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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2335 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Acta Diabetologica
  [SJR: 1.318]   [H-I: 46]   [14 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-5233 - ISSN (Online) 0940-5429
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Cardiovascular complications of type 1 diabetes: update on the renal link
    • Authors: Trevor J. Orchard; Tina Costacou
      Pages: 325 - 334
      Abstract: Aims Despite recent findings of increased life expectancy among individuals with type 1 diabetes, mortality remains greatly increased compared to the general population. As this is largely the result of cardiovascular and renal complications, we aimed to review recent findings surrounding these diseases in type 1 diabetes. Methods We reviewed published findings concerning the cardiovascular complications of type 1 diabetes, with a particular focus on links with renal disease. Results The cardiovascular and renal complications of type 1 diabetes share many features including insulin resistance, oxidative damage, and genetic associations with the Haptoglobin genotype, and both are strongly affected by glycemic control. Conclusions Although current knowledge on predictors of type 1 diabetes cardiovascular and renal complications has increased, further investigation is required to understand the mechanisms leading to cardio-renal complications in this population.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0949-7
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Costs of diabetes medication among male former elite athletes in later
           life
    • Authors: M. K. Laine; R. Kujala; J. G. Eriksson; H. Kautiainen; S. Sarna; U. M. Kujala
      Pages: 335 - 341
      Abstract: Aims Regular physical activity plays a major role, in both prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Less is known whether vigorous physical activity during young adulthood is associated with costs of diabetes medication in later life. The aim of this study is to evaluate this question. Methods The study population consisted of 1314 former elite-class athletes and 860 matched controls. The former athletes were divided into three groups based on their active career sport: endurance, mixed and power sports. Information on purchases of diabetes medication between 1995 and 2009 was obtained from the drug purchase register of the Finnish Social Insurance Institution. Results The total cost of diabetes medication per person year was significantly lower among the former endurance (mean 81 € [95% CI 33–151 €]) and mixed group athletes (mean 272 € [95% CI 181–388 €]) compared with the controls (mean 376 € [95% CI 284–485 €]), (p < 0.001 and p = 0.045, respectively). Of the former endurance athletes, 0.4% used insulin, while 5.2% of the controls used insulin (p = 0.018). Conclusions A career as former endurance, sprint, jumper or team game athlete seems to reduce the costs of diabetes medication in later life.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0947-9
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • New single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with differences in
           platelet reactivity and their influence on survival in patients with type
           2 diabetes treated with acetylsalicylic acid: an observational study
    • Authors: Lukasz Milanowski; Justyna Pordzik; Piotr K. Janicki; Agnieszka Kaplon-Cieslicka; Marek Rosiak; Michal Peller; Agata Tyminska; Krzysztof Ozieranski; Krzysztof J. Filipiak; Grzegorz Opolski; Dagmara Mirowska-Guzel; Marek Postula
      Pages: 343 - 351
      Abstract: Aims Genetic polymorphisms may contribute to platelet reactivity in diabetic patients; however, the information on their influence on long-term antiplatelet therapy is lacking. Our aim was to evaluate the role of previously described genetic variants and platelet reactivity on risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events. Methods Blood samples were obtained from 303 Caucasian patients. Genome-wide genotyping was performed using Illumina Human Omni 2.5-Quad microarrays, and individual genotyping of selected SNPs was performed using a custom Sequenom iPLEX assay in conjunction with the Mass ARRAY platform. Platelet reactivity was measured with VerifyNow Aspirin Assay and PFA-100 Assay. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the impact of genetic variants and platelets reactivity on risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events. Results Among the 237 patients included in the follow-up, death from any cause occurred in 34 (14.3%) patients and cardiovascular events occurred in 51 (21.5%) patients within a median observation time of 71 months (5.9 years). In univariate analyses, significant association in the presence of minor alleles in TXBA2R (rs1131882) with primary (HR 2.54, 95% CI 1.15–5.60, p = 0.021) and secondary endpoint (HR 2.06, 95% CI 1.06–4.04, p = 0.034) was observed. In addition, multivariate analyses revealed the impact of this polymorphism on primary (HR 2.34, 95% CI 1.09–5.00, p = 0.029) and secondary endpoint (HR 1.89, 95% CI 1.00–3.57, p = 0.048). Conclusions Results of the study demonstrate for the first time an association between genetic polymorphism within TXBA2R gene encoding platelet’s surface receptor and long-term survival of diabetic patients treated with ASA.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0945-y
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Diabetes education of patients and their entourage: out-of-hospital
           national study (EDUCATED 2)
    • Authors: Frédéric Lapostolle; Nadia Hamdi; Majed Barghout; Louis Soulat; Anna Faucher; Yves Lambert; Nicolas Peschanski; Agnès Ricard-Hibon; Carine Chassery; Maryline Roti; Vincent Bounes; Guillaume Debaty; Tarak Mokni; Gérald Egmann; Pierre-Arnaud Fort; Karim Boudenia; Laurent Alayrac; Mohamed Safraou; Michel Galinski; Frédéric Adnet
      Pages: 353 - 360
      Abstract: Aims To determine the contributing factors in the successful diabetes education of patients and their entourage. Methods Prospective observational study conducted in a pre-hospital setting by 17 emergency services across France (September 2009–January 2011) included all insulin-treated patients (≥18 years) provided that at least one family member was present on scene. Data were collected from patients and their entourage: (1) personal details including language proficiency and educational attainment, (2) treatments, (3) diabetes-related data (log sheets, glucose meter, glucagon, glycated hemoglobin, prior hypoglycemic episodes); (4) care by diabetologist, general practitioner and/or visiting nurse. The main end points were ability to measure capillary blood sugar (patient) and awareness of hypoglycemia symptoms and ability to administer glucagon (entourage). Results Overall, 561 patients and 736 family members were included; 343 patients (61%) were experiencing a hypoglycemic episode (<2.5 mmol/L). A total of 141 (75%) patients and 343 (50%) family members could measure capillary blood sugar. They could name a median of 2 [0–3‰] hypoglycemia symptoms although 217 (39%) patients and 262 (39%) family members could name no symptom. Few patients (33%) had glucagon available. In multivariate analyses, the main factor associated with better patient education was care by a diabetologist. Lack of an educational qualification and visits by a nurse were associated with poor patient education, and French mother tongue and care by a diabetologist with better education of the entourage. Conclusions In France, diabetic patients and their entourage are inadequately educated. Their education benefits most from care by a diabetologist.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0950-1
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • A pilot study of d - chiro -inositol plus folic acid in overweight
           patients with type 1 diabetes
    • Authors: Anna Rita Maurizi; Marika Menduni; Rossella Del Toro; Shadi Kyanvash; Daria Maggi; Chiara Guglielmi; Angelo Lauria Pantano; Giuseppe Defeudis; Elvira Fioriti; Silvia Manfrini; Paolo Pozzilli
      Pages: 361 - 365
      Abstract: Aims To improve insulin sensitivity, insulin-sensitizing drugs such as metformin are commonly used in overweight and obese T1D patients. Similarly to metformin, d-chiro-inositol (DCI), as putative mediator of intracellular insulin action, can act as insulin sensitizer. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the hypothesis that DCI plus folic acid may improve glucose control reducing insulin resistance in overweight or obese T1D patients. Methods A 24-week randomized control trial was carried out in 26 overweight or obese T1D patients, undergoing intensive insulin therapy. Patients were randomized to 1 g DCI plus 400 mcg folic acid once daily (treated group) or to 400 mcg folic acid only once daily (control group). The primary end point was to evaluate the efficacy of DCI on metabolic control as assessed by HbA1c. As secondary endpoints, BMI and insulin requirement (IR) were evaluated. Paired t test (two tailed) and analysis of variance were used to evaluate differences in HbA1c, BMI and IR at different time points. Results A significant reduction in HbA1c levels in treated group versus control group (7.5% ± 0.9 vs. 7.9% ± 1.7, respectively, p < 0.05) was observed. However, no significant reduction in BMI and IR was observed [(BMI 25.7 ± 2.8 vs. 26.7 ± 1.0, respectively, p NS); (IR 0.52 ± 0.26 vs. 0.52 ± 0.19, respectively, p NS)]. Conclusions This trial demonstrated for the first time that DCI plus folic acid oral supplementation can improve metabolic control in overweight T1D patients. ClinicalTrial.Gov ID NCT02730949.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0954-x
