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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2329 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2329 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Advances in Manufacturing
  [SJR: 0.2]   [H-I: 4]   [3 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2095-3127 - ISSN (Online) 2195-3597
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Influence of pulse magneto-oscillation on the efficiency of grain refiner
    • Authors: Tian-Yu Liu; Jie Sun; Cheng Sheng; Qi-Xin Wang; Yun-Hu Zhang; Li-Juan Li; Hong-Gang Zhong; Qi-Jie Zhai
      Abstract: Solidification experiments were carried out in Al-Cu (w(Cu) = 5%) alloy to investigate the influence of pulse magneto-oscillation (PMO) on the efficiency of the Al3Ti1B refining agent at high superheat. The experimental solidification results show that the degree of superheat has remarkable influence on the efficiency of the grain refiner. However, the application of PMO has the potential to reduce the influence of superheat variation on the efficiency of the grain refiner. Finally, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon is discussed by performing a numerical simulation to show the forced flow inside the melt caused by PMO.
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0175-8
  • A review of thickness-induced evolutions of microstructure and
           superconducting performance of REBa 2 Cu 3 O 7−δ coated conductor
    • Authors: Jian-Xin Lin; Xu-Ming Liu; Chuan-Wei Cui; Chuan-Yi Bai; Yu-Ming Lu; Feng Fan; Yan-Qun Guo; Zhi-Yong Liu; Chuan-Bing Cai
      Abstract: The research and development of high temperature superconducting (HTS) films, especially ReBa2Cu3O7− δ (REBCO or RE123; RE=Y, Gd, or other rare earths) yttrium-based coated conductors, has generated widespread interest for the potential applications of the second generation superconducting films. In view of commercialization, however, the maximum superconducting currents for coated conductors should be increased further. Unfortunately, it has been frequently observed that the average critical current density J c decreases with an increase in film thickness. The thickness effect is still a hurdle for large-scale production, especially in pulsed laser deposition and metal organic deposition processes. An engineering current of more than 1 000 A/cm is desired owing to the high cost of 2G superconducting materials. The present work attempts to review the evolution of various issues subject to the thickness effect, including the microstructure, epitaxial texture, surface roughness, pinning force, oxygen deficiency, residual stress, copper-rich layers, and segregation of elements. Furthermore, recent progress in enhancing the performance of superconductors especially in terms of critical current density is illustrated, such as the use of heavy doping. Further understanding of the thickness effect is extremely important for large-scale commercial development of the second generation high temperature superconductors.
      PubDate: 2017-05-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0173-x
  • Friction identification and compensation design for precision positioning
    • Authors: Feng-Tian Li; Li Ma; Lin-Tao Mi; You-Xuan Zeng; Ning-Bo Jin; Ying-Long Gao
      Abstract: Precision positioning systems driven by linear motors are vulnerable to force disturbances owing to the reduction of gear transmission. The friction, included in the disturbance, can be modeled and compensated to improve the servo performance. This paper proposes a modified Stribeck friction model (SFM) and an optimization algorithm for consistency with the positioning platform. The compensators based on the friction model and disturbance observer (DOB) are simulated. The simulation results show that as compared with the DOB compensator (the velocity recovers by 5.19%), the friction model based compensator (the velocity recovers by 10.66%) exhibits a better performance after adding the disturbance. Moreover, compensation comparisons among the Coulomb friction, traditional SFM, and modified SFM are performed. The experimental results show that the following error with modified SFM compensation improves by 67.67% and 51.63% at a speed of 0.005 m/s and 0.05 m/s, compared with the Coulomb friction compensation. This demonstrates that the proposed model, optimization algorithm, and compensator can reduce the following error effectively.
      PubDate: 2017-05-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0171-z
  • Laser conditioning and structuring of grinding tools – a review
    • Authors: Bahman Azarhoushang; Ali Zahedi
      Abstract: The conditioning of grinding tools is one of the most important factors for achieving an optimal grinding process. It influences the grinding forces and temperatures and, therefore, the achievable material removal rate, dimensional accuracy and the surface integrity of the workpiece. Furthermore, the roundness, profile accuracy and the wear of the grinding tools are strongly influenced by the conditioning process. The conditioning process should be matched to the abrasive type and the bonding of the grinding tool. Laser conditioning is a promising unconventional and non-contact method, which is able to condition all kinds of abrasives and bonding types. The main advantages of this novel method are no tool wear, good repeatability and controllability, high precision and a relatively short process time. Additionally, using this method grinding tools can be micro-structured. This paper reviews the literature on the laser conditioning of grinding tools, covering the associated setups, wheel conditioning and structuring mechanisms, and experimental results. It also discusses the technical barriers that have to be overcome before laser conditioning can be fully integrated into manufacturing.
