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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2573 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2573 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 172, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Agricultural Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.276
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 7  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2249-720X - ISSN (Online) 2249-7218
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2573 journals]
  • Beneficial Effects of Garlic in Livestock and Poultry Nutrition: A Review
    • Abstract: Abstract The ban on the use of synthetic antibiotics in feed by the European Union has pushed animal nutritionists to use natural alternatives as growth promoters, such as prebiotics, probiotics, organic acids, herbs and several others. Garlic (Allium sativum), one of such natural alternative growth promoters, is used globally as a spice in human food preparation. Garlic belongs to the genus Allium and family Liliaceae and is grown in tropical and subtropical countries. Studies have revealed that garlic is a rich source of essential nutrients and beneficial phytochemicals that can be incorporated in animal feed to enhance gut activity and promote growth in livestock and poultry. Research abounds that indicates that garlic phytochemicals have antibacterial, antifungal, hypocholesterolemic and antioxidant effect in animals. This review intends to showcase the importance of adding garlic in livestock and poultry nutrition, so as to promote its use in animal nutrition as an alternative phytochemical source for better growth, health and production performance. The use of garlic in feed as replacement of antibiotics will reduce antimicrobial resistance and ensure safe, organic and healthy food for humans.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Potential Role of Appropriate Technological Interventions in Enhancing
           Income of Sugarcane Farmers in Subtropical India
    • Abstract: Abstract The rise in farmers’ income has been much less compared to many other sectors in India. This huge disparity in income has led to a level to require policy-level action to raise their income at a much faster rate. On account of the small holdings, a large number of farmers cultivating cash crops like sugarcane that is mostly procured by the sugar factories are feeling the brunt. It is realized that present business as usual approach is not going to achieve it. New innovative ways of incorporating appropriate technological interventions in a holistic framework and in a participatory mode are required. This paper describes some useful technologies that need promotion besides enforcement of farmer-friendly provisions of the Sugarcane (Control) Order 1966 in the context of significant improvement in sugarcane farmers’ income in the subtropical India.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Biochemical Responses of Wheat Plants Primed with Ochrobactrum
           pseudogrignonense and Subjected to Salinity Stress
    • Abstract: Abstract A large number of bacteria were isolated from the rhizosphere of Imperata cylindrica, a facultative halophyte, and the most tolerant one with an ability to grow under 10% sodium chloride in vitro was selected and designated as IP8. This was identified to be Ochrobactrum pseudogrignonense on the basis of 16SrDNA analysis and showed positive plant-growth-promoting traits in vitro. Growth of wheat was enhanced by the bacterium under both non-stressed and salt-stressed conditions. Alleviation of salt stress by the bacterium was evident by the biochemical responses such as reduction in hydrogen peroxide accumulation as well as enhanced proline accumulation and antioxidative mechanisms. Activities of peroxidase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, and glutathione reductase were enhanced after salinity treatment, but that of superoxide dismutase was not. Treatment with IP8 and sodium chloride showed enhanced activities, and when compared to sodium chloride alone, peroxidase showed further up-regulation in some cultivars and superoxide dismutase also showed significantly increased activities. Salinity had no effect on activities of defense enzymes in general. Activities of defense enzymes were significantly enhanced by IP8 alone or in addition to salinity treatment. Microarray analysis revealed that 282 genes were down-regulated and 6022 up-regulated after application of O. pseudogrignonense under salt stress induction by 200 mM sodium chloride. Among the up-regulated genes were those of peroxidase, phenylalanine ammonia lyase, chitinase, glucanase, as well as germin-like proteins, histone H2B, and sulfur-rich thionin-like proteins. Genes for ascorbate peroxidase, lipid transfer proteins, and salt stress responsiveness were among the down-regulated ones.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Improvement in Rheological, Safe Handling and Formulation Characteristics
           of Viscous Cypermethrin Through Co-inclusion in Urea
