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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2351 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2351 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 159, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Abdominal Radiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.866
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 17  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2366-004X - ISSN (Online) 2366-0058
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Bare area sign
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • The stalk-of-corn sign of ureter
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Reply to letter to the editor: “clinical evaluation of ureteral
           pseudodiverticulosis”
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Clinical evaluation of ureteral pseudodiverticulosis
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Thimble bladder
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • The “hot air balloon” sign
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Fadeout sign of liver
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • “Nodule-in-nodule” architecture of hepatocellular carcinoma
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Imaging findings during and after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic
           tumors
    • Abstract: Objective Imaging plays a key role in the assessment of patients before, during, and after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors. Intra-procedural and early post-procedure imaging with CT and MRI is vital to the assessment of technical success including adequacy of ablation zone coverage. Recognition of the normal expected post-procedure findings of hepatic cryoablation such as ice ball formation, hydrodissection, and the normal appearance of the ablation zone is crucial to be able to differentiate from complications including vascular, biliary, or non-target organ injury. Delayed imaging is essential for determination of clinical effectiveness and detection of unexpected findings such as residual unablated tumor and local tumor progression. The purpose of this article is to review the spectrum of expected and unexpected imaging findings that may occur during or after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors. Conclusion Differentiating expected from unexpected findings during and after hepatic cryoablation helps radiologists identify residual or recurrent tumor and detect procedure-related complications.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Diagnosis of recurrent HCC: intraindividual comparison of gadoxetic acid
           MRI and extracellular contrast-enhanced MRI
    • Abstract: Purpose To compare the efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with hepatobiliary agents (HBA-MRI) and MRI with extracellular contrast agents (ECA-MRI) for detection of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after multiple treatments. Methods The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived the requirement for informed patient consent. A total of 135 patients with suspected HCC recurrence after 2–5 treatments (surgery, transarterial chemoembolization, and/or radiofrequency ablation) underwent both HBA-MRI and ECA-MRI within a 1 month interval. HBA-MRI and ECA-MRI were analyzed for HCC detection by two observers using a five-point scale. The diagnostic performances according to MRI modality were compared. Results A total of 136 liver lesions (121 HCCs and 15 benign lesions; median size, 1.9 cm) were identified. ECA-MRI showed greater sensitivity (90.9% vs. 76.9% for observer 1; 91.7% vs. 78.5% for observer 2) and accuracy (91.2% vs. 78.7% for observer 1; 91.9% vs. 80.2% for observer 2) than HBA-MRI for both observers (P = 0.002, 0.003). Fifteen (12.4%) HCCs were correctly diagnosed with ECA-MRI but not with HBA-MRI by both observers. Interobserver agreement was excellent (0.885) for ECA-MRI and substantial (0.749) for HBA-MRI. Conclusions For detection of recurrent HCC, ECA-MRI was superior to HBA-MRI in terms of sensitivity and accuracy. Therefore, ECA-MRI could be the preferred imaging modality over HBA-MRI for assessing HCC recurrence following multiple treatments.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Clinicopathological findings and imaging features of intraductal papillary
           neoplasm of the bile duct: comparison between contrast-enhanced ultrasound
           and contrast-enhanced computed tomography
    • Abstract: Purpose Intraductal papillary neoplasms of the bile duct (IPNBs) are a group of rare lesions with uncertain clinical findings and imaging features. We aim to investigate the clinicopathological features and imaging findings of IPNBs on contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT). Methods From February 2005 to March 2018, 30 patients with pathologically confirmed IPNBs were retrospectively identified in our hospital. Demographic, clinical, and pathological data, CEUS and CECT features and surgical strategies were analyzed. Results The most common clinical manifestations were abdominal pain (53.3%), jaundice (23.3%), and acute cholangitis (10.0%). Among all lesions, 5/30 (16.7%) lesions presented as dilated bile ducts only, while 13/30 (43.3%) lesions presented as dilated bile ducts with intraductal papillary masses, and 12/30 (40.0%) presented as solid masses with dilated bile ducts. For the 20 patients who