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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 147, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Abdominal Imaging
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.866
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 15  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2366-004X - ISSN (Online) 2366-0058
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Kirklin sign
    • Authors: Venkatraman Indiran; Jagannathan Kokilavani; T. Ramachandra Prasad; Kanakaraj Kannan
      Pages: 3505 - 3506
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1606-0
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 12 (2018)
  • Gut signature sign in enteric duplication cysts
    • Authors: Eduardo Kaiser Ururahy Nunes Fonseca; Yoshino Tamaki Sameshima
      Pages: 3513 - 3514
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1620-2
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 12 (2018)
  • The “geographic” liver
    • Authors: Roberto Cannella; Dario Giambelluca; Giovanni Caruana; Giuseppe Lo Re; Massimo Midiri
      Pages: 3520 - 3522
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1629-6
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 12 (2018)
  • Hellmer’s sign
    • Authors: Priya Pathak; Raymond B. Dyer
      Pages: 3523 - 3524
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1635-8
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 12 (2018)
  • Cobblestone sign
    • Authors: Sergey Leshchinskiy; Naiim Ali; Robert D’Agostino
      Pages: 3532 - 3533
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1661-6
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 12 (2018)
  • The collar button ulcer sign
    • Authors: Vladimir Starcevic; Daniel T. Myers; Todd R. Williams
      Pages: 3536 - 3538
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1664-3
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 12 (2018)
  • Radiographic stool quantification: an equivalence study of 484 symptomatic
           and asymptomatic subjects
    • Abstract: Purpose To determine if symptomatic patients referred for radiographic stool quantification have equivalent stool burden to asymptomatic patients. Method This was an IRB-approved HIPAA-compliant retrospective equivalence cohort study. An a priori equivalence power calculation was performed. Consecutive abdominal radiographs performed in adult outpatients with bloating, constipation, diarrhea, or abdominal pain to assess “fecal loading” [n = 242 (fecal cohort)] were compared to those performed in asymptomatic adult outpatients to assess “renal stones” [n = 242 (renal cohort)]. Radiographs were randomized and reviewed by two blinded independent abdominal radiologists. Exclusion criteria, designed to avoid unblinding, included urinary tract calculi ≥ 0.5 cm, multiple urinary tract calculi, and ureteral stent(s). Readers scored all radiographs (n = 484) for stool burden using validated Leech criteria [scale: 0 (none) to 15 (extreme diffuse)]. Mean Leech scores and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Multivariable generalized linear modeling was performed to adjust for baseline medication use, age, and gender. The adjusted parameter estimate was used to test for equivalence in the mean difference between cohorts using Schuirmann’s method of two one-sided t-tests. Inter-reader agreement was assessed with intraclass correlation coefficients. Results Overall mean Leech scores for fecal [6.9 (95% CI 6.7, 7.2)] and renal [7.3 (95% CI 7.1, 7.5)] cohorts were equivalent within a margin of 0.75 (adjusted mean difference: − 0.4 [90% CI − 0.7, − 0.04]; p value = 0.02). Inter-reader agreement was good [ICC: 0.62 (95% CI 0.56, 0.68)]. Conclusion Radiographic stool quantification produces equivalent results in symptomatic and asymptomatic adults and is of uncertain value.
