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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2329 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2329 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
  [SJR: 0.529]   [H-I: 55]   [3 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1720-8319 - ISSN (Online) 1720-8319
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Association between muscle function, cognitive state, depression symptoms
           and quality of life of older people: evidence from clinical practice
    • Authors: Salah Gariballa; Awad Alessa
      Abstract: Background Although low muscle function/strength is an important predictor of poor clinical outcome in older patients, information on its impact on mental health in clinical practice is still lacking. Aims The aim of this report is to measure the impact of low muscle function measured by handgrip strength on mental health of older people during both acute illness and recovery. Methods Four hundred and thirty-two randomly selected hospitalized older patients had their baseline demographic and clinical characteristics assessed within 72 h of admission, at 6 weeks and at 6 months. Low muscle strength-handgrip was defined using the European Working Group criteria. Mental health outcome measures including cognitive state, depression symptoms and quality of life were also measured. Results Among the 432 patients recruited, 308 (79%) had low muscle strength at baseline. Corresponding figures at 6 weeks and at 6 months were 140 (73%) and 158 (75%). Patients with poor muscle strength were significantly older with increased disability and poor nutritional status compared with those with normal muscle strength. After adjustment for age, gender, disability, comorbidity including severity of acute illness and body mass index patients with low muscle strength had worse cognitive function, quality of life and higher depression symptoms compared with those with normal muscle strength over a 6-month period (p < 0.05). Conclusion Poor muscle strength in older people is associated with poor cognitive state and quality of life and increased depression symptoms during both acute illness and recovery.
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0775-y
  • Comparison of nurses and general caregivers’ knowledge, attitude, and
           practice on medication administration process and their distress level in
           long-term care facilities across Penang, Kuala Lumpur, and Selangor of
    • Authors: Balamurugan Tangiisuran; Sok Cin Tye; May Yen Leow; Rahmat Awang
      Abstract: Aim Comparing nurses and general caregivers’ knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) on medication administration process in long-term care (LTC) setting and an assessment of their stress, anxiety, and depression (SAD) level. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among nurses and general caregivers working in LTC using a validated questionnaire. Consisting of demographic characteristics (Section 1); 40 questions on KAP (Section 2); and assessment of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) (Section 3). Results 155 formally paid staffs in 26 LTC facilities were recruited. Nurses scored significantly higher in the knowledge section compared to caregivers (12.4 ± 1.7 vs. 4.5 ± 3.8; P < 0.001); better attitude (41.5 ± 4.8 vs. 30.8 ± 7.3; P < 0.001); and better practice (65.2 ± 8.5 vs. 40.3 ± 10.9; P < 0.001), respectively. SAD scores reveal that caregivers had significantly higher level of stress, anxiety, and depression compared to the nurses. Discussion General caregivers exhibit poorer knowledge on aspects pertaining to posology, appropriate methods of drug administration, and side effects of common drugs used by the elderly. Compared to nurses, the general caregivers also reported poorer medication administration practices; including not checking labels and expiry dates prior to administration, and not providing basic information about medication therapy to the residents. However, both nurses and general caregivers reported positive attitudes in their role as caregivers. They take pride and satisfaction in their occupation providing support to the elderly. Conclusion General caregivers demonstrated lesser knowledge, poorer attitude, and practices towards medication administration processes, in addition to higher SAD score in LTC facilities.
