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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2573 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2573 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Computational Mathematics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.812
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 21  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1572-9044 - ISSN (Online) 1019-7168
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2573 journals]
  • Nonlinear stationary subdivision schemes reproducing hyperbolic and
           trigonometric functions
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper we introduce a new family of interpolatory subdivision schemes with the capability of reproducing trigonometric and hyperbolic functions, as well as polynomials up to second degree. It is well known that linear, non-stationary, subdivision schemes do achieve this goal, but their application requires the practical determination of the parameters defining the level-dependent rules, by preprocessing the available data. Since different conic sections require different refinement rules to guarantee exact reproduction, it is not possible to reproduce a shape composed, piecewisely, by several trigonometric functions. On the other hand, our construction is based on the design of a family of stationary nonlinear rules. We show that exact reproduction of different conic shapes may be achieved using the same nonlinear scheme, without any previous preprocessing of the data. Convergence, stability, approximation, and shape preservation properties of the new schemes are analyzed. In addition, the conditions to obtain \(\mathcal {C}^{1}\) limit functions are also studied, which are related with the monotonicity of the data. Some numerical experiments are also carried out to check the theoretical results, and a preferred nonlinear scheme in the family is identified.
      PubDate: 2019-12-03
  • On finite volume discretization of infiltration dynamics in tumor growth
    • Abstract: Abstract We address numerical challenges in solving hyperbolic free boundary problems described by spherically symmetric conservation laws that arise in the modeling of tumor growth due to immune cell infiltrations. In this work, we normalize the radial coordinate to transform the free boundary problem to a fixed boundary one, and utilize finite volume methods to discretize the resulting equations. We show that the conventional finite volume methods fail to preserve constant solutions and the incompressibility condition, and they typically lead to inaccurate, if not wrong, solutions even for very simple tests. These issues are addressed in a new finite volume framework with segregated flux computations that satisfy sufficient conditions for ensuring the so-called totality conservation law and the geometric conservation law. We focus on describing the new framework by enhancing the conventional first-order upwind scheme, and the methodology extends to second-order ones. The numerical performance is assessed by various benchmark tests to show that the enhanced method is able to preserve the incompressibility constraint and produce much more accurate solutions than the conventional one.
      PubDate: 2019-12-03
  • Randomized linear algebra for model reduction. Part I: Galerkin methods
           and error estimation
    • Abstract: Abstract We propose a probabilistic way for reducing the cost of classical projection-based model order reduction methods for parameter-dependent linear equations. A reduced order model is here approximated from its random sketch, which is a set of low-dimensional random projections of the reduced approximation space and the spaces of associated residuals. This approach exploits the fact that the residuals associated with approximations in low-dimensional spaces are also contained in low-dimensional spaces. We provide conditions on the dimension of the random sketch for the resulting reduced order model to be quasi-optimal with high probability. Our approach can be used for reducing both complexity and memory requirements. The provided algorithms are well suited for any modern computational environment. Major operations, except solving linear systems of equations, are embarrassingly parallel. Our version of proper orthogonal decomposition can be computed on multiple workstations with a communication cost independent of the dimension of the full order model. The reduced order model can even be constructed in a so-called streaming environment, i.e., under extreme memory constraints. In addition, we provide an efficient way for estimating the error of the reduced order model, which is not only more efficient than the classical approach but is also less sensitive to round-off errors. Finally, the methodology is validated on benchmark problems.
      PubDate: 2019-12-03
  • Unconditionally optimal error estimates of a new mixed FEM for nonlinear
           Schrödinger equations
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, a new mixed finite element scheme in space and a linearized backward Euler scheme in time are presented and investigated for the nonlinear Schrödinger equations. By introducing a suitable time-discrete system, both the errors in L2- and H1-norms for the original variable and L2-norm for the flux variable are derived without any time-step restriction, while previous works always required certain conditions between time step and space size. Finally, some numerical results are provided to verify the theoretical analysis.
      PubDate: 2019-12-03
  • On the convergence of data assimilation for the one-dimensional shallow
           water equations with sparse observations
    • Abstract: Abstract The shallow water equations (SWE) are a widely used model for the propagation of surface waves on the oceans. We consider the problem of optimally determining the initial conditions for the one-dimensional SWE in an unbounded domain from a small set of observations of the sea surface height. In the linear case, we prove a theorem that gives sufficient conditions for convergence to the true initial conditions. At least two observation points must be used and at least one pair of observation points must be spaced more closely than half the effective minimum wavelength of the energy spectrum of the initial conditions. This result also applies to the linear wave equation. Our analysis is confirmed by numerical experiments for both the linear and nonlinear SWE data assimilation problems. These results show that convergence rates improve with increasing numbers of observation points and that at least three observation points are required for practically useful results. Better results are obtained for the nonlinear equations provided more than two observation points are used. This paper is a first step towards understanding the conditions for observability of the SWE for small numbers of observation points in more physically realistic settings.
