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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica
  [SJR: 0.294]   [H-I: 13]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2213-5812 - ISSN (Online) 2213-5820
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • On the noise characteristics of time series recorded with nearby located
           GPS receivers and superconducting gravity meters
    • Authors: Janusz Bogusz; Severine Rosat; Anna Klos; Artur Lenczuk
      Abstract: The inter-comparison of ground gravity measurements and vertical surface displacements enables to better understand the structure, dynamics and evolution of the Earth’s system. Within this research we analyzed the Global Positioning System vertical position time series acquired in the vicinity of the superconducting gravimeters. We estimated of noise character of GPS and SG by comparison of the satellite and terrestrial measurements collected at 18 globally distributed neighboring sites. The comparable results were provided by applying the appropriate and corresponding models of geophysical phenomena to obtain residual time series, and by unifying the sampling rate since the noise characteristics may depend on it. The deterministic part of the series was assumed to follow the Polynomial Trend Model and was subtracted prior to noise analysis. Then, a combination of power-law and white noise was presumed and the Maximum Likelihood Estimation implemented in the Hector software to investigate the stochastic part was applied. Within the paper, we show that the spectral indices for all SG time series fall in the area of fractional Brownian motion (− 2 < κ < − 1), while GPS data are best characterized by fractional Gaussian noises (− 1 < κ < 0). The estimated ratio between spectral indices of GPS and SG is stable worldwide with a global median value of about 0.5. Concerning the power-law amplitudes, these are very consistent worldwide for the GPS position time series and fluctuate around 15 mm/year−κ/4, while in the case of SG records they spread between 60 and 300 nm/s2/year−κ/4. The fraction of power-law noise employed in the assumed combination is equal to 100% for almost all SG stations, while in case of GPS it varies between 26.1 and 99.9%. The main finding of this research is that the assumption of power-law noise is much more preferred for SG data than the assumption of a pure white noise being used until now.
      PubDate: 2018-01-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-018-0212-5
  • Possible mechanisms of co-seismic electromagnetic effect
    • Authors: V. V. Surkov; V. A. Pilipenko; A. K. Sinha
      Abstract: We analyze theoretically two possible sources of co-seismic electromagnetic response to the propagation of various types of seismic waves caused either by the electrokinetic phenomena or geomagnetic inductive effect. The differences between these two generation mechanisms have been examined for different types of seismic waves (P, S, and Rayleigh-Love). Theoretical relationships describing the dependence of the co-seismic signal amplitude, polarization and apparent impedance on the earthquake seismic moment and magnitude have been derived as a function of distance. We indicate an observational possibility to discriminate seismo-electrokinetic and seismo-magnetic effects and to estimate their contribution into a recorded co-seismic electromagnetic signal. Magnitudes and polarization of these signals are shown to depend strongly on the type of seismic wave and local crust parameters, such as streaming potential coupling coefficient, conductivity, inhomogeneity, etc. Co-seismic electromagnetic signals, though not directly applied for earthquake prediction, contain a useful information on local crustal phenomena, and can be used to identify “sensitive” zones perspective for the monitoring of precursory electromagnetic disturbances.
      PubDate: 2018-01-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-018-0211-6
  • Metropolis algorithm driven factor analysis for lithological
           characterization of shallow marine sediments
    • Authors: A. Abordán; N. P. Szabó
      Abstract: Factor analysis of well logging data can be effectively applied to calculate shale volume in hydrocarbon formations. A global optimization approach is developed to improve the result of traditional factor analysis by reducing the misfit between the observed well logs and theoretical data calculated by the factor model. Formation shaliness is directly calculated from the factor scores by a nonlinear regression relation, which is consistent in the studied area in Alaska, USA. The added advantage of the implementation of the Simulated Annealing method is the estimation of the theoretical values of nuclear, sonic, electrical as well as caliper well-logging data. The results of globally optimized factor analysis are compared and verified by independent estimates of self-potential log-based deterministic modeling. The suggested method is tested in two different shaly-sand formations in the North Aleutian Basin of Alaska and the comparative study shows that the assumed nonlinear connection between the factor scores and shale volume is applicable with the same regression constants in different burial depths. The study shows that factor analysis solved by the random search technique provides an independent in situ estimate to shale content along arbitrary depth intervals of a borehole, which may improve the geological model of the hydrocarbon structure in the investigated area.
