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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2348 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2348 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 141, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.67
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1720-8319 - ISSN (Online) 1720-8319
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2348 journals]
  • Quality of life assessment in musculo-skeletal health
    • Authors: Charlotte Beaudart; Emmanuel Biver; Olivier Bruyère; Cyrus Cooper; Nasser Al-Daghri; Jean-Yves Reginster; René Rizzoli
      Pages: 413 - 418
      Abstract: Abstract Musculoskeletal disorders affect morbidity, quality of life and mortality, and represent an increasing economic and societal burden in the context of population aging and increased life expectancy. Improvement of quality of life should be one of the priorities of any interventions to prevent and treat musculoskeletal disorders in the ageing population. Two main approaches, namely generic and disease-specific instruments, can be applied to measure health-related quality of life. Among the generic tools available in scientific literature, the short form 36 questionnaire (SF-36) and the Euroqol five item questionnaire (EQ-5D) are two of the most popular questionnaires used to quantify the health related quality of life in people with musculoskeletal disorders. However, because generic tools may not always be able to detect subtle effects of a specific condition on quality of life, a specific tool is highly valuable. Specific tools improve the ability to clinically characterize quality of life in subjects with a specific musculoskeletal disorder, as well as the capacity to assess changes over time in the QoL of these subjects. The recent development of specific tools should help to validate preventive and therapeutic interventions in this field.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0794-8
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Addition of biomarker panel improves prediction performance of American
           College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS
           NSQIP) calculator for cardiac risk assessment of elderly patients
           preparing for major non-cardiac surgery: a pilot study
    • Authors: Danica Z. Marković; Tatjana Jevtović-Stoimenov; Vladan Ćosić; Biljana Stošić; Bojana Marković Živković; Radmilo J. Janković
      Pages: 419 - 431
      Abstract: Background Number of elderly patients subjected to extensive surgical procedures in the presence of cardiovascular morbidities is increasing every year. Therefore, there is a need to make preoperative diagnostics more accurate. Aims To evaluate the usefulness of American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) calculator as a predictive tool in preoperative assessment of cardiovascular risk in elderly patients. Methods This prospective pilot study included 78 patients who were being prepared for extensive non-cardiac surgeries under general anaesthesia. Their data have been processed on the interactive ACS NSQIP calculator. Blood sampling has been performed 7 days prior to surgery, and serum has been separated. Clinical, novel, and experimental biomarkers [hsCRP, H-FABP, and Survivin (BIRC5)] have been measured in specialized laboratories. Results Mean age of included patients was 71.35 ± 6.89 years. In the case of heart complications and mortality prediction, hsCRP and ACS NSQIP showed the highest specificity and sensitivity with AUC, respectively, 0.869 and 0.813 for heart complications and 0.883 and 0.813 for mortality. When combined with individual biomarkers AUC of ACS NSQIP raised, but if we combined all three biomarkers with ACS NSQIP, AUC reached as much as 0.920 for heart complications and 0.939 for mortality. Discussion ACS NSQIP proved to reduce inaccuracy in preoperative assessment, but it cannot be used independently, which has already been proved by other authors. Conclusions Our results indicate that ACS NSQIP represents an accurate tool for preoperative assessment of elderly patients, especially if combined with cardiac biomarkers.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0805-9
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Influence of a brisk walking program on postural responses in sedentary
           older women: a randomised trial
    • Authors: P. L. Bernard; H. Blain; G. Tallon; G. Ninot; A. Jaussent; M. C. Picot; C. Belloc; O. Coste; J. Bousquet; S. Ramdani
      Pages: 433 - 440
