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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2335 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Adsorption
  [SJR: 0.774]   [H-I: 52]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1572-8757 - ISSN (Online) 0929-5607
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Comparing multi-column chromatographic processes for purifying
           monosaccharides part I: A simplified approach
    • Authors: Laurent David; Jay Yun; Roger-Marc Nicoud
      Abstract: This work proposes a methodology for comparing different multi-column chromatographic processes (SMB, ISMB, SSMB) for purifying monosaccharides. The first step of the methodology consists in determining the flow rates associated with the different processes assuming that the columns are infinitely efficient. This allows deriving “idealized” operating conditions. In a second step, using the “idealized” conditions, the behavior of the real systems associated with columns of finite efficiencies are simulated with ChromWorks™ and compared. It is shown that the SMB performs better than single column elution chromatography, and that, for the application selected, ISMB and SSMB are very similar and perform better than SMB.
      PubDate: 2017-03-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9878-1
  • Multi-cell model for pressure swing adsorption process
    • Authors: Satyanjay Sahoo; Anshu Shukla; Arun S. Moharir
      Abstract: Pressure Swing Adsorption process is a discrete–continuous system by nature and it is extremely time consuming to simulate steady state performance for a given set of design and operating parameters. A multitude of design variations is offered by the configuration of Pressure Swing Adsorption cycle in terms of choice, sequence, and durations of various possible component steps implemented on two or more adsorber beds. Often, simplifying assumptions are made to speed up each simulation. These assumptions erode the quality of match between reality and simulation and make the resultant design approximate. Use of assumptions like no adsorption/desorption during the pressurization and blowdown steps, constancy in volumetric flow during the adsorption and purge steps makes the model computationally lighter but raises questions on its predictive power. A new modeling approach, namely Multi-cell Model is presented in this work. It is shown to avoid the extensive time taken with equation-based simulations and to have better predictive power. The model is used to study a representative Pressure Swing Adsorption process for nitrogen enrichment from the air. Numerical convergence with respect to the spatial and temporal step sizes and mass balance closure is verified. The model is generic in nature and is valid for any multi-bed, multi-adsorbent, multi-component Pressure Swing Adsorption process executing any combination of component steps.
      PubDate: 2017-02-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9865-6
  • Net, excess and absolute adsorption in mixed gas adsorption
    • Authors: Stefano Brandani; Enzo Mangano; Mauro Luberti
      Abstract: The formulation of a thermodynamic framework for mixtures based on absolute, excess or net adsorption is discussed and the qualitative dependence with pressure and fugacity is used to highlight a practical issue that arises when extending the formulations to mixtures and to the Ideal Adsorbed Solution Theory (IAST). Two important conclusions are derived: the correct fundamental thermodynamic variable is the absolute adsorbed amount; there is only one possible definition of the ideal adsorbed solution and whichever starting point is used the same final IAST equations are obtained, contrary to what has been reported in the literature.
      PubDate: 2017-02-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9875-4
  • Computer simulation of adsorption and sitting of CO 2 , N 2 , CH 4 and
           water on a new Al(OH)-fumarate MOF
    • Authors: Juliana A. Coelho; Adriano E. O. Lima; Alírio E. Rodrigues; Diana C. S. de Azevedo; Sebastião M. P. Lucena
      Abstract: The water present in all gas stream leads to changes in the adsorbed amount of the target gas and the selectivity among the constituents of the mixture. The high stability characteristics and low cost of the new Al(OH) fumarate MOF synthetized by BASF, makes it an interesting porous material with mild hydrophobic properties for industrial use. Thus, new force field parameters were proposed for the CO2, N2 and CH4 /Al(OH) fumarate systems validated by adsorption experimental data in three temperatures. The sittings of CO2, N2, CH4 and H2O molecules inside the MOF pores at high (303 K) and low (150 K or 230 K) temperatures were also presented. An alternative approach that performed Monte Carlo simulations on two ensembles, the canonical ensemble (NVT) and the grand canonical ensemble (µVT), was validated and applied to evaluate the coadsorption of CO2/H2O, N2/H2O and CH4/H2O for a MOF exposure to the relative humidity of 14, 20, 25, 30 and 40% at 303 K. The gases molecules fill the center of the pores of the Al(OH) fumarate MOF near the aluminum clusters. The water molecules showed a complex behavior, forming clusters even in the early stages of adsorption. The Al(OH)-fumarate MOF, when compared to NaX, shows hydrophobic behavior and impaired in CO2 capacity only at relative humidity above 20%. We also found that CO2 selectivity increases for CO2/N2 and CO2/CH4 as the amount of water increases. We hope that the proposed methodology to study water coadsorption could be applied to other frameworks to assist in the screening of MOF for separation/capture.
