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Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.364, h-index: 15)
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.63, h-index: 7)
Digestive Diseases and Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.19, h-index: 89)
Directieve therapie     Hybrid Journal  
Discrete & Computational Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.269, h-index: 40)
Discrete Event Dynamic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.42, h-index: 32)
Distributed and Parallel Databases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.766, h-index: 30)
Distributed Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.41, h-index: 31)
DNP - Der Neurologe und Psychiater     Full-text available via subscription  
Documenta Ophthalmologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 40)
Doklady Biochemistry and Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 10)
Doklady Biological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.248, h-index: 10)
Doklady Botanical Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Doklady Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.272, h-index: 12)
Doklady Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.48, h-index: 17)
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.345, h-index: 13)
Doklady Physical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.299, h-index: 12)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 17)
Douleur et Analg├ęsie     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.113, h-index: 6)
Drug Delivery and Translational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.607, h-index: 8)
Drug Safety - Case Reports     Open Access  
Drugs : Real World Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamic Games and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.481, h-index: 5)
Dysphagia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 98, SJR: 0.822, h-index: 52)
e & i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.279, h-index: 9)
e-Neuroforum     Hybrid Journal  
Early Childhood Education J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.466, h-index: 16)
Earth Science Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.282, h-index: 7)
Earth, Moon, and Planets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 29)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.482, h-index: 21)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 9)
East Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 9)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 27)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.88, h-index: 26)
Ecological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.847, h-index: 43)
Economia e Politica Industriale     Hybrid Journal  
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.375, h-index: 6)
Economic Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.527, h-index: 44)
Economic Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Economic Change and Restructuring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.264, h-index: 9)
Economic Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.557, h-index: 34)
Economic Theory Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Economics of Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 14)
Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.909, h-index: 93)
Ecotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.333, h-index: 56)
Education and Information Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 97, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.374, h-index: 15)
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 2.776, h-index: 61)
Educational Research for Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.273, h-index: 9)
Educational Studies in Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.825, h-index: 32)
Educational Technology Research and Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 86, SJR: 1.785, h-index: 52)
Electrical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.336, h-index: 18)
Electrocatalysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.883, h-index: 10)
Electronic Commerce Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.582, h-index: 16)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.411, h-index: 8)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.407, h-index: 15)
Elemente der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Emergency Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.678, h-index: 25)
Emission Control Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Empirica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 16)
Empirical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.489, h-index: 31)
Empirical Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.285, h-index: 39)
Employee Responsibilities and Rights J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 15)
Endocrine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.878, h-index: 57)
Endocrine Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.638, h-index: 31)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.732, h-index: 14)
Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.176, h-index: 7)
Engineering With Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.433, h-index: 30)
Entomological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 5)
Environment Systems & Decisions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Environment, Development and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 29)
Environmental and Ecological Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.458, h-index: 32)
Environmental and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.632, h-index: 54)
Environmental Biology of Fishes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.725, h-index: 58)
Environmental Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.741, h-index: 28)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.724, h-index: 63)
Environmental Economics and Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 4)
Environmental Evidence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 24)
