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Showing 1 - 200 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
  [SJR: 0.695]   [H-I: 47]   [16 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-0711 - ISSN (Online) 0932-0067
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Cardiotocography and the evolution into computerised cardiotocography in
           the management of intrauterine growth restriction
    • Authors: Christina Kouskouti; Kerstin Regner; Julia Knabl; Franz Kainer
      Pages: 811 - 816
      Abstract: Abstract Timely recognition and appropriate management of high-risk pregnancies, such as intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), are of paramount importance for every obstetrician. After the initial screening of IUGR fetuses through sonographic fetometry and Doppler, the focus is shifted to the appropriate monitoring and timing of delivery. This can, especially in cases of early IUGR, become a very difficult task. At this point, cardiotocography (CTG) is introduced as a major tool in the day-to-day monitoring of the antenatal well-being of the IUGR fetus. Since the first introduction of CTG up to the nowadays widely spreading implementation of computerised CTG in the clinical practice, there has been great progress in the recording of the fetal heart rate, as well as its interpretation. Focus of this review is to offer an understanding of the evolution of CTG from its early development to modern computerised methods and to provide an insight as to where the future of CTG is leading, especially in the monitoring of IUGR.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-016-4282-8
      Issue No: Vol. 295, No. 4 (2017)
  • Healthcare professionals’ response to intrapartum death: a
           cross-sectional study
    • Authors: Karen McNamara; S. Meaney; O. O’Connell; M. McCarthy; R. A. Greene; K. O’Donoghue
      Pages: 845 - 852
      Abstract: Background Exposure to adverse perinatal events can impact on the way healthcare professionals (HCPs) provide patient care. The aim of this study was to document the experiences of HCPs following exposure to intrapartum death (IPD), to identify opinions surrounding education and suitable support strategies, and to ascertain if involvement with an IPD had any impact on clinical practice. Methods A questionnaire study, with open and closed questions, was developed and set in a tertiary maternity hospital. Consultant obstetricians, trainee obstetricians and midwives were invited to participate. Respondents were questioned about the impact that an intrapartum death had on them, the support they received in the immediate aftermath and their opinions regarding ongoing education and training in the areas of intrapartum death and self-care. Results Eighty percent of HCPs in our study had a direct involvement with an IPD. Most (82%) HCPs received no training in dealing with IPD while 94% had no education on self-care strategies. Despite it being desired by most (80%), debriefing was offered to just 11% of HCPs who were involved in an IPD. Three main qualitative themes emerged from the data; the personal impact of IPDs on HCPs, implications for professional practice and future patient care, and the importance on non-judgemental support. Conclusion Maternity hospitals need to improve their support structures for HCPs following an IPD. It is hoped that this study will inform future educational practice and identify potential support strategies.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4309-9
      Issue No: Vol. 295, No. 4 (2017)
  • Serum serotonin, leptin, and adiponectin changes in women with postpartum
           depression: controlled study
    • Authors: Gazi Yildiz; Mehmet Baki Senturk; Pinar Yildiz; Yusuf Cakmak; Mehmet Sukru Budak; Erbil Cakar
      Pages: 853 - 858
      Abstract: Purpose Postpartum depression (PPD) affects nearly 10% of mothers after delivery and has many serious results. Although many factors associated with PPD, the etiology, and pathophysiology of PPD are not known completely. The relationship between serum serotonin concentration and depression is well known, but there are no enough data regarding the serum change of leptin and adiponectin. The aims of this study are to research the level of serum serotonin, leptin,s and adiponectin concentrations in women with PPD. Materials and methods A controlled trial has been conducted in three centers. Two hundred and forty four women were evaluated at postpartum day 10 with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDD). Venous blood samples were collected and serotonin, and leptin and adiponectin levels were studied using human enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Mann–Whitney U test was used for comparison of serum levels of serotonin, leptin, and adiponectin between women with PPD and without. A p value of <0.05 was considered significant. Results PPD was detected in 70 postpartum women. The mean serum serotonin level was significantly lower in the group with PPD (p = 0.001), while mean serum adiponectin level was higher (p = 0.001). The mean serum leptin level was not different (p = 0.133). Conclusions The serum adiponectin and leptin levels were high in women with PPD. This could play important role in the pathophysiology of PPD. Elevation of serum levels also may play antidepressant role against PPD, especially the early postpartum period.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4313-0
