for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords

Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2373 journals)

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Showing 1 - 200 of 2373 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 169, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Therapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.075
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 5  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1865-8652 - ISSN (Online) 0741-238X
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2373 journals]
  • The Symptoms and Impact of Recurrent Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis in
           Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Conceptual Model of the Patient Experience
    • Abstract: Introduction We qualitatively examined the symptoms and impact of recurrent primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (rpFSGS) in kidney transplant recipients, compared with two related FSGS populations, to characterize the experience of patients with rpFSGS. Methods A literature review identified 58 articles concerning the experience of patients with pFSGS and/or rpFSGS in three groups: pre-transplant pFSGS, post-transplant rpFSGS, or post-transplant non-recurrent pFSGS. Literature findings were used to construct a preliminary conceptual model incorporating the symptoms and impact of rpFSGS, which was refined on the basis of qualitative interviews with clinicians. Twenty-five patients (rpFSGS: n = 15; pre-transplant pFSGS: n = 5; post-transplant non-recurrent pFSGS: n = 5) were interviewed to characterize the experience of patients with rpFSGS and compare it with other FSGS populations, and findings were used to finalize the conceptual model. Results The impact of pFSGS/rpFSGS described in the literature was diverse. Treatment-related symptoms, along with anxiety and depression, were considered important features of rpFSGS in addition to the findings from the literature review, according to clinicians. Patient-reported tiredness and swelling were the most common/disturbing symptoms associated with rpFSGS, while physical activity restrictions and adverse effects on work/social life were considered the most profound impact concepts. The collective disease experience was different for patients with rpFSGS and non-recurrent pFSGS, although psychological impact, including treatment-related anxiety and depression, were common to both groups. Conclusions Post-transplant recipients with rpFSGS display a greater symptom burden and experience a more diverse impact than those with non-recurrent pFSGS, highlighting the importance of effective patient monitoring and introducing effective treatments for the prevention and management of pFSGS recurrence. Funding Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc.
      PubDate: 2019-10-14
  • Co-Creation of a Lanreotide Autogel/Depot Syringe for the Treatment of
           Acromegaly and Neuroendocrine Tumours Through Collaborative Human Factor
    • Abstract: Introduction Although the previous lanreotide autogel/depot syringe had been well received, feedback indicated that improvements could be made to make it more user-friendly. Additionally, the view that patients should have greater involvement in the research and development process is echoed by the International Neuroendocrine Cancer Alliance. A series of studies aimed to develop and validate a new syringe that works better for patients, caregivers and healthcare professionals (HCPs) by involving these groups at key stages in the development and testing process. Methods The multicentre, international, human factor studies, consisted of four formative studies and one validation study. The formative studies collected patient, caregiver and HCP feedback on the lanreotide autogel/depot syringe on the market at the time, and on newly designed prototypes. The validation study was conducted to evaluate the final syringe to confirm that it can be used effectively and safely in the intended environment, by the intended user, for the intended purpose. Results Overall, 213 individuals participated in the studies; 145 contributed to the formative studies and 68 to the validation study. The validated new-generation syringe included several important updates compared with the lanreotide autogel/depot syringe currently on the market, including the flanges, which are now larger and have a better grip; the overcap, which is white, ridged, opaque and bigger; the plunger supports and the thermoformed tray. No participant hurt themselves or others during the validation study (although several misuses were reported), and all participants succeeded in delivering a complete dose and activating the safety system. Conclusion With collaboration, a new syringe was developed to meet the needs of patients, caregivers and HCPs, whilst ensuring lanreotide was delivered effectively and safely. These studies highlight the importance of involving patients, caregivers and HCPs in clinical evaluation studies to develop medical products that address their concerns and meet their needs. Funding Ipsen. Plain Language Summary Plain language summary available for this article.
