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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2351 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2351 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access  
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.641, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover
Acta Neurochirurgica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.822
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 6  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0942-0940 - ISSN (Online) 0001-6268
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Suction forces generated by passive bile bag drainage on a model of
           post-subdural hematoma evacuation
    • Authors: Steven O. Tenny; William E. Thorell
      Pages: 1305 - 1309
      Abstract: Background Passive drainage systems are commonly used after subdural hematoma evacuation but there is a dearth of published data regarding the suction forces created. We set out to quantify the suction forces generated by a passive drainage system. Method We created a model of passive drainage after subdural hematoma evacuation. We measured the maximum suction force generated with a bile bag drain for both empty drain tubing and fluid-filled drain tube causing a siphoning effect. We took measurements at varying heights of the bile bag to analyze if bile bag height changed suction forces generated. Results An empty bile bag with no fluid in the drainage tube connected to a rigid, fluid-filled model creates minimal suction force of 0.9 mmHg (95% CI 0.64–1.16 mmHg). When fluid fills the drain tubing, a siphoning effect is created and can generate suction forces ranging from 18.7 to 30.6 mmHg depending on the relative position of the bile bag and filled amount of the bile bag. The suction forces generated are statistically different if the bile bag is 50 cm below, level with or 50 cm above the experimental model. Conclusion Passive bile bag drainage does not generate significant suction on a fluid-filled rigid model if the drain tubing is empty. If fluid fills the drain tubing then siphoning occurs and can increase the suction force of a passive bile bag drainage system to levels comparable to partially filled Jackson-Pratt bulb drainage.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3545-5
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 7 (2018)
  • Deep brain stimulation of the thalamic ventral intermediate nucleus for
           Benedikt’s syndrome mainly present as tremor: a long-term case
    • Authors: Guoxiong Cheng; Yuan Yang; Yuelong Wang; Hongyu Tan; Shizhen Zhang
      Pages: 1349 - 1353
      Abstract: Benedikt’s syndrome (BS) is caused by the lesion in the midbrain and specifically manifests a series of symptoms, including ipsilateral third nerve palsy, contralateral tremor, hemiataxia, and hyperactive tendon reflexes. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) for BS emerges as a new approach and achieves successfully results. We report a successful case report of thalamic ventral intermediate (VIM) nucleus DBS for a patient with BS. During follow-up of 3 years, DBS successfully control the tremor and greatly improve his living and working quality. We consider that VIM DBS may have sustained benefit for refractory BS that mainly presents as tremor.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3526-8
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 7 (2018)
  • An unusual surgical indication for cerebral tuberculosis: status
           dystonicus. Case report
    • Authors: Andrea Franzini; Angelo Franzini; Vincenzo Levi; Roberto Cordella; Giuseppe Messina
      Pages: 1355 - 1358
      Abstract: Actual indications for surgery in tuberculosis are limited to obtaining a diagnosis, acquiring tissue for culture studies, treating hydrocephalus, aspiring a brain abscess, and reducing intracranial pressure in patients with multiple tuberculomas. Tuberculosis-related movement disorders are usually treated pharmacologically. We report on a child affected by post-tubercular generalized dystonia, who progressed to status dystonicus (SD) and underwent stereotactic bilateral pallidotomy. After surgery, SD resolved, and drugs were rapidly tapered. The successful reversal of SD and the motor improvement observed in our patient demonstrate the safety, feasibility, and clinical efficacy of pallidotomy in post-tuberculous-meningoencephalitis dystonia and SD.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3561-5
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 7 (2018)
  • Pocket Atlas of Spine Surgery. 2nd ed. (2018) by Singh K, Vaccaro AR
    • Authors: Ehab Shiban; Bernhard Meyer
      Pages: 1371 - 1371
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3559-z
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 7 (2018)
  • Effect of spinal anterior root stimulation and sacral deafferentation on
           bladder and sexual dysfunction in spinal cord injury
    • Authors: Hamed Zaer; Mikkel Mylius Rasmussen; Franko Zepke; Charlotte Bodin; Burkhard Domurath; Johannes Kutzenberger
      Pages: 1377 - 1384