      Abstract: Abstract This study analyzes the evolution in kinematic and non-linear stabilometric parameters in elderly sedentary women selected to participate in a brisk walking program. Ninety-four women were randomly selected for a program of 78 sessions over 6 months, with three sessions of 60 min per week. On the force platform, participants were assessed with both eyes opened as well as eyes closed during a period of 51.2 s and the sampling frequency was 40 Hz. The main dependent kinematic variables were the length, stabilogram surface, and the mean position in anteroposterior as well as medio-lateral directions. For the dynamic approach, we have selected the parameters of recurrence quantification analysis, sample entropy, and multiscale entropy. The kinematic and the time series analysis of group × time interactions demonstrated that 6 months of walk-training lacked influence on kinematic postural responses and on dynamical measurements. The weekly brisk walking program was situated on flat ground and consisted of three 60-min weekly sessions lasting 6 months, leading to no significant effect on postural responses. In regards to international recommendations brisk walking is a pertinent exercise. However, in older sedentary women, our study indicated a systemic lack of influence of 6 months’ walk-training on flat ground on kinematic postural responses and on dynamical measures obtained by time series analysis.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-018-0916-y
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Effect of body mass index and fat mass on balance force platform
           measurements during a one-legged stance in older adults
    • Authors: Camila Pereira; Rubens A. da Silva; Marcio R. de Oliveira; Rejane D. N. Souza; Renata J. Borges; Edgar R. Vieira
      Pages: 441 - 447
      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) and fat mass on balance force platform measurements in older adults. The sample consisted of 257 participants who were stratified into four groups by BMI: low weight, normal weight, pre-obesity and obesity. For fat mass variables, older individuals were classified into low and high-fat mass. All groups investigated performed three trials of one-legged stance balance on a force platform. Center of pressure (COP) domain parameters were computed from the mean across trials. Analysis of variance results revealed no significant interactions for groups and sexes for all COP parameters. Comparable balance results were found for BMI and fat groups for all COP parameters. A statistical effect (P < 0.05) was only reported for sex differences for COP parameters, regardless of BMI and fat mass variables. Overall, women presented better balance than men. In conclusion, BMI and fat mass do not seem to influence the balance of older adults during a one-leg stance task.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0796-6
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Self-perceived care needs in older adults with joint pain and comorbidity
    • Authors: Lotte A. H. Hermsen; Emiel O. Hoogendijk; Johannes C. van der Wouden; Martin Smalbrugge; Stephanie S. Leone; Henriëtte E. van der Horst; Joost Dekker
      Pages: 449 - 455
      Abstract: Background The aim of this study was to explore self-perceived care needs and determinants of identified needs in older adults with joint pain and comorbidity. Methods This is a cross-sectional study using baseline data from a cohort study of older adults in the Netherlands (≥65 years) with joint pain and comorbidity (n = 407). We used the Camberwell Assessment of Need for the Elderly (CANE) to assess self-perceived care needs. Regression analyses were conducted to examine the associations between needs and sociodemographic factors (age, gender, partner status and educational level), physical factors (pain intensity, comorbidity, frailty and physical functioning) and psychosocial factors (anxiety, depression and social support). Results Older adults with joint pain and comorbidity reported on average 4.0 care needs out of 13 CANE items, of which 0.3 were unmet. High levels of environmental and physical needs were reported, such as needs with regard to physical illness (91%), household (61%) and mobility/falls (53%). However, most of these needs were met. Only few people reported psychosocial needs, but a large proportion of these needs was unmet, especially regarding company (66.7%) and daytime activities (37%). Psychosocial needs were more often present in frail participants (OR 2.40, 95% CI 1.25–4.61), and those with less perceived social support (OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.01–1.08) and more depressive symptoms (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.07–1.26). Discussion/Conclusions Unmet needs are mainly present in the psychosocial domain. Specific attention targeted at these unmet needs may improve psychosocial well-being of older adults with joint pain and comorbidity.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0795-7
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Subjective cognitive decline and fall risk in community-dwelling older
