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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 132)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
  [SJR: 1.039]   [H-I: 56]   [8 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1434-3916 - ISSN (Online) 0936-8051
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Reverse shoulder arthroplasty in obese patients: analysis of functionality
           in the medium-term
    • Authors: Alberto Izquierdo-Fernández; José Carlos Minarro; Rocío Carpintero-Lluch; Ester María Estévez-Torres; Pedro Carpintero-Benítez
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Introduction Obesity is an epidemic nowadays and this fact conditions results in orthopaedic surgery. Very few studies evaluates if obesity is a risk factor for reverse shoulder arthroplasty. The aim of this study is to confirm if there are differences with regard to the outcomes in patients undergoing reverse shoulder arthroplasty according to their body mass index (BMI). Materials and methods A total of 35 patients were enrolled in the study. Then divided into subpopulations according to their BMI and analyzed twice. First analysis set a division 30 of BMI and second set it in 35. ASES score, major complications, length of the hospital stay, radiolucent lines in components as well as scapular notching were assessed. Results No major complications were described in our patients. No differences were found related to hospital stay, radiolucent lines or scapular notching. However, in the second analysis (BMI < 35 and ≥ 35) statistical differences were found regarding ASES score. Poorer functional outcomes were described in the type-II obese and morbidly obese population. Conclusion Functional outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty are worse in patients with a BMI over 35.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2816-6
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The neurological outcome of radiotherapy versus surgery in patients with
           metastatic spinal cord compression presenting with myelopathy
    • Authors: Keiichiro Iida; Yoshihiro Matsumoto; Nokitaka Setsu; Katsumi Harimaya; Kenichi Kawaguchi; Mitsumasa Hayashida; Seiji Okada; Yasuharu Nakashima
      Pages: 7 - 12
      Abstract: Purpose While radiotherapy is generally an acceptable treatment for metastatic spinal cord compression, surgical intervention is controversial due to the invasiveness and diversity of diseases in the patients being considered. The ideal treatment, therefore, depends on the situation, and the most acute treatment possible is necessary in patients presenting with myelopathy. We compared the neurological outcomes between radiotherapy and surgery in patients with metastatic spinal cord compression presenting with myelopathy. Methods A total 54 patients with metastatic spinal cord compression presenting with myelopathy treated in our institution between 2006 and 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Twenty patients were selected by radiotherapy alone (radiation group), and 36 patients were selected by decompression and stabilization surgery with or without radiotherapy (surgery group). The neurological outcomes and complications were compared between the two treatment groups. Results Seven patients initially in the radiation group underwent surgery because of a substantial decline in their motor strength during radiotherapy. One of the remaining 13 patients (8%) in the radiation group and 30 of the 34 patients (88%) in the surgery group showed improvement in their neurological symptoms (P < 0.01). One patient (8%) in the radiation group and 21 patients (62%) in the surgery group were ambulatory after treatment (P < 0.01). There were no major complications related to radiotherapy, but surgery-related complications occurred in 9 of 34 (26%) patients, and 6 (18%) patients needed reoperation. Conclusions Surgical decompression and stabilization may be required to improve the neurological function in patients with metastatic spinal cord compression presenting with myelopathy. However, the high rate of complications associated with surgery should be taken into consideration.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2817-5
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Local effect of zoledronic acid on new bone formation in posterolateral
           spinal fusion with demineralized bone matrix in a murine model
    • Authors: Pawel Zwolak; Jan Farei-Campagna; Thorsten Jentzsch; Brigitte von Rechenberg; Clément M. Werner
      Pages: 13 - 18
