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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2353 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2353 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Archives of Osteoporosis
  [SJR: 1.092]   [H-I: 13]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1862-3514 - ISSN (Online) 1862-3522
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Upper and lower limbs composition: a comparison between anthropometry and
           dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in healthy people
    • Authors: Danila Diano; Federico Ponti; Sara Guerri; Daniele Mercatelli; Michele Amadori; Maria Pilar Aparisi Gómez; Giuseppe Battista; Giuseppe Guglielmi; Alberto Bazzocchi
      Abstract: Summary The detection of changes in lean mass (LM) distribution can help to prevent disability. This study assessed the degree of association between anthropometric measurements and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) body composition (BC) parameters of the upper and lower limbs in a healthy general population and collected DXA age- and sex-specific values of BC that can be useful to build a reference standard. Purpose The primary aim of this study was to investigate the reliability of some widely available anthropometric measurements in the assessment of body composition (BC) at the limbs, especially in terms of muscle mass, in a large sample of healthy subjects of different age bands and sex, using fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) parameters derived by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as the gold standard. The secondary aim was to collect DXA age- and sex-specific values of BC of left and right limbs (upper and lower) in a healthy Italian population to be used as reference standards. Methods Two hundred fifty healthy volunteers were enrolled. Arm circumference (AC) and thigh circumference (ThC) were measured, and total and regional BC parameters were obtained by a whole-body DXA scan (Lunar iDXA, Madison, WI, USA; enCORE™ 2011 software version 13.6). Results FM/LM showed only fair correlation with AC and ThC in females (r = 0.649 and 0.532, respectively); in males and in the total population, the correlation was low (r = 0.360 or lower, and p non-statistically significant). AC and ThC were not well representative of arms LM in both genders (females r = 0.452, males r = 0.530) independently of age. In general, men of all age groups showed higher values of LM and lean mass index (LMI) in both total and segmental upper and lower limbs. In males, the maximum LM and LMI were achieved in the fifth decade in both upper and lower limbs and then started to decrease with aging. In females, no significant modification with aging was identified in LM and LMI. Conclusion According to our results, anthropometry is not well representative of LM of arms in both genders, independently of age; therefore, a densitometric examination should be considered for a correct assessment of BC at limbs.
      PubDate: 2017-09-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0374-8
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Pressure ulcers are associated with 6-month mortality in elderly patients
           with hip fracture managed in orthogeriatric care pathway
    • Authors: Emmanuelle Magny; Helene Vallet; Judith Cohen-Bittan; Mathieu Raux; Antony Meziere; Marc Verny; Bruno Riou; Frédéric Khiami; Jacques Boddaert
      Abstract: Summary Despite orthogeriatric management, 12% of the elderly experienced PUs after hip fracture surgery. PUs were significantly associated with a low albumin level, history of atrial fibrillation coronary artery disease, and diabetes. The risk ratio of death at 6 months associated with pressure ulcer was 2.38 (95% CI 1.31–4.32%, p = 0.044). Introduction Pressure ulcers in hip fracture patients are frequent and associated with a poor outcome. An orthogeriatric management, recommended by international guidelines in hip fracture patients and including pressure ulcer prevention and treatment, could influence causes and consequences of pressure ulcer. However, remaining factors associated with pressure ulcer occurrence and prognostic value of pressure ulcer in hip fracture patients managed in an orthogeriatric care pathway remain unknown. Methods From June 2009 to April 2015, all consecutive patients with hip fracture admitted to a unit for Post-operative geriatric care were evaluated for eligibility. Patients were included if their primary presentation was due to hip fracture and if they were ≥ 70 years of age. Patients were excluded in the presence of pathological fracture or if they were already hospitalized at the time of the fracture. In our unit, orthogeriatric principles are implemented, including a multi-component intervention to improve pressure ulcer prevention and management. Patients were followed-up until 6 months after discharge. Results Five hundred sixty-seven patients were included, with an overall 14.4% 6-month mortality (95% CI 11.6–17.8%). Of these, 67 patients (12%) experienced at least one pressure ulcer. Despite orthogeriatric management, pressure ulcers were significantly associated with a low albumin level (RR 0.90, 95% CI 0.84–0.96; p = 0.003) and history of atrial fibrillation (RR 1.91, 95% CI 1.05–3.46; p = 0.033), coronary artery disease (RR 2.16, 95% CI 1.17–3.99; p = 0.014), and diabetes (RR 2.33, 95% CI 1.14–4.75; p = 0.02). A pressure ulcer was associated with 6-month mortality (RR 2.38, 95% CI 1.31–4.32, p = 0.044). Conclusion In elderly patients with hip fracture managed in an orthogeriatric care pathway, pressure ulcer remained associated with poorly modifiable risk factors and long-term mortality.
