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Showing 1 - 200 of 2353 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Archives of Microbiology
  [SJR: 0.702]   [H-I: 85]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • The effect of reconstruction works on planktonic bacterial diversity of a
           unique thermal lake revealed by cultivation, molecular cloning and next
           generation sequencing
    • Authors: Gergely Krett; Attila Szabó; Tamás Felföldi; Károly Márialigeti; Andrea K. Borsodi
      Pages: 1077 - 1089
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to gain detailed information about the diversity of planktonic bacterial communities of a worldwide special peat bedded natural thermal spa lake, and to reveal the effect of a lake wall reconstruction work. To compare the efficiency of different methods used for analyzing bacterial diversity, cultivation, molecular cloning and pyrosequencing were applied simultaneously. Despite the almost unchanged physical–chemical parameters and cell count values of lake water, remarkable differences were observed in the planktonic bacterial community structures during and after the reconstruction by all applied microbiological approaches. Rhodobacter sp. was found to be one of the most abundant community members during the works probably due to the sediment stirring effect of the reconstruction. Following the reconstruction higher diversity was detected than during the works by all approaches. Bacterial strains related to species Chryseobacterium and Exiguobacterium, furthermore sequences related to Arcobacter, Gemmobacter and MWH-UniP1 aquatic group were identified in the highest proportion at that time. Although the differences revealed by cultivation based and independent community structures were significant, only minor disparities were found by molecular cloning and next generation sequencing techniques.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1379-9
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • Co-effects of pyrene and nitrate on the activity and abundance of soil
           denitrifiers under anaerobic condition
    • Authors: Zhi-Feng Zhou; Yan-Hong Yao; Ming-Xia Wang; Xiao-Hu Zuo
      Pages: 1091 - 1101
      Abstract: Abstract It has previously been confirmed that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) could be degraded by soil microbes coupling with denitrification, but the relationships among soil denitrifiers, PAHs, and nitrate under obligate anaerobic condition are still unclear. Here, co-effects of pyrene and nitrate on the activity and abundance of soil denitrifiers were investigated through a 45-day incubation experiment. Two groups of soil treatments with (N30) and without (N0) nitrate (30 mg kg−1 dry soil) amendment were conducted, and each group contained three treatments with different pyrene concentrations (0, 30, and 60 mg kg−1 dry soil denoted as P0, P30, and P60, respectively). The pyrene content, abundances of denitrification concerning genes (narG, periplasmic nitrate reductase gene; nirS, cd 1-nitrite reductase gene; nirK, copper-containing nitrite reductase gene), and productions of N2O and CO2 were measured at day 3, 14, 28, and 45, and the bacterial community structures in four represented treatments (N0P0, N0P60, N30P0, and N30P60) were analyzed at day 45. The results indicated that the treatments with higher pyrene concentration had higher final pyrene removal rates than the treatments with lower pyrene concentration. Additionally, intensive emission of N2O was detected in all treatments only at day 3, but a continuous production of CO2 was measured in each treatment during the incubation. Nitrate amendment could enhance the activity of soil denitrifiers, and be helpful for soil microbes to sustain their activity. While pyrene seemed had no influence on the productions of N2O and CO2, and amendment with pyrene or nitrate both had no obvious effect on abundances of denitrification concerning genes. Furthermore, it was nitrate but not pyrene had an obvious influence on the community structure of soil bacteria. These results revealed that, under anaerobic condition, the activity and abundance of soil denitrifiers both were insensitive to pyrene, but nitrate could improve the activity of soil denitrfiers and induce the shifts in soil bacterial community structure.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1380-3
