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Showing 1 - 200 of 2341 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Annals of Microbiology
  [SJR: 0.402]   [H-I: 26]   [9 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1590-4261 - ISSN (Online) 1869-2044
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2341 journals]
  • Identification and characterization of the rhizosphere
           phosphate-solubilizing bacterium Pseudomonas frederiksbergensis JW-SD2 and
           its plant growth-promoting effects on poplar seedlings
    • Authors: Qingwei Zeng; Xiaoqin Wu; Xinyi Wen
      Pages: 219 - 230
      Abstract: Abstract The rhizospheric bacterium JW-SD2 was identified as Pseudomonas frederiksbergensis based on phenotypic features, the Biolog Identification System and 16S rRNA sequence analysis. The phosphate-solubilizing activity, acidification in culture media, growth rate and organic acid secretion of JW-SD2 were investigated during 192 h of cultivation. The phosphate solubilized by JW-SD2 reached 7.75 mM. The decrease of pH and increase of titratable acidity were closely correlated (Pearson’s r = −0.953 and 0.969, respectively) with the phosphate-solubilizing activity. High concentrations of gluconic, 2-ketogluconic, pyruvic, maleic and malic acids were detected before 96 h of culture, when the strain displayed a high level of phosphate-solubilizing activity, indicating that these organic acids were efficient components in phosphate solubilization. However, acetic acid did not affect phosphate solubilization as shown by a remarkable increase at 144 h of culture when the phosphate-solubilizing activity decreased. The phosphate-solubilizing ability of JW-SD2 was significantly (P < 0.01) affected by environmental factors. Over a broad ranges of temperature (20−35 °C), pH (4−9), salinity (0−3.0 %), and volume of medium (1/5−3/5 of flask volume), the phosphate solubilized by JW-SD2 remained above 4.00 mM, demonstrating good potential in adapting to a changing environment. The inoculation experiments indicated that JW-SD2 could significantly (P < 0.05) promote growth of poplar (Populus euramericana cv. NL-895) in both sterilized and non-sterilized soils. The effects of plant growth promotion were greater in non-sterilized than in sterilized soil. During the 150 days of the trial, the effects of plant growth promotion by JW-SD2 first increased then decreased over time, suggesting that, in field applications, the periodic supplementation of the strain into the rhizosphere should be considered.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-016-1237-z
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 3 (2017)
  • Spatial change of reservoir nitrite-dependent methane-oxidizing
    • Authors: Yan Long; Qingwei Guo; Ningning Li; Bingxin Li; Tianli Tong; Shuguang Xie
      Pages: 165 - 174
      Abstract: Abstract Nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation (n-damo), catalyzed by microorganisms affiliated with bacterial phylum NC10, can have an important contribution to the reduction of the methane emission from anoxic freshwater sediment to the atmosphere. However, information on the variation of sediment n-damo organisms in reservoirs is still lacking. The present study monitored the spatial change of sediment n-damo organisms in the oligotrophic freshwater Xinfengjiang Reservoir (South China). Sediment samples were obtained from six different sampling locations and two sediment depths (0–5 cm, 5–10 cm). Sediment n-damo bacterial abundance was found to vary with sampling location and layer depth, which was likely influenced by pH and nitrogen level. The presence of the n-damo pmoA gene was found in all these samples. A remarkable shift occurred in the diversity and composition of sediment n-damo pmoA gene sequences. A variety of distinctively different n-damo pmoA clusters existed in reservoir sediments. The pmoA sequences affiliated with Candidatus Methylomirabilis oxyfera formed the largest group, while a significant proportion of the obtained n-damo pmoA gene sequences showed no close relationship to those from any known NC10 species. In addition, the present n-damo process was found in reservoir sediment, which could be enhanced by nitrite nitrogen amendment.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-016-1247-x
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 2 (2017)
  • Production of pectinolytic enzymes pectinase and pectin lyase by Bacillus
           subtilis SAV-21 in solid state fermentation
    • Authors: Simran Jot Kaur; Vijay Kumar Gupta
      Abstract: Abstract Pectin-degrading enzymes (pectinase and pectin lyase) were produced in solid state fermentation by Bacillus subtilis SAV-21 isolated from fruit and vegetable market waste soil of Yamuna Nagar, Haryana, India, and identified by 16S rDNA sequencing. Under optimized conditions, maximum production of pectinase (3315 U/gds) and pectin lyase (10.5 U/gds) was recorded in the presence of a combination of orange peel and coconut fiber (4:1), with a moisture content of 60% at 35 °C and pH 4.0 after 4 days and 8 days of incubation, respectively. Pectinase yield was enhanced upon supplementation with galactose and yeast extract, whereas pectin lyase production was unaffected by adding carbon and nitrogen source to the basal medium. Thus, B. subtilis SAV-21 can be exploited for cost-effective production of pectinase and pectin lyase using agro-residues.