      PubDate: 2018-12-14
  • The orange-cross section appearance in focal nodular hyperplasia
    • Authors: Hanna Rafaela Ferreira Dalla Pria; Eduardo Kaiser Ururahy Nunes Fonseca; Adham do Amaral e Castro
      PubDate: 2018-12-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1866-8
  • What abdominal radiologists should know about extragenital
           endometriosis-associated neuropathy
    • Authors: Jucélio Pereira Moura Filho; Renata Vidal Leão; Natally Horvat; Paulo Victor Partezani Helito; Denise Tokechi Amaral; Publio Cesar Cavalcanti Viana; Isabel Curcio Felix Louza; Marcelo Bordalo-Rodrigues
      Abstract: Purpose The aim of this study is to provide an overview of endometriosis-associated neuropathy and to review main anatomical concepts of intrapelvic peripheral nerves. Methods In this pictorial essay, we review the anatomy of pelvic nerves and imaging features of endometriosis-associated neuropathy. We also evaluate clinical findings, imaging features, and outcome of seven patients with endometriosis-associated neuropathy. Results Nerve involvement by endometriosis is rare and may manifest with neurological symptoms, including pain, muscle weakness, bowel and bladder incontinence, and paraplegia. The neural involvement may be isolated or caused by a direct extension of a deep infiltrating endometriosis of the pelvic structure. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a reliable imaging modality for detecting neural involvement of endometriosis. On MRI, the main imaging features are retractile fibrous tissue and endometriomas. The signal intensity of the endometriotic tissue may vary depending on the age of the hemorrhage and the proportion of endometrial cells and stroma. Early diagnosis and treatment may avoid permanent neural damage. Conclusion Considering that patients with endometriosis usually undergo pelvic MRI, which is generally reported by a non-musculoskeletal-trained radiologist, abdominal radiologists need to be familiar with the pelvic nerve anatomy and the possible patterns of presentation of neural endometriosis. Early diagnosis may obviate permanent nerve damage and MRI is a reliable tool for the diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2018-12-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1864-x
  • Association of advanced hepatic fibrosis and sonographic visualization
           score: a dual-center study using ACR US LI-RADS
    • Authors: Hailey H. Choi; Marcelina G. Perez; John D. Millet; Tie Liang; Ashish P. Wasnik; Katherine E. Maturen; Aya Kamaya
      Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the association between imaging and clinical features and visualization scores, as specified by American College of Radiology (ACR) Ultrasound Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS), on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) screening ultrasound examinations. Methods In this dual-center retrospective study, HCC screening ultrasound reports containing ultrasound elastography measurements (January to September, 2017) were reviewed. Ultrasound point shear wave elastography and 2-dimensional shear wave elastography were used to assess liver stiffness; median shear wave velocity was translated to METAVIR fibrosis scoring, per previously published data. Reports were analyzed for subject age, sex, reason for HCC screening, spleen size, fibrosis scores, and assigned ultrasound visualization scores. Jonckheere–Terpstra trend and Kendall’s tau-b coefficient analyses were performed. Results 714 subjects (mean age 55; 51% male, 49% female) were included. 308 (43%) subjects had clinically declared cirrhosis; 406 (57%) did not. Majority (535, 75%) of exams were adequate (Visualization Score A), 156 (22%) moderately limited (Visualization Score B), and 23 (3%) severely limited (Visualization Score C). Increasing spleen size and patient age were associated with worsening visualization scores (p < 0.001). Suboptimal visualization was also associated with clinically significant fibrosis (≥ F2) by elastography (Kendall’s tau-b = 0.181, p < 0.001) and clinically declared cirrhosis (Kendall’s tau-b = 0.433, p < 0.001). There was no association with patient sex. Conclusion Using ACR Ultrasound LI-RADS visualization score assessment, majority (75%) of HCC screening exams were diagnostically adequate, and only 3% were severely limited. Sonoelastographic diagnosis of clinically significant fibrosis, as well as clinical cirrhosis, increased patient age, and spleen size, were associated with greater diagnostic limitations.
