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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2335 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
  [SJR: 1.2]   [H-I: 42]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1661-4917 - ISSN (Online) 0004-069X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Indications to Epigenetic Dysfunction in the Pathogenesis of Common
           Variable Immunodeficiency
    • Authors: William Rae
      Pages: 101 - 110
      Abstract: Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) are a group of rare genetic diseases resulting in the impairment of one or more functions of the human immune system. Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is one of the most prevalent PIDs, yet despite extensive genetic analysis, most patients do not have a monogenetic diagnosis. This has led to the theory that CVID must be a polygenetic condition. An alternative theory to a monogenetic or polygenetic underlying cause of CVID is that it is epigenetic phenomena that are causal in the majority of CVID patients. I will briefly discuss epigenetic regulation in B-cell biology and development, current examples of epigenetic diseases causing CVID-like primary antibody deficiencies, and how these observations may guide future investigation into the role of epigenetics in CVID.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0414-x
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Immunosensors for Biomarker Detection in Autoimmune Diseases
    • Authors: Xuezhu Zhang; Amarayca Zambrano; Zuan-Tao Lin; Yikun Xing; Justin Rippy; Tianfu Wu
      Pages: 111 - 121
      Abstract: Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system generates proinflammatory molecules and autoantibodies that mistakenly attack their own body. Traditional diagnosis of autoimmune disease is primarily based on physician assessment combined with core laboratory tests. However, these tests are not sensitive enough to detect early molecular events, and quite often, it is too late to control these autoimmune diseases and reverse tissue damage when conventional tests show positivity for disease. It is fortunate that during the past decade, research in nanotechnology has provided enormous opportunities for the development of ultrasensitive biosensors in detecting early biomarkers with high sensitivity. Biosensors consist of a biorecognition element and a transducer which are able to facilitate an accurate detection of proinflammatory molecules, autoantibodies and other disease-causing molecules. Apparently, novel biosensors could be superior to traditional metrics in assessing the drug efficacy in clinical trials, especially when specific biomarkers are indicative of the pathogenesis of disease. Furthermore, the portability of a biosensor enables the development of point-of-care devices. In this review, various types of biomolecule sensing systems, including electrochemical, optical and mechanical sensors, and their applications and future potentials in autoimmune disease treatment were discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0419-5
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Hormonal Modulation of Dendritic Cells Differentiation, Maturation and
           Function: Implications for the Initiation and Progress of Systemic
           Autoimmunity
    • Authors: Juan Pablo Mackern-Oberti; Evelyn L. Jara; Claudia A. Riedel; Alexis M. Kalergis
      Pages: 123 - 136
      Abstract: Hormonal homeostasis is crucial for keeping a competent and healthy immune function. Several hormones can modulate the function of various immune cells such as dendritic cells (DCs) by influencing the initiation of the immune response and the maintenance of peripheral tolerance to self-antigens. Hormones, such as estrogens, prolactin, progesterone and glucocorticoids may profoundly affect DCs differentiation, maturation and function leading to either a pro-inflammatory or an anti-inflammatory (or tolerogenic) phenotype. If not properly regulated, these processes can contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease. An unbalanced hormonal status may affect the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, the expression of activating/inhibitory receptors and co-stimulatory molecules on conventional and plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs), conferring susceptibility to develop autoimmunity. Estrogen receptor (ER)-α signaling in conventional DCs can promote IFN-α and IL-6 production