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1264-4
  • Isolation and characterization of anticancer flavone chrysin
           (5,7-dihydroxy flavone)-producing endophytic fungi from Passiflora
           incarnata L. leaves
    • Authors: Prabukumar Seetharaman; Sathishkumar Gnanasekar; Rajkuberan Chandrasekaran; Gobinath Chandrakasan; Murugan Kadarkarai; Sivaramakrishnan Sivaperumal
      Abstract: Abstract Chrysin (5,7-dihydroxy flavone, ChR) is a flavone of plant origin, possessing numerous biomedical properties, such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anxiolytic, hepatoprotective, anti-aging and anticonvulsant activities. In this study, chrysin-producing fungal endophytes (A. alternata KT380662, C. capsici KT373967, and C. taiwanense PI-3 KX580307) were isolated from the leaves of Passiflora incarnata L. and characterised via morphology and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences. Thin layer chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography profiles of fungal extracts showed Rf values and retention times that closely match those of standard chrysin (ChR). Further, the production of fungal chrysin (FChR) was confirmed through UV-vis spectroscopy, FT-IR, LC-ESI-MS, and 1H1 NMR analysis. Among the isolated strains, A. alternata KT380662 was identified as having a high-level of ChR production, with rates measuring approximately 846 mg L−1. On the other hand, in vitro anticancer and radical scavenging studies proved that FChR has significant cytotoxic activity against human liver carcinoma cells (HepG2). These results clearly imply that the isolated A. alternata KT380662 could serve as an alternative source for the commercial production of ChR, which holds anticancer and radical scavenging activities, and the fungal-derived ChR can be used in chemotherapy or in prodrug development.
      PubDate: 2017-03-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1263-5
  • Diversity and composition of bacterial community in the rhizosphere
           sediments of submerged macrophytes revealed by 454 pyrosequencing
    • Authors: Dayong Zhao; Sichen Wang; Rui Huang; Jin Zeng; Feng Huang; Zhongbo Yu
      Abstract: Abstract Freshwater lake sediments support a variety of submerged macrophytes that may host groups of bacteria exerting important ecological functions. We collected three kinds of commonly found submerged macrophyte species (Ceratophyllum demersum, Vallisneria spiralis and Elodea nuttallii) to investigate the bacterial community associated with their rhizosphere sediments. High-throughput 454 pyrosequencing and bioinformatics analyses were performed to examine the diversity and composition of the bacterial community. The results obtained indicated that the diversity of the bacterial community associated with the rhizosphere sediments of submerged macrophytes was significantly lower than that of the bulk sediment. Remarkable differences in the bacterial community composition between the rhizosphere and bulk sediments were also observed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1262-6
  • Microorganisms as a source of tyrosinase inhibitors: a review
    • Authors: Michelle S. Fernandes; Savita Kerkar
      Abstract: Abstract Tyrosinase is the main enzyme responsible for enzymatic browning of fruits post-harvest and melanogenesis in mammals, an undesirable phenomenon. This encouraged researchers to seek potent tyrosinase inhibitors for application in the food and cosmetics industries. Despite an increased knowledge of tyrosinase inhibitors from plants and synthetic sources in the past few years, inhibitors of microbial origin are under-explored. Thus, this article surveys tyrosinase inhibitors produced by microorganisms and hence, serves as an updated database of tyrosinase inhibitors from microbial sources.
