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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2354 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2354 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
  [SJR: 0.529]   [H-I: 55]   [3 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1720-8319 - ISSN (Online) 1720-8319
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2354 journals]
  • Italians do it worse. Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) optimal cut-off
           scores for people with probable Alzheimer’s disease and with probable
           cognitive impairment
    • Authors: Andrea Bosco; Giuseppina Spano; Alessandro O. Caffò; Antonella Lopez; Ignazio Grattagliano; Giuseppe Saracino; Katia Pinto; Frans Hoogeveen; Giulio E. Lancioni
      Pages: 1113 - 1120
      Abstract: Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) is a test providing a brief screening for people with cognitive impairment due to aging or neurodegenerative syndromes. In Italy, as in the rest of the world, several validation studies of MoCA have been carried out. This study compared, for the first time in Italy, a sample of people with probable Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) with healthy counterparts. The study also compared two community-dwelling groups of aged participants with and without probable cognitive impairment, as discriminated by two cut-off points of adjusted MMSE score. All the comparisons were carried out according to ROC statistics. Optimal cutoff for a diagnosis of probable AD was a MoCA score ≤14. Optimal cutoff for the discrimination of probable cognitive impairment was a MoCA score ≤17 (associated to MMSE cutoff of 23.8). Results confirm the substantial discrepancy in cut-off points existing between Italian and other international validation studies, showing that Italian performance on MoCA seems to be globally lower than that in other Countries. Characteristics of population might explain these results.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0727-6
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Alcohol and other drug use in older adults: results from a community needs
           assessment
    • Authors: Emily Loscalzo; Robert C. Sterling; Stephen P. Weinstein; Brooke Salzman
      Pages: 1149 - 1155
      Abstract: Background With the “Baby Boomer” generation reaching older adulthood, substance abuse treatment providers find themselves needing to address the unique needs of this population. Heavy drinking in adults ages 65 and over is strongly correlated with depression, anxiety, decreased social support, and poor health. However, while alcohol misuse has been shown to be predictive of a lower quality of life in older adults, the generalizability of these findings to urban dwelling, lower socioeconomic status individuals remains unclear. Aims To identify potential treatment needs of this population, a city-funded needs assessment was conducted. Methods Subjects were 249 individuals (44% male) who voluntarily completed measures of quality of life (QOL), depression, and substance abuse. Measures used included the Psychological General Well-Being Schedule, the Geriatric Depression Scale-15, and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Results Alcohol or substance abuse was reported by over 20% of respondents, with 3.4% of respondents engaged in maladaptive alcohol use. Scores on the AUDIT were predictive of increased depression (r = − .209, p = .01), anxiety (r = − .201, p = .002), lower general well-being (r = − .154, p = .019), and decreased self-control (r = − .157, p = .017). Discussion A substantial percentage of the sample reported alcohol and substance misuse. Alcohol use was predictive of depression, global psychological distress, and decreased quality of life. Conclusions This needs assessment reinforces findings from previous studies and addresses the added dimension of examining this in an urban, lower socioeconomic population.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-016-0718-z
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • The effects of age and sex on hand movement structure
    • Authors: A. Sebastjan; A. Skrzek; Z. Ignasiak; T. Sławińska
      Pages: 1221 - 1229
      Abstract: The aim was to investigate the effects of age and sex on hand function and ascertain age-related changes (magnitude and rate) by assessing a broad range of functional tasks with the dominant and non-dominant hands. A representative sample of 635 adults (114 males and 491 females) aged 50 years and over completed motor performance series of the Vienna Test System Parametric and non-parametric analysis and simple linear regression was used to examine the relationships. Significant relationships were observed between task performance and age and sex, although the contributions of both factors differed by varying degree. Compared with males, the females performed significantly better than males in the majority of tests, particularly with the dominant hand, although greater age-related reductions were observed in performance. Among the skills quantifying hand function, age accounted for the most variance in hand and finger dexterity.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0758-z
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Erratum to: Sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity in comparison: prevalence,
           metabolic profile, and key differences. A cross-sectional study in Italian
           hospitalized elderly
    • Authors: Simone Perna; Gabriella Peroni; Milena Anna Faliva; Arianna Bartolo; Maurizio Naso; Alessandra Miccono; Mariangela Rondanelli
      Pages: 1259 - 1259
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0751-6
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Association between low lean mass and low bone mineral density in 653
           
