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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2348 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2348 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 141, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover
Acta Diabetologica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.587
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 18  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-5233 - ISSN (Online) 0940-5429
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2348 journals]
  • The post-HAPO situation with gestational diabetes: the bright and dark
    • Authors: Annunziata Lapolla; Boyd E. Metzger
      Pages: 885 - 892
      Abstract: Aim In 2010, in light of the data coming from the HAPO study, the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) proposed a new detection strategy and diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes based on a one-step approach with a 75 g OGTT. This review analyzes and discusses the bright and dark sides of their application. Methods The assessment of these recommendations by the international organizations involved in the care of gestational diabetes and a series of observational, retrospective and prospective studies that have been published since 2010 regarding the use of the IADPSG recommendations have been evaluated. Results The different international associations involved in the care of pregnancy and of pregnancy complicated by diabetes have not taken an univocal position some of which have accepted them, while others have criticized them. Then, the actual application of the approach recommended by the IADPSG for detecting and diagnosing GDM varies, even at centers that reportedly accept the new diagnostic criteria. Conclusion So the challenge lies in making every effort to achieve a global standardization of the strategies for detecting, diagnosing and treating GDM.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1146-7
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • Aerobic training improves platelet function in type 2 diabetic patients:
           role of microRNA-130a and GPIIb
    • Authors: Atousa Akbarinia; Mehdi Kargarfard; Mahmood Naderi
      Pages: 893 - 899
      Abstract: Aims MicroRNAs (miRs) that are mediators of gene expression have been implicated in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Platelet hyper-reactivity is one of the most important disorders in T2DM patients. In this study, we explored the effects of aerobic training (AT) on platelet aggregation and Glycoprotein IIb (GPIIb) receptor and miR-130a expression. Methods In a quasi-experimental controlled trial, 24 sedentary, eligible female participants with T2DM were selected (age 61.92 ± 3.63) and divided into AT and control (CON) groups based on their peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak). AT protocol was performed three times per week in non-consecutive days on a treadmill with mean intensity (60–75% VO2peak) for 8 weeks, while the control group refrained from any type of exercise training. Two blood samples were taken before and after this period. Real-time PCR was used to determine the expression of platelet GPIIb and miR-130a. Moreover, platelet indices (PLT, MPV, PDW, and PCT), collagen-induced platelet aggregation and glycemic variables were measured. Results Analyses of data showed that anthropometric variables, VO2peak and glycemic control improved significantly (P < 0.01) after AT. Furthermore, MPV, PDW (P < 0.01), and platelet aggregation (P < 0.001) decreased significantly following AT compared with control group. Platelet GPIIb expression down-regulated significantly (P < 0.05) in AT group but up-regulation of miR-130a expression was not significant between two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions Platelet hyper-reactivity in T2DM females might be decreased not only by glycemic control and amelioration of anthropometric and platelet indices, but also the down-regulation of GPIIb following AT. However, more research is needed to determine the effects of exercise training on platelet miR-130a.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1167-2
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • Association of branched chain amino acids related variant rs1440581 with
           risk of incident diabetes and longitudinal changes in insulin resistance
           in Chinese
    • Authors: Liping Xuan; Yanan Hou; Tiange Wang; Mian Li; Zhiyun Zhao; Jieli Lu; Yu Xu; Yuhong Chen; Lu Qi; Weiqing Wang; Yufang Bi; Min Xu
      Pages: 901 - 908