      PubDate: 2017-02-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9872-7
  • Editorial for the special issue “FOA-12” in “adsorption” by the
           guest editor Andreas Seidel-Morgenstern
    • Authors: Andreas Seidel-Morgenstern
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9876-3
  • Nonideal gas modelling of pressure swing adsorption processes
    • Authors: Matthias Stegmaier
      Abstract: Besides adsorption equilibrium and adsorption kinetics, nonisothermal temperature effects have a high impact on the simulation results and hence on the process design of pressure swing adsorption (PSA) processes. Due to moderate pressures of PSA processes, the gas phase is usually treated as ideal for the ease of solving the underlying model equations. As a consequence, only the ideal gas enthalpy is considered for the energy balance of the gas phase of the adsorber column. Real gas effects like the Joule-Thomson effect or the real gas mixing enthalpy effects are usually neglected. With the simulation package ADLIN, it is possible to model the gas phase in general as real phase in both the material and energy balance while the accuracy is depending on the applied underlying real gas model. The modelling of the adsorbed phase is not subject to this investigation and is modelled in the same manner as usual. On an example of detailed dynamic modelling of high pressure swing adsorption for the purification of hydrogen, the impact of nonideal gas phase vs. ideal gas phase towards the simulation results is shown. Furthermore, additional results of PSA processes are discussed based on the overall material and energy balance of the gas separation process. It turns out that for the simulation of typical hydrogen purification processes by PSA the ideal gas model is usually sufficient to get reasonable results. For high adsorption pressure or methane purification PSA, the nonideal gas simulation results deviate significantly from the ideal gas behavior, and real gas models should be applied for detailed dynamic PSA simulation. Although the capacity of the PSA was generally increased due to the nonideality of the gas phase, the product recovery was generally reduced.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9877-2
  • Using the local adsorption equilibrium distribution based on a Langmuir
           type adsorption model to investigate liquid phase adsorption of sugars on
           zeolite BEA
    • Authors: Dave Hartig; Nadja Schwindt; Stephan Scholl
      Abstract: Adsorption isotherms generated by the Elution by Characteristic Point Method were used to determine the local adsorption equilibrium distribution (AEqD) on commercial zeolite BEA 150 extrudate pellets at room temperature. The linear sugar alcohol sorbitol and the circular sugar fructose were used as sensor molecules since both showed a rather strong adsorption with a typical type I isotherm. The expectation maximization method was transferred into a MATLAB code to calculate the most probable AEqD explaining the experimental data. The resulting distribution favors a bi-site Langmuir model that is in good agreement with the pore sizes of this zeolite, the critical diameters of the adsorptive molecules and gas phase experiments conducted previously. In summary, both molecules are too big to enter the zigzag channels of the zeolite. Instead they occupy two different binding sites in the straight channels and at the intersections between the straight and the zigzag channels. Therefore, sugars and sugar alcohol can be a good sensor to investigate the interaction between a zeolite crystal and adsorptive molecules in the liquid phase.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9873-6
  • Characterization of hard coal properties applying multiple sorption model
           with parameters determined from qualitative approach to adsorption
           mechanism identification
    • Authors: Grzegorz Stefan Jodłowski; Magda Ziółkowska
      Abstract: This paper presents results of research on modeling of a coal structure and sorption system properties. Investigations combine a viewpoint on surface heterogeneity, coming from approach aimed at adsorption mechanism identification, when applied to real coal structure in multiple sorption model (MSM) simulations. For imaging of surface heterogeneity in real coal structure two hypothetical models are considered, corresponding to a structure of graphite and active carbon. In particular, adsorbate cohesion energy and volume in adsorption system are estimated modeling selected surface heterogeneity, and employed for determination of corresponding MSM parameters. The newly elaborated MSM simulation procedure is shown and discussed, and the results of its application for analysis of real hard coals properties are shown.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9869-2
