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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2345 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2345 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)

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Journal Cover Advances in Therapy
  [SJR: 0.79]   [H-I: 44]   [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1865-8652 - ISSN (Online) 0741-238X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2345 journals]
  • Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis: A Concise Review
           with a Comprehensive Summary of Therapeutic Interventions Emphasizing
           Supportive Measures
    • Authors: Jeremy A. Schneider; Philip R. Cohen
      Pages: 1235 - 1244
      Abstract: Introduction Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are two of the most severe dermatologic conditions occurring in the inpatient setting. There is a lack of consensus regarding appropriate management of SJS and TEN. Purpose The scientific literature pertaining to SJS and TEN (subsequently referred to as SJS/TEN) is summarized and assessed. In addition, an interventional approach for the clinician is provided. Methods PubMed was searched with the key words: corticosteroids, cyclosporine, etanercept, intravenous immunoglobulin, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis. The papers generated by the search, and their references, were reviewed. Results Supportive care is the most universally accepted intervention for SJS/TEN. Specific guidelines differ from the care required for patients with thermal burns. Adjuvant therapies are utilized in most severe cases, but the data are thus far underwhelming and underpowered. Using systemic corticosteroids as sole therapy is not supported. A consensus regarding combined corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has not been reached. Data regarding IVIG, currently the standard of care for most referral centers, is conflicting. Newer studies regarding cyclosporine and tumor necrosis factor inhibitors are promising, but not powered to provide definitive evidence of efficacy. Data regarding plasmapheresis is equivocal. Thalidomide increases mortality. Conclusion Clinicians who manage SJS/TEN should seek to employ interventions with the greatest impact on their patients’ condition. While supportive care measures may seem an obvious aspect of SJS/TEN patient care, providers should understand that these interventions are imperative and that they differ from the care recommended for other critically ill or burn patients. While adjuvant therapies are frequently discussed and debated for hospitalized patients with SJS/TEN, a standardized management approach is not yet clear based on the current data. Therefore, until further data are available, decisions regarding such treatments should be made on a case-by-case basis.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0530-y
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Is There a Role for Ivabradine in the Contemporary Management of Patients
           with Chronic Heart Failure in Academic and Community Heart Failure Clinics
           in Canada?
    • Authors: Sherryn Roth; Carlos Fernando; Sadia Azeem; Gordon W. Moe
      Pages: 1340 - 1348
      Abstract: Introduction In patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction, increased heart rate (HR) is an independent risk factor for adverse outcomes. In systolic HF treatment with the If inhibitor ivabradine trial (SHIFT), Ivabradine improved survival when added to conventional treatment including β-blockers. However, the extent of benefit in the real world is unclear. We examined the characteristics of patients on guideline-directed therapy and determined who had SHIFT-like characteristics. Methods A total of 1096 patients with chronic HF were reviewed from June 2014 to April 2015 in two HF clinics in Toronto: an academic institution (AI), and a community hospital (CH) clinic. SHIFT-like characteristics [left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35%; sinus rhythm; and HR ≥ 70 bpm] were described. Results For all patients, mean age was 75 ± 13 years, overall LVEF was 44 ± 15%, AI less than CH (41.9 ± 14.0% vs. 45.7 ± 15.0%; p < 0.0001). More than two-thirds of patients in both groups were on β-blockers; with less than one-third at target dose. The proportion of patients with SHIFT-like characteristics was 8.4% AI and 11.7% CH, respectively (p = 0.0658). Conclusion In HF clinics from both academic and community hospitals in Toronto, up-titration in the dose of β-blockers and other guideline therapy can be improved on. A small proportion of patients with HF and SHIFT-like characteristics may potentially benefit from the addition of Ivabradine, just approved in Canada; this number will be further reduced if target dosage for β-blockers is achieved. Funding Servier Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0529-4
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Erratum to: Efficacy of Zofenopril vs. Irbesartan in Combination with a
           Thiazide Diuretic in Hypertensive Patients with Multiple Risk Factors not
           Controlled by a Previous Monotherapy: A Review of the Double-Blind,
           Randomized “Z” Studies
    • Authors: Stefano Omboni; Ettore Malacco; Claudio Napoli; Pietro Amedeo Modesti; Athanasios Manolis; Gianfranco Parati; Enrico Agabiti-Rosei; Claudio Borghi
      Pages: 1498 - 1499
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0537-4
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • The Changing Landscape of Alopecia Areata: An Introduction
    • Abstract: Alopecia areata is an extremely common autoimmune condition affecting hair. Severe forms of alopecia areata exist, with existing treatments consisting of systemic immunosuppressants with numerous side effects. Recently, breakthroughs have been made in both understanding the pathogenesis of alopecia areata and the treatment thereof, which hold the promise of being able to target severe cases of alopecia areata with more efficacy and better tolerability. This article serves as an introduction to review papers from two of the leading researchers in the field of alopecia areata.
      PubDate: 2017-06-23
       