      Issue No: Vol. 295, No. 4 (2017)
  • Recurrence rates after abdominal and vaginal cerclages in women with
           cervical insufficiency: a validated cohort study
    • Authors: Kirstine Sneider; Ole Bjarne Christiansen; Iben Blaabjerg Sundtoft; Jens Langhoff-Roos
      Pages: 859 - 866
      Abstract: Purpose To estimate the incidence of cervical insufficiency and compare recurrence rates of second trimester miscarriage/delivery in second and third pregnancies after prophylactic vaginal cerclage, abdominal cerclage, or no cerclage. Methods Retrospective chart review of a representative register-based sample of 621 women with a spontaneous second trimester miscarriage/delivery in the first pregnancy in Denmark (1997–2012). We used strict criteria for the diagnosis of cervical insufficiency. The outcome of subsequent pregnancies was described by treatment with prophylactic vaginal cerclage, abdominal cerclage, or no prophylactic cerclage. Women were followed until June 2015. Results Of 621 women, 149 (24%) fulfilled the strict criteria of cervical insufficiency. Prophylactic treatment with abdominal cerclage (n = 20), vaginal cerclage (n = 59), and no prophylactic cerclage (n = 61) resulted in a second pregnancy ending before 28 weeks in 5, 30, and 72% (p < 0.001) and before 34 weeks in 10, 46, and 84% (p < 0.001), respectively. Take-home baby rate was 95% after abdominal cerclage, 73% after vaginal cerclage, and 33% after no cerclage. In a third pregnancy, abdominal cerclage (n = 47), vaginal cerclage (n = 38), and no cerclage (n = 8) resulted in pregnancy ending before 34 weeks of gestation in 2, 21, and 25%, respectively (p = 0.01). Conclusions Cervical insufficiency was diagnosed in 24% of women with an initial second trimester spontaneous miscarriage/delivery. In second and third pregnancies, recurrence rates were significantly lower after prophylactic vaginal or abdominal cerclage compared with no cerclage.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4315-y
      Issue No: Vol. 295, No. 4 (2017)
  • Severe pelvic organ prolapse treated by vaginal native tissue repair:
           long-term analysis of outcomes in 146 patients
    • Authors: Michele Carlo Schiavi; Giorgia Perniola; Violante Di Donato; Virginia Sibilla Visentin; Flaminia Vena; Anna Di Pinto; Marzio Angelo Zullo; Marco Monti; Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
      Pages: 917 - 922
      Abstract: Aims The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of vaginal native tissue repair (VNTR) as a surgical treatment for severe pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and, second, to evaluate the impact on the quality-of-life (QoL) and sexual function. Methods Women with symptomatic POP (≥III stage according to POP Quantification System) with or without stress urinary incontinence (SUI) underwent VNTR. The clinical stage, 3-day voiding diary, and urodynamic testing were evaluated in the preoperative and postoperative times, respectively. The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire–Urinary Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICIQ–UI SF), the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire short form (PISQ-12), and the prolapse quality-of-life questionnaire (P-QoL) were administered. Results One hundred forty-six patients were recruited. The median follow-up was 48 months (36–63). Fifty-two women (36%) had a previous hysterectomy, and 16 (11%) had a previous prolapse/continence surgery. Preoperatively, 135 (92.5%), 109 (74.7%), and 98 (67.1%) patients had anterior, central, and posterior descent ≥III stage, respectively. Thirty-two patients (22%) had concomitant diagnosis of SUI. Median operative time was 85 min (37–154), and median postoperative hospital stay was 2 days (2–4). No intraoperative severe complications occurred. At the long-term follow-up, the subjective cure rate for prolapse was 97.3% and the objective cure rate was 91.1%. A significant improvement of ICIQ-UI SF, the P-QoL, and the PISQ-12 was recorded at the follow-up (p < 0.001). Conclusion VNTR is effective, safe, and durable and improves POP-related symptoms and sexual function.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4307-y
