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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 132)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Advances in Therapy
  [SJR: 0.79]   [H-I: 44]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1865-8652 - ISSN (Online) 0741-238X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Treatment Dosing Patterns and Clinical Outcomes for Patients with Type 2
           Diabetes Starting or Switching to Treatment with Insulin Glargine (300
           Units per Milliliter) in a Real-World Setting: A Retrospective
           Observational Study
    • Authors: Shaloo Gupta; Hongwei Wang; Neil Skolnik; Liyue Tong; Ryan M. Liebert; Lulu K. Lee; Peter Stella; Anna Cali; Ronald Preblick
      Abstract: Introduction Usage patterns and effectiveness of a longer-acting formulation of insulin glargine at a strength of 300 units per milliliter (Gla-300) have not been studied in real-world clinical practice. This study evaluated differences in dosing and clinical outcomes before and after Gla-300 treatment initiation in patients with type 2 diabetes starting or switching to treatment with Gla-300 to assess whether the benefits observed in clinical trials translate into real-world settings. Methods This was a retrospective observational study using medical record data obtained by physician survey for patients starting treatment with insulin glargine at a strength of 100 units per milliliter (Gla-100) or Gla-300, or switching to treatment with Gla-300 from treatment with another basal insulin (BI). Differences in dosing and clinical outcomes before versus after treatment initiation or switching were examined by generalized linear mixed-effects models. Results Among insulin-naive patients starting BI treatment, no difference in the final titrated dose was observed in patients starting Gla-300 treatment versus those starting Gla-100 treatment [least-squares (LS) mean 0.43 units per kilogram vs 0.44 units per kilogram; P = 0.77]. Both groups had significant hemoglobin A1c level reductions (LS mean 1.21 percentage points for Gla-300 and 1.12 percentage points for Gla-100 ; both P < 0.001). The relative risk of hypoglycemic events after Gla-300 treatment initiation was lower than that after Gla-100 treatment initiation [0.31, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.12–0.81; P = 0.018] at similar daily doses. The daily dose of BI was significantly lower after switching to treatment with Gla-300 from treatment with another BI (0.73 units per kilogram before switch vs 0.58 units per kilogram after switch; P = 0.02). The mean hemoglobin A1c level was significantly lower after switching than before switching (adjusted difference − 0.95 percentage points, 95% CI − 1.13 to − 0.78 percentage points ; P < 0.0001). Hypoglycemic events per patient-year were significantly lower (relative risk 0.17, 95% CI 0.11–0.26; P < 0.0001). Conclusions Insulin-naive patients starting Gla-300 treatment had fewer hypoglycemic events, a similar hemoglobin A1c level reduction, and no difference in insulin dose versus patients starting Gla-100 treatment. Patients switching to Gla-300 treatment from treatment with other BIs had significantly lower daily doses of BI, with fewer hypoglycemic events, without compromise of hemoglobin A1c level reduction. These findings suggest Gla-300 in a real-world setting provides benefits in terms of dosing, with improved hemoglobin A1c level and hypoglycemia rates. Funding Sanofi US Inc. (Bridgewater, NJ, USA).
      PubDate: 2018-01-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0651-3
  • Once-Daily Triple Therapy in Patients with COPD: Patient-Reported Symptoms
           and Quality of Life
    • Authors: Maggie Tabberer; David A. Lomas; Ruby Birk; Noushin Brealey; Chang-Qing Zhu; Steve Pascoe; Nicholas Locantore; David A. Lipson
      Abstract: Introduction Directly recorded patient experience of symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) can complement lung function and exacerbation rate data in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) clinical studies. The FULFIL study recorded daily symptoms and activity limitation together with additional patient-reported outcomes of dyspnea and HRQoL, as part of the prespecified analyses. FULFIL co-primary endpoint data have been previously reported. Methods FULFIL was a phase III, 24-week, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, multicenter study comparing once-daily single inhaler triple therapy [fluticasone furoate/umeclidinium/vilanterol (FF/UMEC/VI)] 100 µg/62.5 µg/25 µg with twice-daily inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting β2-agonist therapy [budesonide/formoterol (BUD/FOR)] 400 µg/12 µg in patients with symptomatic COPD at risk of exacerbations. A subset participated for 52 weeks. Patient-reported assessments were: Evaluating Respiratory Symptoms in COPD™ (E-RS: COPD), St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) for COPD, COPD Assessment Test (CAT), baseline and transitional dyspnea indices (TDI) and daily and global anchor questions for activity limitation. Results FF/UMEC/VI showed greater reductions from baseline in 4-weekly mean E-RS: COPD total and all subscale scores compared with BUD/FOR; differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05) at each time period. FF/UMEC/VI also demonstrated greater improvements from baseline at weeks 4 and 24 in SGRQ domain scores and TDI focal score compared with BUD/FOR. At weeks 4 and 24, improvements greater than the minimal clinically important difference from baseline were observed in CAT score with FF/UMEC/VI, but not BUD/FOR; differences were statistically significant (P ≤ 0.003). Conclusion These findings demonstrate sustained daily symptom and HRQoL benefits of FF/UMEC/VI versus BUD/FOR. The inclusion of the CAT may provide data that are readily generalizable to everyday clinical practice. Trial registration number: NCT02345161. Funding GSK.
