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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2329 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2329 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Acta Diabetologica
  [SJR: 1.318]   [H-I: 46]   [14 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-5233 - ISSN (Online) 0940-5429
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • The English National Screening Programme for diabetic retinopathy
    • Authors: Peter H. Scanlon
      Pages: 515 - 525
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of the English NHS Diabetic Eye Screening Programme is to reduce the risk of sight loss amongst people with diabetes by the prompt identification and effective treatment if necessary of sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy, at the appropriate stage during the disease process. In order to achieve the delivery of evidence-based, population-based screening programmes, it was recognised that certain key components were required. It is necessary to identify the eligible population in order to deliver the programme to the maximum number of people with diabetes. The programme is delivered and supported by suitably trained, competent, and qualified, clinical and non-clinical staff who participate in recognised ongoing Continuous Professional Development and Quality Assurance schemes. There is an appropriate referral route for those with screen-positive disease for ophthalmology treatment and for assessment of the retinal status in those with poor-quality images. Appropriate assessment of control of their diabetes is also important in those who are screen positive. Audit and internal and external quality assurance schemes are embedded in the service. In England, two-field mydriatic digital photographic screening is offered annually to all people with diabetes aged 12 years and over. The programme commenced in 2003 and reached population coverage across the whole of England by 2008. Increasing uptake has been achieved and the current annual uptake of the programme in 2015–16 is 82.8% when 2.59 million people with diabetes were offered screening and 2.14 million were screened. The benefit of the programme is that, in England, diabetic retinopathy/maculopathy is no longer the leading cause of certifiable blindness in the working age group.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0974-1
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 6 (2017)
  • Modulation of microglia in the retina: new insights into diabetic
    • Authors: Ana I. Arroba; Ángela M. Valverde
      Pages: 527 - 533
      Abstract: Abstract During last decades, the diagnosis of diabetes has been associated with several chronic complications such as diabetic retinopathy (DR). Recent studies of DR have revealed an inflammatory component, which precedes the detection of alterations in the visual function. During DR, the inflammatory process presents two opposite roles depending on the polarization of resident immune cells of the retina triggering proinflammatory (M1) or antiinflammatory (M2) actions. In an early stage of DR, the M2 response concurs with the M1 and is able to ameliorate inflammation and delay the progression of the disease. However, during the progression of DR, the M1 response is maintained whereas the M2 declines and, in this scenario, the classical proinflammatory signaling pathways are chronically activated leading to retinal neurodegeneration and the loss of visual function. The M1/M2 responses are closely related to the activation and polarization of microglial cells. This review aims to offer an overview of the recent insights into the role of microglial cells during inflammation in DR. We have focused on the possibility of modulating microglia polarization as a new therapeutic strategy in DR treatments.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0984-z
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 6 (2017)
  • Cause-specific mortality in a cohort of Brazilian patients with type 1
    • Authors: Marilia B. Gomes; Ana P. Almeida; Deborah C. Santos; Eliete Leão; Edna F. Cunha; Carlos A. Negrato
      Pages: 535 - 542
      Abstract: Aims To assess cause-specific mortality in a cohort of patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) followed at an university hospital (tertiary level, Rio de Janeiro city) and an outpatient clinic (secondary level, Bauru city) both in Brazil’s southeast, and associations of survival with gender, age at diagnosis, self-reported ethnicity and diabetes duration. Methods Our study is based on a cohort of patients with T1D whose vital status was determined as of December 31, 2015. The causes of mortality were determined by death certificates and outpatient clinic records. Results Among 986 patients, (54.4%) females, (74.8%) Caucasians, 886 (89.9%) were alive, 62 (6.3%) had died, and in 38 (3.9%) the vital status was unknown. Median age at death [interquartile range] and