    • Authors: Marco Di Monaco; Carlotta Castiglioni; Roberto Di Monaco; Rosa Tappero
      Pages: 1271 - 1276
      Abstract: Background and aims Loss of both muscle and bone mass results in fragility fractures with increased risk of disability, poor quality of life, and death. Our aim was to assess the association between low appendicular lean mass (aLM) defined according to different criteria and low bone mineral density (BMD) in hip-fracture women. Methods Six hundred fifty-three women admitted to our rehabilitation hospital underwent dual energy X-ray absorptiometry 19.1 ± 4.1 (mean ± SD) days after hip-fracture occurrence. Low aLM was identified according to either Baumgartner’s definition (aLM/height2 less than two standard deviations below the mean of the young reference group) or FNIH criteria: aLM <15.02 kg, or aLM adjusted for body mass index (BMI) <0.512. Low BMD was diagnosed with a T-score <−2.5 at the unfractured femoral neck. Results Using Baumgartner’s definition, the association between low aLM/height2 and low BMD was significant: χ 2(1, n = 653) = 8.52 (p = 0.004), but it was erased by adjustments for age and fat mass. Using the FNIH definition the association between low aLM and low BMD was significant: χ 2(1, n = 653) = 42.5 (p < 0.001), and it was confirmed after adjustment for age and fat mass (p < 0.001). With the FNIH definition based on aLM/BMI ratio the association between low aLM/BMI ratio and low BMD was nonsignificant: χ 2(1, n = 653) = 0.003 (p = 0.957). Conclusions The association between low aLM and low BMD in women with hip fracture dramatically depends on the adopted definition of low aLM. FNIH threshold for aLM (<15.02 kg) emerges as a useful tool to capture women with damage of the muscle-bone unit.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0724-9
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Correlations among age, cognitive impairment, and comorbidities in
           Alzheimer’s disease: report from a center for cognitive disorders
    • Authors: Elena Sinforiani; Sara Bernini; Marta Picascia
      Pages: 1299 - 1300
      Abstract: We report an update of our previous observations in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients in the routine clinical practice considering in particular the interactions between age, concomitant pathologies, and treatment adherence. 2379 AD patients (M/F: 1058/1321, mean age: 74.1 ± 8.8) referred for a first visit to our center from September 2000 to April 2017. An increase of percentage of patients aged over 80 years along the years was confirmed (27% between September 2000 and December 2010, and 39% between January 2011 to April 2017). The patients over 80 years presented a Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS) significantly higher than patients under 80 years (p < 0.00001). Higher CIRS scores were associated with a lower treatment adherence (p < 0.0002) and greater cognitive impairment (p < 0.01). As people in advanced age with cognitive disorders will increase, our approach to dementing conditions has to change and fit to social and epidemiological modifications.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0807-7
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Acute and recurring pericarditis: a singular case of overlap syndrome with
           autoimmune diseases
    • Authors: Valerio Massimo Magro; Walter Verrusio; Maria Luna Summa; Nicolò Gueli; Mauro Cacciafesta
      Pages: 1301 - 1303
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-016-0698-z
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Impact of musculoskeletal pain on balance and concerns of falling in
           mobility-limited, community-dwelling Danes over 75 years of age: a
           cross-sectional study
    • Authors: Julie C. Kendall; Lars G. Hvid; Jan Hartvigsen; Azharuddin Fazalbhoy; Michael F. Azari; Mathias Skjødt; Stephen R. Robinson; Paolo Caserotti
      Abstract: Background In older adults, musculoskeletal pain is associated with increased concerns of falling, reduced balance and increased occurrence of falls. In younger adults, the intensity of neck pain and low back pain is associated with increased postural sway. It is not known if pain further impairs balance and concerns of falling in mobility-limited older adults, and if so, whether this is associated with different intensities of pain. Objective This study examined whether mobility-limited older adults with mild or intense neck pain and/or low back pain have significantly increased postural sway as measured by centre of pressure (COP) changes and concerns of falling compared to those without pain. Methods 48 older adults with a gait speed of < 0.9 m/s from Odense, Denmark were recruited through the public health service. Self-reported neck pain, low back pain, and concerns of falling were recorded on questionnaires. Sway range, velocity and area were recorded on a force plate in a comfortable standing stance. Pain intensity was rated on an 11 point numerical rating scale (0–10). Participants were sub-grouped into mild (0–4) and intense (> 5) neck pain or low back pain. Results Intense neck pain was associated with increased anterior-posterior sway range and area of sway. Intense low back pain was associated with increased concerns of falling. Conclusion Intense neck pain in mobility-limited older adults is associated with significant changes in postural balance, and intense low back pain is associated with significantly higher concerns of falling.
      PubDate: 2017-12-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0876-7
       
