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Showing 1 - 200 of 2329 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover American Journal of Potato Research
  [SJR: 0.558]   [H-I: 35]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1874-9380 - ISSN (Online) 1099-209X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Energy Use Efficiency of Conventional versus Conservation Management
           Practices for Irrigated Potato Production in Southern Alberta
    • Authors: Mohammad Khakbazan; Francis J. Larney; Jianzhong Huang; Ramona Mohr; Drusilla C. Pearson; Robert E. Blackshaw
      Pages: 105 - 119
      Abstract: Abstract A 12-yr. (2000–2011) study was conducted in Alberta, Canada to compare the energy use efficiency (EUE) of conventional (CONV) and conservation (CONS) potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) management practices. Potato was grown in 3- to 6-yr. rotations which included dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), soft wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), oat (Avena sativa L.), and timothy (Phleum pratense L.). CONS included compost application, reduced tillage, cover crops, and solid-seeded bean. Findings suggested that potato in 5-yr. CONS produced the highest EUE compared to the other CONS or CONV rotations. CONS can be used as a means of reducing the reliance on non-renewable energy inputs and improving overall EUE of potato production when less than 21% of the N content of compost applied was counted toward energy input use of potato production. At more than 21%, potato in the 4-yr. CONV became more favorable compared to potato in other rotations.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9551-3
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
  • Priming Potato with Thiamin to Control Potato Virus Y
    • Authors: Amber C. Vinchesi; Silvia I. Rondon; Aymeric Goyer
      Pages: 120 - 128
      Abstract: Abstract Potato virus Y (PVY) is a major potato pathogen affecting potato yields worldwide. Thiamin, a water-soluble B vitamin (vitamin B1) has been shown to boost the plant’s immunity, thereby increasing resistance against pathogens. In this study, we tested different concentrations of thiamin (1 mM, 10 mM, 50 mM, 100 mM) and multiple thiamin applications (once, biweekly and monthly) on potato resistance to PVY in Ranger Russet potatoes. Plants were mechanically inoculated with PVYN:O. This PVY strain is known for causing well-defined foliar symptoms. We collected leaflets weekly through April and May 2015 and tested them with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay specific to PVY as well as by real time quantitative RT-PCR. These assays allowed us to determine the presence and level of PVY in different parts of the plants. We found that the highest thiamin concentration treatment (100 mM) produced the lowest virus level in potatoes across all dates and leaflet samples. Also, it was found that multiple applications of thiamin had a positive effect on reducing virus level, especially when thiamin was applied every four weeks.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9552-2
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
  • Chloropicrin Soil Fumigation Reduces Spongospora subterranea Soil Inoculum
           Levels but Does Not Control Powdery Scab Disease on Roots and Tubers of
    • Authors: Francisco G. Bittara; Gary A. Secor; Neil C. Gudmestad
      Pages: 129 - 147
      Abstract: Abstract The effect of chloropicrin fumigation on the soil populations of Spongospora subterranea and the development of powdery scab, formation of root galls and tuber yield was investigated in seven field trials conducted in Minnesota and North Dakota. Sixteen potato cultivars, with different levels of susceptibility to disease on roots and tubers, were planted in plots treated with chloropicrin at rates ranging from zero to 201.8 kg a.i. ha−1. The amount of S. subterranea DNA in soil was determined using qPCR. Bioassays were conducted to further assess the effect of chloropicrin fumigation on root colonization by S. subterranea in two potato cultivars with contrasting disease susceptibility. In the field, chloropicrin applied at rates between 70.1 to 201.8 kg a.i. ha−1 significantly decreased S. subterranea initial inoculum in soil but increased the amount of disease observed on roots and tubers of susceptible cultivars. The effect of increasing disease was confirmed in controlled conditions experiments. Although the amount of S. subterranea DNA in roots of bioassay plants increased with increasing chloropicrin rates, it remained similar among potato cultivars. Chloropicrin fumigation significantly increased tuber yield which in cultivars such as Shepody and Umatilla Russet were associated with the amount root galls (r = 0.30; P < 0.03). Results of these studies contradict earlier reports on the use of chloropicrin fumigation for the control of powdery scab. Factors other than inoculum level, such as environmental conditions that affect inoculum efficiency and host susceptibility, may be significant contributors to the development of powdery scab and root gall formation.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9555-z