      PubDate: 2017-08-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0365-9
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Lower limb fracture presentations at a regional hospital
    • Authors: K. L. Holloway; D. Yousif; G. Bucki-Smith; S. Hosking; A. G. Betson; L. J. Williams; S. L. Brennan-Olsen; M. A. Kotowicz; A. Sepetavc; J. A. Pasco
      Abstract: Summary We found that lower limb fractures, which were largely the result of minimal trauma, had high levels of hospitalisation, length of stay and surgery. It is therefore important to prevent fractures at all sites to avoid the associated morbidity and mortality. Purpose Hip fractures are a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly in older women. In comparison, less is known about the epidemiology and burden of other lower limb fractures. The study aimed to investigate the epidemiology and burden of these fractures. Methods Incident fractures of the hip, femur, tibia/fibula, ankle and foot in women (≥ 20 years) managed through the University Hospital Geelong, Australia, were ascertained from 1 Jan. 2014 to 31 Dec. 2014 from radiology reports. Age, cause of fracture, post-fracture hospitalisation, surgery, length of stay and discharge location were ascertained from medical records. Results We identified 585 fractures of the lower limb (209 hip, 42 femur, 41 tibia/fibula, 162 ankle, 131 foot). Most fractures were sustained by women aged ≥ 50 years. Fractures were largely a result of minimal trauma. Most women with hip or femur fractures were hospitalised; fewer were hospitalised for fractures at other sites. Surgery for fracture followed the same pattern as hospitalisations. Length of stay was the highest for hip and femur fractures and the lowest for foot fractures. Women with hip or femur fractures were discharged to rehabilitation more often than home. Fractures at other sites were most commonly discharged home. Conclusions Fractures of the lower limb occurred frequently in older women. Hospitalisation and subsequent surgery were common in cases of hip and femur fractures. It is important for prevention strategies to target fractures at a range of skeletal sites to reduce costs, hospitalisations, loss of independence and reduced quality of life.
      PubDate: 2017-08-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0369-5
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The impact of comorbidities on hip fracture mortality: a retrospective
           population-based cohort study
    • Authors: Mikk Jürisson; Mait Raag; Riina Kallikorm; Margus Lember; Anneli Uusküla
      Abstract: Summary The impact of comorbidities on hip fracture-related excess mortality was assessed in a population-based age- and sex-matched cohort over 10 years. On average, only 1 out of 12 excess deaths over 10 years was related to pre-fracture life-threatening comorbidities. The presence of life-threatening comorbidities increased the excess risk of death after hip fracture. Purpose This work aimed to estimate the impact of pre-fracture comorbidities on the 10-year excess risk of all-cause death after hip fracture among Estonian men and women ≥ 50 years of age. Methods Retrospective, population-based 10-year study of people aged ≥ 50 in two cohorts: those with a hip fracture and an age- and sex-matched random sample from the national health insurance fund for comparison. Results We found that hip fracture was a strong independent risk factor for death. Upon adjustment for Charlson Comorbidities Index (CCI) score, the impact of life-threatening comorbidities on average hip fracture-related excess mortality was modest: only 8% of excess deaths over 10 years were related to comorbidities. Upon stratification by CCI groups, the excess risk of patients in CCI groups ≥ 3 and 1–2 exceeded that in the CCI 0 group over 5–7 years, indicating that in patients with life-threatening comorbidities, a hip fracture accelerates the chain of lethal events and brings deaths from other conditions forward. The impact of comorbidities was age- and time-dependent: in younger hip fracture patients, the comorbidities almost doubled the excess risk from a fracture in 10 years; in older patients, the effect was shorter and modest. Conclusions The presence of pre-fracture comorbidities increases the risk of excess death in hip fracture patients, but the comorbidity impact on aggregated excess mortality is modest.