      PubDate: 2018-01-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-017-0210-z
  • Interpretation of self-potential anomaly over 2-D inclined thick sheet
           structures and analysis of uncertainty using very fast simulated annealing
           global optimization
    • Authors: Arkoprovo Biswas; Shashi Prakash Sharma
      Pages: 439 - 455
      Abstract: Global optimization for the interpretation of Self-Potential (SP) anomaly using a very fast simulated-annealing (VFSA) inversion code is developed in the present study. The SP anomaly is measured over a 2-D inclined thick sheet-type electrostatically polarized structure. Different model parameters for thick sheet-type structures are optimized. VFSA optimization yields a large number of well-fitting solutions in a huge model space. Uncertainty in the interpretation is analyzed and the study shows that it remains in few model parameters. The efficacy of the developed approach has been demonstrated using noise free and noisy synthetic examples. Field data from three different regions is interpreted for multiple thick sheet-type structures related to mineral exploration. The computation time for finding this convenient solution is very short (100 s for single structure) and the proposed method is found to be useful for interpretation of thick sheet-type structure and for multiple bodies as well. The interpretation procedure can be used for assessing mineral deposits as well as the SP of the earth’s crust.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0176-2
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • The intense magnetic storm of March 1918 as recorded by observatory
           Ógyalla (present day Hurbanovo)
    • Authors: Fridrich Valach
      Pages: 457 - 465
      Abstract: This paper presents an analysis of the magnetic storm on March 8, 1918, on the basis of a preserved analogue magnetogram that was recorded by observatory Ógyalla, present day Hurbanovo. It is inferred that much of the spectacular phenomena that were attributed to this storm, such as effects in telegraph lines, were likely caused by rapid changes of the geomagnetic field during two consecutive substorms. The storm sudden commencement that preceded the magnetic storm was probably also potent in this regard. This supports the recent findings that argue against the inevitable major role of the ring current in extreme magnetic disturbances at mid latitudes.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0177-1
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Long-range coherence between seismic noise properties in Japan and
           California before and after Tohoku mega-earthquake
    • Authors: A. A. Lyubushin
      Pages: 467 - 478
      Abstract: The coherences between daily time series of four low-frequency seismic noise properties which were calculated for 78 broadband seismic stations of the network F-net in Japan and 81 broadband seismic stations in California for 13 years of observation, 2003–2015, is investigated. The studied time interval includes Tohoku mega-earthquake, M9, on March 11, 2011. The chosen noise properties are the following: minimum normalized entropy of squared wavelet coefficients, multifractal singularity spectrum support width, generalized Hurst exponent and index of linear predictability. These properties were estimated daily as median values taken over all stations of the networks. For each pair of these noise properties from Japan and California squared coherence spectrums were estimated within moving time window of the length 730 days. The maximum values of squared coherence spectra for periods more than 20 days were essentially increasing as the time window approaches the time moment of Tohoku mega-earthquake and achieved their maximum values for position of moving time window strictly before the seismic catastrophe. This fact is interpreted as a consequence of general global seismic noise synchronization before huge seismic catastrophe.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0181-5
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Adjusting a 2D Helmert transformation within a Gauss–Helmert Model with
           a singular dispersion matrix where BQ is of smaller rank than B
    • Authors: Frank Neitzel; Burkhard Schaffrin
      Pages: 479 - 496
      Abstract: The case of a singular dispersion matrix within the Gauss–Helmert Model has been considered before, most recently even allowing the rank of BQ to be smaller than the rank of B. In this contribution the emphasis is shifted towards an illuminating example, the 2D Helmert transformation.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0184-2
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Uncertainty of GRACE-borne long periodic and secular ice mass variations
           in Antarctica
    • Authors: Annamária Kiss; Lóránt Földváry
      Pages: 497 - 510
