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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2341 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2341 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Arthropod-Plant Interactions
  [SJR: 0.797]   [H-I: 17]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1872-8847 - ISSN (Online) 1872-8855
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2341 journals]
  • Sugar beet wireworm Limonius californicus damage to wheat and barley:
           evaluations of plant damage with respect to soil media, seeding depth, and
           diatomaceous earth application
    • Authors: Arash Rashed; Christopher W. Rogers; Mahnaz Rashidi; Juliet M. Marshall
      Pages: 147 - 154
      Abstract: Abstract Wireworms, the larval stage of click beetles (Coleoptera: Elateridae), continue to be one of the major concerns of cereal producers, primarily due to the lack of effective pesticides and species-specific management options. To have a better understanding of species-specific interactions of one of the most damaging wireworms in the Pacific Northwest and intermountain regions of the USA, a greenhouse study was set to evaluate the damage from the sugar beet wireworm Limonius californicus to wheat and barley planted at different depths and in soil media with varying levels of organic content and texture. Overall, the evaluated wheat appeared to be more susceptible than the barley, showing greater reductions in emergence success and foliar biomass. The greatest loss of foliar biomass was observed in peatmoss-dominated medium, as indicated by a significant host plant-by-soil media interaction. Percentage of plants fed upon by L. californicus was significantly higher in the sand-dominated medium than peatmoss-dominated and 1:1 mix media. Moreover, manipulation of soil media by the addition of diatomaceous earth showed no consistent effect in protecting the planted wheat. Our findings indicated that in addition to quantifying wireworm species-specific interactions, host plant interactions with the environment in the presence of wireworm infestation should also be further studied. These relationships could influence the outcome of integrated management approaches and future risk assessment models and recovery plans.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-016-9474-4
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Parasitoid abundance on plants: effects of host abundance, plant species,
           and plant flowering state
    • Authors: Miriam Kishinevsky; Tamar Keasar; Avi Bar-Massada
      Pages: 155 - 161
      Abstract: Abstract The abundance of parasitoids on plants that harbor their monophagous herbivorous host often correlates with host numbers. However, when hosts are polyphagous, the species-specific characteristics of the plants can affect parasitoid abundance as well. We asked whether parasitoids that attack a polyphagous host aggregate on individual plants with high host densities, and whether plant-related factors (plant species and flowering state) also account for the parasitoids’ abundance on the plants. We sampled Encarsia (Förster) (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) parasitoids and their host Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) from three plant species, six times during the summer of 2013. We analyzed the effects of host abundance, plant species, and flowering state on parasitoid abundances. The abundances of three parasitoid species were significantly and positively affected by the abundance of B. tabaci on plants, regardless of plant species. In contrast, the abundance of the fourth species was not affected by host numbers, but rather by plant species identity as well as by flowering state: parasitoid numbers were lower on flowering plants than on non-flowering plants. Although previous field studies have shown correlations between parasitoid and host abundance, our research demonstrates additional, plant-related variables that can influence this relationship when hosts are polyphagous. We also show that although having the same host, different parasitoid species respond differently to host- versus plant-related variables.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-016-9476-2
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Inoculation of ophiostomatoid fungi in loblolly pine trees increases the
           presence of subterranean termites in fungal lesions
    • Authors: Natalie A. Clay; Nathan Little; John J. Riggins
      Pages: 213 - 219
      Abstract: Abstract Many bluestain (ophiostomatoid) fungi are inoculated into trees via bark beetle activity, but their ecological roles are not fully understood, particularly for interactions with invertebrates outside bark beetle and phoretic mite associations. Recently, correlational field studies and small-scale laboratory feeding trials have demonstrated subterranean termites have increased presence on and preferential feeding of bluestain-infected wood, but experimental field evidence is lacking. To test the hypothesis that bluestain fungi increase termite presence in infected trees, we inoculated 72 loblolly pine trees in the southeastern USA with one of four bluestain fungi (Ophiostoma minus, O. ips, Leptographium terebrantis, L. procerum), a combination (O. minus + L. terebrantis), or H2O as a control. Over four years, all fungi-inoculated trees formed lesions around injection sites, while control trees formed no lesions except for two contaminated control trees that were excluded from analyses. Bluestain-inoculated trees had increased termite presence in and around fungal lesions, whereas control trees had no termites present. Specifically, termites were present on 35 % of fungi-inoculated trees, presence was consistent over time, and there was no difference among fungal species. This study experimentally demonstrates a link between bluestain fungi and subterranean termites in forests, which could impact tree dynamics post-bluestain infection.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-016-9473-5
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A dual function for 4-methoxybenzaldehyde in Petasites fragrans?
           Pollinator-attractant and ant-repellent
    • Authors: Jonathan G. Pattrick; Tom Shepherd; Will Hoppitt; Nichola S. Plowman; Pat Willmer
      Abstract: Abstract Ant-repellent floral volatiles offer one method through which plants can mediate the detrimental effects of ants on flowers. Although the repellence itself is well documented, the volatiles involved are less well explored. Here, we investigated the floral bouquet of ant-repellent male flowers of Petasites fragrans, identifying 4-methoxybenzaldehyde as the main component. 4-methoxybenzaldehyde significantly repelled ants when presented in isolation in an olfactometer and thus is the likely source of the repellent effect. As 4-methoxybenzaldehyde has previously been shown to attract pollinators, it may therefore have a dual function in P. fragrans, pollinator-attractant and ant-repellent. Additionally, 4-methoxybenzaldehyde is particularly interesting as an ant-repellent as it has been observed in the bouquets of other plant species with specific ant interactions.
      PubDate: 2017-04-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9519-3
       