      Abstract: Background Posterolateral spinal fusion is a common orthopaedic surgery performed to treat degenerative and traumatic deformities of the spinal column. In posteriolateral spinal fusion, different osteoinductive demineralized bone matrix products have been previously investigated. We evaluated the effect of locally applied zoledronic acid in combination with commercially available demineralized bone matrix putty on new bone formation in posterolateral spinal fusion in a murine in vivo model. Methods A posterolateral sacral spine fusion in murine model was used to evaluate the new bone formation. We used the sacral spine fusion model to model the clinical situation in which a bone graft or demineralized bone matrix is applied after dorsal instrumentation of the spine. In our study, group 1 received decortications only (n = 10), group 2 received decortication, and absorbable collagen sponge carrier, group 3 received decortication and absorbable collagen sponge carrier with zoledronic acid in dose 10 µg, group 4 received demineralized bone matrix putty (DBM putty) plus decortication (n = 10), and group 5 received DBM putty, decortication and locally applied zoledronic acid in dose 10 µg. Imaging was performed using MicroCT for new bone formation assessment. Also, murine spines were harvested for histopathological analysis 10 weeks after surgery. Results The surgery performed through midline posterior approach was reproducible. In group with decortication alone there was no new bone formation. Application of demineralized bone matrix putty alone produced new bone formation which bridged the S1–S4 laminae. Local application of zoledronic acid to demineralized bone matrix putty resulted in significant increase of new bone formation as compared to demineralized bone matrix putty group alone. Conclusions A single local application of zoledronic acid with DBM putty during posterolateral fusion in sacral murine spine model increased significantly new bone formation in situ in our model. Therefore, our results justify further investigations to potentially use local application of zoledronic acid in future clinical studies.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2818-4
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Exchange nailing with enhanced distal fixation is effective for the
           treatment of infraisthmal femoral nonunions
    • Authors: Joon-Woo Kim; Yong-Cheol Yoon; Chang-Wug Oh; Seung-Beom Han; Jae-Ang Sim; Jong-Keon Oh
      Pages: 27 - 34
      Abstract: Introduction The treatment options for nonunions of infraisthmal femoral shaft fractures after internal fixation are controversial. Methods such as exchanging an existing nail with a nail of a larger size, dynamization, removal of the nail followed by plating, and bone grafting have all been reported. Among those options, exchange nailing seems to be the most popular choice. In this study, a Poller screw, or an additional interlocking screw, was used in conjunction with exchange intramedullary nailing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of treating femoral shaft nonunions using insertion of a Poller screw or an additional interlocking screw in conjunction with intramedullary nail fixation. Materials and methods This study included 18 patients who presented with nonunion of femur shaft fractures after internal fixation at the infraisthmal level. These patients included 13 men and 5 women, with a mean age of 46.8 years (range 15–78 years). The mean postsurgical period of nonunion was 7.8 months (range 6–12 months). The patients were classified into two groups: the atrophic nonunion group and the hypertrophic nonunion group. In all patients, nailing was enhanced with a Poller screw or additional interlocking screws. All patients were followed up with plain film examinations and were assessed for their functional recovery status to determine the osseous union conditions. Results All 18 patients achieved postoperative bony union after a mean time of 7.5 months (range 3–12 months), and all patients were able to walk with full weight-bearing and without pain within 3 months. There were no significant complications, such as broken hardware, implant back-outs, axial or rotational malalignments, or deep infections. Conclusion Poller screws and additional interlocking screws, along with intramedullary nailing exchange, may be an effective and reliable alternative for treating infraisthmal femoral shaft nonunions.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2802-z
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Which factors are independent predictors of early recovery of mobility in
           the older adults’ population after hip fracture' A cohort prognostic
           study
    • Authors: Mattia Morri; Cristiana Forni; Maura Marchioni; Elena Bonetti; Francesca Marseglia; Andrea Cotti
      Pages: 35 - 41
      Abstract: Introduction The aim of the present study was to identify all factors that might influence the short-term recovery of mobility in older adults’ patients after hip surgery. Methods A prospective cohort prognostic study was carried out. The study enrolled all consecutive patients aged 65 years or over admitted for hip fracture due to fragility. Patients were monitored from their admission into the emergency department of the hospital, until their discharge. The level of mobility was measured by the ILOA scale, administered during the 6th day of hospitalisation. The identified variables were divided into baseline patient variables, linked to the patient’s characteristics, and, healthcare/hospital variables, linked to the program of care within post-surgery hospitalisation. Results The total number of patients enrolled and examined at discharge was 484. Six days after surgery, the level of mobility achieved by patients, as measured by ILOA Scale, was 42.4 (± 6.0). Increased age (B = 0.111; p = 0,042), pressure sore mattress with a motor used (B = 3.817; p < 0.0005), delay in achieving an upright position (B = 0.509; p < 0.0005), no recovery of walking (b = 2.339; p < 0.0005), prolonged use of diapers (B = 0.004; p < 0.0005) or catheter (B = 0.089; p < 0.0005), indication for no weight bearing (B = 2.023; p = 0.031), and temperature for fewer days (B = 0.040; p = 0.023) are factors able to affect negatively recovery of mobility in the initial post-operative period in patients surgically treated for hip fracture. Conclusion Therapy and physiotherapy choices after surgery for hip fracture are significantly associated with early recovery of mobility of older adults’ patients, regardless of their baseline conditions. Early removal of supporting devices promoting prolonged bed immobility, such as air mattress, catheter, and incontinence pad, together with achieving an early upright position, are elements to take into account when planning future trials to understand its efficacy in enabling better recovery of mobility.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2803-y
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Safe zones and a technical guide for cerclage wiring of the femur: a
           computed topographic angiogram (CTA) study
    • Authors: Theerachai Apivatthakakul; P. Siripipattanamongkol; Chang-Wug Oh; K. Sananpanich; C. Phornphutkul
      Pages: 43 - 50
      Abstract: Introduction Cerclage wiring for reduction of complex femoral shaft fractures can create iatrogenic vascular injury. Objective To describe the anatomical relation of blood vessels to the femur and develop a technical guide for safe passage of cerclage wire. Materials and methods CT lower-limb angiographs (CTA) of 80 patients were reviewed and analysed to identify the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and the deep femoral artery (DFA) as well as the relation of those arteries to the femoral cortex. The total length of the femur was measured and divided into eight equal segments (seven levels). At each level, the medial half of the femur was divided into eight sectors labelled A through H and the position of the SFA and DFA was recorded. The shortest distance between the femoral cortex and the SFA and DFA at each level was measured. The data was analysed using STATA version 10.0. Results The average total femoral length from the tip of greater trochanter to lateral joint line was 402.98 ± 26.16 cm. The average distances from the SFA to the femur (d1) for levels 1 through 7 were 37.20 ± 5.0, 32.09 ± 4.74, 27.13 ± 4.19, 27.71 ± 5.46, 23.71 ± 4.40, 13.63 ± 3.59 and 10.08 ± 3.09 mm, respectively. The average distances between the DFA and the femur (d2) for levels 1 through 3 were 26.70 ± 4.13, 14.76 ± 3.27 and 9.58 ± 3.79 mm, respectively. The position of the SFA is located in sectors B through E at levels 1–3 and in sectors E through H at levels 4–7 and the position of the DFA located in sectors B through F at levels 1–3. Conclusion Cerclage wiring should be started from the posterior intermuscular septum at the linea aspera. The safe area is the proximal half (midshaft) of the femur where the SFA and DFA lie at a safe distance from the femur. Between the midshaft and the distal 1/4, insertion of the passer must be done meticulously with the tip kept close to posteromedial cortex. Below the distal 1/4, the tip of the passer should be kept close to the posterior cortex to avoid injury to the SFA and the sciatic nerve.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2804-x
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Does tranexamic acid increase the risk of thromboembolism after bilateral
           simultaneous total knee arthroplasties in Asian Population'
    • Authors: Young-Hoo Kim; Jang-Won Park; Jun-Shik Kim; Dong-Hyuk Seo
      Pages: 83 - 89
      Abstract: Purpose To ascertain whether tranexamic acid reduces the blood loss and transfusion rate and volumes; increase the prevalence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT); and investigate factors associated with DVT in patients undergoing primary bilateral total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) without use of chemical thromboprophylaxis. Methods There were 874 patients (1748 knees) in the control group who did not receive tranexamic acid and 871 patients (1742 knees) in the study group who received tranexamic acid. Mechanical compression device was applied without any chemical thromboprophylaxis. Transfusion rates and volumes were recorded. DVT was diagnosed using both sonogram and venogram at 7 or 8 day post-operatively. Results Intra- and post-operative blood loss and transfusion volumes were significantly lower in the tranexamic acid group. The prevalence of DVT was 14% (245 of 1748 knees) in the control group and 18% (314 of 1742 knees) in the tranexamic acid group. Pre- and post-operative perfusion lung scans revealed no evidence of PE in any patients in either group. Coagulation or thrombophilic data or molecular genetic testing was not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion The use of tranexamic acid reduces the volume of blood transfusion and does not increase the prevalence of DVT or PE in the patients who did not receive routine chemical thromboprophylaxis after primary bilateral simultaneous sequential TKAs in Asian patients.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2791-y
