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Showing 1 - 200 of 2353 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Acta Neurochirurgica
  [SJR: 0.833]   [H-I: 73]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0942-0940 - ISSN (Online) 0001-6268
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Innovation in neurosurgery
    • Authors: Mario Ammirati
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3283-0
  • External ventricular drain causes brain tissue damage: an imaging study
    • Authors: Fabrizio Ortolano; Marco Carbonara; Antonella Stanco; Vittorio Civelli; Giorgio Carrabba; Tommaso Zoerle; Nino Stocchetti
      Abstract: Background An external ventricular drain (EVD) is used to measure intracranial pressure (ICP) and to drain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The procedure is generally safe, but parenchymal sequelae are reported as a possible side effect, with variable incidence. We investigated the mechanical sequelae of EVD insertion and their clinical significance in acute brain-injured patients, with a special focus on hemorrhagic lesions. Methods Mechanical sequelae of EVD insertion were detected in patients by computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), performed for clinical purposes. Results In 155 patients we studied the brain tissue surrounding the EVD by CT scan (all patients) and MRI (16 patients); 53 patients were studied at three time points (day 1–2, day 3–10, >10 days after EVD placement) to document the lesion time course. Small hemorrhages, with a hyperdense core surrounded by a hypodense area, were identified by CT scan in 33 patients. The initial average (hyper- + hypodense) lesion volume was 8.16 ml, increasing up to 15 ml by >10 days after EVD insertion. These lesions were not accompanied by neurologic deterioration or ICP elevation. History of arterial hypertension, coagulation abnormalities and multiple EVD insertions were significantly associated with hemorrhages. In 122 non-hemorrhagic patients, we detected very small hypodense areas (average volume 0.38 ml) surrounding the catheter. At later times these hypodensities slightly increased. MRI studies in 16 patients identified both intra- and extracellular edema around the catheters. The extracellular component increased with time. Conclusion EVD insertion, even when there are no clinically important complications, causes a tissue reaction with minimal bleedings and small areas of brain edema.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3291-0
  • Editorial: postoperative chylothorax—a cause for concern
    • Authors: Anders Albåge
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3297-7
  • Dual lumbar bronchogenic and arachnoid cyst presenting with sciatica and
           left foot drop
    • Authors: Nicholas Candy; Adam Young; Abel Devadass; Andrew Dean; Jason McMillen; Rikin Trivedi
      Abstract: Introduction Spinal bronchogenic cysts are rare findings, with only four cases of lumbar bronchogenic cysts reported in the literature. All of these bronchogenic cysts involved the conus medullaris. We present the first case of a lumbar bronchogenic cyst and arachnoid cyst arising from the cauda equina in a 68-year-old male. Uniquely, this bronchogenic cyst also contained components of an arachnoid cyst. Methods Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a compressive cystic lesion at the level of the L3 vertebra splaying the cauda equina. An L3/L4 laminectomy was performed with marsupialisation of the cyst. Results Histological examination revealed pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium confirming the diagnosis of a bronchogenic cyst, as well as a pleated fibrovascular tissue lined by sparsely spaced small monomorphic arachnoidal cells, indicating an arachnoid cyst. Conclusion We demonstrate that bronchogenic cysts can be successfully treated with marsupialisation.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3284-z
  • Long-term monitoring of intracranial pressure in normal pressure
           hydrocephalus and other CSF disorders
    • Authors: Zofia Czosnyka; Marek Czosnyka
      Abstract: Abstract Long-term monitoring of intracranial pressure is a useful method in the diagnosis of complex hydrocephalus and CSF disorders. This editorial discusses various criteria for the interpretation of ICP monitoring in normal pressure hydrocephalus, idiopathic intracranial hypertension and in patients with implanted hydrocephalus shunts.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3282-1
  • How I do it' Cranial setup for cranial settling
    • Authors: Eugenio Cárdenas Ruiz-Valdepeñas; A. Kaen; G. Perez Prat
      Abstract: Background Expanded endonasal endoscopic techniques allow us to treat several pathologies related to the odontoid process and craniocervical junction. Cases such as giant basilar invagination represent a surgical challenge. Methods The authors provide technical nuances and describe how to complete an endoscopic endonasal odontoidectomy and release the craniocervical junction with the aim of restoring a correct sagittal balance in cases with giant basilar invagination. The study of cadaveric specimens adds clarifying dissections. Conclusions Endonasal endoscopic odontoidectomy and craniocervical junction joint release allow the treatment of irreducible basilar invagination and restoration of better sagittal balance before posterior cervical occipitocervical fusion.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3231-z