           adults with or without objective cognitive decline
    • Authors: Hidehiko Shirooka; Shu Nishiguchi; Naoto Fukutani; Yuto Tashiro; Yuma Nozaki; Tomoki Aoyama
      Pages: 457 - 462
      Abstract: Background The association between subjective cognitive decline and falls has not been clearly determined. Aims Our aim was to explore the effect of subjective cognitive decline on falls in community-dwelling older adults with or without objective cognitive decline. Methods We included 470 older adults (mean age 73.6 ± 5.2; 329 women) living in the community and obtained data on fall history directly from the participants. Subjective cognitive decline was assessed using a self-administered question. Objective cognitive function was measured using the Mini-Mental State Examination. Statistical analyses were carried out separately for participants with objective cognitive decline and those without. Results A multiple logistic regression analysis showed that, among participants without objective cognitive decline, subjective cognitive decline was positively associated with falls [OR 1.91; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.17–3.12; p = 0.01). Conversely, among participants with objective cognitive decline, subjective cognitive decline was negatively associated with falls (OR 0.07; 95% CI 0.01–0.85, p = 0.04). Discussion The result suggests that the objective–subjective disparity may affect falls in community-dwelling older adults. Conclusions The presence of subjective cognitive decline was significantly positively associated with falls among cognitively intact older adults. However, among their cognitively impaired peers, the absence of subjective cognitive decline was positively associated with falls.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0799-3
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Thigh muscle and subcutaneous tissue thickness measured using ultrasound
           imaging in older females living in extended care: a preliminary study
    • Authors: Daniella Welch; Laetitia Sungu Ndanyo; Simon Brown; Sandra Agyapong-Badu; Martin Warner; Maria Stokes; Dinesh Samuel
      Pages: 463 - 469
      Abstract: Background Thigh tissue thickness has not been examined in older females living in extended care in UK as an indicator of musculoskeletal health. This study examined the feasibility of using ultrasound imaging to measure the thickness of superficial (fat) and deep layers (muscle) of the thigh in older females living in extended care. Methods In ten older females in extended care (aged 80–98 years, mean 88 ± 6.8; body mass: 56.5 ± 12.6 kg) images of the anterior thigh (dominant) were taken in supine using B-mode ultrasound imaging. Superficial and deep layers were measured and percentage thickness was calculated. Independent t tests compared data from those in extended care to ten sedentary females living independently (aged 80–90 years, mean 84 ± 3.6; body mass: 61.6 ± 10.0 kg). Results Thickness of the superficial layers was not significantly different between the two groups (CI −0.017 to 0.815, p = 0.059). However, those living in extended care had greater (p < 0.001) muscle thickness (mean 2.75 ± 0.48 cm) than those living independently (mean 1.83 ± 0.3 cm), which was similarly significant when normalised for body mass (extended care 0.51 ± 0.16; independent living 0.30 ± 0.06). Conclusions These novel findings showed it is feasible to use ultrasound to measure muscles in older females in extended care and that muscle thickness was larger than in those living independently. The reason for the difference seen between groups would need to be confirmed by a larger study that also examined factors related to risk of sarcopenia and frailty, such as nutrition and physical activity levels.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0800-1
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Effects of a 10-week multimodal exercise program on physical and cognitive
           function of nursing home residents: a psychomotor intervention pilot study
           
    • Authors: Catarina Pereira; Hugo Rosado; Ana Cruz-Ferreira; José Marmeleira
      Pages: 471 - 479
      Abstract: Background Nursing home institutionalization tends to exacerbate loss of functioning. Aims Examine the feasibility and the effect of a psychomotor intervention—a multimodal exercise program promoting simultaneous cognitive and motor stimulation—on the executive (planning ability and selective attention) and physical function of nursing home residents. Methods Seventeen participants engaged in a 10-week multimodal exercise program and 17 maintained usual activities. Results Exercise group improved planning ability (25–32%), selective attention (19–67%), and physical function [aerobic endurance, lower body strength, agility, balance, gait, and mobility (19–41%)], corresponding to an effect size ranging from 0.29 (small) to 1.11 (high), p < 0.05. Discussion The multimodal exercise program was feasible and well tolerated. The program improved executive and physical functions of the nursing home residents, reverting the usual loss of both cognitive and motor functioning in older adult institutionalized. Conclusions Multimodal exercise programs may help to maintain or improve nursing home residents’ functioning.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0803-y
