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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2351 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2351 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Microbiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.644
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 9  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Bacterial communities associated with anthracnose symptomatic and
           asymptomatic leaves of guarana, an endogenous tropical crop, and their
           pathogen antagonistic effects
    • Abstract: Plants are colonized by diverse microorganisms that can substantially impact their health and growth. Understanding bacterial diversity and the relationships between bacteria and phytopathogens may be key to finding effective biocontrol agents. We evaluated the bacterial community associated with anthracnose symptomatic and asymptomatic leaves of guarana, a typical tropical crop. Bacterial communities were assessed through culture-independent techniques based on extensive 16S rRNA sequencing, and cultured bacterial strains were evaluated for their ability to inhibit the growth of Colletotrichum sp. as well as for enzyme and siderophore production. The culture-independent method revealed that Proteobacteria was the most abundant phylum, but many sequences were unclassified. The emergence of anthracnose disease did not significantly affect the bacterial community, but the abundance of the genera Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas and Klebsiella were significantly higher in the symptomatic leaves. In vitro growth of Colletotrichum sp. was inhibited by 11.38% of the cultured bacterial strains, and bacteria with the highest inhibition rates were isolated from symptomatic leaves, while asymptomatic leaves hosted significantly more bacteria that produced amylase and polygalacturonase. The bacterial isolate Bacillus sp. EpD2-5 demonstrated the highest inhibition rate against Colletotrichum sp., whereas the isolates EpD2-12 and FD5-12 from the same genus also had high inhibition rates. These isolates were also able to produce several hydrolytic enzymes and siderophores, indicating that they may be good candidates for the biocontrol of anthracnose. Our work demonstrated the importance of using a polyphasic approach to study microbial communities from plant diseases, and future work should focus on elucidating the roles of culture-independent bacterial communities in guarana anthracnose disease.
      PubDate: 2019-05-23
  • Transcriptional analysis of flagellar and putative virulence genes of
           Arcobacter butzleri as an endocytobiont of Acanthamoeba castellanii
    • Abstract: Arcobacter butzleri is an emerging foodborne zoonotic pathogen that has been isolated from environmental water sources. This pathogen establishes in vitro endosymbiotic relationships with Acanthamoeba castellanii, a free-living amoeba found in environmental matrices such as soil and water. The principal aim of this study was to analyse the transcriptional pattern of flagellar (flaA-flaB-flgH-motA) and other putative virulence genes (ciaB-cadF-mviN-pldA) of A. butzleri during its interaction with A. castellanii by quantitative real-time PCR. The transcriptional analysis showed up-regulation of all genes analysed before A. butzleri became established as an endocytobiont of A. castellanii. In contrast, while A. butzleri remains an endocytobiont, a significant and sustained decrease in the transcription of all analysed genes was observed. Our findings suggest that A. butzleri requires a biphasic transcriptional pattern of flagellar and other putative virulence genes to establish an endosymbiotic relationship with A. castellanii.
      PubDate: 2019-05-23
  • Antifungal activity of selected essential oils against Fusarium culmorum
           and F. graminearum and their secondary metabolites in wheat seeds
    • Abstract: Essential oils (EOs) are products of plant origin and include mixtures of different chemical compounds. These volatile substances have many interesting properties, including antifungal properties. Fungi may develop under field conditions on crops such as wheat or corn and are able to synthesize mycotoxins, which adversely affect livestock and human health. In the present study, selected EOs were used to inhibit the growth of Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum and reduce the concentrations of mycotoxins in wheat grain. The EOs significantly inhibited the growth of tested Fusarium species (90.99–99.99%), as determined based on ergosterol quantitative analysis. Only the addition of orange oil to F. culmorum exhibits a different inhibition capacity (68.13%). EO application resulted in a large reduction in zearalenone content (99.08–99.99%); only in the case of orange oil application was the reduction estimated at approximately 68.33%. However, all EOs provided a significant reduction in the concentration levels of group B trichothecenes (94.51–100%). It can be concluded that EOs inhibit the growth of fungi of the genus Fusarium and reduce concentration levels of the mycotoxins zearalenone and group B trichothecenes.
