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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2329 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2329 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Acta Neurochirurgica
  [SJR: 0.833]   [H-I: 73]   [6 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0942-0940 - ISSN (Online) 0001-6268
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Getting Ready for Brain Tumor Surgery (2016) by Michael Sabel 60 pp., 60
           illustrations paperback/softback ISBN: 9,783,132,409,576 eISBN:
           9,783,132,409,996 €24.99/$34.99 Thieme publishers New York/Stuttgart
    • Authors: Herbert Kolenda; Telman Aliev
      Pages: 973 - 973
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3181-5
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Does scope of practice correlate with the outcomes of craniotomy for tumor
           resection in children?
    • Authors: Symeon Missios; Kimon Bekelis
      Pages: 975 - 979
      Abstract: Background The relationship of scope of practice (predominantly adult, versus predominantly pediatric) with the outcomes of brain tumor surgery in children remains uncertain. We investigated the association of practice focus with the outcomes of neurosurgical oncology operations in pediatric patients. Methods We performed a cohort study of all pediatric patients (younger than 18 years old) who underwent craniotomies for tumor resections from 2009 to 2013 and were registered in the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database. In order to control for confounding, we used propensity score conditioning with mixed effects analysis to account for clustering at the hospital level. Results During the study period, there were 770 pediatric patients who underwent craniotomy for tumor resection and met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 370 (48.1%) underwent treatment by providers with predominantly adult practices and 400 (51.9%) by physicians who operated predominantly on children. Mixed-effects multivariable regression analysis demonstrated lack of association of predominantly adult practice with inpatient mortality (OR, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.48–2.58), and discharge to a facility (OR, 1.25; 95% CI, 0.77–2.03). These associations persisted in propensity-adjusted models. Conclusions In a cohort of pediatric patients undergoing craniotomy for tumor resection from a comprehensive all-payer database, we did not demonstrate a difference in mortality, and discharge to a facility between providers with predominantly adult and predominantly pediatric practices.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3160-x
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • I can hear my shunt—audible noises associated with CSF shunts in
           hydrocephalic patients
    • Authors: Stefanie Kaestner; Amina Fraij; Wolfgang Deinsberger; Christian Roth
      Pages: 981 - 986
      Abstract: Background Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts are life-long implants, and patients have reported anecdotally on noises associated with their shunts. There is, however, a marked lack of information regarding acoustic phenomena related to CSF shunts. Methods We identified all patients who had been treated or followed in our neurosurgical department within a 15-year period from January 2000 up to the end of 2014. After approval of the local ethics committee all patients who were cognitively intact were explored by a questionnaire and by personal interview about acoustic phenomena related to their shunts. Results Three hundred forty-seven patients were eligible for the survey, and 260 patients completed the questionnaire. Twenty-nine patients (11.2%) reported on noises raised by their shunts. All of them experienced short-lasting noises while changing body posture, mainly from a horizontal to an upright position, or while reclining the head. Most of the patients reported on soft sounds, but loud and even very loud noises occurred in some patients. Seventy-six percent of the patients were not bothered by these noises as they considered it as a normal part of the therapy or as proof that the shunt device was functioning. Modern valves with gravitational units are prone to produce noises in young adults, but nearly all valve types can evoke noises. Conclusions Noises caused by a shunt do occur in a considerable number of patients with shunts. One should be aware of this phenomenon, and these patients must be taken seriously.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3179-z
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Shunting of the over 80s in normal pressure hydrocephalus
    • Authors: Simon D. Thompson; J. D. Shand Smith; A. A. Khan; A. M. V. Luoma; A. K. Toma; L. D. Watkins
      Pages: 987 - 994
