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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2353 journals)

 AMBIO   [SJR: 1.094]   [H-I: 87]   [15 followers]  Follow         Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)    ISSN (Print) 0044-7447 - ISSN (Online) 1654-7209    Published by Springer-Verlag  [2353 journals]
• Conflicting demands and shifts between policy and intra-scientific
orientation during conservation research programmes
• Authors: Thomas Ranius; Jörgen Rudolphi; Anna Sténs; Erland Mårald
Pages: 621 - 629
Abstract: Abstract Conservation scientists must meet the sometimes conflicting demands of policy and science, but not necessarily at the same time. We analysed the policy and intra-scientific orientations of research projects on effects of stump extraction on biodiversity, and found shifts over time associated with these demands. Our results indicate that uncertainties related to both factual issues and human decisions are often ignored in policy-oriented reports and syntheses, which could give misleading indications of the reliability or feasibility of any conclusions. The policy versus intra-scientific orientation of the scientific papers generated from the surveyed projects varied substantially, although we argue that in applied research, societal relevance is generally more important than intra-scientific relevance. To make conservation science more socially relevant, there is a need for giving societal relevance higher priority, paying attention to uncertainties and increasing the awareness of the value of cross-disciplinary research considering human decisions and values.
PubDate: 2017-10-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0913-y
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2017)

• Climate change and national crop wild relative conservation planning
• Authors: Jade Phillips; Joana Magos Brehm; Bob van Oort; Åsmund Asdal; Morten Rasmussen; Nigel Maxted
Pages: 630 - 643
Abstract: Abstract Climate change is likely to be one of the most important factors affecting our future food security. To mitigate negative impacts, we will require our crops to be more genetically diverse. Such diversity is available in crop wild relatives (CWRs), the wild taxa relatively closely related to crops and from which diverse traits can be transferred to the crop. Conservation of such genetic resources resides within the nation where they are found; therefore, national-level conservation recommendations are fundamental to global food security. We investigate the potential impact of climate change on CWR richness in Norway. The consequences of a 1.5 and 3.0 °C temperature rise were studied for the years 2030, 2050, 2070, 2080 and then compared to the present climate. The results indicate a pattern of shifting CWR richness from the south to the north, with increases in taxa turnover and in the numbers of threatened taxa. Recommendations for in situ and ex situ conservation actions over the short and long term for the priority CWRs in Norway are presented. The methods and recommendations developed here can be applied within other nations and at regional and global levels to improve the effectiveness of conservation actions and help ensure global food security.
PubDate: 2017-10-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0905-y
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2017)

• On the tragedy of the commons: When predation and livestock loss may
improve the economic lot of herders
• Authors: Anders Skonhoft; Anne Borge Johannesen; Jon Olaf Olaussen
Pages: 644 - 654
Abstract: Abstract This paper studies the practice of semi-domestic reindeer (Rangifer t. tarandus) herding in Finnmark county in northern Norway. In this area, the Saami reindeer herders compete for space and grazing areas and keep large herds, while at the same time, the reindeer population is heavily exposed to carnivore predation by the lynx (Lynx lynx), the wolverine (Gulo gulo), and the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos). It is demonstrated that predation actually may improve the economic lot of livestock holders in this unmanaged local common setting. There are ecological as well as economic reasons as to why this happens. The ecological reason is that predation compensates for natural mortality; that is, increased predation reduces natural mortality, indicating that the net loss due to predation actually may be quite small. When predation reduces livestock density, the feeding conditions of the animals will improve, resulting in increased livestock weight and higher per animal slaughter value. At the same time, a smaller stock reduces the operating costs of the herders.
PubDate: 2017-10-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0910-1
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2017)

