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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 118)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Archives of Toxicology
  [SJR: 1.595]   [H-I: 76]   [16 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-0738 - ISSN (Online) 0340-5761
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Role of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in carcinogenesis and potential as
           an anti-cancer drug target
    • Authors: Siva Kumar Kolluri; Un-Ho Jin; Stephen Safe
      Pages: 2497 - 2513
      Abstract: The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) was initially identified as the receptor that binds and mediates the toxic effects induced by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and structurally related halogenated aromatics. Other toxic compounds including some polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons act through the AhR; however, during the last 25 years, it has become apparent that the AhR plays an essential role in maintaining cellular homeostasis. Moreover, the scope of ligands that bind the AhR includes endogenous compounds such as multiple tryptophan metabolites, other endogenous biochemicals, pharmaceuticals and health-promoting phytochemicals including flavonoids, indole-3-carbinol and its metabolites. It has also been shown that like other receptors, the AhR is a drug target for multiple diseases including cancer, where both AhR agonists and antagonists effectively block many of the critical hallmarks of cancer in multiple tumor types. This review describes the anti-cancer activities of AhR ligands and demonstrates that it is time to separate the AhR from TCDD and exploit the potential of the AhR as a novel target for cancer chemotherapy.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-1981-2
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Precision toxicology based on single cell sequencing: an evolving trend in
           toxicological evaluations and mechanism exploration
    • Authors: Boyang Zhang; Kunlun Huang; Liye Zhu; Yunbo Luo; Wentao Xu
      Pages: 2539 - 2549
      Abstract: In this review, we introduce a new concept, precision toxicology: the mode of action of chemical- or drug-induced toxicity can be sensitively and specifically investigated by isolating a small group of cells or even a single cell with typical phenotype of interest followed by a single cell sequencing-based analysis. Precision toxicology can contribute to the better detection of subtle intracellular changes in response to exogenous substrates, and thus help researchers find solutions to control or relieve the toxicological effects that are serious threats to human health. We give examples for single cell isolation and recommend laser capture microdissection for in vivo studies and flow cytometric sorting for in vitro studies. In addition, we introduce the procedures for single cell sequencing and describe the expected application of these techniques to toxicological evaluations and mechanism exploration, which we believe will become a trend in toxicology.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-1971-4
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • A primer on systematic reviews in toxicology
    • Authors: Sebastian Hoffmann; Rob B. M. de Vries; Martin L. Stephens; Nancy B. Beck; Hubert A. A. M. Dirven; John R. Fowle; Julie E. Goodman; Thomas Hartung; Ian Kimber; Manoj M. Lalu; Kristina Thayer; Paul Whaley; Daniele Wikoff; Katya Tsaioun
      Pages: 2551 - 2575
      Abstract: Systematic reviews, pioneered in the clinical field, provide a transparent, methodologically rigorous and reproducible means of summarizing the available evidence on a precisely framed research question. Having matured to a well-established approach in many research fields, systematic reviews are receiving increasing attention as a potential tool for answering toxicological questions. In the larger framework of evidence-based toxicology, the advantages and obstacles of, as well as the approaches for, adapting and adopting systematic reviews to toxicology are still being explored. To provide the toxicology community with a starting point for conducting or understanding systematic reviews, we herein summarized available guidance documents from various fields of application. We have elaborated on the systematic review process by breaking it down into ten steps, starting with planning the project, framing the question, and writing and publishing the protocol, and concluding with interpretation and reporting. In addition, we have identified the specific methodological challenges of toxicological questions and have summarized how these can be addressed. Ultimately, this primer is intended to stimulate scientific discussions of the identified issues to fuel the development of toxicology-specific methodology and to encourage the application of systematic review methodology to toxicological issues.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-1980-3
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Environmental toxicants, incidence of degenerative diseases, and therapies
           from the epigenetic point of view
    • Authors: Mahshid Hodjat; Soheila Rahmani; Fazlullah Khan; Kamal Niaz; Mona Navaei–Nigjeh; Solmaz Mohammadi Nejad; Mohammad Abdollahi
      Pages: 2577 - 2597
