Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2626 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2626 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
aBIOTECH : An Intl. J. on Plant Biotechnology and Agricultural Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Adversity and Resilience Science : J. of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
Affective Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Functional Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Abdominal Radiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.866
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 21  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2366-004X - ISSN (Online) 2366-0058
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Fountain sign
    • PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Correction to: Correlation between incidental fat deposition in the liver
           and pancreas in asymptomatic individuals
    • Abstract: Unfortunately the article was published with a spell error in the co-author names “Ankur Pandy and Pallavi Pandy”. The correct co-author names should be Ankur Pandey and Pallavi Pandey”.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • The “four segment” sign
    • PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • “Corn-on-the-cob” sign
    • PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • The floating gallbladder
    • PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Magnetic resonance elastography could serve as a non-invasive quantitative
           screening study in the post-Fontan patient population
    • PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • The role of T2-weighted images in assessing the grade of extraprostatic
           extension of the prostate carcinoma
    • Abstract: Purpose Extraprostatic extension (EPE) is an unfavorable prognostic factor and the grade of EPE is also shown to be correlated with the prognosis of prostate cancer. The current study assessed the value of prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in measuring the radial distance (RD) of EPE and the role of T2 WI signs in predicting the grade of EPE. Materials and methods A total of 110 patients who underwent prostate MRI before radical prostatectomy are enrolled in this retrospective study. Eighty-four patients have organ confined disease and the remaining twenty-six patients have EPE all verified by histopathology. Prostate MRI examinations were conducted with 3T MRI scanner and phased array coil with the following sequences: T2 WI, T1 WI, DCE, DWI with ADC mapping, and high b-value at b = 1500 s/mm2. The likelihood of EPE with 5-point Likert scale was assigned, several MRI features were extracted for each dominant tumor identified by using T2 WI. Tumors with Likert scales 4–5 were evaluated further to obtain MRI-based RD. The relationship between pathological and MRI-determined RD was tested. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were developed to detect the grade of pathological EPE. The inputs were among the 2 clinical parameters and 4 MRI features. Results There is a moderate correlation between pathological RD and MRI-determined RD (ρ = 0.45, P < 0.01). In univariate and multivariate models, MRI features and clinical parameters possess varying significance levels (univariate models; P = 0.048–0.788, multivariate models; P = 0.173–0.769). Multivariate models perform better than the univariate models by offering fair to good performances (AUC = 0.69–0.85). The multivariate model that employs the MRI features offers better performance than the model employs clinical parameters (AUC = 0.81 versus 0.69). Conclusion Co-existence of T2 WI signs provide higher diagnostic value even than clinical parameters in predicting the grade of EPE. Combined use of clinical parameters and MRI features deliver slightly superior performance than MRI features alone.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST): a proposal of a “CT-based
           predictive model of Miettinen index” in predicting the risk of
    • Abstract: Purpose To identify the predictors of malignancy on CT for the evaluation of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) by correlating CT findings with the mitotic index in order to propose a “CT-based predictive model of Miettinen index.” Methods One radiologist and one resident in radiology with 14- and 4-year experience in oncological field reviewed the CT findings of 42 patients by consensus, with respect to lesion site, size, contour, tumor growth pattern, enhancing pattern, degree of enhancement of tumor, percentage of tumor necrosis, mesenteric fat infiltration, ulceration, calcification, regional lymphadenopathy, direct invasion to adjacent organs, and distant metastasis. All parameters were correlated with the mitotic index evaluated at histopathological analysis following surgery. Normality of variables was evaluated using Shapiro–Wilk test. Pearson’s correlation test was used to assess the interaction between variables. The diagnostic accuracy percentage of tumor necrosis was measured by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis for detecting whether the number of mitosis per 50 high-power fields was > 5. Results A significant statistical correlation was found between percentage of tumor necrosis and the mitotic index (p < 0.005), dimension, and location of the tumor. Conclusion CT could be an accurate technique in the prediction of malignancy of GIST in a CT risk assessment system, based on the location of the tumor, its size, and the percentage of tumor necrosis.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Magnetic resonance imaging performed before and after preoperative
