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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 133)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Applied Entomology and Zoology
  [SJR: 0.554]   [H-I: 34]   [3 followers]  Follow
   Partially Free Journal Partially Free Journal
   ISSN (Print) 0003-6862 - ISSN (Online) 1347-605X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Forced hot-air treatment against Bactrocera papayae (Diptera: Tephritidae)
           in papaya
    • Authors: Bo Liu; Baishu Li; Guoping Zhan; Tao Zha; Yuejin Wang; Chen Ma
      Pages: 531 - 541
      Abstract: The Asian papaya fruit fly, Bactrocera papayae Drew and Hancock, was treated with hot-water immersion and forced hot air to develop a phytosanitary heat treatment schedule. Hot-water immersion tests were conducted with 12- and 24-h-old eggs and with first and third instar larvae to compare the relative thermotolerances of this fruit fly among these life stages. The 24-h-old eggs, the most thermotolerant among the four life stages tested, were subjected to time and temperature tests using cage-infested papaya fruits in a forced hot-air chamber. Heating the papayas to a minimum core temperature of 47.7 °C (95% confidence interval 47.2–48.3 °C) was estimated to induce probit-nine mortality based on a probit analysis of the data. Confirmatory tests in which papayas infested with 24-h-old eggs were heated to a minimum fruit core temperature of 47.2 °C that was maintained for 0–30 min followed by hydrocooling to a fruit core temperature of ≈25 °C resulted in the complete mortality of an estimated treated population of 43,425 eggs aged 24 h (99.9931% mortality at the 95% confidence level). Therefore, heating the papaya fruits to a core temperature of 47.2 °C for a minimum dwell time of 30 min, which was the longest dwell time in the confirmatory tests, may serve as a phytosanitary heat treatment schedule for the control of B. papayae in papaya fruits.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0501-4
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Molecular characterization and phylogenetic comparisons of three Mayetiola
           species (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) infesting cereals in Tunisia
    • Authors: Amira Cherif; Natsuko Kinoshita; DeMar Taylor; Jouda Mediouni Ben Jemâa
      Pages: 543 - 551
      Abstract: Species from the genus Mayetiola are observed in the main cereal cultures of Tunisia. Some researchers have studied M. destructor that attacks wheat and M. hordei that attacks barley. However, a third important species observed in oat, M. avenae, has not been studied and is not well documented in Tunisia. A method to easily separate the species is needed to clarify the occurrences of these gall midge species. This study aimed to first distinguish between the three species of gall midges by molecular characterization and second to reveal the phylogenetic relationships within and between the three species of Mayetiola collected from 5 different regions of northern Tunisia. To achieve these purposes, two regions of the mitochondrial DNA, cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene, and the 16S rRNA gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced. For each marker, a set of 75 individuals were used for DNA analysis. Phylogenetic trees were created using the DNA sequences of all samples from the 3 species. Results showed significant separation of the three different species into dissimilar clades. Each clade contained only specimens from the same species. Differences were observed between DNA sequences of the same species. The differences within the same species were not representative of geographical variations but coexisted within a population Therefore, using the COI and 16S rRNA genes as markers can clearly separate M. avenae, M. destructor and M. hordei.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0507-y
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • A new Gephyraulus species (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) inducing flower bud
           galls on the European sea rocket Cakile maritima Scop. (Brassicaceae)
    • Authors: Ayman Khamis Elsayed; Hedaya Hamza Karam; Makoto Tokuda
      Pages: 553 - 558
      Abstract: The European sea rocket Cakile maritima Scop. (Brassicaceae) is a common herb growing on sandy coastlines worldwide and is considered a useful plant because of its medicinal importance, its edibility, and potential as an oilseed crop. However, C. maritima is an invasive plant over a wide range, e.g., eastern South America, North America, northern Iran, Australia and New Zealand, and has a limited number of associated herbivorous insects. During investigations on gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in Egypt, we found a gall midge inducing flower bud galls on C. maritima and preventing fruit production, which suggested that this gall midge is a potential pest of this plant. In this paper, we describe this gall midge species, Gephyraulus zewaili Elsayed and Tokuda sp. nov., as new to science by comparing its morphology with that of close congeners. Partial sequence data of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene are also provided.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0508-x
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Detection of symbionts and virus in the whitefly Bemisia tabaci