  • Dimorphism in trichome production of Persicaria lapathifolia var.
           lapathifolia and Its multiple effects on a leaf beetle
    • Authors: S. Shirahama; A. Yamawo; M. Tokuda
      Abstract: Abstract Polymorphisms in plants are main factors that determine the diversity of associated animal communities and their population dynamics. Typically, Persicaria lapathifolia var. lapathifolia (Polygonaceae) has no trichomes on leaf surfaces (glabrous type), but a hairy type does sometimes occur. Based on a cultivation experiment, the presence or absence of trichomes is clarified to be under genetic control. To reveal the defensive function of trichomes against herbivores, laboratory experiments were conducted using a major herbivore, Galerucella grisescens (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). In both choice and no-choice feeding tests, the glabrous type was significantly more consumed by G. grisescens adults, while the hairy type was not consumed. In the hairy leaf treatment, larval duration tended to become longer, the adult body weight became significantly lower, and adults laid significantly more eggs than in the glabrous leaf treatment. Hairy leaves contained significantly more total phenolics and condensed tannins than glabrous leaves, suggesting that the hairy type allocates more resources for physical and chemical defence. Because no significant differences in leaf consumption were detected in the feeding experiment using powdered host leaves, G. grisescens seems to have adapted to the chemical defences of P. lapathifolia var. lapathifolia. These results clearly indicate that leaf trichomes of P. lapathifolia var. lapathifolia effectively act as a physical defence against G. grisescens.
      PubDate: 2017-04-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9520-x
       
  • Altitudinal variation in ant–aphid mutualism in nitrogen transfer of oak
           ( Quercus liaotungensis )
    • Authors: Limin Zhang; Yuxin Zhang; Naiqing Fan; Shuang Zhang; Keming Ma; Shukui Niu
      Abstract: Abstract Ant–plant relationship is a model for the study of the ecology and evolution of interspecific interactions. In direct ant–plant mutualism (i.e., plants providing food or nesting places for ants, and ants protecting the plants in return) ants provide nutrients to plants. However, whether a similar mechanism exists in indirect ant–plant mutualism (i.e., an ant–aphid–plant system) remains unknown. In this work, we used the 15N stable isotope method to study altitudinal variations in the roles of ants in the nutrient transfer of oak (Quercus liaotungensis). Our work shows that ants deliver nitrogen in indirect ant–plant interactions, and that the effect of nutrient transfer differed significantly with altitude. Ants’ trophic level at high altitudes was significantly lower than that at low altitudes, indicating that the degree of ant–aphid mutualism was greater at high altitudes, which may be beneficial in nitrogen transfer. Our work suggests that ant–aphid mutualism might be context dependent, such that it affects nutrient transfer in the food web, and that this context dependency is an important factor that influences altitudinal variation in nutrient transfer.
      PubDate: 2017-04-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9517-5
       