  • The Changing Landscape of Alopecia Areata: The Translational Landscape
    • Abstract: Recent genetic and preclinical studies have increased our understanding of the immunopathogenesis of alopecia areata (AA). This has allowed expedited development of targeted therapies for the treatment of AA, and a paradigm shift in our approach and understanding of autoimmunity and the hair follicle. The synergy between preclinical studies, animal models, and translational studies has led to unprecedented advances in the treatment options for AA, ultimately benefiting patients who have had little recourse. In this review, we summarize the scientific field of contemporary AA research, and look forward to potential new technologies and developments.
      PubDate: 2017-06-23
       
  • The Antihypertensive Efficacy of the Triple Fixed Combination of
           Perindopril, Indapamide, and Amlodipine: The Results of the PETRA Study
    • Abstract: Introduction The etiology of essential hypertension is multifactorial. Therefore, treatment with combinations of antihypertensive agents acting on multiple targets is necessary for successful therapy in the majority of patients. According to the experience and clinical data accumulated so far, combination therapy with three agents from different pharmacological classes is required in approx. 30% of patients in order to achieve long-term blood pressure control. The primary objective of the PETRA study was to evaluate the efficacy of blood pressure (BP) control with once daily administration of the different dosage strengths of the once-daily, triple fixed combination of perindopril, indapamide, and amlodipine. The evaluation was based on office BP readings and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) data gathered in routine clinical practice. Methods Data from 11,209 hypertensive patients (the proportion of female subjects was 47.6%) were processed and interpreted in a 3-month-long prospective, observational, non-interventional, open-label study conducted in 997 centers in Hungary. Results Mean baseline office BP was 156.58 ± 16.10/91.56 ± 9.33 mmHg (mean ± SD), whereas the mean duration of hypertension was 9.48 ± 7.19 years. Mean office BP decreased by 24.81 ± 15.47/11.41 ± 9.90 mmHg after switching to the triple fixed combination of perindopril, indapamide, and amlodipine (p < 0.0001). At the final visit 45.1% of patients took the 5/1.25/5 mg, 33.5% of them 10/2.5/5 mg, and 21.4% of them 10/2.5/10 mg strength of the perindopril/indapamide/amlodipine triple fixed combination. The 24-h blood pressure was obtained in 76 subjects. The mean 24-h BP decreased from 155.51 ± 17.43/85.28 ± 11.48 to 134.63 ± 12.51/77.83 ± 8.99 mmHg (p < 0.0001). Statistically significant (p < 0.0001) and clinically relevant improvement of a number of metabolic parameters—including total cholesterol (−8.6%), LDL-cholesterol (−11.4%), triglyceride (−12.1%), and fasting blood glucose (−6.6%) levels—was observed over the 3-month study period. Conclusions During the 3 months of the PETRA study, the outstanding 24-h antihypertensive efficacy of the triple fixed combination of perindopril, indapamide, and amlodipine was confirmed both by office BP readings and by ABPM recordings. This combination may offer a new therapeutic option for hypertensive patients who have failed to achieve the desired BP target on their previous dual combination therapy. Funding EGIS Pharmaceuticals PLC.
      PubDate: 2017-06-23
       