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0772-1
  • Motivators for Alzheimer’s disease clinical trial participation
    • Authors: Shoshana H. Bardach; Sarah D. Holmes; Gregory A. Jicha
      Abstract: Background Alzheimer’s disease (AD) research progress is impeded due to participant recruitment challenges. This study seeks to better understand, from the perspective of individuals engaged in clinical trials (CTs), research motivations. Methods Participants, or their caregivers, from AD treatment and prevention CTs were surveyed about research motivators. Results The 87 respondents had a mean age of 72.2, were predominantly Caucasian, 55.2% were male, and 56.3% had cognitive impairment. An overwhelming majority rated the potential to help themselves or a loved one and the potential to help others in the future as important motivators. Relatively few respondents were motivated by free healthcare, monetary rewards, or to make others happy. Conclusions Recruitment efforts should focus on the potential benefit for the individual, their loved ones, and others in the future rather than free healthcare or monetary rewards.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0771-2
  • Excess mortality in 2015: a time series and cause-of-death analysis in
           Northern Italy
    • Authors: Ugo Fedeli; Giulia Capodaglio; Elena Schievano; Eliana Ferroni; Maria Chiara Corti
      Abstract: Aims To investigate the excess mortality registered in the Veneto Region (Northern Italy) in 2015. Methods A Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average Model was applied to predict overall mortality expected in 2014–2015 based on that observed in 2000–2013. The annual percent change in age-standardized rates (APC) was estimated for specific causes of death in 2007–2015. Results Compared to 2014, the number of deaths and the overall age-standardized mortality increased in 2015 by 7.8 and 4.5%, respectively. When accounting for time trends, the observed mortality was lower than expected in 2014 (−4.5%) and slightly higher in 2015 (+1.1%). In 2015, mortality increased especially for causes with an already rising trend: neurologic/psychiatric (APC = 1.2; 95% Confidence Interval 0.3–2.0%) and infectious diseases (APC = 5.9; 3.6–8.2%). Conclusions Short-term changes and long-term trends in mortality must be interpreted within the frame of a rapid growth in the population of elderly subjects affected by multiple comorbidities.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0773-0
  • Cardiorespiratory responses and myocardial function within incremental
           exercise in healthy unmedicated older vs. young men and women
    • Authors: Paulo Farinatti; Walace Monteiro; Ricardo Oliveira; Antonio Crisafulli
      Abstract: Background Age-related differences concerning cardiorespiratory responses and myocardial function during exercise have not been extensively investigated in healthy populations. Aims To compare cardiorespiratory performance and myocardial function during maximal exercise in healthy/unmedicated men (older, n = 24, 63–75 years; young, n = 22, 19–25 years) and women (older, n = 18, age = 63–74 years; young, n = 23, 19–25 years). Methods Oxygen uptake (VO2), ventilation minute (V E), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (Q), O2 pulse (O2p), preejection period (PEP), and left ventricular ejection time (LVET) were assessed during cycle incremental exercise. Results HR and SV remained equivalent between age groups until 75 and 50% peak workload, respectively. Q increased by 2.5 and 4.5 times in older and young groups, respectively. However, Q/VO2 ratio was always similar across age and sex groups (∼0.50). The energetic efficiency ratio (W/VO2) was also alike in older and young men, but slightly lower in women. At maximal exercise, cardiorespiratory responses were lower in older than young men and women: VO2 (−40 to 50%), V E (−35 to 37%), HR (−23%), SV (−26 to 29%), Q (−43 to 45%), and O2p (−15 to 20%). Cardiac and SV indices were lower in older than young groups by approximately 42 and 25%, respectively. LVET was longer in the older individuals, while PEP was similar across age groups. Hence, PEP/LVET was lowered among older vs. young men and women. Conclusion Submaximal work capacity was preserved in healthy and unmedicated older individuals. Age-related lessening of maximal performance in both sexes was due to poor chronotropic and, particularly, inotropic properties of the heart.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0776-x
  • The impact of frailty on noninvasive mechanical ventilation in elderly
           medical intensive care unit patients
    • Authors: Iskender Kara; F. Yildirim; A. Zerman; Z. Gullu; N. Boyaci; B. B. Aydogan; U. Gaygisiz; K. Gonderen; G. Arik; M. Turkoglu; M. Aydogdu; G. Aygencel; Z. Ulger; G. Gursel
      Abstract: Aim Many factors affecting noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in critically ill patients have been reported in the literature, but there is no study about the effect of frailty. With this study, the frailty prevalence was evaluated with two different frailty scores among the NIV population of a medical intensive care unit (ICU). Besides, the impact of frailty on NIV success and mortality and its association with NIV application problems were evaluated. Method A prospective observational cohort study was performed on patients who were over 50 years of age and assigned to NIV due to hypercapnic respiratory failure. For the assessment of frailty, Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) and The Edmonton Frailty Scale (EFS) were used and the ones with CFS ≥5 and EFS ≥8 were considered as fragile. The study population was classified and compared according to NIV success, ICU outcome (discharge or exitus) and NIV application problems. Results A total of 103 patients with the mean age of 73 ± 11 years were included. The incidence of frailty was 41% with CFS ≥5 and 36% with EFS ≥8. The NIV failure occurred in 30 (29%) patients. Among them frailty and SOFA score was higher; Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was lower. In multivariate analysis GCS (OR: 1.2, p: 0.042) and frailty with EFS (OR: 2.8, p: 0.027) were identified as independent risk factors of NIV failure. Sixty-five (63%) patients had NIV application problems and frailty was higher among them with both CFS and EFS (p < 0.05). Mortality occurred in 18 (17%) patients; NIV failure and frailty according to CFS were independent risk factors of mortality. Conclusion The frailty is associated with higher NIV application problems, failure and mortality risk in elderly ICU patients. The CFS and EFS frailty scores can be used to predict NIV success and outcomes in ICUs.
