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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 131)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Acta Diabetologica
  [SJR: 1.318]   [H-I: 46]   [14 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-5233 - ISSN (Online) 0940-5429
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Unhealthy lifestyle habits and diabetes-specific health-related quality of
           life in youths with type 1 diabetes
    • Authors: Enza Mozzillo; Eugenio Zito; Claudio Maffeis; Elena De Nitto; Giulio Maltoni; Marco Marigliano; Stefano Zucchini; Adriana Franzese; Giuliana Valerio
      Pages: 1073 - 1080
      Abstract: Aims Management of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) influences several aspects of life, such as adherence to healthy lifestyle habits and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Our aim was to evaluate the association between unhealthy lifestyle habits and HRQoL in adolescents and young adults with T1DM. Methods Two hundred and forty-two Caucasian patients (13–19 years) consecutively enrolled over a 12-month period in three Regional Pediatric Diabetes Centers in Italy. Demographics, clinical, and laboratory parameters, adherence to lifestyle habits (Mediterranean Diet assessed by KIDMED, Physical Activity levels and sedentary behavior by questionnaire) considered either separately or in cluster, and HRQoL by Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Diabetes Module (PedsQL 3.0 DM) were collected. Metabolic control was determined by HbA1cmean of previous year. Results Only 15 (6.2%) patients fulfilled the cluster of three healthy lifestyle habits without gender differences (p = 0.353); 62 (25.6%) had 1 unhealthy lifestyle habit, and 165 (68.2%) had ≥2. Adolescents meeting physical activity recommendations had better PedsQL scores than those who did not meet. PedsQL total score and specific sub-scales decreased in patients with unhealthy lifestyle habits. High PedsQL was significantly associated with being male, living in South Italy, having lower HbA1c mean levels, and reporting lower adherence to unhealthy lifestyle habits. Conclusions The clustering of unhealthy lifestyle habits is associated with reduced HRQoL in adolescents and young adults with T1DM. Promoting multiple behavior changes may be a useful approach to improve the health status and the HRQoL in youths with T1DM.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1051-5
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 12 (2017)
  • Does diabetes mellitus comorbidity affect in-hospital mortality and length
           of stay' Analysis of administrative data in an Italian Academic
    • Authors: Francesca Valent; Laura Tonutti; Franco Grimaldi
      Pages: 1081 - 1090
      Abstract: Aims Hospitalized patients with comorbid diabetes mellitus may have worse outcomes than the others. We conducted a study to assess whether comorbid diabetes affects in-hospital mortality and length of stay. Methods For this population-based study, we analyzed the administrative databases of the Regional Health Information System of the Region Friuli Venezia Giulia, where the Hospital of Udine is located. Hospital discharge data were linked at the individual patient level with the regional Diabetes Mellitus Registry to identify diabetic patients. For each 3-digit ICD-9-CM discharge diagnosis code, we assessed the difference in length of stay and in-hospital mortality between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. We conducted both univariate and multivariate analyses, adjusted for age, sex, Charlson’s comorbidity score, and urgency of hospitalization, through linear and logistic regression models. Results After adjusting for potential confounders, diabetes significantly increased the risk of in-hospital death among patients hospitalized for bacterial pneumonia (OR = 1.94) and intestinal obstruction (OR = 4.23) and length of stay among those admitted for several diagnoses, including acute myocardial infarction and acute renal failure. Admission glucose blood level was associated with in-hospital death in patients with pneumonia and intestinal obstruction, and increased length of stay for several conditions. Conclusions Patients with diabetes mellitus who are hospitalized for other health problems may have increased risk of in-hospital death and longer hospital stay. For this reason, diabetes should be promptly recognized upon admission and properly managed.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1050-6
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 12 (2017)
  • Decreased plasma neuregulin 4 concentration is associated with increased
           high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes
           mellitus patients: a cross-sectional study
    • Authors: Pi-Jun Yan; Yong Xu; Qin Wan; Jian Feng; Hua Li; Chen-Lin Gao; Jun Yang; Hai-Hua Zhong; Zhi-Hong Zhang
      Pages: 1091 - 1099