           (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), vector of the Mungbean yellow mosaic India virus
           in Central India
    • Authors: Parveen G. Ansari; Rakesh K. Singh; Shruti Kaushik; Ashok Krishna; Takashi Wada; Hiroaki Noda
      Pages: 567 - 579
      Abstract: Legume crops in Central India, the main soybean production area of the country, may suffer from yellow mosaic disease caused by the Mungbean yellow mosaic India virus (MYMIV). MYMIV is transmitted by the sweet potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), which is a species complex composed of various genetic groups. This vector species harbors different endosymbionts among regional strains and among individuals. To elucidate fundamental aspects of this virus vector in the state of Madhya Pradesh, the infection status of the symbionts and the virus in whiteflies was studied. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) survey of the whiteflies collected in Madhya Pradesh found four secondary endosymbionts, Arsenophonus, Hemipteriphilus, Wolbachia, and Cardinium, in addition to the primary endosymbiont Portiera. Arsenophonus and Hemipteriphilus were highly infected but the infection rates of Wolbachia and Cardinium were low. MYMIV was detected in whitefly populations collected from various host plants in Madhya Pradesh. The whitefly populations belonged to the Asia I and II genetic groups; several different Asia II populations were also distributed. Specific relations were not observed among symbiont infection status, virus infection, and the whitefly genetic groups in the populations of Madhya Pradesh, though Cardinium was highly detected in the Asia II-1 group. New primers, which can be used for PCR template validation and for discriminating two phylogenetically close endosymbionts, were designed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0510-3
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2017)
  • Development and validation of microsatellite markers for the tiny
           dragonfly, Nannophya pygmaea (Odonata: Libellulidae), which is endangered
           in South Korea
    • Authors: Min Jee Kim; Ah Rha Wang; Sung Soo Kim; Junghwa An; Iksoo Kim
      Abstract: The tiny dragonfly, Nannophya pygmaea (Odonata: Libellulidae), is listed as a second-degree endangered wild animal in South Korea. The application of molecular markers to assess genetic diversity and population relationships can provide information necessary to establish an effective conservation strategy. In this study, we developed 12 microsatellite markers specific to N. pygmaea using the NextSeq 500 platform. Forty individuals of N. pygmaea collected from three currently known localities in South Korea were genotyped to validate these markers and to preliminarily assess population genetic characteristics. The observed number of alleles, observed heterozygosity, and expected heterozygosity at a locus ranged from 2 to 9, 0.421–1.0, and 0.508–0.766 in a population with the largest sample size (20 individuals), respectively, thereby validating the suitability of the markers for population analysis. Five of 12 loci showed significant deviation from the Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium in the population. Our preliminary data indicate an absence of inbreeding in all populations and an absence of obvious genetic difference. The microsatellite markers developed in this study will be useful for studying the population genetics of N. pygmaea collected from other regions worldwide, including additional sites in South Korea.
      PubDate: 2017-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0528-6
  • Molecular characterization of a NADPH–cytochrome P450 reductase gene
           from the rice leaffolder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Lepidoptera:
    • Authors: Yu-Xing Zhang; Shi-Guang Li; Xiang-Jun Rao; Su Liu
      Abstract: NADPH–cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) is the most important redox partner of various cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) and plays a central role in multiple metabolic reactions. In this paper, a full-length cDNA encoding CPR (designated as CmCPR) was characterized in the rice leaffolder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenée), a serious lepidopteran rice pest. The complete open reading frame of CmCPR was 2046 bp, encoding a protein consists of 681 amino acid residues. The secondary structure of CmCPR protein showed marked features of classical CPRs such as N-terminal anchor, conserved functional domains, and catalytic residues. Phylogenic analysis showed that CmCPR was clustered together with CPRs from other lepidopteran species. Recombinant CmCPR protein was expressed in E. coli, and the activity and kinetic parameters of the enzyme were determined. Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR showed that the highest expression levels of CmCPR were detected in fourth- and fifth-instar larvae, and the transcriptional level in larval midgut tended to be higher than those in other tissues. Exposure to sublethal concentrations of three insecticides, abamectin, chlorpyrifos, and chlorantraniliprole, led to upregulated expression of CmCPR and several P450 genes. This work is the first report of molecular characterization of CPR gene in Cn. medinalis.