  • Is the maximum reproductive rate of Centris analis (Hymenoptera, Apidae,
           Centridini) associated with floral resource availability?
    • Authors: Cláudia Inês da Silva; Carolina Mayumi Hirotsu; Alípio José de Suza Pacheco Filho; Elisa Pereira Queiroz; Carlos Alberto Garófalo
      Abstract: Abstract Spatiotemporal variation in the availability of food resources may be a determining factor for reproductive success and maintenance of bees, but the extent of these variations is poorly understood. For management and conservation of bees, the first step is to know the behavior and the food resources used. Currently, urban areas are considered refuge zones for bees, and understanding the availability of floral resources and the influence on reproductive processes is very important for management of bees. We used the protocols applied in phenological studies with bees and plant species to evaluate both throughout the year in an urbanized area. At the same time, we used palynology protocols to analyze the pollen material collected from brood cells (food and feces) of immature Centris analis. These protocols allowed to evaluate the availability of floral resources in the studied area and the plant species effectively used by C. analis females to feed immature larvae during the reproductive period. The maximum reproductive period of C. analis was not associated with the highest floral resources availability. However, there was a strong selectivity of pollen in flowers of Malpighia emarginata (Malpighiaceae), which represented more than 59% of all the pollen grains provisioned throughout the year. This means that in the case of more specialized bees like C. analis, the availability of the preferred plants is more important than the overall floral resource availability in the area. Thus, to keep C. analis in the city, it is necessary to maintain or introduce Malpighiaceae species in the urban planning. On the other hand, at least 27% of the plant species found in the study area are pollinated by C. analis, emphasizing the importance of preserving this bee.
      PubDate: 2017-04-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9513-9
       
  • Bee visitors of Centaurea solstitialis L. (Asteraceae) in an urban
           environment in northwestern Turkey
    • Authors: Victor H. Gonzalez; Alena Olsen; Maija Mallula; Aycan Tosunoglu; Ibrahim Çakmak; John Hranitz; John Barthell
      Abstract: Abstract Information on the pollination ecology and floral visitors of the noxious weed Centaurea solstitialis is available for several populations in its invasive range, but limited information is available in its native range, with most studies conducted on the Greek island of Lesvos. Herein, we document the visitation pattern of bees and explore the relationship of bee body size and nectar availability in weedy populations of C. solstitialis from an urban environment within its native range in northwestern Turkey. Studies were conducted at patches of C. solstitialis in abandoned lots at the Uludağ University near the city of Bursa. A total of 41 species, including honey bees, belonging to five families and 19 genera were recorded. Small megachilid and halictid bee species were the most common visitors. Average nectar standing crop volume per floret was low (0.003–0.117 μL) and did not significantly vary throughout the day. Average bee head width significantly correlated with average nectar standing crop volume but did not significantly change throughout the day. Analyses of pollen loads as well as direct observations of bee foraging behavior indicate that a large number of bees visit C. solstitialis, primarily in search of nectar while carrying a large percentage of pollen grains of this plant species on their bodies. These results are similar to previous observations on a non-weedy population of C. solstitialis from the island of Lesvos.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9526-4
       
