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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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 Archives of Women's Mental HealthJournal Prestige (SJR): 1.274 Citation Impact (citeScore): 3Number of Followers: 16      Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles) ISSN (Print) 1435-1102 - ISSN (Online) 1434-1816 Published by Springer-Verlag  [2352 journals]
• Prenatal maternal personality as an early predictor of vulnerable
parenting style
• Abstract: Perinatal mental health problems, particularly depression, are prevalent and have been a central focus of prevention initiatives. The greater proportion of ongoing annual perinatal mental health economic cost burdens relate to children. A key linking mechanism is mother-infant relationship quality. Perinatal depression symptoms are typically transient. However, personality style, including interpersonal sensitivity, is a more stable construct and predicts proneness to depression and common mental disorders. Building on our previous work, the objective of the present study is to examine the association between specific dimensions of prenatal interpersonal sensitivity and postpartum mother-infant relationship quality in the context of prenatal depression symptoms. We analysed data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Interpersonal sensitivity and depression symptoms were measured at 18 weeks gestation. In a randomly selected 10% subsample of the ALSPAC cohort, mother-infant interaction was measured through standard observation at 12 months postpartum. For the subsample that had complete data at all time points (n = 812), multiple regression models examined prenatal interpersonal sensitivity dimensions predicting postpartum mother-infant relationship quality, accounting for depression symptoms. Two dimensions of maternal interpersonal sensitivity modestly predicted mother-infant relationship quality at 12 months postpartum and remained robust when we controlled for depression symptoms. The interpersonal sensitivity subscales were significantly associated with prenatal depression symptoms but more consistently and robustly predicted postnatal mother-infant interaction quality. The inclusion of personality measures may strengthen prenatal mental health assessment to identify vulnerability to suboptimal mother-infant relationship quality.
PubDate: 2019-04-23

• Adversity in childhood and depression in pregnancy
• Abstract: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been found to be associated with various health conditions; however, there is dearth of evidence on the relationship between ACEs and prenatal depression. This study was conducted to determine the association between overall ACE score and prenatal depression symptoms, assess the moderating effect of social support and partner support on this relationship, and determine the association between individual ACE scores and prenatal depression. A secondary analysis was conducted of data from an RCT that assessed the feasibility of e-screening for maternal mental health among 636 pregnant women recruited from antenatal clinics. Two logistic regression models were built to reach our objectives. Over 80% of the participants were older than 25 years and had education beyond high school. Eighteen percent of the women had an ACE score of four or more. Univariable analysis found a 2.5-fold increase in the odds of prenatal depression for women with an ACEs score of ≥ 4. When examining the overall ACE score, lack of social support during pregnancy [AOR = 4.16; 95%CI (2.10–10.35)] and partner’s relationship [AOR = 2.23; 95%CI (1.12–4.44)] were associated with prenatal depression while among the individual ACE scores, living with a person who went to prison was found to be associated with prenatal depression even when controlled for all variables. No moderating effect was found. These findings suggest for the improvement of partner’s relationship and provision of social support before women conceive, in order to mitigate the effect of these adversities.
PubDate: 2019-04-23

• Stafford international symposium
• PubDate: 2019-04-23

• Effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for comorbid
depression and anxiety in pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial
• Abstract: Pregnant women are at high risk of mood and anxiety disorders, and options for non-pharmacological treatment are limited. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has strong evidence among people with mood and anxiety disorders, but limited studies reported the effectiveness of MBCT on perinatal comorbid conditions. This study aimed to examine the effects of an 8-week MBCT intervention on pregnant women with comorbid depression and anxiety. In this randomized controlled study, 38 pregnant women with a diagnosis of depression and varying levels of comorbid anxiety disorders were randomly assigned to either MBCT or a control group. Scores on the Beck Depression Inventory-II, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, and Scales of Psychological Wellbeing were used as outcome measures at baseline, after MBCT, and through 1-month follow-up. Intent to treat analyses provided preliminary evidence that MBCT can be effective in reducing depressive and anxiety symptoms and in enhancing the use of adaptive emotion regulation strategies and psychological well-being. Improvements in outcomes were maintained 1 month. Results provide cross-cultural support for MBCT as a treatment for depression and anxiety in pregnant women. This brief and non-pharmacological treatment can be used to improve maternal psychological health.
PubDate: 2019-04-13

• Clarifying the onset of brief psychotic disorder at childbirth
• PubDate: 2019-04-06