           chemoradiotherapy in rectal cancer: predictive factors of recurrence and
           prognostic significance of MR-detected extramural venous invasion
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed before and after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) in predicting risk of recurrence in rectal cancer and to investigate the prognostic significance of MR-detected extramural venous invasion (mr-EMVI) and of its regression after nCRT. Methods During 2005–2016, 87 patients with rectal cancer underwent pre- and post-nCRT MRI before surgery. Two radiologists independently reviewed MR examinations retrospectively, assessing T stage, nodal involvement, circumferential resection margin (CRM) status, and mr-EMVI. All four parameters assessed in pre- and post-nCRT MRI were correlated with the risk of recurrence. Correlation with disease-free survival (DFS) was investigated for significant predictive factors in pre-nCRT MRI and for mr-EMVI and its possible regression in post-nCRT MRI. Results 15 of 87 patients developed recurrence, with a relapse-rate of 17.2%. Statistical analysis showed a significant correlation between CRM involvement and mr-EMVI assessed in pre-nCRT MRI and the risk of recurrence; 3 years-DFS in patients positive for these two parameters was significantly shorter compared with negatives. In post-nCRT MRI, all four parameters correlated significantly with recurrence: mr-EMVI affected significantly 3 years-DFS and its regression after nCRT correlated with a trend toward improvement of survival outcomes, although not statistically significant. Conclusions CRM involvement and mr-EMVI assessed in pre-nCRT MRI should be considered early predictive factors of recurrence in rectal cancer. MRI performed after nCRT has a significant value in predicting risk of recurrence: mr-EMVI confirmed to be a poor prognosis predictor and its regression or persistence after nCRT could have influences on treatment and follow-up strategies.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Value of apparent diffusion coefficient for differentiating peripancreatic
           tuberculous lymphadenopathy from metastatic lymphadenopathy
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate effectiveness of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the peripancreatic lymphadenopathy to differentiate tuberculous lymphadenopathy from metastatic lymphadenopathy. Materials and methods Twenty-nine patients with 65 peripancreatic necrotic tuberculous lymphadenopathy and 31 patients with 47 peripancreatic necrotic metastatic lymphadenopathy from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), were included in this study. MRI features in the T1-weighted image (WI), T2WI, and diffusion-weighted image were analyzed. The ADC values of necrotic and non-necrotic portions of the lymph nodes were measured and compared using t test. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to obtain the optimal ADC threshold value and diagnostic accuracy for differentiating tuberculous lymphadenopathy from metastatic lymphadenopathy. Results On T2WI, the signal intensity of necrotic portions was variable in tuberculous lymphadenopathy, but was mostly high in metastatic lymphadenopathy. The mean ADCs of necrotic portions of tuberculous lymphadenopathy were significantly lower than those of metastatic lymphadenopathy ([0.919 ± 0.272] × 10−3 mm2/s vs. [1.553 ± 0.406] × 10−3 mm2/s, p < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic analysis for differentiating tuberculous from metastatic lymphadenopathy demonstrated an area under the curve for the ADC values of necrotic portions of 0.929 (95% CI, 0.865–0.969) with an ADC threshold of 1.022. The sensitivity and specificity for the differentiation of tuberculous from metastatic lymphadenopathy were 80.0% and 97.8%, respectively. Conclusion The ADC values of necrotic portions of peripancreatic lymphadenopathy may be useful for differentiating tuberculous from metastatic lymphadenopathy.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Radiation doses and image quality of abdominal CT scans at different
           patient sizes using spectral detector CT scanner: a phantom and clinical
