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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 137)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Acta Neurochirurgica
  [SJR: 0.833]   [H-I: 73]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0942-0940 - ISSN (Online) 0001-6268
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Decompressive surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis across the Atlantic: a
           comparison of preoperative MRI between matched cohorts from the US and
    • Authors: Amandeep Bhalla; Thomas D. Cha; Clemens Weber; Ulf Nerland; Sasha Gulati; Greger Lønne
      Pages: 419 - 424
      Abstract: Background There are no uniform guidelines regarding when to operate for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis (LSS). As we apply findings from clinical research from one population to the next, elucidating similarities or differences provides important context for the validity of extrapolating clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare the morphological severity of lumbar spinal stenosis on preoperative MRI in patients undergoing decompressive surgery in Boston, USA, and Trondheim, Norway. Methods In this observational retrospective study, we compared morphological severity on MRI before surgical treatment between two propensity score-matched patient populations with single or two-level symptomatic LSS. We assessed the radiographic severity of LSS utilizing the Schizas classification (grade A to D). Results Following propensity score matching, demographics are balanced. In the Trondheim cohort, two levels decompression were present in 36.2% of the patients vs. 41.9% in Boston, (p = 0.396). There was no significant difference in grades A to D concerning central stenosis (p = 0.075). When dichotomized in mild/moderate (A/B) and severe /extreme (C/D), there were no significant differences in the rate of levels operated for high-grade stenosis (C/D), 67.6% in the Boston group compare to 78.1% in the Trondheim group (p = 0.088). Conclusions Trondheim, Norway, and Boston, US, have similar radiographic thresholds of LSS for offering surgery.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3460-1
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Intramedullary ependymoma: long-term outcome after surgery
    • Authors: N. Svoboda; O. Bradac; P. de Lacy; V. Benes
      Pages: 439 - 447
      Abstract: Background Overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients undergoing spinal ependymoma resection has been frequently reported. Contrarily, OS and PFS of purely intramedullary ependymomas have not been clearly determined yet. Methods The data of 37 patients undergoing resection of an intramedullary ependymoma (IE) from January 2000 to December 2016 were analysed retrospectively. Results The mean age was 46 years. The male:female ratio was 24:13. The median duration of symptoms was 12 months. Sixty-two per cent of ependymomas were in the cervical, 24% in the thoracic, and 14% in the conus region in our series. The median volume was 1.3 ml. A syrinx was found in 49% and a cyst in 32%. GTR was achieved in 89%, STR in three (8%), and PR in one patient (3%). Median follow-up was 114 months. PFS was 87%, 82%, and 82% at 5, 10, and 15 years, respectively. OS was 97%, 88%, and 63% at 5, 10, and 15 years, respectively. There was a significant difference in PFS depending on the extent of resection and in OS depending on the pre-operative clinical status. There was no significant difference in OS and PFS regarding the other examined influencing factors. Conclusion GTR resection was the most important factor influencing PFS. According to our results OS of IEs is much worse than that of spinal ependymomas. Our analysis confirms that patients with good pre-operative (McCormick grade 1 and 2) clinical status have significantly better OS than patients with McCormick grade 3 and higher.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3430-7
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • A new technique for minimal invasive complete spinal cord injury in
    • Authors: Elena E. Foditsch; Gratian Miclaus; Irina Patras; Ioan Hutu; Karin Roider; Sophina Bauer; Günter Janetschek; Ludwig Aigner; Reinhold Zimmermann
      Pages: 459 - 465
      Abstract: Background The aim of this study was to develop a minimal invasive complete spinal cord injury (SCI) minipig model for future research applications. The minipig is considered a translationally relevant model for SCI research. However, a standardized minimal invasive complete SCI model for pigs has not yet been established. Methods Adult Göttingen minipigs were anesthetized and placed in extended prone position. After initial computed tomography (CT) scan, the skin was incised, a needle placed in the epidural fatty tissue. Using the Seldinger technique, a guidewire and dilators were introduced to insert the balloon catheter to Th12. After confirmation of the level Th11/Th12, the balloon was inflated to 2 atm for 30 min. The severity of the lesion was followed by CT and by MRI, and by immunohistochemistry. Function was assessed at the motor and sensory level. Results Duration of procedure was about 60 min including the 30-min compression time. The balloon pressure of 2 atm was maintained without losses. The lesion site was clearly discernible and no intradural bleeding was observed by CT. Neurological assessments during the 4-month follow-up time showed consistent, predictable, and stable neurological deficits. Magnetic resonance imaging analyses at 6 h and 4 weeks post SCI with final immunohistochemical analyses of spinal cord tissue underlined the neurological outcomes and proved SCI completeness. Conclusions We have established a new, minimal invasive, highly standardized, CT-guided spinal cord injury procedure for minipigs. All risks of the open surgery can be excluded using this technique. This CT-guided SC compression is an excellent technique as it avoids long surgery and extensive trauma and allows a feasible inter-animal comparison.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3442-3
