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Showing 1 - 200 of 2353 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 124)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Annals of Microbiology
  [SJR: 0.402]   [H-I: 26]   [10 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1590-4261 - ISSN (Online) 1869-2044
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Quorum sensing activity of the plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium
           Serratia glossinae GS2 isolated from the sesame ( Sesamum indicum L.)
    • Authors: Byung Kwon Jung; Abdur Rahim Khan; Sung-Jun Hong; Gun-Seok Park; Yeong-Jun Park; Ho-Jin Kim; Hwang-Ju Jeon; Muhammad Aaqil Khan; Muhammad Waqas; In-Jung Lee; Sung-Eun Lee; Jae-Ho Shin
      Pages: 623 - 632
      Abstract: Abstract Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) affect plant growth through various mechanisms, such as indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) deaminase activity, and biofilm formation. The aim of the study reported here was to isolate and characterize rhizobacteria that produce quorum-sensing signal molecules and other PGPR-related molecules. A biofilm-forming bacterium, GS2, was isolated from the rhizosphere of a sesame plant and subsequently found to produce two quorum-sensing signal molecules that were identified as N-hexanoyl-L-homoserine lactone (m/z 200) and N-octanoyl-L-homoserine lactone (m/z 228) by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry analysis. The strain was also found to produce IAA (17.2 μg mL−1), gibberellins (113.7 μg mL−1), and ACC deaminase (9.7 μM α-ketobutyrate mg−1 protein h−1). The strain was identified as Serratia glossinae based on a comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences. Inoculation of the strain promoted growth of a gibberellin-deficient rice dwarf mutant (Waito-C). Different growth attributes, including shoot and root elongation, chlorophyll content, and plant weight could be attributed to the PGPR characteristics of strain GS2. These results suggest that S. glossinae strain GS2 can serve as a microbial agent that improves plant growth.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1291-1
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 9 (2017)
  • Erratum to: Radio-protective and antioxidative activities of astaxanthin
           from newly isolated radio-resistant bacterium Deinococcus sp. strain
    • Authors: Wasim Sajjad; Manzoor Ahmad; Salman Khan; Sunniya Ilyas; Fariha Hasan; Cem Celik; Kerry McPhail; Aamer Ali Shah
      Pages: 457 - 458
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1281-3
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 7 (2017)
  • Bacterial diversity of the outflows of a Polichnitos (Lesvos, Greece) hot
           spring, laboratory studies of a Cyanobacterium sp. strain and potential
           medical applications
    • Authors: Panagiotis Mizerakis; Panagiota Stathopoulou; George Tsiamis; Mohammed N. Baeshen; Jazem A. Mahyoub; Ahmed M. Elazzazy; Stamatia Bellou; Eleni Sakoulogeorga; Irene-Eva Triantaphyllidou; Theodora Mazioti; Panagiotis Katsoris; George Aggelis
      Abstract: Abstract The bacterial diversity of the outflows of Polichnitos (Lesvos, Greece) hot spring has been investigated. Cyanobacteria showing high sequence homologies with Phormidium sp. and Cyanobacterium aponinum were found. Members of the Alphaproteobacteria closely related to Rhodobium sp. Albidovulum sp., Rhodobacter sp., Microvigra sp., Nitratireductor sp. and Phaeobacter sp. Gammaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria and Firmicutes were represented by members of Idiomarina sp., Marinobacter sp., Shinella sp., Bacillus sp. and Clostridium sp. with sequence homologies ranging from 92% to 100%. Members of the Bacteroidetes and Planctomycetes were represented by sequences of novel phylogenetic linkages exhibiting 87–90% sequence homology with type strains. When the hot spring consortium was cultivated in bioreactor repeated batch culture under photo-autotrophic growth conditions at temperature < 30 °C, Cyanobacterium sp. dominated over Phormidium sp. Cyanobacterium sp. seems to have biotechnological potential since its extracellular broth exhibited a strong insecticidal activity against larvae of Aedes aegypti (a vector of important human diseases) and significant anti-cancer activity against the PC3 human prostate cancer cell line, while its toxicity against human endothelial cells was relatively low.