and induce the expression of CD40, CD86 and MHCII molecules. Furthermore, estrogen modulates the pDCs response to Toll-like receptor ligands enhancing T cell priming. During lupus pathogenesis, ER-α deficiency decreased the expression of MHC II on pDCs from the spleen. In contrast, estradiol administration to lupus-prone female mice increased the expression of co-stimulatory molecules, enhanced the immunogenicity and produced large amounts of IL-6, IL-12 and TNF-α by bone marrow-derived DCs. These data suggest that estradiol/ER signaling may play an active role during lupus pathology. Similarly, understanding hormonal modulation of DCs may favor the design of new therapeutic strategies based on autologous tolerogenic DCs transfer, especially in sex-biased systemic autoimmune diseases. In this review, we discuss recent data relative to the role of different hormones (estrogen, prolactin, progesterone and glucocorticoids) in DC function during systemic autoimmune pathogenesis.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0418-6
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Autoreactive IgE in Chronic Spontaneous/Idiopathic Urticaria and
           Basophil/Mastocyte Priming Phenomenon, as a Feature of Autoimmune Nature
           of the Syndrome
    • Authors: Bernard Panaszek; Robert Pawłowicz; Jędrzej Grzegrzółka; Andrzej Obojski
      Pages: 137 - 143
      Abstract: Recent years of research have shed a new light on the role of IgE in immune reactions. It seems to be more than just a contribution to immediate type of allergic response. It appears that monomeric IgE may enhance mast cell activity without cross-linking of FcεRI by IgE specific allergen or autoreactive IgG anti-IgE antibodies. Monomeric IgE molecules are heterogeneous concerning their ability to induce survival and activation of mast cells only by binding the IgE to FcεRI, but not affecting degranulation of cells. It also turned out that IgE may react to autoantigens occurring in the blood not only in chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) but also in other autoimmune diseases. The aforementioned phenomena may promote the activity of mast cells/basophils in CSU that easily degranulate when influenced by various inner (autoreactive IgG against IgE and FcεRI, autoreactive IgE for self-antigens) and outer factors (cold, heat, pressure) or allergens. These findings forced the new approach to the role of autoimmunity, self-antigens and IgE autoantibodies in the pathology of CSU. CSU put in the scheme of autoreactive IgG and autoreactive IgE seems to be either a kind of an autoimmune disease or a clinical manifestation of some other defined autoimmune diseases or both.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0417-7
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • In Vivo Cardioprotective Effects and Pharmacokinetic Profile of N -Propyl
           Caffeamide Against Ischemia Reperfusion Injury
    • Authors: Yuan-Yuan Cheng; Dan Luo; Zhengyuan Xia; Hung-Fat Tse; Xuechen Li; Jianhui Rong
      Pages: 145 - 156
      Abstract: Caffeic acid derivatives constitute a class of potent anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective drug candidates. We recently synthesized a new caffeic acid derivative N-propyl caffeamide (PCA). Our pilot experiments demonstrated that PCA enhanced the survival of rat cardiomyocyte H9c2 cells against oxygen glucose deprivation and reoxygenation challenge in a concentration-dependent manner. Interestingly, PCA exhibited better cardioprotective potential than caffeic acid phenethyl ester and propyl caffeate. Thus, we hypothesized that PCA could protect heart against ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice. We first determined the stability and pharmacokinetic profile of PCA in male Sprague–Dawley rats by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with UV and MS/MS detections. The stability of PCA in rat plasma was defined by the half-life of 31.39, 7.19 and 1.37 h in rat plasma at 25, 37 and 60 °C, respectively. To study the pharmacokinetic profiles, PCA was injected into male SD rats at the dose of 15 mg/kg via intravenous bolus administration. PCA showed the elimination half-life of approximate 235 min in rats. We subsequently evaluated the cardioprotective potential of PCA in mice model of myocardial infarction. Our results demonstrated that PCA effectively reduced infarct size and release of myocardial enzymes (e.g., CK, CK-MB and LDH). Biochemical analyses suggested that PCA increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes (e.g., CAT and SOD) while attenuated lipid peroxidation. Moreover, PCA profoundly reduced the number of apoptotic cells in infarcted myocardium. Consistently, PCA increased the expression level of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl2 whereas suppressed the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bax in cardiac tissues. Collectively, PCA appears to be a novel bioavailable and stable pharmacological treatment for myocardial infarction.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0413-y
