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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2573 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2573 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.956
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 18  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-0711 - ISSN (Online) 0932-0067
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2573 journals]
  • Programmed cell death protein 1 promotes hepatitis B virus transmission
           through the regulation of ERK1/2-mediated trophoblasts differentiation
    • Abstract: Purpose The purpose of our research is to evaluate the mechanism of PD-1 in the promotion of HBV transmission. Methods HBV was used to infect two human choriocarcinoma cell line, including JEG-3, as well as BeWo. We used PCR and western blotting to detect PD-1 gene and protein expression levels in cells. Stable knockdown of the PD-1 gene in JEG-3 cells was obtained by lentiviral transfection. Trophoblast cell proliferation was evaluated using CCK8 and flow cytometry. The concentration of HBV antibody in the cell supernatant was measured by ELISA. DNA was then extracted from the cells and the copy number of the HBV virus was detected by PCR. Finally, ERK1/2 expression was detected by western blot. Results High PD-1 gene expression in HBV-infected trophoblasts and the knockdown of PD-1 gene can, respectively, improve the proliferation of HBV-infected trophoblasts and reduce viral replication in trophoblasts. In addition, PD-1 and ERK1/2 proteins were co-expressed in HBV-infected trophoblasts and inhibited the activation of ERK1/2 pathway in HBV-infected trophoblasts. ERK1/2 expression significantly increased after PD-1 knockdown. Therefore, PD-1 might be an important protein in trophoblast cells infected with HBV. Conclusions PD-1 promoted HBV transmission through regulating ERK1/2-mediated trophoblasts differentiation. Therefore, our research may provide new ideas and methods for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HBV infection during pregnancy.
      PubDate: 2019-12-02
  • Correction to: Differences in the clinical phenotype of adenomyosis and
           leiomyomas: a retrospective, questionnaire-based study
    • Abstract: In the Original article publication, the name of the co-author Antje Ganz was not included. The Correct order of authors is as given above.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Correlation between fetal Doppler indices and neonatal acid–base status
           at birth in healthy appropriate for gestational age term fetuses
    • PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Changes and correlations of anti-Müllerian hormone and stem-cell factors
           in different ovarian reserve patients during GnRH-antagonist protocol and
           the effects on controlled ovarian hyperstimulation outcomes
    • Abstract: Purpose To explore the changes and correlations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and stem-cell factors (SCF) in different ovarian reserve patients during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) and the effects on COH outcomes. Methods Serum at six different timepoints during GnRH-antagonist protocol and follicular fluid (FF) on oocyte retrieval day of 52 patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), 61 patients with normal ovarian reserve (NOR) and 42 patients with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) were collected. AMH and SCF were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results During COH, AMH in the PCOS group was the highest, but SCF did the opposite, and serum AMH gradually decreased, while SCF inversely increased. In the PCOS group, SCF on the first and fourth days of gonadotropin (Gn) administration was negative with Gn dosage (r = − 0.362, P < 0.05; r = − 0.344, P < 0.05). In the NOR group, the basal AMH was also negative with Gn dosage (r = − 0.297, P < 0.05) and positive with COH outcomes (number of retrieved oocytes, MII oocytes, and 2PN fertilization) as well as serum SCF after Gn administration. In the DOR group, both AMH and SCF were significantly associated with COH outcomes. Serum AMH in the DOR group after Gn administration and FF AMH showed a negative correlation with SCF. Conclusions Serum AMH decreased, while SCF increased during COH. AMH and SCF are effective for Gn time and dosage adjustment and predicting COH outcomes for NOR and DOR patients. In addition, serum AMH in DOR patients after Gn administration and FF AMH has a negative effect on SCF.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Endometriosis reduces ovarian response in controlled ovarian
           hyperstimulation independent of AMH, AFC, and women’s age measured by
           follicular output rate (FORT) and number of oocytes retrieved