      Abstract: Epigenotoxicology is an emerging field of study that investigates the non-genotoxic epigenetic effects of environmental toxicants resulting in alteration of normal gene expression and disruption of cell function. Recent findings on the role of toxicant-induced epigenetic modifications in the development of degenerative diseases have opened up a promising research direction to explore epigenetic therapy approaches and related prognostic biomarkers. In this review, we presented comprehensive data on epigenetic alterations identified in various diseases, including cancer, autoimmune disorders, pulmonary conditions as well as cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and bone disease. Although data on abnormalities of DNA methylation and their role in the development of diseases are abundant, less is known about the impact of histone modifications and microRNA expressions. Further, we discussed the effects of selected common environmental toxicants on epigenetic modifications and their association with particular abnormalities. A number of different environmental toxicants have been identified for their role in aberrant DNA methylation, histone modifications, and microRNA expression. Such epigenetic effects were shown to be tissue-type specific and highly associated with the level and duration of exposure. Finally, we described present and future therapeutic strategies, including medicines and dietary compounds for combating the toxicant-induced epigenetic alterations. There are currently seven histone deacetylase inhibitors and two DNA methyltransferase inhibitors approved for clinical use and many other promising candidates are in preclinical and clinical testing. Dietary compounds are thought to be the effective and safe strategies for treating and prevention of epigenetic pathophysiological conditions. Still more concentrated epigenetic researches are required for evaluation of chemical toxicity and identifying the causal association between key epigenetic alteration and disease.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-1979-9
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • A framework for the use of single-chemical transcriptomics data in
           predicting the hazards associated with complex mixtures of polycyclic
           aromatic hydrocarbons
    • Authors: Sarah Labib; Andrew Williams; Byron Kuo; Carole L. Yauk; Paul A. White; Sabina Halappanavar
      Pages: 2599 - 2616
      Abstract: The assumption of additivity applied in the risk assessment of environmental mixtures containing carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was investigated using transcriptomics. MutaTMMouse were gavaged for 28 days with three doses of eight individual PAHs, two defined mixtures of PAHs, or coal tar, an environmentally ubiquitous complex mixture of PAHs. Microarrays were used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in lung tissue collected 3 days post-exposure. Cancer-related pathways perturbed by the individual or mixtures of PAHs were identified, and dose–response modeling of the DEGs was conducted to calculate gene/pathway benchmark doses (BMDs). Individual PAH-induced pathway perturbations (the median gene expression changes for all genes in a pathway relative to controls) and pathway BMDs were applied to models of additivity [i.e., concentration addition (CA), generalized concentration addition (GCA), and independent action (IA)] to generate predicted pathway-specific dose–response curves for each PAH mixture. The predicted and observed pathway dose–response curves were compared to assess the sensitivity of different additivity models. Transcriptomics-based additivity calculation showed that IA accurately predicted the pathway perturbations induced by all mixtures of PAHs. CA did not support the additivity assumption for the defined mixtures; however, GCA improved the CA predictions. Moreover, pathway BMDs derived for coal tar were comparable to BMDs derived from previously published coal tar-induced mouse lung tumor incidence data. These results suggest that in the absence of tumor incidence data, individual chemical-induced transcriptomics changes associated with cancer can be used to investigate the assumption of additivity and to predict the carcinogenic potential of a mixture.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-016-1891-8
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Global DNA methylation profiling of manganese-exposed human neuroblastoma
           SH-SY5Y cells reveals epigenetic alterations in Parkinson’s
           disease-associated genes
    • Authors: Prashant Tarale; Saravanadevi Sivanesan; Atul P. Daiwile; Reinhard Stöger; Amit Bafana; Pravin K. Naoghare; Devendra Parmar; Tapan Chakrabarti; Krishnamurthi Kannan
      Pages: 2629 - 2641
      Abstract: Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element required for optimal functioning of cellular biochemical pathways in the central nervous system. Elevated exposure to Mn through environmental and occupational exposure can cause neurotoxic effects resulting in manganism, a condition with clinical symptoms identical to idiopathic Parkinson’s disease. Epigenetics is now recognized as a biological mechanism involved in the etiology of various diseases. Here, we investigated the role of DNA methylation alterations induced by chronic Mn (100 µM) exposure in human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells in relevance to Parkinson’s disease. A combined analysis of DNA methylation and gene expression data for Parkinson’s disease-associated genes was carried out. Whole-genome bisulfite conversion and sequencing indicate epigenetic perturbation of key genes involved in biological processes associated with neuronal cell health. Integration of DNA methylation data with gene expression reveals epigenetic alterations to PINK1, PARK2 and TH genes that play critical roles in the onset of Parkinsonism. The present study suggests that Mn-induced alteration of DNA methylation of PINK1–PARK2 may influence mitochondrial function and promote Parkinsonism. Our findings provide a basis to further explore and validate the epigenetic basis of Mn-induced neurotoxicity .
