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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 153, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.146
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 9  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1434-3916 - ISSN (Online) 0936-8051
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Comparison of sagittal values between lateral decubitus plain radiography
           and supine computed tomography in thoracolumbar fractures: a greater
           degree of kyphosis is observed in plain radiography than CT
    • Authors: Yong-Min Kim; Seung-Myung Choi; Min-Yong Ahn
      Pages: 745 - 755
      Abstract: Objective Radiologic parameters are important factors for planning the treatment for thoracolumbar fracture. However, we noted that measurements of the degree of kyphosis by lateral decubitus plain radiography were greater than supine CT. The cause of this discrepancy is unclear. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the plain radiographs and CT scans of 90 patients with thoracolumbar fractures (fracture group). We measured the segmental sagittal angle (SSA) on lateral decubitus plain radiographs and in the median sagittal plane on CT scans obtained in the supine position. The method agreement (plain radiography versus CT) was determined by utilizing Bland–Altman plots. For the purpose of comparison, the same analyses were performed in a group of age and sex-matched controls (normal group). After establishing the method disagreement in the fracture group, the factors that contributed to the difference in the SSA between plain radiography and CT, as well as their threshold values, were determined. Results On Bland–Altman plots for the fracture group, the mean difference was 4.53° [95% confidence interval (CI) − 4.87° to 13.93°]. For the normal group, the mean difference was − 0.64° (95% CI − 5.87° to 4.58°). On univariate analysis, male sex, thoracolumbar level, and SSA(X) were significant factors associated with ∆SSA (P = 0.03, 0.002, and 0.000, respectively). Multivariable regression analysis showed that SSA(X) was the only significant factor. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that the optimal threshold of SSA(X) was 17° with a sensitivity of 78% and a specificity of 75% (area under curve: 0.752). Conclusions The mean SSA determined on lateral decubitus plain radiographs indicated significantly more kyphosis than that determined on CT images obtained in supine position. When the SSA on plain radiography is more than 17°, there might be a significant discrepancy between the two imaging modalities. This discrepancy seems to be mainly attributable to the difference in patient positioning (lateral decubitus position for plain radiography versus supine position for CT imaging).
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2889-x
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Outcomes following surgical management of femoral neck fractures in
           elderly dialysis-dependent patients
    • Authors: Varun Puvanesarajah; Raj Amin; Rabia Qureshi; Babar Shafiq; Ben Stein; Hamid Hassanzadeh; Seth Yarboro
      Pages: 757 - 764
      Abstract: Introduction Proximal femur fractures are one of the most common fractures observed in dialysis-dependent patients. Given the large comorbidity burden present in this patient population, more information is needed regarding post-operative outcomes. The goal of this study was to assess morbidity and mortality following operative fixation of femoral neck fractures in the dialysis-dependent elderly. Methods The full set of medicare data from 2005 to 2014 was retrospectively analyzed. Elderly patients with femoral neck fractures were selected. Patients were stratified based on dialysis dependence. Post-operative morbidity and mortality outcomes were compared between the two populations. Adjusted odds were calculated to determine the effect of dialysis dependence on outcomes. Results A total of 320,629 patients met the inclusion criteria. Of dialysis-dependent patients, 1504 patients underwent internal fixation and 2662 underwent arthroplasty. For both surgical cohorts, dialysis dependence was found to be associated with at least 1.9 times greater odds of mortality within 1 and 2 years post-operatively. Blood transfusions within 90 days and infections within 2 years were significantly increased in the dialysis-dependent study cohort. Dialysis dependence alone did not contribute to increased mechanical failure or major medical complications. Conclusion Regardless of the surgery performed, dialysis dependence is a significant risk factor for major post-surgical morbidity and mortality after operative treatment of femoral neck fractures in this population. Increased mechanical failure in the internal fixation group was not observed. The increased risk associated with caring for this population should be understood when considering surgical intervention and counseling patients.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2898-9