  • Capacity assessment of Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii and Aphis spiraecola
           (Hemiptera: Aphididae) to acquire and retain PVY NTN in Tunisia
    • Authors: Sonia Boukhris-Bouhachem; Ibtissem Ben Fekih; Sabrine Nahdi; Rebha Souissi
      Abstract: Abstract The study was carried out to investigate the ability of three aphids, Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii and Aphis spiraecola, to acquire and retain the Potato Virus Y (PVY) isolate, PVYNTN. Tobacco plants, Nicotiana tabacum var. Xanthi, were used as test plant for the virus inoculation and aphid acquisition. The serological test double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was applied for virus detection on the test plants and aphids. Furthermore, virus retention by aphids was also assessed using a monoclonal anti-PVYN. Although a duration of 2 min was enough for the virus acquisition, the three tested aphids showed different capacities to retain PVYNTN. The retention of PVYNTN was 3 h for M. persicae and A. spiraecola, and 2 h for A. gossypii. This study provides basic information of the virus retention by potato-colonizing aphid species, which may increase our understanding of PVY epidemiology in Tunisia.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9518-4
       
  • Accumulation of amino acids and phenolic compounds in biochemical plant
           responses to feeding of two different herbivorous arthropod pests
    • Authors: Katarzyna Golan; Cezary Sempruch; Edyta Górska-Drabik; Paweł Czerniewicz; Bożena Łagowska; Izabela Kot; Katarzyna Kmieć; Klaudia Magierowicz; Bogumił Leszczyński
      Abstract: Abstract The study aimed at comparing the changes in the content of free amino acids, phenolic compounds and the activity of PAL and TAL caused by two piercing-sucking arthropods: the grape mealybug (Pseudococcus maritimus Ehrh.) and the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) in the leaves of orchid and strawberry, respectively. The obtained results show that the amino acid content and the ratio of amino acids to phenolic compounds increased in both plant species infested by the mealybug and the mite. However, such response was weakly dependent on changes in activity of the analysed enzymes. The pest feeding affected accumulation of the phenolic compounds, since the induction of the PAL activity in mealybug-infested orchid leaves during the first 5 h of the experiment preceded the increase in phenolic compounds during the first week of insect feeding. Instead, the increased activity of TAL was accompanied by elevated levels of phenolic compounds in the leaves of strawberry infested by mites. Mechanisms of biochemical plant responses induced by infestation of the studied herbivorous arthropods are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9522-8
       
  • Pollen and stamen mimicry: the alpine flora as a case study
    • Authors: Klaus Lunau; Sabine Konzmann; Lena Winter; Vanessa Kamphausen; Zong-Xin Ren
      Abstract: Abstract Many melittophilous flowers display yellow and UV-absorbing floral guides that resemble the most common colour of pollen and anthers. The yellow coloured anthers and pollen and the similarly coloured flower guides are described as key features of a pollen and stamen mimicry system. In this study, we investigated the entire angiosperm flora of the Alps with regard to visually displayed pollen and floral guides. All species were checked for the presence of pollen- and stamen-imitating structures using colour photographs. Most flowering plants of the Alps display yellow pollen and at least 28% of the species display pollen- or stamen-imitating structures. The most frequent types of pollen and stamen imitations were (mostly yellow and UV-absorbing) colour patches on petals (65% of species displaying imitations), patterns of inflorescences (18%), stamen-like pistils (10%), and staminodes (6%), as well as three-dimensional structures such as convex lower lips and filamental hairs (<5%). Dichogamous and diclinous species display pollen- and stamen-imitating structures more often than non-dichogamous and non-diclinous species, respectively. The visual similarity between the androecium and other floral organs is attributed to mimicry, i.e. deception caused by the flower visitor’s inability to discriminate between model and mimic, sensory exploitation, and signal standardisation among floral morphs, flowering phases, and co-flowering species. We critically discuss deviant pollen and stamen mimicry concepts and evaluate the frequent evolution of pollen-imitating structures in view of the conflicting use of pollen for pollination in flowering plants and provision of pollen for offspring in bees.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9525-5
       