underwent both CEUS and CECT, 18 lesions were hyperenhanced on CEUS, and 17 lesions were hyperenhanced on CECT in the arterial phase. In total, 16 and 18 lesions showed washout in the portal and late phases on CEUS, while the corresponding number of lesions that showed washout in the portal and late phases on CECT were 11 and 13. Twelve lesions (40.0%) showed atypical hyperplasia, while 16/30 (53.3%) lesions underwent malignant transformations. Conclusions There are 3 major forms of IPNBs on grayscale ultrasound, including diffusely dilated bile ducts without visible mass; focal dilated bile duct with intraductal papillary masses; and solid mass surrounded by dilated bile ducts. The enhancement patterns of IPNBs on CEUS and on CECT were consistent. IPNB has a high malignant potential, and patients should be treated with surgical resection after the diagnosis is established.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Precision and accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging for lobar
           classification of benign prostatic hyperplasia
    • Abstract: Purpose To validate the application of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based lobar classification of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) for use in research and clinical management. Methods Two radiologists with 5 and 11 years post-fellowship experience were trained in the lobar classification of BPH using an internally developed atlas of prostate anatomy with example MRI images edited by a third senior radiologist designated as the “administrator” of the study. A study population of 140 patients referred to a tertiary academic medical center with known or suspected prostate cancer was selected by the administrator to test the interrater reliability (IRR; precision) of the classification as well as accuracy of the two readers compared to the administrator as the “gold” standard. The intrarater reliability of repeat readings of the administrator was also examined. Percentage of agreement, proportion of agreement, and Cohen’s κ were applied. This was a retrospective IRB-approved study. Results IRR (precision) between the two interpreting radiologists was 64% agreement, corresponding to unweighted κ of 0.52. Composite proportion of agreement across all BPH types (categories) for interpreting radiologists was 0.67. Observer accuracy was 62% agreement, unweighted κ 0.49, for observer 1 and 67%, unweighted κ 0.58, for observer 2. Intrarater reliability for the administrator was 87% agreement, unweighted κ 0.81 with composite proportion of agreement across all categories of 0.87. Conclusions MRI lobar classification of BPH is a reproducible and reliable tool for research and clinical applications.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
           (MRCP) versus endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the
           pediatric population: a clinical effectiveness study
    • Abstract: Purpose To determine the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) for detecting biliary and pancreatic abnormalities in a pediatric population, using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) as the reference standard. Materials and methods Institutional review board approval with a waiver of informed consent was obtained for this retrospective investigation. Records from the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Division of Gastroenterology and Department of Radiology were used to identify patients aged ≤ 18 years who had undergone both ERCP and MRCP within a 4-week interval between January 2013 and May 2017. Biliary and pancreatic duct findings were documented for each modality to determine the diagnostic performance of MRCP (with 95% confidence intervals), using ERCP as the reference standard. Results 54 patients met inclusion criteria. Mean patient age at time of ERCP was 10.4 ± 4.9 years, and 25 (46%) were male. Mean interval between ERCP and MRCP was 11.2 ± 9.7 days. For detection of any abnormality (n = 99 ERCP findings), MRCP had a sensitivity of 76.8% (67.5–84.0%) and a positive predictive value (PPV) of 81.7% (72.7–88.3%). MRCP was 75.7% (59.9–86.6%) sensitive, with a PPV of 84.9% (69.1–93.4%) for biliary findings (n = 37) and 73.5% (59.7–83.8%) sensitive, with a PPV of 78.3% (64.4–87.7%) for pancreatic findings (n = 49). For pancreatobiliary abnormalities (n = 13), MRCP had a sensitivity of 92.3% (66.7–99.6%) and a PPV of 85.7% (60.1–97.5%). Conclusion In clinical practice, MRCP is moderately sensitive for biliary and pancreatic abnormalities, with false-negative and false-positive examinations being relatively common.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • The role of multimodal imaging in guiding resectability and cytoreduction
           in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: focus on PET and MRI