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Incidence of perioperative complications in total hip and knee
           arthroplasty in patients with Parkinson disease
    • Authors: Tankamani Sharma; Wolfgang Hönle; René Handschu; Werner Adler; Tarun Goyal; Alexander Schuh
      Pages: 765 - 770
      Abstract: Introduction The aim of this study is to evaluate the difference in perioperative complication rate in total hip, bipolar hemiarthroplasties and total knee arthroplasty in patients with Parkinson disease in trauma and elective surgery in our Musculoskeletal Center during a period of 10 years. Material and method Between 2006 and 2016, 45 bipolar hemiarthroplasties in trauma surgery, 15 total knee and 19 total hip arthroplasties in patients with Parkinson’s disease were performed. We divided the patients in two groups. Group I included trauma cases (45) and group II elective surgery cases (34). Complications were documented and divided into local minor and major complications and general minor and major complications. Fisher’s exact test was used for statistical evaluation. Results In both groups, there was one local major complication (p > 0.05): In group I, there was one case of loosening of a K-wire which was removed operatively. In group II, there was one severe intraarticular bleeding requiring puncture of the hematoma. In group I, there were 38 general complications; in group II, there were 17 general complications. There was no statistical difference in complication rate (p > 0.05). Conclusion Total hip arthroplasty, bipolar hemiarthroplasties and knee arthroplasty in patients with Parkinson disease is possible in elective and trauma surgery. Complication rate is higher in comparison with patients not suffering from Parkinson disease, but there is no difference in complication rate in elective and trauma surgery. Nevertheless, early perioperative neurological consultation in patients with Parkinson disease is recommended to minimize complications and improve early outcomes after arthroplasty.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2899-8
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • A higher association of medial collateral ligament injury of the knee in
           pronation injuries of the ankle
    • Authors: Kyu-Tae Hwang; Il-Hoon Sung; Jung-Hwan Choi; Jin Kyu Lee
      Pages: 771 - 776
      Abstract: Introduction To evaluate the prevalence of medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury of the knee among ankle-fracture patients and to determine the risk factors associated with MCL injury in this patient group. Materials and methods 303 patients (303 affected ankles) who underwent surgical treatment for an ankle fracture were assessed. Supination versus pronation injury, Danis-Weber classification, age, sex, body mass index (BMI), limb dominance, and mechanism of injury were reviewed to identify factors related to MCL injury. Results Prevalence of MCL injury of the knee among the total number of patients with an ankle fracture was 3.96% (12 out of 303 injuries). Multivariable logistic and linear regression analysis with adjustment of possible confounding factors confirmed that female sex and pronation injury were associated significantly (p < 0.05) with MCL injury. Conclusions The prevalence of MCL injury among females and the pronation type of ankle injury was 8.19% (10 out of 122 females) and 10.75% (10 out of 93 pronation injuries), respectively. More careful physical examination of the knee joint is strongly recommended in patients with ankle fractures, especially if the patient is female or the ankle-fracture pattern corresponds to the pronation type of injury.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2907-z
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Virtual surgery simulation versus traditional approaches in training of
           residents in cervical pedicle screw placement
    • Authors: Yang Hou; Jiangang Shi; Yanping Lin; Huajiang Chen; Wen Yuan
      Pages: 777 - 782
      Abstract: Introduction The cervical screw placement is one of the most difficult procedures in spine surgery, which often needs a long period of repeated practices and could cause screw placement-related complications. We performed this cadaver study to investigate the effectiveness of virtual surgical training system (VSTS) on cervical pedicle screw instrumentation for residents. Materials and methods A total of ten novice residents were randomly assigned to two groups: the simulation training (ST) group (n = 5) and control group (n = 5). The ST group received a surgical training of cervical pedicle screw placement on VSTS and the control group was given an introductory teaching session before cadaver test. Ten fresh adult spine specimens including 6 males and 4 females were collected, and were randomly allocated to the two