      PubDate: 2017-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0167-0
  • Particle fracture and debonding during orthogonal machining of metal
           matrix composites
    • Authors: A. Pramanik; L. C. Zhang
      Abstract: This paper investigates the particle fracture and debonding during machining of metal matrix composite (MMC) due to developed stress and strain, and interaction with moving tool by finite element analysis. The machining zone was divided into three regions: primary, secondary and tertiary deformation zones. The tendency of particles to fracture in each deformation zone was investigated. The findings of this study were also discussed with respect to the experimental results available in the literature. It was found that particles at the cutting path in the tertiary deformation zone fractured as it interacted with tool. In the secondary deformation zone, particles interacted with other particles as well as cutting tool. This caused debonding and fracture of huge number of particles as those were moving up along the rake face with the chips. No particle fracture was noted at the primary deformation zone. The results obtained from finite element analysis were very similar to those obtained from experimental studies.
      PubDate: 2017-02-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0170-0
  • System integration for on-machine measurement using a capacitive LVDT-like
           contact sensor
    • Authors: Yung-Tien Liu; You-Liang Kuo; Da-Wei Yan
      Abstract: In this study, an air-bearing capacitive linear variable differential transformer (LVDT)-like contact sensor with a rounded diamond tip was mounted to a desktop machine tool to construct an on-machine (OM) measuring system. The measuring system was capable of decoding the digital signals of linear encoders mounted on the machine tool and acquiring the analog signal of the contact sensor. To verify the measuring system, experimental examinations were performed on an oxygen-free copper (OFC) convex aspheric mold with a diameter of 5 mm and a curve height of 0.46 mm. The acquired signals were processed by the implemented Gaussian regression filter (GRF), removing the tilt of measured profile, and compensating for the radius of probe tip. The profile obtained was compared to that measured using a commercially available device, and a maximum deviation of 14.6 μm was found for the rough cutting. The compensation cutting was then performed according to the form error of OM measurement. As a result, the PV form error compared with the designed profile was reduced from 19.2 μm over a measured diameter of 4 mm to 9.7 μm over a measured diameter of 3.1 mm, or a percentage improvement of 35.4% in form accuracy. Through the examination for aspheric machining, the effectiveness of the implemented OM measuring system was demonstrated, and the technical details of system implementation were presented. Further improvement was suggested to reduce the diameter of probe tip and measuring force.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0169-y
  • Comparative study between wear of uncoated and TiAlN-coated carbide tools
           in milling of Ti6Al4V
    • Authors: M. S. Uddin; Binh Pham; Ahmed Sarhan; Animesh Basak; Alokesh Pramanik
      Abstract: As is recognized widely, tool wear is a major problem in the machining of difficult-to-cut titanium alloys. Therefore, it is of significant interest and importance to understand and determine quantitatively and qualitatively tool wear evolution and the underlying wear mechanisms. The main aim of this paper is to investigate and analyse wear, wear mechanisms and surface and chip generation of uncoated and TiAlN-coated carbide tools in a dry milling of Ti6Al4V alloys. The quantitative flank wear and roughness were measured and recorded. Optical and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations of the tool cutting edge, machined surface and chips were conducted. The results show that the TiAlN-coated tool exhibits an approximately 44% longer tool life than the uncoated tool at a cutting distance of 16 m. A more regular progressive abrasion between the flank face of the tool and the workpiece is found to be the underlying wear mechanism. The TiAlN-coated tool generates a smooth machined surface with 31% lower roughness than the uncoated tool. As is expected, both tools generate serrated chips. However, the burnt chips with blue color are noticed for the uncoated tool as the cutting continues further. The results are shown to be consistent with observation of other researchers, and further imply that coated tools with appropriate combinations of cutting parameters would be able to increase the tool life in cutting of titanium alloys.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0166-1
  • Deformation, failure and removal mechanisms of thin film structures in
           abrasive machining
    • Authors: Cheng-Wei Kang; Han Huang
