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Showing 1 - 200 of 2351 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover
Acta Diabetologica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.587
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 18  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-5233 - ISSN (Online) 0940-5429
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Issue focusing: a new topical collection on diabetic nephropathy
    • Authors: Giuseppe Pugliese; Massimo Porta
      Pages: 1091 - 1092
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1228-6
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 11 (2018)
  • Advances in understanding the genetic basis of diabetic kidney disease
    • Authors: Man Li; Marcus G. Pezzolesi
      Pages: 1093 - 1104
      Abstract: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a devastating complication of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and leads to increased morbidity and mortality. Earlier work in families has provided strong evidence that heredity is a major determinant of DKD. Previous linkage analyses and candidate gene studies have identified potential DKD genes; however, such approaches have largely been unsuccessful. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have made significant contribution in identifying SNPs associated with common complex diseases. Thanks to advanced technology, new analytical approaches, and international research collaborations, many DKD GWASs have reported unique genes, highlighted novel biological pathways and suggested new disease mechanisms. This review summarizes the current state of GWAS technology; findings from GWASs of DKD and its related traits conducted over the past 15 years and discuss the future of this field.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1193-0
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 11 (2018)
  • Glomerular endothelial cells versus podocytes as the cellular target in
           diabetic nephropathy
    • Authors: Silvia Maestroni; Gianpaolo Zerbini
      Pages: 1105 - 1111
      Abstract: It usually takes several years (in some cases, decades) for predisposed individuals to move from the onset of type 1 or type 2 diabetes to the development of microalbuminuria, the first sign of diabetic nephropathy. This long, complication-free, period represents the best possible moment to start a successful preventive strategy (primary prevention) aimed to avoid or at least to postpone the increase of albumin excretion rate. Prevention is based on understanding and counteracting the initial mechanisms leading to the development of the disease and unfortunately, in case of diabetic nephropathy, most of them remain unclear. Little is also known about which, among endothelial cells and podocytes, represent the first glomerular target of the complication. Selective damage of the endothelium or of the podocyte results, as a common consequence, in an increase of albumin excretion rate. Albuminuria by itself cannot therefore be of help to solve the case. Endothelium and podocytes are involved in a continuous cross-talk and by studying the impact of diabetes on this “communication” process it should be possible to obtain some information regarding the weak component of the glomerular filter. Finally, the careful investigation of the mechanisms leading to the development podocyturia, a recently identified glomerular dysfunction associated to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy, could contribute to shed some more light on the very early stages of this complication.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1211-2
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 11 (2018)
  • Association between circulating visfatin and gestational diabetes
           mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Wangxin Zhang; Dan Zhao; Zixiu Meng; Huachen Wang; Kunsheng Zhao; Xia Feng; Yuejin Li; Aishe Dun; Xu Jin; Haifeng Hou
      Pages: 1113 - 1120
      Abstract: Aims Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a medical complication of any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. Although visfatin is commonly considered to be related to GDM, studies revealed inconsistent results. This study aimed to clarify the relationship between visfatin and GDM. Methods The protocol for this study was registered in PROSPERO (No. CRD42018086204) in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). PubMed and Embase databases were used to search for relevant studies published up to September 30, 2017. The difference of visfatin levels between women with GDM and the controls was measured by standardised mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Results Twenty-six studies that were published in 24 articles met the inclusion criteria, in which 2305 participants (1033 with GDM, mean age 31.39 years and 1272 controls, and mean age 29.99 years) were included. The quantitative meta-analysis revealed no significant difference in circulating visfatin levels between women with GDM and the