      PubDate: 2017-11-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0523-y
  • Sexual maturation of male Bactrocera correcta (Diptera: Tephritidae) and
           age-related responses to β-caryophyllene and methyl eugenol
    • Authors: Toshihisa Kamiji; Masashi Kaneda; Motonori Sasaki; Kenji Ohto
      Abstract: Sexual maturation of male Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) and age-related responses to β-caryophyllene (CP) and methyl eugenol (ME) were examined to identify effective attractants for sexually immature males of the species. Sexual maturation rates (100 × number of cages containing males which attained sexual maturity/total number of cages at a given day) over different ages were 0.0%, 6.7%, and 100.0% for 5-, 6-, and 13-day-old, respectively, and at all the different ages, more males were captured with CP than with ME. The capture rate (the predicted probability by logistic regression) with CP was 29.7% (30.6%) for 5-day-old males, which were still sexually immature, and 52.7% (38.2%) for 6-day-old males, for which the earliest sexual maturation was observed. In contrast, no 5-day-old males responded to ME (the probability was 12.6%), and the capture rate (the probability) of 6-day-old males was merely 0.3% (14.5%), while the rate gradually increased later. The present study revealed that certain males of B. correcta responded to CP prior to sexual maturation but not to ME under the laboratory conditions. These results imply that CP could be an effective attractant used in male annihilation techniques for B. correcta and that ME may not be useful.
      PubDate: 2017-10-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0525-9
  • Mung bean ( Vigna radiata ) cultivars mediated oviposition preference and
           development of Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae:
    • Authors: Rameswor Maharjan; Hwijong Yi; Hyuntae Kim; Youngnam Yoon; Yunwoo Jang; Soondo Bae
      Abstract: The Azuki bean weevil, Callosobruchus chinensis (L.), is a destructive pest of stored mung bean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] as well as other leguminous seeds. The development of resistant seeds to manage this pest is of current great interest to plant breeders. In this study, we investigated the oviposition preference and development of C. chinensis on two susceptible mung bean cultivars (Seonhwa and Gyeongseon) and one previously reported resistant cultivar (Jangan), compared to the susceptible cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.), cultivar (Yeonbun) using both multiple-choice and no-choice tests. In addition, the development of C. chinensis was also examined at four constant temperatures (20, 25, 30, and 35 °C). Both tests found cowpea to be the most suitable seed for oviposition. Total developmental time from oviposition to adult emergence ranged from 27.01 to 38.2 days, being shortest on cowpea and longest on the mung bean, cv. Jangan. However, no successful development of C. chinensis larvae on mung bean, cv. Jangan, occurred at any temperature. The highest rate of adult emergence and the longest adult longevity both occurred on cowpea and certain mung bean cultivars (Seonhwa and Gyeongseon), with the dramatic exception of cv. Jangan. These results suggest that the higher preference and performance of C. chinensis on cowpea (3.3 egg/seed) and least on mung bean, cv. Jangan (0.4 egg/seed). This information may facilitate the exploration of resistant genetic materials and chemicals associated with seeds for successful breeding. Further studies should examine the chemicals associated with mung bean cultivars and its resistant mechanism to develop a control method against bruchines.
