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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2329 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2329 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Artificial Intelligence Review
  [SJR: 0.948]   [H-I: 48]   [15 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-7462 - ISSN (Online) 0269-2821
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • A multiagent, dynamic rank-driven multi-deme architecture for real-valued
           multiobjective optimization
    • Authors: Adnan Acan; Nasser Lotfi
      Pages: 1 - 29
      Abstract: Multiobjective real parameter optimization is a challenging problem in majority of engineering applications. This paper presents a creative multiagent and dynamic multi-deme architecture based on a novel collaboration mechanism for the solution of multiobjective real-parameter optimization problems. The proposed architecture comprises a number of multiobjective metaheuristic agents that act on subsets of a population based on a cyclic assignment order. The proposed multiagent architecture works iteratively in sessions including two consecutive phases: in the first phase, a population of solutions is divided into subpopulations based on dominance ranks of its elements. In the second phase, each multiobjective metaheuristic is assigned to work on a subpopulation based on a cyclic or round-robin order. Hence, each metaheuristic operates on a different-rank subpopulation in subsequent sessions, where a session starts with a new assignment of metaheuristics and ends when termination criteria for the session are satisfied. Individual agents have their local archives of non-dominated solutions extracted in a session, while there is a global archive keeping all non-dominated solutions found so far. At the end of each session, all subpopulations are combined into one global population to be used for the initialization of the next session. Similarly, all local archives are merged with the global archive to get the set of all non-dominated solutions found by all metaheuristics through working on subsets of different rank-levels. This way, the metaheuristics cooperate with each other by sharing their search experiences through collecting them in a common population and a common global archive. The proposed multiagent system is experimentally evaluated using the well-known CEC2009 multiobjective optimization benchmark problems set. Analysis of the experimental results demonstrated that the proposed architecture achieves better performance compared to majority of its state-of-the-art competitors in almost all problem instances.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-016-9493-7
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2017)
  • A survey on automated cancer diagnosis from histopathology images
    • Authors: J. Angel Arul Jothi; V. Mary Anita Rajam
      Pages: 31 - 81
      Abstract: Detecting cancer at an early stage is useful in better patient prognosis and treatment planning. Even though there are several preliminary tests and non-invasive procedures that are conducted for the detection of cancer of various organs, a histopathology study is inevitable and is considered a golden standard in the diagnosis of cancer. Today as the cost of electronic components are slashed down, computers with high memory capacity and better processing capabilities are built. Furthermore, imaging modalities have also been developed to a great extent. Interestingly, computers help doctors to interpret medical images in the diagnosis process and thus the area of Computer Aided/Assisted Diagnosis (CAD) is born. Consequently, the diagnosis procedures become reproducible, reliable and less subject to observer variations. This survey, explores the state-of-the-art materials and methods that have been used for CAD to detect cancer from histopathology images.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-016-9494-6
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2017)
  • Parallelizing simplex within SMT solvers
    • Authors: Milan Banković
      Pages: 83 - 112
      Abstract: The usual approach in parallelizing SAT and SMT solvers is either to explore different parts of the search space in parallel (divide-and-conquer approach) or to run multiple instances of the same solver with suitably altered parameters in parallel, possibly exchanging some information during the solving process (parallel portfolio approach). Quite a different approach is to parallelize the execution of time-consuming algorithms that check for satisfiability and propagations during the search space exploration. Since most of the execution time is spent in these procedures, their efficient parallelization might be a promising research direction. In this paper we present our experience in parallelizing the simplex algorithm which is typically used in the SMT context to check the satisfiability of linear arithmetic constraints. We provide a detailed description of this approach and present experimental results that evaluate the potential of the approach compared to the parallel portfolio approach. We also consider the combination of the two approaches.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-016-9495-5
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2017)
  • Lexicon based semantic detection of sentiments using expected likelihood
           estimate smoothed odds ratio
    • Authors: Farhan Hassan Khan; Usman Qamar; Saba Bashir
      Pages: 113 - 138
      Abstract: Sentiment analysis is an active research area in today’s era due to the abundance of opinionated data present on online social networks. Semantic detection is a sub-category of sentiment analysis which deals with the identification of sentiment orientation in any text. Many sentiment applications rely on lexicons to supply features to a model. Various machine learning algorithms and sentiment lexicons have been proposed in research in order to improve sentiment categorization. Supervised machine learning algorithms and domain specific sentiment lexicons generally perform better as compared to the unsupervised or semi-supervised domain independent lexicon based approaches. The core hindrance in the application of supervised algorithms or domain specific sentiment lexicons is the unavailability of sentiment labeled training datasets for every domain. On the other hand, the performance of algorithms based on general purpose sentiment lexicons needs improvement. This research is focused on building a general purpose sentiment lexicon in a semi-supervised manner. The proposed lexicon defines word semantics based on Expected Likelihood Estimate Smoothed Odds Ratio that are then incorporated with supervised machine learning based model selection approach. A comprehensive performance comparison verifies the superiority of our proposed approach.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-016-9496-4