      PubDate: 2019-05-23
  • Neptunomonas marina sp. nov., isolated from seawater
    • Abstract: Strain HPM-16T, isolated from seawater, was characterized using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and coding sequences of an up-to-date bacterial core gene set (92 protein clusters) indicated that strain HPM-16T formed a phylogenetic lineage in the genus Neptunomonas. Strain HPM-16T was most closely related to Neptunomonas concharum LHW37T with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 96.7%. Cells were Gram-stain negative, facultatively anaerobic, motile by means of a single polar flagellum, rod-shaped and formed white colonies. Optimal growth occurred at 30–35 °C, pH 6.5–8, and in the presence of 2–5% NaCl. C18:1ω7c and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c) were the predominant fatty acids. The only isoprenoid quinone was Q-8. The polar lipid profile revealed the presence of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and several uncharacterized lipids. The major polyamines were putrescine and spermidine. The draft genome was approximately 3.68 Mb in size with a G + C content of 50.5 mol%. Differential phenotypic properties, together with the phylogenetic inference, demonstrate that strain HPM-16T should be classified as a novel species of the genus Neptunomonas, for which the name Neptunomonas marina sp. nov. is presented. The type strain is HPM-16T (= BCRC 80980T = LMG 29560T = KCTC 52235T).
      PubDate: 2019-05-21
  • Identification of clonal complexes of Mycobacterium bovis in Brazil
    • Abstract: Bovine tuberculosis is a disease that is widely distributed around the world. Its causative agent, Mycobacterium bovis, has characteristics of a microorganism with clonal multiplication in populations with no evidence of genetic exchange between strains, and, consequently, a group of strains can be identified as descending from a common ancestor. The aim of this study was to investigate the clonal complexes of M. bovis isolated from samples of lesions suggestive of bovine tuberculosis collected from slaughterhouses in various states of Brazil between 2006 and 2012. Ninety samples were analyzed, and it was found that 14.4% belonged to the clonal complex European1 and 81.1% to the clonal complex European2, while 4.65% were not identified as any of the four known complexes.
      PubDate: 2019-05-20
  • Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of endophytic bacteria
           associated with transgenic and non-transgenic soybean plants
    • Abstract: Endophytic bacteria isolated from non-transgenic and transgenic Roundup Ready® glyphosate-resistant (GR) soybean plants were investigated to analyze the correspondence between phenotypic and genotypic characteristics and to determine whether or not the strains could be grouped based on the source of isolation in transgenic or non-transgenic plants, respectively. Most of the strains recovered from GR plants have shown the ability for plant growth promotion (PGP) by means of IAA production and inorganic phosphate solubilization, and 100% of the strains showed great motility (swarm or swim); in addition, 90% of the strains were able to metabolize the majority of carbon sources tested. GR soybean fields showed higher endophytes abundance than non-transgenic; however, analyzing the phylogenetic trees constructed using the partial 16SrRNA gene sequences, higher diversity was observed in non-transgenic soybean fields. Overall the majority of isolated endophytes could utilize multiple patterns of carbon sources and express resistance to antibiotics, while isolates varied widely in the PGP ability. The greater pattern and frequency of utilization of carbon sources and frequency and intensity of antibiotic resistance compared with PGP ability within the soybean endophytes community suggest that carbon sources metabolism and antibiotic resistance confer a greater relative fitness benefit than PGP ability. In conclusion, cluster analysis of the phenotypes and 16SrRNA gene sequences reveals lack of correspondence between the pattern of bacterial isolates and the transgenic character of plants, and the heterogeneity of clustering suggested that various adaptive processes, such as stress response, could have contributed to generate phenotypic variability to enhance endophytes overall fitness.
      PubDate: 2019-05-20
  • Comparison of six methods of DNA extraction for the diagnosis of bovine
           brucellosis by real-time PCR
    • Abstract: Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella, which affects domestic animals and is transmissible to humans. The objective of this study was to evaluate six methods of DNA extraction directly from bovine tissue to detect Brucella spp. The Cq values for all samples were above 30 and varied according to the extraction kit used, but four kits showed no statistical difference in sensitivity. This work demonstrates the importance of choosing the best extraction kit before validation of a molecular diagnostic technique.
