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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 132)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
  [SJR: 1.039]   [H-I: 56]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1434-3916 - ISSN (Online) 0936-8051
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Lumbar subtotal corpectomy non-fusion model produced using a novel
    • Authors: Jiantao Liu; Feng Zhang; Zhengchao Gao; Yuhuan Li; Binbin Niu; Xijing He
      Pages: 1467 - 1476
      Abstract: Objective In this study, we aimed to design a movable artificial lumbar complex (MALC) prosthesis for non-fusion reconstruction after lumbar subtotal corpectomy and to establish an in vitro anterolateral lumbar corpectomy non-fusion model for evaluating the biomechanical stability, preservation of segment movements and influence on adjacent inter-vertebral movements of this prosthesis. Methods Imaging was performed on a total of 26 fresh goat lumbar spine specimens to determine which of the specimens did not meet the requirements (free of deformity and fractures); the residual specimens were randomly divided into an intact group, a fusion group and a non-fusion group. Bone mineral density (BMD) was tested and compared among the three groups. Biomechanical testing was conducted to obtain the range of motion (ROM) in flexion–extension, lateral bending at L2–3, L3–4 and L4–5 and axial rotation at L2–5 in the three groups. Results Two specimens were excluded due to vertebral fractures. BMD showed no statistical significance among three groups (P > 0.05). The stability of the prosthesis did not differ significantly during flexion, extension, and lateral bending at L2–3, L3–4, and L4–5 and axial torsion at L2–5 between the intact group and the non-fusion group (P > 0.05). Segment movements of the specimens in the non-fusion group revealed significantly decreased L2–3 ROM and significantly increased L3–4 and L4–5 ROM in flexion and lateral bending compared with the fusion group (P < 0.05). Conclusions Reconstruction with a MALC prosthesis after lumbar subtotal corpectomy not only produced instant stability but also effectively preserved segment movements, without any abnormal gain of mobility in adjacent inter-vertebral spaces. However, additional studies, including in vivo animal experiments as well as biocompatibility and biomechanical tests of human body specimens are needed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2753-4
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 11 (2017)
  • Detection of primary screw perforation in locking plate osteosynthesis of
           proximal humerus fracture by intra-operative 3D fluoroscopy
    • Authors: Jan Theopold; Kevin Weihs; Bastian Marquaß; Christoph Josten; Pierre Hepp
      Pages: 1491 - 1498
      Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this study was to identify the rate of primary screw perforations after osteosynthesis of proximal humerus fractures with intra-operative 3D fluoroscopy and to analyse the rate of secondary screw perforations as well as complications, outcome, and revision surgeries after a minimum of 12 months. Materials and methods Thirty-three patients (20 female, 13 male, median age 67 years, range 35–85 years) with displaced proximal humerus fractures were included. After reduction and fixation, an intra-operative 3D fluoroscopy was performed to evaluate primary screw perforations (PS) and screws with “near perforation” (nPS). These screws were changed intra-operatively. Patients were followed-up for a minimum of 12 months. Clinical and radiological parameters, such as secondary screw perforation, secondary loss of reduction, or functional outcome, were investigated. Results In six patients (18.2%), humeral head screws were changed due to primary PS (n = 2) or nPS (n = 4) after the intra-operative 3D fluoroscopy. Follow-up revealed an adapted constant score (%CMS) of 76.2% after a mean follow-up of 17.7 months. Two secondary screw perforations were observed (6%). Loss of reduction was observed in eight patients (24.2%). Conclusion The intra-operative 3D reveals a high rate of primary screw perforations or near perforations. Immediate change of these screws may lead to a lower rate of secondary screw perforations and, therefore, reduce post-operative complications.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2763-2
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 11 (2017)
  • Surgical outcomes of intramedullary nailing for diaphyseal atypical femur
           fractures: is it safe to modify a nail entry in bowed femur'
    • Authors: Ji Wan Kim; Hyunuk Kim; Chang-wug Oh; Joon-Woo Kim; Oog-Jin Shon; Young-Soo Byun; Jung Jae Kim; Hyoung Keun Oh; Hiroaki Minehara; Kyu-Tae Hwang; Ki Chul Park
      Pages: 1515 - 1522
