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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 118)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
  [SJR: 0.695]   [H-I: 47]   [17 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-0711 - ISSN (Online) 0932-0067
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Message from the Editor-in-Chief
    • Authors: Olaf Ortmann
      Pages: 137 - 137
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4456-z
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Three studies in the focus of pelvic organ prolapse research
    • Authors: Christl Reisenauer; Heinz Koelbl
      Pages: 139 - 141
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4425-6
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Effects of bariatric surgery on pelvic floor disorders in obese women: a
    • Authors: Wenqing Lian; Yiqun Zheng; Hongxing Huang; Lianghua Chen; Bin Cao
      Pages: 181 - 189
      Abstract: Purpose Obesity is an established risk factor for pelvic floor disorders (PFD) but the effects of bariatric surgery on PFD are uncertain. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the effects of bariatric surgery on PFD in obese women. Methods A systematic search of PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI and CBM databases up to October 2016 was performed, and studies reporting pre-operative and post-operative outcomes in obese women undergoing bariatric surgery were included. The Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20), the Pelvic Floor Incontinence Questionnaire (PFIQ-7), the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire, Female Sexual Function Index and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence short form score were used for evaluating pelvic floor dysfunction after bariatric surgery. Results Eleven cohort studies were finally included. Pooled results revealed that bariatric surgery was associated with a significant improvement in PFD for obese women on the whole [PFDI-20: SMD = 0.89, 95% CI (0.44, 1.34), P < 0.001; PFIQ-7: SMD = 1.23, 95% CI (0.17, 2.29), P = 0.023]. In the subscale analysis, there was significant improvement in urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. However, no significant improvement was found in fecal incontinence and sexual function. Conclusions Bariatric surgery is associated with significant improvement in urinary incontinence, and has a benefit on pelvic organ prolapse for obese women. However, there is no significant improvement in fecal incontinence and sexual function. Further multi-center, large-scale and longer-term randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm these results.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4415-8
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Cervical length dynamics in triplet pregnancies: a retrospective cohort
    • Authors: Sophie Pils; Stephanie Springer; Verena Wehrmann; Kinga Chalubinski; Johannes Ott
      Pages: 191 - 198
      Abstract: Purpose To review our experience with a screening program that included sequential cervical length measurements in our large population of triplet pregnancies. Methods Seventy-eight triplet pregnancies were retrospectively included. Cervical length measurements were performed by transvaginal ultrasound in 2-week intervals from week 16 + 0 onwards in a tertiary-care center in Vienna. The main outcome measurement was preterm delivery prior to 32 + 0 weeks of gestation. Statistical analyses were performed using paired and unpaired t tests and a stepwise linear regression model. Results There were 26 cases of preterm delivery (33.3%). Women with preterm delivery revealed significant cervical length shortening from week 22 + 0 (median 33 mm, interquartile range, IQR 17–39) to 24 + 0 (median 21 mm, IQR 7–30; p = 0.005). This was not observed in women without preterm delivery. From week 22 + 0 onwards, both groups showed further significant 2-week differences in cervical length (p < 0.05). Univariate analysis of cervical length in weeks 20 + 0, 22 + 0, and 24 + 0 as well as cervical length dynamics from 22 + 0 to 24 + 0 predicted preterm delivery. Conclusions In triplet pregnancies, a decrease in cervical length seems physiological from week 22 + 0 onwards. A sharp decrease in cervical length from the 22 + 0 to the 24 + 0 week as well as the smaller cervical length in weeks 20 + 0, 22 + 0, and 24 + 0 increase the risk of preterm delivery.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4402-0
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Placental and cord blood brain derived neurotrophic factor levels are
           decreased in nondiabetic macrosomia
    • Authors: Qian-Ying Cai; Heng-Xin Zhang; Chen-Chen Wang; Hao Sun; Shu-Qiang Sun; Yu-Huan Wang; Hong-Tao Yan; Xin-Jun Yang
      Pages: 205 - 213
