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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2350 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2350 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover
Acta Neurochirurgica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.822
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 6  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0942-0940 - ISSN (Online) 0001-6268
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Robotics assistance in neurosurgery—improving the outcome for our
    • Authors: Jesus Lafuente
      Pages: 1889 - 1889
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3624-7
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Robot-assisted multi-level anterior lumbar interbody fusion: an anatomical
    • Authors: Lucas Troude; Sébastien Boissonneau; Segueï Malikov; Pierre Champsaur; Benjamin Blondel; Henry Dufour; Stéphane Fuentes
      Pages: 1891 - 1898
      Abstract: Background Minimally invasive surgical approaches still provide limited exposure. Access to the L2–L5 intervertebral discs during a single procedure is challenging and often requires repositioning of the patient and adopting an alternative approach. Objectives Investigate the windows to the L2–L5 intervertebral discs to assess the dimensions of the interbody implants suitable for the procedure and evaluate the feasibility of multi-level lumbar intervertebral disc surgery in robot-assisted surgery (RAS) Methods Sixteen fresh-frozen cadaveric specimens underwent a retroperitoneal approach to access the L2–L5 intervertebral discs. The L2–L3 to L4–L5 windows were defined as the distance between the left lateral border of the aorta (or nearest common iliac vessel) and the medial border of the psoas, measured in a static state and after gentle medial retraction of the vascular structures. Two living porcine specimens and one cadaveric specimen underwent da Vinci robot-assisted transperitoneal approach to expose the L2–L3 to L4–L5 intervertebral discs and perform multi-level discectomy and interbody implant placement. Results The L2–L3 to L4–L5 intervertebral disc windows significantly increased from a static to a retracted state (p < 0.05). The mean L2–L3, L3–L4, and L4–L5 windows measured respectively 20.1, 21.6, and 19.6 mm in the static state, and 27.2, 30.9, and 30.3 mm after gentle vascular retraction. The intervertebral windows from L2–L3 to L4–L5 were successfully exposed through an anterior transperitoneal approach with the da Vinci robot on the cadaveric and living porcine specimens, and interbody implants were inserted. Conclusion RAS appears to be feasible for a mini-invasive multi-level lumbar intervertebral disc surgery. The RAS procedure, longer and more expensive than conventional MIS approaches, should be reserved for elective patients.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3621-x
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • How I do It: L5/S1 foraminal stenosis and far-lateral lumbar disc
           herniation with unilateral bi-portal endoscopy
    • Authors: Jae-Hyun Park; Je-Tae Jung; Sang-Jin Lee
      Pages: 1899 - 1903
      Abstract: Background Surgeries for far-lateral lumbar disc herniation (FLLDH) and foraminal stenosis at the L5/S1 level are very complicated because of its unique structure. The authors have performed unilateral bi-portal endoscopy (UBE) to these lesions because of the good results obtained for other spinal diseases (Park et al. in Orthopedics 40:e779–e783, 2017). Methods We described our experience of the surgical treatment for FLLDH and foraminal stenosis. Useful information for pre-, intraop-, and postoperative care is presented. Conclusion Among various minimally invasive surgical methods, extraforaminal approaches with UBE can be performed effectively.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3630-9
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • 5-Aminolevulinic acid fluorescence-guided surgery for spinal cord melanoma
           metastasis: a technical note
    • Authors: Leonardo Gilmone Ruschel; Ricardo Ramina; Erasmo Barros da Silva; Marcella Santos Cavalcanti; Joel Fernando Sanabria Duarte
      Pages: 1905 - 1908
      Abstract: Background According to our research, just few studies described 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) use for spinal injuries resection. 5-ALA is known to be especially useful in certain spinal tumor entities such as meningiomas, ependymomas, hemangiopericytomas, and metastasis of central nervous system primary tumors. In contrast, 5-ALA has limited value in other histopathological tumoral entities, as neurinomas and carcinoma metastasis. Method We describe a microsurgical resection of a spinal cord melanoma through fluorescence-guided technique using 5-ALA in a 36-year-old man. Results Strong 5-ALA tumor enhancement was evidenced, resulting in gross-total resection. Conclusion To our knowledge, this is the first case of nonglial intramedullary metastasis with 5-ALA positive staining. We believe that this tool, 5-ALA, could aid in the resection, identification, and differentiation of medullary metastasis.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3645-2
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Ketogenic diet delays spinal fusion and decreases bone mass in
           posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion: an in vivo rat model