    • Abstract: Purpose To determine the influence of endometriosis on the ovarian response during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation measured by number of oocytes retrieved and the follicular output rate (FORT). Methods A retrospective, single center study included 96 women, who underwent ICSI treatments for male factor infertility according to World Health Organisation between 2016 until 2018. A total of 96 patients were included in the study with 205 fresh ICSI cycles. The study group included 26 patients with endometriosis after surgical and medical treatment; the control group included 70 patients without endometriosis. The women with endometriosis underwent 47 and the control group 158 ICSI cycles. Women underwent fresh intracytoplasmatic sperm injection cycles after controlled ovarian hyperstimulation following a GnRH-antagonist protocol. The FORT was calculated as the ratio of pre-ovulatory follicle count × 100/small antral follicle count at baseline. Results A lower number of retrieved oocytes (5.89 vs. 7.25, p = 0.045), lower FORT (75.67 vs. 94.63, p = 0.046), lower number of metaphase II oocytes (4.87 vs. 6.04, p = 0.046), and lower fertilization rate after intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (40.61 vs. 57.76, p = 0.003) were found in women with endometriosis compared to women without endometriosis. The number of oocyctes retrieved was 0.71 lower in the group with endometriosis than in the group without (p = 0.026). The FORT was 24.55% lower in the group with endometriosis (p = 0.025). Conclusions Endometriosis reduces the FORT and the number of metaphase-II oocytes after controlled ovarian hyperstimulation independly of women’s age, antral follicle count and anti-Müllerian hormone.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • First trimester uterine artery pulsatility index levels in euploid and
           aneuploid pregnancies
    • Abstract: Objective To examine whether the uterine artery PI is different in aneuploid and euploid pregnancies. Methods Retrospective case-matched study at the department of prenatal medicine at the University of Tuebingen, Germany. The study involved patients with complete data on first trimester screening for trisomies and preeclampsia except PlGF. For each case with trisomy 21 we randomly selected 50 cases with a euploid fetus where complete data on screening for aneuploidy and preeclampsia were also available. The uterine artery pulsatility index and the corresponding MoM values of euploid and the aneuploid population were compared with a Man–Whitney U test. Results The dataset consisted of 4591 singleton pregnancies. The karyotype was normal in 4500 cases and was abnormal in the remaining 91 pregnancies. There were 50 pregnancies with trisomy 21, 31 with trisomy 18 and 13, and 10 with triploidy. In the group with euploid fetuses, median uterine artery PI was 1.55 (0.99 MoM). In the group with trisomy 21, the median PI (1.42) and MoM (0.89) levels were both significantly lower than in the euploid (p < 0.001). However, the measurements in the trisomy 18 and 13 [1.61 (0.93 MoM)] and in the triploidy [1.99 (1.13 MoM)] groups were not significantly different from those in the euploid group (p = 0.468 and p = 0.632, respectively). Conclusion In conclusion, uterine artery PI levels in the first trimester are slightly lower in pregnancies with trisomy 21. This knowledge may prove to be useful in cases where a low PAPP-A level is seen on the first trimester maternal serum biochemical evaluation to differentiate whether the more likely cause for this finding is placental dysfunction or aneuploidy, specifically trisomy 21.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Effect of embryo selection based morphokinetics on IVF/ICSI outcomes:
           evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized
           controlled trials
    • Abstract: Purpose Debate exists for the optimal tool to select embryos for transfer in assisted reproductive technology (ART). Time-lapse monitoring (TLM) is a noninvasive tool suggested where each embryo can be captured every 5–20 min. Given the inconsistency in the existing studies, we conducted this meta-analysis of RCTs to summarize the evidence available concerning the predictive ability of morphokinetics compared with the routine assessment of embryo development in ART. Methods The primary databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, NHS, WHO, and Other Non-Indexed Citations were consulted for RCTs that have been published until November 2018, with no language restriction. Results and conclusion Our review includes 6 RCTs (n = 2057 patients). The data showed an improvement (~ 9%) in live birth TLM (OR 1.43; 95% CI 1.10–1.85; P = 0.007), with low-quality evidence. There was no evidence of a significant difference between both groups concerning ongoing pregnancy, clinical pregnancy and implantation rates. The data further showed that morphokinetics is associated with decreased early pregnancy loss rate. These estimates must be interpreted with caution owing to the statistical and clinical heterogeneities and the consequent difficulty in drawing any meaningful conclusion.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Planned versus urgent deliveries in placenta previa: maternal, surgical