Environmental Geochemistry and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.013, h-index: 36)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.522, h-index: 19)
Environmental Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.942, h-index: 66)
Environmental Modeling & Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.533, h-index: 31)
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.685, h-index: 52)
Environmental Science and Pollution Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.885, h-index: 46)
Epileptic Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.608, h-index: 38)
EPJ A - Hadrons and Nuclei     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.287, h-index: 63)
EPJ B - Condensed Matter and Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.731, h-index: 89)
EPJ direct     Hybrid Journal  
EPJ E - Soft Matter and Biological Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.641, h-index: 62)
EPMA J.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.284, h-index: 6)
ERA-Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.128, h-index: 3)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.621, h-index: 16)
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.206, h-index: 9)
Esophagus     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.332, h-index: 67)
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.297, h-index: 10)
Ethics and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88, SJR: 0.484, h-index: 23)
Ethik in der Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.163, h-index: 6)

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Journal Cover   European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
  [SJR: 0.849]   [H-I: 42]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1434-4726 - ISSN (Online) 0937-4477
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2280 journals]
  • Experience of multidisciplinary team meetings in vestibular schwannoma: a
           preliminary report
    • Abstract: Abstract To assess the contribution of multidisciplinary team meetings (MTM) on vestibular schwannoma management as well as to (1) compare professional compliance to national guidelines and (2) study the percentage of loss to follow-up in cases of conservative management by radiologic observation. A retrospective descriptive study of MTMs held between January 2011 and May 2013 in a tertiary referral center. Patients were classified in three groups according to the MTM decision (observation, surgery or radiotherapy). A total of 363 cases were discussed during the study period (29 months). One hundred and ninety-four decisions (53.4 %) were for conservative management with radiologic observation, 130 (35.8 %) for surgery, and 39 (10.7 %) for radiation therapy. The sex ratio was 0.94, and the patients had a median age of 59 years (range 18–86 years). Most of the vestibular schwannomas (74.2 %) were small (stages I and II). Global concordance between the MTM decision and International Radiosurgery Association guidelines was 88.7 %. Twenty-three percent of the 104 files that were discussed in MTMs between January 2011 and July 2012, for which conservative management was decided, were lost to follow-up by 18 months. Management of vestibular schwannoma remains controversial, but it usually depends on the evolutive status. MTMs improve practice and facilitate the creation and maintenance of local registries. Future studies in MTMs are warranted to evaluate the benefit and evaluated if MTM could optimize long-term follow-up, limiting loss to follow-up in the observation of vestibular schwannomas that may be evolutive.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Cochlear implantation in patients with Cogan syndrome: long-term results
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of patients with Cogan syndrome (CS) who have undergone cochlear implantation. Subjects consisted of 12 cochlear implant users with a typical form of CS. Measures included word and sentence recognition scores. The speech recognition performance was rated before cochlear implantation and at 1 and 5 years after implantation. The speech materials were presented in quiet only condition. The mean 12-month post-operative word and sentence recognition scores were 91.4 and 93.1 %, respectively. Five years after implantation, the group means for word and sentence recognition tests were 94 and 96.3 %, respectively. No patients in this series experienced flap complication or other local or systemic complications. This long-term study on 12 subjects with CS over 5 years of cochlear implant use reveals that cochlear implantation is safe in the long term and provides excellent and stable hearing results.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Elderly patients at higher risk of laryngeal carcinoma recurrence could be
           identified by a panel of two biomarkers (nm23-H1 and CD105) and pN+ status
    • Abstract: Abstract Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) recurrences are very difficult to manage in elderly patients (age ≥65 years), because treatment carries significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to develop a panel of parameters (clinicopathological variables or biomarkers) to improve our ability to detect elderly patients at higher risk of LSCC recurrence. Maspin, nm23-H1, and CD105 were investigated using immunohistochemistry on surgical specimens from 46 elderly patients treated for LSCC. After univariate analysis identified parameters associated with LSCC recurrence, a multivariate prognostic model was constructed. At univariate analysis, a higher recurrence rate was significantly associated with nm23-H1 nuclear expression in carcinoma cells ≤2.0 % (p = 0.01), CD105 expression in intratumoral vascular endothelial cells ≥5.28 % (p = 0.04), and pN+ status (p = 0.04). Multivariate modeling confirmed that nuclear nm23-H1 ≤2.0 % (p = 0.009) and CD105 ≥5.28 % (p = 0.013) had a negative prognostic significance in terms of disease recurrence, while pN+ status showed a trend toward significance (p = 0.05). We thus obtained a panel comprising two biomarkers and neck lymph node status that revealed an excellent discriminatory power [AUC (ROC) of 0.81] in terms of the risk of LSCC recurrence. The panel achieved a specificity of 96 % and a positive predictive value of 93 %. We identified a panel with an excellent discriminatory power in identifying elderly patients at higher risk of recurrence after treatment for LSCC. These patients would benefit from a more aggressive primary treatment.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Non-endemic locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma: long-term
