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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2335 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Applied Physics A
  [SJR: 0.535]   [H-I: 121]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0947-8396 - ISSN (Online) 1432-0630
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Machining process influence on the chip form and surface roughness by
           neuro-fuzzy technique
    • Abstract: Abstract The main aim of the study was to analyze the influence of six machining parameters on the chip shape formation and surface roughness as well during turning of Steel 30CrNiMo8. Three components of cutting forces were used as inputs together with cutting speed, feed rate, and depth of cut. It is crucial for the engineers to use optimal machining parameters to get the best results or to high control of the machining process. Therefore, there is need to find the machining parameters for the optimal procedure of the machining process. Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) was used to estimate the inputs influence on the chip shape formation and surface roughness. According to the results, the cutting force in direction of the depth of cut has the highest influence on the chip form. The testing error for the cutting force in direction of the depth of cut has testing error 0.2562. This cutting force determines the depth of cut. According to the results, the depth of cut has the highest influence on the surface roughness. Also the depth of cut has the highest influence on the surface roughness. The testing error for the cutting force in direction of the depth of cut has testing error 5.2753. Generally the depth of cut and the cutting force which provides the depth of cut are the most dominant factors for chip forms and surface roughness. Any small changes in depth of cut or in cutting force which provide the depth of cut could drastically affect the chip form or surface roughness of the working material.
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
  • Fabrication and characterization of 150 nm tin antimony sulfide thin
           films, a promising window layer material for homojunction solar cells
    • Abstract: Abstract A suitable combination of window and absorber layers plays a vital role in the fabrication of an efficient solar cell system. Here, we report the investigations concerning tin antimony sulfide, SnSb4S7 (TAS) thin film as an n-type window layer, prepared on the cleaned glass substrate via thermal evaporation technique. The obtained 150 nm thin films were annealed at 150, 200, 250, and 300 °C in an argon atmosphere, and then analyzed to get insight about its potential in a solar cell as an n-type window layer. The resistance of the films, determined via Van der Pauw technique, is found to be decreased (76–52 MΩ) with increasing annealing temperature. XRD analysis showed that the calculated crystallite size of the sample annealed at 300 °C was around 16 ± 0.5 nm, which is consistent with the characteristic range of window layer. Moreover, the calculated band gap (2.3–2.85 eV), low absorbance, and high transmittance values in the visible range also endorse the potential of TAS thin film for window layer.
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
  • Influence of the concentration of reducing agent on gold nanoparticles
           decorated reduced graphene oxide and its ammonia sensing performance
    • Abstract: Abstract Gold nanoparticles decorated reduced graphene oxide were synthesized with various concentrations of ascorbic acid. Phase structure and the variation in particle size were analysed by XRD studies and SEM image, respectively. The extent of reduction in graphene oxide was analysed by different techniques. Then the sensor was fabricated by simple drop casting method on a glass and the electrical contacts were provided by silver electrodes. The electrical conductivity of the films was measured by I–V measurements. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was employed to monitor the charge transfer at the interface of electrode and the sample. Finally the ammonia sensing of the fabricated films was studied by chemiresisitive method and the results are compared.
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
  • Prediction of mechanical properties for hexagonal boron nitride nanosheets
           using molecular mechanics model
    • Abstract: Abstract Mechanical behaviors of nanomaterials are not easy to be evaluated in the laboratory because of their extremely small size and difficulty controlling. Thus, a suitable model for the estimation of the mechanical properties for nanomaterials becomes very important. In this study, the elastic properties of boron nitride (BN) nanosheets, including the elastic modulus, the shear modulus, and the Poisson’s ratio, are predicted using a molecular mechanics model. The molecular mechanics force filed is established to directly incorporate the Morse potential function into the constitutive model of nanostructures. According to the molecular mechanics model, the chirality effect of hexagonal BN nanosheets on the elastic modulus is investigated through a closed-form solution. The simulated result shows that BN nanosheets exhibit an isotropic elastic property. The present analysis yields a set of very simple formulas and is able to be served as a good approximation on the mechanical properties for the BN nanosheets.
