Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2570 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2570 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Microbiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.644
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 10  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2570 journals]
  • Biocharacteristics and draft genome sequence of Halomonas hydrothermalis
           C22, a pyruvate-producing halophilic bacterium isolated from a commercial
           Spirulina culture in Vietnam
    • Abstract: Abstract Halophilic bacteria are receiving increasing attention for industrial chemical production processes due to their unique properties. Herein, an alkaliphilic and halophilic bacterium was isolated from a commercial Spirulina culture at Nghe An province in Vietnam and found to secrete pyruvate. Pyruvate is widely used as a starting material in the industrial biosynthesis of pharmaceuticals, and is employed for production of crop protection agents, polymers, cosmetics, and food additives. Phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characterization, and the 16S rRNA gene sequence homology with Halomonas hydrothermalis strain DSM 15,725 (99.2%) predicted that the strain belongs to the Halomonas genus, thus we named this strain as H. hydrothermalis strain C22. We investigated the biocharacteristics and capacity of strain C22 and determined the draft genome sequence comprising 3,934,166 bp with a G + C content of 60.2% encoding 3,668 proteins, 58 tRNAs, 9 rRNAs, and 1 tmRNA. Maximal pyruvate secretion reached 51.1 g/l after 84 h of cultivation. The results will facilitate future studies on the genetic and metabolic diversity of halophilic bacteria and expand our understanding of important bioprocesses in this microorganism.
      PubDate: 2020-01-23
       
  • Anoxic cell rupture of Prevotella bryantii by high-pressure homogenization
           protects the Na + -translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase from
           oxidative damage
    • Abstract: Abstract Respiratory NADH oxidation in the rumen bacterium Prevotella bryantii is catalyzed by the Na+-translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase (NQR). A method for cell disruption and membrane isolation of P. bryantii under anoxic conditions using the EmulisFlex-C3 homogenizer is described. We compared NQR activity and protein yield after oxic and anoxic cell disruption by the EmulsiFlex, by ultrasonication, and by glass beads treatment. With an overall membrane protein yield of 50 mg L–1 culture and a NADH oxidation activity of 0.8 µmol min−1 mg−1, the EmulsiFlex was the most efficient method. Anoxic preparation yielded fourfold higher NQR activity compared to oxic preparation. P. bryantii lacks genes coding for superoxide dismutases and cell extracts do not exhibit superoxide dismutase activity. We propose that inactivation of NQR during oxic cell rupture is caused by superoxide, which accumulates in P. bryantii extracts exposed to air. Anoxic cell rupture is indispensable for the preparation of redox-active proteins and enzymes such as NQR from P. bryantii.
      PubDate: 2020-01-18
       
  • Vesicular transport and secretion of penicillin G in Penicillium rubens
           P2-32-T
    • Abstract: Abstract The compartmentalization of penicillin G biosynthesis in Penicillium rubens has been extensively studied. However, how this compound is secreted has not been completely elucidated, although its transport could be of the vesicular type. This work was aimed at observing vesicles and penicillin secretion and proposing a hypothetical model for their compartmentalization and secretion. For this purpose, a high-penicillin-producing strain (P. rubens P2-32-T) was compared by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) with a null-producing strain (P. rubens npe10) in 24- and 48-h cultures. The results showed multivesicular bodies and secretory vesicles, suggesting that P. rubens transports and secretes penicillin G through vesicular excretion.
      PubDate: 2020-01-17
       