      Abstract: Introduction The purpose of the study was to determine the surgical outcomes of intramedullary nailing in diaphyseal atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) and to evaluate the clinical outcomes of nail entry modification technique. Materials and methods We retrospectively reviewed diaphyseal AFFs treated with IMN at nine institutions. In total, 82 patients were included. Surgical outcomes such as complication, union time, and femoral bowing were evaluated. We modified the nail entry of the straight nail from piriformis fossa to the tip of the greater trochanter in the bowed femur and compared the surgical outcomes between the original group and the modification group. Results The average union time was 20.1 weeks, and the union rate was 89.0%. The average union time was 13.1 weeks and 21 weeks in incomplete and complete AFFs, respectively. There was no nonunion in incomplete AFFs, but 13.8% in complete AFFs. Complete AFFs had 86.2% of union rate. There were 46 cases of group 1 with original entry point and 19 cases of group 2 with modified entry. In group 2, the union rate was similar to group 1 and union time was shorter. Conclusion Changing the entry point laterally allowed the nail to be accommodated in bowed femurs, decreasing the risk of deformity and improving healing time. In severely varus femur, the lateral entry of the straight nail can be a useful technique.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2764-1
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 11 (2017)
  • Focal osteonecrosis in the femoral head following stable anatomic fixation
           of displaced femoral neck fractures
    • Authors: Lionel E. Lazaro; Jonathan P. Dyke; Ryan R. Thacher; Joseph T. Nguyen; David L. Helfet; Hollis G. Potter; Dean G. Lorich
      Pages: 1529 - 1538
      Abstract: Introduction Femoral head (FH) osteonecrosis (ON) and subsequent segmental collapse is a major concern following displaced femoral neck fractures (FNF). We aimed to quantify residual perfusion to the FH following FNF and evaluate the viability of the FH overtime after surgical fixation. Materials and methods Twenty-three patients with FNF underwent dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI to estimate bone perfusion in the FH, using the contralateral side as control. Following open anatomic reduction and a length/angle-stable fixation, a special MRI sequence evaluated the FH for ON changes over time at 3 and 12 months after surgery. Results We found significant compromise of both arterial inflow [83.1%—initial area under the curve (IAUC) and 73.8%—peak) and venous outflow (243.2%—elimination rate (K el)] in the FH of the fractured side. The supero-medial quadrant suffered the greatest decrease in arterial inflow with a significant decrease of 71.6% (IAUC) and 68.5% (peak). Post-operative MRI revealed a high rate (87%—20/23) of small ON segments within the FH, and all developed in the anterior aspect of the supero-medial quadrants. Fracture characteristics, including subcapital FNF, varus deformity, posterior roll-off ≥20° and Pauwel’s angle of 30°–50° demonstrated a greater decrease in perfusion compared to contralateral controls. Conclusion FNF significantly impaired the vascular supply to the FH, resulting in high incidence of small ON segments in the supero-medial quadrant of the FH. However, maintained perfusion, probably through the inferior retinacular system, coupled with urgent open anatomic reduction and stable fixation resulted in excellent clinical and radiographic outcomes despite a high rate of small ON segments noted on MRI. Level of evidence Level I: Prognostic Investigation.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2778-8
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 11 (2017)
  • Radiolucent rings around bioabsorbable anchors after rotator cuff repair
           are not associated with clinical outcomes
    • Authors: Jin-Young Park; Suk-Hwan Jang; Kyung-Soo Oh; Yi Jin Li
      Pages: 1539 - 1546
      Abstract: Purpose Various researchers have observed small areas of osteolysis after using bioabsorbable anchors in shoulder surgeries. The purpose of this study is to determine whether radiographic perianchor radiolucent rings after rotator cuff repair are associated with the failure of repair and also assess their clinical implications. Further, the most frequent location of the radiolucent rings in the double-row suture bridge configuration was also assessed. Methods One hundred and twenty-nine consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair by suture bridge technique were retrospectively evaluated radiographically and clinically. The number and size of the rings that appeared at each follow-up were recorded. Also, the locations of each ring were recorded as anterior, middle or posterior, and medial or lateral according to the construct of the anchors used for suture bridge technique. The size of the tear, the number of anchors used and age of the patients were compared. Re-tear rates according to ultrasound examinations were also analyzed. Results After rotator cuff repair, the mean American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score increased from 46.7 to 88.0 and the overall re-tear rate was 8.5% (11 cases). Seventy-three patients (56.6%) showed RR (total number of 99 rings) at least once during the course of their follow-up and the rings appeared at a mean period of 18.2 months