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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 132)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Abdominal Imaging
  [SJR: 0.723]   [H-I: 60]   [14 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2366-004X - ISSN (Online) 2366-0058
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Performance of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging at 3.0T for
           early assessment of tumor response in locally advanced rectal cancer
           treated with preoperative chemoradiation therapy
    • Authors: Andrea Delli Pizzi; Roberta Cianci; Domenico Genovesi; Gianluigi Esposito; Mauro Timpani; Alessandra Tavoletta; Pierluigi Pulsone; Raffaella Basilico; Daniela Gabrielli; Consuelo Rosa; Luciana Caravatta; Monica Di Tommaso; Massimo Caulo; Antonella Filippone
      Abstract: Purpose The purpose of the article is to determine whether changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) obtained 2 weeks after the beginning of chemoradiation therapy (CRT) allow to predict treatment response and whether correlate with tumor histopathologic response. Methods Forty-three patients receiving CRT for LARC and 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging with diffusion-weighted sequences before treatment, 2 weeks during, and 8 weeks post the completion of CRT were included. ADC values were calculated at each time point and percentage of ADC changes at 2 weeks (ΔADC during) and 8 weeks (ΔADC post) were assessed. Data were correlated to surgical results and histopathologic tumor regression grade (TRG), according to Mandard’s classification. ADC values and ΔADCs of complete responders (CR; TRG1) and non-complete responders (non-CR; TRG 2-5) were compared. Receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was used to assess diagnostic accuracy of ΔADC for differentiating CR from non-CR. The correlation with TRG was investigated using Spearman's rank test. Results ΔADC during and ΔADC post were significantly higher in CR (33.9% and 57%, respectively) compared to non-CR (13.5% and 2.2%, respectively) group (p = 0.006 and p < 0.001, respectively). ROC analysis revealed the following diagnostic performances: ΔADC during: AUC 0.78 (0.08), p = 0.004, cut-off 20.6% (sensitivity 75% and specificity 76.5%); ΔADC post: AUC 0.94 (0.04), p ≤ 0.001, cut-off 22% (sensitivity 95% and specificity 82.4%). Significant moderate and good negative correlation was found between ΔADC during and ΔADC post and TRG (r = − 0.418, p = 0.007; r = − 694, p ≤ 0.001, respectively). Conclusion ΔADC at 2 weeks after the beginning of CRT is a reliable tool to early assess treatment response.
      PubDate: 2018-01-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-018-1457-8
  • Practical advantages of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in abdominopelvic
    • Authors: Praveen Ganti Ranganath; Michelle L. Robbin; Susan J. Back; Edward G. Grant; David T. Fetzer
      Abstract: Abstract Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are two of the workhorse modalities of abdominopelvic radiology. However, these modalities are not without patient- and technique-specific limitations that may prevent a timely and accurate diagnosis. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is an effective, rapid, and cost-effective imaging modality with expanding clinical utility in the United States. In this pictorial essay, we provide a case-based discussion demonstrating the practical advantages of CEUS in evaluating a variety of pathologies in which CT or MRI was precluded or insufficient. Through these advantages, CEUS can serve a complementary role with CT and MRI in comprehensive abdominopelvic radiology.