      PubDate: 2017-08-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0370-z
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Pathological fractures in a patient with severe osteomalacia and
           hyperparathyroidism: a multidisciplinary challenge
    • Authors: Erwin A. Gorter; Anthony J. C. G. D. Kluck; Pieta Krijnen; Inger B. Schipper
      PubDate: 2017-08-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0367-7
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Spine bone mineral density increases after 6 months of exclusive
           lactation, even in women who keep breastfeeding
    • Authors: Sandra Cooke-Hubley; Beth J. Kirby; James E. Valcour; Gerald Mugford; Jonathan D. Adachi; Christopher S. Kovacs
      Abstract: Summary This pilot study enrolled 31 women who had breastfed exclusively for 6 months. Lumbar and thoracic BMD increased 4 and 5%, respectively. Femoral neck and total body BMD did not change. Return of menses and progestin-only pill use were two potential signals that predicted a greater increase in BMD. Purpose/introduction The skeleton is resorbed during lactation to provide much of the calcium content of milk. After lactation ceases, these deficits in skeletal mineral content are largely restored, such that lactation has a neutral or protective effect against the long-term risk of low bone mineral density (BMD), osteoporosis, and fragility fractures. We hypothesized that a large observational study may identify the factors that predict a greater increase in BMD after lactation ceases. A pilot study was first needed to test feasibility and the magnitude of expected BMD change. Methods We undertook Factors Affecting Bone formation after Breastfeeding Pilot (FABB Pilot), which enrolled women who had breastfed exclusively for 6 months and planned to wean soon. The main outcome was change in BMD between enrolment and 6 months later. Results Thirty-one women were recruited and completed both time points. Lumbar and thoracic spine BMD increased 4 and 5%, respectively; there was no significant change in femoral neck and total body BMD. Most women did not wean their babies as planned but continued to breastfeed multiple times per day. Despite this, a significant increase in BMD was seen in the subsequent 6 months. Return of spontaneous menses and use of a progestin-only pill at recruitment were two potential signals that predicted a greater increase in BMD during the 6 months after exclusive lactation. Conclusions Spine BMD increased significantly during 6 months following exclusive lactation and despite continued lactation. The factors that stimulate skeletal recovery remain to be identified.
      PubDate: 2017-08-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0368-6
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Differences in femoral neck structure between elderly Caucasian and
           Chinese populations: a cross-sectional study of Perth–Beijing cohorts
    • Authors: L. Wang; B. C. C. Khoo; X. G. Cheng; K. Brown; J. R. Lewis; Y. B. Su; Z. Guo; K. Li; R. L. Prince
      Abstract: Summary Structural skeletal differences of the femoral neck of older Beijing-Chinese and Perth-Caucasian women were compared; adjusting for frame size-related differences, Beijing-Chinese have lower periosteal width; however, indices of internal bone distribution suggest that Beijing-Chinese may exhibit increased resistance to fracture that may relate to the reduced hip fracture incidence. Introduction Ethnic differences in skeletal structure may relate to differences in hip fracture risk in Chinese and Caucasian populations. 2D mass, size, and structural biomechanics were compared in the two populations. Methods Quantitative computed tomography-derived geometric variables were compared in age-matched community-derived female populations, 196 Beijing-Chinese 76.5 ± 4.8 (mean ± SD) years and 237 Perth-Caucasians 77.1 ± 5.0 years. These included scanned area (A), periosteal width (W), bone mineral content (BMC), aBMD, bone cross-sectional area (bCSA), section modulus (Z) and buckling ratio (BR). Assumption-free measures included sigma (σ), related to the distribution of bone in the scanned image previously identified as a predictor of hip fracture, and delta (δ), the center-of-mass displacement from the geometric center. Results Compared to Beijing-Chinese, Perth-Caucasians were heavier (Beijing-Chinese 58.7 ± 11.8; Perth-Caucasians 66.1 ± 11.0 kg), taller (154.9 ± 16.7 vs 158.9 ± 6.0 cm), and had higher BMC, A, and W. After adjustment for frame size, BMC was not significantly different but W remained higher in Perth-Caucasians. Differences in variables aBMD, Z, BR, and σ favored higher resistance to failure with Beijing-Chinese before and after adjustment for frame size. δ was similar in both populations; bCSA was higher in Beijing-Chinese before adjustment for frame size but not after. Conclusions Bone mass differences in two populations were related to frame size differences. However, femoral neck width remained smaller in Beijing-Chinese suggesting effects of local genetic and environmental factors. In Beijing-Chinese participants compared to Perth-Caucasians, internal bone distribution suggests increased resistance to deformation if exposed to same force that may, in-part, relate to reduced incidence of hip fracture in Beijing-Chinese.