      Issue No: Vol. 295, No. 4 (2017)
  • Dominant factors affecting reproductive outcomes of fertility-desiring
           young women with intrauterine adhesions
    • Authors: Jinyan Zhao; Qing Chen; Dongge Cai; Zhao Duan; Xianghong Li; Xiang Xue
      Pages: 923 - 927
      Abstract: Purpose To identify the dominant factors affecting reproductive outcomes of fertility-desiring young women with intrauterine adhesions (IUA) after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis. Methods This prospective observational study included 104 cases of women with IUA. Logistic regression analysis was applied to analyze the value of the location and extent of adhesions, the number of previous uterine cavity surgery, menstrual patterns, and second look hysteroscopy time. Results In the total 104 patients with IUA, 91 patients (87.5%) had a history of at least one previous uterine cavity surgery. Hypomenorrhoea and amenorrhoea were two most common presenting menstrual abnormalities occurring in 59 (56.7%) and 28 (26.9%) cases, respectively. The clinical pregnancy rate was 60.6% (63/104) and the live birth rate was 39.4% (41/104). Pregnancy rate was higher in patients having mild IUA (81.5%) as compared to moderate (61.3%) or severe type (20.0%) (p < 0.001). The bivariate and binary logistic regression analysis revealed that the location and extent of adhesions were the independent parameters related to the reproductive outcome after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis for fertility-desiring women with IUA (p = 0.011 and p = 0.003, respectively), but not the number of previous uterine cavity surgery, menstrual patterns, and second look hysteroscopy time (p = 0.232, p = 0.239 and p = 0.120, respectively). Conclusion The extent and location of IUA are the dominant factors affecting reproductive outcomes, which are possibly regarded as a potential predictor evaluating prognosis of IUA after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4314-z
      Issue No: Vol. 295, No. 4 (2017)
  • Serum heme oxygenase-1 levels in patients with primary dysmenorrhea
    • Authors: Ayse Nur Aksoy; Esra Laloglu; Alev Lazoglu Ozkaya; Emsal Pınar Topdagi Yilmaz
      Pages: 929 - 934
      Abstract: Purpose Primary dysmenorrhea effects the life-quality of women negatively. The aim of this study was to evaluate heme oxygenase-1 (HO1) activity together with malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) levels in patients with primary dysmenorrhea. Methods A total of 28 nulliparous women with the diagnosis of primary dysmenorrhea and 26 healthy controls were included in this study. On the first day of menstruation, all patients underwent ultrasound examination to exclude pelvic pathology and the visual analogue scale was applied to patients. Patient’s visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, age, body mass index (BMI), menstrual cycle length (day), length of bleeding (day) were recorded. In the same day, fasting blood samples were taken from each patient for biochemical analysis. Results Serum MDA, NO and HO1 levels were found to be higher in women with primary dysmenorrhea compared to healthy controls (p = 0.012, p = 0.009, p < 0.001, respectively). There were no correlation among serum levels of HO1, NO and MDA, age, BMI, cycle length, pain score and menses duration in both groups. In Pearson’s correlation analysis, positive correlation was found between HO1 levels with the NO levels (r = 0.316, p < 0.05) and VAS scores (r = 0.520, p < 0.01). Also, positive correlation was found between MDA levels and VAS scores (r = 0.327, p < 0.05). Conclusions Serum HO1, NO and MDA levels increase in patients with primary dysmenorrhea. Antioxidant support might be helpful to reduce pain severity in primary dysmenorrhea.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4312-1
      Issue No: Vol. 295, No. 4 (2017)
  • Comorbidity profiles among women with postcoital bleeding: a nationwide
           health insurance database
    • Authors: Hsin-Li Liu; Chuan-Mei Chen; Lee-Wen Pai; Yueh-Juen Hwu; Horng-Mo Lee; Yueh-Chin Chung
      Pages: 935 - 941
      Abstract: Purpose Most of the existing studies on postcoital bleeding (PCB) in Western countries. To date, no study has focused on the various PCB-related comorbidities in Taiwan women. This work aims to analyze and compare the presence or absence of PCB among Taiwanese women with gynecological comorbidity. Methods This study is a population-based retrospective cohort investigation. Outpatients with PCB after the index date were considered. A total of 2377 female patients with PCB (ICD-9 626.7) were identified using a nationwide outpatient sample from 2001 to 2010. For comparison, 7131 cases were randomly matched with the study group in terms of gender and age. Results The PCB incidence rate was 39–59 cases/100,000 Taiwanese women, with