after surgery. Mean size of the rings initially was 5.6 mm and the rings increased or decreased in mean size of 0.4 mm during mean follow-up of 37 months. No correlation was seen with the number of RRs and the rate of re-tears, number of anchors, size of tears, and clinical outcome as determined by the ASES score. Radiolucent ring measurement reproducibility was confirmed by independent, repeated measurements. The rings appeared mostly at anteromedial anchors (75 rings, 75.8%) and the authors suggest that mechanical factors may play a role for the cause of radiolucent rings. Conclusions The number and the size of RRs around bioabsorbable anchors after rotator cuff repair do not appear to adversely affect the healing and clinical outcome of ARCR. Most radiolucent rings appeared at anteromedial anchors, indicating that mechanical factors may play a role for the radiolucencies. Level of evidence Case series, level IV.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2772-1
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 11 (2017)
  • Kinematics of mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty compared
           to native: results from an in vitro study
    • Authors: Geert Peersman; Josh Slane; Philippe Vuylsteke; Susanne Fuchs-Winkelmann; Philipp Dworschak; Thomas Heyse; Lennart Scheys
      Pages: 1557 - 1563
      Abstract: Introduction Fixed-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) closely replicates native knee kinematics. As few studies have assessed kinematics following mobile-bearing (MB) UKA, the current study aimed to investigate whether MB UKA preserves natural knee kinematics. Materials and methods Seven fresh-frozen full-leg cadaver specimens were prepared and mounted in a kinematic rig that allowed all degrees of freedom at the knee. Three motion patterns, passive flexion–extension (0°–110° flexion), open-chain extension (5°–70° flexion) and squatting (30°–100° flexion), were performed pre- and post-implantation of a medial MB UKA and compared in terms of rotational and translational knee joint kinematics in the different anatomical planes, respectively. Results In terms of frontal plane rotational kinematics, MB UKA specimens were in a more valgus orientation for all motion patterns. In the axial plane, internal rotation of the tibia before and after UKA was consistent, regardless of motion task, with no significant differences. In terms of frontal plane, i.e., inferior–superior, translations, the FMCC was significantly higher in UKA knees in all flexion angles and motor tasks, except in early flexion during passive motion. In terms of axial plane, i.e., anteroposterior (AP), translations, during open-chain activities, the femoral medial condyle center (FMCC) tended to be more posterior following UKA relative to the native knee in mid-flexion and above. AP excursions of the FMCC were small in all tested motions, however. There was substantial AP translation of the femoral lateral condyle center during passive motion before and after UKA, which was significantly different for flexion angles > 38°. Conclusions Our study data demonstrate that the kinematics of the unloaded knee following MB UKA closely resemble those of the native knee while relative medial overstuffing with UKA will result in the joint being more valgus. However, replacing the conforming and rigidly fixed medial meniscus with a mobile inlay may successfully prevent aberrant posterior translation of the medial femoral compartment during passive motion and squatting motion.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2794-8
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 11 (2017)
  • Geometric analysis and clinical outcome of two cemented stems for primary
           total hip replacement with and without modular necks
    • Authors: Marcel Haversath; Christine Wendelborn; Marcus Jäger; Boris Schmidt; Wojciech Kowalczyk; Stefan Landgraeber
      Pages: 1571 - 1578
      Abstract: Introduction Restoration of the physiological biomechanical principles of the hip is crucial in total hip replacement. The aim of this study was to compare an arthroplasty system with different offset options (a: Exeter®) with a dual-modular stem (b: Profemur Xm®). Materials and methods A local and an inertial coordinate system were used to assist the description of the components’ assembly in the prosthesis. A resection line of the femoral head in standard position was added to the arthroplasties and geometric parameters were measured. The outcomes of 93 patients were clinically evaluated (a: n = 50, b: n = 43). Preoperative planning was compared to postoperative radiographs (femoral offset, leg-length), and clinical scores (HHS, WOMAC, total range of motion) were assessed preoperatively, and then 1 and 2 years after surgery. Results The Exeter® offers an offset range from 32.1 to 56.9 mm and the Profemur Xm® a range from 29.3 to 55.3 mm. The leg-length variability of the Profemur Xm® has a range of 25.9 mm, the Exeter® a range of 13.7 mm. The Profemur Xm® offers more possible combinations of offset and leg-length reconstruction. The neck–stem angles of the Exeter® range from 125.2° to 126.3°, of the Profemur Xm® from 127.2° to 142.6°. There was no statistically significant difference in clinical outcome and radiological parameters. Conclusions We conclude that both stems offer a wide range of options for anatomical reconstruction of the hip resulting in similarly good clinical results. The Profemur Xm® stem has advantages for the reconstruction of hips that deviate from standard anatomy but has the drawback of additional corrosive wear at the stem/neck interface.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2785-9
