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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2351 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2351 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.956
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 17  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-0711 - ISSN (Online) 0932-0067
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Reply to comments on “Risk factors, microbiology and management of
           
    • PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Reply to the comments on "Modified hysterectomy for placenta increta
           and percreta: modifications of what'"
    • PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Modified hysterectomy for placenta increta and percreta: modifications of
           what'
    • PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Risk factors, microbiology, and management of infected lymphocyst after
           lymphadenectomy for gynecologic malignancies: letter to the editor
    • PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Calprotectin in pregnancy and pregnancy-associated diseases: a systematic
           review and prospective cohort study
    • Abstract: Purpose Calprotectin, a marker of acute and chronic inflammation, may play a role in pregnancy-associated disorders. We aimed to summarize available clinical data on calprotectin in pregnancy and to establish normal values of calprotectin during the course of pregnancy. Methods We performed a systematic review of the databases PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify experimental and clinical evidence assessing the role of calprotectin in pregnancy. In addition, we performed a prospective cohort study assessing serum and urine calprotectin throughout pregnancy. Results We identified 17 studies investigating 1638 pregnant women, 151 newborns, and 99 non-pregnant controls, measuring calprotectin in different compartments. Calprotectin was present in meconium and elevated in fecal samples of pregnant women with active inflammatory bowel disease. In women with pregnancy-induced hypertension, mild and severe preeclampsia (PE), calprotectin was significantly elevated in maternal plasma and serum, but not in fetal serum, amniotic fluid, and umbilical cord blood. For the cohort study, we recruited 196 pregnant women. PE and concomitant renal disease were present in 6/196 (3%) and 11/196 (5.6%) of women, respectively. Throughout pregnancy, median serum and urine levels of calprotectin largely exceed reported concentrations of the healthy non-pregnant population, but showed no significant variations between trimesters 1–3 and post-partum. Calprotectin in serum was correlated with systolic blood pressure and in urine with leukocytes and total protein. No significant differences were found in subgroup analyses of smokers vs. non-smokers, PE vs. none, and renal disease (kidney stones, reflux) vs. none. Conclusion Calprotectin concentrations in amnion fluid and stools serve as potential indicators of inflammatory states during pregnancy. Urinary calprotectin concentrations are continuously high during pregnancy and show no significant variations between trimesters 1–3 and post-partum.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • The security of radical trachelectomy in the treatment of IA–IIA
           cervical carcinoma requires further evaluation: updated meta-analysis and
           trial sequential analysis
    • Abstract: Purpose The aim of this study was to assess the security of radical trachelectomy (RT) in the treatment of IA–IIA cervical carcinoma and conducted a new survey based upon the results of previous researches. Methods The PMC, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane and EMBASE databases were retrieved to collect prospective clinical controlled trials (CCTs) published from 1984 to 2018. The oncologic outcomes were evaluated by meta-analysis, trial sequence analysis (TSA) and statistical analysis. Results Five prospective CCTs were collected in this study. The recurrence rate and mortality of RT was similar to that of radical hysterectomy (RH), which was consistent with the oncologic outcomes of meta-analysis and TSA. Patients with tumors 2–4 cm in diameter were more likely to receive RH, which may be a potential factor in the higher rate of adjuvant chemotherapy in the this group, and RH was significantly associated with the risk of intraoperative blood transfusion. It is notable that considerable negative margin was achieved by radical abdominal trachelectomy (RAT), and the clinical effect of RAT was slightly better than that of radical vaginal trachelectomy (RVT). However, the TSA results showed that the cumulative cases were not up to the required sample size to obtain the true negative or positive results. Conclusions It is safe and effective for early-stage patients with cervical cancer whose lesions are less than 2 cm to receive RVT. For those patients with lesions 2–4 cm who desire fertility preservation and without any evidence of infertility, RAT can be a feasible alternative to RH under fully informed consent. However, more CCTs with larger sample size are still required for further validation.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • A new approach to prevent ischemia/reperfusion injury in a rat model:
