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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 118)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering
  [SJR: 2.841]   [H-I: 40]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1886-1784 - ISSN (Online) 1134-3060
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Computer Vision Techniques Applied for Diagnostic Analysis of Retinal OCT
           Images: A Review
    • Authors: Muhammad Usman; Muhammad Moazam Fraz; Sarah A. Barman
      Pages: 449 - 465
      Abstract: The retina is a tiny layer at the posterior pole of an eye and is made up of tissues sensitive to light, these tissues generate nerve signals that pass through the optic nerve to the brain. A retinal disorder occurs when the retina malfunctions; glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and pathologic myopia are retinal disorders and principal causes of blindness worldwide. These retinal disorders are often diagnosed and treated by an ophthalmologist. However, to accurately assess a retinal disease, ophthalmologist would need qualitative and quantitative analysis of the disease, it’s early and current statistics, but acquisition of these measurements are not possible through manual techniques, there should be automated computer aided diagnosis (CAD) systems to assist ophthalmologists. In this comprehensive review, an analysis and evaluation has been performed of different computer vision and image processing approaches applied to OCT images for automatic diagnosis of retinal disorders. We also reported disease causes, symptoms and pathologies manifestations within OCT images, which can serve as baseline knowledge for development of an automated CAD system. Hence, this disease specific review offers a good understanding to analyze visual impairments from retinal OCT images which will help researcher to design enhanced therapeutic systems for retinal disorders.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9174-3
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics in Turbomachinery: A Review of State of the
           Art
    • Authors: Runa Nivea Pinto; Asif Afzal; Loyan Vinson D’Souza; Zahid Ansari; A. D. Mohammed Samee
      Pages: 467 - 479
      Abstract: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) plays an essential role to analyze fluid flows and heat transfer situations by using numerical methods. Turbomachines involve internal and external fluid flow problems in compressors and turbines. CFD at present is one of the most important tools to design and analyze all types of turbomachinery. The main purpose of this paper is to review the state of the art work carried out in the field of turbomachinery using CFD. Literature review of research work pertaining to CFD analysis in turbines, compressors and centrifugal pumps are described. Various issues of CFD codes used in turbomachinery and its parallelization strategy adopted are highlighted. Furthermore, the prevailing merits and demerits of CFD in turbomachinery are provided. Open areas pertinent to CFD investigation in turbomachinery and CFD code parallelization are also described.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9175-2
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Recent Researches on Nonlocal Elasticity Theory in the Vibration of Carbon
           Nanotubes Using Beam Models: A Review
    • Authors: L. Behera; S. Chakraverty
      Pages: 481 - 494
      Abstract: Understanding dynamic behavior of carbon nanotubes has been of interest to researchers because of its practical applications. Recent studies show that nonlocal elasticity theory gives better results in the vibration of carbon nanotubes. The necessity of nonlocal elasticity theory, calibration of nonlocal parameter and application of nonlocal elasticity theory in various studies related to vibration of carbon nanotubes are discussed. This review emphasizes the application of nonlocal elasticity theory in the vibration of carbon nanotubes considering various types of complicating effects, nonlinearity, functionally graded material and different beam theories.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9179-y
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A Critical Assessment of Kriging Model Variants for High-Fidelity
           Uncertainty Quantification in Dynamics of composite Shells
    • Authors: T. Mukhopadhyay; S. Chakraborty; S. Dey; S. Adhikari; R. Chowdhury
      Pages: 495 - 518