      Abstract: Aims Previous genome-wide association studies reported rs1440581 was significantly associated with circulating branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) levels in Europeans. We aimed to investigate association of BCAAs related variant rs1440581 with incident T2D risk and longitudinal changes in glucose-related metabolic traits in a community-based prospective cohort of Chinese. Methods 6043 non-diabetic participants aged ≥ 40 years from a community-based population at baseline were included and followed-up for 5 years. The BCAAs related variant rs1440581 was genotyped. Incident T2D was defined as fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≥ 7.0 mmol/L or taking anti-diabetic therapy. Anthropometry and biochemical measurements were evaluated at both baseline and follow-up. Results 576 (9.5%) participants developed T2D during the 5-year follow-up. Each C-allele was associated with a 20% higher risk of incident T2D (odds ratio = 1.20, 95% confidence interval [1.05, 1.36]) after adjustments for the confounders. We did not find a main effect of the variant on increase in fasting serum insulin (FSI) level or insulin resistance (IR). However, we found rs1440581 significantly modified effect of weight gain on increase in FSI and HOMA-IR. In the C-allele carriers, body mass index increase was associated with greater increase in Log10_FSI (β ± SE 0.027 ± 0.002) and Log10_HOMA-IR (0.030 ± 0.003), as compared to T-allele (both P for interaction = 0.003). Conclusions BCAAs related genetic variant rs1440581 was associated with an increased risk of incident T2D in a Chinese population. This variant might modify effect of weight gain on development in IR.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1165-4
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • Association analysis of copy number variations in type 2 diabetes-related
           susceptible genes in a Chinese population
    • Authors: Yu-Xiang Yan; Jia-Jiang-Hui Li; Huan-Bo Xiao; Shuo Wang; Yan He; Li-Juan Wu
      Pages: 909 - 916
      Abstract: Aims Copy number variations (CNVs) have been implicated as an important genetic marker of common disease. In this study, we explored genetic effects of common CNVs in Type 2 diabetes (T2D) related susceptible genes in Chinese population. Methods Seven common CNV loci were selected from genes enclosing the susceptible single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of T2D confirmed by genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and replication studies conducted in east Asia population. The CNVs and SNPs were genotyped in 504 T2D patients and 494 non-T2D controls. Cumulative effect of the positive CNV loci was measured using genetic risk score (GRS). Multiplicative and additive interaction between candidate CNV loci and SNPs were assessed. Results Compared with the common two copies, the deletion of nsv6360 (adjusted OR = 2.28, 95% CI 1.37–3.78, P = 0.001), nsv8414 (adjusted OR = 1.89, 95% CI 1.16–3.08, P = 0.006) and nsv1898 (adjusted OR = 1.84, 95% CI 1.19–2.84, P = 0.005) were significantly associated with increased risk of T2D (P < 0.007). Significant dose–response relationship was observed between GRS and the risk of T2D (χ2 for trend = 19.51, P < 0.001). In addition, significant additive interactions between nsv8414 and rs17584499 in PTPRD (AP = 0.60, 95% CI 0.12–1.07) and nsv1898 and rs16955379 in CMIP (AP = 0.46, 95% CI 0.01–0.91) were observed. Conclusions There were three CNV loci (nsv6360, nsv8414 and nsv1898) associated with T2D, and a significant cumulative effect of these loci on the risk of T2D. The comprehensive effects of both CNVs and SNPs may provide a more useful tool for the identification of genetic susceptibility for T2D.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1168-1
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • The relationship between sleep and cognitive function in patients with
           prediabetes and type 2 diabetes
    • Authors: Sunee Saetung; Hataikarn Nimitphong; Nantaporn Siwasaranond; Rungtip Sumritsopak; Panitha Jindahra; Orapitchaya Krairit; Ammarin Thakkinstian; Thunyarat Anothaisintawee; Sirimon Reutrakul
      Pages: 917 - 925
      Abstract: Aims Diabetes is linked to cognitive impairment. Sleep plays a role in memory consolidation. Sleep disturbances, commonly found in patients with diabetes, were shown to be related to cognitive dysfunction. This study explored the role of sleep in cognitive function of patients with abnormal glucose tolerance. Methods A total of 162 patients (81 type 2 diabetes and 81 prediabetes) participated. Sleep duration and sleep efficiency (an indicator of sleep quality) were obtained using 7-day actigraphy recordings. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was screened using an overnight in-home monitor. Cognitive function was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Three sub-scores of MoCA, visuoexecutive function, attention and delayed recall, were also analyzed. Results Mean age was 54.8 (10.2) years. OSA was diagnosed in 123 participants (76.9%). Mean sleep duration was 6.0 (1.0) h and sleep efficiency was 82.7 (8.1) %. Sleep duration and OSA severity were not related to MoCA scores. Higher sleep efficiency was associated with higher MoCA scores (p = 0.003), and having diabetes (vs. prediabetes) was associated with lower MoCA scores (p = 0.001). After adjusting covariates, both having diabetes (vs. prediabetes) (B = − 1.137, p = 0.002) and sleep efficiency (B = 0.085, p < 0.001) were independently associated with MoCA scores. In addition, diabetes (B = − 0.608, p < 0.001) and sleep efficiency (B = 0.038, p < 0.001) were associated with visuoexecutive function. Sleep parameters were not related to delayed recall or attention scores. Conclusion Lower sleep efficiency is independently associated with lower cognitive function in patients with abnormal glucose tolerance. Whether sleep optimization may improve cognitive function in these patients should be explored.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1166-3
