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Showing 1 - 200 of 2353 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
  [SJR: 1.039]   [H-I: 56]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1434-3916 - ISSN (Online) 0936-8051
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Radiological outcome of postoperative sagittal balance on standing
           radiographs in comparison to intraoperative radiographs in prone position
           when performing lumbar spinal fusion
    • Authors: Felix Greimel; Stefanie Wolkerstorfer; Jan-Frederik Spörrer; Florian Zeman; Patrick Hoffstetter; Joachim Grifka; Achim Benditz
      Pages: 1319 - 1325
      Abstract: Purpose Aim of this study is to show the outcome of postoperatively measured lumbar lordosis in upright position in comparison to the intraoperatively estimated lumbar lordosis in prone position, as the lumbar lordosis is one of the most important factors for the clinical outcome after spinal fusion. Materials and methods Eighty-two patients, receiving lumbar fusion were included in this retrospective study. Intraoperative radiographs were scanned. Then radiographs of the whole spine pre- and postoperatively, as well as 1 year after surgery were measured by a spine surgeon and a radiologist. The visible segment lordosis angles were measured and compared (L2–S1, L3–S1, L4–S1, L5–S1). In addition, the pelvic parameters pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt and sacral slope were measured pre- and postoperatively. Results The intraobserver reliability was almost perfect. The mean lordosis angle L4–S1 was 32.6° ± 7.8° intraoperatively and 29° ± 10.8° postoperatively. A linear correlation of these two measurements can be seen. In mean, the postoperative lordosis is 4° smaller than intraoperatively. This trend can also be seen in the level L3–S1. In levels L2–S1 and L5–S1 the postoperative values were slightly higher than intraoperatively, but without any significance. Also, 1 year after surgery there were no significant changes in global lumbar lordosis. Conclusion Measuring lordosis angles intraoperatively resulted in almost the same values as measurements in standing plane radiographs postoperatively, despite prone position. These findings could especially be shown for the level L4–S1. The intraobserver reliability was almost perfect for both, intra- and postoperative measurements. In conclusion, the intraoperative measurement of a lumbar lordosis angle can perfectly predict the postoperative result.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2755-2
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Current insights into the aetiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
    • Authors: Michal Latalski; A. Danielewicz-Bromberek; M. Fatyga; M. Latalska; M. Kröber; P. Zwolak
      Pages: 1327 - 1333
      Abstract: Abstract Scoliosis occurs in about 0.2–0.6% of the general population. In the majority of cases the cause of this entity remains mostly unidentified. The search for the causes covers almost all aspects of its possible origin. We collected and systematised the contemporary theories and concepts concerning the aetiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Genetic and hereditary factors are commonly accepted as possible causes; however, the identification of the single gene responsible for the development of this condition seems impossible, which suggests multifactorial mechanism of its formation. Dysfunctions of the nervous system are recognised risks related to the development of scoliosis, but they are classified as belonging to a separate aetiological category. Scoliosis develops at the quickest rate during the child’s growth spurt, which prompted the research on the role of the growth hormone in scoliosis aetiology. Melatonin is another hormone that is studied as a possible factor involved in development of this entity. In cases of progressive scoliosis, increased activity of calmodulin—a protein that regulates the levels of calcium ions—has been observed. The scientists have characterised numerous qualitative and quantitative changes in the composition of the tissue of intervertebral discs, spinal ligaments and paraspinal muscles. Some of the theories, explaining the nature of this entity, presented in this review seem to have only a purely theoretical value; their proliferation only confirms the fact that the actual nature of this condition has not been unveiled yet, and suggests its multifactorial aetiology.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2756-1
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Racial disparities in outcomes of operatively treated lower extremity
    • Authors: Adam Driesman; Nina Fisher; Sanjit R. Konda; Christian A. Pean; Philipp Leucht; Kenneth A. Egol
      Pages: 1335 - 1340
