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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2353 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2353 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 120)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
  [SJR: 1.056]   [H-I: 15]   [21 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1866-9565 - ISSN (Online) 1866-9557
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Compositional reference for the documented Archaic production of
           indigenous matt-painted pottery at Entella (Western Sicily)
    • Authors: Giuseppe Montana; Anna Maria Polito; Alessandro Corretti; Alfonsa Serra
      Pages: 693 - 708
      Abstract: Abstract This contribution is focused on a specific class of indigenous Archaic pottery (sixth and fifth century BC) with matt-painted geometric decoration that was recovered in large quantities in the excavations at Entella, an indigenous site located in western Sicily. The site of Entella was strategically considerable in this part of Sicily, controlling the north-south routes running along the river Belice. Kiln structures were attested at Entella that, until today, it is the only Archaic site in the area with an unmistakable evidence of production of fine pottery. The present research is aimed at yielding a complete petrographic and chemical characterization of the table ware produced at Entella during the sixth and fifth century BC. Analytical results were afterward compared with data concerning local clays that were subjected to experimental firing tests as well. This study is expected to provide additional interpretations concerning the trade between the native centers located in the interior of western Sicily and the Greek or Punic colonies sited along the coasts of the same territory.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0294-8
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Glass ingots, raw glass chunks, glass wastes and vessels from fifth
           century AD Palatine Hill (Rome, Italy)
    • Authors: Elisabetta Gliozzo; Barbara Lepri; Lucia Saguì; Isabella Memmi
      Pages: 709 - 725
      Abstract: Abstract The research focused on a collection of 20 glass fragments, including raw glass chunks and ingots, wastes and vessels found at the Palatine Hill in Rome and dated to the first half of the fifth century AD. The analyses performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM)-energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS), electron microprobe (EMPA), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), laser ablation-ICP-MS (LA-ICP-MS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that all samples are constituted by natron-based soda–lime–silica glass. De/colouring agents were lead stannates (yellow brownish), copper and lead antimonates (green), different Fe2+/Fe3+ ratios (green, light green and yellow-green), Fe2+ (prevailing over Fe3+; aqua blue), cobalt (blue), metallic copper (reddish) and manganese (colourless). As for provenance, two samples were of Levantine provenance, nine samples were likely of Egyptian origin (HIMT glass) and, similarly, seven samples (or maybe nine, adding ingots nos. 1–2) were likely of North African provenance (HIMT/RNCBGY 1 glass).
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0292-x
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Investigation of painted stucco in historic buildings of Delta, Egypt
    • Authors: Shrief Eissa; Dimitrios Lampakis; Ioannis Karapanagiotis; Costas Panayiotou; Hala A. M. Afifi; Mohamed Abd-El Hady
      Pages: 727 - 736
      Abstract: Abstract Samples removed from stucco ornaments of two mosques (seventeenth century) in El-Mahalla El-Kubra, Delta, Egypt, are investigated using optical microscopy, micro-Raman and micro-FTIR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Samples are studied as removed from the ornaments and after treatment with trichloromethane, which was used to extract the organic content. Moreover, the stratigraphies of the ornaments are investigated through a sample’s cross-section analysis revealing a bulk stucco layer, a colouring layer (either red or black) and overpainted layers of later interventions. Red and black colouring layers are composed mainly of fired brick enriched with hematite and carbon black, respectively. Shellac, found in high quantities, is the binding medium used in the colouring layers where small amounts of tree resins are detected as well. Bulk stucco is composed of gypsum and calcite. Metal soaps, oil and tree resins are also detected in the stucco layers. Other identifications are described in the report which, to the best of our knowledge, is the first effort to identify the materials contained in the “Delta style” stucco used in Ottoman buildings in Egypt.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0298-4
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Reassessing the production of handaxes versus flakes from a functional
           perspective
    • Authors: Alastair J.M. Key; Stephen J. Lycett
      Pages: 737 - 753