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • Choroidal thickness changes in non-treated eyes of patients with diabetes:
           swept-source optical coherence tomography study
    • Authors: Hajnalka Horváth; Illés Kovács; Gábor László Sándor; Cecília Czakó; Klaudia Mallár; Zsuzsanna Récsán; Anikó Somogyi; Zoltán Zsolt Nagy; Mónika Ecsedy
      Pages: 927 - 934
      Abstract: Aims To measure choroidal thickness (CT) in diabetic eyes and its correlation with metabolic status and the severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Materials and methods Prospective cross-sectional study using swept-source optical coherence tomography. CT maps of 96 treatment naïve eyes of 48 patients with diabetes were compared to 46 eyes of 23 healthy controls. CT changes and their relation to diabetes, age, gender, disease duration, hypertension (HT), hemoglobin A1c level, type and severity of DR were evaluated. Results A significantly thinner choroid was measured in patients with diabetes compared to controls (p < 0.009). In the diabetic group age, gender, disease duration and HT were significantly correlated with CT in univariable regression models (p < 0.05). In multivariable analysis, the duration of diabetes significantly negatively correlated with CT (p = 0.02). According to analysis of variance, there was a significant difference among means of CT in different stages of DR (p = 0.002), with thinner CT in cases with more advanced DR. In a multivariable predictive model, thinner CT was associated with an increased risk for the presence of DR (p = 0.02). Conclusions Diabetes mellitus itself and the severity of DR affect CT significantly, even after adjusting for the effects of confounding systemic factors. Disease duration seems to be associated with a reduction of choroidal thickness. Decreased CT proved to be correlated with the severity of DR.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1169-0
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • The response of serum Glypican-4 levels and its potential regulatory
           mechanism to endurance training and chamomile flowers’ hydroethanolic
           extract in streptozotocin–nicotinamide-induced diabetic rats
    • Authors: Farzad Abdolmaleki; Ali Heidarianpour
      Pages: 935 - 942
      Abstract: Aims Glypican-4 (GPC-4) is a novel adipomyokine that enhances insulin signaling. Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase D (GPLD1) is thought to release GPC-4 and is itself an insulin-regulated enzyme. Beneficial effects of exercise training and chamomile flowers extract (CFE) are shown through activation of PPARγ, which is a promising drug target in diabetes and associated with GPC-4 synthesis. This study investigated the effects of 14-week treadmill running and CFE on serum GPC-4, GPLD1, and insulin levels in streptozotocin–nicotinamide (STZ–NA)-induced diabetic rats. Methods Thirty-two STZ–NA-induced diabetic male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups: control (C), training (T), CFE treatment (CFE), and training plus CFE treatment (TCFE) groups. The training groups were exercised on treadmill 5 days/week and the treating groups were fed with 200 mg/kg/day CFE in drinking water for 14 weeks. Finally, serum GPC-4, GPLD1, and insulin levels were analyzed via sandwich ELISA. Results Compared to the control group, serum insulin levels were significantly higher in the T, CFE, and TCFE groups (p < 0.05, p < 0.05, p < 0.01, respectively), while OGTT and serum GPLD1 levels were significantly lower in the T, CFE, and TCFE groups (all p < 0.001). Changes in serum GPC-4 levels were not significant. Serum GPLD1 levels were negatively correlated with insulin levels and HOMA-IS (both p < 0.001). Conclusions This study suggests that endurance training and CFE may downregulate serum GPLD1 levels in STZ–NA-induced diabetic rats, which associate with the serum insulin profile. However, the results show that endurance training and CFE may not cause serum GPC-4 adaptation in STZ–NA-induced diabetic rats.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1173-4
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • Prevalence and predictors of depression and anxiety in adult patients with
           type 1 diabetes in tertiary care setting
    • Authors: A. M. Castellano-Guerrero; R. Guerrero; F. Relimpio; F. Losada; M. A. Mangas; A. Pumar; M A. Martínez-Brocca