      PubDate: 2018-01-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0650-4
  • An Emerging Treatment Alternative for Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease
           Patients: A Review of Daprodustat
    • Authors: Kimberly A. Becker; John J. Jones
      Abstract: Abstract This article reviews an emerging therapeutic agent, which is currently in phase III development for the treatment of anemia secondary to chronic kidney disease, covering promising phase II results, drug characteristics, and the current phase III trials, which, if approved, may significantly impact the management of anemia in this patient population.
      PubDate: 2017-12-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0655-z
  • Intragastric Balloon Treatment for Obesity: FDA Safety Updates
    • Authors: Chinara M. Tate; Allan Geliebter
      Abstract: Abstract Over the past year, the FDA has issued two letters to healthcare providers alerting them to adverse events associated with ORBERA and ReShape intragastric balloons (IGBs), including several deaths. Both IGB devices were FDA-approved for use in the US in the summer of 2015. Although the adverse events cited in the two letters occurred following FDA approval, there was already evidence prior to FDA approval that the safety and efficacy of ReShape and ORBERA were highly questionable. Since January 1, 2006, ORBERA and Reshape IGB have been implicated in 33 deaths. Given the cited evidence, we recommend FDA withdrawal of these two devices.
      PubDate: 2017-12-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0647-z
  • The Effect of Novel Glucose Monitoring System (Flash Glucose Monitoring)
           on Mental Well-being and Treatment Satisfaction in Japanese People with
    • Authors: Sumie Mitsuishi; Rimei Nishimura; Shin-ichi Harashima; Tomoyuki Kawamura; Daisuke Tsujino; Keiko Koide; Akiko Nishimura; Kazunori Utsunomiya; Nobuya Inagaki; Yoshihito Atsumi
      Abstract: Introduction FreeStyle Libre (Abbot Diabetes Care Ltd) has been launched as a novel glucose monitoring system called flash glucose monitoring (FGM) in Europe. Several reports are becoming available on its usefulness and safety. To date, however, reports from Asian countries have not been made available. In this study, we evaluated its usefulness in Japanese people with diabetes in terms of its mental well-being and patient satisfaction outcomes. Methods Individuals with type 1 and 2 diabetes treated with insulin were enrolled, and they performed self-monitoring of blood glucose. All participants were subjected to FGM for 14 days and compared for changes in mental well-being using the WHO-Five Well-Being Index (WHO-5) (1998 version) as well as in patient satisfaction using the Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (DTSQ) before and after implementation of FGM. Results The study included a total of 80 subjects (type 1/2 diabetes, 57/23). The WHO-5 scores were significantly improved from 15.5 ± 4.1 at baseline to 17.2 ± 4.5 after implementation of FGM (P < 0.001); the DTSQ scores also were significantly improved from 24.8 ± 6.0 to 26.7 ± 5.2 (P = 0.001). In type 1 diabetes, both the WHO-5 and DTSQ scores were significantly improved from baseline (P = 0.001, P = 0.001), while neither the WHO-5 scores nor the DTSQ scores were improved in type 2 diabetes. Conclusions The study results suggest that FGM has the potential to improve mental well-being and treatment satisfaction among individuals with type 1 diabetes.
