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Showing 1 - 200 of 2353 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 124)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Acta Diabetologica
  [SJR: 1.318]   [H-I: 46]   [14 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-5233 - ISSN (Online) 0940-5429
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Whole lipid profile and not only HDL cholesterol is impaired in children
           with coexisting type 1 diabetes and untreated celiac disease
    • Authors: Silvana Salardi; for the Diabetes Study Group of the Italian Society of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology (ISPED); Giulio Maltoni; Stefano Zucchini; Dario Iafusco; Angela Zanfardino; Santino Confetto; Sonia Toni; Maximiliano Zioutas; Marco Marigliano; Vittoria Cauvin; Roberto Franceschi; Ivana Rabbone; Barbara Predieri; Riccardo Schiaffini; Alessandro Salvatoni
      Pages: 889 - 894
      Abstract: Aims Low HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) levels have been described in patients with coexisting type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and celiac disease (CD). Data on other possible lipid abnormalities that could further increase cardiovascular risk in these patients are scarce and incomplete. Aim of this retrospective multicenter study was to evaluate whole lipid profiles, besides HDL-C, in children with T1DM associated with biopsy-proven CD, and to investigate the influence of age and degree of adherence to gluten-free diet (GFD) on lipid changes. Methods A total of 261 children with both T1DM and CD were enrolled. Serum lipid profiles at CD diagnosis were compared with those after 1 year of GFD and with those of 224 matched children with T1DM alone. The adherence to GFD was judged by means of CD-related antibodies. Results At CD diagnosis, children with T1DM + CD showed higher LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) compared to children with T1DM alone. Gluten withdrawal failed to normalize LDL-C levels, not even in completely adherent individuals. HbA1c values were not influenced by GFD. The youngest children were characterized at diagnosis by lower levels of total cholesterol and on treatment by a greater decrease in triglycerides levels. Conclusions An unfavorable lipid profile, characterized not only by low HDL-C levels but also by high LDL-C values, may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in children with T1DM and untreated CD. Therefore, a strict gluten-free diet is mandatory in these children, especially the youngest.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1019-5
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • Aquatic exercise for adults with type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis
    • Authors: Jordan L. Rees; Steven T. Johnson; Normand G. Boulé
      Pages: 895 - 904
      Abstract: Aims The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effects of aquatic exercise (AquaEx) on indicators of glycemic control (i.e., glycated hemoglobin [A1c] and fasting plasma glucose) in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It was hypothesized that AquaEx would improve glycemic control to a similar extent as land-based exercise (LandEx), but to a greater extent than non-exercise control (Ctrl). Methods A literature search was completed in February 2017 for studies examining AquaEx training in adults with T2DM. Assessment of glycemic control was necessary for inclusion, while secondary outcomes such as quality of life and cardiometabolic risk factors (i.e., blood pressure, triglycerides and total cholesterol) were considered, but not required for inclusion. Outcomes were measured before and after at least 8 weeks of AquaEx, and data were analyzed using weighted mean differences (WMDs) and fixed effect models, when appropriate. Results Nine trials including 222 participants were identified. Three trials compared AquaEx to LandEx, two compared AquaEx to Crtl, and four had a pre-/post-design without a comparison group. Results indicate no difference in A1c between LandEx and AquaEx (WMD = −0.02%, 95% confidence interval = [−0.71, 0.66]). Post-intervention A1c was lower in AquaEx when compared to Crtl (WMD = −0.96%, [−1.87, −0.05]). Post-AquaEx A1c was lower compared to baseline (WMD = −0.48%, [−0.66, −0.30]). Conclusions A1c can be reduced after eight–twelve weeks of AquaEx. However, at this time few studies have examined whether changes in A1c are different from LandEx or Crtl.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1023-9
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • The ZJU index is a powerful index for identifying NAFLD in the general