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
  • Lamoka, a Variety with Excellent Chip Color Out of Cold Storage and
           Resistance to the Golden Cyst Nematode
    • Authors: Walter S. De Jong; Donald E. Halseth; Robert L. Plaisted; Xiaohong Wang; Keith L. Perry; Xinshun Qu; Ken M. Paddock; Matthew Falise; Barbara J. Christ; Gregory A. Porter
      Pages: 148 - 152
      Abstract: Abstract Lamoka is a white-skinned, white-fleshed potato variety notable for excellent chip color from cold storage, good yield and specific gravity, and resistance to both common scab and race Ro1 of the golden cyst nematode (Globodera rostochiensis). It was selected from a cross made at Cornell University in 1998 between NY120 and NY115. The tubers are round-oblong and slightly flattened, with shallow eyes and relatively smooth skin. Chip color out of cold storage is better than ‘Snowden’. Marketable yield averaged 90% of Snowden across 95 trials in New York, Pennsylvania and Maine, while specific gravity averaged 0.003 less than Snowden. Lamoka was released by the New York Agricultural Experiment Station in 2011.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9557-x
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
  • Determination of Glycoalkaloids in Potatoes and Potato Products by
           Microwave Assisted Extraction
    • Authors: Narasimharao Kondamudi; Jacob K. Smith; Owen M. McDougal
      Pages: 153 - 159
      Abstract: Abstract Potato glycoalkaloids can reach levels that are harmful to human health. A rapid and reliable microwave assisted extraction method for quantitative analysis of α-solanine and α-chaconine content in raw potato and potato based products is presented. A chemical microwave was used to determine optimal temperature and pressure conditions for the extraction of α-solanine and α-chaconine from Idaho grown tubers and six commercially available mashed potato products. Recovery efficiency of glycoalkaloids was 37% greater by microwave assisted extraction (19.92 mg/kg glycoalkaloid) as compared to conventional solid/liquid methods (12.51 mg/kg glycoalkaloid). Optimal extraction of glycoalkaloids from potato samples dissolved in methanol was achieved using a microwave reactor set to 90 °C for ten minutes. The interior of Idaho grown tubers was determined to contain lower levels of glycoalkaloids (19.92 mg/kg dry weight; 6.5 ± 1.78 mg α-solanine and 13.40 ± 1.65 mg α-chaconine), as compared to commercial potato products (33.86–81.59 mg/kg).
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9558-9
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
  • Tuber Resistance and Slow-Rotting Characteristics of Potato Clones
           Associated with the Solanaceae Coordinated Agricultural Project to the
           US-24 Clonal Lineage of Phytophthora infestans
    • Authors: Lyndon D. Porter; Charles R. Brown; Shelley H. Jansky; Dennis A. Johnson; Jeremiah K. S. Dung
      Pages: 160 - 172
      Abstract: Abstract Late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans, is a devastating disease on potato worldwide and new lineages of the pathogen continue to develop in the U.S. Breeding for resistance is important for economic and environmental purposes. The Solanaceae Coordinated Agricultural Project (SolCAP) focuses on linking allelic variation in genes to valuable traits in elite cultivated potato germplasm. This research assessed the SolCAP diversity panel (206 clones in Washington and 213 clones in Wisconsin) for tuber resistance to the US-24 clonal lineage of P. infestans after potatoes were harvested from fields in Washington and Wisconsin in 2011. This is the first time this germplasm has been evaluated for tuber resistance to P. infestans using a non-intrusive zoospore inoculation technique. Clones with a percent incidence of 30% or less were considered resistant and only eight clones (Palisade Russet, AWN86514–2, MSL268-D, MSM171-A, MSM182–1, MSN230-1RY, Patagonia and Yukon Gem) were characterized as resistant at both locations. These clones have previously demonstrated high to moderate partial foliar resistance to isolates of P.infestans and therefore represent germplasm with both foliar and tuber resistance. Nine clones (AWN86514–2, F66041, MN 18747, MSM 182–1, MSN230-1RY, Modoc, Ama-Rosa, Patagonia and Purple Majesty), were characterized as slow-rotting at both locations with a mean percent internal rot of 75% or less after 33 days of storage. Two clones, MN 18747 and Modoc, are considered to have the highest risk of being a carrier for P. infestans of all the clones evaluated in the SolCAP collection. Not a single clone demonstrated complete tuber resistance to the US-24 strain at both locations.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9559-8