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Association between microfibrillar-associated protein 4 (MFAP4) and micro-
           and macrovascular complications in long-term type 1 diabetes mellitus
    • Authors: S.L. Blindbæk; A. Schlosser; A. Green; U. Holmskov; G.L. Sorensen; J. Grauslund
      Pages: 367 - 372
      Abstract: Aims To evaluate microfibrillar-associated protein 4 (MFAP4) as a marker of micro- and macrovascular complications in patients with type 1 diabetes. Methods This cross-sectional study included 203 persons with a long duration of type 1 diabetes from a population-based cohort ascertained in the former Funen County, Denmark. Detection of plasma-MFAP4 (pMFAP4) was performed by the AlphaLISA Technique. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) was graded in accordance with the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study adaptation of the modified Airlie House classification. A monofilament test was used to test for neuropathy, and nephropathy was evaluated in a single spot urine sample. Data describing macrovascular disease were obtained from the Danish National Patient Register. Results Median age and duration of diabetes were 58.7 and 43 years, respectively, and 61% were males. High levels of pMFAP4 were found in participants of old age, in women and in non-smokers (p < 0.05). In a multiple logistic regression model, patients with high levels of pMFAP4 were more likely to have diabetic neuropathy (OR 2.47 for quartile 4 versus quartile 1, 95% CI 1.01–6.03). No association was found between pMFAP4 and proliferative diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy or macrovascular disease. Conclusions No association between pMFAP4 and macrovascular vascular complications was found. However, high levels of pMFAP4 correlated independently with diabetic neuropathy. Further studies on the predictive value of increased circulating MFAP4 in diabetic neuropathy are warranted.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0953-y
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Examining trends in prediabetes and its relationship with the metabolic
           syndrome in US adolescents, 1999–2014
    • Authors: Arthur M. Lee; Cyrelle R. Fermin; Stephanie L. Filipp; Matthew J. Gurka; Mark D. DeBoer
      Pages: 373 - 381
      Abstract: Aims We sought to investigate temporal trends in prediabetes prevalence among US adolescents using two definitions and evaluate relationships with obesity and a MetS-severity score. Methods We evaluated data from 5418 non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic adolescents aged 12–19 participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2014 with complete data regarding MetS and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Prediabetes status was defined by American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria: fasting glucose 100–125 mg/dL or HbA1c 5.7%–6.4%. MetS severity was assessed with a MetS-severity Z-score. Results Prevalence of prediabetes as defined by HbA1c abnormalities significantly increased from 1999–2014, while prevalence of prediabetes as defined by fasting glucose abnormalities showed no significant temporal trend. There were variations in these trends across different racial/ethnic groups. MetS Z-score was overall more strongly correlated with HbA1c, fasting insulin, and the homeostasis model of insulin resistance than was BMI Z-score. These correlations were true in each racial/ethnic group with the exception that in non-Hispanic white adolescents, in whom the MetS Z-score was not significantly correlated with HbA1c measurements. Conclusion We found conflicting findings of temporal trends of US adolescent prediabetes prevalence based on the ADA’s prediabetes criteria. The increasing prevalence of prediabetes by HbA1c assessment is concerning and raises the urgency for increased awareness and appropriate measures of prediabetes status among physicians and patients.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0958-6
