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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2353 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2353 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 124)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Advances in Manufacturing
  [SJR: 0.2]   [H-I: 4]   [3 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2095-3127 - ISSN (Online) 2195-3597
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Effect of flow control mold on flow field during high-speed continuous
    • Authors: Zhan Yu; Zheng-Qiang Zhang; Zhong-Ming Ren
      Abstract: Abstract An experimental mold was built to study the flow in a flow control mold under high speed continuous casting. The effect of the magnetic field on the flow was investigated using mercury. The results show that the magnetic field can not only dampen the flow of liquid metal but also change its direction, and then redistribute the flow in the mold. When maintaining a constant distance between magnets, the fluctuation of the free surface is dampened because of the increasing magnetic flux density. The flow at the free surface is improved, and the penetration depth of the downward stream is reduced. The decrease in the distance between magnets promotes the brake effect and the flow is dampened in the upper eddy.
      PubDate: 2017-07-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0183-8
  • Hydrogenation of graphene nanoflakes and C–H bond dissociation of
           hydrogenated graphene nanoflakes: a density functional theory study
    • Authors: Sheng Tao; Hui-Ting Liu; Liu-Ming Yan; Bao-Hua Yue; Ai-Jun Li
      Abstract: Abstract The Gibbs free energy change for the hydrogenation of graphene nanoflakes C n (n = 24, 28, 30 and 32) and the C–H bond dissociation energy of hydrogenated graphene nanoflakes C n H m (n = 24, 28, 30 and 32; and m = 1, 2 and 3) are evaluated using density functional theory calculations. It is concluded that the graphene nanoflakes and hydrogenated graphene nanoflakes accept the orth-aryne structure with peripheral carbon atoms bonded via the most triple bonds and leaving the least unpaired dangling electrons. Five-membered rings are formed at the deep bay sites attributing to the stabilization effect from the pairing of dangling electrons. The hydrogenation reactions which eliminate one unpaired dangling electron and thus decrease the overall multiplicity of the graphene nanoflakes or hydrogenated graphene nanoflakes are spontaneous with negative or near zero Gibbs free energy change. And the resulting C–H bonds are stable with bond dissociation energy in the same range as those of aromatic compounds. The other C–H bonds are not as stable attributing to the excessive unpaired dangling electrons being filled into the C–H anti-bond orbital.
      PubDate: 2017-06-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0180-y
  • State-of-the-art developments in metal and carbon-based semiconducting
           nanomaterials: applications and functions in spintronics, nanophotonics,
           and nanomagnetics
    • Authors: Sergio Manzetti; Francesco Enrichi
      Abstract: Abstract Nanomaterials composed of metals and metal alloys are the most valuable components in emerging micro- and nano-electronic devices and innovations to date. The composition of these nanomaterials, their quantum chemical and physical properties, and their production methods are in critical need of summarization, so that a complete state of the art of the present and future of nanotechnologies can be presented. In this review, we report on the most recent activities and results in the fields of spintronics, nanophotonics, and nanomagnetics, with particular emphasis on metallic nanoparticles in alloys and pure metals, as well as in organic combinations and in relation to carbon-based nanostructures. This review shows that the combinatory synthesis of alloys with rare metals, such as scandium, yttrium, and rare earths imparts valuable qualities to high-magnetic-field compounds, and provides unique properties with emphasis on nanoelectronic and computational components. In this review, we also shed light on the methods of synthesis and the background of spintronic, nanomagnetic, and nanophotonic materials, with applications in optics, diagnostics, nanoelectronics, and computational nanotechnology. The review is important for the industrial development of novel materials, and for summarizing both fabrication and manufacturing methods, as well as principles and functions of metallic nanoparticles.
      PubDate: 2017-06-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0172-y
  • Development and experimental investigation of duplex turning process
    • Authors: Ravindra Nath Yadav
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of the present study was to develop a novel turning process with the simultaneous application of two cutting tools in place of a single cutting tool during machining of rotating surfaces. This process is referred to as duplex turning, and is used to eliminate the need for a secondary final cut operation following the turning process. To achieve this, a secondary (auxiliary) tool post is mounted on the cross slide of the centre lathe machine after fabrication. The secondary tool post is used to hold a secondary cutting tool that penetrates the workpiece from opposite side of the primary cutting tool to perform the finish cut operation during turn machining of the cylindrical workpiece. The performance of the developed process was tested on AISI 1040 alloy steel, using two single point cutting tools made of high speed steel. The effects of cutting velocity, feed rate, primary depth of cut and secondary depth of cut were analyzed and discussed with regard to average surface roughness, and were also compared with normal turning process. From the results, it was concluded that duplex turning process was capable of providing better surface finishes compared to those generated by normal turning. It was also found that higher cutting velocity yielded better surface finishes within the determined ranges of the selected parameters.
