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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2573 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2573 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Manufacturing
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.475
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2095-3127 - ISSN (Online) 2195-3597
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2573 journals]
  • An automatic optimization method for minimizing supporting structures in
           additive manufacturing
    • Abstract: Abstract The amount of supporting structure usage has been a major research topic in layer-based additive manufacturing (AM) over the past years as it leads to increased fabrication time and decreased surface quality. Previous studies focused on deformation and topology optimization to eliminate the number of support structures. However, during the actual fabrication process, the properties of shape and topology are essential. Therefore, they should not be modified casually. In this study, we present an optimizer that reduces the number of supporting structures by identifying the prime printing direction. Without rotation, models are projected in each direction in space, and the basis units involved in the generation of support structures are separated. Furthermore, the area of the supporting structures is calculated. Eventually, the prime printing direction with minimal supporting area is obtained through pattern-searching method. The results of the experiment demonstrated that the printing area was reduced by up to 60% for some cases, and the surface quality was also improved correspondingly. Furthermore, both the material consumption and fabrication time were decreased in most cases. In future work, additional factors will be considered, such as the height of the supporting structures and the adhesion locations to improve the efficiency of this optimizer.
      PubDate: 2019-11-27
  • AR-assisted robot welding programming
    • Abstract: Abstract Robotic welding demands high accuracy and precision. However, robot programming is often a tedious and time-consuming process that requires expert knowledge. This paper presents an augmented reality assisted robot welding task programming (ARWP) system using a user-friendly augmented reality (AR) interface that simplifies and speeds up the programming of robotic welding tasks. The ARWP system makes the programming of robot welding tasks more user-friendly and reduces the need for trained programmers and expertise in specific robotic systems. The AR interface simplifies the definition of a welding path as well as the welding gun orientation, and the system; the system can locate the welding seam of a workpiece quickly and generate a viable welding path based on the user input. The developed system is integrated with the touch-sensing capability of welding robots in order to locate the welding path accurately based on the user input, for fillet welding. The system is applicable to other welding processes and methods of seam localization. The system implementation is described and evaluated with a case study.
      PubDate: 2019-11-27
  • Multi-objective resource optimization scheduling based on iterative double
           auction in cloud manufacturing
    • Abstract: Abstract Cloud manufacturing is a new kind of networked manufacturing model. In this model, manufacturing resources are organized and used on demand as market-oriented services. These services are highly uncertain and focus on users. The information between service demanders and service providers is usually incomplete. These challenges make the resource scheduling more difficult. In this study, an iterative double auction mechanism is proposed based on game theory to balance the individual benefits. Resource demanders and providers act as buyers and sellers in the auction. Resource demanders offer a price according to the budget, the delivery time, preference, and the process of auction. Meanwhile, resource providers ask for a price according to the cost, maximum expected profit, optimal reservation price, and the process of auction. A honest quotation strategy is dominant for a participant in the auction. The mechanism is capable of guaranteeing the economic benefits among different participants in the market with incomplete information. Furthermore, the mechanism is helpful for preventing harmful market behaviors such as speculation, cheating, etc. Based on the iterative double auction mechanism, manufacturing resources are optimally allocated to users with consideration of multiple objectives. The auction mechanism is also incentive compatibility.
      PubDate: 2019-11-23
  • Indirect measurement technology of new energy vehicles’ braking force
           under dynamic braking conditions
    • Abstract: Abstract Currently, direct braking-force measurement under dynamic conditions requires a considerable modification to the vehicles and has poor compatibility because there are many types of vehicles. Thus, in this paper, an indirect measurement method of new-energy vehicles’ braking force under dynamic braking conditions is proposed. The mechanical wheel and axle model at low/idling/high speeds is established using the piston-pressure formula, force transfer in the brake-wheel cylinder, relative movement between the wheel and the roller, among others. On this basis, the relationship between wheel braking force and roller-linear acceleration is further derived. Our method does not alter existing vehicle structures or sensor types. The standard sealing bolt is temporarily replaced with a hydraulic sensor for coefficient calibration. Afterward, the braking force can be indirectly calculated using the roller-linear velocity data. The method has characteristics of efficiency and high accuracy without refitting vehicles.