      Abstract: Purpose To measure levels of placental brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene expression and umbilical cord blood BDNF in neonates with nondiabetic macrosomia and determine associations between these levels and macrosomia. Methods This case–control study included 58 nondiabetic macrosomic and 59 normal birth weight mother-infant pairs. Data were collected from interviews and our hospital’s database. BDNF gene expression was quantified in placental tissues using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (n = 117). Umbilical cord blood BDNF levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (n = 90). Multivariate logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations between BDNF levels and macrosomia. Results Placental BDNF gene expression (P = 0.026) and cord blood BDNF (P = 0.008) were lower in neonates with nondiabetic macrosomia than in normal birth weight controls. Cord blood BDNF was significantly lower in vaginally delivered macrosomic neonates than vaginally delivered controls (P = 0.014), but cord BDNF did not differ between vaginal and cesarean section delivery modes in macrosomic neonates. Cord blood BDNF was positively associated with gestational age in control neonates (r = 0.496, P < 0.001), but not in macrosomic neonates. Cord blood BDNF was positively associated with placental BDNF relative expression (r s = 0.245, P = 0.02) in the total group. Higher cord blood BDNF levels were independently associated with protection against nondiabetic macrosomia (adjusted odds ratio 0.992; 95% confidence interval 0.986–0.998). Conclusions Both placental BDNF gene expression and cord blood BDNF were downregulated in neonates with nondiabetic macrosomia compared with normal birth weight neonates. Cord BDNF may partly derive from BDNF secreted by the placenta. Higher cord plasma BDNF levels protected against nondiabetic macrosomia.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4414-9
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Maternal–fetal vitamin D receptor polymorphisms significantly
           associated with preterm birth
    • Authors: Talya Rosenfeld; Hagit Salem; Gheona Altarescu; Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky; Aharon Tevet; Ruth Birk
      Pages: 215 - 222
      Abstract: Purpose Preterm birth (PTB) is a complex trait with strong genetic background, whose etiology is not fully understood. It was recently suggested that pregnancy duration is affected by fetal genetic variation even more than by the maternal genome. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is involved in embryonic implantation and fertility. We studied the association between both maternal and neonatal vitamin D receptor (VDR) genetic variation and PTB. Methods Maternal and fetal (umbilical cord) DNA was isolated from Jewish Israeli idiopathic preterm newborns (24–36 weeks, n = 146) and control term newborns (>37 weeks, n = 229). Maternal and fetal VDR polymorphisms (FokI, ApaI, BsmI, TaqI) were analyzed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Using SPSS analysis to correlate VDR genotypes with phenotypic variation: pregnancy duration, preterm birth and spontaneous miscarriages, adjusted for gravidity, parity and gender of newborn. Results Women homozygous to VDR ApaI (AA) genotype had significant twofold increase risk for PTB [OR 1.973, (CI) 1.183–3.289, p = 0.009] compared to heterozygous women. Male newborns had significant (p < 0.05) 1.73-fold increase of PTB. Women with history of previous (≥1) spontaneous miscarriage had a significant increased risk for PTB if their newborn carried either of the VDR BsmI homozygous (BB or bb) genotypes compared to the heterozygous (Bb) genotype [OR 6.857, (CI) 1.273–36.934, p = 0.018 and OR 9.231, (CI) 1.753–48.618, p = 0.008, respectively], or VDR ApaI homozygous (AA or aa) genotype compared to heterozygous (Aa) genotype [OR 4.33, (CI) 1.029–18.257, p = 0.046 and OR 7.2, (CI) 1.34–38.917, p = 0.021, respectively]. Conclusions We show association between maternal and fetal VDR genotype variants with PTB.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4412-y
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Mifepristone vs balloon catheter for labor induction in previous cesarean:
           a randomized controlled trial
    • Authors: Chanderdeep Sharma; Anjali Soni; Amit Gupta; Ashok Verma; Suresh Verma
      Pages: 241 - 248
      Abstract: Objective To compare oral mifepristone (400 mg) with trans-cervical balloon catheter for induction of labor (IOL) in post date women with previous one cesarean section (CS). Methods In this randomized trial, post date pregnant women (gestation 40 weeks 5 days), with previous one low segment CS (no previous vaginal delivery) were induced either with oral mifepristone (400 mg) or balloon catheter [Foley’s catheter (16 Fr); bulb filled with 30 ml normal saline]. They were re-assessed 24 and 48 h later. If at any time Bishop Score was >6; amniotomy was done, followed by oxytocin infusion. Primary outcome of the study was labor onset after first manoeuvre. Secondary outcomes were cervical ripening, need of oxytocin, vaginal delivery and CS, in two groups. Results From June 2012 to September 2015, we enrolled 107 women. Out of these, 57 received oral tablet mifepristone (400 mg) and 50 were inserted with balloon catheter. Labor