      Abstract: Thin film structures are becoming increasingly more important for industrial applications such as the making of solar panels, microelectronic devices and micro systems. However, the challenges encountered in the machining of thin film structures have been a bottleneck that impedes further wide spread uses of such structures. The development of material removal processes that are capable of producing a damage free surface at high removal rates is critical for cost effective production. Such development relies highly on a comprehensive understanding of the deformation, failure and removal mechanisms of thin film structures involved in mechanical loading. In this paper, the current understanding of the deformation characteristics of thin film systems was reviewed to provide important insights into the interfacial failure under mechanical loading, with focuses on the interfacial failure mechanisms and existing problems in the machining of thin film structures. The key characterization techniques were outlined. In particular, the recent progress in the abrasive machining of a thin film multilayer structure was summarized. The potential research directions were also presented in the end of the review.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0165-2
  • Fatigue life of machined components
    • Authors: A. Pramanik; A. R. Dixit; S. Chattopadhyaya; M. S. Uddin; Yu Dong; A. K. Basak; G. Littlefair
      Abstract: A correlation between machining process and fatigue strength of machined components clearly exists. However, a complete picture of the knowledge on this is not readily available for practical applications. This study addresses this issue by investigating the effects of machining methods on fatigue life of commonly used materials, such as titanium alloys, steel, aluminium alloys and nickel alloys from previous literature. Effects of turning, milling, grinding and different non-conventional machining processes on fatigue strength of above-mentioned materials have been investigated in detail with correlated information. It is found that the effect of materials is not significant except steel in which phase change causes volume expansion, resulting in compressive/tensile residual stresses based on the amounts of white layers. It is very complex to identify the influence of surface roughness on the fatigue strength of machined components in the presence of residual stresses. The polishing process improves the surface roughness, but removes the surface layers that contain compressive residual stresses to decrease the fatigue strength of polished specimens. The compressive and tensile residual stresses improve and reduce fatigue strength, respectively. Grinding process induces tensile residual stresses on the machined surfaces due to high temperature generation. On the other hand, milling and turning processes induce compressive residual stresses. High temperature non-conventional machining generates a network of micro-cracks on the surfaces in addition to tensile residual stresses to subsequently reduce fatigue strength of machined components. Embedded grits of abrasive water jet machining degrade the fatigue performance of components machined by this method.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0168-z
  • Accuracy analysis of omnidirectional mobile manipulator with mecanum
    • Authors: Shuai Guo; Yi Jin; Sheng Bao; Feng-Feng Xi
      Abstract: This article is based on the omnidirectional mobile manipulator with mecanum wheels built at Shanghai University. The article aims to find and analyze the parameters of kinematic equation of the omnidirectional system which affects its motion accuracy. The method of solving the parameter errors involves three phases. The first step is equation operation to achieve the equation of relative errors. The second step is to obtain the displacement errors of the system via experiment and combine the error results with kinematic equation deduction to solve the geometric parameter errors in two methods. The third step is to verify its validity via comparing experiments. We can then revise its kinematics equation afterwards.
      PubDate: 2016-12-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0164-3
  • A comparison between friction stir welding, linear friction welding and
           rotary friction welding
    • Authors: Achilles Vairis; George Papazafeiropoulos; Andreas-Marios Tsainis
      Abstract: Three friction welding processes are compared for temperature, stresses and strains, as well as strain rates developed in the early phases of the processes, which are essential in their successful development. These are friction stir welding (FSW), linear friction welding (LFW) and rotary friction welding (RFW). Their common characteristic is the use of friction to generate adequate energy and raise temperature locally in order to create favorable conditions for welding at the interface between two parts. Although the mode of movement is different for each one of them, welds are produced through plastic deformation. The Lagrangian and coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian numerical models developed have produced results which are in qualitative agreement with experiments and have shed a light on the commonalities of these friction welding processes.
