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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2351 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2351 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 158, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Microbiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.644
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 9  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • The peculiar physiological responses of Rhizoctonia solani under the
           antagonistic interaction coupled by a novel antifungalmycin N2 from
           Streptomyces sp. N2
    • Abstract: A novel antifungalmycin N2 (3-methyl-3,5-amino-4-vinyl-2-pyrone, C6H7O2N) was previously discovered from Streptomyces sp. N2, which exerted a broad-spectrum antagonistic activity against phytopathogenic fungi. To provide comprehensive insights into the antagonistic mechanisms and biocontrol efficacy of antifungalmycin N2, the present work investigated the physiological responses of Rhizoctonia solani under interaction with antifungalmycin N2. First, the mycelial growth of R. solani was significantly inhibited by antifungalmycin N2 during liquid shake-flask culture. Morphological observations showed that the morphogenesis of R. solani was influenced by antifungalmycin N2, in which the hyphae became severely shriveled and flattened, irregularly folded and branched. Additionally, an obvious accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was detected in R. solani hyphae, indicating oxidative stress induced by antifungalmycin N2. Further results showed that chitinase activity and its hydrolytic N-acetylglucosamine were significantly accelerated by antifungalmycin N2, demonstrating the cell wall of R. solani was damaged. Interestingly, the enzymatic antioxidant activities of R. solani were significantly induced in response to a relatively low concentration of antifungalmycin N2 (1.44–5.77 µg/mL). However, all antioxidant enzymes became highly inactive when the antifungalmycin N2 was increased to 11.53 µg/mL, suggesting that the enzymatic antioxidant system in R. solani was probably collapsed by the oxidative stress beyond its acceptance scope. In conclusion, antifungalmycin N2 exerted its antagonistic activity by inducing both cell wall degradation and oxidative stress in R. solani, thus leading to fungal morphogenesis and autolysis. Meanwhile, R. solani could induce and activate its antioxidant enzymes as a defence response to the oxidative stress caused by antifungalmycin N2.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Actively detached Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm cell susceptibility to
           benzalkonium chloride and associated resistance mechanism
    • Abstract: The present work aimed at studying physiological properties of Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells actively detached from biofilm formed on stainless steel and comparing them with their planktonic counterparts as a function of growth temperature (20 °C and 37 °C). The susceptibility of P. aeruginosa cells to benzalkonium chloride (BAC) was studied. Furthermore, the effect of BAC on the cell membrane integrity and the role of the cell membrane fluidity in the cell-scale-resistance mechanism were investigated. Our results showed that actively detached biofilm cells were more susceptible to BAC treatment than planktonic ones. A greater leakage of intracellular potassium after BAC addition was observed in actively detached biofilm cells, which reflects their membrane vulnerability. The rise of the growth temperature from 20 to 37 °C increased the membrane rigidity of planktonic cells comparatively to their actively detached biofilm ones. Under experimental conditions developed in this work, our data highlighted that actively biofilm-detached and planktonic P. aeruginosa cells have distinguishable phenotypes.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Bacterial communities of the microbial mats of Chokrak sulfide springs
    • Abstract: This is the comparative investigation of the composition of phototrophic microbial mats developing in sulfide-rich saline Chokrak springs with outflow at the shore of the hypersaline lake Chokrak by means of next-generation sequencing. The springs are characterized by low temperature (~ 15 °C), near-neutral pH (6.7–8.5), and high-sulfide content. In the species composition the benthic microbial communities of Chokrak springs are similar to microbial mats of marine supralittoral and lagoons. Our results showed that salinity limitation had a significant effect on the species composition of benthic microbial communities developing at the outflow of the Chokrak springs. Predominant oxygenic phototrophs belonged to the genera Phormidium, Lyngbya, Leptolyngbya, Geitlerinema, and Arthrospira. Anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria were represented by halophilic green sulfur bacteria Prosthecochloris spp., halotolerant Chlorobaculum sp., as well as marine and extremely halophilic purple bacteria Roseospira, Rhodovibrio, and Halochromatium. Monoculture of a new species of halotolerant anoxygenic filamentous phototrophic bacteria was isolated.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Heavy metal spill influences bacterial communities in freshwater sediments