      PubDate: 2017-10-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0524-x
  • Bidirectional movement of aphid parasitoids (Braconidae: Aphidiinae)
           between crops and non-crop plants in agroecosystems of central Argentina
    • Authors: Leticia Zumoffen; Marcelo Signorini; Adriana Salvo
      Abstract: The movement of predators and parasitoids between natural and cultivated habitats is a common process in agroecosystems, which may be affected by different biotic and abiotic factors, mostly related to the availability of resources. Here, through a broad approach, we aimed to obtain an overview of factors affecting the bidirectional movement of aphid parasitoids (Braconidae: Aphidiinae) across cultivated habitats and their natural vegetated borders. Using bidirectional flight traps, we measured the number of parasitoids moving from borders to crops and vice versa, in fields of three common crop species (alfalfa, oat and wheat) in the Pampean region, Santa Fe, Argentina. The effects of the abundance of aphid prey, abundance and richness of flowers in both habitats, as well as temperature and wind speed on parasitoid movement, were assessed through generalized mixed models, considering sampling date and field as random factors. The relationship between parasitism percentages and parasitoid movement from the borders to the crops was explored separately for three pest aphid species: Aphis craccivora Koch, Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) and Schizaphis graminum (Rondani). Overall, we found a prevalence of parasitoids moving in the border-crop direction, mainly in wheat and alfalfa crops. Aphid abundance in the arrival habitat affected parasitoid movement in both directions. A link between parasitoid movement and parasitism percentages was observed for the aphid species S. graminum in wheat, suggesting a beneficial role of natural vegetation in pest control.
      PubDate: 2017-10-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0520-1
  • Spittlebugs (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) and their host plants: a strategy for
           pasture diversification
    • Authors: R. Alvarenga; Alexander M. Auad; Jair C. Moraes; Sandra E. B. Silva; Brunno S. Rodrigues; Giani B. Silva
      Abstract: Information about the biology of spittlebugs on different species of forage is necessary for the development of tactics for their control, and is also essential for evaluating, selecting and launching new forage cultivars. The aims of this study were to compare the nutritional suitability of different forage species–Brachiaria ruziziensis (Congo grass), Pennisetum purpureum (elephant grass), Panicum maximum (Guinea grass), and Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)–for the spittlebug species Mahanarva spectabilis (Distant) (Hemiptera: Cercopidae), Deois schach (Fabricius) (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) and Notozulia entreriana (Berg) (Hemiptera: Cercopidae), and to evaluate the performance of each spittlebug species on forage monocultures. B. ruziziensis was the most suitable host plant for D. schach. Since N. entreriana did not show differences in the evaluated parameters, it was not possible to determine its ideal forage species. For M. spectabilis, P. purpureum was the most suitable forage species. The evaluation of the performance of the different spittlebugs on a single forage species also showed which spittlebugs are a problem. M. spectabilis and D. schach developed better on a monoculture of B. ruziziensis. M. spectabilis was a major problem when it fed on P. purpureum, but on C. dactylon and P. maximum, none of the spittlebugs developed properly, indicating that these plants are less suitable for them. These results suggest that the forage diversification of pastures may be a strategy for the integrated management of spittlebugs.
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0521-0
  • Desert locusts Schistocerca gregaria (Acrididae: Orthoptera) do not lay
           eggs in old sand: Why'
    • Authors: Seiji Tanaka; Ryohei Sugahara
      Abstract: Schistocerca gregaria sometimes refuse to lay eggs into the “old sand” that is kept in their cages for several days. We investigated why they rejected the old sand for oviposition. Locusts exclusively laid eggs into new sand when presented together with old sand, indicating that the old sand contained an oviposition-inhibiting (OI) factor. We examined whether this factor was derived from locust feces or fed grass (Bromus catharticus). Locusts laid all eggs into the sand with grass when presented together with sand containing feces. In contrast, few eggs were laid into the sand with grass when clean sand was offered at the same time, suggesting that the OI factor originated from the grass and was concentrated in the feces. The OI factor was efficiently extracted from feces with water compared with ethanol and acetone. OI activity was detected by extraction of feces with water for 1 min, although a longer extraction time yielded higher activity. The water extract of feces retained OI activity after boiling. None of the eggs which were buried in sand containing fecal extract hatched, whereas most of the eggs buried in clean sand or sand containing grass extract hatched, showing a correlation between OI activity and a lethal effect on eggs.