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Does alignment of the limb and tibial width determine relative narrowing
           between compartments when planning mechanically aligned TKA'
    • Authors: Avreeta K. Singh; Alexander J. Nedopil; Stephen M. Howell; Maury L. Hull
      Pages: 91 - 97
      Abstract: Introduction We determined (1) the range of the hip–knee–ankle (HKA) angle in the native or pre-arthritic limbs of patients with a contralateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA); and when mechanical alignment is planned (2) the relationships between the HKA angle and the tibial width, and the relative narrowing between the medial and lateral compartments and (3) the effect of tibial width on the range of narrowing. Methods The HKA angle, distal lateral femoral angle (DLFA), and proximal medial tibial angle (PMTA) were measured on the native limb of 102 subjects (53 female) treated with contralateral TKA. The sine of the angle of the resection gap (PMTA minus 90° subtracted from the DLFA minus 90°) multiplied by the tibial width and by narrow (59 mm), average (75 mm), and wide (91 mm) tibias computed relative narrowing. Results The HKA angle ranged from 8° varus to − 7° valgus; 20% had constitutional varus (≥ 3°) and 11% constitutional valgus (≤ − 3°). The HKA angle strongly predicted (r 2 = 0.87) and tibial width weakly predicted (r 2 = 0.06) relative narrowing. For narrow, average, and wide tibias, the maximum medial narrowing was 9, 11, 14 mm and maximum lateral narrowing was 7, 9, and 11 mm, respectively (p < 0.0001). Conclusion When mechanical alignment is planned, there is greater relative narrowing between compartments when the pre-arthritic limb greatly deviates from a 0° HKA angle and the tibia is wide. These limbs may need soft-tissue releases until neutral postoperative limb alignment of 0° and negligible varus–valgus laxity are achieved. Level of evidence IV, therapeutic study.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2824-6
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Maximum lifetime body mass index is the appropriate predictor of knee and
           hip osteoarthritis
    • Authors: Sabine Patricia Singer; Dietmar Dammerer; Martin Krismer; Michael C. Liebensteiner
      Pages: 99 - 103
      Abstract: Introduction In light of inconsistencies in the literature, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between obesity (current and historic) and osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip. Materials and methods We examined 99 people (knee OA, hip OA and controls), age > 50 years, in a case–control study. The current weight, height and waist circumference were measured on site, and detailed weight changes over their lifetime were based on questionnaires and standardized interviews. We used binomial logistic regression to determine the predictive value for an osteoarthritis group membership of each derived indicator. Results An increase in ‘maximum-BMI’ increased the odds ratio for both knee OA (OR 1.2; CI 1.1–1.4; p = 0.005; R 2 = 0.36) and hip OA (OR 1.2; CI 1.0–1.3; p = 0.027; R 2 = 0.16). Current BMI was significantly associated with knee OA but not with hip OA. A high “minimum-BMI” (over the age of 18 years) had the highest odds ratio of all calculated indicators for both osteoarthritis groups. Conclusions Based on our findings, it is concluded that the maximum BMI over one’s lifespan is a better predictor of OA of the hip or the knee than the current BMI. The knee joint seems to be more sensitive to obesity as current BMI was associated only with knee OA but not with hip OA.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2825-5
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effects of tibial baseplate shape on rotational alignment in total knee
           arthroplasty: three-dimensional surgical simulation using osteoarthritis
           knees
    • Authors: Yuan Ma; Hideki Mizu-uchi; Ken Okazaki; Tetsuro Ushio; Koji Murakami; Satoshi Hamai; Yukio Akasaki; Yasuharu Nakashima
      Pages: 105 - 114
      Abstract: Introduction Placement of tibial component is expected to fulfill both maximum surface coverage and recommended anterior–posterior (AP) alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of the tibial baseplate shape on AP axis. Materials and methods Virtual surgery of TKA was performed with three-dimensional bone models reconstructed from 77 osteoarthritis varus knees. Two differently designed tibial baseplates, symmetrically and anatomically, were set to the cut surface under posterior slopes of 0°, 3°, and 7°. The AP axes were defined by connecting the geometrical center of the cut surface with the medial edge (axis MED) and medial 1/3 (axis 1/3MED) of patella tendon attachment. We evaluated the overhang rates as well as the most fitting AP axis which passes through the geometric center. Results Overhang rates when aligned to axis MED were 12–25% for the symmetrical-type group and 13–22% for the anatomical-type group. Overhang rates when aligned to axis 1/3MED were 42–48% for the symmetrical-type group and 3–7% for the anatomical-type group. The most fitting AP axis of tibial baseplate was located 2.5° external to axis MED for the symmetrical-type group and around 3.3° internal to axis 1/3MED for the anatomical-type group. Conclusions Symmetrically or anatomically designed tibial baseplates have their own favored AP axis and specific performance on coverage. When aligned to axis 1/3MED, anatomically designed tibial baseplates will effectively lower the mismatch rates compared to a symmetrically designed tibial baseplate. Orthopaedic surgeons are expected to place the tibial components to the cut surface during TKA with full understanding of the features between different baseplate designs, AP axes, and posterior slopes for an ideal tibial rotational position.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2828-2