  • Farnesol, a synomone component between lantana (Lamiales: Verbenaceae) and
           the omnivorous predator, Campylomma chinensis Schuh (Hemiptera: Miridae)
    • Authors: Feng-Mei Ma; Li-Xia Zheng; Ze-Zheng Gao; Wei-Jian Wu
      Abstract: Abstract Flower scents are known as synomones between flowering plants and pollinators, but very little is known about the synomone involving omnivorous predator. Campylomma chinensis Schuh (Hemiptera: Miridae) is an omnivorous predator that feeds on both small soft-bodied arthropods and plant hosts including purple trailing lantana Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. (Lamiales: Verbenaceae). In laboratory experiments, we examined the effect of fresh inflorescences and volatiles of L. montevidensis on the behavior of adult C. chinensis. In a Y-tube olfactometer, we found that the fresh inflorescences of L. montevidensis significantly attracted adult C. chinensis. Then, the volatile compounds from the fresh inflorescences of L. montevidensis were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The results showed that there were seventeen compounds detected in the inflorescences, and the main components were terpenoids including monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids. Moreover, the adults were significantly attracted to the concentration of 5 µl/ml farnesol. The results of the present work implied that the omnivorous mirid C. chinensis used farnesol, a sesquiterpenoid alcohol derivative, to identify and locate its plant hosts. The role of farnesol as a potential synomone for C. chinensis is discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9523-7
       
  • Native arthropods on exotic sand dune flowers: consideration of sample
           size and number for investigating rare species and sparse communities
    • Authors: S. Hodge; N. Curtis; C. J. Vink; J. Marris; S. D. J. Brown
      Abstract: Abstract When studying arthropod visitors of flowers, the sampling unit (individual flowers, groups of flowers, areas of plants, timed visits, etc.) depends upon the aim of the study and the sampling method employed. In this study, arthropods using flowers of the ice plant, Carpobrotus edulis, were recorded on the sand dunes at New Brighton in the south island of New Zealand. Of 3600 flowers, only 10% contained invertebrates and only 478 specimens were recorded in total. Of 32 arthropod species observed on this exotic plant, we consider at least 20 to be native to New Zealand and five species are probably New Zealand endemics. Based on an occupation rate of individual flowers of 10%, a binomial model indicated that a sample of 100 flowers would have <0.003% chance of containing no specimens, and 96% chance that 5–16 flowers would contain some animals. Species accumulation models (e.g. bootstrap, Chao and rarefaction) and models examining the likelihood of recording rare species indicated that after examining 2000 flowers, 80% of arthropod species would be recorded, and that only the rarest species in our study would fall below an 80% statistical power of detection. The results suggest that for this flower–invertebrate system, a scheme that involved 20 independent samples, each consisting of 100 flowers, would provide a good chance of (1) avoiding totally empty samples (2) collecting a high proportion of the total species present and (3) recording all but the very rarest species that occur in this system.
      PubDate: 2017-04-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9521-9
       
  • Comparing the efficiency of pollination mechanisms in Papilionoideae
    • Authors: Trinidad Figueroa Fleming; Ángela Virginia Etcheverry
      Abstract: Abstract The pump pollination mechanism is typical of basal clades within Papilionoideae and might be associated with less efficient pollen transfer systems, while the explosive tripping mechanism is considered more advanced and might represent the highest expression of the trend in pollen economy. Crotalaria pumila, C. stipularia, Desmodium incanum and D. subsericeum present secondary pollen presentation with pump and explosive pollination mechanisms, respectively. In the present study, we evaluate and compare (1) pollen removal, (2) pollen deposition and (3) pollen transfer efficiency of both mechanisms, considering single visits by Megachile spp., common pollinators of the four plant species in Salta Province, Argentina. Comparisons of visit durations are made in relation to the type of mechanism and rewards offered. We detected significant differences between both mechanisms in the proportion of pollen grains removed and deposited in a flower after a single visit of Megachile. We found that efficiency in pollen transfer was significantly higher for explosive mechanism (2.13 ± 0.42 pollen grains deposited per 100 removed) than for pump mechanism (0.33 ± 0.17 pollen grains deposited per 100 removed). This is the first study that compares efficiency between pollination mechanisms in this group of plants.
      PubDate: 2017-04-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9515-7
       