    • Abstract: Bacteria are highly abundant in freshwater sediments and play a crucial role in biogeochemical cycling. Bacterial assemblage is known to be sensitive to heavy metal pollution. However, the shift in freshwater sediment bacterial community after a sudden exposure to heavy metal spill remains unknown. The present study explored the impact of metal (metalloid) spill on sediment bacterial community in a freshwater reservoir. Although sediment bacterial abundance was relatively insensitive to metal (metalloid) spill, bacterial richness, diversity and community structure displayed considerable temporal variations. In addition, the proportions of Proteobacteria Chloroflexi, Nitrospirae, Acidobacteria and Bacteroidetes drastically declined, while a significant enrichment of Firmicutes was observed.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Antibacterial activity against porcine respiratory bacterial pathogens and
           in vitro biocompatibility of essential oils
    • Abstract: Bacterial respiratory infections affecting pigs such as pneumonia, pleuropneumonia, and pleurisy, are a major health concern in the swine industry and are associated with important economic losses. This study aimed to investigate the antibacterial activities of essential oils against major swine respiratory pathogens with a view to developing a potential alternative to antibiotics. Their synergistic interactions with the bacteriocin nisin was also examined. Lastly, we assessed the in vitro biocompatibility of the most efficient essential oils using a pig tracheal epithelial cell line. Of the nine essential oils tested, those from cinnamon, thyme, and winter savory were the most active against Streptococcus suis, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Actinobacillus suis, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Haemophilus parasuis, and Pasteurella multocida, with minimum inhibitory concentrations and minimum bactericidal concentrations ranging from 0.01 to 0.156% (v/v). The main component found in cinnamon, thyme, and winter savory oils were cinnamaldehyde, thymol, and carvacrol, respectively. Treating pre-formed S. suis and A. pleuropneumoniae biofilms with thyme or winter savory oils significantly decreased biofilm viability. We also observed a synergistic growth inhibition of S. suis with mixtures of nisin and essential oils from thyme and winter savory. Concentrations of nisin and cinnamon, thyme and winter savory essential oils that were effective against bacterial pathogens had no effect on the viability of pig tracheal epithelial cells. The present study brought evidence that essential oils are potential antimicrobial agents against bacteria associated with porcine respiratory infections.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Isolation, characterization, and structural elucidation of
           4-methoxyacetanilide from marine actinobacteria Streptomyces sp. SCA29 and
           evaluation of its enzyme inhibitory, antibacterial, and cytotoxic
    • Abstract: Marine actinobacteria are less explored than their terrestrial counterparts as potential source of natural products. The present study was aimed to elucidate the bioactive potential of metabolites produced by marine-derived actinobacterial strain Streptomyces sp.SCA29 isolated from Havelock Island, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. The potential isolate SCA29 was identified as Streptomyces sp. by phenotypic, genotypic (16S-rRNA) and phylogenetic analyses. The crude bioactive compound was extracted using organic solvents. The compounds were subjected to separation and purification by column chromatography which yielded six fractions. Each fraction was assayed for inhibition of α-glucosidase and α-amylase enzymes, antagonistic activity against bacterial pathogens, and cytotoxic activity against various cell lines. The fraction F3c was considered to be highly active owing to its significant inhibition potential against α-glucosidase and α-amylase enzymes with IC50 values as 44.26 and 53.19 µg/mL, respectively. The active fraction showed antibacterial activity against test bacterial pathogens with the MIC value ranged from 3.90 to 31.25 µg/mL. The compound also exhibited concentration-dependent cytotoxicity on various cell lines without significant effect against human normal cells. The bioassay-guided fractionation of extract led to the identification of 4-methoxyacetanilide, an acetamide derivative. The structure of the bioactive compound was confirmed by HR-MS, NMR (1H and 13C) and FT-IR spectra, and by comparison with literature data.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Biodiversity and antifouling activity of fungi associated with two soft
           corals from the South China Sea
    • Abstract: Bacteria in corals have been studied in detail in the past decades. However, the biodiversity and bioactivity of fungi in corals are still poorly understood. This study investigated the biodiversity and antifouling activity of fungi in soft corals Cladiella krempfi and Sarcophyton tortuosum from the South China Sea. A high diverse and abundant fungal community was found in the two soft corals. Furthermore, five isolates shared 83–95% similarity with their closest relatives, indicating that they might be novel species in genera Phaeoshaeria and Mucor. In addition, approximately 50% of the representative isolates exhibited distinct antifouling activity. In particular, isolates Fungal sp. SCAU132 and Fungal sp. SCAU133 displayed very strong antifouling activity against Bugula neritina, suggesting they can provide a potential resource for further investigation on isolation of novel antifouling metabolites. To our knowledge, this study is the first report to investigate the biodiversity and antifouling activity of fungi in C. krempfi and S. tortuosum.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Synergistic deletion of RGS1 and COS1 may reduce the pathogenicity of
           Magnaporthe oryzae