  • Amino-modified pillared adsorbent from water-treatment solid wastes
           applied to CO 2 /N 2 separation
    • Authors: E. Vilarrasa-García; J. A. Cecilia; E. Rodríguez Aguado; J. Jiménez-Jiménez; C. L. Cavalcante; D. C. S. Azevedo; E. Rodríguez-Castellón
      Abstract: In this work, solid wastes from the flocculation step of a drinking water treatment plant were used as starting material to obtain CO2 adsorbents upon thermal treatment and a pillaring strategy. Thermally treated solid waste and pillared materials were characterized by XRD, FTIR, TGA, N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms at 77 K, XPS and elemental analysis. From the characterization results, it was found that the introduction of silica pillars was successful, leading to heterostructured materials with higher specific surface area and pore volume. In order to improve the CO2 adsorption capacity, pillared materials were functionalized by grafting with (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES)and impregnation with polyethylenimine (PEI). Pillared materials could be loaded with up to 50 wt% PEI. PEI-impregnated pillared adsorbents were tested for CO2 adsorption at 298 and 348 K and CO2/N2 adsorption at 348 K using a Magnetic Suspension Balance equipped with a mixture gas dosing (Rubotherm, Germany). Langmuir and Sips models were used to fit monocomponent and mixture experimental data, considering two different sites for CO2 adsorption. At 1 bar, 50PEI-SiFe (loaded with 50 wt% PEI) adsorbed 2.5 and 3.6 mmol CO2 g−1 at 298 and 348 K, respectively and exhibited an extremely high CO2/N2 selectivity (above 150 mol CO2/mol N2 at 348 K). Nevertheless, PEI loaded adsorbents still exhibit a lower amine efficiency as compared to APTES-grafted counterparts, due to diffusion restrictions caused by the high viscosity of the impregnated polymer.
      PubDate: 2017-02-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9871-8
  • The role of static diffusion during storage in the immediate breakthrough
           of activated carbon bed cyclically exposed to vapour
    • Authors: François Vuong; Stéphanie Marsteau; Eric Silvente; Cécile Vallieres
      Abstract: A rising concern is addressed to occupational safety and health administrations for evaluation of the risk of respiratory cartridge reuse exposed to organic vapour. Immediate breakthrough upon reuse has been experimentally demonstrated by several studies, but mathematical model is still lacking. An experimental reuse procedure also reported significant immediate breakthrough for acetone, acetonitrile and dichloromethane in PICA activated carbon bed column. This phenomenon is caused by so called static diffusion which is the transport of adsorbed molecules in the adsorbent bed during the period of storage. In this work, a static diffusion model is proposed. Intraparticle mass transfer is described by a pore diffusion model involving surface diffusion following Higashi model, and measured by the perturbation chromatography method. The model sheds the light on a kinetics parameter DS0 from the Higashi model for surface diffusion, which can be a relevant indicator of the risk of immediate breakthrough upon reuse and permits to distinguish fast diffusing species and slower diffusing species for a given activated carbon adsorbent.
      PubDate: 2017-02-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9874-5
  • Optimising batch adsorbers for the removal of zinc from effluents using a
           sodium diimidoacetate ion exchange resin
    • Authors: Alireza Bazargan; Tsz-Him Shek; Chi-Wai Hui; Gordon McKay
      Abstract: An ion exchange resin, based on the sodium diimidoacetate structure, has been tested for the removal of zinc ions from effluents. After employing three isotherm models, namely, Langmuir, Freundlich and Langmuir–Freundlich to measure and analyse equilibrium isotherms, a series of agitated batch experiments have been carried out to optimise the removal of zinc ions in a two-stage batch system. The first optimisation model involves minimising the total amount of resin required to achieve a specific percentage zinc removal. The second optimisation study involves minimising the total batch contact time to achieve a certain percentage zinc removal.