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Association between the severity of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis and
           cumulative metabolic factors
    • Authors: Emi Yasuda; Ryuichi Nakamura; Ryo Matsugi; Shinsuke Goto; Yasunori Ikenaga; Kazunari Kuroda; Syunsuke Nakamura; Yasuo Katsuki; Tatsuo Katsuki
      Pages: 481 - 488
      Abstract: Background The association between cumulative metabolic syndrome (MS) factors and knee osteoarthritis (KOA) has been highlighted over the past two decades. Aims To clarify the relationship between cumulative MS factors and symptomatic KOA. Methods A cross-sectional survey involving 119 women aged 45–88 years who were scheduled to undergo knee surgery was conducted. They were stratified into tertiles of symptoms as assessed by the Japanese Orthopedic Association score for KOA. Multinomial logistic regressions were performed using the severity of symptomatic KOA as the dependent variable and each MS factor or the cumulative MS factors as the independent variables. Results Logistic regression analyses were performed with the upper tertile of stratified symptoms of subjects used as the reference group. After adjustment for confounders, KOA patients who had two (p = 0.004) or three or more (p < 0.0001) MS factors were significantly more likely to have severe symptoms compared to those who had no MS factors. MS factors excluding obesity were similarly analyzed. Even after additional adjustment for body mass index (BMI), KOA patients who had two or more (p = 0.005) MS factors were significantly more likely to have severe symptoms. Conclusion Among KOA female patients diagnosed using radiographic definition, the severity of symptomatic KOA was significantly associated with hypertension, dyslipidemia, and the number of MS factors after adjustment for age, BMI, strength of the knee extensor, and Kellgren–Lawrence grade. The severity of radiographic KOA was not associated with any MS factor or cumulative MS factors.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0808-6
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Psychometric characteristics of the Spanish version of the Barthel Index
    • Authors: Nerea González; OFF (Older Falls Fracture)-IRYSS group; Amaia Bilbao; Maria Joao Forjaz; Alba Ayala; Miren Orive; Susana Garcia-Gutierrez; Carlota Las Hayas; Jose Maria Quintana
      Pages: 489 - 497
      Abstract: Background The Barthel Index is one of the most employed questionnaires for the evaluation of functionality, but there is no information on its psychometric properties. Objective The aim was to evaluate the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Spanish version of the Barthel Index. Methods The data employed in this paper were obtained from four Spanish cohorts of elderly people of 60 years or older. We collected data on age, gender, education level, comorbidities, and questionnaires regarding functionality, health-related quality of life, depression, and social support. Results The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were greater than 0.70. The confirmatory factor analysis provided satisfactory fit indexes and factor loadings. The correlation coefficients between the Barthel Index and the other questionnaires were lower than the Cronbach’s alpha coefficients. Known-groups validity showed significant differences in the Barthel Index according to age, number of comorbidities, and gender. The standardized effect size and the standardized response mean were between 0.68 and 1.81. Discussion This version of the Barthel Index has good reliability, its structural validity has been confirmed, and the questionnaire can discriminate between groups and detect changes at follow-up points. Conclusions This questionnaire can be used in the evaluation of functionality and basic activities of daily living in elderly people with different conditions.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0809-5
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Thalidomide combined with chemotherapy in treating elderly patients with
           advanced gastric cancer
    • Authors: Ya Li; Yanjun Chu; Ruifeng Song; Feng Xu
      Pages: 499 - 505