      Abstract: Background Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus is predominantly a disease of the elderly. By its nature, many of those who present to clinic are in advanced old age with multiple comorbidities. Majority of patients treated are younger than 80 years old. We present the clinical outcomes and complication rates of patients over the age of 80 years at the time of operation, during the past 11 years at a single institution. Methods Retrospective analysis of clinical records of all patients over the age of 80 years, who presented to our institution between 2006 and 2016. Results were analysed for co-morbidities, immediate and delayed complications, change in mobility/cognitive function post shunting of hydrocephalus. Results 39 patients (24 male, 15 female) met criteria. Mean [SD] age at the time of shunt insertion was 84 years (+/− 3.22) (range 80–94). No patients developed immediate CSF infection or sub-dural collection, or extended length of stay due to surgical or anaesthetic complications. There were no peri-operative or anaesthetic complications. 4 patients required a delayed surgical revision to encourage greater CSF drainage. 3 patients went on to develop delayed subdural haematoma, 1 of which was associated with trauma, 2 through overdrainage. 1 patient experienced poor post-operative wound healing and subsequently underwent removal of shunt. Of the 34 patient followed up, 27 patients (79.4%) improved in their mobility. (64.7%) patients/families reported symptomatic improvement in their cognition and memory. 6 (17.7%) patients did not experience an improvement in either mobility or cognitive function. Conclusions Our data supports the assertion that, with proper patient selection, shunting of the over 80s with iNPH is a safe and effective procedure.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3171-7
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis of shunt surgery for idiopathic normal
           pressure hydrocephalus based on the SINPHONI and SINPHONI-2 trials
    • Authors: Masahiro Kameda; the SINPHONI and SINPHONI-2 Investigators; Shigeki Yamada; Masamichi Atsuchi; Teruo Kimura; Hiroaki Kazui; Masakazu Miyajima; Etsuro Mori; Masatsune Ishikawa; Isao Date
      Pages: 995 - 1003
      Abstract: Background We showed that ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt and lumboperitoneal (LP) shunt surgeries are beneficial for patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) in the Study of Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus on Neurological Improvement (SINPHONI; a multicenter prospective cohort study) and in SINPHONI-2 (a multicenter randomized trial). Although therapeutic efficacy is important, cost-effectiveness analysis is equally valuable. Methods Using both a set of assumptions and using the data from SINPHONI and SINPHONI-2, we estimated the total cost of treatment for iNPH, which consists of medical expenses (e.g., operation fees) and costs to the long-term care insurance system (LCIS) in Japan. Regarding the natural course of iNPH patients, 10% or 20% of patients on each modified Rankin Scale (mRS) show aggravation (aggravation rate: 10% or 20%) every 3 months if the patients do not undergo shunt surgery, as described in a previous report. We performed cost-effectiveness analyses for the various scenarios, calculating the quality-adjusted life year (QALY) and the incremental cost-effective ratio (ICER). Then, based on the definition provided by a previous report, we assessed the cost-effectiveness of shunt surgery for iNPH. Results In the first year after shunt surgery, the ICER of VP shunt varies from 29,934 to 40,742 USD (aggravation rate 10% and 20%, respectively) and the ICER of LP shunt varies from 58,346 to 80,392 USD (aggravation rate 10% and 20%, respectively), which indicates that the shunt surgery for iNPH is a cost-effective treatment. In the 2nd postoperative year, the cost to the LCIS will continue to decrease because of the lasting improvement of the symptoms due to the surgery. The total cost for iNPH patients will show a positive return on investment in as soon as 18 months (VP) and 21 months (LP), indicating that shunt surgery for iNPH is a cost-effective treatment. Conclusions Because the total cost for iNPH patients will show a positive return on investment within 2 years, shunt surgery for iNPH is a cost-effective treatment and therefore recommended. The SINPHONI-2 study was registered with the University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trials registry: UMIN000002730) SINPHONI was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, no. NCT00221091.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3115-2
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Oropharyngeal dysphagia in secondary normal pressure hydrocephalus due to
           corticobulbar tract compression: cases series and review of literature
    • Authors: Kwang Wook Jo; Youngkook Kim; Geun-Young Park; Ik Seong Park; Yongjun Jang; Sohn Dong Gyun; Sun Im
      Pages: 1005 - 1011
      Abstract: Abstract The association and mechanism involved in swallowing disturbance and normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) needs to be established. We report a case report where a patient who showed progressive swallowing dysfunction was diagnosed with secondary NPH. Tractography analysis showed corticobulbar tract compression by ventricular dilation. Drainage operation led to the recovery of tract volume with an improvement of swallowing function. We also report ten case series in which secondary NPH was associated with a swallowing disturbance. In these cases, dysphagia also showed improvement after shunt operation. We review the literature regarding the corticobulbar tract and its association with swallowing disturbance and the possible underlying pathophysiological mechanism in secondary NPH. This report highlights that swallowing disturbance may manifest in those with secondary NPH due to corticobulbar tract involvement. Our findings suggest that involvement of the corticobulbar tract may be a possible cause of dysphagia in secondary NPH that may be reversible after shunt operation.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3157-5