      Abstract: Background Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a highly devastating injury with a variety of complications; among them are neurogenic bladder, bowel, and sexual dysfunction. We aimed to evaluate the effect of sacral anterior root stimulation with sacral deafferentation (SARS-SDAF) on neurogenic bladder and sexual dysfunction in a large well-defined spinal cord injury cohort. Methods In the manner of cross-sectional study, subjects undergone SARS-SDAF between September 1986 and July 2011 answered a questionnaire concerning conditions before and after surgery in the department of Neuro-Urology, Bad Wildungen, Germany. Results In total 287 of 587 subjects were analyzed. Median age was 49 years (range 19–80), median time from SCI to surgery was 10 years (range 0–49), and from surgery to follow-up 13 years (range 1–25). Of the analyzed subjects, 100% of both gender used SARS for bladder emptying. On the visual analogue scale (VAS) ranging from 0 to 10 (best), satisfaction with SARS-SDAF was 10 concerning bladder emptying, however 5 and 8 regarding sexual performance, for female and male users, respectively. Baseline and follow-up comparison showed a decline in self-intermittent catheterization (p < 0.0001), partial catheterization by attendant (p = 0.0125), complete catheterization and suprapubic catheterization (p < 0.0001), transurethral catheterization (p < 0.0011), and fewer cases of involuntary urine leakage (p < 0.0001). Conclusions The SARS-SDAF is a beneficial multi-potential treatment method with simultaneous positive effect on multi-organ dysfunction among SCI subjects.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3557-1
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 7 (2018)
  • Correction to: Assessing size of pituitary adenomas: a comparison of
           qualitative and quantitative methods on MR
    • Authors: Benjamin M. Davies; Elizabeth Carr; Calvin Soh; Kanna K. Gnanalingham
      Pages: 1491 - 1492
      Abstract: We have incorrectly described the ellipsoid equation as being calculated using maximal diameters. It is in fact calculated using half the maximal diameter, i.e. the maximal radii. The diameter is initially recorded on the MRI images (as per Fig. 1), as the lesions do not have a defined midpoint.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3553-5
      Issue No: Vol. 160, No. 7 (2018)
  • Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring in diffuse brain injury: to do or
           not to do'
    • Authors: Ravi Sharma; Vivek Tandon; Dattaraj Sawarkar; Manoj Phalak; Amol Raheja; Shashank S. Kale
      PubDate: 2018-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3610-0
  • Diffuse vasospasm after transcortical temporal lobectomy for intractable
    • Authors: James Charles Dickerson; Joaquin Andres Hidalgo; Zachary Stidham Smalley; James Mason Shiflett
      Abstract: Cerebral delayed ischemia due to arterial vasospasm is a rare complication following epilepsy surgery. Here we report the third known case and first of diffuse vasospasm. A 48-year-old woman underwent a transcortical anterior left temporal lobectomy. Eleven days later, she had new-onset expressive aphasia with narrowing of the anterior, middle, and posterior cerebral arteries, and increased velocities via transcranial Doppler. She was treated with fluids, nimodipine, and permissive hypertension. At 6 months, her speech was near baseline. Cerebral vasospasm may represent a rare cause of morbidity after anterior temporal lobectomy; a literature review on the subject is presented.
      PubDate: 2018-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3606-9
  • ICP monitoring in diffuse brain injury: clarifications
    • Authors: Sudish Karunakaran
      PubDate: 2018-07-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3612-y
  • Bone resorption around anular closure device
    • Authors: Alexander V. Krutko; Evgenii S. Baykov; Abdugafur J. Sanginov
      PubDate: 2018-07-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3608-7
  • Unruptured intracranial aneurysms in patients over 80 years: natural
           history and management implications
    • Authors: Thomas J. Sorenson; Roanna Vine; Giuseppe Lanzino
      Abstract: Purpose Patients over the age of 80 years when diagnosed with an unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA) pose unique decision-making challenges due to shortened life-expectancy and increased risk of treatment. Thus, we investigated the risk of rupture and survival of a consecutive series of patients who were diagnosed with an UIA after the age of 80 years. Methods Data of consecutive patients with an UIA were reviewed, and patients were included in our study if they were first evaluated for a UIA by the senior author during their ninth decade of life. Outcomes were aneurysm rupture and overall survival after diagnosis. Survival was estimated from a Kaplan-Meier survival curve. Incidence of risk factors was compared to a population of patients less than 65 years who were seen by the senior author over the same time period. Results Eighty-three patients who were over 80 years when diagnosed with a UIA were included in this study. In our population, there is a risk of rupture of 3.2% per patient-year. One-, three-, and five-year survival rates for our population were estimated to be 92, 64, and 35%, respectively. When compared to patients under 65 years diagnosed with a UIA, “over 80” patients had a significantly higher incidence of hypertension, and a significantly lower incidence of smoking history and familial aneurysm history. Conclusions In our study population, UIAs greater than 7 mm carry a non-negligible risk of rupture of 3.2% per patient-year, and further studies investigating the risk-to-benefit ratio of treatment in this population are warranted.