      PubDate: 2017-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0177-6
  • A medical image encryption algorithm based on synchronization of
           time-delay chaotic system
    • Authors: Hua Wang; Jian-Min Ye; Hang-Feng Liang; Zhong-Hua Miao
      Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a new synchronization method of the time-delay chaotic system and its application in medical image encryption. Compared with the existing techniques, the error system is greatly simplified because many coupled items can be considered zero items. An improved image encryption scheme based on a dynamic block is proposed. This scheme divides the image into dynamic blocks, and the number of blocks is determined by a previous block cipher. Numerical simulations are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0178-5
  • Adaptive pass planning and optimization for robotic welding of complex
    • Authors: H. C. Fang; S. K. Ong; A. Y. C. Nee
      Abstract: Abstract Current industrial robotic welding systems cannot achieve automated solutions for multi-layer multi-pass welding of complex joints due to the presence of non-uniform and irregular welding groove geometries. This paper presents an adaptive pass planning approach for robotic welding of such complex joints. The welding groove is first segmented considering both the variation in groove dimension and the reachability of the robot welding torch. For each welding segment, the welding passes are planned to be in accordance with welding practices, viz., keeping the same number of welding passes in each layer while maintaining consistent welding parameters. An adaptive pass adjustment scheme is developed to address the discrepancies between the simulated results and the actual welding deposition after finishing a few layers of welding. Corresponding robot paths are generated and optimized to ensure minimum joint movement subject to three constraints, viz., reachability, collision-free and singularity avoidance. The proposed approach has been simulated with the arc welding of a Y-type joint found typically in offshore structures.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0181-x
  • On the wavelet analysis of cutting forces for chatter identification in
    • Authors: Cesar Giovanni Cabrera; Anna Carla Araujo; Daniel Alves Castello
      Abstract: Abstract Chatter vibrations in machining operations affect surface finishing and tool behaviour, particularly in the end-milling of aluminum parts for the aerospace industry. This paper presents a methodological approach to identify chatter vibrations during manufacturing processes. It relies on wavelet analyses of cutting force signals during milling operations. The cutting-force signal is first decomposed into an approximation/trend sub-signal and detailed sub-signals, and it is then re-composed using modified sub-signals to reduce measurement noise and strengthen the reference peak forces. The reconstruction of the cutting-force signal is performed using a wavelet denoising procedure based on a hard-thresholding method. Four experimental configurations were set with specific cutting parameters using a workpiece specifically designed to allow experiments with varying depths of cut. The experimental results indicate that resultant force peaks (after applying the threshold to the detailed sub-signals) are related to the presence of chatter, based on the increased correlation of such peaks and the surface roughness profiles, thereby reinforcing the applicability of the proposed method. The results can be used to control the online occurrence of chatter in end-milling processes, as the method does not depend on the knowledge of cutting geometry nor dynamic parameters.
      PubDate: 2017-05-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0179-4
  • A wheel-type in-pipe robot for grinding weld beads
    • Authors: Zi-Li Xu; Song Lu; Jun Yang; Yong-Hui Feng; Chun-Tai Shen
      Abstract: Abstract To improve the safety and efficiency of polishing operations in circular boiler headers, a new type of wheel-drive polishing robot was developed in this study. The robot was designed to grind weld beads on the inner walls of pipes in diameter between 550 mm and 714 mm. The robot consists of a moving structure, a positioning structure, and a polishing structure. Charge coupled device (CCD) cameras and line lasers are used in the robot’s vision system, thus the robot can be manually controlled to move, locate, and grind quickly and accurately. The experimental results showed that the robot performed well in practical applications.
      PubDate: 2017-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0174-9
  • Roundness measurement of cigarette based on visual information
    • Authors: Jun-Li Cao; Ju-Feng Li; Teng-Da Lu
      Abstract: Abstract Roundness is defined as the degree that the cross section of an object is close to a theoretical circle. In the cigarette production process, the quality and production efficiency of a cigarette are directly affected by the roundness of the un-cut cigarette. To improve the current measurement method using a charge-coupled device (CCD) sensor and measure the roundness of cigarettes in the production line, a visual detection system composed of an industrial camera and a structural light is developed. The system’s roundness-calculation method is closer to the real environment of the cigarette roundness. In this visual system, the line-structure light shines on the cigarette with a fixed angle and height in a longitudinal section, forming a crescent-shaped spot when the industrial camera cannot capture the cigarette’s end surface. Then, the spot is analyzed using image-processing techniques, such as a median filter and ellipse fitting, after the industrial camera captures the spot. The system with a non-contact measurement style can meet the requirements of on-line cigarette detection with stable results and high precision.
