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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2350 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2350 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access  
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 147)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Acoustical Physics
  [SJR: 0.355]   [H-I: 20]   [11 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1562-6865 - ISSN (Online) 1063-7710
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Experimental Estimation of the Frequency-Dependent Reflection Coefficient
           of a Sound-Absorbing Material at Oblique Incidence
    • Authors: A. A. Belous; A. I. Korol’kov; A. V. Shanin
      Pages: 158 - 163
      Abstract: A method for experimentally determining the frequency-dependent reflection coefficient of a sound-absorbing material at oblique incidence is presented. The M-sequence method and a monopole source are used to measure pulse responses of melamine foam for different angles of incidence of an acoustic wave. Frequency dependencies of the reflection coefficient obtained at different angles of incidence are compared with that calculated theoretically using the Biot model and approximate inversion of the Fourier–Bessel integral.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1063771018020021
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Observation of Stable Sound Field Components in Lake Ladoga
    • Authors: P. V. Artel’nyi; A. L. Virovlyansky; A. Yu. Kazarova; P. I. Korotin; L. Ya. Lyubavin; A. V. Stulenkov
      Pages: 175 - 185
      Abstract: The paper presents the results of processing measurement data on the spatiotemporal structures of sound fields in Lake Ladoga. Measurements were taken with an extended vertical receiver array. The aim of processing was to isolate the field components that were stable with respect to small variations in the waveguide parameters. Since a model of the medium is inevitably inaccurate, such components can be predicted with greater accuracy than the total field. In terms of the ray approach, a stable component is generated by a beam of rays propagating over close trajectories. The discussed experiment analyzed sound fields excited by a point source that emitted wideband pulses, as well as the fields of wave beams excited by the emitting vertical array at fixed frequencies. In both cases, the processing results showed that the isolated stable components, as expected, coincide substantially better with the prediction of theoretical calculation (by the wide angle parabolic equation method) than with the total wave field.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1063771018010025
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Dependence of the Mean Intensity of a Low-Frequency Acoustic Field on the
           Bottom Parameters of a Shallow Sea with Random Volumetric Water-Layer
           Inhomogeneities
    • Authors: O. E. Gulin; I. O. Yaroshchuk
      Pages: 186 - 189
      Abstract: The study is devoted to statistical modeling of low-frequency acoustic signal propagation in a twodimensionally inhomogeneous random shallow sea with a thermocline and differing penetrability of the bottom. Calculations are performed using the local-mode representation of the solution in the one-way propagation approximation. Plots are presented for the behavior of the mean acoustic field intensity for different sound velocity and density values in the bottom. It is shown that the earlier described effect of a decrease in propagation losses in a model randomly inhomogeneous shallow sea with an absorbing bottom significantly depends on the parameters of bottom sediments and is more strongly manifested for bottom boundaries with greater penetrability.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1063771018020069
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Reconstruction of Sea Bottom Parameters for Coherent Seismoacoustic
           Probing: II. Analysis of Robustness
    • Authors: I. P. Smirnov; V. I. Kalinina; A. I. Khil’ko
      Pages: 205 - 214
      Abstract: We solve the problem of layer-by-layer reconstruction of the parameters of bottom layers using parametric models of the formation of signals reflected from a layered half-space for coherent probing of the sea shelf. We use a decision rule based on the sequential application of the MUSIC projection algorithm. We study the operability and stability of the search and decision-making algorithms with limited a priori data.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s106377101802015x
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • On the Method of Source Images for the Wedge Problem Solution in Ocean
           Acoustics: Some Corrections and Appendices
    • Authors: Jun Tang; P. S. Petrov; Shengchun Piao; S. B. Kozitskiy
      Pages: 225 - 236
      Abstract: In this study the method of source images for the problem of sound propagation in a penetrable wedge [G. Deane and M. Buckingham, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 93 (1993) 1319–1328] is revisited. This solution is very important three-dimensional (3D) benchmark in computational underwater acoustics, since a wedge bounded from above by the sea surface and overlying a sloping penetrable bottom is the simplest model of a shallow-sea waveguide near the coastline. The corrected formulae for the positions of the source images and bottom images are presented together with the explanation of their derivation. The problem of branch choice in the reflection coefficient is thoroughly discussed, and the corresponding explicit formulae are given. In addition, numerical validation of the proposed branch choice schemes and the resulting wedge problem solutions are presented. Finally, source images solution is computed for a series of examples with different ratios of shear and bulk moduli in the bottom. The interplay between the acoustic-elastic waves coupling and the horizontal refraction in the wedge is demonstrated.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1063771018020070
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A New Numerical Method for Solving the Acoustic Radiation Problem
    • Authors: J. Poblet-Puig; A. V. Shanin
      Pages: 252 - 259
      Abstract: A numerical method of solving the problem of acoustic wave radiation in the presence of a rigid scatterer is described. It combines the finite element method and the boundary algebraic equation one. In the proposed method, the exterior domain around the scatterer is discretized, so that there appear an infinite domain with regular discretization and a relatively small layer with irregular mesh. For the infinite regular mesh, the boundary algebraic equation method is used with spurious resonance suppression according to Burton and Miller. In the thin layer with irregular mesh, the finite element method is used. The proposed method is characterized by simple implementation, fair accuracy, and absence of spurious resonances.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1063771018020148
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Immunity of a Detection System for Optimum Space Filtration and Use of an
           Interference Compensator
    • Abstract: The paper studies the dependence of the potential noise immunity of a detection system and noise immunity of a detection system with an interference compensator on the array parameters, angular signal position and local noise, the degree of correlation of distributed noise and spectral densities of the signal power, noise, and interference. The gain in noise immunity of the detection system when the optimal spatial filter is used with respect to the use of an interference compensator is estimated as a function of the degree of correlation of distributed noise and the power of random amplitude–phase errors of the weight coefficients of the array.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018030089
       