      Abstract: Abstract Bifacially flaked stone tools, traditionally referred to as “handaxes” were produced by Pleistocene hominins for over one million years over three different continents. This spatial and temporal prevalence raises questions about the factors that may have motivated their use as supplements to more simple flake tools. Hence, understanding the comparative functional performance capabilities of flakes and handaxes is essential to understanding factors that may have motivated the repeated production of handaxes during the Pleistocene. Here, we examine this question using a larger scale experimental approach than has previously been undertaken. We statistically assessed the comparative functional efficiencies of basic flake cutting tools and handaxes when undertaking a series of distinct cutting tasks. Furthermore, for the first time, we examined the functional capabilities of flake tools that are of equal size and mass to handaxes. Our results identify that the specific material context in which these tools are used is key to their relative functional efficiencies, with basic flake cutting tools being significantly more efficient than handaxes when undertaking relatively small, precise cutting tasks. Alternatively, we identify that handaxes are significantly more efficient than basic flake cutting tools when tasked with cutting relatively large, resistant portions of material. Thus, we conclude the adoption and widespread production of handaxes by Pleistocene hominins was motivated, at least in part, by requirements to undertake this specific type of task, rather than them being inherently superior to flakes in all cutting tasks. Indeed, interestingly, the comparative functional efficiencies of handaxes and flakes of equal size are far less pronounced than expected, with a number of tasks displaying no significant efficiency differences. Subsequently, we stress that a number of other hypothesized advantages of handaxes may have also been key to their widespread production and use by Pleistocene hominins.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0300-1
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • The new Late Bronze Age hoard find from Kobbelbude (former Eastern
           Prussia, district Fischhausen) and the first results of its
           archaeometallurgical investigations
    • Authors: Agnė Čivilytė; Elka Duberow; Ernst Pernicka; Konstantin Skvortzov
      Pages: 755 - 761
      Abstract: This article deals with a new discovered Late Bronze Age hoard find from former Kobbelbude (district Fischhausen, Eastern Prussia, now district Kaliningrad, Russian Federation). The hoard find is of special importance because it is the first time that metallurgical investigations were carried out on its artefacts. Archaeometallurgical analysis is, apart from few exceptions, still a desideratum of research in the eastern Baltic region. Also, for the first time, lead isotope ratios were determined. The results of the isotopic composition of the lead show a first hint towards a possible Eastern Alpine origin of the used ores. Former archaeometallurgical research of Bronze Age metal finds from the eastern Baltic region suggested a more abstract assumption about the origin of the ores from Middle Europe. Moreover, with the analysis of the chemical composition of the artefacts from Kobbelbude, a material classification to the type “dilute” fahlore copper with nickel, which we know from Late Bronze Age Middle Europe, was drawn. The results presented in this paper are a first step in the field of archaeometallurgical research in the eastern Baltic region and open a new perspective on Bronze Age metallurgy in relation to cultural history.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0297-5
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Sourcing and processing of ochre during the late upper Palaeolithic at
           Tagliente rock-shelter (NE Italy) based on conventional X-ray powder
           diffraction analysis
    • Authors: Giovanni Cavallo; Federica Fontana; Federica Gonzato; Antonio Guerreschi; Maria Pia Riccardi; Giorgia Sardelli; Roberto Zorzin
      Pages: 763 - 775
      Abstract: Abstract Upper Palaeolithic yellow and red ochre samples recovered in the last 40 years at Tagliente rock-shelter in the Lessini Mountains (Verona, NE Italy) were analysed by means of conventional X-Ray Powder Diffraction (XRPD) and compared with goethite- and hematite-based natural geomaterials coming from geological deposits within a distance of approximately 20 km from the archaeological site. XRPD allowed the yellow ochre sourcing area to be focused on the basis of characteristic and distinctive mineral assemblages. In addition, several samples clearly demonstrated that archaeological red ochre was obtained by thermal treatment of yellow ochre as shown by characteristic peak intensities, shape and the presence of maghemite (γ-Fe2O3). XRPD was a very powerful tool for a preliminary discrimination and grouping of a large quantity of archaeological ochre, in order to outline a preliminary hypothesis on the provenance area and to narrow down the number of samples to be studied in the next future through geochemical and structural analysis in order to confirm the proposed interpretation.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0299-3
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Fingerprinting ceramic workshops in the Lusitania Roman world: an
           appraisal based on elemental characterization by instrumental neutron
           activation analysis