      Abstract: This paper presents a critical comparative assessment of Kriging model variants for surrogate based uncertainty propagation considering stochastic natural frequencies of composite doubly curved shells. The five Kriging model variants studied here are: Ordinary Kriging, Universal Kriging based on pseudo-likelihood estimator, Blind Kriging, Co-Kriging and Universal Kriging based on marginal likelihood estimator. First three stochastic natural frequencies of the composite shell are analysed by using a finite element model that includes the effects of transverse shear deformation based on Mindlin’s theory in conjunction with a layer-wise random variable approach. The comparative assessment is carried out to address the accuracy and computational efficiency of five Kriging model variants. Comparative performance of different covariance functions is also studied. Subsequently the effect of noise in uncertainty propagation is addressed by using the Stochastic Kriging. Representative results are presented for both individual and combined stochasticity in layer-wise input parameters to address performance of various Kriging variants for low dimensional and relatively higher dimensional input parameter spaces. The error estimation and convergence studies are conducted with respect to original Monte Carlo Simulation to justify merit of the present investigation. The study reveals that Universal Kriging coupled with marginal likelihood estimate yields the most accurate results, followed by Co-Kriging and Blind Kriging. As far as computational efficiency of the Kriging models is concerned, it is observed that for high-dimensional problems, CPU time required for building the Co-Kriging model is significantly less as compared to other Kriging variants.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9178-z
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Gap Flow Simulation Methods in High Pressure Variable Displacement Axial
           Piston Pumps
    • Authors: Tomasz Zawistowski; Michał Kleiber
      Pages: 519 - 542
      Abstract: High pressure variable displacement axial piston pumps are subject to complex dynamic phenomena. Their analysis is difficult, additionally complicated by leakage of the working fluid. Analytically gap flow is calculated with the Reynolds equation which describes the pressure distribution in a thin lubricating layer. The paper presents various approaches to analyze gap flow both in traditional axial piston pump and novel type of hydraulic pump, designed at the Polish Gdansk Institute of Technology. Because of large aspect ratio between the height of the gap and the size of pump elements, the authors present the numerical simulation approach using a local model to define a lubrication gap, linked to a global model of a pump from which boundary conditions were imported. User defined functions implemented in Fluent and Excel were used to calculate the pressure and velocity fields and assess the fluid flow rate.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9180-5
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Condition Monitoring Parameters for Fault Diagnosis of Fixed Axis Gearbox:
           A Review
    • Authors: Deepam Goyal; Vanraj; B. S. Pabla; S. S. Dhami
      Pages: 543 - 556
      Abstract: Condition monitoring of gearboxes which is considered as a key element of rotating machines ensures to continuously reduce and eliminate cost, unscheduled downtime and unexpected breakdowns. Although, a lot of work on condition monitoring and fault diagnosis of fixed-axis gearbox has been reported in the literature, however only a few have found their way to industrial applications. The ability of condition statistical indicators is to provide accurate and precise information about the health of various components at different levels of damage. In this paper, frequently used condition indicators are addressed domain-wise and their characteristics are stated. This paper presents the review of work to provide a wide and good reference for researchers to be utilized. The structure of a fixed-axis gearbox in addition to the unique behaviors and fault characteristics of fixed-axis gearbox has been recognized and represented. By extensively reviewing and categorizing important papers and articles, this paper is able to summarize the conditional monitoring indicators on basis of adopted methodologies. Lastly, open problems are stated and further research prospects pointed out.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9176-1
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Mitigating Error and Uncertainty in Partitioned Analysis: A Review of
           Verification, Calibration and Validation Methods for Coupled Simulations
    • Authors: Garrison Stevens; Sez Atamturktur
      Pages: 557 - 571