      PubDate: 2019-10-14
  • Comparison of Billroth I, Billroth II, and Roux-en-Y Reconstruction
           After Totally Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy: A Randomized Controlled
    • Abstract: Introduction This study aimed to explore the efficacy of delta-shaped Billroth I anastomosis in totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for digestive tract reconstruction, and provide clinical data for determining the most appropriate digestive tract reconstruction method after distal gastrectomy. Methods This was a prospective randomized controlled study. A total of 180 patients were randomly and prospectively selected from Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University by random number table. These patients were randomly divided into three groups: Billroth I group, Billroth II group, and Roux-en-Y (RY) group. Results There were significant differences in resection margin, blood nutrition, and the number of postoperative complications among these three groups (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the resection margin, blood nutrition status, and immunization of patients in these three groups were determined. Compared to the other groups, the RY group was better in terms of hematologic status, immunological index, and postoperative complications. Conclusion Delta-shaped Billroth I anastomosis in totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for digestive tract reconstruction is simple and easy to perform, and has an advantage in postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery. RY reconstruction is superior to Billroth I and Billroth II in terms of postoperative complications.
      PubDate: 2019-10-12
  • Analgesic Efficacy, Practicality and Safety of Inhaled Methoxyflurane
           Versus Standard Analgesic Treatment for Acute Trauma Pain in the Emergency
           Setting: A Randomised, Open-Label, Active-Controlled, Multicentre Trial in
           Italy (MEDITA)
    • Abstract: Introduction Inhaled low-dose methoxyflurane is approved in Europe for emergency relief of moderate-to-severe trauma-related pain in adults, but data versus active comparators are sparse. The phase IIIb Methoxyflurane in Emergency Department in ITAly (MEDITA) trial investigated the analgesic efficacy, practicality and safety of methoxyflurane versus standard analgesic treatment (SAT) for acute trauma pain. Methods This was a randomised, active-controlled, parallel-group, open-label trial conducted in 15 Italian emergency units. Adults with limb trauma and pain score ≥ 4 on numerical rating scale (NRS) were randomised 1:1 to inhaled methoxyflurane 3 mL or SAT [intravenously administered (IV) morphine 0.1 mg/kg for severe pain (NRS ≥ 7); IV paracetamol 1 g or IV ketoprofen 100 mg for moderate pain (NRS 4–6)]. The primary endpoint was overall change in visual analogue scale (VAS) pain intensity from baseline (time of randomisation) to 3, 5 and 10 min. Non-inferiority and superiority of methoxyflurane versus SAT were concluded if the upper 95% confidence interval (CI) for the treatment comparison (methoxyflurane–SAT) was less than 1 and less than 0, respectively. Results Between 8 February 2018 and 8 February 2019, 272 patients were randomised (136 per treatment group). A total of 270 patients (mean age 51 years; 49% male; 34% with severe pain; mean baseline VAS 67 mm) were treated and analysed for efficacy and safety. Superiority of methoxyflurane was demonstrated for moderate-to-severe pain (adjusted mean treatment difference − 5.94 mm; 95% CI − 8.83, − 3.06 mm), moderate pain (− 5.97 mm; 95% CI − 9.55, − 2.39 mm) and severe pain (− 5.54 mm; 95% CI − 10.49, − 0.59 mm). Median onset of pain relief was 9 min for methoxyflurane and 15 min for SAT. Practicality of methoxyflurane treatment was rated “Excellent”, “Very Good” or “Good” by 90% of clinicians vs. 64% for SAT. Adverse events (all non-serious) were reported by 17% of methoxyflurane-treated patients and 3% of SAT-treated patients. Conclusion Methoxyflurane provided superior pain relief to SAT in patients with moderate-to-severe trauma pain and may offer a simple, fast, effective non-opioid treatment option. Trial registration Trial registered with EudraCT (2017-001565-25) on 2 March 2018 and (NCT03585374) on 13 July 2018. Funding Mundipharma Pharmaceuticals S.r.l.