onset after first manoeuvre was statistically significantly more in mifepristone group (37/57 vs. 13/50, respectively; p value 0.000). Bishop Score after 24 h was better in balloon catheter (p value 0.000). More women with balloon catheter required oxytocin for IOL (37/50 vs. 20/57, respectively; p value 0.000) along with higher dose [840 (320) mU vs 560 (120) mU, respectively, p value 0.000]. Failure of induction was statistically significantly higher in balloon catheter group (8 out of 50 vs. 2 out of 57, respectively, p value 0.043). There was no statistically significant difference in normal delivery or CS in either group (p value 0.242 and 0.331, respectively). Conclusion Oral mifepristone (400 mg) is associated with statistically significantly higher incidence of labor onset in post date pregnant women with previous one CS, as compared to balloon catheter. Both methods are primarily for cervical ripening and oxytocin should not be delayed in the absence of onset of labor. Clinical Trial Registration Clinical Trials Registry-India,, CTRI/2012/05/003634.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4431-8
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Ponderal index at birth associates with later risk of gestational diabetes
    • Authors: Mie Crusell; Peter Damm; Torben Hansen; Oluf Pedersen; Charlotte Glümer; Allan Vaag; Jeannet Lauenborg
      Pages: 249 - 256
      Abstract: Purpose Low birth weight (BW) and low ponderal index (PI) are associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study has two purposes: first to investigate the influence of PI on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); second, to study the association between glucose metabolism and BW in women with previous GDM. Methods GDM cohort: 185 women with GDM in 1978–1996, attending a follow-up study in 2000–2002. Control cohort: 1137 women from a population-based diabetes screening study (Inter99) in a neighbouring county in 1999–2001. BW and birth length were collected from the original midwifery records. BW and PI were stratified into tertiles for analysis. Results PI in the lower tertiles was associated with an increased risk of GDM [odds ratio 1.59 (95% confidence interval 1.07–2.36, p = 0.021)]. Among women with previous GDM, the area under the curve (AUC) for plasma levels of glucose and insulin during an OGTT was highest for the lower tertiles of BW (for AUCglucose p = 0.048, for AUCinsulin p = 0.047 adjusted for age and BMI). Conclusions Lower PI is associated with increased risk of GDM. In women with previous GDM, lower BW is associated with a more severe impairment of glucose metabolism one to two decades after the pregnancy complicated by GDM.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4427-4
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Down-regulation of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 expression in
           invasive placentation
    • Authors: Scott A. Shainker; Katelyn Dannheim; Kristin D. Gerson; Dayna Neo; Zsuzsanna K. Zsengeller; Elizabeth Pernicone; S. Ananth Karumanchi; Michele R. Hacker; Jonathan L. Hecht
      Pages: 257 - 262
      Abstract: Purpose To confirm reduced expression of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) in accreta/increta. Methods Formalin-fixed tissue sections from 11 peripartum hysterectomies with invasive placentation and 5 controls were stained for sFlt-1. Stain intensity was scored in selected 100× microscopic fields. We compared sFlt-1 expression in invasive areas among cases, non-invasive areas among cases and areas from control placentas. Results Chorionic villi displayed significantly decreased sFlt-1 expression in invasive areas of cases compared to control placentas (p = 0.003), as well as in non-invasive areas of cases compared to control placentas (p = 0.01). There was no difference in sFlt-1 expression between invasive and non-invasive areas among cases. Conclusions Expression of sFlt-1 is diminished in villous trophoblasts from patients with placenta increta or percreta. Local depth of invasion was not associated with sFlt-1 expression, suggesting a more global abnormality across the implantation site rather than localized to areas of histologic invasion.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4432-7
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Promotor analysis of ESR1 in endometrial cancer cell lines, endometrial
           and endometriotic tissue
    • Authors: Vanessa Toderow; Martina Rahmeh; Simone Hofmann; Verena Kirn; Sven Mahner; Udo Jeschke; Viktoria von Schönfeldt
      Pages: 269 - 276
