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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 118)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Abdominal Imaging
  [SJR: 0.723]   [H-I: 60]   [14 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2366-004X - ISSN (Online) 2366-0058
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Apple core sign in colorectal cancer
    • Authors: Eduardo Kaiser Ururahy Nunes Fonseca; Cassia Franco Tridente; Renata Emy Ogawa; Fernando Ide Yamauchi; Ronaldo Hueb Baroni
      Pages: 2001 - 2002
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1085-8
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Liver scalloping in pseudomyxoma peritonei
    • Authors: Eduardo Kaiser Ururahy Nunes Fonseca; Aparecido Nakano Martins; Cassia Franco Tridente; Fernando Ide Yamauchi; Ronaldo Hueb Baroni
      Pages: 2003 - 2004
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1092-9
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • The water lily sign
    • Authors: Hasan Emin Kaya; Ülkü Kerimoğlu
      PubDate: 2017-07-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1183-7
       
  • Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging for transition zone prostate
           cancer: essential findings, limitations, and future directions
    • Authors: Sara Lewis; Cecilia Besa; Ally Rosen; Ardeshir R. Rastinehad; Sahar Semann; Stephanie Hectors; Bachir Taouli
      Abstract: Objective Review the multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) findings of transition zone (TZ) prostate cancer (PCa) using T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI and to integrate mpMRI findings with clinical history, laboratory values, and histopathology. Conclusion TZ prostate tumors are challenging to detect clinically and at MRI. mpMRI using the combination of sequences has the potential to improve accuracy of TZ cancer detection and staging.
      PubDate: 2017-07-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1184-6
       
  • LI-RADS ® algorithm: CT and MRI
    • Authors: Victoria Chernyak; Cynthia S. Santillan; Demetri Papadatos; Claude B. Sirlin
      Abstract: The Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS®) is an imaging-based diagnostic system applicable in patients at high risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In LI-RADS, each liver observation is assigned a category that reflects probability of benignity, HCC, or other malignancy. Familiarity with the LI-RADS diagnostic algorithm is necessary to appropriately implement LI-RADS in clinical practice. This review discusses steps necessary for application of the LI-RADS algorithm and provides examples illustrating each step.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1228-y
       
  • Pre- and neonatal imaging of gastrointestinal complications in congenital
           diaphragmatic hernia
    • Authors: Katharina Minkner; Leonor Alamo
      Abstract: The initial outcome in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia is mainly related to the associated lung hypoplasia. However, these patients frequently present with additional gastrointestinal pathology that also influences their quality of life and final prognosis. Congenital gastrointestinal anomalies are often observed and the displacement of the liver, the stomach and/or the intestines into the thorax may cause distortion of the vascular axis of these organs, increasing the risk of congestion and/or ischemia. Some of these gastrointestinal complications are already visible at imaging studies performed in utero and/or in newborns.This pictorial essay describes the imaging findings of the most frequently detected gastrointestinal complications in fetuses and infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, focusing on prenatal exams.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1246-9
       
  • Preoperative CT in patients with surgically resectable pancreatic
           adenocarcinoma: does the time interval between CT and surgery affect
           survival'
    • Authors: Gerard M. Healy; C. E. Redmond; S. Murphy; H. Fleming; A. Haughey; R. Kavanagh; N. Swan; K. C. Conlon; D. E. Malone; E. R. Ryan
      Abstract: Purpose The preoperative imaging-to-surgery time interval (ISI) influences the risk of unexpected progression (UP) found at surgery for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. We aimed to assess whether ISI influences disease recurrence and/or survival. Methods and materials A single-institution, ethics board-approved retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent attempted resection of pancreatic (PDAC) or periampullary adenocarcinoma (AmpAC) between 1st January 2010 and 31st December 2015 was performed. All patients underwent preoperative abdominal computed tomography (CT). Exclusion criteria were borderline resectable disease and neoadjuvant chemo/radiotherapy. Patients were followed up until 30th June 2016. The population was divided into ISI ≥/<25 days. Kaplan–Meier and Cox regression survival analyses were performed. Results 239 patients underwent surgical exploration. UP was found in 29 (12.1%) and these patients had longer ISI (median 46 vs. 29 days, p < 0.05). When intention-to-treat analysis was performed, there was no difference in overall survival (OS) between patients with ISI ≥/<25. In those who underwent resection, ISI did not influence disease-free survival (DFS) or OS for PDAC (n = 174). For AmpAC (n = 36), ISI ≥ 25 days was associated with longer OS (p < 0.05) but did not influence DFS. Longer ISI was independently associated with improved OS on regression analysis for AmpAC. Conclusion Performing surgery for resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma within 25 days of abdominal CT reduces the chance of UP but does not confer a survival benefit. For those who undergo resection of AmpAC, a longer ISI was associated with longer OS. This probably represents a more biologically indolent disease in this cohort.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1254-9
       