      PubDate: 2018-01-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1442-7
  • LI-RADS: a glimpse into the future
    • Authors: Claude B. Sirlin; Ania Z. Kielar; An Tang; Mustafa R Bashir
      Abstract: Abstract This article provides a glimpse into the future of the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS), discussing the immediate and long-term plans for its continuing improvement and expansion. To complement the Core and Essentials components of the latest version of LI-RADS, a comprehensive manual will be released soon, and it will include technical recommendations, management guidance, as well as reporting instructions and templates. In this article, we briefly review the process by which LI-RADS has been developed until now, a process guided by a variable combination of data, expert opinion, and desire for congruency with other diagnostic systems in North America. We then look forward, envisioning that forthcoming updates to LI-RADS will occur regularly every 3 to 5 years, driven by emerging high-quality scientific evidence. We highlight some of the key knowledge and technology gaps that will need to be addressed to enable the needed refinements. We also anticipate future expansions in scope to meet currently unaddressed clinical needs. Finally, we articulate a vision for eventual unification of imaging system for HCC screening and surveillance, diagnosis and staging, and treatment response assessment.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1448-1
  • Epidemiology and contemporary management of abdominal aortic aneurysms
    • Authors: Brant W. Ullery; Richard L. Hallett; Dominik Fleischmann
      Abstract: Abstract Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is most commonly defined as a maximal diameter of the abdominal aorta in excess of 3 cm in either anterior-posterior or transverse planes or, alternatively, as a focal dilation ≥ 1.5 times the diameter of the normal adjacent arterial segment. Risk factors for the development of AAA include age > 60, tobacco use, male gender, Caucasian race, and family history of AAA. Aneurysm growth and rupture risk appear to be associated with persistent tobacco use, female gender, and chronic pulmonary disease. The majority of AAAs are asymptomatic and detected incidentally on various imaging studies, including abdominal ultrasound, and computed tomographic angiography. Symptoms associated with AAA may include abdominal or back pain, thromboembolization, atheroembolization, aortic rupture, or development of an arteriovenous or aortoenteric fistula. The Screening Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Efficiently (SAAAVE) Act provides coverage for a one-time screening abdominal ultrasound at age 65 for men who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes and women who have family history of AAA disease. Medical management is recommended for asymptomatic patients with AAAs < 5 cm in diameter and focuses on modifiable risk factors, including smoking cessation and blood pressure control. Primary indications for intervention in patients with AAA include development of symptoms, rupture, rapid aneurysm growth (> 5 mm/6 months), or presence of a fusiform aneurysm with maximum diameter of 5.5 cm or greater. Intervention for AAA includes conventional open surgical repair and endovascular aortic stent graft repair.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1450-7
  • Bladder cancer local staging: multiparametric MRI performance following
           transurethral resection
    • Authors: Christian B. van der Pol; Atul B. Shinagare; Sree Harsha Tirumani; Mark A. Preston; Mark G. Vangel; Stuart G. Silverman
      Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the performance of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) for the local staging of bladder cancer following transurethral resection of bladder tumor. Methods This Institutional Review Board-approved, retrospective study identified 45 patients with pathology-proven bladder cancer who underwent transurethral resection followed by mpMRI between August 2011 and October 2016. Two radiologists reviewed each MRI independently and assigned T and N stage. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy were calculated for the presence of muscle invasion (T2 or higher), peri-vesical invasion (T3 or higher), and regional nodal disease compared to findings at cystectomy as the reference standard. Inter-observer agreement was measured using Cohen’s κ coefficient. Results Of 45 patients, 13% were stage T2, 27% T3, 16% T4; of 40 patients, 28% had regional nodal disease. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of mpMRI for readers 1 and 2, respectively, were muscle invasion, 92% and 88%, 74% and 84%, 81% and 88%, 88% and 84%, 84% and 86%; peri-vesical invasion, 72% and 67%, 92% and 92%, 87% and 86%, 81% and 79%, 83% and 81%; regional nodal disease, 45% and 45%, 93% and 90%, 71% and 63%, 82% and 81%, 80% and 78%. Inter-observer agreement was good using all sequences. Conclusions mpMRI was both sensitive and specific in the detection of muscle invasive bladder cancer, and was specific but not sensitive for both peri-vesical invasion and nodal involvement. mpMRI may have a role at locally staging bladder cancer following transurethral resection.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1449-0
  • Diagnosing common bile duct obstruction: comparison of image quality and
           diagnostic performance of three-dimensional magnetic resonance
           cholangiopancreatography with and without compressed sensing
    • Authors: Heejin Kwon; Scott Reid; Dongeun Kim; Sangyun Lee; Jinhan Cho; Jongyeong Oh
      Abstract: Purpose This study aimed to evaluate image quality and diagnostic performance of a recently developed navigated three-dimensional magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (3D-MRCP) with compressed sensing (CS) based on parallel imaging (PI) and conventional 3D-MRCP with PI only in patients with abnormal bile duct dilatation. Methods This institutional review board-approved study included 45 consecutive patients [non-malignant common bile duct lesions (n = 21) and malignant common bile duct lesions (n = 24)] who underwent MRCP of the abdomen to evaluate bile duct dilatation. All patients were imaged at 3T (MR 750, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI) including two kinds of 3D-MRCP using 352 × 288 matrices with and without CS based on PI. Two radiologists independently and blindly assessed randomized images. Results CS acceleration reduced the acquisition time on average 5 min and 6 s to a total of 2 min and 56 s. The all CS cine image quality was significantly higher than standard cine MR image for all quantitative measurements. Diagnostic accuracy for benign and malignant lesions is statistically different between standard and CS 3D-MRCP. Conclusions Total image quality and diagnostic accuracy at biliary obstruction evaluation demonstrates that CS-accelerated 3D-MRCP sequences can provide superior quality of diagnostic information in 42.5% less time. This has the potential to reduce motion-related artifacts and improve diagnostic efficacy.