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2017)
  • Plant intelligence based metaheuristic optimization algorithms
    • Authors: Sinem Akyol; Bilal Alatas
      Pages: 417 - 462
      Abstract: Classical optimization algorithms are insufficient in large scale combinatorial problems and in nonlinear problems. Hence, metaheuristic optimization algorithms have been proposed. General purpose metaheuristic methods are evaluated in nine different groups: biology-based, physics-based, social-based, music-based, chemical-based, sport-based, mathematics-based, swarm-based, and hybrid methods which are combinations of these. Studies on plants in recent years have showed that plants exhibit intelligent behaviors. Accordingly, it is thought that plants have nervous system. In this work, all of the algorithms and applications about plant intelligence have been firstly collected and searched. Information is given about plant intelligence algorithms such as Flower Pollination Algorithm, Invasive Weed Optimization, Paddy Field Algorithm, Root Mass Optimization Algorithm, Artificial Plant Optimization Algorithm, Sapling Growing up Algorithm, Photosynthetic Algorithm, Plant Growth Optimization, Root Growth Algorithm, Strawberry Algorithm as Plant Propagation Algorithm, Runner Root Algorithm, Path Planning Algorithm, and Rooted Tree Optimization.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-016-9486-6
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2017)
  • Weighted-spectral clustering algorithm for detecting community structures
           in complex networks
    • Authors: Tzy-Shiah Wang; Hui-Tang Lin; Ping Wang
      Pages: 463 - 483
      Abstract: The community structure is a common non-trivial topological feature of many complex real-world networks. Existing methods for identifying the community structure are generally based on statistical-type properties, such as the degree of centrality, the shortest path betweenness centrality, the modularity, and so forth. However, the form of the community structure may vary widely, even if the number of vertices and edges are fixed. Consequently, it is difficult to be certain of the exact number of clusters within the network. Clustering schemes which require the number of clusters to be specified in advance often misjudge the community structure and yield a poor clustering performance as a result. Accordingly, the present study proposes a clustering algorithm, designated as the Weighted-Spectral Clustering Algorithm, capable of detecting the community structure of a network with no prior knowledge of the cluster number. The proposed method is tested on both computer-generated networks and several real-world networks for which the community structures are already known. The results confirm the ability of the proposed algorithm to partition the network into an appropriate number of clusters in every case.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-016-9488-4
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2017)
  • A comparative empirical study on social media sentiment analysis over
           various genres and languages
    • Authors: Viktor Hangya; Richárd Farkas
      Pages: 485 - 505
      Abstract: People express their opinions about things like products, celebrities and services using social media channels. The analysis of these textual contents for sentiments is a gold mine for marketing experts as well as for research in humanities, thus automatic sentiment analysis is a popular area of applied artificial intelligence. The chief objective of this paper is to investigate automatic sentiment analysis on social media contents over various text sources and languages. The comparative findings of the investigation may give useful insights to artificial intelligence researchers who develop sentiment analyzers for a new textual source. To achieve this, we describe supervised machine learning based systems which perform sentiment analysis and we comparatively evaluate them on seven publicly available English and Hungarian databases, which contain text documents taken from Twitter and product review sites. We discuss the differences among these text genres and languages in terms of document- and target-level sentiment analysis.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-016-9489-3
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2017)
  • A survey of decision making methods based on certain hybrid soft set
    • Authors: Xueling Ma; Qi Liu; Jianming Zhan
      Pages: 507 - 530
      Abstract: Fuzzy set theory, rough set theory and soft set theory are all generic mathematical tools for dealing with uncertainties. There has been some progress concerning practical applications of these theories, especially, the use of these theories in decision making problems. In the present article, we review some decision making methods based on (fuzzy) soft sets, rough soft sets and soft rough sets. In particular, we provide several novel algorithms in decision making problems by combining these kinds of hybrid models. It may be served as a foundation for developing more complicated soft set models in decision making.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-016-9490-x
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2017)
  • Image descriptors in radiology images: a systematic review
    • Authors: Mariana A. Nogueira; Pedro Henriques Abreu; Pedro Martins; Penousal Machado; Hugo Duarte; João Santos
      Pages: 531 - 559