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Disc herniation, occult on preoperative imaging but visualized
           microsurgically, as the cause of idiopathic thoracic spinal cord
    • Authors: Christian T. Ulrich; Christian Fung; Eike Piechowiak; Jan Gralla; Andreas Raabe; Jürgen Beck
      Pages: 467 - 470
      Abstract: Idiopathic spinal cord herniation (ISCH) through an anterior dural defect is rare and the cause is uncertain. Recently, through interpreting imaging studies, disc herniation was proposed to be a major cause for ISCH. We describe the case of a 50-year-old woman with progressive myelopathy who was diagnosed with a thoracic spinal cord herniation. Microsurgical exploration revealed an anterior vertical dural defect and a small concomitant disc herniation, occult on the preoperative imaging, which caused the dural defect and led to ISCH. This intraoperative finding corroborates the emerging notion that disc herniation is the underlying cause of ISCH.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3466-3
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Cerebellar infarction after posterior direct reduction and fixation to
           treat an unstable Jefferson fracture: a case report
    • Authors: Seung Hwan Baek; Seung Ho Yoo; Kyoung Rai Cho; Jun Jae Shin
      Pages: 471 - 477
      Abstract: A 42-year-old man had an unstable Jefferson type IV atlas fracture with unilateral vertebral artery occlusion after a diving accident. We performed C1-ring reconstruction with a crosslink rod and C2 fixation to directly reduce the fracture fissure. Within 6 h, cerebellar hemisphere infarction developed. After decompressive craniectomy, duroplasty, and release of the vertebral artery occlusion caused by the transfixing rod, a postoperative computed tomography angiogram showed that blood flow in the right vertebral artery improved. We suggest cautiously inserting screws into the fractured C1 lateral mass and gently tightening the crosslink rod to prevent distal migration of a thrombus.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3443-2
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Compression of a giant pseudomeningocele causing transient anoxic
           seizures—a case report
    • Authors: Alhafidz Hamdan; A. Saxena; G. Rao; M. Ivanov
      Pages: 479 - 485
      Abstract: Transient anoxic seizure upon application of pressure on a giant pseudomeningocele has never been reported in the literature; such abrupt changes in intracranial pressure due to large volume of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) translocation, if left untreated may lead to permanent cerebral hypoxic injury and death. Here we describe a case of a 26-year-old woman who had undergone lumbar disc surgery in another unit few months ago and developed a large lump around her back. Any pressure on the lump resulted in headaches and at times episodes of seizures. Clinical examination revealed a very large fluid-filled lump consistent with a giant pseudomeningocele, confirmed by an MRI. A video EEG while applying pressure on the lump was recorded. The patient developed a typical seizure attack with a characteristic pattern of cerebral anoxia, and a paired ECG showed irregular rhythm with junctional and ventricular ectopic beats during the latter part of the attack, raising a suspicion of asystole. Upon relieving the pressure off the lump, the patient gradually regained consciousness with no permanent neurological deficit. We then discuss the pathophysiology of anoxic seizures and highlight the need to be vigilant in managing patients with such lesions in order to prevent permanent cerebral hypoxic injury and death.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3446-z
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Bacterial colonisation of suture material after routine neurosurgical
           procedures: relevance for wound infection
    • Authors: Bujung Hong; Andreas Winkel; Philipp Ertl; Sascha Nico Stumpp; Kerstin Schwabe; Meike Stiesch; Joachim K. Krauss
      Pages: 497 - 503