• Impacts of early marriage and adolescent pregnancy on mental and somatic
health: the role of partner violence
• Abstract: Researchers agree that early marriage (EM) and adolescent pregnancy (AP) can form severe risks for women’s somatic, mental, and reproductive health, as well as on educational and social status. Yet, less is known about factors that may moderate or mediate these associations. This study examined, first, retrospectively the impacts of EM and AP on self-reported mental and somatic health among multicultural group of women living in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Second task was to analyze whether and how the partner violence would mediate and/or moderate between EM and AP and mental health problems. The participants were 1569 women (16–72 years of age), who reported their age of being married, first pregnancy, and demographic characteristics. They described their mental health status through General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28: depressive, anxiety, social dysfunction, and somatization symptoms) and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; DSM-5). Women’s reports of somatic illnesses were classified according to WHO-ICD-10. The revised conflict tactics scale, short form was used as a proxy to partner violence. Women who gave birth at 13–19 years of age reported more anxiety and somatization symptoms than later delivered, and those married younger than 25 showed a higher level of depressive symptoms than later married. Both AP and EM formed a heightened risk for somatic illnesses. The partner violence functioned as a moderator; AP was associated with especially high levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms among women exposed to sexual coercion in their marriage. Non-significant mediation analysis indicates that partner violence did not explain the severe impacts of the AP and EM on women’s mental health. Yet, the AP and EM were associated with heightened level of partner violence. Adolescent pregnancy forms a comprehensive mental health risk, and both AP and EM were risks for somatic illnesses, such as cardiovascular problems. The mental health risk of AP further intensified if women experienced sexual coercion in their partnership. Our fundamental work is to abolish these patriarchal phenomena.
PubDate: 2019-04-06

• Using mobile health applications for the rapid recruitment of perinatal
women
• Abstract: This article describes how two research teams recruited participants using a mobile application for pregnant women. In both studies, a study description appeared on the home screen of a pregnancy application. Interested women were directed to a secure research website to enroll. Enrollment goals were rapidly exceeded. Both studies enrolled participants from across the USA. Demographic diversity was achieved by one study. Mobile health applications are innovative venues for recruiting research participants.
PubDate: 2019-04-01

• Somatic symptom disorder manifested as acute abdominal pain during
pregnancy preceding perinatal depression: a case report
• Abstract: Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) occurring as abdominal pain during pregnancy can be very difficult to distinguish from physical diseases; prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment are required. SSD can develop into perinatal depression, which may need intensive psychiatric intervention. Here, we present the first case report of SSD preceding perinatal depression. This case shows the clinical importance of SSD in obstetrics both as a cause of abdominal pain and as a precursor of depression.
PubDate: 2019-04-01

• Neural pathways of maternal responding: systematic review and
meta-analysis
• Abstract: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has increasingly been employed to establish whether there is a specific brain neural network dedicated to maternal responsiveness. We undertook systematic review and meta-analysis of all studies in which healthy new mothers were exposed to visual stimuli of own versus other infants to determine the quality of evidence for a dedicated maternal neural network. Systematic literature review revealed a pattern of specific neural responses commonly induced by visual infant paradigms. Brain areas consistently reported as activated in mothers in response to own versus unknown infant included the left thalamus, bilateral pre-central gyrus, left limbic lobe, uncus, amygdala and left caudate. These regions are implicated in reward, attention, emotion processing and other core social cognitive skills. Meta-analysis, however, revealed a more limited subset of brain areas activated in mothers specifically in response to their own versus unknown infant and suggested considerable inter-study variability. Further work is needed if functional imaging is to become an objective tool for the assessment of neural pathways associated with distinct patterns of maternal care behaviour. Such a tool would be invaluable in developing biomarkers of neural activity associated with healthy maternal care and for monitoring treatment/intervention effects of costly parenting interventions.
PubDate: 2019-04-01

• Postpartum depressive mood (PDM) among Chinese women: a meta-analysis
• Abstract: Postpartum depression is a common complication of childbearing and up to 12 months postpartum. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of postpartum depressive mood (PDM) in China by performing a meta-analysis of published studies. Studies that reported the prevalence of PDM in China were identified by searching the PubMed, Embase, CNKI, and CQVIP databases. Three thousand, one hundred, and two articles were obtained, and after careful evaluation, 26 studies were finally included in the meta-analysis. The combined studies included a total of 7618 cases with 1621 cases of PDM. The studies were assessed on the basis of heterogeneity testing and the potential for publication bias. Stata software 11.0 was used to perform the meta-analysis. The random-effect model showed that the prevalence of PDM was 21% with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 17–25%. PDM was the highest 0 to 1.5 months after delivery. PDM levels decreased to 10.4% (95% CI 9.7–11.1%, P < 0.001) after publication bias were corrected. Sensitivity analyses evaluated the stability of our results and showed no significant change when any single study was excluded. Subgroup analyses showed that region, instruments used, cut-off score, and time points for depression assessment were positively associated with PDM prevalence. The prevalence of PDM differed among regions, with South Central China and East China exhibiting the lowest prevalence. The prevalence was higher in regions with poor economic development, suggesting that more attention should be devoted to Southwest and North China and that the prevalence of PDM should be evaluated 0 to 1.5 months after delivery.
PubDate: 2019-04-01

