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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 153, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.956
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 17  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-0711 - ISSN (Online) 0932-0067
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Endoscopic surgery: talent or training'
    • Abstract: Purpose There are two groups of undergraduate students involved in endoscopic surgery with different degrees of experience: average and more experience. This study proves whether the subjective impression of the laparoscopic trainer is verifiable and which factors influence extreme talent. Methods 21 medical students of the eighth term of the University of Witten-Herdecke participated in the study. On their first course day, students got instructed in suturing and knot technique. They were then required to tie a maximum of five knots within 2 h. After a week, students repeated this procedure. Time used for tying knots was stopped. Results Regarding the time students used for their first knots, great differences were provable (7–8 min, average 23 min). However, an adaption of the knotting time was noticed at the end of the first course day. This was confirmed during the second course day. Neither acquired factors (music, sport, etc.) nor individual factors (visual acuity, handedness, etc.) had any impact on the time used for knotting. Merely, one advantage was seen with the first knots with the factors of playing the guitar and having a more than 10-h surgical previous experience. Knotting times leveled off at 95% to less than 10 min, though. Discussion Neither normally talented nor extremely talented junior surgeons could be noticed, and so could not the co-factors providing an advantage or disadvantage for surgery, respectively. All prospective surgeons can learn defined tasks (knots) by short interval training, and thus show similarly good results after a few repetitions.
      PubDate: 2019-03-14
       
  • Can myometrial thickness/cervical length ratio predict preterm delivery in
           singleton pregnancies with threatened preterm labor' A prospective
           study
    • Abstract: Objective To investigate whether myometrial thickness (MT) to cervical length (CL) ratio could be used in the prediction of preterm birth (PTB) in singleton pregnancies presented with threatened preterm labor (TPL). Methods After 48 h of successful tocolysis, MT was measured transabdominally from the fundal, mid-anterior walls and the lower uterine segment (LUS) in 46 pregnancies presented with TPL. MT measurements were divided into CL, individually. The main outcome was PTB before 37 weeks of gestation. Results The patients were divided into two groups as women delivered ≥ 37 weeks (38.68 ± 1.01 weeks) (n = 25) and those delivered < 37 weeks (34.28 ± 2.53 weeks) (n = 21). The mean ± SD CL in the preterm delivery group was significantly shorter than the term delivery group (23.77 ± 9.23 vs 29.91 ± 7.03 mm, p < 0.05). Fundal, mid-anterior or LUS MT values were similar in both groups. However, in those who delivered preterm, the ratios of fundal MT-to-CL (p = 0.026) and mid-anterior MT-to-CL (p = 0.0085) were significantly different compared to those delivered at term. The optimal cutoff values for CL, fundal MT-to-CL and mid-anterior MT-to-CL ratios in predicting PTB were calculated as 31.1 mm, 0.19 and 0.20, respectively. Fundal MT-to-CL ratio predicted preterm delivery with 71% sensitivity, 72% specificity, 68% positive and 75% negative predictive values. For mid-anterior MT-to-CL ratio, respective values were 76, 76, 73 and 79%. Conclusion Measurement of MT along with CL may offer a promising method in the management of women presented with TPL.
      PubDate: 2019-03-14
       
  • Screening for blood born viruses in assisted reproduction: is annual
           testing necessary'
    • Abstract: Purpose Screening for blood born viruses is routinely performed before fertility treatment in assisted reproduction technology (ART) clinics worldwide. It involves testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV), among others. Identifying patients with positive viral screening allows to refer them and their partners for appropriate counseling and treatment. The need for repeat viral screening and its required frequency have never been clearly established. In Israel, viral screening is mandatory and is repeated annually. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of HBV, HCV, and HIV seroconversion in patients with negative screening upon initiation of ART treatment. Methods A retrospective analysis of viral screening tests of all fertility patients in a single assisted conception unit between 1997 and 2015. Results During the study period, 2844 patients were treated at our clinic, out of whom 1945 patients met the inclusion criteria. The average length of treatment was 1.61 ± 0.81 years, during which female patients underwent screening tests 2.6 ± 0.9 times, and male patients 2.3 ± 1.2 times. No case of seroconversion to any of the three viruses was noted during the entire study period, resulting a seroconversion rate of 0%. Conclusions Primary infection with HBV, HCV, or HIV is an extremely rare event among Israeli infertile patients, and the risk for seroconversion in this population is practically nil. Annual screening of both partners leads to substantial costs and appears to be futile. Our results question the current practice and support increasing the interval between screening tests in low-risk populations.
      PubDate: 2019-03-14
       