      PubDate: 2018-12-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1862-z
  • Serum tumor markers and testicular germ cell tumors: a primer for
    • Authors: Colin Marshall; Michael Enzerra; Amir Ata Rahnemai-Azar; Nikhil H. Ramaiya
      Abstract: Serum tumor markers (STMs) play a critical role in the diagnosis, staging and follow-up of both seminomatous and nonseminomatous testicular germ cell neoplasms. Levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), especially those measured after orchiectomy, also have implications for patient prognosis. Given that testicular germ cell tumors represent the most common solid tumor in men aged 20–34, radiologists must have familiarity with the clinical utilization and implications of these STMs. This article will review the classical patterns of STM elevation most commonly seen in pure seminomatous and nonseminomatous germ cell tumors while also providing case-based examples highlighting the importance of STM correlation with imaging. The role of STMs in clinical staging and disease surveillance will also be discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-12-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1846-z
  • Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: MR imaging features preoperatively
           predict lymph node metastasis
    • Authors: Haitao Sun; Jianjun Zhou; Kai Liu; Tingting Shen; Xingxing Wang; Xiaolin Wang
      Abstract: Purposes Predictive factors of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) are not well established. We sought to identify the value of MR imaging features in preoperatively predicting the lymph node metastasis of pNETs. Materials and methods In this study, we enrolled 108 consecutive patients with pNETs between January 2009 and June 2018. MR morphologic features and quantitative data were evaluated. Predictors of LNM were evaluated using univariate and multivariate logistic regression models. Results A total of 108 patients with pNETs were finally enrolled, including 82 LNM-negative and 26 LNM-positive patients. Features significantly related to the LNM of pNETs at univariate analysis were tumor size > 2 cm (P = 0.003), Ki-67 > 5% (P = 0.002), non-enhancement pattern (P < 0.001), apparent diffusion coefficient value (P < 0.001), main pancreatic duct dilation (P < 0.001) and pancreatic atrophy (P = 0.032) and extrapancreatic tumor spread (P = 0.001), CNRs during arterial, portal and delay phase (P = 0.005, 0.047, and 0.045, respectively), and histological classification (P = 0.006). At multivariate analysis, non-enhancement pattern (P = 0.019; odds ratio, 6.652; 95% CI 1.369, 32.321) and main pancreatic duct dilation (P = 0.018; odds ratio, 6.745; 95% CI 1.379, 32.991) were independent risk factors for predicting the LNM of pNETs. Conclusion The non-enhancement characteristic and main pancreatic duct dilation appear to be linked with LNM in pNETs. These radiological predictors can be easily obtained preoperatively, and may help to avoid missing pNETs with a high risk of LNM.
      PubDate: 2018-12-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1863-y
  • Analysis of Abdominal Radiology fellowship website content and
    • Authors: Jack H. Ruddell; Zachary J. Hartley-Blossom; Ankush I. Bajaj; David Grand; Adam E. M. Eltorai
      Abstract: Purpose Fellowship programs’ online content plays a key role in prospective Abdominal Radiology applicants’ evaluation of programs. The purpose of this study is to examine the online accessibility of Abdominal Radiology fellowships, the comprehensiveness of the program websites’ content, and evaluate whether specific program characteristics are associated with differentiated website comprehensiveness. Methods A list of 67 Abdominal Radiology fellowship programs was obtained from the Society of Abdominal Radiology (SAR) website. Each of the 65 publicly-available fellowship websites was scored for the presence of 19 binary variables related to the program’s attributes and curriculum to assess informational comprehensiveness. Comprehensiveness scores were compared by program characteristics (accreditation status, region, and size) using Kruskal–Wallis and two-tailed t tests. Results Mean comprehensiveness score of Abdominal Radiology fellowship websites as measured by online criteria met was 52.6% (10.0 ± 3.0/19). Application requirements and information, rotation scheduling, and program director contact were found on more than 87.5% of the 65 websites, whereas salary and benefits, social information, and alumni were listed on fewer than 33.8% (22/65) of websites. Program accreditation status, region, and size were not associated with difference in mean comprehensiveness scores. Conclusions There is a discrepancy between information commonly sought by prospective Abdominal Radiology fellowship applicants and what is available on fellowship program websites. Programs and applicants alike may benefit from programs strengthening their online material.
      PubDate: 2018-12-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1861-0
  • Correction to: Ultrasound-guided renal transplant biopsy: practical and
           pragmatic considerations
    • Authors: Maitray D. Patel; Scott W. Young; J. Scott Kriegshauser; Nirvikar Dahiya
      Abstract: The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error. Though one of the coauthor names correctly appeared in the published version, it is incorrectly displayed in indexing sites due to a tagging error in metadata.