      PubDate: 2017-03-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1261-7
  • Biodegradation optimization and metabolite elucidation of Reactive Red 120
           by four different Aspergillus species isolated from soil contaminated with
           industrial effluent
    • Authors: Fuad Ameen; Fatimah Alshehrei
      Abstract: Abstract Azo dyes are recalcitrant owing to their xenobiotic nature and exhibit high resistance to degradation processes. In the present study, different Aspergillus species (A. flavus, A. fumigatus, A. niger, and A. terreus) isolated from soil samples contaminated with industrial effluent, collected from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, were analyzed for azo dye, Reactive Red 120 (RR120) biodegradation. The physicochemical parameters such as carbon (sucrose) and nitrogen (ammonium sulfate) sources, pH, and temperature affecting the biodegradation of RR120 were optimized using central composite design–response surface methodology (CCD-RSM). The maximum RR120 degradation was found to be 84% (predicted) at the optimum level of sucrose (11.73 g/L), ammonium sulfate (1.26 g/L), pH (5.71), and temperature (28.26 °C). Further, the validation results confirmed that the predicted values are in good agreement with the experimental results for RR120 degradation by A. flavus (86%), A. fumigatus (84%), A. niger (85%), and A. terreus (86%). The metabolic product of RR120 after biodegradation by different Aspergillus species was identified as sodium 2-aminobenzenesulfonate. The present study suggests that Aspergillus species are good candidates for azo dye-loaded effluent treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1259-1
  • In vitro assessment of safety and probiotic potential characteristics of
           Lactobacillus strains isolated from water buffalo mozzarella cheese
    • Authors: Sabrina Neves Casarotti; Bruno Moreira Carneiro; Svetoslav Dimitrov Todorov; Luis Augusto Nero; Paula Rahal; Ana Lúcia Barretto Penna
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and probiotic potential characteristics of ten Lactobacillus spp. strains (Lactobacillus fermentum SJRP30, Lactobacillus casei SJRP37, SJRP66, SJRP141, SJRP145, SJRP146, and SJRP169, and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus SJRP50, SJRP76, and SJRP149) that had previously been isolated from water buffalo mozzarella cheese. The safety of the strains was analyzed based on mucin degradation, hemolytic activity, resistance to antibiotics and the presence of genes encoding virulence factors. The in vitro tests concerning probiotic potential included survival under simulated gastrointestinal (GI) tract conditions, intestinal epithelial cell adhesion, the presence of genes encoding adhesion, aggregation and colonization factors, antimicrobial activity, and the production of the β-galactosidase enzyme. Although all strains presented resistance to several antibiotics, the resistance was limited to antibiotics to which the strains had intrinsic resistance. Furthermore, the strains presented a limited spread of genes encoding virulence factors and resistance to antibiotics, and none of the strains presented hemolytic or mucin degradation activity. The L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus strains showed the lowest survival rate after exposure to simulated GI tract conditions, whereas all of the L. casei and L. fermentum strains showed good survivability. None of the tested lactobacilli strains presented bile salt hydrolase (BSH) activity, and only L. casei SJRP145 did not produce the β-galactosidase enzyme. The strains showed varied levels of adhesion to Caco-2 cells. None of the cell-free supernatants inhibited the growth of pathogenic target microorganisms. Overall, L. fermentum SJRP30 and L. casei SJRP145 and SJRP146 were revealed to be safe and to possess similar or superior probiotic characteristics compared to the reference strain L. rhamnosus GG (ATCC 53103).
