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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2335 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Astrophysics
  [SJR: 0.243]   [H-I: 11]   [22 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-8191 - ISSN (Online) 0571-7256
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Magnetic Stars After the Hayashi Phase. II.
    • Authors: Yu. V. Glagolevskij
      Pages: 321 - 338
      Abstract: The properties of magnetic stars derived from observational data are analyzed. The degree of “magnetic” braking of parent protostars, which depends the magnetic field and mass, is studied. The conditions under which magnetic and “normal” nonmagnetic stars are separated, which appear to depend only on the rotational velocity of the protostars, are examined. The reasons for differences in the average magnitudes of the magnetic field in massive and low-mass magnetic stars are analyzed. The magnetic field structures of magnetic stars and their stability over time (rigidity of rotation) are examined.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9438-5
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 3 (2016)
  • Hysteresis Effect in the Activity Indices of the Atmospheres of the Sun
           and Solar-Type Stars During the Rising and Falling Phases of Cycles
    • Authors: E. A. Bruevich; G. V. Yakunina
      Pages: 369 - 382
      Abstract: The hysteresis effect that shows up as a nonunique relationship among the emissions from the photosphere, chromosphere, and corona during the rising and falling phases of solar and stellar activity is analyzed. The following solar indices are analyzed and compared in different phases of the cycle: the radiative flux in the hydrogen Lyman alpha line FLα, radio emission at 10.7 cm F10.7, the sunspot number SSN, the radiative flux in the 530.0 nm green coronal line F530.3, the solar constant TSI, and the relative flux ratio c/w (ratio of the fluxes in the center and in the wings) for the 280 nm Mg II line. In stars with cycles, a hysteresis effect is observed between the CaII chromospheric S-activity index for stars in the Mount Wilson HK project and the photospheric flux Fph for these stars.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9442-9
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 3 (2016)
  • Interstellar Extinction
    • Authors: G. A. Gontcharov
      Abstract: This review describes our current understanding of interstellar extinction. This differ substantially from the ideas of the 20th century. With infrared surveys of hundreds of millions of stars over the entire sky, such as 2MASS, SPITZER-IRAC, and WISE, we have looked at the densest and most rarefied regions of the interstellar medium at distances of a few kpc from the Sun. Observations at infrared and microwave wavelengths, where the bulk of the interstellar dust absorbs and radiates, have brought us closer to an understanding of the distribution of the dust particles on scales of the Galaxy and the universe. We are in the midst of a scientific revolution in our understanding of the interstellar medium and dust. Progress in, and the key results of, this revolution are still difficult to predict. Nevertheless, (a) a physically justified model has been developed for the spatial distribution of absorbing material over the nearest few kiloparsecs, including the Gould belt as a dust container, which gives an accurate estimate of the extinction for any object just by its galactic coordinates. It is also clear that (b) the interstellar medium contains roughly half the mass of matter in the galactic vicinity of the solar system (the other half is made up of stars, their remnants, and dark matter) and (c) the interstellar medium and, especially, dust, differ substantially in different regions of space and deep space cannot be understood by only studying near space.
      PubDate: 2016-11-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9457-2
  • Origin of the Blue Continuum Radiation in the Flare Spectra of dMe Stars
    • Authors: E. S. Morchenko
      Abstract: Calculations of the emission spectrum of a homogeneous plane layer of pure hydrogen plasma taking into account nonlinear effects (the influence of bremsstrahlung and recombination radiation of the layer itself on its Menzel factors) show that the Planck radiation (the blue component of the optical continuum) during the impulsive phase of large flares on dMe stars originates from the deep (nearphotospheric) layers of the atmosphere. Radiative cooling of the gas behind the front of a stationary shock propagating toward the photosphere of a red dwarf is not capable to create the Planck radiation observed at the peak brightness of the flares.
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9450-9
  • On the Origin of Rotation in the Universe
    • Authors: A. M. Krigel
      Abstract: The evolution of small perturbations produced by gravitational instability in ideal gases is examined in a Newtonian approach. As opposed to the classical theory, here effects associated with fluctuationinduced fluxes of matter are taken into account. It is shown that for sufficiently small wave numbers, both longitudinal and vortex perturbations can grow and this explains the origin of galactic rotation in an initially uniform, isotropic, irrotational universe.