      PubDate: 2018-01-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1451-6
  • Comparison between the diagnostic accuracies of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose
           positron emission tomography/computed tomography and conventional imaging
           in recurrent urothelial carcinomas: a retrospective, multicenter study
    • Authors: Fabio Zattoni; Elena Incerti; Michele Colicchia; Paolo Castellucci; Stefano Panareo; Maria Picchio; Federico Fallanca; Alberto Briganti; Marco Moschini; Andrea Gallina; Jeffrey R. Karnes; Val Lowe; Stefano Fanti; Riccardo Schiavina; Ilaria Rambaldi; Vincenzo Ficarra; Laura Evangelista
      Abstract: Purpose To determine the performance accuracy of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) after primary tumor treatment for both bladder cancer (BC) and upper tract urothelial cancer (UTUC). To compare the accuracy of FDG PET/CT with that of contrast-enhanced-ceCT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods Data of patients with recurrent urothelial carcinomas (UC) after primary treatment were collected in a retrospective, international multicenter study. Inclusion criteria were (1) patients with a known history of UC in the BC and/or in the UTUC; (2) PET/CT images after curative intent treatment of the primary tumor; (3) conventional imaging modalities (abdominal ceCT or MRI, or total body ceCT, and chest X-ray: called C.I.) performed no more than 3 months from PET/CT; (4) available standard of reference (e.g., histological data or follow-up imaging modalities) for the validation of PET/CT findings. Exclusion criteria were other abdominal tumors, chemotherapy administration prior to and/or concomitant to imaging, and non-urothelial histologic variants. Sensitivities, specificities, positive, and negative predictive values were evaluated for all patients and separately for bladder and UTUC. Results Overall, 287 patients were enrolled. Two-hundred thirteen patients underwent cystectomy (74.2%), 35 nephroureterectomy (12.2%), 31 both cystectomy + nephroureterectomy (10.8%), 5 both cystectomy + conservative treatment for UTUC (1.4%), and 3 (1%) other types of nephron-sparing treatments for UTUC. Neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatments were performed in 36 (12.5%) and 111 (38.7%) patients, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity (95% confidence intervals) of PET/CT for the detection of recurrent UC were 94% (91% to 96%) and 79% (68% to 88%), respectively. However, sensitivity was higher for BC than UTUC (95% vs. 85%) while specificity was lower in BC (78% vs. 85% for BC and UTUC, respectively). PET/CT and C.I. findings were available in 198 patients. The results were positively concordant in 137 patients, negatively concordant in 23 patients, and discordant in 38 patients (20 negative at C.I. vs. positive at PET/CT and 18 positives at ceCT/MRI vs. negative at PET/CT) (K Cohen = 0.426; p < 0.001). Sensitivities, specificities, and accuracies (95% confidence intervals) of PET/CT vs. C.I. for the detection of recurrent BC and UTUC were 94% (90% to 97%) vs. 86% (81% to 92%), 79% (67% to 92%) vs. 59% (44% to 74%), and 91% (87% to 95%) vs. 81% (75% to 86%), respectively. Conclusions FDG PET/CT has a high diagnostic accuracy for the identification of recurrent UC, particularly in patients with BC. Moreover, its accuracy outperforms C.I. for both BC and UTUC.