           remote ischemic conditioning
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the effect of remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) on ovarian ischemia/reperfusion injury in a rat model. Methods A total of 36 Wistar albino rats with a body weight of 220–250 g were used for this study. Right adnexal torsion was performed for 180 min, and at the end of the period, the adnex was released and the abdomen was reclosed for 180 min for reperfusion. Torsion and detorsion procedures were applied to all rats except group 1 (sham, control). The right lower extremity was tied to perform remote tissue ischemia in groups 3, 4, 5, and 6. The goal of the procedure, which was purplish discoloration and pulselessness of the extremity, was maintained. After 5 min of ischemia, reperfusion was achieved for 5 min. Repeating this procedure 3 times was defined as hypoxia attacks (RIC). Retrieved ovaries were examined for tissue injury with biochemical, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical analysis. Results Unlike the control group, vascular congestion, hemorrhage, edema, and inflammatory cell infiltration were observed in group 2 (only I/R [ischemia/reperfusion]). In groups 3 (I/R + RIC), 4 (I/R + RIC), 5 (I/R + RIC), and 6 (I/R + RIC), edema and inflammatory cell infiltration were not observed. However, vascular congestion and hemorrhage that were detected in these groups were higher than in group 1 (Control) and less than in group 2 (I/R). The Caspase-3 Index was found to be increased in all groups compared to group 1 (P < .001). However, the increase in the RIC-performed groups was significantly less than in group 2. The apoptotic index, which was determined by the TUNEL, was also found to be increased in all groups compared to group 1 (P < .001). When the comparison was made in relation to group 2, the decrease of AI in RIC-performed groups was statistically significant, except the decrease in group 6 (P = .29). Conclusions It is not clinically conceivable to prepare the tissue for pre-ischemia in ovarian torsion. However, the RIC application, which will be initiated if torsion is suspected when arrangements are made for surgery, might be a simple, effective, and inexpensive approach to prevent I/R injury in the clinic.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Efficacy of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin maintenance therapy in
           platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer: a retrospective
           study
    • Abstract: Objective To examine the effectiveness of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) maintenance therapy (intravenous administration at dose 40 mg/m2 on day 1, repeated every 4 weeks) after first-line salvage chemotherapy for platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer. Methods This retrospective cohort study examined women with a first recurrence of platinum-sensitive epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosed between 2005 and 2015. Eligible cases had PLD maintenance following the first-line salvage chemotherapy (n = 28). Outcomes of interest included adverse events related to PLD maintenance therapy and survival outcome after the first recurrence. Results The median number of PLD maintenance cycles was 7.5 (range 2–26), and 11 (40%) women received ≥ 12 cycles. The median cumulative dose of PLD was 432.5 mg/m2 (range 120–1200 mg/m2). No women developed cardiotoxicity or secondary malignancies. There were 16 (57%) women who developed any grade of adverse events, including 3 (11%) women who developed grade 3 adverse events. There were no grade 4 adverse events. The most common adverse event was mucositis (n = 7, 25%). Dose reduction due to adverse events occurred in 14 (50%) women including 3 (11%) women with discontinuation due to toxicity. Median progression-free survival and overall survival after the initiation of PLD maintenance was 14.5 months (2-year rate 21.1%) and 51.2 months (5-year rate 43.4%), respectively. Conclusion Our study suggests that PLD maintenance therapy for platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer is relatively well tolerated with the use of dose reduction to manage toxicity. Our study suggests that PLD maintenance therapy may be effective for women with platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Current practice and physicians’ opinion about preoperative hair removal
           as a part of ERAS pathway implementation in gynecology and
           gynecology–oncology: a NOGGO-AGO survey of 148 gynecological departments
           in Germany