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Anchoring and resulting primary stability of a kinked compared to a
           straight uncemented femoral stem
    • Authors: Markus Heinecke; Fabian Rathje; Frank Layher; Georg Matziolis
      Pages: 115 - 121
      Abstract: Introduction The number of revision hip arthroplasties being performed is growing and implantation of a cementless stem has become established as the gold standard. For producing a primary stability, the press-fit procedure is the method of choice, but also can be achieved by multiple-point impactions. Specific femoral stems should follow the anatomical shape and provide a more extensive anchorage. The objective of this study was to evaluate the type, localization of the impaction and resulting primary stability of two different femoral revision stem designs (kinked vs. straight) after implantation via an endofemoral approach in the case of more extensive defects of the proximal femur. Materials and methods Cementless stems of two different designs were implanted in synthetic femurs. The specimens were analyzed by CT and tested considering axial/torsional stiffness and migration resistance in a servohydraulic testing machine. Results The present data do not show any significant differences between the two endofemorally implanted conical stems in contact area or in biomechanics with regard to migration and axial or torsional stiffness, despite having different designs. Conclusions The location, type and length of the stem anchorage are not only influenced by the kinked or straight design, but in particular also by the surgical approach. Also in the case of an extensive proximal bone defect, in the endofemoral approach, both a conical and a three-point anchorage occur. Here, the length of the conical anchorage determines the primary stability and should be at least 55 mm.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2833-5
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The impact of canal flare index on leg length discrepancy after total hip
           arthroplasty
    • Authors: Peter Brumat; Borut Pompe; Vane Antolič; Blaž Mavčič
      Pages: 123 - 129
      Abstract: Introduction The femoral stem should protrude from femur by an appropriate vertical distance to allow leg length equalization at hip arthroplasty; this distance depends on the size/shape of medullary canal and implant. The relationship between femoral morphology and achievability of leg length restoration is currently unclear. Our aim was to examine the impact of the femoral canal flare index (CFI) on the risk of leg length discrepancy (LLD) after total hip arthroplasty with different femoral stems. Materials and methods The study cohort included 126 patients with unilateral primary total hip arthroplasty due to idiopathic osteoarthritis and three different types of implanted femoral stems. The impact of CFI on postoperative LLD was assessed with separate logistic regression model for each implant and covariables of age, gender, body mass index and femoral neck resection level. Results Higher CFI was an independent risk factor for postoperative LLD ≥ 5 mm with odds ratio 4.5 (p = 0.03) in 49 stems with cementless metaphyseal fixation Implantcast-EcoFit®, regardless of the femoral neck resection level. CFI had no significant impact on LLD in 30 stems with cementless diaphyseal fixation EndoPlus-Zweymüller® or 47 cemented collared stems Link-SPII®. No significant difference was observed between groups in pre/postoperative WOMAC scores, postoperative radiographic LLD, subjectively reported LLD, insole use or complications after mean 6.8 years of follow-up. Conclusions Higher CFI increases the risk of clinically detectable postoperative LLD in single-wedge femoral stems with cementless metaphyseal fixation. CFI has no significant impact on LLD in femoral stems with cementless diaphyseal fixation or cemented fixation.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2840-6
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Arthroscopic one-tunnel transosseous foveal repair for triangular
           fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) peripheral tear
    • Authors: Ji Hun Park; Dongmin Kim; Jong Woong Park
      Pages: 131 - 138