  • Pollination of the cycad Zamia incognita A. Lindstr. & Idárraga by
           Pharaxonotha beetles in the Magdalena Medio Valley, Colombia: a mutualism
           dependent on a specific pollinator and its significance for conservation
    • Authors: Wendy A. Valencia-Montoya; Dino Tuberquia; Pablo Andrés Guzmán; Juliana Cardona-Duque
      Abstract: Abstract The genus Zamia (Zamiaceae: Cycadales) exhibits its greatest diversity in Colombia and is highly threatened by habitat loss, extraction for ornamental plant trade, and mining, among other factors. One of the most important considerations for the effective conservation of Zamia is its highly specialized reproductive biology. Despite the importance of pollination for the populations’ viability, no studies have examined the pollination process of cycads in Colombia. Herein, we describe the pollination process of Zamia incognita A. Lindstr. & Idárraga, in a natural population. Exclusion experiments were performed by selectively excluding wind, beetles, both, or neither, which demonstrated that Pharaxonotha beetles are effective pollinators of Zamia incognita and that wind does not play any role as pollen vector. By following beetles marked with fluorescent dyes and directly observing beetle movements on and into female cones and micropyles, we confirmed that Pharaxonotha sp. is the effective pollinator of Z. incognita. The beetles traveled a maximum dispersal distance from a male to female cone of nearly 22 m and a minimum distance of 5 m. We found Pharaxonotha beetles in male cones, where they complete their life cycle. Cones produce heat in a circadian pattern associated with the elongation of the cones and pollen shedding. The increase in cones’ temperature appears to play an important role in beetle attraction. We suggest that pollination droplets on the micropyles would be a reward to pollinators. We also discuss the relationship of this Zamia species with other insects, which have important consequences for the conservation of web interactions.
      PubDate: 2017-04-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9511-y
       
  • Impact of the invasive painted bug Bagrada hilaris on physiological traits
           of its host Brassica oleracea var botrytis
    • Authors: Salvatore Guarino; Ezio Peri; Stefano Colazza; Nicola Luchi; Marco Michelozzi; Francesco Loreto
      Abstract: Abstract Bagrada hilaris is a herbivorous insect native of Asia and Africa, which has invaded southern Europe and North America where it causes major damage to cole crops. Laboratory experiments were conducted to assess how the infestation of this invasive species damages the host Brassica oleracea var botrytis, and to evaluate the interaction between plant emission of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and B. hilaris adults. Plant responses to insect feeding were evaluated through changes in photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, VOC emission, and visual damage on leaves. The impact of B. hilaris was compared with that of Nezara viridula, a polyphagous species distributed worldwide. Plant VOC role in host plant detection was tested with electroantennography bioassays on B. hilaris antenna. Photosynthesis and stomatal conductance were consistently reduced in plants infested with 40 B. hilaris adults for 24 h. The feeding activity of a single B. hilaris caused larger discolored spots on host leaves in comparison with N. viridula. VOC emitted by B. oleracea changed significantly in response to B. hilaris and N. viridula infestation. In particular, production of limonene was strongly reduced by the infestation of the two pentatomids, while an increase in the emission of acetic acid and 2-ethyl-1-hexanol was observed. EAG dose–response tests using the main plant VOC showed B. hilaris antennal responses to benzaldehyde, octanal, nonanal, and acetic acid, which indicates a role of these compounds in host location.
      PubDate: 2017-04-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9516-6
       
  • Bee pollination and evidence of substitutive nectary in Anadenanthera
           colubrina (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae)
    • Authors: Laís Angélica Borges; Isabel Cristina Machado; Ariadna Valentina Lopes
      Abstract: Abstract Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae) is a widely-distributed tree in seasonally dry tropical forests of South America that was classified previously as lacking nectaries. However, some studies have stated that its flowers produce nectar, while others analyzed the composition of unifloral honey produced from A. colubrina flowers, raising the question about nectar production in the species. We studied the pollination and reproductive biology of A. colubrina var. cebil (Griseb.) Altschul in a natural population in the Caatinga, northeastern Brazil. Reproductive phenology, sexual system, floral biology, resource, and pollinators were investigated. We analyzed the breeding system through controlled pollinations for addressing its dependence on pollen vectors for reproduction. Anadenanthera colubrina flowered in the dry season, flower heads are heteromorphic, with staminate flowers at the base and perfect flowers at the apex of the inflorescence, characterizing andromonoecy. Anthesis is diurnal. We observed small drops of nectar at the apex of the petals of some flowers per inflorescence. Together with observations on flower visitor behavior and histochemical tests, we propose that A. colubrina produces floral nectar at the apex of the corolla, characterizing a substitutive nectary (sensu Vogel). This is the first record of substitutive nectary in the Mimosoideae and the first record of andromonoecy in the genus. Bees were the main pollinators (higher frequency), although other insects such as wasps, butterflies, and small beetles were also observed collecting nectar and/or pollen. The species is self-incompatible, thus depending on insect pollen vectors, mainly bees, for reproduction.
      PubDate: 2017-04-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9514-8
       