      PubDate: 2017-08-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1293-z
  • Characterization of root-associated microbiota in medicinal plants
           Astragalus membranaceus and Astragalus mongholicus
    • Authors: Haifeng Sun; Baoling Kang; Zhi Chai; Huanhuan Sun; Huizhi Du; Jianping Gao; Qianjing Feng; Chunfen Zhang; Qiufen Cao; Lanping Guo
      Abstract: Abstract Although the quality of herbal medicine is tightly associated with plant genotype and location, microbial traits of most herbs remain unclear. In this study, bacterial communities residing Astragali Radix, which is derived from Astragalus membranaceus and A. mongholicus roots, have been characterized by automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis (ARISA) and pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA amplicons. The samples were collected from four representive locations and differing in genotype and planting pattern. The spatial resolution study by ARISA firstly distinguished between the two anatomically-based parts, the periderm and secondary vascular tissue, demonstrating that microbial communities residing in the former were more diverse and clearly separated by host genotype and location as compared with those residing in the latter. Taxonomic coverage revealed that phyla of Proteobacteria, Planctomycetes and Bacteroidetes dominated the bacterial assemblages across the samples. The community diversity in A. mongholicus was more abundant than it was in A. membranaceus, especially A. mongholicus in Shanxi province of China. In addition, the conventional cultivation exerted consistently negative effects on microbiota complexity when compared with the planting pattern “imitating wild conditions”, which was regardless of the host genotype. With the focus on microbiota members in Shanxi, taxa associated with the genotype, geography and planting pattern were finally discriminated and used as indicators for the screening of endophytic bacteria that contain ACC deaminase. Taken together, microbiota should be an important trait of herbal medicines and the periderm should be a specialized niche for microbiota research in medicinal plants.
      PubDate: 2017-08-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1285-z
  • Improvement of lipid production from an oil-producing filamentous fungus,
           Penicillium brevicompactum NRC 829, through central composite statistical
    • Authors: Thanaa H. Ali; Mamdouh S. El-Gamal; Dina H. El-Ghonemy; Ghada E. Awad; Amir E. Tantawy
      Abstract: Abstract In the present study, 13 filamentous fungi were screened for their lipid production and an oleaginous fungus, Penicillium brevicompactum NRC 829, was found to be the highest lipid producer. Screening of various agro-industrial residues was performed and sunflower oil cake proved to be the best substrate for lipid production. A central composite design was employed to investigate the optimum concentrations of the most significant medium components required to improve the lipid production by P. brevicompactum. The results clearly revealed that the maximal lipid production of 8.014 ± 0.06 gL−1 (representing 57.6% lipid/dry biomass) was achieved by the fungus when grown for 6 days at 30 °C under static condition in a medium containing sunflower oil cake, NaNO3 and KCl at final concentrations of 8, 0.75 and 0.25 gL−1, respectively. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of P. brevicompactum lipid indicated that linoleic acid (LA) (C18:2–6, 9) was the most abundant fatty acid, accounting for up to 62% of the total fatty acid profile, followed by palmitoleic acid (C16:1, 16%) and linolenic acid (C18:3, 8%). These results suggest that P. brevicompactum NRC 829 may have potential for commercial development for the production of LA by fermentation using cheap raw material.