controls (SMD = 0.249, 95% CI = − 0.079 to 0.576, P = 0.137). Subgroup analyses were performed referring to body mass index (BMI) where inconsistent results have been observed between cases and controls groups. For the ten studies, in which the level of BMI in women with GDM was higher than that in the control group, the pooled result showed that circulating visfatin was significantly higher among women with GDM than the controls (SMD = 0.367, 95% CI = 0.06 to 0.728, P = 0.046). Of other 16 studies BMI-matched, the pooled SMD illustrated no difference of visfatin. Conclusions Our study elucidates that visfatin is not independently associated with GDM. Visfatin is linked to GDM through maternal overweight/obesity, which is one of the major factors leading to the development of GDM.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1188-x
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 11 (2018)
  • Phenotyping normal kidney function in elderly patients with type 2
           diabetes: a cross-sectional multicentre study
    • Authors: G P Fadini; For the DARWIN-T2D Network; A Solini; M L Manca; G Zatti; I Karamouzis; A Di Benedetto; L Frittitta; A Avogaro
      Pages: 1121 - 1129
      Abstract: Aims Type 2 diabetes (T2D) accelerates the decline in glomerular function; however, some individuals do not develop chronic kidney disease despite advanced age and long-lasting T2D. We aimed to phenotype patients with T2D aged 80 years or older who presented with a fully preserved kidney function. Methods From an Italian population of 281,217 T2D outpatients, we collected data on demographics, anthropometrics, diabetes duration, HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose, lipids, liver enzymes, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), albumin excretion rate (AER), chronic complications, and medication use. We primarily compared patients with a fully preserved kidney function (eGFR > 90 ml/min/1.73 m2 and AER < 30 mg/24 h, or G1A1) with those with mild kidney impairment (eGFR 60–90 ml/min/1.73 m2 and AER < 30 mg/24 h, or G2A1). Results N = 113,860 had available data for eGFR and AER, 21,648 of whom were aged ≥ 80. G1A1 (n = 278) and G2A1 (n = 6647) patients represented 1.3 and 30.7% of aged T2D patients, respectively, with an average diabetes duration of 16 years. Differences between the G1A1 and G2A1 groups were entered in a multiple logistic regression analysis with and without imputation of missing data. After adjustment and in both imputed and non-imputed datasets, younger age, lower BMI and lower triglycerides were associated with fully preserved versus mildly impaired kidney function. The comparison between G1A1 and G1A2/3 yielded different results. Conclusions In a rare population of patients with a fully preserved kidney function despite old age and long-lasting diabetes, lower BMI and triglycerides suggest that protection from lipotoxicity may preserve kidney function over time.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1194-z
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 11 (2018)
  • The association between cigarette smoking and diabetic nephropathy in
           Chinese male patients
    • Authors: Qianqian Han; Shanshan Wang; Junlin Zhang; Rui Zhang; Ruikun Guo; Yiting Wang; Hanyu Li; Huan Xu; Fang Liu
      Pages: 1131 - 1141
      Abstract: Aims To investigate the association between cigarette smoking and the clinicopathological features and renal prognosis of type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). Methods A total of 223 T2DM male patients with biopsy-proven DN who received follow-up for at least 1 year were recruited. The patients were divided into two groups based on smoking status: smoking group and non-smoking group. Clinicopathologic differences were analyzed between the two groups. In addition, smokers were divided into two groups of binary analysis based on smoking amounts and two groups of former smokers and current smokers, and subgroups analysis based on age and DR, respectively. The influence of smoking on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was estimated using logistic regression analysis and Cox regression on renal outcomes. Renal outcomes were defined by progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or doubling of serum creatinine (D-SCr) level. Results Compared with nonsmokers, smoking patients had more moderate decline eGFR (p = 0.032) and tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis (p = 0.033). The adjusted logistic regression analysis suggested cigarette smoking was negatively associated with more severe decline eGFR (p = 0.015), especially for patients with DR (p = 0.010) and patients of age ≤ 50 years (p = 0.012) in the subgroup analysis. In the prognosis analysis, no obvious significant risk factor was shown about smoking. Interestingly, it was observed that former smokers had lower levels of plasma glucose and triglycerides than current smokers (both p < 0.05), while smokers with small smoking amounts had lower levels of triglycerides than those with large smoking amounts (p < 0.05). Conclusion Cigarette smoking patients with T2DM and DN had more moderate decline eGFR, especially for DN patients with DR, and milder IFTA lesions, although an obviously significant risk factor was not shown about smoking for DN.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1197-9