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
  • Maturity-Adjusted Resistance of Potato ( Solanum tuberosum L.) Cultivars
           to Verticillium Wilt Caused by Verticillium dahliae
    • Authors: Ivan Simko; Kathleen G. Haynes
      Pages: 173 - 177
      Abstract: Abstract Verticillium wilt is a fungal disease of potato caused by two species of Verticillium, V. dahliae and V. albo atrum. The pathogen infects the vascular tissue of potato plants through roots, interfering with the transport of water and nutrition, and reducing both the yield and quality of tubers. We have evaluated the reaction of 283 potato clones (274 cultivars and nine breeding selections) to inoculation with V. dahliae under greenhouse conditions. A significant linear correlation (r = 0.4, p < 0.0001) was detected between plant maturity and partial resistance to the pathogen, with late maturing clones being generally more resistant. Maturity-adjusted resistance, that takes into consideration both plant maturity and resistance, was calculated from residuals of the linear regression between the two traits. Even after adjusting for maturity, the difference in the resistance of clones was still highly significant, indicating that a substantial part of resistance cannot be explained by the effect of maturity. The highest maturity-adjusted resistance was found in the cv. Navajo, while the most susceptible clone was the cv. Pungo. We hope that the present abundance of data about the resistance and maturity of 283 clones will help potato breeders to develop cultivars with improved resistance to V. dahliae.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9553-1
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
  • Biocontrol Potential of Verticillium leptobactrum and Purpureocillium
           lilacinum Against Meloidogyne javanica and Globodera pallida on Potato (
           Solanum tuberosum )
    • Authors: Lobna Hajji; Wassila Hlaoua; Hajer Regaieg; Najet Horrigue-Raouani
      Pages: 178 - 183
      Abstract: Abstract Pot experiment was conducted in a greenhouse to assess the biocontrol potential of Purpureocillium lilacinum and Verticillium leptobactrum against single or concomitant infestations of Meloidogyne javanica and Globodera pallida in potato cv. Spunta. The incorporation of each fungus alone into the soil significantly increased the growth parameters. Fresh weight of shoots, roots and tubers were lower (P ≤ 0.05) in the untreated control than in plants treated with having the above-mentioned fungi treatments. Control efficacy achieved by soil application of P. lilacinum was 73% and 76% in terms of root/g of roots and soil population/g of soil, respectively and that of V. leptobactrum was 73% and 55% 117 days after inoculation. The results revealed also that the application of P. lilacinum and V. leptobactrum decreased significantly the development of potato cyst-nematode in roots by 76% and 83% and in the soil by 61% and 66% respectively. Combined infection by the two pathogens had also a significant reduction in case by introducing V. lepobactrum or P. lilacinum in soil.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9554-0
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
  • Pedigree Reconstruction with Genome-Wide Markers in Potato
    • Authors: Jeffrey B. Endelman; Cari A. Schmitz Carley; David S. Douches; Joseph J. Coombs; Benoit Bizimungu; Walter S. De Jong; Kathleen G. Haynes; David G. Holm; J. Creighton Miller; Richard G. Novy; Jiwan P. Palta; David L. Parish; Gregory A. Porter; Vidyasagar R. Sathuvalli; Asunta L. Thompson; G. Craig Yencho
      Pages: 184 - 190
      Abstract: Abstract Reliable pedigree information facilitates a scientific approach to breeding, but errors can be introduced in many stages of a breeding program. Our objective was to use single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to check the pedigree records of elite North American potato germplasm. A population of 719 tetraploids was genotyped with an Infinium SNP array, yielding 5063 high-quality markers. Based on pedigree records, the dataset contained 198 parent-offspring trios, of which 182 were consistent with the marker data. For 13 of the 16 trios with a pedigree error, the true parent was identified in the population. By comparing the additive relationship matrix calculated from pedigree with the genetic distance calculated from markers, an additional 24 pedigree modifications were proposed, including the paternity of several varieties developed with bulk pollen. To ensure accurate pedigree records are published in the future, we recommend that new varieties be SNP genotyped and checked against this dataset.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9556-y