• Risk factors associated to tobacco and alcohol use in a large French
cohort of pregnant women
• Abstract: Tobacco and/or alcohol use during pregnancy is a major public health concern. The aim of our study was to identify risk factors associated to maternal alcohol and tobacco use assessed by maternal self-reports combined with biological measurements in meconium samples of cotinine and ethylglucuronide which reflect fetal exposure to tobacco and alcohol, respectively, during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. We conducted a prospective study in three maternity hospitals in a large urban area during consecutive weeks (2010 and 2011). Maternal sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were assessed after delivery, using the French version of the Addiction Severity Index. Cotinine and ethylglucuronide were measured in meconium samples. Seven hundred and twenty-four women were included, and 645 meconium samples collected. Using multivariate analyses, we found that not being married or having a smoking partner predicts maternal tobacco use. In contrast, a decreased risk was associated with higher education level and wanted pregnancy. The risk for alcohol use increased when the mother had been in conflict with any relative or her partner for a long time throughout her life, as well as in case of previous treatment for any mental or emotional disorder. Using multivariate analyses and cotinine presence in meconium samples, the risks were similar except for marital status, which was not associated to cotinine presence. Community education and prevention programs should urgently be improved for all women of childbearing age with a special focus on those with past histories of mental or emotional disorders and addictive disorders. Smoking cessation should be recommended to both parents.
PubDate: 2019-04-01

• Gender identity development in the shadow of socialization: a grounded
theory approach
• Abstract: Gender identity is one of the basic forms of identity which has a key role in the mental health during adolescence. The present study was conducted to determine the process of gender identity development among Iranian female adolescents. In this grounded theory study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 55 purposefully and theoretical selected participants including 30 female adolescents and 25 key informants who lived in urban society of Isfahan, Iran, in 2016–2018. Data were analyzed using Strauss and Corbin’s mode of analysis (2008), through constant comparative method, applying levels of open, axial, and selective coding with MAXQDA software. Development of gender identity in the shadow of socialization was presented as the core category extracted from the data in this study. Female adolescents would use “sexual self-expression during puberty,” “attachment to parents and peers,” “tendency towards the opposite sex,” and “effort for social acceptance” as the main strategies in the development of gender identity until achieving “stabilized gender identity.” “Girls’ communicational skills” and “parents’ empowerment” were the causal conditions in this process. “Gender differences” and “sociocultural texture of the society” were the contextual conditions and the influence of “peers” and “media” was the interventional conditions in the development of gender identity in female adolescents. Improving girls’ communicational skills, empowering parents for managing their interactions with their daughters, adjusting gender roles in the society, and creating appropriate content by the media could have an important role in helping female adolescents achieving stabilized gender identity.
PubDate: 2019-04-01

• Abuse as a risk factor for prenatal depressive symptoms: a meta-analysis
• Abstract: Depression is the most common mental disorder in pregnancy. An important risk factor in the development of prenatal depression is lifetime history of abuse. The current review quantitatively synthesized research on the association between history of abuse and prenatal depressive symptoms using a meta-analytic technique. A total of 3322 articles were identified through electronic searches of the following databases: PsycINFO, PubMed, CINAHL, and EMBASE Cochrane Collaboration databases between the years of 1980 and 2016. All were independently screened against the following inclusion criteria: articles reporting on original data that included measures of prenatal depression and abuse. Data were extracted by the first and second authors. Descriptive analyses were conducted using Excel version 15.32, and all analyses involving effect sizes were conducted using comprehensive meta-analysis (CMA) version 3.0. Seventy articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analyses. Meta-bias detected no publication bias. Abuse had a significant positive relation with prenatal depressive symptoms, with effect sizes in the moderate range for any abuse ( $$\overline{r}$$  = 0.287), physical abuse ( $$\overline{r}$$  = 0.271), sexual abuse ( $$\overline{r}$$  = 0.259), and emotional abuse ( $$\overline{r}$$  = 0.340; Cohen 1969. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Academic Press, New York). The meta-analyses found a robust relation between abuse and prenatal depressive symptoms holding across a variety of demographic and study design characteristics. These results reinforce the established association between trauma victimization and subsequent psychopathology, extending current knowledge to specifically address the under-studied area of prenatal depression. These findings highlight the need for women who have survived child or adulthood abuse to receive appropriate referral and psychological treatment to mitigate their risk for prenatal depression.
PubDate: 2019-04-01