      PubDate: 2017-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-016-9857-y
  • An analysis of the effect of the additional activation process on the
           formation of the porous structure and pore size distribution of the
           commercial activated carbon WG-12
    • Authors: Mirosław Kwiatkowski; Joanna Sreńscek-Nazzal; Beata Michalkiewicz
      Abstract: The paper presents the results of research into the effects of the additional activation process of the commercial activated carbon WG-12 with KOH, ZnCl2, KOH/ZnCl2 and K2CO3 as activating agents on the formation of the porous structure and the adsorptive properties of that material. The numerical analyses were carried out on the basis of the isotherms of nitrogen adsorption with the use of the method based on the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, the Dubinin-Radushkevich equations, the non-local and the quenched solid density functional theories as well as the LBET method with the unique fast multivariate procedure of porous structure identification and the new LBET class adsorption models. Also, the research in question yielded information regarding the usefulness of the said methods of carbonaceous adsorbent porous structure description for practical technological applications and scientific research, as well as the possibilities to make practical use of the research results.
      PubDate: 2017-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9867-4
  • Adsorption of volatile organic compounds in composite zeolites pellets for
           space decontamination
    • Authors: Guillaume Rioland; Habiba Nouali; T. Jean Daou; Delphine Faye; Joël Patarin
      Abstract: FAU–*BEA-types zeolites pellets were elaborated with a hydraulic press in the presence of a small amount (5 wt%) of binder [methylcellulose (MC) or anhydrous sodium metasilicate (Na2SiO3)] for molecular decontamination, in particular for the space field. Nitrogen sorption–desorption revealed a small loss of micropore volume (10%) with a compression load of 6 tons (0.24 cm3/g instead of 0.27 cm3/g for the mixture of FAU and *BEA-types zeolites powders), which can be attributed to a partial amorphization. Adsorption kinetics of n-hexane, and cyclohexane showed that the optimum pellets can adsorb volatile organic compounds. For example, FAU–*BEA-type zeolite powder mixture (50 wt% of each zeolite) adsorb 130 mg of n-hexane per g of anhydrous zeolite whereas the pellets made with 5 wt% of MC or Na2SiO3 adsorb about 117–118 mg of n-hexane per g of anhydrous zeolite. These results are coherent with the ones obtained with the cyclohexane and nitrogen adsorption where a small loss of the adsorption capacities was observed.
      PubDate: 2017-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9870-9
  • Parameters estimability analysis and identification for adsorption
           equilibrium models of carbon dioxide
    • Authors: S. Bedel; C. Vallières; M. A. Latifi
      Abstract: This research work deals with the modeling of the CO2 adsorption on a commercial adsorbent, based on the temperature dependent Sips and Toth models. In fact, these semi-empirical approaches can properly predict the equilibrium of adsorption of CO2, and more specifically in the case of energetically heterogeneous surfaces. In addition, the investigated adsorption models involve several unknown parameters to be estimated from the available adsorption equilibrium experimental data, measured between 303 and 343 K and up to a CO2 partial pressure of 101 kPa. An estimability analysis was therefore carried out in order to evaluate which parameters are estimable and those that can be fixed either from literature or from previous studies. According to the estimability analysis, whatever the adsorption model which is used, only one over the six unknown parameters is considered as nonestimable. The estimable model parameters are especially the maximum amount adsorbed (qm0), the equilibrium constant (b0), the heterogeneity factors (s0 and t0) assessed at the reference temperature (T0) as well as the constant model parameter (α), which is related to the heterogeneity factors (s and t). The estimable parameters were then identified and their optimized values were used in the comparison of the model predictions and the experimental measurements of CO2 adsorption equilibrium. The results show finally that the model predictions fit well with the experimental data.
