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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 128)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)
  [SJR: 0.525]   [H-I: 18]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1006-7191 - ISSN (Online) 2194-1289
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Effects of Deformation Texture and Twins on the Corrosion Resistance of
           Rolled AZ31 Mg Alloy Under 5% Uniaxial Compression
    • Authors: Chen Wang; Hao Ding; Bing-Shu Wang; Kui Wang; Jing-Jing Shi; Jun-Feng Chen
      Pages: 921 - 930
      Abstract: Abstract The deformation texture and twin effect of rolled AZ31 Mg alloy on the corrosion resistance in simulated body fluid (SBF) at room temperature were examined by potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectra. The corrosion morphology evolution after being immersed in SBF for 24 h has been analyzed by scanning electron microscope. The results show that the inhomogeneous deformation leaded to the obvious differences in the microstructure. The corrosion rate of rolled AZ31 Mg alloy decreased dramatically in the transverse direction (TD) plane, which mainly consisted of {0001} deformation texture, making TD plane be a lower surface energy, and thus a higher corrosion resistance, while the corrosion resistance of the plane with 45° to TD direction (45TD plane) containing enormous {10−12} tension twins decreased after 5% uniaxial compression. The {10−12} tension twins accelerate the rate of corrosion procedure and pitting corrosion. Moreover, it is suggested that the deformation texture affects the corrosion behavior more than the twins do. This study indicates that the corrosion rate of AZ31 Mg alloy in SBF can be modified by the small uniaxial compression.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0639-7
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Fracture Behavior of As-Extruded
           Zn–Mg Binary Alloys
    • Authors: Li-Qing Wang; Yu-Ping Ren; Shi-Neng Sun; Hong Zhao; Song Li; Gao-Wu Qin
      Pages: 931 - 940
      Abstract: Abstract In the present work, Zn–(0–1)Mg (wt%) alloys were prepared by casting and indirect extrusion at 200 and 300 °C, respectively. With Mg addition, both the size and amount of second phase Mg2Zn11 increased, and the equiaxed grains were significantly refined. The extrusion temperature had little influence on Mg2Zn11, but the grains were refined at low extrusion temperature. For the alloys extruded at 200 °C, as Mg content increased, the tensile yield strength (TYS) increased from 64 MPa for pure Zn to 262 MPa for Zn–1Mg; the elongation increased from 14.3% for pure Zn to 25% for Zn–0.02Mg and then decreased to 5% for Zn–1Mg. For the alloys extruded at 300 °C, as Mg content increased, the TYS increased from 67 MPa for pure Zn to 252 MPa for Zn–1Mg, while the elongation decreased from 11.7% to 2%. The alloy extruded at 200 °C exhibited higher TYS and elongation than the corresponding alloy extruded at 300 °C. The combination of grain refinement and second phase Mg2Zn11 contributed to the improvement in the TYS, and the grain refinement played a major role in strengthening alloy. Zn–0.02Mg and Zn–0.05Mg alloys extruded at 200 °C show a mixture of cleavage and ductile fracture corresponding to higher elongation, while the other alloys show cleavage fracture.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0585-4
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • Dynamic and Static Aging Precipitation of β-Mg 17 Al 12 in the AZ80
           Magnesium Alloy During Multi-directional Forging and Subsequent Aging
    • Authors: Qing-Feng Zhu; Gao-Song Wang; En-Ge Zhang; Fan-Zheng Liu; Zhi-Qiang Zhang; Jian-Zhong Cui
      Pages: 941 - 948
      Abstract: Abstract Dynamic and static aging precipitation of Mg17Al12 phases in AZ80 magnesium alloy was studied by multi-directional forging (MDF) with decreasing temperatures from 410 to 300 °C and subsequent aging process. The results show that the morphology of the β-Mg17Al12 phases during forging process dynamically precipitates and aging process (statically precipitation) exhibited granular and laminar shapes, respectively. During the MDF, the inhomogeneous dynamic precipitation of the β-Mg17Al12 phases results in the uniformity on grain size, which is fine in the area with many granular Mg17Al12 phases but the grain is still coarse where there is no Mg17Al12 phases. During the aging process, the morphology of newly formed β-Mg17Al12 phases depends on the structural character of the forged sample. The newly precipitated β-Mg17Al12 phases are coarse laminar and needle-like shape in area with coarse grain. While, the fine newly precipitated β-Mg17Al12 phases are fine granular and needle-like in the area with fine grain.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0575-6