      PubDate: 2017-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1258-2
  • Erratum to: Identification and characterization of the rhizosphere
           phosphate-solubilizing bacterium Pseudomonas frederiksbergensis JW-SD2,
           and its plant growth-promoting effects on poplar seedlings
    • Authors: Qingwei Zeng; Xiaoqin Wu; Xinyi Wen
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1260-8
  • The Rhizobium leucaenae CFN 299 pSym plasmid contains genes expressed in
           free life and symbiosis, as well as two replication systems
    • Authors: Aurora Gamez-Reyes; Noé Becerra-Lobato; José Augusto Ramírez-Trujillo; Esperanza Martínez-Romero; Michael F. Dunn; Ismael Hernández-Lucas
      Abstract: Abstract The alpha-protobacterium Rhizobium leucaenae CFN 299 is able to nodulate and fix nitrogen in symbiosis with a wide range of legumes, including Phaseolus vulgaris (common bean). Strain CFN 299 contains a 500-kb symbiotic plasmid (pSym) that encodes genes required for nodulation and nitrogen fixation as well as many genes whose function is unknown. In this work, we characterized the transcriptional expression of 16 pSym genes in common bean nodules and in free-living cells grown in culture. A functionally diverse group of genes were expressed during discrete stages of the symbiosis or in free-living cells. These included genes whose products are involved in nodulation and nitrogen fixation, carbon metabolism, vitamin synthesis, sulfur utilization, conjugation, transposition and DNA replication. We also examined the functionality of two replication systems encoded on pSym and found that repABC, but not repC2, is required for pSym replication.
      PubDate: 2017-02-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1257-3
  • Potential probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria isolated from the
           intestinal mucosa of healthy piglets
    • Authors: Yuanyuan Feng; Lin Qiao; Rui Liu; Hongming Yao; Changbin Gao
      Abstract: Abstract In the present study, the probiotic properties of 52 lactic acid bacteria strains, isolated from the intestinal mucosa of 60-day-old healthy piglets, were evaluated in vitro in order to acquire probiotics of potential application. Based on acidic and bile salt resistance, 11 lactic acid bacteria strains were selected, among which 1 was identified as Pediococcus acidilactici, 3 as Enterococcus faecium, 3 as Lactobacillus rhamnosus, 2 as Lactobacillus brevis, and 2 as Lactobacillus plantarum by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. All selected strains were further investigated for transit tolerance in simulated upper gastrointestinal tract, for adhesion capacity to swine intestinal epithelial cells J2 (IPEC-J2), for cell surface characteristics including hydrophobicity, co-aggregation and auto-aggregation, and for antimicrobial activities. Moreover, hemolytic, bile salt hydrolase and biogenic amine-producing abilities were investigated for safety assessment. Two E. faecium (WEI-9 and WEI-10) and one L. plantarum (WEI-51) exhibited good simulated upper gastrointestinal tract tolerance, and showed high auto-aggregation and co-aggregation with Escherichia coli 1570. The strains WEI-9 and WEI-10 demonstrated the highest adherence capacity. The 11 selected strains mentioned above exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against E. coli CVCC1570, Staphylococcus aureus CVCC1882 and Salmonella pullorum AS1.1859. None of the 11 selected strains, except WEI-9 and WEI-33, exhibited bile salt hydrolase, hemolytic or biogenic amine-producing abilities. This work showed that the E. faecium WEI-10 and L. plantarum WEI-51were found to have the probiotic properties required for use as potential probiotics in animal feed supplements.