  • Neurovascular and lymphatic vessels distribution in uterine ligaments
           based on a 3D reconstruction of histological study: to determine the
           optimal plane for nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy
    • Abstract: Objective To present the distribution of neurovascular and lymphatic vessels in uterine ligaments using 3D models based on the pathological staining of serial 2D sections of postoperative specimens. Methods Serial transverse sections of fresh uterine ligaments from a patient with stage IB1 cervical squamous cell carcinoma were studied using the computer-assisted anatomic dissection (CAAD) technique. The sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, Weigert elastic fibers, D2-40 and immunostainings (sheep anti-tyrosine hydroxylase and rabbit anti-vasoactive intestinal peptide). The sections were then digitalized, registered and reconstructed three-dimensionally. Then, the 3D models were analyzed and measured. Results The 3D models of the neurovascular and lymphatic vessels in uterine ligaments were created, depicting their precise location and distribution. The vessels were primarily located in the upper part of the ligaments model, while the pelvic autonomic nerves were primarily in the lower part; the lymphatic vessels were scattered in the uterine ligaments, without obvious regularity. Conclusion CAAD is an effective anatomical method to study the precise distribution of neurovascular and lymphatic vessels in uterine ligaments. It can present detailed anatomical information about female pelvic autonomic innervation and the spatial relationship between nerves and vessels and may provide a better understanding of nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy.
      PubDate: 2019-03-14
       
  • Modified hysterectomy for placenta increta and percreta: modifications of
           what'
    • PubDate: 2019-03-11
       
  • Efficacy of a collagen-fibrin sealant patch (TachoSil®) as adjuvant
           treatment in the inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy for vulvar cancer: a
           double-blind randomized-controlled trial
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the effect of a collagen-fibrin sealant patch (TachoSil®) in preventing postoperative complications after inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy for vulvar cancer. Methods Double-blind randomized-controlled trial on consecutive patients undergoing bilateral inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy for vulvar cancer. Intraoperatively, inguinofemoral areas were randomized: one was treated with TachoSil®, while the contralateral had standard closure without collagen-fibrin sealant patch. Surgical outcomes, amount of drainage volume, duration of drain placement, and any postoperative complication (vulvar wound dehiscence, inguinal wound dehiscence, cellulitis, lymphangitis, lymphoceles, and hematoma) were recorded. Leg measurements were taken preoperatively and during postoperative follow-up until 6 months to evaluate lymphedema. Results A total of 19 patients were enrolled and 38 inguinofemoral dissections were performed. There was no significant difference between the investigational and control arm in the amount of drainage volume (p = 0.976), and duration of drain placement (p = 0.793). The postoperative complications, excluding lymphedema, were 10/19 (53%) in investigational arm and 9/19 (47%) in control arm (p = 0.74). At the end of follow-up, the prevalence of grade 1 lymphedema was 44.4% and 50% in investigational and control arm, respectively (p = 0.744); grade 2 and 3 lymphedema had a prevalence of 33.3% in both arms (p = 1). Conclusion Application of TachoSil® does not seem to improve postoperative lymphorrhagia nor to reduce the incidence of postoperative complications in patients undergoing inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy for vulvar cancer. Considering this point, it would be useful to identify additional strategies in inguinofemoral dissection for the prevention of these complications.
      PubDate: 2019-03-11
       