groups. The bilateral C3–C6 pedicle screw instrumentation was performed in the specimens of the two groups, respectively. After instrumentation, screw positions of the two groups were evaluated by image examinations. Results There was significantly statistical difference in screw penetration rates between the ST (10%) and control group (62.5%, P < 0.05). The acceptable rates of screws were 100 and 50% in the ST and control groups with significant difference between each other (P < 0.05). In addition, the average screw penetration distance in the ST group (1.12 ± 0.47 mm) was significantly lower than the control group (2.08 ± 0.39 mm, P < 0.05). Conclusions This study demonstrated that the VSTS as an advanced training tool exhibited promising effects on improving performance of novice residents in cervical pedicle screw placement compared with the traditional teaching methods.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2906-0
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Anterior cervical arthrodesis for chronic hangman’s fracture in a
           patient with osteopetrosis: a case report
    • Authors: Kentaro Yamane; Nobuo Kai
      Pages: 783 - 789
      Abstract: Introduction Osteopetrosis is a clinical syndrome characterized by the failure of osteoclasts to resorb bone. Affected patients usually suffer from repetitive fractures due to this pathological state. Surgical treatment of these fractures is often complicated by the difficulty of working with the extremely hard and brittle bones. The purpose of this study was to report a case of chronic hangman’s fracture in a patient with osteopetrosis who underwent surgery for cervical anterior interbody fusion. Materials and methods A 76-year-old woman visited our institute 1 month after injury. Radiographs revealed a type II hangman’s fracture with severe translation according to the Levine–Edwards classification. We performed anterior spinal arthrodesis from C2 to C3. Results We obtained successful anterior C2–C3 arthrodesis without major complications, but encountered some surgical difficulties in treatment due to hard and brittle bones. Conclusions Anterior cervical arthrodesis can be considered an effective treatment for chronic unstable hangman’s fracture in patients with osteopetrosis. However, great care must be taken when performing surgery and continued follow-up is warranted.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2901-5
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Quantifying shortening of the fractured clavicle assuming clavicular
           symmetry is unreliable
    • Authors: Paul Hoogervorst; Anand Appalsamy; Sebastiaan Franken; Albert van Kampen; Gerjon Hannink
      Pages: 803 - 807
      Abstract: Background One of the more commonly used methods of determining the amount of shortening of the fractured clavicle is by comparing the length of the fractured side to the length of contralateral unfractured clavicle. A pre-existing natural asymmetry can make quantification of shortening using this method unreliable. The goal of this study is to assess the side-to-side variation in clavicle length in 100 uninjured, skeletally mature adults. Materials and methods To assess the side-to-side difference in clavicle length the length of both clavicles of 100 patients on thoracic computed tomography (CT) scans were measured. Patients without a history of pre-CT clavicular injury were included. The measurements were allocated into three groups based on the amount of asymmetry (< 5, ≥ 5–10 and > 10 mm). Dominant side and sex were analyzed to determine influence on the length of the clavicle. Results In 30 patients (30%), an asymmetry of 5 mm or more was found. 2% of the patients had a side-to-side difference of more than 10 mm. The absolute side-to-side length difference (LD) was 3.74 mm (95% CI 3.15–4.32; p < 0.001). A significant association between clavicle length and dominant side or sex was found (p < 0.001). Conclusion These results show that by utilizing a treatment algorithm based upon clavicular symmetry has a potential for error and can lead over- or under-treatment of the fractured clavicle. A significant association between clavicle length and dominant side or sex was found (p < 0.001). Level of evidence 2.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2912-2
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Paediatric lateral condyle fractures: a systematic review
    • Authors: Si Heng Sharon Tan; Jo Dartnell; Andrew Kean Seng Lim; James Hoipo Hui
      Pages: 809 - 817