    • Abstract: Purpose To gather standardized information about current practices and doctors’ opinions on preoperative hair removal (PHR) from the surgical site and to evaluate the extent of PHR as one of the elements of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways that is established in the clinical routine in gynecology and gynecology–oncology departments in Germany. Methods We performed a nationwide survey among 638 primary, secondary and tertiary health care gynecological departments in Germany. Data were obtained by sending a multiple-choice questionnaire about preoperative management of hair removal. The authors also evaluated the awareness of doctors regarding PHR as well as the method and time frames of PHR. The results were compared to the existing standard of procedure (SOP) and guidelines. Results 148 units (23.2%) took part in the survey; participants in the survey were mostly chief physicians in 47.3% of the cases. Half (50.7%) of all the responses came from certified gynecological cancer centers. A SOP regarding PHR was reported as present in 113 clinics (76.4%). 83.8% of all units are performing PHR for midline laparotomy, 52.7% in laparoscopic operations, and 45.3% in vaginal operations. 48% used a clipper, while 43.2% utilized a single-use razor. 56.1% shaved instantly before the operation, whereas 35.8% did it the day before and earlier. 40.3% of chief physicians believe that PHR causes more surgical site infections (SSI) compared to only 11.5% of junior doctors. Conclusion PHR in gynecological departments in Germany is performed very heterogeneously and SOPs are often not based on guidelines and ERAS principles. Around one-third of the German gynecological clinics keep strictly to the guidelines. The awareness on PHR and SSI among junior doctors is very low.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Risk factors for failure of sentinel lymph node mapping using indocyanine
           green/near-infrared fluorescent imaging in endometrial cancer
    • Abstract: Purpose Side-specific systematic lymphadenectomy is suggested if sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping failed in early stages endometrial cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors associated with failed mapping which may lead to modify SLN mapping technique, increase the success of SLN mapping and reduce the necessity of systematic lymphadenectomy. Methods Patients with early stage endometrial cancer were included in this study. All patients underwent SLN mapping with indocyanine green/near-infrared compatible surgical platforms. Indocyanine green was injected intracervical. “Bilateral mapping” and “failed bilateral SLN mapping (unilateral or bilateral failed mapping)” groups were compared for demographic, clinical, surgical, and pathological features. Results 101 cases were analyzed. The overall, unilateral, and bilateral SLN detection rates were 94.1%, 19.8%, and 74.3%, respectively. The failed (unilateral or no mapping) bilateral detection rate was 25.7%. Failed bilateral mapping rates were higher in patients with longer cervical and uterine longitudinal lengths, deep myometrial invasion and larger tumor size without statistical significance. Body mass index and operation type were not related with failed mapping. Increasing number of operations or injection of larger volume of indocyanine green (4 mL vs. 2 mL) did not improve mapping rate significantly. Conclusion Cervical indocyanine green injection may overcome the negative effect of obesity on bilateral mapping. Although there was a negative correlation trend between the longitudinal cervical and uterine lengths and bilateral mapping, this possible relation needs to be confirmed in further studies.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • The myo-inositol effect on the oocyte quality and fertilization rate among
           women with polycystic ovary syndrome undergoing assisted reproductive
           technology cycles: a randomized clinical trial
    • Abstract: Purpose The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of myo-Inositol administration on oocyte quality, fertilization rate and embryo quality in patients with PCOS during assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles. Methods Fifty infertile PCOS patients were randomly designated in two groups. In the study group, patients received daily doses of 4 g myo-Inositol combined with 400 mg folic acid and in the control group patients received only 400 mg folic acid from 1 month before starting the antagonist cycle until the day of ovum pick up. Oocyte and embryo qualities were assessed according to European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) guidelines. The gene expression of PGK1, RGS2 and CDC42 as a factor of oocyte quality in granulosa cells was analyzed using real-time RT-PCR. Levels of total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were evaluated by chemiluminescence assay in follicular fluid. Results The percentage of metaphase II oocyte, fertilization rate and embryo quality significantly improved in the study group (p < 0.05), but the number of retrieved oocytes and follicle count were not statistically different between groups. Furthermore, the gene expression of PGK1, RGS2 and CDC42 was significantly higher in the study group (p < 0.05) but no differences were found between two groups in terms of TAC and ROS levels. Conclusions The present study findings suggest that myo-Inositol alters the gene expression in granulosa cells and improves oocyte and embryo quality among PCOS patients undergoing ART.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Risk-adapted management for vasa praevia: a retrospective study about