      Abstract: Aim The current systemic chemotherapy brings toxicity to human body, which elder patients suffer more than young people. The effective and well-tolerated treatment methods are of great importance for elderly advanced GC patients. This paper proposed an effective way of combining thalidomide with chemotherapy to treat elderly advanced GC patients, on the purpose of improving life quality and the treatment efficacy. Methods In the control group, capecitabine was given with 2000 mg/m2 daily in a manner of 2 weeks on and 1 week off for elderly advanced GC patients. In the study group, thalidomide was given with 100 mg per day concurrently with chemotherapy additionally administered. Results No significant differences were observed in the major prognostic factors among 64 eligible patients between the study and control groups. The ORRs and DCRs of the treatment and control groups showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). PFS of the study and control groups were 5.3 months (95% CI 4.5–6.2) and 4.2 months (95% CI 3.4–5.1), respectively. PFS exhibited a significant difference between the two group (P = 0.03), while the overall survivals of the patients between the two groups (10.4 months vs. 9.7 months) resulted as statistically non-significant (P = 0.47). Adverse effects were minimal in the study group, only a few patients suffered the grade 3 toxicity. The rate of drowsiness, fatigue, constipation of the study group was higher than that of the control group, and the rate of anorexia was lower (P < 0.05). Conclusions Our results demonstrated that thalidomide combined with capecitabine was mildly effective and safe for treating elderly patients with advanced GC.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0790-z
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Prognostic value of short-term decline of forced expiratory volume in 1 s
           over height cubed (FEV 1 /Ht 3 ) in a cohort of adults aged 80 and over
    • Authors: Eralda Hegendörfer; Bert Vaes; Catharina Matheï; Gijs Van Pottelbergh; Jean-Marie Degryse
      Pages: 507 - 516
      Abstract: Background Forced expiratory volume in 1 s over height cubed (FEV1/Ht3) is an FEV1 expression that uses no reference values and is independently associated with adverse outcomes in older adults. No studies have reported on the prognostic value of its decline over time in adults aged 80 and over. Aim To investigate the prognostic value of FEV1/Ht3 decline for adverse outcomes in a cohort of adults aged 80 and over. Methods 328 community-dwelling adults aged 80 and over of the BELFRAIL prospective cohort had two valid FEV1 measurements as part of their comprehensive geriatric assessment at baseline and follow-up (after 1.7 ± 0.21 years). Kaplan–Meier survival curves, Cox and logistic multivariable regression, assessed association of excessive decline of FEV1/Ht3 (lowest quintile of percentage change) with all-cause mortality (3 years after follow-up assessment), time to first hospitalization (1 year), and new/ worsened disability in activities of daily living (ADL) at the follow-up assessment. Results Participants with excessive FEV1/Ht3 decline had increased adjusted hazard ratio for all-cause death 1.61 (95% CI 1.01–2.55) and first hospitalization 1.71 (1.08–2.71) and increased odds ratio for new/worsened ADL disability at follow-up 2.02 (1.10–3.68) compared to the rest of the study population. Conclusions Excessive, short-term decline in FEV1/Ht3 was independently associated with all-cause mortality, time to first, unplanned hospitalization, and ADL disability in a cohort of adults aged 80 and over. This FEV1 expression should be further investigated in studies of longitudinal FEV1 change in older adults.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0792-x
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Hematological parameters and all-cause mortality: a prospective study of
           older people
    • Authors: Joanna Frąckiewicz; Dariusz Włodarek; Anna Brzozowska; Elżbieta Wierzbicka; Małgorzata Anna Słowińska; Lidia Wądołowska; Joanna Kałuża
      Pages: 517 - 526
      Abstract: Background The effect of low and high concentration of some hematological parameters in the blood can have a negative impact on health. Aim Therefore, we investigated the associations between hematological parameters and all-cause mortality among older people living in Poland. Methods The study was carried out among 75–80-year-old participants (n = 403) from Warsaw and Olsztyn regions, Poland. Information on lifestyle factors and food consumption were obtained at baseline (June 1, 1999) using a self-administered questionnaire. Red blood cell, haemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were determined. The data on deaths from all-causes were collected from the baseline until October 31, 2006. During an average of 7.4 years of follow-up, we ascertained 154 cases of death from all-causes. Results Compared with men in the lowest tertile of MCV, MCH, and MCHC, the multivariable hazard ratios (HRs) of all-cause mortality in those in the highest tertile were 0.35 (95% CI, 0.17–0.73), 0.32 (95% CI, 0.16–0.67), and 0.44 (95% CI, 0.22–0.88), respectively. In contrast, among women after combining the second and the third tertiles of MCV, MCH, and MCHC, the HRs were 2.01 (95% CI, 1.01–3.99), 1.71 (95% CI, 0.85–3.43), and 1.09 (95% CI, 0.62–1.94), respectively. Discussion/conclusion We observed inverse associations between some hematological parameters and all-cause mortality among men, but not among women. This may be explained by a difference in iron metabolism, iron status, hormone regulations, or the occurrence of some diseases.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0791-y