      PubDate: 2017-02-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1254-6
  • Coal methanogenesis: a review of the need of complex microbial consortia
           and culture conditions for the effective bioconversion of coal into
    • Authors: Attia Iram; Kalsoom Akhtar; Muhammad Afzal Ghauri
      Abstract: Abstract Microbial biodegradation of coal into low-molecular-weight compounds such as methane has been extensively researched in the last two decades because of the underlying environmental and industrial applications of this technique as compared to the chemical and physical methods of coal conversions. However, the irregular structure of coal and the need for complex microbial consortia under specific culture conditions do not make this biotransformation an ideal process for the development of anaerobic bioreactors. The most abundant species in a methanogenic culture are acetoclastic and hydrogenotrophic methanogens which utilize acetate and H2+CO2, respectively. Medium- to low-rank coals such as high-volatile bituminous, sub-bituminous and lignite are more promising in this bioconversion as compared to semi- and meta-anthracite coals. While covering the details of the ideal culture conditions, this review enlightens the need of research setups to explore the complex microbial consortia and culture conditions for maximum methane production through coal methanogenesis.
      PubDate: 2017-02-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1255-5
  • Isolation and characterization of trichalasin-producing endophytic fungus
           from Taxus baccata
    • Authors: Mondem Vasundhara; Manoj Baranwal; Nallapeta Sivaramaiah; Anil Kumar
      Abstract: Abstract An endophytic fungus (strain T1) isolated from Taxus baccata was studied for the production of metabolites with anticancer and antioxidant activities. This fungus was identified as Diaporthe sp. based on rDNA-internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence analysis. The crude extract showed cytotoxic activity against MCF-7 and HeLa cancer cell lines, with IC50 (concentration inhibiting 50% of growth rate) values of 1058 ± 44 and 1257 ± 80 μg ml−1, respectively. The scavenging activity of fungal extract increased significantly with increasing concentration [IC50 (concentration required to scavenge 50% of free radicals) 482 ± 9 μg ml−1]. Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight analysis revealed the presence of three trichalasins (trichalasin E, F and H) in the crude extract of T1 which are known to have antitumour and antioxidant activities. These results suggest that Diaporthe sp. has the potential to be used for therapeutic purposes because of its antiproliferative and antioxidant potential and also for the production of cytochalasins.
      PubDate: 2017-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1256-4
  • Taxonomy of mycelial actinobacteria isolated from Saharan soils and their
           efficiency to reduce aflatoxin B1 content in a solid-based medium
    • Authors: Abdelhadi Lahoum; Carol Verheecke-Vaessen; Noureddine Bouras; Nasserdine Sabaou; Florence Mathieu
      Abstract: Abstract Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a carcinogenic compound produced by filamentous fungi. In order to reduce AFB1 occurrence in foodstuffs, 13 strains of mycelial actinobacteria were tested in vitro for the efficacy to reduce AFB1 content; all were isolated from the Saharan soils of Algeria. Firstly, morphological study and molecular analysis, based on the 16S rRNA gene, indicated that these strains belong to Actinomadura, Nocardiopsis, Nonomuraea, Saccharothrix and Streptomyces genera. Secondly, each strain’s efficacy to reduce pure AFB1 content was studied in ISP2-medium. After a 4-day incubation at 30°C on AFB1-supplemented medium (5 ppm of AFB1), AFB1 was extracted and quantified. AFB1 content was reduced by all strains (42.9–97.6%). The three most efficient reducers (94.9–97.6%) were two strains belonging to the genus Streptomyces and one to the genus Saccharothrix. Among the latter, strains ACD6 and ABH19 showed no adsorption mechanism involved, suggesting a potential degradation mechanism. These findings led us to suggest that these actinobacterial strains could be used as decontamination treatments for the reduction of AFB1 content.