           individualized timing of caesarean section
    • Abstract: Purpose Vasa praevia is a rare condition with high foetal mortality if not detected prenatally. There is limited evidence available to determine the ideal timing of delivery and management recommendations. The aim of this study was to critically review our experience with vasa praevia, with a focus on diagnosis and management. Methods In a retrospective analysis, all cases of vasa praevia identified in our department from January 2003 to December 2017 were included. All cases were diagnosed antenatally during sonographic inspection of the placenta, and individualized management for each patient was performed based on individual risk factors. 19 cases of vasa praevia were identified (15 singletons, four twins). 13 patients (79%) presented placental anomalies. In patients at high risk for preterm birth, caesarean delivery was performed between 34–35 weeks after early hospitalization and administration of corticosteroids, whereas in patients at low risk for preterm birth, caesarean section could be delayed to 35–37 weeks of gestation. Administration of corticosteroids was not obligatory in the latter cases. Results There were two acute caesarean sections, due to premature abruption of the placenta and vaginal bleeding. There was no maternal or foetal/neonatal death. None of the neonates required blood transfusion. There is limited evidence available with which to determine the ideal timing of delivery. Conclusion However, our individualized, risk-adapted management, which attempts to delay the timing of caesarean section up to two weeks beyond the standard recommendation, seems feasible, with just two emergency caesarean sections and no case of foetal or maternal death.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Laparoscopic excision of deeply infiltrating endometriosis: a prospective
           
    • Abstract: Purpose To examine peri-operative complications in patients undergoing laparoscopic excision of deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). Methods This was a prospective study of a case series of women having laparoscopic excision of deeply infiltrating endometriosis from September 2013 through August 2016 in a tertiary referral center for endometriosis and minimally invasive gynaecological surgery in Iran. Data collected included demographics, baseline characteristics, intraoperative and postoperative data up to 1 month following surgery. Results We analysed data from 244 consecutive patients, who underwent radical laparoscopic excision of all visible DIE. Major postoperative complications occurred in 3 (1.2%) and minor complications in 27 (11.1%) of patients. 80.3% of our patient group had Stage IV endometriosis. Segmental bowel resection was performed in 34 (13.9%), disc resection in 7 (2.9%), rectal shave in 53 (21.7%). Joint operating between a gynaecologist and colorectal and/or urological colleague was required in 29.6% of cases. The mean operating time was 223.8 min (± 80.7 standard deviation, range 60–440 min) and mean hospital stay was 2.9 days (± 1.5 standard deviation, range 1–11). The conversion to laparotomy rate was 1.6%. Conclusions A combination of different laparoscopic surgical techniques to completely excise all visible DIE, within the context of a tertiary referral center offering multi-disciplinary approach, produces safe outcomes with low complication rates.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • PTEN expression in endometrial hyperplasia and risk of cancer: a
           systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Purpose Rates of progression of endometrial hyperplasia (EH) to endometrial cancer (EC) are highly variable. Among several prognostic markers, PTEN has been recommended by ESMO–ESGO–ESTRO to identify premalignant EH. However, its prognostic accuracy is unclear. Thus, we aimed to assess: (1) the association between PTEN loss in EH and risk of cancer, and (2) the prognostic accuracy of PTEN immunohistochemistry in EH. Methods Electronic databases were searched from their inception to June 2018. All studies assessing PTEN immunohistochemistry in EH and the presence of EC on subsequent hysterectomy were included. Odds ratio (OR), sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value (PPV and NPV), positive and negative likelihood ratio (LR + and LR−) and area under the curve (AUC) on SROC curves were calculated with subgroup analysis (short/long-term; atypical/non-atypical EH). Results Nine retrospective studies assessing 933 EH were included. PTEN loss in EH was significantly associated with increased risk of EC (OR = 3.32, p = 0.001). The