      PubDate: 2017-08-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1287-x
  • Xylan-hydrolyzing thermotolerant Candida tropicalis HNMA-1 for bioethanol
           production from sugarcane bagasse hydrolysate
    • Authors: Hoda Nouri; Mehrdad Azin; Mir Latif Mousavi
      Abstract: Abstract Sugarcane bagasse is one of the low-cost substrates used for bioethanol production. In order to solubilize sugars in hemicelluloses like xylan, a new thermotolerant isolate of Candida tropicalis HNMA-1 with xylan-hydrolyzing ability was identified and characterized. The strain showed relative tolerance to high temperature. Our results demonstrated 0.211 IU ml−1 xylanase activity at 40 °C compared to 0.236 IU ml−1 at 30 °C. The effect of high temperature on the growth and fermentation of xylose and sugarcane bagasse hydrolysate were also investigated. In both xylose or hydrolysate medium, increased growth was recorded at 40 °C. Meanwhile, the efficiency of ethanol fermentation was adversely affected by temperature since yields of 0.088 g g−1 and 0.076 g g−1 in the xylose medium, in addition to 0.090 g g−1 and 0.078 g g−1 in the hydrolysate medium were noticed at 30 °C and 40 °C, respectively. Inhibitory compounds in the hydrolysate medium demonstrated negative effects on fermentation and productivity, with maximum ethanol concentration attained after 48 h in the hydrolysate, as opposed to 24 h in the xylose medium. Our data show that the newly thermotolerant isolate, C. tropicalis HNMA-1, is able to efficiently ferment xylose and hydrolysate, and also has the capacity for application in ethanol production from hemicellulosic sources.
      PubDate: 2017-08-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1292-0
  • Sakacin G is the main responsible bacteriocin for the anti-listerial
           activity of meat-borne Lactobacillus curvatus ACU-1
    • Authors: Mónica Adriana Mechoud; Ornella Estefanía Álvarez; María Elisa Cayré; Marcela Paola Castro; Carlos Minahk; Lucila Saavedra
      Abstract: Abstract The present study was conducted to quantify the expression of the sakacins produced by Lactobacillus curvatus ACU-1, a strain isolated from artisanal dry fermented sausages of Argentina. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) screening indicated the presence of sakacin G, P, and Q genes in L. curvatus ACU-1. Purification and activity assays determined that anti-Listeria activity was mainly associated to sakacin G, as mass spectrometry analysis revealed a single peak of 3832.60 Da. Further characterization by quantitative PCR demonstrated that L. curvatus ACU-1 transcription of the sakacin G structural gene was three orders of magnitude higher than the others. Interestingly, L. curvatus ACU-1 had skgA1/skgA2 as well as sppQ genes encoded in a plasmid, while the sppA gene that encodes for sakacin P was present in the bacterial chromosome. These results point out that sakacin G is the main peptide responsible for the anti-listerial activity of L. curvatus ACU-1, with little or no contribution of sakacin P and sakacin Q. The high level of expression of sakacin G demonstrated in the present work would facilitate its potential use in food preservation, improving the food quality, safety, and shelf life. In addition, the sakacin G promoter may serve as an interesting tool for the expression of other bacteriocins at higher levels.
      PubDate: 2017-08-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1288-9
  • Traditional fermented beverages from Mexico as a potential probiotic
    • Authors: Haydee Eliza Romero-Luna; Humberto Hernández-Sánchez; Gloria Dávila-Ortiz
      Abstract: Abstract Fermentation is one of the oldest ways of processing food. Some fermented food is produced industrially, but can also be produced in an artisanal way by certain ethnic groups, called traditional fermented foods. In Mexico, there are a variety of traditional fermented beverages which are produced in an artisanal way. They include those made with maize (atole agrio, pozol, and tesgüino), fruit (tepache and colonche), and obtained by plant fermentation (pulque, tuba, and taberna). These beverages have been used since ancient times for religious and medicinal purposes. The medicinal effect may be due to fermented microorganisms. The presence of beneficial microorganisms known as probiotics provides beneficial effects to consumer health, improving the balance of intestinal host, and reducing the risk of gastrointestinal diseases, mainly. Most probiotics belong to the genus Lactobacillus, but Bifidobacterium, Bacillus, and yeast are also found. Therefore, it is important that the microbiological diversity of the beverages is studied and documented. This review includes information on the microbial diversity and probiotic potential of the most important traditional fermented beverages from Mexico.