  • Predictors of long-term care among nonagenarians: the Vitality
           90 + Study with linked data of the care registers
    • Authors: Maarit Kauppi; Jani Raitanen; Sari Stenholm; Mari Aaltonen; Linda Enroth; Marja Jylhä
      Abstract: Background The need for long-term care services increases with age. However, little is known about the predictors of long-term care (LTC) entry among the oldest old. Aims Aim of this study was to assess predictors of LTC entry in a sample of men and women aged 90 years and older. Methods This study was based on the Vitality 90 + Study, a population-based study of nonagenarians in the city of Tampere, Finland. Baseline information about health, functioning and living conditions were collected by mailed questionnaires. Information about LTC was drawn from care registers during the follow-up period extending up to 11 years. Cox regression models were used for the analyses, taking into account the competing risk of mortality. Results During the mean follow-up period of 2.3 years, 844 (43%) subjects entered first time into LTC. Female gender (HR 1.39, 95% CI 1.14–1.69), having at least two chronic conditions (HR 1.24, 95% CI 1.07–1.44), living alone (HR 1.37, 95% CI 1.15–1.63) and help received sometimes (HR 1.23, 95% CI 1.02–1.49) or daily (HR 1.68, 95% CI 1.38–2.04) were independent predictors of LTC entry. Conclusion Risk of entering into LTC was increased among women, subjects with at least two chronic conditions, those living alone and with higher level of received help. Since number of nonagenarians will increase and the need of care thereby, it is essential to understand predictors of LTC entry to offer appropriate care for the oldest old in future.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0869-6
       
  • Functional capacity improves in-line with neuromuscular performance after
           12 weeks of non-linear periodization strength training in the elderly
    • Authors: Bruno Monteiro de Moura; Raphael Luiz Sakugawa; Lucas Bet da Rosa Orssatto; Luis Antonio Pereira de Lima; Ronei Silveira Pinto; Simon Walker; Fernando Diefenthaeler
      Abstract: Background While it is accepted that resistance training can improve functional capacity in older individuals, the neuromuscular source of this improvement has yet to be identified. Aim This study investigated the link between improved neuromuscular performance and functional capacity after a 12-week resistance training period in untrained healthy older individuals. Methods Fifteen older men and women (60–71 years) adhered to a 4-week control period, followed by 12 weeks of non-linear resistance training for the lower limbs. Maximum dynamic leg press strength (1-RM), maximum isometric knee extension torque and rate of torque development (RTD) were evaluated at − 4, 0, 4, 8, and 12 weeks, and muscle activity was assessed at 0, 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Functional capacity tests (chair rise, stair ascent and descent, and timed up and go) were performed at − 4, 0, and 12 weeks. Results No changes occurred during the control period, but the group increased their 1-RM strength (from 142 ± 53 to 198 ± 43 kg, p = 0.001), which was accompanied by an increase in vastus lateralis activation (p = 0.008) during the intervention. Increase was observed at all RTD time intervals at week 8 (p < 0.05). Significant improvements in all the functional capacity tests were observed at week 12 (p < 0.05). Discussion Despite the expected increase in strength, RTD, muscle activity, and functional capacity, there was no significant relationship between the changes in neuromuscular performance and functional capacity. While resistance training elicits various positive improvements in healthy older individuals, actual strength gain did not influence the gain in functional capacity. Conclusion The present study highlights the exact cause that improved the functional capabilities during resistance training are currently unknown.
      PubDate: 2017-12-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0873-x
       