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 11 (2017)
  • Stabilization of scaphoid type B2 fractures with one or two headless
           compression screws
    • Authors: S. Quadlbauer; T. Beer; Ch. Pezzei; J. Jurkowitsch; A. Tichy; T. Hausner; M. Leixnering
      Pages: 1587 - 1595
      Abstract: Introduction Fractures of the scaphoid account for the most commonly injured carpal bone. Minimally displaced fractures of the waist will heal in 85–90% when using a below elbow cast. However, fractures with displacement have a higher risk for nonunion. Therefore, open reduction and fixation with headless compression screws (HCS) have become the preferred method of treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the radiological and clinical outcome of unstable scaphoid B2 type fractures, stabilized using one or two headless compression screws. Patients and methods A total of 47 unstable scaphoid B2 type fractures were included in this retrospective follow-up study. Twelve patients were not accessable and three refused to attend follow-up checks. Therefore, a total of 32 patients were included in this study with a mean follow-up interval of 43 (12–81) months. Twenty-two patients were treated using one HCS and ten with two HCS. Clinical assessment included range of motion (ROM), pain according to the visual analogue scale (VAS), grip strength, Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Score, Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation Score, Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire and modified Green O'Brien Wrist Score. The follow-up study on each patient included a CT-Scan of the wrist which was analyzed for union, osteoarthritis, dorsiflexed intercalated segment instability and humpback deformity. Results Radiologically, 29/32 (91%) of the scaphoid B2 type fractures showed union, 10/10 (100%) in the two HCS group and 19/22 (86%) in the one HCS group (p < 0.05). No significant differences could be found in respect to ROM, grip strength, VAS and scores between the groups. Screw removal was necessary in two patients in the two HCS group and one in the one HCS group. Conclusion The unstable B2 type fractures of the scaphoid, when using two HCS without bone grafting is a safe method, shows a significantly higher union rate and equal clinical outcome compared to stabilization using only one HCS.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2786-8
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 11 (2017)
  • Abstracts
    • Pages: 1597 - 1614
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2776-x
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 11 (2017)
  • The impact of canal flare index on leg length discrepancy after total hip
    • Authors: Peter Brumat; Borut Pompe; Vane Antolič; Blaž Mavčič
      Abstract: Introduction The femoral stem should protrude from femur by an appropriate vertical distance to allow leg length equalization at hip arthroplasty; this distance depends on the size/shape of medullary canal and implant. The relationship between femoral morphology and achievability of leg length restoration is currently unclear. Our aim was to examine the impact of the femoral canal flare index (CFI) on the risk of leg length discrepancy (LLD) after total hip arthroplasty with different femoral stems. Materials and methods The study cohort included 126 patients with unilateral primary total hip arthroplasty due to idiopathic osteoarthritis and three different types of implanted femoral stems. The impact of CFI on postoperative LLD was assessed with separate logistic regression model for each implant and covariables of age, gender, body mass index and femoral neck resection level. Results Higher CFI was an independent risk factor for postoperative LLD ≥ 5 mm with odds ratio 4.5 (p = 0.03) in 49 stems with cementless metaphyseal fixation Implantcast-EcoFit®, regardless of the femoral neck resection level. CFI had no significant impact on LLD in 30 stems with cementless diaphyseal fixation EndoPlus-Zweymüller® or 47 cemented collared stems Link-SPII®. No significant difference was observed between groups in pre/postoperative WOMAC scores, postoperative radiographic LLD, subjectively reported LLD, insole use or complications after mean 6.8 years of follow-up. Conclusions Higher CFI increases the risk of clinically detectable postoperative LLD in single-wedge femoral stems with cementless metaphyseal fixation. CFI has no significant impact on LLD in femoral stems with cementless diaphyseal fixation or cemented fixation.
