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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy
  [SJR: 0.351]   [H-I: 9]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1874-4621 - ISSN (Online) 1874-463X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Quantifying the Spatiotemporal Trends of Urban Sprawl Among Large U.S.
           Metropolitan Areas Via Spatial Metrics
    • Authors: Neil Debbage; Bradley Bereitschaft; J. Marshall Shepherd
      Pages: 317 - 345
      Abstract: Abstract Spatial metrics have emerged as a widely utilized tool to quantify urban morphologies and monitor urban sprawl. Since previous applications of spatial metrics have typically considered only a single urban class, this study evaluates how deriving spatial metrics from multiple land use/land cover (LULC) classification schemes can help elucidate the spatiotemporal trends of urban sprawl. Specifically, the urban morphologies of the fifty most populous metropolitan areas in the U.S. were quantified in 2001 and 2011 using spatial metrics derived from two LULC classification schemes: the more common urban/non-urban binary and a non-binary that considered four urban classes individually. The results indicated that many of the spatial metrics were significantly correlated with existing sprawl indices, suggesting that they accurately quantified components of urban form associated with urban sprawl. More sprawl-like morphologies were typically located in the Eastern region of the U.S. although the regional variability of select spatial metrics was dependent on the LULC classification scheme. Over the 10-year study period, spatial metric-based sprawl indices that compared the relative abundance of low and high intensity urban development suggested that sprawl attributable to low-density single family residential suburbs generally decreased among most metropolitan areas. However, detailed case studies revealed that sprawling development was still likely increasing within particular metros in the form of strip commercial development. Overall, the findings highlight the importance of considering multiple classification schemes to maximize the utility of spatial metrics for urban morphological analysis and urban planning.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9190-6
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Revisiting a Hegemonic Concept: Long-term ‘Mediterranean Urbanization’
           in Between City Re-polarization and Metropolitan Decline
    • Authors: Margherita Carlucci; Efstathios Grigoriadis; Kostas Rontos; Luca Salvati
      Pages: 347 - 362
      Abstract: Abstract Urban development in southern Europe differs from urbanization patterns observed in other affluent countries. Urbanization processes in the Mediterranean region reflect heterogeneous spatial forms and more similar socioeconomic dynamics. Rejecting a unique ‘Mediterranean city’ model, this study proposes a thorough analysis of post-war urban development in four southern European countries (Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain) focusing on homogeneous patterns and possible sources of heterogeneity in spatio-temporal trends of individual city expansion. Urbanization without industrialization - boosted by the informal economy and the development of traditional services - has driven the growth of large cities through agglomeration economies enhanced by internal immigration. This trend has deflated shortly after the end of the baby boom, favoring slow dynamics towards spatially-balanced settlements and determining a recovery of medium-sized cities, which have been further consolidated with the economic crisis.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9186-2
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • The Path-Dependency of Low-Income Neighbourhood Trajectories: An Approach
           for Analysing Neighbourhood Change
    • Authors: Merle Zwiers; Reinout Kleinhans; Maarten Van Ham
      Pages: 363 - 380
      Abstract: Abstract The gap between wealthy and disadvantaged neighbourhoods seems to be increasing in many contemporary Western cities. Most studies of neighbourhood change focus on specific case-studies of neighbourhood downgrading or gentrification. Studies investigating socio-spatial polarisation in larger urban areas often compare neighbourhoods at two points in time, neglecting the underlying dynamic character of neighbourhoods. In the current literature, the question if neighbourhoods with similar characteristics experience similar changes over time remains unanswered. As a result, it is unclear why some neighbourhoods appear to be more prone to change than others. In this paper, we propose a dual approach for analysing neighbourhood change. We argue that researchers should both adopt a long-term perspective (20–40 years), because significant changes are only visible after longer periods of time, and focus on more detailed neighbourhood trajectories to understand how neighbourhood change is interrelated with context. Focussing on Dutch neighbourhoods over the period 1971–2013, we analyse the role of physical characteristics on low-income neighbourhood trajectories using an innovative visualisation technique. A tree-structured discrepancy analysis allows for the visualisation of complete neighbourhood pathways, enabling the analysis of complex, contextualised patterns of change. We find that the original quality of neighbourhoods and dwellings seems to be an important predictor for future neighbourhood trajectories, indicating a high level of path-dependency.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9189-z
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • The Relationship Between Urban Morphology and Street Lighting Operating
           Costs: Evidence from Medium-sized Spanish Cities
    • Authors: Francisco Javier Garrido-Jiménez; Francesc Magrinyá; María Consuelo del Moral-Ávila; Gustavo Rodríguez-García
      Pages: 381 - 399
      Abstract: Abstract The design and operation of urban public infrastructure has a large impact on the future economic and environmental sustainability of the urban system. However, those factors are not usually considered when the city is planned, and it is difficult to ensure that urban planning will create more sustainable cities. Therefore, knowledge of the relationship between planning variables and future operating cost of urban public services can help to improve the decision-making process in the early stages of urban planning. In a set of Spanish cities on two different territorial levels, the degree of correlation between three of the urban planning variables that define the urban morphology and the operating cost of street lighting infrastructure has been analysed. The study shows that at whole city level, the operating cost is closely related to housing density and relative length of roads, while for new residential developments, the most crucial urban variable is the relative area occupied by the streets. It has also become clear that per area and per capita operating cost of illuminating newly developed areas is significantly higher than the average cost for the whole city.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9187-1
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Comparative Analysis of Urban Competitiveness in the Yangtze River Delta
           and Pearl River Delta Regions of China, 2000–2010
    • Authors: Lei Wang; Jianfa Shen
      Pages: 401 - 419