      Abstract: Purpose Whether racial differences are associated with function in the long term following surgical repair of lower extremity fractures has not been investigated. The purpose of this study is to compare how race affects function at 3, 6 and 12 months post-surgery following certain lower extremity fractures. Methods Four hundred and eighteen patients treated operatively for a lower extremity fracture (199 tibial plateau, 39 tibial shaft, and 180 rotational ankle fractures) were prospectively followed for 1 year. Race was stratified into four groups: Caucasian, African-American, Hispanic origin, and other. Long-term outcomes were evaluated using the short musculoskeletal function assessment (SMFA) and pain scores were assessed at 3, 6 months and 1 year. Results There were 223 (53.3%) Caucasians, 72 (17.2%) African-Americans, 53 (12.4%) Hispanics, and 71 (17.0%) patients from other ethnic groups, included in our study population. Minority patients (African-American, Hispanics, etc.) were more likely to be involved in high velocity mechanisms of injury and tended to have a greater percentage of open fractures. Although there were no differences in the rate of wound complications or reoperations, long-term functional outcomes were worse in minority patients as assessed by pain scores at 6 months and functional outcome scores at 3, 6 and 12 months. Multivariate analysis revealed that only African-American and Hispanic race continued to be independent predictors of worse functional outcomes at 12 months. Conclusions Racial minorities and those on medicaid had poorer long-term function following fractures of the lower extremity. While minority patients were involved in more high velocity accidents, this was not an independent predictor of worse outcomes. These disparities may result from multifactorial socioeconomic factors, including socioeconomic status and education levels that were not controlled in our study. Level of evidence Prognostic Level III.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2766-z
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Response concerning ‘Letter to editor’ by Ni et al. (2017), Arch
           Orthop Trauma Surg. DOI 10.1007/s00402-017-2710-2
    • Authors: Kadir Gok; Sermet Inal; Arif Gok; Eyyup Gulbandilar
      Pages: 1341 - 1341
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2768-x
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Postoperative pain and patient satisfaction are not influenced by daytime
           and duration of knee and hip arthroplasty: a prospective cohort study
    • Authors: A. Benditz; G. Maderbacher; Florian Zeman; Joachim Grifka; Markus Weber; Frederik von Kunow; Felix Greimel; Armin Keshmiri
      Pages: 1343 - 1348
      Abstract: Purpose The number of total hip and knee arthroplasties (THA and TKA) is steadily increasing. Many factors that influence pain have been reported, but little is known about the correlation between the time of day and the duration of surgery and postoperative pain. On one hand, surgical interventions are performed faster due to economic pressure; on the other hand, obtaining sound surgical skills and a thorough education are most important for young surgeons, particularly at university hospitals. Amidst these different interests, it is the patient who should be the focus of all medical efforts. Therefore, our study investigated the effects of the time of day and the duration of total knee and hip arthroplasty on postoperative pain perception and patient satisfaction. Methods 623 patients were analyzed 24 h after primary total knee or hip arthroplasty regarding pain, patient satisfaction, and side effects by means of the questionnaires of the German-wide project Quality Improvement in Postoperative Pain Management (QUIPS). Results The time of day and the duration of knee or hip arthroplasty were not correlated with maximum, minimum, and activity-related pain and patient satisfaction rated on a numeric rating scale (NRS). Conclusions This study is the first to show that neither the time of day nor the duration of surgery has any influence on patient satisfaction and postoperative pain 24 h after total knee or hip arthroplasty; regarding these aspects, young orthopaedic surgeons may be trained in the operating theatre without time pressure.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2769-9
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Biomechanical study of novel unilateral C1 posterior arch screws and C2
           laminar screws combined with an ipsilateral crossed C1–C2 pedicle
           screw–rod fixation for atlantoaxial instability
    • Authors: Kai Shen; Zhongliang Deng; Junsong Yang; Chao Liu; Ranxi Zhang
      Pages: 1349 - 1355
      Abstract: Introduction Current surgical methods to treat atlantoaxial instability pose potential risks to the surrounding blood vessels and nerves of operative approach. Therefore, more secure and highly effective methods are expected. This study sought to assess the biomechanical efficacy of a novel unilateral double screw–rod fixation system by comparing with traditional and emerging fixation methods in cadaveric models. Materials and methods Ligamentous cervical spines (C0–C7) from ten fresh cadaveric specimens were used to complete range of motion (ROM) test in their intact condition (control group), destabilization, and stabilization after different fixations, including unilateral C1–C2 pedicle screws (PS) with a screw–rod system (Group A), bilateral C1–C2 PS with screw–rod systems (Group B), unilateral C1 posterior arch screws (PAS) and C2 laminar screws (LS) combined with an ipsilateral paralleled C1–C2 