      PubDate: 2017-08-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1290-2
  • Correlation between lipid and carotenoid synthesis in
           torularhodin-producing Rhodotorula glutinis
    • Authors: Jana Tkáčová; Júlia Čaplová; Tatiana Klempová; Milan Čertík
      Abstract: Abstract The oleaginous red yeast Rhodotorula glutinis produces carotenoid pigments, especially torularhodin and β-carotene, in significant amounts. We have analyzed in detail carotenoid and lipid biosynthesis in a torularhodin-producing strain of R. glutinis cultivated at different carbon:nitrogen (C/N) ratios (20:1, 50:1, 70:1, and 100:1). When the strain was cultivated in media with low C/N ratios (20:1 and 50:1), glucose was completely utilized and carotenoid formation was stimulated. Maximum pigment production reached 12.9 mg/L of medium and 2.3 mg/g of biomass at the C/N ratio of 20:1. It was noted that β-carotene synthesis was prominent when glucose was present in the medium. However, glucose exhaustion in the media at C/N ratios of 20:1 and 50:1 was closely accompanied by the predominant formation of torularhodin. The growth of R. glutinis in media with C/N ratios of 70:1 and 100:1 favored lipid accumulation in the cells but carotenoid biosynthesis was reduced. In addition, glucose consumption was linked to a rapid decrease in oleic acid levels in the total intracellular lipids. The kinetic analysis clearly indicated a correlation between oleic acid levels in total lipids and torularhodin accumulation in the cells. The results may suggest that acetyl-CoA formed from oleic acid degradation is metabolized through the mevalonate/isoprenoid/carotenoid pathways directly to torularhodin.
      PubDate: 2017-07-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1284-0
  • Gene modification of Escherichia coli and incorporation of process control
           to decrease acetate accumulation and increase ʟ-tryptophan production
    • Authors: Na Lu; Bin Zhang; Likun Cheng; Jinshui Wang; Songlin Zhang; Shijun Fu; Yueqiang Xiao; Hongyan Liu
      Abstract: Abstract Acetate is a primary inhibitory metabolite in cultures of Escherichia coli, and the production of both biomass and desired products are increased by reducing the accumulation of acetate. In this study, the accumulation of acetate during ʟ-tryptophan production was decreased by genetic modification of ʟ-tryptophan-producing strain (BCTRP) and optimization of the fermentation process. The mutant (BCTRPG), which has a deletion of the integral membrane permease IICBGlc (ptsG), produces a higher concentration of ʟ-tryptophan than mutants with deletions of either phosphate acetyltransferase (pta) or pta–ptsG, due to the low accumulation of acetate and other byproducts, as well as high biomass production. The appropriate dissolved oxygen (DO) level, glucose feeding mode, and pH control strategy were applied to ʟ-tryptophan production using the BCTRPG mutant. The BCTRPG strain with optimized conditions resulted in a reduction in acetate accumulation (71.08% reduction to 0.72 g/L) and an increase in ʟ-tryptophan production (35.81% increase to 17.14 g/L) compared with the BCTRP strain in the original culture condition. Meanwhile, an analysis of the metabolic flux distribution indicated that the acetate synthesis flux decreased from 19.2% (original conditions) to 8.4% (optimized conditions), and the flux of tryptophan formation with the optimized conditions was 18.5%, which was 1.89 times higher than under the original conditions. This study provided the theoretical foundation and technical support for high-level industrialization production of ʟ-tryptophan.