diabetes duration until death were 30.0 [13] and 15.6 [10] years, respectively. Considering those who died (n = 62), most patients (about 70%) died from end-stage renal disease, macrovascular disease or acute complications of diabetes, mainly diabetic ketoacidosis. The other causes of mortality were infections, fatal accidents and non-diabetes-related. The standardized mortality ratio was 3.13 [2.35–4.08] in those aged under 40. In a multivariate Cox model, “age < 40 years” and “year of diagnosis” were the only significant variables with hazard ratios of 6.259 [(3.100–12.639), p < 0.001] and 0.915 [(0.880–0.951), p < 0.001], respectively. Conclusions Our study shows that patients with T1D had a threefold increase in mortality. The specific causes of mortality were mainly diabetes-related chronic complications; however, acute complications, especially diabetic ketoacidosis, persisted as an important cause of mortality.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0975-0
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 6 (2017)
  • The impact of type 1 diabetes and diabetic polyneuropathy on muscle
           strength and fatigability
    • Authors: Giorgio Orlando; Stefano Balducci; Ilenia Bazzucchi; Giuseppe Pugliese; Massimo Sacchetti
      Pages: 543 - 550
      Abstract: Aims Although it is widely accepted that diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) is linked to a marked decline in neuromuscular performance, information on the possible impact of type 1 diabetes (T1D) on muscle strength and fatigue remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of T1D and DPN on strength and fatigability in knee extensor muscles. Methods Thirty-one T1D patients (T1D), 22 T1D patients with DPN (DPN) and 23 matched healthy control participants (C) were enrolled. Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) and endurance time at an intensity level of 50% of the MVC were assessed at the knee extensor muscles with an isometric dynamometer. Clinical characteristics of diabetic patients were assessed by considering a wide range of vascular and neurological parameters. Results DPN group had lower knee extensor muscles strength than T1D (−19%) and the C group (−37.5%). T1D group was 22% weaker when compared to the C group. Lower body muscle fatigability of DPN group was 22 and 45.5% higher than T1D and C group, respectively. T1D group possessed a higher fatigability (29.4%) compared to C group. A correlation was found between motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity and muscle strength and fatigability. Conclusions Patients with T1D are characterised by both a higher fatigability and a lower muscle strength, which are aggravated by DPN. Our data suggest that factors other than nervous damage play a role in the pathogenesis of such defect.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0979-9
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 6 (2017)
  • Leptin induces osteoblast differentiation of human valvular interstitial
           cells via the Akt and ERK pathways
    • Authors: Mickael Rosa; Camille Paris; Yoann Sottejeau; Delphine Corseaux; Emmanuel Robin; Madjid Tagzirt; Francis Juthier; Ramadan Jashari; Antoine Rauch; André Vincentelli; Bart Staels; Eric Van Belle; Sophie Susen; Annabelle Dupont
      Pages: 551 - 560
      Abstract: Aims Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) affects 2–6% of the population over 65 years, and age, gender, smoking, overweight, dyslipidemia, diabetes contribute to the development of this disease. CAVD results, in part, from the osteoblast differentiation of human valvular interstitial cells (VICs). This study aims to elucidate the effects of leptin on osteoblast phenotype of VICs and the signalling pathways involved. Methods Patients who underwent aortic valve replacement for CAVD (n = 43) were included in this study. Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) without CAVD (n = 129) were used as controls. Results Patients with CAVD had higher serum leptin concentrations than CAD patients (p = 0.002). Leptin was found in calcific aortic valves, with higher concentrations in calcified versus non-calcified zones (p = 0.01). Chronic leptin stimulation of human VICs enhanced alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and ALP, BMP-2 and RUNX2 expression and decreased osteopontin expression. Moreover, inhibiting Akt or ERK during leptin stimulation lowered the expression of osteoblast markers in VIC. Conclusions Taken together, these findings indicate that leptin plays a critical role in CAVD development by promoting osteoblast differentiation of human aortic VICs in an Akt- and ERK-dependent manner. This study highlights the role of leptin in CAVD development, and further studies are needed to determine whether reducing circulating leptin levels or blocking leptin actions on VICs is efficient to slow CAVD progression.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0980-3
