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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2562 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2562 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Abdominal Radiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.866
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 18  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2366-004X - ISSN (Online) 2366-0058
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2562 journals]
  • Endoscopic and surgical treatment options for chronic pancreatitis: an
           imaging perspective
    • Abstract: Chronic pancreatitis is a chronic fibro-inflammatory syndrome characterized by chronic pancreatic inflammation leading to fibrosis and scarring. Patients with this multifactorial debilitating illness often require endoscopic or surgical intervention for treatment. Radiologists play a crucial role in pre-therapeutic workup as well as post-treatment imaging of chronic pancreatitis. This review summarizes the most common surgical and endoscopic treatment options that are currently available for chronic pancreatitis, including the implications on imaging.
      PubDate: 2019-11-09
  • State-of-the-art in radiomics of hepatocellular carcinoma: a review of
           basic principles, applications, and limitations
    • Abstract: Radiomics is a new field in medical imaging with the potential of changing medical practice. Radiomics is characterized by the extraction of several quantitative imaging features which are not visible to the naked eye from conventional imaging modalities, and its correlation with specific relevant clinical endpoints, such as pathology, therapeutic response, and survival. Several studies have evaluated the use of radiomics in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with encouraging results, particularly in the pretreatment prediction of tumor biological characteristics, risk of recurrence, and survival. In spite of this, there are limitations and challenges to be overcome before the implementation of radiomics into clinical routine. In this article, we will review the concepts of radiomics and their current potential applications in patients with HCC. It is important that the multidisciplinary team involved in the treatment of patients with HCC be aware of the basic principles, benefits, and limitations of radiomics in order to achieve a balanced interpretation of the results toward a personalized medicine.
      PubDate: 2019-11-09
  • Pancreatitis and PDAC: association and differentiation
    • Abstract: The discrimination of mass-forming chronic pancreatitis (MFCP) from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a central diagnostic dilemma. It is important to differentiate these entities since they have markedly different prognoses and management. Importantly, the appearance of these two entities significantly overlaps on a variety of imaging modalities. However, there are imaging features that may be suggestive of one entity more than the other. MFCP and PDAC may show different enhancement patterns on perfusion computed tomography (CT) and/or dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI). The duct-penetrating sign on magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is more often associated with MFCP, whereas abrupt cutoff with upstream dilatation of the main pancreatic duct and the double-duct sign (obstruction/cutoff of both the common bile duct and pancreatic duct) are more often associated with PDAC. Nevertheless, tissue sampling is the most reliable method to differentiate between these entities and is currently generally necessary for management.
      PubDate: 2019-11-09
  • Hematologic malignancies of the gastrointestinal luminal tract
    • Abstract: Hematologic malignancies include several lymphoproliferative and myeloproliferative disorders, many of which are frequently encountered in current health care settings. These malignancies frequently affect the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, either by secondary extranodal or extramedullary extension to the GI tract, or as a primary process arising in the GI tract. In fact, the GI tract may represent the most common extranodal site of involvement in many of them, such as lymphoma. Furthermore, in the current era of improved cancer treatment and advanced transplant procedures with increased survival, it has been quite common to encounter GI involvement by these malignancies through the disease course. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder following kidney transplantation, for example, very commonly involves the GI tract. Other conditions that can involve the GI tract include multiple myeloma, plasmacytoma, myeloid sarcoma, mastocytosis, and Castleman disease. Imaging diagnosis of these malignancies can be challenging, since they are much less common than primary GI cancers and both share many common imaging features as well. However, certain imaging features, particularly in combination with a matching clinical scenario, play a pivotal role in diagnosing these conditions and directing further evaluation. In this article, we review common and rare hematologic malignancies of the GI tract and discuss their pathophysiologic, clinical, and imaging features.
      PubDate: 2019-11-09
  • Peribiliary glands: development, dysfunction, related conditions and
           imaging findings
    • Abstract: Peribiliary glands are minute structures that are distributed along the intrahepatic large bile ducts, extrahepatic bile duct, and cystic duct. These glands regulate many physiological functions, such as enzyme secretion. Pancreatic exocrine tissues and enzymes are often observed in peribiliary glands; thus, peribiliary glands are involved in enzyme secretion. As such, these glands can be affected by conditions such as IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis based on commonalities with their pancreatic counterparts. Cystic changes in peribiliary glands can occur de novo, as part of a congenital syndrome, or secondary to insults such as alcoholic cirrhosis. Biliary tree stem/progenitor cells have recently been identified in peribiliary glands. These cells are involved in turnover and regeneration of biliary epithelia as well as in sclerosing reactions in some pathological conditions, such as primary sclerosing cholangitis and hepatolithiasis. Notably, hepatolithiasis is involved in mucin secretion by the peribiliary glands. Additionally, these cells are associated with the manifestation of several neoplasms, including intraductal papillary neoplasm, cystic micropapillary neoplasm, and cholangiocarcinoma. Normal peribiliary glands themselves are particularly small structures that cannot be recognized using any available imaging modalities; however, these glands are closely associated with several diseases, as mentioned above, which have typical imaging features. Therefore, knowledge of the basic pathophysiology of peribiliary glands is helpful for understanding biliary diseases associated with the peribiliary glands.