    • Abstract: Rice blast, caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, is a serious threat to global rice production. In recent years, many pathogenicity genes of M. oryzae have been identified, although most of their functions remain unknown. In this study, we report the synergistic deletion of RGS1 and COS1 that may reduce the pathogenicity of M. oryzae. The investigation involved comparing ΔMorgs1, ΔMocos1, and ΔMorgs1/ΔMocos1 mutants. The ΔMorgs1/ΔMocos1 mutant showed a weak reduction in vegetative growth, and the colonies displayed fewer and smoother aerial hyphae. The ΔMorgs1/ΔMocos1 mutant exhibited delayed appressorium-like structure formation and ‘low pathogenicity’ on detached rice seedling leaves when compared with ΔMocos1. Moreover, the melanin content of the single and double mutants was remarkably lower than that of the WT type. Thus, our results indicate that the synergy between RGS1 and COS1 may be crucial in the pathogenicity of M. oryzae.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Arbuscular mycorrhiza: a viable strategy for soil nutrient loss reduction
    • Abstract: Arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi’s (AMF) role in plant nutrition and stress management is well known, but very few researches and studies have been conducted so far on the fungal ability to reduce different nutrient losses (runoff, leaching and volatilization) from the soil system. This important ecosystem service of AMF had been neglected largely. From the recent findings, it has been confirmed that mycorrhizal symbiosis has potential to check the losses of applied nutrients. The role of soil biota in nutrient cycling is indispensable and determines the nutrient availability to plants. Among these biota, AMF’s association with plants is the most prevalent, but the exact mechanisms followed by AMF in nutrient cycling, transformation and reducing nutrient loss ability are still inconclusive. In this review, we will try to unlock this particular aspect of AMF which is important to achieve global food demand in a sustainable way.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • The stimulatory effects of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria and plant
           growth regulators on wheat physiology grown in sandy soil
    • Abstract: The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and plant growth regulators (PGRs) on the physiology and yield of wheat grown in less fertile sandy soil. The isolated PGPR strains were identified by 16S-rRNA gene sequencing as Planomicrobium chinense (P1), Bacillus cereus (P2) and Pseudomonas fluorescens (P3). Wheat varieties (Galaxy-13 and Pak-2013) differing in sensitivity to drought were soaked in fresh cultures of bacterial isolates and the PGRs (salicylic acid and putrescine) were sprayed at 150 mg/L on seedlings at three leaf stage. PGPR and PGRs treated plants showed significant increase in the contents of chlorophyll, sugar and protein even under harsh environmental conditions. Drought stress enhanced the production of proline, antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation but a decrease was noted in the biochemical content (i.e. chlorophyll, protein and sugar) of inoculated plants. PGPR inoculation also significantly enhanced the yield parameters (i.e. plant height, spike length, grain yield and weight) and improved the fertility status of sandy soil. The accumulation of macronutrient, total NO3-N and P concentration and soil moisture content of rhizosphere soil was also enhanced by PGPRs inoculation. It is concluded that the combined effects of PGPR and PGRs have profound effects on the biochemical responses and drought tolerance of wheat grown in sandy soils.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • ACC deaminase plays a major role in Pseudomonas fluorescens YsS6 ability
           to promote the nodulation of Alpha- and Betaproteobacteria rhizobial
    • Abstract: Ethylene acts as a major regulator of the nodulation process of leguminous plants. Several rhizobial strains possess the ability to modulate plant ethylene levels through the expression of the enzyme 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase; however, rhizobia present low enzymatic activities. One possible alternative to this problem resides on the use of free-living bacteria, such as Pseudomonas, presenting high levels of ACC deaminase activity that may be used as adjuvants in the nodulation process by decreasing inhibitory ethylene levels. Nevertheless, not much is understood about the specific role of ACC deaminase in the possible role of free-living bacteria as nodulation adjuvants. Therefore, this work aims to study the effect of ACC deaminase in the plant growth-promoting bacterium, Pseudomonas fluorescens YsS6, ability to facilitate alpha- and beta-rhizobia nodulation. The ACC deaminase-producing P. fluorescens YsS6 and its ACC deaminase mutant were used in co-inoculation assays to evaluate their impact in the nodulation process of alpha- (Rhizobium tropici CIAT899) and beta-rhizobia (Cupriavidus taiwanensis STM894) representatives, in Phaseolus vulgaris and Mimosa pudica plants, respectively. The results obtained indicate that the wild-type P. fluorescens YsS6, but not its mutant defective in ACC deaminase production, increase the nodulation abilities of both alpha- and beta-rhizobia, resulting in an increased leguminous plant growth. Moreover, this is the first report of the positive effect of free-living bacteria in the nodulation process of beta-rhizobia. The modulation of inhibitory ethylene levels by free-living ACC deaminase-producing bacteria plays an important role in facilitating the nodulation process of alpha- and beta-rhizobia.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Terraforming: synthetic biology’s final frontier
