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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2341 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2341 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics
  [SJR: 0.553]   [H-I: 8]   [9 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1867-6944 - ISSN (Online) 1867-6936
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2341 journals]
  • High-frequency performance of ferromagnetic shape memory alloys
    • Authors: Oana-Zenaida Pascan; Yongjun He; Ziad Moumni; Weihong Zhang
      Abstract: Abstract We conduct systematic dynamic experiments on the martensite reorientation in different samples of the single crystal Ni–Mn–Ga Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloy (FSMA) driven by a high-frequency magnetic field and a compressive stress. It is found that the output reversible strain strongly depends on the loading frequency, with the maximum output strain up to 6 % at the resonance frequency; and this resonance frequency can be changed by modifying the setting of the compressive stress (the pre-stress level). That provides an alternative way to control/design the system’s optimal working frequency range, besides modifying the spring stiffness and sample geometry. On the other hand, temperature rise accompanies the high-frequency field-induced strain because of the energy dissipation of the martensite twinning and eddy current, which depend on both the frequency and the sample geometry. With these results, some guidelines for improving the FSMA engineering designs are given and some challenging issues for further theoretical study such as the magneto–thermal–mechanical coupling are pointed out.
      PubDate: 2016-10-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-016-0045-2
  • A crowd movement model for pedestrian flow through bottlenecks
    • Authors: Bachar Kabalan; Pierre Argoul; Aissam Jebrane; Gwendal Cumunel; Silvano Erlicher
      Abstract: Abstract One of the main objectives of crowd modeling is to optimize evacuation and improve the design of pedestrian facilities. In this work, a sensitivity analysis is performed to study the effect of the parameters of a 2D discrete crowd movement model on the nature of pedestrian’s collision and on evacuation times. After presenting the proposed model in its full version (three degrees of freedom for each individual), a pedestrian–pedestrian collision is considered. We identified the parameters that govern this type of collision and studied their effects on it. Then an evacuation experiment of a facility with a bottleneck exit is introduced and its configuration is used for numerical simulations. It is shown that without introducing a social repulsive force, the obtained flow rate values are much higher than the experimental ones. For this reason, we introduced the social force as defined by Helbing and performed a parametric study to find the set of optimized values of this force’s parameters that enables us to achieve simulation results close to the experimental ones. Using the values of the parameters obtained from the parametric study, the evacuation simulations give flow rate values that are closer to the experimental ones. The same optimized model is then used to find the density in front and inside the bottleneck and to reproduce the lane formation phenomenon as was observed in the experiment. Finally, the obtained results are analyzed and discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-03-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-016-0044-3
  • Macroscopic probabilistic cracking approach for the numerical modelling of
           fluid leakage in concrete
    • Authors: Giuseppe Rastiello; Jean-Louis Tailhan; Pierre Rossi; Stefano Dal Pont
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: Abstract The article presents a numerical finite element study of fluid leakage in concrete. Concrete cracking is numerically modelled in the framework of a macroscopic probabilistic approach. Material heterogeneity and the related mechanical effects are taken into account by defining the elementary mechanical properties according to spatially uncorrelated random fields. Each finite element is considered as representative of a volume of heterogeneous material, whose mechanical behaviour depends on its own volume. The parameters of the statistical distributions defining the elementary mechanical properties thus vary over the computational mesh element-by-element. A weak hydro-mechanical coupling assumption is introduced to represent the influence of cracking on the variation of transfer properties: it is assumed that the mechanical cracking of a finite element induces a loss of isotropy of its own permeability tensor. At the elementary level, an experimentally enhanced parallel plates model is used to relate the local crack permeability to the elementary crack aperture. A Monte Carlo-like approach allows to statistically validate the numerical method. The self-consistency of the proposed modelling strategy is finally explored through the numerical simulation of the hydro-mechanical splitting test, recently proposed by authors to evaluate the real-time evolution of the transfer properties of a concrete sample under loading.