      PubDate: 2019-11-09
  • Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma on multidetector CT: spectrum of
    • Abstract: Urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract (UUT) is a relatively uncommon genitourinary malignancy, accounting for about 5–7% of urothelial tumors. The significant features of this tumor are multifocality and high rate of recurrence. Computed tomography urography (CTU) has replaced excretory urography (EU) and retrograde pyelography (RP) for imaging of upper tract urothelial carcinoma. While many studies have confirmed high sensitivity (88–100%) and specificity (93–100%) of CTU, an optimized CT protocol is of critical importance in screening, staging, and post-operative follow-up of patients (Chlapoutakis, Eur J Radiol 73(2):334–338, 2010; Caoli and Cohan, Abdom Radiol (NY) 41(6):1100–1107, 2016). The key element of the CT protocol is to have adequate distension of the collecting system with excreted contrast, to detect subtle lesions at an early stage. In this article, we discuss the background of upper urinary tract TTC, pathogenesis, CT protocol and the role of imaging in evaluation of this malignancy, staging, as well as different imaging appearances.
      PubDate: 2019-11-09
  • The “doge’s cap” sign
    • PubDate: 2019-11-08
  • Differentiation between fat-poor angiomyolipoma and clear cell renal cell
           carcinoma: qualitative and quantitative analysis using arterial spin
           labeling MR imaging
    • Abstract: Purpose To assess the diagnostic effectiveness of arterial spin labeling (ASL) MR imaging in differentiating fat-poor AML from clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Methods In this prospective study, 29 ccRCC patients and 9 fat-poor AML patients underwent routine anatomical MRI and ASL at 3T before surgery after signing written informed consent form. For each tumor, tumor blood flow (TBF) was measured in a region of interest (ROI) which was positioned to outline the edge of the target lesions on ASL perfusion maps. Additionally, the mean TBF values were obtained by standardizing the TBF using a blood flow measurement in the reference ROI. Moreover, a cluster containing more than 10 voxels was chosen from the renal cortex and medulla area in normal contralateral kidney as a reference ROI to calculate tumor-to-cortex ratio and tumor-to-medulla ratio. Independent sample t test was used to examine the alteration among the groups of fat-poor AML and ccRCC. ASL images were together analyzed by two radiologists to assess the following characteristics of the renal mass: predominant SI in the tumor on ASL images was lower than, as same as, or higher than SI of the cortex. For qualitative variables, Fisher’s exact test was employed to compare the proportions of these two groups. The sensitivity, specificity ,and accuracy required for discrimination of fat-poor AML from ccRCC were quantified using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The corresponding optimal cutoff value was obtained for each parameter as well. Results The TBF value was significantly higher in ccRCC group than that in fat-poor AML (270.49 ± 78.88 ml/100 g/min vs. 146.68 ± 47.21 ml/100 g/min; P < 0.01). Both tumor-to-cortex and tumor-to-medulla ratios were notably higher in ccRCC group compared with those in fat-poor AML group (1.22 ± 0.26 vs. 0.74 ± 0.14, 3.13 ± 0.94 vs. 1.77 ± 0.55; P < 0.05). The values of area under the ROC curve (AUC) for TBF, tumor-to-cortex ratio, and tumor-to-medulla ratio were 0.931, 0.964, and 0.900, respectively. No significant difference in AUC values among these three measurements was observed. For qualitative variables, the SI of fat-poor AML was equal to or slightly lower than that of renal medulla and the SI of ccRCC was found to be higher than renal cortex in ASL. Conclusion ASL MRI performs well in differentiating fat-poor AML from ccRCC in both qualitative and quantitative analyses.