  • The Changing Landscape of Alopecia Areata: The Therapeutic Paradigm
    • Abstract: Alopecia areata (AA), a prevalent inflammatory cause of hair loss, lacks FDA-approved therapeutics for extensive cases, which are associated with very poor rates of spontaneous hair regrowth and major psychological distress. Current treatments for severe cases include broad immune-suppressants, which are associated with significant adverse effects, precluding long-term use, with rapid hair loss following treatment termination. As a result of the extent of the disease in severe cases, topical contact sensitizers and intralesional treatments are of limited use. The pathogenesis of AA is not yet fully understood, but recent investigations of the immune activation in AA skin reveal Th1/IFN-γ, as well as Th2, PDE4, IL-23, and IL-9 upregulations. Tissue analyses of both animal models and human lesions following broad-acting and cytokine-specific therapeutics (such as JAK inhibitors and ustekinumab, respectively) provide another opportunity for important insights into the pathogenesis of AA. As reviewed in this paper, numerous novel therapeutics are undergoing clinical trials for AA, emphasizing the potential transformation of the clinical practice of AA, which is currently lacking. Dermatologists are already familiar with the revolution in disease management of psoriasis, stemming from better understanding of immune dysregulations, and atopic dermatitis will soon follow a similar path. In light of these recent developments, the therapeutic arena of AA treatments is finally getting more exciting. AA will join the lengthening list of dermatologic diseases with mechanism-targeted drugs, thus changing the face of AA.
      PubDate: 2017-06-23
       
  • An Observational Study of the Effect of Levodopa–Carbidopa Intestinal
           Gel on Activities of Daily Living and Quality of Life in Advanced
           Parkinson’s Disease Patients
    • Abstract: Introduction Continuous delivery of levodopa–carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) by percutaneous endoscopic gastrojejunostomy (PEG-J) in advanced Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients reduces variability in plasma levels, providing better control of motor fluctuations (“on” and “off” states). The MONOTREAT study assessed the effect of LCIG on activities of daily living, motor and non-motor symptoms, and quality of life in advanced PD patients. Methods This prospective, observational study included patients with advanced, levodopa-responsive PD with either 2–4 h of “off” time or 2 h of dyskinesia daily. Patients received LCIG via PEG-J for 16 h continuously. Effectiveness was assessed using Unified PD Rating Scale parts II and III, the Non-Motor Symptom Scale, and the PD Questionnaire-8. Results The mean (SD) treatment duration was 275 (157) days. Patients experienced significant improvement from baseline in activities of daily living at final visit (p < 0.05) as well as at months 3 and 6 (p < 0.0001). Patients also experienced significant improvements from baseline in quality of life and non-motor symptoms at all time points (p < 0.001 for all). Specifically, patients manifested significant improvements in mean change from baseline at every study visit in five of nine non-motor symptom score domains: sleep/fatigue, mood/cognition, gastrointestinal tract, urinary, and miscellaneous. One-third of patients (32.8%) experienced an adverse event; 21.9% experienced a serious adverse event; 11.1% discontinued because of an adverse event. Conclusion This study demonstrated significant and clinically relevant improvements in measures of activities of daily living, quality of life, and a specific subset of non-motor symptoms after treatment with LCIG. Funding AbbVie Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-06-19
       
  • Comment on Rosenberg J, et al.: “Deep Neuromuscular Blockade Improves
           Laparoscopic Surgical Conditions: A Randomized, Controlled Study”
    • PubDate: 2017-06-19
       
  • 24-Month Open-Label Teriparatide Once-Weekly Efficacy Research Trial
           Examining Bone Mineral Density in Subjects with Primary Osteoporosis and
           High Fracture Risk
    • Abstract: Introduction To clarify the additional efficacy and safety benefits of 24 months’ treatment with the once-weekly formulation of teriparatide, which is currently used for 72 weeks. Methods This was a multicenter, open-label, single-arm study conducted in Japan. Subjects who were 65 years or older with prevalent vertebral fractures received once-weekly subcutaneous injection of 56.5 μg teriparatide for 24 months. The main outcome measure was percentage change from baseline in lumbar (L2–L4) BMD measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Results A total of 189 subjects received at least one dose of the once-weekly formulation of teriparatide. Lumbar, femoral neck, and total hip BMD increased significantly compared with baseline at Weeks 24, 48, 72, and 104. In addition, significant increases in lumbar (+1.5%) and femoral neck (+0.8%) BMD were noted at Week 104 compared with Week 72. Significant increases from baseline in BMD for radius 1/10 were noted at Weeks 24 and 104. No substantial increases were noted in the cumulative incidences of new vertebral fracture and other types of fracture after Week 72. The safety profile seen in the first 72 weeks remained unchanged until 104 weeks. Conclusion The once-weekly formulation of teriparatide is effective and safe for the treatment of osteoporosis over 24 months. The limitation of this study is that this was an open-label, single-arm study. Funding: Asahi Kasei Pharma Corporation. Clinical Trial Registration: JapicCTI-132276.
      PubDate: 2017-06-19
       