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • Modulation of the multidrug efflux pump EmrD-3 from Vibrio cholerae by
           Allium sativum extract and the bioactive agent allyl sulfide plus
           synergistic enhancement of antimicrobial susceptibility by A. sativum
    • Authors: Merissa M. Bruns; Prathusha Kakarla; Jared T. Floyd; Mun Mun Mukherjee; Robert C. Ponce; John A. Garcia; Indrika Ranaweera; Leslie M. Sanford; Alberto J. Hernandez; T. Mark Willmon; Grace L. Tolson; Manuel F. Varela
      Pages: 1103 - 1112
      Abstract: Abstract The causative agent of cholera, Vibrio cholerae, is a public health concern. Multidrug-resistant V. cholerae variants may reduce chemotherapeutic efficacies of severe cholera. We previously reported that the multidrug efflux pump EmrD-3 from V. cholerae confers resistance to multiple structurally distinct antimicrobials. Medicinal plant compounds are potential candidates for EmrD-3 efflux pump modulation. The antibacterial activities of garlic Allium sativum, although poorly understood, predicts that a main bioactive component, allyl sulfide, modulates EmrD-3 efflux. Thus, we tested whether A. sativum extract acts in synergy with antimicrobials and that a main bioactive component allyl sulfide inhibits EmrD-3 efflux. We found that A. sativum extract and allyl sulfide inhibited ethidium bromide efflux in cells harboring EmrD-3 and that A. sativum lowered the MICs of multiple antibacterials. We conclude that A. sativum and allyl sulfide inhibit EmrD-3 and that A. sativum extract synergistically enhances antibacterial agents.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1378-x
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • Two distinct periplasmic enzymes are responsible for tellurite/tellurate
           and selenite reduction by strain ER-Te-48 associated with the deep sea
           hydrothermal vent tube worms at the Juan de Fuca Ridge black smokers
    • Authors: Chris Maltman; Lynda J. Donald; Vladimir Yurkov
      Pages: 1113 - 1120
      Abstract: Abstract Strain ER-Te-48 isolated from a deep-ocean hydrothermal vent tube worm is capable of resisting and reducing extremely high levels of tellurite, tellurate, and selenite, which are used for respiration anaerobically. Tellurite and tellurate reduction is accomplished by a periplasmic enzyme of 215 kDa comprised of 3 subunits (74, 42, and 25 kDa) in a 2:1:1 ratio. The optimum pH and temperature for activity is 8.0 and 35 °C, respectively. Tellurite reduction has a V max of 5.6 µmol/min/mg protein and a K m of 3.9 mM. In the case of the tellurate reaction, V max and K m were 2.6 µmol/min/mg protein and 2.6 mM, respectively. Selenite reduction is carried out by another periplasmic enzyme with a V max of 2.8 µmol/min/mg protein, K m of 12.1 mM, and maximal activity at pH 6.0 and 38 °C. This protein is 165 kDa and comprised of 3 subunits of 98, 44, and 23 kDa in a 1:1:1 ratio.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1382-1
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • Identification of proteins differentially expressed by Chlamydia
           trachomatis treated with chlamydiaphage capsid protein VP1 during
           intracellular growth
    • Authors: Jingyue Ma; Yina Sun; Changgui Sun; Quan Zhou; Manli Qi; Jie Kong; Jing Wang; Yuanjun Liu; Quanzhong Liu
      Pages: 1121 - 1131
      Abstract: Abstract Chlamydia trachomatis infection is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases. Our research pertains to the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanism of the chlamydiaphage capsid protein VP1 on the growth of Chlamydia trachomatis. In this research, the capsid protein VP1 of the guinea-pig conjunctivitis chlamydiaphage phiCPG1 was expressed, purified and identified, and then, it was applied to the cultivation of different serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia psittaci. The inhibitory effect was observed in each serovar of Chlamydia trachomatis (D, E, F, G, H, I, K, and L2) and Chlamydia psittaci inoculated with VP1 protein. The inhibition affection of VP1 on the growth of Chlamydia trachomatis was caused by the changes of expressions of some related proteins including 36 proteins up-regulated and 81 proteins down-regulated in the development cycle of Ct through the label-free test, and the transcription levels of these proteins, including Hc1, pmpD, and MOMP, were confirmed by RT-PCR. It provides information that is essential for understanding the mechanism of chlamydiaphage capsid protein VP1 on chlamydia and a new direction for further clinical treatment of chlamydial infection.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1381-2