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • Microstructural Characterization and Phase Separation Sequences During
           Solidification of Ni 3 Al-Based Superalloy
    • Authors: Jing Wu; Yong-Chang Liu; Chong Li; Xing-Chuan Xia; Yu-Ting Wu; Hui-Jun Li; Hai-Peng Wang
      Pages: 949 - 956
      Abstract: Abstract As-cast microstructure of a designed polycrystalline Ni3Al-based superalloy is characterized using optical microscope, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope equipped with selected area diffraction system, and the intermetallic phase transformations involved during solidification process are determined based on thermal analysis measurements. The as-cast microstructure is mainly composed of 80.63 vol% dendritic and 19.37 vol% interdendritic phases, and the dendrite is identified as quasi-cuboidal \(\gamma_{\text{I}}^{\prime }\) phase connected by γ-channels where ultrafine \(\gamma_{\text{II}}^{\prime }\) particles are distributed, and the interdendritic phases are determined as γ′–γ eutectic structure consisting of γ E phase with dotted quasi-spherical \(\gamma_{\text{E}}^{\prime }\) particles. During solidification, the dendrite firstly nucleates from liquid melt near 1348 °C; subsequently, the residual liquidoid is transformed into interdendritic phases around 1326 °C. Afterward, γ′ phase will precipitate from dendritic γ-matrix with two-stage characteristics, resulting in the distinct precipitation of \(\gamma_{\text{I}}^{\prime }\) and \(\gamma_{\text{II}}^{\prime }\) phases when approaching to 1190 and 1043 °C, respectively. The corresponding transformations involved during the solidification process can be translated as:
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0634-z
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • Tribological Performance Improvement of Bearing Steel GCr15 by an
           Alternating Magnetic Treatment
    • Authors: Yan-Li Song; Cheng Yu; Xia Miao; Xing-Hui Han; Dong-Sheng Qian; Xu Chen
      Pages: 957 - 964
      Abstract: Abstract This paper discusses the tribological performance of the bearing steel GCr15 treated by an alternating magnetic field. The wear test results showed that the average of wear mass losses decreased by nearly 80% after the magnetic treatment, compared to those before the magnetic treatment. The micro-hardness and microstructures (i.e., grain size, carbide morphology and dislocation distribution) before and after the magnetic treatment were experimentally investigated, and the mechanism of the tribological performance improvement of the bearing steel GCr15 due to the magnetic treatment was then revealed based on the above results.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0587-2
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • Synthesis and Compression Property of Oxidation-Resistant Ni–Al
    • Authors: Wen-Wen Zeng; Si-Han Hou; Xiao-Jun Ding; De-Li Duan; Shu Li; Shi-Hong Zhang
      Pages: 965 - 972
      Abstract: Abstract Three different Ni–Al foams were synthesized by vapor aluminizing with control of aluminizing time. Oxidation tests under 1100 °C and compression tests were conducted to evaluate the oxidation resistance and compression properties of the foams. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) tests were carried out to study the phase composition and microstructure of Ni–Al foams before and after oxidation. Results showed that vapor aluminizing process did not change the foam macro- and microstructure, and the phase composition became from β/γ′-phase to single β-phase as the aluminizing time extending. The Ni–Al foams possessed excellent oxidation resistance, and decreased Al content increased oxidation weight gain and altered oxidation products. Foams containing single β-phase presented obvious brittleness under compression tests, but the foam with β/γ′-phase exhibited elasticity and toughness to a certain extent. The elasticity and toughness of the foams significantly can be improved after oxidation because of the phase changing in matrix during oxidation, and the pre-oxidized high-Al-content Ni–Al foams exhibited good compression properties, as well as excellent oxidation resistance.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0569-4