      Abstract: Abstract Many studies have employed the perspective of urban competitiveness to understand the development and restructuring of cities and regions in the context of economic globalization, while a few studies have made comparative analyses of urban competitiveness and competitive advantages in different regions. This paper makes a systematic comparison of urban competitiveness in Yangtze River Delta (YRD) and Pearl River Delta (PRD) in China in the period 2000–2010. Although, YRD and PRD are two most advanced regions in China, they have rarely been compared in terms of urban competitive advantages and regional spatial restructuring. Urban competitiveness is assessed using a four-level hierarchal evaluation system with a total of 59 indicators. The results show that, among the four dimensions of economic, social, environmental, and connectivity competitiveness, economic competitiveness had the most significant correlation with the overall urban competitiveness in 2000 and 2010, while environmental competitiveness had become less consistent with the overall urban competitiveness in the period. In general, cities in YRD outperformed those in PRD in terms of improvement in the relative competitiveness in the period 2000–2010. The primate city in PRD (Shenzhen in 2000 and Guangzhou in 2010) was much weaker than its counterpart in YRD (Shanghai). But the top three competitive cities in PRD became more dominant than those in YRD over the decade. There was a trend of convergence in urban competitiveness in YRD, while an opposite trend was observed in PRD. The result implies that the urban system in YRD was more mature than that in PRD.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9210-6
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Spatiotemporal Analysis of Housing Prices in China: A Big Data Perspective
    • Authors: Shengwen Li; Xinyue Ye; Jay Lee; Junfang Gong; Chenglin Qin
      Pages: 421 - 433
      Abstract: Abstract Due to the rapid economic growth and urbanization, China’s real estate industry has been undergoing a fast-paced development in recent decades. However, the spatial imbalance between the economic growth in urban and that in rural areas and the excessive growth and fluctuations of house prices in both areas had quickly caught public’s attention. Not surprisingly, these issues had become a focus of urban and regional economic research. Efficient and accurate prediction of housing prices remains a much needed but disputable topic. Currently, based on the trends and changes in the financial market, population migration and urbanization processes, numerous case studies have been developed to evaluate the mechanism of real estate’s price fluctuations. However, few studies were conducted to examine the space-time dynamics of how housing prices fluctuated from a big data perspective. Using data from China’s leading online real estate platform {sofang.com}, we investigated the spatiotemporal trends of the fluctuations of housing prices in the context of big data. This paper uses spatial data analytics and modeling techniques to: first, identify the spatial distribution of housing prices at micro level; second, explore the space-time dynamics of residential properties in the market; and third, detect if there exist geographic disparity in terms of housing prices. Results from our analysis revealed the space-time patterns of the housing prices in a large metropolitan area, demonstrating the utility of big data and means of analyzing big data.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9185-3
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • The Influence of On-Premise and Off-Premise Alcohol Outlets on Reported
           Violent Crime in the Region of Waterloo, Ontario: Applying Bayesian
           Spatial Modeling to Inform Land Use Planning and Policy
    • Authors: Matthew Quick; Jane Law; Hui Luan
      Pages: 435 - 454
      Abstract: Abstract This research analyzes the association between alcohol outlets and reported violent crime at the small-area level in the Region of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Alcohol outlets are hypothesized to be associated with high violent crime, primarily because they bring together large numbers of potential offenders and targets, and from a policy perspective, alcohol outlets are a modifiable land use risk factor that can be addressed through land use planning and policy. Results show that both on- and off-premise alcohol outlets are positively associated with reported violent crime after accounting for socioeconomic characteristics. Using small-area risk estimates resulting from Bayesian spatial regression models, map decomposition visualizes the geographic pattern of violent crime risk and the contribution of specific risk factors at the small-area scale, and violent crime hotspots are identified based on posterior probability of relative risk. Applying results to land use planning and policy, we identify small-areas that may be preferred for proposed alcohol outlets based on specific criteria such as low violent crime risk and low risk due to alcohol outlets. We also discuss how the results of this research inform law enforcement initiatives.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9191-5
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Erratum to: Agricultural Land Consumption in Periurban Areas: a
           Methodological Approach for Risk Assessment Using Artificial Neural
           Networks and Spatial Correlation in Northern Italy
    • Authors: Chiara Mazzocchi; Stefano Corsi; Guido Sali
      Pages: 455 - 455
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9205-3
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Income and Population Dynamics in Deprived Neighbourhoods: Measuring the
           Poverty Turnover Rate Using Administrative Data
    • Authors: Mark Fransham
      Abstract: Abstract Many studies of neighbourhood deprivation have confirmed that there is more continuity than change in the geography of deprivation. This stable geography can lead to an unwarranted inference that the households living on low incomes in these areas comprise a relatively static population. This paper develops the use of administrative data for the longitudinal observation of low income families in small areas, which is underdeveloped despite the widespread use of administrative data in the cross-sectional measurement of neighbourhood deprivation. An empirical measure of local poverty dynamics - the poverty turnover rate – is introduced, and created for small areas using housing benefit data for the city of Oxford between 2010 and 2014. A high turnover of poor families is observed and the poverty turnover rate is able to identify small areas with higher and lower turnover rates than the average for the city. The high turnover rates discovered in this study suggest that in this city it is primarily the flows of people in and out of the area, and in and out of low income, that maintains the concentration of poor families, rather than a static population of poor families. This approach can be used to provide a richer understanding of the population and income dynamics that underpin stability and change in the geography of poverty, of use to regeneration policy and the academic studies of gentrification, health inequalities and neighbourhood effects.
      PubDate: 2017-10-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9242-6
       