      PubDate: 2017-09-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0518-8
  • Synchrony in the hatching of eggs in the desert locust Schistocerca
           gregaria (Orthoptera: Acrididae): egg condition influences hatching time
           in the laboratory and under simulated field temperatures
    • Abstract: This study examined the time of hatching of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria Forskål (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in the laboratory to test the effect of eggs within a pod versus individualized eggs. The pod organization of eggs is thought to play a role in controlling hatching time and to facilitate synchronous hatching at constant temperatures. In the present study, we examined the hatching times of eggs in a pod and individualized eggs under 24-h thermocycles and simulated field temperatures. We tested two patterns of thermocycles consisting of a 12-h thermoperiod (35 or 30 °C) and 12-h cryoperiod (low temperature period; 30 or 25 °C), and two patterns of field temperatures observed in a natural habitat, Mauritania, in May and September. The majority of eggs hatched during low temperature periods in all patterns tested. In addition, the variances of hatching times for individualized eggs were significantly greater than for egg pods in which a clear peak of time of hatching was observed. We show that egg condition influences hatching time under thermocycles of constant and fluctuating temperatures in the laboratory, and may play a role in the adaptive time of hatching.
      PubDate: 2017-09-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0517-9
  • Transcriptome sequencing and estimation of DNA methylation level in the
           subsocial wood-feeding cockroach Cryptocercus punctulatus (Blattodea:
    • Abstract: The wood-feeding cockroach genus Cryptocercus is a subsocial and sister group of the eusocial cockroaches, i.e., termites. Although Cryptocercus is a key taxon for understanding the evolution of eusociality in the Blattodea (cockroaches and termites), few genetic resources are available for comparative genetic analyses. In this study, we conducted transcriptome sequencing of Cryptocercus punctulatus Scudder using next-generation sequencing technology to generate a massive genetic resource. By transcriptome sequencing and subsequent de novo transcriptome assembly, we obtained 132,191 contigs. The assembled transcriptome contained almost all of the conserved core eukaryote or insect genes. Furthermore, juvenile hormone- and DNA methylation-related genes that are considered to be key genes for the caste polyphenism in eusocial insects, were identified from the transcriptome assembly. In addition, the ratio of the observed (O) cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) content to the expected (E) one (CpG O/E), which is a proxy for the DNA methylation level, was calculated for coding regions extracted from the assembly. The CpG O/E values were less than 1 in most of the coding regions, and the frequency distribution of the CpG O/E values was bimodal rather than unimodal. These results indicate that most C. punctulatus genes are involved in DNA methylation.
      PubDate: 2017-09-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0519-7
  • Biological studies of Agalliana ensigera (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), a
           leafhopper associated with several crop diseases in South America
    • Authors: Tomás Pérez Grosso; María Catalano; Luis Conci; Eduardo G. Virla
      Abstract: Agalliana ensigera Oman (Cicadellidae: Megophthalminae) occurs frequently in several crops and has been involved in the epidemiology, or at least mentioned, as a vector of several diseases. Its biology was unknown and its nymphs had not yet been described. Here, we provide information on behavioral and biological parameters including descriptions of its immature stages. A. ensigera was able to complete its entire life cycle on alfalfa. Eggs were laid individually beneath the epidermis, in the stem internodes, in either mature or young tissues. Females had a pre-ovipositional period of around 5 days, and the average duration of the egg stage was 11 days. The nymphal period ranged 14–31 days, with an average of 22 days. A period of high mortality was recognized from emergence to day 10. Adult longevity averaged 16.5 days, but some individuals survived up to 96 days. The sex ratio was about 1.2:1 females to males. Females lived longer than males. Data on behavior and new distributional records and host plants are also provided.