      PubDate: 2017-08-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0366-8
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Reporting of vertebral fragility fractures: can radiologists help reduce
           the number of hip fractures'
    • Authors: R. M. Mitchell; P. Jewell; M. K. Javaid; D. McKean; S. J. Ostlere
      Abstract: Summary Patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures are at increased risk of hip fracture. In a cohort of hip fracture patients, many had previous imaging studies showing incidental vertebral fractures. Fifty-four percent of fractures were not reported by the radiologist, highlighting a missed opportunity for diagnosing and treating osteoporosis, thereby preventing further fractures. Purpose Patients with osteoporotic vertebral fragility fractures (VFFs) are at increased risk of future fractures, including hip fractures. Treating osteoporosis in these patients has the potential to reduce the risk of subsequent hip fractures, which are associated with high morbidity, mortality and cost. In this retrospective cohort study, we investigated the reporting and follow-up of VFFs evident on imaging by radiologists at the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford. Materials and methods Data from the local Fracture Liaison Service was used to case-find all incident hip fractures from 2013 presenting to the trust. We then identified patients who had also undergone a radiological procedure that included the thoracic and/or lumbar spine in the previous 6 years. All identified radiological images were re-examined for the presence of VFFs using the Genant semi-quantitative method. Results Seven hundred and thirty-two patients over the age of 50 with a hip fracture in 2013 were identified. One hundred and fifty-seven patients had previously undergone a radiological procedure involving the spine, and VFFs were identified in 65/157 (41%). Of these, only 30/65 (46%) were reported by a radiologist when the fracture was first visible. 32/35 (91%) of unreported VFFs were from imaging reported by non-musculoskeletal radiologists. Only 16/65 (25%) of patients with a VFF were documented as being on bone-specific therapy at the time of hip fracture. Conclusions Our study highlights the under-reporting of osteoporotic vertebral fractures, particularly by non-musculoskeletal radiologists. Better systems for reporting and referring osteoporotic VFFs are necessary to increase the number of patients receiving appropriate osteoporosis treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-08-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0363-y
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of bone mineral density in children with sickle-cell anemia and
           its associated factors in the south of Iran: a case-control study
    • Authors: Mohammad Reza Bordbar; Sezaneh Haghpanah; Tahereh Zarei; Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh; Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani; Forough Saki
      Abstract: Summary Sickle-cell anemia is a hereditary hemoglobin disorder among children. We showed that the low bone mass is prevalent among these children, and it has a negative association with hemoglobin. In spite of using supplementary 200 IU/day vitamin D, 59.6% of children with sickle-cell anemia are vitamin D deficient. We suggest that early diagnosis and treatment of this problem could improve the bone health in them.
      PubDate: 2017-08-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0364-x
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Do 6 months of whole-body vibration training improve lean mass and bone
           mass acquisition of adolescent swimmers'
    • Authors: A. Gómez-Bruton; A. González-Agüero; A. Matute-Llorente; C. Julián; G. Lozano-Berges; A. Gómez-Cabello; J. A. Casajús; G. Vicente-Rodríguez
      Abstract: Summary Swimming has little effect on bone mass. Therefore, adolescent swimmers should complement their water training with a short and intense weight-bearing training, aiming to increase their bone acquisition. Forty swimmers performed a six-month whole-body vibration (WBV) training. WBV had no effect on adolescent swimmers’ bone mass or lean mass. Purpose The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effects of a whole-body vibration (WBV) intervention on bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC) and lean mass (LM) in adolescent swimmers. Methods Forty male and female adolescent swimmers (VIB; mean age 14.2 ± 1.9 years) completed the WBV protocol that consisted of 15 min of training 3 days per week during a 6-month period (ranging from 3.6 to 11.6 g), while 23 swimmers (SWI; mean age 15.0 ± 2.2 years) continued with their regular swimming training alone. VIB were divided into tertiles according to training compliance in order to evaluate if any dose-effect relation existed. BMD, BMC and LM were measured longitudinally by dual energy X-ray at the whole body, lumbar-spine and hip. Results No group by time interactions and no differences in change percentage were found for BMD, BMC or LM in any of the measured variables. The mean change percentage of the subtotal body (whole body minus the head) for VIB and SWI, respectively, was 2.3 vs. 2.4% for BMD, 5.7 vs 5.7% for BMC and 7.3 vs. 8.0% for lean mass. Moreover, no indication for dose-response was observed. Conclusions The proposed WBV protocol had no effect on BMD, BMC and LM in adolescent swimmers. Other types of training should be used in this population to improve both bone and lean mass.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0362-z
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Mortality risk among older Australians hospitalised with hip fracture: a
           population-based matched cohort study
    • Authors: Reidar P. Lystad; Cate M. Cameron; Rebecca J. Mitchell