PS–rod (Group C), and unilateral C1 PAS and C2 LS combined with an ipsilateral crossed C1–C2 PS–rod (Group D). After that, pullout strength test was performed between PS and PAS using ten isolated atlas vertebras. Results All fixation groups reduced flexibility in all directions compared with both control group and destabilization group. Furthermore, comparisons among different fixation groups showed that bilateral C1–C2 PS–rod (Group B), unilateral C1 PAS + C2 LS combined with an ipsilateral paralleled C1–C2 PS–rod (Group C) and unilateral C1 PAS + C2 LS combined with an ipsilateral crossed C1–C2 PS–rod (Group D) could provide a better stability, respectively, in all directions than unilateral C1–C2 PS–rod (Group A). However, no statistical significance was observed among Groups B, C, and D. Data from pullout strength test showed that both C1 PS (585 ± 53 N) and PAS (463 ± 49 N) could provide high fixed strength, although PS was better (P = 0.009). Conclusion The surgical technique of unilateral C1 PAS + C2 LS combined with a ipsilateral crossed C1–C2 PS–rod fixation could provide a better stability than the traditional unilateral PS–rod fixation and a same stability as bilateral PS–rod fixation, but with less risk of neurovascular injury. Therefore, this new technique may provide novel insight for an alternative of atlantoaxial instability treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2781-0
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Comparison of lateral and skyline fluoroscopic views for detection of
           prominent screws in distal radius fractures plating: results of an
           ultrasonographic study
    • Authors: Olivier Herisson; Caroline Delaroche; Sandrine Maillot-Roy; Alain Sautet; Levon Doursounian; Adeline Cambon-Binder
      Pages: 1357 - 1362
      Abstract: Introduction Extensor tendon rupture is a recognized complication of volar plate fixation of distal radius fractures due to screws protruding past the dorsal cortex. The aim of this study was to compare the Skyline view with traditional lateral fluoroscopic views using ultrasonography as a reference standard in the postoperative assessment. Materials and methods A monocentric prospective study was conducted to identify screws penetrating the dorsal cortex after volar plating of distal radius fractures. Patients and intervention Intraoperative anteroposterior (AP) and lateral views were used for group A (28 patients). AP, lateral and skyline fluoroscopic views were used for Group B (40 patients). Prominent screws were changed. Main outcome measurements: Ultrasound was done 6 months postoperatively to evaluate the number and length of prominent dorsal screws and any signs of extensor tenosynovitis. Results The number of prominent dorsal screws exceeding 1 mm was 14 in group A (14.9%), and 16 screws (11.8%) in group B (p = 0.487). Average length of prominent dorsal screw was 1.9 mm (range 1–2.1 mm) for group A and 2.4 mm (range 1.1–4.8 mm) for group B (p = 0.534). The number of patients with extensor tenosynovitis was 11 for group A and 12 for group B (p = 0.66). Conclusions The Skyline view does not provide sensitive and reliable detection of the dorsal screw penetration. Intraoperative ultrasound might be a better tool to detect screw prominence. Level of evidence III, case–control study.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2759-y
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Dynamic hip screw and fibular strut graft for fixation of fresh femoral
           neck fracture with posterior comminution
    • Authors: Adham Elgeidi; Abed El Negery; M. Serry Abdellatif; Nabil El Moghazy
      Pages: 1363 - 1369
      Abstract: Introduction Posterior comminution of the femoral neck fracture is a major cause of delayed and non-union owing to the loss of the buttressing effect against the posterior rotation. When a femoral neck fracture with posterior comminution is anatomically reduced, only the anterior portions of the femoral neck fracture surfaces are brought into contact leaving a posterior defect. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of fibular strut grafting and dynamic hip screw (DHS) for fresh femoral neck fractures with posterior comminution in young patient less than 50 years. Materials and methods Between October 2012 and March 2016, 35 patients aged 20–50 years, 30 men and 5 women underwent fixation using DHS and fibular strut grafts for Garden grades III (25 patients) and IV (10 patients) femoral neck fractures with posterior comminution. All fractures were reduced by closed methods, and no hip was aspirated. Clinical and radiological outcomes were evaluated. Results All patients were in the age group of 20–50 years (mean 37 years). The mean delay in presentation after injury was 1 day. The mean final follow-up for these 35 patients was 27.2 months. Healing of the femoral neck was attained in 34 cases, with an average time to union of 4.8 months (range 4–8 months). One patient underwent arthroplasty due to failure of fixation. According to the Harris hip score, outcome was good to excellent in 30 patients, fair in 4, and poor in 1. Conclusions In our study, only one patient developed non-union and no patients had avascular necrosis of the femoral head. Closed reduction, fibular strut grafts, and DHS fixation is a reliable procedure for femoral neck fractures with posterior comminution in young adults.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2758-z