      Abstract: Purpose The nuclear hormone receptor estrogen receptor α (ERα) is pivotal for numerous processes in the cell. As a transcription factor, it regulates eukaryotic gene expression and affects cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Moreover, ERα is known for its influence on various gynecological diseases and carcinogenesis. Since its expression is often altered in diseased tissues and this alteration was found to be caused by hypermethylation of the ESR1 promotor region in cancer, including breast and colorectal cancer, the aim of this study is to elucidate if the expression of ERα is also regulated epigenetically in endometriosis and endometrial cancer. Methods Using real-time methylation-specific PCR (rt-MSP), we examined endometrial and endometriotic tissues as well as five endometrial cancer cell lines and compared the methylation status with the actual expression of ERα. Results The results of our study indicate that, though its expression is altered in endometrial and endometriotic tissue, ERα is not regulated by methylation of the promotor region in endometriosis. In contrast, three of the five endometrial cancer cell lines are methylated in the promotor region of ESR1. Conclusions Thus, further investigation of the connection between ERα and endometrial cancer will be the next step.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4405-x
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Comparison of the effect of honey and mefenamic acid on the severity of
           pain in women with primary dysmenorrhea
    • Authors: Ë Leila Amiri Farahani; Seyedeh Batool Hasanpoor-Azghdy; Hengameh Kasraei; Tooba Heidari
      Pages: 277 - 283
      Abstract: Background and objective Primary dysmenorrhea starts simultaneously with menstruation or before it and usually continues for 48–72 h. As a prevalence disorder, it affects about 80–97% of women in the reproductive age. The conventional treatment modalities of primary dysmenorrhea are associated with complications and side effects. In addition, there is a lack of knowledge of the effect of honey on the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of honey on the severity of pain in women with dysmenorrhea. Methods A randomized crossover clinical trial was conducted on 56 female students. Subjects were randomly assigned to two groups. Groups I and II received honey and mefenamic acid in the ‘first treatment period’, respectively. In the ‘second treatment period’, the intervention methods were reversed between the groups. Samples recorded the severity of pain during the first 3 days of menstruation. Results There were no significant differences in the most severe level of pain in the first and second months of the first treatment period, and the first and second months of the second treatment period between the groups. Conclusions Honey and the mefenamic acid capsules led to the same amount of pain relief in women with primary dysmenorrhea. Honey is suggested to be used for pain relief due to its lower side effects and pharmacological complications.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4409-6
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Compartment syndrome after gynecologic laparoscopy: systematic review of
           the literature and establishment of normal values for postoperative serum
           creatine kinase and myoglobin levels
    • Authors: Katrin Hefler-Frischmuth; Judith Lafleur; Gudrun Brunnmayr-Petkin; Franz Roithmeier; Verena Unterrichter; Lukas Hefler; Clemens Tempfer
      Pages: 285 - 293
      Abstract: Purpose To evaluate published evidence in the literature on compartment syndrome (CS) in association with gynecologic surgery and to establish postoperative normal values for serum creatine kinase (CK) and myoglobin. Methods The present study consists of a case report of a patient with CS, a systematic review including 37 studies and 86 patients with CS, and a retrospective cohort study of 300 patients undergoing various types of laparoscopy for benign or malignant diseases in order to establish postoperative normal values. Results We report on a patient with early-stage ovarian cancer, who developed CS after laparoscopic surgery with massively elevated serum CK and myoglobin levels, i.e., 1109 U/L and 18151 µg/L, respectively. In our systematic review, median serum CK and myoglobin levels among women with CS were 19,223 (177–27,412) U/L and 1248 (285–1360) µg/L, respectively. In our cohort study, the median postoperative serum CK and myoglobin levels were 68 (14–1576) U/L and 45 (14–1040) µg/L, respectively. The 95th and 99th percentile of serum CK and myoglobin levels were 158 and 391.5 U/L, and 152.3 and 298.9 µg/L, respectively. Conclusion Markedly elevated postoperative serum levels of CK and myoglobin levels might raise the suspicion for CS and could therefore aid in the rapid diagnosis of CS.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4440-7
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Gynecologic oncologists’ attitudes and practices relating to integrative
           medicine: results of a nationwide AGO survey
    • Authors: Evelyn Klein; Matthias W. Beckmann; Werner Bader; Cosima Brucker; Gustav Dobos; Dorothea Fischer; Volker Hanf; Annette Hasenburg; Sebastian M. Jud; Matthias Kalder; Marion Kiechle; Sherko Kümmel; Andreas Müller; Myrjam-Alice T. Müller; Daniela Paepke; Andre-Robert Rotmann; Florian Schütz; Anton Scharl; Petra Voiss; Markus Wallwiener; Claudia Witt; Carolin C. Hack
      Pages: 295 - 301