      Abstract: Introduction Lateral condyle fractures of the humerus are common paediatric fractures. However, no conclusive statement has been made about their risk of complications, the management and epidemiology. Materials and methods A systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. All studies with paediatric lateral condyle fracture were included, with 2440 children. Results Most fractures had union, with 0.9% delayed union, 1.6% non-union and 1.5% malunion. Complications included valgus deformities (6.1%), varus deformities (7.8%), flexion loss (9.7%), extension loss (11.5%), prominent lateral condyle (27.3%), fishtail deformity (14.3%), avascular necrosis (1.7%), premature epiphyseal closure (5.4%) and neurological deficits (10.6%). Risk factors of complications include concomitant ipsilateral upper limb fractures, classification by Milch or Jakob, fracture displacement, fixation device, and inappropriate diagnosis and management. Conclusions It is recommended for fractures that are non-displaced on all radiographic views to be managed conservatively, while displaced fractures of > 2 mm requires surgical intervention. Minimally displaced fractures could be treated conservatively, though follow-up is recommended to detect displacement. Radiographs are also recommended at 1-week follow-up, with serial radiographs having no clinical significance. Kirschner wires or lag screws could be employed, and it is recommended that the Kirschner wires be left exposed and removed when there is clinical and radiographic evidence of fracture consolidation, typically at the 6-week interval. These fractures need close follow-up.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2920-2
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Mid-term outcome of arthroscopic AMIC for the treatment of articular
    • Authors: J. Schagemann; P. Behrens; A. Paech; H. Riepenhof; B. Kienast; H. Mittelstädt; J. Gille
      Pages: 819 - 825
      Abstract: Introduction We present the first retrospective study that compares two various autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) surgical interventions to repair grade III–IV cartilage defects in the knee. Patients who underwent minimally invasive (arthroscopy) or open (mini-arthrotomy) AMIC were followed up to 2 years to investigate if minimally invasive AMIC is superior to open procedures. Materials and methods Overall n = 50 patients with focal and contained grade III–IV articular cartilage defects in the knee joint were followed in a consecutive cohort study. 20 patients were treated arthroscopically (female 7, male 13; age: mean 38.2 years, range 18–70 years; BMI: mean 27.0, range 18.7–34.7; defect size: mean 3.1 cm2, range 1.0–6.0 cm2), and 30 patients via mini-arthrotomy (female 13, male 17; age: mean 34.4 years, range 14–53 years, BMI: mean 23.9, range 18.4–28.7; defect size: mean 3.4 cm2, range 1.5–12.0 cm2). The primary defect localization was the medial femoral condyle. Results AMIC led to a significant improvement of VAS pain, KOOS and Lysholm scoring for up to 2 years compared to pre-op. Outcome analysis revealed no significant differences between the two different surgical approaches. Conclusions Our results suggest that mini-open AMIC is equivalent to the arthroscopic procedure. The anticipatory hypothesis that minimally invasive approaches bring greater patient benefit per se could not be confirmed. Therefore, we recommend to perform AMIC where indicated and suggest that the surgeon’s personal skills profile guide the choice of surgical approach. Level of evidence III.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2887-z
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Y-reconstruction could be better for ACL reconstruction in knee
           hyperextension versus double-bundle double-tunnel technique: a
           retrospective comparative study of 56 patients
    • Authors: Haobo Wu; Chiyuan Ma; Yan Xiong; Shigui Yan; Lidong Wu; Weigang Wu
      Pages: 827 - 834
      Abstract: Purpose To compare the clinical outcomes of double-bundle (DB) single-tibial tunnel technique and double-tunnel technique for ACL reconstruction in patients with knee hyperextension. Methods Defined as having constitutional hyperextension of greater than 10°, 56 patients with knee hyperextension who underwent ACL reconstruction were included in this study. To exclude concomitant lesions, preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in all knees. 24 patients (Group A) were treated with the anatomic DB/single-tibial tunnel ACL reconstruction and 32 patients (Group B) were treated with DB/double-tibial tunnel ACL reconstruction, all the included patients had knee hyperextension. Clinical results were evaluated by the extension angle, ROM, IKDC 2000 subjective score, rotational stability, pivot-shift test and anterior–posterior translation test before the operation and at the end of follow-up. MRI scan of the knee positioned in full extension was performed after 6 months post-operation. Location of tibial tunnels and graft signal intensity were assessed according to the MRI. Results Postoperative extension deficit was detected in Group B, ROM of the injured knee in Group A was from extension angle 8.91 ± 3.16° to flexion angle 115.58 ± 10.53°. ROM of the injured knee in Group B was from extension angle − 2.13 ± 5.88° to flexion angle 