      PubDate: 2015-03-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-015-0038-6
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1-2 (2015)
  • Optimal shakedown design of steel framed structures according to standards
    • Authors: G. Blaževičius; J. Atkočiūnas
      Pages: 17 - 26
      Abstract: Abstract The paper considers the relationships between the optimization of perfectly elastic–plastic structures under repeated variable load and the valid structural design standards. The physical and geometrical properties of a structure are known in advance. The quasi-static cyclic loading is characterized by time-independent upper and lower bounds. The mathematical model for determining the optimal internal limiting force distribution of a structure at shakedown with strength, stiffness and stability constraints according to EC3 standard is presented. The model takes into account the ultimate and serviceability limit states of EC3 with corresponding reliability levels. The evaluation of the stability of the elements under compression takes into account plastic deformations in the shakedown process. The proposed methodology allows a more precise interpretation of the stability constraints in continuous optimization problems of mathematical programming. The results are valid for the assumption of small displacements. Numerical examples of the optimization of a portal and three storey steel frames are presented.
      PubDate: 2015-09-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-015-0039-5
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1-2 (2015)
  • On the experimental determination of dynamical properties of laminated
    • Authors: Stefano Lenci; Laura Consolini; Francesco Clementi
      Pages: 27 - 43
      Abstract: Abstract In this work, we address experimentally the determination of the dynamical properties, in particular natural frequencies and damping factors, of laminated structural glass. Various specimens, coming from different productions and manufactures, are investigated. Damped free vibrations experiments are performed, where the excitation is provided by an instrumented hammer. The boundary conditions are free–free (the specimens lay on a very flexible sponge substrate). The dynamical characteristics are determined by last squares fitting of time histories, a technique that is very simple, fast and provides very good results. Finally, two theoretical models (a two-layer beam model and a 2D finite element model) are employed to interpret the experimental results, and to determine the (dynamical) elastic properties of the interlayer (which in the present case is made of PVB), which are very difficult to be determined directly.
      PubDate: 2015-09-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-015-0040-z
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1-2 (2015)
  • Fast multipole accelerated dual reciprocity boundary element method for
           diffusion problems
    • Authors: Bo Wang; Xiaolin Chen
      Pages: 45 - 58
      Abstract: Abstract A fast multipole boundary element method (FMBEM) is presented for diffusion problems based on a dual reciprocity formulation. In the dual reciprocity formulation, domain integrals that arise from solving the time-dependent boundary value problems are transformed into boundary integrals by constructing particular solutions. The time-derivatives in the governing differential equation are approximated with a first-order finite difference time-stepping scheme. Discontinuous linear elements, which are known to give more accurate results than constant or linear elements, are used in the implementation to discretize the boundary integral equations, in combination with the fast multipole method for speeding up the solution. Three numerical examples of diffusion are presented. The performance of the developed FMBEM is compared with that of a conventional BEM and a commercial finite element program. The results show that the developed FMBEM can be a reliable and efficient tool for solving diffusion problems.
      PubDate: 2015-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-015-0041-y
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1-2 (2015)
  • Numerical studies of ductile failure including the third stress invariant
    • Authors: L. Siad
      Pages: 59 - 69
      Abstract: Abstract This work addresses an extended version of the well known GTN isotropic hardening model and its numerical integration within a finite element code. The pre-existing yield function of the proposed constitutive model possesses the distinctiveness to be more accurate for arbitrary void volume fraction and especially to explicitly depend upon the third stress invariant. A fully implicit stress integration procedure, based on the return-mapping algorithm, with calculation of the consistent tangent operator is developed for the proposed model. In order to demonstrate the global accuracy and stability of the numerical solution, finite element damage simulations accounting for finite strain and using both the proposed model and, for the purpose of comparison, the GTN isotropic hardening model are performed for the traditional ductile solid problem of necking of a round tensile bar and the two-dimensional simple dynamic shearing problem. The numerical results highlight similarities, good agreement as long as softening initiation of specimen is not reached, and discrepancy as soon as failure of specimen starts, between the proposed model and the GTN model.