      PubDate: 2019-05-17
  • Description of Gelidibacter japonicus sp. nov., isolated from the Inland
           Sea (Setonaikai) in Japan
    • Abstract: A novel Gelidibacter strain, JCM 31967T, was isolated from seawater collected from the Inland Sea (Setonaikai) in Japan. It was characterized as a Gram-negative, halophilic, oxidase-negative, catalase-positive, aerobic, nonmotile, but gliding, rod-shaped bacterium without flagella. Based on 16S rDNA gene identity, strain JCM 31967T is closely related to Gelidibacter mesophilus (DSM 14095T, 96.6% identity), G. gilvus (IC158T, 96.4%), G. algens (DSM 12408T, 96.1%), G. sediminis (S11-41T, 94.7%), and G. salicanalis (IC162T, 94.7%). The G + C content of strain JCM 31967T DNA was found to be 39.1%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of JCM 31967T against G. algens DSM 12408T and G. mesophilus DSM 14095T were 79.1% and 80.9%, respectively. Strain JCM 31967T phenotypically differed from the closest related Gelidibacter species in its utilization of methyl α-d-mannopyranoside, methyl α-d-glucopyranoside, and d-ribose and in its lack of utilization of l-arginine and d-arabinose. It was further differentiated based on its fatty acid composition, specifically properties of C18:0 and C20:2 ω6c, 9c, which were significantly different from those of G. algens, G. gilvus, G. mesophilus, G. salicanalis, and G. sediminis type strains. Overall, the results of DNA–DNA hybridization and physiological and biochemical analyses differentiated strain JCM 31967T from a previously described species of Gelidibacter. Based on these polyphasic taxonomic findings, it was concluded that strain JCM 31967T is a novel Gelidibacter species, for which the name Gelidibacter japonicus sp. nov. is proposed, with JCM 31967T (= LMG 30063T) as the type strain.
      PubDate: 2019-05-16
  • Lactobacillus intestinalis efficiently produces equol from daidzein and
           chungkookjang, short-term fermented soybeans
    • Abstract: Equol improves menopausal symptoms and it is synthesized from daidzein, one of the isoflavonoids in soybeans, by the bacteria in the large intestines of some people. The purpose of this study was to isolate equol-producing bacteria using daidzein from the intestinal microflora and to produce equol-containing chungkookjang (short-term fermented soybean). Equol-producing bacteria from the feces of Sprague–Dawley female rats were isolated using media containing daidzein. The isolated bacteria were cultured in thioglycollate media and equol production was identified through thin-layer chromatography and ultraperformance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. The bacteria were identified by 16S rRNA sequencing. The rate of equol production in different concentrations of daidzein was assessed. The expression of genes that code for enzymes associated with the production of equol from daidzein was detected through reverse transcription quantitative PCR. The bacterium we isolated was Lactobacillus intestinalis (LC096206.1, 99%). L. intestinalis was found to express daidzein reductase, dihydrodaidzein reductase, and tetrahydrodaidzein reductase, the enzymes involved in producing equol from daidzein. The conversion rate of equol from daidzein was highest (29.5%) using 200 μM daidzein for 48 h of incubation. When chungkookjang fermented with Bacillus amyloquencies SRCM100001 was incubated with L. intestinalis, 0.32 ± 0.04 mg equol/g chungkookjang was produced. In conclusion, L. intestinalis efficiently produces equol from not only daidzein but also in chungkookjang.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
  • Flotillin homologue is involved in the swimming behavior of Escherichia
    • Abstract: Cellular membrane is a key component for maintaining cell shape and integrity. The classical membrane structure and function by Singer and Nicolson groundbreaking model has depicted the membrane as a homogeneous fluid structure. This view has changed by the discovery of discrete domains containing different lipid compositions, called lipid rafts, which play a key role in signal transduction in eukaryotic cells. In the past few years, lipid raft-like structures have been found in bacteria also, constituted by cardiolipin and other modified lipids, perhaps involved in generating a specific site for protein clustering. Here, we report the analysis of a protein termed YqiK from Escherichia coli, a prohibitin homolog that has been implicated in stress sensing by the formation of membrane-associated microdomains. The E. coli yqiK-deficient mutant strain showed an enhanced swimming behavior and was resistant to ampicillin but its response to other stressing conditions was similar to that of the wild-type strain. The abnormal swimming behavior is reversed when the protein is expressed in trans from a plasmid. Also, we demonstrate that YqiK is not redundant with QmcA, another flotillin homolog found in E. coli. Our results, along with the data available in the literature, suggest that YqiK may be involved in the formation of discrete membrane-associated signaling complexes that regulate and agglomerate signaling proteins to generate cell response to chemotaxis.