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9453-6
  • The N/O Ratio in Early B-Type Main Sequence Stars as an Indicator of Their
    • Authors: L. S. Lyubimkov
      Abstract: It is shown that, in the case of early B-type main-sequence stars, of the three ratios N/C, C/O, and N/O which are regarded as indicators of stellar evolution, the ratio N/O is more reliable since it seems to be insensitive to overionization of the NII and OII ions. On the other hand, the N/C and C/O ratios, which include carbon, may contain systematic errors for stars with Teff > 18500 K because of neglected overionization of CII ions. The ratio N/O is studied in the atmospheres of 46 early main-sequence B stars. These values of N/O are examined as functions of the effective temperature, age, rotation speed, and mass of the stars. Most early B-stars in the main sequence are found to have [N/O] ≈ 0, which indicates that N/O varies little during the main sequence stage, and this result is independent of the basic parameters listed above. There are two explanations for the large number of stars with [N/O] ≈ 0 : it is predicted theoretically that for an initial rotation velocity V0 < 100 km/s, N/O varies little toward the end of the main sequence stage ([N/O] < 0.2) and observations show that most early main-sequence B-stars do actually have low initial rotation velocities V0. The few early main-sequence B-stars with higher [N/O] = 0.4-0.8 correspond to models with rotation velocities V0 = 200-300 km/s. This conclusion is consistent with earlier data for stars with the same masses in a later stage of evolution: the AFGsupergiant and bright giant stage.
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9449-2
  • Modelling the Gas Dynamics of Protoplanetary Disks by the SPH Method
    • Authors: T. V. Demidova
      Abstract: A modification of the GADGET-2 program package is proposed for three-dimensional modelling of gasdynamic flows in protoplanetary disks when perturbing objects (components of a binary system, brown dwarfs, protoplanets) are present. In these systems, the matter in the common disk falls onto the central star and companions to form accretion disks around them. The GADGET-2 code has been supplemented for calculating the accretion rate to each massive object and the line density of matter in the direction toward the central star as functions of the phase of the orbital period. The orbital parameters of the companion are specified as initial conditions for the problem. These orbits can be circular, eccentric, or inclined relative to the plane of the disk. With the aid of the modified code, details in the inner parts of the disk can be calculated with high accuracy: the accretion disks of the star and the companion are identified, as well as the gas bridge between them, flows of matter from the common disk which fill the accretion disks with matter, and density waves in the accretion and common disks.
      PubDate: 2016-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9448-3
  • Hypersurface Homogeneous Cosmological Model in Modified Theory of
    • Authors: S. D. Katore; S. P. Hatkar; R. J. Baxi
      Abstract: We study a hypersurface homogeneous space-time in the framework of the f (R, T) theory of gravitation in the presence of a perfect fluid. Exact solutions of field equations are obtained for exponential and power law volumetric expansions. We also solve the field equations by assuming the proportionality relation between the shear scalar (σ ) and the expansion scalar (θ ). It is observed that in the exponential model, the universe approaches isotropy at large time (late universe). The investigated model is notably accelerating and expanding. The physical and geometrical properties of the investigated model are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9455-4
  • White Dwarf Stars as Polytropic Gas Spheres
    • Authors: M. I. Nouh; A. S. Saad; W. H. Elsanhoury; A. A. Shaker; B. Korany; T. M. Kamel
      Abstract: We expect that relativistic effects play an important role in compact stars because their electrons are highly degenerate. In this paper, we study the properties of condensed matter in white dwarfs using Newtonian and relativistic polytropic fluid spheres. We propose two polytropic indices (n = 3 and n = 1.5) to investigate the physical characteristics of the models. We numerically solve the Lane-Emden equations and demonstrate that the relativistic effect is small in white dwarf stars.
      PubDate: 2016-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9456-3
  • New Emission Stars in B Cyg OB7
    • Authors: N. D. Melikian; A. A. Karapetian; J. Gomez
      Abstract: This is a continuation of a search for and study of emission objects in known dark clouds and star formation regions. New results are presented from a search for emission stars in the region of Cyg OB7 where 36 new emission stars have been discovered previously. The current observations were made adjacent to previously studied regions in the vicinity of the object HH 448. 26 new emission stars were found in three small regions with a combined area of 0.11 sq. deg. On an (H-K)-(J-H) two-color diagram these stars lie among the classical T Tau stars (CTTS) and T Tau stars with weak lines (WTTS). A strong change in brightness was recorded for one of the emission stars.