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 11 (2018)
  • Urinary tubular biomarkers as predictors of kidney function decline,
           cardiovascular events and mortality in microalbuminuric type 2 diabetic
    • Authors: Viktor Rotbain Curovic; Tine W. Hansen; Mie K. Eickhoff; Bernt Johan von Scholten; Henrik Reinhard; Peter Karl Jacobsen; Frederik Persson; Hans-Henrik Parving; Peter Rossing
      Pages: 1143 - 1150
      Abstract: Aims Urinary levels of kidney injury molecule 1 (u-KIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (u-NGAL) reflect proximal tubular pathophysiology and have been proposed as risk markers for development of complications in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). We clarify the predictive value of u-KIM-1 and u-NGAL for decline in eGFR, cardiovascular events (CVE) and all-cause mortality in patients with T2D and persistent microalbuminuria without clinical cardiovascular disease. Methods This is a prospective study that included 200 patients. u-KIM-1 and u-NGAL were measured at baseline and were available in 192 patients. Endpoints comprised: decline in eGFR > 30%, a composite of fatal and nonfatal CVE consisting of: cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, ischemic heart disease and heart failure based on national hospital discharge registries, and all-cause mortality. Adjusted Cox models included traditional risk factors, including eGFR. Hazard ratios (HR) are provided per 1 standard deviation (SD) increment of log2-transformed values. Relative integrated discrimination improvement (rIDI) was calculated. Results During the 6.1 years’ follow-up, higher u-KIM-1 was a predictor of eGFR decline (n = 29), CVE (n = 34) and all-cause mortality (n = 29) in adjusted models: HR (95% CI) 1.68 (1.04–2.71), p = 0.034; 2.26 (1.24–4.15), p = 0.008; and 1.52 (1.00–2.31), p = 0.049. u-KIM-1 contributed significantly to risk prediction for all-cause mortality evaluated by rIDI (63.1%, p = 0.001). u-NGAL was not a predictor of any of the outcomes after adjustment. Conclusions In patients with T2D and persistent microalbuminuria, u-KIM-1, but not u-NGAL, was an independent risk factor for decline in eGFR, CVE and all-cause mortality, and contributed significant discrimination for all-cause mortality, beyond traditional risk factors.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1205-0
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 11 (2018)
  • Optimization of kidney dysfunction prediction in diabetic kidney disease
           using targeted metabolomics
    • Authors: Isabel Ibarra-González; Ivette Cruz-Bautista; Omar Yaxmehen Bello-Chavolla; Marcela Vela-Amieva; Rigoberto Pallares-Méndez; Diana Ruiz de Santiago Y Nevarez; María Fernanda Salas-Tapia; Ximena Rosas-Flota; Mayela González-Acevedo; Adriana Palacios-Peñaloza; Mario Morales-Esponda; Carlos Alberto Aguilar-Salinas; Laura del Bosque-Plata
      Pages: 1151 - 1161
      Abstract: Aims Metabolomics have been used to evaluate the role of small molecules in human disease. However, the cost and complexity of the methodology and interpretation of findings have limited the transference of knowledge to clinical practice. Here, we apply a targeted metabolomics approach using samples blotted in filter paper to develop clinical-metabolomics models to detect kidney dysfunction in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Methods We included healthy controls and subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) with and without DKD and investigated the association between metabolite concentrations in blood and urine with eGFR and albuminuria. We also evaluated performance of clinical, biochemical and metabolomic models to improve kidney dysfunction prediction in DKD. Results Using clinical-metabolomics models, we identified associations of decreased eGFR with body mass index (BMI), uric acid and C10:2 levels; albuminuria was associated to years of T2D duration, A1C, uric acid, creatinine, protein intake and serum C0, C10:2 and urinary C12:1 levels. DKD was associated with age, A1C, uric acid, BMI, serum C0, C10:2, C8:1 and urinary C12:1. Inclusion of metabolomics increased the predictive and informative capacity of models composed of clinical variables by decreasing Akaike’s information criterion, and was replicated both in training and validation datasets. Conclusions Targeted metabolomics using blotted samples in filter paper is a simple, low-cost approach to identify outcomes associated with DKD; the inclusion of metabolomics improves predictive capacity of clinical models to identify kidney dysfunction and DKD-related outcomes.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1213-0
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 11 (2018)