      PubDate: 2018-07-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3590-0
  • Ketogenic diet delays spinal fusion and decreases bone mass in
           posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion: an in vivo rat model
    • Authors: Qi Liu; Xiaomeng Wang; Zucheng Huang; Junhao Liu; Jianyang Ding; Xiaolin Xu; Ganggang Kong; Xiuhua Wu; Zhou Yang; Qingan Zhu
      Abstract: Background Ketogenic diet (KD), a low-carbohydrate-and-high-fat diet, causes a metabolic state of ketogenesis and has been used to treat drug-resistance epilepsy. Our recent studies showed KD neuroprotective after spinal cord injury and causing bone loss. Effects of KD on spinal fusion were still unknown. This study was aimed to evaluate effects of KD on spinal fusion in rats. Methods Thirty-two Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into KD and standard diet (SD) groups. The KD group was fed with food of 1:4 carbohydrates to fat. All rats were subjected to L4/5 posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion. The blood ketone, and serum calcium, phosphorus, and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) were measured, as well as the fusion rates, bone mass (BV), and bone mineral contents (BMC) of fusion sites were estimated at 4 and 8 weeks. Results There was no significant difference in serum calcium or phosphorus levels between groups at 4 or 8 weeks. However, there was a significant increase of blood ketone (1.02 mmol/L vs 0.38 mmol/L at 4 weeks; 0.83 mmol/L vs 0.32 mmol/L, at 8 weeks) and decrease of serum IGF-1 (339.4 ng/mL vs 630.6 ng/mL at 4 weeks; 418.8 ng/mL vs 628.6 ng/mL, at 8 weeks) in the KD group compared with the SD group. The spinal fusion occurred less in the KD group (1/16 vs 6/16 at 4 weeks; 7/16 vs 10/16, at 8 weeks), particularly at 4 weeks after surgery. The BV and BMC were lower in the KD group than that in the SD group at 4 weeks, but not different between groups at 8 weeks. Conclusions This study demonstrated that KD delayed spinal fusion and decreased bone mass in posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion in rats.
      PubDate: 2018-07-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3616-7
  • The evolution of cranial meningioma surgery—a single-center 25-year
    • Authors: Johanna Sicking; Kira Marie Voß; Dorothee Cäcilia Spille; Stephanie Schipmann; Markus Holling; Werner Paulus; Katharina Hess; Andrea U. Steinbicker; Walter Stummer; Oliver Grauer; Johannes Wölfer; Benjamin Brokinkel
      Abstract: Background There have been major developments in diagnostic and surgical and non-surgical techniques used in the management of meningiomas over last three decades. We set out to describe these changes in a systematic manner. Method Clinical and radiological data, surgical procedures, complications, and outcome of 817 patients who underwent surgery for primarily diagnosed meningioma between 1991 and 2015 were investigated. Results Median age at diagnosis increased significantly from 56 to 59 years (p = .042), while tumor location and preoperative Karnofsky performance status did not change during the observation period. Availability of preoperative MRI increased, and rates of angiography and tumor embolization decreased (p < .001, each). Median duration of total, pre-, and postoperative stay was 13, 2, and 9 days, respectively, and decreased between 1991 and 2015 (p < .001, each). Median incision-suture time varied annually (p < .001) but without becoming clearly longer or shorter during the entire observation period. The use of intraoperative neuronavigation and neuromonitoring increased, while the rates of Simpson grade I and III surgeries decreased (p < .001). Rates of postoperative hemorrhage (p = .997), hydrocephalus (p = .632), and wound infection (p = .126) did not change, while the frequency of early postoperative neurological deficits decreased from 21% between 1991 and 1995 to 13% between 2011 and 2015 (p = .003). During the same time, the rate of surgeries for postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage slightly increased from 2 to 3% (p = .049). Within a median follow-up of 62 months, progression was observed in 114 individuals (14%). Progression-free interval did not significantly change during observation period (p > .05). Multivariate analyses confirmed the lack of correlation between year of surgery and tumor relapse (HR: 1.1, p > .05). Conclusions Preoperative diagnosis and surgery of meningiomas have been substantially evolved. Although early neurological outcome has improved, long-term prognosis remains unchanged.