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Middle fossa approach for resection of vestibular schwannoma
    • Authors: Gmaan Alzhrani; Clough Shelton; William T. Couldwell
      Pages: 1023 - 1026
      Abstract: Background Surgical approaches for removal of vestibular schwannoma are done through retrosigmoid, translabyrinthine, or middle fossa approaches, depending on the tumor size, preoperative hearing status, surgical team experience, and patient preference. The middle fossa approach (MFA) for the vestibular schwannoma (VS) route preserves hearing and can be done with minimal morbidity and mortality. Method The authors discuss the surgical anatomy of the middle fossa, internal auditory canal localization techniques, MFA indications and the procedure for VS removal, and outcome. Conclusion Unlike otolaryngologists, who use the MFA to treat various pathological processes that involve the inner or middle ear, many neurosurgeons are unfamiliar with the MFA. Nevertheless, learning the technical nuances of the MFA adds to the neurosurgeon’s armamentarium, especially for treatment of small intracanalicular VSs in young patients who wish to preserve hearing.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3169-1
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Simultaneous combination of electromagnetic navigation with visual evoked
           potential in endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery: clinical experience and
           technical considerations
    • Authors: Kazuhiko Kurozumi; Masahiro Kameda; Joji Ishida; Isao Date
      Pages: 1043 - 1048
      Abstract: Objective The combination of electromagnetic navigation with continuous monitoring techniques allows for the best available anatomic and real-time functional intraoperative monitoring. Methodological aspects and technical adaptations for this combination of methods and the results from 19 patients with tumors in the pituitary region are reported. Methods We retrospectively identified 19 patients who were treated with transsphenoidal surgery using high-resolution endoscopy (eTSS) at our hospital between June 2015 and June 2016. All patients underwent surgery under electromagnetic navigation with visual evoked potential (VEP) monitoring. The cases were reviewed for information on disease, and the distance between the patient tracker and emitter was measured. Results In 19 patients, 17 had pituitary adenomas, 1 had a Rathke cleft cyst, and 1 had an arachnoid cyst. The optimal distance between the patient tracker and emitter was 20–25 cm. VEP monitoring could be performed with unaffected recording quality under electromagnetic navigation. Also we were able to perform the registration and eTSS at this distance using both navigation and VEP monitoring. Conclusions We performed eTSS for pituitary tumor by simultaneously using electromagnetic navigation and VEP. The optimal distance between the emitter and tracker minimizes VEP monitoring noise and allows accurate electromagnetic navigation.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3111-6
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Anterior trans-frontal endoscopic resection of third-ventricle colloid
           cyst: how I do it
    • Authors: Davide Nasi; Corrado Iaccarino; Antonio Romano
      Pages: 1049 - 1052
      Abstract: Background The endoscopic technique has been recognised as a viable and safe alternative to microsurgery for the treatment of third-ventricle colloid cyst. However, the standard precoronal endoscopic approach does not always provide an adequate visualisation of the attachment of the cyst to the velum interpositum. Using a more anterior approach, it is easier to reach the roof of the cyst and its possible adherences with the tela choroidea. Method The authors describe step by step the anterior trans-frontal endoscopic approach for management of third ventricle colloid cyst. Conclusions The described approach has shown to be safe, quick and effective for the treatment of third-ventricle colloid cyst.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3149-5
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Endoscopic colloid cyst excision: surgical techniques and nuances
    • Authors: Waleed Abdelfattah Azab; Mustafa Najibullah; Waleed Yosef
      Pages: 1053 - 1058
      Abstract: Background Endoscopic excision of colloid cysts is currently well established as a minimally invasive and highly effective technique that is associated with less morbidity in comparison to microsurgical resection. Methods Operative charts and videos of patients undergoing endoscopic colloid cyst excision were retrieved from the senior author’s database of endoscopic procedures and reviewed. This revealed nine trans-foraminal and three trans-septal procedures. Description of the surgical techniques was then formulated. Conclusions Variation of the technique is based on the specific patho-anatomical features of the colloid cyst being resected. For the trans-foraminal approach, we think that the rotational technique is associated with a more complete removal of the cyst wall and consequently lower recurrence rate.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3176-2