  • Implementation of effective transition from pediatric to adult diabetes
           care: epidemiological and clinical characteristics—a pioneering
           experience in North Africa
    • Authors: Leïla Essaddam; Wafa Kallali; Manel Jemel; Hager Kandara; Inès Kammoun; Mohamed Hsairi; Leïla Ben Salem; Saayda Ben Becher
      Pages: 1163 - 1169
      Abstract: Aims Type 1 diabetes is increasing in children leading more T1D young adults to adult healthcare settings. This change is experienced as a tear and results in a disengagement from specialist services. This study reports on an implementation of an effective and pioneering program of transition in North Africa. Methods A total of 65 teenagers with T1D were recruited for a structured program of transition. They attend transitional meetings involving both pediatric and adult team and were, when ready, welcomed in specialized consultations for adolescents with a special « passport ». Here we study their characteristics before and after structured transition and the benefit of this program. Results 9 transition meetings took place (September 2012–December 2017). Mean age was 16.5 years. Mean age at onset of T1D was 7.5 years with average pediatric follow-up of 9 years.72% of young adults felt satisfied. After the transition meeting, 74% of patients wished to join directly adult unit. They were followed there for 28.4 ± 16.2 months. The glycaemic control improved significantly with a decrease in HbA1C of 0.93 ± 1.69% the first year of follow-up and the number of young adults achieving a HbA1C < 7.5% increased by 8%. Conclusion This program was beneficial for 75% of patients who demonstrated an improvement in their metabolic control the year following transition to adult care service. To our knowledge, this study is the first one in North Africa to report on the outcome of a structured transition program from pediatric to adult diabetes care.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1196-x
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 11 (2018)
  • Type 2 diabetes and treatment intensification in primary care in Finland
    • Authors: Leo Niskanen; Jarmo Hahl; Jari Haukka; Elli Leppä; Tatu Miettinen; Vasili Mushnikov; Raija Sipilä; Nadia Tamminen; Pia Vattulainen; Pasi Korhonen
      Pages: 1171 - 1179
      Abstract: Aim To identify how the electronic health record (EHR) systems and national registers can be used for research purposes. We focused on how the primary care physicians adhere to clinical guidelines. Methods Study population included incident type 2 diabetes patients from four selected regions. Data were collected in two phases. At the first phase study cohort was identified using the prescription registers of the Social Insurance Institution (SII) and EHR systems used within the study regions. At second phase, data were collected from SII’s registers, local EHR systems, the hospital discharge and the primary care registers of National Institute for Health and Welfare. Results Metformin was the most common choice as first drug. Among all study patients, 8375 (76.0%) started metformin monotherapy or combinations. The treatment was intensified at variable levels of HbA1c depending on the area. DPP4-inhibitors were by far the most common agent for treatment intensification. Sulphonylureas were used less often than basal insulin as the second-line agent. The use of DPP4-inhibitors increased between years 2009–2010, when first DPP4-inhibitor received reimbursement and this class became dominant drug for treatment intensification increasingly thereafter. Conclusions The EHR systems and national registers can be used for research purposes in Finland. The realization of diabetes treatment national guidelines are followed in primary care to a large extent. However, the subsequent intensification of therapy was delayed and occurred at elevated Hba1c levels.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1199-7
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 11 (2018)
  • Measuring visual cortical oxygenation in diabetes using functional
           near-infrared spectroscopy
    • Authors: Ross T. Aitchison; Laura Ward; Graeme J. Kennedy; Xinhua Shu; David C. Mansfield; Uma Shahani
      Pages: 1181 - 1189
      Abstract: Aims Diabetes mellitus affects about 6% of the world’s population, and the chronic complications of the disease may result in macro- and micro-vascular changes. The purpose of the current study was to shed light on visual cortical oxygenation in diabetic individuals. We then aimed to compare the haemodynamic response (HDR) to visual stimulation with glycaemic control, given the likelihood of diabetic individuals suffering from such macro- and micro-vascular insult. Methodology Thirty participants took part in this explorative study, fifteen of whom had diabetes and fifteen of whom were non-diabetic controls. The HDR, measured as concentrations of oxyhaemoglobin [HbO] and deoxyhaemoglobin [HbR], to visual stimulation was recorded over the primary visual cortex (V1) using a dual-channel oximeter. The stimulus comprised a pattern-reversal checkerboard