      PubDate: 2017-05-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0176-7
  • Influence of pulse magneto-oscillation on the efficiency of grain refiner
    • Authors: Tian-Yu Liu; Jie Sun; Cheng Sheng; Qi-Xin Wang; Yun-Hu Zhang; Li-Juan Li; Hong-Gang Zhong; Qi-Jie Zhai
      Abstract: Abstract Solidification experiments were carried out in Al-Cu (w(Cu) = 5%) alloy to investigate the influence of pulse magneto-oscillation (PMO) on the efficiency of the Al3Ti1B refining agent at high superheat. The experimental solidification results show that the degree of superheat has remarkable influence on the efficiency of the grain refiner. However, the application of PMO has the potential to reduce the influence of superheat variation on the efficiency of the grain refiner. Finally, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon is discussed by performing a numerical simulation to show the forced flow inside the melt caused by PMO.
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0175-8
  • A review of thickness-induced evolutions of microstructure and
           superconducting performance of REBa 2 Cu 3 O 7−δ coated conductor
    • Authors: Jian-Xin Lin; Xu-Ming Liu; Chuan-Wei Cui; Chuan-Yi Bai; Yu-Ming Lu; Feng Fan; Yan-Qun Guo; Zhi-Yong Liu; Chuan-Bing Cai
      Abstract: Abstract The research and development of high temperature superconducting (HTS) films, especially ReBa2Cu3O7− δ (REBCO or RE123; RE=Y, Gd, or other rare earths) yttrium-based coated conductors, has generated widespread interest for the potential applications of the second generation superconducting films. In view of commercialization, however, the maximum superconducting currents for coated conductors should be increased further. Unfortunately, it has been frequently observed that the average critical current density J c decreases with an increase in film thickness. The thickness effect is still a hurdle for large-scale production, especially in pulsed laser deposition and metal organic deposition processes. An engineering current of more than 1 000 A/cm is desired owing to the high cost of 2G superconducting materials. The present work attempts to review the evolution of various issues subject to the thickness effect, including the microstructure, epitaxial texture, surface roughness, pinning force, oxygen deficiency, residual stress, copper-rich layers, and segregation of elements. Furthermore, recent progress in enhancing the performance of superconductors especially in terms of critical current density is illustrated, such as the use of heavy doping. Further understanding of the thickness effect is extremely important for large-scale commercial development of the second generation high temperature superconductors.
      PubDate: 2017-05-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0173-x
  • Friction identification and compensation design for precision positioning
    • Authors: Feng-Tian Li; Li Ma; Lin-Tao Mi; You-Xuan Zeng; Ning-Bo Jin; Ying-Long Gao
      Abstract: Abstract Precision positioning systems driven by linear motors are vulnerable to force disturbances owing to the reduction of gear transmission. The friction, included in the disturbance, can be modeled and compensated to improve the servo performance. This paper proposes a modified Stribeck friction model (SFM) and an optimization algorithm for consistency with the positioning platform. The compensators based on the friction model and disturbance observer (DOB) are simulated. The simulation results show that as compared with the DOB compensator (the velocity recovers by 5.19%), the friction model based compensator (the velocity recovers by 10.66%) exhibits a better performance after adding the disturbance. Moreover, compensation comparisons among the Coulomb friction, traditional SFM, and modified SFM are performed. The experimental results show that the following error with modified SFM compensation improves by 67.67% and 51.63% at a speed of 0.005 m/s and 0.05 m/s, compared with the Coulomb friction compensation. This demonstrates that the proposed model, optimization algorithm, and compensator can reduce the following error effectively.