association was significant only on the short term ( < 1 year) (OR = 3.45, p = 0.002) and in atypical EH (OR = 1.89, p = 0.01). For overall analysis and short-term/atypical EH subgroup the prognostic accuracy was low, with sensitivity = 0.58 and 0.68, specificity = 0.60 and 0.48, VPp = 0.41 and 0.54, VPN = 0.75 and 0.63, LR +  = 1.80 and 1.37, LR − =  0.62 and 0.56, AUC = 0.687 and 0.721, respectively. Conclusion PTEN loss in EH is a risk factor for EC, but is not reliable in predicting the risk of EC. In atypical EH, PTEN loss is associated with a risk of concurrent EC of over 50%. This information might integrate the patients’ informed consent for the choice of treatment (conservative/hysterectomy), especially in borderline cases. In conservative approach, PTEN loss might suggest closer follow-up.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Pilot study: placental biomarker predictive capability (sFlt-1, PlGF and
           their ratio) of postpartum maternal outcome
    • Abstract: Background Prenatal measurement of placental biomarkers was able to improve screening and diagnosis of preeclampsia. Little is known about the clinical role of placental biomarkers in the postpartum period. Methods This study is a prospective monocentric trial that included a total of 30 women with preeclamptic pregnancies. Serum placental biomarkers including soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) and placental growth factor (PlGF) were measured before and 2 h after delivery by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) using commercially available kits according to manufacturer’s instructions and correlated with the postpartum outcome. Results Postpartum higher serum PlGF level was associated with postpartum elevation of the systolic blood pressure. Yet, the placental biomarkers were not able to predict general worsening of postpartum preeclampsia or other individual clinical or laboratory parameters. Conclusion Serum concentrations of sFlt-1 and PlGF or their ratio in our study cohort did not completely predict the occurrence of postpartum preeclampsia. Yet, postpartum higher serum PlGF level was associated with postpartum elevation of the systolic blood pressure.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Tumor-targeting Salmonella typhimurium A1-R overcomes nab-paclitaxel
           resistance in a cervical cancer PDOX mouse model
    • Abstract: Purpose Cervical cancer is a recalcitrant disease. To help overcome this problem, we previously established a patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) model of cervical cancer. In the previous study, we found the tumor to be resistant to nab-paclitaxal (nab-PTX). We also previously developed the tumor-targeting bacteria Salmonella typhimurium A1-R (S. typhimurium A1-R). The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of S. typhimurium A1-R to overcome nab-PTX resistance in the cervical cancer PDOX model. Methods Cervical-cancer tumor fragments were implanted orthotopically into the neck of the uterus of nude mice. The cervical-cancer PDOX models were randomized into the following four groups after the tumor volume reached 60 mm3: G1: untreated group; G2: nab-PTX (i.v., 10 mg/kg, biweekly, 3 weeks); G3: Salmonella typhimurium A1-R (i.v., 5 × 107 CFU/body, weekly, 3 weeks); G4: nab-PTX combined with Salmonella typhimurium A1-R (nab-PTX, 10 mg/kg, i.v., biweekly, 3 weeks; S. typhimurium A1-R, 5 × 107 CFU/body, i.v., weekly, 3 weeks). Each group comprised eight mice. All mice were sacrificed on day 22. Tumor volume was measured on day 0 and day 22. Body weight was measured twice a week. Results Nab-PTX and Salmonella typhimurium A1-R did not show significant efficacy as monotherapy compared to the control group (P = 0.564 and P = 0.120, respectively). In contrast, nab-PTX combined with Salmonella typhimurium A1-R significantly suppressed tumor growth compared to the untreated control group and nab-PTX group (P < 0.001 and P = 0.026, respectively). Conclusions Salmonella typhimurium A1-R has potential future clinical application to overcome drug resistance in cervical cancer.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • The immature platelet fraction in hypertensive disease during pregnancy
    • Abstract: Purpose The aim of our study was to elucidate the role of IPF in preeclampsia, because the immature platelet fraction (IPF) is available in most emergency departments. A number of parameters have been introduced to diagnose preeclampsia/HELLP syndrome. The defined cutoffs of angiogenic and antiangiogenic parameters, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 and placental growth factor, have been approved for clinical routine. However, these parameters need complex analysis and are expensive. Methods The data of 69 pregnant women between 20 and 42 weeks of gestation were analyzed in this retrospective monocentric study. 