      PubDate: 2017-05-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0774-z
  • The impact of leisure on mental health of Sardinian elderly from the
           ‘blue zone’: evidence for ageing well
    • Authors: Maria Chiara Fastame; Paul Kenneth Hitchcott; Maria Pietronilla Penna
      Abstract: Background There has been scientific interest in the Sardinia population for a number of years and for a variety of reasons, including its extreme longevity. This is especially prevalent in the central-eastern region of the island, where a blue zone region has been precisely delineated. Aims The present study examines the influence of leisure activities on psychological well-being and depressive symptoms in elderly individuals living in the blue zone region of inner Sardinia. Methods Eighty-three participants were recruited according to strict inclusion criteria to ensure their cognitive and residency status. Individuals were assigned to either old (70–79 years) or very old (≥80 years) groups, and were administered a test battery to determine their socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics, perceived physical health, and self-perceived well-being and depressive symptoms. Results The primary findings indicate that participation in leisure activities positively influenced both self-perceived well-being and depressive symptoms. There was though, a differential impact on different sub-scales of well-being, and moreover, the overall pattern of results suggested primarily an influence on mood states and/or emotion regulation. Conclusions The emerging psychological pattern of results about elders from the Sardinian blue zone region provides insight for the promotion of successful ageing in late adulthood.
      PubDate: 2017-05-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0768-x
  • Impact of caregiving for older people and pro-inflammatory biomarkers
           among caregivers: a systematic review
    • Authors: Florence Potier; Jean-Marie Degryse; Marie de Saint-Hubert
      Abstract: Introduction Evidence suggests that providing care for an older loved one may present a risk to the health of the caregiver. To understand the link between the psychosocial stress of caregiving and damage to the health of caregivers, numerous studies have assessed the presence of inflammatory biomarkers among caregivers. These biomarkers are measured to understand the relationships between the social stress of caregiving and the health of caregivers. Objective To provide a complete summary of the current literature regarding the most clinically relevant pro-inflammatory biomarkers associated with caregiving. Methods We searched articles in MEDLINE and EMBASE from January 1980 to 30 April 2016 for all studies that assessed biomarkers (cortisol, interleukin-6 and c-reactive protein) among caregivers of community-dwelling older persons. The quality of the selected studies was assessed by two reviewers using the STROBE or CONSORT checklist. Results Twenty-four studies were included. Most of the studies were cross-sectional and focused on dementia caregiving. Increases in biomarkers were associated with problems such as disturbed sleep, burden or pain and caregiving characteristics, including daily stressors and the duration of caregiving. Cognitive-behavioural therapy and participation in leisure activities were associated with significantly lower levels of cortisol and IL-6, respectively. Discussion We found little evidence concerning the association between caregiving status and biomarkers of stress and inflammation. We discuss potential sources of bias and suggest some directions for further research. This stress model can be expanded by taking into account the positive aspects of caregiving and the potential resources of caregivers.