      PubDate: 2019-12-03
  • Kolmogorov n -widths for linear dynamical systems
    • Abstract: Abstract Kolmogorov n-widths and Hankel singular values are two commonly used concepts in model reduction. Here, we show that for the special case of linear time-invariant (LTI) dynamical systems, these two concepts are directly connected. More specifically, the greedy search applied to the Hankel operator of an LTI system resembles the minimizing subspace for the Kolmogorov n-width and the Kolmogorov n-width of an LTI system equals its (n + 1)st Hankel singular value once the subspaces are appropriately defined. We also establish a lower bound for the Kolmorogov n-width for parametric LTI systems and illustrate that the method of active subspaces can be viewed as the dual concept to the minimizing subspace for the Kolmogorov n-width.
      PubDate: 2019-11-29
  • A first-order image denoising model for staircase reduction
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we consider a total variation–based image denoising model that is able to alleviate the well-known staircasing phenomenon possessed by the Rudin-Osher-Fatemi model (Rudin et al., Phys. D 60, 259–268, 30). To minimize this variational model, we employ augmented Lagrangian method (ALM). Convergence analysis is established for the proposed algorithm. Numerical experiments are presented to demonstrate the features of the proposed model and also show the efficiency of the proposed numerical method.
      PubDate: 2019-11-29
  • 3D-VAR for parameterized partial differential equations: a certified
           reduced basis approach
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we propose a reduced order approach for 3D variational data assimilation governed by parameterized partial differential equations. In contrast to the classical 3D-VAR formulation that penalizes the measurement error directly, we present a modified formulation that penalizes the experimentally observable misfit in the measurement space. Furthermore, we include a model correction term that allows to obtain an improved state estimate. We begin by discussing the influence of the measurement space on the amplification of noise and prove a necessary and sufficient condition for the identification of a “good” measurement space. We then propose a certified reduced basis (RB) method for the estimation of the model correction, the state prediction, the adjoint solution, and the observable misfit with respect to the true state for real-time and many-query applications. A posteriori bounds are proposed for the error in each of these approximations. Finally, we introduce different approaches for the generation of the reduced basis spaces and the stability-based selection of measurement functionals. The 3D-VAR method and the associated certified reduced basis approximation are tested in a parameter and state estimation problem for a steady-state thermal conduction problem with unknown parameters and unknown Neumann boundary conditions.
      PubDate: 2019-11-29
  • Continuous interior penalty finite element methods for the time-harmonic
           Maxwell equation with high wave number
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, using the first-order Nédélec conforming edge element space of the second type, we develop and analyze a continuous interior penalty finite element method (CIP-FEM) for the time-harmonic Maxwell equation in the three-dimensional space. Compared with the standard finite element methods, the novelty of the proposed method is that we penalize the jumps of the tangential component of its vorticity field. It is proved that if the penalty parameter is a complex number with negative imaginary part, then the CIP-FEM is well-posed without any mesh constraint. The error estimates for the CIP-FEM are derived. Numerical experiments are presented to verify our theoretical results.
      PubDate: 2019-11-29
  • Optimal confidence for Monte Carlo integration of smooth functions
    • Abstract: Abstract We study the information-based complexity of approximating integrals of smooth functions at absolute precision ε > 0 with confidence level 1 − δ ∈ (0, 1) using function evaluations within randomized algorithms. The probabilistic error criterion is new in the context of integrating smooth functions. In previous research, Monte Carlo integration was studied in terms of the expected error (or the root mean squared error), for which linear methods achieve optimal rates of the error e(n) in terms of the number n of function evaluations. In our context, usually methods that provide optimal confidence properties exhibit non-linear features. The optimal probabilistic error rate e(n,δ) for multivariate functions from classical isotropic Sobolev spaces \({W_{p}^{r}}(G)\) with sufficient smoothness on bounded Lipschitz domains \(G \subset {\mathbb R}^{d}\) is determined. It turns out that the integrability index p has an effect on the influence of the uncertainty δ in the complexity. In the limiting case p = 1, we see that deterministic methods cannot be improved by randomization. In general, higher smoothness reduces the additional effort for diminishing the uncertainty. Finally, we add a discussion about this problem for function spaces with mixed smoothness.