      Abstract: Aims Inflammation has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This principal objective of this study was to investigate if the secretion of neuregulin 4 (Nrg4), a soluble protein associated with metabolic syndrome and subclinical cardiovascular disease, is correlated with the inflammation marker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (nT2DM). Methods A study group of 311 nT2DM patients was divided into three subgroups based on hs-CRP tertiles. Multiple linear regression was conducted to explore the association between plasma Nrg4 and hs-CRP levels. Results The nT2DM patients with the highest hs-CRP levels (>2.46 mg/L) exhibited higher atherogenic coefficients and atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) levels, but lower levels of plasma Nrg4, as compared to those with the lowest hs-CRP levels (<0.63 mg/L). Plasma Nrg4 levels were inversely associated with white blood cell count, hs-CRP, and AIP and positively associated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), before and after adjustment for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), and body fat percentage (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). hs-CRP was the factor most strongly associated with plasma Nrg4 levels. Conclusions These results indicate that lower plasma Nrg4 levels may be associated with elevated hs-CRP in nT2DM patients. It generates the hypothesis that decreased levels of Nrg4 may trigger the development of atherosclerosis through its proinflammatory effects. These findings need to be confirmed by further prospective studies.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1044-4
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 12 (2017)
  • Predictors of response to glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists: a
           meta-analysis and systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    • Authors: Matteo Monami; Ilaria Dicembrini; Besmir Nreu; Francesco Andreozzi; Giorgio Sesti; Edoardo Mannucci
      Pages: 1101 - 1114
      Abstract: Aims The aim of the present meta-analysis is the identification of the characteristics of patients, which predict the efficacy on HbA1c of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA). Methods A Medline and Embase search for “exenatide” OR “liraglutide” OR “albiglutide” OR “dulaglutide” OR “lixisenatide” was performed, collecting randomized clinical trials (duration > 12 weeks) up to September 2016, comparing GLP-1 RA at the maximal approved dose with placebo or active drugs. Furthermore, unpublished studies were searched in the register. For meta-analyses, the outcome considered were 24- and 52-week HbA1c. Separate analyses were performed, whenever possible, for subgroups of trials based on several inclusion criteria. In addition, meta-regression analyses were performed for comparisons for which 10 or more trails were available. Results A total of 92 trials fulfilling the inclusion criteria were identified. In placebo-controlled trials (n = 41), the 24-week mean reduction of HbA1c with GLP-1 RA was − 0.75 [− 0.87; − 0.63]%. Shorter-acting molecules appear to be more effective in patients with lower fasting glucose, whereas longer-acting agents in patients with higher fasting hyperglycaemia. Obesity and duration of diabetes do not seem to moderate the efficacy of GLP-1 RA, whereas in non-Caucasians and older patients liraglutide could be less effective. At 52 weeks, only 9 placebo-controlled trials were available for preventing any reliable analyses. Conclusions Using a variety of approaches (meta-analyses of subgroup of trials, meta-regression, systematic review of subgroup analyses in individual trials, and meta-analyses of subgroups of patients), we identified some putative predictors of efficacy of GLP-1 RA, which deserve further investigation.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1054-2
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 12 (2017)
  • Determinants of preeclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes
    • Authors: Paweł Gutaj; Agnieszka Zawiejska; Urszula Mantaj; Ewa Wender-Ożegowska
      Pages: 1115 - 1121
      Abstract: Aims Despite improvement in diabetic care over the years, the incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is still very high. Therefore, the aim of our study was to determine risk factors for PE in women with T1DM. Methods This study was a prospective, nested case–control study on a population of 165 women with T1DM. Women were divided into 3 subgroups: normotensive (N = 141), gestational hypertension (GH) (N = 8), and PE (N = 16). Clinical data were collected in the first trimester (< 12th week), in mid-pregnancy (20–24th weeks), and just prior to delivery (34–39th weeks). IR in the first trimester was quantified using the estimated glucose disposal rate formula (eGDR, milligrams/kilogram/minute). Simple logistic regression was used to search for factors associated with PE and GH. For multivariate comparisons, we used multiple logistic regression with stepwise selection. Results All preeclampsia cases were diagnosed in primiparae. The presence of vasculopathy was the strongest determinant of PE (OR 10.8, 95% CI 3.27–35.97, P = 0.0001), followed by a history of chronic hypertension (6.05, 1.75–20.8, P = 0.004) and the duration of diabetes (1.11, 1.03–1.12, P = 0.009). However, chronic hypertension and duration of diabetes were no longer associated with PE after adjustment for the presence of vasculopathy. Higher gestational weight gain (GWG) was associated with PE, and this association remained significant after adjustment for first trimester body mass index (1.14, 1.02–1.28, P = 0.02). Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure assessed in the first trimester were significant determinants of PE; however, this association was no longer observed after adjustment for the presence of chronic hypertension. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels from all 3 trimesters were significantly associated with PE (first trimester: 1.38, 1.01–1.87, P = 0.04; second trimester: 2.76, 1.43–5.31, P = 0.002; third trimester: 2.42, 1.30–4.51, P = 0.005). There was a negative association between eGDR and PE (0.66, 0.50–0.87, P = 0.003). Among lipids, triglycerides (TG) in all 3 trimesters were positively associated with PE, and this association was independent of HbA1c levels (first trimester: 5.32, 1.65–17.18, P = 0.005; second trimester: 2.52, 1.02–6.26, P = 0.05; third trimester: 2.28, 1.39–3.74, P = 0.001. We did not find any predictors of GH in the regression analysis among all analyzed factors. Conclusions Primiparity and diabetic vasculopathy seem to be the strongest risk factors for PE in women with type 1 diabetes. However, preexisting hypertension and higher GWG were also associated with PE in women with T1DM. Among laboratory results, higher HbA1c and TG levels in all 3 trimesters were associated with PE. The association between higher IR and PE in women with T1DM needs further study.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1053-3
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 12 (2017)
  • Evaluation of the value of plasma concentration of copeptin in the first
           prenatal visit to diagnose gestational diabetes mellitus
    • Authors: He-hong Ma; Shuang-yan Yang; Pei Wang; Jun-Feng Zhang
      Pages: 1123 - 1129
      Abstract: Aims Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate whether copeptin concentrations, measured at the first prenatal visit, are associated with risk of GDM. Methods From July 2015 to June 2016, consecutive women who admitted to the obstetrics center of our hospital were included. Data for fasting plasma glucose and copeptin concentrations at the first prenatal visit and one-step GDM screening with 75-g oral glucose tolerance test performed between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation were collected and analyzed. The relationship between levels of copeptin and GDM were evaluated using univariate and multivariate regression analysis. Results In this study, 101 out of the 827 women developed GDM (12.2%). The GDM distribution across the copeptin quartiles ranged between 4.4% (first quartile) and 25.1% (fourth quartile). For each 1 log-unit increase in plasma concentration of copeptin, the unadjusted and adjusted risk of GDM increased by 1442% (odds ratio 15.42 [95% CI 3.35–54.25], P < 0.001) and 642% (7.42 [2.69–16.02], P < 0.001), respectively. In a multivariate model using the fourth quartiles of copeptin versus quartiles 1 through 3 together with the clinical variables, the marker displayed prognostic information (GDM: OR for fourth quartile, 3.11 [95% CI 1.95–5.24; P = 0.001]). The net reclassification improvement statistic showed that the addition of copeptin to established risk factors significantly increased the correct reclassification of GDM (P = 0.02). The integrated discrimination improvement statistic found that the copeptin level significantly increased discrimination between women with GDM and without GDM (P = 0.01). Conclusions High copeptin concentrations at the first prenatal visit were associated with increased risk of GDM and might be useful in identifying women at risk of GDM for early prevention strategies.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1058-y
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 12 (2017)
  • Neonatal diabetes in a patient with IPEX syndrome: an attempt at balancing
           insulin therapy
    • Authors: F. Romano; D. Tinti; M. Spada; F. Barzaghi; I. Rabbone
      Pages: 1139 - 1141
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1057-z
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 12 (2017)
  • Maternal serum calcitriol during pregnancy and risk of childhood onset
           type 1 diabetes
    • Authors: Ingvild M. Sørensen; Geir Joner; Pål A. Jenum; Anne Eskild; Sandra R. Dahl; Lars C. Stene
      Pages: 1143 - 1145
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1045-3
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 12 (2017)
  • Gut microbiota aberrations precede diagnosis of gestational diabetes
    • Authors: Kati Mokkala; Noora Houttu; Tero Vahlberg; Eveliina Munukka; Tapani Rönnemaa; Kirsi Laitinen
      Pages: 1147 - 1149
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1056-0
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 12 (2017)
  • Self-care, quality of life and clinical outcomes of type 2 diabetes