      PubDate: 2017-08-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0511-2
  • Identification and sex expression profiling of odorant-binding protein
           genes in Trichogramma japonicum (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) using
    • Authors: Jia-Dong Wu; Zhao-Can Shen; Hai-Qing Hua; Fan Zhang; Yuan-Xi Li
      Abstract: Trichogramma japonicum Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) is a biological control agent that parasitizes the eggs of many lepidopteran insects. The control efficiency is closely related to the ability of the parasitoid to use chemical volatiles in searching for hosts, and the odorant binding proteins (OBPs) may serve as a first step in the perception of these chemical cues. Understanding the ability of Trichogramma to detect relevant host odorant cues might help to design better strategies to control target lepidopteran insect pests. In the present study, we assembled the transcriptome of T. japonicum using Illumina sequencing technology and identified 15 putative OBP genes. All the OBP genes have complete open reading frames and contain six conserved cysteines. In addition, sex-biased expression was found in eight OBP genes by using quantitative real-time PCR, which suggested different functions of these genes. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that Hymenoptera OBP genes were divided into Classic, Minus-C, and Double Minus-C subfamilies. All the identified OBP genes of T. japonicum belong to the Classic subfamily. These results provide an important foundation for a better understanding of the complex chemoreception system of T. japonicum.
      PubDate: 2017-08-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0516-x
  • Non-destructive direct polymerase chain reaction (direct PCR) greatly
           facilitates molecular identification of spider mites (Acari:
    • Authors: Hironori Sakamoto; Tetsuo Gotoh
      Abstract: Spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) include serious agricultural pests and some species have spread globally as invasive species.. For this reason, rapid and simple identification of spider mite species is necessary for agricultural field and plant quarantine inspection. DNA sequence-based molecular techniques can rapidly identify spider mites. However, extracting DNA from minute invertebrates is difficult, expensive and time consuming. Here, we describe a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique in which the whole body of a spider mite adult is non-destructively soaked in PCR solution. The mite is then removed intact and can be used as a voucher specimen, leaving the PCR solution as the template and avoiding the need for a DNA extraction kit. For this study, we used six common spider mite species from four genera [Tetranychus urticae Koch (red form), Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida, Tetranychus parakanzawai Ehara, Oligonychus gotohi Ehara, Eotetranychus smithi Pritchard & Baker and Panonychus citri (McGregor)]. A portion of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene was amplified with a universal primer pair from all individuals examined and sequenced. This method shortened the time for molecular identification from 9 to 5 h and eliminated the cost of commercial kits for DNA extraction [ca. 600 yen (~5.3 USD) per sample].
      PubDate: 2017-08-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0512-1
  • Short and flat grass preferred by adults of the endangered dragonfly
           Sympetrum pedemontanum elatum (Odonata: Libellulidae)
    • Authors: Wataru Higashikawa; Mayumi Yoshimura; Tsuyoshi Yagi; Kaoru Maeto
      Abstract: Sympetrum pedemontanum (Müller in Allioni) (Odonata: Libellulidae) is widely distributed across the Eurasian continent and its neighboring islands. However, the populations of its subspecies S. pedemontanum elatum (Selys) in Japan have been rapidly decreasing with the loss of habitats in rural and suburban areas since the 1970s. For the conservation of this subspecies, which is now listed as endangered in many prefectures, it is important to understand the habitat preferences of the adults. Previous studies indicate that adult males of this species tend to fly on the flat surface of rice paddy fields. Thus, we hypothesized that they preferred short and flat grass. Field experiments in the Sakasegawa River, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan, showed that adult S. p. elatum significantly preferred the trimmed grass of Phragmites japonicus to untreated shaggy grass, regardless of sex. Our results indicate the importance of grass management for the conservation of this species, not only in and around paddy fields but also in fluvial habitats, which are abundant in Japan.