  • Safety and Tolerability of Empagliflozin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes:
           Pooled Analysis of Phase I–III Clinical Trials
    • Abstract: Introduction We characterized the safety and tolerability of empagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) randomized 1:1:1 to placebo, empagliflozin 10 mg, or empagliflozin 25 mg in clinical trials. Methods Pooled data were analyzed from patients with T2DM treated with placebo (N = 4203), empagliflozin 10 mg (N = 4221), or empagliflozin 25 mg (N = 4196) in 15 randomized phase I–III trials plus four extension studies. Adverse events (AEs) were assessed descriptively in participants who took at least one dose of study drug. AE incidence rates per 100 patient-years were calculated to adjust for differences in drug exposure between trials. Results Total exposure was 7369, 7782, and 7754 patient-years in the placebo, empagliflozin 10 mg, and 25 mg groups, respectively. The incidence of any AEs, severe AEs, serious AEs, and AEs leading to discontinuation was no higher in participants treated with empagliflozin vs. placebo. Empagliflozin was not associated with an increased risk of hypoglycemia vs. placebo, except in participants on background sulfonylurea. The incidence of events consistent with urinary tract infection was similar across treatment groups (8.7–9.5/100 patient-years). Events consistent with genital infection occurred more frequently in participants treated with empagliflozin 10 and 25 mg (3.5 and 3.4/100 patient-years, respectively) than placebo (0.9/100 patient-years). The incidence of AEs consistent with volume depletion was similar across treatment groups (1.7–1.9/100 patient-years) but was higher with empagliflozin 10 mg and 25 mg vs. placebo in participants aged 75 years or older (3.2 and 3.0 vs. 2.3/100 patient-years, respectively). The rates of bone fractures, cancer events, renal AEs, venous thromboembolic events, hepatic injury, acute pancreatitis, lower limb amputations, and diabetic ketoacidosis were similar across treatment groups. Conclusion This analysis of pooled safety data based on more than 15,000 patient-years’ exposure supports a favorable benefit–risk profile of empagliflozin in patients with T2DM. Funding Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH.
      PubDate: 2017-06-19
       
  • When Science is Not Enough: A Framework Towards More Customer-Focused Drug
           Development
    • Authors: Nektarios Oraiopoulos; William C. N. Dunlop
      Abstract: Introduction The purpose of this study was to identify the key barriers to a customer-focused drug development process and develop a comprehensive framework to overcome them. Methods The paper draws on existing literature, both academic and practitioner, across a range of disciplines (innovation management, marketing, organizational behavior, behavioral economics, health economics, industry reports). On the basis of this extensive review, a conceptual framework is developed that offers concrete suggestions on how organizations can overcome the barriers and enable a more customer-focused development process. Results The barriers to collaboration are organized into three distinct categories (economic, behavioral, organizational), and within each category, a one-to-one mapping between barriers and solutions is developed. Conclusion The framework is specifically designed with the objective of offering actionable and practical advice to executives who face these challenges in their organizations. The paper provides a unique theoretical contribution by synthesizing findings from several academic disciplines with concrete examples from the pharmaceutical industry. Funding Mundipharma International Limited.
      PubDate: 2017-06-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0567-y
       