      Abstract: Glacial ice mass balance of Antarctica can be observed by the twin satellites of the gravity recovery and climate experiment (GRACE). The gravity fields with monthly resolution enable efficient detection of annual, long periodic and secular variations. The present study delivers an error estimation of the long-periodic and secular variations by determining the linear trend of the observed surface mass anomaly series. Among the error sources, the error of the timing of the trend fitting, the error of the glacial isostatic adjustment correction, and the error of the atmospheric correction of the GRACE monthly solutions are discussed. The investigation concludes that apart from West Antarctica, Wilkes Land, Queen Maud Land and Enderby Land no reliable trend estimates of ice mass variation can be expected, thus any results should be treated with care.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0185-1
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Accuracy of the Hodges–Lehmann estimates computed by applying Monte
           Carlo simulations
    • Authors: Robert Duchnowski; Zbigniew Wiśniewski
      Pages: 511 - 525
      Abstract: The paper concerns assessing the accuracy of some variants of robust R-estimates, namely the Hodges–Lehmann estimates, which can be applied, for example, in deformation analyses. Such estimates are robust against outlying observations and in some cases they are a good alternative for more conventional methods of estimation, for example, in testing stability of the potential reference points. Considering such an application, or in general estimation of displacements of network points, one should of course know accuracy of the estimators. Since R-estimates are based on ranks it is not obvious how to compute their accuracy (the law of variance propagation cannot be applied here). This paper presents one of the possible approaches, namely application of Monte Carlo simulations. If we make certain assumptions concerning the distribution of observation errors, we can assess the accuracy of chosen R-estimates. Usually, we assume that the observation errors are normally distributed, however, we can also consider some distributions with positive or negative kurtosis, and in the latter case we may apply the system of Johnson’s distributions to simulate the observations. In the paper, the accuracy of R-estimates was computed in relation to the accuracy of LS estimates, which is advisable from a practical point of view. It turned out that the accuracy of R-estimates is a little bit worse than the accuracy of LS estimates in most of the cases. However, there are also some cases when R-estimates are more accurate, for example, for leptokurtic distributions of the observations. An example application of R-estimates in deformation analysis was also presented.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0186-0
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Determination of geopotential value W 0 L at Polish tide gauges from GNSS
           data and geoid model
    • Authors: Joanna Kuczynska-Siehien; Adam Lyszkowicz; Katarzyna Stepniak; Marta Krukowska
      Pages: 527 - 534
      Abstract: Results of three campaigns of Baltic Sea Level Project and further studies reveal the GPS and spirit levelling data possibly contain errors which affect SST and \( W_{0}^{L} \) computations. For that reason, the old data were revised and additionally, in spring 2015, the new GNNS campaign was carried out at tide gauges in Swinoujscie, Ustka and Wladyslawowo. The study concerns computation of the local average geopotential value \( W_{0}^{L} \) using water level data at the three tide gauges, geoid undulations from a global geopotential model EGM2008 and ellipsoidal heights from GNSS observations, which were obtained using revised data from three campaigns of Baltic Sea Level Project and from the new campaign conducted in 2015. Results obtained indicate that the best estimation of \( W_{0}^{L} \) was achieved from the campaign carried out in 2015, where the mean value of \( W_{0}^{L} \) calculated for three investigated tide gauge stations is equal to 62636857.45 m2 s−2.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0188-y
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Detection of ionospheric anomalies during intense space weather over a
           low-latitude GNSS station
    • Authors: G. Sivavaraprasad; D. Venkata Ratnam; R. Sree Padmaja; V. Sharvani; G. Saiteja; Y. S. R. Mounika; P. Babu Sree Harsha
      Pages: 535 - 553