      Abstract: Clinical decisions are sometimes based on a variety of patient’s information such as: age, weight or information extracted from image exams, among others. Depending on the nature of the disease or anatomy, clinicians can base their decisions on different image exams like mammographies, positron emission tomography scans or magnetic resonance images. However, the analysis of those exams is far from a trivial task. Over the years, the use of image descriptors—computational algorithms that present a summarized description of image regions—became an important tool to assist the clinician in such tasks. This paper presents an overview of the use of image descriptors in healthcare contexts, attending to different image exams. In the making of this review, we analyzed over 70 studies related to the application of image descriptors of different natures—e.g., intensity, texture, shape—in medical image analysis. Four imaging modalities are featured: mammography, PET, CT and MRI. Pathologies typically covered by these modalities are addressed: breast masses and microcalcifications in mammograms, head and neck cancer and Alzheimer’s disease in the case of PET images, lung nodules regarding CTs and multiple sclerosis and brain tumors in the MRI section.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-016-9492-8
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2017)
  • An introduction to and comparison of computational creativity and design
    • Authors: Andrés Gómez de Silva Garza
      Abstract: The interrelated fields of computational creativity and design computing, sometimes also referred to as design science, have been gaining momentum over the past two or three decades. Many frequent international conference series, as well as more sporadic stand-alone academic events, have emerged to prove this. As maturing fields, it is time to take stock of what has come before and try to come up with a cohesive description of the theoretical foundations and practical advances that have been made. This paper presents such a description in the hope that it helps to communicate what the fields are about to people that are not directly involved in them, hopefully drawing some of them in.
      PubDate: 2017-05-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-017-9557-3
  • Slavic languages in phrase-based statistical machine translation: a survey
    • Authors: Mirjam Sepesy Maučec; Janez Brest
      Abstract: The demand for translations is increasing at a rate far beyond the capacity of professional translators. It is too difficult, time consuming and expensive to translate everything from scratch in each language. Machine translation offers a solution, as it provides translation automatically. Until recently, statistical machine translation has proved to be one of the most successful approaches. However, a new approach to machine translation based on neural networks has emerged with promising results. The present paper concerns phrase-based statistical machine translation, an area that has been extensively studied in the literature. The translation system consists of many components built on the premise of probabilities. Each component is described separately. Although high quality translation systems have been developed for certain language pairs, there is still a large number of languages that cause many translation errors. Languages with a rich morphology pose an especially difficult challenge for research. We address one group of morphologically rich languages: Slavic languages, which constitute a relatively homogeneous family of languages characterized by rich, inflectional morphology. The present paper offers a comprehensive survey of approaches to coping with Slavic languages in different aspects of statistical machine translation. We observe that the interest of the community in research of more difficult languages is increasing and we believe that the translation quality of those languages will reach the level of practical use in the near future.
      PubDate: 2017-05-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-017-9558-2
  • Local and global feature selection for multilabel classification with
           binary relevance
    • Authors: André Melo; Heiko Paulheim
      Abstract: Multilabel classification has become increasingly important for various use cases. Amongst the existing multilabel classification methods, problem transformation approaches, such as Binary Relevance, Pruned Problem Transformation, and Classifier Chains, are some of the most popular, since they break a global multilabel classification problem into a set of smaller binary or multiclass classification problems. Transformation methods enable the use of two different feature selection approaches: local, where the selection is performed independently for each of the transformed problems, and global, where the selection is performed on the original dataset, meaning that all local classifiers work on the same set of features. While global methods have been widely researched, local methods have received little attention so far. In this paper, we compare those two strategies on one of the most straight forward transformation approaches, i.e., Binary Relevance. We empirically compare their performance on various flat and hierarchical multilabel datasets of different application domains. We show that local outperforms global feature selection in terms of classification accuracy, without drawbacks in runtime performance.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-017-9556-4
  • Dictionary learning feature space via sparse representation classification
           for facial expression recognition
    • Authors: Zhe Sun; Zheng-ping Hu; Meng Wang; Shu-huan Zhao
      Abstract: Facial expression recognition (FER) plays a significant role in human-computer interaction. In this paper, adopting a dictionary learning feature space (DLFS) via sparse representation classification (SRC), we propose a method for FER. First, we obtain a difference dictionary (DD) from the feature space by indirectly using an auxiliary neutral training set. Next, we use a dictionary learning algorithm to train the DD; this algorithm considers the samples from the DD are approximately symmetrical structure. Finally, we use SRC to represent and determine the label of each query sample. We then verify out proposed method from the perspective of training samples, dimension reduction methods and Gaussian noise variances using a variety of public databases. In addition, we compare our DLFS_SRC approach with DLFS_CRC and DLFS_LRC approaches on the Extended Cohn-Kanade (CK+) database to analyze recognition results. Our simulation experiments show that our proposed method achieved satisfying performance levels for FER.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-017-9554-6