  • Different progestin-primed ovarian stimulation protocols in infertile
           women undergoing in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection:
           an analysis of 1188 cycles
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the efficacy in suppressing the premature LH surge, embryo quality and pregnancy outcomes of progestin-primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) protocols using medroxyprogesterone acetate versus utrogestan in women of all ages undergoing in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Methods 1188 patients were enrolled in the retrospective study, of which 1002 patients were treated with medroxyprogesterone acetate (M group) and recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (r-FSH)simultaneously from day 3 of the cycle until trigger day, while 186 patients were treated with utrogestan (U group) and r-FSH instead. Viable embryos were cryopreserved for later transfer in both groups. Differences in baseline characteristics, ovarian stimulation characteristics, endocrinological characteristics, embryo development and clinical outcome between two groups were assessed. Statistical analyses were performed stratified by age and number of oocytes retrieved. Results No significant differences were observed in the baseline characteristics, ovarian stimulation characteristics and clinical outcome of patients between groups. However, blastulation rate in the U group was significantly higher than that in the M group (49.4% vs. 32.9%, P < 0.001). During ovarian stimulation, LH levels remained steady in both groups. Higher percentage of premature LH surge was found in the U group (2.4% vs. 10.2%, P < 0.001), especially for patients aged more than 35 years or who had three oocytes or less retrieved. Conclusions Both the administration of medroxyprogesterone acetate and utrogestan in PPOS were sufficient to prevent an untimely LH rise, while for patients with poor ovarian response or aged above 35 years, MPA may result in a more satisfactory LH level. PPOS protocol using medroxyprogesterone acetate or utrogestan was comparable in terms of oocytes and pregnancy outcome, whereas the administration of utrogestan may result in an improved blastulation than medroxyprogesterone acetate, which needs further exploration.
      PubDate: 2019-03-09
       
  • Spatulas for entrapment of the after-coming head during vaginal breech
           delivery
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate spatulas for entrapment of the after-coming head (EAH) during vaginal breech delivery, in the setting of failed usual manoeuvres (Bracht or Mauriceau). Methods We led a retrospective cohort study in two tertiary referral hospital in France. From 2003 to 2018, we included all deliveries of live children requiring the use of spatulas (Thierry’s and Teissier’s) for EAH during vaginal breech delivery. Results Over the period, 59 breech deliveries with spatulas for EAH were enrolled (prevalence 2.3%). No vaginal delivery failures were found. The average term was 36 weeks of gestation. Mean maternal age was 29.4 years and median parity was 1. 50.8% of the foetuses presented as complete breech, 40.7% as frank breech, and 8.5% as footling breech. Maternal morbidity was low: no obstetrical lesions of the anal sphincter, 28% episiotomy (performed before application of instruments in most cases). There was no evidence of foetal over-morbidity. The average weight of the foetuses was 2635g. There was no serious trauma associated with the use of spatulas: only one case of skin lesion and a case of non-severe cephalhematoma could be attributed to the instrument. Mean arterial pH was 7.19, the median 5-min Apgar score was 10. Conclusion In compliance with obstetrical mechanics, spatulas should be considered as an effective instrument during EAH with maternal and foetal safety. This is the first cohort describing the use of an instrument to manage EAH during vaginal breech delivery, while knowledge and mastery of this technique are essential to manage this situation.
      PubDate: 2019-03-09
       