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Absence of macrophage migration inhibitory factor reduces proliferative
           retinopathy in a mouse model
    • Authors: Jing Wang; Jihong Lin; Ulrike Kaiser; Paulus Wohlfart; Hans-Peter Hammes
      Pages: 383 - 392
      Abstract: Aims Ischemia-induced neovascularization is the key feature of proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pleiotropic proinflammatory and proangiogenic cytokine, and its levels are elevated in the vitreous of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. In this study, we aimed at investigating the relative potential of MIF in the ischemia-induced retinal neovascularization. Methods Both WT and MIF-knockout mice were subjected to the retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) model. Intraretinal vessel regrowth was assessed by whole-mount immunofluorescence, and preretinal neovascularization was analyzed in retinal vertical sections after periodic acid-Schiff staining in the hypoxic stage of the ROP model. Gene expression of selected proangiogenic and proinflammatory factors at postnatal day 13 (p13) was measured by real-time PCR. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, recruitment of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and microglial activation were analyzed with immunofluorescence. Results MIF deficiency increased areas of vascular obliteration by 49%, reduced sprouting tips by 27% and inhibited preretinal angiogenesis by 35%. VEGF expression was reduced in Müller cells of MIF-knockout mice. MIF absence reduced gene expression of erythropoietin, tumor necrosis factor alpha and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 by 30, 70 and 50%, respectively, decreased the number of retinal EPCs by 37.5% and inhibited microglial activation in the hypoxic condition. Conclusions In conclusion, we found that MIF has proangiogenic and proinflammatory properties in retinal neovascularization. The proangiogenic role of MIF in ischemia-induced retinal neovascularization is associated with the expression of VEGF and erythropoietin, EPC recruitment and inflammation. Therefore, MIF has a potential role in the pathological angiogenesis of proliferative retinopathy.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0956-8
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Young patients with type 1 diabetes poorly controlled and poorly compliant
           with self-monitoring of blood glucose: can technology help? Results of the
           i-NewTrend randomized clinical trial
    • Authors: Paolo Di Bartolo; Antonio Nicolucci; Valentino Cherubini; Diario Iafusco; Marco Scardapane; Maria Chiara Rossi
      Pages: 393 - 402
      Abstract: Aims To compare iBGStar™ + DMApp (experimental meter + telemedicine system) (iBGStar) with a traditional glucose meter (Control) in type 1 diabetes adolescents/young adults. Methods i-NewTrend was a multicenter, open-label, randomized trial involving subjects aged 14–24 years, on basal–bolus insulin, HbA1c ≥ 8.0%, and poorly compliant with SMBG (i.e., <30% of the recommended frequency). Primary end points were change in HbA1c and achievement of compliance with SMBG (≥30% of the recommended frequency) after 6 months. Quality of life was also evaluated. A post-trial observational phase was conducted, where both groups used the experimental device. Results Of 182 randomized patients (51.1% male; age 17.7 ± 3.0 years; diabetes duration 8.8 ± 4.7 years; HbA1c levels 10.0% ± 1.4), 92 were allocated to iBGStar and 90 to Control; 6.5% in iBGStar and 8.9% in Control dropped-out. After 6 months, HbA1c changes (±SE) were −0.44% ± 0.13 in iBGStar and −0.32% ± 0.13 in Control (p = 0.51). In the post-trial phase, HbA1c changes from 6 months (±SE) were −0.07% ± 0.14 in iBGStar and −0.31% ± 0.14 in Control (p = 0.24). Compliance end point was reached by 53.6% in iBGStar and 55.0% in Control (p = 0.86). Mean daily SMBG measurements increased from 1.1 to 2.3 in both groups without worsening quality of life. Compliant subjects showed a greater reduction in HbA1c levels (−0.60% ± 0.23 in iBGStar; −0.41% ± 0.21 in Control; p = 0.31). Within iBGStar group, telemedicine users (38.0%) reduced HbA1c by −0.58 ± 0.18. Conclusions iBGStar was not superior to the traditional meter. Irrespective of the strategy, increasing from 1 to 2 SMBG tests/day was associated with HbA1c reduction in both groups, without pharmacologic interventions. Identifying new technologies effective and acceptable to patients is an option to improve adherence to diabetes care. Trial registration The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (registration number NCT02073188).