    • Authors: Qi Liu; Xiaomeng Wang; Zucheng Huang; Junhao Liu; Jianyang Ding; Xiaolin Xu; Ganggang Kong; Xiuhua Wu; Zhou Yang; Qingan Zhu
      Pages: 1909 - 1916
      Abstract: Background Ketogenic diet (KD), a low-carbohydrate-and-high-fat diet, causes a metabolic state of ketogenesis and has been used to treat drug-resistance epilepsy. Our recent studies showed KD neuroprotective after spinal cord injury and causing bone loss. Effects of KD on spinal fusion were still unknown. This study was aimed to evaluate effects of KD on spinal fusion in rats. Methods Thirty-two Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into KD and standard diet (SD) groups. The KD group was fed with food of 1:4 carbohydrates to fat. All rats were subjected to L4/5 posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion. The blood ketone, and serum calcium, phosphorus, and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) were measured, as well as the fusion rates, bone mass (BV), and bone mineral contents (BMC) of fusion sites were estimated at 4 and 8 weeks. Results There was no significant difference in serum calcium or phosphorus levels between groups at 4 or 8 weeks. However, there was a significant increase of blood ketone (1.02 mmol/L vs 0.38 mmol/L at 4 weeks; 0.83 mmol/L vs 0.32 mmol/L, at 8 weeks) and decrease of serum IGF-1 (339.4 ng/mL vs 630.6 ng/mL at 4 weeks; 418.8 ng/mL vs 628.6 ng/mL, at 8 weeks) in the KD group compared with the SD group. The spinal fusion occurred less in the KD group (1/16 vs 6/16 at 4 weeks; 7/16 vs 10/16, at 8 weeks), particularly at 4 weeks after surgery. The BV and BMC were lower in the KD group than that in the SD group at 4 weeks, but not different between groups at 8 weeks. Conclusions This study demonstrated that KD delayed spinal fusion and decreased bone mass in posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion in rats.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3616-7
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Frequency and characteristics of traumatic brain injury in restrained
           drivers involved in road traffic accidents
    • Authors: Joji Inamasu; Msasato Nakaya; Dai Kujirai; Keita Mayanagi; Masashi Nakatsukasa
      Pages: 1921 - 1929
      Abstract: Background While seatbelt is an important device protecting drivers from traumatic brain injury (TBI), it has rarely been reported how often and in what circumstances restrained drivers sustain TBI after road traffic accident (RTA). Whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) for blunt trauma patients may provide a unique opportunity to investigate the frequency and characteristics of TBI sustained by restrained drivers. Methods A single-center, retrospective observational study was conducted using prospectively acquired data. Between January 2013 and December 2017, 409 restrained drivers (284 men/125 women, mean age of 45.0 ± 19.1 years) whose vehicle had been severely damaged in RTAs underwent WBCT for evaluation of injuries. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify variables predictive of TBI. Influence of collision patterns (frontal, lateral or rollover) on the frequency and severity of TBI was evaluated. Relationship between collision patterns and CT findings was also reviewed. Results Thirty-one restrained drivers (7.6%) sustained TBI after RTA. The distribution of Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores among the 31 drivers was 15 in 9, 13–14 in 9, 9–12 in 4, and ≤ 8 in 9, indicating that the majority of TBIs were classifiable as mild. The frequency of TBI in alert and oriented drivers, i.e., those with a GCS score of 15, was 2.9%. Multivariate regression analysis showed that both altered mental status (OR, 4.933; 95% CI, 1.135–21.431) and loss of consciousness (OR, 6.492; 95% CI, 1.669–25.249) were associated with TBI. The frequency of TBI tended to be higher in drivers with rollover collision than those with frontal collision (6 vs. 13%, p = 0.07). Interhemispheric acute subdural hematoma and subcortical petechial hemorrhage seemed to be characteristic CT findings in drivers with frontal and lateral collision, respectively. Conclusions The key finding of this study, i.e., that (1) TBI was observed in 7.6% of restrained drivers with severe vehicular damage, may provide useful information to neurosurgeons who take care of RTA victims. The majority of the TBIs were mild without need for neurosurgical intervention. While association may exist between type of collision and type of brain injury, further studies with prospective design are warranted.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3656-z
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Double-barrel STA to proximal MCA bypass and proximal parent artery
           occlusion for a fusiform superior clinoidal ICA aneurysm
    • Authors: Peng Hu; Hong-Qi Zhang; Xing-Juan Li
      Pages: 1939 - 1943
      Abstract: Background Blood flow replacement and parent artery occlusion are alternative treatments of complex fusiform superior clinoidal ICA aneurysms. While double-barrel STA to proximal MCA bypass is a conventional approach among these reported bypass algorithms, its technical details remain underexplored. Method We have applied the double-barrel STA to proximal MCA bypass and parent artery occlusion to treat a 45-year-old female patient with a right fusiform superior clinoidal ICA aneurysm. The technical nuances of this approach are reported. Conclusion We show that double-barrel STA to proximal MCA bypass and proximal parent artery occlusion can be alternative treatments of complex fusiform superior clinoidal ICA aneurysms.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3652-3