      PubDate: 2017-07-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1289-8
  • Population dynamics and metabolite analysis of yeasts involved in a
           Chinese miscellaneous-flavor liquor fermentation
    • Authors: Pulin Liu; Xiaomao Xiong; Shuang Wang; Lihong Miao
      Abstract: Abstract Baiyunbian liquor, the most popular miscellaneous-flavor liquor in China, is mainly produced in four successive fermentation batches every year. Sensory analysis based on the trained expert panel test revealed that the raw Baiyunbian liquor distilled from the last two fermentation batches always has higher quality than that distilled from the first two batches. In this study, the yeast composition, volatile compounds, and fermentation conditions associated with each fermentation batch were monitored. Significant differences were observed in the yeast community structure and fermentation parameters among different batches, which influenced the volatile profiles of the resulting liquors. Redundancy discriminate analysis and single-strain fermentation revealed that Pichia kudriavzevii and Candida humilis play important roles in enriching volatile compounds. Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Zygosaccharomyces bailii were the dominant yeasts in the last two fermentation batches. The sensorial characteristics of the liquors produced by single-strain fermentation were also analyzed. This study provides an in-depth understanding of the factors that influence liquor production and is beneficial in the development of new fermentation techniques with stable liquor quality.
      PubDate: 2017-07-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1286-y
  • High lipids accumulation in Rhodosporidium toruloides by applying single
           and multiple nutrients limitation in a simple chemically defined medium
    • Authors: Yolanda González-García; L. Melisa Rábago-Panduro; Todd French; David Isidoro Camacho-Córdova; Porfirio Gutiérrez-González; Jesús Córdova
      Abstract: Abstract Microbial oil produced by the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides ATCC 204091 (formerly referred to as Rhodotorula glutinis) has a similar fatty acid composition to the vegetable oils and represents a potential alternative for biodiesel production. Finding strategies to improve the oil production by this yeast is desirable, as it is one of this nutrient’s limitations during the accumulation phase, as well as one of the main factors influencing the process. Therefore, the effect of single or combined nutrient limitation on lipid accumulation by R. toruloides was investigated. Biomass production and lipid accumulation by R. toruloides was improved using experimental designs in a two-step batch culture on a chemically-defined culture medium with high initial glucose concentration. For the first culture step, a Box–Behnken design was applied to optimize the main medium components’ concentrations, while maintaining a high biomass production. A biomass concentration of 44.3 g/L was reached with a medium composed of (g/L): glucose, 100; KH2PO4, 4.6; NaNO3, 13.4; MgSO4 .7H2O, 0.2; and CaCl2 .2H2O, 0.11. For the second culture step, the biomass was transferred to lipid accumulation media. A 23 factorial experimental design was conducted to investigate the effect of N, P and S limitations (individually or jointly) on lipid production from glucose (100 g/L). Lipid accumulation on dry cell mass was 77.04, 65.42, 70.13 and 69.84% for N, P, S and simultaneous nutrients’ limitations, respectively.
      PubDate: 2017-07-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1282-2
  • Phylogeny, antimicrobial, antioxidant and enzyme-producing potential of
           fungal endophytes found in Viola odorata
    • Authors: Meenu Katoch; Arshia Singh; Gurpreet Singh; Priya Wazir; Rajinder Kumar
      Abstract: Abstract Viola odorata, a medicinal plant, is traditionally used to treat common cold, congestion and cough. Given its medicinal properties and occurrence in the northwestern Himalayas, we isolated and characterized endophytic fungi from this plant morphologically, microscopically and by internal transcribed spacer-based rDNA sequencing. In total, we isolated 27 morphotypes of endophytes belonging to phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota. The roots showed the highest diversity of endophyte as well as fungal dominance, followed by leaves and leaf nodes. The fungal extract of VOR16 (Fusarium oxysporum) displayed potent antimicrobial activity against Salmonella typhimurium, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli, with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 0.78, 0.78 and 1.56 μg/mL, respectively, while fungal extract VOLF4 (Aspergillus sp.) exhibited promising antioxidant activity (IC50 of 17.4 μg/mL). To identify the components responsible for various bioactivities, we analyzed the content of penicillin G in the extract of bioactive endophytes. The results suggested that the expression of penicillin G under the fermentation conditions applied was too low to display antimicrobial effects. Thus, the activity may be contributed by a different, novel secondary metabolite. The antioxidant activity of VOLF4 may be attributed to its high content of flavonoids. Of the endophytic fungi assessed, 27% were found to be enzyme producers. The highest zone of clearance was observed in VOLN5 (Colletotrichum siamense) for protease production. Only VOR5 (Fusarium nematophilum) was found to be a producer of cellulase, glutenase, amylase and protease. In summary, this is the first report of the isolation of endophytes, namely Fusarium nematophilum, Colletotrichum trifolii, C. destructivum, C. siamense and Peniophora sp., from V. odorata and their bioactive and enzyme-producing potential.