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-016-1899-0
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Acute liver effects, disposition and metabolic fate of [ 14 C]-fenclozic
           acid following oral administration to normal and bile-cannulated male
           C57BL/6J mice
    • Authors: Kathryn Pickup; Scott Martin; Elizabeth A. Partridge; Huw B. Jones; Jonathan Wills; Tim Schulz-Utermoehl; Alan McCarthy; Alison Rodrigues; Chris Page; Kerry Ratcliffe; Sunil Sarda; Ian D. Wilson
      Pages: 2643 - 2653
      Abstract: The distribution, metabolism, excretion and hepatic effects of the human hepatotoxin fenclozic acid were investigated following single oral doses of 10 mg/kg to normal and bile duct-cannulated male C57BL/6J mice. Whole body autoradiography showed distribution into all tissues except the brain, with radioactivity still detectable in blood, kidney and liver at 72 h post-dose. Mice dosed with [14C]-fenclozic acid showed acute centrilobular hepatocellular necrosis, but no other regions of the liver were affected. The majority of the [14C]-fenclozic acid-related material recovered was found in the urine/aqueous cage wash, (49%) whilst a smaller portion (13%) was eliminated via the faeces. Metabolic profiles for urine, bile and faecal extracts, obtained using liquid chromatography and a combination of mass spectrometric and radioactivity detection, revealed extensive metabolism of fenclozic acid in mice that involved biotransformations via both oxidation and conjugation. These profiling studies also revealed the presence of glutathione-derived metabolites providing evidence for the production of reactive species by mice administered fenclozic acid. Covalent binding to proteins from liver, kidney and plasma was also demonstrated, although this binding was relatively low (less than 50 pmol eq./mg protein).
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-016-1894-5
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Genetic heterogeneity among slow acetylator N -acetyltransferase 2
           phenotypes in cryopreserved human hepatocytes
    • Authors: Mark A. Doll; David W. Hein
      Pages: 2655 - 2661
      Abstract: Genetic polymorphisms in human N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) modify the metabolism of numerous drugs and carcinogens. These genetic polymorphisms modify both drug efficacy and toxicity and cancer risk associated with carcinogen exposure. Previous studies have suggested phenotypic heterogeneity among different NAT2 slow acetylator genotypes. NAT2 phenotype was investigated in vitro and in situ in samples of human hepatocytes obtained from various NAT2 slow and intermediate NAT2 acetylator genotypes. NAT2 gene dose response (NAT2*5B/*5B > NAT2*5B/*6A > NAT2*6A/*6A) was observed towards the N-acetylation of the NAT2-specific drug sulfamethazine by human hepatocytes both in vitro and in situ. N-acetylation of 4-aminobiphenyl, an arylamine carcinogen substrate for both N-acetyltransferase 1 and NAT2, showed the same trend both in vitro and in situ although the differences were not significant (p > 0.05). The N-acetylation of the N-acetyltransferase 1-specific substrate p-aminobenzoic acid did not follow this trend. In comparisons of NAT2 intermediate acetylator genotypes, differences in N-acetylation between NAT2*4/*5B and NAT2*4/*6B hepatocytes were not observed in vitro or in situ towards any of these substrates. These results further support phenotypic heterogeneity among NAT2 slow acetylator genotypes, consistent with differential risks of drug failure or toxicity and cancer associated with carcinogen exposure.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-1988-8
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Potent mutagenicity of some non-planar tri- and tetrachlorinated biphenyls
           in mammalian cells, human CYP2E1 being a major activating enzyme
    • Authors: Yungang Liu; Keqi Hu; Hansi Jia; Guifang Jin; Hansruedi Glatt; Hao Jiang
      Pages: 2663 - 2676