119.25 ± 12.63°. Flexion angles of two groups did not show any significant difference (p = 0.24), while extension angles were quite different (p < 0.0001). Group A was slightly higher than Group B in IKDC subjective scores, but without significant difference (Group A 45.1 ± 6.5, Group B 42.4 ± 4.8, p = 0.09). There was no significant difference between two groups in pivot-shift test. Post-operational MRI showed more anterior located tibial tunnel and higher graft signal intensity in Group B when compared with Group A. One patient in the Group B had ligament retear, and required revision surgery. Conclusion DB/single-tibial tunnel technique restored the knee stability and overcame the shortcomings (such as knee extension deficit and graft impingement) of DB/double tibial tunnel, which might be more suitable for ACL reconstruction in knees with hyperextension. Level of evidence Level II to III.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2909-x
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Obesity causes poorer clinical results and higher re-tear rates in rotator
           cuff repair
    • Authors: A. Ateschrang; F. Eggensperger; M. D. Ahrend; S. Schröter; U. Stöckle; Tobias M. Kraus
      Pages: 835 - 842
      Abstract: Background The purpose of this retrospective study was to report on the functional outcome after both open and arthroscopic rotator cuff (RC) repair in normal weight, pre-obese and obese patients. It was hypothesized that obesity is a negative prognostic factor for clinical outcome and failure for the RC repair. Methods One hundred and forty-six patients who underwent either open or arthroscopic rotator cuff repair between 2006 and 2010 were included in this study. Seventy-five patients (56.7 ± 10.1 years of age) after open RC repair and 71 patients (59.0 ± 9.1 years of age) treated arthroscopically were available for evaluation. In both groups a double-row reconstruction was performed. Patients were divided in three groups according to their body-mass index. The mean follow-up was at 43 ± 16 (minimum 24) months. At follow-up, the clinical outcome was assessed by the DASH and Constant score. An ultrasound of both shoulders was performed in all patients. Results The mean BMI was 28.3 ± 5.3 in the arthroscopic group and 27.7 ± 4.3 in the open group. Overall, in both groups similar clinical results were noted [Constant–Murley score 78.3 ± 18.2 arthroscopic vs. 77.0 ± 21.8 for open surgery; DASH 12.7 ± 18.2 arthroscopic vs. 15.6 ± 21.6 for open surgery (p = 0.81)]. Both the failure rate and the clinical outcome were significantly worse for obese patients (BMI > 30, p = 0.007). The failure rate was 15.8% for the normal-weight patients, 8.2% in the pre-obese group and in the obese group 28.6%. The RC repair failure occurred in 11 cases in both groups after arthroscopic or open treatment (15.0%). Conclusions Both the arthroscopic and the open approach showed equivalent clinical results and failure rates. Obesity (BMI > 30) causes less favorable results in the Constant and DASH scores and showed higher re-tear rates.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2921-1
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Graft extrusion after medial and lateral MAT differs according to surgical
           technique: a meta-analysis
    • Authors: Seong-Il Bin; Hyun-Jung Kim; Dae-Hee Lee
      Pages: 843 - 850
      Abstract: Introduction It is unclear whether the incidence and amount of graft extrusion differ between knees undergoing medial and lateral meniscus allograft transplantation (MAT). This meta-analysis, therefore, compared the incidence and amount of transplanted meniscus allograft extrusion following medial and lateral MAT. Materials and methods All studies comparing absolute or relative extrusions, or proportion of major extrusions (> 3 mm), on magnetic resonance imaging between medial and lateral MATs were included. Results Eight studies were included in the meta-analysis. Using the arthroscopic-assisted technique, medial MAT had significantly greater absolute (0.99 mm, p = 0.002) and relative (19.4%, p = 0.001) extrusions than lateral MAT. Using the complete arthroscopic technique, lateral MAT had 1.45 mm greater absolute extrusion than medial MAT (p < 0.001), but there was no difference in relative extrusion. Using the arthroscopic-assisted technique, the proportion of knees with major extrusion was greater for medial than lateral MAT (OR 5.32, p < 0.001), but, using the complete arthroscopic procedure, there was no difference in proportions of major extrusions between medial and lateral MAT (OR 0.28, p = 0.08). Conclusion Graft extrusions after medial and lateral MAT differed according to surgical technique. Graft extrusion was greater after medial than lateral MAT using the arthroscopic-assisted technique, but was greater after lateral than medial MAT using the complete arthroscopic procedure. Level of evidence Meta-analysis (Level II).