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Epithelial–Mesenchymal Transition in Chronic Rhinosinusitis: Differences
           Revealed Between Epithelial Cells from Nasal Polyps and Inferior
           Turbinates
    • Authors: Michael Könnecke; Maike Burmeister; Ralph Pries; Robert Böscke; Karl-Ludwig Bruchhage; Hendrik Ungefroren; Ludger Klimek; Barbara Wollenberg
      Pages: 157 - 173
      Abstract: The pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) remains unclear to date. The tissue remodeling in nasal polyps may be the result of inflammatory mediators and may involve epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) and EMT-associated features such as cell motility in nasal epithelial cells (NECs). We determined whether NEC in nasal polyps of CRS already display features of EMT in vivo or respond with EMT to growth factor stimulation in vitro. Nasal polyp tissues expressed both epithelial and mesenchymal markers. Primary NEC from inferior turbinates and nasal polyps responded to the EMT-inducing agents transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 and epidermal growth factor (EGF) with different expression patterns of EMT markers (E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Snail, Slug, Twist), however, only NEC from nasal polyps were susceptible to TGF-β1 and EGF-dependent cell migration. Our data suggest that a partial EMT is associated with the pathogenesis of nasal polyps in CRS patients. Furthermore, we show for the first time that epithelial cells from both nasal polyps and inferior turbinates were able to undergo an EMT-like process following exposure to TGF-β1 or EGF in vitro but that only NEC from nasal polyps responded with enhanced cell motility. Our data suggest that NEC from CRS patients have undergo partial EMT and that this process may be involved in the pathogenesis of CRS.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0409-7
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Expression Profiles of Toll-Like Receptors in the Differentiation of an
           Infection with Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato Spirochetes
    • Authors: Slawomir Dudek; Ewa Ziółko; Magdalena Kimsa-Dudek; Krzysztof Solarz; Urszula Mazurek; Aleksander Wierzgoń; Teresa Kokot; Małgorzata Muc-Wierzgoń
      Pages: 175 - 182
      Abstract: The similarity of Lyme borreliosis to other diseases and its complex pathogenesis present diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. The changes that occur at the cellular and molecular levels after a Borrelia sp. infection still remain poorly understood. Therefore, the present study focused on the expression of TLR and TLR-signaling genes in human dermal fibroblasts in the differentiation of an infection with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato spirochetes. Normal human dermal fibroblasts were cultured with the spirochetes of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii. Total RNA was extracted from the cells using TRIzol reagent. The analysis of the expression profiles of TLRs and TLR-related genes was performed using commercially available oligonucleotide microarrays of HG-U133A. The GeneSpring 12.0 platform and significance analysis of microarrays were used for the statistical analysis of microarray data. The analyses using the oligonucleotide microarray and QRT-PCR techniques permitted to identify the genes encoding TLR4 and TLR6 as specific for infection with B. afzelii and B. burgdorferi sensu stricto. In turn, TLR3 was only characteristic for an infection with B. burgdorferi sensu stricto. There were no changes in the TLR gene expression after infection with B. garinii. Our findings confirm that Borrelia has a major effect on fibroblast gene expression. Further characterization of changes in gene expression may lead to valuable insights into the role of the toll-like receptor in the pathogenesis of Lyme disease and may provide guidelines for the development of diagnostic markers for an infection with a particular Borrelia genospecies. Moreover, this will help to identify better treatment strategies for Lyme disease.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0416-8