mean age (±SD) of 36.74 ± 10.79 years, median age of 36 years, and mode age of 29 years. Women with PCB exhibited 1.47-fold risk of cervical dysplasia and 1.59-fold risk for malignant neoplasm of cervix. Young women with PCB showed high risk of cervical cancer. The most common benign diseases among PCB- related comorbidities were cervical erosion and ectropion (20.66%), followed by vaginitis and vulvovaginitis (19.18%). Comparison between PCB and non-PCB groups indicated several significant high-risk comorbidities including cervical polyps, cervical erosion, leukoplakia of cervix, intrauterine contraceptive device, cervicitis, vaginitis, menopause, dyspareunia, and vulvodynia. Conclusions This study provides evidence that PCB-related comorbidities manifested benign diseases (51.58%), lower genital tract infection (46.11%), and cervical cancer (2.31%). Thus, healthcare providers must ensure that appropriate routine screening tests and counseling are given to women with PCB.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4327-7
      Issue No: Vol. 295, No. 4 (2017)
  • Impact of reproductive factors on breast cancer subtypes in postmenopausal
           women: a retrospective single-center study
    • Authors: Alexandra von Au; Mona Klotzbuecher; Lorenz Uhlmann; Mark Boudewijns; Laura Michel; Markus Wallwiener; Joerg Heil; Michael Golatta; Joachim Rom; Christof Sohn; Andreas Schneeweiss; Florian Schuetz; Christoph Domschke
      Pages: 971 - 978
      Abstract: Purpose Some reproductive factors are well-known general risk factors for breast cancer (BC). On the other hand, BC subtypes also have a high prognostic value. Correlations, however, that link these risk factors to the development of a particular one of the different BC subtypes are still poorly understood. The primary objective of our study was to assess the influence of different reproductive factors (duration of breastfeeding, parity, and age at first childbirth) on pathological BC subtypes. Secondarily, we correlated body mass index (BMI), age at primary diagnosis, and smoking behavior with tumor subclasses. Patients and methods We performed a retrospective chart review of 1082 patients with BC who had been treated for postmenopausal BC at the Heidelberg University Hospital during the period 2009–2014. For statistical analysis, different types of correlation analysis as well as a logistic regression model were used. Results Relating to the primary objective, we found that patients with luminal-like BC had significantly fewer children than patients with triple-negative or HER2-positive subtype tumors (P = 0.027). Concerning the duration of breastfeeding, patients with a luminal A-like tumor had a significantly lower mean nursing period than patients with other subtypes (P = 0.012). Furthermore, patients who did breastfeed presented with a significantly lower number of hormone receptor-positive tumors (estrogen receptor-positive, P = 0.04; progesterone receptor-positive, P = 0.017) but the highest rate of HER2-overexpressing malignancies (P = 0.011). Moreover, late first childbirth was associated with the occurrence of luminal tumors (OR 0.952; P = 0.041). Regarding our secondary aim, higher BMI (P = 0.031) and higher age at primary diagnosis (P = 0.038) were both found to be significantly associated with luminal-like BC. Conclusion The results suggest a correlation of the occurrence of luminal-like BC subtypes with low parity and short or no duration of breastfeeding. Prospective investigations are needed for further confirmation and to evaluate the molecular basis of our findings.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4298-8
      Issue No: Vol. 295, No. 4 (2017)
  • The role of the SDF-1/ CXCR7 axis on the growth and invasion ability of
           endometrial cancer cells
    • Authors: Hong-qin Gu; Zhen-bo Zhang; Jia-wen Zhang; Qian-qian Wang; Xiao-wei Xi; Yin-yan He
      Pages: 987 - 995
      Abstract: Purpose Stroma-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor C-X-C chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4) are involved in human endometrial carcinoma (EC) progression. CXCR7 is another important receptor of SDF-1 and has a higher affinity with SDF-1 compared with that of CXCR4. This paper aims to study the effects of the SDF-1/CXCR7 axis on the growth and invasion ability of EC cells. Methods CXCR7 expression was evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, immunocytochemistry and Western blotting in EC cell lines and 30 cases of primary EC tissue from patients. EC cell line proliferation and migration were assessed following knockdown of CXCR7 by MTT and transwell assays. Results The results showed that CXCR7 was highly expressed at both mRNA and protein levels in the EC cells and tissue. siCXCR7 effectively silenced CXCR7 in Ishikawa and AN3CA cells. Treatment