Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2626 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2626 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
aBIOTECH : An Intl. J. on Plant Biotechnology and Agricultural Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Adversity and Resilience Science : J. of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
Affective Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Functional Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 185, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.956
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 19  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-0711 - ISSN (Online) 0932-0067
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Gestational diabetes mellitus and periodontal diseases: a well-known
    • PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Correction to: Does timing in ICSI cycle affect oocyte quality and
           reproductive outcomes' A prospective study
    • Abstract: In the original article published, the values given in the variables are incorrect.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Radical hysterectomy for early cervical cancer: what shall we do after the
           LACC trial'
    • Abstract: Surgical treatment of cervical cancer has led to one of the greatest controversies in gynecological oncology in recent years. After laparoscopic radical hysterectomy became increasingly widespread worldwide, it lost its importance dramatically when the data from the LACC study were published. In contrast to previous assumptions, there was a significantly reduced survival after laparoscopic hysterectomy compared to the open abdominal procedure. Multiple studies were subsequently published. Some confirm these results some do not. Some consider further studies to be unethical, others point to their own non-randomized results and call for a new LACC study. This article gives an overview of the current data situation and the possible criticisms of the individual studies. And, finally, calls for new RCT’s under defined criteria.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Association between factor V Leiden mutation and recurrent pregnancy loss
           in the middle east countries: a Newcastle–Ottawa meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Purpose Heritable thrombophilia is a category of genetic disorders of the coagulation cascade with the increasing risk of thrombus formation and recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Factor V Leiden (FVL) (R506Q) mutation is the most common genetic cause of deep venous thrombosis, but its association with RPL has been inconsistent in studies arising from non-Western countries. The present metanalysis was aimed to determine whether an association exists between FVL and RPL in the Middle East. Methods We searched PubMed, MEDLINE Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, evaluating the association between the FVL and RPL. The Middle East countries (Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, The State  of Palestine, Syria, Turkey, The United Arab Emirates, and Yemen) were evaluated in succession. Raw data were extracted, and 19 case–control studies were included in our final analysis. Results Overall, 2513 cases and 1836 controls in the Middle East showed a prevalence of FVL mutation as 12.6% and 4.9% in patients and controls, respectively. To evaluate the relationship between FVL mutation and RPL, we used Forest plot (random effect model) with the overall random OR of 2.37 (CI 95%: 1.50–3.75). FVL mutation was associated with a higher risk of RPL. In Iran, the OR was 1.90 (95% CI 1.04–3.45), and in Turkey, the OR was 3.01 (95% CI 1.10–8.23). Conclusion The results of our study support an association between FVL mutation status and RPL in women of the Middle East countries. It is recommended that specific policies include comprehensive testing for FVL mutation as a standard of care in women of the Middle East region with unexplained RPL.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Association between transthyretin concentrations and gestational diabetes
           mellitus in Chinese women
    • Abstract: Background Transthyretin (TTR) is considered to be associated with insulin resistance in humans. This study aimed to investigate TTR level in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and its association with glucose metabolism. Methods Fifty pregnant women with GDM and 47 pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance matched for body mass index and age were enrolled in this study. Their blood samples were collected to detect TTR, retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4), and their association with glucose and lipid metabolism. Results Serum TTR levels in the GDM group were significantly higher than those in the control group (median, 93.44 [interquartile range, 73.81, 117.79] μg/ml vs. 80.83 [74.19, 89.38] μg/ml; P = 0.006). GDM subjects had a lower RBP4/TTR ratio than the control subjects (median, 517.57 [interquartile range, 348.38, 685.27] vs. 602.56 [460.28, 730.62]; P = 0.02). The serum TTR concentrations were positively associated with neonatal weight (r = 0.223, P = 0.028), homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (r = 0.246, P = 0.015), and fasting blood glucose (FBG) (r = 0.363, P < 0.001). In stepwise multivariate linear regression analysis, FBG (standardized beta = 0.27, P = 0.004) and neonatal weight (standardized beta = 0.345, P < 0.001) were independent predictors of serum TTR concentrations. Additionally, FBG (standardized beta = − 0.306, P = 0.002) and triglyceride (TG) (beta = 0.219, P = 0.025) were independently associated with RBP4/TTR ratio. Conclusions Serum TTR concentrations were significantly higher in women with GDM than that in women without GDM, suggesting that elevated TTR level may play a role in the pathogenesis of GDM. Meanwhile, TTR was positively and independently associated with FBG and neonatal weight, while FBG and TG were independent predictors of RBP4/TTR ratio. Moreover, serum TTR levels and RBP4/TTR ratio were considered valuable markers of insulin resistance and GDM.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Intraoperative indocyanine green fluorescence imaging in breast surgery