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • Fabrication of Fullerene-Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Nanocomposites
    • Authors: Hamed Asgharzadeh; Hamid Faraghi; Hyoung Seop Kim
      Pages: 973 - 982
      Abstract: Abstract Fullerene-reinforced Al matrix nanocomposites were fabricated by high-energy mechanical milling followed by consolidation through hot extrusion or high-pressure torsion (HPT). The results indicate that a relatively homogeneous microstructure consisting of elongated, micrometer-sized Al grains is formed in the hot-extruded specimens. However, the microstructure is not uniform along the radius of the HPT disks, which includes coarse grains near the center of the disk and ultrafine grains in the middle and along the edge of the specimen. Microstructural evaluations of the HPT disks indicate that Al grain refinement occurs due to the addition of fullerene, as grain size is reduced to 60 nm from 118 nm. The formation of the harmful aluminum carbide phase is not detected during the fabrication of Al/C60 nanocomposites. The hardness, yield stress, and ultimate tensile strength of the Al-2 vol.% C60 nanocomposites are about 27–160% higher than those of the monolithic Al samples, revealing the effective strengthening of fullerene particles in Al matrix. Moreover, mechanical properties of the Al/fullerene nanocomposites are significantly enhanced (59–272%) by utilizing HPT in comparison to hot-extruded specimens due to their much finer Al grain structure. The reduction in the number and the size of the dimples, as well as the formation of smooth regions on the tensile fracture surface of Al/C60, results in their overall lower ductility compared to monolithic Al.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0629-9
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • Molecular Dynamics Simulations and Experimental Investigations of Atomic
           Diffusion Behavior at Bonding Interface in an Explosively Welded Al/Mg
           Alloy Composite Plate
    • Authors: Ting-Ting Zhang; Wen-Xian Wang; Jun Zhou; Xiao-Qing Cao; Rui-Shan Xie; Yi Wei
      Pages: 983 - 991
      Abstract: Abstract In this study, 6061 aluminum alloy and AZ31B magnesium alloy composite plate was fabricated through explosive welding. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were conducted to investigate atomic diffusion behavior at bonding interface in the Al/Mg composite plate. Corresponding experiments were conducted to validate the simulation results. The results show that diffusion coefficient of Mg atom is larger than that of Al atom and the difference between these two coefficients becomes smaller with increasing collision velocity. The diffusion coefficient was found to depend on collision velocity and angle. It increases linearly with collision velocity when the collision angle is maintained constant at 10° and decreases linearly with collision angle when the collision velocity is maintained constantly at 440 m/s. Based on our MD simulation results and Fick’s second law, a mathematical formula to calculate the thickness of diffusion layer was proposed and its validity was verified by relevant experiments. Transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive system were also used to investigate the atomic diffusion behavior at the bonding interface in the explosively welded 6061/AZ31B composite plate. The results show that there were obvious Al and Mg atom diffusion at the bonding interface, and the diffusion of magnesium atoms from magnesium alloy plate to aluminum alloy plate occurs much faster than the diffusion of aluminum atoms to the magnesium alloy plate. These findings from the current study can help to optimize the explosive welding process.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0628-x
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • Comparison of Acoustic Emission Characteristics for C/SiC Composite
           Component Under Combination of Heating and Mechanical Loading
    • Authors: Zhi-Yong Tan; Chang-Wan Min; Hong-Wei Wu; Yu-Hai Qian; Mei-Shuan Li
      Pages: 992 - 998
      Abstract: Abstract The acoustic emission (AE) characteristics of C/SiC composite component under various conditions were compared, with the purpose of identifying the possible damage and failure mechanism. During the process of the single mechanical loading, the highest amplitude of the AE signal was less than 85 dB and the main damage forms of matrix cracking and interface debonding were involved. For the heating process, high-energy AE signals with an amplitude more than 85 dB were detected and fiber fracture mechanism was determined as well due to the thermal stress caused by the mismatch of the thermal expansion coefficient between the reinforced fiber and matrix. During the combination process of the heating and mechanical loading, it was concluded that the degree of damage was much severer than the simple superposition of damage produced by the individual mechanical loading and the individual heating process.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0564-9