    • Abstract: Purpose To compare radiation dose and image quality for abdominal CTs performed on a spectral detector CT (SDCT) and a comparable single-energy conventional CT scanner for patients of different sizes. Methods Four semi-anthropomorphic phantoms were scanned on an SDCT (IQon, Philips Healthcare) and a comparable single-energy CT (iCT 256, Philips Healthcare) under matched scan parameters. Image noise and radiation dose were compared. For the HIPAA-compliant, IRB-approved retrospective cohort patient study, radiation dose was compared after adjusting for patient water equivalent diameter. Difference in subjective and objective image quality was assessed on a subset of 50 patients scanned on both scanners by two readers. Results CTDIvol and noise from SDCT were higher than conventional CT for all phantoms, with a relative difference of 7.8% (range 5.3–14%) for radiation dose and average difference of 9.0% (range 5.5–11%) for noise. 718 SDCT and 937 conventional CT patients were included in the patient study. CTDIvol for SDCT patients tends to be lower for smaller patients (− 2%, 95% confidence interval (− 5%, − 0.2%) for 200 mm water equivalent diameter) and higher for larger patients compared to conventional CT (8%, (6%, 11%) for 400 mm). No difference was seen for subjective image quality, SNR, CNR, or image noise between the two scanners, except for higher image noise in the portal vein and higher signal in the aorta on SDCT. Conclusion Radiation dose for abdominal CT performed on SDCT is similar to the dose on a conventional CT for average size patients, lower for smaller patients, and slightly higher for larger patients. Image quality is similar between the two scanners.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Size threshold for follow-up of postmenopausal adnexal cysts: 1 cm
           versus 3 cm
    • Abstract: Objectives To assess 3 cm size threshold for follow-up of simple cysts in postmenopausal women. Materials and methods Radiology information system was retrospectively queried for “US pelvis complete” over 8 years in women > 50 years, with keywords ovarian cyst, adnexal cyst, ovarian mass, cystic mass, cystic neoplasm, ovarian neoplasm, and ovarian mass. Premenopausal women were excluded. Cysts, were classified as ≤ 1 cm, 1–3 cm, 3–5 cm, and ≥ 7 cm. Largest cysts on each ovary was recorded. EMR and imaging archives were reviewed for assessing size, stability duration, and surgical records. Descriptive statistics and confidence interval were performed. Results 4388 patients met the initial search criteria. 919 cysts in 896 women (age: 50–91 years, mean: 61.5 years) were identified. We found 162 cysts ≤ 1 cm, 352 1–3 cm, 296 3–7 cm , and 51 ≥ 7 cm cysts. 127 patients with 1–3 cm cysts had no follow-up. Final analysis of 225 1–3 cm cysts included 203 ovarian and 22 paraovarian cysts (average size = 1.95 cm (1.1–3.0 cm)). 103 ovarian cysts had less than 2 years, and 100 cysts had more than 2 years follow-up. All except one ovarian cyst were stable for the entire duration of their follow-up (Mean duration of follow-up 5.4 years) (0.3%, 95% CI 0.0–0.05). 40 cysts resolved. One simple cyst increased in size (followed over 3.25 years) without suspicious imaging features and benign on surgery. Conclusion 1–3 cm cysts represented the most common size range (> 40%) in postmenopausal women, majority of which are stable over follow-up with benign outcome. 3 cm size threshold is appropriate for simple cyst follow-up in postmenopausal women.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • MRI of surgical flaps in pelvic reconstructive surgery: a pictorial review
           of normal and abnormal findings
    • Abstract: Abstract Surgical flaps are commonly used for pelvic reconstruction in a subgroup of patients with locally advanced or recurrent anorectal and gynecologic malignancies and following complications of pelvic irradiation. Surgical scenarios where flaps may be placed include (but are not limited to) extended or radical abdominal perineal resection (APR) and total pelvic exenteration (PE). Surgical flaps in pelvic reconstruction serve several functions, including reducing dead space and providing structural support, facilitating wound closure and cosmetic appearance, enhancing the postsurgical healing process, protecting anastomoses and helping to prevent adhesions of organs and viscera to adjacent structures and the pelvic side wall. The most commonly used surgical flaps in pelvic reconstruction surgery include the VRAM (Vertical Rectus Abdominis Muscle), MRAM (Modified Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous flap), gracilis, sartorius and omental flaps. Surgical flaps can be mistaken for recurrent or residual tumor by radiologists who are not familiar with the appearance or surgical methods of flap placement, since flaps may have a mass-like appearance on cross sectional imaging, including CT and MRI. Recurrent neoplasm may be difficult to differentiate from postoperative changes of flap placement and associated postsurgical anatomic distortion. This review article focuses on understanding the nuances of surgically placed pelvic flaps and identifying their normal and abnormal appearances on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) along a time continuum. Postsurgical complications, including hematoma, postoperative fluid collections, infection, ischemia, and necrosis as well as tumor recurrence on the initial and follow-up magnetic resonance imaging are illustrated and discussed.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Imaging and clinical manifestations of immune checkpoint inhibitor-related