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
  • Effects of Calcium Concentration in Potato Tuber Cells on the Formation of
           Cross-Links between Pectin Molecules by Ca 2+
    • Authors: Daiki Murayama; Masayuki Tani; Shinya Ikeda; Jiwan P. Palta; Samanthi W. Pelpolage; Hiroaki Yamauchi; Hiroshi Koaze
      Abstract: The formation of cross-links between pectin molecules via Ca2+ in the potato tuber cell wall is a determinant factor on processing properties of potato and the quality of its products such as French fries. Thus, in this study, potato tubers varying significantly in their calcium concentrations were analyzed to investigate whether an increased absorption of calcium by a potato tuber led to an increase in the calcium concentration in the cell wall and how the calcium concentration in the cell wall influenced on the formation of cross-links between pectin molecules via Ca2+. Correlation analysis revealed that calcium absorbed by a potato tuber was bound to the cell wall as a water insoluble form 99 days after planting or later. Furthermore, with an increase in the calcium concentration in the cell wall, the content of chelator soluble pectin increased throughout tuber bulking and maturation stages. However, the degree of methylation was not a limiting factor in the formation of cross-links between pectin chains via Ca2+. Atomic force microscopy images of parenchyma cell walls prepared from mature potato tubers indicated an increase in the amount of calcium cross-linked pectin molecules with an increase in the calcium concentration in the cell wall. The present study demonstrated that the calcium concentration of the cell wall of potato tubers significantly affected the formation of cross-linkages between pectin molecules and, consequently, contributed to an enhanced formation of pectin-calcium networks in the cell wall.
      PubDate: 2017-05-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9589-x
  • Genetic Diversity and Core Collection for Potato ( Solanum tuberosum L.)
           Cultivars from Cameroon as Revealed by SSR Markers
    • Authors: Mariette Anoumaa; Nasser Kouadio Yao; Eric Bertrand Kouam; Gabriel Kanmegne; Eunice Machuka; Sarah Karen Osama; Inosters Nzuki; Yanick Borel Kamga; Théophile Fonkou; Dénis Ndoumou Omokolo
      Abstract: Abstract Twelve pairs of SSR markers were used to evaluate the genetic diversity of 138 accessions of potato cultivars from the Western Highlands region of Cameroon. The average Polymorphism information content (PIC) value (0.74) and number of alleles (7.08) indicated a high genetic diversity of the potato cultivars tested. Analysis of molecular variance revealed that most of the genetic variations are found within geographic region (≥ 91%), resulting in high gene flow (Nm > 4 individuals). Local varieties had significantly more alleles than exotic varieties. Genetic diversity estimates for accessions from low elevations were significantly lower than those from medium and high elevations. Cluster analysis showed three clusters; the model-based approach inferred two gene pools. Genotypes revealed a high level of admixture between gene pools within locations and elevations. A core collection identified in this study composed of 27 individuals representing 19.57% of the whole collection and captured 99.15% of the total alleles found.
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9584-2
  • Tuber Position in the Ridge in Relation to the Planting Depth with the
           Technology of Simultaneous Planting and Final Ridge Formation
    • Authors: Filip Vučajnk; Rajko Bernik; Matej Vidrih
      Abstract: Abstract Simultaneous planting and final ridge formation using a deeper planting depth is necessary in order to achieve good soil cover of tubers and fewer green tubers. Three planting depths were used: planting depth 1 (the shallowest), planting depth 2 (the medium), and planting depth 3 (the deepest). Planting depth 3 led to the largest minimum distance of tubers from the ridge side, and the smallest percentage of tubers in the upper layer of the ridge (0 to 5 cm). However, the highest yield and percentage of green tubers and the smallest marketable yield occurred at the shallowest planting depth (1). The tuber cluster covers 80 to 90% of the area of the ellipse. Empty spaces surrounding the tuber cluster in the ridge also affect the percentage of green tubers in the ridge, which predominantly occur at planting depth 3 and are the rarest at planting depth 1.