           and neonatal results
    • Abstract: Purpose Placenta previa is abnormal localization of the placenta, associated with high rates of maternal–fetal morbidity and mortality. This abnormal implantation may also be in the form of invasion to surroundings defined as placenta accreta spectrum (PAS). The increasing rates of cesarean section raise the frequency of placenta previa and PAS in recent years. Although there are some recommendations, the optimal timing of caesarean delivery concerning fetal and maternal benefits is still unclear. The aim of this study is to compare maternal, surgical and perinatal outcomes of placenta previa cases who underwent emergency or planned surgery. Methods The women who underwent cesarean section for placenta previa between October 2013 and February 2019 at a tertiary care center were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into two main groups as planned and urgent, and into two subgroups as complicated (PAS) and uncomplicated (non-PAS). Results Of the 313 women who met the inclusion criteria, 176 were planned and 137 were urgent cesarean sections. In the urgent group, gestational age, duration of surgery, maternal preoperative and pre-discharge hemoglobin levels, requirement of blood and blood product, additional surgical interventions, length of maternal postoperative intensive care unit and hospital stay, neonatal birthweight, Apgar scores, length of the follow-up in neonatal intensive care unit, invasive and non-invasive mechanical ventilation were significantly different. Conclusions Maternal complication rates are increased in women who are operated on emergency conditions due to placenta previa. Perinatal outcomes are better in women who underwent planned surgery and in those with gestational age greater than 37 weeks.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Reference intervals of serum lipids in the second and third trimesters of
           pregnancy in a Caucasian cohort: the LIFE Child study
    • Abstract: Background The study aimed to establish reference intervals for serum lipids and apolipoproteins in pregnant women depending on trimester and parity, and to investigate the influence of various factors on lipid and apolipoprotein concentrations. Materials and methods A total of 748 pregnant women (n = 683 in the second trimester, n = 676 in the third trimester) were included in the study and reference intervals for total cholesterol (TC), HDL, LDL, triglycerides (TG), apoA1 and apoB were determined as empirical quantiles. The measurement of serum lipids was performed using a validated specific homozygous enzymatic color test. Hierarchical models were used to investigate hypothesized relations. Results Except for apoA1, all serum lipids levels showed a significant change from the second to the third trimester. This increase was most pronounced for TGs. Especially in the third trimester, the concentrations of serum lipids exceeded the currently accepted reference values for non-pregnant women by a factor of 2.5. Reference intervals of serum lipids at the second and third trimesters in healthy pregnant women were as following: TC 4.45–8.99 and 4.83–9.71 mmol/l, HDL 1.33–3.06 and 1.16–3.13 mmol/l, LDL 2.14–6.11 and 2.35–6.98 mmol/l, TG 0.92–3.0 and 1.37–4.76 mmol/l as well as apoB 0.69–1.93 and 0.85–2.21 g/l. Parity and nutrient intake were not significantly associated with changes in lipid concentration. Prematurity was associated with a significant decrease in TC and TG levels. Conclusion Detailed reference values for serum lipids and apolipoproteins in pregnancy are now available for a Caucasian cohort. Further, long-term studies are still needed to assess the effect of the extensive concentration changes of serum lipids in pregnancy and their atherogenic risk definitively.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Long interpregnancy interval and mode of delivery