with 17β-oestradiol (17β-E2) significantly increased the levels of CXCR7 and SDF-1 in Con, siCon and siCXCR7 treated Ishikawa. siCXCR7 persistently inhibited CXCR7 expression, even in cells treated with 17β-E2. Moreover, in vitro functional analyses, silencing CXCR7 resulted in decreased proliferation in Ishikawa and AN3CA cells. Treatment with 17β-E2 and SDF-1 significantly promoted the growth and migration in siCon treated Ishikawa and AN3CA. Interestingly, in response to 17β-E2 and SDF-1 stimulation, siCXCR7 continuously inhibited the growth and invasion of Ishikawa and AN3CA cells. Conclusion Our results indicate that SDF-1/CXCR7 plays a positive role in the proliferation and invasion of EC cells. CXCR7 inhibition treatment may provide a promising strategy for anti-tumour therapy for EC.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4308-x
      Issue No: Vol. 295, No. 4 (2017)
  • Effects of a hyperandrogenaemic state on the proliferation and
           decidualization potential in human endometrial stromal cells
    • Authors: Alexander Freis; Tobias Renke; Ulrike Kämmerer; Julia Jauckus; Thomas Strowitzki; Ariane Germeyer
      Pages: 1005 - 1013
      Abstract: Objective Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women, involving hyperandrogenaemia and insulin resistance. Treatment options include dexamethasone, as well as the off-label use of metformin. To evaluate the impact of those drugs on cyclic changes in endometrial development, we tested possible effects of metformin and dexamethasone on endometrial stromal cells decidualisation, proliferation, and gene regulation in a hyperandrogenaemic microenvironment in vitro. Methods/design Ten endometrial biopsies (of which five were decidualized in vitro) were used from regularly cycling women. Cells were treated with testosterone, dexamethasone, and metformin in different concentrations. Thereafter, cells were assessed for proliferation and decidualization capacity, as well as mTor and MMP-2 gene regulation. Results Metformin showed a dose-dependent negative effect on prolactin secretion, a known decidualization marker. This effect was stronger in a hyperandrogenaemic condition and could not be compensated by dexamethasone. Testosterone had a dose dependent negative effect on proliferation in decidualized endometrial stromal cells. Dexamethasone slightly compensated the negative proliferative effect only in low-dose testosterone. High-dose metformin also showed a dose-dependent reduction in endometrial stromal cell proliferation without a major impact by testosterone or dexamethasone in decidualized and non-decidualized cells. High-dose metformin significantly reduced the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and mechanistic Target of Rapamycin (mTor), regardless of the concentration of dexamethasone and testosterone. The strongest effect could be observed for the combination with high-dose dexamethasone. Conclusion When therapies, such as metformin and dexamethasone, are used to normalize peripheral androgen levels in patients with PCOS, their effect on the endometrial microenvironment should be taken into consideration as well, especially metformin has to be used with caution because of its dose dependent, possibly inhibiting effect at the endometrial proliferation.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4295-y
      Issue No: Vol. 295, No. 4 (2017)
  • The effect of slow release insemination on pregnancy rates: report of two
           randomized controlled pilot studies and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Julian Marschalek; Maximilian Franz; Yael Gonen; Jan-Steffen Kruessel; Amnon Weichselbaum; Lorenz Kuessel; Marie-Louise Trofaier; Johannes Ott
      Pages: 1025 - 1032
      Abstract: Purpose A modified application technique of intrauterine insemination (IUI) is slow release insemination (SRI), first described by Muharib et al. (Hum Reprod 7(2):227–229, 1992), who postulated higher pregnancy rates with a slow release of spermatozoa for 3 h. Methods To investigate this approach, two randomized controlled, cross-over pilot studies were performed from 2004 to 2006 in Israel and Germany to compare SRI with the standard bolus IUI. We aimed to present the results and perform a meta-analysis on available data for SRI. Univariate comparisons of pregnancy rates were performed using one-tailed z tests for method superiority. For meta-analysis, a fixed-effect Mantel–Haentzel weighted average of relative risk was performed. Results Fifty treatment cycles (IUI: n = 25, SRI: n = 25) were performed in Germany, achieving four pregnancies (IUI: 4%, SRI: 12%, p > 0.05). Thirty-nine treatment cycles (IUI: n = 19, SRI: n = 20) were performed in Israel achieving six pregnancies (IUI: 10.5%, SRI: 20%; p > 0.05). Meta-analysis of all eligible studies for SRI (n = 3) revealed a combined relative risk for pregnancy after SRI of 2.64 (95% CI 1.04–6.74), p = 0.02). Conclusions In conclusion, these results lend support to the hypothesis that the pregnancy rate might be improved by SRI compared to the standard bolus technique.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4290-3