           Chinese population
    • Authors: Linman Li; Wenyi You; Wei Ren
      Pages: 905 - 911
      Abstract: Aims The ZJU index is a novel model for detecting non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) that it is calculated based on combination of the body mass index, fasting plasma glucose, triglycerides, and the serum alanine aminotransferase-to-aspartate transaminase ratio. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the ZJU index in detecting NAFLD in the Chinese population. Methods This was a cross-sectional study. Anthropometric measurements, laboratory data, and ultrasonography features were collected through a standard protocol. The ZJU index, fatty liver index, hepatic steatosis index, lipid accumulation product, and visceral adiposity index were calculated. Then the predictive values of the five indices were compared according to the area under receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUROC) values. Results A total of 19,804 participants were recruited, of whom 7324 participants were diagnosed with NFALD and 12,480 subjects were regarded as controls. The AUROC value for NAFLD identification by the ZJU index was 0.925 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.919–0.931), which was significantly higher than the values for the other four models (P < 0.001). Furthermore, from age 31 years to >60 years, the AUROC for the ZJU increased from 87.1 to 95.4%, values which were also greater than those for the other four indices. Analysis by sex also showed that the performance of the ZJU index in males and females was better than that of the other four indices. Conclusions The ZJU index is an accurate and easy to employ tool for identifying NAFLD in the general Chinese population.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1024-8
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • Glucokinase mutations in pediatric patients with impaired fasting glucose
    • Authors: C. Aloi; A. Salina; N. Minuto; R. Tallone; F. Lugani; A. Mascagni; O. Mazza; M. Cassanello; M. Maghnie; G. d’Annunzio
      Pages: 913 - 923
      Abstract: Aims Our aim was to detect the frequency of glucokinase (GCK) gene mutations in a cohort of patients with impaired fasting glucose and to describe the clinical manifestations of identified variants. We also aimed at predicting the effect of the novel missense mutations by computational approach. Methods Overall 100 unrelated Italian families with impaired fasting glucose were enrolled and subdivided into two cohorts according to strict and to mild criteria for diagnosis of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY). GCK gene sequencing was performed in all participants. Results Fifty-three Italian families with 44 different mutations affecting the GCK and co-segregating with the clinical phenotype of GCK/MODY were identified. All mutations were in heterozygous state. In Sample 1, GCK defects were found in 32/36 (88.9%) subjects selected with strict MODY diagnostic criteria, while in Sample 2 GCK defects were found in 21/64 (32.8%) subjects selected with mild MODY diagnostic criteria. Conclusions Our study enlarged the wide spectrum of GCK defects by adding 9 novel variants. The application of strict recruitment criteria resulted in 88.9% incidence of GCK/MODY, which confirmed it as the commonest form of MODY in the Italian population. In order to avoid misdiagnosis of GCK/MODY, it could be useful to perform molecular screening even if one or more clinical parameters for the diagnosis of MODY are missing. Computational analysis is useful to understand the effect of GCK defect on protein functionality, especially when the novel identified variant is a missense mutation and/or parents’ DNA is not available.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1021-y
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • Anemia: an independent risk factor of diabetic peripheral neuropathy in
           type 2 diabetic patients
    • Authors: Fan Wu; Yuanyuan Jing; Xiaojun Tang; Dai Li; Lilin Gong; Hongyan Zhao; Li He; Qifu Li; Rong Li
      Pages: 925 - 931