      PubDate: 2017-12-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0649-x
  • Long-Term Effectiveness of Liraglutide for Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes in
           a Real-Life Setting: A 24-Month, Multicenter, Non-interventional,
           Retrospective Study
    • Authors: Annunziata Lapolla; On behalf of the NN2211-4118 Study Group; Cesare Berra; Massimo Boemi; Antonio Carlo Bossi; Riccardo Candido; Graziano Di Cianni; Simona Frontoni; Stefano Genovese; Paola Ponzani; Vincenzo Provenzano; Giuseppina T. Russo; Luigi Sciangula; Natalino Simioni; Cristiano Bette; Antonio Nicolucci
      Abstract: Introduction The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the reduction in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) observed in clinical trials with liraglutide in type 2 diabetes (T2D) could be attained in routine clinical practice. Methods ReaL was a multicenter, non-interventional, observational, retrospective, longitudinal study on the effectiveness of liraglutide, a human glucagon-like peptide-1 analog, in individuals with T2D treated in daily practice in Italy. Between 26 March and 16 November 2015, data were taken from clinical records of patients aged ≥ 18 years with treatment follow-up data of up to 24 months and who received their first prescription of liraglutide in 2011. Results A total of 1723 patients were included in the analysis. At baseline, mean age was 58.9 years, duration of diabetes was 9.6 years, and HbA1c was 8.3%. At 12 months, 36.1% of patients were prescribed the maximum 1.8 mg dose; 43.5% [95% confidence interval (CI): 40.9; 46.2] of patients attained the primary outcome of a reduction in HbA1c of ≥ 1% point at 12 months. At 24 months, 40.9% (95% CI 38.1; 43.7) of patients had attained the HbA1c target of ≤ 7%. Additionally, body weight significantly decreased by 3.4 kg (95% CI − 3.6; − 3.1, p < 0.0001). Conclusion In this observational study conducted in routine clinical practice for up to 2 years, treatment with liraglutide improved HbA1c and reduced body weight in a similar fashion to that observed under randomized clinical trial conditions. The data support the use of liraglutide as an effective treatment for T2D in clinical practice. Funding Novo Nordisk S.p.A. Trial Registration identifier, NCT02255266.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0652-2
  • Development of a Framework Based on Reflective MCDA to Support
           Patient–Clinician Shared Decision-Making: The Case of the Management of
           Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (GEP-NET) in the United
    • Authors: Monika Wagner; Dima Samaha; Hanane Khoury; William M. O’Neil; Louis Lavoie; Liga Bennetts; Danielle Badgley; Sylvie Gabriel; Anthony Berthon; James Dolan; Matthew H. Kulke; Mireille Goetghebeur
      Abstract: Introduction Well- or moderately differentiated gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) are often slow-growing, and some patients with unresectable, asymptomatic, non-functioning tumors may face the choice between watchful waiting (WW), or somatostatin analogues (SSA) to delay progression. We developed a comprehensive multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) framework to help patients and physicians clarify their values and preferences, consider each decision criterion, and support communication and shared decision-making. Methods The framework was adapted from a generic MCDA framework (EVIDEM) with patient and clinician input. During a workshop, patients and clinicians expressed their individual values and preferences (criteria weights) and, on the basis of two scenarios (treatment vs WW; SSA-1 [lanreotide] vs SSA-2 [octreotide]) with evidence from a literature review, expressed how consideration of each criterion would impact their decision in favor of either option (score), and shared their knowledge and insights verbally and in writing. Results The framework included benefit-risk criteria and modulating factors, such as disease severity, quality of evidence, costs, and constraints. Overall and progression-free survival being most important, criteria weights ranged widely, highlighting variations in individual values and the need to share them. Scoring and considering each criterion prompted a rich exchange of perspectives and uncovered individual assumptions and interpretations. At the group level, type of benefit, disease severity, effectiveness, and quality of evidence favored treatment; cost aspects favored WW (scenario 1). For scenario 2, most criteria did not favor either option. Conclusions Patients and clinicians consider many aspects in decision-making. The MCDA framework provided a common interpretive frame to structure this complexity, support individual reflection, and share perspectives. Funding Ipsen Pharma.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0653-1
  • Review of Post-Marketing Safety Data on Tapentadol, a Centrally Acting
    • Authors: Ariane Stollenwerk; Melanie Sohns; Fabian Heisig; Christian Elling; Detlef von Zabern
      Abstract: Introduction Tapentadol is a centrally acting analgesic that has been available for the management of acute and chronic pain in routine clinical practice since 2009. Methods This is the first integrated descriptive analysis of post-marketing safety data following the use of tapentadol in a broad range of pain conditions relating to the topics overall safety, dose administration above approved dosages, administration during pregnancy, serotonin syndrome, respiratory depression, and convulsion. The data analyzed pertain to spontaneous reports from healthcare and non-healthcare professionals and were put in the context of safety information known from interventional and non-interventional trials. Results The first years of routine clinical practice experience with tapentadol have confirmed the tolerability profile that emerged from the clinical trials. Moreover, the reporting of expected side effects such as respiratory depression and convulsion was low and no major risks were identified. The evaluation of available post-marketing data did not confirm the theoretical risk of serotonin syndrome nor did it reveal unexpected side effects with administration of higher than recommended doses. Conclusion More than 8 years after its first introduction, the favorable overall safety profile of tapentadol in the treatment of various pain conditions is maintained in the general population. Funding Grünenthal GmbH.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0654-0