    • Abstract: Abstract A steep improvement in rheological, safe handling and formulation characteristics of cypermethrin has been undertaken through co-inclusion in urea. The current investigation describes conversion of viscous cypermethrin into a three-component powder form that is easier to use and safer to handle. The bioactive compound is converted into urea co-inclusion complex in the presence of oleic acid. Insects will be exposed to insecticide only after co-inclusion complex of cypermethrin comes in contact with water in soil/crops following switching on of water sprinkling system in fields. This prevents direct ingestion, inhalation or dermal exposure of insecticides. Therefore, human beings dealing with toxic insecticide will not be exposed after its entrapment in urea hexagonal lattice. Cypermethrin is formulated into human guarded free flowing solids to facilitate ease in packaging/transportation/use. Cypermethrin urea co-inclusion complex (CYUCIC) formation was evidenced by XRD, DSC, FTIR and 1H-NMR techniques. Regression analysis on thermal data depicted gradual rise in heat of decomposition and better physical stability in CYUCICs with increase in relative fraction of RCG. CYUCIC complex revealed improved dissolution rate and uniform composition. Studies indicate insecticide–fertilizer amalgamation to be a fruitful approach for conversion of hazardous insecticide into human guarded formulation with improved dissolution profile, uniform composition and better flow properties.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • The Role of Tillage, Allelopathy, Dormancy-Breaking Mechanisms and Wind in
           the Spread of Purple Nutsedge ( Cyperus rotundus ) in Zimbabwe
    • Abstract: Abstract Purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus) is an invasive weed in tropical cultivated lands and propagates through tubers, rhizomes, seed and corms. Weedy invasive plants have unique functional traits that enable their invasiveness. The objectives of this study were to determine the drivers of the purple nutsedge invasion in the Zimbabwe’s agricultural systems among allelopathy, dispersal and dormancy-breaking mechanisms. Three experiments were carried out each in the laboratory, greenhouse and field. All the experiments were in completely randomised design replicated six times. Results showed that purple nutsedge leaf, stem and tuber extracts successfully (P < 0.001) inhibited germination and radical extension of Sorghum bicolor. Cutting the seed, which mimics the plough action on tubers gave the highest (P < 0.05) sprouting compared to exposure to freezing temperatures. There was a direct relationship between dispersal distance and wind speed (R2 = 0.907). The purple nutsedge plants attached to the plough were related (R2 = 0.515) to the number of plough passes. This study confirmed that allelopathy, easiness for dispersal and dormancy-breaking by the cutting action of the plough were the drivers of the weed’s invasiveness. Therefore, allelopathy, ploughing, dispersal by wind and plough contribute to invasiveness of the weed.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Varietal Response to Benzylaminopurine and Chlorocholine chloride on In
           Vitro Tuberization of Potato
    • Abstract: Abstract The potato varieties, Asterix, Granola and Diamant produce microtubers that are in high demand in Bangladesh. To achieve the full yield potentials of these varieties, an experiment was carried out to determine the efficient protocol for microtuberization. The results showed a wide range of variation in the response of the potato varieties to the addition of chlorocholine chloride [(2-chloroethyl)-trimethylammonium chloride] (CCC) and 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) to the microtuberization medium. Potato varieties Asterix and Diamant were more efficient to microtuberization.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Rapid Detection of Shiga toxin-Producing E. Coli in Animal Origin Foods
           Using Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Assay
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was comparative evaluation of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for rapid and inexpensive detection of shiga toxin-producing E. coli in animal origin foods by targeting stx1 and stx2 genes. The LAMP assay was performed using a water bath. The standardized LAMP assay was evaluated on 122 E. coli field isolates obtained from various animal origin food samples to ensure its reliability and usefulness. The result showed that conventional PCR could detect 68 (55.73%) and 75 (61.47%) positive E. coli isolates for stx1 and stx2 genes. Whereas, LAMP showed higher sensitivity by detecting 79 (64.75%) and 87 (71.31%) positive isolates of E. coli for stx1 and stx2 genes, respectively. LAMP assay was found to be highly specific and 10 times more sensitive as it could detect 1.11 × 102 cfu/ml for both stx1 and stx2 genes of E. coli isolates, whereas conventional PCR could detect 1.85 x 103 cfu/ml for both stx1 and stx2 genes of E. coli isolates. The rapidness, sensitivity, specificity, easiness and cost-effectiveness of LAMP assays will be very useful for the detection of foodborne pathogens for improving food sanitation and maintaining food safety.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Finger Millet in Tribal Farming Systems Contributes to Increased