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0765-0
  • Telomerase activation and human health-span: an open issue
    • Authors: Virginia Boccardi; Patrizia Mecocci
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0766-z
  • A case of suspected diffuse dermal angiomatosis associated with severe
    • Authors: Giordano Gianotti; Daniela Pinto; Pietro Calogero
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0764-1
  • Characteristics of advanced gastric cancer with negative or only
           perigastric lymph node metastasis in elderly patients
    • Authors: Hajime Fujishima; Yoshitake Ueda; Norio Shiraishi; Takao Hara; Michihiro Ichimanda; Yuki Shitomi; Hidefumi Shiroshita; Tsuyoshi Etoh; Masafumi Inomata
      Abstract: Objectives After gastrectomy with extended lymph node (LN) dissection, the damage of celiac plexus seems to cause of disorder of eating habits. To clarify the indication of gastrectomy with limited LN dissection for elderly patients, the pathological characteristics of advanced gastric cancer in elderly patients were examined in this study. Methods Forty-seven patients aged ≥80 years with advanced gastric cancer (deeper than pT2) who underwent curative gastrectomy from 1998 to 2015 were enrolled. Patients were classified into two groups by extent of LN metastasis: Group A, with N0 or only perigastric LN metastasis (n = 33); Group B, LN metastasis beyond the perigastric area (n = 14). Pathological factors were then evaluated. Results No significant differences were observed in age, sex, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification, serum level of carcinoembryonic antigen, surgical procedure, extent of LN dissection, and number of dissected LNs. Pathological findings showed no significant differences in tumor location, macroscopic type, histologic type, and lymphovascular invasion. However, significant differences were observed in tumor maximum diameter at the cut-off level of 40 mm (Group A: ≤40 mm, n = 10 and >40 mm, n = 23; Group B: ≤40 mm, n = 0 and >40 mm, n = 14; P = 0.02). Conclusion In the elderly patients, LN metastasis in advanced gastric cancer of ≤40 mm in diameter was limited to be within the perigastric area. Gastrectomy with only perigastric LN dissection may be adopted in these patients.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0767-y
  • Increased dabigatran plasma concentration during Ibrutinib treatment: a
           case of cerebral hemorrhage and successful dabigatran reversal by
    • Authors: R. Quintavalla; M. Lombardi; P. Prandoni; C. Manotti; I. Tadonio; F. Re; P. M. Ferrini; M. I. Tassoni; P. Rossetti; F. Quaini
      PubDate: 2017-04-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0752-5
  • Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma as a cause of terminal acute
           respiratory distress syndrome: atypical presentation of a rare disease
    • Authors: Ilaria Lazzari; Caterina Galetti; Giulia Corvalli; Roberto Bernardi; Giordano Gianotti; Carlo Sagramoso; Pietro Calogero
      PubDate: 2017-04-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0754-3
  • Executive function and life-space mobility in old age
    • Authors: Taina Poranen-Clark; Mikaela B. von Bonsdorff; Merja Rantakokko; Erja Portegijs; Johanna Eronen; Markku Kauppinen; Johan G. Eriksson; Taina Rantanen; Anne Viljanen
      Abstract: Background Life-space assessment incorporates all movements in terms of the distance from home, the frequency of movement and the need of assistance for movement. Executive function (EF) is an important higher order cognitive ability that controls and guides people’s goal-directed actions. We examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between EF and life-space mobility, and investigated if perceived walking difficulties, lower extremity performance, and transportation difficulties explain the association. Methods 157 community-dwelling persons aged 76–91 years participated in the study at the baseline, and 103 of them in 2-year follow-up study. Based on the distribution on the Trail Making Test participants were categorized into tertiles of EF. Life-space mobility was assessed using the Life-Space Assessment (range 0–120). Perceived walking difficulties and transportation difficulties were self-reported, and lower extremity performance was assessed with the short physical performance battery (SPPB). Adjustments were made for gender, age, number of chronic conditions, and years of education. Results Average age of participants at the baseline was 82.6 (SD 4.2) years and 61% were women. Individuals with poor EF had lower life-space mobility compared to those with good EF. SPPB and transportation difficulties explained the association. Over the 2-year follow-up, those with poor EF at the baseline showed steeper decline but the difference did not quite reach statistical significance (p = 0.068). Conclusions People with better executive function had higher life-space mobility. This was explained by better lower extremity performance and absence of transportation difficulties. Cognitive decline may hinder access to community amenities, which in turn may further accelerate cognitive decline.