      Abstract: Purpose Arthroscopic repair of a peripheral triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tear is a promising, minimally invasive surgical technique, especially in patients with symptomatic distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical result of arthroscopic one-tunnel transosseous foveal repair for peripheral TFCC tears. Methods Sixteen patients who underwent TFCC foveal repair were retrospectively evaluated. The mean follow-up period was 31.1 months. The torn TFCC of all patients was repaired with the arthroscopic one-tunnel transosseous foveal repair technique. Postoperative outcomes were evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, wrist range of motion, grip strength, Mayo wrist score, Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (Quick DASH) score, and postoperative complications. Results On arthroscopic examination, all 16 patients showed Palmer 1B type peripheral TFCC tears with foveal disruption. Among them, 13 patients had a proximal component TFCC tear (Atzei class 3) and 3 patients had a complete TFCC tear (Atzei class 2). At the final follow-up, the mean range of the pronation–supination arc (P = 0.03) and grip strength (P = 0.001) was significantly increased. Twelve patients had normal stability of the DRUJ and six patients showed mild laxity compared with the contralateral side. The mean VAS for pain perception decreased from 3.7 to 0.8 (P = 0.001). The modified Mayo wrist (P = 0.001) and Quick DASH (P = 0.001) scores showed significant functional improvement. No surgery-related complications occurred. Conclusions The present study shows that arthroscopic one-tunnel transosseous repair is a good treatment strategy for TFCC foveal tears in terms of reliable pain relief, functional improvement, and re-establishment of DRUJ stability.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2835-3
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The impact of different peripheral suture techniques on the biomechanical
           stability in flexor tendon repair
    • Authors: B. Wieskötter; M. Herbort; M. Langer; M. J. Raschke; D. Wähnert
      Pages: 139 - 145
      Abstract: Purpose Flexor tendon repair consists of circumferential peripheral sutures in combination with core sutures to avoid fraying and reduces the exposure of suture material on tendon surface. The peripheral suture adds up to a tenfold increase of the biomechanical stability compared to the core suture alone. The purpose of our study was to determine the most favourable peripheral repair technique for tendon repair. Methods Seventy-two porcine flexor tendons underwent standardized tenotomy and repair using one of the following six methods (n = 12): simple-running (SR), simple-locking (SL), Halsted-mattress (HM), lin-locking (LL), Lembert-mattress (LM), and Silfverskiöld cross-stich (SCS) suture technique. The SL- suture was placed 2 mm; the HM, LM, SC, and LL suture were placed 5 mm from the tendon gap. The SR suture was placed 1, 2, and 3 mm from tendon ends; no additional core suture was applied. For cyclic testing (1000 cycles), elongation was calculated; for load to failure construct stiffness, yield load and maximum load were determined. Results The mean cyclic elongation for all tested suture techniques was less than 2 mm; there was no significant difference between the groups regarding elongation as well as yield load. The HM, LM, SCS, and LL suture techniques presented significantly higher maximum loads compared to the SR- and SL-sutures. The 3 mm SR showed significantly higher maximum loads compared to the 2 and 1 mm SR. Conclusions Beside the distance from tendon gap, the type of linkage of the suture material across and beneath the epitendineum is important for biomechanical stability. Simple-running suture is easy to use, even with a slight increase of the distance from tendon gap significantly increases biomechanical strength. For future repairs of flexor tendon injuries, 3 mm stitch length is highly recommended for simple peripheral suture, while the Halsted-mattress suture unites the most important qualities: biomechanically strong, most part of suture material placed epitendinous, and not too complicated to perform.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2836-2
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Correction to: Insertion of the Ascension PyroCarbon PIP total joint in
           
    • Authors: Bernd Hohendorff; W. Zhang; K. J. Burkhart; L. P. Müller; C. Ries
      Pages: 147 - 147
      Abstract: In the experimental study the distal component of the Ascension PyroCarbon proximal interphalangeal total joint prosthesis was implanted 180° rotated. Figures 2–5 show the implant malpositions. The methods, results, and conclusion of the study were not affected by this.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2800-1
      Issue No: Vol. 138, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Asymptomatic population reference values for three knee patient-reported
           outcomes measures: evaluation of an electronic data collection system and
           implications for future international, multi-centre cohort studies
    • Authors: James M. McLean; Oscar Brumby-Rendell; Ryan Lisle; Jacob Brazier; Kieran Dunn; Tiffany Gill; Catherine L. Hill; Daniel Mandziak; Jordan Leith