      Abstract: Partitioned analysis involves coupling of constituent models that resolve different scales or physics by allowing them to exchange inputs and outputs in an iterative manner. Through partitioning, simulations of complex physical systems are becoming evermore present in the scientific modeling community, making the Verification and Validation (V&V) of partitioned models to quantifying the predictive capability of their simulations increasingly important. Partitioning presents unique challenges, as well as opportunities, for the V&V community. Verification gains a new level of complexity in partitioned models, as numerical errors can easily be introduced at the coupling interface where non-matching domains and models are integrated together. For validation, partitioned analysis allows the quantification of the uncertainties and errors in constituent models through comparison against separate-effect experiments conducted in independent constituent domains. Such experimental validation is important as uncertainties and errors in the predictions of constituents can be transferred across their interfaces, either compensating for each other or accumulating during iterative coupling operations. This paper reviews published literature on methods for assessing and improving the predictive capability of strongly coupled models of physical and engineering systems with an emphasis on advancements made in the last decade.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9177-0
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Computational Mechanisms of Pulse-Coupled Neural Networks: A Comprehensive
           Review
    • Authors: Kun Zhan; Jinhui Shi; Haibo Wang; Yuange Xie; Qiaoqiao Li
      Pages: 573 - 588
      Abstract: Pulse-coupled neural networks (PCNN) have an inherent ability to process the signals associated with the digital visual images because it is inspired from the neuronal activity in the primary visual area, V1, of the neocortex. This paper provides insight into the internal operations and behaviors of PCNN, and reveals the way how PCNN achieves good performance in digital image processing. The various properties of PCNN are categorized into a novel three-dimensional taxonomy for image processing mechanisms. The first dimension specifies the time matrix of PCNN, the second dimension captures the firing rate of PCNN, and the third dimension is the synchronization of PCNN. Many examples of processing mechanisms are provided to make it clear and concise.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9182-3
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Vibration Prediction of Bladed Disks Coupled by Friction Joints
    • Authors: Malte Krack; Loic Salles; Fabrice Thouverez
      Pages: 589 - 636
      Abstract: The present review article addresses the vibration behavior of bladed disks encountered e.g. in aircraft engines as well as industrial gas and steam turbines. The utilization of the dissipative effects of dry friction in mechanical joints is a common means of the passive mitigation of structural vibrations caused by aeroelastic excitation mechanisms. The prediction of the vibration behavior is a scientific challenge due to (a) the strongly nonlinear contact interactions involving local sticking, sliding and liftoff, (b) the model order required to accurately describe the dynamic behavior of the assembly, and (c) the multi-disciplinary character of the problem associated with the need to account for structural mechanical as well as fluid dynamical effects. The purpose of this article is the overview and discussion the current state of the art of vibration prediction approaches. The modeling approaches in this work embrace the description of the rotating bladed disk, the contact modeling, the consideration of aeroelastic effects, appropriate model order reduction techniques and the exploitation of the rotationally periodic nature of the problem. The simulation approaches cover the direct computation of periodic, steady-state externally forced and self-excited vibrations using the high-order harmonic balance method, the formulation of the contact problem in the frequency domain, methods for the solution of the governing algebraic equations and advanced simulation approaches, including the concept of nonlinear modes.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9183-2
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Review of Plant Identification Based on Image Processing
    • Authors: Zhaobin Wang; Huale Li; Ying Zhu; TianFang Xu
      Pages: 637 - 654
      Abstract: Plant recognition is closely related to people’s life. The operation of the traditional plant identification method is complicated, and is unfavorable for popularization. The rapid development of computer image processing and pattern recognition technology makes it possible for computer’s automatic recognition of plant species based on image processing. There are more and more researchers drawing their attention on the computer’s automatic identification technology based on plant images in recent years. Based on this, we have carried on a wide range of research and analysis on the plant identification method based on image processing in recent years. First of all, the research significance and history of plant recognition technologies are introduced in this paper; secondly, the main technologies and steps of plant recognition are reviewed; thirdly, more than 30 leaf features (including 16 shape features, 11 texture features, four color features), and then SVM was used to evaluate these features and their fusion features, and 8 commonly used classifiers are introduced in detail. Finally, the paper is ended with a conclusion of the insufficient of plant identification technologies and a prediction of future development.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9181-4