      PubDate: 2017-11-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2840-6
  • Early postoperative magnetic resonance imaging findings after arthroscopic
           rotator cuff repair: T2 hyperintensity of the capsule can predict reduced
           shoulder motion
    • Authors: Ji Na Kim; Soon Tae Kwon; Kyung Cheon Kim
      Abstract: Introduction The purpose of this study was to investigate whether postoperative shoulder magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings correlate with postoperative shoulder range of motion (ROM) at about 4 months after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR). Materials and methods Signal-intensity changes of the capsule, pericapsular soft tissue at the axillary recess, and subcoracoid fat triangle, as well as the thickness of the capsule at the axillary recess and coracohumeral ligament were assessed on preoperative and postoperative MR images of 232 patients. The ROM was evaluated preoperatively and at about 4 months after ARCR. Results T2 hyperintensity of the capsule, pericapsular soft tissue at the axillary recess, and signal change of the subcoracoid fat triangle were detected in 155, 107, and 89 cases, respectively, on postoperative MRI. Among these cases, 129, 98, and 69 cases, respectively, showed newly developed signal changes. The mean thicknesses of the capsule and coracohumeral ligament were 1.89 ± 0.69 and 1.64 ± 0.51 mm, respectively, on preoperative MRI and 3.74 ± 1.12 and 2.42 ± 0.56 mm, respectively, on postoperative MRI. At the 4-month follow-up, the mean external rotation (ER), internal rotation (IR), abduction, forward flexion, and extension were 77, 73, 76, 83, and 82%, respectively, of the contralateral side. Newly developed T2 hyperintensity of the capsule and pericapsular soft tissue at the axillary recess on postoperative MRI significantly correlated with the postoperative limitation of ER (p = 0.039) and IR (p = 0.020). Conclusions Newly developed signal changes of the capsule, pericapsular soft tissue at the axillary recess, and subcoracoid fat triangle were often detected on postoperative MRI at 4 months after ARCR. Furthermore, newly developed T2 hyperintensity of the capsule and pericapsular soft tissue at the axillary recess correlated with limited ROM in ER and IR at 4 months after ARCR.
      PubDate: 2017-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2834-4
  • Correction to: Insertion of the Ascension PyroCarbon PIP total joint in
    • Authors: Bernd Hohendorff; W. Zhang; K. J. Burkhart; L. P. Müller; C. Ries
      Abstract: In the experimental study the distal component of the Ascension PyroCarbon proximal interphalangeal total joint prosthesis was implanted 180° rotated. Figures 2–5 show the implant malpositions. The methods, results, and conclusion of the study were not affected by this.
      PubDate: 2017-11-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2800-1
  • Sagittal magnetic resonance imaging-scan orientation significantly
           influences accuracy of femoral posterior condylar offset measurement
    • Authors: Peter Balcarek; Ali Seif Amir Hosseini; Ulrike Streit; Tobias Franz Brodkorb; Tim Alexander Walde
      Abstract: Background In total knee arthroplasty the femoral posterior condylar offset (PCO) may serve as a potential branch for correct femoral component positioning. The technique of adjusting the sagittal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-scan on which it is measured has not been investigated in previous literature, but may be subject to variances due to knee joint positioning or axial localizer scan angulation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of simulated femur rotation on the accuracy of PCO measurement. Materials and methods Ten asymptomatic knee joints underwent MRI investigations. A sagittal plane perpendicular to the transepicondylar axis was defined as the true-sagittal plane (tsP). Sagittal images were reformatted in the tsP and angulated by 5° and − 5° in medial and lateral direction. In total each knee received three scans in 0°, 5° and − 5° axial localizer scan angulation. Medial and lateral PCO measurement was performed in each MRI-scan angulation. Results Simulated external rotation decreased medial PCO size by 1.7 mm (95% CI 0.5994–3.127) (p = 0.012), and simulated internal rotation increased medial PCO size by 2.1 mm (95% CI 1.142–2.994) (p = 0.001). Lateral PCO size increased by 1.9 mm (95% CI 0.5660–3.412) and decreased by 2.1 mm (95% CI 1.142–2.994) with simulated external and internal rotation, respectively (p = 0.011; p = 0.0007). Conclusion This study shows the high sensitivity of medial and lateral PCO measurements to small changes of MRI axial localizer scan angulations simulating minor degrees of internal or external femur rotation. Thus, absolute PCO values should be interpreted with caution if the sagittal image acquisition is not standardized.