• Measuring female intrasexual competition by the scale for intrasexual
competition: a validation of the German version
• Abstract: Competitive behaviour amongst members of the same sex is termed intrasexual competition. The tendency to engage in such competition appears to be strongly related to stable individual characteristics such as personality traits. Additionally, recent studies have revealed transient fluctuations in competitiveness according to the female menstrual cycle. To date, no German questionnaire exists to measure intrasexual competition. Our first study aimed to translate and validate the Intrasexual Competition Scale (ICS) by Buunk and Fisher (J Evol Psychol 7:37–48, 2009) in a population of healthy Swiss females (n = 241). Our second study applied the validated German ICS in a group of healthy, regularly cycling females (n = 49) in order to examine possible associations between the menstrual cycle phase and ICS scores. The psychometric properties suggest that the German ICS is a reliable and valid tool to assess individual differences in female intrasexual competition. Furthermore, our second study demonstrated that on average, women showed higher intrasexual competition scores when tested in the late follicular phase (M = 35.77 ± SD = 12.03) compared to the mid-luteal phase (M = 30.93 ± SD = 10.20). Our studies support previous findings of an association between ICS scores and relatively stable individual characteristics such as personality traits. Furthermore, our research endorses the assumption of cycle-dependent fluctuations in intrasexual competition. Future research should clarify the precise mechanisms underlying these findings and include biomarkers such as oestrogen and testosterone.
PubDate: 2019-04-01

• Mental distress and sexual harassment in Italian university students
• Abstract: Only a few studies have analyzed the association between sexual harassment (SH) and mental health controlling for other types of violence. The aim of this study was to describe SH among male and female university students and analyze the association between harassment and mental distress controlling for sexual violence. An observational survey was conducted at Trieste University (Italy). Students answered an anonymous questionnaire about harassment that included three domains—sexual harassment, gender harassment, cyber harassment—and three psychological health indicators. The global harassment index was computed, with three levels: 0, no harassment; level 1, harassment in at least one of the three domains; and level 2, harassment in two or three domains. The symptoms of mental distress were measured by the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) for depressive symptoms; a question about panic symptoms; and a question about general health. The sample included 759 students (412 women; 18 to 29 years old). After adjustment for age, birth country, couple relationship, employment status, mother’s education, and previous sexual violence, the risk of mental distress was increased with harassment exposure. Men were affected in perceived health and depressive symptoms (GHQ score ≥ 6); women were affected in panic symptoms. Harassment has a strong negative impact on the mental health of victims; in some cases, men may be more affected than women. Clinicians should be aware of the negative impact of SH also on men.
PubDate: 2019-04-01

• Antidepressant use in pregnancy: are we closer to consensus'
• Abstract: We specify and summarize significant data from recent large studies in a tool with which to aim at consensus on the question of whether and how serotonin-reuptake antidepressants should be used in pregnancy, on the basis that concern for the mental health of the mother should not vie for primacy with concern for the short-, medium-, and long-term health of the child, but must be best served together. Side effects are small but significant over the majority of 11 categories, perinatal and into adolescence. In clinical practice, alternatives for serotonin-reuptake medication in pregnancy should be more actively pursued.
PubDate: 2019-04-01

• Interventions for the prevention of postpartum depression in adolescent
mothers: a systematic review
PubDate: 2019-04-01

• Brain plasticity in pregnancy and the postpartum period: links to maternal
caregiving and mental health
• Abstract: Pregnancy and the postpartum period involve numerous physiological adaptations that enable the development and survival of the offspring. A distinct neural plasticity characterizes the female brain during this period, and dynamic structural and functional changes take place that accompany fundamental behavioral adaptations, stimulating the female to progress from an individual with self-directed needs to being responsible for the care of another life. While many animal studies detail these modifications, an emerging body of research reveals the existence of reproduction-related brain plasticity in human mothers too. Additionally, associations with aspects of maternal caregiving point to adaptive changes that benefit a woman’s transition to motherhood. However, the dynamic changes that affect a woman’s brain are not merely adaptive, and they likely confer a vulnerability for the development of mental disorders. Here, we review the changes in brain structure and function that a woman undergoes during the peripartum period, outlining associations between these neural alterations and different aspects of maternal care. We additionally discuss peripartum mood disorders and postpartum psychosis, and review the neuroimaging studies that investigate the neural bases of these conditions.
PubDate: 2019-04-01

• Acknowledgement to reviewers 2018
• PubDate: 2019-03-20

• Correction to: Salivary cortisol response to infant distress in pregnant
women with depressive symptoms
• Authors: Susannah E. Murphy; Elizabeth C. Braithwaite; Isabelle Hubbard; Kate V. Williams; Elizabeth Tindall; Emily A. Holmes; Paul G. Ramchandani
Abstract: The article Salivary cortisol response to infant distress in pregnant women with depressive symptoms, written by Susannah E. Murphy, Elizabeth C. Braithwaite, Isabelle Hubbard, Kate V. Williams, Elizabeth Tindall, Emily A. Holmes, and Paul G. Ramchandani, was originally published electronically.
PubDate: 2019-02-14
DOI: 10.1007/s00737-019-0943-5

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