      PubDate: 2019-11-29
  • Smooth projections and the construction of smooth Parseval frames of
    • Abstract: Abstract Smooth orthogonal projections with good localization properties were originally studied in the wavelet literature as a way to both understand and generalize the construction of smooth wavelet bases on \(L^{2}(\mathbb {R})\). Smoothness plays a critical role in the construction of wavelet bases and their generalizations as it is instrumental to achieve excellent approximation properties. In this paper, we extend the construction of smooth orthogonal projections to higher dimensions, a challenging problem in general for which relatively few results are found in the literature. Our investigation is motivated by the study of multidimensional nonseparable multiscale systems such as shearlets. Using our new class of smooth orthogonal projections, we construct new smooth Parseval frames of shearlets in \(L^{2}(\mathbb {R}^{2})\) and \(L^{2}(\mathbb {R}^{3})\).
      PubDate: 2019-11-29
  • Analysis of parametric models
    • Abstract: Parametric models in vector spaces are shown to possess an associated linear map, leading directly to reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces and affine/linear representations in terms of tensor products. From this map, analogues of correlation operators can be formed such that the associated linear map factorises the correlation. Its spectral decomposition and the associated Karhunen-Loève- or proper orthogonal decomposition in a tensor product follow directly, including an extension to continuous spectra. It is shown that all factorisations of a certain class are unitarily equivalent, as well as that every factorisation induces a different representation, and vice versa. No particular assumptions are made on the parameter set, other than that the vector space of real valued functions on this set allows an appropriate inner product on a subspace. A completely equivalent spectral and factorisation analysis can be carried out in kernel space. The relevance of these abstract constructions is shown on a number of mostly familiar examples, thus unifying many such constructions under one theoretical umbrella. From the factorisation, one obtains tensor representations, which may be cascaded, leading to tensors of higher degree. When carried over to a discretised level in the form of a model order reduction, such factorisations allow sparse low-rank approximations which lead to very efficient computations especially in high dimensions.
      PubDate: 2019-11-28
  • Hyper-reduced order models for parametrized unsteady Navier-Stokes
           equations on domains with variable shape
    • Abstract: Abstract In this work, we set up a new, general, and computationally efficient way to tackle parametrized fluid flows modeled through unsteady Navier-Stokes equations defined on domains with variable shape, when relying on the reduced basis method. We easily describe a domain by flexible boundary parametrizations, and generate domain (and mesh) deformations by means of a solid extension, obtained by solving a harmonic extension or a linear elasticity problem. The proposed procedure is built over a two-stage reduction: (i) first, we construct a reduced basis approximation for the mesh motion problem, irrespective of the fluid flow problem we focus on; (ii) then, we generate a reduced basis approximation of the unsteady Navier-Stokes problem, relying on finite element snapshots evaluated over a set of reduced deformed configuration, and approximating both velocity and pressure fields simultaneously. To deal with unavoidable nonaffine parametric dependencies arising in both the mesh motion and the state problem, we apply a matrix version of the discrete empirical interpolation method, allowing treating a wide range of geometrical deformations in an efficient and purely algebraic way. The same strategy is used to perform hyper-reduction of nonlinear terms. To assess the numerical performances of the proposed technique, we address the solution of parametrized fluid flows where the parameters describe both the shape of the domain and relevant physical features. Complex flow patterns such as the ones appearing in a patient-specific carotid bifurcation are accurately approximated, as well as derived quantities of potential clinical interest.
      PubDate: 2019-11-27
  • Discontinuous Galerkin reduced basis empirical quadrature procedure for
           model reduction of parametrized nonlinear conservation laws
    • Abstract: Abstract We present a model reduction formulation for parametrized nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs) associated with steady hyperbolic and convection-dominated conservation laws. Our formulation builds on three ingredients: a discontinuous Galerkin (DG) method which provides stability for conservation laws, reduced basis (RB) spaces which provide low-dimensional approximations of the parametric solution manifold, and the empirical quadrature procedure (EQP) which provides hyperreduction of the Galerkin-projection-based reduced model. The hyperreduced system inherits the stability of the DG discretization: (i) energy stability for linear hyperbolic systems, (ii) symmetry and non-negativity for steady linear diffusion systems, and hence (iii) energy stability for linear convection-diffusion systems. In addition, the framework provides (a) a direct quantitative control of the solution error induced by the hyperreduction, (b) efficient and simple hyperreduction posed as a ℓ1 minimization problem, and (c) systematic identification of the reduced bases and the empirical quadrature rule by a greedy algorithm. We demonstrate the formulation for parametrized aerodynamics problems governed by the compressible Euler and Navier-Stokes equations.