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • Improvement in Cr Nanoparticle Content in Ni–Cr Film by Co-deposition
           with Combined Surfactant HPB and CTAB
    • Authors: Li-Juan Qin; Yuan-Chao Huang
      Pages: 999 - 1007
      Abstract: Abstract The effects of single surfactant hexadecylpyridinium bromide (HPB) and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and the combination of HPB and CTAB on the Cr nanoparticle content in the Ni–Cr film prepared by co-deposition were investigated. Single HPB/CTAB addition inhibited the oxidation and amorphous transformation of the Cr nanoparticles in the plating bath and effectively stabilized the Cr nanoparticles content at approximately 10 mass% as a function of time. Moreover, the combination of HPB and CTAB formed a cylindrical micelle structure on the Cr nanoparticle surface, which prompted the formation of a layer of NiCr2O4. As a result, the Cr nanoparticle content increased sharply to 20 mass%.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0580-9
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • Synthesis and Characterization of Electroless Ni–P/Ni–Mo–P Duplex
           Coating with Different Thickness Combinations
    • Authors: Gong-Sheng Song; Shuo Sun; Zhong-Chi Wang; Cheng-Zhi Luo; Chun-Xu Pan
      Pages: 1008 - 1016
      Abstract: Abstract In this work, a novel duplex Ni–P/Ni–Mo–P coating upon the aluminum (Al) substrate was synthesized via an electroless plating, i.e., the binary Ni–P coating as a transition layer and the ternary Ni–Mo–P coating on the top. It was found that the duplex coating was of a high hardness, large elastic modulus, low porosity and excellent corrosion resistance. In addition, experimental results revealed that for a total 20 μm coating thickness, the duplex coating with a 7 μm of the Ni–Mo–P coating exhibited the best corrosion resistance in 0.5 mol/L sulfuric acid solution, which was attributed to its compact structure and low porosity. This duplex Ni–P/Ni–Mo-P coating with a thin ternary Ni–Mo–P layer is expected to solve the problem of low deposition rate of ternary alloy coating and thereby may expand applications of Al and its alloys in the fields of machine manufacture and corrosion environment.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0603-6
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • Facile Synthesis, Characterization of Flower-Like Vanadium Pentoxide
           Powders and Their Photocatalytic Behavior
    • Authors: Yao Li; Jian-Lei Kuang; Yi Lu; Wen-Bin Cao
      Pages: 1017 - 1026
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, V2O5 sol was firstly prepared using vanadyl sulfate as a vanadium source by modified sol–gel method at room temperature. Then flower-like V2O5 powders were prepared by coagulating as-prepared sol with anhydrous ethanol and subsequent annealing crystallization. The X-ray diffraction analysis indicated that V2O5 powders exhibited orthorhombic crystal structure after annealing at 450 °C. The experimental data obtained from both field emission scanning electron microscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy identified that V2O5 powders were approximately flower-like in shape and about 5 μm in size. Besides, the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller specific surface area of flower-like V2O5 powders was 24.25 m2/g. According to Uv–Vis spectroscopy, the degradation rate of toluidine blue O (TBO) on as-prepared flower-like V2O5 powders during 10 h of visible light irradiation with an intensity of 15.4 mW/m2 was 88%, which was faster than those over P25 (46%) as a comparison. In addition, the mineralization process of TBO was investigated, which primarily consisted of demethylation and ring-opening oxidation processes, and confirmed by liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometry. The precipitation–oxidation–peptization, coagulation, and crystallization processes were proposed as the formation mechanism for the preparation of flower-like V2O5.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0611-6