      Abstract: Summary With an ageing population, the burden of hip fractures is expected to increase in the coming decades. Older individuals with hip fracture are more than 3.5 times more likely to die within 12 months compared to non-injured individuals. The main priority for reducing mortality should be prevention of hip fracture. Purpose The aim of this study is to quantify and describe the 12-month mortality of older persons presenting to hospitals in Australia with a hip fracture. Methods Population-based matched cohort study using linked hospital and mortality data from four Australian states (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, and Tasmania). Individuals aged 65 years and older who had a hospital admission with a primary diagnosis of hip fracture in 2009 (n = 9748) and a matched comparison cohort of non-injured individual were selected from the electoral roll (n = 9748). The comparison group was matched 1:1 on age, sex, and postcode of residence. Adjusted mortality rate ratios (MRR) and attributable risk percent were calculated. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to examine the effect of risk factors on survival. Results The hip fracture cohort experienced significantly worse survival at the 12-month post-fracture hospitalisation (P < 0.0001). Individuals with hip fracture were more than 3.5 times more likely to die within 12 months compared to their non-injured counterparts (MRR 3.62 [95%CI 3.23–4.05]). Hip fracture was likely to be a contributory factor in 72% of mortality within 12 months after the index hospital admission. Excess mortality risk at 12 months was higher in males than that in females and in the 65–74-year age group. Conclusions With an ageing population in Australia, the burden of hip fractures is expected to increase in the coming decades. Because incident hip fracture is the main predictor of subsequent mortality, the main priority for reducing excess mortality after hip fracture is primary and secondary prevention of hip fracture.
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0359-7
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Glucocorticoid sparing effect of zoledronic acid in sarcoid hypercalcemia
    • Authors: Mohammad Shafi Kuchay; Sunil Kumar Mishra; Beena Bansal; Khalid Jamal Farooqui; Lalitha Sekhar; Ambrish Mithal
      Abstract: Introduction Glucocorticoids are regarded as first-line therapy in the management of hypercalcemia associated with sarcoidosis. However, prolonged glucocorticoid therapy leads to metabolic abnormalities, Cushingoid habitus, and impairment of bone health. This study demonstrates the efficacy and glucocorticoid-sparing effect of zoledronic acid in sarcoid hypercalcemia. Methods We present three patients with sarcoid hypercalcemia. They were successfully managed with oral glucocorticoids for many months. However, all patients developed adverse effects of glucocorticoids. When tapering of glucocorticoids was attempted, hypercalcemia recurred. Zoledronic acid was administered in order to control hypercalcemia and to allow tapering of glucocorticoids. Results Following zoledronic acid administration, serum calcium level normalised and glucocorticoids could be discontinued in all the three patients. Normocalcemia was maintained for an average of 18 months after a single infusion. Sarcoidosis remained in remission in all the three patients. Conclusion Zoledronic acid should be studied as a potential first-line agent for sarcoid hypercalcemia. Furthermore, disease-modifying effects of zoledronic acid in sarcoidosis should be investigated.
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0360-1
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Sunscreens block cutaneous vitamin D production with only a minimal effect
           on circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D
    • Authors: Florence Libon; Justine Courtois; Caroline Le Goff; Pierre Lukas; Neus Fabregat-Cabello; Laurence Seidel; Etienne Cavalier; Arjen F. Nikkels
      Abstract: Summary A 50+ SPF sunscreen decreased significantly cutaneous vitamin D production following a single narrow-band (nb)UVB exposure, independently from the body surface area exposed. In contrast, the circulating 25(OH)D3 levels were only minimally affected. It is probable that another endogenous source of precursors is selected when skin-originated precursors are lacking. Purpose Sunscreen use, highly advocated for preventing cutaneous carcinogenesis, is potentially leading to an aggravation of vitamin D deficiency with its consequences on bone health. The effect of sunscreens on circulating vitamin D levels remains debated. This study investigated the effect of sunscreen on cutaneous vitamin D production and circulating 25(OH)D3 levels, according to different body surface areas (BSA). Methods Vitamin D and 25(OH)D3 levels were measured in four groups exposed to a single nbUVB exposure on 9% (group I: head and hands), 23% (group II: head, hands and arms), 50% (group III: head, hands, arms and legs) and 96% (group IV: total body) of the body surface without and with a 50+ sun protection factor sunscreen. Results Sunscreen use decreased by 83, 88.3, 75.7 and 92.5% the cutaneous vitamin D production in groups I to IV, respectively, but only by 13.2, 10.5, 7.7 and 10.4% the values of circulating 25(OH)D3, correspondingly. Conclusions Although a 50+ sunscreen decreases significantly cutaneous vitamin D production following a single nbUVB exposure, and independently from the BSA, the circulating 25(OH)D3 levels were only minimally affected. This could be explained by a switch to another endogenous source of precursors. Short-term sunscreen use probably does not affect circulating vitamin D levels and hence does not increase the risk for osteoporosis. The effect of long-term sunscreen use remains however to be determined.