      PubDate: 2017-05-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0171-z
  • Laser conditioning and structuring of grinding tools – a review
    • Authors: Bahman Azarhoushang; Ali Zahedi
      Abstract: Abstract The conditioning of grinding tools is one of the most important factors for achieving an optimal grinding process. It influences the grinding forces and temperatures and, therefore, the achievable material removal rate, dimensional accuracy and the surface integrity of the workpiece. Furthermore, the roundness, profile accuracy and the wear of the grinding tools are strongly influenced by the conditioning process. The conditioning process should be matched to the abrasive type and the bonding of the grinding tool. Laser conditioning is a promising unconventional and non-contact method, which is able to condition all kinds of abrasives and bonding types. The main advantages of this novel method are no tool wear, good repeatability and controllability, high precision and a relatively short process time. Additionally, using this method grinding tools can be micro-structured. This paper reviews the literature on the laser conditioning of grinding tools, covering the associated setups, wheel conditioning and structuring mechanisms, and experimental results. It also discusses the technical barriers that have to be overcome before laser conditioning can be fully integrated into manufacturing.
      PubDate: 2017-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0167-0
  • Particle fracture and debonding during orthogonal machining of metal
           matrix composites
    • Authors: A. Pramanik; L. C. Zhang
      Abstract: Abstract This paper investigates the particle fracture and debonding during machining of metal matrix composite (MMC) due to developed stress and strain, and interaction with moving tool by finite element analysis. The machining zone was divided into three regions: primary, secondary and tertiary deformation zones. The tendency of particles to fracture in each deformation zone was investigated. The findings of this study were also discussed with respect to the experimental results available in the literature. It was found that particles at the cutting path in the tertiary deformation zone fractured as it interacted with tool. In the secondary deformation zone, particles interacted with other particles as well as cutting tool. This caused debonding and fracture of huge number of particles as those were moving up along the rake face with the chips. No particle fracture was noted at the primary deformation zone. The results obtained from finite element analysis were very similar to those obtained from experimental studies.
      PubDate: 2017-02-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-017-0170-0
  • System integration for on-machine measurement using a capacitive LVDT-like
           contact sensor
    • Authors: Yung-Tien Liu; You-Liang Kuo; Da-Wei Yan
      Abstract: Abstract In this study, an air-bearing capacitive linear variable differential transformer (LVDT)-like contact sensor with a rounded diamond tip was mounted to a desktop machine tool to construct an on-machine (OM) measuring system. The measuring system was capable of decoding the digital signals of linear encoders mounted on the machine tool and acquiring the analog signal of the contact sensor. To verify the measuring system, experimental examinations were performed on an oxygen-free copper (OFC) convex aspheric mold with a diameter of 5 mm and a curve height of 0.46 mm. The acquired signals were processed by the implemented Gaussian regression filter (GRF), removing the tilt of measured profile, and compensating for the radius of probe tip. The profile obtained was compared to that measured using a commercially available device, and a maximum deviation of 14.6 μm was found for the rough cutting. The compensation cutting was then performed according to the form error of OM measurement. As a result, the PV form error compared with the designed profile was reduced from 19.2 μm over a measured diameter of 4 mm to 9.7 μm over a measured diameter of 3.1 mm, or a percentage improvement of 35.4% in form accuracy. Through the examination for aspheric machining, the effectiveness of the implemented OM measuring system was demonstrated, and the technical details of system implementation were presented. Further improvement was suggested to reduce the diameter of probe tip and measuring force.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0169-y
  • Comparative study between wear of uncoated and TiAlN-coated carbide tools
           in milling of Ti6Al4V
    • Authors: M. S. Uddin; Binh Pham; Ahmed Sarhan; Animesh Basak; Alokesh Pramanik
      Abstract: Abstract As is recognized widely, tool wear is a major problem in the machining of difficult-to-cut titanium alloys. Therefore, it is of significant interest and importance to understand and determine quantitatively and qualitatively tool wear evolution and the underlying wear mechanisms. The main aim of this paper is to investigate and analyse wear, wear mechanisms and surface and chip generation of uncoated and TiAlN-coated carbide tools in a dry milling of Ti6Al4V alloys. The quantitative flank wear and roughness were measured and recorded. Optical and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations of the tool cutting edge, machined surface and chips were conducted. The results show that the TiAlN-coated tool exhibits an approximately 44% longer tool life than the uncoated tool at a cutting distance of 16 m. A more regular progressive abrasion between the flank face of the tool and the workpiece is found to be the underlying wear mechanism. The TiAlN-coated tool generates a smooth machined surface with 31% lower roughness than the uncoated tool. As is expected, both tools generate serrated chips. However, the burnt chips with blue color are noticed for the uncoated tool as the cutting continues further. The results are shown to be consistent with observation of other researchers, and further imply that coated tools with appropriate combinations of cutting parameters would be able to increase the tool life in cutting of titanium alloys.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0166-1