      Abstract: Aims Recently, the association between anemia and diabetic microvascular complications has been studied. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is also a common complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), while the relationship between anemia and DPN is rarely investigated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between anemia and DPN in T2DM. Methods In this cross-sectional study, 1134 T2DM inpatients were enrolled. The diagnosis of DPN was based on neuropathy system score (NSS) and neuropathy disability score (NDS). Logistic regression was conducted to analyze the association between anemia and DPN. Results The proportions of anemia in DPN and non-DPN group were 25.4 and 15.2%, respectively. Compared with non-anemia group, the proportions of moderate/severe NSS (42.7 vs. 24.5%, P < 0.001) and moderate/severe NDS (51.5 vs. 38.0%, P < 0.001) were higher while the nerve conduction velocity (NCV) was lower in anemia group. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed patients with anemia possessed an increased risk of DPN [OR = 1.906, 95%CI: 1.416, 2.567, P < 0.001]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested anemia was an independent risk factor of DPN in model 1 and model 2 [model 1: OR = 1.472, 95%CI: 1.047, 2.070, P = 0.026; model 2: OR = 1.448, 95%CI: 1.013, 2.071, P = 0.043]. Conclusions Anemia is an independent risk factor of DPN in T2DM patients.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1025-7
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • Microvascular effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists in type
           2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    • Authors: Ilaria Dicembrini; Besmir Nreu; Alessia Scatena; Francesco Andreozzi; Giorgio Sesti; Edoardo Mannucci; Matteo Monami
      Pages: 933 - 941
      Abstract: Aims Results with GLP1-receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) on microvascular complications of diabetes are contrasting. In trials designed for cardiovascular outcomes, both liraglutide and semaglutide were associated with a relevant reduction in the incidence and progression of nephropathy. On the other hand, in the same trials, semaglutide was associated with an increased progression of retinopathy, and a similar trend was observed for liraglutide. This meta-analysis is aimed at assessing the effects of GLP-1RA on retinopathy and nephropathy. Methods A Medline search for GLP-1 receptor agonists (exenatide, liraglutide, lixisenatide, albiglutide, dulaglutide, or semaglutide) was performed, collecting all randomized clinical trials with a duration >11 weeks, enrolling patients with type 2 diabetes, and comparing a GLP-1 receptor agonist with placebo or any other non-GLP-1 receptor agonist drug. Results Of the 113 trials fulfilling the inclusion criteria, 78 and 62 did not report information on retinopathy and nephropathy, respectively. Treatment with GLP1-RA was not associated with a significant increase in the incidence of retinopathy (MH-OR [95% CI] 0.92 [0.74–1.16]. p = 0.49). In subgroup analyses, GLP1-RA were associated with a lower risk of retinopathy in comparison with sulfonylureas. Cases of macular edema were reported only in nine trials with no sign of increased risk. GLP1-RA reduced the incidence of nephropathy with respect to comparators (MH-OR [95% CI] 0.74 [0.60–0.92]. p = 0.005). This difference was significant versus placebo, but not versus any class of active comparators. Conclusions GLP1-RA appear to reduce the incidence and/or progression of nephropathy and to have no specific effect on retinopathy—with the notable exception of semaglutide, which could have a negative impact on the retina.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1031-9
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • Metformin attenuates the TLR4 inflammatory pathway in skeletal muscle of
           diabetic rats
    • Authors: Leonardo Gomes Peixoto; Renata Roland Teixeira; Danielle Diniz Vilela; Lara Naves Barbosa; Douglas Carvalho Caixeta; Simone Ramos Deconte; Fernanda de Assis de Araújo; Robinson Sabino-Silva; Foued Salmen Espindola
      Pages: 943 - 951
      Abstract: Aims Inflammation induced by hyperglycemia triggers the toll-like receptor (TLR) pathway into cells. Our hypothesis was that metformin treatment attenuates the TLR signaling pathways triggered by inflammation in skeletal muscle of hypoinsulinemic/hyperglycemic STZ-induced rats. Thus, we examined TLR signaling under hypoinsulinemia and hyperglycemia conditions and its correlation with insulin resistance in muscle of diabetic rats treated with metformin. Methods Ten-day diabetic rats were submitted to 7 days of saline (D group) or metformin (500 mg/kg once per day) (D + M group). The skeletal muscle was collected before the insulin tolerance test. Then, Western blotting analysis of skeletal muscle supernatant was probed with TLR4, TLR2, NF-κB, IκB, p-AMPK and p-JNK. TNF-α and CXCL1/KC content was analyzed by ELISA. Results Metformin treatment increased whole-body insulin sensitivity. This regulation was accompanied by a parallel change of p-AMPK and by an inverse regulation of TLR4 and NF-κB contents in the soleus muscle (r = 0.7229, r = −0.8344 and r = −0.7289, respectively, Pearson correlation; p < 0.05). Metformin treatment increased IκB content when compared to D rats. In addition, metformin treatment decreased p-JNK independently of TLR2 signal in diabetic rats. Conclusion In summary, the results indicate a relationship between muscular TLR4, p-AMPK and NF-κB content and insulin sensitivity. The study also highlights that in situations of insulin resistance, such as in diabetic subjects, metformin treatment may prevent attenuation of activation of the inflammatory pathway.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1027-5