      Abstract: Background Wound healing impairment is a serious problem in surgical disciplines which may be associated with chronic morbidity, increased cost and patient discomfort. Here we aimed to investigate the relevance of bacterial colonisation on suture material using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect and taxonomically classify bacterial DNA in patients with and without wound healing problems after routine neurosurgical procedures. Methods Repeat surgery was performed in 25 patients with wound healing impairment and in 38 patients with well-healed wounds. To determine the presence of bacteria, a 16S rDNA-based PCR detection method was applied. Fragments of 500 bp were amplified using universal primers which target hypervariable regions within the bacterial 16S rRNA gene. Amplicons were separated from each other by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis, and finally classified using Sanger sequencing. Results PCR/SSCP detected DNA of various bacteria species on suture material in 10/38 patients with well-healed wounds and in 12/25 patients with wound healing impairment including Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Propionibacterium acnes and Escherichia coli. Microbiological cultures showed bacterial growth in almost all patients with wound healing impairment and positive results in PCR/SSCP (10/12), while this was the case in only one patient with a well-healed wound (1/10). Conclusions Colonisation of suture material with bacteria occurs in a relevant portion of patients with and without wound healing impairment after routine neurosurgical procedures. Suture material may provide a nidus for bacteria and subsequent biofilm formation. Most likely, however, such colonisation of sutures is not a general primer for subsequent wound infection.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3404-9
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • A counterforce to diversion of cerebrospinal fluid during
           ventriculoperitoneal shunting: the intraperitoneal pressure. An
           observational study
    • Authors: Brit Böse; Veit Rohde; Ingo Fiss; Florian Baptist Freimann
      Pages: 519 - 524
      Abstract: Background Intraperitoneal pressure (IPP) counteracts the diversion of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the cranial to the peritoneal compartment during ventriculoperitoneal shunting. Animal studies suggest that the intrinsic IPP exceeds the intraperitoneal hydrostatic pressure. The intrinsic IPP in mobile patients is relevant for shunt therapy, but data about it is not available. Methods The IPP was measured indirectly in 25 mobile subjects (13 female) by applying a standard intravesical pressure measurement technique. Measurements were carried out in reference to the navel (supine position) and the xiphoid (upright position). Results were adjusted for the intraperitoneal hydrostatic pressure and correlated afterward with general body measures. Results The corrected mean (SD) IPP measured in the supine position was 4.4 (4.5) cm H2O, and the mean (SD) upright IPP was 1.6 (7.8) cm H2O (p = 0.02). A positive correlation was found between the body mass index (BMI) and the IPP in the upright (r = 0.51) and supine (r = 0.65) body positions, and between the abdominal circumference and the IPP in the supine position (r = 0.63). Conclusions The intrinsic IPP in mobile subjects exceeds the intraperitoneal hydrostatic pressure. Thus, the intrinsic IPP counteracts the diversion of CSF into the peritoneal compartment. The intrinsic IPP is correlated with mobile patients’ general body measures.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3439-y
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Image-guided Ommaya reservoir insertion for intraventricular chemotherapy:
           a retrospective series
    • Authors: Jonathan C. Lau; Suzanne E. Kosteniuk; David R. Macdonald; Joseph F. Megyesi
      Pages: 539 - 544
      Abstract: Background Ayub Ommaya proposed a surgical technique for subcutaneous reservoir and pump placement in 1963 to allow access to intraventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Currently, the most common indication for Ommaya reservoir insertion (ORI) in adults is for patients with hematologic or leptomeningeal disorders requiring repeated injection of chemotherapy into the CSF space. Historically, the intraventricular catheter has been inserted blindly based on anatomical landmarks. The purpose of this study was to examine short-term complication rates with ORI with image guidance (IG) and without image guidance (non-IG). Methods We retrospectively evaluated all operative cases of ORI from 2000 to 2014 by the senior author. Patient demographic data, surgical outcomes, and peri-operative complications were collected. Accurate placement and early (30-day) morbidity or mortality were considered primary outcomes. Results Fifty-five consecutive patients underwent ORI by the senior author over the study period (43.5 ± 16.6 years; 40.0% female). Indications for placement included acute lymphoblastic leukemia, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and leptomeningeal carcinomatosis. There were seven (12.7%) total complications: three (37.5%) with no-IG versus four (8.5%) with IG. Catheter malpositions were significantly higher in the non-IG group at 37.5% compared to 2.1%. Catheters were also more likely to require multiple passes with non-IG at 25% compare to 0% with IG. There were no early infections in either group. Conclusions We demonstrate improved accuracy and decreased complications using an image-guided approach compared with a traditional approach. Our results support routine use of intra-operative image guidance for proximal catheter insertion in elective ORI for intraventricular chemotherapy.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3454-z
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Increased rate of ventriculostomy-related hemorrhage following