      Issue No: Vol. 295, No. 4 (2017)
  • Erratum to: Pregnancy outcome among partners of male patients receiving
           imatinib, dasatinib or nilotinib in chronic myeloid leukemia: reports
           collected by the French network pharmacovigilance centers
    • Authors: Patrick Carlier; Maritza Markarian; Nathalie Bernard; Laurence Lagarce; Anne Dautriche; Johanna Béné; Nathalie Fouilhe Sam-Lai; Pirayeh Eftekhari
      PubDate: 2017-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4321-0
  • Response to management of mental health, job professionalism and job
           satisfaction in junior gynecologists
    • Authors: Stefanie Mache; Lisa Baresi; Monika Bernburg; Karin Vitzthum; David Groneberg
      PubDate: 2017-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4333-9
  • Management of device-related complications after sacral neuromodulation
           for lower urinary tract disorders in women: a single center experience
    • Authors: Tilemachos Kavvadias; Markus Huebner; Sara Yvonne Brucker; Christl Reisenauer
      Abstract: Purpose This study is aimed at presenting and discussing the device-related complication management during a 5-year period, of the sacral nerve modulation (SNM), in a tertiary-care university unit. Methods This is a retrospective chart review of all women, who received SNM in our department between May 2011 and May 2016. All two-stage procedures were performed by the same experienced surgeon and according to our strict protocol of patients’ selection and follow-up. Data of perioperative and postoperative complications and their management were collected. Results The test stimulation was positive in 59 out of 64 patients (92%), who then received the permanent implantation after a mean test phase duration of 9 days. Mean overall follow-up was 16.5 (±10.9) months. We recorded 20 complications (31%) in 15 patients, after a mean follow-up time of 160 days. These comprise: lead migration (13.8%), infection (8.6%), pain (5.2%), wound healing disorders (5.2%) and lead fibrosis (10%). The event/patient ratio was significantly reduced from 0.6 in the beginning of our experience with SNM to 0.2 at the second period of the study (p = 0.005). All complications could be successfully resolved after surgical intervention without influence on the treatment effect. Conclusion Complications after SNM are common and may require additional surgical intervention for full resolution but without affecting the treatment effect. Also, due to a learning curve, a lower events/patient ratio over time is to be expected.
      PubDate: 2017-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4303-2
  • The colonization with Candida species is more harmful in the second
           trimester of pregnancy
    • Authors: Iris Holzer; Alex Farr; Herbert Kiss; Michael Hagmann; Ljubomir Petricevic
      Abstract: Purpose Vaginal colonization with Candida species (spp.) during pregnancy has been associated with impaired pregnancy outcomes. There is a reduction in spontaneous preterm birth among women with recurrent asymptomatic colonization of Candida who were treated with clotrimazole. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the trimester of vulvovaginal colonization with Candida species. Methods Data from all women, who were tested positive for the vaginal colonization with Candida spp. during the first or second trimester of pregnancy, and who registered for a planned birth at our tertiary referral center between 2005 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Their preterm birth rate served as the primary outcome variable. Secondary outcome variables were neonatal birthweight and Apgar score. Results Overall, 1066 women were eligible for the study. In 673 women (63%), who were diagnosed with Candida spp. during the first trimester of pregnancy, the rate of preterm birth was 10% (N = 64). In 393 women (37%), who were diagnosed with candidosis during the second trimester, the preterm birth rate was 18% (N = 71; p = 0.0002). Neonates of women, who presented with vulvovaginal candidosis during the first trimester, had a mean birthweight of 3243 g, compared to 2989 g in the group with a second trimester colonization (p < 0.0001). Conclusion Women who are colonized with Candida spp. during the second trimester of pregnancy have higher rates of preterm birth and lower neonatal birthweight than those who are colonized during the first trimester of their pregnancy. Screening programs for asymptomatic Candida colonization should take this information into account.