           patients: an observational cross-sectional study
    • Authors: Davide Ausili; Monica Bulgheroni; Paola Ballatore; Claudia Specchia; Ajtena Ajdini; Sabrina Bezze; Stefania Di Mauro; Stefano Genovese
      Pages: 1001 - 1008
      Abstract: Aims To describe self-care of T2DM patients and to evaluate outcomes associated with self-care in T2DM patients. Methods A multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 302 randomly selected T2DM patients. Clinical and socio-demographic data were collected by medical records. The Summary of Diabetes Self-care Activities was used to measure self-care about diet, blood testing, exercise and foot care. The EQ-5D was used to measure perceived quality of life. Multiple regression models were used to evaluate the associations between self-care and body mass index (BMI), glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), presence of diabetes complications and quality of life (QoL). Results Self-care was lower about exercise (median = 2.0) and foot care (median = 3.5) than about diet (median = 5.2) and blood testing (median = 4.5). HbA1c was associated with diet (p = 0.025), exercise (p = 0.017) and blood testing (p = 0.034). BMI was associated with exercise (p = 0.0071). Diabetes complications were associated with exercise (p = 0.031) and blood testing (p < 0.009). QoL was associated with exercise (p < 0.0001), blood testing (p = 0.032) and foot care (p = 0.013). Conclusions Self-care influences both clinical outcomes and quality of life of T2DM patients. Although exercise is more frequently associated with positive outcomes, it is particularly poor in T2DM population. Blood testing and foot care should be performed to prevent complications and not only when a health problem is already occurred. Interventions aimed to improve exercise are recommended. Further research is needed to explore barriers to exercise.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1035-5
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 11 (2017)
  • Acute esophageal necrosis (black esophagus): a case report and literature
    • Authors: Valerio Manno; Nicola Lentini; Antonio Chirico; Maria Perticone; Luigi Anastasio
      Pages: 1061 - 1063
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1028-4
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 11 (2017)
  • Kidney disease measures are associated with the burden of coronary
           atherosclerosis, independently of diabetes
    • Authors: Maria Maddalena D’Errico; Antonio Mangiacotti; Daniele Graziano; Valentina Massa; Pamela Piscitelli; Gianluigi Vendemiale; Francesca Viazzi; Roberto Pontremoli; Aldo Russo; Nicola Marchese; Carlo Vigna; Salvatore De Cosmo
      Pages: 1065 - 1068
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1022-x
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 11 (2017)
  • Impact of variations in duodenal glucose load on insulin clearance in
           health and type 2 diabetes
    • Authors: Chinmay S. Marathe; Christopher K. Rayner; Karen L. Jones; Michael Horowitz
      PubDate: 2017-11-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1073-z
  • Health literacy in type 2 diabetes patients: a systematic review of
           systematic reviews
    • Authors: Rosario Caruso; Arianna Magon; Irene Baroni; Federica Dellafiore; Cristina Arrigoni; Francesco Pittella; Davide Ausili
      Abstract: Aim To summarize, critically review, and interpret the evidence related to the systematic reviews on health literacy (HL) amongst type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods The methodology for this study consisted of a systematic review of systematic reviews, using the PRISMA statement and flowchart to select studies, and searching on PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, and Cochrane. The search covered the period between January 2006 and June 2016. Results From the 115 identified record by the queries, only six systematic reviews were included, following a quality evaluation using AMSTAR. The included systematic reviews content was analyzed by the independent work of two authors, using a narrative synthesis approach. The findings of this study (i.e., main themes) are areas of consensus and gaps in knowledge. Areas of consensus are HL definition, HL measurement tools, and the relationship between T2DM patient knowledge (or literacy) and his/her HL. The gaps in knowledge were the assessment of the relations between HL and health outcomes and self-efficacy, the gender differences, the effectiveness of interventions to improve HL, the cost-effectiveness study of interventions to improve HL, and the understanding of the influence of organizational environment on HL. Conclusion This review provides a current state of knowledge to address clinical practice and research proposals. HL could be useful to personalize patients' follow-up and it should be routinely assessed in its three dimensions (i.e. functional, interactive and critical) to enhance patients' ability to cope with clinical recommendations. Future research should be mainly aimed to test the effectiveness of evidence-based interventions to improve HL amongst T2DM patients.