           Availability of Nutritious Food at Household Level: Insights from India
    • Abstract: Abstract The challenge to food production posed by climate aberrations has been seeing increased attention to reviving millet-based farming systems. Millets are climate-resilient and nutritionally equivalent or superior to most other cereals, making them a favourable crop to address the prevalence of malnutrition. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana) is among the major crops cultivated in the undulating terrains of Koraput district of Odisha, India. It is consumed as a staple food and drink by the local tribal communities. However, over the years there has been rapid decline both in area and in production of the crop leading to reduced grain availability for household consumption. With a view to increase the productivity, the study assessed the effects of possible combinations of crop varieties and agronomic practices that can be customized for finger millet production system in Koraput over 2 years (2015–2017). The study focused on crop productivity, profitability and labour requirement along with nutrition awareness initiatives. On-farm trial with improved variety ‘GPU-67’ with line transplanting and recommended fertilizer management in 2015–2016 showed 31 and 50% higher grain yield and profit than that of farmers’ practice (1579 kg ha− 1 and ₹13,730 ha− 1, respectively) and was counted as a recommended cultivation package. In 2016–2017, the recommended practice showed 60% higher grain yield and 1.16 times more profit than farmers’ practice (1575 kg ha− 1 and ₹14,000 ha− 1, respectively) (P < 0.000). Both total and women’s labour requirement per ha was lower under recommended practice. An endline survey in 2017 revealed improved household consumption over baseline.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Winter Wheat Grain Yield and Quality Response to Straw Mulching and
           Planting Pattern
    • Abstract: Abstract In North China Plain, straw mulching affected wheat grain quality, but decreased grain yield. Improving planting pattern is a measure to increase winter wheat grain yield. It was hypothesized that under different planting patterns, winter wheat yield reduction with straw mulching would be compensated and improved grain quality. We conducted experiments with two straw mulching conditions (straw mulching and non-straw mulching) and two planting patterns (wide-precision planting and conventional-cultivation planting) in 2013–2014 and 2014–2015 winter wheat growing seasons to study grain yield, protein content, wet gluten content, and flour dough farinographic properties. The results showed that straw mulching significantly reduced winter wheat grain yield, while grain yield was increased with wide-precision planting compared to the conventional-cultivation planting. As such, winter wheat grain yield reduction with straw mulching was compensated by wide-precision planting. Straw mulching and planting patterns had significant effect on the processing quality of winter wheat. In 2013–2014 and 2014–2015 winter wheat growing seasons, both dough development time and dough stabilization time were significantly higher in WM treatment than in CN treatment. These results indicate that straw mulching combined with wide-precision planting is a suitable measure to compensate winter wheat grain yield reduction and increase grain quality in North China.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Regulation of Antioxidant Enzymes and Invertases by Hydrogen Peroxide and
           Nitric Oxide Under ABA and Water-Deficit Stress in Wheat
    • Abstract: Abstract The present investigation reports the activities of different antioxidant enzymes and invertases (acid, alkaline and cell wall bound) in shoots and roots of 5.5-day-old seedlings of wheat cultivars PBW 644 (drought tolerant and ABA higher sensitive) and PBW 343 (drought susceptible and ABA lesser sensitive) under ABA and water-deficit stress in the presence of H2O2/nitric oxide (NO) donors as well as scavengers. Drought stress was produced by 20% PEG 6000. Sodium nitroprusside as NO donor and dimethylthiourea and 2-phenyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl 3-oxide (PTIO) as H2O2 and NO scavengers, respectively, were used. Roots of PBW 644 increased activities of antioxidant enzymes and invertases (acid and alkaline) and sucrose content, while PBW 343 decreased these under PEG. This was related to the presence of endogenous H2O2/NO regulation of these parameters under PEG in roots of PBW 644 but deficient in roots of PBW 343 but improved under exogenous H2O2/NO for some parameters. However, compared to PEG, roots of PBW 343 showed endogenous H2O2/NO regulation of many these parameters under ABA. Under ABA, endogenous H2O2/NO regulation was comparable between cultivars. This study showed that H2O2/NO signalling plays an important role in drought tolerance by upregulating antioxidant enzymes and invertases under stress. ABA sensitivity level and ABA levels present in cells may help to produce an effective endogenous H2O2/NO signalling.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Development of an Automatic Tree Coating Machine