      PubDate: 2019-11-23
  • Nonempirical hybrid multi-attribute decision-making method for design for
    • Abstract: Abstract Design for remanufacturing (DfRem) is the process of considering remanufacturing characteristics during product design in order to reduce the number of issues during the remanufacturing stage. This decision-making in DfRem is influenced by the designers’ subjective preferences owing to a lack of explicitly defined remanufacturing knowledge for designers, which can lead to indecisive design schemes. In order to objectively select the optimal design scheme for remanufacturing, a nonempirical hybrid multi-attribute decision-making method is presented to alleviate the impacts of subjective factors. In this method, design characteristics and demand information are characterized through the matter-element theory. Coupled with design principles, some initial design schemes are proposed. Evaluation criteria are established considering the technical, economic, and environmental factors. The entropy weight and vague set are used to determine the optimal design scheme via a multi-attribute decision-making approach. The design of a bearing assembly machine for remanufacturing is taken as an example to illustrate the practicality and validity of the proposed method. The results revealed that the proposed method was effective in the decision-making of DfRem.
      PubDate: 2019-11-11
  • Residual stress model of pre-stressed dry grinding considering coupling of
           thermal, stress, and phase transformation
    • Abstract: Abstract Pre-stressed dry grinding can result in a hardened layer on the part surface while the surface residual stress is controlled. Considering the factors of the thermal field, pre-stress, and microstructural transformation, a proximate model of surface residual stress for pre-stressed dry grinding is established using the ANSYS finite element simulation method and verified through experiment. The variation laws and mechanisms of the residual stress along with the grinding parameters are revealed. Under the comprehensive effect of pre-stress and phase transformation, the residual stress of pre-stressed dry grinding is revealed mainly as compressive stress. This increases as the pre-stress and grinding depth increase. Under the coupling effect, pre-stress has larger influence on the residual stress than the grinding depth. The model can analyze and predict the residual stress of pre-stressed dry grinding in general.
      PubDate: 2019-11-11
  • Smooth particle hydrodynamics modeling of cutting force in milling process
           of TC4
    • Abstract: Abstract Milling is one of the main methods for processing titanium alloy. At present, the complex process of milling is usually simulated by finite element method, which often has problems in mesh distortion and mesh reconstruction. Therefore, a meshless three-dimensional milling simulation model was established for TC4 titanium alloy using the smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method. Firstly, the established SPH model was analyzed by the LS-DYNA software, and the stress distribution, temperature field, and cutting force during milling were studied under specific conditions. Subsequently, the cutting force was simulated under different cutting parameters and the effects of these parameters on the cutting force were determined. Finally, based on a series of cutting force experiments, the accuracy of the simulation model was verified. This study proves the feasibility of SPH method in the simulation of titanium alloy milling process and provides novel methods for investigating the processing mechanism and optimizing the processing technology of titanium alloys.
      PubDate: 2019-11-08
  • Real-time predictive sliding mode control method for AGV with actuator
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, a predictive sliding mode control method based on multi-sensor fusion is proposed to solve the problem of insufficient accuracy in trajectory tracking caused by actuator delay. The controller, based on the kinematics model, uses an inner and outer two-layer structure to achieve decoupling of position control and heading control. A reference positional change rate is introduced into the design of controller, making the automatic guided vehicle (AGV) capable of real-time predictive control ability. A stability analysis and a proof of predictive sliding mode control theory are provided. The experimental results show that the new control algorithm can improve the performance of the AGV controller by referring to the positional change rate, thereby improving the AGV operation without derailing.
      PubDate: 2019-11-07
  • Effect of weld faying part groove shape on reduction of inner flash in
           steel pipe joints fabricated by friction welding
    • Abstract: Abstract The groove shape of the weld faying part was investigated to obtain an ideal pipe friction-welded joint that had a fracture in the base metal and no inner flash of it. The steel pipe had inner and outer diameters of 8.0 mm and 13.5 mm, respectively, and the weld faying surface was of a basic flat shape (butt) type. Moreover, stepped and tapered groove shapes were prepared. Pipe groove shapes were welded with a friction speed of 27.5 s−1 and a friction load of 2.79 kN. Joining phenomena during the welding process were observed, and the tensile strength of joints was evaluated. The joints, that fabricated with flat or step groove shapes, made with a friction time at which the friction torque reached the initial peak did not have the tensile strength of the base metal nor a fracture in the base metal. However, the joints fabricated with a friction time that reached past the initial peak had a large flash, and they contained a fracture in the base metal. In contrast, when joints were made with a gently tapered groove shape with a friction time reaching the time of the initial peak, they achieved a fracture in the base metal, despite having an extremely small inner flash. Therefore, the shape at the weld faying part was capable of reducing the flash exhausted from the weld interface.