      PubDate: 2017-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1071-1
  • Fetuin-A levels and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review
           and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Vivian Yawei Guo; Bing Cao; Chunyan Cai; Kenneth King-yip Cheng; Bernard Man Yung Cheung
      Abstract: Aims Fetuin-A has been linked to insulin resistance and obesity. Its role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) has also been discussed. We aimed to investigate the prospective association of fetuin-A and the risk of T2DM in a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods A systematic search of studies from the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Pubmed and Web of Science using fetuin-A, diabetes and various synonyms was conducted up to June 5, 2017. Relevant studies were extracted by two reviewers independently. The quality of studies was assessed using Newcastle–Ottawa scales. Overall estimates were pooled using fixed effect with inverse variance meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses by gender, study population, techniques of assessing fetuin-A, diabetes ascertainment methods, follow-up duration and measures of association were conducted. Results Seven studies comprising a total of 11,497 individuals and 2176 cases of T2DM were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. Overall, one SD increment of fetuin-A level was associated with a 23% greater risk of incident T2DM (RR: 1.23, 95% CI 1.16–1.31). No significant heterogeneity or publication bias was found. The association was relatively stable across different subgroups. However, the association seemed only evident in women, but not in men. Conclusions Higher circulating fetuin-A levels were associated with increased risk of T2DM. However, the causality deserved further analysis.
      PubDate: 2017-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1068-9
  • Physical activity levels of patients with type 2 diabetes in hospital and
           at home
    • Authors: E. Pupier; C. Fagour; M. Tavitian; S. Pezzino; V. Rigalleau
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1067-x
  • Routine resting energy expenditure measurement increases effectiveness of
           dietary intervention in obesity
    • Authors: Stefano Massarini; Anna Ferrulli; Federico Ambrogi; Concetta Macrì; Ileana Terruzzi; Stefano Benedini; Livio Luzi
      Abstract: Aims Primary outcome of this observational study was to compare weight changes in two groups of overweight and obese individuals: subjects who had a diet prescribed on the base of resting energy expenditure (REE) measured by indirect calorimetry and subjects whose REE was estimated by a predictive equation. In addition, we analyzed differences in weight and metabolic parameter variation in subjects with and without an adequate to predicted REE. Methods We retrospectively analyzed data of 355 overweight and obese patients: 215 on a diet based on REE measured by indirect calorimetry and 140 following a diet based on REE estimated by the Harris–Benedict equation. Anthropometric and metabolic parameters were evaluated for 18 months from baseline. Propensity score adjustment was used to adjust for known differences between the groups being compared. Results A significant greater decrease in body weight was observed in the group that underwent indirect calorimetry compared to the group that did not undergo it (p < 0.001). No significant differences were observed between patients with not adequate to predicted REE compared to patients with adequate to predicted REE. Conclusions A weight reduction program based on REE measurement appears more effective than a dietary program based on predictive formulas. This study suggests the routine use of indirect calorimetry in all weight reduction procedures.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1064-0
  • Errors in insulin treatment management and risk of lipohypertrophy
    • Authors: Giuseppe Maria Pozzuoli; Mario Laudato; Maria Barone; Franco Crisci; Bianca Pozzuoli
      Abstract: Aims Lipohypertrophy (LH) represents the most common skin-related complication associated with insulin therapy. Our aim is to estimate the prevalence of LH among insulin-treated patients, to identify its association with errors in insulin injection technique and storage, and the correlation between LH, risk of hypoglycemia, and glycemic control. Methods Consecutive patients with T1DM or T2DM, attending a diabetes clinic for a routine visit, were administered an anonymous questionnaire investigating the modalities of insulin injection, the correct use of pen device, insulin storage, and reported frequency of hypoglycemic episodes. The presence of LH was assessed by inspection and palpation of injection sites. Results Overall, 352 patients were enrolled (mean age 68 ± 12 years, 43.2% males, 88.9% with T2DM, mean duration of insulin therapy 9.1 ± 8.6 years). The prevalence of LH was 42.9%. At multivariate analysis, the strongest correlates of LH were not spacing injections (OR 20.4; 95% CI 10.5–39.6) and not rotating the site of injection (OR 2.01; 95% CI 1.08–3.75). Increasing doses of insulin and longer duration of insulin therapy also increased the risk of LH. The presence of LH was associated with a 2.7 times higher risk of severe hypoglycemia. Higher daily insulin doses, lack of rotation of injection sites, and keeping insulin in use in the refrigerator were independent correlates of higher HbA1c levels. Conclusions Insulin injection technique is suboptimal in many patients, highlighting the need for improved patient education. Increasing the awareness of the importance of preventing lipohypertrophy and insulin injection errors represents an important tool to reduce the clinical, social, and economic burden of diabetes.