  • Description of Gemmobacter aestuarii sp. nov., isolated from estuarine
           surface water and reclassification of Cereibacter changlensis as
           Gemmobacter changlensis Chen et al. 2013
    • Abstract: Abstract A Gram-stain-negative, tyrosine-metabolizing, non-motile, strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped marine bacterium, designated strain CC-PW-75T, was isolated from the estuarine water off Pintung, Taiwan. Strain CC-PW-75T formed a distinct phyletic lineage associated with Gemmobacter species, sharing the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with G. megaterium CF17T and G. straminiformis CAM-8T (96.0% each) followed by G. aquatilis IFAM 1031T and G. nectariphilus AST4T (95.8% each). Analysis of the draft genome (3.76 Mbp) revealed the presence of genes encoding light-harvesting complexes, photosynthetic reaction centers and proteins involved in the metabolism of CO, CO2, HCO3‒ and H2S. However, bacteriochlorophyll a was not detected. Average nucleotide identity values between the genome sequence of CC-PW-75T and the related Gemmobacter species (n = 6) were estimated to be 72.8–76.3%. Polar lipid analysis revealed the presence of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified lipid in major amounts, and phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified aminolipid and an unidentified lipid in minor amounts. C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c, C18:0 and C18:1ω7c 11-methyl were identified to be major fatty acids. The DNA G + C content was 66.2 mol% (draft genome sequence). Ubiquinone-10 (Q-10) was the sole respiratory quinone. Based on the polyphasic taxonomic evidence, CC-PW-75T is most likely a novel species of the genus Gemmobacter, affiliated to the family Rhodobacteraceae, for which the name Gemmobacter aestuarii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CC-PW-75T (= JCM 19754T = BCRC 80759T). Also, we propose the reclassification of Cereibacter changlensis as Gemmobacter changlensis Chen et al. 2013 using the polyphasic data presented in this study.
      PubDate: 2020-01-16
       
  • Immunomagnetic separation-based nanogold enhanced surface plasmon
           resonance and colloidal gold test strips for rapid detection of Vibrio
           parahaemolyticus
    • Abstract: Abstract Nanogold enhanced surface plasmon resonance (SPR), colloidal gold immunochromatographic test strips (ICTS), and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), combined with immunomagnetic separation (IMS) were established in this study for the rapid detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP). The sensitivities of SPR, ICTS, and PCR was determined to be 101, 103, and 103 CFU/mL for VP, respectively. After separation and enrichment by IMS, the sensitivities of SPR, ICTS, and PCR were 100, 101, and 102 CFU/mL for VP, respectively, which were improved by 10-, 100-, and 10-fold compared to the direct detection by SPR, ICTS, and PCR, respectively. When the VP-polluted water samples were directly assessed by SPR, ICTS, and PCR, the results were negative. By contrast, after separation and enrichment for 45 min by IMS, the results were all positive. The IMS-SPR, IMS-ICTS, and IMS-PCR detection methods were able to yield results in approximately 1.5 h, 55 min, and 3.5 h, respectively. These combined detection methods have advantages in being high-throughput and easy to operate without the need for sophisticated equipment or specialized skills. These methods might aid in the development of SPR, ICTS, and PCR technologies for simultaneously examining multiple food-borne pathogens in food products.
      PubDate: 2020-01-14
       
  • Inoculation of plant growth-promoting bacteria attenuates the negative
           effects of drought on sorghum
    • Abstract: Abstract Microbial inoculants are suitable cost-effective technology to help plants endure drought. For the development of commercial inoculants, screening of efficient plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) is a crucial step. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of PGPB to modulate drought resistance in Sorghum bicolor. A pot experiment with sorghum was conducted to access the role of previously selected PGPB strains. In addition, two non-inoculated control treatments (with and without urea fertilization) were also evaluated. For comparison, a fully irrigated treatment (FIT) was also assessed. All plants were fully irrigated for 47 days when the water supply was completely suspended for the drought-stressed treatments. When the soil moisture was close to zero, the irrigation was resumed. During dehydration and rehydration process, the leaf gas exchange (LGE) was evaluated. The parameters of plant growth and nitrogen nutrition were assessed 8 days after reirrigation. Comparing to the FIT, all treatments reduced the LGE rates, but in the presence of Bacillus sp. ESA 402 photosynthesis rate was less reduced. Some inoculation treatments promoted better recovery of photosynthesis, comparable to the FIT, 6 days after rehydration. The plant growth and nitrogen nutrition were negatively affected by the drought, but the inoculation of different bacteria reduced some negative effects. The nitrogen accumulation in the shoots was increased by all strains, suggesting their diazotrophic ability even under drought. Overall, the inoculation of Bacillus sp. ESA 402 was the best bacterium with potential for future field trials.
      PubDate: 2020-01-13
       