  • Deformation, failure and removal mechanisms of thin film structures in
           abrasive machining
    • Authors: Cheng-Wei Kang; Han Huang
      Abstract: Abstract Thin film structures are becoming increasingly more important for industrial applications such as the making of solar panels, microelectronic devices and micro systems. However, the challenges encountered in the machining of thin film structures have been a bottleneck that impedes further wide spread uses of such structures. The development of material removal processes that are capable of producing a damage free surface at high removal rates is critical for cost effective production. Such development relies highly on a comprehensive understanding of the deformation, failure and removal mechanisms of thin film structures involved in mechanical loading. In this paper, the current understanding of the deformation characteristics of thin film systems was reviewed to provide important insights into the interfacial failure under mechanical loading, with focuses on the interfacial failure mechanisms and existing problems in the machining of thin film structures. The key characterization techniques were outlined. In particular, the recent progress in the abrasive machining of a thin film multilayer structure was summarized. The potential research directions were also presented in the end of the review.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0165-2
  • Fatigue life of machined components
    • Authors: A. Pramanik; A. R. Dixit; S. Chattopadhyaya; M. S. Uddin; Yu Dong; A. K. Basak; G. Littlefair
      Abstract: Abstract A correlation between machining process and fatigue strength of machined components clearly exists. However, a complete picture of the knowledge on this is not readily available for practical applications. This study addresses this issue by investigating the effects of machining methods on fatigue life of commonly used materials, such as titanium alloys, steel, aluminium alloys and nickel alloys from previous literature. Effects of turning, milling, grinding and different non-conventional machining processes on fatigue strength of above-mentioned materials have been investigated in detail with correlated information. It is found that the effect of materials is not significant except steel in which phase change causes volume expansion, resulting in compressive/tensile residual stresses based on the amounts of white layers. It is very complex to identify the influence of surface roughness on the fatigue strength of machined components in the presence of residual stresses. The polishing process improves the surface roughness, but removes the surface layers that contain compressive residual stresses to decrease the fatigue strength of polished specimens. The compressive and tensile residual stresses improve and reduce fatigue strength, respectively. Grinding process induces tensile residual stresses on the machined surfaces due to high temperature generation. On the other hand, milling and turning processes induce compressive residual stresses. High temperature non-conventional machining generates a network of micro-cracks on the surfaces in addition to tensile residual stresses to subsequently reduce fatigue strength of machined components. Embedded grits of abrasive water jet machining degrade the fatigue performance of components machined by this method.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0168-z
  • The effects of forging pressure and temperature field on residual stresses
           in linear friction welded Ti6Al4V joints
    • Authors: Ying Fu; Wen-Ya Li; Xia-Wei Yang; Tie-Jun Ma; Achilles Vairis
      Abstract: Abstract Linear friction welding (LFW), as a solid state joining process, has been developed to manufacture and repair blisks in aeroengines. The residual stresses after welding may greatly influence the performance of the welded components. In this paper, the distribution of residual stresses in Ti6Al4V joints after LFW was investigated with numerical simulations. The effects of applied forging pressure and temperature field at the end of the oscillating stages on the residual stresses within the joints were investigated. The results show that, the residual tensile stresses at the welded interface in the y-direction are the largest, while the largest compressive stresses being present at the flash root in the z-direction. Furthermore, the forging pressure and temperature field at the end of the oscillating stages strongly affect the magnitude of the residual stresses. The larger forging pressure produced lower residual stresses in the weld plane in all three directions (x-, y-, and z-directions). Larger variance, σ, which decides the Gaussian distribution of the temperature field, also yields lower residual stresses. There is good agreement between simulation results and experimental data.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0161-6
  • Nano-machining of materials: understanding the process through molecular
           dynamics simulation
    • Authors: Dan-Dan Cui; Liang-Chi Zhang
      Abstract: Abstract Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation has been widely applied in various complex, dynamic processes at atomistic scale, because an MD simulation can provide some deformation details of materials in nano-processing and thus help to investigate the critical and important issues which cannot be fully revealed by experiments. Extensive research with the aid of MD simulation has provided insights for the development of nanotechnology. This paper reviews the fundamentals of nano-machining from the aspect of material structural effects, such as single crystalline, polycrystalline and amorphous materials. The classic MD simulations of nano-indentation and nano-cutting which have aimed to investigate the machining mechanism are discussed with respect to the effects of tool geometry, material properties and machining parameters. On nano-milling, the discussion focuses on the understanding of the grooving quality in relation to milling conditions.
      PubDate: 2016-09-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40436-016-0155-4
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