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Nature diversity and well-being in old age
    • Authors: Merja Rantakokko; Kirsi E. Keskinen; Katja Kokko; Erja Portegijs
      Pages: 527 - 532
      Abstract: Background The research aim was to study the associations of nature diversity with quality of life (QoL) and depressive symptoms among older people, and whether physical activity explains the associations. Methods Community-dwelling people aged 75–90 years (n = 848) living in Central Finland were interviewed in their homes. QoL was assessed with a short version of the World Health Organization Quality-of-Life Assessment (range 0–130, higher score indicates better QoL) and depressive symptoms with the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (range 0–30, higher scores indicate more depressive symptoms). Self-reported physical activity was assessed by intensity and duration using a single question with seven response options ranging from mostly resting to competitive sports. Nature diversity (Shannon Diversity Index) was assessed objectively within a 500-m buffer around participants’ homes using a geographic information system (GIS). Results Mean QoL was 100.3 (SD 11.8) and mean CES-D 9.6 (SD 6.8). Those in the highest nature diversity tertile had better QoL than those in the lowest tertile (p = .022). Physical activity did not explain the association between nature diversity and QoL. Adjustment for health indicators did not change the results. Nature diversity was not associated with depressive symptoms. Conclusion A diverse environment, especially when this includes elements of nature, is associated with better QoL. Good quality of the green infrastructure and adding natural elements to residential areas may enhance well-being among community-dwelling older people.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0797-5
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Comorbidities and intensity-modulated radiotherapy with simultaneous
           integrated boost in elderly breast cancer patients
    • Authors: Alba Fiorentino; Rosario Mazzola; Niccolò Giaj Levra; Sergio Fersino; Francesco Ricchetti; Gioacchino Di Paola; Stefania Gori; Alberto Massocco; Filippo Alongi
      Pages: 533 - 538
      Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the impact of comorbidity assessment on compliance to intensity modulated radiotherapy with simultaneous integrated boost (SIB-IMRT) in elderly patients affected by early stage breast cancer (BC). Materials and methods 40 consecutive patients were treated with SIB-IMRT (50 Gy in 25 fractions to the whole breast, and simultaneously 60 Gy to the surgical bed) for invasive BC after conserving surgery. Inclusion criteria were: age ≥ 70 years, pT1-2 disease, pN0-1, no neoadjuvant chemotherapy, non-metastatic disease. Charlson comorbidity index was used for comorbidity evaluation. Results Median follow-up was 44 months. At the time of the analysis, OS and LC rates were 100%. All patients completed the SIB-IMRT without interruptions. Acute skin toxicity was recorded as follows: grade 0 in 5 patients (12.5%), grade 1 in 25 cases (62.5%), and grade 2 in 10 patients (25%). Regarding late adverse events, skin toxicity was registered as follows: grade 0 in 27 patients (67.5%) and grade 1 in 13 cases (32.5%). No toxicity ≥grade 2 was registered. At statistical analysis, the presence of comorbidities and the breast volume >700 cc were related to skin grade 2 acute toxicity (p = 0.01, p = 0.04). In terms of cosmetic results, 98 and 2% of patients considered the result as good/excellent and as fair after RT, respectively. No patients had a poor cosmetic outcome. Conclusion The present study showed the feasibility of SIB-IMRT in early stage BC elderly patients and that the absence of comorbidity reduced the risk of acute radiation toxicity.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0802-z
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Low prevalence of atrial fibrillation in Amerindians: a population-based
           study in frequent fish consumers living in rural coastal Ecuador (The
           Atahualpa Project)