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
  • X-ray diffraction, vibrational properties, and dielectric studies of
           3-ammoniumpropyl imidazolium pentabromoantimonate (III)
    • Abstract: Abstract A new organic–inorganic material 3-ammoniumpropyl imidazolium pentabromoantimonate (III) was reported. The title compound was synthesized at room temperature by slow evaporation and then characterized by single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic measurements, thermal analysis, and dielectric technique. It crystallizes in the non-centrosymmetric space group P212121 with the following unit cell parameters: a = 8.7120(7), b = 12.6608(1), c = 14.3498(1) Å with Z = 4. The crystal is built up of separated SbBr5 2− polyhedra anions and 3-ammoniumpropyl imidazolium cations. The cohesion of the structure is ensured by network of N–H…Br hydrogen bonds between the 3-ammoniumpropyl imidazolium cations and [SbBr5]2− anions, in which they may be effective in the stabilization of the crystal structure. The Raman and infrared spectra confirm the presence of both cationic [C6H13N3]2+ and anionic [SbBr5]2− entities. Dielectric data were analyzed using complex permittivity ε* and complex electrical modulus M* for the sample at various temperatures. The conductivity follows the Arrhenius low. The Z′ and Zʺ versus frequency plots are well fitted to an equivalent circuit model. The circuits consist of the parallel combination of bulk resistance Rp and constant phase elements CPE. [C6H13N3]SbBr5 crystals undergo one endothermic peak at 333 K. This transition was detected by DSC and by dielectric measurements using the impedance and modulus spectroscopy techniques.
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
  • Oxide-based synaptic transistors gated by solution-processed gelatin
    • Abstract: Abstract In human brain, a large number of neurons are connected via synapses. Simulation of the synaptic behaviors using electronic devices is the most important step for neuromorphic systems. In this paper, proton conducting gelatin electrolyte-gated oxide field-effect transistors (FETs) were used for emulating synaptic functions, in which the gate electrode is regarded as pre-synaptic neuron and the channel layer as the post-synaptic neuron. In analogy to the biological synapse, a potential spike can be applied at the gate electrode and trigger ionic motion in the gelatin electrolyte, which in turn generates excitatory post-synaptic current (EPSC) in the channel layer. Basic synaptic behaviors including spike time-dependent EPSC, paired-pulse facilitation (PPF), self-adaptation, and frequency-dependent synaptic transmission were successfully mimicked. Such ionic/electronic hybrid devices are beneficial for synaptic electronics and brain-inspired neuromorphic systems.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
  • Compositional, morphological, structural, microstructural, optical, and
           magnetic properties of Fe, Co, and Ni doped ZnS nanoparticles
    • Abstract: Abstract We present the compositional, morphological, structural, microstructural, optical, and magnetic properties of undoped, Fe, Co, and Ni doped ZnS diluted magnetic semiconductor nanoparticles (NPs) synthesized by chemical refluxing technique at 80 °C using Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as a stabilizer. EDS spectra confirmed the presence of Zn, Fe, Co, Ni, and S in the samples with expected stoichiometry. XRD and Raman studies revealed that all the samples exhibited cubic structure without any impurity phases. The average diameter of the particles confirmed by HRTEM studies was in the range 5–8 nm. From DRS, the estimated band-gap values were 3.92, 3.70, 3.98, and 3.76 eV for undoped, Ni, Fe, and Co doped ZnS samples, respectively. Photoluminescence studies indicated that the undoped and doped samples exhibited broad and asymmetric PL peaks covering a wide visible range. Room temperature magnetisation studies revealed that the undoped, Fe, Co, and Ni doped samples exhibited diamagnetic, paramagnetic, and ferromagnetic behaviors, respectively. The use of these ions with magnetic properties in systems doped by an innovative method and thus creating a quantum confinement effect.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
  • Thermal conductivity of polymer composite pigmented with titanium dioxide
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this work is to provide a numerical modeling of thermal conductivity of a polymer matrix polystyrene composite filled with titanium dioxide spheres, and to compare the obtained results with theoretical prediction models and the experimental data as a function of the quenching temperature. For this purpose, a numerical study was conducted using the finite element method to predict the effective thermal conductivity of the composite. In addition, a comparison with the results from the analytical models showed that the proposed numerical model is in good agreement with the analytical models of Hatta–Taya and Hashin–Shtrikman. Finally, the comparison of the numerical model to experimental results based on the quenching temperature shows that the best quenching temperature that agrees well with the theoretical model Hashin–Shtrikman is 20 °C.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