  • Archives of microbiology: screening of pectinase-producing bacteria from
           citrus peel and characterization of a recombinant pectate lyase with
           applied potential
    • Abstract: Pectinase is widely used in numerous industrial fields, including the food, wine, and paper industries. In this work, seven bacteria were isolated from orange peel and their pectinase production activity was assayed. One bacterium (OR-B2) identified as a Bacillus sp. showed the highest enzyme activity towards others. A gene encoding a pectate lyase designed as PelB-B2 in this work was amplified and heterogeneous expressed in E.coli. PelB-B2 was defined as a member of the PelB pectate lyase family after phylogenic tree analysis. 3D model of PelB-B2 was constructed by SWISS-MODEL and PelB-B2 showed conserved para-β structure. After inducing culture and purified by Ni-affinity chromatography, the properties of the purified PelB-B2 were assayed. Optimal pH and temperature for PelB-B2 was pH 8.0 and 50 °C, respectively. PelB-B2 showed excellent pH stability and thermostability. It was stable within pH range 3.0–11.0 and retained more than 51% activity after incubation at 40 °C, 50 °C, or 60 °C for 1 h. Furthermore, we determined that PelB-B2 was a Ca2+-dependent pectinase and the pectin extracted from citrus was the benefit substrate for PelB-B2. The Km and Vmax of PelB-B2 were 1.64 g/L and 232.56 mol/(L min), respectively. The OR-B2 can be a new resource for pectinase production and the PelB-B2 has potential for industrial application. Graphic abstract 7 bacteria were isolated from orange peel, namely OR-B1 to OR-B7 and their pectinase activities were assayed. One pectate lyase belongs to PelB family was cloned from OR-B2 and heterogeneous expressed in E. coli. Purified PelB-B2 was further studied with its properties. Effects of pH, temperature, chemicals, substrate on the enzyme activity were assayed and the enzyme kinetic was also measured.
      PubDate: 2020-01-13
       
  • Current approaches and trends in the production of microbial cellulases
           using residual lignocellulosic biomass: a bibliometric analysis of the
           last 10 years
    • Abstract: Abstract Considering the potential use of lignocellulosic biomass residues in microbial cultures to produce cellulases, the objective of this research was to investigate trends and discussions regarding scientific research conducted in this field through a bibliometric and scientometric analysis. Using the Elsevier Scopus database and VOSviewer software, scientific papers published between 2007 and 2018 were investigated. The results showed that the production of cellulases is related to obtaining xylanases and glucose. Obtaining of bioethanol and determining cellulolytic and xylanase activities were the relevant indicators for the use of these enzymes. China, India and Brazil are countries with a high number of publications in this field, most likely due to investments made between 2015 and 2017. This analysis showed that research on the use of lignocellulosic residues is focused on obtaining biofuels through enzymatic hydrolysis.
      PubDate: 2020-01-11
       
  • Metal ions and graphene-based compounds as alternative treatment options
           for burn wounds infected by antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    • Abstract: Abstract Burn infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa pose a major complication in wound healing. This study aimed to determine the antimicrobial effect of metal ions, graphene (Gr), and graphene oxide (GO), individually and in combination, against the planktonic and biofilm states of two antimicrobially resistant clinical strains of P. aeruginosa each with different antibiotic resistance profiles. Minimum inhibitory, minimum bactericidal, and fractional inhibitory concentrations were performed to determine the efficacy of the metal ions and graphene composites individually and their synergy in combination. Crystal violet biofilm and XTT assays measured the biofilm inhibition and metabolic activity, respectively. Molybdenum, platinum, tin, gold, and palladium ions exhibited the greatest antimicrobial activity (MIC = 7.8–26.0 mg/L), whilst GO and Gr demonstrated moderate-to-no effect against the planktonic bacterial cells, irrespective of their antibiograms. Biofilms were inhibited by zinc, palladium, silver, and graphene. In combination, silver–graphene and molybdenum–graphene inhibited both the planktonic and biofilm forms of the bacteria making them potential candidates for development into topical antimicrobials for burns patients infected with antibiotic-resistant P. aeruginosa.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
       