      PubDate: 2017-07-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1283-1
  • Induction of cellular immunity interleukin-12, antiproliferative effect,
           and related probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria isolated in
    • Authors: Tanatip Thamacharoensuk; Malai Taweechotipatr; Akinobu Kajikawa; Sanae Okada; Somboon Tanasupawat
      Abstract: Abstract Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are widely known as probiotic microorganisms that afford several health benefits for the host. In this study, 15 isolates of LAB from various sources in Thailand were examined for their probiotic properties. Based on their phenotypic and genetic characteristics, they belong to the genera Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, and Weissella. All isolates showed the ability to induce interleukin-12 (IL-12) at different levels. Cell-free supernatant of Lactobacillus acidipiscis SR7-1 and Lactobacillus farraginis SL4-1 showed an antiproliferative effect against Caco-2 cell lines with non-toxicity to normal cell lines (Vero cells), while they had no effect against U937 cell lines. Five strains, including Lactobacillus namurensis KC78-5, L. farraginis SL4-1, Lactobacillus mucosae SL7-2, Lactobacillus salivarius MSMC120-2 and Pediococcus pentosaceus PC73-3 grew at pH 3. All isolates were tolerant at 1% bile. L. farraginis SL4-1, L. mucosae SL7-2 and P. pentosaceus PC73-3 were not statistically different when compared to the negative control in vitro adhesion assay. These results suggest that L. farraginis SL4-1, L. mucosae SL7-2 and P. pentosaceus PC73-3, which meet the general criteria of probiotics, represent very interesting candidates for further study as anti-cancer agents, especially L. farraginis SL4-1, which has an antiproliferative effect against Caco-2 cells and immunomodulatory ability. These results also highlight the need for further study, especially in appropriate in vivo animal models.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1280-4
  • Functional characterization of two alkane hydroxylases in a versatile
           Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain NY3
    • Authors: Yan Wang; Maiqian Nie; Yi Wan; Xiaoting Tian; Hongyun Nie; Jing Zi; Xia Ma
      Abstract: Abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain NY3 has an extraordinary capacity to utilize a wide range of substrates, including n–alkanes of lengths C5 to C34, aromatic compounds, phenols, diesel and crude oil, and it can produce a variety of small bioactive molecules, including rhamnolipids, which can enhance its metabolic capacity for hydrophobic organic pollutants. This capacity makes NY3 a good candidate for use in environmental pollution remediation. Alkane hydroxylases catalyze both the initial and rate-limiting step of the terminal oxidation of n–alkanes. To better understand the genetic mechanisms by which P. aeruginosa NY3 degrades such a wide range of n–alkanes, two putative coding genes of alkane hydroxylases were functionally characterized using a gene-knockout approach with three different degradation systems. The single n–alkane test indicated that the hydroxylase AlkB2 acted in the early growth phase and played a major role in the utilization of C12–C18. However, a double mutant showed a trend towards recovery when C20–C24 were used as sole carbon source. This suggests that there are other enzymes capable of utilizing n–alkanes longer than C20. Tests of both artificial n–alkanes mixture and crude oil-containing waste water showed similar results, suggesting that both AlkB1 and AlkB2 are involved in n–alkane degradation, and, moreover, that AlkB2 plays a major role. Finally, given the wider functional range of both AlkBs in the mixture of n–alkanes compared to that of single n–alkanes, these results hint at co-metabolism.