      Abstract: Purpose The growing popularity and acceptance of integrative medicine is evident both among patients and among the oncologists treating them. As little data are available regarding health-care professionals’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to the topic, a nationwide online survey was designed. Methods Over a period of 11 weeks (from July 15 to September 30, 2014) a self-administered, 17-item online survey was sent to all 676 members of the Research Group on Gynecological Oncology (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynäkologische Onkologie) in the German Cancer Society. The questionnaire items addressed the use of integrative therapy methods, fields of indications for them, advice services provided, level of specific qualifications, and other topics. Results Of the 104 respondents (15.4%) using integrative medicine, 93% reported that integrative therapy was offered to breast cancer patients. The second most frequent type of tumor in connection with which integrative therapy methods were recommended was ovarian cancer, at 80% of the participants using integrative medicine. Exercise, nutritional therapy, dietary supplements, herbal medicines, and acupuncture were the methods the patients were most commonly advised to use. Conclusion There is considerable interest in integrative medicine among gynecological oncologists, but integrative therapy approaches are at present poorly implemented in routine clinical work. Furthermore there is a lack of specific training. Whether future efforts should focus on extending counseling services on integrative medicine approaches in gynecologic oncology or not, have to be discussed. Evidence-based training on integrative medicine should be implemented in order to safely guide patients in their wish to do something by themselves.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4420-y
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Expression of CD44 variant 6 and its prognostic value in benign and
           malignant endometrial tissue
    • Authors: Hatice Kansu-Celik; Mete Gungor; Firat Ortac; Duygu Kankaya; Arzu Ensari
      Pages: 313 - 318
      Abstract: Purpose CD44 expression in both the early and metastatic phases of many epithelial and non-epithelial cancers is strongly prognostic. The objective of the study is to evaluate whether there is any relationship between the expression of CDD44v6 and endometrial cancer (EC) staging and prognosis. Methods This retrospective study included 60 EC patients for whom surgical staging was performed between 2000 and 2006. Twenty-eight randomly selected patients with normal endometria served as the control group. We immunohistochemically evaluated membranous and cytoplasmic CD44v6 staining in tissue paraffin blocks. The results were graded as positive or negative. Results Membranous staining in both advanced and early stage EC patients was significantly higher than that in the control group (p = 0.002). The extent of either membranous or cytoplasmic staining in both advanced- and early stage patients did not differ significantly by age, tumor grade, stage, extent of myometrial invasion, lymph node involvement, cytology, adnexal involvement, or omental spreading. In advanced-stage patients, neither papillary serous not clear cell cancers exhibited cytoplasmic staining. Conclusions CD44v6 membranous staining can be useful for differentiating malignant from benign endometrial tissue. However, staining is not associated with EC staging or prognosis.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4430-9
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Value of endometrial thickness assessed by transvaginal ultrasound for the
    • Authors: Amelie Schramm; Florian Ebner; Emanuel Bauer; Wolfgang Janni; Ulrike Friebe-Hoffmann; Miriam Pellegrino; Nikolaus De Gregorio; Thomas W. P. Friedl
      Pages: 319 - 326
      Abstract: Purpose Histological confirmation of endometrial cancer by dilatation/curettage (D/C) in women with postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) can be challenging due to anesthesiological and/or surgical risks. Thus, less invasive methods for diagnostics are required to identify patients with minimal risk for endometrial cancer (EC) to avoid unnecessary surgical intervention. The objective of this single-center cohort study was to assess the diagnostic validity of transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) measurements of endometrial thickness (ET) in patients with PMB for the detection of EC. Methods A retrospective analysis of data from patients presenting between January 2005 and August 2014 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Ulm, Germany, with PMB and subsequent D/C was performed. Complete data with TVUS documentation of ET and histological results of tissue samples were available from 254 patients. In addition, data on age, body mass index (BMI), ASA-score, diabetes, hypertension, and hematological laboratory values (for a smaller subsample) were recorded. To identify independent risk factors, a multivariate logistic regression with endometrial cancer as binary response variable (yes/no) was performed. Diagnostic efficacy data for different ET cutoff points (≤1 to ≤26 mm) were obtained by a receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results The multivariate logistic regression revealed a significant independent predictive value for age and ET. However, none of the analyzed ET cutoff points showed optimal diagnostic validity, as all cutoff points with sensitivity rates above 90% (≤1 to ≤5 mm) had false positive rates of 70% and higher. Conclusions There is no ET cutoff point that provides good diagnostic accuracy and/or reliably excludes the presence of endometrial cancer in patients with PMB. Thus, our data analysis supports the actual German approach of histological evaluation of any PMB to confirm or exclude EC.