      Pages: 943 - 953
      Abstract: Aims To determine gender and age differences in the prevalence of depression and anxiety and their predictive factors in adult patients with type 1 diabetes (DM1). Methods Random sample of DM1 adult patients from a tertiary care hospital cohort. To evaluate the presence of depression and anxiety, psychological evaluation was performed using structured clinical interview (MINI). For the specific evaluation of fear of hypoglycemia (FH), FH-15 questionnaire was used. Results 339 patients [51.6% male; 38.5 ± 12.9 years; HbA1c 7.5 ± 1.1% (58.5 ± 14.2 mmol/mol); 20.1 ± 12.0 years of DM1] met the inclusion criteria. Prevalence of depression, anxiety, and FH in men vs. women was as follows (%): depression: 15.4 vs. 33.5 (p < 0.05); anxiety: 13.7 vs. 26.2 (p < 0.05); and FH: 42.8 vs. 46.0 (p = NS). Among midlife female patients, prevalence of depression and anxiety was higher compared to male. Moreover, comorbid depressive and anxious symptoms were also higher in midlife female patients compared to age-matched male patients (3.5 vs. 14%, p < 0.05). Apart from age-related vulnerability, female gender, poor glycemic control, and microvascular and macrovascular complications were predictive factors for depressive and anxious symptomatology. Unawareness hypoglycemia and anxiety-prone personality were predictor factors for FH. Conclusions In adults with DM1, prevalence of depression and anxiety is higher in women. Midlife patients, in particular women, show a significantly higher prevalence of anxiety symptoms and comorbid depression and anxiety. The presence of secondary complications and sustained poor glycemic control should alert to the possibility of these mental disorders, especially in the most vulnerable age population; clinical, gender and age-related patterns could help to design more effective psychological assessment and support in adult patients with DM1.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1172-5
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • Physical activity during pregnancy is associated with a lower prevalence
           of gestational diabetes mellitus in Vietnam
    • Authors: C. L. Nguyen; N. M. Pham; A. H. Lee; P. T. H. Nguyen; T. K. Chu; A. V. V. Ha; D. V. Duong; T. H. Duong; C. W. Binns
      Pages: 955 - 962
      Abstract: Aims To assess the association between physical activity (PA) during pregnancy and the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) accounting for sitting time. Methods The study used data from a cohort study of 2030 pregnant women in Vietnam. Women were recruited from six hospitals in Ha Noi, Hai Phong, and Ho Chi Minh City. Baseline measurements including PA and GDM were taken at 24–28 weeks of gestation. PA was assessed during the past 3 months before the interview using the interviewer-administered Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire. GDM was diagnosed at 24–28 weeks of gestation using the 2013 World Health Organization criteria. Results 1987 out of 2030 pregnant women were included in the final analysis, of which 432 had GDM (21.7%). Women undertaking the highest level (upper tertile) of PA during pregnancy appeared to have a lower risk of GDM [odds ratio (OR) 0.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.53–0.94, Ptrend 0.017] when compared to those at the lowest tertile of PA. Similarly, women with increased levels of moderate-intensive activity and household/caregiving activity during pregnancy were associated with reduced risks of GDM (OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.50–0.86, Ptrend 0.002 and OR 0.72, 95% CI 0.55–0.95, Ptrend 0.020, respectively). These apparent inverse associations were not attenuated by their sitting time. There were no significant associations between sitting time, light-intensity activity, vigorous-intensity activity, occupation, sports/exercise, commuting, or meeting exercise guidelines and GDM risk. Conclusions High levels of PA, particularly moderate-intensity and household/caregiving activities during pregnancy were associated with a lower prevalence of GDM independent of sitting time.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1174-3
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • Relationship between sleep disturbance and self-care in adults with type 2
    • Authors: Bingqian Zhu; Laurie Quinn; Mary C. Kapella; Ulf G. Bronas; Eileen G. Collins; Laurie Ruggiero; Chang G. Park; Cynthia Fritschi
      Pages: 963 - 970
