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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2335 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering
  [SJR: 2.841]   [H-I: 40]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1886-1784 - ISSN (Online) 1134-3060
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Recent Advances on Topology Optimization of Multiscale Nonlinear
           Structures
    • Authors: Liang Xia; Piotr Breitkopf
      Pages: 227 - 249
      Abstract: Research on topology optimization mainly deals with the design of monoscale structures, which are usually made of homogeneous materials. Recent advances of multiscale structural modeling enables the consideration of microscale material heterogeneities and constituent nonlinearities when assessing the macroscale structural performance. However, due to the modeling complexity and the expensive computing requirement of multiscale modeling, there has been very limited research on topology optimization of multiscale nonlinear structures. This paper reviews firstly recent advances made by the authors on topology optimization of multiscale nonlinear structures, in particular techniques regarding to nonlinear topology optimization and computational homogenization (also known as FE2) are summarized. Then the conventional concurrent material and structure topology optimization design approaches are reviewed and compared with a recently proposed FE2-based design approach, which treats the microscale topology optimization process integrally as a generalized nonlinear constitutive behavior. In addition, discussions on the use of model reduction techniques is provided in regard to the prohibitive computational cost.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9170-7
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Numerical Analysis of a Vortex Tube: A Review
    • Authors: T. Karthikeya Sharma; G. Amba Prasad Rao; K. Madhu Murthy
      Pages: 251 - 280
      Abstract: Ranque–Hilsch vortex tube is a simple devise with no moving parts which could generate cold and hot air/gas streams simultaneously with compressed air/gas as a working fluid. The energy and flow separation in a vortex tube is highly depends on factors like nozzle shape, nozzle number, diameter and length of the vortex tube, inlet pressure, control valve, diaphragm hole size and cold mass fraction. As the energy separation and flow patterns in a vortex tube are highly complex and were not explained successfully by any researcher, a computational study of vortex tube flow and energy separation will give a better understanding about the physics and mechanism involved. Many researchers conducted computational fluid dynamic analysis of the vortex to have a deep insight about the process of flow separation. In this paper computational analysis of vortex by many researchers were presented along with the results obtained and suggestions to improve the performance of the vortex tube. Researchers considered Turbulence models which predict the performance precisely were discussed in the present paper. Researchers considered turbulence models like LES, k–ε, k–ω and RMS to predict the energy separation in vortex tube. Some researchers considered artificial neural networks (ANN) and Taguchi methods for their analysis. Comparison of the predictions with simulation results were also presented to give a clear idea for the reader about the CFD models prediction capabilities.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9166-3
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Numerical Simulation of Fracking in Shale Rocks: Current State and Future
           Approaches
    • Authors: Gabriel Hattori; Jon Trevelyan; Charles E. Augarde; William M. Coombs; Andrew C. Aplin
      Pages: 281 - 317
      Abstract: Extracting gas from shale rocks is one of the current engineering challenges but offers the prospect of cheap gas. Part of the development of an effective engineering solution for shale gas extraction in the future will be the availability of reliable and efficient methods of modelling the development of a fracture system, and the use of these models to guide operators in locating, drilling and pressurising wells. Numerous research papers have been dedicated to this problem, but the information is still incomplete, since a number of simplifications have been adopted such as the assumption of shale as an isotropic material. Recent works on shale characterisation have proved this assumption to be wrong. The anisotropy of shale depends significantly on the scale at which the problem is tackled (nano, micro or macroscale), suggesting that a multiscale model would be appropriate. Moreover, propagation of hydraulic fractures in such a complex medium can be difficult to model with current numerical discretisation methods. The crack propagation may not be unique, and crack branching can occur during the fracture extension. A number of natural fractures could exist in a shale deposit, so we are dealing with several cracks propagating at once over a considerable range of length scales. For all these reasons, the modelling of the fracking problem deserves considerable attention. The objective of this work is to present an overview of the hydraulic fracture of shale, introducing the most recent investigations concerning the anisotropy of shale rocks, then presenting some of the possible numerical methods that could be used to model the real fracking problem.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9169-0
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • An Overview of Recent Advancements in Causal Studies
    • Authors: Pramod Kumar Parida; Tshilidzi Marwala; Snehashish Chakraverty
      Pages: 319 - 335
      Abstract: In causal study we are interested in finding the graphical structure in the form of directed acyclic graphs (DAGs). These DAGs describe the directions and connection strength to connecting variables represented by nodes. In this regard, various methods have been developed to estimate the appropriate structure of the causal model and to explain a fair number of its features. Our review aims to provide a complete and systematic analysis of selected articles from past few decades, having powerful methods to infer the area of study. In this article, we categorized all selected articles in three groups, on the basis of techniques these used to construct the causal model. To provide a full comparative study under categories of probabilistic, statistical and algebraic approaches, we discussed underlying difficulties, limitations, merits and disadvantages in applying these techniques. The reader will find it helpful to choose and use the appropriate method for a better implication.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9168-1
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Parallelization Strategies for Computational Fluid Dynamics Software:
           State of the Art Review
    • Authors: Asif Afzal; Zahid Ansari; Ahmed Rimaz Faizabadi; M. K. Ramis
      Pages: 337 - 363