    • Abstract: Synthetic biology, the design and synthesis of synthetic biological systems from DNA to whole cells, has provided us with the ultimate tools for space exploration and colonisation. Herein, we explore some of the most significant advances and future prospects in the field of synthetic biology, in the context of astrobiology and terraforming.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Effects of fermentation products of the commensal bacterium Clostridium
           ramosum on motility, intracellular pH, and flagellar synthesis of
           enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli
    • Abstract: The flagellum and motility are crucial virulence factors for many pathogenic bacteria. In general, pathogens invade and translocate through motility and adhere to specific tissue via flagella. Therefore, the motility and flagella of pathogens are effectual targets for attenuation. Here, we show that the fermentation products of Clostridium ramosum, a commensal intestinal bacterium, decrease the intracellular pH of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) and influence its swimming motility. Quantifications of flagellar rotation in individual EHEC cells showed an increase in reversal frequency and a decrease in rotation rate in the presence of C. ramosum fermentation products. Furthermore, the C. ramosum fermentation products affected synthesis of flagellar filaments. The results were reproduced by a combination of organic acids under acidic conditions. Short-chain fatty acids produced by microbes in the gut flora are beneficial for the host, e.g. they prevent infection. Thus, C. ramosum could affect the physiologies of other enteric microbes and host tissues.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Pantocin A, a peptide-derived antibiotic involved in biological control by
           plant-associated Pantoea species
    • Abstract: The genus Pantoea contains a broad range of plant-associated bacteria, including some economically important plant pathogens as well as some beneficial members effective as biological control agents of plant pathogens. The most well-characterized representatives of biological control agents from this genus generally produce one or more antimicrobial compounds adding to biocontrol efficacy. Some Pantoea species evaluated as biocontrol agents for fire blight disease of apple and pear produce a histidine-reversible antibiotic. Three commonly studied histidine-reversible antibiotics produced by Pantoea spp. are herbicolin O, MccEh252, and pantocin A. Pantocin A is a novel ribosomally encoded and post-translationally modified peptide natural product. Here, we review the current knowledge on the chemistry, genetics, biosynthesis, and incidence and environmental relevance of pantocin A and related histidine-reversible antibiotics produced by Pantoea.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Bacterioferritin comigratory protein is important in hydrogen peroxide
    • Abstract: Reactive oxygen species are not only harmful for rhizobia but also required for the establishment of symbiotic interactions between rhizobia and their legume hosts. In this work, we first investigated the preliminary role of the bacterioferritin comigratory protein (BCP), a member of the peroxiredoxin family, in the nitrogen-fixing bacterium Azorhizobium caulinodans. Our data revealed that the bcp-deficient strain of A. caulinodans displayed an increased sensitivity to inorganic hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) but not to two organic peroxides in a growth-phase-dependent manner. Meanwhile, BCP was found to be involved in catalase activity under relatively low H2O2 conditions. Furthermore, nodulation and N2 fixation were significantly impaired by mutation of the bcp gene in A. caulinodans. Our work initially documented the importance of BCP in the bacterial defence against H2O2 in the free-living stage of rhizobia and during their symbiotic interactions with legumes. Molecular signalling in vivo is required to decipher the holistic functions of BCP in A. caulinodans as well as in other rhizobia.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Blastochloris tepida , sp. nov., a thermophilic species of the
           bacteriochlorophyll b -containing genus Blastochloris
    • Abstract: A new taxon is created for the thermophilic purple nonsulfur bacterium previously designated as Rhodopseudomonas strain GI. Strain GI was isolated from a New Mexico (USA) hot spring microbial mat and grows optimally above 40 °C and to a maximum of 47 °C. Strain GI is a bacteriochlorophyll b-containing species of purple nonsulfur bacteria and displays a budding morphology, typical of species of the genus Blastochloris. Although resembling the species Blc. viridis in many respects, the absorption spectrum, carotenoid content, and lipid fatty acid profile of strain GI is distinct from that of Blc. viridis strain DSM133T and other recognized Blastochloris species. Strain GI forms its own subclade within the Blastochloris clade of purple nonsulfur bacteria based on comparative 16S rRNA gene sequences, and its genome is significantly larger than that of strain DSM133T; average nucleotide identity between the genomes of Blc. viridis and strain GI was below 85%. Moreover, concatenated sequence analyses of PufLM and DnaK clearly showed strain GI to be distinct from both Blc. viridis and Blc. sulfoviridis. Because of its unique assortment of properties, it is proposed to classify strain GI as a new species of the genus Blastochloris, as Blc. tepida, sp.n., with strain GIT designated as the type strain (= ATCC TSD-138 = DSM 106918).