      Abstract: The operational availability of Global Navigation Satellite System is affected by large-scale irregularities of the ionosphere. The space weather events induce several intense irregularities and cause the non-linear distribution of ionospheric electron density. Monitoring of ionospheric responses due to extreme space weather events plays a key role in trans-ionospheric radio wave propagation. In the present analysis, a novel technique based on wavelet transform has been implemented for the analysis and detection of ionospheric anomalies during two intense space weather events that occurred in 2013. The investigations have been carried out using the ionospheric observable, Total Electron Content (TEC), derived from the Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver located at an Equatorial Ionisation Anomaly region, KL University, Guntur, India (Geographic Lat.16.37°N, Geographic Long. 80.37°E). The effects of geomagnetic storms (Sym-H ≤ −100 nT) on the perturbations of ionospheric TEC have been investigated. The algorithm of Continuous wavelet transform has been used to study and characterise the presence of ionospheric anomalies in the local time-scale plane. It can detect spatial and temporal details of ionospheric anomaly intensity during strong solar-terrestrial and geophysical events. It is observed that during the main phase of the geomagnetic storm that occurred during 17 March 2013, TEC enhanced by 7 TECU, while a suppression of 10 TECU in the GPS-TEC can be noticed during the main phase of the 29 June 2013 storm. The variation in the intensity of ionospheric TEC anomalies during storm time has been detected and compared to the intensity of the space weather events measured through solar and geomagnetic indices (F10.7, Sym-H, IMF Bz and IEF Ey).
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0190-4
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Regularized nonlinear inversion of magnetic anomalies of simple geometric
           models using Occam’s method: an application to the Morvarid iron-apatite
           deposit in Iran
    • Authors: Reza Ghanati; Hosseinali Ghari; Moslem Fatehi
      Pages: 555 - 580
      Abstract: In this paper we tackle the problem of inverting geophysical magnetic data due to simple shape anomalies caused by thin sheet, cylinder and fault models using Occam’s inversion scheme. A significant aspect of using Occam’s inversion is the choice of the regularization parameter controlling the trade-off between the data fidelity and regularization term in the cost function of optimization problem, and consequently, reliable estimation of subsurface models. Two criteria L-curve and weighted generalized cross validation are considered in order to choose an optimum value of the regularization parameter. The proposed strategy was first evaluated on three theoretical synthetic models for each of the magnetic simple-shaped structures with different random errors, where a considerable agreement was obtained between the exactly known and estimated models. The validity of the technique was also applied to one real data set from Morvarid iron-apatite deposit, in Northwest Iran. The resulting inverted parameters using the proposed algorithm correspond reasonably closely with the known geology and nearby borehole information.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-017-0193-9
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Greenhouse effect from the point of view of radiative transfer
    • Authors: S. Barcza
      Pages: 581 - 592
      Abstract: Radiative power balance of a planet in the solar system is delineated. The terrestrial powers are transformed to average global flux in an effective atmospheric column approximation, its components are delineated. The estimated and measured secular changes of the average global flux are compared to the fluxes derived from the Stefan–Boltzmann law using the observed global annual temperatures in the decades between 1880 and 2010. The conclusion of this procedure is that the radiative contribution of the greenhouse gas CO2 is some \(21\pm 7\)  % to the observed global warming from the end of the nineteenth century excluding the feedback mechanisms playing determining role in the climate system. Stationary radiative flux transfer is treated in an air column as a function of the column density of the absorbent. Upper and lower limit of radiative forcing is given by assuming true absorption and coherent scatter of the monochromatic radiation. An integral formula is given for the outgoing long wave radiation as a function of column density of the components of greenhouse gases.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0187-z
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Improvement of seismic structural interpretation of Zagros fold-thrust
           belt by dip scanning in common diffraction surface imaging method
    • Authors: Mehrdad Soleimani; Behshad Jodeiri Shokri; Mehrnoush Rafiei
      Pages: 283 - 299