28 of them had preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome or partial HELLP syndrome fitting the Tennessee criteria (study group 1). Furthermore, 41 normotensive pregnant women were included as controls (study group 2). In both groups the IPF was analyzed. Results In this study, we demonstrated that the values of IPF were significantly higher in patients with hypertensive diseases than in normotensives, but could not distinguish between preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome. The absolute number of immature platelets of women with preeclampsia was significantly higher and those of HELLP syndrome were significantly lower than values of healthy women. The absolute number of immature platelets as well as mature thrombocytes helps to distinguish between HELLP syndrome and preeclampsia. Conclusion IPF levels are higher in women with hypertensive pregnancy than in normotensive controls. They could be used to diagnose hypertensive diseases in pregnancy. To distinguish between preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome, thrombocytes or the absolute number of immature platelets is needed.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Endometrial human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) expression is a marker for
           adequate secretory transformation of the endometrium
    • Abstract: Purpose Successful embryo implantation into the endometrium depends on embryonic characteristics and proper endometrial development. Reproductive medicine often focuses on embryo quality, whereas reliable diagnostic tests for endometrial receptivity are still needed. We previously found that human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), one of the earliest proteins secreted by the embryo, was also expressed by the luteal phase endometrium around the implantation window. Here, we tested our hypothesis of endometrial hCG as an implantation marker. Methods Endometrial biopsies and serum samples were taken from patients undergoing routine infertility diagnostics. Correlations of immunohistochemically detected endometrial hCG expression with adequate endometrial secretory transformation, the infiltration of CD45-positive leukocytes, clinical diagnostic parameters, and endometrial thickness were analyzed. Results A highly significant correlation between the endometrial score, as a measurement for regular secretory transformation, and the intensity of hCG staining was found. The invasion of CD45-positive leukocytes increased with progressing endometrial secretory transformation and rising endometrial hCG expression. In addition, serum progesterone concentrations correlated with hCG expression by the endometrial glands. Conclusions Our results suggest endometrial hCG as a possible diagnostic parameter characterizing the endometrial secretory transformation and, thus, possibly also its implantation capability.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • Prevalence of oral HPV infection in cervical HPV positive women and their
           sexual partners
    • Abstract: Purpose Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection represents the primary cause of anogenital premalignant and malignant disease. Regarding the high prevalence of cervical HPV infection and the increasing incidence of HPV associated oropharyngeal cancer in recent years, a significant viral transmission from the cervical to the oral site, possibly depending on the sexual behavior must be considered. The present study aims to determine the prevalence of oral HPV infection in cervical HPV positive and negative women and their sexual partners. Methods Cervical HPV positive and negative women and their sexual partners took part in the study. Cervical smears, oral smears and mouthwashes were taken from women attending gynecological outpatient clinics in two different institutions. Further, oral smears as well as mouthwashes of their sexual partners were obtained whenever possible. HPV genotyping was performed using the Cobas® polymerase chain reaction and nucleic acid hybridization assay for the detection of 14 high-risk HPV types. In addition, all participants were invited to complete a personal questionnaire. Results 144 HPV positive and 77 HPV negative women and altogether 157 sexual partners took part in the study. Age, sexual behaviour, medication, smoking and alcohol consumption were distributed equally in both groups. Cervical HPV positive women had a significantly higher number of sexual partners. One woman with a HPV positive cervical smear and one partner of a woman with a HPV positive cervical smear showed an oral HPV infection. No oral HPV infections were detected in the HPV negative control group. The overall incidence of oral HPV infection was 0.5%, the incidence of oral HPV infection in women with a positive cervical smear was 0.7%. Conclusion The data demonstrate that the overall risk of an oral HPV infection is low. HPV transmission to the oropharynx by autoinoculation or oral-genital contact constitute a rare and unlikely event.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
       
  • New associate editor: Prof. Dr. rer.nat. Udo Jeschke
    • PubDate: 2019-05-13
       
 
 
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