presented in a block design. Participants’ mean glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level (± SD) was 7.2 ± 0.6% in the diabetic group and 5.5 ± 0.4% in the non-diabetic group. Raw haemodynamic data were normalised to baseline, and the last 15 s of data from each ‘stimulus on’ and ‘stimulus off’ condition were averaged over seven duty cycles for each participant. Results There were statistically significant differences in ∆[HbO] and ∆[HbR] to visual stimulation between diabetic and non-diabetic groups (p < 0.05). In the diabetic group, individuals with type 1 diabetes displayed an increased [HbO] (p < 0.01) and decreased [HbR] (p < 0.05) compared to their type 2 counterparts. There was also a linear relationship between both ∆[HbO] and ∆[HbR] as a function of HbA1c level (p < 0.0005). Conclusions Our findings suggest that fNIRS can be used as a quantitative measure of cortical oxygenation in diabetes. Diabetic individuals have a larger HDR to visual stimulation compared to non-diabetic individuals. This increase in ∆[HbO] and decrease in ∆[HbR] appears to be correlated with HbA1c level.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1200-5
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 11 (2018)
  • Early and localized retinal dysfunction in patients with type 1 diabetes
           mellitus studied by multifocal electroretinogram
    • Authors: Lucia Ziccardi; Vincenzo Parisi; Fabiana Picconi; Antonio Di Renzo; Marco Lombardo; Simona Frontoni; Mariacristina Parravano
      Pages: 1191 - 1200
      Abstract: Aims To investigate the function of localized retinal areas in highly selected type 1 diabetes mellitus patients (DM1) with no or mild signs of diabetic retinopathy (NO DR and NPDR, respectively) and its correlation with age, diabetes duration and glycemic control. Methods Multifocal electroretinograms (mfERG) were recorded in 35 eyes of 18 NO DR patients and 38 eyes of 19 NPDR patients. Thirty-one eyes of 17 normal subjects were enrolled as controls. N1-P1 response amplitude densities (RADs) and P1 implicit times (ITs) from isolated (R1: 0°–2.5°, R2: 2.5°–5°, R3: 5°–10°) and combined (R1 + R2, R2 + R3 and R1 + R2 + R3) annular rings and from four retinal sectors (nasal, N; temporal, T; superior, S and inferior, I) with increasing eccentricities up to 10° (S1, S2, S3, S1 + S2, S1 + S2 + S3) were measured. The statistical differences between DM1 groups and controls were tested by ANOVA. The electrophysiological data were correlated with age, duration of diabetes and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level using the Pearson’s test. Results MfERG RADs, but not ITs, from all isolated and combined rings and sectors up to 10° of foveal eccentricity were statistically different between DM1 groups compared to controls. No significant differences were found between NO DR and NPDR patients. The mfERG abnormalities of the central retinal areas were correlated significantly with age in both DM1 groups and with diabetes duration mainly in NPDR group. Conclusions In DM1 patients, localized retinal dysfunction, described by reduced mfERG RAD, can be observed also in the absence of clinical signs of DR and it is related to aging.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1209-9
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 11 (2018)
  • Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus and hypomethylation at additional
           imprinted loci: novel ZFP57 mutation and review on the literature
    • Authors: Ameni Touati; Javier Errea-Dorronsoro; Sonia Nouri; Yosra Halleb; Arrate Pereda; Nabiha Mahdhaoui; Aida Ghith; Ali Saad; Guiomar Perez de Nanclares; Dorra H’mida ben brahim
      Abstract: Aim 6q24-related transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (6q24-TNDM) is a rare imprinting disorder characterized by uncontrolled hyperglycemia during the first 6 months of life. The molecular etiology of 6q24-TNDM is attributable to overexpression of the paternally inherited PLAGL1 and HYMAI genes located on the 6q24 locus. One of these major defects is maternal loss of methylation (LOM) at 6q24. In addition, approximately 50% of TNDM patients that present LOM at 6q24 can also display hypomethylation at additional imprinted loci (multilocus imprinting disturbances, MLID). Interestingly, the majority of these patients carry mutations in the ZFP57 gene, a transcription factor required for the adequate maintenance of methylation during early embryonic development. Methods Methylation analysis of 6q24 and additional imprinted loci was carried out by MS-MLPA in a Tunisian male patient with clinical diagnosis of TNMD. For the same patient, mutation analysis of the ZFP57 gene was conducted by direct Sanger sequencing. Results We report a novel nonsense mutation (c.373C > T; p.R125*; ENST00000376883.1) at the ZFP57 gene causing TNDM-MLID and describe detailed phenotype/epigenotype analysis of TNMD patients carrying ZFP57 mutations. Conclusion We provide additional support to the role of ZFP57 as a genetic determinant cause of MLID in patients with TNMD.