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • Erythrobacter alti sp. nov., a marine alphaproteobacterium isolated from
    • Authors: Jaewoo Yoon
      Pages: 1133 - 1139
      Abstract: Abstract A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on strain KMU-34T, which was isolated from seawater in the Republic of Korea. The bacterial cells were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, chemoheterotrophic, yellow-pigmented and rod-shaped. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the novel marine strain was affiliated with the family Erythrobacteraceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria and that it showed highest sequence similarity (98.6%) to Erythrobacter atlanticus s21-N3T. The DNA–DNA relatedness values between strains KMU-34T and E. atlanticus KCTC 42697T were 8.6 ± 1.2%. The DNA G + C content of strain KMU-34T was determined to be 60.4 mol%. Ubiquinone 10 (Q-10) was the sole respiratory quinone. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C18:1 ω7c (43.8%) and C16:1 ω7c (16.8%). Strain KMU-34T had phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, a sphingoglycolipid, an unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified lipids as polar lipids. From the distinct phylogenetic position and combination of genotypic and phenotypic characteristics, the strain is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Erythrobacter for which the name Erythrobacter alti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of E. alti sp. nov. is KMU-34T (= KCCM 90261T = NBRC 111903T).
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1384-z
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • Identification of the zinc, copper and cadmium metalloproteome of the
           protozoon Tetrahymena thermophila by systematic bioinformatics
    • Authors: Christos T. Chasapis; Claudia Andreini; Athanasia K. Georgiopolou; Maria E. Stefanidou; Alexios Vlamis-Gardikas
      Pages: 1141 - 1149
      Abstract: Abstract Tetrahymena thermophila (T. thermophila) is a ciliated protozoon that can detect freshwater pollution by heavy metals (“whole-cell biosensor”). This work employed a systematic bioinformatics approach to predict and analyze the metalloproteome of T. thermophila for the essential Zn, Cu and the non-essential Cd. 3784 metal-binding proteins were identified compared to the 456 annotated so far in UniProt. The localization, functional classification, and the functionally enriched network of the newly identified metalloproteome are presented. Cd toxicity could be explained in terms of the metal replacing Cu and especially Zn in MAPKs, transporters and antioxidant enzymes. The predicted results for Cd toxicity and responses reflect those observed experimentally in different organisms after their exposure to Cd.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1385-y
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • The effectiveness of anti-biofilm and anti-virulence properties of
           dihydrocelastrol and dihydrocelastryl diacetate in fighting against
           methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    • Authors: Seung-Gyun Woo; So-Min Lee; So-Yeon Lee; Kyoung-Hee Lim; Eun-Ju Ha; Sa-Hyun Kim; Yong-Bin Eom
      Pages: 1151 - 1163
      Abstract: Abstract Human pathogens have readily been converted into multidrug-resistant pathogens, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), because of the long-term use of conventional antibiotics. In addition, the biofilms formed by S. aureus cells are especially problematic and are related to the persistence of chronic infections because they constitute a major mechanism of promoting tolerance to diverse antimicrobial agents. Hence, the inhibitions of biofilm formation and/or toxin production are accepted as alternative means of controlling S. aureus infections. The present study was aimed at identifying novel anti-biofilm and/or anti-virulence compounds in friedelane-based pentacyclic triterpenoids present in many edible and medicinal plants—and investigating them against MRSA strains. As a result, dihydrocelastrol and dihydrocelastryl diacetate were found to both inhibit the biofilm formation of, and to disrupt the preformed biofilms