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 6 (2017)
  • Renal function preservation with pioglitazone or with basal insulin as an
           add-on therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    • Authors: Yu-Hung Chang; Der-Wei Hwu; Dao-Ming Chang; Ling-Wang An; Chang-Hsun Hsieh; Yau-Jiunn Lee
      Pages: 561 - 568
      Abstract: Aims Clinical outcome may differ owing to the distinct pharmacological characteristics of insulin sensitizers and insulin. This study was performed to compare the metabolic and renal function changes with add-on pioglitazone treatment versus basal insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in whom sulfonylurea and metformin regimens failed. Methods Patients who were consecutively managed in the diabetes comprehensive program with add-on pioglitazone or detemir/glargine treatment for at least 2 years following sulfonylurea and metformin treatment failure were included. Results A total of 1002 patients were enrolled (pioglitazone: 559, detemir: 264, glargine: 179). After propensity score matching, there were 105 patients with matchable baseline characteristics in each group. After a mean of 3.5 years of follow-up, the pioglitazone group showed a greater HbA1c reduction than the detemir group and the glargine group. Despite patients in all three groups exhibiting significant body weight gain, those in the pioglitazone group and the glargine group showed greater body weight increases than the patients in the detemir group (2.1, 1.6 and 0.8 kg, respectively, p < 0.05). Interestingly, Cox regression analysis indicated that patients under detemir or glargine treatment had a higher probability of CKD progression as compared with the pioglitazone group, with hazard ratios of 2.63 (95% CI 1.79–3.88) and 3.13 (95% CI 2.01–4.87), respectively. Conclusions Our study first showed that treatment with both pioglitazone and basal insulin improved glycemic control, while only pioglitazone treatment was observed to be advantageous in terms of preserving renal function when used as an add-on therapy for patients with type 2 DM in whom sulfonylurea and metformin regimens failed.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0983-0
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 6 (2017)
  • Relationship between healthy lifestyle behaviors and cardiovascular risk
           factors in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a subanalysis
           of the CCMR-3B STUDY
    • Authors: Yuxin Huang; on behalf of CCMR-3B STUDY Investigators; Jihu Li; Xiaolin Zhu; Jiao Sun; Linong Ji; Dayi Hu; Changyu Pan; Wen Tan; Suyuan Jiang; Xiaoming Tao
      Pages: 569 - 579
      Abstract: Aims This subanalysis of a cross-sectional, nationwide study was undertaken to assess the relationship between healthy lifestyle behaviors and multiple cardiovascular risk factors among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods Data collected from 25,454 participants, including demographics, lifestyle behaviors and cardiovascular risk profiles, were analyzed. Blood pressure control as well as blood glucose and blood lipid (3Bs) levels were measured as multi-risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Healthy lifestyle behaviors included regular exercise, nonsmoking status and no alcohol consumption. The relationship between the healthy lifestyle behavior(s) and control of 3B(s) was calculated. Results Of the 25,454 eligible participants, 4171 (16.4%) were current smokers, 2011 (7.9%) currently consumed alcohol, and 11,174 (43.9%) did not exercise. In total, 654 (2.6%) reported all three unhealthy lifestyle behaviors. Most participants (71.1%) had received at least a high school education and were more likely to smoke and drink as compared to those with lower education. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors were commonly found in participants with low atherosclerosis risk, such as non-elderly people and those with an above-college education level. Unhealthy lifestyle is associated with poor 3B control and worse medication adherence. Conclusions Unhealthy lifestyles are common in Chinese people with T2DM, especially in people who are non-elderly and above-college educated. Interventions aimed at changing risky lifestyle behaviors are required for improved outcomes for Chinese patients with T2DM.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0981-2
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 6 (2017)
  • The microRNA-7-mediated reduction in EPAC-1 contributes to vascular
           endothelial permeability and eNOS uncoupling in murine experimental
    • Authors: Veronica Garcia-Morales; Julian Friedrich; Lysanne M. Jorna; Manuel Campos-Toimil; Hans-Peter Hammes; Martina Schmidt; Guido Krenning
      Pages: 581 - 591