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Increased risk of critical CBF levels in SAH patients with actual CPP
           below calculated optimal CPP
    • Authors: Ulf Johnson; Henrik Engquist; Anders Lewén; Tim Howells; Pelle Nilsson; Elisabeth Ronne-Engström; Elham Rostami; Per Enblad
      Pages: 1065 - 1071
      Abstract: Background Cerebral pressure autoregulation can be quantified with the pressure reactivity index (PRx), based on the correlation between blood pressure and intracranial pressure. Using PRx optimal cerebral perfusion pressure (CPPopt) can be calculated, i.e., the level of CPP where autoregulation functions best. The relation between cerebral blood flow (CBF) and CPPopt has not been examined. The objective was to assess to which extent CPPopt can be calculated in SAH patients and to investigate CPPopt in relation to CBF. Methods Retrospective study of prospectively collected data. CBF was measured bedside with Xenon-enhanced CT (Xe-CT). The difference between actual CPP and CPPopt was calculated (CPP∆). Correlations between CPP∆ and CBF parameters were calculated with Spearman’s rank order correlation coefficient (rho). Separate calculations were done using all patients (day 0–14 after onset) as well as in two subgroups (day 0–3 and day 4–14). Results Eighty-two patients with 145 Xe-CT scans were studied. Automated calculation of CPPopt was possible in adjunct to 60% of the Xe-CT scans. Actual CPP < CPPopt was associated with higher numbers of low-flow regions (CBF <10 ml/100 g/min) in both the early phase (day 0–3, n = 39, Spearman’s rho = −0.38, p = 0.02) and late acute phase of the disease (day 4–14, n = 35, Spearman’s rho = −0.39, p = 0.02). CPP level per se was not associated with CBF. Conclusions Calculation of CPPopt is possible in a majority of patients with severe SAH. Actual CPP below CPPopt is associated with low CBF.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3139-7
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Effect of delayed onset prostacyclin on markers of endothelial function
           and damage after subarachnoid hemorrhage
    • Authors: Mikkel Gybel-Brask; Rune Rasmussen; Jakob Stensballe; Pär I. Johansson; Sisse R. Ostrowski
      Pages: 1073 - 1078
      Abstract: Background Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a neurological emergency. Delayed ischemic neurological deficit is one of the main causes of poor outcome after SAH and is probably caused, at least in part, by cerebral vasospasm. The pathophysiology of this is multifaceted, but endothelial damage and activation as well as glycocalyx damage have been implicated. Prostacyclin has been shown to protect damaged and activated endothelium and to facilitate glycocalyx repair. We investigated biomarkers of endothelial activation and damage in patients with SAH randomized to 5 days prostacyclin infusion or placebo. Methods Patients with aneurysmal SAH managed by coiling or surgery, and a World Federation of Neurological Surgeons score between 1 and 4, and Fisher grade 3 or 4, were treated with a continuous low-dose intravenous prostacyclin infusion or placebo initiated on day 5 and discontinued on day 10 after SAH. Blood samples were drawn from the patients before, during and after prostacyclin/placebo infusion. Soluble biomarkers of endothelial cell activation (sE-selectin, sVE-cadherin) and damage (sTM), glycocalyx damage (syndecan-1) and sympathoadrenal activation (adrenaline, noradrenaline), were measured by ELISA. Results Ninety patients were randomized. Prostacyclin infusion influenced neither biomarkers of sympathoadrenal activation, endothelial activation and damage nor biomarkers of endothelial glycocalyx breakdown. Conclusions We did not find any effects on markers of sympathoadrenal activation, endothelial damage and activation, or glycocalyx degradation of delayed onset prostacyclin infusion compared to placebo. Further trials investigating early onset endothelial repair using prostacyclin are warranted.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3168-2
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Vertebral artery from descending thoracic aorta: rare anatomic variant
           with diagnostic implication
    • Authors: Arun Sharma; Sanjeev Kumar; Sanjiv Sharma
      Pages: 1105 - 1106
      Abstract: Abstract Variations of vertebral artery origins are rare and incidental. Anomalous bilateral vertebral arteries with right vertebral artery from descending thoracic aorta and normal bilateral subclavian arteries have not been reported in the literature so far. We report one such case in a cyanotic congenital heart disease patient, where its identification is of importance to avoid its inadvertent preoperative embolization, which can be catastrophic.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3175-3
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Risk factors for surgical site infections among 1,772 patients operated on
           for lumbar disc herniation: a multicentre observational registry-based
           study
    • Authors: Samer Habiba; Øystein P. Nygaard; Jens I. Brox; Christian Hellum; Ivar M. Austevoll; Tore K. Solberg
      Pages: 1113 - 1118