  • Minimal Device Encrustation on Vesair Intravesical Balloons in the
           Treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence: Analysis of Balloons Removed
           from Women in the SOLECT Trial
    • Authors: Gommert A. van Koeveringe; Stefan De Wachter; Jack M. Zuckerman; Giovanni Tommaselli; Michel J. de Wildt; Karel C. M. Everaert; Dirk P. J. Michielsen; Jean-Jacques Wyndaele
      Abstract: Introduction Encrustation of urinary biomaterials is common; however, the incidence of surface deposition on the Vesair® intravesical pressure-attenuation balloon has not been previously reported. The purpose of this analysis is to determine the incidence and potential risk factors for encrustation of the Vesair intravesical balloon. Methods The SOLECT trial is a prospective randomized controlled trial conducted at several European centers to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Vesair balloon for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Women included in the study demonstrated SUI symptoms for more than 12 months without complicating factors, such as history of recurrent urinary tract infections or nephrolithiasis. All balloons removed from women enrolled in the SOLECT trial were analyzed for surface characteristics and encrustation. Surface deposition severity was quantified and composition analyzed with infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Incidence of surface deposition was tabulated and risk factors analyzed. Results One hundred and five balloons removed from 75 women were included in this analysis. Measurable stone deposition of less than 1.5 mm was found on four balloons (3.8%), surface granules were noted on 42 (40.0%), surface film on 11 (10.5%), and both granules and film on two (1.9%). Analysis identified calcium oxalate both in measurable encrustation deposits as well as those with surface granulation. Pooled analysis found that dwell time was a risk factor for calcium deposition. Conclusion The rate of encrustation on the Vesair intravesical balloon is low and does not appear to increase the rate of adverse outcomes or reduce clinical efficacy. Funding Solace Therapeutics, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0570-3
       
  • Erratum to: Secukinumab is Efficacious and Safe in Hispanic Patients with
           Moderate-to-Severe Plaque Psoriasis: Pooled Analysis of Four Phase 3
           Trials
    • Authors: Sandra Adsit; Enrique Rivas Zaldivar; Howard Sofen; Ignacio Dei-Cas; César Maldonado-García; Elkin O. Peñaranda; Luís Puig; Xiangyi Meng; Todd Fox; Adriana Guana
      PubDate: 2017-06-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0563-2
       
  • Real-World Impact of Cardiovascular Disease and Anemia on Quality of Life
           and Productivity in Patients with Non-Dialysis-Dependent Chronic Kidney
           Disease
    • Authors: Adrian Covic; James Jackson; Anna Hadfield; James Pike; Dimitrie Siriopol
      Abstract: Introduction Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk of comorbid conditions, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). Anemia is prevalent in the CKD population and worsens as kidney function declines, resulting in a diminished quality of life and increased morbidity/mortality. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to determine the real-world prevalence of CVD among patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD (NDD-CKD), with and without comorbid anemia, and to assess the impact of these conditions on quality of life (QoL) and work productivity. Methods Data were drawn from the Adelphi CKD Disease-Specific Programme, conducted in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK (2012). Anonymized data were collected via patient record forms and patient-completed questionnaires. Patient data were stratified by anemic status and the presence of CVD comorbidity. Results Data were collected by physicians for 1993 patients, of whom 867 completed a patient-completed questionnaire. A total of 61.4% of patients had anemia, and the prevalence of anemia increased with CKD stage. Patients with anemia had a higher mean number of cardiovascular comorbidities than non-anemic patients (1.27 vs 0.95, respectively; P < 0.001). The presence of cardiovascular conditions was associated with a significantly reduced QoL (EuroQol EQ-5D-3L visual analog scale: coefficient, −5.68 in anemic patients; P = 0.028) and work productivity and activity impairment (WPAI activity impairment: coefficient, +8.04 in anemic patients; P = 0.032), particularly among anemic patients. Conclusions The presence of anemia in this cohort of NDD-CKD patients was high. The presence of concomitant cardiovascular conditions was more common in NDD-CKD patients with comorbid anemia, and was associated with reduced QoL and work productivity outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0566-z
       