      PubDate: 2018-01-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1443-6
  • Anti-reflux procedures: complications, radiologic findings, and surgical
           and gastroenterologic perspectives
    • Authors: J. G. Zarzour; D. E. Morgan; J. P. Callaway; M. T. Hawn; C. L. Canon; R. E. Koehler
      Abstract: Abstract This article provides an overview of the current surgical anti-reflux procedures and their imaging findings, as well as the surgical complications. Accurate and timely clinical assessment requires an engaged radiologist fluoroscopist who understands the perspectives of their interdisciplinary colleagues, including the surgeon and gastroenterologist. The complex pathophysiology calls for an interdisciplinary approach, and the radiologist needs to tailor their evaluation to answer the specific questions posed by their clinical colleagues and by the presenting symptomatology.
      PubDate: 2018-01-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1446-3
  • Diagnosis of Budd–Chiari syndrome
    • Authors: Morgane Van Wettere; Onorina Bruno; Pierre-Emmanuel Rautou; Valérie Vilgrain; Maxime Ronot
      Abstract: Abstract Budd–Chiari syndrome (BCS) is defined by clinical and laboratory signs associated with partial or complete impairment of hepatic venous drainage in the absence of right heart failure or constrictive pericarditis. Primary BCS is the most frequent type and is a complication of hypercoagulable states, in particular myeloproliferative neoplasms. Secondary BCS involves tumor invasion or extrinsic compression. Most patients present with chronic BCS including a non-cirrhotic, dysmorphic, chronic liver disease with various degrees of fibrosis deposition. Acute BCS is rare, and patients present with hepatomegaly, ascites, and hepatic insufficiency. The diagnosis is based on imaging. Imaging features include (1) direct signs, in particular occlusion or compression of the hepatic veins and/or the inferior vena cava and venous collaterals and (2) indirect signs, in particular morphological changes in the liver with hypertrophy of the caudate lobe and delayed nodule formation. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging are the gold standard for diagnosis. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the role of imaging in the diagnosis of BCS.
      PubDate: 2017-12-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1447-2
  • Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of peripelvic and
           periureteric pathologies
    • Authors: Ekim Gumeler; Mehmet Ruhi Onur; Ali Devrim Karaosmanoglu; Mustafa Ozmen; Deniz Akata; Musturay Karcaaltincaba
      Abstract: Abstract Peripelvic and periureteric areas are frequently overlooked in the imaging evaluations of the urinary system on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Several neoplastic and non-neoplastic disorders and diseases including lipomatosis, angiomyolipoma and angiolipomatous proliferation, vascular lesions, lymphangiomatosis, Rosai–Dorfman disease, Erdheim–Chester disease, extramedullary hematopoiesis, IgG4-related disease, lymphoma, mesenchymal tumors, trauma, and Antopol–Goldman lesion may involve these areas. Differentiation of these benign or malignant pathologies among themselves and from primary renal pathologies is of utmost importance to expedite the triage of patients for correct treatment approach. In this article, we aim to increase the awareness of the imaging specialists to the typical and atypical imaging features of the entities affecting these areas.
      PubDate: 2017-12-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1444-5
  • Medical oncology and pancreatic cancer: what the radiologist needs to know
    • Authors: David R. Fogelman; Gauri Varadhachary
      Abstract: Abstract The majority of PCs present as advanced disease, and treatment goals are for prolongation of life and palliation of the symptoms. Oncologists rely on our radiology colleagues to provide information on the extent of disease and the effectiveness of our treatment. The stakes rise in those patients where the disease has seemingly not spread and who might be treated with a goal of cure. For this subset of patients, medical oncologists and surgeons require as precise a radiologic description as possible in order to most accurately characterize the extent of the disease, in turn informing us as to the likelihood of a successful surgery and potential cure. In this paper, we review the fine points of imaging that distinguish resectable from borderline or unresectable patients, explain the principles of neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy for pancreatic cancer, highlight some of the novel therapies now being pioneered in pancreatic cancer, and review radiologic features important for palliative care in patients with these tumors.