  • On Sound Propagation in Dispersive Media
    • Abstract: Sound propagation in monodisperse emulsions with arbitrary volume concentrations is studied theoretically using a cell model. It is assumed that emulsion cells are bounded by thin and imponderable rigid shells allowing realization of the minimum energy dissipation principle with viscous acoustic losses. Solutions covering many particular cases and wide parameter and variable ranges have been obtained. These solutions are suitable for studying acoustic properties of emulsions and suspensions, marine sediments, fogs, and smoke, as well as elastoviscous materials with solid or liquid inclusions, etc. Sound propagation and absorption in emulsions and suspensions are considered in more detail. The experimental data in the literature is compared.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018030090
       
  • Sound Propagation in Shallow Water with an Inhomogeneous GAS-Saturated
           Bottom
    • Abstract: We present the methods and results of numerical experiments studying the low-frequency sound propagation in one of the areas of the Arctic shelf with a randomly inhomogeneous gas-saturated bottom. The characteristics of the upper layer of bottom sedimentary rocks (sediments) used in calculations were obtained during a 3D seismic survey and trial drilling of the seafloor. We demonstrate the possibilities of substituting in numerical simulation a real bottom with a fluid homogeneous half-space where the effective value of the sound speed is equal to the average sound speed in the bottom, with averaging along the sound propagation path to a sediment depth of 0.6 wavelength in the bottom. An original technique is proposed for estimating the sound speed propagation in an upper inhomogeneous sediment layer. The technique is based on measurements of acoustic wave attenuation in water during waveguide propagation.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018030053
       
  • Mathematical Modeling of Nonlinear Waves in an Elastic Cylindrical Shell
           Surrounded by an Elastic Medium and Containing a Viscous Incompressible
           Liquid
    • Abstract: A mathematical model is proposed for a Kirchhoff–Love-type nonlinear elastic cylindrical shell surrounded by an elastic medium and containing a viscous incompressible liquid. The model is used to analyze wave processes both analytically and numerically. On the basis of the proposed computational algorithm, a software package is developed, which makes it possible to plot diagrams and to obtain numerical solutions to Cauchy problems with initial conditions taken in the form of exact solutions to dynamic equations of shells in the absence of the liquid.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S106377101803003X
       