  • Analysis of the reproductive outcomes and the size of the unicornuate
           uterus measured by magnetic resonance imaging and their relationship
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the relationship between the uterine size measured by pelvic magnetic resonance and reproductive outcome in women with a unicornuate uterus. Methods This was a retrospective study including 140 patients affiliated with unicornuate uterus diagnosed by the pelvic MR prior to their first pregnancy in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University from April 2010 to December 2017. All the length of the unicornuate uterus were re-measured and recorded by skilled radiologists during the study period. We divided all the 140 participants with complete pelvic MR imaging into four groups by the best reproductive outcomes, which refers to Group 1 (primary infertility, n = 21), Group 2 ( < 24 weeks’ gestation, n = 34), Group 3 (preterm delivery, 24–35 weeks’ gestation, n = 13), Group 4 ( ≥ 35 weeks’ gestation, n = 72), followed them up and then analyzed the data. Results Measurements of 140 patients with hemi-uteri were retrieved for analysis. The mean length of the uterine was 4.90  ± 0.56 cm. There were no significant differences in the uterine cavity length, cervical length, endometrial thickness and uterine wall thickness between the four groups while the uterine length (P = 0.001) was statistically significant. Women with uterine lengths  ≥  4.5 cm were more likely to experience full-term delivery compared with the other group (P = 0.001). Ordinal multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the uterine length [OR = 9.03 (95% CI: 2.90–28.13)] and uterine cavity length [OR = 0.32 (95% CI: 0.06–2.04)] were independent protective factors for better obstetric outcomes Conclusion The uterine length is a reliable prognostic factor for the gestational week of delivery and an appropriate antenatal surveillance factor of women with unicornuate uterus.
      PubDate: 2019-03-08
       
  • Compare two different usages of FRD for detecting high-grade cervical
           lesions and invasive cancer
    • Abstract: Objective To evaluate two usages of the folate receptor-mediated staining solution (FRD) for detecting high-grade cervical lesions and invasive cancer, and compared with cytology test (TCT) and human papillomavirus (HPV) testing. Methods FRD sampling and FRD direct staining methods were used for detecting high-grade cervical lesions and invasive cancer. As a comparison, TCT and HPV testing were also applied for screening high-grade cervical lesions and invasive cancer. The sensitivity and specificity of TCT, HPV testing, and staining results of FRD were analyzed by the SPSS software. Results In this study, 317 patients with biopsy were collected. The positive rate of FRD sampling method was 35.33% (112/317), and positive rate of FRD direct staining was 48.90% (155/317). Area under the curve (AUC) of TCT, HPV testing, FRD sampling and FRD direct staining were 0.53, 0.55, 0.58, and 0.75, respectively. The sensitivity of TCT, HPV, FRD sampling and FRD direct staining was 69.72%, 97.25%, 64.22% and 81.65%, respectively, and the specificity was 37.98%, 12.98%, 79.81% and 68.27%, respectively. Conclusion Compared with TCT and HPV testing, two usages of FRD methods have compatible sensitivity and high specificity to detect high-grade cervical lesions and invasive cancer. FRD direct staining may be comfortable for routine cervical cancer screening
      PubDate: 2019-03-05
       
  • Patients’ perspectives towards malignant ascites: results of a
           prospective observational trial regarding expectations, characteristics
           and quality of life—a study of the North-Eastern-German Society of
           Gynecological Oncology
    • Abstract: Purpose Malignant ascites (MA) is a frequent and common symptom in (gyneco-) oncological patients. The present trial evaluated and assessed patients’ characteristics, clinical features and the possible influence of MA on QoL measurements. Methods A prospective observational trial was conducted from Oct 2013 until Nov 2016. Therefore an interdisciplinary questionnaire was developed. Overall 250 patients with histological confirmed MA were included with different cancer entities (gynecological, gastrointestinal). The correlation of MA caused symptoms and QoL measurements was assessed using Kendall’s tau b. Multivariable logistic regression models were applied to analyze the risks of symptoms or severe limitation in daily activities. Results 125 questionnaires could be analyzed. The majority of patients with MA had diagnosis of ovarian cancer (68.8%) and were under current cancer treatment (57.6%), mostly chemotherapy. Over 50% reported abdominal tension as major symptom, around 56% of the patients had MA when cancer was firstly diagnosed. Regression analysis showed that patients with MA above 2l were significantly more likely to be harmed in everyday activities. However, the age, gender, type of malignancy and the current treatment (chemotherapy vs. no chemotherapy) had no significant influence. Conclusion MA has a significantly impact on QoL measurements in cancer patients and might influence everyday activities including basic needs like eating, walking and body care. There is a high need for more information and education of patients with MA
      PubDate: 2019-03-05
       