      PubDate: 2019-05-06
  • Assessment of the alteration in phage adsorption rates of
           antibiotic-resistant Salmonella typhimurium
    • Abstract: This study was designed to evaluate the phage-binding receptors on the surface of antibiotic-sensitive Salmonella typhimurium (ASST) and antibiotic-resistant S. typhimurium (ARST). The antibiotic susceptibilities of plasmid-cured ASST and ARST were evaluated against ampicillin, cephalothin, ciprofloxacin, kanamycin, penicillin, and tetracycline. The capsular polysaccharides (CPSs) and lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) were quantified using carbazole assay and HPLC, respectively. The amounts of CPSs and LPSs in ARST were decreased from 108 to 62 μg/ml and 284–111 ng/ml, respectively, after plasmid curing. The adsorption rates of P22, PBST10, and PBST13 to plasmid-uncured and plasmid-cured ASST and ARST were decreased after proteinase K and periodate treatments. The highest reduction in phage adsorption rate was observed for P22 to the plasmid-cured ARST treated with periodate (71%). The relative expression levels of btuB, fhuA, and rfaL were decreased by more than twofold in the plasmid-cured ASST, corresponding to the decrease in the adsorption rates of P22 and PBST10. The plasmid-cured ARST lost the ability to express the β-lactamase gene, which was related to the loss of resistance to ampicillin, cephalothin, kanamycin, penicillin, and tetracycline. The results provide valuable insights into understanding the interaction between phage and antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
      PubDate: 2019-05-03
  • Flavobacterium edaphi sp. nov., isolated from soil from Jeju Island, Korea
    • Abstract: An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, bright yellow-pigmented, oxidase and catalase-positive, non-motile, non-spore forming, rod-shaped strain designated DMN11T was isolated from the soil of crossroads of Jeju Island in South Korea. Colonies were circular, bright yellow-pigmented and smooth with regular edges and measured approximately 1–2 mm in diameter. Flexirubin-type pigments were absent. Phylogenetic tree analysis based on the 16SrRNA gene sequence revealed that the strain DMN11T formed a lineage within the family Flavobacteriaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes, and it was the most closely related to Flavobacterium suzhouense XIN-1T and Flavobacterium hauense BX12T (98.6% and 98.2% similarity, respectively). The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-6. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), iso-C15:0 and iso-C15:0 3OH. The polar lipid profile of the strain DMN11T showed the presence of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as major lipid. The DNA G+C content was 35.3 mol%, as determined by the thermal denaturation method. The mean levels of DNA–DNA relatedness of the strain DMN11T with F. suzhouense XIN-1T and F. hauense BX12T were 20.5% and 29.2%, respectively. Thus, the data accumulated in this study support the suggestion that the strain DMN11T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Flavobacterieum, for which the name Flavobacterium edaphi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DMN11T (= KCTC 62114T = JCM 32372T).
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • The rhizomicrobiomes of wild and cultivated crops react differently to
    • Abstract: The fungicides used to control diseases in cereal production can have adverse effects on non-target microbial communities, with possible consequences for plant health and productivity. Although we know that fungicides affect microbial community structure and soil activities, it is unclear how crop cultivars have altered the impact of fungicides on rhizomicrobiomes. In this study, the rhizosphere bacterial and fungal communities and structures of cultivated crops and their wild relatives were studied by Illumina MiSeq sequencing analysis. The results indicated that the rhizomicrobiome communities of wild crops reacted more strongly to fungicides than that of their cultivated relatives. Furthermore, fungal community composition was more affected by fungicides than bacterial community composition. Remarkably, the same trend was observed in both soybean and rice with regard to the influence of crop cultivar on the response of the rhizomicrobiome to fungicide application, although the level of the response was not similar. We report for the first time that the rhizomicrobiomes of wild crops reacted more strongly to fungicides than the rhizomicrobiomes of cultivated crops.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Caballeronia ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from ginseng cultivating soil
    • Abstract: A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, ivory colored and rod-shaped bacterium (designated Gsoil 652T) isolated from ginseng cultivating soil, was characterized using a polyphasic approach to clarify its taxonomic position. Strain Gsoil 652T was observed to grow optimally at 30 °C and at pH 7.0 on R2A agar medium. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences similarities, indicated that Gsoil 652T belongs to the genus Caballeronia of the family Burkholderiaceae and was most closely related to Caballeronia choica LMG 22940T (98.9%), Caballeronia udeis LMG 27134T (98.9%), Caballeronia sordidicola LMG 22029T (98.2%) and Caballeronia humi LMG 22934T (98.1%). The DNA G+C content was 62.1 mol% and Q-8 was the major isoprenoid quinone. The main polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified aminophospholipid, and unidentified phospholipid. The predominant fatty acids were C16:0, C17:0 cyclo and C19:0 cyclo ω8c. The DNA–DNA relatedness value between strain Gsoil 652T and closely related type strains of Caballeronia species were less than 36.0%. Moreover, strain Gsoil 652T could be distinguished phenotypically from the recognized species of the genus Caballeronia. The novel isolate, therefore, represents a novel species, for which the name Caballeronia ginsengisoli sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain Gsoil 652T (= KACC 19441T = LMG 30326T).