      PubDate: 2017-04-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0762-3
  • Idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in the elderly: a
           long-term follow-up study
    • Authors: Seong-Chul Yeo; Seong-Ki Ahn; Ho Joong Lee; Hyun-Jin Cho; Sang-Wook Kim; Seung Hoon Woo; Sea-Yuong Jeon; Yeon-Hee Joo; Dong Gu Hur; Jung Je Park
      Abstract: Background Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of peripheral-type vertigo in the elderly. While some studies have investigated BPPV among the elderly, no study has focused on the isolated idiopathic BPPV (iBPPV) in the elderly. Aims To investigate the clinical features and recurrence rate in elderly patients diagnosed with iBPPV. Methods The authors prospectively reviewed the medical records of 627 patients diagnosed with BPPV, and a total of 370 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The subjects were divided into two groups by age (experimental group ≥65 years and control group 17–64 years), and the gender, numbers of canalith reposition maneuver (CRM) for successful treatment, time elapsed from onset of symptoms to clinic visit, the affected semicircular canal, and the 1- and 5-year recurrence proportion were analyzed. Results The gender, numbers of CRM for successful treatment, affected semicircular canal, and the 1- and 5-year recurrence proportion showed no statistically significant difference between two groups (p > 0.05). The only exception was the experimental group which took a longer duration from manifestation of symptoms to hospital visit than control group (student’s t test, p = 0.021). Discussion Several previous studies report that the elderly with iBPPV shows more protracted clinical course and much higher recurrence rate than younger adult. Unlike those reports, our study showed no significant differences about the clinical features and recurrence rate between age groups. Conclusion The elderly with iBPPV could be treated as effective as general population.
      PubDate: 2017-04-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0763-2
  • Combined use of the multidimensional prognostic index (MPI) and
           procalcitonin serum levels in predicting 1-month mortality risk in older
           patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP): a
           prospective study
    • Authors: Alberto Pilotto; Simone Dini; Julia Daragjati; Manuela Miolo; Monica Maria Mion; Andrea Fontana; Mario Lo Storto; Martina Zaninotto; Alberto Cella; Paolo Carraro; Filomena Addante; Massimiliano Copetti; Mario Plebani
      Abstract: Background Several scores and biomarkers, i.e., procalcitonin (PCT), were proposed to stratify the mortality risk in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Aim Evaluating prognostic accuracy of PCT and Multidimensional Prognostic Index (MPI) for 1-month mortality risk in older patients with CAP. Methods At hospital admission and at discharge, patients were evaluated by a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment to calculate MPI. Serum PCT was measured at admission and 1, 3, and 5 days after hospital admission. Results 49 patients were enrolled. The overall 1-month mortality was 44.5 for 100-persons year. Mortality rates were higher with the increasing of MPI. In survived patients, MPI at discharge showed higher predictive accuracy than MPI at admission. Adding PCT levels to admission MPI prognostic accuracy for 1-month mortality significantly increased. Conclusion In older patients with CAP, MPI significantly predicted 1 month mortality. PCT levels significantly improved the accuracy of MPI at admission in predicting 1-month mortality.
      PubDate: 2017-04-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0759-y
  • Criterion-related validity of self-reported stair climbing in older adults
    • Authors: Sara Higueras-Fresnillo; Irene Esteban-Cornejo; Pablo Gasque; Oscar L. Veiga; David Martinez-Gomez
      Abstract: Introduction Stair climbing is an activity of daily living that might contribute to increase levels of physical activity (PA). To date, there is no study examining the validity of climbing stairs assessed by self-report. The aim of this study was, therefore, to examine the validity of estimated stair climbing from one question included in a common questionnaire compared to a pattern-recognition activity monitor in older adults. Methods A total of 138 older adults (94 women), aged 65–86 years (70.9 ± 4.7 years), from the IMPACT65 + study participated in this validity study. Estimates of stair climbing were obtained from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) PA questionnaire. An objective assessment of stair climbing was obtained with the Intelligent Device for Energy Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA) monitor. Results The correlation between both methods to assess stair climbing was fair (ρ = 0.22, p = 0.008 for PA energy expenditure and ρ = 0.26, p = 0.002 for duration). Mean differences between self-report and the IDEEA were 7.96 ± 10.52 vs. 9.88 ± 3.32 METs-min/day for PA energy expenditure, and 0.99 ± 1.32 vs. 1.79 ± 2.02 min/day for duration (both Wilcoxon test p < 0.001). Results from the Bland–Altman analysis indicate that bias between both instruments were −1.91 ± 10.30 METs-min/day and −0.80 ± 1.99 min/day, and corresponding limits of agreement for the two instruments were from 18.27 to −22.10 METs-min/day and from 3.09 to −4.70 min/day, respectively. Conclusion Our results indicate that self-reported stair climbing has modest validity to accurately rank old age participants, and underestimates both PAEE and its duration, as compared with an objectively measured method.