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9587-z
  • Fumigation and Fertilizer Nitrogen Source Effects on Potato Yield,
           Quality, and Early Dying
    • Authors: Keith A. Kelling; Douglas I. Rouse; Phillip E. Speth
      Abstract: Abstract Research has shown that while fumigation and use of ammonium N can both reduce the severity of verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae Kleb.) of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.), the use of the two practices together raises concerns over feeding the crop only ammonium N under reduced nitrification conditions. To assess the validity of this concern, we conducted two 3-year field split-plot experiments with both using metam sodium fumigant (none, fall or spring applied) as the main plot. For the first experiment, N source (134 kg N ha−1 as ammonium sulfate, urea, or ammonium nitrate) was the split, whereas for the second trial in-season N rate (0, 67, 134, or 202 kg N ha−1 all as ammonium sulfate) was the split. For both trials, in 2 of the 3 years, fumigation significantly increased tuber yield by an average of 9.9 Mg ha−1 and decreased late-season verticillium severity ratings from 77 to 45%. In some years, fumigation also increased the proportion of U.S. No. 1 tubers and tubers >170 g. No differences in crop yield or quality were observed between the various N sources applied. This was true even on spring-fumigated areas with the highest rate of ammonium N applied. These experiments confirm that the choice between in-season potato N fertilizer should be based on factors such as potential for benefits or N losses, cost, and convenience of use rather than concern over an interaction between fumigation and ammonical N. While both fumigation and N rate reduced verticillium severity ratings in some years, the lack of interaction suggests these factors are functioning independently.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9585-1
  • Fresh Market Evaluation of Six Russet-Type Potato Varieties and Four
           Russet Norkotah Strains
    • Authors: Rulon R. Spear; Zach J. Holden; Mark J. Pavek
      Abstract: Abstract In 2016, Russet Norkotah was the second most widely grown potato variety in the US; however, recent research has identified alternatives with excellent production economics. During 2011–2013, fresh market variety research was conducted in the Columbia Basin of central Washington, a long-season production region. Russet Norkotah was compared to five varieties–Classic Russet, Mountain Gem Russet, Russet Burbank, Targhee Russet, and Teton Russet–and four sub-clonal strains–CO-3, CO-8, TX-278, and TX-296–derived from Russet Norkotah. Each variety was evaluated for early- (104 days between planting and vine kill) and late- (150 days between planting and vine kill) harvest tuber size profile, grade, and yield, grower economic value, susceptibility to blackspot bruise and shatter bruise, emergence, stem and at-harvest tuber numbers, tuber length-to-width ratios, and quality. When harvested early, Classic Russet and Mountain Gem Russet produced 30% and 15% more gross revenue than Russet Norkotah, respectively. All other varieties and Russet Norkotah strains except CO-3 produced as much early-harvest gross revenue as Russet Norkotah. CO-3 early-harvest revenue was close to 50% lower than that of Russet Norkotah. All varieties and Russet Norkotah strains produced significantly greater late-harvest yields and gross returns than Russet Norkotah. Late-harvest gross revenue for Targhee Russet and Mountain Gem Russet was 38% and 34% higher than Russet Norkotah, respectively. Classic Russet, Mountain Gem Russet, Targhee Russet, and Teton Russet had significantly more shatter bruise following the late harvest than Russet Norkotah and all Russet Norkotah strains. Russet Burbank was among the most susceptible to blackspot and Targhee Russet the least, with 32% and 2.1%, respectively. If bruising is mitigated, Mountain Gem Russet, Classic Russet, and Teton Russet may be suitable alternatives to Russet Norkotah and Russet Norkotah strains for both early and late harvests.