  • Constant dripping wears away the bone: intraosseous C2 and suboccipital
           intradiploic cerebrospinal fluid collection after Chiari I decompressive
    • Authors: Arthur R. Kurzbuch; Shailendra Magdum
      Abstract: Abstract The objective of decompressive surgery for Chiari I malformation is to create additional space to accommodate the ectopic cerebellar tonsils and to improve the flow of cerebrospinal fluid. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of a patient with previous Chiari I decompression presenting 5 years after surgery at the same time as an intraosseous C2 and a suboccipital intradiploic cerebrospinal fluid accumulation. Because of the progressive nature of the C2 cerebrospinal fluid collection causing bone destruction, surgical management was indicated. To avoid the erosion of the bone, we propose that the iatrogenic exposure of the diploe and the vertebral spongiosa that may come into contact with the cerebrospinal fluid should be sealed off with bone wax or a similar material.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3208-y
  • Bilateral chylothorax following anterior cervical spine surgery
    • Authors: Jung Sik Bae; Jeong Hyun Park; Il-Tae Jang
      Abstract: Abstract Bilateral chylothorax following anterior cervical spine surgery is very rare. This report documents the first case of chylothorax after anterior cervical spine surgery through a right-side surgical approach. Unidentified chyle leakage can easily remain unrecognized and, thus, is difficult to treat. For early diagnosis and treatment, it is very important to consider the possibility of chylothorax following anterior cervical spine surgery, even when using a right-side surgical approach.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3294-x
  • Endoscopic endonasal approach for intracranial chordomas
    • Authors: Shamik Chakraborty; Amir R. Dehdashti
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-016-3033-8
  • Chordomas: Technologies, Techniques, and Treatment. (2017) Edited by Pamir
           et al., 235 pp., Hardback, 400 illustartions, €179.99/USD$199.99 ISBN:
           9781626231597 eISBN: 9781626231603 Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. New
    • Authors: Torstein R. Meling
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3174-4
  • Anatomical study of occipital triangles: the ‘ inferior’ suboccipital
           triangle, a useful vertebral artery landmark for safe postero-lateral
           skull base surgery
    • Authors: Giuseppe La Rocca; Roberto Altieri; Luca Ricciardi; Alessandro Olivi; Giuseppe Maria Della Pepa
      Abstract: Background Vertebral artery (VA) identification within the suboccipital triangle is a key step in craniocervical junction surgery. Often VA exposition at this level is arduous (space-occupying lesions, previous surgery); to identify VA more proximally may prove useful in complex cases. An alternative triangle is present just below the suboccipital one, where VA can be easily controlled; we named it the inferior suboccipital triangle (IST). The aim of the study is to identify IST anatomical relations and VA space orientation and evaluate its practical utility in surgery. Methods An anatomical study was performed on ten sides of five injected cadaverdic specimens. Relevant anatomical data were databased. Results The IST is limited superiorly by the inferior oblique muscle, inferolaterally by the posterior intertransversarii muscle and inferomedially by the C2 lamina; VA at this level has a vertical course with a slight medial to lateral direction (mean 10.8°) and minor posterior to anterior inclination (mean 3.4°). VA within the IST has a constant course without significant loops or kinkings; periarterial venous plexus is less represented at this level. The IST measures an average of 1.89 cm2, and VA at this level has an average length of 98 mm. Conclusions IST is a significantly large anatomical space where the VA course is rather regular, and its length is sufficient for vascular proximal control purposes. Periarterial venous plexus is less evident at this level, easing the surgical exposure. VA exposition within the IST can be used as an alternative option when space-occupying lesions, scars and stabilisation devices make arterial dissection hazardous in more cranial V3 segments.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3300-3
  • Technique for rerouting a bridging vein that hinders the anterior
           interhemispheric approach: a technical note
    • Authors: Kenta Ohara; Tomohiro Inoue; Hideaki Ono; Satoshi Kiyofuji; Akira Tamura; Isamu Saito