      Abstract: Aims Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a metabolic disorder requiring intensive self-care to maintain optimal glycemic control. Sleep disturbance is common in T2D patients and likely impairs glycemic control. Our aim was to examine the relationship between sleep disturbance and self-care in adults with T2D. Methods This study used a correlational design. Sixty-four adults with T2D were recruited. Validated instruments were used to measure self-care, subjective sleep disturbance, and covariates (e.g., diabetes distress, self-efficacy, fatigue, and daytime sleepiness). Over an 8-day period, the ActiGraph-wGT3X was used to measure objective sleep outcomes (e.g., total sleep time and number of awakenings). Bivariate correlation and multiple linear regression analyses were conducted. Results The mean age of the participants was 60.6 (SD 6.8) years (range 50–78), and 51.6% were women. Controlling for covariates, subjective sleep disturbance (β = − 0.26), diabetes distress (β = − 0.39), and daytime sleepiness (β = − 0.21) were strong predictors of diabetes self-care (R2 = 0.51, p < 0.001). When objective sleep parameters were used, the number of awakenings (β = − 0.23) also predicted self-care along with diabetes distress, fatigue, and daytime sleepiness (R2 = 0.57, p < 0.001). Conclusions Subjective sleep disturbance and frequent nocturnal awakenings are associated with worse diabetes self-care in adults with T2D. Healthcare providers are recommended to include comprehensive sleep assessment at every clinical visit. Diabetes educators may consider including sleep-related education in their diabetes self-management classes and/or counseling sessions.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1181-4
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • Glucose control during kidney transplantation in type 1 diabetes patient
           on sensor augmented pump: a case report
    • Authors: Marija Zivkovic; Goran Petrovski; Iskra Bitoska
      Pages: 971 - 973
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1147-6
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • Accelerometer-derived physical activity in those with cardio-metabolic
           disease compared to healthy adults: a UK Biobank study of 52,556
    • Authors: Sophie Cassidy; Harley Fuller; Josephine Chau; Michael Catt; Adrian Bauman; Michael I. Trenell
      Pages: 975 - 979
      Abstract: Aim Cardio-metabolic disease and physical activity are closely related but large-scale objective studies which measure physical activity are lacking. Using the largest accelerometer cohort to date, we aimed to investigate whether there is an association between disease status and accelerometer variables after a 5-year follow-up. Methods 106,053 UK Biobank participants wore a wrist-worn GENEactiv monitor. Those with acceptable wear time (> 3 days) were split into 4 cardio-metabolic disease groups based on self-report disease status which was collected 5 ± 1 years prior. Multiple linear regression models were used to investigate associations, controlling for confounders and stratified for gender. Results Average daily acceleration was lower in men (‘healthy’-42 ± 15 mg v ‘Type 2 diabetes + cardiovascular disease (CVD)’-31 ± 12 mg) and women (‘healthy’-44 ± 13 mg v ‘Type 2 diabetes + CVD’-31 ± 11 mg) with cardio-metabolic disease and this was consistent across both week and weekend days. Men and women with the worst cardio-metabolic disease perform around half of moderate to vigorous physical activity on a daily basis compared to healthy individuals, and spend almost 7 h per day in 30 min inactivity bouts. Significant associations were seen between cardio-metabolic disease and accelerometer variables 5 years on when controlling for confounders. Conclusion In the largest accelerometer cohort to date, there are significant associations between cardio-metabolic disease and physical activity variables after 5 years of follow-up. Triaxial accelerometers provide enhanced measurement opportunities for measuring lifestyle behaviours in chronic disease.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1161-8
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • Can HbA1c combined with fasting plasma glucose help to assess priority for
           GCK-MODY vs HNF1A-MODY genetic testing'
    • Authors: Maurizio Delvecchio; The Diabetes Study Group of the Italian Society of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes (ISPED); Giuseppina Salzano; Clara Bonura; Vittoria Cauvin; Valentino Cherubini; Giuseppe d’Annunzio; Adriana Franzese; Sabrina Giglio; Valeria Grasso; Vanna Graziani; Dario Iafusco; Lorenzo Iughetti; Riccardo Lera; Claudio Maffeis; Giulio Maltoni; Vilma Mantovani; Claudia Menzaghi; Patrizia I. Patera; Ivana Rabbone; Petra Reindstadler; Sabrina Scelfo; Nadia Tinto; Sonia Toni; Stefano Tumini; Fortunato Lombardo; Antonio Nicolucci; Fabrizio Barbetti
      Pages: 981 - 983
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1179-y
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • A new experience for incorrect insulin administration
    • Authors: Cem Onur Kirac; Suleyman Hilmi Ipekci; Levent Kebapcilar
      Pages: 985 - 986
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1184-1
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • Reply to Dereke, J., Hillman, M. “The significance of biomarkers such as
           FABP4 in gestational diabetes mellitus and the importance of rigorous peer
           review” Acta Diabetol (2017) 54:885.