      Abstract: Objectives The aim was to assess whether the Knee Society Score, Oxford Knee Score (OKS) and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) were comparable in asymptomatic, healthy, individuals of different age, gender and ethnicity, across two remote continents. The purpose of this study was to establish normal population values for these scores using an electronic data collection system. Hypothesis There is no difference in clinical knee scores in an asymptomatic population when comparing age, gender and ethnicity, across two remote continents. Methods 312 Australian and 314 Canadian citizens, aged 18–94 years, with no active knee pain, injury or pathology in the ipsilateral knee corresponding to their dominant arm, were evaluated. A knee examination was performed and participants completed an electronically administered questionnaire covering the subjective components of the knee scores. The cohorts were age- and gender-matched. Chi-square tests, Fisher’s exact test and Poisson regression models were used where appropriate, to investigate the association between knee scores, age, gender, ethnicity and nationality. Results There was a significant inverse relationship between age and all assessment tools. OKS recorded a significant difference between gender with females scoring on average 1% lower score. There was no significant difference between international cohorts when comparing all assessment tools. Conclusions An electronic, multi-centre data collection system can be effectively utilized to assess remote international cohorts. Differences in gender, age, ethnicity and nationality should be taken into consideration when using knee scores to compare to pathological patient scores. This study has established an electronic, normal control group for future studies using the Knee society, Oxford, and KOOS knee scores. Level of evidence Diagnostic Level II.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2874-4
       
  • Intraoperative three-dimensional imaging in the treatment of distal radius
           fractures
    • Authors: Marc Schnetzke; Julia Fuchs; Sven Y. Vetter; Benedict Swartman; Holger Keil; Paul-Alfred Grützner; Jochen Franke
      Abstract: Introduction In operative treatment of distal radius fractures satisfying outcome mainly relies on anatomical fracture reduction and correct implant placement. Examination with two-dimensional fluoroscopy may not provide reliable information about this. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of additional intraoperative three-dimensional imaging in the operative treatment of comminuted distal radius fractures. Materials and methods From August 2001 to June 2015, patients with a distal radius fracture who were treated operatively and received intraoperative three-dimensional scan were included. The findings of the three-dimensional scan were documented by the operative surgeon and analyzed retrospectively with regard to incidence and the need for intraoperative revisions. Clinical evaluation included the patient’s medical history, the injury pattern of the affected wrist (according to the OTA/AO fracture classification) and concomitant injuries. Intraoperative and postoperative complications and revision surgeries were evaluated as well. Results Of 4515 operatively treated distal radius fractures, 307 (6.8%) received additional intraoperative three-dimensional imaging during surgery. 263 of 307 patients (85.7%) had a distal radius fracture type C. Intraoperative three-dimensional imaging revealed findings in 125 patients (40.7%) that were not detected on conventional two-dimensional fluoroscopy. In 54 patients (17.6%) these findings led to an immediate revision. Most commonly, revision was done in the case of remaining steps in the articular surface ≥ 1 mm (n = 25, 8.1%) followed by intra-articular screw placement (n = 23, 7.5%). Conclusions Intraoperative three-dimensional imaging can provide additional information compared to conventional two-dimensional fluoroscopy in the operative treatment of distal radius fractures with the possibility of immediate intraoperative revision.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2867-3
       
  • Is there a relationship between the load distribution on the tibial
           plateau and hip knee ankle angle after TKA'
    • Authors: Takao Kaneko; Norihiko Kono; Yuta Mochizuki; Hiroyasu Ikegami; Yoshiro Musha
      Abstract: Introduction This study asked whether differences in coronal alignment after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) affect the load distribution on the tibial plateau. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between coronal alignment and the load distribution on the tibial plateau after TKA, using three-dimensional multi-detector-row-computed tomography (3D-MDCT). Materials and methods In this study, we performed 84 cementless TKA with porous tantalum modular tibial component (PTMT) and divided into three groups based on post-operative hip–knee–ankle (HKA) angle: varus alignment group (n = 22), (176° ≧) neutral alignment group (n = 45), (180° ± 3°), and valgus alignment group (n = 17) (184° ≦).The changes in bone quality parameters of trabecular patterns under peg of PTMT were interpreted as load distribution due to changes in alignment. The relationship between HKA angle and load distribution on the tibial plateau was analyzed every 6 months for 4.5 years by measuring Bone marrow contents/tissue volumes (mg/cm3) and bone volumes/tissue volumes (%) under peg of porous tantalum modular tibial component by visualizing three dimensionally with 3D-osteo-morphometry software. Results There were no correlations between HKA angle and the load distribution on the tibial plateau after TKA at all periods. There was a significantly higher increase in the medial region than the lateral about the BMC/TV and BV/TV values, regardless of the post-operative alignment after TKA for all periods. The relative BMC/TV and BV/TV changes at medial region in varus alignment group were significantly lower than the neutral and the valgus alignment groups of pre-operative medial osteoarthritis of the knee. Conclusions As far, it can be concluded by the study and the methods used therein that there were no relationships between the load distribution on the tibial plateau and HKA angle after TKA. Level of evidence Therapeutic study, Level III.