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0361-0
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Impact of gastrointestinal events on patient-reported outcomes in
           Asia-Pacific women with osteoporosis: baseline results of the MUSIC OS-AP
           study
    • Authors: A. Modi; P. R. Ebeling; M. S. Lee; Y. K. Min; A. Mithal; X. Yang; S. Baidya; S. Sen; S. Sajjan
      Abstract: Summary The purpose of this study was to describe the impact of gastrointestinal events on patient-reported outcomes and health care resource use among Asia-Pacific women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. The results of this study show that gastrointestinal events decreased adherence, treatment satisfaction, and quality of life in Asia-Pacific women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Purpose This study aimed to describe the impact of gastrointestinal (GI) events on patient-reported outcomes and health care resource use among Asia-Pacific women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Methods The MUSIC OS-AP study included an observational cohort study of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Women were classified as untreated or treated, with treated patients further classified as new or experienced users. Adherence was measured by the Adherence Evaluation of Osteoporosis treatment (ADEOS) questionnaire, treatment satisfaction by the Osteoporosis Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (OPSAT) while general health-related and osteoporosis-specific quality of life were measured by the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) questionnaire and the Osteoporosis Assessment Questionnaire (OPAQ), respectively. The association of GI events with these outcomes was determined by covariate-adjusted regression analysis of least squares mean differences in the scores of treated patients with and without GI events. Resource utilization was measured as the number of physician visits over the past 3 months, and multivariate regression analysis was used to assess the association of GI events with the likelihood of a visit. Results The GI event profile, quality of life scores, and resource use were numerically similar in untreated and treated women. The rate of adherence among treated women was higher in experienced than in new users. As indicated by mean scores, experienced users had better quality of life and slightly higher treatment satisfaction and fewer physician visits than new users. Except for adherence in new users, all measures were similarly adversely affected by GI events in both new and experienced users. Conclusions GI events decreased adherence, treatment satisfaction, and quality of life in Asia-Pacific women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0350-3
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Fragility fractures at Auckland City Hospital: we can do better
    • Authors: Geoffrey Braatvedt; Susan Wilkinson; Marilyn Scott; Paul Mitchell; Roger Harris
      Abstract: Summary This study describes in detail the burden of caring for patients aged ≥ 50 years seen in one year with a fragility fracture in a large urban environment and shows that these fractures result in a long length of stay and significant mortality. Intervention to prevent further fracture was poorly done. Purpose To examine the epidemiology of fragility fracture in patients over age 50 years and record the number who received appropriate secondary prevention treatment. Methods All patients aged ≥ 50 years presenting with a fracture during the 12 months following July 1st 2011, to Auckland City Hospital or residing in central Auckland at the time of their fracture, were identified from hospital and Accident Compensation Corporation records. A random sample of 55% of these patient’s records were reviewed to establish the type of fracture, prior fracture and falls history, and use of bisphosphonates in the 12 months before presentation. Their length of stay (LOS) by type of fracture was recorded. The use of bisphosphonate drugs in the following 12 months was obtained from centralised national records of prescriptions. Results 2729 patients aged ≥ 50 years presented with a fragility fracture in the central Auckland region in one year. Fifty-six percent of these patients were seen at Auckland Hospital and of these, 82% patients required admission with a mean LOS of 20 days (SD ± 24 days).The remaining 44% of patients were looked after in the private outpatient sector. Approximately 30% of the admissions were for hip fracture. Sixty-four percent of patients with a fragility fracture did not receive a potent bisphosphonate, 12% were considered not appropriate for treatment, and 24% received a potent bisphosphonate during their admission or in the next 12 months. Conclusions Approximately 1 in 18 people aged ≥ 50 years presented in one year with a fragility fracture.Secondary prevention strategies were poorly implemented. Additional resources for identifying and initiating secondary fracture prevention care such as a Fracture Liaison Service are urgently needed.