      PubDate: 2015-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-015-0042-x
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1-2 (2015)
  • Enhanced Effective Thickness (EET) of curved laminated glass
    • Authors: Laura Galuppi; Gianni Royer-Carfagni
      Pages: 71 - 92
      Abstract: Abstract Approximate methods for calculating laminated glass (LG), a composite where thin polymeric layers are sandwiched by glass plies, are very useful in the design practice. The most common approach relies upon the definition of the effective thickness, i.e., the thickness of a glass monolith that, under the same boundary and load conditions, presents the same maximal stress or deflection of the laminate. Different alternative formulations have been proposed, but for flat glass only. Meeting the increasing interest for curved glazing in modern architecture, here the recent “Enhanced Effective Thickness” method is extended to the case of single-curvature LG panels. Under the assumption that the curvature is moderate, usually met in the practice, simple formulae for the effective thickness are proposed. A practical method is presented to calculate the relevant coefficients, which depend upon the geometry, load and boundary conditions. Comparison with numerical experiments in paradigmatic examples confirms the accuracy of the proposed approach.
      PubDate: 2015-11-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-015-0043-9
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1-2 (2015)
  • Stability analysis of entrained solutions of the non-autonomous modified
           hybrid Van der Pol/Rayleigh oscillator: theory and application to
           pedestrian modelling
    • Authors: Andrea Trovato; Anil Kumar; Silvano Erlicher
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: Abstract In this article, the entrained response of the modified hybrid Van der Pol/Rayleigh (MHVR) oscillator undergoing a periodic excitation is analyzed. Based on a large experimental database, this self-sustained oscillator was originally proposed by the authors to model the lateral ground force of a pedestrian walking on a rigid floor. In this situation, there is no external excitation on the oscillator (autonomous regime). In a successive development, the authors used the MHVR oscillator in the non-autonomous regime to model the lateral oscillations of a pedestrian walking on a periodically moving floor. In the same work, the MHVR oscillator was analyzed in terms of amplitude of the entrained response, i.e. a solution having constant amplitude and the same frequency as the one of the given periodic excitation. The main goal of the present paper is the stability analysis of entrained responses. Some theoretical results are first discussed. Then, these theoretical notions are applied to the pedestrian modelling problem: the conditions allowing stability of the solution are used to compute the percentage of pedestrians of a given population that can synchronize their walk with a given periodic floor motion. Finally, these model predictions are compared with experimental results concerning pedestrians walking on a periodically moving floor.
      PubDate: 2014-07-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-014-0034-2
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2014)
  • On shakedown of shape memory alloys structures
    • Authors: Michaël Peigney
      Pages: 17 - 28
      Abstract: Abstract This paper is concerned with the large-time behaviour of shape-memory alloys structures when they are submitted to a given loading history. Extending the approach introduced by Koiter in plasticity, we state sufficient conditions for the energy dissipation to remain bounded in time, independently on the initial state. Such a behavior is classically referred to as shakedown and is associated with the idea that the evolution becomes elastic in the large-time limit. The study of a particular example shows that the large-time behaviour of shape-memory alloys structures exhibit some complex features which are not found in standard plasticity.
      PubDate: 2014-11-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-014-0035-1
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2014)
  • The Dirichlet–Neumann problem revisited after modelling a new class
           of non-smooth phenomena
    • Authors: C. Vallée; J. Chaoufi; C. Lerintiu
      Pages: 29 - 36
      Abstract: Abstract Generalized Standard Materials are governed by maximal cyclically monotone operators and modelled by convex potentials. Géry de Saxcé’s Implicit Standard Materials are modelled by biconvex bipotentials. Analyzing the intermediate class of n-monotone materials governed by maximal n-monotone operators and modelled by Fitzpatrick’s functions, we find out that n-monotonicity is a relevant criterion for the materials characterisation and classification. Additionally, the Fitzpatrick’s functions allow to describe the thermal or mechanical equilibrium equations of n-monotone materials by primal–dual two-fields variational principles. In doing so, we are led to Dirichlet–Neumann problems that we solve by Uzawa-type algorithms.