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Review of Reduced Order Models for Heat and Moisture Transfer in Building
           Physics with Emphasis in PGD Approaches
    • Authors: Julien Berger; Nathan Mendes; Sihem Guernouti; Monika Woloszyn; Francisco Chinesta
      Pages: 655 - 667
      Abstract: This paper presents a review of the use of model reduction techniques for building physics applications. The use of separated representations, the so called Proper Generalised Decomposition (PGD), is particularly investigated. This technique can be applied for efficient building physics modelling at different levels: the wall and multizone models, the whole-building (coupled envelope and air volumes) simulation and their practical applications. The PGD can be formulated as a space-time representation to provide fast and accurate solutions of 2- and 3-dimensional problems at the wall or the whole-building level. Furthermore, the PGD solution allows to treat efficiently parametric problems of practical building applications.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9184-1
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Background Information of Deep Learning for Structural Engineering
    • Authors: Seunghye Lee; Jingwan Ha; Mehriniso Zokhirova; Hyeonjoon Moon; Jaehong Lee
      Abstract: Since the first journal article on structural engineering applications of neural networks (NN) was published, there have been a large number of articles about structural analysis and design problems using machine learning techniques. However, due to a fundamental limitation of traditional methods, attempts to apply artificial NN concept to structural analysis problems have been reduced significantly over the last decade. Recent advances in deep learning techniques can provide a more suitable solution to those problems. In this study, versatile background information, such as alleviating overfitting methods with hyper-parameters, is presented. A well-known ten bar truss example is presented to show condition for neural networks, and role of hyper-parameters in the structures.
      PubDate: 2017-07-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9237-0
       
  • Geometrically Exact Finite Element Formulations for Slender Beams:
           Kirchhoff–Love Theory Versus Simo–Reissner Theory
    • Authors: Christoph Meier; Alexander Popp; Wolfgang A. Wall
      Abstract: The present work focuses on geometrically exact finite elements for highly slender beams. It aims at the proposal of novel formulations of Kirchhoff–Love type, a detailed review of existing formulations of Kirchhoff–Love and Simo–Reissner type as well as a careful evaluation and comparison of the proposed and existing formulations. Two different rotation interpolation schemes with strong or weak Kirchhoff constraint enforcement, respectively, as well as two different choices of nodal triad parametrizations in terms of rotation or tangent vectors are proposed. The combination of these schemes leads to four novel finite element variants, all of them based on a \(C^1\) -continuous Hermite interpolation of the beam centerline. Essential requirements such as representability of general 3D, large deformation, dynamic problems involving slender beams with arbitrary initial curvatures and anisotropic cross-section shapes, preservation of objectivity and path-independence, consistent convergence orders, avoidance of locking effects as well as conservation of energy and momentum by the employed spatial discretization schemes, but also a range of practically relevant secondary aspects will be investigated analytically and verified numerically for the different formulations. It will be shown that the geometrically exact Kirchhoff–Love beam elements proposed in this work are the first ones of this type that fulfill all these essential requirements. On the contrary, Simo–Reissner type formulations fulfilling these requirements can be found in the literature very well. However, it will be argued that the shear-free Kirchhoff–Love formulations can provide considerable numerical advantages such as lower spatial discretization error levels, improved performance of time integration schemes as well as linear and nonlinear solvers and smooth geometry representation as compared to shear-deformable Simo–Reissner formulations when applied to highly slender beams. Concretely, several representative numerical test cases confirm that the proposed Kirchhoff–Love formulations exhibit a lower discretization error level as well as a considerably improved nonlinear solver performance in the range of high beam slenderness ratios as compared to two representative Simo–Reissner element formulations from the literature.