      PubDate: 2019-10-12
  • Leaching improvement of ceramic cores for hollow turbine blades based on
           additive manufacturing
    • Abstract: Abstract The precision casting method based on alumina-based ceramic cores is one of the main techniques used to manufacture hollow turbine blades. Additive manufacturing (AM) technology provides an alternate solution to fabricating ceramic cores quickly and precisely. As the complexity of the structure increases and the strength of the material improves, the leaching process of the cores becomes more complicated. This study proposes a compound pore-forming method to increase the porosity of ceramic cores by adding a preformed-pore agent and materials that convert to easy-to-corrode phases. The preformed-pore agents (e.g., carbon fibers) can be burned off during sintering to form pores before the leaching, and the easy-to-corrode phases (e.g., CaCO3, SiO2, β-Al2O3) can be leached firstly to form pores during the leaching process. The pores formed in the aforementioned two stages increase the contact area of the cores and leaching solution, thus improving the leaching rate. In the current study, the additive amount of the preformed-pore agent was optimized, and the effect of the easy-to-corrode phases on the comprehensive properties of the cores was then compared. Based on this, the corresponding model was established.
      PubDate: 2019-09-26
  • Editorial: Industrial relevance of molybdenum in China
    • Abstract: Abstract About 80% of all molybdenum mined in the world (not including units recovered via recycling) is used as an alloying element in iron and steel. In general, the intensity of molybdenum use in China is still lower than in more highly developed regions such as the USA and Europe. This difference is manifest in both carbon steels and stainless steels, suggesting a significant opportunity for more widespread use of molybdenum in the future as China follows its self-reliance policy, calling for more sophisticated materials. Active market development, as being pursued by the International Molybdenum Association (IMOA), is a key asset in that respect. This article summarizes some key facts on molybdenum mining, use and market development in China.
      PubDate: 2019-09-10
  • Research on temperature field of non-uniform heat source model in surface
           grinding by cup wheel
    • Abstract: Abstract To address the problems of thermal damage to a workpiece surface caused by the instantaneous high temperature during grinding and the difficulty in monitoring temperature in real time, the temperature field in the case of composite surface grinding by a cup wheel is studied. In order to predict the grinding temperature, considering material removal and grinding force distribution, a non-uniform heat source model with different function distributions in the circumferential and radial directions in the cylindrical coordinate system is first proposed; then, the analytical model is deduced and the numerical model of the temperature field is established based on the heat source model. The validation experiments for grinding temperature field are carried out using a high-definition infrared thermal imager and an artificial thermocouple. Compared to the temperature field based on the uniform heat source model, the results based on the non-uniform heat source model are in better agreement with the actual temperature field, and the temperature prediction error is reduced from approximately 23% to 6%. Thus, the present study provides a more accurate theoretical basis for preventing burns in cup wheel surface grinding.
      PubDate: 2019-08-27
  • Accelerating sample preparation of graded thermoelectric materials using
           an automatic powder feeding system
    • Abstract: Abstract In recent years, the development of techniques for the controlled preparation of functional graded materials (FGMs) has become a vigorous research field. In this study, to improve the efficiency and accuracy of sample preparations, an automated feeding system based on gravimetric principles for dry powder with three dosing feeders is designed and realized. The feeding rate and accuracy can be regulated by coordinating the protruded length L (mm) and rotational speed V (r/min) of the feeder stirrer. To demonstrate this automatic sample preparation system, the well-known thermoelectric material BixSb2−xTe3 (x = 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7 and 0.8) is selected and prepared by the developed system, and the composition distribution of the functional graded material is characterized. Experimental results show that the BixSb2−xTe3 (x = 0.3–0.8) functionally graded material crystalizes in the rhombohedral phase after hot-pressing sintering and annealing and the prepared sample has a good gradient composition distribution. This verifies the reliability and accuracy of the feeding system. The concept of samples with a gradient component and application of the automatic powder feeding system could considerably accelerate the research and development of new materials.