      Abstract: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is one of the most emerging fields of fluid mechanics used to analyze fluid flow situation. This analysis is based on simulations carried out on computing machines. For complex configurations, the grid points are so large that the computational time required to obtain the results are very high. Parallel computing is adopted to reduce the computational time of CFD by utilizing the available resource of computing. Parallel computing tools like OpenMP, MPI, CUDA, combination of these and few others are used to achieve parallelization of CFD software. This article provides a comprehensive state of the art review of important CFD areas and parallelization strategies for the related software. Issues related to the computational time complexities and parallelization of CFD software are highlighted. Benefits and issues of using various parallel computing tools for parallelization of CFD software are briefed. Open areas of CFD where parallelization is not much attempted are identified and parallel computing tools which can be useful for parallelization of CFD software are spotlighted. Few suggestions for future work in parallel computing of CFD software are also provided.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9165-4
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A Review on the Mechanical Modeling of Composite Manufacturing Processes
    • Authors: Ismet Baran; Kenan Cinar; Nuri Ersoy; Remko Akkerman; Jesper H. Hattel
      Pages: 365 - 395
      Abstract: The increased usage of fiber reinforced polymer composites in load bearing applications requires a detailed understanding of the process induced residual stresses and their effect on the shape distortions. This is utmost necessary in order to have more reliable composite manufacturing since the residual stresses alter the internal stress level of the composite part during the service life and the residual shape distortions may lead to not meeting the desired geometrical tolerances. The occurrence of residual stresses during the manufacturing process inherently contains diverse interactions between the involved physical phenomena mainly related to material flow, heat transfer and polymerization or crystallization. Development of numerical process models is required for virtual design and optimization of the composite manufacturing process which avoids the expensive trial-and-error based approaches. The process models as well as applications focusing on the prediction of residual stresses and shape distortions taking place in composite manufacturing are discussed in this study. The applications on both thermoset and thermoplastic based composites are reviewed in detail.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9167-2
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Historical Origin and Recent Development on Normal Directional Impact
           Models for Rigid Body Contact Simulation: A Critical Review
    • Authors: Arnab Banerjee; Avishek Chanda; Raj Das
      Pages: 397 - 422
      Abstract: The impact is one of the most abundant phenomena in the field of multi-body dynamics when two or more bodies come in close vicinity and depending on the interaction properties and geometry, all the interacting bodies experience certain impulsive force for an infinitesimal duration. Nowadays, impact modelling becomes an intrinsic part in the modelling of structural pounding, granular materials, crash and machinery analysis, robotics and bio-mechatronics applications. Since the time of Newton, numerous literatures have been published on the modelling of both normal and oblique contact phenomena. The scope of this critical review is limited to consolidate the existing knowledge on the computational model of normal directional impact on rigid bodies. The literature related to modelling of oblique impact, soft body impact, impact damage in composites and associated stress wave propagation are excluded from the scope of this critical review. Smooth and non-smooth mechanics are two schools of thought in simulating the normal directional impact. In this review, the shortcomings of all the classes of compliance and non-smooth models are analysed in the unified dimensionless frame-work to compare their response output with the conventional stereo-mechanical model. This review opens a new avenue for future researchers in selecting a proper contact formulation for specific application.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9164-5
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Multiphase Flow in Deforming Porous Media: A Review
    • Authors: Francesco Pesavento; Bernhard A. Schrefler; Giuseppe Sciumè
      Pages: 423 - 448
      Abstract: In this work we present a general model for the analysis of multiphase flow in deforming porous media with particular regard to concrete and biological tissues. Such problems are typically multi-physics ones with overlapping domains where diffusion, advection, adsorption, phase change, deformation, chemical reactions and other phenomena take place in the porous medium. For the analysis of such a complex system, the model here proposed is obtained from microscopic scale by applying the thermodynamically constrained averaging theory which guarantees the satisfaction of the second law of thermodynamics for all constituents both at micro and macro-level. Furthermore, one can obtain some important thermodynamic restrictions for the evolution equations describing the material deterioration. Two specific forms of the general model adapted to the cases of cementitious and biological materials respectively are shown. Some numerical simulations aimed at proving the validity of the approach adopted, are also presented and discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9171-6
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Plastic Limit of Structures and Energy Principles
    • Authors: Ioannis Doltsinis
      Pages: 165 - 187
      Abstract: The plastic limit of deformable solids and structures is considered relying on energy arguments as far as advisable. Essential in this connection, the virtual work principle and Drucker’s plasticity postulate. A concise presentation of the static and the kinematic limit load theorems is followed by the demonstration of their rigorous employment for determining the plastic limit in a number of elementary cases. The significance of the deforming geometry for the load-carrying capacity of the system is discussed. The conventional plastic limit is positioned within a wider statement on stability referring to a discretized representation as by the finite element approach.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-015-9162-z
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Sensors Used in Structural Health Monitoring
    • Authors: Alejandro Moreno-Gomez; Carlos A. Perez-Ramirez; Aurelio Dominguez-Gonzalez; Martin Valtierra-Rodriguez; Omar Chavez-Alegria; Juan P. Amezquita-Sanchez
      Abstract: In the last years, the occurrence of natural hazards around the world has evinced the necessity of having structural health monitoring schemes that can allow the continuous assessment of the structural integrity of the civil structures or infrastructures, in order to avoid potential economic or human loses; further, it also allows the application of new sensing technologies and signal processing algorithms. An important step in a structural health monitoring strategy is the appropriate selection of the sensor used to measure the required physical variable. Although several reviews have been published, they focus on presenting and/or explaining the methodologies and signal processing techniques used in structural health monitoring. This article presents a state-of-the-art review of the sensing technologies used in structural health monitoring. Further, some candidate sensor technologies with potential of use in this area are also reviewed, where the main issues that affect their implementation in real-life schemes are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9217-4
       