    • Authors: M. I. Dias; M. I. Prudêncio
      Pages: 777 - 788
      Abstract: Abstract Portuguese occidental and southern coasts comprise the most important ceramic productions centres in the Lusitania province of Roman epoch. The main purpose of this work is to present an appraisal on the compositional patterns of 14 Lusitanian ceramic workshops, by reconstructing their life cycle from the procurement and processing of the raw materials, to trace provenance, trades and their impact in the Roman world. The chemical composition of ceramics and clays was obtained by instrumental neutron activation analysis and mineralogy by X-ray diffraction. The definition of reference groups relied on the use of chemometric techniques for data structure analysis, coupled with geochemical considerations. Results allowed differentiating between and within workshops by establishing geochemical fingerprints.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0303-y
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Evolution of Mongolian bronze technology with the rise of the Xiongnu
           State
    • Authors: Jang-Sik Park; Erdenebaatar Diimaajav; Eregzen Gelegdorj
      Pages: 789 - 798
      Abstract: Abstract The emergence of the Xiongnu State in Mongolia reflected a period of increasing foreign influence, especially from China. Metallurgy was likely one of the key cultural components that may have reacted sensitively to this influence. In our ongoing project focusing on metallic objects excavated from the royal Xiongnu tomb at Golmod 2, we found a group of bronze artifacts possessing an important clue as to the general understanding of the contemporary Xiongnu bronze industry. The assemblage in question consists of 21 exotic ornaments, each nearly identical in shape and size and all associated with the horse-drawn wagons interred in the tomb. They were made of copper alloys containing on average 3.8 % arsenic, 3.0 % lead, and 1.3 % tin by weight. This recipe was a continuation of the unique steppe bronze tradition drawing on the copper-arsenic system as dictated by limited access to tin. The addition of lead, however, was a notable departure driven apparently by Xiongnu-Han interaction. This development likely reveals an important facet of the Xiongnu communities seeking a refined adjustment to the bronze recipe. This enhancement likely served to meet the growing demand for exotic items such as those under consideration, whose stylistic characteristics have led to erroneous conclusions as to the political affiliation of their producers.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0304-x
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Examining social and cultural differentiation in early Bronze Age China
           using stable isotope analysis and mortuary patterning of human remains at
           Xin’anzhuang, Yinxu
    • Authors: Christina Cheung; Zhichun Jing; Jigen Tang; Zhanwei Yue; Michael P. Richards
      Pages: 799 - 816
      Abstract: Abstract The site known as Yinxu (present-day Anyang, Henan, China) is believed to be the last capital of China’s first historical dynasty, Shang (ca. 1600–1046 BC). We use stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis of human bone collagen to reconstruct the dietary practices of 59 humans from the site Xin’anzhuang (XAZ), a residential neighborhood in Yinxu. By comparing the reconstructed diets with other archaeological and mortuary evidence, the study reveals that the XAZ inhabitants had a varied diet and that their dietary patterns correlate with certain mortuary practices (e.g., burial orientation, burial goods, etc.). This complex internal social stratification suggests that XAZ consisted of an agglomeration of people of different socio-cultural affiliations, confirming the hypothesis that Yinxu was a vibrant and diverse cultural center in early Bronze Age China.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0302-z
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Provenance of white and colored marbles from the Petra garden and pool
           complex, Petra, South Jordan
    • Authors: Khaled Al-Bashaireh; Leigh-Ann Bedal
      Pages: 817 - 829
      Abstract: Abstract This study investigates the provenance of architectural white and colored marbles excavated from the Petra Garden and Pool Complex (PGPC), south Jordan. Although the original context of the studied material is unidentified, sourcing these marbles adds to the classical and late antique studies of marble exploited in the decoration of Petra’s luxury architecture. Macroscopic characterization of all white and colored samples was followed by detailed thin section petrography and δ13C and δ18O isotope and X-ray diffraction analyses of selected 18 white and 1 green samples. The data obtained were compared with the main published reference databases of known Mediterranean white and colored marble quarries exploited in antiquity. The green marble is most likely cipollino verde from Euboea (Greece). The results of the twelve fine-grained white marbles show one sample from Carrara (Italy), two samples from the Paros-1 (Greece), seven samples from Penteli (Greece), and two samples from unknown sources. The latter two samples represent anomalous cases of dolomitic marble of very fine grains and high negative δ18O values. Of the six medium-coarse-grained white marbles, one is Naxian (Greece), two are Thasos-3 (Greece), and three are Paros-2 (Greece). The colored marbles are most likely africano and pavonazzetto from Teos and Afyon, respectively (Anatolia), cipollino verde from Euboea (Greece), giallo antico from Chemtou (Tunisia) and alabaster from Beni Suef and Asyut provinces (Egypt). The absence of the Anatolian white marbles from the PGPC assemblage corresponds with its date to the first century BCE—the first century CE before the diffusion of Prokonnesos marble. The results improve our understanding of Petra’s stones trade for both white and colored marbles to quarries hitherto not identified.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0305-9