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Precision/personalized aneurysm treatment in era of increasing options
    • Authors: Ketan R. Bulsara
      Pages: 1961 - 1961
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3646-1
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Cognitive outcome following glioma surgery
    • Authors: Pietro Ivo D’Urso
      Pages: 1975 - 1975
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3649-y
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Response to Cognitive outcome following glioma surgery
    • Authors: Jannick Brennum; Christina M. Engelmann; Johanne Asperud Thomsen; Jane Skjøth-Rasmussen
      Pages: 1977 - 1977
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3650-5
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Incidence and morphometry of caroticoclinoid foramina in Greek dry human
    • Authors: E. Efthymiou; V. Thanopoulou; D. Kozompoli; V. Kanellopoulou; M. Fratzoglou; D. Mytilinaios; M. Piagkou; Elizabeth O. Johnson
      Pages: 1979 - 1987
      Abstract: Background Ossification of the caroticoclinoid ligament (CCL) and formation of a caroticoclinoid foramen (CCF) may impose significant risk to neurosurgeons by impeding mobilization of the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery. Although safe surgical access to the clinoidal space is related to understanding the CCF anatomical and ethnic variants, there remains a paucity of studies of the morphology and bony relationships. The current study provides a systematic morphological and morphometric analysis of the CCF, the ossification of the CCL extending between the anterior and middle clinoid processes, and their relations in a Greek population. Materials and methods The incidence of unilateral and bilateral CCF, types (complete, incomplete, and contact) of ossified CCLs, and foramina diameter according to side and gender were determined in 76 Greek adult dry skulls. Findings were correlated with the morphology of optic strut (OS) (presulcal, sulcal, postsulcal, and asymmetric). Results A CCF was detected in 74% of the specimens. The majority of skulls (51.4%) had bilateral CCF, whereas 22.3% of the skulls had unilateral foramina. Incomplete CCF were observed in 69.3%, complete in 19.8%, and contact type in 10.9%. The mean CCF diameter was 0.55 ± 0.07 cm on the left and 0.54 ± 0.08 cm on the right side. Side symmetry existed, although there were no significant differences according to gender. The CCF were more prominent in skulls with a sulcal type of OS. Conclusions The results of the present study augment the current knowledge on the morphology of key anatomical landmarks, CCF, and CCL ossification in the sellar area, indicating population differences. A significant side asymmetry in caroticoclinoid osseous bridging and foramina is highlighted. These findings are necessary for a safe surgical access to the clinoidal area.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3607-8
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Calcified ectopic TSH-secreting pituitary adenoma mimicking
           craniopharyngioma: a rare case report and literature review
    • Authors: Yoshiki Hanaoka; Toshihiro Ogiwara; Yukinari Kakizawa; Alhusain Nagm; Tatsuya Seguchi; Tatsuro Aoyama; Jun-ichi Koyama; Atsushi Sato; Kazuhiro Hongo
      Pages: 2001 - 2005
      Abstract: Abstract Among pituitary adenomas, which are relatively common brain tumors, elements of ectopic, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) secretion, and intratumoral calcification are unusual. Here, we present an extremely rare case of a calcified ectopic TSH-secreting pituitary adenoma arising from the pars tuberalis mimicking craniopharyngioma based on neuroimaging findings. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of calcified ectopic TSH-secreting pituitary adenoma without symptoms of excessive thyroid hormone secretion.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3638-1
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Needle aspiration as an alternative treatment for glio-ependymal cysts
    • Authors: Caroline Apra; B. Law-Ye; D. Leclercq; A-L. Boch
      Pages: 2007 - 2008
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3660-3
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Response to the letter to the editor: needle aspiration as an alternative
           treatment for glioependymal cysts
    • Authors: Luis A. Robles
      Pages: 2009 - 2009
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3662-1
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Comparing endoscopic and open decompression of the ulnar nerve in cubital
           tunnel syndrome: a prospective randomized study
    • Authors: T. Krejčí; Z. Večeřa; O. Krejčí; D. Šalounová; M. Houdek; Radim Lipina
      Pages: 2011 - 2017