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4439-0
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma of the lower female genital tract: an analysis of 144
    • Authors: Dimitrios Nasioudis; Michail Alevizakos; Eloise Chapman-Davis; Steven S. Witkin; Kevin Holcomb
      Pages: 327 - 334
      Abstract: Purpose The aim of the present study was to elucidate the clinico-pathological characteristics of female patients with lower genital tract rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) stratified by age group and investigate their prognosis, using a multi-institutional database. Methods The National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was accessed (1973–2013) and a cohort of females diagnosed with RMS of the lower genital tract (vulva, vagina, cervix) was drawn. Five-year overall survival (OS) rate was estimated following generation of Kaplan–Meier curves and compared with the log-rank test. Results A total of 144 eligible cases were identified; 51.4 and 48.6% originated from the vagina/vulva and the cervix, respectively. Median patient age was 16 years and distant metastases were rare (ten cases). The majority of tumors were of embryonal histology (75.7%). Non-embryonal RMS was more prevalent in the older patient groups. Tumors originating from the cervix were more common among adolescents and premenopausal women. Rate of LN involvement was 52.9 and 20% for vulvovaginal and cervical tumors (p = 0.02). Five-year OS rate was 68.4%; factors associated with better OS were younger age, absence of distant metastasis, embryonal histology, negative LNs, and performance of surgery. For prepubertal girls and adolescents, radical surgery did not confer a survival benefit compared to local tumor excision. Conclusion RMS of the lower genital tract primarily affects prepubertal girls and adolescents, who have excellent survival rates; however, outcomes for adults remain poor.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4438-1
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Risk factors for incomplete healing of the uterine incision after cesarean
    • Authors: Yan Chen; Ping Han; Yi-Jia Wang; Yan-Xia Li
      Pages: 355 - 361
      Abstract: Objective To analyze related risk factors of post-cesarean scar defects (PCSDs). Methods A retrospective study of full-term women delivered by cesarean with singleton infants at our hospital from April 2014 to December 2015 was performed. 69 cases of diagnosed PCSDs and 107 cases with no PCSD who accepted cesarean were recruited for analysis. Individual medical case and operative report review were retrieved for maternal clinical characteristics analysis. Results There was no difference in age, gestational age, BMI and baby’s weight between the two groups. PCSD group has more cases of anemia, higher neutrophil percentage and more cases of elected cesarean and emergency cesarean than controls (all p < 0.05). For woman who received emergency cesarean, there were more cases with cervix dilated larger than 3 cm in operation and more cases received cesarean at least one time before. In addition, women with cesarean interval of at least 5 years, women with ultrasonic measured echo longer than 3 cm, women with poor healing in uterine incision, women with retroposition of uterus and women who had intrauterine separation are more prone to develop PCSDs. Conclusions The occurrence of a defective uterine scar after cesarean section is primarily a by-product of the combination of multiple factors: age ≥30 years, BMI ≥27.30, premature rupture of membranes, elective cesarean section, post-operative anemia, WBC count ≥12.5 × 109 g/L and retroposition of uterus. These are high risk factors of PCSDs.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4417-6
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Metabolic and androgen profile in underweight women with polycystic ovary
    • Authors: Olympia E. Anastasiou; Ali Canbay; Dagmar Fuhrer; Susanne Reger-Tan
      Pages: 363 - 371