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • The challenging surgical treatment of closed distal humerus fractures in
           elderly and octogenarian patients: radiographic and functional outcomes
           with a minimum follow-up of 24 months
    • Authors: Carlo Biz; Silvano Pierluigi Sperotto; Nicola Maschio; Matteo Borella; Claudio Iacobellis; Pietro Ruggieri
      Pages: 1371 - 1383
      Abstract: Introduction The main purpose of this retrospective, non-randomized, case series study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of distal humerus fractures (DHFs) in a consecutive series of elderly patients operatively treated by two surgeons, and second, to identify proper indications for two elderly age ranges and two fracture pattern groups. Materials and methods From January 2009 to June 2014, 51 patients (pts) underwent open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) using the locking compression plate (LCP) distal humerus plate (DHP) system at our institution. Medical records and radiographs were retrospectively assessed. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to gender, age (pts <85 years, pts ≥85 years) and AO classification (13-B1-B2-C1-C2 or 13-C3). All subjects completed MEPS, Quick-DASH and SF-36 PCS/MCS scores at final follow-up, and statistical analysis was performed. Results 36 patients (20 women, 16 men), mean age 80.3 years, with AO type 13-B and 13-C DHFs were included with a mean follow-up of 56 months (range 24–92). The most common mechanism of trauma was a fall from ground level (55.6%). The mean MEPS was 78.9 points, Quick-DASH 28.4, SF-36 PCS 48.3 and MCS 48.9. There was statistically significant evidence that having a 13-C3 fracture leads to worse results in MEPS, Quick-DASH and SF-36. The female gender correlates with worse results in SF-36. The patients ≥85 years had a worse prognosis according to Quick-DASH and SF-36, while the AO 13-C3 pattern obtained the worst ROM outcomes versus AO 13 B1-B2-C1-C2 (normal ROM 0°–140°): mean ROM 24°–114° vs 10°–130°, mean flexion deficit 26° vs 10°, mean extension deficit 24° vs 10°, respectively). Complications were presents in 36.1% of patients, overall belonging to the AO type 13-C fracture pattern and to the group ≥85 years. Conclusion These study data seem to confirm our hypothesis that plate fixation for DHFs guarantees adequate fracture osteosynthesis and satisfactory functional outcomes at medium to long-term follow-up, not only in elderly patients, but also in octogenarian osteoporotic patients (≥85 years) with 13-C1 and 13-C2 fracture patterns, while an alternative solution should be considered for type C3 fractures, even in a primary trauma setting.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2762-3
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • The female geriatric proximal humeral fracture: protagonist for straight
           antegrade nailing'
    • Authors: Richard A. Lindtner; Franz S. Kralinger; Sebastian Kapferer; Clemens Hengg; Markus Wambacher; Simon A. Euler
      Pages: 1385 - 1390
      Abstract: Introduction Straight antegrade humeral nailing (SAHN) has become a standard technique for the surgical fixation of proximal humeral fractures, which predominantly affect elderly females. The nail’s proximal anchoring point has been demonstrated to be critical to ensure reliable fixation in osteoporotic bone and to prevent iatrogenic damage to the superior rotator cuff bony insertion. Anatomical variations of the proximal humerus, however, may preclude satisfactory anchoring of the nail’s proximal end and may bare the risk of rotator cuff violation, even though the nail is inserted as recommended. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anatomical suitability of proximal humeri of geriatric females aged 75 years and older for SAHN. Specifically, we sought to assess the proportion of humeri not anatomically amenable to SAHN for proximal humeral fracture. Materials and Methods A total of 303 proximal humeri of 241 females aged 75 years and older (mean age 84.5 ± 5.0 years; range 75–102 years) were analyzed for this study. Multiplanar two-dimensional reformations (true ap, true lateral, and axial) were reconstructed from shoulder computed tomography (CT) data sets. The straight antegrade nail’s ideal entry point, “critical point” (CP), and critical distance (CD; distance between ideal entry point and CP) were determined. The rate of proximal humeri not anatomically suitable for SAHN (critical type) was assessed regarding proximal reaming diameters of currently available straight antegrade humeral nails. Results Overall, 35.6% (108/303) of all proximal humeri were found to be “critical types” (CD <8 mm) as to the recommended minimal proximal reaming diameter of 10 mm of straight antegrade nails currently in use. Moreover, 43.2% (131/303) of the humeri were considered “critical types” with regard to the alternatively used larger proximal reaming diameter of 11.5 mm. Mean CD was 9.0 ± 1.7 