      PubDate: 2018-12-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1855-y
  • A comparative study of MR extracellular volume fraction measurement and
           two-dimensional shear-wave elastography in assessment of liver fibrosis
           with chronic hepatitis B
    • Authors: Kaipu Jin; Heqing Wang; Mengsu Zeng; Shengxiang Rao; Lixia Yan; Yuan Ji; Caixia Fu; Ruofan Sheng
      Abstract: Objective To evaluate the value of MR liver extracellular volume (ECVliver) in assessment of liver fibrosis with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), and to compare its performance with two-dimensional (2D) shear-wave elastography (SWE). Materials and methods A total of 68 CHB patients who were histologically diagnosed as fibrosis stages F0 to F4 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent gadopentetate dimeglumine-enhanced T1-mapping and 2D SWE. ECVliver and liver stiffness were measured and compared between fibrosis subgroups; their correlations with histologic findings were evaluated using Spearman correlation test and multiple regression analysis. Diagnostic performance in evaluating liver fibrosis stages was assessed and compared using receiver-operating characteristic analysis. Results Both ECVliver and liver stiffness increased as the fibrosis score increased (F = 17.08 to 10.99, P < 0.001). ECVliver displayed a strong correlation with fibrosis stage (r = 0.740, P < 0.001), and liver stiffness displayed a moderate correlation (r = 0.651, P < 0.001); multivariate analysis revealed that only ECVliver was independently correlated with fibrosis stage (P < 0.001). Univariate analyses showed significant correlations of ECVliver with fibrosis stage, inflammatory activity, and platelet count; among all, the fibrosis stage had the highest correlation coefficient and was the only independent factor (P < 0.001). Overall, ECVliver had no significant different performance compared with 2D SWE for the identification of both fibrosis stage s ≥ F2 and F4 (P = 0.868 and 0.171). Conclusion MR ECVliver plays a promising role in the prediction of liver fibrosis for patients with CHB, comparable to 2D SWE.
      PubDate: 2018-12-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1860-1
  • Caveat regarding CMS Merit-based Incentive Payment Systems incidental
           adrenal nodule measure
    • Authors: Joseph Holman; Roberto Salvatori; Elliot K. Fishman; Pamela T. Johnson
      Abstract: Current Medicare MIP measures encourage radiologists not to recommend follow-up for ≤ 1 cm adrenal nodules. However, a radiologist may be the first to discover a small, subclinical pheochromocytoma. As such, recognition of the enhancement pattern of pheochromocytoma is important to ensure detection and properly guide management, which begins with clinical and laboratory assessment for elevated catecholamines.
      PubDate: 2018-12-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1834-3
  • Structured versus narrative reporting of pelvic MRI in perianal
           fistulizing disease: impact on clarity, completeness, and surgical
    • Authors: Ozum Tuncyurek; Alejandro Garces-Descovich; Adrian Jaramillo-Cardoso; Elena Esteban Durán; Thomas E. Cataldo; Vitaliy Y. Poylin; Said Fettane Gómez; Atenea Morcillo Cabrera; Tarek Hegazi; Kevin Beker; Koenraad J. Mortele
      Abstract: Objective To evaluate clarity, completeness, and impact on surgical planning of MRI reporting of perianal fistulizing disease using a structured disease-specific template versus narrative reporting for planning of disease treatment by colorectal surgeons. Materials and methods In this HIPAA-compliant, IRB-approved study with waiver of informed consent, a structured reporting template for perianal fistulizing disease MRIs was developed based on collaboration between colorectal surgeons and abdominal radiologists. The study population included 45 consecutive patients who underwent pelvic MRI for perianal fistulizing disease prior to implementation of structured reporting, and 60 consecutive patients who underwent pelvic MRI for perianal fistulizing disease after implementation of structured reporting. Objective evaluation of the reports for the presence of 12 key features was performed, as also subjective evaluation regarding the clarity and completeness of reports, and impact on surgical planning. Results Significantly more key features were absent in narrative reports [mean: 6.3 ± 1.8 (range 3–11)] than in structured reports [mean: 0.3 ± 0.9 (range 1–5)] (p ≤ 0.001). The use of structured reporting also increased the percentage of completeness (72.5–88.3% for surgeon 1, and 61.2–81.3% for surgeon 2; p = 0.05 and 0.03, respectively), helpfulness in surgical planning (7.1 ± 1.5–7.6 ± 1.5 for surgeon 1, and 5.8 ± 1.4–7.1 ± 1.1 for surgeon 2; p = 0.05 and p < 0.001, respectively), and clarity (7.6 ± 1.3–8.3 ± 1.1 for surgeon 1, and 5.2 ± 1.4–7.1 ± 1.3 for surgeon 2; p = 0.006 and p < 0.001, respectively) of the reports. Conclusion Structured MRI reports in patients with perianal fistulizing disease miss fewer key features than narrative reports. Moreover, structured reports were described as more complete and clear, and more helpful for treatment planning.