      PubDate: 2019-11-08
  • Prior iterative reconstruction (PIR) to lower radiation dose and preserve
           radiologist performance for multiphase liver CT: a multi-reader pilot
    • Abstract: Purpose Prior iterative reconstruction (PIR) spatially registers CT image data from multiple phases of enhancement to reduce image noise. We evaluated PIR in contrast-enhanced multiphase liver CT. Methods Patients with archived projection CT data with proven malignant or benign liver lesions, or without lesions, by reference criteria were included. Lower-dose PIR images were reconstructed using validated noise insertion from multiphase CT exams (50% dose in 2 phases, 25% dose in 1 phase). The phase of enhancement most relevant to the diagnostic task was selected for evaluation. Four radiologists reviewed routine-dose and lower-dose PIR images, circumscribing liver lesions and rating confidence for malignancy (0 to 100) and image quality. JAFROC Figures of Merit (FOM) were calculated. Results 31 patients had 60 liver lesions (28 primary hepatic malignancies, 6 hepatic metastases, 26 benign lesions). Pooled JAFROC FOM for malignancy for routine-dose CT was 0.615 (95% CI 0.464, 0.767) compared to 0.662 for PIR (95% CI 0.527, 0.797). The estimated FOM difference between the routine-dose and lower-dose PIR images was + 0.047 (95% CI − 0.023, + 0.116). Pooled sensitivity/specificity for routine-dose images was 70%/68% compared to 73%/66% for lower-dose PIR. Lower-dose PIR had lower diagnostic image quality (mean 3.8 vs. 4.2, p = 0.0009) and sharpness (mean 2.3 vs. 2.0, p = 0.0071). Conclusions PIR is a promising method to reduce radiation dose for multiphase abdominal CT, preserving observer performance despite small reductions in image quality. Further work is warranted.
      PubDate: 2019-11-08
  • Prostate MR: pitfalls and benign lesions
    • Abstract: Multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) of the prostate has evolved to be an integral component for the diagnosis, risk stratification, staging, and targeting of prostate cancer. However, anatomic and histologic mimics of prostate cancer on mpMRI exist. Anatomic feature that mimic prostate cancer on mpMRI include anterior fibromuscular stroma, normal central zone, periprostatic venous plexus, and thickened surgical capsule (transition zone pseudocapsule). Benign conditions such as post-biopsy hemorrhage, prostatitis or inflammation, focal prostate atrophy, benign prostatic hyperplasia nodules, and prostatic calcifications can also mimic prostate cancer on mpMRI. Technical challenges and other pitfalls such as image distortion, motion artifacts, and endorectal coil placements can also limit the efficacy of mpMRI. Knowledge of prostate anatomy, location of the lesion and its imaging features on different sequences, and being familiar with the common pitfalls are critical for the radiologists who interpret mpMRI. Therefore, this article reviews the pitfalls (anatomic structures and technical challenges) and benign lesions or abnormalities that may mimic prostate cancer on mpMRI and how to interpret them.
      PubDate: 2019-11-08
  • Diagnosis, management, and follow-up of upper tract urothelial carcinoma:
           an interdisciplinary collaboration between urology and radiology
    • Abstract: Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is a common and lethal malignancy. Patients diagnosed with this illness often face invasive workups, morbid therapies, and prolonged post-operative surveillance. UTUC represents approximately 5–10% of urothelial malignancies in the United States and affect 4600–7800 new patients annually. Various environmental exposures as well as smoking have been implicated in the development of UTUC. The diagnosis and workup of UTUC relies on heavily on imaging studies, a close working relationship between Urologists and Radiologists, and invasive procedures such as ureteroscopy. Treatments range from renal-sparing endoscopic surgery to radical extirpative surgery depending on the specific clinical situation. Follow-up is crucial as UTUC has a high recurrence rate. Here we review the epidemiology, diagnosis, management strategies, and follow-up of UTUC from an interdisciplinary perspective.
      PubDate: 2019-11-08
  • Intravoxel incoherent motion imaging for diagnosing and staging the liver
           fibrosis and inflammation
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) model parameters for the diagnosis and staging of liver fibrosis and inflammation in patients with chronic hepatitis B. Methods Fifty-four patients with chronic hepatitis B and 42 healthy volunteers were included in the study. All subjects were examined by 3 T magnetic resonance imaging. Diffusion-weighted imaging was undertaken with sixteen b values. IVIM parameters [D (true diffusion coefficient), D* (pseudo-diffusion coefficient), f (perfusion fraction)] were calculated. Histological evaluation of biopsy samples was considered the reference standard for the staging of liver fibrosis and inflammation. Differences in IVIM parameters between patient and control groups were analyzed. In the patient group, fibrosis stage and inflammation grade groups were analyzed with respect to IVIM parameters. The correlation was assessed between IVIM parameters and Ishak-modified scale of fibrosis stages and inflammation grades. Results The D was significantly lower in the patient group than the control group, p = 0.038 with Cohen’s d effect size of 0.452. D was significantly different between fibrosis stage levels. D values decreased in fibrosis stages from the minimal to moderate to marked fibrosis. Fibrosis grades significantly negatively correlated with D and D* values, p = 0.001, and 0.021, respectively. In addition, inflammation grades negatively correlated with f values, p = 0.047. Conclusion D values measured with IVIM imaging may help to diagnose liver fibrosis. IVIM imaging could be an alternative to liver biopsy for the staging of liver fibrosis.