  • Monitoring for and Characterizing Crizotinib Progression: A Chart Review
           of ALK -Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients
    • Authors: Edmond Bendaly; Anand A. Dalal; Kenneth Culver; Philip Galebach; Iryna Bocharova; Rebekah Foster; Medha Sasane; Alexander R. Macalalad; Annie Guérin
      Abstract: Introduction Crizotinib is recommended as first-line therapy for ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but within a year of treatment initiation many patients develop resistance. With the recent approval of second-generation ALK inhibitors, this study assessed how physicians monitor for and diagnose progression and how they alter treatment following progression on crizotinib. Methods A panel of oncologists from the United States were surveyed regarding their monitoring practices and criteria for diagnosing progression on crizotinib. The physicians also retrospectively provided data (March–June 2016) from the medical charts of their adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic ALK-positive NSCLC who progressed on crizotinib after the approval (April 2014) of the first second-generation ALK inhibitor, ceritinib. Results A total of 28 physicians responded to the survey. Data was abstracted on 74 patients. In the physician survey, most physicians (71%) reported monitoring for radiographic progression every 3–4 months. When new lesions were detected, physician response varied. Following a symptomatic isolated lesion, most physicians (75%) would add local therapy and resume crizotinib. Following multiple symptomatic lesions, 96% and 64% of physicians would switch to a new therapy depending on whether the lesions were extracranial or isolated to the brain, respectively. For the patient cohort, physician-defined progression on crizotinib was diagnosed after a median of 10 months, and within 30 days of diagnosis, 86% of patients discontinued crizotinib. Among all patients who discontinued crizotinib, 77% switched to ceritinib, 14% to chemotherapy, and 1% to alectinib. The remaining 7% did not receive additional systemic antineoplastic therapy. Conclusion The findings from this physician survey and retrospective chart review study suggest that physician response to the development of new lesions in crizotinib-treated ALK-positive NSCLC patients varies with location and extent of the lesions. Once patients were considered to have progressed, most of them were immediately switched to ceritinib. Funding Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation.
      PubDate: 2017-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0551-6
       
  • Erratum to: Evaluation of the Short-Term Cost-Effectiveness of IDegLira
           Versus Continued Up-Titration of Insulin Glargine U100 in Patients with
           Type 2 Diabetes in the USA
    • Authors: Barnaby Hunt; Michelle Mocarski; William J. Valentine; Jakob Langer
      PubDate: 2017-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0543-6
       
  • Multicenter, Randomized, Investigator-Masked Study Comparing Brimonidine
           Tartrate 0.1% and Timolol Maleate 0.5% as Adjunctive Therapies to
           Prostaglandin Analogues in Normal-Tension Glaucoma
    • Authors: Shiro Mizoue; Koji Nitta; Motohiro Shirakashi; Akiyoshi Nitta; Shigeki Yamabayashi; Tairo Kimura; Toshihiko Ueda; Ryuji Takeda; Shun Matsumoto; Keiji Yoshikawa
      Abstract: Introduction This study compared the efficacy and safety of adjunctive brimonidine tartrate 0.1% ophthalmic solution (brimonidine) and timolol maleate 0.5% ophthalmic solution (timolol) in prostaglandin analogue (PGA)-treated normal-tension glaucoma (NTG), assessing the non-inferiority of brimonidine in terms of intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction. Methods In this multicenter, randomized, investigator-masked, parallel-group, clinical study, adjunctive brimonidine or timolol was administered twice daily for 12 weeks in eyes with NTG that had been treated with PGA for at least 90 days and required additional treatment despite an IOP of 16 mmHg or less. IOP was measured on at least three visits before add-on therapy (mean baseline IOP), and at weeks 4, 8, and 12 after adjunctive administration. Systolic/diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate, and adverse events (AEs) were recorded at each visit. Results A total of 152 individuals were enrolled and 128 (84.2%) were eligible for efficacy analyses. IOP in both groups at each visit decreased significantly from baseline (P < 0.001). However, the difference in the change from baseline IOP at week 12 between the brimonidine (−1.05 ± 1.81 mmHg) and timolol (−1.41 ± 1.40 mmHg) groups was 0.36 mmHg (95% confidence interval [CI] [−0.21, 0.92]), which exceeded the value of the non-inferiority margin (0.75 mmHg). Baseline systolic/diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly in both groups at certain visits (P < 0.05), while baseline pulse rates decreased significantly in the timolol group (P < 0.001), with no significant differences in the brimonidine group. AE-related treatment discontinuation occurred in 2/71 (2.8%) and 2/75 (2.7%) patients in the brimonidine and timolol groups, respectively. Conclusion This study demonstrated an add-on effect of brimonidine to PGAs, although non-inferiority of brimonidine to timolol as adjunctive therapy in PGA-treated NTG in terms of IOP reduction was not observed. Brimonidine was associated with no adverse effects on pulse rate. Funding Senju Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Trial registration UMIN Clinical Trials Registry identifier, UMIN000014810.
      PubDate: 2017-05-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0552-5
       