      PubDate: 2016-12-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0163-4
  • Experimental characterization of Ti6Al4V T joints welded through linear
           friction welding technique: microstructure and NDE
    • Authors: Antonello Astarita; Mario Coppola; Sergio Esposito; Mariacira Liberini; Leandro Maio; Ilaria Papa; Fabio Scherillo; Antonino Squillace
      Abstract: Linear friction welding (LFW) is an innovative solid-state welding technique that allows to manufacture joints with high mechanical properties. This technology has various applications in the aerospace field; in particular it is used to weld massive structural components made of Ti6Al4V. This paper deals with the experimental study of Ti6Al4V T-joints welded through LFW, with particular focus on the effectiveness of ultrasonic control in detecting and distinguishing welding defects within the joints. Aiming to this scope, joints with different properties were manufactured and tested: some were free from defects but with different metallurgy, and some had different types of defects. The results obtained proved that the ultrasonic control was an effective method to detect and identify defects in linear friction welded titanium joints, moreover it was possible to get information regarding the microstructure and in particular the extension of the different metallurgical zones induced by the welding process.
      PubDate: 2016-12-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0160-7
  • The effects of forging pressure and temperature field on residual stresses
           in linear friction welded Ti6Al4V joints
    • Authors: Ying Fu; Wen-Ya Li; Xia-Wei Yang; Tie-Jun Ma; Achilles Vairis
      Abstract: Linear friction welding (LFW), as a solid state joining process, has been developed to manufacture and repair blisks in aeroengines. The residual stresses after welding may greatly influence the performance of the welded components. In this paper, the distribution of residual stresses in Ti6Al4V joints after LFW was investigated with numerical simulations. The effects of applied forging pressure and temperature field at the end of the oscillating stages on the residual stresses within the joints were investigated. The results show that, the residual tensile stresses at the welded interface in the y-direction are the largest, while the largest compressive stresses being present at the flash root in the z-direction. Furthermore, the forging pressure and temperature field at the end of the oscillating stages strongly affect the magnitude of the residual stresses. The larger forging pressure produced lower residual stresses in the weld plane in all three directions (x-, y-, and z-directions). Larger variance, σ, which decides the Gaussian distribution of the temperature field, also yields lower residual stresses. There is good agreement between simulation results and experimental data.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0161-6
  • Dissimilar titanium/aluminum friction stir welding lap joints by
           experiments and numerical simulation
    • Authors: G. Buffa; M. De Lisi; E. Sciortino; L. Fratini
      Abstract: Dissimilar lap joints were produced by friction stir welding (FSW) out of Ti6Al4V titanium alloy and AA2024 aluminum alloy sheets. The joints, welded with varying tool rotation and feed rate, were studied by analyzing the maximum shear strength, Vickers microhardness and optical observations. A dedicated numerical model, able to take into account the presence of the two different alloys, was used to highlight the effects of the process parameters on temperature distribution, strain distribution, and material flow. The combined analysis of experimental measurements and numerical predictions allowed explaining the effects of tool rotation and feed rate on the material flow. It was found that tool rotation had a larger impact on the joint effectiveness with respect to feed rate. A competition between material mixing and heat input occurs with increasing tool rotation, resulting in higher joint strength when lower values of tool rotation are used.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0157-2
  • A new color image encryption scheme based on chaos synchronization of
           time-delay Lorenz system
    • Authors: Hua Wang; Hang-Feng Liang; Zhong-Hua Miao
      Abstract: In this paper, a new image encryption scheme is presented based on time-delay chaos synchronization. Compared with existing methods, a new method is proposed and a lot of coupled items can be taken as zero items to simplify the whole system. A simple linear controller is introduced to realize time-delay chaos synchronization and image encryption. The positions of the image pixels are firstly shuffled and then be hidden in the carrier image. The address codes of the chaotic sequences are adopted to avoid the disturbances induced by the initial value and computer accuracy error. Simulation results for color image are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. It can be seen clearly that the system can converge quickly and the image can be encrypted rapidly.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0159-0
  • Measurement and analysis technologies for magnetic pulse welding:
           established methods and new strategies
    • Authors: J. Bellmann; J. Lueg-Althoff; S. Schulze; S. Gies; E. Beyer; A. E. Tekkaya
      Abstract: Magnetic pulse welding (MPW) is a fast and clean joining technique that offers the possibility to weld dissimilar metals, e.g., aluminum and steel. The high-speed collision of the joining partners is used to generate strong atomic bonded areas. Critical brittle intermetallic phases can be avoided due to the absence of external heat. These features attract the notice of industries performing large scale productions of dissimilar metal joints, like automotive and plant engineering. The most important issue is to guarantee a proper weld quality. Numerical simulations are often used to predict the welding result a priori. Nevertheless, experiments and the measurement of process parameters are needed for the validation of these data. Sensors nearby the joining zone are exposed to high pressures and intense magnetic fields which hinder the evaluation of the electrical output signals. In this paper, existing analysis tools for process development and quality assurance in MPW are reviewed. New methods for the process monitoring and weld characterization during and after MPW are introduced, which help to overcome the mentioned drawbacks of established technologies. These methods are based on optical and mechanical measuring technologies taking advantage of the hypervelocity impact flash, the impact pressure and the deformation necessary for the weld formation.