  • Thickness uniformity and optical/structural evaluation of RF sputtered ZnO
           thin films for solar cell and other device applications
    • Abstract: Abstract Spatial uniformity in thickness and other characteristics over the surface of thin films plays a fundamental role in characterization and device fabrication particularly in the solar cells. We report an investigation in the preparation of zinc oxide (ZnO) thin film on sapphire substrate by RF magnetron sputtering and characterization by spectral reflectance, photoluminescence, transmittance, and atomic force microscopy measurements. Surface of the film is spatially analyzed and a comparison is established with the previously reported results of metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) grown ZnO film. Results show that ZnO films prepared by sputtering technique are superior in thickness uniformity for practical applications. Optical quality of the films prepared by sputtering is similar or even shows better quality compared to the films grown by MOCVD. Furthermore, the importance of film thickness uniformity in particular with reference to the solar cell performance is discussed that, so far, could not draw adequate attention from the research community.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
  • Effect of Cu content on wear resistance and mechanical behavior of
           Ti–Cu binary alloys
    • Abstract: Abstract Arc melting with nonconsumable tungsten electrode and water-cooled copper crucible was used to fabricate Ti–Cu binary alloys with different Cu contents in an argon atmosphere. The compositions and phase structures of the fabricated alloys were investigated by glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy (GDOES) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Nanoindentation tests through continuous stiffness measurement were then performed at room temperature to analyze the mechanical behaviors of the alloys. Results indicated that the composition of each Ti–Cu binary alloy was Ti(100−x) Cu x (x = 43, 60, 69, and 74 at.%). The XRD analysis results showed that the alloys were composed of different phases, indicating that different Cu contents led to the variations in alloy hardness. The wear tests results revealed that elemental Cu positively affects the wear resistance properties of the Ti–Cu alloys. Nanoindentation testing results showed that the moduli of the Ti–Cu alloys were minimally changed at increasing Cu content, whereas their hardness evidently increased according to the wear test results.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
  • Electrical and carrier transport properties of the Au/Y 2 O 3 /n-GaN
           metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) diode with rare-earth oxide interlayer
    • Abstract: Abstract The electrical and transport properties of rare-earth Y2O3 on n-type GaN with Au electrode have been investigated by current–voltage and capacitance–voltage techniques at room temperature. The Au/Y2O3/n-GaN metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) diode shows a good rectification behavior compared to the Au/n-GaN metal–semiconductor (MS) diode. Statistical analysis showed that a mean barrier height (BH) and ideality factor are 0.78 eV and 1.93, and 0.96 eV and 2.09  for the Au/n-GaN MS and Au/Y2O3/n-GaN MIS diodes, respectively. Results indicate that the high BH is obtained for the MIS diode compared to the MS diode. The BH, ideality factor and series resistance are also estimated by Cheung’s function and Norde method. From the forward current–voltage data, the interface state density (N SS) is estimated for both the MS and MIS Schottky diodes, and found that the estimated N SS is lower for the MIS diode compared to the MS diode. The results reveal that the introduction of Y2O3 interlayer facilitated the reduction of N SS of the Au/n-GaN interface. Experimental results suggest that the Poole–Frenkel emission is a dominant conduction mechanism in the reverse bias region of both Au/n-GaN MS and Au/Y2O3/n-GaN MIS diodes.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
  • Prediction of the physical properties of barium titanates using an
           artificial neural network
    • Abstract: Abstract Barium titanate is one of the most important ceramics amongst those that are widely used in the electronic industry because of their dielectric properties. These properties are related to the physical properties of the material, namely, the density and the porosity. Thus, the prediction of these properties is highly desirable. The aim of the current work is to develop models that can predict the density, porosity, firing shrinkage, and the green density of barium titanate BaTiO3. An artificial neural network was used to fulfill this aim. The modified pechini method was used to prepare barium titanate powders with five different particle size distributions. Eighty samples were prepared using different processing parameters including the pressing rate, pressing pressure, heating rate, sintering temperature, and soaking time. In the artificial neural network (ANN) model, the experimental data set consisted of these 80 samples, 70 samples were used for training the network and 10 samples were employed for testing. A comparison was made between the experimental and the predicted data. Good performance of the ANN model was achieved, in which the results showed that the mean error for the density, porosity, shrinkage, and green density are 0.02, 0.06, 0.04, and 0.002, respectively.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24