      PubDate: 2019-10-12
  • Leber’s Hereditary Optic Neuropathy as a Promising Disease for Gene
           Therapy Development
    • Abstract: Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a relatively common, rapidly progressing inherited optic neuropathy wherein LHON-affected eyes undergo optic nerve atrophy due to retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss. It is a maternally inherited (or sporadic) mitochondrial disorder caused primarily by mutations in genes that encode components of respiratory complex (RC)1 in mitochondria. Mitochondrial deficiency of RC1 compromises ATP production and oxidative stress management in RGCs. The most common LHON-causing mutations are 11778G>A, 3460G>A, and 14484T>C point mutations in MT-ND4, MT-ND1, and MT-ND6. The unusually high mitochondrial load of RGCs makes them particularly sensitive to these mutations. Patients with LHON may be prescribed ubiquinone (a component of RC3) or idebenone, a ubiquinone analogue with enhanced bioavailability to act downstream of RC1. The challenge of accessing the inner mitochondrial membrane with gene therapy for LHON, and other mitochondrial diseases, may be overcome by incorporation of a specific mitochondrion-targeting sequence (MTS) that enables allotropic expression of a nucleus-transcribed ND4 transgene. Because LHON penetrance is incomplete among carriers of the aforementioned mutations, identification of environmental factors, such as heavy smoking, that interact with genetics in the phenotypic expression of LHON may be helpful toward preventing or delaying disease development. LHON has become a model for mitochondrial and neurogenerative diseases owing to it having a clearly identified genetic cause and its early onset and rapid progression characteristics. Hence, LHON studies and genetic treatment advances may inform research of other diseases.
      PubDate: 2019-10-11
  • Adhesion Evaluation of AG200-15: An Investigational Transdermal
           Contraceptive Delivery System
    • Abstract: Introduction AG200-15, an investigational transdermal contraceptive delivery system or patch, is designed to be a low-dose, non-daily, combined hormonal contraceptive option for women. In this phase 1 study, the in vivo adhesion of the AG200-15 patch was compared to Xulane®, the only contraceptive patch available in the USA. Methods This phase 1, randomized, open-label, single-dose, two-treatment, two-period crossover adhesion study compared the 7-day adhesion of the AG200-15 and Xulane contraceptive patches. Eighty-three women, ages 18 to 35 years old, with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 19 kg/m2 and < 35 kg/m2, and weight ≥ 48 kg and < 90 kg were enrolled. Trained study site personnel used a five-point scale to assess patch adhesion daily. A score of 0 reflected at least 90% adhesion; while a score of 4 represented complete detachment of the patch. The primary objective was to compare the adhesion properties of the two patches; AG200-15 would be considered statistically non-inferior to Xulane if the upper 95% confidence limit (CL) of the mean difference in adhesion scores was below + 0.15. Results The overall mean (standard deviation) scores for AG200-15 (N = 78) and Xulane (N = 77) were 0.14 (0.28) and 0.39 (0.40), respectively (lower scores on the adhesion scale indicate better adhesion). The study demonstrated a difference in mean adhesion scores of − 0.24, meeting the prespecified non-inferiority criterion by demonstrating a one-sided upper CL of − 0.16. Thus, the in vivo adhesion of AG200-15 was shown to be non-inferior to that of Xulane. Most subjects experienced no skin irritation at the application site for either patch and no serious adverse event was reported in the study. Conclusion The in vivo adhesion of AG200-15 is non-inferior to that of Xulane on the basis of the prespecified criterion of the upper bound of the one-sided 95% CL for the mean adhesion score difference being below + 0.15. Both patches were generally well tolerated. Funding Agile Therapeutics, Inc.
      PubDate: 2019-10-10
  • Comparison of PARPis with Angiogenesis Inhibitors and Chemotherapy for
           Maintenance in Ovarian Cancer: A Network Meta-Analysis
    • Abstract: Introduction Seventy-five percent of ovarian cancer would relapse within 18–28 months after platinum-base chemotherapy. Evidence suggests that maintenance chemotherapy is effective in prolonging remission. Recent target therapies such as poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPis) and angiogenesis inhibitors (AIs) are known to ease burden and recurrence of ovarian cancer. There is limited data for head-to-head comparison of PARPis, AIs, and chemotherapeutic agents (CTAs) as maintenance treatment. This network meta-analysis thus assessed the effectiveness and toxicity of these three maintenance therapies in patients with ovarian cancer. Methods We searched relevant sources (PubMed, EMBASE) to identify randomized controlled trials assessing efficacy and safety of maintenance therapy in patients with ovarian cancer. Primary outcome was progression-free survival (PFS) as assessed by blinded review; safety and tolerability were secondary outcomes. A network meta-analysis to compare three drug classes was performed using statistical software R. Results We included 24 trials (11,366 patients) assessing efficacy and safety of PARPis (n = 4), AIs (n = 12), and CTAs (n = 8). PARPis [hazard ratio (HR) 0.64; 95% credible intervals (CrI) 0.55–0.73] and AIs (HR 0.87; 95% CrI 0.81–0.93) showed significant improvement in PFS compared to placebo but not CTA (HR 1.00; 95% CrI 0.86–1.15). PARPis showed significant improvement in PFS compared to AIs (HR 0.73; 95% CrI 0.63–0.86) and CTA (HR 0.64; 95% CrI 0.52–0.78). Adverse events (AEs) leading to treatment discontinuation and dose reduction were lower in PARPis [incidence rate ratio (IRR) 0.60; CrI 0.31–1.18 and IRR 0.73, 95% CrI 0.50–1.06, respectively] compared to AIs, but the differences were not significant. Conclusion PARPi as maintenance treatment improved PFS in ovarian cancer and was relatively safer in terms of implications caused by AEs when compared to AIs. This network meta-analysis provides valuable evidence and significant insights into treatment of ovarian cancer.