      PubDate: 2017-12-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1432-9
  • Hidebound bowel sign
    • Authors: Sergey Leshchinskiy; Robert D’Agostino
      PubDate: 2017-12-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1445-4
  • The LI-RADS adventure—a personal statement
    • Authors: Claude B. Sirlin
      PubDate: 2017-12-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1386-y
  • Multi-institutional survey on imaging practice patterns in pancreatic
           ductal adenocarcinoma
    • Authors: Avinash R. Kambadakone; Atif Zaheer; Ott Le; Priya Bhosale; Jeffrey Meier; Alexander R. Guimaraes; Zarine Shah; David M. Hough; Lorenzo Mannelli; Erik Soloff; Arnold Friedman; Eric Tamm
      Abstract: Purpose To study the practice patterns for performance and interpretation of CT/MRI imaging studies in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) at multiple institutions using a survey-based assessment. Methods In this study, abdominal radiologists/body imagers on the Society of Abdominal Radiology disease-focused panel for PDAC and from multiple institutions participated in an online survey. The survey was designed to investigate the imaging and reporting practice patterns for PDAC. The survey questionnaire addressed the experience of referring providers, choice of imaging modality for diagnosis and follow-up of PDAC, structured imaging templates utilization for PDAC, and experiences with the use of structured reports. Results The response rate was 89.6% (43/48), with majority of the respondents working in a teaching hospital or academic research center (95.4%). While 86% of radiologists reported use of structured reporting templates in their practice, only 60.5% used standardized templates specific to PDAC. This lower percentage was despite most of them (77%) being aware of existence of PDAC-specific templates and recognizing their benefits, such as preference by referring providers (83%), improved uniformity (100%), and higher accuracy of reports (76.2%). The common impediments to the use of PDAC-specific templates were interference with efficient workflow (67.5%), lack of interest (52.5%), and complexity of existing templates (47.5%). With regards to imaging practice, 92.7% (n = 40/43) of respondents reported performing dynamic multiphasic pancreatic protocol CT for evaluation of patients with initial suspicion or staging of PDAC. Conclusion Structured reporting templates for PDAC are not universally utilized in subspecialty abdominal/body imaging practices due to concerns of interference with efficient workflow and complexity of templates. Multiphasic pancreatic protocol CT is most frequently performed for evaluation of PDAC.
      PubDate: 2017-12-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1433-8
  • Various congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava: review of
           cross-sectional imaging findings and report of a new variant
    • Authors: Seung Soo Kim; Hyeong Cheol Shin; Jeong Ah Hwang; Sung Shick Jou; Woong Hee Lee; Seo-Youn Choi; Chan Ho Park
      Abstract: Abstract The inferior vena cava (IVC) is an important structure receiving a large amount of venous return and is associated with various congenital disorders. Advances in diagnostic imaging and its increasing accessibility have led to an increase in the incidental detection of IVC anomalies. Congenital anomalies of the IVC are not uncommon and are occasionally critical to treatment planning. However, they are frequently overlooked in abdominal imaging. The IVC is composed of four segments (intrahepatic, suprarenal, renal, and infrarenal), and each segment arises from different embryonic structures in a complex process. Anomalies of the IVC can be classified according to the involved segment. Familiarity with the variety of IVC anomalies seen on imaging is vital for correctly diagnosing and managing patients in daily practice.