      PubDate: 2017-07-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9232-5
       
  • WYPiWYG Damage Mechanics for Soft Materials: A Data-Driven Approach
    • Authors: Mar Miñano; Francisco J. Montáns
      Abstract: The conservative elastic behavior of soft materials is characterized by a stored energy function which shape is usually specified a priori, except for some material parameters. There are hundreds of proposed stored energies in the literature for different materials. The stored energy function may change under loading due to damage effects, but it may be considered constant during unloading–reloading. The two dominant approaches in the literature to model this damage effect are based either on the Continuum Damage Mechanics framework or on the Pseudoelasticity framework. In both cases, additional assumed evolution functions, with their associated material parameters, are proposed. These proposals are semi-inverse, semi-analytical, model-driven and data-adjusted ones. We propose an alternative which may be considered a non-inverse, numerical, model-free, data-driven, approach. We call this approach WYPiWYG constitutive modeling. We do not assume global functions nor material parameters, but just solve numerically the differential equations of a set of tests that completely define the behavior of the solid under the given assumptions. In this work we extend the approach to model isotropic and anisotropic damage in soft materials. We obtain numerically the damage evolution from experimental tests. The theory can be used for both hard and soft materials, and the infinitesimal formulation is naturally recovered for infinitesimal strains. In fact, we motivate the formulation in a one-dimensional infinitesimal framework and we show that the concepts are immediately applicable to soft materials.
      PubDate: 2017-06-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9233-4
       
  • A Review of Trimming in Isogeometric Analysis: Challenges, Data Exchange
           and Simulation Aspects
    • Authors: Benjamin Marussig; Thomas J. R. Hughes
      Abstract: We review the treatment of trimmed geometries in the context of design, data exchange, and computational simulation. Such models are omnipresent in current engineering modeling and play a key role for the integration of design and analysis. The problems induced by trimming are often underestimated due to the conceptional simplicity of the procedure. In this work, several challenges and pitfalls are described.
      PubDate: 2017-06-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9220-9
       
  • Solving the Two Objective Evolutionary Shape Optimization of a Natural
           Laminar Airfoil and Shock Control Bump with Game Strategies
    • Authors: Z. Tang; Y. Chen; L. Zhang; J. Périaux
      Abstract: In order to improve the performances of a civil aircraft at transonic regimes, it is critical to develop new computational optimization methods reducing friction drag. Natural laminar flow (NLF) airfoil/wing design remain efficient methods to reduce the turbulence skin friction. However, the existence of wide range of favorable pressure gradient on a laminar flow airfoil/wing surface leads to strong shock waves occurring at the neighborhood of the trailing edge of the airfoil/wing. Consequently, the reduction of the friction drag due to the extension of the laminar flow surface of the airfoil is compensated with an increase of the shock wave induced drag. In this paper, an evolutionary algorithm (EAs) hybridized with different games (cooperative Pareto game, competitive Nash game and hierarchical Stackelberg game) for comparison is implemented to optimize the airfoil shape with a larger laminar flow range and a weaker shock wave drag simultaneously due to a shock control bump (SCB) active device. Numerical experiments demonstrate that each game coupled to the EAs optimizer can easily capture either a Pareto front, a Nash equilibrium or a Stackelberg equilibrium of this two-objective shape optimization problem. From the analysis/synthesis of 2D results it is concluded that a variety of laminar flow airfoils with greener aerodynamic performances can be significantly improved due to optimal SCB shape and position when compared to the baseline airfoil geometry. This methodology illustrate the potentiality of such an approach to solve the challenging shape optimization of the NLF wings in industrial design environments.
      PubDate: 2017-06-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9231-6
       
  • Reduced Modeling of Unknown Trajectories
    • Authors: Patrick Héas; Cédric Herzet
      Abstract: This paper deals with model order reduction of parametrical dynamical systems. We consider the specific setup where the distribution of the system’s trajectories is unknown but the following two sources of information are available: (i) some “rough” prior knowledge on the system’s realisations; (ii) a set of “incomplete” observations of the system’s trajectories. We propose a Bayesian methodological framework to build reduced-order models (ROMs) by exploiting these two sources of information. We emphasise that complementing the prior knowledge with the collected data provably enhances the knowledge of the distribution of the system’s trajectories. We then propose an implementation of the proposed methodology based on Monte-Carlo methods. In this context, we show that standard ROM learning techniques, such e.g., proper orthogonal decomposition or dynamic mode decomposition, can be revisited and recast within the probabilistic framework considered in this paper. We illustrate the performance of the proposed approach by numerical results obtained for a standard geophysical model.