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2872-6
       
  • Total knee arthroplasty with unexplained pain: new insights from
           kinematics
    • Authors: Célia Planckaert; Gabriel Larose; Pierre Ranger; Marc Lacelle; Alexandre Fuentes; Nicola Hagemeister
      Abstract: Introduction Up to 20% of total knee arthroplasty patients remain unsatisfied post-surgery, and a large proportion of them report anterior knee pain. This study aims to verify whether patients who experience anterior knee pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) will exhibit kinematic characteristics similar to those associated with patellofemoral syndrome, including in the frontal and transverse planes. Materials and methods Using four different assessment methods [radiological, patient-reported outcome, musculoskeletal assessment with functional performance testing, and a 3D kinematic assessment during gait], the clinical and 3D knee kinematic profiles of three groups were compared: a painful and an asymptomatic TKA group and a healthy control group. All three groups underwent a three-dimensional kinematic knee assessment while walking on a treadmill. Prosthetic component rotation was assessed through a CT scan measurement performed by one experienced radiologist. Flexion/extension, ab/adduction, and tibial internal rotation curves were compared, and significant differences were highlighted through ANCOVA analysis performed on SPSS. Results A total of 62 knees were evaluated, 24 asymptomatic, 21 painful, and 17 control. A dynamic flexion contracture during gait was observed in the painful group, which was associated with a lack of flexibility of the thigh muscles. Moreover, painful TKA cases exhibited a valgus alignment (− 1.5°) during stance, which increases the Q angle and lateralizes the patella. Finally, CT scan evaluation of painful total knee arthroplasty patients revealed that their combined components rotation was in slight internal rotation (− 1.4°, SD 7.0°). Conclusions Painful TKA patients presented three well-known characteristics that tend to increase patellofemoral forces and that could be the cause of the unexplained pain: a stiff knee gait, a valgus alignment when walking, and combined TKA components slightly internally rotated.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-018-2873-5
       
  • The open-modified Bankart procedure: long-term follow-up ‘a 16–26-year
           follow-up study’
    • Authors: Thomas Berendes; Nina Mathijssen; Hennie Verburg; Gerald Kraan
      Abstract: Introduction A Bankart procedure is a surgical technique for the repair of recurrent shoulder joint dislocations. This study reports the long-term results of the ‘open’-modified Bankart procedure. Methods We performed a retrospective cohort study in which patients are studied who had open-modified Bankart surgery for instability problems in the absence of a substantial osseous glenoid defect after a traumatic shoulder dislocation, 16–26 years ago, in a large regional hospital. Instability was measured with the Rowe and Oxford shoulder instability score. Furthermore, we measured physical functioning with the Constant–Murley score and the Dutch simple shoulder test. Pain was measured with the NRS for pain. Osteoarthritis was scored according the Samilson–Prieto score. Quality of life was measured with the SF-12 score. The operated shoulder was compared to the non-operated contralateral shoulder regarding instability and osteoarthritis. Results 39 patients were included with an average follow-up of 21 years (range 16–26 years). The number of patients with redislocations of their shoulder after surgery was 4 (10%). 23% of the study group described moments of subluxation or positive apprehension. Radiological signs of osteoarthritis were present in 20 shoulders (51%), of which 75% had grade 1 arthropathy according to the Samilson Prieto score. The incidence of osteoarthritis of the operated shoulder was significantly greater compared to the non-operated shoulder. The mean Rowe score was 85 points (25–100) and the Constant score 92 points (70–100). Conclusion We conclude that the open-modified Bankart procedure is a reliable surgical procedure with good long-term results, 16–26 years after surgery. However, it does not prevent the development of shoulder osteoarthritis, since a high number of patients had (mainly mild) radiological osteoarthritis.
      PubDate: 2018-01-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2866-9
       
 
 
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