      Abstract: Aims To investigate the consequences of oxidative stress and hypoxia on EPAC-1 expression during retinopathy. Methods Oxygen-induced retinopathy was induced in mice and EPAC-1 expression investigated by immunofluorescence. In silico analyses were used to identify a link between EPAC-1 expression and microRNA-7-5p in endothelial cells and confirmed by western blot analyses on cells expressing microRNA-7-5p. In vitro, endothelial cells were either incubated at 2% oxygen or transfected with microRNA-7-5p, and the effects of these treatments on EPAC-1 expression, endothelial hyperpermeability and NO production were assessed. In the Ins2Akita mouse model, levels of EPAC-1 expression as well as microRNA-7-5p were assessed by qPCR. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase was assessed by immunoblotting in the Ins2Akita model. Results Hypoxia induces the expression of microRNA-7-5p that translationally inhibits the expression of EPAC-1 in endothelial cells, resulting in hyperpermeability and the loss of eNOS activity. Activation of EPAC-1 by the cAMP analogue 8-pCPT-2′-O-Me-cAMP reduced the sensitivity of EPAC-1 to oxidative stress and restored the endothelial permeability to baseline levels. Additionally, 8-pCPT-2′-O-Me-cAMP rescued eNOS activity and NO production. In mouse models of retinopathy, i.e., oxygen-induced retinopathy and the spontaneous diabetic heterozygous Ins2Akita mice, EPAC-1 levels are decreased which is associated with an increase in microRNA-7-5p expression and reduced eNOS activity. Conclusion/Interpretation In retinopathy, EPAC-1 expression is decreased in a microRNA-7-mediated manner, contributing to endothelial dysfunction. Pharmacological activation of remnant EPAC-1 rescues endothelial function. Collectively, these data indicate that EPAC-1 resembles an efficacious and druggable target molecule for the amelioration of (diabetic) retinopathy.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0985-y
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 6 (2017)
  • Determinants of glomerular filtration rate following bariatric surgery in
           individuals with severe, otherwise uncomplicated, obesity: an
           observational, prospective study
    • Authors: Marta Seghieri; Edoardo Vitolo; Livia Giannini; Eleonora Santini; Chiara Rossi; Antonio Salvati; Anna Solini
      Pages: 593 - 598
      Abstract: Aims Obesity-induced nephropathy is an established clinical entity arising from a “maladaptive” response to lipid accumulation at the nephron level. Bariatric surgery positively affects renal function, reducing or increasing glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in subjects with hyperfiltration and renal impairment, respectively. The effect of this surgery in patients with normal estimated GFR (eGFR) is less clear. Methods A complete clinical and biochemical assessment of 135 severely obese, otherwise healthy subjects, was obtained before Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). All subjects underwent an OGTT with plasma glucose and insulin determinations. Follow-up data were recorded at 6, 12, 24 and 48 months after intervention. Results Baseline eGFR was 98.2 ± 13.6 ml/min/1.73 m2; hyperfiltration (>120 ml/min/1.73 m2) was present in 7% of the cohort. No eGFR variation over the follow-up emerged, except at the last visit (−3.6 ± 1.4 ml/min/1.73 m2 at month 48, p = 0.01 vs baseline). In the univariate analysis, the renal performance at 48 months was inversely related to baseline eGFR (r = −0.17, p = 0.04) and plasma triglycerides (r = −0.04, p = 0.05). Fasting and OGTT-derived variables did not impact eGFR. By multiple regression analysis, eGFR time course was independently predicted only by baseline eGFR (p = 0.03). Interestingly, patients having a baseline eGFR >100 ml/min/1.73 m2 (median value) showed, after 48 months, an average loss of −8.3 ± 2.2 ml/min/1.73 m2, while those with eGFR <100 exhibited a slight increase (+1.8 ± 2.3 ml/min/1.73 m2, p < 0.01). Conclusions Long-term data confirm the safety of RYGB on renal function. Interestingly, a subtle hyperfiltration, i.e., occurring in high-normal range of eGFR, is attenuated by surgical procedure. Lastly, high serum triglycerides may track an unfavorable renal outcome.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0988-8
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 6 (2017)
  • Fine tuning of nutritional therapy by using continuous glucose monitoring
           in an infant with a gastrointestinal malformation
    • Authors: Davide Tinti; Salvatore Garofalo; Antonella Lezo; Jurgen Schleef; Ivana Rabbone
      Pages: 607 - 609
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0924-3
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 6 (2017)
  • Investigation of the relationship between hemoglobin and serum iron levels
           and early-phase insulin secretion in non-diabetic subjects: statistical
           and methodological issues
    • Authors: Mohadeseh Sani; Erfan Ayubi; Salman Khazaei; Kamyar Mansori
      Pages: 513 - 514
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-016-0921-6
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 5 (2017)