  • Outcome of older persons admitted to intensive care unit, mortality,
           prognosis factors, dependency scores and ability trajectory within
           1 year: a prospective cohort study
    • Authors: Claude Level; Eric Tellier; Patrick Dezou; Karim Chaoui; Aissa Kherchache; Philippe Sejourné; Anne Marie Rullion-Pac Soo
      Abstract: Background The outcome and functional trajectory of older persons admitted to intensive care (ICU) unit remain a true question for critical care physicians and geriatricians, due to the heterogeneity of geriatric population, heterogeneity of practices and absence of guidelines. Aim To describe the 1-year outcome, prognosis factors and functional trajectory for older people admitted to ICU. Methods In a prospective 1-year cohort study, all patients aged 75 years and over admitted to our ICU were included according to a global comprehensive geriatric assessment. Follow-up was conducted for 1 year survivors, in particular, ability scores and living conditions. Results Of 188 patients included [aged 82.3 ± 4.7 years, 46% of admissions, median SAPS II 53.5 (43–74), ADL of Katz’s score 4.2 ± 1.6, median Barthel’s index 71 (55–90), AGGIR scale 4.5 ± 1.5], the ICU, hospital and 1-year mortality were, respectively, 34, 42.5 and 65.5%. Prognosis factors were: SAPS 2, mechanical ventilation, comorbidity (Lee’s and Mc Cabe’s scores), disability scores (ADL of Katz’s score, Barthel’s index and AGGIR scale), admission creatinin, hypoalbuminemia, malignant haemopathy, cognitive impairment. One-year survivors lived in their own home for 83%, with a preserved physical ability, without significant variation of the three ability assessed scores compared to prior ICU admission. Conclusion The mortality of older people admitted to ICU is high, with a significant impact of disabilty scores, and preserved 1-year survivor independency. Other studies, including a better comprehensive geriatric assessment, seem necessary to determine a predictive “phenotype” of survival with a “satisfactory” level of autonomy.
      PubDate: 2017-12-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0871-z
       
  • Carrying heavy asymmetrical loads increases postural sway during quiet
           standing in older adults
    • Authors: Mathew W. Hill; Mike J. Price
      Abstract: Holding asymmetrical loads in the hands is common during many daily and occupational activities which, depending on the load mass, may alter postural stability. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of load magnitude held asymmetrically in the hand on postural sway in older people. Eighteen healthy older adults (age 65.9 ± 5.7 years) were assessed in the following conditions; (1) standing without an external load (0%), (2) standing while holding a grocery bag containing 5%, (3) 10% and (4) 20% body mass in the dominant hand. The total displacement of the centre of pressure (COP) in the anteroposterior and mediolateral directions (cm), mean COP velocity (cm s−1) and COP area (cm2) were used to indirectly assess postural sway. The COP area (R 2 = 0.96), anteroposterior (R 2 = 0.85) and mediolateral (R 2 = 0.84) COP displacement increased linearly with additional load. The 20% load condition elicited the greatest increase in postural sway (d = 2.1–3.6) compared to 0%, while the 5% load had no effects on sway (P ≥ 0.05). In contrast, the mean COP velocity decreased by similar amounts when holding a load at 5% (d = 1.6), 10% (d = 1.4) and 20% (d = 1.5) body mass, compared to 0% (all P < 0.001). The slower COP velocity, combined with greater COP displacements may suggest that postural reactions were restricted and/or delayed. From a fall-prevention perspective, it is advised that older people avoid holding asymmetrical external loads greater than 5% of body mass.
      PubDate: 2017-12-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0872-y
       