    • Abstract: Abstract Tree trunk liming is adopted in several nations to avoid the intrusion of pests and fungus. This study presents the design details of an automatic tree coating machine that can paint lime solvent on small and medium diameter tree trunks. The designed automatic tree coating machine included rack, elevation device, mobile nozzle bracket, mobile components, spraying device, and control system. The optimum position of the spraying nozzle was controlled by CPU based on the speed of the nozzle and the trunk diameter. The simulation showed that the design of the automatic tree coating machine can meet the requirements of deployment. The field experimental results indicated that tree trunks whose inclination angles are 85°–90° were painted within a single spray cycle, whereas the trunks with inclination angles of 75°–85° required multiple spray cycles. The spraying efficiency during the experiments was 130 trees/h, whereas the efficiency of traditional manual spraying was 5 trees/h per person. Therefore, this design is considerably efficient and advantageous.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Variation in Nutritional and Shelf Life Parameters Among Rabi Sorghum
           Cultivars and Effect of Processing on These Parameters
    • Abstract: Abstract Variation in grain mineral contents, proximate composition, shelf stability parameters, and vitamins of eight rabi grain sorghum cultivars and effect of processing (dehulling and parboiling) on these parameters were investigated. Wide variations were observed among the rabi cultivars tested for different nutritional and shelf stability parameters. Parboiling process resulted in increase of grain calcium and zinc. Dehulling resulted in significant loss in all grain minerals tested. Grain proximate compositions such as carbohydrate, proteins and vitamins like thiamine, niacin, and folic acid also showed significant increase in the parboiled-dehulled sorghum compared to raw sorghum, indicating the possible nutritional benefits that can be exploited from parboiling in sorghum. Alcoholic acidity, an important parameter to assess the shelf stability of grain, gradually increased from 0.08 and reached 0.18 at 90th day of storage period, giving indication that grain samples can be stored for 90 days without much loss due to deterioration. Alcoholic acidity of parboiled grains were in a range between 0.07 and 0.08 even at 90th day of storage period indicating positive role of parboiling in improving shelf stability of sorghum grains. Water activity for raw and parboiled sorghum for both raw and parboiled sorghum was within the limits at the 90th day of storage period.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • High-Resolution LCMS Profiling of Phenolic Compounds of Indian Black
           Carrot and Evaluation of Its Effect on Antioxidant Defense and Glucose
           Metabolism in Animal Model
    • Abstract: Abstract Black carrot (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus var. atrorubens Alef.), an indigenous vegetable of India, has been widely used for the preparation of traditional fermented product Kanji, and traditional medicine for treating various kinds of diseases. Although previous research has reported its biochemical composition and some in vitro functional properties, very scanty information is available to date on the in vivo effect of black carrot. Given this gap of knowledge, this study was aimed to investigate the effect of black carrot on antioxidant defense, glucose metabolism and renal, as well as hepatic toxicity in normal Charles Foster albino rats. In addition, secondary metabolites were identified by high-resolution LCMS and in vitro antioxidant activity was also assessed. LC/MS/MS analysis revealed the presence of nine anthocyanins and two flavonols. Among these, four new compounds were putatively identified for the first time. Under in vivo condition, feeding of black carrot juice for 30 days resulted in the reduction in the superoxide dismutase activity, both in dose- and time-dependent manner. It was also observed that feeding of rats with black carrot juice for 30 days reduced their blood triglyceride concentration, both in dose- and time-dependent manners. No significant effect was observed on plasma glucose concentration, and also, no toxicity was noted with regard to the functioning of the kidney and liver.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Microsatellite-based Genetic Diversity and Mutation-Drift Equilibrium in
           Dharwadi Buffalo ( Bubalus bubalis ) of India