      PubDate: 2019-08-26
  • Variation characteristic of drilling force and influence of cutting
           parameter of SiCp/Al composite thin-walled workpiece
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, the variation characteristic of the drilling force, and the influences of cutting speed, feed rate, and workpiece thickness on the drilling force, were evaluated when drilling a silicon carbide particle reinforced aluminum matrix (SiCp/Al) composite thin-walled workpiece with a high volume fraction. Under the condition that the workpiece thickness was less than the drill tip height, three characteristic stages of drilling force variation were proposed. The results indicate that there is a significant difference between the variations in the drilling force when drilling a thin-walled workpiece compared to thick-walled workpiece. When the chisel edge drills out the lower surface of the workpiece, there is an abrupt decrease in the thrust forces of the thin-walled and thick-walled workpieces. In addition, there is an abrupt decrease in the torque of the thick-walled workpiece, whereas that of the thin-walled workpiece increases. According to the thickness of the thin-walled workpiece, the instant of the abrupt decrease in the thrust force may lead or lag behind the theoretical instant at which the chisel edge reaches the lower surface of the workpiece without deformation. When drilling a thin-walled hole, the cutting speed has a slight influence on the thrust force, and there is a slight increase in the torque in accordance with an increase in the cutting speed. The thrust force and torque increase in accordance with an increase in the feed rate. When drilling a thin-walled workpiece with a thickness of 1 mm, the critical thickness of workpiece cracking decreases in accordance with an increase in the cutting speed, and increases in accordance with an increase in the feed rate. When drilling a thin-walled workpiece with a thickness of 0.5 mm, the concave deformation of the workpiece and the critical thickness of the workpiece cracking increase in accordance with an increase in the feed rate. However, the increment in the critical thickness of the workpiece cracking is less than that in the concave deformation of the workpiece.
      PubDate: 2019-08-20
  • Flat-end tool orientation based on rotation-minimizing frame
    • Abstract: Abstract Well-designed tool orientation is crucial for the quality execution of five-axis machining with flat-end tools. Tool orientation can be specified in terms of tool inclination and tool tilt angles. For a given surface path, these aspects need to be specified for each cutter contact point along the path, because poor tool orientation choice can cause large axial acceleration of the machine tool, leading to inferior quality of the machined surface. The rotation-minimizing frame aims to reduce unnecessary frame rotation during movement. This concept has been adopted to develop tool orientation methods that allow variation in the inclination angle, the tilt angle, and both the inclination and tilt angles. The intention is to reduce unnecessary rotation of the tool frame as the tool follows a specified path. Evaluation was conducted in the context of five-axis flat-end tool machining. Based on these methods, tool orientation was planned along surface paths of a torus, sphere, and dome. Changes in tool orientation were always smooth. From the perspective of reducing tool orientation changes and axial acceleration, it was demonstrated that simultaneous variation of the inclination and tilt angles based on rotation minimization provided the best results.
      PubDate: 2019-08-15
  • Study on the modification of inclusions by Ca treatment in GCr18Mo bearing
    • Abstract: Abstract The effect of Ca treatment on the modification of inclusions in Al-killed GCr18Mo bearing steel was studied and a thermodynamic and kinetic model was established. The experimental results showed that oxygen content in the steel could be reduced from 120 μg/g to the range 5.5–21.6 μg/g by Al-Ca complex deoxidization at 1 873 K. An appropriate increase in Ca/Al mass ratio is beneficial to reduce the total oxygen content in steel. When the content of dissolved aluminum was in the range of 0.03%–0.3%, with the increase of Ca/Al mass ratio from 0.8–1.6 to 2.4–3.2, the number of inclusions per unit area significantly reduced. In addition, the main types of inclusions were modified from large-sized Al2O3 clusters to plastic or semi-plastic liquid phase calcium aluminates. The experimental results matched well with the thermodynamic analysis.
      PubDate: 2019-08-14
  • Bio-inspired motion planning for reaching movement of a manipulator based
           on intrinsic tau jerk guidance
    • Abstract: Abstract This study proposed a bio-inspired motion planning approach for the reaching movement of a robot manipulator based on a novel intrinsic tau jerk guidance strategy, which was established by some cognitive science researchers when they studied motion patterns through biology. In accordance with the rules of human reaching movement, the intrinsic tau jerk guidance strategy ensures continuity of the acceleration; further, it also ensures that its value is zero at the start and end of the movement. The approach has been implemented on a three-degrees-of-freedom 3R planar manipulator. The results show that, within a defined time, both the position gap and attitude gap can be reposefully closed, and the curves of joint velocity, acceleration, and driving torque are continuous and smooth. According to the dynamic analysis, the proposed approach tends to consume less energy. The bio-inspired method has the potential to be applied in particular scenarios in the future, such as a mobile robot with a manipulator exploring an unknown environment.