      Abstract: Background Prospective randomized data is currently lacking which compares endoscopically assisted surgery with open surgical techniques in the treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome (CUTS). The aim of this study is to compare patient outcome in both techniques. Method This prospective study comprised of 45 patients who, between October 2014 and February 2017, were randomly assigned to undergo either endoscopic or open surgery (22 and 23 patients respectively) for decompression of the ulnar nerve. Patients were followed up at 3 and 12 months postoperation. McGowan classification was used to determine the severity of symptoms. Surgical outcome was evaluated by Bishop classification. Pain levels were monitored according to gender from 0 to 10 days postoperation. Other factors investigated were chronic scar pain, working status, operation duration, and patient satisfaction regarding postoperative scarring and the procedure itself. Results Both methods are equally effective in the treatment of CUTS (Bishop score excellent or good 90% vs 96%). Postoperative pain is significant particularly in the first few days following surgery, but with no significant difference depending on procedure. In the open group, postoperative pain was significantly higher in women than in men; pain did not differ between the sexes in the endoscopic group. The tendency to lower levels of pain among endoscopically operated women in comparison with women in the open group was not statistically notable. Patients who underwent open decompression experienced notably higher levels of postoperative chronic scar pain. Although working status and satisfaction with the surgical outcome were the same in both groups, satisfaction with scarring was higher in the endoscopy group. Operation time was significantly longer by endoscopy. Conclusions Both studied methods produced equal satisfactory outcomes in the treatment of CUTS. Endoscopy has the potential to minimize chronic scar pain and improve scarring esthetics, at the expense of longer operating time. Clinical trial registration number Supported by Ministry of Health, Czech Republic—conceptual development of research organization (FNOs/2014, project number 20). Graphical abstract Median postoperative pain from 0 to 10 days by group.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3647-0
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Pulsatile versus non-pulsatile tinnitus in idiopathic intracranial
    • Authors: Jonathan P. Funnell; Claudia L. Craven; Simon D. Thompson; Linda D’Antona; Aswin Chari; Lewis Thorne; Laurence D. Watkins; Ahmed K. Toma
      Pages: 2025 - 2029
      Abstract: Introduction Tinnitus is a symptom commonly associated with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) that can have a profound effect on quality of life. We aim to determine tinnitus symptom response after dural venous sinus stenting (DVSS) or CSF diversion with a shunt, in patients with both pulsatile (PT) and non-pulsatile tinnitus (NPT). Methods Single-centre cohort of IIH patients (2006–2016) who underwent 24-h ICP monitoring (ICPM). An un-paired t test compared ICP and pulse amplitude (PA) values in IIH patients with PT vs. NPT. Results We identified 59 patients with IIH (56 F:3 M), mean age 32.5 ± 9.49 years, 14 of whom suffered from tinnitus. Of these 14, seven reported PT and seven reported NPT. Patients with tinnitus had a mean 24-h ICP and PA of 9.09 ± 5.25 mmHg and 6.05 ± 1.07 mmHg respectively. All 7 patients with PT showed symptom improvement or resolution after DVSS (n = 4), secondary DVSS (n = 2) or shunting (n = 1). In contrast, of the 7 with NPT, only 1 improved post intervention (DVSS), despite 2 patients having shunts and 5 having DVSS. Conclusions NPT and PT were equally as common in our group of IIH patients. DVSS appears to be an effective management option for IIH patients with a clear history of pulsatile tinnitus. However, non-pulsatile tinnitus was more persistent and did not respond well to either DVSS or CSF diversion.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3587-8
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • One-year outcome of patients with posttraumatic hydrocephalus treated by
           lumboperitoneal shunt: an observational study from China
    • Authors: Tong Sun; Yikai Yuan; Qiuming Zhang; Meng Tian; Xuepei Li; Yicheng Zhou; Hang Yu; Junwen Guan
      Pages: 2031 - 2038
      Abstract: Background Lumboperitoneal shunt (LPS) attracts increasing number of research interest in the treatment of hydrocephalus due to minimal invasiveness. However, the outcome of LPS-treated posttraumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) is poorly learnt, remaining unknown to date. Methods We retrospectively analyzed adult patients with PTH treated by LPS in our department between May 2013 and Apr 2017. Baseline characteristics, preoperative clinical features, symptomatic and imageologic improvement, and postoperative complications were synchronously investigated. All patients were followed up to 1 year after LPS to determine the shunt outcome and quality of life. Furthermore, the Kaplan-Meier curve was drawn and binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify the possible predictive factors of shunt failure. Results Thirty-eight eligible patients were included in our study. Five days after LPS, chronic hydrocephalus scores (CHS; 10.26 ± 5.17 vs 5.21 ± 3.75; P < 0.001) and Evans index (0.36 ± 0.06 vs 0.28 ± 0.06; P < 0.001) were significantly improved with statistical difference. The overall incidence of complications was 50% (19 patients) while hydrocephalus-associated death or shunt failure was not observed immediately after LPS. According to the 1-year follow-up, most of the patients obtained good prognosis while 16 patients (42.1%) were failed, including 15 patients (39.5%) underwent shunt revision and one patient (2.6%) was dead ascribing to shunt malfunction. However, we failed to screen out any factors contributing to LPS failure. Conclusion To sum up, we have, for the first time, demonstrated that LPS could be a potential option to treat PTH.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3654-1