of, MRSA strains to an increasingly greater degree with increasing concentrations of each compound. Furthermore, these two triterpenoids also clearly inhibited the hemolytic activity of MRSA—and in-line with their anti-biofilm activities, rendered the cell more hydrophilic. Additionally, corroborating phenotypic results, transcriptional analyses showed that both dihydrocelastrol and dihydrocelastryl diacetate disturbed the expression of gene related to α-hemolysin (hla) and down-regulated the expressions of the crucial biofilm-associated genes (agrA, sarA, ica, RNAIII, and rbf) in MRSA. The findings of this study suggest that friedelane-based pentacyclic triterpenoids—especially dihydrocelastrol and dihydrocelastryl diacetate—have the potential to be candidates both for use in controlling biofilm-related infections and for use as important components of anti-virulence strategies for fighting against MRSA infection.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1386-x
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • A metabonomic analysis on the response of Enterobacter cloacae from
           coastal outfall for land-based pollutant under phoxim stress
    • Authors: Dijun Zhang; Shan He; Tinghong Ming; Chenyang Lu; Jun Zhou; Xiurong Su
      Pages: 1165 - 1173
      Abstract: Abstract Enterobacter cloacae is an opportunistic pathogen widely distributed in human and animal intestinal systems. The secretion of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and cephalosporinase (AmpC) endows E. cloacae with strong drug resistance. In a previous study by our group, protein expression of E. cloacae under phoxim stress was measured by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Here, nuclear magnetic resonance was used to detect differences in E. cloacae metabonomics when under phoxim stress. We determined that there are 29 types of metabolites that differ between phoxim stress and normal culture conditions. Among these, 6 types of metabolites were upregulated in the phoxim stress group, and 23 types of metabolites were inhibited. Though enrichment analysis, seven pathways were identified by different expression levels of metabolites, which were involved in DNA and RNA synthesis, DNA damage repair, antioxidation and functions of the cell membrane and cell wall. The mechanism underlying how phoxim affects E. cloacae was determined by studying the results of both two-dimensional electrophoresis in our prior work and the analysis of E. cloacae metabonomic changes under phoxim stress.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1383-0
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • Properties of Streptomyces albus J1074 mutant deficient in tRNA Leu UAA
           gene bldA
    • Authors: Oksana Koshla; Maria Lopatniuk; Ihor Rokytskyy; Oleksandr Yushchuk; Yuriy Dacyuk; Victor Fedorenko; Andriy Luzhetskyy; Bohdan Ostash
      Pages: 1175 - 1183
      Abstract: Abstract Streptomyces albus J1074 is one of the most popular and convenient hosts for heterologous expression of gene clusters directing the biosynthesis of various natural metabolic products, such as antibiotics. This fuels interest in elucidation of genetic mechanisms that may limit secondary metabolism in J1074. Here, we report the generation and initial study of J1074 mutant, deficient in gene bldA for tRNALeu UAA, the only tRNA capable of decoding rare leucyl TTA codon in Streptomyces. The bldA deletion in J1074 resulted in a highly conditional Bld phenotype, with depleted formation of aerial hyphae on certain solid media. In addition, bldA mutant of J1074 was unable to produce endogenous antibacterial compounds and two heterologous antibiotics, moenomycin and aranciamycin, whose biosynthesis is directed by TTA-containing genes. We have employed a new TTA codon-specific β-galactosidase reporter system to provide genetic evidence that J1074 bldA mutant is impaired in translation of TTA. In addition, we have discussed the possible reasons for differences in the phenotypes of bldA mutants described here and in previous studies, providing knowledge to study bldA-based regulation of antibiotic biosynthesis.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1389-7
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • Hydroxy-Al and cell-surface negativity are responsible for the enhanced
    • Authors: Xue Qiang Zhao; Xue Min Bao; Chao Wang; Zuo Yi Xiao; Zhen Min Hu; Chun Li Zheng; Ren Fang Shen