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Polymorphic Variants 279R and 668Q Augment Activity of Matrix
           Metalloproteinase-9 in Breath Condensates of Children with Asthma
    • Authors: Katarzyna Grzela; Wioletta Zagórska; Alicja Krejner; Malgorzata Litwiniuk; Anna Zawadzka-Krajewska; Marek Kulus; Tomasz Grzela
      Pages: 183 - 187
      Abstract: Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 is involved in pathophysiology of asthma, mainly asthma-associated airway remodeling. Exhaled breath condensates (EBC) of asthmatics contain increased amounts of MMP-9 with activity higher, than in healthy controls. The increased activity of MMP-9 may originate from its excessive production and activation, but may also result from variations in MMP-9 structure, which are determined by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In this pilot study we aimed to assess the possible influence of two functional MMP-9 polymorphisms, Q279R and R668Q, on enzymatic activity of MMP-9, measured in EBC of asthmatic children. The concentration and activity of MMP-9 were analyzed in EBC of 20 children with allergic asthma using specific standard ELISA and novel immunoenzymatic activity assay. The SNPs of MMP-9 were assessed using real-time PCR-based genotyping test. We have found that MMP-9 concentration in breath condensates of children with stable asthma was slightly higher in ELISA, than in the activity assay. Moreover, these results and activity-to-amount ratio have revealed some relationship with a presence of specific 279R and/or 668Q MMP-9 gene variants. Our observation suggests that at least in some patients MMP-9 hyperactivity may result from genetic predisposition, determined by polymorphic variants of MMP-9 gene. Moreover, it supports previous reports postulating significance of MMP-9 in pathogenesis of asthma. However, this issue still requires further studies.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0412-z
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Biomarkers Guided Treatment Strategies in Adult Patients with Asthma:
           Ready for the Clinical Field'
    • Authors: Zoi Tsilogianni; Polyxeni Ntontsi; Andriana I. Papaioannou; Petros Bakakos; Stelios Loukides
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airways disorder mainly characterized by heterogeneity. In the more severe forms, a discordance often exists between symptoms and inflammation. Difficulty in managing asthma derives partly from the multiple phenotypes existing and our inability to recognize them. The use of non-invasive, with main representative the fraction of exhaled nitric oxide, or semi-invasive techniques such as induced sputum are effective tools that can help us to guide asthma treatment. In the latest years, several serum biomarkers related to asthmatic inflammation have been used for the better recognition of asthma sub-phenotypes to achieve optimization of therapy and disease outcome. In patients with mild–moderate asthma, as well as patients with more severe asthma, the use of blood eosinophils revealed an acceptable accuracy for the prediction of airway eosinophilia indicating that in future studies may facilitate both individualized treatment and management of asthma. None of the above techniques have been incorporated in clinical practice although sputum eosinophils can be used in patients with severe asthma particularly in specialized centers with great experience. Of great interest are blood eosinophils since current data support their role either as tool for treatment selections or/and as a biomarker of airway eosinophilia.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0407-9
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Anaphylaxis to IVIG
    • Authors: Sharon Julie Williams; Sudhir Gupta
      Pages: 11 - 19