    • Authors: Hui Ning; Hong Tao; Zhanping Weng; Xingbo Zhao
      Pages: 987 - 988
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1178-z
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 9 (2018)
  • Glucokinase deficit and birthweight: does maternal hyperglycemia always
           meet fetal needs'
    • Authors: Olimpia Bitterman; N. Tinto; A. Franzese; F. Iafusco; C. Festa; E. Mozzillo; A. Napoli; D. Iafusco
      Abstract: Aims Many authors do not recommend hypoglycemic treatment during pregnancy in women affected by monogenic diabetes due to heterozygous glucokinase (GCK) mutations (MODY 2) in case of affected fetus, because maternal hyperglycemia would be necessary to achieve a normal birthweight. We aimed to evaluate differences in birthweight between MODY 2 affected children according to the parent who carried the mutation. Methods We retrospectively studied 48 MODY 2 affected children, whose mothers did not receive hypoglycemic treatment during pregnancy, divided into two groups according to the presence of the mutation in the mother (group A) or in the father (group B). Data were extracted from the database of the Regional Centre of Pediatric Diabetology of the University of Campania, Naples, collected from 1996 to 2016. We analyzed birthweight and centile birthweight. Results Percentage of small for gestational age was significantly higher in group B than in group A. We found three large for gestational age in the group that inherited the deficit from the mother, all with the same novel GCK mutation (p.Lys458-Cys461del). Conclusions We hypothesize that not all MODY 2 affected fetuses need the same levels of hyperglycemia to have an appropriate growth, maybe because different kinds of GCK mutations may result in different phenotypes. Consequently, a “tailored therapy” of maternal hyperglycemia, based on fetal growth frequently monitored through ultrasounds, is essential in MODY 2 pregnancies.
      PubDate: 2018-08-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1198-8
  • Urinary tubular biomarkers as predictors of kidney function decline,
           cardiovascular events and mortality in microalbuminuric type 2 diabetic
    • Authors: Viktor Rotbain Curovic; Tine W. Hansen; Mie K. Eickhoff; Bernt Johan von Scholten; Henrik Reinhard; Peter Karl Jacobsen; Frederik Persson; Hans-Henrik Parving; Peter Rossing
      Abstract: Aims Urinary levels of kidney injury molecule 1 (u-KIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (u-NGAL) reflect proximal tubular pathophysiology and have been proposed as risk markers for development of complications in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). We clarify the predictive value of u-KIM-1 and u-NGAL for decline in eGFR, cardiovascular events (CVE) and all-cause mortality in patients with T2D and persistent microalbuminuria without clinical cardiovascular disease. Methods This is a prospective study that included 200 patients. u-KIM-1 and u-NGAL were measured at baseline and were available in 192 patients. Endpoints comprised: decline in eGFR > 30%, a composite of fatal and nonfatal CVE consisting of: cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, ischemic heart disease and heart failure based on national hospital discharge registries, and all-cause mortality. Adjusted Cox models included traditional risk factors, including eGFR. Hazard ratios (HR) are provided per 1 standard deviation (SD) increment of log2-transformed values. Relative integrated discrimination improvement (rIDI) was calculated. Results During the 6.1 years’ follow-up, higher u-KIM-1 was a predictor of eGFR decline (n = 29), CVE (n = 34) and all-cause mortality (n = 29) in adjusted models: HR (95% CI) 1.68 (1.04–2.71), p = 0.034; 2.26 (1.24–4.15), p = 0.008; and 1.52 (1.00–2.31), p = 0.049. u-KIM-1 contributed significantly to risk prediction for all-cause mortality evaluated by rIDI (63.1%, p = 0.001). u-NGAL was not a predictor of any of the outcomes after adjustment. Conclusions In patients with T2D and persistent microalbuminuria, u-KIM-1, but not u-NGAL, was an independent risk factor for decline in eGFR, CVE and all-cause mortality, and contributed significant discrimination for all-cause mortality, beyond traditional risk factors.