      PubDate: 2016-11-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0162-5
  • Study of the thermal influence on the dynamic characteristics of the
           motorized spindle system
    • Authors: Song-Sheng Li; Yuan Shen; Qiang He
      Abstract: The severe internal heat generation of the motorized spindle system causes uneven temperature distribution, and will affect the vibration characteristics of the system. Based on the thermal analysis about the motorized spindle by finite element method (FEM), the thermal deformations of the spindle system are calculated by the thermal structure coupling simulation, and the thermal deformations of the rotor and the bearing units are extracted to analyze the bearing stiffness changes so that the modal characteristics of the rotor can be simulated in different thermal state conditions. And then the rotor thermal deformation experiment and the modal experiment of spindle by exciting with hammer are performed. The result shows that the thermal state of the motorized spindle system has a significant influence on the natural frequency of the rotor, which can be carefully treated when a spindle system is designed.
      PubDate: 2016-11-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0158-1
  • Application of thermodynamics in designing of advanced automotive steels
    • Authors: Lin Li; Hu Jiang
      Abstract: Advanced automotive steels were designed with alloy concept and thermodynamics. Several phases were taken for the designing of transformation induced plasticity(TRIP) steels in accordance with the practical metallurgy process. Al was firstly chosen to substitute Si for improving galvanizing property, afterwards P was proved to be another alternative of Si by thermodynamic calculation and kinetic estimation. Thermodynamic investigation in the third phase revealed the effective function of Al to increase carbon solubility in austenite as well as TRIP effect of steel. Stack fault energy was calculated, in combination with heat treatment and microstructure measurement, which led to a successful composition designing of twin induced plasticity (TWIP) steel.
      PubDate: 2016-11-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0156-3
  • Nano-machining of materials: understanding the process through molecular
           dynamics simulation
    • Authors: Dan-Dan Cui; Liang-Chi Zhang
      Abstract: Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation has been widely applied in various complex, dynamic processes at atomistic scale, because an MD simulation can provide some deformation details of materials in nano-processing and thus help to investigate the critical and important issues which cannot be fully revealed by experiments. Extensive research with the aid of MD simulation has provided insights for the development of nanotechnology. This paper reviews the fundamentals of nano-machining from the aspect of material structural effects, such as single crystalline, polycrystalline and amorphous materials. The classic MD simulations of nano-indentation and nano-cutting which have aimed to investigate the machining mechanism are discussed with respect to the effects of tool geometry, material properties and machining parameters. On nano-milling, the discussion focuses on the understanding of the grooving quality in relation to milling conditions.
      PubDate: 2016-09-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0155-4
  • Research on deformation characteristics of JCOE forming in large diameter
           welding pipe
    • Authors: Li-Feng Fan; Jia-Xin Yan; Ying Gao; Jian-Bin Yun
      Abstract: In the present work, the JCOE forming is investigated using the finite element (FE) method. A two-dimensional FE model is established for the plane strain condition by FE code ABAQUS, and the FE model is validated by experiments. The aim of this research is to investigate forming quality states in the JCOE forming process; in particular, the effects of technological parameters on forming quality are evaluated. Taking the JCOE forming process of X80 steel Φ1 219 mm × 22 mm × 12 000 mm welding pipe for instance, the deformation characteristics of JCOE forming are analyzed, in which the geometry of the formed pipe, residual stress distributions and effects of process parameters on JCOE forming quality can be obtained. Thus, the presented results of this research provide an effective approach to improve welding pipe forming quality.
      PubDate: 2016-09-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0154-5
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