  • Spatial Distribution of Malnutrition among Children Under Five in Nigeria:
           A Bayesian Quantile Regression Approach
    • Authors: Ezra Gayawan; Samson B. Adebayo; Akinola A. Komolafe; Abayomi A. Akomolafe
      Abstract: Abstract Issues of malnutrition among young children in developing countries are gaining more attention of policy-makers because of the adverse effects on the well-being of people and economic of these nations. Anthropometric variables used for determining malnutrition are measured through z-scores where those whose measures fall into the extreme ends of the scores are considered malnourished. Conditional mean regression has been adopted to examine the determinants but often times, covariates would have effect on the mean, but have no substantial influence on more extreme quantiles. We adopt Bayesian quantile regression approach to measure the spatial distributions of childhood undernutrition at state and local government levels in Nigeria. Markov random fields and Bayesian P-splines were used as priors for the spatial and nonlinear components respectively and estimation was through MCMC technique. Results show the existence of north-south divide in undernutrition in Nigeria and that observed socioeconomic variables could have little influence on the distribution of undernutrition across space in the country.
      PubDate: 2017-10-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9240-8
       
  • Mapping Urban Accessibility in Data Scarce Contexts Using Space Syntax and
           Location-Based Methods
    • Authors: Jose Morales; Johannes Flacke; Javier Morales; Jaap Zevenbergen
      Abstract: Abstract Data scarcity is still a common barrier to adequately understanding urban access in Global South countries. Widely used location-based methods address the traditional definition of accessibility as the easiness to reach land-uses by means of available mobility modes. Space Syntax instead analyses accessibility as network centrality focusing only on the topological and geometric properties of urban layouts, making it comparatively less data-intense. However, the interpretation of its outputs is limited to its own theory. Knowledge is missing on how such metrics are comparable to the metrics produced by location-based methods. The objective of the research was to compare both approaches for mapping urban accessibility in two cities in Guatemala. Our hypothesis tested the assumption that Space Syntax metrics could consistently reflect accessibility conditions that so far have only been measured by location-based methods. We proposed an approach using volunteered geo-information and produced accessibility maps following both approaches that were then compared using Pearson correlations. Space Syntax metrics at low and high radii are consistently correlated with location-based access to land uses that reflect location quality at neighbourhood and city-wide scale correspondingly. Space Syntax metrics at lower radii reflect time-based access restrictions either posed in the location-based analyses or by reduced accessibility by public transport. The hypothesis acceptance, p < 0.01, expands the scope of accessibility knowledge derivable from limited data availability using Space Syntax, which is relevant for its applicability in data-scarce contexts by planners and researchers in the Global South. Rather than replacing location-based methods Space Syntax offers an important complementary measure to geographical accessibility. This having been said, Space Syntax could contribute to early-stage planning by gaining overall insights into patterns of urban access.
      PubDate: 2017-10-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9239-1
       