    • Abstract: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) are rare neoplasms that secrete peptides and neuro-amines. pNETs can be sporadic or hereditary, syndromic or non-syndromic with different clinical presentations and prognoses. The role of medical imaging includes locating the tumor, assessing its extent, and evaluating the feasibility of curative surgery or cytoreduction. Pancreatic NETs have very distinctive phenotypes on CT, MRI, and PET. PET have been demonstrated to be very sensitive to detect either well-differentiated pNETs using 68Gallium somatostatin receptor (SSTR) radiotracers, or more aggressive undifferentiated pNETS using 18F-FDG. A comprehensive interpretation of multimodal imaging guides resectability and cytoreduction in pNETs. The imaging phenotype provides information on the differentiation and proliferation of pNETs, as well as the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of tumors with prognostic and therapeutic implications. This review provides a structured approach for standardized reading and reporting of medical imaging studies with a focus on PET and MR techniques. It explains which imaging approach should be used for different subtypes of pNET and what a radiologist should be looking for and reporting when interpreting these studies.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Association between chronic asymptomatic pancreatic hyperenzymemia and
           pancreatic ductal anomalies: a magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
           study
    • Abstract: Purpose Elucidating the association between pancreatic ductal anomalies and chronic asymptomatic pancreatic hyperenzymemia using magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. Methods We conducted a single-center, retrospective, case–control study. The healthy community group comprised 554 subjects who participated in a paid, whole-body health checkup program. The patient group comprised 14 subjects with idiopathic pancreatic hyperamylasemia or hyperlipasemia. All subjects underwent magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. The clinical features and incidence rates of pancreatic ductal anomalies were then compared between the groups. Results Compared to the healthy community group, the patient group was significantly more likely to be ≥ age 65 (71.4% of patient group vs. 22.1% of healthy community group), have a history of diabetes mellitus (21.4% vs. 5.4%) or hypertension (35.7% vs. 11.4%), and to have pancreas divisum (21.4% vs. 2.7%), meandering main pancreatic duct (21.4% vs. 4.1%), Wirsungocele (14.3% vs. 1.1%), or dilated main pancreatic duct (14.3% vs. 2.3%). Multivariate analysis found that age ≥ 65 (odds ratio 8.76), presence of pancreas divisum (odds ratio 13.2), meandering main pancreatic duct (odds ratio 8.95), and Wirsungocele (odds ratio 17.6) were independent factors significantly associated with chronic asymptomatic pancreatic hyperenzymemia. Conclusions Pancreas divisum, meandering main pancreatic duct, and Wirsungocele were independently associated with chronic asymptomatic pancreatic hyperenzymemia.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Using principal component analysis for the prediction of tumor response to
           transarterial chemoembolization
    • Abstract: Purpose To quantitate the tumor blush of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at the time of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) using principal component analysis (PCA), and to correlate the quantitated tumor blush to response to therapy. Materials and methods In this proof-of-concept study, 27 primary HCC tumors in 25 patients (18 men, 7 women; mean age 66 years ± 9) were analyzed. We conducted a retrospective analysis of TACE procedures that were performed during March through July of 2017. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was combined with PCA to condense spatial and temporal information into a single image. The tumor and liver contrast enhancements were calculated, and the ratio was used to determine the relative vascular enhancement of the tumor. Tumor response to therapy was determined at 1-month post procedure. Results Using PCA-generated fluoroscopic imaging (PCA-FI), we quantitated the tumor blush and assigned a vascular enhancement value (VEV) to each tumor. Tumors that responded to treatment (N = 12) had statistically higher VEVs compared with the nonresponders (N = 15), with a mean value of 0.96 ± 0.455 vs. 0.57 ± 0.309, (p = 0.013). Conclusions We developed a method for quantitating tumor blush using routine angiographic images. The VEVs calculated using these images may allow for the prediction of tumor response to therapy. This pilot study suggests that there is a correlation between tumor blush intensity and tumor response.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • In comparison with other abdominal imaging modalities, which radiologists
           interpret abdominal MRI'
    • Abstract: Purpose To assess subspecialty mix and case volumes of general and abdominal subspecialty radiologists interpreting abdominal MRI. Methods The 2016 CMS Physician/Supplier Procedure Summary Master File was used to obtain billed counts of radiologist-interpreted abdominal fluoroscopy, US, CT, and MRI examinations. The CMS Physician and Other Supplier Public Use File was used to assess the subspecialty mix and case volume of the radiologists interpreting those examinations. Results The fraction of all abdominal imaging examinations interpreted by generalists and abdominal subspecialty radiologists was 70.7% and 16.5% for fluoroscopy; 68.7% and 21.0% for US; 71.4% and 19.2% for CT; and 41.9% and 52.5% for MRI. In 2016, the fraction of general and abdominal radiologists interpreting > 50 fluoroscopy examinations on Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries was 15.1% and 16.2%. For > 50 US examinations, the fraction was 61.5% and 60.5%; for > 50 CT examinations, 91.2% and 79.6%; and for > 50 MRI examinations, 4.0% and 28.5%. The fraction of abdominal imaging examinations interpreted overall by low-volume providers (those interpreting ≤ 50 examinations in 2016) was 59.5% for fluoroscopy, 17.5% for US, 6.3% for CT, and 50.6% for MRI. Conclusion Nationally, most abdominal fluoroscopy, US, and CT examinations are interpreted by general radiologists, who have similar annual volumes of these examinations as abdominal subspecialty radiologists. In contrast, most abdominal MRI examinations are interpreted by abdominal subspecialty radiologists, who attain considerably higher volumes. These findings have implications for workforce planning and abdominal imaging fellowship design to ensure their graduates are optimally prepared to contribute to their future practices.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor risk classification: spectral CT
