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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)
  [SJR: 0.525]   [H-I: 18]   [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1006-7191 - ISSN (Online) 2194-1289
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Formation Mechanism of Lamellar M 23 C 6 Carbide in a Cobalt-Base
           Superalloy During Thermal Exposure at 1000 °C
    • Authors: Wei-Min Gui; Hong-Yu Zhang; Hai-Bo Long; Tao Jin; Xiao-Feng Sun; Qi Zheng
      Pages: 27 - 32
      Abstract: The precipitation of the lamellar-shaped M 23C6 carbide within the dendritic matrix of a cobalt-base superalloy during thermal exposure at 1000 °C has been investigated. Such a precipitation is not commonly observed in cobalt-base superalloys. It is found that M 23C6 particles nucleate preferentially at stacking faults (SFs) in the dendritic matrix and grow along the SFs to develop a lamellar character. Additionally, a Cr depletion zone is observed in the vicinity of the lamellar M 23C6 carbide, which strongly supports the presence of Suzuki segregation.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0596-1
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Influence of Deformation Degree and Cooling Rate on Microstructure and
           Phase Transformation Temperature of B1500HS Steel
    • Authors: Hui-Ping Li; Rui Jiang; Lian-Fang He; Hui Yang; Cheng Wang; Chun-Zhi Zhang
      Pages: 33 - 47
      Abstract: To study the effects of the deformation degree and cooling rate on the microstructure and phase transformation temperature for the B1500HS steel, the samples were heated at 900 °C for 5 min, compressed by 10, 20, 30 and 40% at the strain rate of 0.1 s−1, and then cooled down at the rates of 50, 40, 25, 20 and 15 °C/s by the thermo-mechanical simulator, respectively. The start and finish temperatures of the phase transformation were determined by the tangent method, and the volume fraction of the phase transformation was ascertained by the level principle according to the dilatometric curves. The volume fraction of the retained austenite was determined by X-ray diffraction. The results show that the volume fraction of the bainite rises with an increase in the deformation degree as the cooling rate is lower than the critical rate. At the same cooling rate, the phase transformation temperature rises with an increase in the deformation degree, and the sizes of both the martensite and bainite phases reduce due to the austenite grain refinement induced by the deformation. The volume fraction of the retained austenite reduces as the deformation degree increases. The critical cooling rate of the un-deformed samples is approximately 25 °C/s and the critical cooling rate rises as the deformation degree increases.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0594-3
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Evolution Behavior of γ-Al 3.5 FeSi in Mg Melt and a Separation Method of
           Fe from Al–Si–Fe Alloys
    • Authors: Tong Gao; Zeng-Qiang Li; Yao-Xian Zhang; Xiang-Fa Liu
      Pages: 48 - 54
      Abstract: The recycling of high Fe-content Al–Si alloys is a green industry. Eliminating the harmful effect of Fe, achieving the separation of Al and Fe is one of the key problems. Different from traditional methods for iron removal, a novel method using magnesium melt to separate Al and Fe is proposed. By introducing Al–14Si–5Fe alloy into Mg melt, it was found that the γ-Al3.5FeSi phase evolves to Al3SiFe3.5 and Al5Fe2 through the melting and solidification process. Compared with the primary Al-rich γ-Al3.5FeSi phase, the formation of Fe-rich Al3SiFe3.5 is quite beneficial for the separation of Al and Fe. Mg–Si–Al and Mg–Si–Fe alloys can be obtained at the top and bottom of the cooled ingot, respectively. The results in this study provide meaningful suggestions for recycling scrap Al–Si–Fe materials.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0627-y
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Improvement of Bonding Strength of Horizontal Twin-Roll Cast
           Steel/Aluminum Clad Sheet by Electromagnetic Fields
    • Authors: Gang Chen; Jin-Tao Li; Guang-Ming Xu
      Pages: 55 - 62
      Abstract: Electromagnetic field is an available online method to increase bonding strength of clad sheet manufactured by horizontal twin-roll casting (HTRC). In this paper, an electric current pulse (ECP) and a complex field (static magnetic field (SMF) together with ECP) are exerted during HTRC of steel/aluminum clad sheet. The produced clad sheet has good appearance, and no visible defects exist at the bonding interface. The inter-diffusion zone at Fe/Al interface in ECP and SMF+ECP sheets is 3 and 4 μm, respectively, and the latter increases slightly compared with that in non-field sheet. The average peel strengths (APS) of ECP and SMF+ECP sheet are 14 and 21 N/mm, respectively, which increase by 2 and 9 N/mm compared with 12 N/mm of non-field sheet. The APS increment in SMF+ECP sheet is resulted from the increment of interface bonding spots and the enhancement of inter-diffusion zone width.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0633-0