      Abstract: Background The frontal bridging vein, which is the venous drainage route of the frontal cortex into the superior sagittal sinus (SSS), sometimes poses an obstacle in the anterior interhemispheric approach during surgery for anterior cerebral artery aneurysms. Although severe complications including venous infarction or edema due to damage to the bridging vein are well known, only a few reports have discussed how to avoid venous injury when we must sacrifice the bridging vein to obtain an appropriate surgical field. This report describes a microvascular technique performed in two patients who underwent rerouting of the bridging vein to obtain an appropriate anterior interhemispheric surgical corridor to treat a ruptured anterior cerebral artery aneurysm. The hindering bridging vein was resected from the entrance to the SSS and anastomosed toward the adjacent cortical vein. Methods A 65-year-old male and a 43-year-old male were admitted to our hospital for sudden headache. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance angiogram, or digital subtraction angiography demonstrated a subarachnoid hemorrhage and an anterior cerebral artery aneurysm in both patients. In both cases, a relatively robust bridging vein, which appeared problematic to sacrifice, was draining into the SSS, resulting in a limited surgical corridor. Thus, we performed cortical vein reconstruction, and the aneurysms were successfully clipped under a wider surgical view. Results We confirmed completed clipping without postoperative venous complications. One patient demonstrated patency of reconstructed venous flow by digital subtraction angiography. No apparent cognitive impairment was seen in either patient. Conclusions This technique may be useful for obtaining an appropriate surgical corridor when the frontal bridging vein may be damaged.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3285-y
  • Intra-catheter endoscopy for various shunting procedures—a retrospective
           analysis on surgical practicability, catheter placement, and failure rates
    • Authors: Sebastian Antes; Stefan Linsler; Mohamed Salah; Sebastian Senger; Joachim Oertel
      Abstract: Background The long-term function of a cerebral shunt is directly influenced by the placement of the ventricle catheter. In this work, an intra-luminal endoscope for best possible catheter positioning was used. Practicability, postoperative imaging, and shunt failure rates were retrospectively evaluated. Methods Between January 2012 and June 2016, an intra-catheter endoscope was applied in 71 procedures. Endoscopic technique was used for catheter placement in first-time shunting or cerebrospinal fluid reservoir insertion (n = 38), revision surgery in proximal shunt failure (n = 13), and various intraventricular stenting procedures (n = 20). Catheter positioning was graded on postoperative imaging using a four-point scale. All patients were regularly followed up (mean, 31.6 months) to recognize shunt failures. Results Endoscopic application could be completed as intended in 68 of 71 procedures. Postoperative imaging could exclude complete misplacement of all catheters, but optimal positioning was only achieved in 64.7% (44/68 cases). Four catheters had to be revised due to malfunction (failure rate, 5.8%). Another five catheters had to be removed due to infectious complications or wound-healing disorders. Direct correlations between catheter complications and suboptimal catheter positioning were not seen. Slit or distorted ventricles also did not prove to be a risk factor for the observed complications. Conclusions Versatile application possibilities of the intra-catheter endoscope reflect the advantages of the technique. Independent of the performed procedure, unintended positionings or even complete catheter misplacements could be avoided. However, in more than one-third of all cases, suboptimal catheter placements became obvious. Interestingly, negative influences on later shunt failures were not seen.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3264-3
  • The missing falx: a potential surgical pitfall during interhemispheric
           transcallosal approach
    • Authors: Sunil Kumar Gupta; Ashish Aggarwal
      Abstract: Abstract One of the standard surgical approaches to lateral ventricular tumors involves interhemispheric dissection along the falx cerebri. The falx cerebri thus provides an important landmark in guiding the surgeon to the midline. Unrecognized absence of falx may lead to surgical complications. A child with tuberous sclerosis presented with refractory epilepsy and a lateral ventricular tumor. The tumor was excised by an interhemispheric trans-callosal approach. The midline falx cerebri was absent anteriorly, rendering the identification of midline difficult. The embryology of a deficient falx and its surgical implications are discussed in this short report.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3292-z
  • Accuracy of 837 pedicle screw positions in degenerative lumbar spine with
           conventional open surgery evaluated by computed tomography
    • Authors: Ilkka Saarenpää; Timo Laine; Jussi Hirvonen; Saija Hurme; Esa Kotilainen; Jaakko Rinne; Katariina Korhonen; Janek Frantzén