      PubDate: 2019-07-17
  • Isolation, identification and plant growth promotion ability of endophytic
           bacteria associated with lupine root nodule grown in Tunisian soil
    • Abstract: The present study aims to characterize nodule endophytic bacteria of spontaneous lupine plants regarding their diversity and their plant growth promoting (PGP) traits. The potential of PGPR inoculation was investigated to improve white lupine growth across controlled, semi-natural and field conditions. Lupinus luteus and Lupinus angustifolius nodules were shown inhabited by a large diversity of endophytes. Several endophytes harbor numerous plant growth promotion traits such as phosphates solubilization, siderophores production and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase activity. In vivo analysis confirmed the plant growth promotion ability of two strains (Paenibacillus glycanilyticus LJ121 and Pseudomonas brenneri LJ215) in both sterilized and semi-natural conditions. Under field conditions, the co-inoculation of lupine by these strains increased shoot N content and grain yield by 25% and 36%, respectively. These two strains Paenibacillus glycanilyticus LJ121 and Pseudomonas brenneri LJ215 are effective plant growth-promoting bacteria and they may be used to develop an eco-friendly biofertilizer to boost white lupine productivity.
      PubDate: 2019-07-15
  • Genomic analysis of a novel Rhodococcus ( Prescottella ) equi isolate from
           a bovine host
    • Abstract: Rhodococcus (Prescottella) equi causes pneumonia-like infections in foals with high mortality rates and can also infect a number of other animals. R. equi is also emerging as an opportunistic human pathogen. In this study, we have sequenced the genome of a novel R. equi isolate, B0269, isolated from the faeces of a bovine host. Comparative genomic analyses with seven other published R. equi genomes, including those from equine or human sources, revealed a pangenome comprising of 6876 genes with 4141 genes in the core genome. Two hundred and 75 genes were specific to the bovine isolate, mostly encoding hypothetical proteins of unknown function. However, these genes include four copies of terA and five copies of terD genes that may be involved in responding to chemical stress. Virulence characteristics in R. equi are associated with the presence of large plasmids carrying a pathogenicity island, including genes from the vap multigene family. A BLAST search of the protein sequences from known virulence-associated plasmids (pVAPA, pVAPB and pVAPN) revealed a similar plasmid backbone on two contigs in bovine isolate B0269; however, no homologues of the main virulence-associated genes, vapA, vapB or vapN, were identified. In summary, this study confirms that R. equi genomes are highly conserved and reports the presence of an apparently novel plasmid in the bovine isolate B0269 that needs further characterisation to understand its potential involvement in virulence properties.
      PubDate: 2019-07-13
  • Intra-amoebic localization of Arcobacter butzleri as an endocytobiont of
           Acanthamoeba castellanii
    • Abstract: Acanthamoeba castellanii is a free-living amoeba found mainly in humid environments and Arcobacter butzleri is an emerging zoonotic pathogen, both can establish in vitro endosymbiotic relationships in the absence of bacterial replication. We analyzed the localization of A. butzleri within A. castellanii establishing their association with endoplasmic reticulum vesicles and mitochondria. Through confocal microscopy, we observed that during the early stages of endosymbiosis, there is not colocalization between amoebic vacuoles containing A. butzleri and mitochondria or ER vesicles of A. castellanii. Considering that energy production of this bacterium occurs via metabolism of amino acids or the tricarboxylic acid cycle, these results contribute to explain the absence of bacterial replication, since A. butzleri would not have access to the nutrients found in endoplasmic reticulum vesicles and mitochondria. In addition, we observe that A. butzleri induces significantly the actin polymerization of A. castellanii during the early stages of endosymbiosis.
      PubDate: 2019-07-13
  • Trinickia dabaoshanensis sp. nov., a new name for a lost species
    • Abstract: “Burkholderia dabaoshanensis” was described in 2012. Although the name was effectively published, it could not be validly published, because the description provided in the original paper did not comply with the Rule 27 (2) (c) of the Bacterial Code. The Code requiresthat the properties of the taxon form part of the protologue. As the name of this species does not have standing in nomenclature, the recently published new combination Trinickia dabaoshanensis could also not be validly published. The current proposal attempts to rectify the situation by providing the information required to meet the criteria stipulated in Rule 27 for valid publication.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
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Heriot-Watt University
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