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Improvement of Mechanical Properties of Magnesium Alloy ZK60 by Asymmetric
           Reduction Rolling
    • Authors: Ling Wang; Yi-Quan Zhao; Hong-Mei Chen; Jing Zhang; Yan-Dong Liu; Yi-Nong Wang
      Pages: 63 - 70
      Abstract: The improvement of mechanical properties of ZK60 processed by asymmetric reduction rolling (ARR) was investigated in this paper. The grain refinement and basal texture intensity decrease were attributed to the introduction of shear stress produced by ARR process. Compared to conventional symmetrical rolled (SR) ZK60 alloys, ARRed ZK60 exhibited finer, more homogeneous grains and higher mechanical properties. The intensity of basal texture of ARRed ZK60 after annealing was lower than that of SRed ZK60 after annealing. ZK60 sheet with good combination of strength and ductility could be obtained by ARR process. The yield strength (YS) and ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of the ARRed ZK60 sheet were increased 150% and 91.3%, compared to those of SRed ZK60 sheet, from 80 to 200 MPa and from 140 to 264 MPa, respectively. Simultaneously, the elongation to failure increased by 68.75% in the ARR sheet (27%) when compared to that of the SR sheet (16%).
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0649-5
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Performance of Chemical Vapor Deposited Boron-Doped AlN Thin Film as
           Thermal Interface Materials for 3-W LED: Thermal and Optical Analysis
    • Authors: S. Shanmugan; D. Mutharasu
      Pages: 97 - 104
      Abstract: Boron-doped aluminum nitride (B-AlN) thin films were synthesized on Al substrates by using chemical vapor deposition method by changing the synthesis parameters and were used as thermal interface material for high power light emitting diode (LED). The B-AlN thin film-coated Al substrate was used as heat sink and studied the performance of high power LED at various driving currents. The recorded transient cooling curve was evaluated to study the rise in junction temperature (T j), total thermal resistance (R th-tot) and the substrate thermal resistance (R th-sub) of the given LED. From the results, the B-AlN thin film (prepared at process 4) interfaced LED showed low R th-tot and T j value for all driving currents and observed high difference in R th-tot (ΔR th-tot = 2.2 K/W) at 700 mA when compared with the R th-tot of LED attached on bare Al substrates (LED/Al). The T j of LED was reduced considerably and observed 4.7 °C as ΔT j for the film prepared using process 4 condition when compared with LED/Al boundary condition at 700 mA. The optical performance of LED was also tested for all boundary conditions and showed improved lux values for the given LED at 700 mA where B-AlN thin film was synthesized using optimized flow of Al, B and N sources with minimized B and N content. The other optical parameters such as color correlated temperature and color rendering index were also measured and observed low difference for all boundary conditions. The observed results are suggested to use B-AlN thin film as efficient solid thin film thermal interface materials in high power LED.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0592-5
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effect of Solution Treatment on Microstructure and Corrosion Properties of
           Mg–4Gd–1Y–1Zn–0.5Ca–1Zr Alloy
    • Authors: Jian-Wei Dai; Xiao-Bo Zhang; Yang Fei; Zhang-Zhong Wang; Huai-Ming Sui
      Abstract: The as-cast multi-element Mg–4Gd–1Y–1Zn–0.5Ca–1Zr alloy with low rare earth additions was prepared, and the solution treatment was applied at different temperatures. The microstructural evolution of the alloy was characterized by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, and corrosion properties of the alloy in 3.5% NaCl solution were evaluated by immersion and electrochemical tests. The results indicate that the as-cast alloy is composed of the α-Mg matrix, lamellar long-period stacking-ordered (LPSO) structure and eutectic phase. The LPSO structure exists with more volume fraction in the alloy solution-treated at 440 °C, but disappears with the increase in the solution temperature. For all the solution-treated alloys, the precipitated phases are detected. The corrosion rates of the alloys decrease first and then increase slightly with the increase in the solution temperature, and the corrosion resistance of the solution-treated alloys is more than four times as good as that of the as-cast alloy. In addition, the alloy solution-treated at 480 °C for 6 h shows the best corrosion property.
      PubDate: 2018-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0709-5
       