      Pages: 1185 - 1194
      Abstract: Abstract Aluminum (Al) is ubiquitous and toxic to microbes. High Al3+ concentration and low pH are two key factors responsible for Al toxicity, but our present results contradict this idea. Here, an Al-tolerant yeast strain Rhodotorula taiwanensis RS1 was incubated in glucose media containing Al with a continuous pH gradient from pH 3.1–4.2. The cells became more sensitive to Al and accumulated more Al when pH increased. Calculations using an electrostatic model Speciation Gouy Chapman Stern indicated that, the increased Al sensitivity of cells was associated with AlOH2+ and Al(OH) 2 + rather than Al3+. The alcian blue (a positively charged dye) adsorption and zeta potential determination of cell surface indicated that, higher pH than 3.1 increased the negative charge and Al adsorption at the cell surface. Taken together, the enhanced sensitivity of R. taiwanensis RS1 to Al from pH 3.1–4.2 was associated with increased hydroxy-Al and cell-surface negativity.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1387-9
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • Lipid droplets accumulation and other biochemical changes induced in the
           fungal pathogen Ustilago maydis under nitrogen-starvation
    • Authors: Lucero Romero Aguilar; Juan Pablo Pardo; Mónica Montero Lomelí; Oscar Ivan Luqueño Bocardo; Marco A. Juárez Oropeza; Guadalupe Guerra Sánchez
      Pages: 1195 - 1209
      Abstract: Abstract In many organisms, the growth under nitrogen-deprivation or a poor nitrogen source impacts on the carbon flow distribution and causes accumulation of neutral lipids, which are stored as lipid droplets (LDs). Efforts are in progress to find the mechanism of LDs synthesis and degradation, and new organisms capable of accumulating large amounts of lipids for biotechnological applications. In this context, when Ustilago maydis was cultured in the absence of a nitrogen source, there was a large accumulation of lipid bodies containing mainly triacylglycerols. The most abundant fatty acids in lipid bodies at the stationary phase were palmitic, linoleic, and oleic acids, and they were synthesized de novo by the fatty-acid synthase. In regard to the production of NADPH for the synthesis of fatty acids, the cytosolic NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase and the glucose-6-phosphate and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenases couple showed the highest specific activities, with a lower activity of the malic enzyme. The ATP-citrate lyase activity was not detected in any of the culture conditions, which points to a different mechanism for the transfer of acetyl-CoA into the cytosol. Protein and RNA contents decreased when U. maydis was grown without a nitrogen source. Due to the significant accumulation of triacylglycerols and the particular composition of fatty acids, U. maydis can be considered an alternative model for biotechnological applications.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1388-8
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • Bradyrhizobium brasilense sp. nov., a symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium
           isolated from Brazilian tropical soils
    • Authors: Elaine Martins da Costa; Amanda Azarias Guimarães; Rayssa Pereira Vicentin; Paula Rose de Almeida Ribeiro; Aniele Carolina Ribas Leão; Eduardo Balsanelli; Liesbeth Lebbe; Maarten Aerts; Anne Willems; Fatima Maria de Souza Moreira
      Pages: 1211 - 1221
      Abstract: Abstract Four strains of rhizobia isolated from nodules of Vigna unguiculata (UFLA03-321T, UFLA03-320 and UFLA03-290) and Macroptilium atropurpureum (UFLA04-0212) in Brazilian soils were previously reported as a new group within the genus Bradyrhizobium. To determine their taxonomic position, these strains were characterized in this study using a polyphasic approach. The analysis of the 16S rRNA gene grouped the four strains with Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi PAC48T. However, the concatenated sequence analysis of the two (recA and glnII) or three (atpD, gyrB and recA) housekeeping genes indicated that these strains represent a novel species of Bradyrhizobium, which is very closely related to B. pachyrhizi PAC48T and B. elkanii USDA 76T. Genomic relatedness analyses between the UFLA03-321T strain and B. elkanii USDA 76T and B. pachyrhizi PAC48T revealed an average nucleotide identity below 96% and values of estimated DNA–DNA hybridization below 70%, confirming that they represent genomically distinct species. Analysis of MALDI-TOF MS (Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry) profiles and phenotypic characteristics also allowed differentiation of the novel species from its two neighboring species. In phylogenetic analysis of nodC and nifH genes, UFLA03-321T exhibited maximum similarity with B. tropiciagri CNPSo 1112T. The data suggest that these four UFLA strains represent a novel species, for which the name Bradyrhizobium brasilense sp. nov. is proposed, with UFLA03-321T (=LMG 29353 =CBAS645) as type strain. G + C content in the DNA of UFLA03-321T is 63.9 mol %.