    • Abstract: Background Since postoperative complications after reconstructive breast surgery are often related to drastic increases of patient suffering and treatment costs, several devices were developed in order to avoid them. In this respect, the intraoperative fluorescence angiography with indocyanine green (ICG) provides promising results by detecting ischemic skin intraoperatively. Methods Women who underwent reconstructive breast surgery at the breast center at Charité between April and December 2017 were included in the analysis. General patient characteristics, medical history, type of surgery, as well as postoperative parameters, complications and patient reported outcomes were compared between patients operated using ICG fluorescence angiography and conventionally operated patients. Results Among 68 patients with breast reconstruction 36 (52.9%) were operated with the ICG angiography device and 32 (47.1%) without. No significant differences regarding patient demographics, medical history, and surgical procedure were found. Wound healing disorders occurred in 11.1% of the ICG group and in 9.4% of the control group. About 11% of both groups developed major complications which required revision surgery. Complication rates and patient reported outcome did not differ significantly. Across both groups, only the risk factor resection weight (≥ 500 g) was significantly associated with wound healing disorders (RR = 6.80; 95%CI 1.93–23.81; p = 0.022). Conclusion The purchase of a device for intraoperative ICG angiography might not be reasonable for every breast center. Further research in a larger cohort and prospective manner should be done to determine if the addition of ICG to breast reconstructive surgery in the German setting really leads to improved patient care.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Postoperative comparison of laparoscopic radical resection and open
           abdominal radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer patient
    • Abstract: Purpose There are limited data regarding postoperative complications and autoimmune reactions caused by surgery in early-stage cervical cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic radical resection (LRR). This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effect of LRR of cervical cancer patients and its effect on cytokines. Methods 168 patients with cervical cancer were enrolled. The patients were divided into open group and laparoscopic group according to the random number table method, with 84 cases in each group. The surgical-related indexes and the incidence of complications of the two groups were observed, and the IFN-γ, TNF, and IL-1/2/4/6/8/10/12 levels in peripheral blood were compared before and after surgery in both groups. Results The operation time of the patients in the laparoscopic group was significantly shorter than that in the open group (119.56 ± 45.26 vs. 206.36 ± 54.39, P < 0.01). The intraoperative blood loss in the laparoscopic group was significantly less than that in the open group (155.29 ± 57.58 vs. 529.58 ± 162.4, P < 0.01). The postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) score was also significantly lower than that in the open group (3.65 ± 0.88 vs. 6.32 ± 1.12, P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups. The degree of inflammatory cytokines changes caused by LRR was less than that of open radical surgery (P < 0.001). Conclusions LRR surgery has less stress on patients with early cervical cancer than open surgery within 5 days after surgery, which has certain reference value for early cervical cancer treatment.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of duplication gallbladder: a multicenter
    • Abstract: Background Gallbladder duplication is a rare anatomic anomaly characterized by the presence of an accessory gallbladder. Objective To appraise the prevalence and significance of prenatal diagnosis of duplication of gallbladder in a multicenter study. Methods This was a multicenter case series with literature review. Clinical records of all consecutive pregnant women with a prenatal diagnosis of duplication of gallbladder, who were referred to our Centers were included in this study. The diagnosis of duplication of gallbladder was based on the evidence of double gallbladder in the standard abdominal circumference plane using grey scale. Postnatal magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) 3D and postnatal neonatal abdominal ultrasound scan were offered soon after birth to confirm the diagnosis of double gallbladder. The systematic review was conducted using electronic databases from inception of each database through December 2019. Results Five studies, including a total of seven cases, were identified as relevant and included in the systematic review. Gestational age at diagnosis ranged from 20 to 32 weeks of gestation. Associated findings were reported in only one case, where the fetus presented with a left-sided gallbladder, and bilateral renal agenesis with Potter sequence. None of the included cases reported abnormal karyotype. Our cases series included nine cases (0.03%) of double gallbladder with postnatal confirmation, with an overall incidence of this anomaly of 0.03%.Associated findings were reported in only two cases, one with IUGR and omphalocele, that opted for I-TOP, and one with single umbilical artery. Except for the I-TOP, neonatal outcome was favorable in all cases. Conclusions Duplication of the gallbladder is a very rare malformation with only seven cases reported in the literature diagnosed prenatally. This anomaly is not associated with abnormal karyotype, and the neonatal outcome is favorable if there are no other associated abnormalities.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Non-invasive risk-assessment and bleeding prophylaxis with IVIG in