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • Hyperglycemia induces attention and gait deficits in diabetic mellitus
    • Authors: L. Sattar; B. Renneboog; G. Decaux
      Pages: 953 - 959
      Abstract: Aims Patients with diabetes mellitus experience a large number of falls and bone fractures that are not related solely to complications of the disease. The purpose of our study was to determine whether transient hyperglycemia affects attentional functions and gait. Methods This was a case–control study. We asked 17 patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus to perform three visual tests and one visual and auditory attention test (Phasic Alert A1-4 and A2-3, Go/No Go, Intermodal Comparison). Mean response time (ms) and total number of errors were assessed. Ten of the patients also performed a tandem gait test consisting of three steps. The total distance travelled (TDT, in mm) by the center of pressure was measured with a pressure-sensitive calibrated platform. Transient hyperglycemia was defined as blood glucose level greater than 13, 8 mmol/L at the time of the test. These same patients were retested 1–3 days later at a blood glucose level at least 5, 5 mmol/L lower than the initial values (T24-72h). Nineteen patients with diabetes mellitus were matched with the original participants and performed the same test under normoglycemic conditions. Results During transient hyperglycemia, the mean response time (ms) and the TDT were significantly longer. The mean response time for the four tests increased by 53, 5 ms (P < 0.001). There was no increase in the number of errors. The TDT of the center of pressure increased significantly by 102 mm (P < 0.001). Conclusions Transient hyperglycemia alters attention and gait in patients with diabetes mellitus.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1034-6
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • Circulating IL-8 levels are increased in patients with type 2 diabetes and
           associated with worse inflammatory and cardiometabolic profile
    • Authors: F. A. Cimini; I. Barchetta; A. Porzia; F. Mainiero; C. Costantino; L. Bertoccini; V. Ceccarelli; S. Morini; M. G. Baroni; A. Lenzi; M. G. Cavallo
      Pages: 961 - 967
      Abstract: Aims Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a chemokine involved in systemic immunity, macrophages infiltration and activation in adipose tissue and may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and atherosclerosis. Aims of this study were to evaluate circulating IL-8 levels in adult patients with T2D in comparison with non-diabetic subjects and to describe clinical and biochemical correlates of IL-8 concentration. Methods For this cross-sectional study, we enrolled 79 consecutive T2D individuals referring to our diabetes outpatient clinics at Sapienza University of Rome, and 37 sex, age and BMI comparable non-diabetic subjects as a control group. Clinical parameters and medical history were recorded; fasting blood sampling was performed for biochemistry and for measuring serum IL-8, IL-6, TNF-α, CRP, adiponectin and 25(OH)vitamin D [25(OH)D] levels. Results Patients with T2D exhibited significantly higher serum IL-8 levels than non-diabetic subjects (69.27 ± 112.83 vs. 16.03 ± 24.27 pg/mL, p < 0.001). In diabetic patients, increased IL-8 concentration correlated with higher IL-6 (p < 0.001), TNF-α (p = 0.02), FBG (p = 0.035), HbA1c (p = 0.04) and LDL-C (p = 0.04) and with lower adiponectin (p = 0.02) and 25(OH)D (p = 0.003) concentrations. Conclusions Patients with T2D display a marked elevation of circulating IL-8 levels which identify subjects with worse inflammatory, glycometabolic and lipid profile and lower vitamin D levels. Further studies are warranted for evaluating a possible role of IL-8 as a novel marker for risk stratification in T2D patients.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1039-1
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1β maturity-onset diabetes of the young in a
           Chinese child presenting with hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state
    • Authors: Yue Luo; Zhijuan Dai; Liyi Li; Xiaoou Shan; Chaoming Wu