• Commensal in conflict: Livestock depredation patterns by free-ranging
domestic dogs in the Upper Spiti Landscape, Himachal Pradesh, India
• Authors: Chandrima Home; Ranjana Pal; Rishi Kumar Sharma; Kulbhushansingh R. Suryawanshi; Yash Veer Bhatnagar; Abi Tamim Vanak
Pages: 655 - 666
Abstract: Abstract In human-populated landscapes worldwide, domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are the most abundant terrestrial carnivore. Although dogs have been used for the protection of livestock from wild carnivores, they have also been implicated as predators of livestock. We used a combination of methods (field surveys, interview surveys, and data from secondary sources) to examine the patterns and factors driving livestock depredation by free-ranging dogs, as well as economic losses to local communities in a Trans-Himalayan agro-pastoralist landscape in India. Our results show that livestock abundance was a better predictor of depredation in the villages than local dog abundance. Dogs mainly killed small-bodied livestock and sheep were the most selected prey. Dogs were responsible for the majority of livestock losses, with losses being comparable to that by snow leopards. This high level of conflict may disrupt community benefits from conservation programs and potentially undermine the conservation efforts in the region through a range of cascading effects.
PubDate: 2017-10-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-016-0858-6
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2017)

• Seagrass metabolism and carbon dynamics in a tropical coastal embayment
• Authors: Dipnarayan Ganguly; Gurmeet Singh; Purvaja Ramachandran; Arumughan Paneer Selvam; Kakolee Banerjee; Ramesh Ramachandran
Pages: 667 - 679
Abstract: Abstract Net ecosystem metabolism and subsequent changes in environmental variables were studied seasonally in the seagrass-dominated Palk Bay, located along the southeast coast of India. The results showed that although the water column was typically net heterotrophic, the ecosystem as a whole displayed autotrophic characteristics. The mean net community production from the seagrass meadows was 99.31 ± 45.13 mM C m−2 d−1, while the P/R ratio varied between 1.49 and 1.56. Oxygen produced through in situ photosynthesis, exhibited higher dependence over dissolved CO2 and available light. Apportionment of carbon stores in biomass indicated that nearly three-fourths were available belowground compared to aboveground. However, the sediment horizon accumulated nearly 40 times more carbon than live biomass. The carbon storage capacities of the sediments and seagrass biomass were comparable with the global mean for seagrass meadows. The results of this study highlight the major role of seagrass meadows in modification of seawater chemistry. Though the seagrass meadows of Palk Bay are increasingly subject to human impacts, with coupled regulatory and management efforts focused on improved water quality and habitat conservation, these key coastal ecosystems will continue to be valuable for climate change mitigation, considering their vital role in C dynamics and interactions with the overlying water column.
PubDate: 2017-10-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0916-8
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2017)

• The impact of climate change and aquatic salinization on mangrove species
• Authors: Susmita Dasgupta; Istiak Sobhan; David Wheeler
Pages: 680 - 694
Abstract: Abstract This paper investigates the possible impacts of climate change on aquatic salinity and mangrove species in the Bangladesh Sundarbans. The impact analysis combines the salinity tolerance ranges of predominant mangrove species with aquatic salinity measures in 27 scenarios of climate change by 2050. The estimates indicate significant overall losses for Heritiera fomes; substantial gains for Excoecaria agallocha; modest changes for Avicennia alba, A. marina, A. officinalis, Ceriops decandra, and Sonneratia apetala; and mixed results for species combinations. Changes in mangrove stocks are likely to change the prospects for forest-based livelihoods. The implications for neighboring communities are assessed by computing changes in high-value mangrove species for the five sub-districts in the Sundarbans. The results of the impact analysis indicate highly varied patterns of gain and loss across the five sub-districts. Overall, however, the results suggest that salinity-induced mangrove migration will have a strongly regressive impact on the value of timber stocks because of the loss of highest value timber species, Heritiera fomes. In addition, the augmented potential for honey production will likely increase conflicts between humans and wildlife in the region.
PubDate: 2017-10-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0911-0
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2017)