      PubDate: 2014-11-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-014-0036-0
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2014)
  • Propagation of plane waves in an isotropic two-temperature thermoelastic
           solid half-space with diffusion
    • Authors: Rupender Bijarnia; Baljeet Singh
      Pages: 37 - 45
      Abstract: Abstract In the present paper, the propagation of plane waves in an isotropic two-temperature generalized thermoelastic solid half-space with diffusion is studied. The governing equations are modified with the use of Lord and Shulman theory of generalized thermoelasticity and are solved for plane wave solutions, which show the existence of four plane waves in x–z plane. Reflection phenomenon of these plane waves from thermally insulated stress free surface is also studied to obtain a system of four non-homogeneous equations in reflection coefficients of reflected waves. The expressions for energy ratios of reflected waves are derived. Numerical computations of speed and energy ratios are carried out for a particular material which is modeled as an isotropic generalized thermoelastic solid half-space. The speeds of plane waves are computed against two temperature parameter thermodiffusion constant, measure constants of thermodiffusion effects and diffusive effects to observe the effects of two-temperature and diffusion. Energy ratios of various reflected waves are also computed against the angle of incidence to observe the effects of two-temperature parameter.
      PubDate: 2014-11-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-014-0037-z
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2014)
  • Constraints in structural and rigid body mechanics: a frictional contact
    • Authors: S. R. Eugster; Ch. Glocker
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: Abstract In this work, we propose some basic approaches towards a unification of the theories for deformable and rigid bodies. This unification process is based on two fundamental mechanical concepts, which are the principle of virtual work and the principle of d’Alembert–Lagrange. The basic idea is to initially look upon structural elements as general continua, and to endow them later with specific properties like rigidity, imposed by perfect bilateral constraints. It is shown by the example of a simple flexible multibody system how this unifying and systematic approach has to be carried out. The system under consideration consists of a rigid disk and a nonlinear elastic string, which may come into contact with each other. The contact is modeled as a hard unilateral geometric constraint combined with a one-dimensional Coulomb friction element. The contact interactions are formulated as set-valued force laws and impact laws, and the system is consequently treated within the framework of nonsmooth dynamics. The model of the string allows for large deformations in time and for a nonlinear elastic material response. By constraining the kinematics of the string to finite dimensions, a nonlinear finite element formulation is achieved in a very natural way.
      PubDate: 2013-06-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-013-0032-9
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1-2 (2013)
  • A 3D nonlinear static analysis of long-span cable stayed bridges
    • Authors: D. Bruno; F. Greco; P. Nevone Blasi; E. Bianchi
      Pages: 15 - 34
      Abstract: Abstract A numerical investigation on the nonlinear static behavior of self-anchored long span cable-stayed bridges with a fan-shaped arrangement of stays is carried out by adopting a spatial finite element model of the bridge. An equivalent continuous model of the bridge is also developed in order to point out the main parameters governing the non-linear behavior of the bridge to be used in the more general 3D discrete bridge analysis and to provide a validation of the discrete model. The importance of an accurate description of geometrically nonlinear effects arising from the stays nonlinear response in coupling with the instability effect of axial compression in girder and pylons, is evaluated by means of original comparisons with results obtained by using simplified assumptions. Novel parametric studies are performed for investigating the influence of the main geometrical and material design parameters derived from the continuous model formulation on the maximum load-carrying capacity of the bridge and related collapse mechanisms. Different loading conditions, also including live load eccentricities, and pylon shapes are also considered and a nonlinear procedure for finding the initial geometry and prestress distribution under dead load is incorporated in the analysis. The results point out the strong role of nonlinear stays response, especially when the assumed loading condition produces cable unloading, in coupling with the notable influence of the relative girder stiffness on the stability bridge behavior. On the contrary, in general pylon shape and stiffness, live load eccentricity and torsional stiffness are less important factors in non-linear analysis.