           pregnant women with a history of fetal and neonatal alloimmune
           thrombocytopenia: management to minimize adverse events
    • Abstract: Introduction In pregnant women with a history of fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT), prenatal intervention in subsequent pregnancies may be required to prevent fetal bleeding. Several invasive and non-invasive protocols have been published: amniocentesis for fetal genotyping, fetal blood sampling for the determination of fetal platelet count, intrauterine platelet transfusions, and weekly maternal i.v. immunoglobulin (IVIG) infusion with or without additional corticosteroid therapy. This is the first retrospective study that report the experience with a non-invasive protocol focused on side effects of maternal IVIG treatment and neonatal outcome. Methods Pregnant women with proven FNAIT in history and an antigen positive fetus were treated with IVIG (1 g/kg/bw) every week. To identify potential IVIG-related hemolytic reactions isoagglutinin titer of each IVIG lot and maternal blood count were controlled. IVIG-related side effects were prospectively documented and evaluated. Furthermore, ultrasound examination of the fetus was performed before starting IVIG administration and continued regularly during treatment. Outcome of the index and subsequent pregnancy was compared. Corresponding data of the newborns were analyzed simultaneously. Results IVIG was started at 20 weeks of gestation (median). Compared to the index pregnancy, platelet counts of the newborns were higher in all cases. No intracranial hemorrhage occurred (Index pregnancies: 1 case). Platelet counts were 187 × 109/l (median, range 22–239, 95% CI) and one newborn had mild bleeding. No severe hemolytic reaction was observed and side effects were moderate. Conclusion Among pregnant women with FNAIT history, the use of non-invasive fetal risk determination and maternal IVIG resulted in favorite outcome of all newborns. Invasive diagnostic or therapeutic procedures in women with a history of FNAIT should be abandoned.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Early sonographic evaluation of the placenta in cases with IUGR: a pilot
    • Abstract: Purpose The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and value of measuring early placental echogenicity to predict fetal intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Methods This is a single center, retrospective cohort study. Early ultrasound examination (6 + o to 8 + 6 weeks of gestation in singleton pregnancies) was used to measure placental dimensions and placental echogenicity. A ratio between placental echogenicity and myometrial echogenicity (PE/ME-ratio) was calculated for each patient. Study population was assigned to either the IUGR group or the control group based on clinical data. Results 184 eligible pregnancies were analysed. 49 patients were included in our study. Of those, 9 (18.37%) cases were affected by IUGR and 40 (81.63%) were controls. Measuring the placental echogenicity was feasible in all cases. IUGR neonates had a significant lower placental echogenicity (1.20 (± 0.24) vs. 1.64 (± 0.60), p = 0.033), but no significant differences in the other placental outcomes were observed. Conclusion Our results showed that measuring placental echogenicity is feasible in the early first trimester and demonstrated a significantly lower placental echogenicity in fetuses with subsequent IUGR. Further prospective studies are needed to validate those results.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Incidence of unexpected uterine malignancies after electromechanical power
           morcellation: a retrospective multicenter analysis in Germany
    • Abstract: Purpose During the last decade, electromechanical power morcellation (EMM) was more frequently used but it may be associated with the dissemination of occult malignancies. The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of unexpected uterine malignancies after EMM. Methods This retrospective study consisted of patients who were treated at three departments of Gynecology in Germany from 2008 to 2017. We identified women who underwent an operation with the use of EMM. Clinical records, risk factors, and the outcomes of the patients were reviewed. Results We performed an analysis of 1683 patients who had undergone laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LASH), total hysterectomy, or myomectomy (LM) (48.6%, 8.4%, and 43.0%, respectively). Unexpected malignancies were detected in 4 of 1683 patients (0.24%). In all cases, the malignancy proved to be a sarcoma and was detected after LASH. All patients with occult sarcomas were older than 45 years and the most common (75%) risk factor was the appearance of a solitary tumor. The patients underwent secondary laparotomy for complete oncological staging, and no histological dissemination of the sarcoma was registered. Two patients had a recurrence. At the final follow-up investigation all four patients were in good general health. Conclusion Occult malignancies are liable to spread after EMM, although the overall risk of being diagnosed with an occult malignancy and the risk of dissemination appear to be low. Once the preoperative diagnostic investigation has yielded no suspicious findings, laparoscopic morcellation may be considered a safe method, especially LM in patients of reproductive age.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • The efficacy between cervical-lifting suture and lower B-Lynch suture in