      PubDate: 2017-06-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1271-5
  • Tandem mass tag-based quantitative proteomics analyses reveal the response
           of Bacillus licheniformis to high growth temperatures
    • Authors: Zixing Dong; Zhixin Chen; Hongbin Wang; Kangming Tian; Peng Jin; Xiaoguang Liu; Nokuthula Peace Mchunu; Kugenthiren Permaul; Suren Singh; Dandan Niu; Zhengxiang Wang
      Abstract: Abstract As the optimal growth temperature of Bacillus licheniformis is relatively higher than many other industrial bacteria, its use for industrial production can reduce contamination and minimize cooling and product recovery costs during fermentation processes. However, little is known about the thermotolerance of this important bacterial species. To investigate the underlying mechanism, strains B. licheniformis ATCC 14580 and B186 were cultivated at their own optimal growth temperature (42 °C and 50 °C) and higher temperature (60 °C), respectively, and tandem mass tags (TMT)-based quantitative proteome analysis and bioinformatics tools were employed to identify differentially expressed proteins. A total of 21 differential proteins were identified and shown to participate in a wide range of biological processes, including protein refolding, amino acid and fatty acid metabolism, etc. Hence, the ability of B. licheniformis to exhibit optimal growth at high temperatures may depend on invoking its intrinsic “heat-against” proteomic mechanism for long-term viability. Our results may assist the genetic improvement of industrial strains of this important Bacillus specie.
      PubDate: 2017-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1279-x
  • Diversity and dynamics of the bacterial community involved in pig manure
           biodegradation in a microbial fermentation bed system
    • Authors: Qianqian Chen; Bo Liu; Jieping Wang; Jianmei Che; Guohong Liu; Xiong Guan
      Abstract: Abstract Overproduction of livestock manures with unpleasant odors causes significant environmental problems. The microbial fermentation bed (MFB) system is considered an effective approach to recycling utilization of agricultural byproducts and pig manure (PM). To gain a better understanding of bacterial communities present during the degradation of PM in MFB, the PM bacterial community was evaluated at different fermentation stages using 16S rRNA high throughput sequencing technology. The heatmap plot clustered five samples into short-term fermentation stage of 0–10 days and long-term fermentation stage of 15–20 days. The most abundant OTUs at the phylum level were Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria in the long-term fermentation stage of PM, whereas Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Proteobacteria predominated in the short-term fermentation stage of PM. At the genus level, organic degradation strains, such as Corynebacterium, Bacillus, Virgibacillus, Pseudomonas, Actinobacteria, Lactobacillus, Pediococcus were the predominate genera at the long-term fermentation stage, but were found only rarely in the short-term fermentation stage. C/N ratios increased and the concentration of the unpleasant odor substance 3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole (3-MI) decreased with prolonged period of fermentation. Redundancy analysis (RDA) demonstrated that the relative abundance of Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, Acidobacteria and Proteobacteria had a close relationship with degradation of 3-MI and increasing C/N ratio. These results provide valuable additional information about bacterial community composition during PM biodegradation in animal husbandry.