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • Influence Factors of the Generation and Accumulation of Electric Charge on
           the Oil-Delivery Metal Pipelines
    • Authors: Xing-Hui Hou; Jing-Kun Yu; Ming-Kuo Sheng; Zhao-Yang Liu; Xin Yang
      Pages: 1027 - 1032
      Abstract: Abstract The interfacial electrification properties play an important role in the electrochemical corrosion reaction which leads the electrostatic charge to generate and accumulate on the metal surface when the insulating oil flows through a metal pipe. In this paper, the interfacial electrification properties resulted by the oil flow rate and the action of electric charge trapper are investigated by measuring the current and potential on the surface of the test metal pipe. The measured results showed that the current and potential between the metal pipe and the earth increased with the rise of flow rate; and as the flow rate increased, the growth trends of the current and potential difference between two close flow rates increased and decreased, respectively, while there was an electric charge trapper set in the radial direction of the pipe, the measured current and potential decreased compared with that of without electric charge trapper, which was because it captured and caught part of charge in the oil flow bulk to neutralize the opposite charge on the surface of the metal pipe.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0623-2
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 10 (2017)
  • A Synergistic Acceleration of Corrosion of Q235 Carbon Steel Between
           Magnetization and Extracellular Polymeric Substances
    • Abstract: Abstract In this work, surface characterization and electrochemical measurement were employed to investigate the effects of magnetic field (MF) on the corrosion of Q235 carbon steel in a NaCl solution containing sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) or extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). Results demonstrated that a 150 mT MF enhanced steel corrosion in a SRB-containing NaCl solution by 202% calculated from weight loss with pitting corrosion as the main corrosion type. Either EPS or MF rendered steel corrosion, but a synergistic interaction between MF and EPS boosted up steel corrosion. This synergistic enhancement could be referred to the alteration in orientation of EPS induced by MF. The presence of higher percentage of chloride ions on the carbon steel surface manifested that MF initiated the erosion of chloride ions on the carbon steel coupon.
      PubDate: 2017-10-16
  • Compositional Variants of Cu-rich Precipitate in Thermally Aged Ferritic
    • Abstract: Abstract Atom probe tomography was utilized to investigate Cu precipitation in a high-strength low-alloy steel isothermally aged at 500 °C for 1, 4, 16, and 64 h after water-quenching from 900 °C. With prolonged aging time, the Cu-rich precipitates (CRPs) increased in size and decreased in number density, and gradually evolved from spheroidal to elliptical in morphology. The small CRPs were rich in a high amount of Fe and a certain amount of Ni and Mn at their early nucleation stage. The large CRPs with increased size due to extensive aging contained less Fe and more Cu at their later growth stage. Additionally, Ni and Mn were both readily to segregate at the CRP/matrix heterophase interfaces, and Mn was higher in content than Ni in the precipitate interior especially when the CRPs were large in size.
      PubDate: 2017-10-16
  • Corrosion Behavior of Cupronickel Alloy in Simulated Seawater in the
           Presence of Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria
    • Abstract: Abstract The corrosion behavior of cupronickel alloy immersed in the simulated seawater in or without the presence of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) was studied. The results of scanning electronic microscopy and electrochemical impedance spectra reveal that corrosion of the sample immersed in the simulated seawater with SRB was more serious than that immersed in the simulated seawater without SRB. The atomic force microscopy images show that after immersion for 15 days, the surface roughness of the sample in the simulated seawater with SRB was higher than that of the sample in the simulated seawater without SRB. The analysis of confocal laser scanning microscopy indicates that the average depth of the pits on the surface of the sample in the simulated seawater with SRB was almost twice deeper than that of the sample in the simulated seawater without SRB.