  • Characterization of the gut microbiome of black-necked cranes ( Grus
           nigricollis ) in six wintering areas in China
    • Abstract: Abstract The black-necked crane (Grus nigricollis) is a vulnerable species, breeding exclusively on the high-altitude wetlands of the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau. Bird species harbor diverse communities of microorganisms within their gastrointestinal tracts, which have important roles in the health, nutrition, and physiology of birds. Hitherto, virtually nothing was known about the gut microbial communities associated with wild black-necked cranes. For the first time, this study characterized the gut microbial community compositions, diversity, and functions of black-necked cranes from six wintering areas in China using the Illumina Miseq platform. The taxonomic results revealed that Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Bacteroidetes were the four most abundant phyla in the gut of black-necked cranes. At the genus level, 11 genera including Lactobacillus, Pseudomonas, Carnobacterium, Pantoea, Enterococcus, Erwinia, Turicibacter, Bacillus, Phenylobacterium, Sanguibacter, and Psychrobacter were dominant. The differences in the gut microbial community alpha and the beta diversities of black-necked cranes among the six wintering areas were investigated. Furthermore, the representative microbial taxa and their predicted functions in each wintering location were also determined. These data represent the first analysis of the gut microbiome of black-necked cranes, providing a baseline for further microbiological studies and a foundation for the conservation of this bird.
      PubDate: 2020-01-04
       
  • Alleviation of tetrabromobisphenol A toxicity in soybean seedlings by
           Rhodopseudomonas palustris RP1n1
    • Abstract: Abstract This study investigated the regulatory role of Rhodopseudomonas palustris RP11 in alleviating TBBPA-induced harmful effects in soybean seedlings. In this study, the characteristics of growth promotion by strain RP11 were studied by analysing 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production, as well as phosphorus-solubilizing and potassium-solubilizing ability. In the pot culture conditions, we tested whether strain RP11 improved soybean seedlings tolerance against TBBPA by measuring the root length and physiological parameters of the seedlings treated with strain RP11 and different concentration of TBBPA (0, 5, 50, 100, and 1000 mg/kg) together. The results showed that strain RP11 secreted IAA and ALA, and solubilized phosphate and potassium. In pot trials, strain RP11 increased the root length, chlorophyll content, carotenoid content, soluble sugar and protein content of soybean seedlings treated with TBBPA, in comparison with the seedlings treated only with TBBPA. Furthermore, strain RP11 induced the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD), decreased the malondialdehyde (MDA) content in soybean seedlings under TBBPA stress. It was concluded that strain RP11 alleviated TBBPA-induced harmful effects in soybean seedlings by the secretion of IAA and ALA, the accumulation of carotenoid, soluble sugar and soluble protein, and the induction of SOD, CAT and POD as well as nutrient adjustment of phosphorus and potassium levels.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
       
  • Microbial inoculants: potential tool for sustainability of agricultural
           production systems
    • Abstract: Abstract Microbial inoculants are gaining importance for attaining sustainable agricultural production systems. Nutrient supply capacity of soil is diminishing continuously owing to soil erosions, degradation, deposition of salts, undesirable elements and metals, water scarcity or excess and imbalanced nutrient supply system. Numerous complementary microbial inoculation combinations are contributing immensely in the management of plant nutrients by way of fixation, solubilization or transformation in soil. Thus, biological wastes and microbial inoculants are alternatives for nutrient demands to bridge future gaps in. A consortium of microorganisms provides enabling and congenial option to maintain their usable capacity for sufficient durations that heads to the positive impact on the microbial activity of soil for desired activities at the target sites. Increased application of agro-chemicals results in deleterious effect on biological system and dependence of future agriculture on these will lead to deterioration in soil health, threats of pollution of water bodies and cumulative effect of these is making production system highly vulnerable and unstable consequently leading to heavy load on the fiscal system. To ameliorate negative impacts, microorganisms are strongly emerging as alternatives for conserving productive capacity for sustainable productions and financial balance of economies. Microbial inoculants that have assumed definite and significant roles for their specificity and necessity and their use in various combinations have emerged as viable and sustainable options to maintain and even enrich the soil health. Since these microbial inoculants are used under varied farming situations and diverse climates with heterogeneous management skills, their efficacies under field conditions remain variable. Thus, it is never-ending process to identify solutions for constraints and application difficulties and further identify newer microbial inoculants for unexplored areas. Adequate timely and quality access of these inoculants to end users is equally important along with developing their skills to utilize these for witnessing desirable and visible impacts.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
       