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Evaluating socioeconomic status using Sus scrofa food utility indices in
           historical faunal assemblages
    • Authors: A. Kate Trusler
      Pages: 831 - 841
      Abstract: Abstract A number of researchers have inferred socioeconomic status using zooarchaeological data in contexts suggested by artifacts to reflect a particular status level. Cuts of meat that are of relatively high yield (utility) should be more economically valuable than low-yield parts. A model of carcass-part utility assumes that people of high socioeconomic status will preferentially acquire greater relative frequencies of high-yield parts than people of low status. The model is applied to the Roman villa at San Giovanni di Ruoti, Italy, using a food utility index for pig (Sus scrofa). Results indicate that for the early phases of the villa, as predicted, there are relatively more high-yield parts, reflecting high status, while the last phase contains relatively more low-yield parts. This supports conclusions of the original excavators that during later phases, the site was operating as a commercial farm. This test of the model demonstrates that food utility indices in conjunction with other contextual data can be used to identify socioeconomic status and interpret deviations from expectations of skeletal part frequencies.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0306-8
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • The Korean early Late Paleolithic revisited: a view from Galsanri
    • Authors: Hyeong Woo Lee; Christopher J. Bae; Changseung Lee
      Pages: 843 - 863
      Abstract: Abstract The Early to Late Paleolithic transition in eastern Asia is a topic receiving increasing attention in paleoanthropology. Here, we present the findings from Galsanri, an early Late Paleolithic open-air site that dates to the latter part of marine isotope stage 3 in South Korea. Findings from Galsanri suggest the Early to Late Paleolithic behavioral transition was unlikely to have been the result of a simple mass dispersal event from western Eurasia into eastern Asia. The Galsanri lithic assemblage includes typical Early Paleolithic core and flake tools in the same context as Late Paleolithic blades produced on low-quality raw materials and ground stone tools. The implications of the Galsanri findings are discussed in their broader behavioral contexts.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0301-0
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Stable isotopes and diet in complex hunter-gatherers of Paraná River
           Basin, South America
    • Authors: Flavia Ottalagano; Daniel Loponte
      Pages: 865 - 877
      Abstract: Abstract This paper discusses isotopic analyses carried out on human bone samples corresponding to complex hunter-gatherers from the Paraná River basin in northeastern Argentina. Based on the δ15N and δ13C values obtained, the dietary patterns of 23 individuals recovered from pre-Hispanic archaeological sites of the Late Holocene are characterized. These sites are associated with the archaeological unit generically called Goya-Malabrigo, which is identified in South America over the entire middle basin of the Paraná River and on a part of the lower river. The values obtained show diets based on depleted δ13C proteins linked to the C3 photosynthetic pathway, which is in turn consistent with the isotopic values detected in the main food sources of these human groups: freshwater fishes and continental mammals. The δ15N values and the results of a multivariate model also indicate a low consumption of plant foods. Although archaeobotanical information from the area has reported maize and other cultigens, the diet of the individuals studied was based on animal proteins, especially on freshwater fish. Moreover, the intake of maize was not isotopically detectable in the human bones analyzed.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0308-6
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Zanzibar and Indian Ocean trade in the first millennium CE: the glass bead
           evidence
    • Authors: Marilee Wood; Serena Panighello; Emilio F. Orsega; Peter Robertshaw; Johannes T. van Elteren; Alison Crowther; Mark Horton; Nicole Boivin
      Pages: 879 - 901