• Do frogs really eat cardamom' Understanding the myth of crop damage by
amphibians in the Western Ghats, India
• Authors: Arun Kanagavel; Sethu Parvathy; Nithula Nirmal; Nithin Divakar; Rajeev Raghavan
Pages: 695 - 705
Abstract: Abstract In the Western Ghats of India, amphibians are culled at cardamom plantations since they are perceived to consume cardamom. To better understand the relationship between amphibians and cardamom, a study was undertaken at these plantations, which harbor numerous threatened and range-restricted amphibians. We undertook questionnaire surveys with 298 respondents at 148 plantations across southern India. Time-activity budget and diet analysis surveys were undertaken to determine whether amphibians really consumed cardamom. The conception that amphibians eat cardamom was found to be widespread especially among small-sized plantations, leading to negative perceptions and a lack of interest in amphibian conservation. The plantation community perceives a substantial economic loss due to amphibians, even though this is non-existent as revealed by our field surveys. These perceptions would lead to a continued intolerance of amphibian presence in plantations. A suitable outreach initiative re-affirming facts and spreading awareness on the positive role of amphibians would need to be conducted to negate this age-old myth.
PubDate: 2017-10-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0908-8
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2017)

• Distal impacts of aquarium trade: Exploring the emerging sandhopper (
Orchestoidea tuberculata ) artisanal shore gathering fishery in Chile
• Authors: Sebastián Tapia-Lewin; Karina Vergara; Christian De La Barra; Natalio Godoy; Juan Carlos Castilla; Stefan Gelcich
Pages: 706 - 716
Abstract: Abstract Artisanal fishery activities support the livelihoods of millions of people worldwide, particularly in developing countries. Within these fisheries, distal global drivers can promote switching between alternative target resources. These drivers can promote the rapid development of new, unregulated and previously unexploited fisheries that pose a threat to the sustainability of ecosystems. In this paper, we describe a new artisanal shore gathering activity that targets a previously unexploited resource: the sandhopper (Orchestoidea tuberculata). The activity is driven by aquarium trade demand for food. We used mixed methods to describe the activity, assessed basic socio-economic incentives, and estimated Catches per Unit Effort. Results show that the sandhopper plays an important role for the livelihoods of shore gatherers engaged in the activity. Gatherers have adapted and developed two main extraction methods with different degrees of investment and extraction rates. Furthermore, gatherers have developed local knowledge regarding the ecology and management of the resource. Results show that economic incentives can motivate a rapid expansion of this unregulated activity. Future research gaps and management options to address the development of this fishery are discussed in light of these findings.
PubDate: 2017-10-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0906-x
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2017)

• The measurement of water scarcity: Defining a meaningful indicator
• Authors: Simon Damkjaer; Richard Taylor
Pages: 513 - 531
Abstract: Abstract Metrics of water scarcity and stress have evolved over the last three decades from simple threshold indicators to holistic measures characterising human environments and freshwater sustainability. Metrics commonly estimate renewable freshwater resources using mean annual river runoff, which masks hydrological variability, and quantify subjectively socio-economic conditions characterising adaptive capacity. There is a marked absence of research evaluating whether these metrics of water scarcity are meaningful. We argue that measurement of water scarcity (1) be redefined physically in terms of the freshwater storage required to address imbalances in intra- and inter-annual fluxes of freshwater supply and demand; (2) abandons subjective quantifications of human environments and (3) be used to inform participatory decision-making processes that explore a wide range of options for addressing freshwater storage requirements beyond dams that include use of renewable groundwater, soil water and trading in virtual water. Further, we outline a conceptual framework redefining water scarcity in terms of freshwater storage.
PubDate: 2017-09-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0912-z
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 5 (2017)

• Examining adaptations to water stress among farming households in Sri
Lanka’s dry zone
• Authors: Nicholas E. Williams; Amanda Carrico
Pages: 532 - 542
Abstract: Abstract Climate change is increasing water scarcity in Sri Lanka. Whether these changes will undermine national-level food security depends upon the ability of the small-scale farmers that dominate rice production and the institutions that support them to overcome the challenges presented by changing water availability. Analyzing household survey data, this research identifies household, institutional, and agroecological factors that influence how water-stressed farmers are working to adapt to changing conditions and how the strategies they employ impact rice yields. Paralleling studies conducted elsewhere, we identified institutional factors as particularly relevant in farmer adaptation decisions. Notably, our research identified farmers’ use of hybrid seed varietals as the only local climate adaptation strategy to positively correlate with farmers’ rice yields. These findings provide insight into additional factors pertinent to successful agricultural adaptation and offer encouraging evidence for policies that promote plant breeding and distribution in Sri Lanka as a means to buffer the food system to climate change-exacerbated drought.
PubDate: 2017-09-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0904-z
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 5 (2017)