           colitis in cancer patients treated with monotherapy or combination therapy
    • Abstract: Purpose To determine the frequency, imaging, and clinical manifestations of immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI)-related colitis in cancer patients on monotherapy or combination therapy. Methods The electronic medical records of 1044 cancer patients who received ICIs were retrospectively reviewed to identify 48 patients who had a clinical diagnosis of immune-related colitis. Imaging studies were reviewed to identify patients with imaging manifestations of colitis. Demographic data, type of ICIs, symptoms, presence of other immune-related adverse events (irAEs), and management were recorded. Results There was imaging evidence of immune-related colitis in 34 patients (24 men; median age: 63.5 years). The median time to onset of colitis was 75 days (IQR 25–75, 49.5–216 days) in patients receiving monotherapy (group 1) and 78 days (IQR 25–75, 44.3–99.5 days) in patients undergoing combination therapy (group 2) following start of ICI. Symptoms included diarrhea (91.1% [31 of 34]), nausea/vomiting (52.9% [18 of 34]), and abdominal pain (52.9% [18 of 34]). The most common imaging findings were bowel wall thickening (97% [33 of 34]) and fluid-filled colon (82.3% [28 of 34]). Colitis was diffuse in 21 of 34 (61.8%) patients. Imaging manifestations did not differ between the two groups (p > 0.05). Steroids and antibiotics were used to treat colitis in 29 of 34 (85.2%) and 13 of 34 (38.2%) patients, respectively. No patients in group 1 experienced concurrent irAEs, but 5 of 18 (27.8%) of patients in group 2 had other irAEs (p = 0.046). Conclusion Immune-related colitis occurred in 3.3% of patients receiving ICIs with bowel wall thickening, fluid-filled colon and pancolitis being the most common imaging manifestations. Imaging manifestations did not differ between patients receiving monotherapy or combination therapy. However, concurrent irAEs were significantly observed in patients undergoing combination therapy.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Evaluation of liver function using the hepatocyte enhancement fraction
    • Abstract: Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using the hepatocyte enhancement fraction (HEF) based on gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for assessing the liver function in patients with chronic hepatitis B. Methods Sixty patients with Child–Pugh grade A (CP-A), 18 with Child–Pugh grade B (CP-B), 2 with Child–Pugh grade C (CP-C), and 20 with normal liver function (NLF) were enrolled. Gadolinium ethoxybenzyldiethy-lenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MRI was conducted. T1 mapping imaging was performed before and 20 min after Gd-EOB-DTPA administration. The pre- and post-contrast T1 values of the liver (T1pre and T1post), increase in the T1 relaxation rate (ΔR1), rate of decrease in the T1 relaxation time (ΔT1), HEF, and uptake coefficient (K) parameters in the NLF, CP-A, and CP-B + CP-C groups were compared using one-way analysis of variance. The effectiveness of each parameter in differentiating the NLF + CP-A group from the CP-B + CP-C group was evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results The HEF, K, ΔT1, and ΔR1 values decreased, while the T1post and T1pre values increased, with the increase in liver function damage. Significant differences in T1post, ΔT1, ΔR1, and HEF were found between different groups, except for the CP-A and NLF groups. However, no significant difference was observed in the T1pre among the three groups. HEF exhibited the largest area under the ROC curve. Conclusion The HEF is an effective method for evaluating liver function in patients with hepatitis B.