      Abstract: Abstract Recent archaeological excavations at the seventh- to tenth-century CE sites of Unguja Ukuu and Fukuchani on Zanzibar Island have produced large numbers of glass beads that shed new light on the island’s early interactions with the wider Indian Ocean world. A selected sample of the beads recovered was analyzed by laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) to determine the origins of the glass used to make the beads and potential trade relationships are considered. The data show that two major glass types can be identified: mineral-soda glass, m-Na-Al, produced in Sri Lanka (and possibly South India) and plant ash soda glass. The latter comprises three subtypes: two with low alumina concentrations and different quantities of lime (here designated v-Na-Ca subtypes A and B) and one with high alumina (designated v-Na-Al). The v-Na-Ca subtype A beads are chemically similar to Sasanian type 1 glass as well as Zhizo beads found in southern Africa, while v-Na-Ca subtype B compares reasonably well with glasses from Syria and the Levant. While the mineral-soda beads were made in South Asia, it appears likely that at least some of the plant ash beads were made in South or Southeast Asia from imported raw and/or scrap Middle Eastern glass. In contrast, during this period, all beads imported into southern Africa were made of Middle Eastern glass from east of the Euphrates (v-Na-Ca subtype A) and appear to have arrived on ships from Oman and the Persian Gulf. These data suggest that the two sections of the African coast were engaged in different Indian Ocean trade circuits.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0310-z
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Human diet and the chronology of neolithic societies in the north-east of
           the Iberian Peninsula: the necropolises of Puig d’en Roca and Can Gelats
           (Girona, Spain)
    • Authors: Juan F. Gibaja; Maria Fontanals-Coll; Stephanie Dubosq; F. Xavier Oms; Anna Augé; Francisco Javier Santos; Berta Morell; M. Eulàlia Subirà
      Pages: 903 - 913
      Abstract: Abstract Radiocarbon and palaeodiet information has been obtained for two Neolithic necropolises in the north-east of the Iberian Peninsula: Puig d’en Roca and Can Gelats (Girona, Spain). Although Puig d’en Roca is one of the most important necropolises in this period, it is also one of the least known as, following its excavation in the 1950s and 1960s, it has scarcely been restudied archaeologically. Can Gelats is one of the latest funerary sites of this period to be excavated and therefore is little known to the scientific community. Two key issues in the study of Neolithic communities in the western Mediterranean are addressed here. Few radiocarbon determinations have been obtained at funerary sites and they have usually been applied to a very small number of individuals in each cemetery (one or two dates). In a similar way, palaeodiet analysis of Neolithic cemeteries has rarely been attempted, and therefore the information presented here is of great importance to understand the diet in those societies. This paper presents a new series of dates for two of the most important Neolithic necropolises in north-east Iberia and approaches the subsistence patterns of the populations buried there.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-015-0311-y
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Evidence of innovation and social differentiation in burial practices in
           Early Bronze Age Moravia
    • Authors: Anna Pankowská; Martin Monik
      Pages: 915 - 933
      Abstract: Abstract Central European Early Bronze Age (EBA) society is distinguished by its greater variety of burial practices. Along with common grave burials in cemeteries, there is a significant increase in storage pit burials (PBs). PBs are assumed to be a minor deviation from common EBA burial practices. Based on archaeological and skeletal evidence found in contemporaneous pit and grave burials (GBs) within EBA settlements and cemeteries in Moravia, Czech Republic, we present an alternative view that PBs are a social innovation and evidence increasing cultural complexity and gender differentiation. Multidimensional scaling was used to visualise the degree of similarity of the archaeological data, and the relationship of health status to burial location was determined through cross-tabulation. Binary logistic regression was used to predict the odds of being buried in PBs or GBs. Our analyses indicate that in the Moravian EBA community, here are at least two archaeologically visible burial practices, each with different gender treatments. We posit that increased variation in burial practice evidences increasing social differentiation of males from females.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-016-0313-4
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • A handheld XRF study of Late Horizon metal artifacts: implications for
           technological choices and political intervention in Copiapó, northern
           Chile
    • Authors: Francisco Garrido; Tao Li
      Pages: 935 - 942