  • The Cost of School Consolidation Policy: Implications from Decomposing
           School Commuting Distances in Yanqing, Beijing
    • Authors: Te-qi Dai; Liang Wang; Yu-chao Zhang; Cong Liao; Zheng-bing Liu
      Abstract: Abstract School consolidation may be an effective policy option in regions where demand for schooling is thin—after taking into account its effects on the school commuting distance, the education quality and economies of scale. The effects of consolidation on the educational quality and the economies of scale have been well researched; but studies on the commuting distance are limited in scope because they usually rely on comparing distances pre- and post-consolidation—which may exaggerate the consolidation’s effect. In this study, optimization approaches are used to decompose school commuting distances at Yanqing, Beijing, based on survey data. The costs of long-distance school commuting as a result of consolidation are estimated after decomposing the effects of school districting, school location and financial stimulation. The findings indicate that these factors contribute significantly to pupils’ long travel distance, and the negative effect of consolidation on school size standardization is exaggerated. These results imply that long-distance school commuting should not be the rationale for a suspension of the central government’s consolidation policy.
      PubDate: 2017-09-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9238-2
       
  • Can Urban Lake Recreational Pressure Be Measured' The Impacts of
           Urbanization on Wuhan’s Lakes
    • Authors: Yan Gao; Zutao Deng; Alastair M. Morrison
      Abstract: Abstract Recreational activities are becoming one of the most important functions of urban lakes, but the pressure caused by increasing use has not been given adequate research attention. With Wuhan in Hubei, China as the case study, this research applies ArcGis10.2 network analysis function in an accessibility analysis of its urban lakes. Lake recreational pressure (LRP) is measured by integrating the accessibility analysis with Kriging Interpolation results of the population density spatial distribution of 90 center city streets and the travel rate (TR) formula (adapted from Koch 1978). The results show that 96% of the total area of Wuhan’s lakes are reachable within 15 min, but this good accessibility leads to higher recreational pressure. Traffic accessibility and population density were positively correlated to lake recreational pressure. Wuhan’s urban lakes were divided into five categories by the lake recreational pressure index (LRPI). A lake pressure mitigation strategy is suggested, with the management, ecological conservation, recreational development, and spatial configuration being guided by the LRPI grades of each lake.
      PubDate: 2017-09-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9241-7
       