      PubDate: 2017-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9864-7
  • Adsorption thermodynamics and desorption properties of gaseous polycyclic
           aromatic hydrocarbons on mesoporous adsorbents
    • Authors: Ziyi Li; Yingshu Liu; Xiong Yang; Yi Xing; Quan Yang; Ralph T. Yang
      Abstract: Performances of mesoporous materials in removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from hot gases were evaluated systematically. The adsorption and desorption natures for PAHs with different aromatic rings, naphthalene (Nap), phenanthrene (Phe) and pyrene (Pyr) on mesosilicas MCM-41 and SBA-15, and mesocarbon CMK-3, were studied. Adsorption equilibria were well described by Langmuir or Freundlich model, giving the order of adsorption capacity of CMK-3 > SBA-15 > MCM-41 and Pry > Phe > Nap. Temperature programmed desorption exhibited the order of ease of desorption of SBA-15 > MCM-41 > CMK-3, along with desorption kinetic triplet determined by combined model fitting analysis. The Johnson–Mehl–Avrami (JMA) rate equation was found to well describe PAH desorption kinetics, except for Phe/SBA-15 and Pyr/CMK-3 due to potential blockage and strong binding, respectively. MCM-41 with simple 1-D mesoporous structure provided smooth diffusion and consistent behavior but very low adsorption capacity for each PAH. SBA-15 with micropores/small mesopores as interconnectivity between primary mesopores not only showed high sorption capacities but also diffusion advantages in desorption. CMK-3 with great microporosity facilitated the adsorption at low concentrations due to micropore-filling, and with surface hydrophobicity rendered high affinities especially for the bulkier Pyr.
      PubDate: 2017-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9863-8
  • The design and operation of a simulated moving bed for the separation of
           intermediate retention components from a multi-component feedstock with a
           very strong retention component
    • Authors: Ru-Chien Liang; XiaoQing Bao; Ly Sung; Chih-Hsiung Lin; Ming-Tsai Liang
      Abstract: This study presents two designs for a seven-zone SMB (Simulated Moving Bed) and the procedures for establishing the operating conditions for the direct separation of IRC (intermediate retention component) from a feedstock with VSRC (very strong retention component). Normally, the crude extract from natural products or fermented liquid can rarely be directly applied as the feedstock for continuous chromatography due to its multiple components and VSRC. Two SMBs connected in series can usually work to separate a ternary mixture; yet, an additional zone for CIP (cleaning in place) is commonly required to remove the VSRC. By using a seven-zone SMB, this study successfully separates the IRC from two different crude extracts with VSRC. By examining the relative retention of IRC to WRC (weak retention components), this study proposes two SMB designs to separate the IRC. Based on the Triangle theory, a three-step procedure is also proposed, and two crude extracts: an anticancer drug produced by fermentation and astaxanthin extracted from red algae, were used as working examples in this study. Both samples showed that the separation of the IRC with near 90% purity and recovery can be achieved by following the three-step procedure without knowing the adsorption isotherms of the impurities, which will quickly provide useful information for further feasibility studies and scaled-up designs.
      PubDate: 2017-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9866-5
  • Adsorption of Human Serum Albumin (HSA) on a mixed-mode adsorbent:
           equilibrium and kinetics
    • Authors: Pedro Ferreira Gomes; José Miguel Loureiro; Alírio E. Rodrigues
      Abstract: The adsorption equilibrium and kinetics of Human Serum albumin (HSA) onto a novel high particle density multimodal adsorbent were studied by batch adsorption experiments. MabDirect MM, from Upfront Chromatography A/S, is an agarose-tungsten carbide composite adsorbent with an anionic mixed mode ligand. The effects of ionic strength (by addition of salt) and of pH are assessed. Langmuir isotherms parameters are obtained along with pore diffusivity values by fitting the batch experiments using a pore diffusion model. Under the studied conditions for pH 5.0, without salt, it was obtained the largest adsorption capacity (36.0 ± 3.5 mg·gadsorbent,dry −1) a typical behavior for a mixed mode adsorbent. Effective pore diffusivity (Dpe) was estimated as (2.2 ± 0.1) × 10−6 cm2·min−1 for this condition. Additionally, the lowest adsorption capacity (8.6 ± 2.1 mg·gadsorbent,dry −1) and an estimation of Dpe equal to (2.4 ± 0.6) × 10−6 cm2·min−1 were obtained for pH 7.0 without salt. An alternative method of Dpe estimation is used and validate the results obtained by simulations. Furthermore, several experiments were carried out in a fixed bed column with the aim to understand the kinetics and hydrodynamics, and to validate the batch adsorption results. For a feed concentration of ±0.92 g·L−1, pH 5.0, without salt, for cleaned and fresh adsorbent, fixed bed dynamic binding capacities of 13.84 and 14.37 mg·gadsorbent,dry −1 were obtained, respectively, representing near 50% of saturation capacity.