mm (range 3.5–13.5 mm) and did not correlate with age (r = −0.04, P = 0.54). No significant differences in CD and rate of “critical types” were found between left and right humeri as well as between females aged between 75 and 84 years (n = 151) and females aged 85 and older (n = 152). Conclusions More than a third of proximal humeri of geriatric females are “critical types” as to SAHN and may, therefore, be at risk for procedure-related complications, such as rotator cuff violation, fixation failure, and potential malreduction. In view of this finding, we recommend to routinely analyze multiplanar CT reformations of the uninjured contralateral side prior to surgery to improve selection of patients for SAHN and to minimize foreseeable complications. For “critical type” humeri, an alternative surgical procedure should be considered.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2767-y
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Exposure of medical staff to radiation during osteosynthesis of proximal
           femoral fracture: descriptive analysis and comparison of different devices
    • Authors: Cédric Siedlecki; Rémi Gauthé; André Gillibert; Kevin Bellenger; Xavier Roussignol; Mourad Ould-Slimane
      Pages: 1391 - 1397
      Abstract: Background The use of fluoroscopy is necessary during proximal femoral fracture (PFF) osteosynthesis. The frequency of these procedures justifies a description of radiation exposure and comparisons between different techniques and between the different surgical team members. Methods This observational prospective and comparative study includes a series of 68 patients with PFF receiving osteosynthesis. Radiation exposure was assessed for all members of the operating team. The radiation dose measurements for the different members of the surgical team during PFF osteosynthesis were compared. The factors affecting the radiation dose were investigated. Results The mean active dosimeter readings for each operation were 7.39 µSv for the primary surgeon, 3.93 µSv for the assistant surgeon, 1.92 µSv for the instrument nurse, 1.25 µSv for the circulating nurse, and 0.64 µSv for the anaesthesiologist, respectively. Doses decreased significantly between these different members of the medical team (all p < 0.001). The dose also varied with patient age and BMI, as well as with fluoroscopy time and operating time, but not with type of fracture or type of osteosynthesis. Conclusion Medical staff receives significantly different doses depending on their position in relation to the radiation source. Operating time and fluoroscopy time are the modifiable factors that affect the radiation dose. The radiation doses received by the different members of the medical teams involved in proximal femur osteosynthesis procedures all fall below the doses recommended by the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2761-4
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Predictors of outcomes after arthroscopic transosseous equivalent rotator
           cuff repair in 155 cases: a propensity score weighted analysis of knotted
           and knotless self-reinforcing repair techniques at a minimum of 2 years
    • Authors: Peter J. Millett; Chris Espinoza; Marilee P. Horan; Charles P. Ho; Ryan J. Warth; Grant J. Dornan; J. Christoph Katthagen
      Pages: 1399 - 1408
      Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the outcomes of two commonly used transosseous-equivalent (TOE) arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (RCR) techniques for full-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears (FTST) using a robust multi-predictor model. Methods 155 shoulders in 151 patients (109 men, 42 women; mean age 59 ± 10 years) who underwent arthroscopic RCR of FTST, using either a knotted suture bridging (KSB) or a knotless tape bridging (KTB) TOE technique were included. ASES and SF-12 PCS scores assessed at a minimum of 2 years postoperatively were modeled using propensity score weighting in a multiple linear regression model. Patients able to return to the study center underwent a follow-up MRI for evaluation of rotator cuff integrity. Results The outcome data were available for 137 shoulders (88%; n = 35/41 KSB; n = 102/114 KTB). Seven patients (5.1%) that underwent revision rotator cuff surgery were considered failures. The median postoperative ASES score of the remaining 130 shoulders was 98 at a mean follow-up of 2.9 years (range 2.0–5.4 years). A higher preoperative baseline outcome score and a longer follow-up had a positive effect, whereas a previous RCR and workers’ compensation claims (WCC) had a negative effect on final ASES or SF 12 PCS scores. The repair technique, age, gender and the number of anchors used for the RCR had no significant influence. Fifty-two patients returned for a follow-up MRI at a mean of 4.4 years postoperatively. Patients with a KSB RCR were significantly more likely to have an MRI-diagnosed full-thickness rotator cuff re-tear (p < 0.05). Conclusions Excellent outcomes can be achieved at a minimum of 2 years following arthroscopic KSB or KTB TOE RCR of FTST. The preoperative baseline outcome score, a prior RCR, WCC and the length of follow-up significantly influenced the outcome scores. The repair technique did not affect the final functional outcomes, but patients with KTB TOE RCR were less likely to have a full-thickness rotator cuff re-tear. Level of evidence Level III, Retrospective Comparative Study.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2750-7