      Abstract: Background There are no previous studies evaluating risk factors for surgical site infections (SSIs) and the effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotic treatment (PAT), specifically for patients operated on for lumbar disc herniation. Method This observational multicentre study comprises a cohort of 1,772 consecutive patients operated on for lumbar disc herniation without laminectomy or fusion at 23 different surgical units in Norway. The patients were interviewed about SSIs according to a standardised questionnaire at 3 months’ follow-up. Results Three months after surgery, 2.3% of the patients had an SSI. Only no PAT (OR = 5.3, 95% CI = 2.2–12.7, p< 0.001) and longer duration of surgery than the mean time (68 min) (OR = 2.8, 95% CI = 1.2–6.6, p = 0.02) were identified as independent risk factors for SSI. Numbers needed to have PAT to avoid one SSI was 43. Conclusions In summary, this study clearly lends support to the use of PAT in surgery for lumbar disc herniation. Senior surgeons assisting inexperienced colleagues to avoid prolonged duration of surgery could also reduce the occurrence of SSI.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3184-2
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Sagittal spinal alignment in asymptomatic patients over 30 years old
           in the Korean population
    • Authors: Seil Sohn; Chun Kee Chung; Yongjung Jay Kim; Inbo Han; Su Min Kang; Ji Won Yoon; Hyejin Kim
      Pages: 1119 - 1128
      Abstract: Background We aim to provide sagittal and pelvic parameters according to different age groups in an asymptomatic population all over 30 years old and to investigate the possible causes of changes in these parameters. Methods Whole-spine, standing lateral radiographs were taken in 128 asymptomatic Korean people over 30 years old. The spinal parameters (the total thoracic kyphosis (TTK), maximal lumbar lordosis (MLL), total lumbar lordosis (TLL), lower lumbar lordosis (LLL), thoracolumbar junctional angle (TLJA), and lumbar inclination (LI)), pelvic parameters (pelvic incidence (PI), sacral slope (SS), and pelvic tilt (PT)), and spinal balance parameters (spinal balance, sacropelvic balance, and spinopelvic balance) were measured. The body mass index, body protein mass, waist line, skeletal muscle mass, and body fat mass were also measured for potential causes. Results TTK and TLJA were significantly increased in the group over 70 years of age compared to the other age groups (p = 0.0002, <0.001). TLL was significantly decreased in the group over 70 years of age (p = 0.002), whereas the PI values were similar to PI even in over 70-year age group. LLL did not differ in the group over 70 years of age (p = 0.29), gradually increasing with an increase in age. SS was significantly decreased and PT was significantly increased in the group over 70 years of age as compared to the other age groups (p = 0.049, 0.049, respectively). PI was similar in all age groups (p = 0.75). Spinal balance was significantly decreased in the group over 70 years of age (p = <0.0001). PT was significantly associated with body protein mass and skeletal muscle mass (p = 0.01, 0.001, respectively). Body protein mass and skeletal muscle mass were significantly lower in the group over 70 years of age (p = 0.02, 0.02) and were possible causes. Conclusions Several sagittal and pelvic parameters are different in asymptomatic adults over 70 years of age. Decreased body protein mass and skeletal muscle mass are possible causes of these changes.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3100-9
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Clinical and radiological outcomes of endoscopic partial facetectomy for
           degenerative lumbar foraminal stenosis
    • Authors: Myung Soo Youn; Jong Ki Shin; Tae Sik Goh; Jung Sub Lee
      Pages: 1129 - 1135
      Abstract: Background Several different techniques exist to treat degenerative lumbar foraminal stenosis. Failure to adequately decompress the lumbar foramen may lead to failed back surgery syndrome. However, wide decompression often causes spinal instabilities or may require an additional fusion surgery. The aim of this study was to report the outcomes of endoscopic partial facetectomy (EPF) performed on patients with degenerative lumbar foraminal stenosis. Methods Between 2012 and 2014, 25 consecutive patients (12 women and 13 men) who underwent EPF were included in the study. The patients were assessed before surgery and followed-up regularly during outpatient visits (preoperatively and 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively). The clinical outcomes were evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and Short Form-36 (SF-36) outcome questionnaire. The radiological outcome was measured using the lumbar Cobb angle, disc wedging angle, lumbar lordosis (LL), slip percentage, and disc height index (DHI) in plain standing radiographs. Results The VAS, ODI, and SF-36 scores significantly improved at 1 month of follow-up compared with the baseline mean values and were maintained within the 2-year follow-up period. There was no radiologic progression in the lumbar Cobb’s angle, disc wedging angle, LL, slip percentage, and DHI between preoperatively and 2 years postoperatively. In addition, the EPF with discectomy group and the EPF group were not significantly different in terms of clinical and radiological outcomes. Conclusions EPF is an effective option in decompressing the lumbar exiting nerve root without causing spinal instabilities for the treatment of patients with lumbar foraminal stenosis.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3186-0