      PubDate: 2017-02-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-017-1253-7
  • A glimpse of the diversity of complex polysaccharide-degrading culturable
           bacteria from Kongsfjorden, Arctic Ocean
    • Authors: Anand Jain; Kottekkatu Padinchati Krishnan
      Abstract: Abstract Cold-adapted, complex polysaccharide-degrading marine bacteria have important implications in biogeochemical processes and biotechnological applications. Bacteria capable of degrading complex polysaccharide substrates, mainly starch, have been isolated from various cold environments, such as sea ice, glaciers, subglacial lakes, and marine sediments. However, the total diversity of polysaccharide-degrading culturable bacteria in Kongsfjorden, Arctic Ocean, remains unexplored. In the study reported here, we tested 215 cold-adapted heterotrophic bacterial cultures (incubated at 4 and 20 °C, respectively) isolated from Kongsfjorden, for the production of cold-active extracellular polysaccharide-degrading enzymes, including amylase, pectinase, alginase, xylanase, and carboxymethyl (CM)-cellulase. Our results show that 52 and 41% of the bacterial isolates tested positive for extracellular enzyme activities at 4 and 20 °C, respectively. A large fraction of the bacterial isolates (37% of the positive isolates) showed multiple extracellular enzyme activities. Alginase and pectinase were the most predominantly active enzymes, followed by amylase, xylanase, and CM-cellulase. All isolates which tested positive for extracellular enzyme activities were affiliated to microbial class Gammaproteobacteria. The four genera with the highest number of isolates were Pseudomonas, followed by Psychrobacter, Pseudoalteromonas, and Shewanella. The prevalence of complex polysaccharide-degrading enzymes among the isolates indicates the availability of complex polysaccharide substrates in the Kongsfjorden, likely as a result of glacial melting and/or macroalgal load. In addition, the observed high functional/phenotypic diversity in terms of extracellular enzyme activities within the bacterial genera indicates a role in regulating carbon/carbohydrate turnover in the Kongsfjorden, especially by reducing recalcitrance.
      PubDate: 2017-01-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-016-1252-0
  • Changes in intracellular metabolism underlying the adaptation of
           Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains to ethanol stress
    • Authors: Juan Tian; Shuxian Zhang; Hao Li
      Abstract: Abstract Saccharomyces cerevisiae is often stressed by the ethanol which accumulates during the production of bioethanol by the fermentation process. The study of ethanol-adapted S. cerevisiae strains provide an opportunity to clarify the molecular mechanism underlying the adaptation or tolerance of S. cerevisiae to ethanol stress. The aim of this study was to clarify this molecular mechanism by investigating the ethanol adaptation-associated intracellular metabolic changes in S. cerevisiae using a gas chromatography–mass spectrometry-based metabolomics strategy. A partial least-squares-discriminant analysis between the parental strain and ethanol-adapted strains identified 12 differential metabolites of variable importance with a projection value of >1. The ethanol-adapted strains had a more activated glycolysis pathway and higher energy production than the parental strain, suggesting the possibility that an increased energy production and energy requirement might be partly responsible for an increased ethanol tolerance. An increased glycine content also partly contributed to the higher ethanol tolerance of the ethanol-adapted strains. The decreased oleic acid content may be a self-protection mechanism of ethanol-adapted strains to maintain membrane integrity through decreasing membrane fluidity. We suggest that while being exposed to ethanol stress, ethanol-adapted S. cerevisiae cells may remodel their metabolic phenotype and the composition of their cell membrane to adapt to ethanol stress and acquire higher ethanol tolerance.
      PubDate: 2017-01-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-016-1251-1
  • Calcium-dependent antibacterial activity of donkey’s milk against
    • Authors: Ljubiša Šarić; Lato Pezo; Bojana Šarić; Dragana Plavšić; Pavle Jovanov; Neđeljko Karabasil; Jasmina Gubić
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the antibacterial activity of raw donkey’s milk (DM) against Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium as well as to determine the dependence of this antibacterial activity on calcium, lysozyme and lactoferrin content. Antibacterial assays were conducted in DM artificially contaminated with these Salmonella serotypes and then incubated at 38 °C for 8 hours. Calcium concentration was found to have a strong influence on the antibacterial activity of the contaminated DM samples supplemented with CaCl2 and EDTA. The antibacterial activity of DM against the tested Salmonella strains was observed to be strongly calcium dependent, with the addition of CaCl2 to DM samples improving its antibacterial potential against both pathogens. Salmonella Enteritidis appeared to be less sensitive to the antimicrobial agents in DM than S. Typhimurium. One explanation is the calcium-dependant antibacterial activity of DM is attributable to the calcium-binding ability of its lysozyme. Lysozyme may be the main antibacterial agent, most probably via a nonenzymatic mode of action against tested Salmonella strains.