           placenta previa: a retrospective cohort-study
    • Abstract: Purpose This study is performed to evaluate and compare the efficacy of cervical-lifting suture and lower B-Lynch suture in different severity of placenta previa associated with lower uterine segment bleeding. Methods We evaluated the effectiveness of cervical-lifting suture (n = 51) and lower B-Lynch suture (n = 137) in stopping the bleeding from lower uterine segment. Additionally, we used different statistical methods, including overall analysis, subgroup analysis and approximate randomization analysis, to evaluate the efficacy of the two assessments. Results The medical records of these 188 participants were extracted and all of the patients were followed up for six weeks. The majority of patients were multipara and complicated with previous cesarean delivery and abnormal adherent placenta. The median intraoperative blood loss and the median amount of red blood cell transfusion were lower in the cervical-lifting suture group in comparison to the lower B-Lynch suture group. Conclusion Our study provides evidence that cervical-lifting suture has less intraoperative blood loss and red blood cell transfusion for controlling lower uterine segment bleeding in placenta previa.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Laparoendoscopic single-site inguinal lymphadenectomy in gynecology:
           preliminary experience at a single institution
    • Abstract: Purpose Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS), a promising innovation in minimally invasive surgery, has been used in treating gynecologic oncology diseases. There have been no reports in the literature regarding LESS for inguinal lymphadenectomy (LESS-IL) in gynecologic conditions. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and outcomes of LESS-IL. Methods Six patients with vulvar or vaginal cancer underwent LESS-IL from July 2018 to March 2019. Data regarding the intraoperative and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. Results All patients successfully underwent a bilateral LESS-IL without conversion. LESS pelvic lymphadenectomy via an umbilical incision was also performed in a patient with vaginal cancer. The median operation time for the single-port laparoendoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomies was 105 min (range 70–134), with a median estimated blood loss of 108 ml (range 40–170). Median time of hospitalization was 7.5 days (range 5–10). A median of 11 (6–15) lymph nodes were dissected in a unilateral groin. The suction drains were removed after a median duration of 5 days (range 3–7). There were no skin-related or lymph-related postoperative complications. At a median follow-up period of 9 months, all the patients were alive and no recurrence was found. Conclusion LESS-IL is a feasible and safe technique for the surgical management of gynecologic cancers.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Identification of a group with high risk of postoperative complications
           after deep bowel endometriosis surgery: a retrospective study on 164
    • Abstract: Purpose Identify a group with a high risk of postoperative complications after deep bowel endometriosis surgery. Methods We conducted a retrospective study on patients treated from 2012 to 2018 in two departments of gynecological surgery at the Toulouse University Hospital, France. The postoperative complications were evaluated in relation to the surgical management, associated with or without non-digestive surgical procedures, initial disease and patient's characteristics. Results 164 patients were included. A postoperative complication occurred in 37.8% (n = 62) of the cases and required a secondary surgery in 18.3% (n = 30) of the cases. In the univariate analysis, the risk of postoperative complications increased significantly in the presence of segmental resection, disease progression, and associated urinary tract procedure or vaginal incision. In the multivariate analysis, the risk of overall postoperative complications was associated with the surgical management (p = 0.013 and 0.017) and particularly in the presence of segmental resection [Odds Ratio (OR): 20.87; CI 95% (1.96–221.79)]. The risk of rectovaginal fistula increased in the presence of segmental resection [OR: 22.71; CI 95% (2.74–188.01)] as well as in vaginal incision [OR: 19.67; CI 95% (2.43–159.18); p = 0.005]. Conclusion The risk of overall postoperative complications and rectovaginal fistula in particular increases significantly in the presence of vaginal incision, segmental resection and urinary tract procedures after deep bowel endometriosis surgery.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • The use of metronidazole in women undergoing obstetric anal sphincter
           injuries: a systematic review of the literature