           endovascular treatment of ruptured aneurysms compared to clipping
    • Authors: Christian Scheller; Christian Strauss; Julian Prell; Sebastian Simmermacher; Silvio Brandt
      Pages: 545 - 550
      Abstract: Objective Acutely ruptured aneurysms can be treated by endovascular intervention or via surgery (clipping). After endovascular treatment, the risk of thromboembolic complications is reduced by the use of anticoagulative agents, which is not required after clipping. The aim of the study is to investigate the rate of ventriculostomy-related hemorrhage after endovascular treatment and clipping. Methods A consecutive series of 99 patients treated for a ruptured aneurysm which required an external ventricular drainage between 2010 and 2015 were included. Their CT scans were investigated retrospectively for ventriculostomy-related hemorrhage. Furthermore, the extent of bleeding, the rate of revision surgery, and the rate of bacterial ventriculitis have been analyzed. Results Ventriculostomy-related hemorrhage was observed in 20 of 45 patients after endovascular treatment compared to 7 of 54 patients after clipping (chi-squared test, p < 0.001). Revision surgery was indicated in 75%. In 50% of these patients, revision surgery was required more than once and nearly 50% developed additional cerebral infections. Intraventricular or intracerebral extension of the bleeding was observed only in the endovascular treatment group (chi-squared test, p = 0.003). Glasgow outcome scale showed a significant better outcome in the surgical group (t test, p = 0.005). Conclusions Ventriculostomy-related hemorrhage is an underestimated complication after endovascular treatment leading to revision surgeries, bacterial infections, and may have a negative impact on long-term outcome. The probability of occurrence is increased when anticoagulation is performed by heparin in combination with antiplatelet drugs as compared to heparin alone. Lumbar drainage should be considered as an alternative for treatment of acute hydrocephalus in patients with Hunt and Hess grade 1–3.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3471-6
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Trapping and resection of cortical MCA mycotic aneurysm in eloquent area
    • Authors: Erez Nossek; Avi Setton; David J. Chalif
      Pages: 579 - 582
      Abstract: Background Mycotic aneurysms, although well recognized, are relatively rare intracranial vascular pathology. These aneurysms are typically located in distal cortical vessels. When these aneurysms are located in eloquent cerebral territories, they may become challenging to treat. Eloquent location may necessitate intraoperative angiographic evaluation to verify complete aneurysmal occlusion/obliteration and preservation of normal adjacent vasculture. Recently, ICG videoangiography has become a widely used intra-operative adjunct and is an important tool used to assess complete occlusion and vessel patency at the conclusion of clip reconstruction. In this report, we outline the comprehensive and concurrent utilization of both vascular imaging modalities to ensure safe and complete occlusion of a mycotic aneurysm. Methods We describe our experience with a patient with left M4, Rolandic, enlarging mycotic aneurysm that was treated in a comprehensive fashion with microsurgery and intra-operative angiography (IA). Conclusions ICG videoangiography, in combination with concurrent intraoperative angiography in the setting of complex vascular lesions, may support intraoperative decision-making and provide demonstration of complete occlusion in an immediate fashion. A hybrid operative suite allows for high-quality imaging confirming complete resection.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3401-z
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Long-term control and predictors of seizures in intracranial meningioma
           surgery: a population-based study
    • Authors: Hai Xue; Olafur Sveinsson; Jiri Bartek; Petter Förander; Simon Skyrman; Lars Kihlström; Raana Shafiei; Tiit Mathiesen; Torbjörn Tomson
      Pages: 589 - 596
      Abstract: Background The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the long-term seizure control and antiepileptic drug (AED) prescriptions, as well as identifying predictors of seizure(s) before and after surgery in a population-based cohort of operated intracranial meningioma patients. Methods A total of 113 consecutive adult (> 18 years old) patients with newly diagnosed meningioma operated at the Karolinska University Hospital between 2006 and 2008 were included and followed up until the end of 2015. Data on seizure activity and AED prescriptions were obtained through chart review and telephone interview. Logistic regression and survival analysis were applied to identify risk factors for pre- and postoperative seizures. Results A total of 21/113 (18.6%) patients experienced seizures before surgery of which 8/21 (38.1%) went on to become seizure-free after surgery. Thirteen (14%) patients experienced new-onset seizures after surgery. The regression analysis revealed tumor diameter ≥ 3.5 cm as a risk factor for preoperative seizures (OR 3.83, 95% CI 1.14–12.87). Presence of headache (OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.05–0.76) and skull base tumor location (OR 0.14, 95% CI 0.04–0.44) decreased the risk of preoperative seizures. Postoperative seizures were associated with tumor diameter ≥ 3.5 cm (OR 2.65, 95% CI 1.06–6.62) and history of preoperative seizures (OR 3.50, 95% CI 1.55–7.90). Conclusion Seizures are common before and after intracranial meningioma surgery. Approximately one third of patients with preoperative seizures become seizure-free on long-term follow-up after surgery, while 14% experienced new-onset seizures after surgery. Larger tumor size, absence of headache, and non-skull base location were associated with preoperative seizures, while tumor size and preoperative seizures were associated with postoperative seizures.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3434-3