           quantitative parameters
    • Abstract: Purpose To examine the value of spectral CT quantitative parameters in gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) risk classification. Materials and methods This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board. The requirement for informed consent was signed. The authors evaluated 86 patients (30 high risk, 22 medium risk, 28 low risk, and 6 very low risk; mean age: 59 years [range 19–83 years]) with pathologically confirmed GIST who underwent plain and triple-phase contrast-enhanced CT with spectral CT imaging mode from March 2015 through September 2017, with manual follow-up. Quantitative parameters including the CT value of 70 keV monochromatic images, the slope of spectral curves, and the normalized iodine concentration (NIC) and water (iodine) concentrations were measured and calculated, and conducted a power analysis of the above data. Results (1) The CT values at 70 keV of the high-risk group were higher than the intermediate and low groups in each of the enhanced phases (P ≤ 0.001), no significant differences in the intermediate-risk and low-risk groups were noted (P = 0.874, 0.871, 0.831, respectively). (2) The slope of the spectral curve of the high-risk group was higher than those of the intermediate and low groups in each of the enhanced phases (P ≤ 0.001), and there were no significant differences between the intermediate- and low-risk groups (P = 0.069, 0.466, 0.840, respectively). (3) The NIC of the high-risk group significantly differed from the lower risk groups (P ≤ 0.001). There was also no significant difference observed between the intermediate- and low-risk groups (P = 0.671, 0.457, 0.833, respectively). (4) The power analysis results show that only the low-risk group with delay period is 0.530, the rest groups are all greater than 0.999. Conclusion Dual-energy spectral CT with quantitative analysis may help to increase the accuracy in differentiating the pathological risk classification of GIST between high risk and non-high risk, preoperatively. There were limitations for distinguishing the intermediate- and low-risk groups.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Tumors of the jejunum and ileum: a pattern-based imaging approach on CT
    • Abstract: Since a broad spectrum of tumors can occur in the small bowels, it is not easy to make a correct differential diagnosis among small bowel tumors on CT findings. Therefore, once a mass is detected on CT, the radiologist needs to analyze the mass based on presenting patterns such as location, multiplicity, morphology, and enhancement patterns. In this article, we will illustrate various kinds of small bowel tumors based on imaging patterns at CT to facilitate making a correct diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
  • Value of 18 F-FDG PET/CT in the diagnosis of portal vein tumor thrombus in
           patients with hepatocellular carcinoma
    • Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) for the diagnosis of a portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods One hundred fifty-four patients with histologically proven HCC underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was calculated, and the change in SUVmax (retention index, RI) was defined as the ratio of the increase in SUVmax between early and delayed scans to the SUVmax in the early scan. The circular region of interest was placed on the transaxial images according to the corresponding CT images. The final diagnoses of a PVTT were confirmed by histopathology. Results Of the patients examined, 101 (65.6%) had no confirmed instances of a PVTT, whereas 53 (34.4%) had a confirmed PVTT. The sensitivity of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging was 62.3%, the specificity was 97.0%, the accuracy was 85.1%, the positive predictive value was 91.7%, and the negative predictive value was 83.1%. The SUVmax of the PVTT was 4.32 ± 1.96 and the SUVmax of the HCC lesions for these patients was 5.38 ± 2.79, but these differences were insignificant (t = 1.78, p = 0.08). For dual-time-point imaging, the SUV1 of the PVTT lesions was 3.75 ± 1.48, and SUV2 was 3.63 ± 1.41, but these differences were insignificant (t = 0.82, p = 0.42). The SUV1 of the HCC lesions was 4.47 ± 2.03, and the SUV2 was 4.90 ± 2.07, which were both also insignificant (t = − 1.81, p = 0.09). The RI of the PVTT lesions was − 2.05 ± 19.96%, and the RI of the HCC lesions was 11.87 ± 26.20%, with no significant differences between them (t = 1.58, p = 0.13). Conclusions 18F-FDG PET/CT may potentially improve the accurate diagnoses of a PVTT in patients with HCC.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
       
 
 
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