      PubDate: 2019-08-02
  • Understanding the formation mechanism of subsurface damage in potassium
           dihydrogen phosphate crystals during ultra-precision fly cutting
    • Abstract: Abstract Potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) crystals play an important role in high-energy laser systems, but the laser damage threshold (LDT) of KDP components is lower than expected. The LDT is significantly influenced by subsurface damage produced in KDP crystals. However, it is very challenging to detect the subsurface damage caused by processing because a KDP is soft, brittle, and sensitive to the external environment (e.g., humidity, temperature and applied stress). Conventional characterization methods such as transmission electron microscopy are ineffective for this purpose. This paper proposes a nondestructive detection method called grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) to investigate the formation of subsurface damage during ultra-precision fly cutting of KDP crystals. Some crystal planes, namely (200), (112), (312), (211), (220), (202), (301), (213), (310) and (303), were detected in the processed subsurface with the aid of GIXD, which provided very different results for KDP crystal bulk. These results mean that single KDP crystals change into a lattice misalignment structure (LMS) due to mechanical stress in the subsurface. These crystal planes match the slip systems of the KDP crystals, implying that dislocations nucleate and propagate along slip systems to result in the formation of the LMS under shear and compression stresses. The discovery of the LMS in the subsurface provides a new insight into the nature of the laser-induced damage of KDP crystals.
      PubDate: 2019-07-18
  • Surface reconstruction from unorganized point clouds based on edge growing
    • Abstract: Abstract Owing to unorganized point cloud data, unexpected triangles, such as holes and slits, may be generated during mesh surface reconstruction. To solve this problem, a mesh surface reconstruction method based on edge growing from unorganized point clouds is proposed. The method first constructs an octree structure for unorganized point cloud data, and determines the k-nearest neighbor for each point. Subsequently, the method searches for flat areas in the point clouds to be used as the initial mesh edge growth regions, to avoid incorrect reconstruction of the mesh surface owing to the growth of initial sharp areas. Finally, the optimal mesh surface is obtained by controlling the mesh edge growing based on compulsive restriction and comprehensive optimization criteria. The experimental results of mesh surface reconstruction show that the method is feasible and shows high reconstruction performance without introducing holes or slits in the reconstructed mesh surface.
      PubDate: 2019-07-10
  • Key machining characteristics in ultrasonic vibration cutting of single
           crystal silicon for micro grooves
    • Abstract: Abstract Structured complex silicon components have been widely used in solar cells, biomedical engineering and other industrial applications. As silicon is a typical brittle material, ultrasonic vibration cutting (UVC) is a promising method to achieve better cutting performance than conventional techniques. High-frequency 1D UVC possesses higher nominal cutting speed and material removal rate than many 2D/3D UVC systems, and thus, it has great development potential in industrial applications of structured silicon components. However, few researchers have applied 1D UVC to the cutting of structured silicon surfaces, since its main drawback is tool marks imprinted by the vibration on machined surface. In this study, to uncover the key machining characteristics under the condition of 1D UVC, a series of tests involving diamond cutting grooves were first performed on the silicon surface. The machined surface and chips were subsequently measured and analyzed to evaluate the critical undeformed chip thickness, surface characteristics, and chip formation. Regarding the main drawback of 1D UVC, a novel theoretical model was developed for predicting the length of tool marks and evaluating the impact of tool marks on the surface finish. The results demonstrated that the critical undeformed chip thickness of silicon reached 1 030 nm under a certain vibration amplitude and that an array of micro grooves was generated at the plastic region with a surface roughness (Ra) as low as 1.11 nm. Moreover, the micro topography of the continuous chips exhibited discontinuous clusters of lines with diameters of dozens of nanometers, only composed of polysilicon. The novel theoretical model was able to predict the length of tool marks with low error. Thus, the impact of tool marks on the surface finish can be reduced and even eliminated with help of the model.
      PubDate: 2019-07-05
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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