  • Second-trimester maternal lipid profiles predict pregnancy complications
           in an age-dependent manner
    • Abstract: Purpose Our objective was to investigate the combinatorial effect of maternal age and second-trimester maternal lipid profiles for pregnancy complications. Methods With 1:4 matching, this retrospective study selected 499 advanced maternal age women and 1996 younger controls. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the correlation between second-trimester lipid profiles [total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)] and pregnancy complications [gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome (PIH), preterm labor (PTL), and macrosomia]. Optimal cutoff points were determined by ROC curve analysis. Results In women aged 20–34 years, TG are a risk factor for PIH (OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.16–2.04) and PTL (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.04–1.72). LDL-C was positively associated with macrosomia (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.04–1.50), while HDL-C was negatively associated with PIH (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.21–0.93). The optimal cutoff points for TG predicting PIH and PTL were separately ≥ 2.135 and 2.305 mmol/L. The optimal cutoff point for HDL-C identifying PIH was ≤ 1.995 mmol/L and for LDL-C identifying macrosomia was ≥ 3.425 mmol/L. As for advanced maternal age, only TG was an independent risk factor for PIH (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.01–2.54), and its optimal cutoff point was ≥ 2.375 mmol/L. Conclusions Second-trimester lipid profiles might predict pregnancy complications varied by maternal age. This suggested that individualized prenatal care strategies should be established for women with advanced and normal maternal age to prevent pregnancy complications.
      PubDate: 2019-03-05
       
  • Obstetrical outcomes of embryo reduction and fetal reduction compared to
           non-reduced twin pregnancies
    • Abstract: Purpose To prevent perinatal morbidity and mortality of high-order multiple pregnancy (HOMP), multifetal pregnancy reduction (MPR) is offered to some patients. In this study, we investigated whether twin pregnancies derived from MPRs carry a higher adverse obstetrical outcome compared to non-reduced control group of twins. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the data from HOMPs on which transvaginal ER (n = 153) at a mean gestational age of 7.6 weeks or transabdominal FR (n = 59) at a mean gestational age of 12.4 weeks was performed between December 2006 and January 2018. The risk of each procedure was evaluated by comparing obstetrical outcome with that of a control population of 157 non-reduced twins conceived by infertility treatment. Results The mean gestational ages at delivery were 35.2 weeks in the ER group, 35.7 weeks in the FR group, and 34.1 weeks in the control group (P = NS). Compared with those in the control group, the ER group had higher miscarriage (1.3% vs. 6.5%; P = 0.047; OR 0.21; 95% CI 0.45–0.898) and higher overall fetal loss (3.8% vs. 14.4%; P = 0.003; OR 0.24; 95% CI 0.09–0.60) rates. Differently compared with those in the control group, the FR group had no statistical difference in miscarriage (2.5% vs. 1.7%; P=NS) and overall fetal loss (3.8% vs. 6.8%; P=NS) rates. Conclusions Compared with the control group, ER in twins had a higher miscarriage and fetal loss rate, whereas FR in twins was similar to the control group. So, the FR procedure is overall a better and safer approach of MPR in reducing morbidity and mortality in HOMPs.
      PubDate: 2019-03-02
       