  • Improving Gender Equality in Higher Education in Turkey
    • Authors: Semra Gunay Aktas; Evrim Genc Kumtepe; Yeliz Mert Kantar; Ibrahim Cemil Ulukan; Sinan Aydin; Talha Aksoy; Fikret Er
      Abstract: Abstract Women’s representation in education-especially in higher education- is an important part of broader gender equity discussions. The gender imbalance in education is not a new issue; and Turkey is no exception. In fact, this has been the subject of an ongoing debate for years throughout the world. Governments from all around the world try to enhance gender equity in education, along with other facets of the issue, such as economical, social, work, etc. Since its inception, Turkey’s largest distance education provider Anadolu University, even though it is not an intended institutional policy, contribute to enhance the equal representation of both men and women in higher education. The study specifically aimed at to assess how gender ratio has evolved over 32 years, whether spatial clustering exists within the gender data around the country, and to what extent women were represented in higher education programs. To answer these queries, gender ratio datasets were examined using visual (mapping) and spatial cluster analyses. Findings support that, distant programs of the university have helped more women participate in higher education programs across the country over the years, leading to relatively more normalized distribution of gender in education across the geographical regions. Findings are encouraging for the University administration towards tailoring programs to attract more women, and the disadvantaged groups into the academic programs. Also, fee and payment structures of the courses can be re-aligned to better serve disadvantaged regions of the country. In addition, institutions all around the world providing mass distance education can review Anadolu University’s cost and program structure to create their own structures to enhance their gender equality issues in education.
      PubDate: 2017-09-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9235-5
       
  • Violence and Local Development in Fortaleza, Brazil: A Spatial Regression
           Analysis
    • Authors: Victor Hugo de Oliveira; Cleyber Nascimento de Medeiros; José Raimundo Carvalho
      Abstract: Abstract Fortaleza is the fifth largest city of Brazil, and has become the most violent state capital in the last years. In this paper, we investigate whether violent crime rates are associated with the local development of the city. Using an unexplored data source about georeferenced murders and deaths due to bodily injury and theft, we show that violent crime rates exhibit a positive spatial dependence across clusters of census tracts. In other words, small urban areas with high (low) violent crime rates have neighbors, on average, with similar pattern of violent crime rates. Investigating the relationship between violent crime rates and variables associated with local development, spatial regressions suggest that high violent crime rates are related with low-income neighborhood, with high spatial isolation of poor households, low access to urban infrastructure, and high prevalence of illiterate adolescents and young black males. The study also provides important evidence about spillover effects that helps to understand how the absence of local development can expose neighbors to violence.
      PubDate: 2017-09-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9236-4
       
  • Network Constrained Spatio-Temporal Hotspot Mapping of Crimes in
           Faisalabad
    • Authors: Shoaib Khalid; Fariha Shoaib; Tianlu Qian; Yikang Rui; Arezu Imran Bari; Muhammad Sajjad; Muhammad Shakeel; Jiechen Wang
      Abstract: Abstract The Network Kernel Density Estimation (NetKDE) is a useful tool for visualization of point events over a network space, but it lacks in expressing the statistical significance of the mapped phenomenon. In this paper, we discuss the network hotspot detection of street crimes by integrating the NetKDE and the Getis-Ord GI* statistics. We selected four types of network-constrained crimes, i.e., bike theft, car theft, robbery, and snatching. The NetKDE is a useful technique to study the patterns of crimes bounded by the road networks. We used the Spatial Analysis along Networks (SANET) tools for computing the Network Kernel Density Estimation (NetKDE) and utilized the results of the NetKDE as input values for computing the Getis-Ord GI* statistics. The combination of these two methods can detect the network-constrained hotspots that are statistically significant. We also performed the network K-function, the extension of the Ripley’s K-function on networks. The network K-function analysis displays the significant clustering of crime events at different scales. Results demonstrated that the intensity of street crimes are strongly concentrated in the central part of the city. Moreover, the results reflected that the functional nature of different urban land use affects the frequency of crime events. Various urban land uses such as commercial, residential and industrial area seemed to influence the distribution of different types of crimes. The hotspot analysis has real potential, impacting the police patrolling protocols. The methods presented in this study suggest that there is a need to distinguish the planar and network hotspots and crime prevention policies could be enacted according to the type of hotspots.
      PubDate: 2017-09-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9230-x
       