    • Authors: Oscar H. Del Brutto; Aldo F. Costa; José A. Cano; Ernesto Peñaherrera; Karin J. Plaza; Ernesto A. Ledesma; Daniel Tettamanti; Mauricio Zambrano
      Pages: 539 - 542
      Abstract: Background Information on the burden of atrial fibrillation (AF) in rural areas of developing countries is limited. Here, we aimed to assess AF prevalence in community-dwelling older adults living in rural Ecuador. Methods Atahualpa residents aged ≥60 years (mean age 70.5 ± 8.1 years) underwent 24-h Holter monitoring. Participants belong to the Amerindian ethnic group. The mean height in the study population was 147.9 ± 8.9 cm. Oily fish was a major source of food (mean intake: 8 ± 4 servings/week). Results Seven of 298 participants (2.3%) had AF. Persons with AF were older than those without (p = 0.051), but there were no differences in cardiovascular risk factors across groups. None of the seven AF cases had been detected in routine 12-lead ECGs taken at enrollment. Conclusions Prevalence of AF in older Amerindians living in rural Ecuador is low. Both, racially-determined short stature and frequent dietary oily fish intake might explain the low prevalence of AF in this rural setting.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0810-z
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Why older people stop to drive' A cohort study of older patients
           admitted to a rehabilitation setting
    • Authors: Christian Pozzi; Elena Lucchi; Alessandro Lanzoni; Simona Gentile; Sara Morghen; Marco Trabucchi; Giuseppe Bellelli; Alessandro Morandi
      Pages: 543 - 546
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study is to describe the predictive factors of driving cessation at 6-month follow-up in older patients discharged from a rehabilitation setting and evaluated by an occupational therapist in a multidisciplinary team. Of 95 patients, at 6-month 27.4% ceased to drive. The reasons for driving cessation were a patients’ voluntary choice (42.3%) or a choice of their family (23.1%), and only in 34.6% of the patients the license was revoked by a medical commission. In a multivariate analysis greater functional impairment—measured with the Timed Up and Go test—(OR 12.60, CI 2.74–57.89; p < 0.01) was the only predictor of driving cessation. This study shows that the ability to walk safely and independently is a significant predictor of driving cessation. The simple assessment of this factor using the TUG might be an easy screening tool to prompt a second level evaluation to accurately identify unsafe driving.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0804-x
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Neurologic manifestations of elderly patients with cancer
    • Authors: Bernardo Cacho-Díaz; Nydia A. Lorenzana-Mendoza; Gervith Reyes-Soto; José A. Ávila-Funes; Ana P. Navarrete-Reyes
      Abstract: Background The incidence of cancer is an age-related phenomenon; therefore, the interest on clinical manifestations, diagnostic approach and treatment strategies for older patients diagnosed with cancer has increased lately. Neurologic symptoms are one of the main reasons for consultation and a common cause of decreased quality of life among cancer patients. Aims To identify the neurologic manifestations of patients ≥ 65 years of age diagnosed with cancer and compare them to those presented by a younger population. Methods Cross-sectional study of cancer patients referred to neuro-oncologic consultation at a Cancer Center. Sociodemographic, health and oncologic characteristics were obtained through clinical interviews. Clinical symptoms and final diagnoses were also recorded. Bivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out. Results More than 17,000 neuro-oncologic consultations in 3015 patients were given, 27% (n = 811) of them were ≥ 65 years of age. Most frequent primary neoplasms in elderly patients were: breast cancer, hematologic neoplasms, gynecological, urologic, skin and head and neck cancers. Elderly patients had an increased risk of having the following diagnoses: abnormal movements, stroke, peripheral vertigo, dementia, degenerative spine disorder, and delirium. Discussion Elderly patients are considered a vulnerable population. The present study found that the main neoplasms associated with neurological manifestations are similar to the reported previously. We described the main symptoms that led to a neuro-oncological assessment. Moreover, we enlisted the final diagnoses made on elderly patients and compared them with others reports. To the best of our knowledge, this study provides valuable information, since there is scarce evidence in the literature about this topic. Conclusion Identifying the frequency and correlation of neurologic manifestations in older cancer patients will allow for the implementation of timely multidisciplinary care in an attempt to improve these patients’ health-related quality of life.