  • Structural and thermal performance of Ag, Ni, and Ag/Ni thin films as
           thermal interface material for light-emitting diode application
    • Abstract: Abstract Silver (Ag), Nickel (Ni), and their stack (Ag/Ni) were prepared at various thicknesses on Al substrates by sputtering process and used as thermal interface material (TIM). The structural and thermal properties of prepared thin films were studied by XRD and transient method, respectively. XRD spectra confirmed the presence of cubic phase of both Ag and Ni. Phase changes from hexagonal to cubic were also noticed with Ni thin film in Ag/Ni stack. From transient analysis, low total thermal resistance (R th) and low rise in junction temperature (T j) of LED were observed with Ag (50 nm) thin film interface measured at >350 mA and recorded difference in T j (ΔT j) was high as 11.28 °C as compared with bare Al boundary condition. Overall, the performance of Ag thin film with low thickness was good on reducing R th and T j of device under test and can be used as thin film thermal interface material in electronic packaging.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24
  • Labyrinthine and dendritic patterns in polyethylene oxide films grown by
           pulsed laser deposition
    • Abstract: Abstract Polyethylene oxide (PEO) films were grown by pulsed laser deposition using two different lasers: ArF (193 nm, 5 ns) and Nd:YAG (355 nm, 7 ns). Even though very similar experimental conditions have been applied to ablate identical targets, different surface morphologies and structures have been observed. Depending on laser fluence, labyrinthine patterns in PEO films have been formed when using 355 nm laser pulses at fluence values in the range 280–1000 mJ/cm2. The same material ablated by 193 nm excimer laser pulses at 200 mJ/cm2 fluence grows in dendritic morphologies. Both target and laser deposited materials have been thoroughly characterized using infrared spectroscopic, microscopic and X-ray analytical methods. Infrared spectroscopy demonstrated the close similarity of molecular chains for both target and film materials. X-ray diffraction analysis indicates polymer chain scissoring by ultraviolet irradiation, a fact also confirmed by size exclusion chromatography.
      PubDate: 2017-03-23
  • Single-phased trichromatic white light-emitting Ca 6 BaP 4 O 17 :Sm 3+ ,
           Ce 3+ , Eu 2+ phosphor for UV-light-emitting diodes
    • Abstract: Abstract Eu2+, Sm3+, Ce3+ co-doped single-phased tunable color conversion phosphor for W-LED was prepared by high-temperature melting under reducing atmosphere. X-ray diffraction and photoluminescence spectra were utilized to characterize the structural and luminescence properties of the as-synthesized phosphors. A strategy of Sm3+ doping was used with the aim of providing red color luminescence, with several sharp emission peaks appearing at 567, 603, 651, and 715 nm ascribed to the 4f–4f transitions of Sm3+. as well as a broad band from 420 to 580 nm due to the spectra overlap between the emission band of Ce3+ and Eu2+, corresponding to the 5d–4f transition of Eu2+ and 5d–4f transition of Ce3+. The luminescence properties of the phosphor with different molar ratios of Eu2+/Ce3+/Sm3+ were studied, and the corresponding chromaticity coordinates were calculated. The ultraviolet light-emitting diode (UV-LED)-excitable phosphors emitting white light were obtained by tuning the relative emission intensities of Eu2+, Ce3+, and Sm3+. The results indicate that the Eu2+/Ce3+/Sm3+ co-doped Ca6BaP4O17 phosphor can be used as a potential matrix material for white LED under UV-LED.
      PubDate: 2017-03-23
  • Graphene quantum dots /LaCoO 3 /attapulgite heterojunction photocatalysts
           with improved photocatalytic activity
    • Abstract: Abstract A new nanocomposite of graphene quantum dots/LaCoO3/attapulgite (GQDs/LaCoO3/ATP) was prepared by a facile impregnation method and was applied to degradation of the organic pollutants as photocatalyst under visible light irradiation. Multiple techniques were used to characterize the structures, morphologies and photocatalytic activities of samples. The photocatalytic activity of the GQDs/LaCoO3/ATP nanocomposites was effectively evaluated using Methylene blue (MB), antibiotic agent chlortetracycline (CHL) and tetracycline hydrochloride (TC). The as-synthesized GQDs/LaCoO3/ATP nanocomposites exhibited higher photocatalytic activities than LaCoO3/ATP, which showed a broad spectrum of photocatalytic degradation activity. The results of ESR and free radicals trapping experiments indicated that ∙ OH and h+ were the main species for the photocatalytic degradation. GQDs played a significant role in the photocatalytic activity improvement of LaCoO3/ATP, increasing the visible light absorption, slowing the recombination and improving the charge transfer.