• Long-term development of hypolimnetic oxygen depletion rates in the large
Lake Constance
• Authors: Justin Rhodes; Harald Hetzenauer; Marieke A. Frassl; Karl-Otto Rothhaupt; Karsten Rinke
Pages: 554 - 565
Abstract: Abstract This study investigates over 30 years of dissolved oxygen dynamics in the deep interior of Lake Constance (max. depth: 250 m). This lake supplies approximately four million people with drinking water and has undergone strong re-oligotrophication over the past decades. We calculated depth-specific annual oxygen depletion rates (ODRs) during the period of stratification and found that 50% of the observed variability in ODR was already explained by a simple separation into a sediment- and volume-related oxygen consumption. Adding a linear factor for water depth further improved the model indicating that oxygen depletion increased substantially along the depth. Two other factors turned out to significantly influence ODR: total phosphorus as a proxy for the lake’s trophic state and mean oxygen concentration in the respective depth layer. Our analysis points to the importance of nutrient reductions as effective management measures to improve and protect the oxygen status of such large and deep lakes.
PubDate: 2017-09-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0896-8
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 5 (2017)

• A method for the assessment of long-term changes in carbon stock by
construction of a hydropower reservoir
• Authors: Julio Werner Yoshioka Bernardo; Michael Mannich; Stephan Hilgert; Cristovão Vicente Scapulatempo Fernandes; Tobias Bleninger
Pages: 566 - 577
Abstract: Abstract Sustainability of hydropower reservoirs has been questioned since the detection of their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions which are mainly composed of carbon dioxide and methane. A method to assess the impact on the carbon cycle caused by the transition from a natural river system into a reservoir is presented and discussed. The method evaluates the long term changes in carbon stock instead of the current approach of monitoring and integrating continuous short term fluxes. A case study was conducted in a subtropical reservoir in Brazil, showing that the carbon content within the reservoir exceeds that of the previous landuse. The average carbon sequestration over 43 years since damming was 895 mg C m $$^{-2}\mathrm{{day}}^{-1}$$ and found to be mainly due to storage of carbon in sediments. These results demonstrate that reservoirs have two opposite effects on the balance of GHGs. By storing organic C in sediments, reservoirs are an important carbon sink. On the other hand, reservoirs increase the flux of methane into the atmosphere. If the sediments of reservoirs could be used for long term C storage, reservoirs might have a positive effect on the balance of GHGs.
PubDate: 2017-09-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-016-0874-6
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 5 (2017)

• Riparian rehabilitation planning in an urban–rural gradient: Integrating
social needs and ecological conditions
• Authors: Bárbara Guida-Johnson; Gustavo A. Zuleta
Pages: 578 - 587
Abstract: Abstract In the present context of global change and search for sustainability, we detected a gap between restoration and society: local communities are usually only considered as threats or disturbances when planning for restoration. To bridge this gap, we propose a landscape design framework for planning riparian rehabilitation in an urban–rural gradient. A spatial multi-criteria analysis was used to assess the priority of riversides by considering two rehabilitation objectives simultaneously—socio-environmental and ecological—and two sets of criteria were designed according to these objectives. The assessment made it possible to identify 17 priority sites for riparian rehabilitation that were associated with different conditions along the gradient. The double goal setting enabled a dual consideration of citizens, both as beneficiaries and potential impacts to rehabilitation, and the criteria selected incorporated the multi-dimensional nature of the environment. This approach can potentially be adapted and implemented in any other anthropic–natural interface throughout the world.
PubDate: 2017-09-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-016-0857-7
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 5 (2017)