      PubDate: 2017-10-14
  • Effect of Heat Treatment Time on Dy–Cu Alloy Diffusion Process in
           Dy-Containing Commercial Nd–Fe–B Sintered Magnets
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, the grain boundary diffusion process (GBDP) using a Dy70Cu30 (at.%) alloy as the diffusion source was performed in a commercial sintered Nd–Fe–B magnet, and the effect of heat treatment time on the microstructure and magnetic properties of the magnet was investigated in detail. For the processed magnets heat-treated at 860 °C, as heat treatment time increased, the coercivity and the depth of (Nd,Dy)2Fe14B core–shell structure increased first and then decreased. However, when the heat treatment time was more than 2 h, the diffusion path of Dy from the Dy-rich shell phase into the Nd2Fe14B grains was revealed, and a nearly homogeneous (Nd,Dy)2Fe14B phase was formed, which brought on the decrease in both the depth of visible core–shell structure and the coercivity of Nd–Fe–B magnet.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13
  • Effect of HIP Treatment on Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior of Ti–6Al–4V
           Alloy Fabricated by Electron Beam Melting
    • Abstract: Abstract The effect of hot isostatic pressing treatment on the fatigue crack growth behavior of Ti–6Al–4V alloy fabricated by electron beam melting was investigated. The results indicate that the fatigue crack growth rate of the HIPed samples is higher than that of the as-fabricated one under certain stress intensity factor (ΔK < 18 MPa m1/2). With further increase in ΔK, the fatigue crack growth rates of the studied two samples become similar. The variation of α lamella thickness and the pore defects distribution have an effect on the fatigue crack growth rates in the studied samples, and the latter plays the dominant role.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13
  • A Fully Coupled Thermomechanical Model of Friction Stir Welding (FSW) and
           Numerical Studies on Process Parameters of Lightweight Aluminum Alloy
    • Authors: Saad B. Aziz; Mohammad W. Dewan; Daniel J. Huggett; Muhammad A. Wahab; Ayman M. Okeil; T. Warren Liao
      Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a new thermomechanical model of friction stir welding which is capable of simulating the three major steps of friction stir welding (FSW) process, i.e., plunge, dwell, and travel stages. A rate-dependent Johnson–Cook constitutive model is chosen to capture elasto-plastic work deformations during FSW. Two different weld schedules (i.e., plunge rate, rotational speed, and weld speed) are validated by comparing simulated temperature profiles with experimental results. Based on this model, the influences of various welding parameters on temperatures and energy generation during the welding process are investigated. Numerical results show that maximum temperature in FSW process increases with the decrease in plunge rate, and the frictional energy increases almost linearly with respect to time for different rotational speeds. Furthermore, low rotational speeds cause inadequate temperature distribution due to low frictional and plastic dissipation energy which eventually results in weld defects. When both the weld speed and rotational speed are increased, the contribution of plastic dissipation energy increases significantly and improved weld quality can be expected.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0658-4
  • Synthesis and Characterization of CdO–SnO 2 Nanocomposites Prepared
           by Hydrothermal Method
    • Authors: Kapil Sirohi; Suresh Kumar; Virender Singh; Anil Vohra
      Abstract: Abstract In this work, (1−x)CdO–xSnO2 nanocomposites (≤ 0.15) have been synthesized via hydrothermal route. The structural study reveals that CdO nanostructures possess crystalline phase and cubic structure. The CdO–SnO2 nanocomposites possess both cubic and orthorhombic structure with good crystallinity. The crystallite size in the nanocomposites was found to be in the range of 9.6–19.6 nm. Field emission scanning electronic microscopy and high-resolution tunnelling microscopy analysis confirm the presence of both cubic and orthorhombic structures which is also confirmed from X-ray diffraction studies. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) studies confirm that CdO–SnO2 nanocomposites possess the characteristics band of both CdO and SnO2 nanostructures. The UV–visible absorption studies confirm that the optical absorption band in CdO–SnO2 nanocomposites possesses both blue and red shift as compared to that of CdO nanostructures. Photoluminescence spectroscopy studies reveal the appearance of strong emission peak at 513, 469 and 369 nm corresponding to green, blue and violet emission spectrum, respectively, in CdO–SnO2 nanocomposites. The FTIR studies confirm the presence of hydroxyl and water functional group due to atmospheric water vapours and chemical bonding in CdO and CdO–SnO2 nanocomposites. Raman spectroscopy confirms the presence of Raman bands of both CdO and SnO2 phases in the CdO–SnO2 nanocomposites.
      PubDate: 2017-09-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0659-3
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