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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2335 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Asia Pacific Journal of Management
  [SJR: 1.676]   [H-I: 50]   [11 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1572-9958 - ISSN (Online) 0217-4561
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Marketized state ownership and foreign expansion of emerging market
           multinationals: Leveraging institutional competitive advantages
    • Authors: Ming Hua Li; Lin Cui; Jiangyong Lu
      Pages: 19 - 46
      Abstract: The emergence of marketized shareholders through corporate ownership reform and their impact on the foreign entry of emerging market firms is a critical but understudied issue. Our study investigates the effect of marketized state ownership on emerging market firms’ propensity to engage in foreign direct investment. We argue that firms with marketized state ownership may derive institutional competitive advantages from their dual responsiveness to shifting global market conditions and home government expectations which has a positive impact on their foreign investment decisions. However, such advantages are likely to vary in magnitude for firms with marketized state ownership at central and local levels of government due to different patterns of corporate restructuring. We predict that such ownership effects are contingent on firms’ affiliation to meso-level institutional structures such as state business groups which reallocate resources among members. Using a longitudinal sample of 973 Chinese publicly listed firms, we find empirical support for our arguments. Our research offers new insights on how emerging market multinationals may derive institutional advantages from pro-market reforms for overseas expansion.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-015-9436-x
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2017)
  • Selective imitation of compatriot firms: Entry mode decisions of emerging
           market multinationals in cross-border acquisitions
    • Authors: Zhenzhen Xie; Jiatao Li
      Pages: 47 - 68
      Abstract: This research investigates imitation in cross-border acquisitions (CBAs) by emerging market multinationals (EMNCs) in terms of the equity share sought in such acquisitions. Earlier acquisitions by peer compatriots and by developed-market multinationals (DMNCs) are both models for imitation, but the former are more similar and potentially relevant. Analysis of 608 CBAs by Chinese firms between 1987 and 2008 supports the above argument. Further, it reveals that state-owned Chinese firms are less likely to imitate in general. Both state-owned and privately-owned Chinese acquirers are most likely to imitate privately-owned Chinese acquirers previously invested in the same environment. For state-owned Chinese acquirers, more frequent pursuit of a particular target share by earlier state-owned Chinese acquirers decreases rather than increases the likelihood of a later state-owned Chinese investors buying a similar share.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9459-y
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2017)
  • Internationalization within networks: Exploring the relationship between
           inward and outward FDI in China’s auto components industry
    • Authors: Peter Hertenstein; Dylan Sutherland; John Anderson
      Pages: 69 - 96
      Abstract: We explore how the outward FDI strategies of Chinese auto component multinational corporations (MNCs) are shaped by sub-contracting supply relationships established with developed market MNCs. We argue the strong presence of foreign MNC business networks developed through prior inward FDI constitutes an important home country effect influencing the outward FDI strategies of emerging market MNCs. Using the updated internationalization process model, we show how commitment to business networks is a critical mechanism driving the internationalization trajectories of Chinese auto component MNCs. This includes geographic location choices to psychically distant developed markets, strategic asset seeking orientation, pace of internationalization, and entry mode decisions.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-015-9422-3
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2017)
  • Performance implications of ties to large-scale state-owned enterprises
           and banks in an emerging economy
    • Authors: En Xie; Yuanyuan Huang; Hao Shen; Yu Li
      Pages: 97 - 121
      Abstract: This paper examines how ties to large-scale state-owned enterprises and ties to banks affect firm performance in emerging economies. The findings, obtained from survey data collected from 208 firms in the Chinese manufacturing industry, indicate that both categories of ties improve firm performance. The value of the two categories of ties changes in organizational contexts that vary in terms of the moderators of size, age, and firm strategy. Specifically, ties to banks improve the performance of younger firms significantly more than that of older firms, while ties to large-scale state-owned enterprises improve the performance of smaller firms significantly more than that of larger firms.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9473-0
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2017)
  • Exploring cross-cultural skills for expatriate managers from Chinese
           multinationals: Congruence and contextualization
    • Authors: Dan Wang; Di Fan; Susan Freeman; Cherrie Jiuhua Zhu
      Pages: 123 - 146