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0963-4
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Striving for control: lessons learned from a successful international Type
           1 Diabetes Youth Challenge
    • Authors: Olga Kordonouri; For the SWEET Group; Andriani Vazeou; Mauro Scharf; Martina Würsig; Tadej Battelino
      Pages: 403 - 409
      Abstract: Aims To demonstrate whether young people with T1D using modern insulin treatment and CGM could successfully participate in extreme sport activity while maintaining good glycemic control. Methods The challenge took place in Crete/Greece over 4 days combining a long-distance trek of different levels of severity with final destination the summit of the White Mountains at 2080 m. Eleven participants (5/6 female/male, age 18.2 ± 1.3 years, T1D duration 7.9 ± 3.5 years, HbA1c 7.3 ± .7% (56 ± 16 mmol/mol); mean ± SD) from 11 SWEET centers in Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Germany, Greece, France, India, Italy, Portugal, Slovenia and Sweden participated to the challenge. Five participants were on CSII, six on MDI; all were wearing a continuous glucose monitoring system. The glycemic targets during trekking were defined as 80–180 mg/dl (4.4–10 mmol/l). Results All participants completed the challenge. In total, the group walked 54.5 km under varying climate conditions (temperature 14–35 °C). During the challenge, insulin requirements decreased significantly compared to baseline: total daily insulin by 31.1 ± 16.7% (p < .001), basal by 30.8 ± 14.9% (p < .001), and prandial by 32.5 ± 28.0% (p = .023), with no differences between participants with CSII or MDI. No episode of severe hypoglycemia or DKA occurred. Mean glucose levels were 170.7 ± 60.1 mg/dl with 61.5 ± 18.7% of CGM values in the target range, 5.4 ± 5.4% under 80 mg/dl and 32.8 ± 16.6% above 180 mg/dl. Conclusions The results of this SWEET Initiative activity demonstrated that well-educated adolescents and young adults with T1D using modern insulin treatments are able to perform successfully even extraordinary physical challenges while maintaining good glycemic control without diabetes-related acute complications.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0964-3
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Toe amputations with SGLT-2 inhibitors: data from randomized clinical
           trials
    • Authors: Matteo Monami; Stefania Zannoni; Besmir Nreu; Edoardo Mannucci
      Pages: 411 - 413
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0928-z
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Self-management education and psychological support improve self-esteem in
           people with type 1 diabetes
    • Authors: Marina Trento; Stefano Merlo; Olga Durando; Serena Rapetti; Franco Cavallo; Massimo Porta
      Pages: 415 - 416
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0935-0
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Changes in cardiac repolarisation during spontaneous nocturnal
           hypoglycaemia in subjects with type 1 diabetes: a preliminary report
    • Authors: Minna L. Koivikko; Tuomas Kenttä; Pasi I. Salmela; Heikki V. Huikuri; Juha S. Perkiömäki
      Pages: 251 - 256
      Abstract: Aims Experimental studies have revealed that hypoglycaemia can result in morphological changes in electrocardiographic repolarisation in subjects with type 1 diabetes. However, the influence of spontaneous nocturnal hypoglycaemia on repolarisation morphology in a ‘real life’ situation is not clear. Methods Adults with type 1 diabetes (n = 11) underwent continuous glucose monitoring with a subcutaneous sensor and digital 12-lead ECG recording for three nights. T-wave morphology was analysed with custom-made software during both hypoglycaemia (glucose <3.5 mmol/l at least 20 min) from ten consecutive heart beats in the middle of the deepest hypoglycaemia and from a control nonhypoglycaemic period (glucose ≥5.0 mmol/l) from the same recording. Results In the comparison of 10 hypoglycaemia-control pairs, heart rate (65 ± 12 beats/min during normoglycaemia versus 85 ± 19 beats/min during hypoglycaemia, p = 0.028) increased and the QTc interval (439 ± 5 vs. 373 ± 5 ms, respectively, p = 0.025) decreased significantly during hypoglycaemia. The spatial QRS-T angle (TCRT) was reduced, and the roughness of the T-wave loop (T-E) increased significantly (p = 0.037 for both) in the patients during hypoglycaemia. Conclusions In adults with type 1 diabetes, spontaneous nocturnal hypoglycaemia results in morphological changes and increased heterogeneity of global cardiac repolarisation. These changes may contribute to the risk of ‘dead in bed’ syndrome encountered in young individuals with type 1 diabetes.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0941-2
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Left atrial phasic function and heart rate variability in asymptomatic
           diabetic patients
    • Authors: Marijana Tadic; Vladan Vukomanovic; Cesare Cuspidi; Jelena Suzic-Lazic; Dejana Stanisavljevic; Vera Celic