  • Exploring the Links Between Education and Income Inequality at the
           Municipal Level in Greece
    • Authors: Anastasia Panori; Yannis Psycharis
      Abstract: Abstract This paper builds upon the EU2020 strategy, following the smart and inclusive growth paradigm, that treats human capital as a central component of regional development. However, there are cases of smart growth policies, focusing on skills’ empowerment, which may not yield the expected results, in terms of social cohesion aspects. Given this fact, the role of regional specificities, such as the extent to which an economy is characterized by a knowledge-based structure, constitute essential parameters that need to be taken into consideration during a policy-design process. This study aims to provide an evidence-based sub-regional analysis to assist processes regarding place-based policy design for socio-economic inclusion, in the case of Greece. More specifically, it investigates the links between education and income inequality, at a municipal level during the period 1994–2012, using a balanced panel dataset. The results indicate a negative effect of educational level on the formation of income inequality, probably due to the lack of an advanced knowledge-based economic structure in the case of the Greek economy. The significance of incorporating local particularities in the analysis, such as human capital endowments and time-varying socio-economic disturbances, as the 2008 economic crisis, is also stressed. Finally, the econometric method used in this paper includes the development of a DSEM model estimated by a system GMM estimator.
      PubDate: 2017-09-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9234-6
       
  • Measuring Regional Differences in Labour Market Sensitivity in Hungary
    • Authors: Levente Alpek; Robert Tésits
      Abstract: Abstract The core of this study is the development of a statistical tool for measuring the regional labour market sensitivity. The goal is to present and apply a general index, which can be used in other disciplines as well. An additional objective is the evaluation of the social and economic processes affecting the labour market, and the identification of highly vulnerable areas exposed to crises. In this study, sensitivity means the relative volume of responsiveness to the labour market changes in the examined areas. Former spatial statistical methods have tried to identify the regional differentiating factors of unemployment; however, they did not reveal the extent to which the villages and towns were exposed to economic and employment changes. A new index provides this opportunity. It evaluates the processes of regional unemployment, the degree of exposure to the crisis and the employment mechanisms with particular regard to public employment programmes. The research explores and evaluates the specific labour market vulnerability and macro-regional structure of the settlements of Hungary with the help of the developed index. Thus at least three new elements of the national spatial structure will be revealed which enables us to prepare for socio-economic changes similar to the latest crisis.
      PubDate: 2017-09-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9237-3
       
  • Developing an Individual-level Geodemographic Classification
    • Authors: Luke Burns; Linda See; Alison Heppenstall; Mark Birkin
      Abstract: Abstract Geodemographics is a spatially explicit classification of socio-economic data, which can be used to describe and analyse individuals by where they live. Geodemographic information is used by the public sector for planning and resource allocation but it also has considerable use within commercial sector applications. Early geodemographic systems, such as the UK’s ACORN (A Classification of Residential Neighbourhoods), used only area-based census data, but more recent systems have added supplementary layers of information, e.g. credit details and survey data, to provide better discrimination between classes. Although much more data has now become available, geodemographic systems are still fundamentally built from area-based census information. This is partly because privacy laws require release of census data at an aggregate level but mostly because much of the research remains proprietary. Household level classifications do exist but they are often based on regressions between area and household data sets. This paper presents a different approach for creating a geodemographic classification at the individual level using only census data. A generic framework is presented, which classifies data from the UK Census Small Area Microdata and then allocates the resulting clusters to a synthetic population created via microsimulation. The framework is then applied to the creation of an individual-based system for the city of Leeds, demonstrated using data from the 2001 census, and is further validated using individual and household survey data from the British Household Panel Survey.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9233-7
       
  • Localized Spatiotemporal Effects in the Determinants of Property Prices: A
           Case Study of Seoul
    • Authors: A. Stewart Fotheringham; Bumsub Park
      Abstract: Abstract This research investigates both spatial and temporal elements of the apartment pricing process in Seoul, South Korea by modeling the determinants of apartment prices over a ten-year period from 2006 to 2015 with a hedonic price model containing a spatio-temporal lag model calibrated by geographically weighted regression (GWR). The results yield information on both spatial and temporal variations in the processes affecting apartment prices and demonstrate the use of GWR for generating local spatial dependency measures which are conditioned on various covariates rather than being simple descriptions of pattern. The study utilizes a combined approach to account for both spatial dependency in housing prices and spatial heterogeneity in the processes generating those prices. The results suggest that there are spatial variations in the determinants of apartment prices and that these spatial variations are fairly consistent over time. The effect of the spatial lag on house prices exhibits strong spatial variation which again is reasonably consistent over time.
      PubDate: 2017-08-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9232-8
       
 
 
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