    • Abstract: Abstract Genetic diversity was assessed in a buffalo population (Dharwadi) of Karnataka by utilizing 25 heterologous bovine microsatellite markers. Genotypic status of individuals at each locus was identified by automated DNA sequencer, and allelic data were analyzed for genetic diversity parameters. Observed number of alleles varied between 5 and 19 with 13.12 ± 0.80 alleles per locus. High level of heterozygosity (0.63) indicated plenty of existing genetic diversity in this buffalo population. Within-population inbreeding estimate (FIS) was significantly positive (0.186) and 88% of the investigated loci contributed toward the homozygote excess. Accordingly, significant deviation from Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium was observed at 24 of 25 analyzed loci. The population did not suffer reduction in effective population size in the last few generations. Assessment of Dharwadi buffalo population for mutation-drift equilibrium did not reveal significant heterozygosity excess under all the models of microsatellite evolution as per Sign test. No shift was recorded in the frequency distribution of alleles, and a normal L-shaped curve indicated absence of any recent genetic bottleneck. The study highlighted sufficient genetic variability within Dharwadi buffalo population that can be utilized in combination with phenotype and production information for registration as a distinct breed of Indian buffalo.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Quality Changes in Deep-Sea Shrimp ( Aristeus alcocki ) During Ice
           Storage: Biochemical and Organoleptic Changes
    • Abstract: Abstract The exploration of deep-sea fisheries for food uses is recommended worldwide and particularly in India. In the present work, quality changes in deep-sea shrimp, Aristeus alcocki, during the ice storage period of 7 days have been studied. Quality indicators such as trimethylamine nitrogen, total volatile base nitrogen (TVBN), peroxide value, free fatty acid value, pH and total plate count increased significantly (P < 0.05) during the storage period and reached the value of 4.5 mgN/100 g, 18.88 mgN/100 g, 4.09 % of lipids as oleic acid, 17.73 milliequivalent of O2 /kg, 8.05 and 1.93 × 105 cfu/g at the end of the study, respectively. Other biochemical parameters such as α-amino nitrogen, non-protein nitrogen and water soluble protein contents were found to decrease significantly (P < 0.05). Changes in sensory attributes had significant correlation with quality indicating parameters. It was found that during ice storage, A. alcocki retained the prime quality up to 4 days; thereafter, the rate of quality deterioration was high and reached the lower margin of overall acceptability on the 7th day. The overall acceptability score of 4.20 on the 7th day, indicating that the shrimps were acceptable by the panelist. The total plate count up to 7 days of ice storage was low indicated that the quality deterioration in deep-sea shrimp was mainly because of biochemical deterioration rather than the microbial putrefaction.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Women as Drivers of Change for Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture: Case Study
           of a Novel Extension Approach in Wardha, India
    • Abstract: Abstract What can a case study of an initiative for empowerment of women farmers tell us about nutrition-sensitive agriculture' Through this case study, the paper highlights how women farmers act as drivers of change and manage to bring about production and consumption diversity, even in a cash crop growing region; how women farmers’ groups serve as important social networks in aiding the spread of these changes; and how bundling of women’s empowerment programmes with agricultural extension has the potential to promote nutrition-sensitive farming. The spread of mixed cropping practices among women farmers was crucially related to the context-specific technical guidance that was provided. Women farmers adopted different cropping pattern designs, integrating pulses, millets and vegetables with cotton/soyabean as main crops. They perceived tangible benefits in terms of enhanced availability of food grains and vegetables for household consumption through mixed cropping practices. The paper brings to light the need for the State to strengthen the agricultural extension system for scaling up nutrition-sensitive agricultural practices among small farmers.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Phosphorus Sorption and Desorption in Soils Amended with Subabul Biochar
    • Abstract: Abstract Phosphorus sorption mechanism after biochar application is important to understand the bioavailability of P to crops. The knowledge on P adsorption mechanism on biochar is still poorly understood, and therefore the present study was undertaken with varying biochar rates (0, 1, 3, 5%) on two soils, i.e., one taken from control plot (S1) and another from 100% NPK (S2) plots under long-term fertilizer experiment of red soils by fitting the equilibrium solution and sorbed concentrations of P using adsorption isotherms. Results showed that P sorption increased with higher biochar application rates and soils of S2 (701.8–840.1 mg kg−1) sorbed more P than S1 (534.7–742.4 mg kg−1) with 0–5% biochar rate. Phosphate adsorption on biochar was satisfactorily described by the Langmuir equation (r2 = 0.97–0.99, P = 0.01) and Freundlich equation (r2 = 0.89–0.99, P = 0.01). Phosphorus sorption increased with biochar application rates (0–5%). Desorption experiment showed lower P release and suggests a partial or slow irreversibility of the adsorption–desorption phenomena upon biochar addition to soil. In fertilizer-applied soil (S2) loaded with 60 mg P kg−1 (as KH2PO4), desorption increased with increase in biochar application rates. Biochar application thus alters P availability depending upon P sorption and desorption capacities of soils which have implications for improving P use efficiency in soils.