      Abstract: Background The spatial and directional accuracy of the positioning of pedicle screws in the lumbosacral spine with conventional open surgery assessed by computed tomography (CT) has been published in several studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses with a short-term follow-up. Inaccurate pedicle screw insertion may cause neurologic symptoms and weakens the construct. Methods The data of 147 patients operated on with transpedicular screw fixation based on anatomical landmarks, supported by fluoroscopy, by a senior neurosurgeon in our clinic between 2000 and 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. The accuracy of the pedicle screw position was assessed by using postoperative CT images and graded in 2-mm increments up to 6 mm by two independent surgeons and partly by an independent radiologist. Results A total of 837 lumbosacral pedicle screws were inserted in 147 randomly selected patients by a senior neurosurgeon. A mean accuracy of 85.7% of the screws being inside the pedicles was identified by the surgeon observers, with 3.3% being perforated 4 mm or more outside the pedicles. Postoperative neurologic symptoms were observed on the side corresponding to the breach in an average of 25.9% of patients with pedicle perforations, and 89.2% of the misplaced screws were either medially or inferiorly inserted. Conclusions Screw application reached a mean accuracy of 85.7% based on anatomical landmarks supported by fluoroscopy, warranting computer-assisted navigation for increased accuracy. Our results of 24 patients (16.3%) with the breached screws indicate that the direction of the breach may be more important than the absolute deviation in causing new neurologic symptoms.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3289-7
  • Using external lumbar CSF drainage to treat communicating external
           hydrocephalus in adult patients after acute traumatic or non-traumatic
           brain injury
    • Authors: Romain Manet; Jean-François Payen; Romain Guerin; Orianne Martinez; Serge Hautefeuille; Gilles Francony; Laurent Gergelé
      Abstract: Background Despite various treatments to control intracranial pressure (ICP) after brain injury, patients may present a late onset of high ICP or a poor response to medications. External lumbar drainage (ELD) can be considered a therapeutic option if high ICP is due to communicating external hydrocephalus. We aimed at describing the efficacy and safety of ELD used in a cohort of traumatic or non-traumatic brain-injured patients. Methods In this multicentre retrospective analysis, patients had a delayed onset of high ICP after the initial injury and/or a poor response to ICP treatments. ELD was considered in the presence of radiological signs of communicating external hydrocephalus. Changes in ICP values and side effects following the ELD procedure were reported. Results Thirty-three patients with a median age of 51 years (25-75th percentile: 34–61 years) were admitted after traumatic (n = 22) or non-traumatic (n = 11) brain injuries. Their initial Glasgow Coma Scale score was 8 (4–11). Eight patients underwent external ventricular drainage prior to ELD. Median time to ELD insertion was 5 days (4–8) after brain insult. In all patients, ELD was dramatically effective in lowering ICP: 25 mmHg (20–31) before versus 7 mmHg (3–10) after (p < 0.001). None of the patients showed adverse effects such as pupil changes or intracranial bleeding after the procedure. One patient developed an ELD-related infection. Conclusions These findings indicate that ELD may be considered potentially effective in controlling ICP, remaining safe if a firm diagnosis of communicating external hydrocephalus has been made.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3290-1
  • Target location after deep cerebral biopsies using low-volume air
           injection in 75 patients. Results and technical note
    • Authors: Maria A. Poca; Francisco-Ramon Martínez-Ricarte; Dario F. Gándara; Pilar Coscojuela; Elena Martínez-Sáez; Juan Sahuquillo
      Abstract: Background Stereotactic biopsy is a minimally invasive technique that allows brain tissue samples to be obtained with low risk. Classically, different techniques have been used to identify the biopsy site after surgery. Objective To describe a technique to identify the precise location of the target in the postoperative CT scan using the injection of a low volume of air into the biopsy cannula. Methods Seventy-five biopsies were performed in 65 adults and 10 children (40 males and 35 females, median age 51 years). Frame-based biopsy was performed in 46 patients, while frameless biopsy was performed in the remaining 29 patients. In both systems, after brain specimens had been collected and with the biopsy needle tip in the center of the target, a small volume of air (median 0.7 cm3) was injected into the site. Results A follow-up CT scan was performed in all patients. Intracranial air in the selected target was present in 69 patients (92%). No air was observed in two patients (air volume administered in these 2 cases was below 0.7 cm3), while in the remaining four patients blood content was observed in the target. The diagnostic yield in this series was 97.3%. No complications were found to be associated with intracranial air injection in any of the 75 patients who underwent this procedure. Conclusions The air-injection maneuver proposed for use in stereotactic biopsies of intracranial mass lesions is a safe and reliable technique that allows the exact biopsy site to be located without any related complications.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3191-3
  • How I do it—optimizing radiofrequency ablation in spinal metastases
           using iCT and navigation
    • Authors: Pujan Kavakebi; C. F. Freyschlag; C. Thomé