    • Abstract: Purpose WHO sets 24 months as the ideal minimum interpregnancy interval (IPI) to minimize maternal and perinatal adverse outcomes. Some studies suggest that an interval longer than 59 months may affect these outcomes, but little is known about its influence on labor. The primary objective of this study was to compare the cesarean delivery rate between primiparous women with a long IPI and, on the one hand, primiparous women with an ideal minimum IPI of 18–24 months and, on the other hand, with nulliparous women. Methods This retrospective cohort study of 17 years included nulliparas and primiparas who gave birth to live singleton fetuses in cephalic presentation after 22 weeks of gestation. Women with an IPI < 18 months or from 24 to 59 months were excluded, as were women with planned cesarean. We analyzed three groups: primiparous women with a long IPI defined as > 59 months, primiparous women with an ideal minimum IPI (18–24 months), and nulliparous women. Results The study included 18,503 women: 1342 women in the “long IPI” group, 1388 in the “ideal minimum IPI” group, and 15,773 in the nulliparous women group. The cesarean delivery rate was significantly higher in the long compared to the ideal minimum IPI group [12.2% vs. 6.3%, respectively; aOR = 2.2 (95% CI 1.6–3.1)], but both groups had similar durations of labor, regardless of mode of delivery. Women in the long IPI group had significantly lower cesarean rates than nulliparous women [12.2% and 14.3%, respectively; aOR = 0.5 (95% CI 0.4–0.7)], and the nulliparous women had a significantly longer mean duration of labor. Conclusions Primiparas with a long IPI, compared with ideal minimal IPI have a higher risk of cesarean delivery during labor. Compared with nulliparous women, primiparous women with a long IPI had a lower cesarean rate.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • The association between pregnancies complicated with isolated
           polyhydramnios or oligohydramnios and offspring long-term gastrointestinal
    • Abstract: Objective Infants born to mothers with pregnancies complicated by polyhydramnios or oligohydramnios are at an increased risk for significant adverse perinatal outcome. We sought to assess whether in utero exposure to amniotic fluid abnormalities increases the risk of long-term gastrointestinal (GI) morbidity in the offspring. Methods In a population-based cohort study, the incidence of GI-related hospitalizations was compared between singletons exposed and unexposed to oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios. Deliveries occurred between the years 1991–2014 in a regional tertiary medical center. Offspring GI morbidity was assessed up to the age of 18 years according to a pre-defined set of International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision (ICD-9) codes associated with hospitalization. A Kaplan–Meier survival curve was used to compare cumulative morbidity incidence. A Cox proportional hazard model was performed to control for confounders. Results During the study period, 186,196 newborns met the inclusion criteria, of which 2.1% (n = 4063) and 3.0% (n = 5684) were born following pregnancies with oligohydramnios and polyhydramnios, respectively. The Kaplan–Meier curve demonstrated that children exposed to isolated oligohydramnios (but not to polyhydramnios) had higher cumulative incidence of GI morbidity (log-rank test, p = 0.001). In the Cox regression model, controlled for maternal age, gestational age, birth weight, and mode of delivery, isolated oligohydramnios (adjusted HR 1.2, 95% CI 1.04–1.34, p = 0.007), but not polyhydramnios (adjusted HR 1.1, 95% CI 0.91–1.13, p = 0.766), was found to be independently associated with long-term GI morbidity of the offspring. Conclusion In utero exposure to isolated oligohydramnios is an independent risk factor for long-term GI morbidity in the offspring.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Prospective randomized trial comparing efficacy of letrozole step-up
           protocol with letrozole plus gonadotropins for controlled ovarian
           stimulation and intrauterine insemination in patients with unexplained
    • Abstract: Purpose Empirical treatment options for unexplained infertility treatment include controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with clomiphene citrate, letrozole or gonadotropins followed by intrauterine insemination (IUI). Achieving consistent multifollicular development with letrozole generally requires addition of gonadotropins. However, the cost and discomfort of injections remains a drawback of this regimen. Therefore, there is a need for evolving newer cost-effective regimens for COS/IUI using orally administered drugs like letrozole. Methods Sixty couples with unexplained infertility (on standard infertility investigations) visiting the infertility clinic at a tertiary centre in North India were randomized into two groups. Group A COS was done by step-up protocol of letrozole from day 2 or 3 of menstrual cycle, starting with 2.5 mg and increased by 2.5 mg per day for next 3 days (2.5 mg, 5 mg, 7.5 mg, 10 mg). Group B COS was done with