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2922-0
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Porous metal cones: gold standard for massive bone loss in complex
    • Authors: Stefano Divano; Luca Cavagnaro; Andrea Zanirato; Marco Basso; Lamberto Felli; Matteo Formica
      Pages: 851 - 863
      Abstract: Introduction Revision knee arthroplasty is increasing, and in that case, bone loss management is still a challenging problem. In the last years, the body of literature and interest surrounding porous metal cones has grown, but few systematic evaluations of the existing evidence have been performed. The aim of our systematic review is to collect and critically analyze the available evidence about metal cones in revision knee arthroplasty especially focusing our attention on indications, results, complications, and infection rate of these promising orthopaedic devices. Materials and methods We performed a systematic review of the available English literature, considering the outcomes and the complications of tantalum cones. The combinations of keyword were “porous metal cones”, “knee revision”, “bone loss”, “knee arthroplasty”, “periprosthetic joint infection”, and “outcome”. Results From the starting 312 papers available, 20 manuscripts were finally included. Only one included study has a control group. The main indication for metal cones is type IIb and III defects according AORI classification. Most of the papers show good clinical and radiological outcomes with low rate of complications. Conclusion The examined studies provide encouraging clinical and radiological short-to-mid-term outcomes. Clinical studies have shown a low rate of aseptic loosening, intraoperative fractures, infection rate and a lower failure rate than the previous treatment methods. Higher quality papers are needed to draw definitive conclusions about porous metal cones.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2936-7
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • The femoral component alignment resulting from spacer block technique is
           not worse than after intramedullary guided technique in medial
           unicompartimental knee arthroplasty
    • Authors: Georg Matziolis; Tanja Mueller; Frank Layher; Andreas Wagner
      Pages: 865 - 870
      Abstract: Purpose Although the spacer block technique has been recommended for the implantation of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), there is still a lack of data concerning the resulting component positioning. Methods This retrospective study included 193 consecutive patients who had undergone medial UKA using the spacer technique. On the basis of the postoperative long standing radiographs, the coronal component alignment was determined in relation to the mechanical axes and the sagittal component alignment in relation to the anatomical axes of the tibia and femur. The coronal alignment of the femoral component was determined through post hoc 3D planning with the CAD data projected onto the radiograph. Results The angle of the tibial component was on the average 2.3° ± 2.8° in varus, the femoral component on the average 2.6° ± 3.7° in varus. Only 4 implants (2%) were outside an assumed tolerance range of 10° varus–10° valgus. A tilting from the femoral to the tibial component of more than 10° was observed in 8 cases (4%). A valgus positioning of the tibial component was followed by a valgus alignment of the femoral component (R = − 0.194, p = 0.007). An increased posterior slope of the tibial component led to an extended positioning of the femoral component (R = − 0.230, p = 0.001). Conclusions The spacer block technique produces results comparable to the intramedullary guided technique. However, the precision is low and outlier frequent. Due to the possibility of transferring a tibial malalignment to a femoral malalignment, even greater attention should be paid to the precision of tibial resection.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2911-3
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Preoperative PCR analysis of synovial fluid has limited value for the
    • Authors: Bernd Fink; Markus Steurer; Sigrid Hofäcker; Peter Schäfer; Dieter Sandow; Philipp Schuster; Damian Oremek
      Pages: 871 - 878