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Cinnamaldehyde inhibit Escherichia coli associated with membrane
           disruption and oxidative damage
    • Abstract: In this study, the antimicrobial mechanism of cinnamaldehyde (CIN) against Gram-negative Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 (E. coli) based on membrane and gene regulation was investigated. Treatment with low concentration (0, 1/8, 1/4, 3/8 MIC) of CIN can effectively suppress the growth of E. coli by prolonging its lag phase and Raman spectroscopy showed obvious distinction of the E. coli after being treated with these concentration of CIN. The determination of relative conductivity indicated that CIN at relatively high concentration (0, 1, 2, 4 MIC) can increase the cell membrane permeability, causing the leakage of cellular content. Besides, the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the activity of total superoxide dismutase (SOD) of E. coli increased with increasing treatment concentration of CIN, implying that CIN can cause oxidative damage on E. coli cell membrane and induce the increase of total SOD activity to resist this oxidative harm. Moreover, quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed the relationship between expression of antioxidant genes (SODa, SODb, SODc) and treatment CIN concentration, suggesting that SOD, especially SODc, played a significant role in resistance of E. coli to CIN. The underlying inactivation processing of CIN on E. coli was explored to support CIN as a potential and natural antimicrobial agent in food industry.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Endozoicomonas coralli sp. nov., isolated from the coral Acropora sp.
    • Abstract: A novel bacterium, designated strain Acr-12T, was isolated from the coral Acropora sp. off coast of Southern Taiwan. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain Acr-12T belonged to the genus Endozoicomonas and had closest phylogenetic identity to Endozoicomonas acroporae Acr-14T (98.7%) and Endozoicomonas atrinae WP70T (97.8%). Cells of strain Acr-12T were Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate-accumulating, rod-shaped and formed creamy white colonies. Optimal growth occurred at 30 °C, pH 7, and in the presence of 3% NaCl. Strain Acr-12T contained summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c) and C16:0 as the predominant fatty acids. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was Q-9. The genomic DNA G + C content was 49.6 mol%. The DNA–DNA relatedness of strain Acr-12T with respect to the closest species of the genus Endozoicomonas was less than 30%. Phenotypic characteristics of the novel strain also differed from those of the closest related species of the genus Endozoicomonas. On the basis of the genotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phenotypic data, strain Acr-12T represents a novel species in the genus Endozoicomonas, for which the name Endozoicomonas coralli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Acr-12T (= BCRC 80921T = KCTC 42900T).