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1390-1
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • Pseudomonas aestus sp. nov., a plant growth-promoting bacterium isolated
           from mangrove sediments
    • Authors: Rafael L. F. Vasconcellos; Suikinai Nobre Santos; Tiago Domingues Zucchi; Fábio Sérgio Paulino Silva; Danilo Tosta Souza; Itamar Soares Melo
      Pages: 1223 - 1229
      Abstract: Abstract Strain CMAA 1215T, a Gram-reaction-negative, aerobic, catalase positive, polarly flagellated, motile, rod-shaped (0.5–0.8 × 1.3–1.9 µm) bacterium, was isolated from mangrove sediments, Cananéia Island, Brazil. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CMAA 1215T forms a distinct phyletic line within the Pseudomonas putida subclade, being closely related to P. plecoglossicida ATCC 700383T, P. monteilii NBRC 103158T, and P. taiwanensis BCRC 17751T of sequence similarity of 98.86, 98.73, and 98.71%, respectively. Genomic comparisons of the strain CMAA 1215T with its closest phylogenetic type strains using average nucleotide index (ANI) and DNA:DNA relatedness approaches revealed 84.3–85.3% and 56.0–63.0%, respectively. A multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) performed concatenating 16S rRNA, gyrB and rpoB gene sequences from the novel species was related with Pseudomonas putida subcluster and formed a new phylogenetic lineage. The phenotypic, physiological, biochemical, and genetic characteristics support the assignment of CMAA 1215T to the genus Pseudomonas, representing a novel species. The name Pseudomonas aestus sp.nov. is proposed, with CMAA 1215T (=NRRL B-653100T = CBMAI 1962T) as the type strain.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1410-1
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
  • Omp31 plays an important role on outer membrane properties and
           intracellular survival of Brucella melitensis in murine macrophages and
           HeLa cells
    • Authors: L. Verdiguel-Fernández; R. Oropeza-Navarro; Francisco J. Basurto-Alcántara; A. Castañeda-Ramírez; Antonio Verdugo-Rodríguez
      Pages: 971 - 978
      Abstract: Abstract Brucellosis is an infectious disease that affects practically all species of mammals, including human, and is a major zoonosis worldwide. Brucella spp. are facultative intracellular pathogens that have the ability to survive and multiply in phagocytic and nonphagocytic cells such as trophoblast and epithelial cells. Among the six recognized species of the genus Brucella, Brucella melitensis is the main etiological agent involved in goat brucellosis and is also the most pathogenic for human. It causes significant losses in livestock production as a result of abortions, metritis, infertility, and birth of weak animals. Outer membrane proteins (OMPs) are exposed on the bacterial surface and are in contact with cells and effectors of the host immune response, whereby they could be important virulence factors of Brucella species. To evaluate this hypothesis, the gene encoding for the major outer membrane protein Omp31 was amplified, cloned into pUC18 plasmid, and inactivated by inserting a kanamycin cassette, rendering pLVM31 plasmid which was transformed into B. melitensis wild-type strain to obtain LVM31 mutant strain. The Outer membrane (OM) properties of the mutant strain were compared with B. melitensis Bm133 wild-type and B. melitensis Rev1 vaccine strains, in assessing its susceptibility to polymyxin B, sodium deoxycholate, and nonimmune serum. The mutant strain was assessed in vitro with survival assays in murine macrophages J774.A1 and HeLa cells. Our results demonstrate that LVM31 mutant is more susceptible to polymyxin B, sodium deoxycholate, and nonimmune serum than control strains; moreover, Omp31 mutation caused a decrease in the internalization and a significant decrease in the intracellular survival compared with the reference strains in both cell lines. These results allow us to conclude that Omp31 is important for maintaining OM integrity, but also it is necessary for bacterial internalization, establishment and development of an optimal replication niche, and essential for survival and intracellular multiplication.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1360-7