      Abstract: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been classified as human carcinogens. Mutagenicity of lower chlorinated biphenyls as well as activation of transcription factors by some other congeners may contribute to the carcinogenicity of PCBs. Recently, we reported that human CYP2E1 activates mono- and dichlorobiphenyls to mutagens. However, mutagenicity of other PCBs and the involvement of other CYPs remained unknown. In this study, Chinese hamster V79-derived cell lines genetically engineered for expression of individual human CYP enzymes and a human hepatocyte (L-02) line endogenously expressing various CYPs were used to determine the activities of several tri- and tetrachlorobiphenyls to induce micronuclei and gene mutations. 2,3,4′-Trichlorobiphenyl, 2,3,3′-trichlorobiphenyl, 2,4,4′,5-tetrachlorobiphenyl and 2,2′,5,5′-tetrachlorobiphenyl efficiently induced micronuclei and/or gene mutations in V79-derived cells at low micromolar concentrations, depending on human CYP2E1, while they were inactive in parental V79-Mz cells and weakly positive or inactive in V79-derived cells expressing human CYP1A1, 1A2, 1B1 or 3A4. The induction of gene mutations in human CYP2E1-expressing V79 cells by 2,3,4′-trichlorobiphenyl and 2,4,4′,5-tetrachlorobiphenyl was more potent than that of N-nitrosodimethylamine, a strong carcinogen activated by CYP2E1. As representative PCB compounds, 2,3,3′-trichlorobiphenyl and 2,3,4′-trichlorobiphenyl induced micronuclei in L-02 cells, and this effect was blocked by specific CYP2E1 inhibition, wherein the effects of benzo[a]pyrene and aflatoxin B1 (activated by some CYPs other than CYP2E1) were unaffected. This study demonstrates that some non-planar tri- and tetrachlorobiphenyls are potent mutagens in mammalian cells—more potent than previously tested mono- and dichlorobiphenyls—and that among several human CYP enzymes, CYP2E1 is most efficient in activating these environmental contaminants.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-016-1904-7
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Co-exposure to low doses of the food contaminants deoxynivalenol and
           nivalenol has a synergistic inflammatory effect on intestinal explants
    • Authors: Imourana Alassane-Kpembi; Olivier Puel; Philippe Pinton; Anne-Marie Cossalter; Ting-Chao Chou; Isabelle P. Oswald
      Pages: 2677 - 2687
      Abstract: The global incidence of Fusarium head blight and attendant cereal grains multi-contamination by the trichothecene mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) and nivalenol (NIV) are increasing as a possible result of climate change and inadequate agricultural practices. At the molecular level, these mycotoxins bind to the ribosome, activate the mitogen-activated protein kinase and induce a local and systemic inflammation. DON is of public health concern owing to the narrow margin between exposure and tolerable daily intake. The intestinal inflammatory response to DON, NIV and their mixture was analyzed to determine thresholds for their intestinal pro-inflammatory effects and characterize the type and magnitude of their interaction. Fully differentiated three-dimensional porcine jejunal explants were exposed to increasing doses of DON and NIV alone or in combination; the expression levels of IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-8, IL-17A and IL-22 were measured by RT-PCR. Doses as low as 0.16 µM DON or 0.73 µM NIV significantly increase the intestinal expression levels of the tested inflammation-related genes. These doses are lower than those previously reported for other intestinal toxicity endpoints. The combined pro-inflammatory activity of DON and NIV was synergistic for all the tested genes with combination index value range of 0.23–0.8. Our results indicate that (1) inflammation is a very sensitive endpoint for the intestinal toxicity of the trichothecenes and (2) co-exposure to DON and NIV has a greater inflammatory effect than induced by mycotoxins alone. This synergy should be taken into account considering the frequent co-occurrence of DON and NIV in the diet.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-016-1902-9
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • The human microbiome, from Achilles armour to Nessus’ shirt
    • Authors: Tewes Tralau; Andreas Luch
      Pages: 2699 - 2701