      PubDate: 2018-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3617-6
  • Low-grade infection due to annular closure device
    • Authors: Nicole Lange; Bernhard Meyer; Ehab Shiban
      PubDate: 2018-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3611-z
  • Extensive perineural spread of an intrapelvic sciatic malignant peripheral
           nerve sheath tumor: a case report
    • Authors: Ross C. Puffer; Tomas Marek; Jonathan J. Stone; Aditya Raghunathan; Benjamin M. Howe; Robert J. Spinner
      Abstract: Perineural spread has been described in multiple neoplasms of neural and non-neural origin. The peripheral nervous system may represent a highway by which tumors can spread throughout the body. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a neoplasm arising from peripheral nerves with high rates of local recurrence and distant metastases, leading to a poor 5-year overall survival. In many cases, the optimal treatment involves wide en bloc excision with negative margins as well as chemotherapy and radiation. Even in cases of negative surgical margins, recurrence rates are high, suggesting possible skip lesions or very distant infiltration along the involved nerve. We report a case of high-grade MPNST of the sciatic nerve with post-mortem dissection and histopathologic characterization of perineural spread of microscopic disease to sites significantly proximal and distal to areas with evidence of gross disease, which may help to explain the high rates of local and distal recurrence in MPNST.
      PubDate: 2018-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3619-4
  • Incidence and morphometry of caroticoclinoid foramina in Greek dry human
    • Authors: E. Efthymiou; V. Thanopoulou; D. Kozompoli; V. Kanellopoulou; M. Fratzoglou; D. Mytilinaios; M. Piagkou; Elizabeth O. Johnson
      Abstract: Background Ossification of the caroticoclinoid ligament (CCL) and formation of a caroticoclinoid foramen (CCF) may impose significant risk to neurosurgeons by impeding mobilization of the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery. Although safe surgical access to the clinoidal space is related to understanding the CCF anatomical and ethnic variants, there remains a paucity of studies of the morphology and bony relationships. The current study provides a systematic morphological and morphometric analysis of the CCF, the ossification of the CCL extending between the anterior and middle clinoid processes, and their relations in a Greek population. Materials and methods The incidence of unilateral and bilateral CCF, types (complete, incomplete, and contact) of ossified CCLs, and foramina diameter according to side and gender were determined in 76 Greek adult dry skulls. Findings were correlated with the morphology of optic strut (OS) (presulcal, sulcal, postsulcal, and asymmetric). Results A CCF was detected in 74% of the specimens. The majority of skulls (51.4%) had bilateral CCF, whereas 22.3% of the skulls had unilateral foramina. Incomplete CCF were observed in 69.3%, complete in 19.8%, and contact type in 10.9%. The mean CCF diameter was 0.55 ± 0.07 cm on the left and 0.54 ± 0.08 cm on the right side. Side symmetry existed, although there were no significant differences according to gender. The CCF were more prominent in skulls with a sulcal type of OS. Conclusions The results of the present study augment the current knowledge on the morphology of key anatomical landmarks, CCF, and CCL ossification in the sellar area, indicating population differences. A significant side asymmetry in caroticoclinoid osseous bridging and foramina is highlighted. These findings are necessary for a safe surgical access to the clinoidal area.
      PubDate: 2018-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3607-8
  • Posterior interosseous nerve entrapments: review of the literature. Is the
           entrapment distal to the arcade of Frohse a really rare condition'
    • Authors: Pasquale Anania; Pietro Fiaschi; Marco Ceraudo; Alberto Balestrino; Federico Zaottini; Carlo Martinoli; Sergio Gennaro
      Abstract: Introduction Spontaneous posterior interosseous nerve palsy is a rare condition. Entrapment is mostly at level of the arcade of Frohse, and a few cases of distal entrapment have been described. Methods A case of entrapment distal to the arcade of Frohse is described here. Cases of distal entrapment have been reviewed from the published literature in order to evaluate the frequency of atraumatic mechanical palsy. Results Seven cases of distal entrapment have been identified. Lesion is the cause of palsy in 58.7% of the cases and entrapment in 20.65%. The pathology is at the elbow in 33.7% of the cases, at the arcade of Frohse in 28.26%, and at the supinator canal in 10.33%. Entrapment is at the arcade of Frohse in 64.45%, proximal in 20%, and distal in 15.55%. Conclusion Posterior interosseous nerve distal entrapment is a rare condition; therefore, further investigation is needed when radiological images at the arcade of Frohse do not show any entrapment.