  • Reply to letter to the editor
    • PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Does prenatal identification of fetal macrosomia change management and
           outcome'
    • Abstract: Purpose To assess whether there is an association between predicted fetal macrosomia and adverse outcomes in macrosomic newborns (> 4000 g), based on a sonographic evaluation up to 2 weeks prior to delivery. Methods A retrospective cohort study of 3098 mothers of macrosomic babies who were delivered at our institution (2000–2015). We compared the management and outcomes of women with predicted fetal macrosomia with that of women with unknown fetal macrosomia. The primary outcomes were cesarean section (CS) rate and postpartum hemorrhage. Secondary outcomes were composite maternal and neonatal outcomes and birth injuries. Results In 601 (19.4%) women fetal macrosomia was predicted, and in 2497 (80.6%) women, fetal macrosomia was unknown. CS rate was more than 3.5 times higher in the group of predicted macrosomia (47.2% vs. 12.7%, P < 0.001) than those with unpredicted macrosomia; not only due to non-progressive labor, but for non-reassuring heart rate as well. However, predicted fetal macrosomia reduced the risk of postpartum hemorrhage (aOR 0.5, 95% CI 0.2–1.0), maternal (aOR 0.3, 95% CI 0.2–0.5) and neonatal composite adverse outcomes (aOR 0.7 95% CI 0.6–0.9). It was also associated with increased risk for induction of labor, episiotomy, 3rd- or 4th-degree tears and a longer maternal hospitalization. Birth injuries and shoulder dystocia were not different between the groups. Conclusions Antepartum CS was found to be associated with predicted fetal macrosomia. Moreover, a planned CS due to macrosomia was associated with reduced risk for postpartum hemorrhage, maternal and neonatal outcome, even for babies with a mean birth weight < 4500 g.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • PGR and PTX3 gene expression in cumulus cells from obese and normal
           weighting women after administration of long-acting recombinant
           follicle-stimulating hormone for controlled ovarian stimulation
    • Abstract: Purpose The present study aimed to determine clinical IVF parameters and gene expression in cumulus cells (CCs) in obese and normal weighting women after administration of 150 mcg of corifollitropin alfa for controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). Methods 150 mcg of corifollitropin alfa and gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist were used for COH. Analysis of CC gene expression was performed using quantitative real-time PCR. Results We did not find significant differences in biochemical and clinical pregnancy rates between obese and normal weighting women. Obese women required twice as much of additional gonadotropins for ovarian stimulation and had a significantly lower proportion of good quality embryos on day 5 of IVF cycle. Expression of PGR and PTX3 was significantly higher in CCs of obese women. Conclusion Obese women require significantly larger amounts of gonadotropins to achieve similar IVF success rates as normal weighting women. Differences in CC gene expression and smaller proportion of good quality embryos may imply that oocytes derived from obese women are of lower quality. Further studies are needed to evaluate whether obesity itself or the higher amount of gonadotropins used in obese women causes this effect.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Demographic changes and effects on the mode of delivery: a retrospective
           analysis of a large birth registry containing 27,729 singleton deliveries
           in a level I center
    • Abstract: Purpose To characterize and understand the demographics (age and body mass index, BMI) of a cohort of women who delivered at a single institution over an 11-year period. The purpose of this analysis is to look for effects over time of demographic characteristics on mode of delivery. Methods Retrospective analysis of singleton deliveries between 2004–2014, n = 27,729; level 1 perinatal center, university hospital setting. Data were extracted from the digital birth registry. All statistical analyses were done using R version 3.5.1. Variables analyzed were: age, BMI, and mode of delivery (in the current and any prior pregnancies). Results Mean age increased from 31.1 ± 5.2 years in 2004 to 31.5 ± 5.0 years in 2014 (p < 0.001, eta2 = 0.0006). Mean BMI before pregnancy increased from 23.7 ± 4.5 to 24.7 ± 5.2 kg/m2. Mean BMI at delivery increased from 28.5 ± 4.7 to 29.6 ± 5.2 kg/m2 (p < 0.001, eta2 = 0.0049). Regarding maternal age, patients with elective Cesarean section (CS) (32.5 ± 5.3 years), emergency CS (31.6 ± 5.6 years) and CS in labor (31.4 ± 5.3 years) were older compared to those with spontaneous (31.0 ± 5.2 years) or instrument-assisted vaginal delivery such as vacuum (31.0 ± 5.0 years) and forceps (30.2 ± 5.4 years). Among the multiparous patients, the mode of delivery in prior pregnancies is the variable with the greatest effect on the mode of delivery in any subsequent pregnancies. The mode of delivery was: spontaneous (55.5%), vaginal operative including vacuum and forceps (8.8%), and Cesarean section (35.7%). Conclusions Increase of age and BMI over years is significant, but very small and in a range which seems not clinically relevant. Previous births have the strongest effects on mode of delivery in the current pregnancy.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Using time-lapse technology to explore vacuolization in embryos on Day 3