      Abstract: Anaphylactic reactions are a known complication in some IgA-deficient patients receiving blood or plasma transfusions. It is of particular interest that anaphylaxis has been observed in patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) who are receiving intravenous gammaglobulin (IVIG), and in that, although these patients have an impaired response to common vaccines, they retain the ability to produce autoantibodies. In this study, we review IgA antibodies (both IgG- and IgE-mediated reactions) in patients with CVID and hypogammaglobulinemia, anaphylaxis in antibody immunodeficient patients receiving IVIG, and proposed mechanisms of desensitization and prevention of anaphylactic reactions in immunodeficient patients receiving IVIG. We summarize and assess the 23 case reports documented in the literature that have described anaphylactic reactions in immunodeficient patients receiving IVIG since 1962 until currently, and make a comparison of their immunoglobulin levels, IgG anti-IgA, IgE anti-IgA, concentration of IVIG, IgA content in IVIG, method used to detect antibodies, length of treatment, and any subsequent tolerated treatment documented.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0410-1
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Increased Granulocyte Heparanase Activity in Neutrophils from Patients
           with Lupus Nephritis and Idiopathic Membranous Nephropathy
    • Authors: Maciej Szymczak; Jakub Kuźniar; Wacław Kopeć; Marcelina Żabińska; Zofia Marchewka; Katarzyna Kościelska-Kasprzak; Marian Klinger
      Pages: 83 - 91
      Abstract: Heparanase is a β-glucuronidase that cleaves sugar chains of heparan sulfate proteoglycans. It is believed that heparanase may be involved in the pathogenesis of proteinuria. The aim of this study was to assess the significance of heparanase in the pathogenesis of particular glomerulonephritis types. The evaluation of heparanase activity in serum, urine, and granulocytes and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in granulocytes of patients with lupus nephritis (n = 17), membranous nephropathy (n = 11), IgA nephropathy (n = 12), focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (n = 18), mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis (n = 12) and in 19 healthy volunteers were performed. The heparanase activity in granulocytes of patients with lupus nephritis and membranous nephropathy was higher than heparanase activity in granulocytes in the control group (p = 0.02 in both cases). This is the first observation of this phenomenon. There was no difference between SOD activity in granulocytes of patients with all assessed types of glomerulonephritis and the control group. A positive correlation between heparanase activity in urine and double-strain DNA antibodies (r = 0.51; p = 0.04), and reverse correlations between heparanase in urine and hemolytic activity of the complement (r = −0.57; p = 0.03) in the lupus nephritis group, and between heparanase activity in granulocytes and serum total protein level (r = −0.69; p = 0.02) in membranous nephropathy were observed. Increase in heparanase activity without changes in superoxide dismutase activity in the granulocytes from patients with lupus nephritis and membranous nephropathy was observed. It may be used as one of the markers of these disease activities.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0396-8
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • High Efficacy of Methotrexate in Patients with Recurrent Idiopathic Acute
           Anterior Uveitis: a Prospective Study
    • Authors: Artur Bachta; Bartłomiej Kisiel; Mateusz Tłustochowicz; Anna Raczkiewicz; Marek Rękas; Witold Tłustochowicz
      Pages: 93 - 97
      Abstract: To evaluate prospectively the efficacy of methotrexate (MTX) in the treatment of recurrent idiopathic acute anterior uveitis (RIAAU). Nineteen out of 22 RIAAU patients completed the study (two patients withdrew their consent shortly after study initiation, one patient discontinued after 4 weeks because of the adverse effects). All patients were treated with MTX in a starting dose of 15 mg/week, increased to target dose of 25 mg/week after 4 weeks. In patients taking systemic corticosteroids (CS) the dose was gradually tapered (by 2.5 mg every week) until discontinuation. The mean follow-up period was 3.3 years (19–59 months). Sixteen patients (84 %) remained flare-free on MTX therapy. In the remaining three patients the mean interval between flares increased from 4.8 to 18.3 months. Systemic CS were tapered off in all patients. The number of acute anterior uveitis flares in the whole cohort decreased from 2.12 to 0.11/patient-year (p < 0.0001). All flares observed on MTX therapy occurred in HLA-B27-positive patients. MTX dosed at 25 mg/week is highly effective in the treatment of RIAAU.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0402-1