  • Marine macroalgae-associated heterotrophic Firmicutes and Gamma -
           proteobacteria : prospective anti-infective agents against multidrug
           resistant pathogens
    • Abstract: The development of drug-resistant bacteria and the necessity for unique antimicrobial agents, directed to the search of new habitats to screen the production of anti-infective substances. Culture-dependent studies of heterotrophic bacteria from the intertidal macroalgae thriving along the Southern coast of India resulted in the isolation of 148 strains, which were assayed for antibacterial activities against wide spectrum of pathogens including drug-resistant pathogens, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE). Two of the most active strains with a zone of inhibition ≥ 30 mm on spot over lawn assay, belonging to the phyla Firmicutes and Gamma-proteobacteria, isolated from a  Rhodophycean marine macroalga, Hypnea valentiae, were selected for bioprospecting studies. They were further characterized as Shewanella algae MTCC 12715 and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens MTCC 12716, based on integrated phenotypic and genotypic analysis. The bacterial extracts exhibited significant antibacterial activities against MRSA and VRE with minimum inhibitory concentrations of 6.25–12.5 µg/mL. Time kill kinetic profiles of these bacteria revealed rapid bactericidal activity against both MRSA and E. coli, showing a ≥ 3log10 decline in viable cell count compared to the initial. In BacLight™ live/dead staining technique, the propidium iodide uptake results appropriately attributed that the components in the B. amyloliquefaciens extract might compromise the integrity of the cytoplasmic membrane of the pathogenic bacteria. Type-1 pks gene (MH157093) of S. algae and hybrid nrps/pks gene (MH157092) of B. amyloliquefaciens could be amplified. Antibacterial activity study combined with the results of amplified genes coding for polyketide synthase and nonribosomal peptide synthetase showed that these marine symbiotic bacteria had a promising broad-spectrum activity, and therefore, could be used against the emerging dilemma of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections. Graphic abstract
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
       