      PubDate: 2019-11-08
  • Chinese Ring-Sword sign in intramural hematoma: feature of intramural
           blood pool
    • PubDate: 2019-11-07
  • Rate of gadoxetate disodium (Eovist®) induced transient respiratory
           motion in children and young adults
    • Abstract: Background Gadoxetate disodium (Eovist®, Bayer Healthcare, Wayne, NJ) is the preferred MR contrast agent for pediatric hepatobiliary imaging. A known limitation of this contrast agent is transient severe respiratory artifacts during arterial phase imaging, and some adult studies have raised caution against its use for evaluation of arterial enhancing lesions. The reported rate of transient severe breathing motion is 5–22% in adult studies. This study seeks to evaluate the frequency of transient severe respiratory motion secondary to gadoxetate disodium in a pediatric cohort. Materials and methods This is a retrospective, IRB-approved study with informed consent waiver. The radiology information system of a children’s hospital was searched to identify all MRI studies performed with gadoxetate disodium during January 2016–June 2018. Two readers independently evaluated all phases of a dynamic liver protocol for respiratory motion artifact on a 5-point scale (1 none, 2 mild, 3 moderate, 4 severe—still diagnostic, 5 extreme—not diagnostic). Average scores of the 2 readers for each phase were used for analyses. Transient severe respiratory motion was defined as an increase in artifact score of ≥ 1.5 from pre-contrast to arterial phase that returned to < 3 in equilibrium phase of imaging. Results The study cohort consisted of 140 cases (60% female), age range: 1 month–23 years (median 13 years). 102/140 scans were performed non-sedated. Mean respiratory motion score for each phase of scan for the entire cohort were pre-contrast: 2.23, arterial: 2.56, portal venous: 2.39, and equilibrium: 2.31. Transient severe respiratory motion was seen in 8 non-sedated cases and in 0 sedated cases. The rate of transient severe respiratory motion in a non-sedated pediatric cohort was estimated at 7.84% (8/102 cases). Conclusion The rate of transient severe respiratory motion in the non-sedated pediatric population is in the lower end of the range reported in adults. Transient severe respiratory motion is not observed in sedated patients.
      PubDate: 2019-11-07
  • Prostate magnetic resonance imaging technique
    • Abstract: Multiparametric magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the prostate is an excellent tool to detect clinically significant prostate cancer, and it has widely been incorporated into clinical practice due to its excellent tissue contrast and image resolution. The aims of this article are to describe the prostate MR imaging technique for detection of clinically significant prostate cancer according to PI-RADS v2.1, as well as alternative sequences and basic aspects of patient preparation and MR imaging artifact avoidance.
      PubDate: 2019-11-07
  • MRI of the penis
    • Abstract: This article reviews the anatomy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of the penis. The recommended technique for MRI of the penis is outlined, with discussion of the benefits and drawbacks to imaging the penis after artificial erection. Common penile pathologies are reviewed, with a summary of their clinical features, MRI appearance, and treatment. The ability to demonstrate the erectile bodies and vasculature helps to evaluate vascular pathologies such as priapism, Mondor disease, and cavernosal thrombosis. MRI is also a useful tool to assess for traumatic abnormalities of the penis, with the depiction of soft tissue anatomy and fascial layers allowing for evaluation of penile fracture and penile contusion. Malignant disease of the penis is also reviewed, including squamous cell carcinoma, urethral carcinoma, metastases, and rare neoplasms. Staging of these neoplasms is addressed, with discussion of how MRI can be used to assess the extent of tumor involvement. MRI also clearly demonstrates the tunica albuginea, which allows for evaluation of Peyronie’s disease.