      PubDate: 2018-08-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1205-0
  • The roots of SGLT inhibition: Laurent-Guillaume de Koninck, Jean Servais
           Stas and Freiherr Josef von Mering
    • Authors: Viktor Jörgens
      PubDate: 2018-08-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1206-z
  • Effect of vildagliptin versus glibenclamide on endothelial function and
           arterial stiffness in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension: a
           randomized controlled trial
    • Authors: Luciana Neves Cosenso-Martin; Luiz Tadeu Giollo-Júnior; Letícia Aparecida Barufi Fernandes; Cláudia Bernardi Cesarino; Marcelo Arruda Nakazone; Maurício de Nassau Machado; Juan Carlos Yugar-Toledo; José Fernando Vilela-Martin
      Abstract: Aims Several trials have reported that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, used to treat type 2 diabetes (T2DM), improve endothelial function. The current study investigated the effects of vildagliptin, a DPP-4 inhibitor, compared to glibenclamide on endothelial function, arterial stiffness, and blood pressure in patients with T2DM and hypertension. Methods Patients aged over 35 years with T2DM and hypertension, but without cardiovascular disease, were randomly allocated to treatment with vildagliptin (n = 25) or glibenclamide (n = 25). Both groups took metformin. Endothelial function was evaluated by peripheral artery tonometry (Endo-PAT 2000) to calculate the reactive hyperemia index (RHI) and arterial stiffness. Primary outcome was change in the RHI after 12 weeks of treatment. Twenty-four-hour non-invasive ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was performed using a Mobil-O-Graph® 24-h PWA monitor. Arterial stiffness was assessed using the augmentation index corrected for 75 bpm (AIx75), pulse wave velocity (PWV) and central systolic blood pressure (cSBP). Results There were no changes in the RHI in the vildagliptin group (before 2.35 ± 0.59; after 2.24 ± 0.60; p value = NS) or in the glibenclamide group (before 2.36 ± 0.52; after 2.34 ± 0.50; p value = NS), with no differences between groups (p value = NS). There was also no difference between vildagliptin and glibenclamide treatment in respect to AIx75 (p value = NS), cSBP (p value = NS) or PWV (p value = NS). Conclusions Vildagliptin and glibenclamide similarly do not change the endothelial function and arterial stiffness after 12 weeks of treatment in diabetic and hypertensive patients without cardiovascular disease. Thus, vildagliptin has a neutral effect on vascular function. Trial registration NCT02145611, registered on 11 Jun 2013.
      PubDate: 2018-08-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1204-1
  • Phenotyping normal kidney function in elderly patients with type 2
           diabetes: a cross-sectional multicentre study
    • Authors: G P Fadini; For the DARWIN-T2D Network; A Solini; M L Manca; G Zatti; I Karamouzis; A Di Benedetto; L Frittitta; A Avogaro
      Abstract: Aims Type 2 diabetes (T2D) accelerates the decline in glomerular function; however, some individuals do not develop chronic kidney disease despite advanced age and long-lasting T2D. We aimed to phenotype patients with T2D aged 80 years or older who presented with a fully preserved kidney function. Methods From an Italian population of 281,217 T2D outpatients, we collected data on demographics, anthropometrics, diabetes duration, HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose, lipids, liver enzymes, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), albumin excretion rate (AER), chronic complications, and medication use. We primarily compared patients with a fully preserved kidney function (eGFR > 90 ml/min/1.73 m2 and AER < 30 mg/24 h, or G1A1) with those with mild kidney impairment (eGFR 60–90 ml/min/1.73 m2 and AER < 30 mg/24 h, or G2A1). Results N = 113,860 had available data for eGFR and AER, 21,648 of whom were aged ≥ 80. G1A1 (n = 278) and G2A1 (n = 6647) patients represented 1.3 and 30.7% of aged T2D patients, respectively, with an average diabetes duration of 16 years. Differences between the G1A1 and G2A1 groups were entered in a multiple logistic regression analysis with and without imputation of missing data. After adjustment and in both imputed and non-imputed datasets, younger age, lower BMI and lower triglycerides were associated with fully preserved versus mildly impaired kidney function. The comparison between G1A1 and G1A2/3 yielded different results. Conclusions In a rare population of patients with a fully preserved kidney function despite old age and long-lasting diabetes, lower BMI and triglycerides suggest that protection from lipotoxicity may preserve kidney function over time.
      PubDate: 2018-08-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00592-018-1194-z
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