  • Study of helveticin gene in Lactobacillus crispatus strains and evaluation
           of its use as a phylogenetic marker
    • Abstract: Abstract Lactobacilli are a part of the human microbiome in healthy humans. Studies of their physiological and genetic characteristics are the basis for their use in probiotic preparations. This report is a brief description of the helveticin gene found in two Lactobacillus crispatus strains, which are a part of the human microbiome. Our analysis showed that the two variants of the gene are not solely characteristic of strains isolated from humans. In the phylogenetic analysis, we found that the studied sequence (this gene) showed a significant difference between the species of the genus Lactobacillus and could be used as a phylogenetic marker.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Evaluation of bacterial association in methane generation pathways of an
           anaerobic digesting sludge via metagenomic sequencing
    • Abstract: Abstract Anaerobic digestion, a recently hot technology to produce biogases especially methane generation for biofuel from wastewater, is considered an effective explanation for energy crisis and global pollution threat. A complex microbiome population is present in sludge, which plays an important role in the digestion of complex polymer into simple monomers. 16S rRNA approaches simply are not enough for amplification due to the involvement of extreme complex population. However, Illumina sequencing is a recent powerful technology to reveal the entire microbiome structure and methane generation pathways in anaerobic digestion. Metagenomic sequencing was tested to reveal the microbial structure of a digested sludge from a local wastewater treatment plant in Beijing. The Illumina HiSeq program was used to extract about 5 GB of data for metagenomic analysis. The classification investigation revealed about 97.64% dominancy of bacteria while 1.78% were detected to be archaea using MG-RAST server. The most abundant bacterial communities were reported to be Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria. Furthermore, the important microbiome involved in methane generation was revealed. The dominant methanogens were detected (Methanosaeta and Methanosarcina), with affiliation of dominant genes involved in acetoclastic methanogenesis in a digesting sludge. The metagenomic analysis showed that microbial structure and methane generation pathways were successfully dissected in an anaerobic digester.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Complete genome sequence of novel isolate SYJ15 of Bacillus cereus group,
           a highly lethal pathogen isolated from Chinese soft shell turtle (
           Pelodiscus Sinensis )
    • Abstract: Abstract SYJ15 is a highly pathogenic Gram-positive Bacillus sp. with top bud spore newly isolated from dying soft shell turtle. 16SrDNA sequencing showed that it is highly homologous to B. cereus, B. thuringiensis and B. anthracis. Biochemical examinations showed that it belongs to B. cereus. To further study the new pathogen, we conducted whole-genome sequencing based on single-molecular sequencing technology from PacBio. Genome assembly analysis showed that the strain has a 5,296,886 bp chromosome, a 218,649 bp plasmid and a 5221 bp plasmid with GC content of 35.51%, 31.91% and 29.75%, respectively. The genome contains 5736 coding sequences and 6 CRISPR systems located in the chromosome as well as 11 genomic islands in the chromosome and the large plasmid. Genome function analyses were annotated by nr database, SwissProt, KEGG, COG, GO, PHI, VFDB, ARDB, Secretory_Protein and T3SS. In addition, 13 gene clusters of secondary metabolism were predicted by antiSMASH. Comparison of SYJ15 with B. subtilis, B. anthracis, B. cereus and B. thuringiensis identified 1031 core genes of the five strains and 816 genes specific to SYJ15. In addition, SYJ15 had the most common core genes with B. thuringiensis, and the least with B. subtilis. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that SYJ15 is between B. thuringiensis and B. cereus, suggesting that SYJ15 belongs to Bacillus cereus group. We designed a specific primer pair to distinguish SYJ15 from B. pumilus, B. licheniformis, B.subtilis, B. thuringiensis and B. cereus. In conclusion, information of SYJ15 genome will help to enhance our understanding of pathogenesis of SYJ15 and find effective treatment.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Characterization and biotechnological application of protease from
           thermophilic Thermomonas haemolytica
    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, it was aimed to determine the ability to produce protease enzyme of Thermomonas haemolytica isolated from geothermal Nenehatun hot spring in Turkey and utilization of this enzyme in the detergent industry to remove protein stains. The protease-producing strains were screened from hot springs, and a potential strain was identified as T. haemolytica according to morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics and sequence of 16S rRNA gene. Maximum protease activity was observed at 55 °C and pH 9.0 at 72 h of incubation. Activity was very stable between 50 and 65 °C and pH 8.0–10.0, respectively. The enzyme activity was significantly inhibited by PMSF and partly inhibited by EDTA, EGTA, SDS, and urea. Some divalent metal ions such as Ca2+, Mg2+, and Mn2+ increased the enzyme activity, while Zn2+ and Cu2+ decreased. Michaelis–Menten constant (Km) and maximum velocity (Vmax) values were calculated by Lineweaver–Burk plot as 125 EU/ml and 1262 mg/ml, respectively. The biochemical characterization of the protease obtained from T. haemolytica was performed and applied on the blood and grass-stained fabrics with detergent to evaluate the stain removal performance of the enzyme. It was observed that the application of detergent with enzyme was more effective than the detergent without enzyme to clean up the stained fabrics. This is the first report of characterization of the protease of T. haemolytica. According to results obtained from this study, this new strain is a promising candidate for industrial applications in production of detergent.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Composition and functional diversity of fecal bacterial community of wild