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • L5 corpectomy—the lumbosacral segmental geometry and clinical
           outcome—a consecutive series of 14 patients and review of the literature
           
    • Authors: Martin Vazan; Yu-Mi Ryang; Julia Gerhardt; Felix Zibold; Insa Janssen; Florian Ringel; Jens Gempt; Bernhard Meyer
      Pages: 1147 - 1152
      Abstract: Purpose We analyzed the lumbosacral segmental geometry and clinical outcome in patients undergoing L5 corpectomy. Methods Fourteen consecutive patients who underwent L5 (n = 12) or L4 + 5 (n = 2) corpectomy at our department between January 2010 and April 2015 were included. All patients underwent a baseline physical and neurologic examination on admission. The diagnostic routine included MRI and CT scans and, if possible, an upright X-ray of the lumbar spine before and after surgery. The local lordosis angle [L4(L3)-S1] was measured. Results The most common pathology was infection (N = 7), followed by neoplastic disease (n = 3), pseudarthrosis (n = 2) after previous spinal fusion procedures and burst fractures (n = 2) of the L5 vertebral body. We observed seven complications (2 intraoperative; 5 postoperative) in five (36%) patients. Three patients needed revision surgery because of cage subsidence and/or dislodgement (21%). Additional anterior plating was used in two of the revision surgeries to secure the cage. Two spondylodiscitis patients (14%) with complications died of sepsis. Of the 12 remaining patients, 8 were available for follow-up. Conclusion L5 corpectomy is a technically challenging but feasible procedure even though the overall complication rate can be as high as 36%. The radiologic and clinical outcome seems to be better in patients with a small lordosis angle between L4(L3) and S1, since an angle of >50 degrees seems to facilitate cage dislodgement. Anterior plating should be considered in these cases to prevent implant failure.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3084-5
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Cavitational kyphoplasty: a new technique for reducing the rates of cement
           extravasation through targeted low-pressure cement injection
    • Authors: Tobias A. Mattei
      Pages: 1153 - 1157
      Abstract: Background Previous studies have demonstrated lower rates of cement extravasation when comparing balloon kyphoplasty with vertebroplasty, an effect attributed to the low-pressure injection. However, in patients with isolated endplate fractures, balloon kyphoplasty may lead to further endplate damage and increased risks of intradiscal extravasation. Methods The author provides a stepwise description of a new technique called cavitational kyphoplasty that allows targeted low-pressure cement injection without the necessity of balloon inflation. Conclusions The new technique of cavitational kyphoplasty has been shown to be specially useful in patients with isolated endplate fractures without significant loss of the vertebral body height.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3167-3
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Transoral vertebroplasty of the lateral mass of C1 using image guidance
    • Authors: Pujan Kavakebi; P. P. Girod; S. Hartmann; A. Tschugg; C. Thomé
      Pages: 1159 - 1162
      Abstract: Background Osteolytic lesions of the anterior aspects of C1 (lateral mass) are difficult to address in a minimally invasive fashion and are often treated by craniocervical instrumentation. Methods We report the feasibility and technical method of transoral vertebroplasty of the lateral mass of the atlas using image guidance and describe the workflow of the procedure. To our knowledge, there has not yet been a technical description of a transoral vertebroplasty using image guidance. Results Adequate positioning of the pedicle access needle using image guidance for addressing the lateral mass of C1 through a transoral, permuceous access can be achieved. Conclusions With the assistance of image guidance, it is safe and feasible to access the lateral mass of the atlas. This constitutes a minimally invasive and fast alternative for introducing the bone needle to C1 rather than using a fluoroscopic device alone.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3158-4
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Unexpected death after occipital condylar fracture
    • Authors: Vincent J. Bulthuis; E. M. J. Cornips; J. Dings; H. van Santbrink; A. A. Postma
      Pages: 1163 - 1166
      Abstract: Abstract We present a rare fatal complication of an occipital condylar fracture. The patient was initially neurologically intact, but showed secondary clinical deterioration. Imaging revealed extensive extra-axial hemorrhage at the craniocervical junction and an acute obstructive hydrocephalus. MR imaging demonstrated a T2 hyperintens signal in both the lower brainstem and upper cervical spinal cord, likely caused by the extra-axial hemorrhage. As prognosis was estimated infaust, supportive treatment was discontinued and the patient died soon thereafter. This case report illustrates a rare, delayed complication and unexpected death in a patient having sustained an occipital condylar fracture.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3165-5
      Issue No: Vol. 159, No. 6 (2017)
       
 
 
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