  • System-Based Approaches for Structural Optimization of Flexible Mechanisms
    • Authors: Emmanuel Tromme; Alexander Held; Pierre Duysinx; Olivier Brüls
      Abstract: This paper reviews the state-of-the-art methods to perform structural optimization of flexible mechanisms. These methods are based on a system-based approach, i.e. the formulation of the design problem incorporates the time response of the mechanism that is obtained from a dynamic simulation of the flexible multibody system. The system-based approach aims at considering as precisely as possible the effects of nonlinear dynamic loading under various operating conditions. Also, the optimization process enhances most existing studies which are limited to (quasi-) static or frequency domain loading conditions. This paper briefly introduces flexible multibody system dynamics and structural optimization techniques. Afterwards, the two main methods, named the weakly and the fully coupled methods, that couple both disciplines are presented in details and the influence of the multibody system formalism is analyzed. The advantages and drawbacks of both methods are discussed and future possible research areas are mentioned.
      PubDate: 2017-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9215-6
       
  • Recent Developments in Variational Multiscale Methods for Large-Eddy
           Simulation of Turbulent Flow
    • Authors: Ursula Rasthofer; Volker Gravemeier
      Abstract: The variational multiscale method is reviewed as a framework for developing computational methods for large-eddy simulation of turbulent flow. In contrast to other articles reviewing this topic, which focused on large-eddy simulation of turbulent incompressible flow, this study covers further aspects of numerically simulating turbulent flow as well as applications beyond incompressible single-phase flow. The various concepts for subgrid-scale modeling within the variational multiscale method for large-eddy simulation proposed by researchers in this field to date are illustrated. These conceptions comprise (i) implicit large-eddy simulation, represented by residual-based and stabilized methods, (ii) functional subgrid-scale modeling via small-scale subgrid-viscosity models and (iii) structural subgrid-scale modeling via the introduction of multifractal subgrid scales. An overview on exemplary numerical test cases to which the reviewed methods have been applied in the past years is provided, including explicit computational results obtained from turbulent channel flow. Wall-layer modeling, passive and active scalar transport as well as developments for large-eddy simulation of turbulent two-phase flow and combustion are discussed to complete this exposition.
      PubDate: 2017-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9209-4
       