  • Team management of gestational diabetes: a training experience
    • PubDate: 2017-05-26
  • Erratum to: A novel insulin sensitivity index particularly suitable to
           measure insulin sensitivity during gestation
    • PubDate: 2017-05-22
  • Heterogeneity of proliferative markers in pancreatic β-cells of patients
           with severe hypoglycemia following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
    • Authors: Mary-Elizabeth Patti; Allison B. Goldfine; Jiang Hu; Dag Hoem; Anders Molven; Jeffrey Goldsmith; Wayne H. Schwesinger; Stefano La Rosa; Franco Folli; Rohit N. Kulkarni
      Abstract: Aims Severe postprandial hypoglycemia with neuroglycopenia is an increasingly recognized, debilitating complication of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. Increased secretion of insulin and incretin hormones is implicated in its pathogenesis. Histopathologic examination of pancreas has demonstrated increased islet size and/or nuclear diameter in post-RYGB patients who underwent pancreatectomy for severe refractory hypoglycemia with neuroglycopenia (RYGB + NG). We aimed to determine whether β-cell proliferation or apoptosis is altered in RYGB + NG. Methods We performed an observational study to analyze markers of proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle, and transcription factor expression in pancreatic tissue from affected RYGB + NG patients (n = 12), normoglycemic patients undergoing pancreatic surgery for benign lesions (controls, n = 6), and individuals with hypoglycemia due to insulinoma (n = 52). Results Proliferative cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression was increased in insulin-positive cells in RYGB + NG patients (4.5-fold increase, p < 0.001 vs. controls) and correlated with β-cell mass. Ki-67 immunoreactivity was low in both RYGB + NG and controls, but did not differ between groups. Phospho-histone H3 levels did not differ between RYGB + NG and controls. PCNA and Ki-67 were both significantly lower in both controls and RYGB + NG than insulinomas. Markers of apoptosis and cell cycle (M30, p27, and p21) did not differ between groups. PDX1 and menin exhibited similar expression patterns, while FOXO1 appeared to be more cytosolic in RYGB + NG. Conclusions Markers of proliferation are heterogeneous in patients with severe post-RYGB hypoglycemia. Increased β-cell proliferation in some individuals may contribute to increased β-cell mass observed in severely affected patients.
      PubDate: 2017-05-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1001-2
  • Psoriasis in children with type 1 diabetes: A new comorbidity to be
    • Authors: Luisa Di Costanzo; Valentina Fattorusso; Enza Mozzillo; Angela Patrì; Roberta Di Caprio; Elena De Nitto; Nicola Balato; Adriana Franzese
      PubDate: 2017-05-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-1000-3
  • The honeymoon period repeatedly appears in two cases of type 1 diabetes
    • Authors: Sicheng Li; Chen Fang; Yun Huang; Heming Guo; Ji Hu
      PubDate: 2017-05-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0998-6
  • Role of the PKCβII/JNK signaling pathway in acute glucose
           fluctuation-induced apoptosis of rat vascular endothelial cells
    • Abstract: Aims The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism of vascular endothelial cell apoptosis induced by acute blood glucose fluctuation. Methods Thirty rats were assigned to three groups: normal saline (SAL group), constant high glucose (CHG group) and acute blood glucose fluctuation (AFG) group. Other forty rats were assigned to SAL group, AFG group, LY group (PKCβ inhibitor LY333531 was injected intragastrically to the rats who were under acute blood glucose fluctuation) and SP group (JNK inhibitor SP600125 was injected intraperitoneally to the rats who were under acute blood glucose fluctuation). Oxidative stress and inflammatory cytokines were detected. TUNEL was performed to detect apoptosis. Pro-caspase-3, caspase-3 p17, JNK, PKC-βII and insulin signaling-related protein expression were tested by Western blotting. Results After administration of LY333531, AFG-induced membrane translocation of PKCβII protein was inhibited, but SP600125 failed to affect AFG-induced PKCβII membrane translocation. After administration of LY333531, the AFG-induced increase in JNK activity was significantly compromised. LY333531 inhibited AFG-induced oxidative stress. However, SP600125 only slightly inhibited AFG-induced oxidative stress reaction (P > 0.05). Both LY333531 and SP600125 can reverse AFG-induced endothelial cell apoptosis increase, inflammatory cytokines levels rise and insulin signaling impairment. Conclusions It is necessary to actively control blood glucose and avoid significant glucose fluctuation. PKCβII/JNK may serve as a target, and inhibitors of PKCβII/JNK may be used to help prevent cardiovascular diseases in patients with poor glucose control or significant glucose fluctuation.