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Covered stent placement for hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the efficacy and safety of covered stent placement for the treatment of hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm (HAP). Methods Between March 2006 and March 2019, 17 consecutive patients underwent emergency covered stent placement for treatment of HAP. There were 12 men and 5 women aged 24–71 years, with an average age of 49.4 years. Eleven patients had undergone Whipple procedure, 3 had hepatic abscess following hepatectomy, 2 had undergone hepatectomy under extracorporeal circulation, and 1 had received surgical exploration after a car accident. The average interval from surgical intervention to massive bleeding was 15.3 days (range: 6–35 days). After HAP was confirmed by angiography, 1–3 covered stent grafts (3–8 mm in diameter and 13 mm–5 cm in length) were implanted. Adequate drainage, anti-infection treatment, and symptomatic treatment were offered after stent placement, and no anticoagulation or antiplatelet drug was used. Results The interventions were successful in all 17 patients. Angiography revealed pseudoaneurysms in common hepatic artery in 16 patients (in gastroduodenal artery stumps in 4 patients) and hemorrhage from a ruptured right hepatic artery in 1 patient. All patients were successfully implanted with 1–3 covered stent grafts. Bleeding was completely controlled in 12 patients (stent diameter: 4.5–8 mm). Four patients (stent diameter: 3–4.5 mm) experienced bleeding recurrence 1 h to 3 days after stent implantation, and type 1 endoleaks were identified during second angiography. Finally, these 4 patients died of multiple organ failure 2–10 days after embolization/blockage. The remaining patient suffered from abdominal hemorrhage again 2 weeks after stent implantation, and second angiography showed hemorrhage from a branch of the superior mesenteric artery; no bleeding occurred after embolization. Thirteen patients survived at discharge, and the average length of hospital stay was 26.53 days (range: 11–58 days). The average follow-up time was 23 months (range: 16–37 months), during which 6 patients died of tumor progression. No bleeding recurred during the follow-up period, and routine color Doppler ultrasound revealed that the common hepatic artery was patent and the blood flow was smooth at the stent implantation site. Conclusion Covered stent placement is a safe and effective alternative for treating HAP patients with high risk of severe complications after hepatic artery embolization. Larger stent grafts (> 4 mm in diameter) may achieve better prognosis.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Observer agreement for small bowel ultrasound in Crohn’s disease:
           results from the METRIC trial
    • Abstract: Purpose To prospectively evaluate interobserver agreement for small bowel ultrasound (SBUS) in newly diagnosed and relapsing Crohn’s disease. Methods A subset of patients recruited to a prospective trial comparing the diagnostic accuracy of MR enterography and SBUS underwent a second SBUS performed by one of a pool of six practitioners, who recorded the presence, activity and location of small bowel and colonic disease. Detailed segmental mural and extra-mural observations were also scored. Interobserver variability was expressed as percentage agreement with a construct reference standard, split by patient cohort, grouping disease as present or absent. Prevalence adjusted bias adjusted kappa (PABAK), and simple percentage agreement between practitioners, irrespective of the reference standard, were calculated. Results Thirty-eight patients (11 new diagnosis, 27 relapse) were recruited from two sites. Overall percentage agreement for small bowel disease presence against the consensus reference was 82% (52–95% (95%CI)), kappa coefficient (κ) 0.64, (substantial agreement) for new diagnosis and 81%, κ 0.63 (substantial agreement) for the relapsing cohort. Agreement for colonic disease presence was 64%, κ 0.27 (fair agreement) in new diagnosis and 78%,κ 0.56 (moderate agreement) in the relapsing cohort. Simple agreement between practitioners was 84% and 87% for small bowel and colonic disease presence respectively. Practitioners agreed on small bowel disease activity in 24/27 (89%) where both identified disease. Kappa agreement for detailed mural observations ranged from κ 0.00 to 1.00. Conclusion There is substantial practitioner agreement for small bowel disease presence in newly diagnosed and relapsing CD patients, supporting wider dissemination of enteric US.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • LI-RADS ancillary feature prediction of longitudinal category changes in
           LR-3 observations: an exploratory study
    • Abstract: Purpose To determine whether LI-RADS ancillary features predict longitudinal LR-3 observation category changes. Materials and Methods This exploratory, retrospective, single-center study with an independent reading center included patients who underwent two or more multiphase CT or MRI examinations for hepatocellular carcinoma assessment between 2011 and 2015. Three readers independently evaluated each observation using CT/MRI LI-RADS v2017, and observations categorized LR-3 using major features only were included in the analysis. Prevalence of major and ancillary features was calculated. After excluding low-frequency (< 5%) features, inter-reader agreement was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Major and ancillary feature prediction of observation upgrade (to LR-4 or higher) or downgrade (to LR-1 or LR-2) on follow-up imaging was assessed using logistic regression. Results 141 LR-3 observations in 79 patients were included. Arterial phase hyperenhancement, washout, restricted diffusion, mild-moderate T2 hyperintensity, and hepatobiliary phase hypointensity were frequent enough for further analysis (consensus prevalence 5.0–66.0%). ICCs for inter-reader agreement ranged from 0.18 for restricted diffusion to 0.48 for hepatobiliary phase hypointensity. On follow-up, 40% (57/141) of baseline LR-3 observations remained LR-3. 