      PubDate: 2017-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1278-y
  • Radio-protective and antioxidative activities of astaxanthin from newly
           isolated radio-resistant bacterium Deinococcus sp. strain WMA-LM9
    • Authors: Wasim Sajjad; Mazoor Ahmad; Salman Khan; Sunniya Ilyas; Fariha Hasan; Cem Celik; Kerry McPhail; Aamer Ali Shah
      Abstract: Abstract A radio-resistant bacterium, designated as strain WMA-LM9, was isolated from desert soil. 16S rRNA gene sequencing indicated that the bacterium belongs to genus Deinococcus with maximum similarity to Deinococcus radiopugnans. Deinococcus sp. strain WMA-LM9 was found to be resistant to a ultraviolet (UV) dose of 5 × 103 J/m2, hydrogen peroxide (50 mM) and mitomycin C (10 μg/ml). A carotenoid pigment was extracted using chloroform/methanol/acetone (7:5:3) and purified by high-performance liquid chromatography on a C18 analytical column. The compound was characterised as mono-esterified astaxanthin by 1H, 13C nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry. It was tested for antioxidant activity, total flavonoids and phenolic content, radioprotective potential in correlation to the prevention of protein oxidation and DNA strand breaks in vitro. The carotenoid pigment showed a very potent antioxidant activity and significantly stronger scavenging ability against superoxides, with an IC50 (concentration causing 50% inhibition of the desired activity) of 41.6 μg/ml. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents were 12.1 and 7.4 μg in terms of gallic acid and quercetin equivalents per milligram of dried mass, respectively. astaxanthin also showed a higher inhibitory action against oxidative damage to collagen, elastin and bovine serum albumin than did β-carotene. The carotenoid also inhibited breaks to DNA strands, as indicated by the results of the DNA damage prevention assay. We conclude that astaxanthin from Deinococcus sp. strain WMA-LM9 has protective effects against radiation-mediated cell damage, and it also protects cellular protein and DNA against oxidative stress and other anti-oxidant activities.
      PubDate: 2017-05-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1269-z
  • Comparative transcriptomic analysis of Listeria monocytogenes reveals
           upregulation of stress genes and downregulation of virulence genes in
           response to essential oil extracted from Baccharis psiadioides
    • Authors: Luiza Pieta; Frank Lino Guzman Escudero; Ana Paula Jacobus; Kamila Patikowski Cheiran; Jeferson Gross; Maria Lisseth Eguiluz Moya; Geraldo Luiz Gonçalves Soares; Rogério Margis; Ana Paula Guedes Frazzon; Jeverson Frazzon
      Abstract: Abstract Listeria monocytogenes is a pathogenic microorganism in humans and is frequently transmitted by food. Methods to control the presence of Listeria in foods are necessary. In the present study, transcriptomics of L. monocytogenes grown in the presence of essential oil extracted from Baccharis psiadioides were studied by RNA sequencing and reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) experiments. The results obtained indicate that essential oil of B. psiadioides has potential bacteriostatic activity at the concentration tested, affecting Listeria cells functioning and development. Responses of the microorganism included upregulation of stress genes and downregulation of virulence genes, such as actA, hly and prfA, indicating a decrease in virulence and in the capacity of the microorganism to cause infection. Thus, the results presented here allow us to conclude that B. psiadioides essential oil may be an alternative means of controlling microorganisms proliferating in foods.
      PubDate: 2017-05-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1277-z
  • Bacterial diversity in Shahu lake, northwest China is significantly
           affected by nutrient composition rather than location
    • Authors: Jing-Yu Li; Yi-Fei Zhang; Zhou Yang; Meng Wang
      Abstract: Abstract Shallow lakes around the world are important aquatic ecosystems, yet our understanding of the relationship between the bacterial communities and their driving forces in these habitats remains elusive. We used the Illumina MiSeq platform to meta-sequence the V3–V4 regions of 16S rRNA gene amplicons to characterize bacterial community structure and diversity in relation to environmental factors in Shahu Lake located in Yinchuan plain, northwest China. We found that Shahu Lake, as a typical representative of shallow lakes, has well-mixed water that harbors major bacterial groups including Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Verrucomicrobia, Chloroflexi, RF3, and Planctomycetes. Community structure is similar from the perspective of alpha-diversity and different in terms of beta-diversity. Compared to spatial effects, total carbon plays a more important role in shifting bacterial structure in the lake, followed by total nitrogen and total phosphorus. In summary, nutrients, rather than locations, might be a key driving force in bacterial structure shift in shallow small lakes.
      PubDate: 2017-05-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1276-0
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