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 7 (2017)
  • Bacterial communities on facial skin of teenage and elderly Thai females
    • Authors: Naraporn Somboonna; Alisa Wilantho; Chutika Srisuttiyakorn; Anunchai Assawamakin; Sissades Tongsima
      Pages: 1035 - 1042
      Abstract: Abstract The Human Microbiome Project was first established to understand the roles of human-associated microbes to human health and disease. This study presents preliminary findings of Thai female facial skin microbiome using three pooled samples from groups of skin microbiome profiles, namely (1) healthy and (2) acne-prone young adults (teenage.hea and teenage.acn) and (3) healthy elderly adults (elderly.hea) based on standard dermatological criteria. These samples were sequenced using 454-pyrosequencing targeting 16S rRNA (V3–V4 regions). Good’s coverage index of greater than 92% shows sufficient sampling of our data for each group. Three unique OTUs for each microbiome profile (43, 258 and 59 for teenage.hea, teenage.acn and ederly.hea, respectively) were obtained with 134 shared OTUs among the three datasets. Based on Morisita–Horn similarity coefficient, age is the major factor that brings the community relationship factor closer. The comparison among the three datasets reveal majority of Gemmatimonadetes, Planctomycetes and Nitrospirae in the teenage.hea, whereas Firmicutes are more prevalent in teenage.acn and elderly.hea skin types. In addition, when comparing Thai facial microbial diversity with the 16S data from U.S. forehead female database, significant differences were found among orders of bacteria, pointing to possible differences in human ecto-flora.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1375-0
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 7 (2017)
  • Different nitrogen sources change the transcriptome of welan gum-producing
           strain Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555
    • Authors: Xiaopeng Xu; Zuoming Nie; Zhiyong Zheng; Li Zhu; Hongtao Zhang; Xiaobei Zhan
      Pages: 1055 - 1064
      Abstract: Abstract To reveal effects of different nitrogen sources on the expressions and functions of genes in Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555, it was cultivated in medium containing inorganic nitrogen (IN), organic nitrogen (ON), or inorganic–organic combined nitrogen (CN). Welan gum production and bacterial biomass were determined, and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the different ATCC 31555 groups were identified, and their functions were analyzed. Welan gum production and bacterial biomass were significantly higher in the ON and CN groups compared with those in the IN group. RNA-seq produced 660 unigenes, among which 488, 731, and 844 DEGs were identified between the IN vs. ON, IN vs. CN, and ON vs. CN groups, respectively. All the DEGs were related significantly to metabolic process and signal transduction. DEGs between the IN vs. CN and ON vs. CN groups were potentially associated with bacterial chemotaxis. Real-time PCR confirmed the expressions of selected DEGs. Organic nitrogen led to higher bacterial biomass and welan gum production than inorganic nitrogen, which might reflect differences in gene expression associated with metabolic process, signal transduction, and bacterial chemotaxis induced by different nitrogen sources.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1372-3
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 7 (2017)
  • Microbiological studies of hot springs in India: a review
    • Authors: Abhijit Poddar; Subrata K. Das