  • Variable refocusing flip angle single-shot fast spin echo imaging of liver
           lesions: increased speed and lesion contrast
    • Authors: Robert M. Hicks; Andreas M. Loening; Michael A. Ohliger; Shreyas S. Vasanawala; Thomas A. Hope
      Abstract: Purpose To evaluate acquisition time and clinical image quality of a variable refocusing flip angle (vrf) single-shot fast spin echo (SSFSE) sequence in comparison with a conventional SSFSE sequence for imaging of liver lesions in patients undergoing whole-body PET/MRI for oncologic staging. Methods A vrfSSFSE sequence was acquired in 43 patients with known pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors undergoing 68Ga-DOTA-TOC PET on a simultaneous time-of-flight 3.0T PET/MRI. Liver lesions ≥1.5 cm with radionucleotide uptake were analyzed. Contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) were measured, and four blinded radiologists assessed overall image quality. Differences in repetition time and CNR were assessed using a paired Student’s t test with p < 0.05 considered statistically significant. Inter-reader variability was assessed with Fleiss’ kappa statistic. Results 53 eligible lesions in 27 patients were included for analysis. vrfSSFSE demonstrated higher mean lesion CNR compared to SSFSE (9.9 ± 4.1 vs. 6.7 ± 4.1, p < 0.001). Mean repetition time (TR) was 679 ± 97 ms for the vrfSSFSE sequence compared to 1139 ± 106 ms for SSFSE (p < 0.0001), corresponding to a 1.7-fold decrease in acquisition time. Overall quality of liver lesion and common bile duct images with the vrfSSFSE sequence was graded as superior than or equivalent to the SSFSE sequence for 59% and 67% of patients, respectively. Conclusions Compared to conventional SSFSE, vrfSSFSE resulted in improved lesion contrast on simultaneous PET/MRI in patients with liver metastases. Due to decreased SAR demands, vrfSSFSE significantly decreased TR, allowing coverage of the entire liver in a single twenty-second breath hold. This may have important clinical implications in the setting of PET/MRI, where scan time is limited by the necessity of whole-body image acquisition in addition to bed specific imaging.
      PubDate: 2017-07-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1252-y
       
  • The “fish hook” sign of retrocaval ureter
    • Authors: Cane F. Hoffman; Raymond B. Dyer
      PubDate: 2017-07-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1248-7
       
  • The hooked proximal celiac artery
    • Authors: Kam Ho Lee; Man Leung Yu; Michelle Cheung
      PubDate: 2017-07-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1245-x
       
  • Chocolate cyst with ground glass appearance in endometriomas
    • Authors: Bruna Bringel Bastos; Eduardo Kaiser Ururahy Nunes Fonseca; Fernando Ide Yamauchi; Ronaldo Hueb Baroni
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1223-3
       
  • The “windsock” sign
    • Authors: Thomas E. Pendergrast; Raymond B. Dyer
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1240-2
       
  • Morphologic analysis with computed tomography may help differentiate
           fat-poor angiomyolipoma from renal cell carcinoma: a retrospective study
           with 602 patients
    • Authors: Yong Hee Kim; Kyunghwa Han; Young Taik Oh; Dae Chul Jung; Nam Hoon Cho; Sung Yoon Park
      Abstract: Purpose To assess whether morphologic analysis using computed tomography (CT) could differentiate between fat-poor angiomyolipoma (fpAML) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Methods A total of 602 patients with a histologically confirmed fpAML (n = 49) or RCC (n = 553) were evaluated. All renal lesions were less than 4 cm in size and had no gross fat on contrast-enhanced CT. For morphologic analysis, overflowing beer sign and angular interface were evaluated. Overflowing beer sign was defined as contact length between bulging-out portion of a mass and the adjacent renal capsule of 3 mm or greater. Angular interface was defined as the angle of parenchymal portion of a mass of 90° or less. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy were assessed. Multivariate analysis was conducted to determine which variable is predictive of fpAML. Results Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy were 61.2% (30/49), 97.1% (537/553), 65.2% (30/46), 96.6% (537/556), and 94.2% (567/602) with overflowing beer sign, while they were 55.1% (27/49), 81.9% (453/553), 21.3% (27/127), 95.4% (453/475), and 79.7% (480/602) with angular interface for fpAML, respectively. Both CT variables were predictive of fpAML (overflowing beer sign, odds ratio = 132.881, p < 0.001; angular interface, odds ratio = 5.766, p = 0.010). The multivariate model with CT variables showed good performance for predicting fpAML (AUC, 0.871 with angular interface, 0.943 with overflowing beer sign, and 0.949 with both). Conclusion Morphologic analysis with contrast-enhanced CT may be useful for differentiating fpAML from RCC. Overflowing beer sign has the potential as an imaging biomarker for fpAML.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1244-y
       