      PubDate: 2018-10-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1239-3
  • Prevalence of vitamin B 12 deficiency in South Indians with different
           grades of glucose tolerance
    • Authors: Ramamoorthy Jayashri; Ulagamathesan Venkatesan; Menon Rohan; Kuppan Gokulakrishnan; Coimbatore Subramanian Shanthi Rani; Mohan Deepa; Ranjit Mohan Anjana; Viswanathan Mohan; Rajendra Pradeepa
      Abstract: Aims To determine the prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in an urban south Indian population in individuals with different grades of glucose tolerance. Methods A total of 1500 individuals [900 normal glucose tolerance (NGT), 300 prediabetes and 300 type 2 diabetes (T2DM)] who were not on vitamin B12 supplementation were randomly selected from the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiological Study (CURES) follow-up study. Anthropometric, clinical and biochemical investigations, which included vitamin B12, insulin, homocysteine, HbA1c and serum lipids, were measured. Vitamin B12 ≤ 191 pg/ml was defined as absolute vitamin B12 deficiency and vitamin B12 > 191 pg/ml and ≤ 350 pg/ml as borderline deficiency. Results The mean levels of vitamin B12 significantly decreased with increasing degrees of glucose tolerance (NGT 444 ± 368; prediabetes 409 ± 246; T2DM 389 ± 211 pg/ml, p = 0.021). The prevalence of absolute vitamin B12 deficiency was 14.9% while 37.6% had borderline deficiency. The prevalence of absolute vitamin B12 deficiency was significantly higher among individuals with T2DM (18.7%) followed by prediabetes (15%) and NGT(13.7%) [p for trend = 0.05]. The prevalence of vitamin B12 significantly increased with age (p < 0.05) and in those with abdominal obesity (p < 0.001). Men and vegetarians had twice the risk of vitamin B12 deficiency compared to women and non-vegetarians, respectively. Among individuals with NGT, prediabetes and T2DM, vitamin B12 negatively correlated with homocysteine. Conclusion This study reports that the levels of vitamin B12 decreased with increasing severity of glucose tolerance.
      PubDate: 2018-10-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1240-x
  • High prevalence of humoral autoimmunity in first-degree relatives of
           Mexican type 1 diabetes patients
    • Authors: Norma C. Segovia-Gamboa; Martha E. Rodríguez-Arellano; Andrés Muñoz-Solís; Jorge E. Retana-Jiménez; Germán Vargas-Ayala; Julio Granados; Marisela Jiménez-Sánchez; Carmen Sanchez-Torres
      Abstract: Aims To assess the prevalence of autoantibodies (Aab) to insulin (IAA), glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GADA) and insulinoma antigen 2 (IA-2A), as well as human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II alleles, in first degree relatives (FDR) of Mexican patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), and to explore whether these parameters mirror the low incidence of T1D in the Mexican population. Methods Aab titers were determined by ELISA in 425 FDR, 234 siblings, 40 offspring and 151 parents of 197 patients with T1D. Typing of HLA-DR and -DQ alleles was performed in 41 Aab-positive FDR using polymerase chain reaction with allele-specific oligotyping. Results Seventy FDR (16.47%) tested positive for Aab. The siblings (19.2%) and the offspring (25%) had significantly higher prevalence of Aab than the parents (9.9%). GADA was the most frequent Aab. Almost half of the Aab-positive FDR had two different Aab (45.7%), and none tested positive for three Aab. The highest prevalence of Aab was found among women in the 15–29 years age group. Moreover, the positivity for two Aab was significantly more frequent among females. A considerable number of FDR (48.8%) carried the susceptible HLA-DR3, -DR4, -DQB1*0201 or -DQB1*0302 alleles, but almost none had the high risk genotype HLA-DR3/DR4. Conclusions FDR of Mexican T1D patients have high prevalence of islet Aab, comparable to countries with the highest incidence of T1D. However, Aab positivity does not seem to be associated with HLA risk genotypes, which may have an impact on the low incidence of T1D in Mexico.