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Erratum to: Pro-Cognitive Properties of the Immunomodulatory Polypeptide
           Complex, Yolkin, from Chicken Egg Yolk and Colostrum-Derived Substances:
           Analyses Based on Animal Model of Age-Related Cognitive Deficits
    • Authors: Marta Lemieszewska; Marta Jakubik-Witkowska; Bartłomiej Stańczykiewicz; Aleksandra Zambrowicz; Agnieszka Zabłocka; Antoni Polanowski; Tadeusz Trziszka; Joanna Rymaszewska
      Pages: 99 - 99
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0398-6
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Perillyl alcohol, a pleiotropic natural compound suitable for brain tumor
           therapy, targets free radicals
    • Authors: Aline C. Gomes; Angélica L. Mello; Manuel G. Ribeiro; Diogo G. Garcia; Clovis O. Da Fonseca; Marcela D’Alincourt Salazar; Axel H. Schönthal; Thereza Quirico-Santos
      Abstract: Monoterpenes such as limonene and perillyl alcohol (POH) are promising natural compounds with pro-oxidant properties partly due to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced cytotoxicity, and antioxidant activity owing to their activity as free radical scavengers, inhibition of coenzyme Q synthesis, activation of antioxidant-responsive elements (inducing detoxification enzymes) and induction of apoptosis. Activation of ER-stress responses generates reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are highly reactive free radicals mainly produced during mitochondrial electron transfer for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis. When cells are subjected to oxidative stress conditions, there is an accumulation of ROS that can lead to irreversible cell injury caused primarily by lipid peroxidation, protein aggregation and/or DNA damage. Malignant tumors, such as glioblastoma multiforme, display elevated rates of oxygen consumption, necrosis and abnormal structural microvasculature. Alterations in the tumor microenvironment are tightly linked to tumor progression and occur as a result of activation of complex signaling networks involving inter-clonal cooperation, cell–matrix interactions and an ongoing inflammatory response leading to genetic and epigenetic alterations. This review will focus on the pro- and anti-oxidant activities of POH, which are greatly dependent on the respective ROS levels within the tumor microenvironment and involve the ER stress response system. As well, some critical aspects of tumor-associated metabolic changes and the consequences of endogenous ROS production for tumor progression will be discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-017-0459-5
       
  • Effects of IFN-β1a and IFN-β1b treatment on the expression of cytokines,
           inducible NOS (NOS type II), and myelin proteins in animal model of
           multiple sclerosis
    • Authors: Natalia Lubina-Dąbrowska; Adam Stepień; Grzegorz Sulkowski; Beata Dąbrowska-Bouta; Józef Langfort; Małgorzata Chalimoniuk
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of interferon (IFN)-β1a and IFN-β1b treatment on inflammatory factors and myelin protein levels in the brain cortex of the Lewis rat experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), animal model of multiple sclerosis. To induce EAE, rat were immunized with inoculums containing spinal cord guinea pig homogenized in phosphate-buffered saline and emulsified in Freund’s complete adjuvant containing 110 µg of the appropriate antigen in 100 µl of an emulsion and additionally 4-mg/ml Mycobacterium tuberculosis (H37Ra). The rats were treated three times per week with subcutaneous applications of 300,000 units IFN-β1a or IFN-β1b. The treatments were started 8 days prior to immunization and continued until day 14 after immunization. The rats were killed on the 14th day of the experiment. EAE induced dramatic increase in interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-concentrations and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in the brain, which closely corresponded to the course of neurological symptoms and the loss of weight. Both IFN-β1b and IFN-β1a treatments inhibited the pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α and IFN-γ), decreased the activation of astrocytes, increased the myelin protein level in the brain cortex, and improved the neurological status of EAE rats by different mechanisms; IFN-β1a reduced iNOS expression, at least in part, by the enhancement of IL-10, while IFN-β1b diminished IL-10 concentration and did not decrease EAE-induced iNOS expression.