  • Acceptability of physical activity monitoring in older adults undergoing
           inpatient rehabilitation
    • Authors: Melissa J. Raymond; Adele Winter; Kimberley J. Jeffs; Sze-Ee Soh; Anne E. Holland
      Abstract: Background There is little research into interventions to increase activity levels of hospitalised older adults. Aims To assess the feasibility of using a physical activity monitor (PAL2) in hospitalized older adults and the effect of group exercise on activity levels. Methods Participants were hospitalized, ambulant adults ≥ 65 years randomized to individual physical therapy alone or combined with a high intensity exercise group and wore the PAL2 for five consecutive days. Results Only 33% of eligible participants agreed to participate with 19/30 (63%) complete data sets obtained; physical activity levels were low regardless of intervention. Conclusion Acceptability of physical activity monitoring in hospitalized older adults was low and physical activity levels of those monitored was low across groups. To improve monitor compliance, future studies may consider excluding patients with specific comorbidities that impact on wear time, or selection of an alternative monitor.
      PubDate: 2017-12-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0857-x
       
  • Analyzing gait variability and dual-task interference in patients with
           
    • Authors: Ana Francisca Rozin Kleiner; Aline S. Pagnussat; Giulia di Prisco; Alessandro Vagnini; Fabrizio Stocchi; Maria Francesca De Pandis; Manuela Galli
      Abstract: The ability to carry out two tasks at once is critical to effective functioning in the real world and deficits are termed Dual-task interference or effect—DTE. DTE substantially compromised the gait of subjects with Parkinson’s disease and freezing of gait (PD + FOG), leading to exaggerated slowing, increasing gait dysrhythmicity, and inducing FOG episodes. This study aimed to investigate the DTE in gait variability of subjects with PD and freezing of gait (PD + FOG). Thirty-three patients with PD + FOG and 14 healthy individuals (REFERENCE) took part at this study. Two gait conditions were analyzed: usual walking (single task) and walking while taking the word-color Stroop test (dual task). The computed variables were as follows: gait velocity, step length, step timing, gait asymmetry, variability measures and DTE of each variable. The PD + FOG group has presented negative DTE values for all analyzed variables, indicating dual task cost. The REFERENCE group has presented dual-task benefits for step length standard deviation and step time. Differences between both groups and conditions were found for all variables, except for step time. Taking the word-color Stroop test while walking led to a larger dual-task cost in subjects with PD + FOG.
      PubDate: 2017-12-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0862-0
       
  • Clinical impact of recovery room on post-operative walking performance in
           elderly patients submitted to hip surgery: a real-world analysis
    • Authors: Duccio Conti; Piercarlo Ballo; Laura Salucci; Enrico Benvenuti; Lorena Metrangolo; Riccardo Barucci; Chiara Giulietti; Sante Giardini; Rossana Boccalini; Giovanni Maria Santoro; Armando Sarti
      Abstract: Background Strategies aimed at favouring functional recovery after surgery for hip fracture may be of clinical importance. Aims To test the clinical utility of a recovery room (RR) in terms of postoperative walking performance in an elderly population submitted to hip fracture surgery. Methods Postoperative walking performance at rollator was assessed in 242 consecutive orthogeriatric patients able to follow the institutional physiotherapy protocol starting on day 1 after hip surgery. Group 1 (n = 186, age 86.0 ± 9.3 years, 24.7% male) was admitted to the RR for postoperative monitoring, whereas Group 2 (n = 56, age 85.2 ± 5.7 years, 23.2% male) was directly admitted to the ward. The best performance observed during the first three postoperative days was considered. Results Group 1 showed a better walking performance than Group 2, with a 50% lower probability of walking < 5 m (relative risk 0.51, p = 0.0005) and a two-fold higher probability of walking > 10 m (relative risk 2.10, p = 0.0005). Multivariable analysis confirmed a favourable independent effect of the RR stay on walking performance (β = 0.205, p = 0.005). Discussion Admission to the RR in elderly patients submitted to hip fracture surgery could have an independent beneficial effect on postoperative walking functional recovery. This beneficial effect could probably depend on the possibility of ensuring a more rapid management of postoperative issues Conclusions These findings support the clinical utility of a RR implementation in facilities where hip surgery in elderly subjects is routinely performed.
      PubDate: 2017-12-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0860-2
       