      PubDate: 2017-05-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0999-5
  • Optical coherence tomography angiography analysis of retinal vascular
           plexuses and choriocapillaris in patients with type 1 diabetes without
           diabetic retinopathy
    • Authors: Adriano Carnevali; Riccardo Sacconi; Eleonora Corbelli; Livia Tomasso; Lea Querques; Gianpaolo Zerbini; Vincenzo Scorcia; Francesco Bandello; Giuseppe Querques
      Abstract: Aims To analyze retinal vascular plexuses and choriocapillaris by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) and retinal nerve fiber layer and ganglion cell layer (GCL) by structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) without diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods A total of 25 eyes of 25 consecutive T1DM patients without signs of DR were prospectively recruited and compared to 25 healthy subjects (control eyes). All patients underwent OCT-A (CIRRUS HD-OCT model 5000, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA) and structural OCT. Qualitative and quantitative analyses with vessel density were performed on OCT-A images in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus (DCP) and choriocapillaris for all patients. Results By means of OCT-A, a rarefaction of the perifoveal capillary network in SCP was detected in 7 out of 25 eyes. No significant difference was found in FAZ area of both SCP and DCP comparing diabetic and control groups. By analyzing the DCP, diabetic eyes revealed a significant decreased vessel density compared to control eyes [0.464 ± 0.016 and 0.477 ± 0.014, respectively (p = 0.005)]. Instead, no significant difference was found in the vessel density of all-retina plexus, SCP and choriocapillaris. By RFNL and GCL thickness analysis, no significant differences were disclosed between diabetics and healthy subjects. Conclusions We demonstrated the ability of OCT-A to disclose early vascular alterations in patients with T1DM diagnosed as without any signs of DR on the basis of fundus biomicroscopy. Our results also suggest that microvascular changes could precede detectable damage of diabetic neuroretinopathy.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0996-8
  • Bilateral lower limb edema induced by rapid improvement of glycemic
           control with insulin therapy in a subject with poorly controlled type 2
    • Authors: Yuki Kan; Takatoshi Anno; Fumiko Kawasaki; Maiko Takai; Ryo Shigemoto; Hideaki Kaneto; Kohei Kaku; Niro Okimoto
      PubDate: 2017-04-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0997-7
  • Glucose-independent association of adiposity and diet composition with
           cardiovascular risk in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes
    • Authors: Claudio Maffeis; Elena Fornari; Anita Morandi; Claudia Piona; Francesca Tomasselli; Mara Tommasi; Marco Marigliano
      Abstract: Aims To test the hypothesis that diet composition, adiposity and glycometabolic control could independently contribute to an increase in the cardiovascular risk (CVR) for children/adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Methods One hundred and eighty children/adolescents with T1D (age range 5–18 years) were enrolled. Diet (3-day weighed dietary record), physical (height, weight, waist circumference, bioelectrical impedance analysis) and biochemical (HbA1c, lipid profile) parameters were recorded. Regression models, using non-HDL cholesterol (a gross index of CVR) as the dependent variable and HbA1c (mmol/mol), fat mass (FM) %, lipid-to-carbohydrate intake ratio as independent ones, were calculated. Results Non-HDL cholesterol was significantly associated with adiposity (FM%; r = 0.27, 95% CI 0.13–0.43), body fat distribution (waist-to-height ratio; r = 0.16, 95% CI 0.02–0.31), lipid intake [% of energy intake (EI)] (r = 0.25, 95% CI 0.11–0.41), carbohydrate intake (% EI; r = −0.24, 95% CI 0.10–0.40), lipid-to-carbohydrate intake ratio (r = 0.26, 95% CI 0.12–0.42) and blood glucose control (HbA1c; r = 0.24, 95% CI 0.10–0.40). A p value cutoff of 0.10 was used for covariates to be included in the regression analysis. Multiple regression analysis showed that adiposity (FM%), blood glucose control (HbA1c) and lipid-to-carbohydrate intake ratio independently contributed to explaining the inter-individual variability of non-HDL cholesterol (R 2 = 0.163, p < 0.05). Conclusions Adiposity and lipid-to-carbohydrate intake ratio affect non-HDL cholesterol, a gross index of CVR, regardless of HbA1c, in children and adolescents with T1D. Intervention to reduce CVR in T1D patients should focus not only on glycometabolic control but also on adiposity and diet composition.
      PubDate: 2017-04-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-017-0993-y
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