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Arthroscopic fixation of pediatric tibial eminence fractures using suture
           anchors: a mid-term follow-up
    • Authors: Xinxian Xu; Zhongtang Liu; Hong Wen; Xiaoyun Pan
      Pages: 1409 - 1416
      Abstract: Purpose The aim of this study was to follow a group of skeletally immature patients who received arthroscopy-assisted fixation of the displaced tibial eminence fractures with suture anchors and evaluate the clinical results. Methods Twenty-one pediatric patients with displaced tibial eminence fractures were enrolled in this retrospectively study. They received arthroscopy-assisted reduction and fixation using suture anchors. All cases were followed up for 40–47 months with a mean of 43.4 months. Follow-up examinations included radiographic assessment, Lysholm score, Tegner score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) rating scale and KT-1000 test. Result Twenty patients were available for our final evaluations. They improved significantly at the final follow-up compared with preoperative examinational results with respect to the results of radiographic assessment, Lysholm score, Tegner score, IKDC rating scale and KT-1000 test. Conclusion Arthroscopy-assisted reduction and fixation of the displaced tibial eminence fractures using suture anchors is a simple and reliable technique and is suitable for skeletally immature patients.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2770-3
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Leukocyte-reduced platelet-rich plasma increases proliferation of
           tenocytes treated with prednisolone: a cell cycle analysis
    • Authors: Franz Hilber; Markus Loibl; Siegmund Lang; Maximilian Kerschbaum; Gero Brockhoff; Peter Angele; Johannes Zellner; Paul Schmitz; Michael Nerlich; Michael Worlicek
      Pages: 1417 - 1422
      Abstract: Introduction The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of allogenic leukocyte-reduced platelet-rich plasma on human tenocytes after treatment with prednisolone and to develop a standardization of its application for clinical practice. Methods A leukocyte-reduced PRP was produced using the Arthrex Double Syringe (Arthrex, Inc., Naples, FL, USA), in a modified single-spin separation method. Human tenocytes were isolated from discarded rotator cuff segments. Tenocytes were cultured in the presence of PRP and prednisolone, both alone and in combination. Control samples were treated in media containing 2% FCS for 72 h. After 72 h of incubation, cell cycle kinetics of tenocytes were analyzed to assess proliferation. Results Incubation of the tenocytes with PRP alone for 48 h led to high proliferation rate (10% PRP, 28.0 ± 10.5%; 20% PRP, 40.9 ± 3.3%). Incubation in the presence of prednisolone led to a significant decrease of the proliferation rate (5.2 ± 3.1%; p < 0.05). Treatment with PRP for 48 h significantly increased the proliferation of tenocytes in a dose-dependent manner (10% PRP, 28.0 ± 10.5%; 20% PRP, 40.9 ± 3.3%; p < 0.05). The presence of prednisolone resulted in a decreased tenocyte proliferation (5.2 ± 3.1%; p < 0.05), whereas addition of PRP for 24 and 48 h after prednisolone exposure did not show any compensating effect independent of PRPs concentration (10% PRP, 3.7 ± 3.0%; 20% PRP, 2.5 ± 2.5%). However, a significantly increased cell proliferation of tenocytes was evident when PRP was applied 24 h after prednisolone incubation for 48 h (31.0 ± 3.4 and 34.3 ± 4.7%). Conclusion The use of leukocyte-reduced PRP stimulates the proliferation of tenocytes and antagonizes the negative effect of prednisolone 24 h after treatment. Addition of PRP 48 h after treatment with prednisolone has no positive effect on the proliferation rate of tenocytes.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2771-2
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Coronal tibiofemoral subluxation is not an independent risk factor for
           total knee arthroplasty in patients with moderate to severe
           varus-osteoarthritis: data from the “Osteoarthritis Initiative”
    • Authors: Paul Schadler; Max Kasparek; Fritz Boettner; Mirco Sgroi; Martin Faschingbauer
      Pages: 1423 - 1428