      Abstract: This study explores what cross-cultural skills are essential for Chinese expatriate managers working in varied host countries, and how home and host contextual factors play a role in constraining the effective application of cross-cultural skills. To build a robust theoretical framework for expatriates’ cross-cultural skills, we integrate social learning theory with a contextual perspective that extends current knowledge of the cross-cultural skill framework. We conducted in-depth interviews with Chinese expatriate managers, foreign colleagues of expatriates, and expatriate supervisors to develop a holistic view on this topic. The findings demonstrate that Chinese expatriate managers working in the Middle East or Africa highly require self-maintenance skills to buffer negative influence of tough local work conditions, while interpersonal and communication skills are more important for those working in Europe or Australia to comprehend culturally different social expectations. Furthermore, Chinese expatriate managers’ home-development interpersonal and communication skills are not readily transferable to foreign contexts, mainly due to host perceptions that value work-life balance and a more equal relationship between leader and subordinates compared to the Chinese working values. This study extends expatriate skill literature by incorporating contextual factors to elaborate contextual influence on skills, and the findings have theoretical and practical significance for expatriate management from emerging market multinationals.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9474-z
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2017)
  • Exchange ideology in supervisor-subordinate dyads, LMX, and knowledge
           sharing: A social exchange perspective
    • Authors: Seckyoung Loretta Kim; Soojung Han; Seung Yeon Son; Seokhwa Yun
      Pages: 147 - 172
      Abstract: Given the importance of knowledge sharing, we integrated a social exchange perspective to understand when individuals may or may not share their knowledge. Considering personal and relational factors, we suggest that a subordinate’s exchange ideology and LMX are significant predictors of knowledge sharing. More importantly, we propose that the dynamic interplay between supervisor-subordinate exchange ideologies is critical to determine the level of LMX and knowledge sharing via LMX. Our research highlights the importance of relational and social exchange perspective to understand the quality of LMX and subordinates’ knowledge sharing behaviors. Implications for research and management practices are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9483-y
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2017)
  • The influence of CEO relationship-focused behaviors on firm performance: A
           chain-mediating role of employee relations climate and employees’
    • Authors: Meng Xi; Shuming Zhao; Qin Xu
      Pages: 173 - 192
      Abstract: This study examines the inner influencing mechanism and boundary conditions of the association between CEO relationship-focused leadership behaviors and organizational performance. Using data from top managers, HR directors, and operational level employees at 286 companies in seven provinces of China, this paper finds that CEO relationship-focused leadership behaviors have a positive effect on organizational performance. Specifically, CEO relationship-focused leadership behaviors relate directly and positively to firm performance in organically-structured firms and indirectly and positively to firm performance in mechanistically-structured firms via the chain-mediating role of employee relations climate and employees’ attitudes. The findings offer theoretical contributions to the leadership and employee relations climate literature and provide practical value to Chinese enterprises.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9487-7
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2017)
  • What’s the value in it? Corporate giving under uncertainty
    • Authors: Yongqiang Gao; Ya Lisa Lin; Haibin Yang
      Pages: 215 - 240
      Abstract: This paper investigates whether and how corporate giving is affected by a firm’s perceived degree of environmental uncertainty in the context of a transition economy. Evidence from a nationwide survey of private firms across China suggests that both regulatory uncertainty and market uncertainty in a transition economy motivate firms to conduct corporate giving. Further, a firm’s political ties and financial performance alleviate its response to environment pressures. Specifically, both political ties and financial performance reduce the impact of regulatory uncertainty on both giving probability and amount, but neither affects market uncertainty’s impact. This study illustrates the role of environmental uncertainty in driving corporate social behavior among Chinese private firms, and provides valuable insights for corporate giving in other transition economies.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9478-8
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2017)
  • Learning breakdown in latecomer multinational enterprises
    • Authors: Xiaowen Tian
      Abstract: Integrating the linkage, leverage, and learning (LLL) model with institutional economics, this paper develops a moderated mediation framework to examine the relationship between internationalization and the performance of multinational enterprises from latecomer economies (latecomer MNEs). In the framework, whether a latecomer MNE may succeed in learning and knowledge-led profit gains from internationalization is contingent on the development of market-oriented institutions in the country in which it is based. Latecomer MNEs based in countries with a high level of the development of market-oriented institutions are likely to succeed in learning to obtain knowledge-led profit gains from internationalization. Latecomer MNEs based in countries with a low level of the development of market-oriented institutions are likely to experience a breakdown in learning, and a failure in knowledge-led profit gains from internationalization. This paper provides robust evidence on the relationship between internationalization and the performance of latecomer MNEs conditional on the development of market-oriented institutions in their home countries, and discusses strategic implications for latecomer MNE managers.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9502-z