      PubDate: 2017-08-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0514-z
  • Varietal differences in ovicidal response to the white-backed planthopper
           Sogatella furcifera (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) and susceptibility to
           Southern rice black - streaked dwarf virus in rice
    • Authors: Tomomi Towata; Keiichiro Matsukura; Sachiyo Sanada-Morimura; Masaya Matsumura
      Abstract: The recent spread of Oryza sativa L. (rice) ssp. indica-derived cultivars in East and Southeast Asia increases the risk of white-backed planthopper, Sogatella furcifera, and Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV) outbreaks. We compared the degree of ovicidal response to S. furcifera and susceptibility to SRBSDV among two Oryza sativa ssp. japonica, two Oryza sativa ssp. indica and one Oryza sativa ssp. indica-derived rice cultivars. The ovicidal response of the O. sativa ssp. indica-derived cultivar was significantly higher than that of the tested O. sativa ssp. indica cultivars and was equivalent to that of the O. sativa ssp. japonica cultivars that we used, supporting previous findings that the ovicidal response is higher in O. sativa ssp. japonica cultivars than in O. sativa ssp. indica cultivars and is a quantitative trait controlled by a few relevant genes. Contrary to the varied ovicidal response, the SRBSDV infection rate among the cultivars and the height of SRBSDV-infected plants between most pairs of cultivars did not differ significantly, although twisting of the leaf tips, a typical symptom of SRBSDV, was not observed in the O. sativa ssp. japonica cultivars. These results indicate that damage by S. furcifera and SRBSDV can occur in O. sativa ssp. japonica as well as in O. sativa ssp. indica and O. sativa ssp. indica-derived cultivars; therefore, in the cultivation of O. sativa ssp. japonica, measures should also be taken against white-backed planthopper during high levels of emergence.
      PubDate: 2017-08-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0515-y
  • Symbiotic bacteria associated with gut symbiotic organs and female genital
           accessory organs of the leaf beetle Bromius obscurus (Coleoptera:
    • Authors: Kayoko Fukumori; Ryuichi Koga; Naruo Nikoh; Takema Fukatsu
      Abstract: Leaf beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) constitute one of the most species-rich insect families, and live exclusively on leaves or other plant parts. Early histological works described the presence of symbiotic bacteria in gut-associated symbiotic organs of some chrysomelid species, but their microbiological nature has been poorly characterized except for those associated with reed beetles of the subfamily Donaciinae. Here we investigated symbiotic bacteria of the leaf beetle Bromius obscurus (L.) belonging to the subfamily Eumolpinae. Specific bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA and gyrB gene sequences were consistently obtained from the symbiotic organs, which radially surround the foregut-midgut junction, of all adult males and females examined. In adult females, the same sequences were also obtained from a pair of genital accessory organs, which are presumably for vertical symbiont transmission. Whole mount in situ hybridization specifically detected the symbiont in the gut symbiotic organs endocellularly and also in the female genital accessory organs extracellularly. In the gut symbiotic organs, the endocellular symbiont cells were small and rosette-like or aggregated and granule-like, whereas in the female genital organs the extracellular symbiont cells were of a condensed form. Molecular phylogenetic analysis showed that the symbiont of B. obscurus constitutes a distinct lineage in the Gammaproteobacteria. Molecular evolutionary analysis has identified significantly accelerated molecular evolution and a highly adenine–thymine-biased nucleotide composition of the symbiont genes, presumably reflecting reductive evolution of the symbiont genome. These results suggest an intimate and stable host-symbiont association in B. obscurus, in which the symbiont may play some important, though hitherto unknown, biological roles in its herbivorous insect host.
      PubDate: 2017-08-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0513-0
  • Mate-location flight of the red-necked longicorn beetle, Aromia bungii
           (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae): an invasive pest lethal to Rosaceae trees
    • Authors: Midori Fukaya; Satoshi Kiriyama; Hiroe Yasui
      Abstract: The red-necked longicorn beetle, Aromia bungii (Faldermann) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), which has recently invaded Japan, is a serious pest species. The larvae kill cherry and orchard Rosaceae trees, such as peach, plum, and apricot. To clarify their features for mate location, male and female flight behaviors were observed in wind tunnels with caged males and females as lures. In a small wind tunnel (50 cm in diameter, 2 m in length), both sexes showed takeoff behavior according to increasing airflow. The rate of female takeoff against the male lure, a live male in a wire-netting cage, tended to be higher than for other combinations. In a large wind tunnel (ca. 1.6 m in diameter, 4 m in length), both sexes ascended and showed momentary hovering and astatic flight. When male lure cages were placed windward in the wind tunnel, females showed “upwind flight,” while males did not. It is assumed that females were induced to fly upwind by a factor derived from live males, likely to be an airborne pheromone component.
      PubDate: 2017-08-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s13355-017-0509-9
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