  • Micro-scale Cellular Automaton Modeling of Interface Evolution During
           Reaustenitization from Pearlite Structure in Steels
    • Authors: Gang Shen; Cheng-Wu Zheng; Jian-Feng Gu; Dian-Zhong Li
      Abstract: A modified cellular automaton model is developed to depict the interface evolution inside the cementite plus ferrite lamellar microstructures during the reaustenitization of a pearlite steel. In this model, migrations of both the austenite–ferrite and austenite–cementite interfaces coupled with the carbon diffusion and redistribution are integrated. The capillarity effect derived from local interface curvatures is also carefully considered by involving the concentration given by the phase diagram modified by the Gibbs–Thomson effect. This allows the interface evolution from a transient state to a steady state under different annealing conditions and various interlamellar spacings to be simulated. The proposed cellular automaton approach could be readily used to describe the kinetics of austenite formation from the lamellar pearlites and virtually reveal the kinematics of the moving interfaces from the microstructural aspect.
      PubDate: 2018-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0706-8
       
  • Effect of Phase Transformation During Long-Term Solution Treatment on
           Microstructure, Mechanical Properties, and Bio-corrosion Behavior of
           Mg–5Zn–1.5Y Cast Alloy
    • Authors: H. Jafari; E. Heidari; A. Barabi; M. Dashti Kheirabadi
      Abstract: The influence of long-term solution treatment for various intervals on the microstructure, mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance of the as-cast Mg–5Zn–1.5Y alloy was investigated. Variation of secondary phases was studied during solution treatment through thermal analysis test and thermodynamic calculations. Tensile and hardness tests, as well as polarization and immersion tests, were performed to evaluate the mechanical properties and corrosion behavior of the as-cast and heat-treated alloy, respectively. Results show that solution treatment transforms I-phase (Mg3Zn6Y) into W-phase (Mg3Zn3Y2), as well as dissolves it into the α-Mg matrix to some extent; therefore, the amount of W-phase increases. Moreover, prolonged solution treatment decreases the volume fraction of the phases. In the first stage of solution treatment for 14 h, the tensile properties significantly increase due to the incomplete phase transformation. Although long-term solution treatment sharply decreases the tensile and hardness properties of the alloy, it improves the corrosion resistance due to the transformation of I-phase into W-phase. In fact, it decreases corrosion potential and simultaneously dissolves intermetallic compounds into the α-Mg matrix, resulting in the reduction in galvanic microcells between the matrix and compounds. It is found that the optimum time for long-term solution treatment is 14 h, which improves both corrosion behavior and mechanical properties.
      PubDate: 2018-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0707-7
       
  • Characterization of Interfacial Bonding Mechanism for Graphene-Modified
           Powder Metallurgy Nickle-Based Superalloy
    • Authors: Jin-Wen Zou; Xiao-Feng Wang; Jie Yang; Chuan-Bo Ji; Xu-Qing Wang; Xian-Qiang Fan; Zhi-Peng Guo
      Abstract: A modified FGH96 superalloy using 0.1 wt% graphene was successfully prepared using the wet mixing method. The interfacial bonding mechanism between the graphene and the superalloy matrix was characterized using optical microscope, scanning electronic microscope, transmission electronic microscope and X-ray tomography. The results revealed that the graphene could be dispersed uniformly inside the matrix of the superalloy, and the bonding interface between graphene and the superalloy showed a rather diffusion instead of abrupt distinction, suggesting that the interface was formed via chemical fusion rather than a mechanical combination. The uniform dispersity of the graphene inside the superalloy matrix could improve the tensile properties significantly, including tensile strength, plasticity and yield strength. The existence of the graphene at the fracture surface further verified that the graphene could increase the effective bearing force of the material during the tensile test.
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0705-9
       