      PubDate: 2018-04-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-018-0961-6
       
  • Assessing sarcopenia with vastus lateralis muscle ultrasound: an operative
           protocol
    • Authors: Andrea Ticinesi; Marco V. Narici; Fulvio Lauretani; Antonio Nouvenne; Elena Colizzi; Marco Mantovani; Andrea Corsonello; Francesco Landi; Tiziana Meschi; Marcello Maggio
      Abstract: Background Muscle ultrasound (MUS) has so far not been implemented for sarcopenia assessment in clinical geriatric practice due to allegedly low reproducibility of results in the absence of standardization of procedures. However, rigorous and standardized application of this technique yields highly reproducible results. Its application, especially if integrated with clinical evaluation and comprehensive geriatric assessment, proofs very useful for rapidly obtaining information on muscle mass and architecture. Objective Here, we present a standardized protocol for performing right vastus lateralis (RVL) MUS and measuring parameters of muscle size and architecture. Methods RVL muscle thickness (MT), fascicle length (FL), pennation angle (PA), echo-intensity (EI) and cross-sectional area (CSA) can be assessed with this protocol. A portable instrument equipped with a 5-cm long 3–11 mHz linear probe should be used with both B-mode real-time and extended-field-of-view (EFOV) techniques. Longitudinal B-mode and transverse EFOV images should be acquired during each exam, and analyzed with NIH-ImageJ software. Conclusions This operative protocol represents a good compromise between the feasibility of MUS in clinical settings and the need of obtaining precise measurements of muscle parameters. Future studies should verify the reproducibility of the proposed technique, and its correlation with appendicular lean mass and parameters of muscle function.
      PubDate: 2018-04-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-018-0958-1
       
  • Improved outcomes following implementation of a multidisciplinary care
           pathway for elderly hip fractures
    • Authors: Raina Wallace; L. D. George Angus; Swapna Munnangi; Sally Shukry; Jody C. DiGiacomo; Charles Ruotolo
      Abstract: Background Hip fractures in patients 65 years and older are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. With the steady increase in the elderly population, we implemented an evidence-based clinical practice guideline for the management of hip fractures to optimize patient care and surgical outcomes. Aims To evaluate the effects of a multidisciplinary hip fracture care pathway on patient outcomes in the care of elderly patients. Methods A retrospective analysis of the differences in outcomes prior to (January–October 2014) and after (November 2014–April 2016) implementation of a hip fracture care pathway at a regional Level I trauma center was performed. Results There were 80 patients in the pre-pathway group and 191 patients in the post-pathway group with an average age of 83.18 ± 8.24 years. The analysis demonstrated that the post-pathway group had a lower incidence of in-hospital complications (9.95 vs 30.00%; p ≤ 0.001), shorter emergency room length of stay (3.76 ± 2.43 vs 6.78 ± 2.88 h; p ≤ 0.0001), and shorter overall hospital length of stay (5.03 ± 3.46 vs 7.44 ± 6.66 days; p = 0.0028). The in-hospital mortality rate was similar between groups (4.71 vs 6.25%; p = 0.6018). Discussion The development of a multidisciplinary approach to the care of elderly patients with hip fractures improved morbidity and showed a downward trend in mortality. Conclusions Elderly patients with hip fractures treated at our trauma center had improved clinical outcomes after the implementation of a multidisciplinary care pathway.
      PubDate: 2018-04-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-018-0952-7
       
 
 
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