      PubDate: 2019-10-10
  • Effect of Orally Administered N -Acetylcysteine on Chronic Bronchitis: A
    • Abstract: Introduction The effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) treatment for patients with chronic bronchitis (CB) is controversial. To better understand the role of NAC in CB treatment, we performed a meta-analysis to provide a more accurate estimation of the importance of NAC treatment. Methods PubMed, Embase, and CNKI were systematically searched. The pooled relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using either fixed-effect model or random-effect model based on heterogeneity examination. Statistical analyses were performed using the STATA 12.0 and RevMan 5.2. Results A total of 11 publications with 775 patients who were taking NAC and 789 controls who were taking placebo were judged eligible regarding inclusion criteria. The pooled analysis demonstrated significant evidence that NAC reduced the frequency of CB exacerbations (RR = 0.81, 95% CI 0.69–0.93, P = 0.004). Patients treated with NAC had significant symptom improvement compared with controls (RR = 1.68, 95% CI 1.13–2.52, P = 0.01). NAC did not significantly increase the risk of adverse effects compared with placebo (RR 0.86, 95% CI 0.67–1.09, P = 0.22). Subgroup analysis was carried out to assess the stability of results. No publication bias was detected during analyses. Conclusion There is a role for NAC treatment in the management of CB by reducing symptoms and exacerbations compared with placebo, without increasing the risk of adverse effects. A regular treatment of low dosage (< 1200 mg per day) and a duration of at least 3 months seems to be effective.
      PubDate: 2019-10-09
  • Enhanced Safety Surveillance of GSK’s Quadrivalent Seasonal Influenza
           Vaccine in Belgium, Germany, and Spain for the 2018/19 Season: Interim
    • Abstract: Introduction Influenza is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in Europe. Prevention by annual vaccination is most effective but with yearly vaccine reformulation to match circulating virus strains, vaccine safety must be continuously monitored. The European Medicines Agency published guidance on safety monitoring of influenza vaccines. Methods An enhanced safety surveillance study of GSK’s inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine (IIV4) was conducted in Belgium, Germany, and Spain in influenza season 2018/19. The objective was to collect adverse event (AE) reports from subjects within 7 days of vaccination. A customized AE reporting card (AERC) with predefined AEs of interest was used to rapidly detect and evaluate potential new safety concerns. Interim results are presented here. Results Between week 40 and 52, 1060 vaccinated subjects were enrolled (31.0% Belgium, 26.2% Germany, and 42.7% Spain) covering all ages for which IIV4 is indicated (32.0% aged 6 months–17 years, 33.8% 18–65 years, and 34.2% over 65 years). Pediatric subjects  less than 9 years old (n = 139) received two doses. Following dose 1 and dose 2, 98.2% and 100%, respectively, returned the completed AERC recording any AEs. Following dose 1 and dose 2, 454 and 34 subjects, respectively, reported at least one AE (most frequently expected general and injection site symptoms and respiratory symptoms). Conclusion All reported AEs were expected as per summary product characteristics (smPC). No safety signals that impact public health or alter the benefit–risk profile of GSK’s IIV4 were identified. Subjects from all vaccinated age groups were enrolled and the use of AERCs allowed rapid monitoring and analysis of reported AEs. Trial Registration identifier, NCT03688620. Funding GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals SA.