      Abstract: Preoperative diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is important because of the therapeutic consequences. This prospective study was designed to answer the question, if preoperative PCR analysis of the synovial fluid in addition to the culture and the CRP analysis of the blood are helpful for the diagnosis of PJI in knee arthroplasties. Before revision CRP analysis of the blood, cultivation and PCR analysis of synovial fluid of 116 knee endoprostheses were performed. During revision surgery, five tissue samples of the periprosthetic tissue were cultured and five further samples subjected to histological analysis. These analyses of the periprosthetic tissue were used to verify the results of the preoperative diagnostic methods. Twenty-seven prostheses were identified as infected (prevalence 23.3%). The combined analyses of the joint fluid cultivation and the CRP blood level resulted in a sensitivity of 77.8%, a specificity of 95.5%, a positive-predictive value of 84.0%, a negative-predictive value of 93.4% and an accuracy of 91.4%. The PCR analysis of the synovial fluid resulted in a sensitivity of 55.6%, a specificity of 82.0%, a positive-predictive value of 48.4%, a negative-predictive value of 85.9% and an accuracy of 75.9%. The sensitivity for culture of the aspirate and PCR analysis in combination with an elevated CRP level was 85.2%, the specificity 82.0%, the positive-predictive value 58.9%, the negative-predictive value 94.8% and the accuracy 82.7%. The preoperative PCR analysis of synovial fluid has only limited value in addition to the standard culture analysis.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2924-y
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Comparison of volarly and dorsally displaced distal radius fracture
           treated by volar locking plate fixation
    • Authors: S. Erhart; S. Toth; P. Kaiser; T. Kastenberger; C. Deml; R. Arora
      Pages: 879 - 885
      Abstract: Introduction In case of distal radius fractures (DRF) the distal fragment generally displaces either dorsally or volarly. Scientific literature however, seldom differentiates between volarly and dorsally displaced DRFs when reporting results. It is no clear, if the direction of displacement has an influence on the clinical and radiological outcome. This study was intended to evaluate the influence of displacement direction in adult patients with surgically treated Colles or Smith type fractures. Patients and methods After a mean follow up (FU) time of above 5 years, 50 patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation for DRFs (25 Smith type fractures, 25 Colles type fractures) were included. Upon FU, standard X-rays and a clinical evaluation as well as evaluation scores were raised and analysed. Results Clinical evaluation showed no difference between the Colles and the Smith group. Radiologic and clinical results for the Colles group showed diminished flexion compared to the healthy wrist, decreased radial inclination and dorsal tilt during FU and progression of osteoarthritis. For the Smith group decreased grip strength compared to the healthy wrist and osteoarthritis-progression was found. For both groups there was no correlation between radiologic values, grip strength, arthrosis grading, disability of arm, shoulder and hand score and patient rated wrist evaluation score. Discussion Decreased flexion in combination with a decreased dorsopalmar tilt might hint towards a mechanical inhibition in the Colles group. Altogether, the study showed good clinical outcome with satisfactory radiological result. As all patients showed arthrosis progression, the fracture per se is to be seen as a prearthrotic factor. It still remains unclear which measures could be taken to prevent this.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2925-x
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Long-term complications of lateral condyle fractures are close to same as
           short-term complications
    • Authors: Jaakko Sinikumpu
      Pages: 887 - 888
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2934-9
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Correction to: A simple approach for the preoperative assessment of sacral
           morphology for percutaneous SI screw fixation
    • Authors: Michael Goetzen; Vinzent Kevin Ortner; Richard A. Lindtner; Rene Schmid; Michael Blauth; Dietmar Krappinger
      Pages: 889 - 889
      Abstract: In the original article, co-author’s given name has been published incorrectly. The correct given name should be Vinzent Kevin.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2928-7