  • Nonlinear Spherical Standing Waves in an Acoustically Excited Liquid Drop
    • Abstract: Nonlinear evolution of a standing acoustic wave in a spherical resonator with a perfectly soft surface is analyzed. Quadratic approximation of nonlinear acoustics is used to analyze oscillations in the resonator by the slowly varying amplitude method for the standing wave harmonics and slowly varying profile method for the standing wave profile. It is demonstrated that nonlinear effects may lead to considerable increase in peak pressure at the center of the resonator. The proposed theoretical model is used to analyze the acoustic field in liquid drops of an acoustic fountain. It is shown that, as a result of nonlinear evolution, the peak negative pressure may exceed the mechanical strength of the liquid, which may account for the explosive instability of drops observed in experiments.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018030144
       
  • Model of Wave Movement in Biological Systems
    • Abstract: The paper considers active wave processes in changes in the lumina of cylindrical hollow organs. A mathematical model is proposed for autowave transport of the internal contents of an organ based on mechanochemical interactions. The self-organization of changes in the shapes of organs are discussed in application to lymphatic vessels of living organisms.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018030107
       
  • Acoustic Streaming under Thermal Boundary Conditions of the Third Kind
    • Abstract: A numerical study of acoustic streaming in a cylindrical cavity subjected to vibrational action with a small vibration amplitude is performed. The dependence of the streaming character on the intensity of heat exchange with the surrounding medium is studied. A change in the forms of the acoustic streaming vortices is shown for a smooth transition from adiabatic to isothermal boundary conditions, which occurs via variation in the heat transfer coefficient. The values of the dimensionless heat transfer coefficient are determined for which the acoustic streaming pattern is close to the limiting cases corresponding to adiabatic and isothermal boundary conditions. For limiting cases of thermal boundary conditions, comparison with an analytical solution is performed.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018030077
       
  • Combined Sign Coherent Factor and Delay Multiply and Sum Beamformer for
           Plane Wave Imaging
    • Abstract: Plane wave imaging is a relatively new technique in ultrasound imaging. However, in traditional methods, the coherent information of different emissions and different elements are not considered. In fact, the sign coherent factor (SCF) can improve the lateral resolution of the imaging greatly. In addition, the delay multiply and sum (DMAS) beamformer is mainly based on the spatial correlation of background scattering signals, it has higher contrast and resolution, but suffers from energy loss at great depths. In this paper, combining the advantages of SCF and DMAS, the sign coherent factor delay multiply and sum (SCF-DMAS) beamformer for plane wave imaging is proposed. Unlike the traditional plane wave imaging, the proposed SCF-DMAS beamformer is based on the 2-D echo data set, which improves the imaging speed greatly. Finally, we simulated the point targets and the cyst phantom to evaluate the performance of proposed method. Compared with the traditional plane wave imaging, the lateral resolution of SCF-DMAS beamformer improves greatly for the point targets, and for the cyst phantom the contrast ratio (CR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) increased by 96.97 and by 79.98% respectively without reducing the frame rate.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018030156
       
  • Wide-Angle Parabolic Approximation for Modeling High-Intensity Fields from
           Strongly Focused Ultrasound Transducers
    • Abstract: A novel numerical algorithm based on the wide-angle parabolic approximation is developed for modeling linear and nonlinear fields generated by axially symmetric ultrasound transducers. An example of a strongly focused single-element transducer is used to compare the results of ultrasound field simulations based on the Westervelt equation, Khokhlov–Zabolotskaya–Kuznetsov (KZK) equation with differently modified boundary condition, and nonlinear wide-angle parabolic equation. It is demonstrated that having a computational speed comparable to modeling the KZK equation, the use of wide-angle parabolic approximation makes it possible to obtain solutions for highly focused ultrasound beams that are closer in accuracy to solutions based on the Westervelt equation.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018030168
       