  • Degradation Characters of La-Mg-Ni-Based Metal Hydride Alloys: Corrosion
           and Pulverization Behaviors
    • Authors: Yi-Ming Li; Yang-Huan Zhang; Hui-Ping Ren
      Abstract: Degradation behaviors of three typical La-Mg-Ni alloys, La2MgNi9, La1.5Mg0.5Ni7 and La4MgNi19, were studied. La1.5Mg0.5Ni7 with (La,Mg)2Ni7 as main phase presents better discharge capacity and cycling stability. The three alloys suffer severe pulverization and corrosion after electrochemical cycles, which are considered to be the significant factor attributing to the capacity deterioration. However, the overall corrosion extent of the three cycled alloys aggravates successively, which is inconsistent with the result that La2MgNi9 presented poor cycling stability and also the assumption that alloy with high Mg content is easy to be corroded. The intrinsic anti-corrosion and anti-pulverization characteristics of the three alloys are mainly focused in this work. Immersion corrosion experiments demonstrate that the Mg-rich phases are more easily to be corroded. The corrosion resistance of the three alloys presents an improved trend which is inversely proportional to abundance of the Mg-rich phases. However, the anti-pulverization abilities present an inverse trend, which is closely related to the mechanical property of various phase structures. LaNi5 with the highest hardness is easy to crack, but the soft (La,Mg)Ni2 is more resistant to crack formation and spreading. Thus, the weaker corrosion of La2MgNi9 after electrochemical cycling is attributed to the better intrinsic anti-pulverization capability though the anti-corrosion is poor. As La4MgNi19 possesses excellent corrosion resistance, enhancement of the anti-pulverization ability is urgent for improvement in the cycling stability.
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0696-y
       
  • Design of Fe–Mn–Ag Alloys as Potential Candidates for
           Biodegradable Metals
    • Authors: Ruo-Yu Liu; Ran-Gan He; Li-Qun Xu; Sheng-Feng Guo
      Abstract: In this work, a series of biodegradable pure iron, Fe–30Mn and Fe–30Mn–Ag alloys were developed by using a rapid solidification technology. A fine α-Fe dendrite was formed in pure iron, resulting in a high compressive yield strength of above 300 MPa. The Fe–30Mn alloy doped with only 1% Ag exhibited a significant increase in the degradation rate in simulated body fluid due to the precipitation of Ag-rich particles in alloy matrix and the induction of the microgalvanic corrosion. In addition, the novel Fe–30Mn–Ag alloy also exhibited a good magnetic compatibility and offered a closely approaching requirement for biodegradable medical applications.
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0702-z
       
  • Improvement of High-Temperature Mechanical Properties of Low-Carbon RAFM
           Steel by MX Precipitates
    • Authors: Jianguo Chen; Yongchang Liu; Yantong Xiao; Yihuan Liu; Chenxi Liu; Huijun Li
      Abstract: To investigate the influence of tantalum content on high-temperature mechanical properties of low-carbon reduced activation ferritic/martensitic (RAFM) steels, RAFM steels containing different tantalum contents (0 and 0.073%) were fabricated, and the tensile tests at room temperature and high temperature were performed, as well as the creep tests were conducted at 550 °C with the applied stress of 180 and 220 MPa. It was found that 0.073% tantalum addition results in the increase in amount of stable carbonitrides (MX), and the creep rupture time of the steel under 180 MPa is obviously increased. In addition, the increase in MX caused by tantalum addition also leads to the improvement of high-temperature tensile strength. The improvement of high-temperature mechanical properties of RAFM steels is primarily related to the evolution of precipitates.
      PubDate: 2018-01-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0703-y
       
  • Influence of Zn and Mg Alloying on the Corrosion Resistance Properties of
           Al Coating Applied by Arc Thermal Spray Process in Simulated Weather
           Solution
    • Authors: Han-Seung Lee; Seung-Jun Kwon; Jitendra Kumar Singh; Mohamed A. Ismail
      Abstract: In this study, Al–Zn and Al–Mg coatings were deposited on steel substrates by an arc thermal spray process. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy were used to characterize the deposited coatings and corrosion products. Open circuit potential (OCP), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and potentiodynamic studies were used to assess the corrosion characteristics of these coatings after exposure according to the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J2334 solution of varying durations. This solution simulates an industrial environment and contains chloride and carbonate ions that induce corrosion of the deposited coatings. However, the Al–Mg alloy coating maintained an OCP of approximately − 0.911 V versus Ag/AgCl in the SAE J2334 solution even after 792 h of exposure. This indicates that it protects the steel sacrificially, whereas the Al–Zn coating provides only barrier-type protection through the deposition of corrosion products. The Al–Mg coating acts as a self-healing coating and provides protection by forming Mg6Al2(OH)16CO3 (Al–Mg layered double hydroxides). Mg6Al2(OH)16CO3 has interlocking characteristics with a morphology of plate-like nanostructures and an ion-exchange ability that can improve the corrosion resistance properties of the coating. The presence of Zn in the corrosion products of the Al–Zn coating allows dissolution, but, at the same time, Zn5(OH)6(CO3)2 and Zn6Al2(OH)16CO3 are formed and act to reduce the corrosion rate.
      PubDate: 2018-01-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0704-x
       