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 6 (2018)
  • Periprosthetic acetabular radiolucency progression in mid-term follow-up
           of the articular surface replacement hip system
    • Authors: Sean J. Matuszak; Vincent P. Galea; James W. Connelly; Janus Christiansen; Orhun Muratoglu; Henrik Malchau
      Abstract: Introduction Recent registry studies show that aseptic loosening secondary to osteolysis is the second leading cause of hip implant failure in patients implanted with metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings. The primary aim of our study was to report on the progression of acetabular osteolysis during mid-term follow-up in patients treated with MoM hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) and MoM total hip arthroplasty (THA). The secondary aim was to identify independent predictors of osteolytic lesion progression. Materials and methods A total of 805 patients (805 hips) were included in this study (541 MoM HRA, 264 MoM THA) from a prospective, international clinical registry of the Articular Surface Replacement Hip System. Patients were enrolled a median of 6.6 years from surgery. Osteolytic lesion progression was defined either as any lesion developing de novo, or as an existing lesion progressing from radiolucency to osteolysis during the study period (range 0.5–4.3 years). Results The number of cases with any osteolysis or radiolucency was 21 (3.9%) for ASR HRA and 29 (11.0%) for ASR XL THA at enrollment and increased to 69 (12.8%) for ASR HRA and 41 (15.5%) for ASR XL THA after follow-up. Osteolytic lesion progression was found in 66 (12.2%) ASR HRA patients and 31 (11.7%) ASR XL THA patients. Multivariate models determined that lower acetabular version angle (OR 0.963, p = 0.011) and elevated whole blood chromium (OR 1.110, p = 0.044) were independent predictors of osteolytic lesion progression in ASR HRA. Conclusion We suggest that physicians of patients implanted with ASR HRA implants closely monitor patients with higher chromium levels and lower version angles, as they are at increased risk for osteolytic lesion progression, and we recommend annual radiographic follow-up on all patients with ASR implants.
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2962-5
  • An often-unrecognized entity as cause of recurrent infection after
           successfully treated two-stage exchange arthroplasty: hematogenous
    • Authors: Doruk Akgün; Michael Müller; Carsten Perka; Tobias Winkler
      Abstract: Introduction Reinfection after two-stage exchange arthroplasty is a difficult clinical scenario with limited data on adequate treatment algorithms. Beside the possibility of treatment failure and a new intraoperative infection at the time of reimplantation, hematogenous seeding could play an up to date underestimated crucial role as another cause of an infection after two-stage exchange. The aim of this study was to evaluate its incidence and treatment possibilities in a prospectively followed case series. Methods All consecutive hip and knee periprosthetic joint infection cases (93 hips and 89 knees) treated according to a standardized diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm at our institution with a two-stage exchange arthroplasty from 2013 to 2015 were included and followed prospectively to identify recurrent infections due to hematogenous seeding. Results Six percent from our septic revision hip and knee arthroplasties (11 of 182, including 5 hips and 6 knees) were identified with a hematogenous reinfection after a mean follow-up of 31.8 months (range 14–48 months). The mean time to reinfection after reimplantation was 12.2 months (range 3.1–35.1). In all but two cases was the causative microorganism different than isolated at the time of initial two-stage exchange. In 5 of 11 patients, the primary focus of infection was identified. Conclusion Hematogenous infection after a successful two-stage exchange arthroplasty is a rare but very important cause of a reinfection. With our work, we aim at raising the awareness for this entity and recommend consideration of irrigation and debridement with implant retention in these cases, as well as possibly the identification of a primary infection source.
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2972-3
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