           boar, commercial pig and domestic native pig as revealed by 16S rRNA gene
           sequencing
    • Abstract: Abstract The bacterial community in mammalian gastrointestinal tract is abundant and complex. To date, little is known about the gut microbiota of wild boar. This study aimed to investigate the fecal bacterial diversity of wild boar and compare with commercial pig and domestic native pig. The diet composition showed that the diets of wild boar, commercial pig and domestic native pig were different from each other. More than 1,760,000 quality-filtered sequences were obtained, and the results revealed distinct compositions and diversity of fecal microbiota in three groups. PCoA and NMDS analyses showed that fecal bacterial communities of wild boar, commercial pig and domestic native pig formed distinctly different clusters. Although the three groups shared a large size of OTUs comprising a core microbiota community, a strong distinction existed at family and genus levels. Ruminococcaceae, Prevotellaceae and Christensenellaceae were more abundant in the feces of wild boar than in domestic native pig and commercial pig. At the genus level, the proportion of unidentified Christensenellaceae was remarkably higher in wild boar group, while commercial pig and domestic native pig group had a higher abundance of Streptococcus and Lactobacillus. Tax4Fun predictions of metagenome function showed statistically significant differences in the functions of fecal microbiota in three groups. There were more bacteria genes with amino acid metabolism, cell growth and death, cell motility, energy metabolism, immune system and environmental adaptation observed in wild boar feces, while commercial pig feces contained more bacteria genes with carbohydrate metabolism, drug resistance, aging, infectious diseases, lipid metabolism, endocrine and metabolic diseases. These results indicated that the fecal microbial ecosystem of the wild boar is significantly different from that of domestic native pig and commercial pig, suggesting that diet is an important factor leading to differences in bacterial abundance and diversity in feces.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Amelioration effect of chromium-tolerant bacteria on growth, physiological
           properties and chromium mobilization in chickpea ( Cicer arietinum ) under
           chromium stress
    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, chromium (Cr)-tolerant bacteria were test for their efficiency in alleviating Cr stress in Cicer arietinum plants. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene analysis, the isolates were identified belonging to genus Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Bacillus thuringiensis B. cereus, and B. subtilis. The strains produced a considerable amount of indole-3-acetic acid in a medium supplemented with tryptophan. The strains also showed siderophore production (S2VWR5 and S3VKR17), phosphorus production (S1VKR11, S3VKR2, S3VKR16, and S2VWR5), and potassium solubilization (S3VKR2, S2VWR5, and S3VKR17). Furthermore, the strains were evaluated in pot experiments to assess the growth promotion of C. arietinum in the presence of chromium salts. Bacterization improved higher root and shoot length considerably to 6.25%–60.41% and 11.3%–59.6% over the control. The plants also showed increase in their fresh weight and dry weight in response to inoculation with Cr-tolerant strains. The accumulation of Cr was higher in roots compared to shoots in both control and inoculated plants, indicating phytostabilization of Cr by C. arietinum. However, phytostabilization was found to be improved manifold in inoculated plants. Apart from the plant attributes, the amendment of soil with Cr and Cr-tolerant bacteria significantly increased the content of total chlorophyll and carotenoids, suggesting the inoculant’s role in protecting plants from deleterious effects. This work suggests that the combined activity of Cr-tolerant and plant growth–promoting (PGP) properties of the tested strains could be exploited for bioremediation of Cr and to enhance the C. arietinum cultivation in Cr-contaminated soils.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
  • Influence of different culture conditions on exopolysaccharide production
           by indigenous lactic acid bacteria isolated from pickles
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to assess the effects of some culture conditions [temperature (20, 30, 37 °C), incubation time (48, 72, 120 h), pH (5.0, 6.0, 7.0), NaCl concentration (0, 3, 6%), carbon (glucose, fructose, lactose), nitrogen (sodium nitrate, ammonium sulfate, bacto-peptone), and mineral sources (calcium carbonate, ferric chloride)] on the exopolysaccharide (EPS) production by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains (belonging to Lactobacillus (L.) plantarum, L. namurensis, and Pediococcus (P.) ethanolidurans species) isolated from naturally fermented pickles. The maximum EPS production was determined at 30 °C and pH 6.0. The highest amount of EPS was obtained after 120 h of incubation, with glucose as carbon source, bacto-peptone as nitrogen source and calcium carbonate as mineral source for most of the tested strains. The EPS formation was not stimulated by NaCl, indicating that EPS formation of the tested strains was not a stress response. L. plantarum MF460 produced the highest amount of EPS at 30 °C after 48 h of incubation, which was 515.48 mg/L. One of the most pronounced results of this study was that the EPS production of L. plantarum MF556 strain was increased up to 512.81 mg/L with the addition of calcium carbonate to MRS medium. The effect of different culture conditions, particularly of incubation time, carbon, nitrogen, and mineral sources, on the EPS production often vary depending on the strain. Therefore, these apparent strain specific results demonstrated that the optimum culture conditions for the enhanced EPS production should be specifically determined for each LAB strain.
      PubDate: 2020-01-01
       
 
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