2018-11-06
  • Allergies and vaccination: a myth demystified
    • Abstract: Background Vaccinations are among the commonest and most successful medical measures. Due to the drop in the incidence of vaccine-preventable diseases, rare side effects such as allergic reactions are coming more to the fore. In addition, vaccinations are often associated with the rising prevalence of allergic sensitization and allergic disease. The myth that “vaccinations cause allergies” is being circulated. This article presents the available evidence on the effect of vaccinations on the prevalence of atopic manifestations (sensitization, asthma, allergic rhinitis, food allergy) and atopic dermatitis. Based on position papers, recommendations are given on the approach to vaccinations in children with allergic disease and/or atopic dermatitis as well as on the approach in patients with anaphylactic reactions to vaccines. Methods A literature search in PubMed and in the reference lists of the identified articles was conducted. Results There is no evidence that vaccinations increase the risk of specific allergic sensitization or the manifestation of allergic diseases either in high-risk patients (atopy, positive family history) or in patients with no family history of atopy. Vaccinations do not cause allergies! According to experts, atopic children can be vaccinated under standard conditions without a mandatory follow-up observation period. Allergy testing should be performed following allergic reactions to vaccines or vaccine components. Follow-up vaccinations after anaphylactic reactions to vaccines or vaccine components should be performed under monitoring conditions by physicians experienced in the recognition and treatment of anaphylactic reactions. Conclusion Standard vaccinations do not increase the risk for manifesting allergic disease or specific sensitization to environmental allergens. If individual protection is desired, and taking into account the particular risks and provisos, children with allergic disease and anaphylactic reactions to vaccines can also be vaccinated.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
  • Long-acting muscarinic antagonists for the treatment of asthma in
           children—a new kid in town
    • Authors: Eckard Hamelmann
      Abstract: Background Asthma is the most prevalent chronic airway disease observed in children and adolescents, yet the variety of treatment options available for this age group is limited. With many factors influencing therapeutic efficacy including patient knowledge, adherence, and therapy choice as well as delivery device, it is important to have more options to tailor to individual patient needs. Methods This article is an overview of recent scientific articles using a systematic literature search in PubMed and specialist databases. Results Tiotropium is the first long-acting muscarinic antagonist to be licensed for treatment of asthma and has been demonstrated to be an effective add-on therapy across all age groups. Its therapeutic success in clinical trials resulted in Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency approval for asthma treatment in people over the age of 6 years in the US and EU. Conclusion Further studies into the use of tiotropium, especially in younger children, could be of interest for future treatment decisions.
      PubDate: 2018-04-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s40629-018-0066-y
  • Multicenter survey of restaurant staff’s knowledge of food allergy
           in eastern France
    • Authors: S. Lefèvre; L. Abitan; C. Goetz; M. Frey; M. Ott; F. de Blay
      Abstract: Background There are 14 allergens with mandatory labeling of manufactured food. A recent European regulation on the provision of food information to consumers has made it compulsory for restaurants to have a written document informing consumers on allergens contained in the dishes they serve. Objective To investigate restaurant staff’s knowledge about food allergies. Methods A standardized telephone questionnaire was administered to one member of staff at 100 restaurants in Metz and Strasbourg, France. The survey was conducted from November 2016 to March 2017. Results Responders included 56 owners, 4 managers, 28 waiters and 12 chefs. Seventy-four percent reported food hygiene training; 14% reported specific food allergy training. Seventy-nine percent knew about the European regulation. In all, 32% reported to be very confident in in providing a safe meal to a food-allergic customer, 30% somewhat confident, 34% confident and 4% not confident. Answers to true-false questions indicated some frequent misunderstandings: 25% believed an individual experiencing a reaction should drink water to dilute the allergen; 22% thought consuming a small amount of an allergen is safe; 39% reported allergen removal from a finished meal would render it safe; 32% agreed cooking food prevents it causing allergy and 8% were unaware allergy could cause death. Conclusions Despite the new regulation, currently eating out in restaurants does not put consumers with food allergies in the position of making safe food choices. Our findings also suggest the necessity for continuing to provide both food allergy and mandatory training and/or to incorporate such training into generic courses on food hygiene. Although the knowledge of the respondents was overall good in our study, certain gaps in this knowledge could be dangerous for consumers with allergies. We believe that the greater the number of trained staff in restaurants, the lower the risk of providing unsafe meals to clients.
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s40629-018-0062-2
  • Local bivalve allergens
    • Authors: Zailatul Hani Mohamad Yadzir; Rosmilah Misnan; Faizal Bakhtiar; Syakirah Samsudin; Noormalin Abdullah
      Abstract: Background Apart from the nutritional benefits, bivalves are also considered to be among a group of allergenic foods. Symptoms of allergy to bivalves are largely similar to those of allergic reactions reported for other shellfish. The identification of allergenic proteins in a particular species is an important step for the development of more accurate allergy tests and for the definition of more effective management of patients. Currently, studies regarding the allergens in bivalve species are lacking. Materials and methods This minireview is an overview of local scientific articles on identification of bivalve allergens by allergenomics methods including sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE), immunoblotting and mass-spectrometry analysis. Results Tropomyosin has been the only well recognized allergen in a wide range of bivalve species. In addition to tropomyosin, our local study resulted in discovery of three novel bivalve major allergens; arginine kinase (40 kDa), actin (42 kDa) and troponin C (18 kDa). Conclusion This minireview will provide a better understanding of each allergen derived from local bivalves which subsequently will help in the understanding of the specific immunoglobulin E(IgE)-mediated immune response.
      PubDate: 2018-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s40629-018-0057-z
  • A century of “intrinsic asthma”
    • Authors: Thomas Rothe
      Abstract: Background One hundred years ago Rackemann published the first description of Intrinsic Asthma. This was the beginning of a process of phenotyping the disease. Materials and methods The literature regarding asthma phenotypes of the last 100 years has been checked. Lately, there have been many new publications dealing with this specific asthma phenotype. Conclusion Today, the term asthma is looked at as an umbrella covering different phenotypes of the disease. According to a recent publication, Intrinsic Asthma is most often cited now as eosinophilic adult-onset asthma. New treatment strategies for this phenotypes have evolved in recent years.
      PubDate: 2018-02-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s40629-018-0051-5
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