combination of letrozole and hMG (human menopausal gonadotropin). Starting from day 2 or 3 of menses, tablet letrozole 2.5 mg twice a day was given for 5 days. Intramuscular injection of hMG 150 IU was given every alternate day starting from day 7 and titrated according to the response. HCG was given when leading follicle was 17 mm and IUI done 36 h after HCG. Results Twenty-eight couples in letrozole step-up group (group A) and 30 couples in letrozole plus hMG group (group B), completed follow up for 44 and 55 cycles, respectively. Mean numbers of follicle ≥ 16 mm in both groups were comparable: 1.74 (± 0.83) in group A and 1.94 (± 0.68) in group B (p = 0.178). Ovulation rate of 90.9% (40/44) was achieved in group A, whereas it was 100% (55/55) in group B (p = 0.022), although there was no significant difference in clinical pregnancy rate per patient, which was 3/28 (10.7%) in group A versus 5/30 (16.67%) in group B (p = 0.707). The mean (SD) cost of medicines was significantly lower in group A Rs. 345.00 (00) compared to group B Rs. 2148.64 (515.67) [p < 0.0001]. There was one case each of hyperstimulation and multiple pregnancies in group B, while none in group A. Conclusion It is possible to achieve multifollicular development with use of novel letrozole step-up protocol, even without addition of gonadotropins, at significantly lower cost.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Programmed intermittent epidural bolus decreases the incidence of
           intra-partum fever for labor analgesia in primiparous women: a randomized
           controlled study
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate whether programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) reduces the incidence of maternal intra-partum fever compared with continuous epidural infusion (CEI) during labor. Methods Parturients were randomized to receive CEI (CEI group) or PIEB (PIEB group) with 10 ml per hour for epidural labor analgesia with 1500 subjects in each group. The maintaining dose of two groups is 0.08% ropivacaine with 0.4 μg/ml sufentanil, with patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) dose of 5 ml and lockout interval of 30 min. The incidence of maternal fever, pain score, epidural sensory levels, the number and proportion of PCEA demand, anesthetics consumption, satisfaction score, neonatal Apgar scale, and maternal and neonatal side effects were recorded. Results It was significantly lower of the incidence of maternal fever beginning at 4 h post-analgesia and continuing until delivery in the PIEB group than the CEI group (4 h: 2.6% vs. 4.2%; 5 h: 7.3% vs. 10.2%; delivery: 5.6% vs. 7.9%; 1 h post-delivery: 3.9% vs. 6.2%; 2 h post-delivery: 2.1 vs. 3.5%; total: 5.8% vs. 8.4% in PIEB and CEI, respectively). Compared with CEI group, pain scores at 3, 4, 5 h post-analgesia and delivery (3 h: 2 [1, 2] vs. 2 [1–3]; 4 h: 2 [2, 3] vs. 3 [2–4]; 5 h: 2 [2, 3] vs. 3 [2–4]; delivery: 3 [2–4] vs. 4 [3, 4] in PIEB and CEI, respectively), the number and proportion of PCEA demand (number: 0.7 ± 0.9 vs. 2.2 ± 1.9; proportion: 42.0% vs. 80.3% in PIEB and CEI, respectively), and anesthetics consumption significantly decreased in the PIEB group (Ropivacaine: 60 ± 13 mg vs. 76 ± 17 mg; Sufentanil: 26 ± 4 mg vs. 32 ± 6 mg in PIEB and CEI, respectively), without severe maternal and neonatal side effects and any difference in neonatal Apgar scale. The epidural sensory levels 2 h post-analgesia (2 h: 8[8, 9] vs. 9[8, 9] in PIEB and CEI) and satisfaction score (9 [9, 10] vs. 7 [6, 7] in PIEB and CEI) were significantly higher in the PIEB group compared with those in the CEI group. Conclusions PIEB with 10 ml of 0.08% ropivacaine and 0.4 μg/ml sufentanil hourly provided a lower incidence of intra-partum fever with a better analgesic effect compared with CEI, without any severe maternal and neonatal adverse reactions.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Basal Anti Mullerian hormone levels and endometrial thickness at midcycle
           can predict the outcome after clomiphene citrate stimulation in
           anovulatory women with PCOS, a retrospective study