      PubDate: 2017-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4331-y
  • Cervical length after cerclage: comparison between laparoscopic and
           vaginal approach
    • Authors: Daniele Bolla; Maria Luisa Gasparri; Sabrina Badir; Michael Bajka; Michael D. Mueller; Andrea Papadia; Luigi Raio
      Abstract: Purpose The aim of our study was to investigate the sonographic changes of the cervical length during pregnancy after the placement of a transvaginal cervical cerclage (TVC) or a laparoscopic abdominal cerclage (LAC) in patients with cervical insufficiency (CI). Methods Between January 2008 and March 2015, a retrospective analysis of all women undergoing a prophylactic laparoscopic (LAC group) or transvaginal (TVC group) cerclage due to cervical insufficiency was conducted. Nonparametric variables were analysed with the Mann–Whitney (U) test, and categorical-type outcomes were analysed with the Fisher’s exact test. A p value <0.05 was considered as significant. Data analysis was performed using Prism 5 for Mac OS X. Results Thirty-eight patients were included. Of these, 18 and 20 underwent an LAC and a TVC, respectively. Mean gestational age at surgery in the LAC and TVC groups was 11.4 ± 1.6 and 17 ± 3 weeks, respectively (p < 0.05). The cervical length prior to surgery was similar among the two groups. After cerclage placement, the distance between the tape and the external cervical os differed significantly between the two groups (LAC: 31.5 ± 8.8 mm vs TVC: 13.5 ± 4.9 mm; p < 0.0001) (Fig. 1). During pregnancy, the cervical length in the TVC group showed a significant shortening (from 26.6 ± 7 mm before surgery to 13.2 ± 7 mm at 33 weeks; p < 0.0001), while in the LAC group, the cervical length remained unchanged. Conclusions In patients with CI, LAC is associated with a better preservation of the cervical length throughout pregnancy as compared to TVC.
      PubDate: 2017-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-016-4285-5
  • Research development of a new GnRH antagonist (Elagolix) for the treatment
           of endometriosis: a review of the literature
    • Authors: Pontis Alessandro; Nappi Luigi; Sorrentino Felice; Paoletti Anna Maria; Melis Gian Benedetto; Angioni Stefano
      Abstract: Purpose Limitated studies have reported the efficacy of GnRH antagonist on endometriosis symptoms. The aim of our study was to review all available trials to investigate the medical treatment of endometriosis with only GnRH antagonists, with special attention to pharmacodynamic activity, safety, and efficacy. Methods Pub Med and Sciencedirect database were searched using terms of “endometriosis treatment”, “GnRH antagonist”, and “Elagolix”. The search was limited to clinical studies published in English. Title and abstract were screened to identify relevant articles. Results Five studies covering use of GnRH antagonist were found. A phase 1 study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics, and inhibitory effects on gonadotropins and estradiol of single dose and 7 day elagolix administration to healthy premenopausal women; two phase II studies evaluated efficacy in patient with endometriosis. Moreover, there are two Phase III clinical trials just completed. Conclusion GnRH antagonists may have the advantage of oral administration and lower incidence of adverse events. Currently, only Phase II studies have been published demonstrating promising results in terms of efficacy, safety, and tolerability. From the results of the phase III studies, elagolix may become a valuable addition to the armamentarium of pharmacological agents to treat endometriosis-related pain.
      PubDate: 2017-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4328-6
  • Follow up in women with biopsy diagnosis of cervical low-grade squamous
           intraepithelial lesion (LSIL): how long should it be'
    • Authors: Andrea Ciavattini; Nicolò Clemente; Dimitrios Tsiroglou; Francesco Sopracordevole; Matteo Serri; Giovanni Delli Carpini; Maria Papiccio; Paolo Cattani
      Abstract: Aim To analyse the regression rate and the risk of persistence or progression of the lesions in women with a histopathological diagnosis of cervical low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL). Materials and methods Retrospective cohort study of women with biopsy diagnosis of cervical LSIL, from January 2010 to December 2013. After the initial diagnosis of LSIL, all the women underwent scheduled follow-up examinations with cytology every 6 months for 2 years and an HPV test after 1 year. Results At the 24 -month follow-up, the regression of cervical LSIL was observed in 88.5% of the women. 10.8% of the women had a persistent lesion, while a progression towards cervical HSIL was reported in 0.7% of the women. The risk of persistence or progression of histological LSIL was higher in women with ASC-H or HSIL on the referral cytology and in tobacco users. Conclusion In women with biopsy diagnosis of cervical LSIL, preceded by ASCUS or LSIL on cytology, a high rate of regression was observed and, in most of the cases, the regression occurred in the first year of follow-up. In women with cervical LSIL, preceded by ASC-H or HSIL on cytology, and in tobacco users, a higher risk of persistence and progression was observed. Thus, in these cases, repeated follow-up examinations, even with the HR-HPV test, are advisable.
      PubDate: 2017-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4335-7
  • Management of mental health, job professionalism and job satisfaction in
           junior gynecologists
    • Authors: Tomoyuki Kawada
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00404-017-4332-x
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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