      PubDate: 2017-07-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0353-0
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • An application of partial least squares for identifying dietary patterns
           in bone health
    • Authors: Tiffany C. Yang; Lorna S. Aucott; Garry G. Duthie; Helen M. Macdonald
      Abstract: Summary In a large cohort of older women, a mechanism-driven statistical technique for assessing dietary patterns that considers a potential nutrient pathway found two dietary patterns associated with lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density. A “healthy” dietary pattern was observed to be beneficial for bone mineral density. Introduction Dietary patterns represent a broader, more realistic representation of how foods are consumed, compared to individual food or nutrient analyses. Partial least-squares (PLS) is a data-reduction technique for identifying dietary patterns that maximizes correlation between foods and nutrients hypothesized to be on the path to disease, is more hypothesis-driven than previous methods, and has not been applied to the study of dietary patterns in relation to bone health. Methods Women from the Aberdeen Prospective Osteoporosis Screening Study (2007–2011, n = 2129, age = 66 years (2.2)) provided dietary intake using a food frequency questionnaire; 37 food groups were created. We applied PLS to the 37 food groups and 9 chosen response variables (calcium, potassium, vitamin C, vitamin D, protein, alcohol, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc) to identify dietary patterns associated with bone mineral density (BMD) cross-sectionally. Multivariable regression was used to assess the relationship between the retained dietary patterns and BMD at the lumbar spine and femoral neck, adjusting for age, body mass index, physical activity level, smoking, and national deprivation category. Results Five dietary patterns were identified, explaining 25% of the variation in food groups and 77% in the response variables. Two dietary patterns were positively associated with lumbar spine (per unit increase in factor 2: 0.012 g/cm2 [95% CI: 0.006, 0.01]; factor 4: 0.007 g/cm2 [95% CI: 0.00001, 0.01]) and femoral neck (factor 2: 0.006 g/cm2 [95% CI: 0.002, 0.01]; factor 4: 0.008 g/cm2 [95% CI: 0.003, 0.01)]) BMD. Dietary pattern 2 was characterized by high intakes of milk, vegetables, fruit and vegetable juices, and wine, and low intakes of processed meats, cheese, biscuits, cakes, puddings, confectionary, sweetened fizzy drinks and spirits while dietary pattern 4 was characterized by high intakes of fruits, red and white meats, and wine, and low intakes of vegetables and sweet spreads. Conclusion Our findings using a robust statistical technique provided important support to initiatives focusing on what constitutes a healthy diet and its implications.
      PubDate: 2017-07-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0355-y
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Erratum to: The influence of birth weight and length on bone mineral
           density and content in adolescence: The Tromsø Study, Fit Futures
    • Authors: Tore Christoffersen; Luai A. Ahmed; Anne Kjersti Daltveit; Elaine M. Dennison; Elin K. Evensen; Anne-Sofie Furberg; Luis Gracia-Marco; Guri Grimnes; Ole-Andreas Nilsen; Berit Schei; Grethe S. Tell; Dimitris Vlachopoulos; Anne Winther; Nina Emaus
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0358-8
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Low evaluation rate for osteoporosis among patients presenting with a rib
           fracture
    • Authors: Whang Kim; Hyun Sik Gong; Seung Hoo Lee; Jin Woo Park; Kahyun Kim; Goo Hyun Baek
      Abstract: Summary This study in a regional hospital setting found a low evaluation rate for osteoporosis among patients presenting with a rib fracture. Increased emphasis or education for osteoporosis evaluation may be necessary in case of rib fractures. Introduction Rib fractures from a low-energy trauma are common in the elderly, and a history of rib fracture has been reported to increase the risk for a subsequent osteoporotic fracture. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how many of the patients presenting with an isolated rib fracture were being evaluated for osteoporosis and the risk for a subsequent fracture. Methods We retrospectively reviewed all patients aged 50 years or older who were diagnosed with a rib fracture between January 2011 and April 2016 at a regional tertiary care university hospital near Seoul, South Korea. We excluded those who had been treated for osteoporosis or those with other concomitant fractures or fractures from a motor vehicle accident or cancer. We evaluated the frequency of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan examinations in these patients. Results There were 231 patients with isolated rib fractures (132 men and 99 women). The mean age was 65 years. Rib fractures were most commonly diagnosed at the emergency department and most of the patients were referred to the department of thoracic surgery for follow-up evaluations. Of these 231 patients, 29 (12%) had DXA examinations after the injury, and only 9 (4%) of them did so within 6 months. Physicians specializing in orthopedic surgery, family medicine, internal medicine, rehabilitation medicine, and emergency medicine were ordering the examination. Conclusions This study in a regional hospital setting found a low evaluation rate for osteoporosis among patients presenting with a rib fracture. This study suggests that increased emphasis or education for osteoporosis evaluation may be necessary for physicians who are often referred to for care of rib fractures.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0357-9