      Abstract: Abstract The earliest microbiological studies on hot springs in India date from 2003, a much later date compared to global attention in this striking field of study. As of today, 28 out of 400 geothermal springs have been explored following both culturable and non-culturable approaches. The temperatures and pH of the springs are 37–99 °C and 6.8–10, respectively. Several studies have been performed on the description of novel genera and species, characterization of different bio-resources, metagenomics of hot spring microbiome and whole genome analysis of few isolates. 17 strains representing novel species and many thermostable enzymes, including lipase, protease, chitinase, amylase, etc. with potential biotechnological applications have been reported by several authors. Influence of physico-chemical conditions, especially that of temperature, on shaping the hot spring microbiome has been established by metagenomic investigations. Bacteria are the predominant life forms in all the springs with an abundance of phyla Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Thermi, Bacteroidetes, Deinococcus-Thermus and Chloroflexi. In this review, we have discussed the findings on all microbiological studies that have been carried out to date, on the 28 hot springs. Further, the possibilities of extrapolating these studies for practical applications and environmental impact assessment towards protection of natural ecosystem of hot springs have also been discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1429-3
  • Isolation of a fungus Pencicillium sp. with zinc tolerance and its
           mechanism of resistance
    • Abstract: Abstract A zinc (Zn)-tolerant fungus, designated BC109-2, was isolated from rhizosphere soil and was identified as Penicillium janthinellum BC109-2 based on ITS sequence analysis. To understand its Zn tolerance mechanisms, a series of studies was carried out addressing the subcellular distribution of Zn, its chemical forms, and the antioxidant system (superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferase, reduced glutathione, oxidized glutathione and malondialdehyde) of the fungus. The maximum level of resistance to Zn for strain BC109-2 is 2100 mg L−1. The Zn contents and percentages of cell wall and soluble fraction increased with increasing Zn concentration in the medium, which indicated extracellular accumulation/precipitation and vacuolar compartmentation mechanism might play significant role in the detoxificating process. The proportion of inactive forms of Zn was higher in the fungus, which indicated that BC109-2 mainly formed inactive Zn and stored it in the cell walls and vacuoles to decrease Zn toxicity. Furthermore, changes in antioxidant enzyme activities at various concentrations of Zn showed that the addition of Zn could cause oxidative stress in the fungal cells and that antioxidant enzymes in fungi played important roles in resistance to Zn toxicity. Moreover, the high level of lipid peroxidation showed that the protective effects of the antioxidant system were not sufficient at the high concentrations of Zn even though the antioxidant enzyme activity levels were very high. The purpose of this work is to figure out the heavy metal tolerance mechanisms of microorganisms in soil and the microbial isolate could be potentially used in bioremediation of Zn-contaminated environments.
      PubDate: 2017-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1430-x
  • Potential for aerobic NO 2 − reduction and corresponding key enzyme
           genes involved in Alcaligenes faecalis strain NR
    • Authors: Yuan Sheng Huang; Qiang An; Bin Zhao; Qing Hao Lv; Jing Song Guo
      Abstract: Abstract The potential for aerobic NO2 − removal by Alcaligenes faecalis strain NR was investigated. 35 mg/L of NO2 −-N was removed by strain NR under aerobic conditions in the presence of NH4 +. 15N-labeling experiment demonstrated that N2O and N2 were possible products during the aerobic nitrite removal process by strain NR. The key enzyme genes of nirK, norB and nosZ, which regulate the aerobic nitrite denitrification process, were successfully amplified from strain NR. The gene sequence analysis indicates that copper-containing nitrite reductase (NIRK) and periplasmic nitrous oxide reductase (NOSZ) were both hydrophilic protein and the transmembrane structures were absent, while nitric oxide reductase large subunit (NORB) was a hydrophobic and transmembrane protein. According to the three-dimensional structure and binding site analysis, the bulky and hydrophobic methionine residue proximity to the nitrite binding sites of NIRK was speculated to be related to the oxygen tolerance of NIRK from strain NR.
      PubDate: 2017-09-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1428-4
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