      PubDate: 2017-11-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2838-0
  • Does tranexamic acid increase the risk of thromboembolism after bilateral
           simultaneous total knee arthroplasties in Asian Population'
    • Authors: Young-Hoo Kim; Jang-Won Park; Jun-Shik Kim; Dong-Hyuk Seo
      Abstract: Purpose To ascertain whether tranexamic acid reduces the blood loss and transfusion rate and volumes; increase the prevalence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT); and investigate factors associated with DVT in patients undergoing primary bilateral total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) without use of chemical thromboprophylaxis. Methods There were 874 patients (1748 knees) in the control group who did not receive tranexamic acid and 871 patients (1742 knees) in the study group who received tranexamic acid. Mechanical compression device was applied without any chemical thromboprophylaxis. Transfusion rates and volumes were recorded. DVT was diagnosed using both sonogram and venogram at 7 or 8 day post-operatively. Results Intra- and post-operative blood loss and transfusion volumes were significantly lower in the tranexamic acid group. The prevalence of DVT was 14% (245 of 1748 knees) in the control group and 18% (314 of 1742 knees) in the tranexamic acid group. Pre- and post-operative perfusion lung scans revealed no evidence of PE in any patients in either group. Coagulation or thrombophilic data or molecular genetic testing was not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion The use of tranexamic acid reduces the volume of blood transfusion and does not increase the prevalence of DVT or PE in the patients who did not receive routine chemical thromboprophylaxis after primary bilateral simultaneous sequential TKAs in Asian patients.
      PubDate: 2017-11-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2791-y
  • Arthroscopic one-tunnel transosseous foveal repair for triangular
           fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) peripheral tear
    • Authors: Ji Hun Park; Dongmin Kim; Jong Woong Park
      Abstract: Purpose Arthroscopic repair of a peripheral triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tear is a promising, minimally invasive surgical technique, especially in patients with symptomatic distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical result of arthroscopic one-tunnel transosseous foveal repair for peripheral TFCC tears. Methods Sixteen patients who underwent TFCC foveal repair were retrospectively evaluated. The mean follow-up period was 31.1 months. The torn TFCC of all patients was repaired with the arthroscopic one-tunnel transosseous foveal repair technique. Postoperative outcomes were evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, wrist range of motion, grip strength, Mayo wrist score, Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (Quick DASH) score, and postoperative complications. Results On arthroscopic examination, all 16 patients showed Palmer 1B type peripheral TFCC tears with foveal disruption. Among them, 13 patients had a proximal component TFCC tear (Atzei class 3) and 3 patients had a complete TFCC tear (Atzei class 2). At the final follow-up, the mean range of the pronation–supination arc (P = 0.03) and grip strength (P = 0.001) was significantly increased. Twelve patients had normal stability of the DRUJ and six patients showed mild laxity compared with the contralateral side. The mean VAS for pain perception decreased from 3.7 to 0.8 (P = 0.001). The modified Mayo wrist (P = 0.001) and Quick DASH (P = 0.001) scores showed significant functional improvement. No surgery-related complications occurred. Conclusions The present study shows that arthroscopic one-tunnel transosseous repair is a good treatment strategy for TFCC foveal tears in terms of reliable pain relief, functional improvement, and re-establishment of DRUJ stability.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2835-3
  • Reduced joint-awareness in bicruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty
           compared to cruciate-sacrificing total knee arthroplasty
    • Authors: Florian Baumann; Werner Krutsch; Michael Worlicek; Maximilian Kerschbaum; Johannes Zellner; Paul Schmitz; Michael Nerlich; Carsten Tibesku
      Abstract: Purpose There is rising impact of patient-reported outcome (PRO) measurement in joint arthroplasty over the past years. Bicruciate-retaining implants have shown more physiologic knee kinematics and provide superior proprioceptive capacities. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the functional properties of this new implant design lead to improved PRO results after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods This prospective, controlled trial compares PRO of bicruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty (BCR-TKA) to unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) and standard posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty (PS-TKA). We evaluated 102 patients (34 patients in each group) 18 months postoperatively after knee arthroplasty. Primary outcome measure was the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS). Results The BCR-group showed the same level of joint awareness as the UKA-group (p = 0.999). The second control group of PS-TKA patients had a lower mean score value in the FJS compared to the BCR-group (p = 0.035) and UKA-group (p = 0.031). There was no correlation of age, gender, body mass index (BMI) and the FJS. No relevant floor- or ceiling effects occurred. Conclusions This study found reduced joint awareness for BCR-TKA compared to a standard total knee arthroplasty. The score values of the BCR-group were equal to the UKA-group. Further prospective, randomized studies to investigate long-term survivorship of bicruciate-retaining implants are needed. Level of evidence Level II.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2839-z