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • High prevalence of missed opportunities for secondary fracture prevention
           in a regional general hospital setting in Singapore
    • Authors: Linsey Gani; Saripalli K. Reddy; Rayan Alsuwaigh; Joan Khoo; Thomas F. J. King
      Abstract: Summary This study aims at assessing the gap in secondary fracture prevention at a regional general hospital setting in Singapore. Male patients have significantly lower rate of being investigated and treated for osteoporosis than their female counterparts. Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in our population. Purpose Secondary fracture prevention services are not routine in Singapore; we seek to assess the treatment gap that exists in the lack of diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in fragility fracture patients. Methods We performed a retrospective analysis of all admissions for fragility fractures between December 2013 and December 2014. Demographic data, rates of BMD performance, serum vitamin D investigation and calcium and vitamin D supplementation as well as antiresorptive initiation 1 year post admission were analysed. Results There were 125 fragility fractures in patients below 65 and 615 fractures in older patients. There was a slightly higher proportion of males in the younger population, whereas females predominated in the older population. Median vitamin D levels were low in both younger (19.1 μg/L) and older (22.0 μg/L) groups, but supplementation was lower in younger patients (4.8 versus 16.6%, p = 0.003). Rate of BMD performance was lower in younger patients (34.4 versus 64.6%, p < 0.01); there was a significant difference of BMD performance between male and female patients in the younger population (19.1 versus 52.8%, p < 0.01) which was not present in the older age group. Antiresportive initiation was significantly lower in the younger age group versus older (10.4 versus 31.5%, p < 0.01); male patients in the younger and older age groups had significantly lower antiresorptive initiation rate compared to the females. Conclusion There is a significant treatment gap in diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in fragility fracture patients in a regional hospital setting in Singapore. Male osteoporosis remains inadequately investigated and treated in both age groups.
      PubDate: 2017-06-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0356-x
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Adherence to osteoporosis medicines in Estonia—a comprehensive 15-year
           retrospective prescriptions database study
    • Authors: Ott Laius; Heti Pisarev; Katre Maasalu; Sulev Kõks; Aare Märtson
      Abstract: Summary Some patients do not take medicines as they are supposed to. Our research showed that in Estonia, one fifth of patients did not start treatment with osteoporosis medicines and only 20% used the medicines for at least 3 years as they should. This induces unnecessary costs to the healthcare system. Purpose Medication non-adherence is the number one reason for not obtaining the expected clinical effect of medicines. With osteoporosis treatment, it has been shown that both implementation of treatment and persistence influence the risk of fractures significantly. Long-term adherence to medication in Estonia is to be determined with this study. Methods A 15-year retrospective study was carried out in order to establish initiation, implementation, and persistence of Estonian patients. All new users of osteoporosis medicines were analyzed for all prescriptions they received during the study period. Sufficient adherence to treatment was defined as a patient being dispensed 80% or more prescribed doses for at least 1 year. Results The study period was from 2001 to 2015. Patients (24,652) were included in the study. Of the patients, 93.7% (n = 23,091) were women and 6.3% (n = 1564) were men. Eighteen percent (4636) were dispensed only one prescription. Of the patients, 44.2% included in the study had medication possession ratio (MPR) ≥80% over follow-up period; 8922 (36.2%) who were prescribed from 2001 to 2015 persisted for 1 year with MPR ≥80% and 19.8% persisted for 3 years. Forty percent of expenditure on osteoporosis medication was made for treatment courses with insufficient adherence. Conclusions There is room for improvement in Estonia with medication adherence relating to all three aspects that determine adherence—initiation, implementation, and persistence. This means further efforts are to be made to educate patients and healthcare professionals on realizing the importance of good adherence.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s11657-017-0354-z
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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