    • Abstract: Purpose Antibiotic treatment during surgical repair of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) had been a matter of debate. We aimed to review the available literature regarding the efficacy of metronidazole administration in women undergoing perineal repair following obstetric OASIS. Study design To identify potentially eligible studies, we searched PubMed, Scopus, Embase and the Cochrane Library from inception to January 13th, 2019.Reference lists of identified studies were searched. No language restrictions were applied. We used a combination of keywords and text words represented by “Metronidazole”, “obstetrics”, “obstetric anal sphincter injury”, “OASIS”, “third degree tear”, “fourth degree tear”, “third degree laceration”, “fourth degree laceration”, “antibiotic therapy”, “perineal damage” and “perineal trauma”. Two reviewers independently screened the titles and abstracts of records retrieved from the database searches. Both reviewers recommended studies for the full-text review. Thescreen of full-text articles recommended by at least one reviewer was done independently by the same two reviewers and assessedfor inclusion in the systematic review. Disagreements between reviewers were resolved by consensus. Results The electronic database search yielded a total of 54,356 results (Fig. 1). After duplicate exclusion 28,154 references remained. Of them, 26 were relevant to the review based on title and abstract screening. None of these articles dealt with the use of metronidazole for the prevention of infections complicating anal sphincter repair in women with OASIS. A Cochrane review addressing antibiotic prophylaxis for patients following OASIS, compared prophylactic antibiotics against placebo or no antibiotics, included only one randomized controlled trial of 147 participants. This study showed that prophylactic antibiotics (not metronidazole) may be helpful to prevent perineal wound complications following OASIS. Fig. 1 Study seection process Conclusion Anaerobic infections potentially complicate wound repair after OASIS. Although scientific societies recommend the use of antibiotics for the prevention of infectious morbidity after OASIS, no study has specifically assessed the role of metronidazole.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • A novel non-invasive molecular biomarker in ovarian endometriosis:
           estrogen-related receptor α
    • Abstract: Purpose This study aimed to explore whether estrogen-related receptors α (ERRα) can prognosticate the occurrence and development of ovarian endometriosis (EMs) as a non-invasive biomarker. Methods The ectopic and its’ correspond eutopic endometria from 47 patients with ovarian EMs and the control normal endometria from 32 cases were collected and detected the mRNA expression of ERRα by RT-qPCR. The serum protein of ERRα were tested by ELISA. The menstrual cycle, ovarian cyst sizes, relative clinical tumour markers, such as CA125, CA19-9 and HE-4, and other demographic data were also involved into analysis in these patients by SPSS 22.0 (IBM, Chicago, IL, USA). Results The ERRα mRNA expression in ectopic endometria were significantly lower than it in eutopic endometria (P < 0.05) and the normal endometria (P < 0.05). Similarly, the serum ERRα levels in patients with EMs were significantly lower than it in control group (P < 0.01). Moreover, the serum ERRα levels were decreasing with the increasing of the pathological stages and ovarian cyst sizes. While, the serum CA125, CA19-9, CA125/ERRα ratio and CA19-9/ERRα ratio in the study group were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P < 0.01). Conclusion The expression of ERRα is correlated with the development of ovarian EMs pathological stages and ovarian cyst sizes and can be used as a novel and non-invasive biomarker for evaluating the progression of ovarian EMs.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Physiological and pathological regulation of autophagy in pregnancy
    • Abstract: Autophagy exists widely in eukaryotic cells and is regulated by a variety of molecular mechanisms. Its physiological functions include providing energy, maintaining cell homeostasis, and promoting apoptosis of abnormal cells. At present, the regulation of autophagy in tumor, degenerative disease, and cardiovascular disease has attracted much attention. Gradually, the role of autophagy in pregnancy tends to be valued. The previous literature has shown that autophagy can influence the occurrence and maintenance of pregnancy from three aspects: embryo (affecting the process of fertilization and embryonic development and the function of trophoblast cells), maternal (decidualization), and maternal-to-fetal immune crosstalk. Undoubtedly, abnormalities in autophagy levels are associated with a variety of pregnancy complications, such as preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, and preterm delivery which have been proven by human, animal, and in vitro experiments. The regulation of autophagy is expected to be a target for the treatment of these pregnancy complications. This article reviews the research on autophagy, especially about its physiological and pathological regulation during pregnancy.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Does timing in ICSI cycle affect oocyte quality and reproductive
           outcomes' A prospective study