  • Behind film performance in China’s changing institutional context:
           The impact of signals
    • Authors: Caroline Elliott; Palitha Konara; Haiyi Ling; Chengang Wang; Yingqi Wei
      Abstract: Grounded in signaling theory, this paper investigates the signals reflecting product quality, innovativeness, reputation and cultural background which influence film performance, that is, film survival (duration on cinema screen) and box office success, in China’s changing institutional context. This market has grown substantially and still possesses potential for further development. However, China’s unique institutional context presents challenges. By examining an expanded range of potential signals, two of which have not previously been examined in the literature, namely imported films and enhanced format film formats such as 3D and IMAX, we develop a conceptual framework and argue that signaling theory needs to be combined with institutional context. Similar to findings for film industries in other countries, we find quality and reputational signals including budget, star power, sequels, and online consumer reviews to be important in China. However, unique results are also revealed. Chinese consumers react to an innovativeness signal in that they are specifically attracted to enhanced format films. Film award nominations and prizes are insignificant reputational signals. Once other signals are taken into account, imported films on average do not perform as well as domestic films. We link these findings to China’s unique institutional setting and offer important implications for management, recognizing the challenges to film companies of competing in an increasingly globalized market. This paper is also of relevance to policymakers given their continued efforts in shaping the development of China’s film industry.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9501-0
  • When it rains, it pours: A triple-pathway model of collective turnover
           based on causal mapping analysis
    • Authors: Song Wang; Bowen Dong; Steven X. Si; Junsheng Dou
      Abstract: As modern organizations become increasingly knowledge intensive, collective turnover, a phenomenon of knowledge spillover or transfer, is gradually receiving greater attention from scholars. Given that most studies have focused on the detrimental organizational consequences of collective turnover, this paper proposes a relational perspective to explore three distinct process models of dispersed, translocated, and entrepreneurial collective turnover. Based on a causal mapping analysis conducted in China of 25 collective turnover events that can demonstrate complex turnover processes over time, this study found that dispersed collective turnover, in which a group of members quit and scatter, is more likely to be triggered by shared job dissatisfaction. While translocated collective turnover, in which organizational members collectively mobilize in the same organization, is highly associated with attractive external lures. In contrast, entrepreneurial collective turnover, in which a group of members leave to start a new business together, is developed through a group process of entrepreneurial passion contagion. The ensuing triple-pathway model helps to enrich the theoretical understanding of collective turnover by clarifying the contextual differences regarding the effects of turnover destination on the important process of collective turnover.
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-017-9504-5
  • CEO values, stakeholder culture, and stakeholder-based performance
    • Authors: Lu Jiao; Graeme Harrison; Maria Cadiz Dyball; Jinhua Chen
      Abstract: This study examines how CEO values affect organizational performance. We examine organizational performance in terms of stakeholder-based performance (SBP) comprising four components of quality of goods and services, organizational justice, stakeholder affiliation and opportunity cost; and focus on one key CEO value orientation, specifically whether CEOs are “self-interested” or “other-regarding” in interactions with organizational stakeholders. We also hypothesize that the effect of CEO values on SBP is not direct, but indirect through the mediating factor of stakeholder culture. Data from 621 CEOs of not-for-profit (NFP) organizations in Australia are collected through a mail-based survey questionnaire, and analysed using structural equation modeling. The results support our hypotheses and have implications for organizational managers in creating and distributing stakeholder value in NFP organizations and potentially beyond the NFP context, as well as for future research concerned with how ethical characteristics of top managers affect organizational success.
      PubDate: 2017-03-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-017-9506-3
  • Responding to emotions in China: Gender differences and the emotion-job
           outcome relationship
    • Authors: Kelly Z. Peng
      Abstract: The role of emotion in the workplace has received increasing research attention in the past three decades. Yet there is relatively little direct evidence showing the relationships between discrete emotions and employee attitudinal and behavioral outcomes such as commitment, satisfaction, performance and citizenship behaviors. In this study, empirical data were collected to show that jealousy, joy, and fear experienced in the workplace impact employee outcomes. Furthermore, due to Chinese cultural factors that encourage females’ responses to jealousy, women are expected to be less ambitious with respect to work achievements in reacting to jealousy. Thus the jealousy-job outcomes relationships will be stronger and the joy-job outcomes relationships will be weaker for Chinese females as opposed to the male employees. This expectation receives some support from a sample of 174 male-female pairs of employees and their supervisors in China.