      PubDate: 2018-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3615-8
  • Is surgical resection useful in elderly newly diagnosed glioblastoma
           patients' Outcome evaluation and prognostic factors assessment
    • Authors: Federico Pessina; Pierina Navarria; Luca Cozzi; Roberta Rudà; Marco Conti Nibali; Matteo Simonelli; Francesco Costa; Armando Santoro; Elena Clerici; Giulio Carta; Marta Scorsetti; Lorenzo Bello
      Abstract: ASTRACT Background The incidence of glioblastoma among elderly patients is constantly increasing. The value of radiation therapy and concurrent/adjuvant chemotherapy has been widely assessed. So far, the role of surgery has not been thoroughly investigated. The study aimed to evaluate safety and impact of several entities of surgical resection on outcome of elderly patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma treated by a multimodal approach. Methods Patients ≥ 65 years, underwent surgery were included. The extent of surgical resection (EOR) was defined as complete resection (CR = 100%), gross total resection (GTR = 90–99%), sub-total resection (STR = 78–90%), partial resection (PR = 30–78%), and biopsy. After surgery, all patients received adjuvant radiotherapy (60/2 Gy fraction) with concomitant/adjuvant temozolomide chemotherapy. Results From March 2004 to December 2015, 178 elderly with a median age of 71 years (range 65–83 years) were treated. CR was obtained in 8 (4.5%), GTR in 63 (35.4%), STR in 46 (25.8%), PR in 16 (9.0%), and biopsy in 45 (25.3%). RT was started in all patients, concurrent/adjuvant CHT in 149 (83.7%) and 132 (74.2%). The median follow-up time was 12.2 months (range 0.4–50.4 months). The median, 1- and 2-year progression-free survival was 8.9 months (95%CI 7.8–100 months), 32.0 ± 3.5%, and 12.9 ± 2.6%. The median, 1- and 2-year overall survival were 12.2 (95%CI 11.3–13.1 months), 51.1 ± 3.7%, and 16.3 ± 2.9%. Tumor location, extent of resection, and neurological status after surgery statistically affected survival (p ≪ 0.01). Conclusion Maximal surgical resection is safe and feasible in elderly patients with influence on survival. A preoperative evaluation has to be carried out.
      PubDate: 2018-07-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3599-4
  • Hands train the brain—what is the role of hand tremor and anxiety in
           undergraduate microsurgical skills'
    • Authors: John Hanrahan; Michail Sideris; Terouz Pasha; Parmenion P. Tsitsopoulos; Iakovos Theodoulou; Marios Nicolaides; Efstratia-Maria Georgopoulou; Dimitris Kombogiorgas; Alexios Bimpis; Apostolos Papalois
      Abstract: Introduction Physiological hand tremor occurs naturally, due to oscillations of the upper extremities. Tremor can be exacerbated by stress and anxiety, interfering with fine motor tasks and potentially impact on surgical performance, particularly in microsurgery. We investigated the link between tremor, anxiety and performance in a neurosurgical module as part of an international surgical course. Methods Essential Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases (ESMSC) course recruits medical students from European Union (EU) medical schools. Students are asked to suture the dura mater in an ex vivo swine model, of which the first suture completed was assessed. Questionnaires were distributed before and after the module, eliciting tremor risk factors, self-perception of tremor and anxiety. Johnson O’Connor dexterity pad was used to objectively measure dexterity. Direct Observation of Procedural Skills (DOPS) was used to assess skills-based performance. Anxiety was assessed using the Westside Test Anxiety Scale (WTAS). Tremor was evaluated by four qualified neurosurgeons. Results Forty delegates participated in the study. Overall performance decreased with greater subjective perception of anxiety (p = 0.032, rho = − 0.392). Although increasing scores for tremor at rest and overall WTAS score were associated with decreased performance, this was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Tremor at rest did not affect dexterity (p = 0.876, rho = − 0.027). Conclusions Physiological tremor did not affect student performance and microsurgical dexterity in a simulation-based environment. Self-perception of anxiety affected performance in this module, suggesting that more confident students perform better in a simulated neurosurgical setting.
      PubDate: 2018-07-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3609-6
  • Neurosurgery and pregnancy
    • Authors: Tiit Mathiesen
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00701-018-3581-1
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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