    • Abstract: Purpose Recent studies reported that in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients, other stimulation agents are superior to the popular first-line regimen, clomiphene citrate (CC) for ovarian stimulation. Nonetheless, CC is still widely used since it is not clear which patients will not respond to it. Furthermore, the prognostic value of endometrium thickness at midcycle is controversial. We aimed to find factors predicting the response to CC and the prognostic value of endometrial thickness at midcycle. Methods We collected data retrospectively from 89 anovulatory PCOS patients who had the first stimulation with 50 mg CC. We analyzed the basal levels of AMH, testosterone, LH, LH:FSH ratio and the endometrial thickness at midcycle by univariate, followed by multivariate regression. The outcome measures were pregnancy, follicle maturation and endometrial thickness at midcycle. Results Stimulation with 50 mg CC resulted in follicle maturation in 50.6% of the women and in 27.0% pregnancies. In the univariate analysis, greater endometrial thickness, lower LH and AMH levels and a lower LH:FSH ratio were associated with pregnancy (p < 0.05). In the multivariate analysis, only endometrial thickness remained predictive (p = 0.045). The endometrial thickness cutoff level of ≥ 8 mm showed a sensitivity of 87.5% (96% CI 67.6–97.3) and a specificity of 66.7% (95% CI 43.0–85.4) for prediction of pregnancy. In the multivariate analysis AMH levels 5.4 (3.4; 7.0) (ng/mL) predicted pregnancy (β = − 0.194 ± 0.092; p = 0.034) Conclusion We suggest to refrain from CC as first-line regimen in patients with AMH > 7 ng/ml. Under CC treatment, the cutoff value of ≥ 8 mm endometrium thickness at midcycle is associated with a better outcome.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Puerperal mastitis in the past decade: results of a single institution
    • Abstract: Purpose Although puerperal mastitis is a common disease, published data are poor. Increasing rates of community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) cases are reported in the USA. However, information about common pathogens and CA-MRSA in Germany is still insufficient. The aim of this study was to investigate the most common pathogens of puerperal mastitis in the last decade, its therapy, resistance rate and the effectiveness of the current treatment strategies. Methods The pathogens, the respective antibiograms and the treatment strategies of patients treated for puerperal mastits at the University Clinic Magdeburg (Germany) between 2006 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS Version 21. Results In our series, 59 cases with puerperal mastitis were reviewed, 26 (44.1%) of these developed a breast abscess. In 37 of 59 (67.3%) cases the symptoms occurred in the first 8 weeks postpartum. The most common pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus (64.9%) and Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (13.5%). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was found in one case. Of the 19 cases with Staphylococcus aureus, 17 were resistant to Penicillin. Conservative management was mainly performed with Flucloxacillin (60%), which was successful in most cases. Sixteen of 26 (61.5%) women with abscesses underwent ultrasound (US)-guided needle aspiration. Conclusion In this cohort, MRSA was not a main pathogen responsible for breast abscesses. Conservative treatment strategies remained constant during the observed period and Flucloxacillin was the most frequent antibiotic used. The analysis of the courses of diseases leads to the conclusion that surgical incision is progressively replaced by US-guided needle aspiration.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • The impact of neuropsychiatric disease on fetal growth: a
           case–control study
    • Abstract: Purpose To determine the impact of depression, epilepsy and drug abuse during pregnancy on delivery and fetal outcome. Due to the worldwide increasing prevalence of neurological and psychiatric diseases and drug abuse, the number of affected pregnant women is increasing. Methods A large-scale retrospective case–control analysis of pregnancies affected by depression, epilepsy or drug abuse with and without medication was conducted in two German perinatal centres between 2013 and 2017. The case group consisted of 706 pregnant women who had a diagnosis of depression, epilepsy or drug abuse vs. 12,574 pregnant women without neuropsychiatric diagnosis (control group). The analysis included the rate of intrauterine growth restriction, birth weight and length, neonatal head circumference. Results Significant differences in the subgroups were found in the parameters intrauterine growth restriction, birth weight, length and head circumference. Women with epilepsy were affected less often than women with depression and substance abuse. Major differences were found in the group of women with substance abuse. Negative associations were found within the non-pharmacologically managed disease group itself compared to women exposed to medication. Conclusion The present results demonstrated a negative association between maternal neurological or psychiatric disease and pregnancy outcome in the examined parameters. However, the non-pharmacologically treated maternal disease was identified as a risk factor itself.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Comparison of neovaginoplasty using acellular porcine small intestinal