• Using certified timber extraction to benefit jaguar and ecosystem
conservation
• Authors: John Polisar; Benoit de Thoisy; Damián I. Rumiz; Fabricio Díaz Santos; Roan Balas McNab; Rony Garcia-Anleu; Gabriela Ponce-Santizo; Rosario Arispe; Claudia Venegas
Pages: 588 - 603
Abstract: Abstract The jaguar Panthera onca requires large areas of relatively intact habitats containing adequate amounts of prey to survive. Since a substantial portion of jaguar range occurs outside of strict protected areas, there is a need for economic incentives for habitat conservation, which carefully managed selective logging can provide. Forest Stewardship Council and Pan European Forest Council certifications intended to regulate wood extraction to maintain the ecological functions of forests require evidence of biodiversity and ecosystem conservation. We draw on twelve surveys across four countries and a range of biomes to present evidence that adequate logging management can maintain jaguar populations, but that they are at risk without efficient control of secondary impacts of access and hunting. Where resident, the presence of jaguars can serve as an indication that the ecological requirements of certified timber extraction are being met. We present a gradient of rigor for monitoring, recommending cost-effective options.
PubDate: 2017-09-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-016-0853-y
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 5 (2017)

• Attitudes toward jaguars and pumas and the acceptability of killing big
cats in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: An application of the Potential for
Conflict Index 2
• Authors: Monica T. Engel; Jerry J. Vaske; Alistair J. Bath; Silvio Marchini
Pages: 604 - 612
Abstract: Abstract We explored the overall acceptability of killing jaguars and pumas in different scenarios of people–big cat interactions, the influence of attitudes toward big cats on acceptability, and the level of consensus on the responses. Data were obtained from 326 self-administered questionnaires in areas adjacent to Intervales State Park and Alto Ribeira State Park. Overall, people held slightly positive attitudes toward jaguars and pumas and viewed the killing of big cats as unacceptable. However, individuals that held negative attitudes were more accepting of killing. As the severity of people–big cat interactions increased, the level of consensus decreased. Knowing whether killing a big cat is acceptable or unacceptable in specific situations allows managers to anticipate conflict and avoid illegal killing of big cats.
PubDate: 2017-09-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0898-6
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 5 (2017)

• Hunting or habitat' Drivers of waterbird abundance and community
structure in agricultural wetlands of southern India
• Authors: Ramesh Ramachandran; Ajith Kumar; Kolla S. Gopi Sundar; Ravinder Singh Bhalla
Pages: 613 - 620
Abstract: Abstract The relative impacts of hunting and habitat on waterbird community were studied in agricultural wetlands of southern India. We surveyed wetlands to document waterbird community, and interviewed hunters to document hunting intensity, targeted species, and the motivations for hunting. Our results show that hunting leads to drastic declines in waterbird diversity and numbers, and skew the community towards smaller species. Hunting intensity, water spread, and vegetation cover were the three most important determinants of waterbird abundance and community structure. Species richness, density of piscivorous species, and medium-sized species (31–65 cm) were most affected by hunting. Out of 53 species recorded, 47 were hunted, with a preference for larger birds. Although illegal, hunting has increased in recent years and is driven by market demand. This challenges the widely held belief that waterbird hunting in India is a low intensity, subsistence activity, and undermines the importance of agricultural wetlands in waterbird conservation.
PubDate: 2017-09-01
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0907-9
Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 5 (2017)

• Pastoralists in a changing environment: The competition for grazing land
in and around the W Biosphere Reserve, Benin Republic
• Authors: Charles Tamou; Raimon Ripoll-Bosch; Imke J. M. de Boer; Simon J. Oosting
Abstract: Abstract Pastoralists face increasing competition for land with crop farmers and nature in and around the W Biosphere Reserve (WBR) in Benin. Our aim was to describe and analyse land use changes in order to understand their drivers, and to describe and analyse the viewpoints of relevant stakeholders in order to understand the competition for land. To this end, remote sensing data, regional statistics, and survey data were collected. We found that crop land expansion around the WBR was the direct driver of decrease of the grazing land area. Population growth and rising demand for food crops, and government support to the cotton sector were indirect drivers of grazing land reduction. Furthermore, competing claims on land among users arose from the complex interaction of crop expansion, presence of WBR and the way it is governed, the lack of support to pastoralists, and the increasing shift of pastoralists’ lifestyle into one of settled crop farmers. Pastoralism is under threat and its survival depends on the successful implementation of policies to support pastoralists and protect grazing lands.
PubDate: 2017-09-21
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0942-6