      PubDate: 2013-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-013-0033-8
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1-2 (2013)
  • Comparison and critical analysis of invariant-based models with respect to
           their ability in fitting human aortic valve data
    • Authors: F. Auricchio; A. Ferrara; S. Morganti
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract: Abstract With the increase of life expectancy and population average age, heart valve diseases have become more frequent, representing an always increasing percentage among cardiovascular diseases, which are the predominant cause of death in the western country. For this reason, research activities within such a context and, in particular, computer-based predictions of valve behavior are strongly motivated. Consequently, the study of the tissue mechanical response and the constitutive relationships for modeling material behavior represent crucial a aspect to be investigated in order to perform realistic simulations. The mechanical response of the aortic valve tissue depends on the contribution, composition, and interaction of different constituents, such as collagen fibers and elastin network. Accordingly, constitutive laws including non-linearity and anisotropy are necessary. Clearly, the complexity of a constitutive model increases more as it takes into account the histological structure of the tissue. Numerous constitutive models have been developed to describe arterial tissue, but relatively few models have been calibrated specifically for the aortic valve. This study focuses on the investigation of constitutive models so far proposed in the literature which could be suitable to capture the mechanical behavior of the aortic valvular tissue. To make the right choice, the comparison between these constitutive models is done in terms of the fitting quality achieved with respect to human aortic valve data proposed in the literature. For this purpose, an optimization technique based on the nonlinear least square method is used. The obtained material parameters could be later used in finite element analysis adopted, in this last decade, as an innovative approach to support the operation planning procedure and the design of artificial grafts.
      PubDate: 2012-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-012-0028-x
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1-2 (2012)
  • Frequency-locking in nonlinear forced oscillators near 3:1 and 4:1
    • Authors: Mohamed Belhaq; Abdelhak Fahsi
      Pages: 15 - 23
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, frequency-locking phenomenon in self-excited nonlinear oscillators subjected to harmonic excitation is investigated near the 3:1 and 4:1 subharmonic resonances. Analytical treatment based on perturbation techniques is performed to study the quasiperiodic modulation domain and the frequency-locking area in the vicinity of these resonances. It is shown that this analytical method, based on a double averaging procedure, is efficient to capture the modulation domain of the quasiperiodic response as well as the threshold of synchronization area near the considered subharmonic resonances.
      PubDate: 2012-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-012-0029-9
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1-2 (2012)
  • Lazy zone bone remodeling theory and its relation to topology optimization
    • Authors: Anders Klarbring; Bo Torstenfelt
      Pages: 25 - 32
      Abstract: Abstract The connection between apparent density-type bone remodeling theories and density formulations of topology optimization is well known from a large number of publications and its theoretical basis has recently been discussed by making use of a dynamical systems approach to optimization. The present paper takes this connection one step further by showing how the Coleman–Noll procedure of rational thermodynamics can be used to derive general dynamical systems, where a special case includes the lazy zone concept of bone remodeling theory. It is also shown how a numerical solution method for the dynamical system can be developed by using the sequential convex approximation idea. The method is employed to obtain a series of solutions that show the influence of modeling parameters representing elements of plasticity and viscosity in the growth process.