  • Effect of Mn Content on Microstructure and Cryogenic Mechanical Properties
           of a 7% Ni Steel
    • Authors: Hong-Wei Cao; Xing-Hong Luo; Guo-Feng Zhan; Shi Liu
      Abstract: The effect of Mn content on the microstructure and cryogenic mechanical properties of a 7% Ni steel was investigated within the Mn content range from 0.13% to 0.36%. The microstructure of the steel as determined by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, electron backscattering diffraction and X-ray diffraction was presented, and the low-temperature mechanical properties were given. The size of prior austenite grain did not change a lot as Mn content increased. Film-like reversed austenite, having high stability, was found mainly in the specimens with lower Mn content; however, in the specimen with the highest Mn content, the role of Mn was not obvious in stabilizing reversed austenite. Besides, with increasing Mn content, the amount of reversed austenite at grain boundaries gradually decreased. The variable Mn content had a significant effect on cryogenic toughness, but not apparent on cryogenic tensile strength or yield strength. An excellent combination of cryogenic tensile and impact properties was obtained when Mn content of steel was 0.13%.
      PubDate: 2018-01-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0700-1
       
  • In situ Study on the Growth Behavior of Primary Al 3 Ni Phase in
           Solidifying Al–Ni Alloy by Synchrotron Radiography
    • Authors: Si-Yu Sun; Qiao-Dan Hu; Wen-Quan Lu; Zong-Ye Ding; Ming-Qin Xu; Ming-Xu Xia; Jian-Guo Li
      Abstract: The growth behavior of Al3Ni intermetallic compounds (IMCs) during the directional solidification of Al-10 wt% Ni alloy was investigated by synchrotron radiography. Two main growth patterns of primary Al3Ni phase, I-like and V-like, appeared during solidification, and I-like Al3Ni phase grew faster than V-like phase, which can be explained by the minimum energy criterion. The growth of I-like phase can be divided into two stages and was mainly affected by undercooling and Ni concentration. We also found that V-like Al3Ni phase can evolve into M-like phase during solidification.
      PubDate: 2018-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0684-2
       
  • Influences of Asymmetric Reduction Rolling on the Microstructure and
           Mechanical Properties of AZ91
    • Authors: Yi-Quan Zhao; Hong-Mei Chen; Jing Zhang; Ru Ma; Yan-Dong Liu; Yi-Nong Wang; Ling Wang; Qun Zhang; Wei-Gang Li
      Abstract: The influence of asymmetric reduction rolling (ARR) on the microstructure, texture and mechanical properties of AZ91 was investigated. The microstructural characteristics of the AZ91 sheet processed by symmetric rolling (SR) were the twins, intersection of twins and dynamic recrystalization (DRX) grains around the coarse grains and within the twins. However, the amount of twins and DRX grains in ARRed AZ91 was much smaller than that in SRed AZ91. The SRed AZ91 after annealing exhibited fine DRX grains and some coarse grains with a size of ~ 100 μm. The grains in ARRed AZ91 after annealing were much finer and more homogeneous than those in SRed AZ91 after annealing. The intensity of basal texture of ARRed AZ91 after annealing was lower than that of SRed AZ91 rolling after annealing. The average Schmid factor of ARRed AZ91 is 0.34, which is higher than that of SRed AZ91. The yield strength and ultimate tensile strength of the ARRed AZ91 sheet were increased to 16.1% and 31.8% compared to SRed AZ91 sheet, from 155 to 180 MPa, and from 220 to 290 MPa, respectively. The improvement of mechanical properties in ARRed AZ91 after annealing was attributed to much finer, more homogeneous DRX grains and weaker basal texture.
      PubDate: 2018-01-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0695-z
       