      PubDate: 2017-03-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9503-y
  • Venture capital reputation and portfolio firm performance in an emerging
           economy: The moderating effect of institutions
    • Authors: Runhui Lin; Ya Li; Tao Peng; Hongjuan Zhang
      Abstract: This paper addresses the effects of venture capitalist (VC) reputation on the performance of portfolio firms, and how this works in different institutional settings. Drawing on a dataset of 519 portfolio firms from China, we found that VC reputation does significantly increase the market value of portfolio firms in both the IPO year and the subsequent years. In addition, institutions moderate the relationship between VC reputation and portfolio firm performance such that the effect of VC reputation is positive and significant given extensive rule-based institutions, but insignificant given more relationship-based institutions. Our results provide empirical support for the impact of institutional factors such as market transparency and institutional efficiency on how venture capital firms can add value to invested portfolio firms.
      PubDate: 2017-02-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9500-1
  • Military top executives and corporate philanthropy: Evidence from China
    • Authors: Jin-hui Luo; Yuangao Xiang; Ruichao Zhu
      Abstract: This study, conducted in the context of China, investigates how the military experience of top executives influences their corporate philanthropy. Using a data set of 12,437 firm-year observations from China’s A-share firms listed on the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges between 2004 and 2013, we found that firms run by military top executives significantly donate less than those led by non-military top executives. Moreover, the reduction effect of military experience on corporate philanthropy is found to be more pronounced for firms located in regions with less developed markets, especially when firms’ chairmen have military background. This may be because military top executives are reluctant to illegitimately use corporate philanthropy due to a strong sense of ethics gained from their military service experience. These results are robust after adopting the propensity score matching (PSM) method to tackle the potential sample selection bias. Our findings provide a new interpretation of military experience and have important implications for understanding corporate philanthropy in China and in emerging markets in general.
      PubDate: 2017-02-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9499-3
  • Institutional relatedness behind product diversification and international
    • Authors: Sunny Li Sun; Mike W. Peng; Weiqiang Tan
      Abstract: Previous diversification research has largely focused on product relatedness, but ignored institutional relatedness—the degree of informal embeddedness with the dominant institutions that confer resources and legitimacy. We argue that during institutional transitions, political ties and international experience represent different types of institutional relatedness linking firms, respectively, to political institutions and market institutions. Specifically, CEOs’ political ties may help firms access critical resources, sense new market entry opportunities, and gain board support to increase firms’ product diversification. CEOs’ international experience may help firms leverage different market-based capabilities, engage in international competition, and then lead firms to grow on a different path by expanding internationally. We further investigate a crucial contingency factor: the degree of economic freedom. Data from 11,992 firm-year observations based on firms listed on China’s stock exchanges between 2001 and 2011 largely support our predictions.
      PubDate: 2017-02-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9498-4
  • The home country of the MNE: The case of emerging economy firms
    • Authors: Bersant Hobdari; Peter Gammeltoft; Jing Li; Klaus Meyer
      Abstract: Research on multinational enterprises that originate from emerging economies has highlighted the importance of the home country for firms’ strategies of internationalization. In this paper, we outline a simple analytical framework linking institutions and resource munificence in the home country to the domestic business eco-system in an emerging economy, and thereby to strategies of outward investments. Specifically, we argue that businesses interact with each other in their home economy, and these patterns of interactions influence strategies of internationalization as companies not only compete with each other, but share resources, coordinate actions and serve as each other’s role model. Strategies of outward investment thus reflect the competition and collaboration in their home country business eco-system.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-017-9505-4
  • One definition, different manifestations: Investigating ethical leadership
           in the Chinese context
    • Authors: An-Chih Wang; Jack Ting-Ju Chiang; Wan-Ju Chou; Bor-Shiuan Cheng
      Abstract: Although ethical leadership positively relates to a variety of favorable work outcomes across cultural settings, how national/societal culture potentially shapes the behavioral manifestations of ethical leadership remains unclear. In this paper, we investigate behavioral manifestations of ethical leadership in the Chinese context and develop the Chinese Ethical Leadership Scale (CELS). In Study 1, we use an indigenous, qualitative approach to investigate the nature of ethical leadership. Based on the qualitative findings, we develop the CELS, which consists of six important components of Chinese ethical leadership: moral courage, openness to criticism, incorruptibility, reliability, fairness, and role modeling. In Study 2, we empirically show that, after controlling for a Western ethical leadership scale, the six dimensions of Chinese ethical leadership predict various subordinate outcomes, including reporting of wrongdoing, cooperative voice, protection of company resources, conscientiousness, interpersonal harmony, and task performance. Based on our results, we propose a culturally integrated model of ethical leadership that elucidates both ethical and Chinese leadership literatures.