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • How I do it – selective amygdalohippocampectomy via a navigated
           temporobasal approach, when veins forbid elevation of the temporal lobe
    • Authors: Daniel Delev; Johannes Schramm; Hans Clusmann
      Pages: 597 - 601
      Abstract: Background Selective amygdalohippocampectomy is an effective treatment option for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy associated with hippocampal sclerosis. Methods To describe and emphasize potential pitfalls during selective amygdalohippocampectomy via a modified navigated temporobasal approach, in cases, where temporal basal veins hinder the required elevation of the temporal lobe. Conclusions Selective amygdalohippocampectomy via navigated temporobasal approach is a safe procedure that can reduce the rate of visual field deficits by avoiding damage of optic radiation. The option of a small subpial corticotomy of the inferior temporal gyrus allows sufficient elevation of the temporal lobe in cases with difficult basal venous anatomy.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3386-7
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Right Brodmann area 18 predicts tremor arrest after Vim radiosurgery: a
           voxel-based morphometry study
    • Authors: Constantin Tuleasca; Tatiana Witjas; Dimitri Van de Ville; Elena Najdenovska; Antoine Verger; Nadine Girard; Jerome Champoudry; Jean-Philippe Thiran; Meritxell Bach Cuadra; Marc Levivier; Eric Guedj; Jean Régis
      Pages: 603 - 609
      Abstract: Introduction Drug-resistant essential tremor (ET) can benefit from open standard stereotactic procedures, such as deep-brain stimulation or radiofrequency thalamotomy. Non-surgical candidates can be offered either high-focused ultrasound (HIFU) or radiosurgery (RS). All procedures aim to target the same thalamic site, the ventro-intermediate nucleus (e.g., Vim). The mechanisms by which tremor stops after Vim RS or HIFU remain unknown. We used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) on pretherapeutic neuroimaging data and assessed which anatomical site would best correlate with tremor arrest 1 year after Vim RS. Methods Fifty-two patients (30 male, 22 female; mean age 71.6 years, range 49–82) with right-sided ET benefited from left unilateral Vim RS in Marseille, France. Targeting was performed in a uniform manner, using 130 Gy and a single 4-mm collimator. Neurological (pretherapeutic and 1 year after) and neuroimaging (baseline) assessments were completed. Tremor score on the treated hand (TSTH) at 1 year after Vim RS was included in a statistical parametric mapping analysis of variance (ANOVA) model as a continuous variable with pretherapeutic neuroimaging data. Pretherapeutic gray matter density (GMD) was further correlated with TSTH improvement. No a priori hypothesis was used in the statistical model. Results The only statistically significant region was right Brodmann area (BA) 18 (visual association area V2, p = 0.05, cluster size Kc = 71). Higher baseline GMD correlated with better TSTH improvement at 1 year after Vim RS (Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient = 0.002). Conclusions Routine baseline structural neuroimaging predicts TSTH improvement 1 year after Vim RS. The relevant anatomical area is the right visual association cortex (BA 18, V2). The question whether visual areas should be included in the targeting remains open.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3391-x
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Kim J. Burchiel: Handbook of pain surgery
    • Authors: Zvi Harry Rappaport
      Pages: 637 - 637
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3461-0
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Bipolar dual-lead spinal cord stimulation between two electrodes on the
           ventral and dorsal sides of the spinal cord: consideration of putative
    • Authors: Mitsuru Watanabe; Takamitsu Yamamoto; Chikashi Fukaya; Toshiki Obuchi; Toshikazu Kano; Kazutaka Kobayashi; Hideki Oshima; Atsuo Yoshino
      Pages: 639 - 643
      Abstract: We have applied bipolar dual-lead spinal cord stimulation (SCS) between two cylinder-type electrodes placed on the ventral and dorsal sides of the spinal cord (dual-VD-SCS). A 36-year-old man suffered from burning pain from his right elbow down to his hand after brachial plexus avulsion. The areas with paresthesia induced by conventional SCS did not include the painful hand area. However, dual-VD-SCS completely induced paresthesia in the painful hand area. We speculate that dual-VD-SCS can be applied to stimulate deeper sites of the dorsal column and dorsal horn than conventional SCS and is useful for pain reduction.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3421-8