      PubDate: 2019-11-07
  • Endometriosis in the postmenopausal female: clinical presentation, imaging
           features, and management
    • Abstract: Postmenopausal endometriosis is an important clinical entity which is likely under-recognized and in which the Radiologist can play a valuable role. In this review, we describe the clinical presentation and management of postmenopausal endometriosis, appraising the literature and providing case examples. Persons with postmenopausal endometriosis may present with symptoms including pelvic pain or dyschezia, but endometriosis may also be an asymptomatic, incidental finding. Women may or may not have a prior history of endometriosis or a history of symptoms consistent with it. Therapies and conditions which increase exogenous or endogenous estrogen, respectively, increase the risk. Endometriosis can be found in different locations throughout the body, and the possibility of malignancy should be assessed, especially in the postmenopausal population, where age increases cancer risk. Treatment may involve surgery or medical interventions. Guidelines describing appropriate imaging surveillance in these patients are lacking. In the postmenopausal population, Radiologists need to consider endometriosis as a diagnosis, recommend appropriate exams such as MRI and US, and suggest endometriosis-associated malignancies when appropriate, based on classic morphologic features.
      PubDate: 2019-11-07
  • Initial experience with 3D CT cinematic rendering of acute pancreatitis
           and associated complications
    • Abstract: Inflammation of the pancreas can present with a wide range of imaging findings from mild enlargement of the gland and surrounding infiltrative fat stranding through extensive glandular necrosis. Complications of pancreatitis are varied and include infected fluid collections, pseudocysts, and vascular findings such as pseudoaneurysms and thromboses. Cross-sectional imaging with computed tomography (CT) is one of the mainstays of evaluating patients with pancreatitis. New methods that allow novel visualization volumetric CT data may improve diagnostic yield for the detection of findings that provide prognostic information in pancreatitis patients or can drive new avenues of research such as machine learning. Cinematic rendering (CR) is a photorealistic visualization method for volumetric imaging data that are being investigated for a variety of potential applications including the life-like display of complex anatomy and visual characterization of mass lesions. In this review, we describe the CR appearance of different types of pancreatitis and complications of pancreatitis. We also note possible future directions for research into the utility of CR for pancreatitis.
      PubDate: 2019-11-06
  • Imaging and implications of tumor thrombus in abdominal malignancies:
           reviewing the basics
    • Abstract: Extension of tumor tissue within a vein is a recognized prognostic factor in abdominal malignancy because of its influence on tumor staging and selection of therapeutic management. With the advent of newer surgical techniques, and variable treatment strategies, imaging plays a crucial role in categorizing patients according to the tumor resectability and vascular reconstruction techniques during surgery. Understanding the clinical impact of tumor thrombus increases the awareness of the radiologist about the key findings in tumor staging and decision-making of surgical approach. Ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used individually and in combination to accurately assess the tumor thrombus. In our pictorial review, we will discuss the imaging findings and clinical consequences of tumor thrombosis in abdominal malignancies, including hepatocellular carcinoma, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, renal cancer, and adrenal cortical carcinoma.
      PubDate: 2019-11-06
  • Deep convolutional neural network applied to the liver imaging reporting
           and data system (LI-RADS) version 2014 category classification: a pilot
    • Abstract: Purpose To develop a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) model to categorize multiphase CT and MRI liver observations using the liver imaging reporting and data system (LI-RADS) (version 2014). Methods A pre-existing dataset comprising 314 hepatic observations (163 CT, 151 MRI) with corresponding diameters and LI-RADS categories (LR-1–5) assigned in consensus by two LI-RADS steering committee members was used to develop two CNNs: pre-trained network with an input of triple-phase images (training with transfer learning) and custom-made network with an input of quadruple-phase images (training from scratch). The dataset was randomly split into training, validation, and internal test sets (70:15:15 split). The overall accuracy and area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) were assessed for categorizing LR-1/2, LR-3, LR-4, and LR-5. External validation was performed for the model with the better performance on the internal test set using two external datasets (EXT-CT and EXT-MR: 68 and 44 observations, respectively). Results The transfer learning model outperformed the custom-made model: overall accuracy of 60.4% and AUROCs of 0.85, 0.90, 0.63, 0.82 for LR-1/2, LR-3, LR-4, LR-5, respectively. On EXT-CT, the model had an overall accuracy of 41.2% and AUROCs of 0.70, 0.66, 0.60, 0.76 for LR-1/2, LR-3, LR-4, LR-5, respectively. On EXT-MR, the model had an overall accuracy of 47.7% and AUROCs of 0.88, 0.74, 0.69, 0.79 for LR-1/2, LR-3, LR-4, LR-5, respectively. Conclusion Our study shows the feasibility of CNN for assigning LI-RADS categories from a relatively small dataset but highlights the challenges of model development and validation.
      PubDate: 2019-11-06
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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