  • Inertial Attached Length of an Orifice at High Sound Pressure Levels
    • Abstract: Effect of sound pressure level on acoustic impedance of an orifice in a baffle is investigated based on the measurements performed in an impedance tube by the two-microphone method. Dependences of imaginary and real parts of impedance on the orifice diameter are obtained in nonlinear conditions. Special attention is paid to the attached length (the end correction) of the orifice. Dependence of the attached length of an orifice on the oscillating velocity in it is approximated by analytic functions.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018020100
       
  • A Simple Bimodular Nonlinear Element
    • Abstract: We have studied the dynamics of an artificial nonlinear element representing a flexible membrane with oscillation limiters and a static pressing force. Such an element has the property of “bimodularity” and demonstrates “modular” nonlinearity. We have constructed a mathematical model that describes these oscillations. Their shapes have been calculated. We follow the analogy with a classical object—Galileo’s pendulum. We demonstrate that for a low-frequency excitation of the membrane, the level of the harmonics in the spectrum is higher than in the vicinity of the resonance frequency. We have established a strong dependence of the level of the harmonics on the magnitude of the pressing force for a weak perturbation. We propose a design scheme for a device in the quasi-static approximation possessing the property of bimodularity. We perform an experiment that confirms its operability. We show a qualitative coincidence of the experimental results and calculations when detecting an amplitude-modulated signal.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018020112
       
  • Reverberation of Wideband Signals in Shallow Water when Using Sound
           Focusing
    • Abstract: Within the framework of the normal mode approximation, expressions are obtained for calculating bottom reverberation signals recorded by a horizontal array in an inhomogeneous shallow-water waveguide in a wide frequency band. These expressions can be used to simulate bottom-scattered signals both for a monostatic and bistatic geometry, as well as in the case when sound focusing is applied. The constructed model is used to numerically study the structure of bottom reverberation in a waveguide with different parameters and characteristics of the receiver and source systems. The considered bottom inhomogeneities are the slope of the bottom, change in thermocline depth, and wind waves. The study demonstrates the promise of using sound focusing as time reversal using a single receiver–transmitter element to enhance the reverberation signal arriving from a given bottom area.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018030120
       
  • Acoustic Pulse Diffraction by a Sphere in a Planar Layered Waveguide with
           a Gradient Layer
    • Abstract: Consideration of the vertical sound velocity profile is highly important for solving problems of sound propagation in waveguides and scattering problems. A pulsed echo signal reflected from a spherical scatterer in a waveguide is modeled for the case of a waveguide characterized by sound velocity increasing with depth. The simplest model of the medium is considered in which the scatterer, the source, and the receiver are positioned in a layer with constant sound velocity. Below this layer, the sound velocity increases with depth so that the square of refractive index varies according to linear law. The scattering coefficients for the sphere are calculated using the normal wave method. The number of normal waves forming the echo signal is determined by the preset directionality of the source. Modeling is performed in a frequency band of 70−90 kHz for distances between the scatterer and the transmitter-receiver within 500−1000 m. The transmitted signal has the form of a pulse with cosine envelope and central frequency of 80 kHz.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018030065
       
  • Noise Sources of Aerodynamic Origin in Air Blowers
    • Abstract: The paper presents the results of theoretical and experimental studies of the occurrence and locations of aerodynamic noise sources in air blowers related to air flow around stationary and moving elements inside a machine body. These studies were based on basic research by Lighthill and Curle and used a developed method for measuring pressure pulsations on rotating blades and stationary elements of a machine body. The most significant sources of discrete and broadband components of aerodynamic noise were revealed. The role of blades in an impeller in the emission of discrete noise components was studied. It was established that broadband peaks in the emitted noise are associated with acoustic resonances of the internal volume of the air blower. It was shown that the turbulence and velocity of the incoming flow influence the intensity of aerodynamic sources inside the body. Our studies spurred both deeper research into the nature of aerodynamic noise sources that form in air blowers and recommendations for reducing the noise produced by these sources.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1134/S1063771018030028
       
 
 
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