  • A sensitivity analysis method aimed at enhancing the metaheuristics for
           continuous optimization
    • Authors: Peio Loubière; Astrid Jourdan; Patrick Siarry; Rachid Chelouah
      Abstract: An efficient covering of the search space is an important issue when dealing with metaheuristics. Sensitivity analysis methods aim at evaluating the influence of each variable of a problem on a model (i.e. objective function) response. Such methods provide knowledge on the function behavior and would be suitable for guiding metaheuristics. To evaluate correctly the dimensions influences, usual sensitivity analysis methods need a lot of evaluations of the objective function or are constrained with an experimental design. In this paper, we propose a new method, with a low computational cost, which can be used into metaheuristics to improve their search process. This method is based on two global sensitivity analysis methods: the linear correlation coefficient technique and Morris’ method. We propose to transform the global study of a non linear model into a local study of quasi-linear sub-parts of the model, in order to evaluate the global influence of each input variable on the model. This sensitivity analysis method will use evaluations of the objective function done by the metaheuristic to compute a weight of each variable. Then, the metaheuristic will generate new solutions choosing dimensions to offset, according to these weights. The tests done on usual benchmark functions of sensitivity analysis and continuous optimization (CEC 2013) reveal two issues. Firstly, our sensitivity analysis method provides good results, it correctly ranks each dimension’s influence. Secondly, integrating a sensitivity analysis method into a metaheuristic (here, Differential Evolution and ABC with modification rate) improves its results.
      PubDate: 2017-04-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-017-9553-7
  • Granular support vector machine: a review
    • Authors: Husheng Guo; Wenjian Wang
      Abstract: The time complexity of traditional support vector machine (SVM) is \(O(l^{3})\) and l is the the training sample size, and it can not solve the large scale problems. Granular support vector machine (GSVM) is a novel machine learning model based on granular computing and statistical learning theory, and it can solve the low efficiency learning problem that exists in the traditional SVM and obtain satisfactory generalization performance, as well. This paper primarily reviews the past (rudiment), present (basic model) and future (development direction) of GSVM. Firstly, we briefly introduce the basic theory of SVM and GSVM. Secondly, we describe the past related research works conducted before the GSVM was proposed. Next, the latest thoughts, models, algorithms and applications of GSVM are described. Finally, we note the research and development prospects of GSVM.
      PubDate: 2017-04-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-017-9555-5
  • Machine learning based decision support systems (DSS) for heart disease
           diagnosis: a review
    • Authors: Saima Safdar; Saad Zafar; Nadeem Zafar; Naurin Farooq Khan
      Abstract: The current review contributes with an extensive overview of decision support systems in diagnosing heart diseases in clinical settings. The investigators independently screened and abstracted studies related to heart diseases-based clinical decision support system (DSS) published until 8-June-2015 in PubMed, CINAHL and Cochrane Library. The data extracted from the twenty full-text articles that met the inclusion criteria was classified under the following fields; heart diseases, methods for data sets formation, machine learning algorithms, machine learning-based DSS, comparator types, outcome evaluation and clinical implications of the reported DSS. Out of total of 331 studies 20 met the inclusion criteria. Most of the studies relate to ischemic heart diseases with neural network being the most common machine learning (ML) technique. Among the ML techniques, ANN classifies myocardial infarction with 97% and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy with 87.5% accuracy, CART classifies heart failure with 87.6%, neural network ensembles classifies heart valve with 97.4%, support vector machine classifies arrhythmia screening with 95.6%, logistic regression classifies acute coronary syndrome with 72%, artificial immune recognition system classifies coronary artery disease with 92.5% and genetic algorithms and multi-criteria decision analysis classifies chest-pain patients with 91% accuracy respectively. There were 55% studies that validated the results in clinical settings while 25% validated the results through experimental setups. Rest of the studies (20%) did not report the applicability and feasibility of their methods in clinical settings. The study categorizes the ML techniques according to their performance in diagnosing various heart diseases. It categorizes, compares and evaluates the comparator based on physician’s performance, gold standards, other ML techniques, different models of same ML technique and studies with no comparison. It also investigates the current, future and no clinical implications. In addition, trends of machine learning techniques and algorithms used in the diagnosis of heart diseases along with the identification of research gaps are reported in this study. The reported results suggest reliable interpretations and detailed graphical self-explanatory representations by DSS. The study reveals the need for establishment of non-ambiguous real-time clinical data for proper training of DSS before it can be used in clinical settings. The future research directions of the ML-based DSS is mostly directed towards development of generalized systems that can decide on clinical measurements which are easily accessible and assessable in real-time.