      Abstract: Abstract A sample of 403 Late Horizon (~1400–1530 AD) metal artifacts from Copiapó in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile, consisting of at least 14 artifactual categories, were examined by a Niton pXRF analyzer for compositional information. The results revealed patterned use of different alloys in the Copiapó region, including a very strong, region-wide reliance on bronze alloys, with tin being a primary or secondary alloying element. The wide use of a non-local metal (tin) in the Copiapó region is interpreted as the result of the Inca Empire’s political control over indigenous economic productive activities, despite the long distance to the empire’s core area. However, arsenical bronzes featured local artifact typologies in a relatively large quantity during the same period, suggesting that the Incas’ preference for bronzes alloyed with tin should have influenced but not fully changed the indigenous metallurgic traditions. This shows that the Inca state had powerful but not absolute control over metal resources in the Atacama Desert.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-016-0315-2
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Strontium isotope evidence for long-distance immigration into the
           Byzantine port city of Aila, modern Aqaba, Jordan
    • Authors: Megan A. Perry; Cammie Jennings; Drew S. Coleman
      Pages: 943 - 964
      Abstract: Abstract The ancient Red Sea maritime port of Aila was a major economic and manufacturing center during the 1st century B.C. through the Islamic era. The increased importance of Red Sea trade in the 4th century A.D. in addition to the arrival of a Roman legion in Aila also would suggest an increase in civilian residents arriving in the city for largely economic reasons. Strontium isotope analysis is used to identify any non-locally-born individuals within two mid-4th to early - 5th century A.D. cemeteries in the city (total N = 46). However, this assessment of population mobility requires an accurate estimate of the “local” strontium isotope value at Aila, a calculation made difficult through extensive food importation that occurred in this oasis city. Local faunal values combined with archaeological and historical evidence of local food production and food importation and childhood dietary practices were used to contextualize the human values within the Aila sample subjected to isotope analysis (N = 22). These sources suggest that the local signature of Aila ranges between 87Sr/86Sr = 0.7076142–0.708643, and only four individuals within the cemeteries were local to Aila. Most of the other individuals had 87Sr/86Sr > 0.7100, values unmatched in studies of bioavailable strontium in the Levant, Turkey, Egypt, Iraq, and the Persian Gulf. The lack of strontium dietary sources in southwestern Asia mirroring this signature suggests that many people buried at Aila hailed from great distances, supporting Aila’s role as a major trade center during the Byzantine period.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-016-0314-3
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Evolution of the ceramic production at the Alpine site of Castel de
           Pedena: technology and innovation between the Recent Bronze Age and the
           early Iron Age
    • Authors: Marta Tenconi; Lara Maritan; Valentina Donadel; Anna Angelini; Giovanni Leonardi; Claudio Mazzoli
      Pages: 965 - 984
      Abstract: Abstract Castel de Pedena (northeastern Italy) was a hillfort settlement located in the Venetian Prealps at 680 m above the sea level, in a position that likely conferred upon it a linking role between the Venetian plain and the Alpine areas. The first occupation of the area is dated to the Early Bronze Age, and continues, although intermittently, until the early phase of the Iron Age. The analysis of its Recent Bronze Age to Iron Age pottery assemblage has underlined the use of different recipes for the ceramic production over time. Variations in the raw material selection, clay processing choices, and firing conditions demonstrate a significant shift in the ceramic technology, and therefore, in the potters technological habits.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-016-0346-8
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Multi-isotope proveniencing of human remains from a Bronze Age battlefield
           in the Tollense Valley in northeast Germany
    • Authors: T. Douglas Price; Robert Frei; Ute Brinker; Gundula Lidke; Thomas Terberger; Karin Margarita Frei; Detlef Jantzen
      Abstract: Abstract Although the Bronze Age is best known for its remarkable metal weapons, there is little evidence of conflict. Traumatic wounds in human skeletal remains are rare, and there have been few recognized scenes of warfare such as those known from later periods. Recent discoveries, however, have revealed evidence of a major battle in a small valley in the northeast of Germany, some 3250 years ago. Both military equipment and human and animal remains have been encountered in surveys and excavations along almost 3 km of the Tollense Valley. More than 130 human individuals have been recovered in the investigations, for the most, part young men between 20 and 40 years of age. In addition, horse bones have been found among the human remains in the riverbed and banks. This study reports on the isotopic proveniencing of the excavated remains utilizing strontium, lead, oxygen, and carbon isotopes to learn about place of origin and past diet. Two major groups can be distinguished in the isotope data, along with evidence for different homelands for some of the individuals who died in the Tollense Valley.
      PubDate: 2017-08-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12520-017-0529-y
       
 
 
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