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the association of time intervals between various steps of the intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycle with oocyte quality and reproductive outcomes. Methods We conducted a prospective study among patients undergoing ICSI cycles in an academic hospital between May 2017 and January 2019. The time intervals between the various steps of cycles were recorded. The ICSI cycles were categorized according to the different time intervals; human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) injection to oocyte pick up (hCG-OPU) (≤ 36 h and > 36 h), OPU-denudation (≤ 2 h and > 2 h), and denudation-ICSI (≤ 2 h and > 2 h). The main outcome measures were oocyte dysmorphisms, fertilization, cleavage, biochemical, and clinical pregnancy rates. Results A total of 613 ICSI cycles using fresh autologous oocytes were included in this study. After adjusting for confounders, the hCG–OPU interval was associated with the presence of cytoplasmic granulation, inclusion body, and also the total number of morphologically abnormal premature oocytes in the cycle (P = 0.02, P = 0.04, P = 0.008, respectively). OPU-denudation interval was associated with cytoplasmic granulation and extended perivitelline space of the oocytes (P = 0.006 and P = 0.03, respectively). The denudation-ICSI interval was only associated with cytoplasmic granulation (P = 0.01). However, hCG–OPU, OPU–denudation, and denudation–ICSI intervals were not significantly associated with fertilization, cleavage, biochemical, and clinical pregnancy rates. Conclusions All the studied time intervals between various steps of ICSI procedure could affect oocyte quality, but the oocyte dysmorphisms were mainly associated with hCG-OPU interval. However, the time intervals were not associated with fertilization, cleavage, and pregnancy outcomes.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Social support, self-efficacy, cognitive coping and psychological distress
           in infertile women
    • Abstract: Purpose The aims of this research were to investigate the relationship of social support, self-efficacy and cognitive coping with psychological distress, as well as, to determine the mediating role of self-efficacy and cognitive coping between social support and psychological distress in infertile women of Pakistan. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted to recruit 158 infertile women from six hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan. A demographic questionnaire, multidimensional scale of perceived social support, infertility self-efficacy scale, coping strategies questionnaire and depression anxiety stress scale were used to assess the study variables. Results The results found that significant other, family and friends support was negatively associated with depression, anxiety and stress, however, no relationship was found between friends support and anxiety. Self-efficacy and active-practical coping had negative, whereas, avoidance-focused coping had positive relationship with depression, anxiety and stress. Active-distractive coping was negatively and religious-focused coping was positively associated with depression. Mediation analyses revealed that self-efficacy mediated the effect of social support on depression, anxiety and stress, but no mediation was found between friends support and anxiety. Moreover, avoidance-focused coping mediated the link between social support and depression, as well as, between significant other support and anxiety. Conclusion Social support, self-efficacy, active-practical coping and active-distractive coping had significant negative associations with psychological distress. Hence, structured programs should be developed to enhance societal acceptance and to reduce the negative attitude of people towards infertility.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
  • Local intra-gestational sac methotrexate injection followed by dilation
           and curettage in treating cesarean scar pregnancy
    • Abstract: Purpose To assess the safety and efficacy of local intra-gestational sac methotrexate injection followed by dilation and curettage (D&C) in treating cesarean scar pregnancies (CSP). Method Medical records of CSP patients treated with local intra-gestational sac methotrexate injection followed by dilation and curettage were analyzed at the Maternal and Child Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Results Thirty-one patients were included in this study. The mean gestational age, sac diameter and thickness of the uterine scar were 49.6 ± 7.7 days, 1.8 ± 0.6 cm and 0.30 ± 0.15 cm, respectively. The median pretreatment serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) level was 40,887 mIU/mL, with the 25th and 75th percentiles at 19,852 and 74,552, respectively. The median blood loss during D&C was 20 mL with the 25th and 75th percentiles at 10 mL and 50 mL. Following D&C, a Foley’s balloon catheter compression was implanted in 26 (83.9%) patients due to active uterine bleeding. All patients had a β-HCG regression time of ≤ 4 weeks after D&C. While 30 patients (96.8%) had a uterine recovery time of ≤ 4 weeks, and 29 patients (93.5%) had resumption of menstruation of less than 6 weeks. Three patients (9.7%) had complications. One of them suffered from massive vaginal bleeding and underwent s blood transfusion. There were no other complications, such as pelvic infection and uterine rupture during the procedures. And no patient was converted to surgical resection or uterine artery embolization. Overall, 30 patients (96.8%) were treated successfully. Conclusion Local intra-gestational sac methotrexate injection followed by D&C with the aid of a Foley’s balloon catheter compression appears to be a safe and effective treatment for CSP. Further randomized controlled trials are suggested to confirm these findings.
      PubDate: 2020-08-01
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Heriot-Watt University
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