           submucosa graft or Interceed in patients with
           Mayer–Rokitansky–Küster–Hauser syndrome
    • Abstract: Objective To compare using the acellular porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) graft or the Interceed in patients with MRKH syndrome undergoing creation of a neovagina. Methods In this retrospective study, patients with MRKH syndrome undergoing creation of a neovagina from 2016 to 2018 were retrospectively investigated. Wharton–Sheares–George neovaginoplasty was performed using the acellular porcine SIS graft or the Interceed. Results Overall, 67 patients were included for analysis. The operating time, the estimated blood loss and return of bowel activity were similar between the two groups. However, the total cost in the SIS group was significantly higher than that in the Interceed group due to the cost of the SIS graft. The mean length and width of the neovagina were similar between the two groups. However, the incidence of granulation in vaginal apex was higher in the SIS graft group than that in the Interceed group. There was no statistically significant difference in the total FSFI scores between the two groups who became sexually active postoperatively. Conclusions Our results demonstrated that Wharton–Sheares–George method provided the patients to have satisfactory sexual intercourse. The Interceed played a role in the reconstruction of neovagina no less than the SIS graft.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Overweight and obesity do not determine worst prognosis in endometrioid
           endometrial carcinoma
    • Abstract: Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in women diagnosed with EEC and treated at the Brazilian National Cancer Institute. Methods The study comprised 849 women diagnosed with EEC who underwent surgical treatment between January, 2000 and December, 2011. The demographic and clinical characteristics of these patients were collected from medical records and their nutritional status was based on the BMI criteria. Univariate (OS and DFS) and multivariate analyses were performed using the Kaplan–Meier method and Cox proportional hazards models, respectively. Results About 83.2% of patients were obese or overweight at time of diagnosis, with a mean BMI of 31.83. Patients were followed for an average of 34.97 months. There were 111 recurrences (13.1%) and 140 deaths (16.5%), with mean DFS of 51.90 months and mean OS of 52.25 months. There was no significant association between BMI and DFS or OS. In multivariate analysis we did not find an increased hazard of recurrence or death among overweight or obese patients. Conclusion Overweight and obesity had no impact on EEC prognosis on the assessed cohort. Further studies are warranted.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Recurrence and prediction of abnormal uterine bleeding and re-intervention
           after initial hysteroscopic treatment: a retrospective cohort study
    • Abstract: Purpose To estimate the incidence of recurrence of complaints and repeated interventions after hysteroscopic treatment for abnormal uterine bleeding in premenopausal women and to determine potential predictors for re-intervention. Methods This is a retrospective cohort study in two secondary care centers in the Netherlands. We included 313 premenopausal women who underwent hysteroscopy for complaints of abnormal uterine bleeding and who had intrauterine pathology visualized at ultrasound. The intrauterine structure was hysteroscopically removed. These women were compared with women who had a hysteroscopy for abnormal uterine bleeding, but in whom hysteroscopy showed no abnormalities. We used Chi-squared test for categorical variables and independent-samples T test for continuous variables. p Values less than 0.05 were considered to indicate statistical significance. Results In total, 262 women had intrauterine pathology removed at hysteroscopy; 136 (52%) women had recurrence of complaints, while 101 women (39%) underwent re-intervention. Heavy menstrual bleeding at baseline and multiparity were predictive factors for recurrence of abnormal uterine bleeding and re-intervention. In the 51 women with abnormal uterine bleeding in whom hysteroscopy showed no intrauterine abnormality, 29 women (60%) had recurrence of complaints and 12 (24%) a re-intervention. Conclusion In premenopausal women with abnormal uterine bleeding, treatment of intrauterine pathology often does not reduce the complaints, thus questioning the effectiveness of hysteroscopic removal of these structures.
      PubDate: 2019-11-15
  • Response to “Letter to the Editor” by Federico Prefumo
    • PubDate: 2019-11-09
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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