  • Multiscale Molecular Simulations of Polymer-Matrix Nanocomposites
    • Authors: Georgios G. Vogiatzis; Doros N. Theodorou
      Abstract: Following the substantial progress in molecular simulations of polymer-matrix nanocomposites, now is the time to reconsider this topic from a critical point of view. A comprehensive survey is reported herein providing an overview of classical molecular simulations, reviewing their major achievements in modeling polymer matrix nanocomposites, and identifying several open challenges. Molecular simulations at multiple length and time scales, working hand-in-hand with sensitive experiments, have enhanced our understanding of how nanofillers alter the structure, dynamics, thermodynamics, rheology and mechanical properties of the surrounding polymer matrices.
      PubDate: 2017-02-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9207-y
       
  • Computational Methods for Elastoplasticity: An Overview of Conventional
           and Less-Conventional Approaches
    • Authors: Giulia Scalet; Ferdinando Auricchio
      Abstract: The need of accurately reproducing the behaviour of elastoplastic materials in computational environments for the solution of engineering problems motivates the development of efficient and robust numerical schemes. These engineering problems often involve complex designs and/or conditions and are further complicated by the necessity of employing highly nonlinear and nonsmooth elastoplastic constitutive equations and constraints to describe material behaviour. Therefore, the numerical solution of such problems is not trivial and requires careful analyses to guarantee algorithm robustness, accuracy, and convergence in a reasonable amount of time. The aim of the present paper is to provide the reader with both an analysis and discussion, helpful in choosing the suitable numerical scheme when considering the implementation of a plasticity model. After a brief overview of the fundamental concepts for classical plasticity theory, we revise the state-of-the-art of computational methods by discussing conventional and less-conventional algorithms, formulated in a unified setting to allow for a comparison. Several approaches are implemented and discussed in representative numerical simulations.
      PubDate: 2017-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9208-x
       
  • A Higher-Order Chimera Method for Finite Volume Schemes
    • Authors: Luis Ramírez; Xesús Nogueira; Pablo Ouro; Fermín Navarrina; Sofiane Khelladi; Ignasi Colominas
      Abstract: In this work a higher-order accurate finite volume method for the resolution of the Euler/Navier–Stokes equations using Chimera grid techniques is presented. The formulation is based on the use of Moving Least Squares approximations in order to obtain higher-order accurate reconstruction and connectivity between the overlapped grids. The accuracy and performance of the proposed methodology is demonstrated by solving different benchmark problems.
      PubDate: 2017-02-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9213-8
       
  • A Critical Appraisal of Design of Experiments for Uncertainty
           Quantification
    • Authors: Biswarup Bhattacharyya
      Abstract: Surrogate models are widely used to predict response function of any system and in quantifying uncertainty associated with the response function. It is required to have response quantities at some preselected sample points to construct a surrogate model which can be processed in two way. Either the surrogate model is constructed using one shot experimental design techniques, or, the sample points can be generated in a sequential manner so that optimum sample points for a specific problem can be obtained. This paper addresses a comprehensive comparisons between these two types of sampling techniques for the construction of more accurate surrogate models. Two most popular one shot sampling strategies: Latin hypercube sampling and Sobol sequence, and four different type sequential experimental designs (SED) namely, Monte Carlo intersite projected (MCIP), Monte Carlo intersite projected threshold (MCIPT), optimizer projected (OP) and LOLA-Voronoi (LV) method are taken for the present study. Two most widely used surrogate models, namely polynomial chaos expansion and Kriging are used to check the applicability of the experimental design techniques. Three different types of numerical problems are solved using the two above-mentioned surrogate models considering all the experimental design techniques independently. Further, all the results are compared with the standard Monte Carlo simulation (MCS). Overall study depicts that SED performs well in predicting the response functions more accurately with an acceptable number of sample points even for high-dimensional problems which maintains the balance between accuracy and efficiency. More specifically, MCIPT and LV method based Kriging outperforms other combinations.
      PubDate: 2017-02-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9211-x
       