      Pages: 969 - 973
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1007-9
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • Psychological outcomes of injection port therapy in children and
           adolescents with type 1 diabetes and their primary caregivers
    • Authors: Alda Troncone; Crescenzo Cascella; Angela Zanfardino; Antonietta Chianese; Santino Confetto; Milena Giglio; Pasquale Villano; Laura Perrone; Dario Iafusco
      Pages: 975 - 978
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1014-x
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • Maternally inherited diabetes and deafness is a mitochondrial multiorgan
           disorder syndrome (MIMODS)
    • Authors: Josef Finsterer; Marlies Frank
      Pages: 979 - 980
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1029-3
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • Reply to Letter to the Editor “Maternally inherited diabetes and
           deafness is a mitochondrial multiorgan disorder syndrome (MIMODS)”
    • Authors: Tzu-Hsiang Ko; Hsun-Hua Lee; An-Tsz Hsieh; Chaur-Jong Hu; Chih-Chung Chen
      Pages: 981 - 982
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1030-x
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 10 (2017)
  • Predictors of response to glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists: a
           meta-analysis and systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    • Authors: Matteo Monami; Ilaria Dicembrini; Besmir Nreu; Francesco Andreozzi; Giorgio Sesti; Edoardo Mannucci
      Abstract: Aims The aim of the present meta-analysis is the identification of the characteristics of patients, which predict the efficacy on HbA1c of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA). Methods A Medline and Embase search for “exenatide” OR “liraglutide” OR “albiglutide” OR “dulaglutide” OR “lixisenatide” was performed, collecting randomized clinical trials (duration > 12 weeks) up to September 2016, comparing GLP-1 RA at the maximal approved dose with placebo or active drugs. Furthermore, unpublished studies were searched in the register. For meta-analyses, the outcome considered were 24- and 52-week HbA1c. Separate analyses were performed, whenever possible, for subgroups of trials based on several inclusion criteria. In addition, meta-regression analyses were performed for comparisons for which 10 or more trails were available. Results A total of 92 trials fulfilling the inclusion criteria were identified. In placebo-controlled trials (n = 41), the 24-week mean reduction of HbA1c with GLP-1 RA was − 0.75 [− 0.87; − 0.63]%. Shorter-acting molecules appear to be more effective in patients with lower fasting glucose, whereas longer-acting agents in patients with higher fasting hyperglycaemia. Obesity and duration of diabetes do not seem to moderate the efficacy of GLP-1 RA, whereas in non-Caucasians and older patients liraglutide could be less effective. At 52 weeks, only 9 placebo-controlled trials were available for preventing any reliable analyses. Conclusions Using a variety of approaches (meta-analyses of subgroup of trials, meta-regression, systematic review of subgroup analyses in individual trials, and meta-analyses of subgroups of patients), we identified some putative predictors of efficacy of GLP-1 RA, which deserve further investigation.
      PubDate: 2017-09-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1054-2
  • Erratum to: Microvascular effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor
           agonists in type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled
    • Authors: Ilaria Dicembrini; Besmir Nreu; Alessia Scatena; Francesco Andreozzi; Giorgio Sesti; Edoardo Mannucci; Matteo Monami
      Abstract: Abstract In the manuscript, the events of nephropathy and retinopathy recorded for the LEADER trial (Marso et al. 2016) were erroneously imputed; the numbers reported in Table 1 for that trial refer to serious adverse events, and not to total events, as stated in Methods. The correct figures are 268 and 416 cases of nephropathy, and 106 and 92 cases of retinopathy in liraglutide and control arms, respectively. As a consequence, the overall risk (MH-OR [95% CI]) of nephropathy and retinopathy with GLP-1RA (vs all comparators) is 0.77 [0.67–0.88], p < 0.001, and 0.99 [0.80–1.21], p = 0.90, respectively. The analyses reported in Figs. 1 and 2 were also corrected and reported below, together with supplementary figures 3 and 5. Please note that liraglutide is associated with a significant reduction in the incidence of nephropathy, whereas for retinopathy the difference from placebo is no longer statistically significant.