      PubDate: 2019-10-08
  • Subcutaneous Injection of Drugs: Literature Review of Factors Influencing
           Pain Sensation at the Injection Site
    • Abstract: The subcutaneous administration route is widely used to administer different types of drugs given its high bioavailability and rapid onset of action. However, the sensation of pain at the injection site might reduce patient adherence. Apart from a direct effect of the drug itself, several factors can influence the sensation of pain: needle features, injection site, volume injected, injection speed, osmolality, viscosity and pH of formulation, as well as the kind of excipients employed, including buffers and preservatives. Short and thin needles, conveniently lubricated and with sharp tips, are generally used to minimize pain, although the anatomic injection site (abdomen versus thigh) also affects the sensation of pain. Large subcutaneous injection volumes are associated with pain. In this sense, the maximum volume generally accepted is around 1.5 ml, although volumes of up to 3 ml are well tolerated when injected in the abdomen. Injected volumes of up to 0.5–0.8 ml are not expected to increase substantially the pain produced by the needle insertion. Ideally, injectable products should be formulated as isotonic solutions (osmolality of about 300 mOsm/kg) and no more than 600 mOs/kg have to be used in order to prevent pain. A pH close to the physiological one is recommended to minimize pain, irritation, and tissue damage. Buffers are frequently added to parenteral formulations to optimize solubility and stability by adjusting the pH; however, their strength should be kept as low as possible to avoid pain upon injection. The data available recommend the concentration of phosphate buffer be limited to 10 mM and that the concentration of citrate buffer should be lower than 7.3 mM to avoid an increased sensation of pain. In the case of preservatives, which are required in multiple-dose preparations, m-cresol seems to be more painful than benzyl alcohol and phenol. Funding: Sandoz SA.
      PubDate: 2019-10-05
  • Defining the Characteristics of Chronic Hypoparathyroidism Not Adequately
           Controlled on Conventional Therapy: Consensus Findings of Three European
           Delphi Panels
    • Abstract: Introduction European Society of Endocrinology (ESE) guidelines provide goals for hypoparathyroidism management but do not define characteristics of chronic hypoparathyroidism that is not adequately controlled. Three European country-specific Delphi panels were conducted to gain consensus on these characteristics. Methods Delphi panels were conducted in the UK, Sweden, and Portugal using similar methodology. At each round, panellists considered patients with chronic hypoparathyroidism whose disease is not adequately controlled on conventional therapy according to a matrix of four presentations of patients with chronic hypoparathyroidism: normal biochemical levels/well (group 1), abnormal biochemical levels/well (group 2), normal biochemical levels/unwell (group 3), and abnormal biochemical levels/unwell (group 4), with wellness defined by the patient’s persistent symptoms, comorbidities, and complications. For groups 2–4, panellists rated characteristics in five categories (patient characteristics, family history, comorbidities, biochemistry, and symptoms/impact on quality of life [QoL]) with respect to defining a patient as having chronic hypoparathyroidism that was not adequately controlled on conventional therapy. Consensus was achieved when more than 80% of respondents agreed. Results Among the three countries, panellists agreed that characteristics within four of the five categories (patient characteristics, comorbidities, biochemistry, and symptoms/impact on QoL) were important for defining inadequate control. Characteristics deemed important in groups 2–4 included a history of compliance problems and chronic kidney disease stages 4 and 5. In groups 2 and 4, the biochemical parameters deemed important were serum calcium, urinary calcium, and serum creatinine. In groups 3 and 4, tingling or numbness in the hands/feet and face was the only symptom deemed important in all three countries. Conclusion Delphi panels conducted in three European countries provided national consensus on key parameters of patient characteristics, biochemistry, comorbidities, and symptoms/impact on QoL that define not adequately controlled chronic hypoparathyroidism. These characteristics should be tested more widely for their applicability in clinical practice. Funding Shire International GmbH, Zug, Switzerland, a member of the Takeda group of companies.