  • Lattice Element Models and Their Peculiarities
    • Authors: Mijo Nikolić; Emir Karavelić; Adnan Ibrahimbegovic; Predrag Miščević
      Abstract: This paper presents the lattice element models, as a class of discrete models, in which the structural solid is represented as an assembly of one-dimensional elements. This idea allows one to provide robust models for propagation of discontinuities, multiple cracks interaction or cracks coalescence. Many procedures for computation of lattice element parameters for representing linear elastic continuum have been developed, with the most often used ones discussed herein. Special attention is dedicated to presenting the ability of this kind of models to consider material disorder, heterogeneities and multi-phase materials, which makes lattice models attractive for meso- or micro-scale simulations of failure phenomena in quasi-brittle materials, such as concrete or rocks. Common difficulties encountered in material failure and a way of dealing with them in the lattice models framework are explained in detail. Namely, the size of the localized fracture process zone around the propagating crack plays a key role in failure mechanism, which is observed in various models of linear elastic fracture mechanics, multi-scale theories, homogenization techniques, finite element models, molecular dynamics. An efficient way of dealing with this kind of phenomena is by introducing the embedded strong discontinuity into lattice elements, resulting with mesh-independent computations of failure response. Moreover, mechanical lattice can be coupled with mass transfer problems, such as moisture, heat or chloride ions transfer which affect the material durability. Any close interaction with a fluid can lead to additional time dependent degradation. For illustration, the lattice approach to porous media coupling is given here as well. Thus, the lattice element models can serve for efficient simulations of material failure mechanisms, even when considering multi-physics coupling. The main peculiarities of such an approach have been presented and discussed in this work.
      PubDate: 2017-02-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9210-y
       
  • Application of Soft Computing in the Field of Internal Combustion Engines:
           A Review
    • Authors: Nitin Shrivastava; Zubair Mohd. Khan
      Abstract: It is well known that fossil fuels are depleting day by day, and with the increase in the number of vehicles the pollution has reached at an alarming stage. The need of the hour is to find an alternate fuel as well as to demote the exhaust emission and enhance the performance parameters of the internal combustion (I.C.) engine. Researches on I.C. engines are being conducted in order to come to a feasible solution. Since performing experiments on an I.C. engine is both time consuming and costly therefore many soft computing techniques are being adopted in this field. The term soft computing refers to find the solution of an inexact problem. Different soft computing techniques being used in this field are Artificial Neural Network, Fuzzy Based Approach, Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System, Gene Expression Programming, Genetic Algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization. The motive of this work is to review the researches being carried out in the field of I.C. engine on different types of engines with various alternative fuels using these soft computing techniques.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9212-9
       
  • Computational Modeling of Tumor-Induced Angiogenesis
    • Authors: Guillermo Vilanova; Ignasi Colominas; Hector Gomez
      Abstract: Angiogenesis is the growth of new capillaries from preexisting ones. The ability to trigger angiogenesis is one of the hallmarks of cancer, and is a necessary step for a tumor to become malignant. This paper discusses computational modeling of tumor-induced angiogenesis with particular reference to mathematical modeling, numerical simulation, and comparison with experiments. We describe the basic biological phenomena associated with angiogenesis, and discuss how they can be incorporated into mathematical models. We emphasize the crucial role of numerical methods for model development. In particular, computational methods for tumor angiogenesis need to be geometrically flexible and capable of dealing with higher-order derivatives, which suggests isogeometric analysis as an ideal candidate. Finally, we propose an algorithm based on graph theory as a potential method for quantitative validation of tumor angiogenesis models.
      PubDate: 2017-01-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9199-7
       
  • Plant Species Identification Using Computer Vision Techniques: A
           Systematic Literature Review
    • Authors: Jana Wäldchen; Patrick Mäder
      Abstract: Species knowledge is essential for protecting biodiversity. The identification of plants by conventional keys is complex, time consuming, and due to the use of specific botanical terms frustrating for non-experts. This creates a hard to overcome hurdle for novices interested in acquiring species knowledge. Today, there is an increasing interest in automating the process of species identification. The availability and ubiquity of relevant technologies, such as, digital cameras and mobile devices, the remote access to databases, new techniques in image processing and pattern recognition let the idea of automated species identification become reality. This paper is the first systematic literature review with the aim of a thorough analysis and comparison of primary studies on computer vision approaches for plant species identification. We identified 120 peer-reviewed studies, selected through a multi-stage process, published in the last 10 years (2005–2015). After a careful analysis of these studies, we describe the applied methods categorized according to the studied plant organ, and the studied features, i.e., shape, texture, color, margin, and vein structure. Furthermore, we compare methods based on classification accuracy achieved on publicly available datasets. Our results are relevant to researches in ecology as well as computer vision for their ongoing research. The systematic and concise overview will also be helpful for beginners in those research fields, as they can use the comparable analyses of applied methods as a guide in this complex activity.
      PubDate: 2017-01-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9206-z
       
 
 
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