      PubDate: 2012-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-012-0030-3
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1-2 (2012)
  • On a simple cyclic plasticity modeling with implicit kinematic hardening
    • Authors: D. T. Nguyen; B. Nedjar
      Pages: 33 - 42
      Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a fully three-dimensional plastic constitutive modeling framework suitable for the prediction of cyclic loading at large number of cycles. It can require only one yield surface and it is motivated by a simple rheological model where a restoration of the kinematic hardening is introduced. The classical kinematic hardening rules are then simply adapted leading to time-dependent evolution laws that are consistent with continuum thermodynamics requirements. The resulting behavior is physically motivated by many man-made materials of engineering interest such as bituminous material. This framework allows all types of yield functions to be easily implemented numerically. This is first illustrated with algorithmic details through a simple associative pressure-insensitive model example of the von Mises type. Then a more elaborated model is given where the present framework is applied to the description of bituminous materials submitted to triaxial static creep and to large number of cyclic loadings. Of particular interest is the ratcheting and the mean stress relaxation. The responses agree well with some experimental test results found in the literature.
      PubDate: 2012-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-012-0031-2
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1-2 (2012)
  • Nonlinear dynamics of a rotating shaft with a breathing crack
    • Authors: Saber El Arem; Quoc Son Nguyen
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, the effects of a breathing crack on the vibratory characteristics of a rotating shaft are investigated. A new, simple and robust model composed of two rigid bars connected with a nonlinear flexural spring is proposed. The nonlinear spring, located at the cracked transverse section position, concentrates the global stiffness of the cracked shaft. The breathing mechanism of the crack is described by a more realistic periodic variation of the global stiffness depending not only but substantially on the system vibratory response. It is based on an energy formulation of the problem of 3D elasticity with unilateral contact conditions on the crack lips. A possible partial opening and closing of the crack is considered which makes the approach more appropriate for deep cracks modeling. The harmonic balance method, direct time-integration schemes and nonlinear dynamics tools are used to characterize the global dynamics of the system. The effects of the crack depth and rotating frequency have been meticulously examined and it was found that the cracked shaft never exhibits chaotic or quasi-periodic vibratory response.
      PubDate: 2012-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-011-0025-5
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1-2 (2012)
  • Rate constitutive theory for ordered thermoelastic solids
    • Authors: K. S. Surana; D. Nunez; J. N. Reddy; A. Romkes
      Pages: 27 - 54
      Abstract: Abstract When the mathematical models for the deforming solids are constructed using the Eulerian description, the material particle displacements and hence the strain measures are not known. In such cases the constitutive theory must utilize convected time derivatives of the strain measures. The entropy inequality provides a mechanism for determining constitutive equations for the equilibrium stress with the additional requirement that the work expanded due to the deviatoric part of the Cauchy stress tensor be positive, but provides no mechanism for establishing the constitutive theory for it. In the development of the constitutive theory in the Eulerian description for thermoelastic solids, one must consider a coordinate system in the current configuration in which the deformed material lines can be identified. Thus the covariant, contravariant and Jaumann convected coordinate systems are natural choices for the development of the constitutive theory. The compatible conjugate pairs of convected time derivatives of the stress and strain measures in these bases in conjunction with the theory of generators and invariants provide a general mathematical framework for the development of the constitutive theory for thermoelastic solids. This framework has a foundation based on the basic principles and axioms of continuum mechanics but the resulting constitutive theory must satisfy the conditions resulting from the entropy inequality to ensure thermodynamic equilibrium of the deforming matter. This paper presents development of rate constitutive theories for compressible as well as incompressible, homogeneous, isotropic solids. The density, temperature, and temperature gradient in the current configuration and the convected time derivatives of the strain tensor up to any desired order in the chosen basis are considered as the argument tensors of the first convected time derivative of the deviatoric Cauchy stress tensor and heat vector. The thermoelastic solids described by these constitutive theories are termed ordered thermoelastic solids due to the fact that the constitutive theories for the deviatoric Cauchy stress tensor and heat vector are dependent on the convected time derivatives of the strain tensor up to any desired order, the highest order defining the order of the solid.
      PubDate: 2012-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12356-012-0027-y
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1-2 (2012)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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