      PubDate: 2019-10-05
  • Clinicians’ Perspectives on Cure in Adult Patients with Acute
           Lymphoblastic Leukemia with Minimal Residual Disease: A Delphi Study
    • Abstract: Hematologic complete remission (CR) is achievable for most adults with B cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL). However, minimal residual disease (MRD) in patients with hematologic CR is associated with increased risk of relapse, shorter survival, and poorer transplantation outcomes. This study explored the concept of cure in adults with Philadelphia chromosome-negative (Ph−) BCP-ALL by MRD status at first hematologic CR (CR1) to inform evaluation of the clinical and economic benefits of new agents, where the concept of cure is important but long-term data are not available. The study used modified Delphi methodology involving clinicians experienced in the treatment of adult ALL. Participants completed a questionnaire, which was followed by country-specific panel discussions to discuss results and identify consensus on concepts and definitions. Clinicians from France (n = 4), Germany (n = 4), and the UK (n = 5) took part. Participants described cure in terms of the probability of future relapse. Relapse-free survival (RFS) was the preferred outcome measure to describe cure for the three patient groups considered (patients with MRD at CR1; patients who become negative for MRD after further treatment; patients who continue to have MRD). Consensus was reached on definitions of cure: that cure would begin to be considered at 3 years’ RFS and/or would be highly likely at 5 years’ RFS. Participants agreed that patients with MRD should usually undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation to have the best chance of survival; consensus was reached that alternatives are required when transplantation is not an option. Panels agreed that patients who achieve cure have a higher mortality rate and lower health-related quality of life than the general population. This study provides quantitative and qualitative information on the concept of cure in Ph− BCP-ALL in CR by MRD status applicable to interpreting the value of new therapies. Funding: Amgen. Plain Language Summary: Plain language summary available for this article.
      PubDate: 2019-10-04
  • Existing and Emerging Biomarkers for Immune Checkpoint Immunotherapy in
           Solid Tumors
    • Abstract: In the last few years, immunotherapy has transformed the way we treat solid tumors, including melanoma, lung, head neck, breast, renal, and bladder cancers. Durable responses and long-term survival benefit has been experienced by many cancer patients, with favorable toxicity profiles of immunotherapeutic agents relative to chemotherapy. Cures have become possible in some patients with metastatic disease. Additional approvals of immunotherapy drugs and in combination with other agents are anticipated in the near future. Multiple additional immunotherapy drugs are in earlier stages of clinical development, and their testing in additional tumor types is under way. Despite considerable early success and relatively fewer side effects, the majority of cancer patients do not respond to checkpoint inhibitors. Additionally, while the drugs are generally well tolerated, there is still the potential for significant, unpredictable and even fatal toxicity with these agents. Improved biomarkers may help to better select patients who are more likely to respond to these drugs. Two key biologically important predictive tissue biomarkers, specifically, PD-L1 and mismatch repair deficiency, have been FDA-approved in conjunction with the checkpoint inhibitor, pembrolizumab. Tumor mutation burden, another promising biomarker, is emerging in several tumor types, and may also soon receive approval. Finally, several other tissue and liquid biomarkers are emerging that could help guide single-agent immunotherapy and in combination with other agents. Of these, one promising investigational biomarker is alteration or deficiency in DNA damage response (DDR) pathways, with altered DDR observed in a broad spectrum of tumors. Here, we provide a critical overview of current, emerging, and investigational biomarkers in the context of response to immunotherapy in solid tumors.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Is Dipstick Urinalysis Screening Beneficial in Men with Lower Urinary
           Tract Symptoms'
    • Abstract: Introduction Dipstick urinalysis is a widely used screening tool in the evaluation of men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). As limited data support the use of dipstick urinalysis, we have used data from three recently published studies to assess clinical outcomes in those who had dipstick urinalysis findings for blood, glucose, and/or leukocytes. Methods We analyzed data from three observational studies involving men interested in using over-the-counter tamsulosin: a self-selection study (SSS) and two actual-use studies of 8-week (AUS8) and 24-week (AUS24) durations. Subgroup analyses focused on pooled data from participants not using α-blockers or other prescription medication for LUTS suggestive of BPH (nonRx users) and who had urine dipstick findings. Data from participants using α-blockers (AUS8) or any prescription BPH medications (SSS and AUS24) are presented as reference. Results