  • Anchoring and resulting primary stability of a kinked compared to a
           straight uncemented femoral stem
    • Authors: Markus Heinecke; Fabian Rathje; Frank Layher; Georg Matziolis
      Abstract: Introduction The number of revision hip arthroplasties being performed is growing and implantation of a cementless stem has become established as the gold standard. For producing a primary stability, the press-fit procedure is the method of choice, but also can be achieved by multiple-point impactions. Specific femoral stems should follow the anatomical shape and provide a more extensive anchorage. The objective of this study was to evaluate the type, localization of the impaction and resulting primary stability of two different femoral revision stem designs (kinked vs. straight) after implantation via an endofemoral approach in the case of more extensive defects of the proximal femur. Materials and methods Cementless stems of two different designs were implanted in synthetic femurs. The specimens were analyzed by CT and tested considering axial/torsional stiffness and migration resistance in a servohydraulic testing machine. Results The present data do not show any significant differences between the two endofemorally implanted conical stems in contact area or in biomechanics with regard to migration and axial or torsional stiffness, despite having different designs. Conclusions The location, type and length of the stem anchorage are not only influenced by the kinked or straight design, but in particular also by the surgical approach. Also in the case of an extensive proximal bone defect, in the endofemoral approach, both a conical and a three-point anchorage occur. Here, the length of the conical anchorage determines the primary stability and should be at least 55 mm.
      PubDate: 2017-11-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2833-5
  • Diagnostic accuracy of synovial fluid, blood markers, and microbiological
           testing in chronic knee prosthetic infections
    • Authors: Giovanni Balato; Vincenzo Franceschini; Tiziana Ascione; Alfredo Lamberti; Fiamma Balboni; Andrea Baldini
      Abstract: Introduction This retrospective study was undertaken to define cut-off values for synovial fluid (SF) leukocyte count and neutrophil percentage for differentiating aseptic failure and periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) and to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of blood inflammatory markers, and microbiological testing according to the criteria proposed by the International Consensus Meeting (ICM) of Philadelphia. Methods All patients who underwent revision total knee arthroplasty from January 2010 to July 2015 were included: we identified and classified 31 PJIs and 136 aseptic joints. The diagnostic performance of single test was assessed by receiver operating characteristic curve analyses. The sensitivity and specificity were calculated for each of the cut-off values and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. Results The median SF leukocyte count as well as the neutrophil percentage and inflammatory markers were significantly higher in patients with PJI than in those with aseptic failure (p < 0.001). A leukocyte count of > 2.8 × 103/μL had a sensitivity of 83.8% and a specificity of 89.7% whereas a neutrophil percentage of > 72% yielded a marginally higher sensitivity of 84% and a specificity of 91%. Applying the ICM criteria we found a significant correlation between all these diagnostic measures and PJI (p < 0.001) except for a single positive culture. The most accurate criterion of the ICM was the synovial neutrophil differential (AUC = 0.89; 95% CI 0.81–0.97), followed by SF leukocyte count (AUC = 0.86; 95% CI 0.78–0.94), increased inflammatory markers (AUC = 0.85; 95% CI 0.76–0.93), and two positive periprosthetic cultures (AUC = 0.84; 95% CI 0.73–0.94). The presence of sinus tract communicating with the joint and a single positive culture showed unfavourable diagnostic accuracy (AUC = 0.60, 95% CI 0.47–0.72; AUC = 0.49, 95% CI 0.38–0.61, respectively) Conclusions The present study highlights the adequate ability of fluid cell count and neutrophil differential to distinguish between PJI and aseptic loosening. The clinical utility of fluid analysis in diagnosing infection can be improved by evaluation of other diagnostic criteria. Level of evidence Level I Diagnostic Study.