• Food nitrogen footprint reductions related to a balanced Japanese diet
• Authors: Azusa Oita; Ichiro Nagano; Hiroyuki Matsuda
Abstract: Abstract Dietary choices largely affect human-induced reactive nitrogen accumulation in the environment and resultant environmental problems. A nitrogen footprint (NF) is an indicator of how an individual’s consumption patterns impact nitrogen pollution. Here, we examined the impact of changes in the Japanese diet from 1961 to 2011 and the effect of alternative diets (the recommended protein diet, a pescetarian diet, a low-NF food diet, and a balanced Japanese diet) on the food NF. The annual per capita Japanese food NF has increased by 55% as a result of dietary changes since 1961. The 1975 Japanese diet, a balanced omnivorous diet that reportedly delays senescence, with a protein content similar to the current level, reduced the current food NF (15.2 kg N) to 12.6 kg N, which is comparable to the level in the recommended protein diet (12.3 kg N). These findings will help consumers make dietary choices to reduce their impacts on nitrogen pollution.
PubDate: 2017-09-14
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0944-4

• Researchers must be aware of their roles at the interface of ecosystem
services science and policy
• Authors: Emilie Crouzat; Isabelle Arpin; Lucas Brunet; Matthew J. Colloff; Francis Turkelboom; Sandra Lavorel
Abstract: Abstract Scientists working on ecosystem service (ES) science are engaged in a mission-driven discipline. They can contribute to science-policy interfaces where knowledge is co-produced and used. How scientists engage with the governance arena to mobilise their knowledge remains a matter of personal choice, influenced by individual values. ES science cannot be considered neutral and a discussion of the values that shape it forms an important part of the sustainability dialogue. We propose a simple decision tree to help ES scientists identify their role and the purpose of the knowledge they produce. We characterise six idealised scientific postures spanning possible roles at the science-policy interface (pure scientist, science arbiter—guarantor, issue advocate—guardian, officer, honest broker and stealth issue advocate) and illustrate them with feedbacks from interviews. We encourage ES scientists to conduct a reflexive exploration of their attitudes regarding knowledge production and use, with the intention of progressing toward a higher recognition of the political and ethical importance of ES assessments.
PubDate: 2017-09-14
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0939-1

• Pillar of strength: Columnar cactus as a key factor in Yoreme heritage and
wildland preservation
• Authors: Andrew J. Semotiuk; Patricia Colunga-GarcíaMarín; David Valenzuela Maldonado; Exequiel Ezcurra
Abstract: Abstract The persistence of traditional cultures and modes of land use within rapidly changing, globalized societies is a central issue in understanding ecological and cultural change in the Anthropocene. Located in the heart of the Green Revolution, the Yoreme (Mayo) people of the Mayo Valley in Mexico still obtain a significant proportion of their sustenance from wild ecosystems in the midst of this intensive technological and agricultural development. They live in and around the thornscrub dominated by pitaya (Stenocereus thurberi (Engelm.) Buxb.). In this study, we hypothesize that pitaya supports Yoreme heritage and sustenance amidst anthropogenic changes to the landscape, and we asked three specific questions: What is the land-use status of the S. thurberi habitat' What are its potential uses' Does S. thurberi provide economic value' To address these questions, we conducted interviews, vegetation surveys, and land-use analysis based on geographic information systems. We found that (a) land conversion of the pitaya-rich thornscrub is occurring at a precipitous rate, (b) local producers preserve and adapt their traditions, and (c) S. thurberi supports Yoreme heritage while providing economic benefit. The resulting land-use projections along with the cultural value of pitaya products shows the importance of conserving land and promoting sustainable projects instead of clearing land for other uses. If habitat shrinking continues at the current rate, it is likely that both Yoreme livelihoods and continued cultural practices will suffer.
PubDate: 2017-09-05
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-0940-8

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