Overall, 2488 nonRx users underwent dipstick urinalysis and 680 (27.3%) had positive findings including traces of blood (332; 13.3%), glucose (259; 10.4%), and/or leukocytes (245; 9.8%). Among users of prescription medicines, 21.6% (37/171) in SSS, 27.4% (23/84) in AUS8, and 31.1% (47/151) in AUS24 had urine dipstick findings. The 200 dipstick-positive nonRx users in SSS underwent per protocol urological assessment: 26 (13.0%) had a newly diagnosed condition causing/contributing to urinary symptoms of which 2.9% were identified as medically important conditions. Among nonRx users with or without a dipstick finding, medically important conditions reported included prostate cancer (1.0% vs. 1.0%, respectively) and urolithiasis (1.0% vs. 0.3%, respectively). The proportion of men with dipstick urinalysis findings was similar between men who regularly visited their physician and those who did not. Conclusion Dipstick urinalysis did not markedly increase the detection of undiagnosed medically important conditions that cause/contribute to urinary symptoms, suggesting that this test may not be a very effective screening tool for men with LUTS. Funding Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Oral Corticosteroid Use for the Treatment of Chronic Eosinophilic Disease:
           A Patient’s and His Physician’s Experience
    • Abstract: This article, coauthored by a patient with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) initially presenting as severe eosinophilic asthma and his physician-specialist, discusses the use and management of oral corticosteroid (OCS) treatment. It also considers the importance of early diagnosis of a rare disease and patient education. The patient describes his journey from progressive worsening of asthma and eventual diagnosis of EGPA to long-term OCS treatment and then participation in a clinical trial for this rare disease, involving the introduction of targeted biologic therapy with OCS tapering. The physician describes the importance of patient referral to obtain a correct diagnosis and optimal maintenance treatment, the balance between risk of adverse events associated with long-term OCS use and benefits of disease control, and various aspects of patient participation in clinical trials. Finally, the patient describes the role of continual patient education in the management of disease and OCS treatment. These considerations can apply to all chronic inflammatory diseases requiring maintenance OCS treatment. Funding: AstraZeneca.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis from 16 Trials for Safety Factors in
           Cytokine Release Syndrome After CAR-T Therapy in Patients with Non-Hodgkin
           Lymphoma (NHL) and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
    • Abstract: Introduction Chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) with anti-CD19 have shown great promise in the treatment of relapsed and refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) is the most significant and life-threatening side effect. This individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis is to investigate the association of severe CRS with CAR-T dose and baseline factors. Methods We collected the individual patient-level data of 237 patients with NHL or ALL from 16 published papers. A logistic model was used to analyze the association of severe CRS incidence with CAR-T dose and baseline factors including age and baseline tumor burden. A generalized additive model (GAM) with logit link function was used to estimate the nonlinear response for severe CRS incidence with CAR-T dose and baseline factors. Results Severe CRS incidence was positively associated with current proposed CAR-T treatment infusion dose at a range of 0.2 × 106–5.0 × 106 T cells per kg of body weight in patients less than or equal to 25 years old. For patients over 25 years old the association was not significant. Significant association between severe CRS incidence and baseline tumor burden was also shown in this study. Conclusions Our results provide novel insights that association between CAR-T treatment dose and severe CRS incidence only exists in patients less than or equal to 25 years old. Severe CRS incidence is associated with baseline tumor burden which indicates that tumor burden needs to be controlled with induced chemotherapy before CAR-T treatment.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Effect of Polymorphisms in CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 on the Disposition, Safety
           and Metabolism of Progesterone Administrated Orally or Vaginally