      PubDate: 2017-05-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9229-0
       
  • An Overview of Multiresolution Analysis for Nondestructive Evaluation of
           Pavement Surface Drainage
    • Authors: Behrouz Mataei; H. Zakeri; F. Moghadas Nejad
      Abstract: Network level drainage assessment of the pavement surface plays a crucial role in controlling and decreasing the accident rate. Hydroplaning is one of the major causes of accidents in wet weather conditions and is the consequence of low drainage quality of pavement surfaces. Since no automated system currently exists for the pavement drainage evaluation, this work was conducted to present a new system to assess drainage process quality. For this aim, the saturation situation was simulated for pavement surface and photo acquisition was carried out on the drainage process of pavement surface after saturation. Finally, image processing method was applied to produce an index related to drainage quality. Using a proper method to enhance and prepare these images for the analysis step and find appreciate feature for the drainage quality is also among the necessities of drainage assessment. After a brief overview of multiresolution analysis, we revise the state-of-the-art of multiresolution analysis methods by discussing assessing parameters for asphalt surface image enhancement in nondestructive evaluation, formulated and fused to allow for a general comparison. In this work, different transform methods are used for asphalt surface image enhancement and a comparison is made between wavelet, curvelet, ridgelet, shearlet, and contourlet transforms by assessing parameters including TIME, PSNR, SNR, MSE, MAE, MSE, UQI, and SSIM. The comparison among the obtained results shows the superiority of shearlet transform over other transforms in providing of processed images with higher quality. Furthermore, it was found that ridgelet transform is more suitable for the jobs which time is the main parameter.
      PubDate: 2017-05-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9230-7
       
  • A Review of Multi-holes Drilling Path Optimization Using Soft Computing
           Approaches
    • Authors: Najwa Wahida Zainal Abidin; Mohd Fadzil Faisae Ab Rashid; Nik Mohd Zuki Nik Mohamed
      Abstract: In today’s competitive environment, optimization is considered as an important element for maintaining and improving both aspect of manufacturing such as quality and productivity. In multi-holes drilling process, 70% of the machining time involved the tool movement and tool switching. Various researches had been conducted to reduce the tool movement and switching time. This paper reviews the research publications on the drilling path optimization using soft computing approaches. In particular, this review focuses on four main aspects; drilling application areas, problem modeling, optimization algorithms and objective functions of drilling path optimization. Based on the review, the researchers’ interest in this area is still growing. However, the existing researches were limited to implement, modify and hybridized the well-established optimization algorithms. Furthermore, there is a lack of awareness to consider the environmental and sustainable issues in the existing research. In future, the researcher is suggested to give focus on energy consumption that related with sustainable manufacturing and also to explore the potential of new meta-heuristics algorithms that can lead to significant in reduction machining time.
      PubDate: 2017-05-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9228-1
       
  • Mesh Partitioning and Efficient Equation Solving Techniques by Distributed
           Finite Element Methods: A Survey
    • Authors: Shahab U. Ansari; Masroor Hussain; Suleman Mazhar; Tareq Manzoor; Khalid J. Siddiqui; Muhammad Abid; Habibullah Jamal
      Abstract: The mesh partitioning in parallel Finite Element Method (FEM) is an NP-hard problem. During the past few decades, several heuristic approaches have been proposed to address this problem. In addition to mesh distribution, solving a large set of algebraic equations also significantly contributes to the performance of a parallel solution. A number of efficient equation solving techniques are developed which exploit inherent properties of large coefficient matrices (for instance, symmetry and positive definiteness). In the present study, the performance of a distributed FEM system on the basis of the mesh partitioning approaches and equation solvers is discussed. The work contributes towards: (i) categorizing mesh partitioning methods, (ii) examining implementation variations in linear and nonlinear solution of equations, and (iii) exploring the impact of mesh partitioning and an equation solver on the performance of a distributed FEM system.
      PubDate: 2017-05-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9227-2
       
 
 
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