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Rate and impact of multidrug-resistant organisms in patients with
           aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
    • Authors: Marius Marc-Daniel Mader; Jörn Grensemann; Stefan Kluge; Manfred Westphal; Patrick Czorlich
      Pages: 2049 - 2054
      Abstract: Background Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) are an increasing problem in critical care medicine. This study describes for the first time the rate and impact of MDRO in patients suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Methods Anonymized data of SAH patients admitted to our institution from November 2010 to August 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with microbiological tests positive for MDRO were identified. Screening of MDRO was in consensus with national recommendations. Results 449 SAH patients were reviewed with 18 patients (prevalence: four MDRO-positive patients per 100 SAH patients) having positive tests for MDRO during their hospital stay. The prevalence upon admission was 1.3 MDRO-positive patients per 100 patients. The acquisition rate was 1.1 MDRO-positive patients per 1000 hospital days. Patients positive for an MDRO had a significantly extended length of stay in intensive care (mean ± SD 26.7 ± 13.0 versus 18.4 ± 11.7 days, p = 0.004) and in hospital (mean ± SD 33.9 ± 12.4 versus 24.4 ± 12.6 days, p = 0.002). MDRO detection was associated with a significant prolonged duration of mechanical ventilation (median (IQR) 254.0 (14.9–632.8) versus 37.5 (3.3–277.0) hours, p = 0.02). There was no statistically significant effect on the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) at discharge and at follow-up after 164.4 ± 113.0 days. Conclusions MDRO positivity is present in 4% of aneurysmal SAH patients. It seems to be associated with a prolonged length of stay and prolonged duration of mechanical ventilation. The importance of infection control standards in neurointensive care units is emphasized.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3637-2
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Clinical characteristics and course of primary brain abscess
    • Authors: Nicole Lange; Maria Berndt; Ann-Kathrin Jörger; Arthur Wagner; Nina Wantia; Nina Lummel; Yu-Mi Ryang; Bernhard Meyer; Jens Gempt
      Pages: 2055 - 2062
      Abstract: Background Due to improved diagnostic methods, the incidence of brain abscess is still rising. Therefore, clear and evidence-based therapy for the patients who suffer from brain abscesses is necessary. Brain abscesses are potentially life-threatening conditions that possibly lead to permanent injuries even after sufficient healing has taken place. The aims of this study were to analyze the clinical aspects of patients with brain abscesses and thereby to reveal the relevant aspects for the future treatment of the brain lesions. Methods We retrospectively identified 47 patients (24 male, 23 female) who had received surgery or undergone the frameless stereotactic drainage of brain abscesses in our center from March 2009 to May 2017. We analyzed the clinical characteristics of the patients, as well as comorbidities and outcomes. Results The mean age was 58 (range 7 to 86). Focus identification was successful in 28 patients (60%), with the most frequent causes of brain abscesses including the following: sinusitis (25%), dental infections (25%), and mastoiditis (21%). The mean Charlson Comorbidity Index was 1.57. Among the patients, 34% showed immunosuppressive conditions. We performed 1.5 surgeries per patient (53% via craniotomy, 28% biopsies or stereotactic drainage, 19% both procedures), followed by antibiotic treatment for 6.5 weeks (mean). In 30% of patients, no bacteria could be isolated. During the follow-up period (a median of 12 months), 23.4% of the patients died. The mortality rate during the initial hospital stay was 4.3%. Conclusion One third of the patients with brain abscesses showed immunosuppressive conditions, whereas brain abscesses also often occur in patients with good medical conditions. The isolation of the focus of infection is often possible. Surgical procedures showed very good outcomes. Patients over 60 years showed significantly worse clinical outcomes.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3633-6
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
  • Neurosurgery rounds: questions and answers (2nd edition) (2017) by Mark R.
           Shaya, Cristian Gragnaniello, and Remi Nader 520 pp., 160 illustrations
           paperback/softback ISBN: 9781626233461 Thieme Publishers New
    • Authors: Alexander Lilja-Cyron
      Pages: 2067 - 2067
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3651-4
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 10 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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