      Pages: 301 - 308
      Abstract: Aims We evaluated left atrial (LA) phasic function and heart rate variability (HRV) in asymptomatic diabetic patients, and the relationship between HRV indices and LA phasic function assessed by volumes and speckle tracking imaging. Method This cross-sectional study included 55 asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes and 50 healthy controls without cardiovascular risk factors. All study subjects underwent laboratory analyses, complete two-dimensional echocardiography examination (2DE) and 24-h Holter monitoring. Results Maximum, minimum LA and pre-A LA volumes and volume indexes are significantly higher in diabetic patients. Total and passive LA emptying fractions (EF), representing the LA reservoir and conduit function, are significantly lower in diabetic subjects. Active LA EF, the parameter of the LA booster pump function, is compensatory increased in diabetic patients. Similar results were obtained by 2DE strain analysis. Cardiac autonomic function, assessed by HRV, is significantly deteriorated in diabetic patients. Time and frequency-domain HRV measures are significantly lower in diabetic subjects than in controls. HbA1c, LV mass index and HRV are associated with total LA EF and longitudinal LA strain independently of age, body mass index and LV diastolic function in the whole study population. Conclusions LA phasic function and cardiac autonomic nervous system assessed by HRV are impacted by diabetes. HbA1c and HRV are independently associated with LA reservoir function evaluated by volumetric and strain methods in the whole study population. This study emphasizes the importance of determination of LA function and HRV as important markers of preclinical cardiac damage and autonomic function impairment in diabetic patients.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0962-x
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Use of the predictive low glucose management (PLGM) algorithm in Italian
           adolescents with type 1 diabetes: CareLink™ data download in a
           real-world setting
    • Authors: Andrea E. Scaramuzza; Claudia Arnaldi; Valentino Cherubini; Elvira Piccinno; Ivana Rabbone; Sonia Toni; Stefano Tumini; Gliberto Candela; Paola Cipriano; Lucia Ferrito; Lorenzo Lenzi; Davide Tinti; Ohad Cohen; Fortunato Lombardo
      Pages: 317 - 319
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0927-0
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy associated with GAD autoimmunity
    • Authors: Atsushi Obata; Yumiko Kutoku; Yoshihide Sunada; Seizo Okauchi; Tomohiko Kimura; Hidenori Hirukawa; Akihito Tanabe; Tomoe Kinoshita; Kenji Kohara; Fuminori Tatsumi; Masashi Shimoda; Shinji Kamei; Shuhei Nakanishi; Tomoatsu Mune; Kohei Kaku; Hideaki Kaneto
      Pages: 321 - 323
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0910-9
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Leptin induces osteoblast differentiation of human valvular interstitial
           cells via the Akt and ERK pathways
    • Authors: Mickael Rosa; Camille Paris; Yoann Sottejeau; Delphine Corseaux; Emmanuel Robin; Madjid Tagzirt; Francis Juthier; Ramadan Jashari; Antoine Rauch; André Vincentelli; Bart Staels; Eric Van Belle; Sophie Susen; Annabelle Dupont
      Abstract: Aims Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) affects 2–6% of the population over 65 years, and age, gender, smoking, overweight, dyslipidemia, diabetes contribute to the development of this disease. CAVD results, in part, from the osteoblast differentiation of human valvular interstitial cells (VICs). This study aims to elucidate the effects of leptin on osteoblast phenotype of VICs and the signalling pathways involved. Methods Patients who underwent aortic valve replacement for CAVD (n = 43) were included in this study. Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) without CAVD (n = 129) were used as controls. Results Patients with CAVD had higher serum leptin concentrations than CAD patients (p = 0.002). Leptin was found in calcific aortic valves, with higher concentrations in calcified versus non-calcified zones (p = 0.01). Chronic leptin stimulation of human VICs enhanced alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and ALP, BMP-2 and RUNX2 expression and decreased osteopontin expression. Moreover, inhibiting Akt or ERK during leptin stimulation lowered the expression of osteoblast markers in VIC. Conclusions Taken together, these findings indicate that leptin plays a critical role in CAVD development by promoting osteoblast differentiation of human aortic VICs in an Akt- and ERK-dependent manner. This study highlights the role of leptin in CAVD development, and further studies are needed to determine whether reducing circulating leptin levels or blocking leptin actions on VICs is efficient to slow CAVD progression.
      PubDate: 2017-03-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0980-3
       
  • Why should people with type 1 diabetes exercise regularly?