  • The Effect of Phacoemulsification on Intraocular Pressure in Eyes with
           Hyperfiltration Following Trabeculectomy: A Prospective Study
    • Authors: Ivano Riva; Andreas Katsanos; Francesco Oddone; Luciano Quaranta
      Abstract: Introduction The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of visually non-significant cataract extraction in patients with hypotony maculopathy and reduced visual acuity due to over-filtering blebs after trabeculectomy. Methods Patients with intraocular pressure (IOP) < 6 mmHg and documented hypotony maculopathy due to over-filtering blebs after trabeculectomy were prospectively recruited. Eligible patients underwent visually non-significant cataract phacoemulsification, no earlier than 12 weeks from the diagnosis of hypotony maculopathy. IOP and visual acuity before and after phacoemulsification were compared at 1 and 3 months from surgery. Correlations between age, time interval between surgeries, baseline IOP, bleb type and IOP and visual acuity changes at 3 months after phacoemulsification were investigated. Results From January 2010 to September 2014, 20 consecutive adult patients met the inclusion criteria. Before phacoemulsification, mean IOP was 3.1 ± 1.6 mmHg. Following phacoemulsification, mean IOP increased to 8.6 ± 4.1 mmHg at 1 month (p < 0.01) and to 9.1 ± 4.3 mmHg at 3 months (p < 0.01). IOP elevation following phacoemulsification was observed in 16 of 20 eyes (80%). Mean visual acuity improved from Snellen 0.5 ± 0.1 to 0.6 ± 0.1 at 1 month (p < 0.01) to 0.7 ± 0.2 at 3 months (p < 0.01) after phacoemulsification. In 4 eyes in which the IOP was not elevated, surgical revision of the previous trabeculectomy was performed. No significant correlations between investigated variables, visual acuity and IOP changes at 3 months after phacoemulsification were found. Conclusion Phacoemulsification of visually non-significant cataract appears to be a safe and effective technique for managing chronic ocular hypotony with deep anterior chamber due to over-filtering blebs.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0646-0
  • Using Patient Feedback to Optimize the Design of a Certolizumab Pegol
           Electromechanical Self-Injection Device: Insights from Human Factors
    • Authors: Barbara Domańska; Oliver Stumpp; Steven Poon; Serkan Oray; Irina Mountian; Clovis Pichon
      Abstract: Introduction We incorporated patient feedback from human factors studies (HFS) in the patient-centric design and validation of ava®, an electromechanical device (e-Device) for self-injecting the anti-tumor necrosis factor certolizumab pegol (CZP). Methods Healthcare professionals, caregivers, healthy volunteers, and patients with rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or Crohn’s disease participated in 11 formative HFS to optimize the e-Device design through intended user feedback; nine studies involved simulated injections. Formative participant questionnaire feedback was collected following e-Device prototype handling. Validation HFS (one EU study and one US study) assessed the safe and effective setup and use of the e-Device using 22 predefined critical tasks. Task outcomes were categorized as “failures” if participants did not succeed within three attempts. Results Two hundred eighty-three participants entered formative (163) and validation (120) HFS; 260 participants performed one or more simulated e-Device self-injections. Design changes following formative HFS included alterations to buttons and the graphical user interface screen. All validation HFS participants completed critical tasks necessary for CZP dose delivery, with minimal critical task failures (12 of 572 critical tasks, 2.1%, in the EU study, and 2 of 5310 critical tasks, less than 0.1%, in the US study). Conclusion CZP e-Device development was guided by intended user feedback through HFS, ensuring the final design addressed patients’ needs. In both validation studies, participants successfully performed all critical tasks, demonstrating safe and effective e-Device self-injections. Funding UCB Pharma. Plain Language Summary Plain language summary available on the journal website.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0645-1
  • The Role of Trypsin:Chymotrypsin in Tissue Repair
    • Authors: Dilip Shah; Kushal Mital
      Abstract: Abstract Tissue damage of all types, such as surgical or accidental injuries, fractures, and burns, stimulates a well-orchestrated, physiological process of healing, which ultimately leads to structural and functional restoration of the damaged tissues. The tissue repair process can be broadly divided into four continuous and overlapping phases—hemostasis and coagulation, inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling. If the process is interrupted or halted during any stage, it leads to impaired healing and formation of a chronic wound. Chronic wounds are associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and poor quality of life. Therefore, prompt and effective management of acute tissue injury is necessary to prevent it from progressing to a chronic wound. Proteolytic enzymes have been used to facilitate tissue repair since ancient times. Trypsin:chymotrypsin is an oral proteolytic enzyme preparation which has been in clinical use since the 1960s. It provides better resolution of inflammatory symptoms and promotes speedier recovery of acute tissue injury than several of the other existing enzyme preparations. This review article revisits the role and clinical utility of trypsin:chymotrypsin combination in tissue repair. Funding: Torrent Pharmaceuticals Limited.