  • “Brain-muscle loop” in the fragility of older persons: from
           pathophysiology to new organizing models
    • Authors: Fulvio Lauretani; Tiziana Meschi; Andrea Ticinesi; Marcello Maggio
      Abstract: Background The imperative action of the geriatric medicine is to prevent disability in older persons. Many epidemiological studies have been conducted in the last decades for improving knowledge of the aging process and their interactions with age-related diseases, especially for the identification of the relationship between sarcopenia and loss of mobility. Factors influencing muscle integrity can be classified into six main physiologic subsystems, but the central nervous system certainly plays a crucial role for maintaining muscle integrity in older persons. Recent data show that the reduced muscle strength and not muscle mass could be considered the core of the fragility in predicting changes of gait velocity and mobility and conferring a higher risk of mortality in older persons. Sarcopenia and cognitive decline could, therefore, produce slow gait velocity in older persons, with devastating effect and consequences. Perhaps the most notorious corollary is falling, which is often caused by an underlying gait problem. Injuries caused by accidental falls range from relatively innocent bruises to major fractures or head trauma. Another important consequence is reduced mobility, which leads to loss of independence. This immobility is often compounded by a fear of falling, which further immobilises patients and affects their quality of life and physical performance. Hypothesis When we search the association between brain pathology and muscle function in older persons, we amazingly find that established composite measure of physical frailty is associated with brain pathology. Sarcopenia, which produces muscle dysfunction, slow gait velocity and cognitive decline, could share a strong bidirectional relationship, and this suggests the coexistence of both cognitive and motor dysfunctions in older persons to characterize a new syndrome characterized by slow gait and cognitive complaints, the motoric-cognitive risk syndrome (MRC). Aim In this review, we want to emphasize the relationship between memory complaints with muscle function integrating cognitive and physical evaluation, even with amyloid PET study, to identify older patients at high risk of cognitive and physical decline.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0729-4
       
  • Effects of feedback-based balance and core resistance training vs. Pilates
           training on cognitive functions in older women with mild cognitive
           impairment: a pilot randomized controlled trial
    • Authors: Zrinka Greblo Jurakic; Valerija Krizanic; Nejc Sarabon; Goran Markovic
      Abstract: Background There is limited research about beneficial effects of physical activity in older adults suffering from mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Aim The aim of the study was to provide preliminary evidence on the effects of two types of non-aerobic training on cognitive functions in older women suffering from MCI. Methods Twenty-eight participants aged 66–78 years with MCI were randomly assigned to a combined balance and core resistance training group (n = 14) or to a Pilates group (n = 14). Results Following completion of the 8-week exercise programme, both groups showed significant improvements in global and specific cognitive domains. Conclusion Findings suggest that non-aerobic training should be further explored as a beneficial intervention for older adults suffering from MCI.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0740-9
       
  • Prevalence of fecal incontinence and associated risk factors in elderly
           outpatients: a cross-sectional study
    • Authors: Nurhan Demir; Mehmet Yuruyen; Kadri Atay; Hakan Yavuzer; Ibrahim Hatemi; Alper Doventas; Deniz Suna Erdincler; Ahmet Dobrucalı
      Abstract: Background Data on the prevalence of fecal incontinence in elderly patients admitted to outpatient clinics in Turkey are scarce. Aims The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of fecal incontinence and the associated risk factors in the elderly outpatients. Methods Patients 60 years and older admitted to a geriatrics outpatient clinic between October 2013 and March 2014 were included. Demographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, marital status, educational status, parity (for females), fecal incontinence (FI), urinary incontinence (UI), constipation, comorbid conditions, and medications were recorded. FI assessment was based on the Fecal Incontinence Severity Index (FISI). Results A total of 364 patients (64.8% female, n = 236) with a mean age of 73.2 ± 8.1 years were enrolled in the study. The prevalence of FI was 9.9% (10.2% female, 9.4% male). UI was 42.6%. Co-occurrence of FI and UI was 7.4%. According to the FISI, the most frequent type of defecation was liquid stool (61.1%). While the predictive factors for FI were polypharmacy (standardized coefficient, [r] = 0.203, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.009–0.040, p = 0.002), UI (r = 0.134, 95% CI = 0.006–0.156, p = 0.035), and being married (r = 0.200, 95% CI = −0.088 to −0.020, p = 0.002) in females, those were UI (r = 0.306, 95% CI = 0.093–0.309, p < 0.001) and polypharmacy (r = 0.251, 95% CI = 0.009–0.043, p = 0.003) in males. Conclusions In both genders, urinary incontinence and polypharmacy seem to be the most important risk factors for fecal incontinence. Fecal incontinence should be questioned in detail and evaluated using FISI in elderly outpatients.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0723-x
       