      Abstract: Geological interpretation and seismic imaging on data acquired from complex media, especially when accompanied by a thick layer of salt and/or anhydrate, is always a controversial task. The aim of this study is to introduce a method for seismic imaging of complex structures and study the folding scenario of the Zagros overthrust in SW Iran based on the improved seismic image processed by the proposed method. A diffraction based version of the common reflection surface stack method, called the common diffraction surface (CDS), was selected to enhance quality of seismic image from the Zagros fold-thrust belt. The 2D CDS method was also developed here to 3D partial CDS. Consequently, three sets of 2D and a set of 3D seismic data were processed with the conventional Kirchhoff prestack time migration and the partial common diffraction surface methods. Geological models released in previous studies of the Zagros overthrust were used as the base model of interpretation. Structural interpretation on seismic sections with new method was in accordance with previous geological models and improved in some parts where the new method could enhance quality of the seismic image. Seismic structural interpretation shows the inner part of the belt was subjected to folding, uplift and erosion. This mechanism constituted a resistant mass in the Dezful Embayment in front of the SW moving thrust and folds. This resistant mass formed tightly folded or thrusted and highly shortened structures in the Izeh zone and High Zagros area. In the oil rich zone of the Dezful Embayment, the thick evaporate—rich Gachsaran Formation, decouples the folding above it from the folding below, making seismic imaging of potential traps beneath the detachment horizons extremely difficult.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0182-4
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 3 (2017)
  • Network based performance of GPS-only and combined GPS/GLONASS positioning
           under different sky view conditions
    • Authors: Salih Alcay; Cemal Ozer Yigit
      Pages: 345 - 356
      Abstract: This paper offers a comprehensive assessment of network-based positioning results using GPS-only and combined GPS/GLONASS data under open to limited sky view conditions. Data analysis is performed in a short (4 h) and a long (24 h) term spanning observations from five GNSS stations using 10°, 20°, 30° and 40° elevation cut-off angles, which simulate the availability of satellites in different sky view conditions. Evaluation of the results reveals insignificant differences between the accuracy of the GPS-only and combined GPS/GLONASS solutions for daily observation in all sky view conditions. However the clear advantage of integrating GPS and GLONASS observation in a GNSS differential solution is apparent for short (4 h) observation periods, particularly at the highest elevation cut-off angle (40°).
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0173-5
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 3 (2017)
  • Erratum to: An application of AVO derived attributes to analyze seismic
           anomalies of gas hydrate bearing sediments in Makran offshore, Pakistan
    • Authors: Muhammad Irfan Ehsan; Nisar Ahmed; Zia Ud Din; Perveiz Khalid; Liu Xue Wei
      Pages: 437 - 437
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-016-0180-6
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 3 (2017)
  • On modelling GPS phase correlations: a parametric model
    • Authors: Gael Kermarrec; Steffen Schön
      Abstract: Least-squares estimates are unbiased with minimal variance if the correct stochastic model is used. However, due to computational burden, diagonal variance covariance matrices (VCM) are often preferred where only the elevation dependency of the variance of GPS observations is described. This simplification that neglects correlations between measurements leads to a less efficient least-squares solution. In this contribution, an improved stochastic model based on a simple parametric function to model correlations between GPS phase observations is presented. Built on an adapted and flexible Mátern function accounting for spatiotemporal variabilities, its parameters are fixed thanks to maximum likelihood estimation. Consecutively, fully populated VCM can be computed that both model the correlations of one satellite with itself as well as the correlations between one satellite and other ones. The whitening of the observations thanks to such matrices is particularly effective, allowing a more homogeneous Fourier amplitude spectrum with respect to the one obtained by using diagonal VCM. Wrong Mátern parameters—as for instance too long correlation or too low smoothness—are shown to skew the least-squares solution impacting principally results of test statistics such as the apriori cofactor matrix of the estimates or the aposteriori variance factor. The effects at the estimates level are minimal as long as the correlation structure is not strongly wrongly estimated. Thus, taking correlations into account in least-squares adjustment for positioning leads to a more realistic precision and better distributed test statistics such as the overall model test and should not be neglected. Our simple proposal shows an improvement in that direction with respect to often empirical used model.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-017-0209-5