      PubDate: 2018-12-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1858-8
  • Differentiation between inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor and
           cholangiocarcinoma manifesting as target appearance on gadoxetic
           acid-enhanced MRI
    • Authors: Amy Inji Chang; Young Kon Kim; Ji Hye Min; Jisun Lee; Honsoul Kim; Soon Jin Lee
      Abstract: Purpose To determine the differential features of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) manifesting as target appearance on gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI. Methods Twenty-seven patients with 36 IMTs (1.2–6.0 cm) and 34 patients with 34 ICCs (1.5–6.0 cm) who underwent gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI were enrolled in this study. Two reviewers evaluated morphology, signal intensity, and enhancement features of tumors on T1-weighted imaging (T1WI), T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and gadoxetic acid-enhanced imaging. Results As for 32 IMTs with target appearance, IMTs most commonly demonstrated early target appearance characterized by a peripheral hypointense rim on unenhanced T1WI (n = 27, 84.4%), central enhanced area with a hypointense rim on arterial phase (AP) and portal venous phase (PVP) (n = 29, 90.6%), and transitional phase (TP) (n = 28, 87.5%). Meanwhile, most of the ICCs showed homogeneous hypointensity on T1WI (100%), a hyperenhancing rim on AP, late target appearance on TP (n = 32, 94.1%) and HBP (n = 32, 94.1%). Target appearance on DWI appearing as hyperintensity with central hypointense area was seen in 2 IMTs and 32 ICCs. On T2WI, 24 IMTs (n = 24, 75.0%) displayed central iso- and peripheral hyperintensity and 27 ICCs (84.4%) showed layered hyperintensity with either brighter or darker area in center. The remaining six IMTs with no target were observed as cystic appearing nodules (n = 3) or ill-defined hypovascular nodules (n = 2) and fibrotic mass (n = 1). Conclusion IMTs often show early target appearance on unenhanced T1WI, and early dynamic phases of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI. Target appearance on later phases, such as TP and HBP, and DWI target appearance were commonly in ICCs, but rare in IMTs.
      PubDate: 2018-12-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1847-y
  • Periportal pattern of primary hepatic lymphoma: a rare entity
    • Authors: Surabhi Vyas; Sundeep Malla
      PubDate: 2018-12-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1859-7
  • Standardized report template for indeterminate renal masses at CT and MRI:
           a collaborative product of the SAR Disease-Focused Panel on Renal Cell
    • Authors: Matthew S. Davenport; For the SAR Disease-Focused Panel on RCC; Eric M. Hu; Andrew Zhang; Atul B. Shinagare; Andrew D. Smith; Ivan Pedrosa; Samuel D. Kaffenberger; Stuart G. Silverman
      Abstract: Purpose To create a succinct yet comprehensive evidence-based structured report template for indeterminate renal masses characterized at CT and MRI. Methods This IRB-exempt, iterative, multi-institutional quality improvement project was informed by published data derived from a multi-institutional survey and a multi-institutional review of CT and MRI radiology reports. A two-stage blinded Delphi process by the 16-member 12-institution Society of Abdominal Radiology Disease-Focused Panel on Renal Cell Carcinoma was conducted to create a structured report template for indeterminate renal masses evaluated at CT and MRI. Individual reporting characteristics were scored by members as ‘core,’ ‘optional,’ or ‘exclude.’ Threshold for inclusion was ≥ 80% support. If < 80% members considered a characteristic a ‘core’ feature, but ≥ 80% considered it either ‘core’ or ‘optional,’ it was considered an ‘optional’ feature. If neither was the case, the characteristic was excluded. Free-text comments were permitted. Characteristics considered ‘core’ by 50–99% of respondents in Round 1 (i.e., nonunanimous support) and uninvestigated free-text comments were assessed in Round 2. Core and optional structured reporting templates were derived. Results The response rate was 100% in Round 1 (16/16) and Round 2 (16/16). In Round 1, 5 characteristics had unanimous support as ‘core’ features. Following Round 2, 13 characteristics had ≥ 80% support as ‘core’ features, and 10 characteristics had ≥ 80% support as ‘optional’ features. Structured report templates were derived. Discussion Structured ‘core’ and ‘optional’ templates for indeterminate renal masses at CT and MRI were derived, which may improve compliance with reporting preferred and essential imaging characteristics.
      PubDate: 2018-12-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1851-2
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