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-017-0458-6
       
  • Pre-Pregnancy Levels of Peripheral Natural Killer Cells as Markers for
           Immunomodulatory Treatment in Patients with Recurrent Miscarriage
    • Authors: Ruben J. Kuon; Franziska Müller; Kilian Vomstein; Maja Weber; Hannes Hudalla; Sabine Rösner; Thomas Strowitzki; Udo Markert; Volker Daniel; Bettina Toth
      Abstract: Immunological risk factors in patients with recurrent miscarriage (RM) are discussed controversially. Abnormalities of natural killer cells (NK) have been described in RM patients. Lipid infusions are known to modulate lymphocyte subsets. The aim of this study was to identify immune parameters that predict success of treatment with lipid infusions in RM patients with elevated NK. In sum, n = 341 couples with RM were screened for established risk factors and peripheral lymphocyte subpopulations as well as uterine NK cells. We identified n = 136 patients with ≥ 2 consecutive RM and elevated NK. So far, n = 40 RM patients with NK disorders were treated with lipid infusions starting at positive pregnancy test, every 2 weeks until 12 + 0 weeks of gestation (GW) or miscarriage. The pre-pregnancy immune diagnostics in idiopathic RM (iRM) patients with ongoing pregnancy were compared to the group with miscarriages and healthy controls (n = 15). Pre-pregnancy immune diagnostics differed significantly between the groups, with significant higher levels of peripheral NK (% and /µL) in iRM patients who miscarried again compared to controls (p = 0.0035 and p = 0.0019). Furthermore, iRM patients show lower percentages of CD3+ lymphocytes than healthy controls (p = 0.0049). In n = 22/40 (55%) patients, pregnancy is ongoing >12 + 0 GW. RM patients with very high pre-pregnancy peripheral NK (pNK) lymphocytes might not benefit from lipid infusions. Pre-pregnancy immunomodulatory treatment in RM patients might be helpful to lower pNK levels and establish an immune environment which is supportive for fetal development.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-017-0457-7
       
  • Neuronal Differentiation Capability of Nasal Polyps of Chronic
           Rhinosinusitis
    • Authors: Michael Koennecke; Robert Böscke; Ann-Christin Pfannerstill; Stefan Reers; Martina Elsner; Benjamin Fell; Anja Richter; Karl-Ludwig Bruchhage; Sandra Schumann; Ralph Pries; Ludger Klimek; Barbara Wollenberg
      Abstract: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps is considered a subgroup of chronic rhinosinusitis and a significant health problem, but the pathogenesis remains unclear to date. Therefore, we investigated the stemness to determine the role of stem cells in nasal polyps, with additional analysis of the neuronal differentiation potential of nasal polyp cells. We determined gene and protein expression profiles of stem cells in nasal polyp tissues, using whole genome microarray, quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR), immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometry. To evaluate the neuronal differentiation potential of nasal polyp cells, we used an efficient xenogeneic co-culture model with unsliced adult rat brain biopsies, followed by qPCR, immunohistochemistry, and growth factor antibody arrays. During gene expression analysis and immunohistochemistry, we were able to detect different stem cell markers, like Oct-4, Sox2, Klf4, c-Myc, ABCG2, Nanog, CD133, and Nestin, which confirmed the existence of stem cell like cells within nasal polyps. In addition, co-culture experiments give evidence for a guided differentiation into the neuronal lineage by overexpression of Nestin, Neurofilament, and GM-CSF. Our study demonstrated the expression of stem cell-related markers in nasal polyps. Furthermore, we characterized, for the first time, the stemness and neuronal differentiation potential of nasal polyp cells. These results gave new insights into the pathogenesis of nasal polyps and its therapeutic effectiveness could represent a promising strategy in the future.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-017-0456-8
       
  • Sildenafil, a Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitor, Downregulates
           Osteopontin in Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells
    • Authors: Beata Kaleta; Agnieszka Boguska
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of sildenafil to regulate osteopontin (OPN) gene and protein in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy blood donors. OPN is expressed by a wide variety of cell types, including immune cells. OPN functions are linked to various physiological and pathological conditions. Sildenafil is a selective inhibitor of type 5 phosphodiesterase. Sildenafil has recently been found to have immunomodulatory effects in animal models and in studies performed in humans. PMA-stimulated and unstimulated PBMCs from 16 healthy blood donors (men) were cultured with sildenafil (at concentrations of 400 ng/ml and 4 µg/ml). OPN level in culture supernatants was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The analysis of OPN gene expression was performed by real-time PCR. Cell viability was assessed by trypan blue staining. PMA plus ionomycin stimulation of PBMCs resulted in a significant increase of OPN production and gene expression (p < 0.001). Sildenafil significantly decreased OPN secretion (p < 0.05) and gene expression (p < 0.05) in stimulated PBMCs; however, had no effect on OPN in unstimulated PBMCs. Sildenafil did not affect PBMCs viability. Sildenafil downregulates OPN in PBMCs from healthy men. Despite accumulating evidence for the immunomodulatory effects of sildenafil on human immune system cells, further studies are needed to determine if this drug affects the level of cGMP and NF-κB in PBMCs. In addition, it is needed to evaluate sildenafil’s activity in PBMCs from patients with elevated OPN levels.