      PubDate: 2017-01-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9495-7
  • Extending the LLL framework through an institution-based view: Acer as a
           dragon multinational
    • Authors: Shih-Chang Hung; Yung-Ching Tseng
      Abstract: Mathews (Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 23(1): 5–27, 2006) argues for the importance of latecomer firms undertaking international expansion through the three pillars of resource linkage, leverage, and learning (LLL). We argue that these pillars can be discussed in terms of an institutional framework that explains how institutions shape resource access and economic actions. Despite their lack of capabilities vis-à-vis established multinationals, latecomers are not passive observers or recipients, but can be institutional entrepreneurs who are potentially reflexive enough to leverage their institutional linkages to acquire resources and develop learning activities for innovation, transformation, and internationalization. To illustrate our idea, we study the Taiwan-based dragon multinational, Acer, from 1976 to 2014. Three institutional blocks that underlie Acer’s engagement with institutional linkage, leverage, and learning are emphasized: the cultural system built around the norms of the Chinese family business; the political system defined by the distinct pattern of state-business relations in Taiwan; and a technological system constructed by multiple global players in the computer industry.
      PubDate: 2016-12-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9494-8
  • Family business, innovation and organizational slack in Taiwan
    • Authors: Yunshi Liu; Yi-Jung Chen; Linda C. Wang
      Abstract: This study examines the effect of family ownership and unabsorbed organizational slack resources on innovation in high-tech firms in Taiwan. In a sample of 278 public Taiwanese firms over a period of seven years (2002–2008) representing a total of 1946 observations, firms with higher levels of family ownership were shown to have significantly lower internal innovation in terms of R&D investment as has been shown in a number of previous studies. Yet the research also identified a key moderating factor. Unabsorbed organizational slack moderated the relationship between family ownership and innovation. Specifically, when firms had high levels of unabsorbed slack, the relationship between family ownership and R&D intensity changed to positive. In addition, the Taiwan data showed an additional moderating relationship of organizational slack; a negative relationship between family ownership and royalty payment intensity emerged for firms with low-level unabsorbed slack. Royalty payments and purchases of technology are often associated with lower innovation in firms, and Taiwan high-tech firms with additional slack did focus more on innovation through higher R&D and lower external technology royalty payments.
      PubDate: 2016-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9496-6
  • Family business, innovation and organizational slack in Taiwan
    • Authors: Yunshi Liu; Yi-Jung Chen; Linda C. Wang
      Abstract: This study examines the effect of family ownership and unabsorbed organizational slack resources on innovation in high-tech firms in Taiwan. In a sample of 278 public Taiwanese firms over a period of seven years (2002–2008) representing a total of 1946 observations, firms with higher levels of family ownership were shown to have significantly lower internal innovation in terms of R&D investment as has been shown in a number of previous studies. Yet the research also identified a key moderating factor. Unabsorbed organizational slack moderated the relationship between family ownership and innovation. Specifically, when firms had high levels of unabsorbed slack, the relationship between family ownership and R&D intensity changed to positive. In addition, the Taiwan data showed an additional moderating relationship of organizational slack; a negative relationship between family ownership and royalty payment intensity emerged for firms with low-level unabsorbed slack. Royalty payments and purchases of technology are often associated with lower innovation in firms, and Taiwan high-tech firms with additional slack did focus more on innovation through higher R&D and lower external technology royalty payments.
      PubDate: 2016-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10490-016-9496-6
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