    • Abstract: Introduction Exogenous progesterone is prescribed for a variety of conditions with endogenous progesterone deficiency, e.g. menstrual alterations, primary or secondary infertility or premenopause. To the best of our knowledge, no pharmacogenetic studies have been published in relation to exogenous progesterone pharmacokinetic safety or progesterone metabolites so far. Methods Candidate-gene study where we evaluated whether five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (CYP2C9*2, *3, CYP2C19*2, *3 and *17) were related to the pharmacokinetics, safety and metabolism of progesterone in 24 healthy volunteers who received a 200-mg progesterone formulation either orally or vaginally. Results The vaginal formulation had an average AUCt value approximately 18 times greater than the oral formulation. CYP2C19 intermediate metabolizers (IM) consistently showed higher adjusted AUCt and adjusted Cmax than extensive metabolizers (EM) (P < 0.05); CYP2C9 EM incongruently exhibited higher adjusted Cmax and longer half-life than IM (p < 0.05). Conclusion This is the first study that reports variability in progesterone disposition according to the CYP2C19 and CYP2C9 phenotype. We suggest that CYP2C19 may condition progesterone disposition and that it may be more relevant than CYP2C9. This study lays the foundations for further in-depth research to evaluate the pharmacogenetics of progesterone. Trial Registration EudraCT numbers are 2012-005105-43 and 2012-005011-10.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Algorithm for the Use of Biochemical Markers of Bone Turnover in the
           Diagnosis, Assessment and Follow-Up of Treatment for Osteoporosis
    • Abstract: Introduction Increased biochemical bone turnover markers (BTMs) measured in serum are associated with bone loss, increased fracture risk and poor treatment adherence, but their role in clinical practice is presently unclear. The aim of this consensus group report is to provide guidance to clinicians on how to use BTMs in patient evaluation in postmenopausal osteoporosis, in fracture risk prediction and in the monitoring of treatment efficacy and adherence to osteoporosis medication. Methods A working group with clinical scientists and osteoporosis specialists was invited by the Scientific Advisory Board of European Society on Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO). Results Serum bone formation marker PINP and resorption marker βCTX-I are the preferred markers for evaluating bone turnover in the clinical setting due to their specificity to bone, performance in clinical studies, wide use and relatively low analytical variability. BTMs cannot be used to diagnose osteoporosis because of low sensitivity and specificity, but can be of value in patient evaluation where high values may indicate the need to investigate some causes of secondary osteoporosis. Assessing serum levels of βCTX-I and PINP can improve fracture prediction slightly, with a gradient of risk of about 1.2 per SD increase in the bone marker in addition to clinical risk factors and bone mineral density. For an individual patient, BTMs are not useful in projecting bone loss or treatment efficacy, but it is recommended that serum PINP and βCTX-I be used to monitor adherence to oral bisphosphonate treatment. Suppression of the BTMs greater than the least significant change or to levels in the lower half of the reference interval in young and healthy premenopausal women is closely related to treatment adherence. Conclusion In conclusion, the currently available evidence indicates that the principal clinical utility of BTMs is for monitoring oral bisphosphonate therapy.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Model-Based Economic Evaluation of Ceritinib and Platinum-Based
           Chemotherapy as First-Line Treatments for Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung
           Cancer in China
    • Abstract: Introduction A trial-based assessment was completed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of ceritinib as a first-line treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with rearrangement of anaplastic lymphoma kinase. Methods Based on the disease situation of advanced NSCLC, a Markov model was constructed to estimate the costs and benefits of ceritinib and platinum-based chemotherapy. The cost information and health utilities were obtained from published literature. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was calculated. The stability of the model was verified by sensitivity analyses. Results The base case analysis results indicated that compared with platinum-based chemotherapy, ceritinib therapy would increase benefits in a 5-, 10- and 15-year time horizon, with extra costs of $230,661.61, $149,321.52 and $136,414.43 per quality-adjusted life-year gained, respectively. The most sensitive parameter in the model analysis was the cost of ceritinib. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis suggested that at the current price of ceritinib, the chance of ceritinib being cost-effective was 0 at the willingness-to-pay threshold of $27,142.85 per quality-adjusted life-year (three times the per capita gross domestic product of China). Conclusion As a first-line treatment for advanced NSCLC with rearrangement of anaplastic lymphoma kinase, ceritinib is unlikely to be cost-effective at the current price from the Chinese healthcare perspective. To meet the treatment demands of patients, it may be a better option to reduce the price or provide appropriate drug assistance policies.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
  • Correction to: Cardiovascular Risks, Bleeding Risks, and Clinical Events
           from 3 Phase III Trials of Pirfenidone in Patients with Idiopathic
           Pulmonary Fibrosis
    • Abstract: In the Original Publication the colors of Figure 2 have been switched. The correct figures are given below.
      PubDate: 2019-09-09
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Your IP address:
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-