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-1951-8
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Risks of dioxins resulting from high exposure via breast-feeding'
    • Authors: Klaus Abraham
      Pages: 2703 - 2704
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-1952-7
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Safeguarding human health using in silico tools'
    • Authors: Melissa Van Bossuyt; Els Van Hoeck; Tamara Vanhaecke; Vera Rogiers; Birgit Mertens
      Pages: 2705 - 2706
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-1931-z
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • On the necessity of translational cognitive-neurotoxicological research in
           methamphetamine abuse and addiction
    • Authors: Ann-Kathrin Stock; Christian Beste
      Pages: 2707 - 2709
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-1972-3
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Erratum to: Maintenance of drug metabolism and transport functions in
           human precision-cut liver slices during prolonged incubation for 5 days
    • Authors: Viktoriia Starokozhko; Suresh Vatakuti; Bauke Schievink; Marjolijn T. Merema; Annika Asplund; Jane Synnergren; Anders Aspegren; Geny M. M. Groothuis
      Pages: 2711 - 2711
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-016-1895-4
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Erratum to: Aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling modifies Toll-like
           receptor-regulated responses in human dendritic cells
    • Authors: Sarah Kado; W. L. William Chang; Aimy Nguyen Chi; Monika Wolny; David M. Shepherd; Christoph F. A. Vogel
      Pages: 2713 - 2713
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-016-1896-3
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Recent progress in N -acetyltransferase research: 7th international
           workshop on N -acetyltransferases (NAT): workshop report
    • Authors: Jutta Lichter; Klaus Golka; Edith Sim; Brunhilde Blömeke
      Pages: 2715 - 2718
      Abstract: The 7th International Workshop on N-Acetyltransferases (NAT), held from 18 to 20 June 2016, was hosted by Brunhilde Blömeke and her team at the Trier University (Germany). The workshop addressed important aspects and latest advancements in the fields of NAT enzymes, endogenous functions of NATs, NAT gene nomenclature, genetic polymorphisms, and their associations with diseases as well as their use in diagnosis. Representatives from the leading teams performing research on NATs presented their excellent work, discussed the latest results, and created new ideas in the field of N-acetyltransferase research.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-1957-2
      Issue No: Vol. 91, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Genome-wide mapping and analysis of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR)- and
           aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AHRR)-binding sites in human breast
           cancer cells
    • Authors: Sunny Y. Yang; Shaimaa Ahmed; Somisetty V. Satheesh; Jason Matthews
      Abstract: The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) mediates the toxic actions of environmental contaminants, such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-ρ-dioxin (TCDD), and also plays roles in vascular development, the immune response, and cell cycle regulation. The AHR repressor (AHRR) is an AHR-regulated gene and a negative regulator of AHR; however, the mechanisms of AHRR-dependent repression of AHR are unclear. In this study, we compared the genome-wide binding profiles of AHR and AHRR in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells treated for 24 h with TCDD using chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by next-generation sequencing (ChIP-Seq). We identified 3915 AHR- and 2811 AHRR-bound regions, of which 974 (35%) were common to both datasets. When these 24-h datasets were also compared with AHR-bound regions identified after 45 min of TCDD treatment, 67% (1884) of AHRR-bound regions overlapped with those of AHR. This analysis identified 994 unique AHRR-bound regions. AHRR-bound regions mapped closer to promoter regions when compared with AHR-bound regions. The AHRE was identified and overrepresented in AHR:AHRR-co-bound regions, AHR-only regions, and AHRR-only regions. Candidate unique AHR- and AHRR-bound regions were validated by ChIP–qPCR and their ability to regulate gene expression was confirmed by luciferase reporter gene assays. Overall, this study reveals that AHR and AHRR exhibit similar but also distinct genome-wide binding profiles, supporting the notion that AHRR is a context- and gene-specific repressor of AHR activity.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-2022-x
       