      PubDate: 2016-12-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-016-1250-2
  • Co-fermentation of cassava waste pulp hydrolysate with molasses to ethanol
           for economic optimization
    • Authors: Thippawan Wattanagonniyom; Wen-Chien Lee; Vasana Tolieng; Somboon Tanasupawat; Ancharida Akaracharanya
      Abstract: Abstract Cassava waste pulp (CWP)–enzymatic hydrolysate was co-fermented with molasses (CWP-EH/molasses mixture) with the aim to optimize ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae TISTR 5606 (SC 90). The optimal fermentation conditions for ethanol production using this mixture were 245 g/L initial total sugar supplemented with KH2PO4 (8 g/L), at 30 °C for 48 h of fermentation under an oxygen-limited condition with agitation at 100 rpm, producing an ethanol concentration of 70.60 g/L (0.31 g ethanol/g total sugar). The addition of cassava tuber fiber (solid residue of CWP after enzymatic hydrolysis) at 30 g/L dry weight to the CWP-EH/molasses mixture increased ethanol production to 74.36 g/L (0.32 g ethanol/g total sugar). Co-fermentation of CWP-EH with molasses had the advantage of not requiring any supplementation of the fermentation mixture with reduced nitrogen.
      PubDate: 2016-12-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-016-1245-z
  • Optimization of chitinase production by a new Streptomyces griseorubens C9
           isolate using response surface methodology
    • Authors: Gasmi Meriem; Kitouni Mahmoud
      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this article is to use statistical Plackett–Burman and Box–Wilson response surface methodology to optimize the medium components and, thus, improve chitinase production by Streptomyces griseorubens C9. This strain was previously isolated and identified from a semi-arid soil of Laghouat region (Algeria). First, syrup of date, colloidal chitin, yeast extract and K2HPO4, KH2PO4 were proved to have significant effects on chitinase activity using the Plackett–Burman design. Then, an optimal medium was obtained by a Box–Wilson factorial design of response surface methodology in liquid culture. Maximum chitinase production was predicted in medium containing 2% colloidal chitin, 0.47% syrup of date, 0.25 g/l yeast extract and 1.81 g/l K2HPO4, KH2PO4 using response surface plots of the STATISTICA software v.12.0.
      PubDate: 2016-12-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-016-1249-8
  • Characterisation of lactic acid producing Sporolactobacillus strains from
           tree barks in Thailand
    • Authors: Tanatip Thamacharoensuk; Vasana Tolieng; Nuttha Thongchul; Kentaro Kodama; Somboon Tanasupawat
      Abstract: Abstract Eight spore-forming lactic acid producing bacteria were isolated from tree barks in Thailand. They were identified as Sporolactobacillus nakayamae (Group I, three isolates), S. terrae (Group II, two isolates), S. kofuensis (Group III, one isolate) and S. inulinus (Group IV, two isolates) based on their phenotypic characteristics and 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses. Four isolates in Groups I and II produced DL lactic acid (89.60–114.61 g/L), while three isolates in Groups III and IV produced D-lactic acid (88.01–113.78 g/L). Isolate BK65-3 identified as S. inulinus produced the highest D-lactic acid concentrations (101.42 g/L), productivity (1.41 g/L/h), yields (84.52%) and optical purity of D-lactic acid (100%).
      PubDate: 2016-12-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s13213-016-1248-9
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