      PubDate: 2017-04-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9583-3
  • The Potato Association of America 100th Annual Meeting Grand Rapids,
           Michigan, USA July 31–August 4, 2016
    • PubDate: 2017-04-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9580-6
  • Association of Potato Psyllid ( Bactericera cockerelli ; Hemiptera:
           Triozidae) with Lycium spp. (Solanaceae) in Potato Growing Regions of
           Washington, Idaho, and Oregon
    • Authors: Jenita Thinakaran; David R. Horton; W. Rodney Cooper; Andrew S. Jensen; Carrie H. Wohleb; Jennifer Dahan; Tariq Mustafa; Alexander V. Karasev; Joseph E. Munyaneza
      Abstract: Abstract Potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Šulc), causes economic damage to potato crops throughout the major potato growing regions of western North America. When cultivated crops are not available, potato psyllid often occurs on non-crop hosts. In the southern U.S. and northern Mexico, native species of Lycium (Solanaceae) are important non-crop hosts for the psyllid. We determined whether Old World species of Lycium now widespread in the Pacific Northwest are reservoirs of potato psyllid in this growing region. We examined Lycium spp. across a wide geographic region in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho at irregular intervals during three growing seasons. Potato psyllids were present at all locations. To determine whether Lycium is also a host during intervals of the year in which the potato crop is not available, we monitored a subset of these sites over the entire year. Six sites were monitored at 1- to 3-week intervals from June 2014 to June 2016. Psyllids were present on Lycium throughout the year at all sites, including during winter, indicating that Lycium is also a host when the potato crop is seasonally not available. Psyllid populations included a mixture of Northwestern and Western haplotypes. We observed well-defined spring and fall peaks in adult numbers, with peaks separated by long intervals in which psyllid numbers were very low. Seasonal patterns in psyllid numbers on these non-native Lycium hosts were very similar to what has been observed on native Lycium in the desert southwest region of the U.S. Our findings demonstrate that potato psyllid associates with Lycium across a broad geographic region within the Pacific Northwest. These results will assist in predicting sources of potato psyllid colonizing potatoes in this important growing region.
      PubDate: 2017-04-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9586-0
  • Isolation and Culture of Pollen Tetrad Protoplasts from Solanum tuberosum
    • Authors: Yuping Wang; Lixiang Cheng; Yanchao Liang; Xiao Lu; Feng Zhang
      Abstract: Abstract Pollen protoplasts provide a sexual and haploid system for haploid production, cell fusion and mutation studies used in plant improvement. Due to the multiploidy, heterozygosity, and often self-incompatibility in tetraploid genotypes, haploid potatoes are desirable for breeding schemes via ploidy manipulations. In this study, two tetraploid varieties and two dihaploid lines of potato were used for pollen tetrad protoplast isolation and culture. The meiotic tetrad buds were first pre-treated at 5 °C for 0–12 days, then the tetrads were transferred into enzyme solutions containing different concentrations of snailase (0.5–1.5%), 0.3 M osmolites (sucrose, mannitol, glucose or sorbitol), 1.0% Cellulose, 0.5% Hemicellulase, 0.5% Pectolyase, 0.3% Sucrose, 3 mM 2-(N-Morpholino) ethane sulfonic acid, 1% polyvinyl pyrrolidone, 0.01% casein hydrolysate and K3 medium compositions. Among the four donor materials, tetraploid cv. Gannongshu No. 3 (‘GNS No.3’) showed the greatest protoplast yield (74.6 ± 2.4%). In this variety, most of the tetrad protoplasts regenerated a cell wall and continued cell divisions were observed when they were inoculated in K3 basic medium supplemented with (0.5–1.0) mg/L 2,4-D + (0.1–0.5) mg/L KT + 0.4 mg/L 6-BA +800 mg/L glutamine +100 mg/L serine. ‘GNS No.3’ also showed the greatest first division frequency (21.6 ± 1.5%) and sustained division to form multicellular structures. The study findings suggested that cultured tetrad pollen protoplasts could reverse the gametophytic developmental pattern programmed in vivo to a sporophytic pathway leading to multicellular microspore-derived colonies.