  • Gastrointestinal tract complications after hepatic radiofrequency
           ablation: CT prediction for major complications
    • Authors: Yun Soo Jeong; Se Hyung Kim; Jeong Min Lee; Jae Young Lee; Jung Hoon Kim; Dong Ho Lee; Hyo-Jin Kang; Chang Jin Yoon; Joon Koo Han
      Abstract: Purpose To analyze CT features that predict major gastrointestinal tract (GIT) complication after hepatic radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Materials and methods Of 3933 patients who underwent RFA for hepatic malignancy from January 2005 to September 2016, 52 patients (1.32%) who had GIT complications were retrospectively enrolled. Electronic medical records and CT results were reviewed for location (left vs. right lobe, subcapsular vs. non-subcapsular) and tumor size, distance from the hepatic capsule, number and length of needles, ablation time, presence of artificial ascites, previous history of percutaneous treatment or operation, injured organs, length and thickness of injured GIT, presence of adjacent infiltration, ascites, mucosal discontinuity, and free air, and eccentricity. Patients were divided into those that recovered with conservative treatment (minor group) and those that required operation (major group). Chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test, and Mann–Whitney U test analyzed differences between the two groups; however, the most significant variable was found using binary logistic regression analysis. Results Of 52 patients who had GIT complications after hepatic RFA, 2 patients (0.05%) had major GIT complications, while the remaining 50 patients (1.27%) had minor complications. Most (47/52, 90.4%) of the tumors were located at subcapsular portion. 66% of tumors were located at the left hepatic lobe. Stomach was the most frequent injured organ (28/52, 53.8%), followed by colon (17/52, 32.7%) and small bowel (7/52, 13.5%). Patients with major GIT complications had significantly thicker (1.8 vs. 1.1 cm) and concentric (2/2, 100% vs. 1/50, 2.0%) bowel wall thickening with mucosal discontinuity (2/2, 100% vs. 0/50, 0%) than those with minor complications (P < 0.05). Conclusion GIT complication after hepatic RFA is rare and often requires conservative treatment. However, patients who show >1.65-cm-thick, concentric bowel wall thickening with mucosal disruption on CT after hepatic RFA may have major GIT injury that requires bowel surgery.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1239-8
       
  • Bladder cancer diagnosis with CT urography: test characteristics and
           reasons for false-positive and false-negative results
    • Authors: Tony W. Trinh; Daniel I. Glazer; Cheryl A. Sadow; V. Anik Sahni; Nina L. Geller; Stuart G. Silverman
      Abstract: Purpose To determine test characteristics of CT urography for detecting bladder cancer in patients with hematuria and those undergoing surveillance, and to analyze reasons for false-positive and false-negative results. Methods A HIPAA-compliant, IRB-approved retrospective review of reports from 1623 CT urograms between 10/2010 and 12/31/2013 was performed. 710 examinations for hematuria or bladder cancer history were compared to cystoscopy performed within 6 months. Reference standard was surgical pathology or 1-year minimum clinical follow-up. False-positive and false-negative examinations were reviewed to determine reasons for errors. Results Ninety-five bladder cancers were detected. CT urography accuracy: was 91.5% (650/710), sensitivity 86.3% (82/95), specificity 92.4% (568/615), positive predictive value 63.6% (82/129), and negative predictive value was 97.8% (568/581). Of 43 false positives, the majority of interpretation errors were due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (n = 12), trabeculated bladder (n = 9), and treatment changes (n = 8). Other causes include blood clots, mistaken normal anatomy, infectious/inflammatory changes, or had no cystoscopic correlate. Of 13 false negatives, 11 were due to technique, one to a large urinary residual, one to artifact. There were no errors in perception. Conclusion CT urography is an accurate test for diagnosing bladder cancer; however, in protocols relying predominantly on excretory phase images, overall sensitivity remains insufficient to obviate cystoscopy. Awareness of bladder cancer mimics may reduce false-positive results. Improvements in CTU technique may reduce false-negative results.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1249-6
       