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Isolation and identification of Ammodendron bifolium endophytic bacteria
           and the action mechanism of selected isolates-induced seed germination and
           their effects on host osmotic-stress tolerance
    • Abstract: This study aimed to identify Ammodendron bifolium endophytic bacteria, and to evaluate promoting mechanism of selected isolates on seed germination and their effects on host osmotic-stress tolerance. Forty-five strains were isolated from A. bifolium and were classified into 13 different genera by 16S rDNA gene sequence analysis. AY3, AY9 and AG18, which were identified as Staphylococcus, Kocuria, Bacillus sp., promoted host seed ethylene release during germination. Ethrel and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) imitated the effect of AY3, AY9 and AG18 on seed germination. The data suggest that ethylene mediates AY3-, AY9-, AG18-induced A. bifolium seed germination. In addition, osmotic stress prevented seed germination and radicle elongation. However, the inhibitory effect of osmotic stress on seed germination and radicle elongation were rescued by AY3, AY9 and AG18. The results show that AY3, AY9 and AG18 increased osmotic-stress tolerance in A. bifolium. AY3, AY9, AG18 induced A. bifolium seed germination through promoting ethylene production during endophytic bacteria–plant interaction, and increase osmotic-stress tolerance in A. bifolium. AY3, AY9 and AG18 are potential candidates for the protection of A. bifolium.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Free radical stress induces DNA damage response in RAW264.7 macrophages
           during Mycobacterium smegmatis infection
    • Abstract: Genomic instability resulting from oxidative stress responses may be traced to chromosomal aberration. Oxidative stress suggests an imbalance between the systemic manifestation of reactive free radicals and biological system’s ability to repair resulting DNA damage and chromosomal aberration. Bacterial infection associated insult is considered as one of the major factors leading to such stress conditions. To study free radical responses by host cells, RAW 264.7 macrophages were infected with non-pathogenic M. smegmatis mc2155 at different time points. The infection process was followed up with an assessment of free radical stress, cytokine, toll-like receptors (TLRs) and the resulting DNA damage profiles. Results of CFU count showed that maximum infection in macrophages was achieved after 9 h of infection. Host responses to the infection across different time periods were validated from nitric oxide quantification and expression of iNOS and were plotted at regular intervals. IL-10 and TNF-α expression profile at protein and mRNA level showed a heightened pro-inflammatory response by host macrophages to combat M. smegmatis infection. The expression of TLR4, a receptor for recognition of mycobacteria, in infected macrophages reached the highest level at 9 h of infection. Furthermore, comet tail length, micronuclei and γ-H2AX foci recorded the highest level at 9 h of infection, pointing to the fact that breakage in DNA double strands in macrophage reaches its peak at 9 h of infection. In contrast, treatment with ROS inhibitor N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) prevented host cell death through reduction in oxidative stress and DNA damage response during M. smegmatis infection. Therefore, it can be concluded that enhanced oxidative stress response in M. smegmatis infected macrophages might be correlated with DNA damage response.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Modulation of nitrogen metabolism of maize plants inoculated with
           Azospirillum brasilense and Herbaspirillum seropedicae
    • Abstract: Maize is highly responsive to the application of nitrogen to achieve high productivity. Inoculation with diazotrophic bacteria can improve plant growth with low N fertilization. The objective was to evaluate the inoculation of two species of diazotrophs on N metabolism in maize plants, in the presence of two concentrations of nitrogen in a hydroponic system. A factorial arrangement composed of two N levels (3.0 and 0.3 mM), with the presence of Hs—Herbaspirillum seropedicae, and Ab—Azospirillum brasilense or not. The parameters used were dry mass; N, P, and K accumulation; nitrate reductase activity; soluble fractions in roots and leaves. The inoculation altered the N metabolism and promoted greater development of maize plants, as well as a higher accumulation of P and K in the shoots. A more intensive process of N assimilation was evidenced when the plants were inoculated with H. seropedicae, leading to increased levels of NO3− and reduced N-amino, sugars, and NH4+ in leaves associated with high N level, opposite of A. brasilense.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Chromosomal integration of heterologous oxalate decarboxylase in
           Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 using mobile genetic element Ll.LtrB
    • Abstract: Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 (L. plantarum WCFS1) is commonly used as a potential cell factory because of its ‘generally recognized as safe’ status. The plasmid instability and the presence of antibiotic selection marker complicate the application of genetically modified L. plantarum in human clinical trials. In the present study, we aimed to integrate oxalate decarboxylase (oxdC) gene of Bacillus subtilis origin by targeted chromosomal mutation in L. plantarum using mobile genetic element Ll.LtrB as a therapeutic tool against calcium oxalate stone disease. oxdC expression cassette was constructed and integrated into a targeted gene, thymidylate synthase (thyA) in the L. plantarum genome. The dependence on external thymidine for growth and survival was established by live dead population assay and SEM (scanning electron microscopy) analysis. The western blotting assay showed the secretion of 44 kDa OxdC protein in the culture supernatant of L. plantarum ∆thyA:OxdC. The biologically contained recombinant strain significantly reduced the oxalate concentration by 53% and exhibited a loss of viability when introduced to environmental samples. Biologically contained L. plantarum secreting OxdC constructed using group II intron has the ability to degrade oxalate present in the extracellular environment and could be used as a therapeutic tool for the calcium oxalate stone disease.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
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