      PubDate: 2017-12-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0648-y
  • Update on the Treatment of Uveitis in Patients with Juvenile Idiopathic
           Arthritis: A Review
    • Authors: Ioannis Asproudis; Andreas Katsanos; Nikolaos Kozeis; Alexandra Tantou; Anastasios G. Konstas
      Abstract: Abstract Chronic uveitis is a common extra-articular manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. The classic clinical picture is one of chronic anterior uveitis, which usually remains asymptomatic until ocular complications arise. The risk of uveitis is increased in girls with an early onset of oligoarthritis and positive antinuclear antibodies. Even though the inflammation in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis is initially limited in the anterior part of the eye, chronic active inflammation may eventually cause significant damage to the posterior pole. Complications may include band keratopathy, cataract, secondary glaucoma, posterior synechiae, cystoid macular edema, and hypotony. The cooperation of ophthalmologists with rheumatologists may help define the best treatment plan. The ophthalmic therapeutic regimen includes topical corticosteroids and mydriatics, while in severe cases immunosuppressive and biological agents are introduced. Surgical management of complications might be needed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0635-3
  • Prolonging Time to Flare in Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis: A Randomized,
           Investigator-Blinded, Controlled, Multicenter Clinical Study of a
           Ceramide-Containing Moisturizer
    • Authors: Lin Ma; Ping Li; Jianping Tang; Yifeng Guo; Chunping Shen; Jing Chang; Nabil Kerrouche
      Abstract: Introduction Delaying or preventing flares is important in atopic dermatitis (AD) management. The objective of the study was to evaluate whether using a ceramide-containing moisturizer in addition to a body wash during latent AD can delay flares. Methods This was a randomized, investigator-blinded, parallel-group, controlled study among Chinese children with a history of mild to moderate AD, within 1 week of successful treatment with a topical corticosteroid. Subjects were randomized to receive moisturizer twice daily and body wash once daily, or body wash alone once daily for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was time to flare [necessitating medical therapy and/or Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) > 1 (at least mild AD)]. Other efficacy endpoints were AD characteristics and emollient effects. The patient-reported outcome comprised satisfaction at week 12. The safety endpoint was incidence of undesirable events. Results A total of 64 subjects aged 2–12 years were randomized. Median time to flare was delayed by nearly 2 months for moisturizer/body wash compared to body wash alone (89 vs. 27 days, respectively). A significantly earlier onset of action in terms of fewer flares favoring moisturizer was found at week 4 (31 vs. 59%, respectively, p = 0.022), and after 12 weeks, fewer flares occurred (50 vs. 72%). At week 12 for flare-free subjects, nearly half in both groups had clear IGA, and an emollient effect in terms of less dryness or burning was more marked for moisturizer/body wash. Both products led to high patient satisfaction and were well tolerated. Conclusion A regimen incorporating a moisturizer plus body wash delayed AD flares by nearly 2 months compared to body wash alone, and yielded high patient satisfaction. Funding Galderma R&D. Trial Registration identifier, NCT02589392.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0640-6
  • Systematic Literature Review of the Impact of Endocrine Monotherapy and in
           Combination with Targeted Therapy on Quality of Life of Postmenopausal
           Women with HR+/HER2− Advanced Breast Cancer
    • Authors: Zhou Zhou; Derek H. Tang; Jipan Xie; Rajeev Ayyagari; Eric Wu; Polly A. Niravath
      Abstract: Introduction A major treatment goal for advanced breast cancer (ABC) is to maintain or ideally improve patient quality of life (QoL). Given the changing disease landscape, this systematic literature review (SLR) aims to assess the impact of endocrine therapies (ET), including ET monotherapy (ET mono) and ET combined with targeted therapy (ET + TT), on QoL of women with HR+/HER2− ABC. Methods A SLR was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) meeting the following criteria: (1) included ET mono or ET + TT, (2) reported QoL outcomes, (3) focused on women with HR+/HER2− ABC, and (4) published after 2007 (when standardized HER2 testing became available). The databases searched included MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and key conference proceedings from 2013 to 2016. QoL outcomes for ET mono, ET + TT, and comparisons between the two were summarized from the identified trials. Results A total of 11 studies (representing 6 RCTs) were identified. The study populations included first-line (5 studies) and ET-failure settings (6 studies). Across settings, global health status (GHS) maintained or deteriorated slightly on these treatments during the trial period. Time to deterioration (TTD) in QoL measured by GHS was analyzed in 6 studies and 4 RCTs. In the first-line setting, reported median TTD in GHS was similar between ET mono and ET + TT (7.2–13.8 months in ET mono; 11.1 months in ET + TT). In the ET-failure setting, ET + TT showed significantly longer TTD vs. ET mono in GHS (median 5.6–8.4 months in ET mono and 8.3–11.7 months in ET + TT) and some additional domains. Conclusions ET + TT users experienced similar QoL in the first-line and ET-failure setting relative to patients on ET mono. Moreover, ET + TT users experienced better QoL outcomes in some domains in the ET-failure setting relative to ET mono users. Funding Novartis.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0644-2