      PubDate: 2017-03-23
  • A new method for preparing mono-dispersed nanoparticles using magnetized
    • Abstract: We studied the use of magnetized water on the size of the nanoparticles. Magnetized water found to reduce the diameter of the nanoparticles during a homogeneous precipitation process, which is a combination of nucleation and nuclei growth processes. We found that the modified water, which demonstrated different physical properties especially on the surface tension and viscosity, significantly influenced the both processes. Therefore, the nucleation process was initially prolonged in the homogeneous precipitation process due to the lower critical size of nucleus and higher rate of nucleation, and consequently formed smaller particles and a larger number of particles. Furthermore, the growth rate of nanoparticles was hindered owing to the higher viscosity of the water and restriction in the mass transport process. As a result, the precipitated particles with the magnetized water were eventually structured smaller particle diameter compared to the bulk. The presented method in here indicated a low cost, straightforward, and feasible technique for industrial application. In addition, this method could open a new promising perspective on nanomaterial synthesis in order to facilitate the production of monodispersed nanoparticles. Molecular dynamic confirmed that surface tension decreased as the external magnetic field was applied. Moreover, the density profile illustrated that the average number of hydrogen atoms is greater than oxygen atoms. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2017-03-23
  • Suppression of terahertz dipole oscillation in split-ring resonators
           deformed from square to triangle
    • Abstract: Abstract The evolution of terahertz resonance modes in an individual split-ring resonator (SRR) is investigated experimentally by locally structural deformation. The length reduction of opposite-side results in a frequency blueshift of resonance modes. Simultaneously, the Q factor of inductive–capacitive oscillation mode is enhanced while the dipole oscillation is suppressed. The numerical simulation indicates that the lateral-side and arms will take the place of opposite-side contributing to the dipole oscillation in deformed SRR. A further apex-angle increasing leads to a huge coupling loss so that the dipole oscillation is suppressed in right triangle SRR and obtuse triangle SRR.
      PubDate: 2017-03-22
  • Gate-tuned negative differential resistance observed at room temperature
           in an array of gold nanoparticles
    • Abstract: Abstract We fabricated a single-electron (SE) device using gold nanoparticles (Au NPs). Drain, source, and gate electrodes on a SiO \({_2}\) /Si substrate were formed using electron beam lithography (EBL) and thermal evaporation of Au. Subsequently, solutions of 3-nm-diameter and 5-nm-diameter Au NPs were dropped on the device to make current paths through Au NPs among the electrodes. Measurements of the device exhibited negative differential resistance (NDR) in the current–voltage characteristics between the drain and source electrodes at room temperature (298 K). The NDR behavior was tuned by applying a gate voltage.
      PubDate: 2017-03-22
  • The preparation and properties of the flexible titanium oxide/carbon
           nanofibers film
    • Abstract: Abstract The titanium oxide (TiO x (x = 1 ~ 2))/carbon (C) nanofibers (NFs) films were prepared by electrospinning, followed by pre-oxidation and carbonization, and the effects of pre-oxidation temperature on the TiO x /C NFs films were investigated. The results showed that pre-oxidation temperature not only affected the composition of TiO x (TiO2 or TiO2/TiO mixture) in CNFs, but also had great influence on forming aromatic ring structure of graphite layer. As a result, the mechanical properties and conductivity of the TiO x /C NFs film were deeply influenced by pre-oxidation temperature. With the pre-oxidation temperature increasing, the tensile strength, elongation at break, and bending elastic modulus of TiO x /C NFs films improved, reached the largest values, and then decreased. When pre-oxidation temperature was 240 °C, the tensile strength, elongation at break and bending elastic modulus had the largest values of 7.10 MPa, 3.56%, and 9.0 cN/cm2, respectively. All the TiO x /C NFs films exhibited well flexibility. Moreover, with the pre-oxidation temperature no more than 260 °C, the average square resistances of TiO x /C NFs films were about 10 Ω/sq. With the temperature being over 280 °C, the average square resistances of TiO x /C NFs films greatly increased and reached about 22 Ω/sq. These flexible films can be applied in efficient catalyst flexible scaffolds and flexible electronic devices.
      PubDate: 2017-03-22
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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