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Predictors of surgical outcomes for severe cubital tunnel syndrome: a
           review of 146 patients
    • Authors: Jinsong Tong; Zhen Dong; Bin Xu; Chenggang Zhang; Yudong Gu
      Pages: 645 - 650
      Abstract: Background Full recovery is unlikely for severe cubital tunnel syndrome, and prognostic factors remain uncertain. We aimed to identify predictors of surgical outcome for these patients. Methods One hundred forty-six patients with McGowan grade III cubital tunnel syndrome were evaluated retrospectively with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. All patients underwent either in situ decompression or subcutaneous transposition. The primary outcome measure was postoperative McGowan grade. Predictors included age, sex, dominant hand, disease duration, diabetes mellitus, smoking, alcohol, surgical procedure, follow-up time and preoperative electrophysiological data. Spearman’s rank correlation and ordinal logistic regression model were used to assess the effect of independent variables on the postoperative McGowan grade. Results At the last follow-up, improvement by at least one McGowan grade was reached in 118 cases (80.8%), and complete recovery was achieved in 40 hands (27.4%), while 28 extremities (19.2%) remained at grade III. Older age [per 10-year increase, odds ratio (OR) 2.10; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.55–2.84, p < 0.001], longer disease duration (per 1-year increase, OR 1.31; 95% CI 1.16–1.49, p < 0.001), absent sensory nerve conduction (OR 2.55; 95% CI 1.25–5.21, p = 0.010) and shorter postoperative follow-up (per 1-year increase, OR 0.76; 95% CI 0.65–0.90, p = 0.001) were associated with a higher postoperative McGowan grade. Conclusion Significant improvement but not complete recovery could be expected following in situ decompression or subcutaneous transposition for severe cubital tunnel syndrome. Older age, longer disease duration, absent sensory nerve conduction and shorter postoperative follow-up are independent predictors of worse outcomes.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3420-9
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Intraoperative intravenous fluorescein as an adjunct during surgery for
           peroneal intraneural ganglion cysts
    • Authors: Jonathan J. Stone; Christopher S. Graffeo; Godard C.W. de Ruiter; Michael G. Rock; Robert J. Spinner
      Pages: 651 - 654
      Abstract: The intraoperative use of intravenous fluorescein is presented in a case of peroneal intraneural ganglion cyst. When illuminated with the operative microscope and yellow filter, this fluorophore provided excellent visualization of the abnormal cystic peroneal nerve and its articular branch connection. The articular (synovial) theory for the pathogenesis of intraneural cysts is further supported by this pattern of fluorescence. Further, our report presents a novel use of fluorescein in peripheral nerve surgery.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3477-0
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Mathematical model of perineural tumor spread: a pilot study
    • Authors: Joshua J. Jacobs; Stepan Capek; Robert J. Spinner; Kristin R. Swanson
      Pages: 655 - 661
      Abstract: Background Perineural spread (PNS) of pelvic cancer along the lumbosacral plexus is an emerging explanation for neoplastic lumbosacral plexopathy (nLSP) and an underestimated source of patient morbidity and mortality. Despite the increased incidence of PNS, these patients are often times a clinical conundrum—to diagnose and to treat. Building on previous results in modeling glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), we present a mathematical model for predicting the course and extent of the PNS of recurrent tumors. Methods We created three-dimensional models of perineurally spreading tumor along the lumbosacral plexus from consecutive magnetic resonance imaging scans of two patients (one each with prostate cancer and cervical cancer). We adapted and applied a previously reported mathematical model of GBM to progression of tumor growth along the nerves on an anatomical model obtained from a healthy subject. Results We were able to successfully model and visualize perineurally spreading pelvic cancer in two patients; average growth rates were 60.7 mm/year for subject 1 and 129 mm/year for subject 2. The model correlated well with extent of PNS on MRI scans at given time points. Conclusions This is the first attempt to model perineural tumor spread and we believe that it provides a glimpse into the future of disease progression monitoring. Every tumor and every patient are different, and the possibility to report treatment response using a unified scale—as “days gained”—will be a necessity in the era of individualized medicine. We hope our work will serve as a springboard for future connections between mathematics and medicine.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3423-6
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
  • Mariano Socolovsky, Lukas Rasulic, Rajiv Midha, and Debora Garozzo (eds):
    • Authors: Michel Kliot
      Pages: 663 - 663
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3450-3
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 3 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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