      Abstract: Purpose Only few prognostic factors for progression of knee osteoarthritis are well established, including varus malalignment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether coronal tibiofemoral subluxation is a predictor for total knee arthroplasty. Methods Patients from the progression subcohort of the longitudinal database “Osteoarthritis Initiative” with moderate to severe osteoarthritis and varus malalignment of greater than 3 degrees were included. Patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty were matched with patients treated conservatively. Subluxation was measured on full limb length X-rays. Cox regression analysis was performed to retrospectively evaluate subluxation as a risk factor for total knee arthroplasty and check for a possible association between subluxation and pain at the beginning of the observation period in this study. Results A total of 215 patients were included. Cox regression demonstrated that varus malalignment increased the hazard to undergo surgery by 16% (HR 1.158, p = 0.008) while subluxation did not (HR 1.12, p = 0.11). Furthermore, subluxation was neither associated with poor WOMAC (OR 1.13, p = 0.194) nor KOOS (OR 1.11, p = 0.256) knee pain scores at the beginning of the observation period. Conclusion The results presented show that subluxation is neither an independent risk factor for total knee arthroplasty, nor for poor pain scores. Level of evidence III.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2777-9
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Varus–valgus stability at 90° flexion correlates with the stability at
           midflexion range more widely than that at 0° extension in
           posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty
    • Authors: Kazunori Hino; Tatsuhiko Kutsuna; Kunihiko Watamori; Hiroshi Kiyomatsu; Yasumitsu Ishimaru; Jun Takeba; Seiji Watanabe; Yoshitaka Shiraishi; Hiromasa Miura
      Pages: 1429 - 1434
      Abstract: Introduction Midflexion stability can potentially improve the outcome of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between varus–valgus stability at 0° of extension and 90° of flexion and that at the midflexion range in posterior-stabilized (PS)-TKA. Materials and methods Forty-three knees that underwent PS-TKA were evaluated. Manual mild passive varus–valgus stress was applied to the knees, and the postoperative maximum varus–valgus stability was measured every 10° throughout range of motion, using a navigation system. Correlations between the stability at 0°, 90° of flexion, and that at each midflexion angle were evaluated using Spearman’s correlation coefficients. Results The stability of 0° modestly correlated with that of 10°–20°, but it did not significantly correlate with that of 30°–80°. However, the stability of 90° strongly correlated with that of 60°–80°, modestly correlated with that of 40°–50°, weakly correlated with that of 20°–30°, and did not correlate with that of 10°. Conclusions The present study confirmed the importance of acquiring stability at 90° flexion to achieve midflexion stability in PS-TKA. However, initial flexion stability did not strongly correlate with the stability at either 0° or 90°. Our findings can provide useful information for understanding varus–valgus stability throughout the range of motion in PS-TKA. Attention to soft tissue balancing is necessary to stabilize a knee at the initial flexion range in PS-TKA.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2779-7
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • High-resolution MRI (3T-MRI) in diagnosis of wrist pain: is diagnostic
           arthroscopy still necessary'
    • Authors: Sabine Ochman; B. Wieskötter; M. Langer; V. Vieth; M. J. Raschke; C. Stehling
      Pages: 1443 - 1450
      Abstract: Introduction 3T MRI has become increasingly available for better imaging of interosseous ligaments, TFCC, and avascular necrosis compared with 1.5T MRI. This study assesses the sensitivity and specificity of 3T MRI compared with arthroscopy as the gold standard. Patients and methods Eighteen patients were examined with 3T MRI using coronal T1-TSE; PD-FS; and coronal, sagittal, and axial contrast-enhanced T1-FFE-FS sequences. Two musculoskeletal radiologists evaluated the images independently. Patients underwent diagnostic arthroscopy. Results The classifications of the cartilage lesions showed good correlations with the arthroscopy findings (κ = 0.8–0.9). In contrast to the arthroscopy, cartilage of the distal carpal row was very good and could be evaluated in all patients on MRI. The sensitivity for the TFCC lesion was 83%, and the specificity was 42% (radiologist 1) and 63% (radiologist 2). For the ligament lesions, the sensitivity and specificity were 75 and 100%, respectively, with a high interobserver agreement (κ = 0.8–0.9). Discussion 3T MRI proved to be of good value in diagnosing cartilage lesions, especially in the distal carpal row, whereas wrist arthroscopy provided therapeutic options. When evaluating the surgical therapeutical options, 3T MRI is a good diagnostic tool for pre-operatively evaluating the cartilage of the distal carpal row.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2747-2
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • New reconstruction for bone integration of non-vascularized autogenous
           bone graft with better bony union and revascularisation
    • Authors: J. H. Dolderer; S. Geis; R. Mueller-Wille; J. L. Kelly; O. Lotter; A. Ateschrang; L. Prantl; D. Schiltz
      Pages: 1451 - 1465