    • Authors: Roberto Codella; Ileana Terruzzi; Livio Luzi
      Abstract: Plethoric evidence reminds of the protective effects of exercise against a number of health risks, across all ages, in the general population. The benefits of exercise for individuals with type 2 diabetes are indisputable. An in-depth understanding of energy metabolism has reasonably entailed exercise as a cornerstone in the lifestyle of almost all subjects with type 1 diabetes. Nevertheless, individuals with type 1 diabetes often fail in accomplishing exercise guidelines and they are less active than their peer without diabetes. Two major obstacles are feared by people with type 1 diabetes who wish to exercise regularly: management of blood glucose control and hypoglycemia. Nowadays, strategies, including glucose monitoring technology and insulin pump therapy, have significantly contributed to the participation in regular physical activity, and even in competitive sports, for people with type 1 diabetes. Novel modalities of training, like different intensity, interspersed exercise, are as well promising. The beneficial potential of exercise in type 1 diabetes is multi-faceted, and it has to be fully exploited because it goes beyond the insulin-mimetic action, possibly through immunomodulation.
      PubDate: 2017-03-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0978-x
       
  • The impact of type 1 diabetes and diabetic polyneuropathy on muscle
           strength and fatigability
    • Authors: Giorgio Orlando; Stefano Balducci; Ilenia Bazzucchi; Giuseppe Pugliese; Massimo Sacchetti
      Abstract: Aims Although it is widely accepted that diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) is linked to a marked decline in neuromuscular performance, information on the possible impact of type 1 diabetes (T1D) on muscle strength and fatigue remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of T1D and DPN on strength and fatigability in knee extensor muscles. Methods Thirty-one T1D patients (T1D), 22 T1D patients with DPN (DPN) and 23 matched healthy control participants (C) were enrolled. Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) and endurance time at an intensity level of 50% of the MVC were assessed at the knee extensor muscles with an isometric dynamometer. Clinical characteristics of diabetic patients were assessed by considering a wide range of vascular and neurological parameters. Results DPN group had lower knee extensor muscles strength than T1D (−19%) and the C group (−37.5%). T1D group was 22% weaker when compared to the C group. Lower body muscle fatigability of DPN group was 22 and 45.5% higher than T1D and C group, respectively. T1D group possessed a higher fatigability (29.4%) compared to C group. A correlation was found between motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity and muscle strength and fatigability. Conclusions Patients with T1D are characterised by both a higher fatigability and a lower muscle strength, which are aggravated by DPN. Our data suggest that factors other than nervous damage play a role in the pathogenesis of such defect.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0979-9
       
  • Suppression of Rho-kinase 1 is responsible for insulin regulation of the
           AMPK/SREBP-1c pathway in skeletal muscle cells exposed to palmitate
    • Authors: Sunyinyan Tang; Wenjun Wu; Wenjuan Tang; Zhijuan Ge; Hongdong Wang; Ting Hong; Dalong Zhu; Yan Bi
      Abstract: Aims Clinical and experimental data suggest that early insulin therapy could reduce lipotoxicity in subjects and animal models with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the underlying mechanisms need to be clarified. Sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c), which is negatively regulated by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), plays a critical role in lipotoxicity and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle cells. Here, we investigated the effect and molecular mechanism of insulin intervention on the AMPK/SREBP-1c pathway in skeletal muscle cells with chronic exposure to palmitic acid (PA). Methods Male C57BL/6 mice were fed with a high-fat diet for 12 weeks and were then treated with insulin, AMPK inhibitor, or metformin. L6 myotubes incubated with palmitic acid (PA) were treated with insulin or metformin. Dominant-negative AMPKα2 (DN-AMPKα2) lentivirus, AMPKα2 siRNA, or Rho-kinase 1 (ROCK1) siRNA were transfected into PA-treated L6 myotubes. Results We found that the ability of PA to stimulate SREBP-1c and inhibit AMPK was reversed by insulin in L6 cells. Moreover, DN-AMPKα2 lentivirus and AMPKα2 siRNA were transfected into PA-treated L6 myotubes, and the decrease in SREBP-1c expression caused by insulin was blocked by AMPK inhibition independent of the phosphatidylinositol-4,5-biphosphate-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway. The serine/threonine kinase Rho-kinase (ROCK) 1, a downstream effector of the small G protein RhoA, was activated by PA. Interestingly, knockdown of ROCK1 by siRNA blocked the downregulation of AMPK phosphorylation under PA-treated L6 myotubes, which indicated that ROCK1 mediated the effect of insulin action on AMPK. Conclusions Our study indicated that insulin reduced lipotoxicity via ROCK1 and then improved AMPK/SREBP-1c signaling in skeletal muscle under PA-induced insulin resistance.
      PubDate: 2017-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0976-z
       
 
 
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