      PubDate: 2017-04-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9578-0
  • Genetic and Pathogenic Diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum Causing Potato
           Brown Rot in China
    • Authors: Li Wang; Bingsen Wang; Guozhen Zhao; Xingkui Cai; Suha Jabaji; Philippe Seguin; Huilan Chen
      Abstract: Abstract Causing potato brown rot, Ralstonia solanacearum (R. solanacearum) strains are reported as one of the most destructive bacteria to potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in China. In this study, 113 strains were isolated from potato, collected in the four major agroecological zones in China. The study showed that 102 strains belonged to the phylotype IIB sequevar 1 (race 3 biovar 2). The 11 remaining strains belonged to the phylotype I, sequevar 13, 17, 18, 16 or 14 M, a new sequevar closely related to sequevar 14. Thirty-four strains were further characterized according to their virulence at low temperature on three wild potato species. IIB-1 strains all belonged to high and moderate virulence, while others belonged to the low virulence group, which had limited pathogenicity.
      PubDate: 2017-04-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9576-2
  • Sage Russet: a New High Yielding Russet Potato Variety with
           Cold-Sweetening Resistance, High Vitamin C and Protein Contents and
           Excellent Fresh Pack and Processing Potential
    • Authors: S. Yilma; B. A. Charlton; C. C. Shock; D. C. Hane; S. R. James; A. R. Mosley; K. A. Rykbost; E. B. G. Feibert; N. R. Knowles; M. J. Pavek; J. C. Stark; R. G. Novy; J. L. Whitworth; J. J. Pavek; D. L. Corsini; T. L. Brandt; N. Olsen; C. R. Brown; M. I. Vales; V. Sathuvalli
      Abstract: Abstract Sage Russet was released in 2009 by Oregon State University, in cooperation with the USDA-ARS and the Agricultural Experiment Stations of Idaho and Washington. It is a product of the Northwest Potato Variety (Tri-State) Development Program. Sage Russet has a medium-early maturity and produces long, somewhat flattened tubers with medium russeting of the skin. Total yields of Sage Russet are similar to those of Russet Burbank and Ranger Russet, but are significantly higher than those of Russet Norkotah. Sage Russet has significantly higher U.S. No.1 yields than Russet Burbank, Russet Norkotah, and Ranger Russet. It can be grown as an early or late crop with high U.S. No.1 yields and minimal internal defects. It achieved very high merit scores in processing and fresh market in Western Regional trials and can be considered for both markets. Sage Russet has a medium to high fertility requirements with high nitrogen use efficiency and medium storage capability. Sage Russet has moderate specific gravity and produces lighter fry color than the industry standard varieties. The color of fried strips following tuber storage at 4.4 °C and 7.2 °C is significantly lighter for Sage Russet than the control varieties, indicating good cold sweetening resistance. Chemical analyses have shown that Sage Russet has higher protein and vitamin C content than control varieties. Sage Russet is moderately resistant to early dying, early blight, and common scab, is resistant to tuber late blight, but susceptible to Fusarium wilt and is prone to shatter bruise.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9573-5
  • Anastomosis Group and Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani Associated with
           Stem Canker and Black Scurf of Potato in Heilongjiang Province of China
    • Authors: Shuai Yang; Fanxiang Min; Wenzhong Wang; Qi Wei; Mei Guo; Yunfei Gao; Xuezhi Dong; Dianqiu Lu
      Abstract: Abstract From 2012 to 2015, a total of 226 isolates of Rhizoctonia solani were collected from the stem cankers on potato stems and sclerotia on tubers from different potato cultivation areas of Heilongjiang Province, China. These isolates were assigned to the anastomosis group (AG) by performing conventional PCR assays using previously published primers for ITS-rDNA regions, as well as by observing hyphal interactions where appropriate. Most of the isolates were assigned to AG-3PT (58.85 %), and several were assigned to AG-5 (21.68 %), AG-2-1 (7.08 %) and AG-4 (12.39 %). Pathogenicity tests showed that the AG-3 and AG-5 isolates had the highest virulence, and the disease indices were 1.96a and 2.47a for stem and 1.48a and 1.6a for root (P < 0.05) after analyzed by LSD multiple comparisons, respectively. Both two isolates consistently caused large brown lesions with sunken on the potato stems and roots in in vitro and greenhouse experiments. This is the first detailed report on the AG composition, variability and pathogenicity of R. solani isolates associated with stem cankers and black scurf found on potatoes cultivated in Heilongjiang Province.
      PubDate: 2017-01-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9535-3
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