      PubDate: 2017-12-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1430-y
  • The “leather bottle” stomach
    • Authors: Nikita Consul; David J. DiSantis; Raymond B. Dyer
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1436-5
  • “Lâcher de ballons” or “release of balloons”
    • Authors: Zachary J. LoVerde; Raymond B. Dyer
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1428-5
  • Uncommon evolutions and complications of common benign liver lesions
    • Authors: Federica Vernuccio; Maxime Ronot; Marco Dioguardi Burgio; Jérôme Lebigot; Wassim Allaham; Christophe Aubé; Giuseppe Brancatelli; Valérie Vilgrain
      Abstract: Abstract Frequently encountered on abdominal imaging studies, the majority of common benign liver lesions are asymptomatic, confidently diagnosed by imaging, and do not require further workup, follow-up, or treatment. The increasing use of multimodality liver imaging, has allowed the recognition of uncommon evolutions of common benign liver lesions such as size changes, fibrotic regression, and content and vascularization changes, and their complications such as rupture, hemorrhage, thrombosis, extrinsic compression, and malignancy. The purpose of this pictorial review is to describe and illustrate the incidence and diagnostic features of these uncommon evolutions and complications on cross-sectional imaging, mainly on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, with emphasis on those imaging clues which are helpful in the differential diagnosis or indicate the need for treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1427-6
  • Peri-tumoral hyperintensity on hepatobiliary phase of gadoxetic
           acid-enhanced MRI in hepatocellular carcinomas: correlation with
           peri-tumoral hyperplasia and its pathological features
    • Authors: Norihide Yoneda; Osamu Matsui; Azusa Kitao; Takahiro Komori; Kazuto Kozaka; Hiroko Ikeda; Kotaro Yoshida; Dai Inoue; Tetsuya Minami; Wataru Koda; Satoshi Kobayashi; Toshifumi Gabata
      Abstract: Purpose Peri-tumoral hyperintensity (P-hyperintensity) is occasionally seen in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on the hepatobiliary (HB) phase of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI (EOB-MRI). A recent study reported peri-tumoral hyperplasia (P-hyperplasia) associated with over-expression of glutamine synthetase (GS) in HCC or metastatic carcinoma. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between P-hyperintensity on the HB phase and GS expression indicating P-hyperplasia and reveal its pathological features. Methods Seventy-seven surgically resected HCCs from 68 patients were analyzed. The grade of P-hyperintensity on HB phase was divided according to the degree of the peri-tumoral hyperintense signal: grade 0 (no P-hyperintensity), grade 1 (less than 50% of the tumor border), grade 2 (50%–80%), grade 3 (80%–100%). Immunohistochemical staining for GS and organic anion transporter polypeptides (OATP)1B3 was performed. The relationships among P-hyperplasia (peri-tumoral GS expression) and OATP1B3 expression, P-hyperintensity, and pathological features of the tumor were analyzed. Results Thirty-four HCCs were classified as P-hyperintensity grade 0, 29 HCCs as grade 1,10 nodules as grade 2, and 4 HCCs as grade 3. P-hyperplasia was observed in 3/34 (8.8%) P-hyperintensity grade 0, 16/29 (55.2%) grade 1, 9/10 (90%) grade 2, and 4/4 (100%) grade 3. The incidence of P-hyperplasia was significantly increased in P-hyperintensity grades 1–3 compared with grade 0 (p < 0.0001). Hepatocytes in all P-hyperplasia sites demonstrated definite OATP1B3 expression. Microscopic hepatic venous invasion was significantly increased in P-hyperintensity-positive HCCs compared with negative HCCs (p = 0.0017). Conclusions P-hyperintensity on HB phase in HCC may indicate p-hyperplasia with GS and OATP1B3 expression and a higher incidence of microscopic hepatic venous invasion.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1437-4
  • Role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in evaluation of the bowel
    • Authors: Alexandra Medellin; Christina Merrill; Stephanie R. Wilson
      Abstract: Abstract Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) of the gastrointestinal tract provides vascular information helpful for characterizing masses and other pathologies in and around the bowel, similar to contrast applications in other solid organs. However, the use of microbubble contrast agents for the bowel provides additional unique contributions as it gives both subjective and objective information about mural and mesenteric blood flow, invaluable for the determination of disease activity in those many patients affected by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD is a lifelong chronic disease and has its peak age of onset in adolescence or young adult life. Today, we have moved away from treating patient’s symptoms and strive instead to alter the course of disease by obtaining mucosal healing. Expensive and aggressive biologic therapies and lack of agreement of patient’s symptoms with their disease activity and complications necessitate frequent imaging surveillance, which must be safe, readily available, inexpensive, and effective. Ultrasound with the benefit of contrast enhancement meets these requirements and is shown in meta-analysis to be equivalent to CT and MRI scans for these indications.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1399-6
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