      PubDate: 2017-02-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-017-0455-9
       
  • The Effect of Nonsurgical Periodontal Therapy on HNP1-3 Level in Gingival
           Crevicular Fluid of Chronic Periodontitis Patients
    • Authors: Ewa Dolińska; Anna Skurska; Małgorzata Pietruska; Violetta Dymicka-Piekarska; Robert Milewski; Jan Pietruski; Anton Sculean
      Abstract: The rich bacterial flora of oral cavity is controlled by innate immune response, including antibacterial peptides and among them human neutrophil peptides 1–3 (HNP1-3). The knowledge of the involvement of HNPs in innate and acquired immunity of the periodontium is fragmentary. The aim of the study was to assess alterations in HNP1-3 levels in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of chronic periodontitis patients before and after nonsurgical periodontal therapy. Nineteen patients with chronic periodontitis were qualified to the study. After periodontal examination, one site with pocket depth (PD) ≥4 mm was selected. All the patients received periodontal treatment involving scaling and root planing with additional systemic antibiotic therapy (Amoxicillin 375 mg three times daily and Metronidazole 250 mg three times daily for 7 days). Prior to therapy, 3 and 6 months after it, clinical periodontal parameters were measured and GCF was collected from previously chosen site. The level of HNP1-3 in GCF was determined by means of a commercially available enzyme-linked immunoassay kit. The periodontal therapy caused a statistically significant (p < 0.001) decrease in all the assessed clinical parameters at the sites of sample collection except for bleeding on probing. The level of HNP1-3 per measure point showed a statistically significant increase (baseline—3 months: p = 0.05, baseline—6 months: p = 0.007). Within the limits of the study, it can be stated that nonsurgical periodontal therapy with additional systemic administration of Amoxicillin and Metronidazole increases the level of HNP1-3 in GCF.
      PubDate: 2017-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-016-0451-5
       
  • Identification of Clinicopathological Spectrum, Platelet Glycoprotein
           IIb/IIIa complex and Platelet Antibodies in Egyptian Children with
           Glanzmann’s Thrombasthenia
    • Authors: Asmaa M. Zahran; Khaled Saad; Khalid I. Elsayh; Mohamd A. Alblihed; Mostafa Embaby
      Abstract: Glanzmann’s thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare genetic bleeding disorder. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinicopathological spectrum of this syndrome and to study the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa complex and platelet antibodies by flow cytometry in a cohort of children with GT in a tertiary care center in Upper Egypt. Forty children with GT were assessed for the expression of GPIIb-IIIa on the platelet surface and platelet antibodies by using flow cytometry, to determine the most common GT subtypes among Egyptian children. By analysis of platelet GP IIb-IIIa by flow cytometry the classification of patients with GT in our study was type I GT (47.5%), type II GT (32.5%) and type III GT (20%). In this study, we have delineated that type I is the most common type of GT in Upper Egypt. Our data suggested that there is a good correlation between quantitative changes in the surface expression of platelet membrane glycoproteins detected by flow cytometry and the clinical severity of bleeding. Therefore, classifying of severity of bleeding in patients with GT could possibly aid the pediatricians and hematologists in the implementation of ideal prophylactic measures.
      PubDate: 2017-02-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00005-017-0454-x
       
 
 
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