  • Overall Survival of Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic
           Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Treated with Nimotuzumab in the Real
    • Authors: Yaimarelis Saumell; Lizet Sanchez; Sandra González; Ramón Ortiz; Edadny Medina; Yaima Galán; Agustin Lage
      Abstract: Introduction Despite improvements in surgical techniques and treatments introduced into clinical practice, the overall survival of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma remains low. Several epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors are being evaluated in the context of clinical trials, but there is little evidence of effectiveness in real-world conditions. This study aimed at assessing the effectiveness of nimotuzumab combined with onco-specific treatment in Cuban real-life patients with locally advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods A comparative and retrospective effectiveness study was performed. The 93 patients treated with nimotuzumab were matched, with use of propensity score matching, with patients who received a diagnosis of locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus in three Cuban provinces reported between 2011 and 2015 to the National Cancer Registry. The Kaplan–Meier method was used to estimate event–time distributions. Log-rank statistics were used for comparisons of overall survival between groups. A two-component mixture model assuming a Weibull distribution was fitted to assess the effect of nimotuzumab on short-term and long-term survival populations. Results There was an increase in median overall survival in patients treated with nimotuzumab (11.9 months versus 6.5 months without treatment) and an increase in the 1-year survival rate (54.0% versus 21.9% without treatment). The 2-year survival rates were 21.1% for patients treated with nimotuzumab and 0% in the untreated cohort. There were statistically significant differences in survival between groups treated and not treated with nimotuzumab, both in the short-term survival population (6.0 months vs 4.0 months, p = 0.009) and in the long-term survival population (18.0 months vs 11.0 months, p = 0.001). Conclusions Our study shows that nimotuzumab treatment concurrent with chemoradiotherapy increases the survival of real-world patients with locally advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Further prospective studies are required to confirm the therapeutic effectiveness of nimotuzumab in esophageal cancer.
      PubDate: 2017-11-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0631-7
  • Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Amenamevir in Healthy Subjects: Analysis of
           Four Randomized Phase 1 Studies
    • Authors: Tomohiro Kusawake; James J. Keirns; Donna Kowalski; Martin den Adel; Dorien Groenendaal-van de Meent; Akitsugu Takada; Yoshiaki Ohtsu; Masataka Katashima
      Abstract: Introduction Amenamevir (ASP2151) is a nonnucleoside antiherpesvirus compound available for the treatment of varicella–zoster virus infections. In this article we summarize the findings of four phase 1 studies in healthy participants. Methods Four randomized phase 1 studies investigated the safety and pharmacokinetics of single and multiple doses of amenamevir, including the assessment of age group effect (nonelderly vs elderly), food effect, and the relative bioavailability of two formulations. Amenamevir was administered orally at various doses as a single dose (5–2400 mg) or daily (300 or 600 mg/day) for 7 days. Results Following single and multiple oral doses, amenamevir demonstrated a less than dose proportional increase in the pharmacokinetic parameters area under the plasma drug concentration versus time curve from time zero to infinity (AUCinf) and C max. After single and multiple oral 300-mg doses of amenamevir, no apparent differences in pharmacokinetics were observed between nonelderly and elderly participants. In contrast, with the amenamevir 600-mg dose both the area under the plasma drug concentration versus time curve from time zero to 24 h and C max were slightly increased and renal clearance was decreased in elderly participants. The pharmacokinetics of amenamevir was affected by food, with AUCinf increased by about 90%. In the bioavailability study, AUCinf and C max were slightly lower following tablet versus capsule administration (decreased by 14 and 12%, respectively), with relative bioavailability of 86%. The different amenamevir doses and formulations were safe and well tolerated; no deaths or serious adverse events were reported. Conclusion Amenamevir had less than dose proportional pharmacokinetic characteristics. Age may have an influence on amenamevir pharmacokinetics; however, the effect was considered minimal. The pharmacokinetics of amenamevir were affected by food, with AUCinf almost doubling when amenamevir was administered with food. The concentration versus time profile of the tablet was slightly lower than that of the capsule; the relative bioavailability of the tablet versus the capsule was 86%. Amenamevir was safe and well tolerated in the dose range investigated. Funding Astellas Pharma. Trial registration identifiers NCT02852876 (15L-CL-002) and NCT02796118 (15L-CL-003).