      PubDate: 2018-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1241-9
  • Patient preferences for treatment in type 2 diabetes: the Italian
           discrete-choice experiment analysis
    • Authors: Giulio Marchesini; Patrizio Pasqualetti; Roberto Anichini; Salvatore Caputo; Giuseppe Memoli; Paola Ponzani; Veronica Resi; Manfredi Rizzo; Gaetano Serviddio; Giorgio Zanette
      Abstract: Aims Several drug classes are now available to achieve a satisfactory metabolic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), but patients’ preferences may differ. Methods In a discrete-choice experiment, we tested T2DM patients’ preferences for recent antidiabetic drugs, in the event that their treatment might require intensification. The following attributes were considered: (a) route of administration; (b) type of delivery; (c) timing; (d) risk of adverse events; (e) effects on body weight. Twenty-two possible scenarios were built, transferred into 192 paired choices and proposed to 491 cases naïve to injectable treatments and 171 treated by GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs). Analyses were performed by descriptive statistics and random effects logit regression model. Results Preferences according to dosing frequency, risk of nausea and urinary tract infections (UTls) were similar across groups, age, sex and BMI. Administration route and delivery type accounted for 1/3 of relative importance; the risk of UTIs, nausea and dosing frequency for ≈ 20% each, and weight loss for only 6%. Two significant interactions emerged (p < 0.01): type of delivery × group, and weight change × BMI class. Irrespective of previous treatment, the three preferred choices were injectable, coupled with weekly dosing and a ready-to-use device (first two choices). In a regression model, being naïve or non-naïve changed the ranking of preferences (p < 0.001), and the order was systematically shifted towards injectable medications in non-naïve subjects. Conclusion Easy-to-deliver, injectable treatment is preferred in T2DM, independently of treatment history, and previous experience with GLP-1RAs strengthens patients’ willingness to accept injectable drugs.
      PubDate: 2018-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1236-6
  • Regulation of MMP 2 and MMP 9 expressions modulated by AP-1 (c-jun) in
           wound healing: improving role of Lucilia sericata in diabetic rats
    • Authors: Fatma Kübra Tombulturk; Tugba Soydas; Elif Yaprak Sarac; Matem Tuncdemir; Ender Coskunpinar; Erdal Polat; Serhat Sirekbasan; Gonul Kanigur-Sultuybek
      Abstract: Aims Lucilia sericata larvae have been successfully used on healing of wounds in the diabetics. However, the involvement of the extraction/secretion (ES) products of larvae in the treatment of diabetic wounds is still unknown. Activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription, composed of c-jun and c-Fos proteins, has been shown to be the principal regulator of multiple MMP transcriptions under a variety of conditions, also in diabetic wounds. Specifically, MMP-2 and MMP-9’s transcriptions are known to be modulated by AP-1. c-jun has been demonstrated to be a repressor of p53 in immortalized fibroblasts. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of L. sericata ES on the expression of AP-1 (c-jun), p53, MMP-2, and MMP-9 in wound biopsies dissected from streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Methods The expression levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, c-jun and p53 in dermal tissues were determined at days 0, 3, 7 and 14 after wounding, using immunohistochemical analysis and quantitative real-time PCR. Results The treatment with ES significantly decreased through inflammation-based induction of MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression levels in the wounds of diabetic groups, compared to control groups at the third day of wound healing. At the 14th day, there were dramatic decreases in expression of c-jun, MMP-9, and p53 in ES-treated groups, compared to the diabetic group (P < 0.001, P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). Conclusion ES products of L. sericata may enhance the process of wound healing in phases of inflammation, proliferation, and re-epithelization, essentially via regulating c-jun expression and modulating MMP-2 and MMP-9 expressions.
      PubDate: 2018-10-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1237-5
  • Screening of HNF1A and HNF4A mutation and clinical phenotype analysis in a
           large cohort of Chinese patients with maturity-onset diabetes of the young
    • Authors: Xiaojing Wang; Tong Wang; Miao Yu; Huabing Zhang; Fan Ping; Qian Zhang; Jianping Xu; Kai Feng; Xinhua Xiao
      Abstract: Aims The study aimed to screen the HNF1A and HNF4A mutation in a large Chinese cohort of high clinical suspicion of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) patients and characterize the clinical features of those patients. The performance of hsCRP as a biomarker to differentiate MODY3 from early onset T2DM was also evaluated. Methods A total of 74 patients with a strong clinical suspicion of MODY from 59 families and 33 newly diagnosed early-onset T2DM were included. HNF1A and HNF4A mutations were analyzed by Sanger sequencing. ROC curves were used to identify the optimal cutoff of hsCRP. Results One novel (c.864_865insG) and six recurrent HNF1A mutations (R203H, R263H, P379T, L422P, P519L and c.873delC) in 17 patients from 8 families (13.6%), as well as one novel HNF4A (R331H) mutation were identified. Nonspecific clinical presentations were observed in MODYX compared to MODY3 patients. MODY3 subjects exhibited with younger, lower BMI, TG, fasting and postprandial C-peptide, higher HDL than T2DM. Particularly, we confirmed serum hsCRP was lower in MODY3 than T2DM. ROC curve showed a good discrimination with an AUC of 0.852 and identified a cutoff hsCRP of 0.79 (75% sensitivity and 83% specificity). Good glycemic control was observed in all identified patients after switching to glimepiride therapy. Conclusions The prevalence of HNF1A mutation was relatively lower in Mainland China and HNF4A mutation was rare. Serum hsCRP concentrations performed well in discriminating MODY3 from T2DM. Molecular diagnosis of MODY3/1 did transform management in clinical practice and facilitated the glycemic control.