      Abstract: Introduction Phalangeal defects are often seen after tumor resection, infections, and in complex open hand fractures. In many cases, reconstruction is difficult and amputation is performed to avoid prolonged rehabilitation that is often associated with a poor outcome. In these cases, the maintenance of length and function presents a reconstructive challenge. Methods We reviewed 11 patients who underwent extensive phalangeal reconstruction with non-vascularized bone graft from the iliac crest using a key-in-slot-joint technique to provide acceptable function and bony union. Results In each case, non-vascularized bone graft with a length of 1.4–6.0 cm was used to reconstruct the phalanx. Follow-up ranged from 6 weeks to 5 months, and in all cases, there was bony union after 6 weeks. We evaluated range of motion, function, and as well pain and grip strength of the fingers. Conclusions This case series suggests that a key-in-slot technique allows non-vascularized bone graft to be used in complex large phalangeal bone defects. Due to better bone contact, a sufficient perfusion and revascularisation of the non-vascularized bone graft can be achieved for a quicker and stable bony union. This method appears to be an alternative to amputation in selected cases with a satisfactory soft-tissue envelope.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2775-y
      Issue No: Vol. 137, No. 10 (2017)
  • Stabilization of scaphoid type B2 fractures with one or two headless
           compression screws
    • Authors: S. Quadlbauer; T. Beer; Ch. Pezzei; J. Jurkowitsch; A. Tichy; T. Hausner; M. Leixnering
      Abstract: Introduction Fractures of the scaphoid account for the most commonly injured carpal bone. Minimally displaced fractures of the waist will heal in 85–90% when using a below elbow cast. However, fractures with displacement have a higher risk for nonunion. Therefore, open reduction and fixation with headless compression screws (HCS) have become the preferred method of treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the radiological and clinical outcome of unstable scaphoid B2 type fractures, stabilized using one or two headless compression screws. Patients and methods A total of 47 unstable scaphoid B2 type fractures were included in this retrospective follow-up study. Twelve patients were not accessable and three refused to attend follow-up checks. Therefore, a total of 32 patients were included in this study with a mean follow-up interval of 43 (12–81) months. Twenty-two patients were treated using one HCS and ten with two HCS. Clinical assessment included range of motion (ROM), pain according to the visual analogue scale (VAS), grip strength, Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Score, Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation Score, Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire and modified Green O'Brien Wrist Score. The follow-up study on each patient included a CT-Scan of the wrist which was analyzed for union, osteoarthritis, dorsiflexed intercalated segment instability and humpback deformity. Results Radiologically, 29/32 (91%) of the scaphoid B2 type fractures showed union, 10/10 (100%) in the two HCS group and 19/22 (86%) in the one HCS group (p < 0.05). No significant differences could be found in respect to ROM, grip strength, VAS and scores between the groups. Screw removal was necessary in two patients in the two HCS group and one in the one HCS group. Conclusion The unstable B2 type fractures of the scaphoid, when using two HCS without bone grafting is a safe method, shows a significantly higher union rate and equal clinical outcome compared to stabilization using only one HCS.
      PubDate: 2017-09-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2786-8
  • Influence of undersized cementless hip stems on primary stability and
           strain distribution
    • Authors: Andreas Fottner; Matthias Woiczinski; Manuel Kistler; Christian Schröder; Tobias F. Schmidutz; Volkmar Jansson; Florian Schmidutz
      Abstract: Introduction Undersizing of cementless hip stems is a risk factor for aseptic loosening and early subsidence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of undersized stems and determine whether a biomechanical study can predict the clinical results. Materials and methods Three consecutive sizes of a clinically proven stem (CLS Spotorno) were implanted into six composite femora (size large, Sawbones®), respectively. According to the Canal Fill Index (CFI), two stems (size 11.25 and 12.5) were undersized (CFI < 80%) and one stem (size 13.75) had an appropriate size (CFI > 80%). The primary stability was evaluated by measurement of 3-dimensional (3D)-micromotions under physiological adapted load and surface strains were recorded before and after implantation to detect stress-shielding processes. Results Both undersized stems revealed significantly higher micromotions in all regions compared to the appropriate stem. The highest micromotions were registered at the distal tip of the three stem sizes. The changes in surface strain did not show a significant difference between the three stem sizes, but the highest strain reduction was observed proximally indicating a tendency for stress shielding. Conclusions This study confirms the clinical assumption that undersized stem result in a significantly reduced primary stability. Furthermore, in vitro studies allow to determine the effects of undersizing and stress shielding processes.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00402-017-2784-x
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