      PubDate: 2017-11-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2832-6
  • Rotator cuff muscular integrity after arthroscopic revision of a Bankart
    • Authors: Johannes Buckup; Frederic Welsch; Reinhard Hoffmann; Philip P. Roessler; Karl F. Schüttler; Thomas Stein
      Abstract: Introduction Recurrent shoulder instability after arthroscopic Bankart repair is still a common complication. For primary Bankart repair studies have shown that the rotator cuff can recover completely. The ability of muscles to regenerate after arthroscopic revision Bankart repair (ARBR) has not been studied. Does the ARBR using a three-portal method allows complete muscle integrity compared with an uninjured imaging control group (ICG)' Materials and methods Twenty-two (1 female, 21 males) physically active patients (mean age at follow-up 28.5 ± 7.1 years; mean follow-up 27.5 months ± 8.5) were assessed. ARBR with a three-portal method was carried out in all patients according to previous primary arthroscopic stabilization of the shoulder (revision Bankart group). Muscle atrophy of the subscapularis muscle (SSC), supraspinatus muscle (SSP) and infraspinatus muscle (ISP) was assessed by making lateral and vertical measurements by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Fatty infiltration was detected by standardized assessment from variations in intensity. Detailed clinical examination of the rotator cuff was carried out. MRI assessment was compared with that of a control group of 22 healthy volunteers of same age and activity level (ICG). Results For the SSC, no muscle impairment was noted compared with the ICG [superior atrophy index (sAISSC), p = 0.439; inferior atrophy index (iAISSC), p = 0.555; superior fatty infiltration index (sFDISSC), p = 0.294; inferior fatty infiltration index (iFDISSC), p = 0.62]. In investigation of the SSP and ISP, fatty infiltration was not shown (FDISSP, p = 0.454; sFDIISP, p = 0.504), though persistent muscle atrophy was found even > 2 years after surgery compared with the ICG (AISSP, p = 0.0025; sAIISP, p = 0.0009; iAIISP, p = 0.0004). Conclusion ARBR using a three-portal method allowed good muscular integrity compared with the ICG, but with persistent slight muscular atrophy of the SSP and ISP.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2831-7
  • Incidence and risk factors for postoperative Achilles tendon
           calcifications after percutaneous repair
    • Authors: Atesch Ateschrang; Daniel Körner; Konrad Joisten; Marc-Daniel Ahrend; Steffen Schröter; Ulrich Stöckle; Stephan Riedmann
      Abstract: Introduction Numerous publications are dealing with acute Achilles tendon rupture. To our knowledge, no systematic trial has been published analyzing the incidence, risk factors and the potential clinical impact of postoperative tendon calcifications (PTC) after percutaneous Achilles tendon repair. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze these relevant aspects. Materials and methods Between March 2003 and November 2010, a total of 126 patients with an acute, complete Achilles tendon rupture were treated with a percutaneous technique according to Ma and Griffith at a single university-based trauma department. The follow-up included a detailed clinical and sonographic examination. To assess the functional outcome and possible impact of PTC after percutaneous Achilles tendon repair, the Thermann and AOFAS scores were used. 81 patients (65 men and 16 women) with a median age of 46 years (range 24–76) were available for a follow-up examination. The median time of follow-up was 64 months (range 15–110 months). Results PTC occurred in nine out of 81 patients (11.1%). All patients with PTC were male with a median age of 52 years (range 26–76 years). In the group of patients with PTC, the median overall Thermann score was 94 (range 68–100) and the median overall AOFAS score was 97 (range 85–100). In the group of patients without PTC, the median overall Thermann score was 88.5 (range 60–100) and the median overall AOFAS score was 97 (range 85–100). No significant differences were detected between the group of patients with PTC and the group of patients without PTC and the clinical outcome according to the Thermann (p = 0.21) and the AOFAS scores (p = 0.37). None of the patients with PTC sustained a re-rupture. The overall re-rupture rate was 4.9%. PTC was no risk factor for wound and neurological complications. Conclusion The incidence of PTC after percutaneous Achilles tendon repair was 11.1%. Male gender and advanced age seem to be risk factors for PTC. In this study, PTC had no negative impact on the postoperative clinical outcome.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2829-1
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