  • Interpopulation variation in pollinators and floral scent of the
           lady’s-slipper orchid Cypripedium calceolus L.
    • Authors: Herbert Braunschmid; Bernadette Mükisch; Thomas Rupp; Irmgard Schäffler; Pietro Zito; Daniele Birtele; Stefan Dötterl
      Abstract: Abstract Floral scent is a key mediator in many plant–pollinator interactions. It is known to vary not only among plant species, but also within species among populations. However, there is a big gap in our knowledge of whether such variability is the result of divergent selective pressures exerted by a variable pollinator climate or alternative scenarios (e.g., genetic drift). Cypripedium calceolus is a Eurasian deceptive lady’s-slipper orchid pollinated by bees. It is found from near sea level to altitudes of 2500 m. We asked whether pollinator climate and floral scents vary in a concerted manner among different altitudes. Floral scents of four populations in the Limestone Alps were collected by dynamic headspace and analyzed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Flower visitors and pollinators (the subset of visitors with pollen loads) were collected and identified. Preliminary coupled gas chromatographic and electroantennographic measurements with floral scents and pollinators revealed biologically active components. More than 70 compounds were detected in the scent samples, mainly aliphatics, terpenoids, and aromatics. Although several compounds were found in all samples, and all samples were dominated by linalool and octyl acetate, scents differed among populations. Similarly, there were strong differences in flower visitor spectra among populations with most abundant flower visitors being bees and syrphid flies at low and high altitudes, respectively. Pollinator climate differed also among populations; however, independent of altitude, most pollinators were bees of Lasioglossum, Andrena, and Nomada. Only few syrphids acted as pollinators and this is the first record of flies as pollinators in C. calceolus. The electrophysiological tests showed that bees and syrphid flies sensed many of the compounds released by the flowers, among them linalool and octyl acetate. Overall, we found that both floral scent and visitor/pollinator climate differ among populations. We discuss whether interpopulation variation in scent is a result of pollinator-mediated selection.
      PubDate: 2017-04-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9512-x
       
  • Curry leaf smells better than citrus to females of Diaphorina citri
           (Hemiptera: Liviidae)
    • Authors: V. H. Beloti; F. Santos; G. R. Alves; J. M. S. Bento; P. T. Yamamoto
      Abstract: Abstract The Asian citrus psyllid (ACP) Diaphorina citri Kuwayama has a host range of about 20 species of the family Rutaceae, including Citrus spp. However, few studies have reported on its host preference. This study evaluated the host-choice behavior of ACP in curry leaf (Murraya koenigii L.), through free-choice test and bioassays with a type ‘Y’ olfactometer, and also characterized the volatiles involved in attracting the ACP. In the free-choice test, the number of adults per plant on curry leaf was higher than the number on citrus plants. When the ACP was tested in the olfactometer, the females showed preference for curry leaf over citrus plants. Sixteen volatile compounds were identified in citrus and curry leaves. Qualitative and quantitative differences in the compounds released by citrus and curry leaves were determined. The volatiles present in these hosts may play an important role in the attraction of D. citri. With this information, further studies should be done to develop new management strategies for the ACP.
      PubDate: 2017-04-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9524-6
       
  • ICE2020Helsinki: it is time to prepare
    • Authors: Ingeborg Menzler-Hokkanen
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s11829-017-9507-7
       
 
 
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