      Abstract: Background Exact positioning of the radiofrequency ablation (RFA) probe for tumor treatment under fluoroscopic guidance can be difficult because of potentially small inaccessible lesions and the radiation dose to the medical staff in RFA. In addition, vertebroplasty (VP) can be significantly high. Method Description and workflow of RFA in spinal metastasis using iCT (intraoperative computed tomography) and 3D-navigation-based probe placement followed by VP. Conclusion RFA and VP can be successfully combined with iCT-based navigation, which leads to a reduction of radiation to the staff and optimal probe positioning due to 3D navigation.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3267-0
  • Long-term follow-up after endoscopic trans-sphenoidal surgery or initial
           observation in clivus chordomas
    • Authors: Jon Ramm-Pettersen; Radek Frič; Jon Berg-Johnsen
      Abstract: Background Resection of clivus chordomas through extensive skull base approaches is associated with high mortality and morbidity even in experienced hands. We report our experience with endoscopic trans-sphenoidal surgery, or a “wait-and-scan” strategy in selected patients. Method Ten patients were diagnosed with clivus chordomas during an 8-year period. Six patients underwent primary treatment with endoscopic trans-sphenoidal surgery, followed by adjuvant proton-beam therapy in three of these patients. Four patients with minor symptoms were followed-up untreated. Mean follow-up was 91 months. Results Of the six patients operated on, total or gross total resection was achieved in four, partial resection in one and biopsy was taken in one. Preoperative cranial neuropathies resolved in three out of five patients, and no new cranial nerve palsies were encountered. Postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak occurred in one patient. Four patients were initially followed-up without any treatment, and three of these have remained stable without tumour progression for a mean of 94 months. Due to a slow, though progressive growth of tumour, one patient was operated on after 80 months of initial observation. Conclusions The natural course of clivus chordomas has yet to be defined. The endoscopic trans-sphenoidal approach is a valid, minimally invasive alternative for the treatment of clival chordomas, and in selected patients a “wait and scan” strategy can be considered. Our long-term results show low mortality and good functional outcome. An endonasal endoscopic trans-sphenoidal approach should be a principal part of the armamentarium of surgeons treating clivus chordomas.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3236-7
  • Clival chordoma: a single-centre outcome analysis
    • Authors: Max Jägersberg; Amir El Rahal; Philipp Dammann; Doron Merkler; Damien Charles Weber; Karl Schaller
      Abstract: Background The treatment of clival chordomas remains challenging. Total tumour resection is often impossible without hampering adjacent anatomical structures and causing functional sequelae. On the other hand, chordomas show limited response to non-surgical treatment modalities. Up to now, no well-established interdisciplinary treatment algorithms for clival chordomas exist. In this regard, we analysed the data from all patients that underwent interdisciplinary treatment for clival chordoma in our institution over the last 10 years. Method Retrospective report of all patients treated at the authors’ institution from 2005 to 2015. Results Thirteen patients underwent 24 surgeries, of which 2 (8%) were gross total resections and 22 (92%) incomplete resections. Neurological deterioration, endocrinological disturbances and other surgical complications were observed in six (25%), three (13%) and nine (38%) cases, respectively. Three surgeries (13%) led to an improvement of the initial preoperative neurological condition. All patients were discussed on the interdisciplinary tumour board and all underwent one type of radiotherapy following initial surgery: proton beam in 11 cases (85%) and photon beam in two (15%) cases. In the course of their recurrent disease, three patients (23%) received systemic therapy (imatinib, pazopanib and nivolumab). One patient received a personalised cellular immunotherapy. One patient (8%) was lost to follow-up. Of the remaining 12 patients, four patients (33%) died in the period of analysis; all deaths were chordoma-related. The 5-year cumulative survival rate was 83% (52–97%, CI 95%), 5-year progression-free survival rate was 53% (26-79%, CI 95%). The eight patients (66%) still alive had favourable outcome (KPS, 90 ± 10.7%). SF36 analysis among the survivors revealed 43 points for the Physical Component Summary (12% above, 38% at and 50% below the general population norm) and 47 points for the Mental Component Summary (25% above, 38% at and 38% below). Conclusions Our patients show a low rate of gross total resection but an outcome well comparable to other published results. This emphasises the importance of interdispiplinary treatment strategies, with surgery supplying maximal safe resection and avoiding severe neurological deficit, allowing patients to undergo adjusted radiotherapy and other treatment options in a good condition.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-017-3163-7
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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