  • Tumor thrombosis: a peculiar finding associated with pancreatic
           neuroendocrine neoplasms. A pictorial essay
    • Authors: Riccardo De Robertis; Salvatore Paiella; Nicolò Cardobi; Luca Landoni; Paolo Tinazzi Martini; Silvia Ortolani; Giulia De Marchi; Stefano Gobbo; Alessandro Giardino; Giovanni Butturini; Giampaolo Tortora; Claudio Bassi; Mirko D’Onofrio
      Abstract: While abutment, encasement or vessel occlusion are identified in most patients with a pancreatic tumor, tumor thrombosis is an uncommon finding. In particular, there are no description in the literature of tumor thrombosis associated with ductal adenocarcinoma, the most common pancreatic tumor. On the other hand, surgical series reveal that tumor thrombosis is associated with about 5% of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PanNENs), and literature data suggest that this finding is frequently underreported on pre-operative imaging examinations. Tumor thrombosis may be clinically relevant, causing splenoportomesenteric hypertension, possibly responsible for life-threatening upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Bland thrombosis caused by direct infiltration of peri-pancreatic vessels frequently determines surgical unresectability, even in neuroendocrine tumors; on the opposite, tumor thrombosis associated with PanNENs do not exclude surgery per se, even though both morbidity and mortality can be increased by such condition. Considering the favorable prognosis of PanNENs and the frequent need to treat tumor thrombosis in order to prevent complications or to relieve symptoms, it is of paramount importance for radiologists the knowledge of the variety of findings associated with tumor thrombosis in PanNENs.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1243-z
       
  • Poly-energetic and virtual mono-energetic images from a novel dual-layer
           spectral detector CT: optimization of window settings is crucial to
           improve subjective image quality in abdominal CT angiographies
    • Authors: Jonas Doerner; Julian A. Luetkens; Andra-Iza Iuga; Jonathan Byrtus; Stefan Haneder; David Maintz; Tilman Hickethier
      Abstract: Purpose We aimed to determine optimal window settings for poly-energetic (PolyE) and virtual mono-energetic images (MonoE) derived from abdominal angiographic studies on a novel dual-layer spectral detector CT (SDCT) system. Methods From 50 patients, SDCT datasets PolyE and MonoE at 70 and 40 keV levels were reconstructed and best individual window width and level (BI-W/L) manually assessed. Through regression analysis, the so-called optimized individual (OI-W/L) values were obtained. Subjective image quality parameters and vessel diameters were measured to determine influences of different W/L settings. Results Image noise was lower and attenuation and contrast-to-noise ratio were higher in MonoE compared to PolyE (all p ≤ 0.002). Mean BI-W/L values for PolyE, 70, and 40 keV were 637/284, 647/291, and 1568/691, respectively. Mean OI-W/L values were 631/276, 628/286, and 1516/667, respectively. Compared to standard settings, all adjusted W/L settings varied significantly and yielded higher subjective scoring. No between-group differences were found between manually adjusted and mathematically calculated W/L settings. Conclusion PolyE and MonoE from abdominal angiographic SDCT studies require appropriate W/L settings especially at low energy reconstruction levels. Individual adjustment reaches the best image quality but is time consuming. From our data, predefined W/L settings of 640/280 (PolyE/MonoE 70 keV) and 1570/690 (MonoE 40 keV) as a non-individualized starting point for abdominal angiographic studies from the novel SDCT system are suggested.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1241-1
       
  • Application of noninvasive functional imaging to monitor the progressive
           changes in kidney diffusion and perfusion in contrast-induced acute kidney
           injury rats at 3.0 T
    • Authors: Bin Zhang; Yuhao Dong; Baoliang Guo; Wenbo Chen; Fusheng Ouyang; Zhouyang Lian; Jing Liu; Shuixing Zhang
      Abstract: Objectives Contrast-induced acute kidney injury is a prevalent cause of renal failure, and the noninvasive tools to monitor its progress are lacking. We applied intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) DWI to measure the progressive changes in kidney diffusion and perfusion of CI-AKI. Methods Twenty-four rats received Iopromide (370 mg/ml, 1600 mg iodine/kg) to induce CI-AKI. IVIM DWI was performed on rats (n = 6) at 24 h prior to and 12, 24, 48, 72, and 96 h after the injection using a 3.0 T MRI scanner. The progressive changes in the diffusion (D) and perfusion parameters (D* and f) were studied in the cortex (CO), outer medulla (OM), and inner medulla (IM). For the histology group (n = 18), three rats were sacrificed at each time point. Results In the CO, D reduced progressively from 24 to 48 h (P < 0.001) and increased starting from 72 h (P < 0.001). However, D decreased until to 72 h in the medulla (P < 0.001) and increased starting from 96 h (P < 0.001). D* decreased to the bottom at 24 h in the cortex and medulla (P = 0.037) and started to recover at 48 h (P = 0.007). f decreased in the cortex and medulla in an early stage (12 h) (P = 0.035) of CI-AKI and then ascended in the later stage (72 h) (P = 0.017). The H & E staining showed different degrees of serial pathological change including cloudy swelling, atrophy, even necrosis, and interstitial vasodilation of tubule epithelial cells and glomerulus cells. Conclusion Our study demonstrates the feasibility of using IVIM DWI to monitor the progress of CI-AKI, implying that IVIM DWI is a useful biomarker in the staging of CI-AKI.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1247-8
       