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and long-term mortality in elderly
           subjects with chronic heart failure
    • Authors: Gianluca Testa; Francesco Cacciatore; Andrea Bianco; David Della-Morte; Francesca Mazzella; Gianluigi Galizia; Gaetano Gargiulo; Francesco Curcio; Ilaria Liguori; Alexandra Sabusco; Franco Rengo; Domenico Bonaduce; Pasquale Abete
      Abstract: Background Chronic heart failure (CHF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are associated with high rates of mortality in elderly subjects. Concurrent CHF and COPD frequently occur, especially in with advancing age. This study examines long-term mortality in community-dwelling elderly subjects affected by CHF alone, COPD alone, and coexistent CHF and COPD. Methods The study evaluated 12-years mortality in 1288 subjects stratified for the presence or absence of CHF or COPD alone, and for coexistence of CHF and COPD. Results Mortality, at 12 year follow-up, was 46.7% overall, 68.6% in the presence of CHF alone (p < 0.001), 56.9% in the presence of COPD alone (p < 0.01); mortality was 86.2% where CHF and COPD coexisted (p < 0.001) and was significantly higher than in CHF or COPD alone (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis indicates that CHF (Hazard risk = 1.67, 95% confidence interval 1.15–3.27, p < 0.031) and COPD (Hazard risk = 1.27, 95% confidence interval = 1.08–1.85, p < 0.042) were predictive of long-term mortality. When CHF and COPD simultaneously occurred, the risk dramatically increased up to 3.73 (95% confidence interval = 1.19–6.93, p < 0.001). Conclusions Long-term follow-up showed higher mortality among elderly subjects affected by CHF or COPD. Simultaneous presence of CHF and COPD significantly increased the risk of death. Therefore, the presence of COPD in CHF patients should be considered a relevant factor in predicting high risk of mortality.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-016-0720-5
       
  • Evaluation of the turning characteristics according to the severity of
           Parkinson disease during the timed up and go test
    • Authors: Minji Son; Changhong Youm; Sangmyung Cheon; Jaewoo Kim; Meounggon Lee; Youkyung Kim; Jinhee Kim; Hyeryun Sung
      Abstract: Background Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) experience problems such as falls and freezing of gait during walking and turning in daily activities. However, few studies have examined the relationship between simultaneous turning tasks and the severity of PD. Aim To investigate turning characteristics in patients with PD using three-dimensional (3D) analysis during the timed up and go (TUG) test. Methods Thirty individuals performed the TUG test under 3D motion analysis: 10 patients with Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) stages 2.5 and 3.0 PD (group I), 10 patients with H&Y stage 2.0 PD (group II), and 10 healthy older adult controls. Spatiotemporal and kinematic variables were analyzed during the TUG test with a Vicon 3-D motion analysis system. Results The walking speed, step length, step length asymmetry index, range of motion of the hip, knee, and shoulder joints, and foot clearance height significantly differed between patients with PD and the controls. The step length and foot clearance height were significantly different between groups I and II. Discussion The step length and foot clearance are different between the severity levels of PD, and the TUG test may be useful for identifying turning characteristics in patients with PD. Conclusions Patients with PD exhibited significant differences in all variables of interest compared to the controls. The step length and foot clearance height as well as the TUG test during the turning phase may be helpful for measuring turning in patients with different severity levels of PD.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-016-0719-y
       
 
 
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