      PubDate: 2016-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9451-8
  • Dependence of the Spin of Supermassive Black Holes on the Eddington Factor
           for Accretion Disks in Active Galactic Nuclei
    • Authors: M. Yu. Piotrovich; S. D. Buliga; Yu. N. Gnedin; A. G. Mikhailov; T. M. Natsvlishvili
      Abstract: An equation relating the spin of supermassive black holes (SMBH) to the Eddington factor, i.e., the ratio of the bolometric and Eddington luminosities for accretion disks in active galactic nuclei (AGN), is presented. This equation also depends on the relationship between the magnetic field pressure and the flux of accreted matter at the radius of the event horizon for a black hole. When the pressures of the magnetic field and of the accreted matter are equal, there is a direct relationship between the spin of the black hole and the Eddington factor. Based on available data on the bolometric luminosity and mass of black holes, it is possible to determine the spin of a black hole. The spins of the central SMBH are given for a number of AGN. The proposed method can also be used to determine the ratio of the magnetic field pressure and the pressure of the accreted gas at the event horizon of SMBH for AGN for which the spin of the black hole has been determined reliably.
      PubDate: 2016-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9447-4
  • Difficulties in Estimating the Physical Parameters of Compact Radio
           Sources in Active Galactic Nuclei
    • Authors: V. S. Artyukh
      Abstract: The various factors influencing estimates of the physical parameters of compact radio sources in active galactic nuclei (AGN) using a methods based on uniform models of synchrotron radiation sources are analyzed. It is found that the form of the relativistic electron energy density distribution as a function of magnetic energy density (Ee-EH) in the radio sources is determined by the shape of the electron energy spectrum. It is shown that the very large observed deviations of the estimated energies of the field and relativistic particles from equipartition are mainly caused by nonuniformity of the radio sources. In order to obtain correct estimates of the physical parameters of nonuniform radio sources, it is necessary to know their angular sizes at low frequencies (in the opaque region) and their Doppler factors.
      PubDate: 2016-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9454-5
  • IV-th Great Visible Brightness Minimum of R CrB. II. Spectral Observations
    • Authors: A. E. Rosenbush
      Abstract: Low and high resolution spectral observations during the main stages of a uniquely long and deep minimum in the visible brightness of R CrB during 2007-2015 are reported. As it developed, the spectrum manifested typical tendencies in the variation of line and molecular emission, with replacement of an absorption spectrum by an emission spectrum. The significant, sustained attenuation of the star’s emission aided the detection of rarely observed forbidden emission lines. In particular, the [OII] λλ 3726 – 3729 lines appeared for more than 1500 days during a brightness reduction by 6 ÷9m . The velosity at which the shielding dust was removed to the circumstellar surroundings was reduced by roughly a factor of 1.5 compared to the previously known values. This was interpreted in terms of the formation of a multilayer circumstellar dust shell with an inner radius equal to 1.5 ÷ 3 times the star’s radius. Several possible reasons are proposed for unique Great brightness minima of R CrB with duration and attenuation similar to the minimum of 2007-2015.
      PubDate: 2016-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9452-7
  • The Object CLN 138 – a Double Star-Formation Region
    • Authors: A. L. Gyulbudaghian
      Abstract: A double star formation region associated with the biconical cometary nebula CLN 138 is studied. 12CO(1-0) observations of a molecular cloud associated with this object reveal the existence of several molecular clouds in this region, as well as the existence of red and blue molecular outflows. Several new Herbig-Haro objects are found, two of which have undergone a luminosity increase of at least 8m. The first star formation region is basically embedded in the molecular cloud; most of the stars in it are infrared stars and many have dust envelopes. The second star formation region has already left the molecular cloud; it has no IR stars and few of its stars have dust clouds.
      PubDate: 2016-08-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9441-x
  • Relationship of Solar Radio Emission at λ=1.43m and Optical Processes
           in the Sun
    • Authors: Sh. Makandarashvili; N. Oghrapishvili; D. Japaridze; D. Maghradze
      Abstract: Radio frequency observations supplement optical studies and in some cases they are the only way of obtaining information on the physical conditions for radio waves and their propagation. Solar radio emission appears in two forms, “quiescent” and “sporadic.” Their distinctive features are well known. Solar radio observations at meter wavelengths (λ = 1.43 m, ν = 210 MHz) have been made at the Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory using a solar radio telescope throughout five solar cycles (since 1957). This article is a study of the long-term observations of solar radio bursts and sunspots. It is found that there is a correlation between the amplitudes of the radio bursts, the number of spots, and the regions of the spots.