  • Incidental findings on multiparametric MRI performed for evaluation of
           prostate cancer
    • Authors: Rachael L. Sherrer; Win Shun Lai; John V. Thomas; Jeffrey W. Nix; Soroush Rais-Bahrami
      Abstract: Purpose Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) and MRI/Ultrasound (US) fusion-guided biopsy are relatively new techniques for improved detection, staging, and active surveillance of prostate cancer (PCa). As with all imaging modalities, MRI reveals incidental findings (IFs) which carry the risk of increased cost, patient anxiety, and iatrogenic morbidity due to workup of IFs. Herein, we report the IFs from 684 MRIs for evaluation of PCa and consider their characteristics and clinical significance. Methods Patients underwent mp-MRI prostate protocol incorporating triplanar T2-weighted, diffusion-weighted, and dynamic contrast-enhanced pelvic MRI as well as a post-contrast abdominopelvic MRI with the primary indication of detection or evaluation of PCa. A total of 684 consecutive prostate MRI reports performed in a series of 580 patients were reviewed. All extraprostatic findings reported were logged and then categorized by organ system and potential clinical significance. Results There were 349 true IFs found in 233 (40%) of the 580 patients. One hundred nineteen additional extraprostatic findings were unsuspected but directly related to PCa staging, while the 349 IFs were unrelated and thus truly incidental beyond study indication. While the majority of true IFs were non-urologic, only 6.6% of IFs were considered clinically significant, non-urologic findings, and more than a third of MRI reports had urologic IFs not related to PCa. Conclusions Rates of incidental findings on prostate indication MRI are similar to other abdominopelvic imaging studies. However, only 6.6% of the IFs were considered to be clinically significant non-urologic findings. Further investigations are needed to assess downstream workup of these IFs and resulting costs.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1237-x
       
  • Intravenous vs. oral hydration administration for optimal ureteral
           opacification in computer tomographic urography
    • Authors: Kimberly Weatherspoon; Sara Smolinski; Dmitry Rakita; Carlos Valdes; Jane Garb; Victoria Podsiadlo; Maria Waslick; Alena Kreychman
      Abstract: Purpose Computed tomographic urography (CTU) is the gold standard in the radiologic detection of urinary tract disease. The goals of CTU protocols are to garner fully distended and opacified collecting systems, ureters, and bladder for adequate evaluation. Multiple techniques have been reported in the literature to optimize urinary tract visualization and enhance genitourinary assessment. However, currently no strict guidelines exist regarding the preferred method for optimal urinary tract opacification in CTU. Materials and methods During the year 2013, a retrospective chart review of CTU examinations were done at either an academic institution where IV hydration was routinely administered or at an outpatient imaging center where oral hydration was preferred. Two attending radiologists experienced in cross-sectional body imaging, retrospectively reviewed all the images, blinded to the method of hydration. The reviewers were asked to quantify ureteral distension as well as to grade urinary tract opacification. Results A total of 176 patients and 344 ureters were analyzed. Mean maximal ureteral widths were largest in the mid ureter, followed closely by the proximal ureter. Mean opacification scores showed no statistical significance between hydration methods, stratified by ureteral segment. Conclusion Our study results show that oral hydration is easy to implement, produces ureteral distention and opacification similar to CTU studies with IV hydration, without loss of diagnostic quality in our select patient population. Although not statistically significant, the oral hydration protocol is more cost effective, requires less hospital resources, and may be a useful step toward cost-containment strategies pertinent in today’s healthcare landscape.
      PubDate: 2017-07-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00261-017-1231-3
       
 
 
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