           and Day 4
    • Abstract: Purpose To investigate the occurrence and development state of embryo vacuoles between the 8-cell and morula stages, and to explore how vacuoles affected the development of embryos. Methods A retrospective study of a cohort of 422 patients undergoing conventional in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection. With the help of time-lapse imaging, the development processes and outcomes of good quality embryos with or without vacuoles were analyzed. Results Vacuole positive embryos had significantly lower blastulation rate and good quality blastulation rate than vacuole negative embryos, p < 0.05. Compared to vacuole negative embryos, the number of best and good quality blastocysts was significantly reduced, while the number of fair and discarded ones was significantly increased, p < 0.05. The average starting time of vacuolization was 73.7 ± 9.3 h after insemination. The proportion of blastomeres affected by vacuoles was associated with embryonic developmental potential. Conclusions Vacuolization on Day 3 and Day 4 was frequently observed and was detrimental to embryo development. The proportion of blastomeres affected by vacuoles may be an indicator of embryo developmental potential.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Maternal serum screening marker levels in twin pregnancies affected by
           gestational diabetes
    • Abstract: Purpose To investigate the levels of maternal serum screening markers in the first and second trimester twin pregnancies, which subsequently developed gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods 145 twin pregnancies were recruited in the first trimester. Stored blood samples were retrospectively tested for pregnancy-associated plasma protein (PAPP)-A, human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), placental growth factor (PlGF), placental protein (PP)13, α-fetoprotein (aFP) and inhibin A. Values were expressed in multiples of the gestation-specific median (MoMs) in singletons, adjusted for maternal weight and parity, as appropriate. Results Twenty samples of first and second trimester were available from 11 twins who subsequently developed GDM and 219 samples from unaffected twins. The median PAPP-A level in the affected twins was 3.61 MoM compared with 2.46 MoM in unaffected twins (P < 0.001, Wilcoxon rank sum test, two tailed); significant results were found in both trimesters. The median PP13 was also increased but to a lesser extent. It was only statistically significant overall (P < 0.05) and in second trimester samples (P < 0.02). No other marker differed significantly. Logistic regression found that combining PAPP-A and maternal weight had a 55% detection rate for a 10% false-positive rate. Conclusions Early prenatal marker evaluation in twin pregnancies can be also useful for predicting the risk for developing GDM and should be further investigated.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Immune biomarkers in maternal plasma to identify histologic
           chorioamnionitis in women with preterm labor
    • Abstract: Purpose To determine whether various selected immune-related proteins in maternal plasma, alone or in combination, can predict histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA) in women with preterm labor, and to compare the predictive abilities of these biomarkers with that of serum C-reactive protein (CRP). Methods This retrospective cohort study included 74 consecutive women with preterm labor (23–34 gestational weeks) who delivered within 96 h of blood sampling. Their serum CRP levels were also measured. The stored maternal plasma was assayed for interleukin (IL)-6, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1, angiopoietin-2, S100 A8/A9, CXCL14, APRIL, and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2), using ELISA kits. The primary outcome measure was HCA. Results HCA was detected in 59.4% (44/74) of women. Women with HCA had a significantly lower median gestational age at sampling and plasma IGFBP-2 level, and higher median plasma IL-6 and S100 A8/A9 levels than those without HCA. In multivariable analysis, high plasma IL-6 and low plasma IGFBP-2 levels were independently associated with the occurrence of HCA. However, the sensitivities, specificities, and areas under the curve of plasma IL-6, S100 A8/A9, and IGFBP-2, alone or in combination, were similar to or lower than those of serum CRP, for detecting HCA. Conclusions Our data suggest that plasma IL-6, S100 A8/A9, and IGFBP-2 could be potential novel biomarkers for predicting HCA in women with PTL; however, elevated plasma levels of these biomarkers, alone or in combination, do not predict HCA better than serum CRP.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
 
 
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