  • Perceptions of Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in South-East Asia:
           Results from Patient and Physician Surveys
    • Authors: Rayaz A. Malik; Emre Aldinc; Siew-Pheng Chan; Chaicharn Deerochanawong; Chii-Min Hwu; Raymond L. Rosales; Chun-Yip Yeung; Koichi Fujii; Bruce Parsons
      Abstract: There are no data on physician–patient communication in painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (pDPN) in the Asia–Pacific region. The objective of this study was to examine patient and physician perceptions of pDPN and clinical practice behaviors in five countries in South-East Asia. Primary care physicians and practitioners, endocrinologists, diabetologists, and patients with pDPN completed separate surveys on pDPN diagnosis, impact, management, and physician–patient interactions in Hong Kong, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Thailand. Data were obtained from 100 physicians and 100 patients in each country. The majority of physicians (range across countries, 30–85%) were primary care physicians and practitioners. Patients were mostly aged 18–55 years and had been diagnosed with diabetes for >5 years. Physicians believed pDPN had a greater impact on quality of life than did patients (ranges 83–92% and 39–72%, respectively), but patients believed pDPN had a greater impact on items such as sleep, anxiety, depression, and work than physicians. Physicians considered the diagnosis and treatment of pDPN a low priority, which may be reflected in the generally low incidence of screening (range 12–65%) and a lack of awareness of pDPN. Barriers to treatment included patients’ lack of awareness of pDPN. Both physicians and patients agreed that pain scales and local language descriptions were the most useful tools in helping to describe patients’ pain. Most patients were monitored upon diagnosis of pDPN (range 55–97%), but patients reported a shorter duration of monitoring compared with physicians. Both physicians and patients agreed that it was patients who initiated conversations on pDPN. Physicians most commonly referred to guidelines from the American Diabetes Association or local guidelines for the management of pDPN. This study highlights important differences between physician and patient perceptions of pDPN, which may impact on its diagnosis and treatment. For a chronic and debilitating complication like pDPN, the physician–patient dialogue is central to maximizing patient outcomes. Strategies, including education of both groups, need to be developed to improve communication. Funding Pfizer.
      PubDate: 2017-05-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0536-5
       
  • Non-Vitamin K Oral Anticoagulants for Stroke Prevention in Special
           Populations with Atrial Fibrillation
    • Authors: Arnaud Bisson; Denis Angoulvant; Raphael Philippart; Nicolas Clementy; Dominique Babuty; Laurent Fauchier
      Abstract: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke or systemic embolism compared with normal sinus rhythm. These strokes may efficiently be prevented in patients with risk factors using oral anticoagulant therapy, with either vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) (i.e., direct thrombin inhibitors or direct factor Xa inhibitors). Owing to their specific risk profiles, some AF populations may have increased risks of both thromboembolic and bleeding events. These AF patients may be denied oral anticoagulants, whilst evidence shows that the absolute benefits of oral anticoagulants are greatest in patients at highest risk. NOACs are an alternative to VKAs to prevent stroke in patients with “non-valvular AF”, and NOACs may offer a greater net clinical benefit compared with VKAs, particularly in these high-risk patients. Physicians have to learn how to use these drugs optimally in specific settings. We review concrete clinical scenarios for which practical answers are currently proposed for use of NOACs based on available evidence for patients with kidney disease, elderly patients, women, patients with diabetes, patients with low or high body weight, and those with valve disease.
      PubDate: 2017-05-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0550-7
       
 
 
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