      PubDate: 2017-11-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0642-4
  • Evaluation of the Efficiency of Single-Inhaler Combination Therapy with
           Budesonide/Formoterol Fumarate in Patients with Bronchial Asthma in Daily
           Clinical Practice
    • Authors: Michał Pirożyński; Piotr Hantulik; Agnieszka Almgren-Rachtan; Jerzy Chudek
      Abstract: Introduction The effectiveness of single-inhaler budesonide/formoterol fumarate combination therapy for asthma has been previously shown for the original product. The aim of this nonrandomized, open-label, postauthorization efficacy study (PAES) real-life clinical assessment was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a second product (Bufomix Easyhaler®) in the daily clinical practice of asthma therapy. Methods This multicenter PAES was conducted by 220 unselected allergologists and pulmonologists who enrolled 2200 adult outpatients (age 49.8 ± 17.9 years) with asthma treated with Bufomix Easyhaler® for at least 14 days before enrolment. Asthma control was assessed during three subsequent visits with 8–12-week intervals on the basis of the Asthma Control Test (ACT). Adherence was assessed with the Medication Adherence Questionnaire. In addition, patient satisfaction with Bufomix Easyhaler® was scored, and adverse drug reactions were recorded. Results The percentage of patients with well-controlled asthma or total control of asthma (ACT score 20-25 points) increased from 46.6% at the first visit to 90.8% at the third visit (p < 0.001). In addition, the percentage of patients with poor control of asthma (ACT score less than 15 points) decreased from 14.9% to 1.2% (p < 0.001). The adherence rate increased from 88% at the first visit to 95.3% at the third visit. Patient satisfaction with the use of this dry powder inhaler increased with the duration of its use. Only one adverse drug reaction was reported. Conclusion The results obtained confirm the effectiveness of Bufomix Easyhaler® in the treatment of asthma in outpatient adults in daily clinical practice. Funding Orion Corporation
      PubDate: 2017-11-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0641-5
  • The Better Understanding and Recognition of the Disconnects, Experiences,
           and Needs of Patients with Chronic Idiopathic Constipation (BURDEN-CIC)
           Study: Results of an Online Questionnaire
    • Authors: Lucinda A. Harris; John Horn; Michele Kissous-Hunt; Leslie Magnus; Eamonn M. M. Quigley
      Abstract: Introduction There is limited literature comparing the experiences and attitudes of patients with chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) to those of healthcare professionals (HCPs) treating CIC patients. The BURDEN-CIC study was conducted to better understand the experiences and ongoing needs of CIC patients and to assess their alignment versus disconnection with the perceptions and needs of HCPs who treat CIC patients. Methods The BURDEN-CIC study was an author-developed, online questionnaire that used KnowledgePanel® to survey individuals with CIC (n = 1223). HCPs who treat CIC patients were recruited separately and participated in a complementary online questionnaire (n = 331). Results Most patients had used (58%) or were using (51%) over-the-counter treatments for their CIC, with only 16% currently on prescription therapy. More than half (59%) of current CIC prescription users were not satisfied/completely satisfied with their current chronic treatment. Many patients (42%) felt frustrated regarding their CIC, and a similar percentage (40%) expressed acceptance that CIC was part of their daily life. The majority of HCPs agreed that CIC patients were frustrated (72%), stressed (50%), or fed up (43%) with current treatment options but were relatively unaware (21%) that patients were accepting of their CIC. HCPs reported the greatest challenges in treating CIC patients as response rates to current therapies (55%), treatment adherence (55%), management of treatment-related diarrhea (34%), and lack of treatment options (34%). Conclusion BURDEN-CIC identified that many patients and HCPs are frustrated and not satisfied with current CIC treatments due to lack of efficacy and side effects, such as diarrhea. The survey identified that many patients are “accepting” of their disease, potentially compromising treatment outcomes. More dialogue is needed between HCPs and CIC patients, especially regarding management of treatment expectations and side effects. Further, additional treatment options would be useful for both patients and HCPs. Funding Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-11-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0633-5