      PubDate: 2017-02-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9861-x
  • Adsorption of sulfur dioxide and mixtures with nitrogen at carbon
           nanotubes and graphene: molecular dynamics simulation and gravimetric
           adsorption experiments
    • Authors: Frank G. Kühl; Timur J. Kazdal; Sebastian Lang; Manfred J. Hampe
      Abstract: The adsorption of sulfur dioxide (SO \(_{2}\) ), nitrogen (N \(_{2}\) ) and mixtures of both on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene was studied by molecular dynamic simulation. Experimental results from gravimetric adsorption of SO \(_{2}\) and N \(_{2}\) on CNTs are compared to simulated data. CNTs with a rigid and a flexible model and the diameters 1.48 and 2.69 nm were simulated. For graphene, SO \(_{2}\) and N \(_{2}\) rigid models were applied. Besides the CNT diameters, different system temperatures, compositions of SO \(_{2}\) /N \(_{2}\) mixtures were considered for selected cases of CNTs and graphene. By examining the local SO \(_{2}\) and N \(_{2}\) densities on the CNTs and graphene, adsorption could be observed. SO \(_{2}\) shows an enhanced adsorption compared to N \(_{2}\) on both CNTs and graphene. By varying the starting configurations of the simulation, different system pressures could be achieved, which allowed the determination of adsorption isotherms at different temperatures.
      PubDate: 2017-02-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-016-9850-5
  • Monosaccharide separation from ZnCl 2 molten salt hydrates by zeolite beta
    • Authors: Johan van den Bergh; Wouter Wiedenhof; Dorota Siwy; Hans Heinerman
      Abstract: Solvent based processes using ionic liquids or molten salt hydrates provide very efficient cellulose dissolution and hydrolysis from lignocellulosic biomass. Efficient separation of sugars from the solvent is very challenging and a hurdle regarding industrial application. Now it is demonstrated that a microporous zeolitic sorbent can provide a very efficient separation of monosugars from a molten salt hydrate containing hydrolysates. Specific details are presented for the separation of glucose from a ZnCl2 molten salt hydrate using Zeolite beta. The molten salt hydrate is promoting the separation in this specific solvent/sorbent combination through a type of salting out adsorption mechanism, leading to a process based on a solvent that allows both efficient cellulose dissolution and hydrolysis and very efficient glucose isolation from the solvent afterwards.
      PubDate: 2017-02-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-017-9868-3
  • Estimating pore size distributions of activated carbons via optical
    • Authors: Michelle Wöllner; Matthias Leistner; Philipp Wollmann; Matthias Benusch; Nicole Klein; Wulf Grählert; Stefan Kaskel
      Abstract: Optical calorimetry is a powerful technique for the characterization of porous materials within only a few minutes (e.g. specific surface area, adsorption capacity). In the current work, optical calorimetry is presented to be a versatile tool for the pore size characterization of activated carbons. Therefore, measurements were performed with six different test gases (N2O, C2H6, C3H8, n-C4H10, i-C4H10, SF6) in the optical calorimeter InfraSORP at ambient conditions. By combining the results of optical calorimetric measurement for each adsorptive, a pore size distribution (PSD) can be estimated in the range of 0.4–6 nm which is in accurate accordance with the PSD of reference CO2 (273 K) and N2 (77 K) physisorption experiments. While common physisorption experiments can easily take a few days, the PSD by using the optical calorimetric screening is obtained within roughly 1 h.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10450-016-9852-3
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