      PubDate: 2017-03-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-017-9552-8
  • A review on document image analysis techniques directly in the compressed
    • Authors: Mohammed Javed; P. Nagabhushan; Bidyut B. Chaudhuri
      Abstract: The rapid growth of digital libraries, e-governance, and internet based applications has caused an exponential escalation in the volume of ‘Big-data’ particularly due to texts, images, audios and videos that are being both archived and transmitted on a daily basis. In order to make their storage and transfer efficient, different data compression techniques are used in the literature. The ultimate motive behind data compression is to transform a big size data into small size data, which eventually implies less space while archiving, and less time in transferring. However, in order to operate/analyze compressed data, it is usually necessary to decompress it, so as to bring back the data to its original form, which unfortunately warrants an additional computing cost. In this backdrop, if operating upon the compressed data itself can be made possible without going through the stage of decompression, then the advantage that could be accomplished due to compression would escalate. Further due to compression, from the data structure and storage perspectives, the original visibility structure of the data also being lost, it turns into a potential challenge to trace the original information in the compressed representation. This challenge is the motivation behind exploring the idea of direct processing on the compressed data itself in the literature. The proposed survey paper specifically focuses on compressed document images and brings out two original contributions. The first contribution is that it presents a critical study on different image analysis and image compression techniques, and highlights the motivational reasons for pursuing document image analysis in the compressed domain. The second contribution is that it summarizes the different compressed domain techniques in the literature so far based on the type of compression and operations performed by them. Overall, the paper aims to provide a perspective for pursuing further research in the area of document image analysis and pattern recognition directly based on the compressed data.
      PubDate: 2017-03-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-017-9551-9
  • Review of liver segmentation and computer assisted detection/diagnosis
           methods in computed tomography
    • Authors: Mehrdad Moghbel; Syamsiah Mashohor; Rozi Mahmud; M. Iqbal Bin Saripan
      Abstract: Computed tomography (CT) imaging remains the most utilized modality for liver-related cancer screening and treatment monitoring purposes. Liver, liver tumor and liver vasculature segmentation from CT data is a prerequisite for treatment planning and computer assisted detection/diagnosis systems. In this paper, we present a survey on liver, liver tumor and liver vasculature segmentation methods that are using CT images, recent methods presented in the literature are viewed and discussed along with positives, negatives and statistical performance of these methods. Liver computer assisted detection/diagnosis systems will also be discussed along with their limitations and possible ways of improvement. In this paper, we concluded that although there is still room for improvement, automatic liver segmentation methods have become comparable to human segmentation. However, the performance of liver tumor segmentation methods can be considered lower than expected in both automatic and semi-automatic methods. Furthermore, it can be seen that most computer assisted detection/diagnosis systems require manual segmentation of liver and liver tumors, limiting clinical applicability of these systems. Liver, liver tumor and liver vasculature segmentation is still an open problem since various weaknesses and drawbacks of these methods can still be addressed and improved especially in tumor and vasculature segmentation along with computer assisted detection/diagnosis systems.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-017-9550-x
  • Multi-objective optimal design of fuzzy controller for structural
           vibration control using Hedge-algebras approach
    • Authors: Van-Binh Bui; Quy-Cao Tran; Hai-Le Bui
      Abstract: In this paper, the problem of multi-objective optimal design of hedge-algebras-based fuzzy controller (HAC) for structural vibration control with actuator saturation is presented. The main advantages of HAC are: (i) inherent order relationships among linguistic values of each linguistic variable are always ensured; (ii) instead of using any fuzzy sets, linguistic values of linguistic variables are determined by an isomorphism mapping called semantically quantifying mapping (SQM) based on a few fuzziness parameters of each linguistic variable and hence, the process of fuzzy inference is very simple due to SQM values occurring in the fuzzy rule base and (iii) when optimizing HAC, only a few design variables which are above fuzziness parameters are needed. As a case study, a HAC and optimal HACs (opHACs) based on multi-objective optimization view point have been designed to active control of a benchmark structure with active bracing system subjected to earthquake excitation. Control performance of controllers is also discussed in order to shown advantages of the proposed method.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-017-9549-3
  • Retraction Note to: Static hand gesture recognition using neural networks
    • Authors: Haitham Hasan; S. Abdul-Kareem
      PubDate: 2017-02-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10462-017-9544-8
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