      PubDate: 2017-09-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1049-z
  • A mild impairment of K + ATP channel function caused by two different
           ABCC8 defects in an Italian newborn
    • Authors: Giulia Romanisio; Alessandro Salina; Concetta Aloi; Maria Cristina Schiaffino; Alfredo Virgone; Giuseppe d’Annunzio
      PubDate: 2017-09-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1052-4
  • Development of a new scoring system to predict 5-year incident diabetes
           risk in middle-aged and older Chinese
    • Authors: Xu Han; Jing Wang; Yaru Li; Hua Hu; Xiulou Li; Jing Yuan; Ping Yao; Xiaoping Miao; Sheng Wei; Youjie Wang; Yuan Liang; Xiaomin Zhang; Huan Guo; An Pan; Handong Yang; Tangchun Wu; Meian He
      Abstract: Aims The aim of this study was to develop a new risk score system to predict 5-year incident diabetes risk among middle-aged and older Chinese population. Methods This prospective study included 17,690 individuals derived from the Dongfeng–Tongji cohort. Participants were recruited in 2008 and were followed until October 2013. Incident diabetes was defined as self-reported clinician diagnosed diabetes, fasting glucose ≥7.0 mmol/l, or the use of insulin or oral hypoglycemic agent. A total of 1390 incident diabetic cases were diagnosed during the follow-up period. β-Coefficients were derived from Cox proportional hazard regression model and were used to calculate the risk score. Results The diabetes risk score includes BMI, fasting glucose, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, current smoking status, and family history of diabetes. The β-coefficients of these variables ranged from 0.139 to 1.914, and the optimal cutoff value was 1.5. The diabetes risk score was calculated by multiplying the β-coefficients of the significant variables by 10 and rounding to the nearest integer. The score ranges from 0 to 36. The area under the receiver operating curve of the score was 0.751. At the optimal cutoff value of 15, the sensitivity and specificity were 65.6 and 72.9%, respectively. Based upon these risk factors, this model had the highest discrimination compared with several commonly used diabetes prediction models. Conclusions The newly established diabetes risk score with six parameters appears to be a reliable screening tool to predict 5-year risk of incident diabetes in a middle-aged and older Chinese population.
      PubDate: 2017-09-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1047-1
  • Decreased plasma neuregulin 4 concentration is associated with increased
           high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes
           mellitus patients: a cross-sectional study
    • Authors: Pi-Jun Yan; Yong Xu; Qin Wan; Jian Feng; Hua Li; Chen-Lin Gao; Jun Yang; Hai-Hua Zhong; Zhi-Hong Zhang
      Abstract: Aims Inflammation has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This principal objective of this study was to investigate if the secretion of neuregulin 4 (Nrg4), a soluble protein associated with metabolic syndrome and subclinical cardiovascular disease, is correlated with the inflammation marker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (nT2DM). Methods A study group of 311 nT2DM patients was divided into three subgroups based on hs-CRP tertiles. Multiple linear regression was conducted to explore the association between plasma Nrg4 and hs-CRP levels. Results The nT2DM patients with the highest hs-CRP levels (>2.46 mg/L) exhibited higher atherogenic coefficients and atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) levels, but lower levels of plasma Nrg4, as compared to those with the lowest hs-CRP levels (<0.63 mg/L). Plasma Nrg4 levels were inversely associated with white blood cell count, hs-CRP, and AIP and positively associated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), before and after adjustment for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), and body fat percentage (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). hs-CRP was the factor most strongly associated with plasma Nrg4 levels. Conclusions These results indicate that lower plasma Nrg4 levels may be associated with elevated hs-CRP in nT2DM patients. It generates the hypothesis that decreased levels of Nrg4 may trigger the development of atherosclerosis through its proinflammatory effects. These findings need to be confirmed by further prospective studies.