      PubDate: 2017-04-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0761-4
  • The impact of polypharmacy and drug interactions among the elderly
           population in Western Sicily, Italy
    • Authors: Giulia Scondotto; Fanny Pojero; Sebastiano Pollina Addario; Mauro Ferrante; Maurizio Pastorello; Michele Visconti; Salvatore Scondotto; Alessandra Casuccio
      Abstract: Aim Primary endpoint was to report polypharmacy distribution in the general population vs ≥65 years old people and to examine the frequency of drug–drug interactions (DDIs) in the Health Local Unit of Palermo, Italy, in relationship with patients’ age. Methods Drug prescription data for the year 2014 were extracted from the database of the Local Health Unit of Palermo Province, Italy. Patients were divided into five age groups (0–13, 14–64, 65–69, 70–74, and ≥75 year old). The detection of potential DDIs in polypharmacy profiles was performed with NavFarma software (Infologic srl, Padova, Italia), with DDI classification provided by tool Micromedex Drug Reax (Truven Health Analitics, Michigan, USA). Results We analyzed data of 1,324,641 patients, and 15,801,191 medical prescription were recorded; of these, 11,337,796 regarded chronic conditions. The drug prescriptions reached the highest values in the 65–69 and 70–74 age groups (p = 0.005 and p = 0.008 vs age 14–64 respectively). An overall amount of 6,094,373 DDIs were detected, of which 47,173 were contraindicated. Median number of DDIs was higher in 65–69 and 70–74 age groups (p = 0.008 and p = 0.012 vs age 14–64, respectively). Regarding contraindicated DDIs a significant difference was detected comparing 14–64 vs ≥65 age groups (p = 0.010 vs 65–69 group, p = 0.005 vs 70–74 group and ≥75 group). Conclusions Polypharmacy is a phenomenon acquiring increasing dimensions also in our province. It interests particularly the older subjects, and assumes a dramatic accent when it is put in relationship with the frequency of DDIs. A proactive vigilance about potential life threatening drug interactions is mandatory.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0755-2
  • The effects of age and sex on hand movement structure
    • Authors: A. Sebastjan; A. Skrzek; Z. Ignasiak; T. Sławińska
      Abstract: The aim was to investigate the effects of age and sex on hand function and ascertain age-related changes (magnitude and rate) by assessing a broad range of functional tasks with the dominant and non-dominant hands. A representative sample of 635 adults (114 males and 491 females) aged 50 years and over completed motor performance series of the Vienna Test System Parametric and non-parametric analysis and simple linear regression was used to examine the relationships. Significant relationships were observed between task performance and age and sex, although the contributions of both factors differed by varying degree. Compared with males, the females performed significantly better than males in the majority of tests, particularly with the dominant hand, although greater age-related reductions were observed in performance. Among the skills quantifying hand function, age accounted for the most variance in hand and finger dexterity.
      PubDate: 2017-04-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0758-z
  • Swallowing impairment is a significant factor for predicting life
           prognosis of elderly at the end of life
    • Authors: Koji Naruishi; Yasufumi Nishikawa
      Abstract: Background In end-of-life care of elderly, the decision of care plan including gastrostomy is difficult frequently because of insufficient knowledge relating the life prognosis of elderly. It is important the families to decide correctly the life prognosis of elderly with geriatric diseases. Our purpose is to examine the significant factors for predicting life prognosis of elderly in end-of-life care. Methods A total of 320 elderly patients was enrolled (male/female 151/169; averaged age: male 84.7 ± 5.9 year, female 86.8 ± 6.3 year) and retrospective analyses were performed. The elderly patients were classified as either: (1) with or without past illness of aspiration pneumonia; (2) with or without incidence of cerebrovascular disorder; (3) impaired or normal cognitive function; (4) impaired or normal swallowing function, and performed Kaplan–Meier survival analysis. Swallowing function was examined using video endoscopic (VE) evaluation method. The Kaplan–Meier analysis of the number of days from implementation of VE test (day 0) to death was evaluated with the log-rank Mantel–Cox test. The maximum follow-up time recorded was 180 days. Results There were no significant differences in number of days when divided with or without past illness of aspiration pneumonia, cerebrovascular disorder and impaired cognitive function. The survival probabilities of elderly with impaired swallowing function were significant lower than in elderly with the normal function. Conclusions For judgement of life prognosis, the condition of being frail such as impaired swallowing function might be a useful factor, and the viewpoint would contribute to decide the treatment plan for the good end-of-life care of elderly.
      PubDate: 2017-04-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s40520-017-0756-1
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