8% (11/141) were downgraded to LR-2, and 42% (59/141) were downgraded to LR-1. A small number were ultimately upgraded to LR-4 (2%, 3/141) or LR-5 (8%, 11/141). None of the assessed major or ancillary features was significantly associated with observation category change. Longer follow-up time was significantly associated with both observation upgrade and downgrade. Conclusion While numerous ancillary features are described in LI-RADS, most are rarely present and are not useful predictors of LR-3 observation category changes.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI): evaluation of 2D-perfusion
           angiography (2D-PA) for early treatment response assessment
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the feasibility of 2D-perfusion angiography (2D-PA) for the analysis of intra-procedural treatment response after intra-arterial prostaglandin E1 therapy in patients with non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI). Methods Overall, 20 procedures in 18 NOMI patients were included in this retrospective case–control study. To evaluate intra-procedural splanchnic circulation changes, post-processing of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) series was performed. Regions of interest (ROIs) were placed in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA; reference), the portal vein (PV; ROIPV), as well as the aorta next to the origin of the SMA (ROIAorta). Peak density (PD), time to peak (TTP), and area under the curve (AUC) were assessed, and parametric ratios ‘target ROIPD, TTP, AUC/reference ROI’ were computed and compared within treatment and control group. Additionally, a NOMI score was assessed pre- and post-treatment compared to 2D-PA. Results Vasodilator therapy leads to a significant decrease of the 2D-PA-derived values PDAorta (p = 0.04) and AUCAorta (p = 0.03). These findings correlated with changes of the simplified NOMI score, both for overall (4 to 1, p < 0.0001) and for each category. Prostaglandin application caused a significant increase of the AUCPV (p = 0.04) and TTPPV was accelerated without reaching statistical significance (p = 0.13). When compared to a control group, all 2D-PA values in the NOMI group (pre- and post-intervention) differed significantly (p < 0.05) with longer TTPAorta/PV and lower AUCAorta/PV and PD Aorta/PV. Conclusion 2D-PA offers an objective approach to analyze immediate flow and perfusion changes following vasodilatory therapies of NOMI patients and may be a valuable tool for assessing treatment response.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
  • Improving the performance of IOTA simple rules: sonographic assessment of
           adnexal masses with resource-effective use of a magnetic resonance scoring
           (ADNEX MR scoring system)
    • Abstract: Purpose To compare the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA) simple rules, simple rules risk ultrasound models, alone or in combination with magnetic resonance (MR) score to predict malignancy in women with adnexal masses. Methods 171 women with adnexal masses were included from February 2014 to February 2016. 120 women had histopathological diagnosis obtained from surgery or percutaneous biopsy. The other 51 women were submitted to surveillance with ultrasound (US) for at least 1 year. Patients were examined with US and MR. US reports were rendered using IOTA systems. We compared five diagnostic approaches, aimed at diagnosing women with malignant tumors among those with adnexal masses: We calculated the performance and net benefits (decision curve analysis) for five distinct diagnostic approaches: (1) US simple rules (SR), (2) simple rules risk score (SRRisk), (3) US SR followed by subjective assessment (SA) of indeterminate cases, (4) SR followed by MR score for the indeterminate cases, and (5) MR score for all women. Results The MR score for all patients was the approach that yielded the best-standardized net benefit regardless of the risk threshold. However, referring women with indeterminate masses on SR to MR score yielded the second-best net benefit. Conclusion Although this study leaves no doubt about the superiority of MR score over US-based methods for the discrimination of malignant tumors in women with adnexal masses, restricting the use of MR score only to women with indeterminate masses on US SR is a safe, appropriate way to triage women with adnexal masses.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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