      PubDate: 2017-09-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1044-4
  • Does diabetes mellitus comorbidity affect in-hospital mortality and length
           of stay' Analysis of administrative data in an Italian Academic
    • Authors: Francesca Valent; Laura Tonutti; Franco Grimaldi
      Abstract: Aims Hospitalized patients with comorbid diabetes mellitus may have worse outcomes than the others. We conducted a study to assess whether comorbid diabetes affects in-hospital mortality and length of stay. Methods For this population-based study, we analyzed the administrative databases of the Regional Health Information System of the Region Friuli Venezia Giulia, where the Hospital of Udine is located. Hospital discharge data were linked at the individual patient level with the regional Diabetes Mellitus Registry to identify diabetic patients. For each 3-digit ICD-9-CM discharge diagnosis code, we assessed the difference in length of stay and in-hospital mortality between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. We conducted both univariate and multivariate analyses, adjusted for age, sex, Charlson’s comorbidity score, and urgency of hospitalization, through linear and logistic regression models. Results After adjusting for potential confounders, diabetes significantly increased the risk of in-hospital death among patients hospitalized for bacterial pneumonia (OR = 1.94) and intestinal obstruction (OR = 4.23) and length of stay among those admitted for several diagnoses, including acute myocardial infarction and acute renal failure. Admission glucose blood level was associated with in-hospital death in patients with pneumonia and intestinal obstruction, and increased length of stay for several conditions. Conclusions Patients with diabetes mellitus who are hospitalized for other health problems may have increased risk of in-hospital death and longer hospital stay. For this reason, diabetes should be promptly recognized upon admission and properly managed.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1050-6
  • Unhealthy lifestyle habits and diabetes-specific health-related quality of
           life in youths with type 1 diabetes
    • Authors: Enza Mozzillo; Eugenio Zito; Claudio Maffeis; Elena De Nitto; Giulio Maltoni; Marco Marigliano; Stefano Zucchini; Adriana Franzese; Giuliana Valerio
      Abstract: Aims Management of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) influences several aspects of life, such as adherence to healthy lifestyle habits and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Our aim was to evaluate the association between unhealthy lifestyle habits and HRQoL in adolescents and young adults with T1DM. Methods Two hundred and forty-two Caucasian patients (13–19 years) consecutively enrolled over a 12-month period in three Regional Pediatric Diabetes Centers in Italy. Demographics, clinical, and laboratory parameters, adherence to lifestyle habits (Mediterranean Diet assessed by KIDMED, Physical Activity levels and sedentary behavior by questionnaire) considered either separately or in cluster, and HRQoL by Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Diabetes Module (PedsQL 3.0 DM) were collected. Metabolic control was determined by HbA1cmean of previous year. Results Only 15 (6.2%) patients fulfilled the cluster of three healthy lifestyle habits without gender differences (p = 0.353); 62 (25.6%) had 1 unhealthy lifestyle habit, and 165 (68.2%) had ≥2. Adolescents meeting physical activity recommendations had better PedsQL scores than those who did not meet. PedsQL total score and specific sub-scales decreased in patients with unhealthy lifestyle habits. High PedsQL was significantly associated with being male, living in South Italy, having lower HbA1c mean levels, and reporting lower adherence to unhealthy lifestyle habits. Conclusions The clustering of unhealthy lifestyle habits is associated with reduced HRQoL in adolescents and young adults with T1DM. Promoting multiple behavior changes may be a useful approach to improve the health status and the HRQoL in youths with T1DM.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1051-5
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