      PubDate: 2019-11-23
  • A reduced order variational multiscale approach for turbulent flows
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this work is to present different reduced order model strategies starting from full order simulations stabilized using a residual-based variational multiscale (VMS) approach. The focus is on flows with moderately high Reynolds numbers. The reduced order models (ROMs) presented in this manuscript are based on a POD-Galerkin approach. Two different reduced order models are presented, which differ on the stabilization used during the Galerkin projection. In the first case, the VMS stabilization method is used at both the full order and the reduced order levels. In the second case, the VMS stabilization is used only at the full order level, while the projection of the standard Navier-Stokes equations is performed instead at the reduced order level. The former method is denoted as consistent ROM, while the latter is named non-consistent ROM, in order to underline the different choices made at the two levels. Particular attention is also devoted to the role of inf-sup stabilization by means of supremizers in ROMs based on a VMS formulation. Finally, the developed methods are tested on a numerical benchmark.
      PubDate: 2019-11-23
  • Cross-Gramian-based dominant subspaces
    • Abstract: Abstract A standard approach for model reduction of linear input-output systems is balanced truncation, which is based on the controllability and observability properties of the underlying system. The related dominant subspaces projection model reduction method similarly utilizes these system properties, yet instead of balancing, the associated subspaces are directly conjoined. In this work, we extend the dominant subspace approach by computation via the cross Gramian for linear systems, and describe an a-priori error indicator for this method. Furthermore, efficient computation is discussed alongside numerical examples illustrating these findings.
      PubDate: 2019-11-19
  • A hierarchical a posteriori error estimator for the Reduced Basis Method
    • Abstract: Abstract In this contribution, we are concerned with tight a posteriori error estimation for projection-based model order reduction of \(\inf \)-\(\sup \) stable parameterized variational problems. In particular, we consider the Reduced Basis Method in a Petrov-Galerkin framework, where the reduced approximation spaces are constructed by the (weak) greedy algorithm. We propose and analyze a hierarchical a posteriori error estimator which evaluates the difference of two reduced approximations of different accuracy. Based on the a priori error analysis of the (weak) greedy algorithm, it is expected that the hierarchical error estimator is sharp with efficiency index close to one, if the Kolmogorov N-with decays fast for the underlying problem and if a suitable saturation assumption for the reduced approximation is satisfied. We investigate the tightness of the hierarchical a posteriori estimator both from a theoretical and numerical perspective. For the respective approximation with higher accuracy, we study and compare basis enrichment of Lagrange- and Taylor-type reduced bases. Numerical experiments indicate the efficiency for both, the construction of a reduced basis using the hierarchical error estimator in a greedy algorithm, and for tight online certification of reduced approximations. This is particularly relevant in cases where the \(\inf \)-\(\sup \) constant may become small depending on the parameter. In such cases, a standard residual-based error estimator—complemented by the successive constrained method to compute a lower bound of the parameter dependent \(\inf \)-\(\sup \) constant—may become infeasible.
      PubDate: 2019-11-14
  • Mass conservative reduced order modeling of a free boundary osmotic cell
           swelling problem
    • Abstract: Abstract We consider model order reduction for a free boundary problem of an osmotic cell that is parameterized by material parameters as well as the initial shape of the cell. Our approach is based on an Arbitrary-Lagrangian-Eulerian description of the model that is discretized by a mass-conservative finite element scheme. Using reduced basis techniques and empirical interpolation, we construct a parameterized reduced order model in which the mass conservation property of the full-order model is exactly preserved. Numerical experiments are provided that highlight the performance of the resulting reduced order model.
      PubDate: 2019-11-13
  • Variational Monte Carlo—bridging concepts of machine learning and
           high-dimensional partial differential equations
    • Abstract: Abstract A statistical learning approach for high-dimensional parametric PDEs related to uncertainty quantification is derived. The method is based on the minimization of an empirical risk on a selected model class, and it is shown to be applicable to a broad range of problems. A general unified convergence analysis is derived, which takes into account the approximation and the statistical errors. By this, a combination of theoretical results from numerical analysis and statistics is obtained. Numerical experiments illustrate the performance of the method with the model class of hierarchical tensors.
      PubDate: 2019-10-05
  • An offline/online procedure for dual norm calculations of parameterized
           functionals: empirical quadrature and empirical test spaces
    • Abstract: Abstract We present an offline/online computational procedure for computing the dual norm of parameterized linear functionals. The approach is motivated by the need to efficiently compute residual dual norms, which are used in model reduction to estimate the error of a given reduced solution. The key elements of the approach are (i) an empirical test space for the manifold of Riesz elements associated with the parameterized functional and (ii) an empirical quadrature procedure to efficiently deal with parametrically non-affine terms. We present a number of theoretical and numerical results to identify the different sources of error and to motivate the proposed technique, and we compare the approach with other state-of-the-art techniques. Finally, we investigate the effectiveness of our approach to reduce both offline and online costs associated with the computation of the time-averaged residual indicator proposed in Fick et al. (J. Comput. Phys. 371, 214–243 2018).
      PubDate: 2019-09-11
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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