  • Carbon Dioxide Sequestration via Steelmaking Slag Carbonation in Alkali
           Solutions: Experimental Investigation and Process Evaluation
    • Authors: Chen-Ye Wang; Wei-Jun Bao; Zhan-Cheng Guo; Hui-Quan Li
      Abstract: Carbon dioxide mineral sequestration with steelmaking slag is a promising method for reducing carbon dioxide in a large-scale setting. Existing calcium oxide or calcium hydroxide in steelmaking slag can be easily leached by water, and the formed calcium carbonate can be easily wrapped on the surface of unreacted steelmaking slag particles. Thus, further increase in the carbonation reaction rate can be prevented. Enhanced carbon dioxide mineral sequestration with steelmaking slag in dilute alkali solution was analysed in this study through experiments and process evaluation. Operating conditions, namely alkali concentration, reaction temperature and time, and liquid-to-solid ratio, were initially investigated. Then, the material and energy balance of the entire process was calculated, and the net carbon dioxide sequestration efficiency at different reaction times was evaluated. Results showed that dilute alkali solution participated in slowing down the leaching of active calcium in the steelmaking slag and in significantly improving carbonation conversion rate. The highest carbonation conversion rate of approximately 50% can be obtained at the optimal conditions of 20 g/L alkali concentration, 2 mL/L liquid-to-solid ratio, and 70 °C reaction temperature. Carbonation reaction time significantly influences the net carbon dioxide sequestration efficiency. According to calculation, carbon dioxide emission of 52.6 kg/t-slag was avoided at a relatively long time of 120 min.
      PubDate: 2018-01-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0694-0
       
  • Temperature-Dependent SRS Behavior of 316L and Its Constitutive Model
    • Authors: Jian Peng; Jian Peng; Kai-Shang Li; Jun-Feng Pei; Chang-Yu Zhou
      Abstract: The strain rate sensitivity (SRS) and temperature sensitivity (TS) of 316L austenitic stainless steel were investigated by constant strain rate test (CSRT) and strain rate jump test (SRJT) under four temperatures (293, 373, 473 and 573 K) and four strain rates (5 × 10−4/s, 1 × 10−3/s, 5 × 10−3/s and 1 × 10−2/s). The results show that temperature sensitivity (TS) indexes at different strain rates are coincidence to be negative, related to temperature softening. On the contrary, SRS indexes change from positive to negative with the increase in temperature associated with dynamic strain aging (DSA). Moreover, based on the comparison between CSRT and SRJT, SRS and TS indexes obtained by two methods agree well. It proves that the SRJT can describe the SRS and TS phenomenon of 316L efficiently. Furthermore, the effects of temperature and strain rate on fracture mechanism were discussed. At last, an improved Johnson–Cook model was proposed to consider the temperature-dependent SRS behavior of 316L.
      PubDate: 2018-01-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0697-x
       
  • Effects of γ-Ray Irradiation on the Fatigue Strength, Thermal
           Conductivities and Thermal Stabilities of the Glass Fibres/Epoxy Resins
           Composites
    • Authors: Li-Fang Zheng; Lu-Ning Wang; Zhao-Zhong Wang; Li Wang
      Abstract: Glass fibres/epoxy resins composites have been performed as ideal materials to make support instruments for high-energy and nuclear physics experiments. The effects of the γ-ray irradiation on the fatigue strength, thermal conductivities and thermal stabilities of the glass fibres/epoxy resins composites were investigated. And a two-parameter fatigue life model was established to predict the fatigue life of the composites. Results revealed that the γ-ray irradiation could probably result in the degradation of epoxy resins, but hardly damage to the glass fibres. And the γ-ray irradiation treatment could significantly affect the fatigue strength of the composites at a low-cycle fatigue stage, but seldom influence at a high-cycle fatigue stage. Furthermore, the fabricated glass fibres/epoxy resins composites after the γ-ray irradiation still presented excellent fatigue strength, ideal thermal conductivities, remarkable dimensional and thermal stabilities, which can meet the actual requirements of normal operation for supporting instruments under high-energy and nuclear physics experiments.
      PubDate: 2017-12-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0692-2
       
 
 
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