  • Regulation of SIRT1/AMPK axis is critically involved in
           gallotannin-induced senescence and impaired autophagy leading to cell
           death in hepatocellular carcinoma cells
    • Authors: Hee Young Kwon; Ju-Ha Kim; Bonglee Kim; Sanjay K. Srivastava; Sung-Hoon Kim
      Abstract: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most fatal malignancies with high mortality worldwide. Here the underlying antitumor mechanism of gallotannin was elucidated in HCC cells. Gallotannin suppressed viability and colony formation, increased subG1 portion and also induced senescence via upregulation of p21, G0/G1 arrest and higher SA-β-gal activity in HepG2 and SK-Hep1 cells. However, pan-caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK reversed the ability of gallotannin to activate caspase 3 at 48 h after treatment in two HCC cells. Of note, gallotannin also induced autophagic features by increasing LC3 punctae, LC3B-II conversion, autophagic vacuoles and decreasing the expression of Beclin1 in two HCC cells. Furthermore, autophagy flux assay using GFP–mRFP–LC3 plasmid revealed increased yellowish color and late autophagy inhibitor CQ or NH4Cl enhanced cytotoxicity, LC3B-II conversion, and LC3 punctae in gallotannin-treated HepG2 and SK-Hep1 cells compared to early autophagy inhibitor 3-MA or wortmannin. Interestingly, gallotannin attenuated the expression of SIRT1 and mTOR and activated phosphorylation of AMPK in two HCC cells. Furthermore, AMPK activator AICAR significantly enhanced SA-β-gal activity and antiproliferation induced by gallotannin, while AMPK inhibitor compound C did not in two HCC cells. Consistently, LC3B-II conversion by gallotannin was not shown in AMPKα1 −/− MEF cells compared to WT AMPK +/+ MEF cells. Consistently, gallotannin reduced in vivo growth of HepG2 cells implanted in NCr nude mice along with decreased expression of PCNA and SIRT1 and increased AMPKα1 and TUNEL. Overall, these findings highlight evidence that regulation of SIRT1/AMPK is critically involved in gallotannin-induced senescence and impaired autophagy leading to cell death in HCC cells.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-2021-y
       
  • Lung damage analyzed by machine vision on tissue sections of mice
    • Authors: Chen Tao; Yingmei Zhang
      Abstract: The inhalation of environmental toxicants can induce lung damage. Many methods are currently available to analyze lung tissue damage and are based on empirical visual judgment; however, the accuracy of the assessments are influenced by individual differences among pathologists. Here, we establish new methods of analysis for lung tissue sections based on machine vision and verify this new automatic high-flux method with the model of mice inhaling aqueous aerosol with different concentrations of CdCl2 (0, 1, 3, 5 mM 2 h/day) for 7 days through analyses of pulmonary porosity, mucus, pneumonia and co-localized staining. Additionally, the correlation analysis among the concentrations of CdCl2 in aqueous aerosol, the high-flux analyses and empirical visual judgment methods demonstrate the practicality of the new automatic method. The comparison between the high-flux analyses and the empirical visual judgment methods demonstrates the superiority of the new automatic method. In the future, these new automatic high-flux analyses based on machine vision could be conducive to pulmonary histology and pathology research.
      PubDate: 2017-07-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00204-017-2023-9
       
 
 
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