  • Analysis of local covariance functions applied to GOCE satellite gravity
           gradiometry data
    • Authors: Branislav Hábel; Juraj Janák
      Abstract: GOCE Level 2 products of corrected gravity gradients in Local North-Oriented Frame were used in this study. We analyzed four accurately measured elements of the gravity tensor, which were transformed to disturbing gravitational gradients. The investigation was carried out in the restricted region of dimension 20° × 20° covering the south part of Europe. We applied several types of analytical covariance functions in a local approximation, which have the best fit to the empirical covariances calculated from the disturbing gravitational gradients in particular sub-regions. At first, we have investigated four different types of the 1-dimensional covariance function. Obtained results show that the Gaussian covariance function approximates the empirical covariances the best from tested functions. Moreover, a time stability of calculated parameters of the covariance functions was studied by assuming GOCE data from different time periods. In the second experiment, we have compared two types of the 2-dimensional covariance function, which also enables a spatial stochastic modeling. The second study revealed that the least-squares collocation using the 2-dimensional local covariance function can produce the local grid of GOCE disturbing gravitational gradients directly from GOCE Level 2 products right below GOCE orbit, which in general fits well with the recent Earth’s global gravity field models and might have some advantages. Such local grids can be useful for specific tasks, e.g. mutual comparing of GOCE data collected during particular time periods.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-017-0208-6
  • Generalized total Kalman filter algorithm of nonlinear dynamic
           errors-in-variables model with application on indoor mobile robot
    • Authors: Hang Yu; Jian Wang; Bin Wang; Houzeng Han; Guobin Chang
      Abstract: In this paper, a nonlinear dynamic errors-in-variables (DEIV) model which considers all of the random errors in both system equations and observation equations is presented. The nonlinear DEIV model is more general in the structure, which is an extension of the existing DEIV model. A generalized total Kalman filter (GTKF) algorithm that is capable of handling all of random errors in the respective equations of the nonlinear DEIV model is proposed based on the Gauss–Newton method. In addition, an approximate precision estimator of the posteriori state vector is derived. A two dimensional simulation experiment of indoor mobile robot positioning shows that the GTKF algorithm is statistically superior to the extended Kalman filter algorithm and the iterative Kalman filter (IKF) algorithm in terms of state estimation. Under the experimental conditions, the improvement rates of state variables of positions x, y and azimuth ψ of the GTKF algorithm are about 14, 29, and 66%, respectively, compared with the IKF algorithm.
      PubDate: 2017-10-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-017-0207-7
  • Application of the PCA/EOF method for the analysis and modelling of
           temporal variations of geoid heights over Poland
    • Authors: Walyeldeen Godah; Malgorzata Szelachowska; Jan Krynski
      Abstract: Temporal variations of geoid heights are vitally important in geodesy and Earth science. They are essentially needed for dynamic and kinematic updates of the static geoid model. These temporal variations, which substantially differ for different geographic locations, can successfully be determined using the Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission data. So far, statistical decomposition methods, e.g. the Principal Component Analysis/Empirical Orthogonal Function (PCA/EOF) method, have not been implemented for the analysis and modelling of temporal mass variations within the Earth’s system over the area of Poland. The aim of this contribution is to analyse and model temporal variations of geoid heights obtained from GRACE mission data over the area of Poland using the PCA/EOF method. Temporal variations of geoid heights were obtained from the latest release, i.e. release five, of monthly GRACE-based Global Geopotential Models. They can reach the level of 10 mm. The PCA modes and their corresponding EOF loading patterns were estimated using two different algorithms. The results obtained revealed that significant part of the signal of temporal variations of geoid heights over Poland can be obtained from the first three PCA modes and EOF loading patterns. They demonstrate the suitability of the PCA/EOF method for analysing and modelling temporal variations of geoid heights over the area investigated.
      PubDate: 2017-09-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s40328-017-0206-8
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