  • Muscle Relaxants as a Risk Factor for Vis-à-tergo During Penetrating
           Keratoplasty: A Prospective Interventional Study
    • Authors: Miltiadis Fiorentzis; Emanuela Morinello; Anja Viestenz; Hanna Zuche; Berthold Seitz; Arne Viestenz
      Abstract: Introduction This study aimed to investigate the influence of three muscle relaxants on intraocular pressure (IOP), ocular pulse amplitude (OPA), and vis-à-tergo (VAT) in patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) under general anesthesia. Methods Ninety-five patients undergoing PKP were included in this prospective single-center interventional study. IOP and OPA were measured with a dynamic contour tonometer before and 5 min after onset of general anesthesia. Mivacurium (n = 30), atracurium (n = 35), and rocuronium (n = 30) were administered as nondepolarizing muscle relaxants. VAT was assessed 15 min after surgery had begun. Results When mivacurium was used, IOP decreased by 2.2 mmHg [standard deviation (SD) ±2.2 mmHg; p < 0.001]. Atracurium decreased the IOP by an average of 5.8 mmHg (SD ±1.8 mmHg; p < 0.001) and rocuronium caused an IOP reduction of 7.2 mmHg (SD ±2 mmHg; p < 0.001). The relative IOP decrease was 12% with mivacurium, 29% with atracurium, and 37% with rocuronium (p < 0.001). OPA decreased by 0.6 mmHg with mivacurium (SD ±0.6 mmHg; 26%; p < 0.001), 1.3 mmHg with atracurium (SD ±1.3 mmHg; 40%; p < 0.001), and 1.2 mmHg with rocuronium (SD ±0.7 mmHg; 42%; p < 0.001). The relative OPA decrease was 26% with mivacurium, 40% with atracurium, and 42% with rocuronium (p < 0.001). VAT occurred in 36% of cases. Mivacurium was used in 77% of these cases, atracurium in 26%, and rocuronium in 6.6% (p < 0.001). Conclusions Mivacurium is associated with a higher risk of VAT during PKP. Therefore, atracurium or rocuronium may minimize complications in ocular surgery with large incisions.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0637-1
  • Exploring the Diabetic Gastroparesis Patient Experience: Patient Exit
    • Authors: Claire M. Ervin; David S. Reasner; Jennifer T. Hanlon; Sheri E. Fehnel
      Abstract: Introduction To improve understanding of the diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) patient experience and inform the patient-reported outcome measurement strategy for future trials in DGP, qualitative interviews were conducted with participants in a phase 2 clinical trial of a novel DGP treatment. Methods Trial participants were invited to participate in interviews at both the pretreatment visit (PTV) and the end-of-treatment visit (EOTV). The interviews were conducted by experienced qualitative researchers and followed a semistructured interview guide. The PTV interviews focused on patients’ DGP symptoms and the impact of DGP on their lives, and the EOTV interviews focused on any symptom changes patients experienced during the trial. Results Of 90 enrolled trial participants, 78 (86.7%) opted to participate in the interview study. Bloating, stomach fullness, upper abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, and heartburn or reflux were each reported spontaneously by a majority of the 73 PTV interview participants with evaluable data. These patients commonly reported bloating (n = 20), upper abdominal pain (n = 12), and nausea (n = 11) as their most bothersome DGP symptom. Of 51 EOTV interview participants, 44 (86.3%) reported improvement in at least one DGP symptom either spontaneously or when asked about specific symptoms reported during their PTV interview. Conclusion Bloating, abdominal pain, nausea, constipation, stomach fullness, vomiting, and heartburn were frequently reported by patients as the most bothersome and important-to-treat symptoms. These results support the assessment of these symptoms in future DGP clinical trials, whether for symptom improvement or worsening. Funding Ironwood Pharmaceuticals. Trial Registration identifier NCT02289846.
      PubDate: 2017-10-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0632-6
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