      PubDate: 2019-11-29
  • Testing and Application of the AquaCrop Model for Wheat Production Under
           Different Field Management Conditions in South-Eastern Australia
    • Abstract: Abstract A field experiment involving two spring wheat varieties (EGA Gregory and Livingston) was conducted for 2 years (2013 and 2014), late sown in the first year and early sown in the second year, under two soil water regimes (rainfed and supplemental irrigation) at Wagga Wagga, Australia. The FAO’s AquaCrop model version 4.0 was calibrated and validated for crop canopy cover, dry aboveground biomass, soil water content and grain yield. The root-mean-square error (RMSE) for grain yield and dry aboveground biomass was 0.293 and 2.2 t ha−1, respectively. The RMSE for the rootzone soil water content was 25 mm. The validated model was used to analyse the effect of in-season and off-season conditions on grain yield and water productivity. Grain yield and water productivity decreased (50% for Gregory and 43% for Livingston) with the delay in sowing date. Applying four irrigations to the mid-May sown wheat resulted in a higher (6.5, 5.7 and 5.2 t ha−1, respectively, at 80% exceedance probability) yield relative to the mid-April and mid-June sowing dates. Applying supplemental irrigation both in September and October resulted in a better yield (6.7 vs. 6.0 t ha−1) and water productivity than applying irrigation only in October. The effect of off-season managements such as mulch and pre-irrigation on yield is 68% higher in low-rainfall years that that of in the wet years.
      PubDate: 2019-11-27
  • Interpretations of Elemental and Microbial Phosphorus Indicators to
           Understand P Availability in Soils Under Rice–Wheat Cropping System
    • Abstract: Abstract In order to address the scarcity of phosphorus nutrient reserves and the variations usually observed in the P nutrient storage in soils, a long-term experiment was targeted to assess the impact of integrated fertilizer schedule on soil phosphorus pools and ecophysiological ratios of phosphorus element. P-related soil enzymes like acid phosphatase activity and alkaline phosphatase activity were improved by 6.53–15.93% and 6.14–11.41%, respectively, over the recommended dose of fertilization. Addition of FYM recorded highest DHA (45.24 µg TPF released g−1 dry soil h−1) followed by wheat straw (41.25 µg TPF released g−1 dry soil h−1) and green manure (38.98 µg TPF released g−1 dry soil h−1). Integrated fertilizer schedule improved the microbial biomass phosphorus content by 8.97–29.72% as compared to 100% recommended dose through mineral fertilizer. In the integrated system, only 5–7% of the organic phosphorus was ascribed to microbial biomass, reflecting the accumulation of organic P forms. Higher ratio of DHA (0.20) and pyrophosphatase (0.23) to microbial C in integrated treatments confirmed that the enzyme activities were from extracellular enzymes released by microorganisms. The lower ratios of alkaline or acid phosphatase to pyrophosphatase indicate domination of phosphomonoesters in the P pools. These ratios are important to understand the P availability in soil systems especially under the integrated fertilization schedule.
      PubDate: 2019-11-27
  • An Approach for Estimation of Evapotranspiration by Standardizing
           Parsimonious Method
    • Abstract: Abstract Evapotranspiration (ET) is one of the important components of the hydrological cycle which is essential for sustainable water resource management and ecohydrological studies. Accurate estimation of ET is a crucial task in data-scarce regions due to limited meteorological variables. There exist a number of indirect methods among which the standard method for computing ET is FAO-56-Penman–Monteith (PM) method. However, due to paucity of flux data such as the components of net radiation, relative humidity, vapour pressure, and wind speed in many parts of the world, the use of standard benchmark method is limited. This limitation provides the widespread acceptance of the method which uses fewer variables and can give an accurate estimation of ET for water resource management. In this study, we have developed a framework to standardize the Hargreaves-based ET in the Kangsabati River basin. We utilize the weather datasets from six stations, namely Purulia, Bankura, Mohanpur, Jhargram, Kharagpur, and Midnapore to apply the ET standardization method. We have compared both the raw and corrected ET from Hargreaves with FAO-56-PM ET prior and after correction by using harmonization method. Performance evaluation of harmonization technique is done using statistical and graphical indicators for the duration of 2006–2010. It is observed that Purulia (r = 0.83 and d = 0.80) and Mohanpur (r = 0.85 and d = 0.87) stations are almost standardized appropriately on daily scale. Further, the highest r and R2 was obtained for Mohanpur station (r = 0.972; d = 0.940), while least for Jhargram station (r = 0.961; d = 0.741) at monthly scale. Overall, this approach can be used to provide the utility in data-scarce conditions irrespective of agro-climatic conditions.
      PubDate: 2019-11-27
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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