      PubDate: 2018-10-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1232-x
  • Diabetes mellitus induced by PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitors: description of
           pancreatic endocrine and exocrine phenotype
    • Authors: Lucien Marchand; Arnaud Thivolet; Stéphane Dalle; Karim Chikh; Sophie Reffet; Julien Vouillarmet; Nicole Fabien; Christine Cugnet-Anceau; Charles Thivolet
      Abstract: Aims Programmed cell death-1 and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) inhibitors restore antitumor immunity, but many autoimmune side-effects have been described. Diabetes mellitus is a rare complication, and little data concerning its pathophysiology and phenotype have been published. This study aimed to describe both pancreatic endocrine and exocrine functions, immunological features and change in pancreas volume in subjects with diabetes mellitus induced by PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitors. Methods We analyzed the data of six subjects treated with immunotherapy who presented acute diabetes. Results There were five men and one woman. Median age was 67 years (range 55–83). Three subjects were treated with nivolumab, two with pembrolizumab and one with durvalumab. Median time to diabetes onset after immunotherapy initiation was 4 months (range 2–13). Four patients presented fulminant diabetes (FD); none of these had type 1 diabetes (T1D)-related autoantibodies, none of them had T1D or FD-very high-risk HLA class II profiles. The bi-hormonal endocrine and exocrine pancreatic failure previously reported for one FD patient was not found in other FD subjects, but glucagon response was blunted in another FD patient. Pancreas volume was decreased at diabetes onset in 2 FD patients, and all patients presented a subsequent decrease of pancreas volume during follow-up. Conclusions In the patients presented herein, immunotherapy-induced diabetes was not associated with T1D-related autoantibodies. The hormonal and morphological analysis of the pancreatic glands of these six cases contributes to the understanding of the underlying and probably heterogeneous mechanisms. There is a need to find biomarkers to identify patients at risk to develop these new forms of diabetes at early stages of the process to prevent ketoacidosis and to evaluate preventive strategies.
      PubDate: 2018-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1234-8
  • Malnutrition in type 2 diabetic patients does not affect healing of foot
    • Authors: A. Rouland; C. Fourmont; A. L. Sberna; L. S. Aho Glele; T. Mouillot; I. Simoneau; B. Vergès; J. M. Petit; Benjamin Bouillet
      Abstract: Aim Protein–energy malnutrition is known to be involved in wound healing. While wound healing in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) is a complex and multifactorial process, the role of malnutrition in this case has rarely been explored. The objective of this study was to determine whether the nutritional status of diabetic patients influences the healing of DFU. Methods 48 patients were included in this prospective, single-center study. All patients with comorbidities or factors involving malnutrition or influencing biological measurements were excluded. Patients were followed up for 24 weeks. Results The malnutrition rate was 29.2% at baseline and 25.6% at the end of the study. The difference was not significant. Of the 35 patients with wound healing, 29% were undernourished at inclusion and 17% at the end of the study. Of the 12 patients without wound healing, 50% were undernourished at inclusion, and 42% at the end of the study. These differences were not significant. Rate and speed of wound healing were not associated with malnutrition at inclusion. 15% of patients without malnutrition at baseline had final malnutrition. Conclusion We demonstrated that wound healing was not affected by the initial presence of malnutrition. In our study, there is no evidence to support nutritional intervention to improve wound healing in diabetic patients. Nevertheless, malnutrition is responsible for an increase in morbidity and mortality and it is essential to identify malnutrition systematically for all patients with DFU, initially and during follow-up to treat it quickly and efficiently.
      PubDate: 2018-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1233-9
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