      PubDate: 2016-08-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9443-8
  • Search for Compact Stellar Groups in the Vicinity of Iras Sources
    • Authors: N. M. Azatyan; E. H. Nikoghosyan; K. G. Khachatryan
      Abstract: The results of a search for compact clusters in the vicinity of 19 IRAS sources based on data from the GPS UKIDSS and Spitzer GLIMPSE surveys are presented. Overall, clusters have been identified in 15 regions. Clusters are identified for the first time in 4 regions (IRAS 18151-1208, IRAS 18316-0602, 18517+0437, 19110+1045). In 5 regions (IRAS 05168+3634, 05358+3543, IRAS 18507+0121, IRAS 20188+3928, IRAS 20198+3716) the compact groups we have identified are substructures within more extended clusters. The radii of the identified groups and the surface star density are widely scattered with ranges of 0.3-2.7 pc and 4-1360 stars/pc2, respectively. In 11 of the clusters, the IRAS sources are associated with a pair or even a group of YSOs. The groups identified in the NIR range include representatives of a later II evolutionary class among the stellar objects associated with the IRAS sources.
      PubDate: 2016-08-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9439-4
  • Study of Variations in Solar Differential Rotation Based on Compact
           Magnetic Features and Hydrogen Hα Filaments
    • Authors: D. R. Japaridze; B. B. Chargeishvili
      Abstract: Data on compact magnetic features and hydrogen Hα filaments during solar activity cycles 20 and 21 are used to study variations in the solar differential rotation. The difference in the differential rotation rates of the compact magnetic features and hydrogen Hα filaments is greatest between the 20-30° and 30-40° latitude zones in both solar hemispheres. The rotation rates of the compact magnetic featuresat all latitudes are higher than those of the hydrogen Hα filaments and the difference between them increases with latitude.
      PubDate: 2016-08-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9444-7
  • Detailed Study of Emission Structures in the Vicinity of LkHα 198
    • Authors: M. H. Gevorgyan; T. A. Movsessian; H. R. Andreasyan; T. Yu. Magakian
      Abstract: Results from a study of collimated flows near the star LkHα 198 are reported. Observations were made using the VAGR multipupil spectrograph installed on the 2.6-m telescope at the Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory. The morphology and kinematics of emission structures in the vicinity of LkHα 198, including HH 161, were studied and electron density charts obtained. Besides the HH 161 object, our data revealed an arc-shaped emission structure with LkHα 198 at its apex. A shape of this kind is usually a direct indication of the presence of a cavity in a dark cloud blown out by a directed outflow. In addition, a faint “tail” extending in the direction of the central star is observed in HH 161. A comparison of these results with radio frequency observations shows that the probable source of HH 161 is the binary system LkHα 198.
      PubDate: 2016-08-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9440-y
  • Distribution of Peculiar Radial Velocities in Galactic Clusters in a Model
           with Dissipative Redshift
    • Authors: V. V. Orlov; A. A. Raikov
      Abstract: A cosmological model with dissipative redshift is analyzed. In this model the observed redshifts of galaxies in groups and clusters consist of a Doppler part and an additional (dissipative) term associated with differences in photon path lengths. The contribution to the redshifts from dissipation is estimated for models of galactic clusters with parameters similar to the observed characteristics of the Virgo and Coma clusters. It is shown that for these models the dissipative contribution is several times smaller than the contribution from the Doppler effect. Nevertheless, the effect is detectable when reliable, redshift independent estimates of the distances to probable members of galactic clusters are available and may serve as an independent test of the nature of the redshift of lines in the spectra of extragalactic objects.
      PubDate: 2016-08-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9436-7
  • Eclipsing SU UMa-Type Dwarf Nova 1RXS J003828.7+250920 During thE
           “Period Gap”. I. Multiperiodicity and Color Features in 2011-2012
    • Authors: E. P. Pavlenko; A. A. Sosnovskij; N. A. Katysheva; T. Kato; K. Littlefield
      Abstract: Results are reported from multicolor photometric observations of the SU UMa-type dwarf nova 1RXS J003828.7+250920 in 2011, roughly a year after the super-outburst of 2010, and in 2012, when the object was in a quiescent state and underwent an outburst. Partial eclipses were observed in the system with depths of about 0m.6 in all color bands, both in the quiescent state and during the outburst. The orbital period of the system, 0.09451001(4) days, was determined for the first time and identifies the object as a dwarf nova in the “gap” in the orbital-period distribution of the cataclysmic variables. The ephemerides for the middle of the eclipse are determined. The average light curve profile resembles the “classical” light curve of U Gem. The orbital periodicity in the brightness variations of 1RXS J003828.7+250920 coexists with another signal with a period of 0.092 days, which we interpret as a period of negative superhumps. The color temperatures derived from the color indices may indicate multicomponent emission from 1RXS J003828.7+250920 by sources which appear to be hot and cold parts of the accretion disk and a hot spot on the accretion disk.
      PubDate: 2016-08-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10511-016-9437-6
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