      Abstract: Introduction Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder associated with insulin resistance and obesity. Aim of our study is to clarify the prevalence of underweight in PCOS patients and whether metabolic and androgen profiles of PCOS differ depending on normal or low body weight. Methods Out of 1269 consecutive patients with PCOS recruited from the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism at the University of Duisburg-Essen, 19 patients (1.5%) were underweight and were compared to 375 lean PCOS subjects (29.6%). Clinical and endocrine parameters were evaluated. Insulin resistance was assessed by 3-h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Results Prevalence of type 2 diabetes and free androgen index did not differ between the two groups. Total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein levels were significantly lower in the group of underweight patients. While no significant difference was found for the Homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index at fasting state, the HOMA-M120, calculated 2 h after glucose intake in OGTT, was significantly higher in underweight patients. Underweight patients also showed significantly higher postprandial insulin secretion after glucose intake in OGTT. Six underweight PCOS patients received metformin treatment for oligomenorrhea. An improvement of the menstrual cycle was observed in three cases, while two patients were lost to follow up and one discontinued therapy due to side effects. Conclusions The prevalence of underweight in patients with PCOS is very low. Underweight in PCOS is associated with higher postprandial insulin levels. Several of our underweight patients were able to achieve regular menstrual cycle under metformin therapy.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4422-9
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • Comparison of three treatment strategies for cesarean scar pregnancy
    • Authors: Guangquan Liu; Jiacong Wu; Jian Cao; Yunping Xue; Chencheng Dai; Juan Xu; Xuemei Jia
      Pages: 383 - 389
      Abstract: Purpose To explore the optimal treatment for cesarean scar pregnancy. Method In total, 86 women diagnosed with a cesarean scar pregnancy were divided into three groups according to treatment. The human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) decline percentage, intraoperative blood loss and success rate were analyzed in Group A [combination of uterine arterial embolization (UAE), local methotrexate (MTX) injection and dilation & curettage (D&C)], Group B (combination of UAE and local MTX injection) and Group C (D&C). Then, the best treatment was carefully analyzed, and recommendations were provided. Results The success rate was highest in Group A (97.5%) compared with Group B (76%) and Group C (63.15%). The reduction in hCG was greatest in Group A (86.62%, 44.0–99.97%) compared with group B (67.83%, 18.0–98.03%) and Group C (68.21%, 27.0–93.24%). The intraoperative blood loss was lowest in Group A (44.881, 5–200 ml) compared with Group C (224.737, 10–1000 ml). Additionally, we found that the best time to perform D&C in group A depended on the hCG reduction percentage, and a 35% reduction after UAE and local MTX injection could be used as the indicator to perform D&C. Conclusions The combination of UAE, local MTX injection and D&C for CSP patients is the optimal treatment strategy. A 35% reduction in hCG after UAE and local MTX injection can be recommended as the indicator to perform D&C.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4426-5
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
  • The role of three-dimensional power Doppler hysterosonography (3-DPDS) in
           distinguishing atypical polypoid adenomyomas (APAs) from other
           intrauterine tumors: correlation with pathologic findings
    • Authors: Kalmantis Konstantinos; Daskalakis Georgios; Semertzidou Anysia; Rodolakis Alexandros
      Pages: 391 - 396
      Abstract: Objective This study was undertaken to describe the sonographic characteristics of atypical polypoid adenomyomas (APAs) of the uterus and to determine the value of three-dimensional power Doppler hysterosonography (3-DPDS) in distinguishing APA from other polypoid uterine tumors. Methods Ninety-five women with a mean age of 37 years (range 28–45) with a suspicious polypoid uterine tumor were referred for preoperative evaluation with 3-DPDS. Sonographic criteria used for the diagnosis of APA were based on a system that consisted of morphological characteristics, histological evaluation and power Doppler imaging. Biopsy samples of the intrauterine tumors were obtained via operative hysteroscopy. Results Fifteen lesions were histopathologically diagnosed as APAs, 25 as endometrial polyps and 55 as submucous myomas. In the present study, the sensitivity and specificity of 3-DPDSs in discriminating APA from other polypoid tumors was 82.5 and 86.7%, respectively. Conclusions APAs can be accurately distinguished from other polypoid tumors of the uterus with the use of 3-DPDS demonstrating the following characteristics: lobular tumor with inhomogeneous echotexture, echogenicity similar to myometrium, broad base, acoustic shadow and linear vessel arrangement.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4436-3
      Issue No: Vol. 296, No. 2 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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