      PubDate: 2017-11-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1066-y
  • Fetal sex influences maternal fasting plasma glucose levels and basal
           β-cell function in pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance
    • Authors: Xinqian Geng; Lulu Geng; Yinan Zhang; Huijuan Lu; Yixie Shen; Ruihua Chen; Pingyan Fang; Minfang Tao; Congrong Wang; Weiping Jia
      Abstract: Aims Fetal sex has recently emerged as a new factor that is related to maternal glucose homeostasis during pregnancy. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of fetal sex on maternal glucose metabolism in women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) during pregnancy in the Chinese population. Methods A total of 877 pregnant women with NGT were recruited at 24–28 weeks of gestation and underwent a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Pregnant women were divided into two groups according to fetal sex. Physical examinations and laboratory tests were performed. Pancreatic β-cell function and insulin sensitivity were evaluated using OGTT-derived indices. Results Compared with women bearing female fetuses, women who delivered male fetuses had higher fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentrations [4.5 (4.2–4.8) vs. 4.4 (4.2–4.7) mmol/L, P < 0.05], but lower HOMA-β [161.9 (118.2–238.8) vs. 181.0 (131.7–260.9), P < 0.05] and Stumvoll first phase of insulin secretion [1230.2 (1077.9–1433.7) vs. 1290.9 (1134.0–1493.2), P < 0.05]. Multiple linear regression analysis indicated that the sex of the fetus was independently associated with maternal FPG and HOMA-β. Further binary logistic regression analyses revealed that the presence of a male fetus was significantly associated with elevated FPG [odds ratio (OR) 1.50; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12–2.00; P = 0.006] and lower HOMA-β (OR 0.70; 95% CI 0.52-0.94; P = 0.018) even after adjustment for potential confounders. Conclusions This study provided evidence that maternal glucose metabolism could be affected by fetal sex even in NGT pregnant women. Our results suggest that the presence of male fetuses was independently associated with maternal elevated FPG and lower basal β-cell function.
      PubDate: 2017-11-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1055-1
  • Erratum to: Microvascular effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor
           agonists in type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled
    • Authors: Ilaria Dicembrini; Besmir Nreu; Alessia Scatena; Francesco Andreozzi; Giorgio Sesti; Edoardo Mannucci; Matteo Monami
      Abstract: In the manuscript, the events of nephropathy and retinopathy recorded for the LEADER trial (Marso et al. 2016) were erroneously imputed; the numbers reported in Table 1 for that trial refer to serious adverse events, and not to total events, as stated in Methods. The correct figures are 268 and 416 cases of nephropathy, and 106 and 92 cases of retinopathy in liraglutide and control arms, respectively. As a consequence, the overall risk (MH-OR [95% CI]) of nephropathy and retinopathy with GLP-1RA (vs all comparators) is 0.77 [0.67–0.88], p < 0.001, and 0.99 [0.80–1.21], p = 0.90, respectively. The analyses reported in Figs. 1 and 2 were also corrected and reported below, together with supplementary figures 3 and 5. Please note that liraglutide is associated with a significant reduction in the incidence of nephropathy, whereas for retinopathy the difference from placebo is no longer statistically significant.
      PubDate: 2017-09-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1049-z
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