           outcome after induction plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy in everyday
           clinical practice
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome in Caucasian population of a non-endemic area treated for locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC) with multidrug platinum-based induction plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy (IC/CCRT) in everyday clinical practice setting. Between May 1990 and July 2007, 75 patients with newly diagnosed histologically confirmed LA-NPC were given IC/CCRT. All patients were judged suitable to receive conventional fractionated course of radiotherapy to a dose of 70 Gy in 35 fractions (2 Gy per fraction). The intended chemotherapy regimen consisted in one cycle of induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy concomitantly with two cycles of chemotherapy. Each cycle of chemotherapy included cis-platinum, 100 mg/m2, and continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil, 1,000 mg/m2/d for 5 days. The median follow-up in survivors was 122 months. The complete response rate after CCRT was 90.7 %. The main limiting toxicity was grade 3 and 4 pharyngeal mucositis (46.7 %). Five-year cumulative rate of locoregional control (LRC), distant control (DC), overall survival (OS), and event-free survival (EFS) was 80.1, 82.2, 72.0, and 66.7 %, respectively. Ten-year cumulative rate of LRC, DC, OS, and EFS was 73.4, 73.8, 57.1, and 55.2 %, respectively. At multivariate analysis advanced N category and low hemoglobin levels at baseline were found to be independent predictors for both worse OS and EFS. In everyday clinical practice, treating LA-NPC with cisplatin-based IC/CCRT was relatively safe and long-term effective.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Severe prolonged dysphagia following transoral resection of bilateral
           synchronous tonsillar carcinoma
    • Abstract: Objectives Alert the reader to the complication of severe dysphagia following transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) or transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for bilateral simultaneous or synchronous tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma. Methods A case series of four patients treated at an academic tertiary center between 2008 and 2012 is presented; two treated with transoral laser microsurgery and two with transoral robotic surgery for biopsy-proven untreated bilateral primary squamous cell carcinoma. Main outcome measures included functional swallowing determined by the Functional Outcome Swallowing Scale. The incidence of significant postoperative complications was recorded. Results Two patients had surgery for discontiguous involvement of bilateral palatine tonsils with squamous cell carcinoma, while two patients had surgery for bilateral tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma with unilateral extension into the base of tongue. Complete swallowing failure as characterized by the Functional Outcome Swallowing Scale was seen postoperatively in 3/4 patients who underwent TLM or TORS for bilateral simultaneous tonsillar carcinoma, while one patient was lost to follow-up. Conclusions Severe dysphagia in the setting of bilateral oropharyngectomy for simultaneous or synchronous tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma is rarely described but a significant concern. In an era with increased use of transoral surgery as de-escalation therapy, this unusual complication warrants consideration. We report that transoral bilateral pharyngectomy is quite harmful to near-term and intermediate-term swallowing outcomes. This paper serves to provide warning against primary surgical intervention in this setting, while demonstrating that non-surgical treatment may be the best viable option.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Post-traumatic optic neuropathy: our surgical and medical protocol
    • Abstract: Abstract Post-traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is a rare, but very much feared event. It is a traumatic injury of the optic nerve at any level along its course (often inside the optic canal), with partial or total loss of visual acuity, temporarily or permanently. Until now, an univocal treatment strategy does not exist. The clinical records of 26 patients, treated from 2002 to 2013, were reviewed. The most frequent cause of injury was road traffic accident (63 %), followed by iatrogenic damage, work injuries, sport or home accidents. All patients underwent pre-operative ophthalmological evaluation, neuro-imaging (angio-CT or angio-MRI scans) and systemic corticosteroid therapy. All patients required a surgical treatment, due to poor response to medical therapy; it consisted of an endonasal endoscopic decompression of the intracanalicular segment of the optic nerve, performed by removing the bony wall of the optical canal and releasing the perineural sheath. Improvement of visual acuity was reached in 65 % of cases. No minor or major complication occurred intra- or post-operative, with a maximum follow-up time of 41 months. An improvement in visual acuity was achieved, although very limited in some cases, when surgery was performed as close as possible to the traumatic event. In the literature, there is no evidence-based data evaluating both of the two main treatment options (medical therapy versus surgical decompression), to state which is the gold standard in the treatment for TON. We discuss the pro and cons of our protocol: medical endovenous steroid treatment, within 8 h of injury, and endoscopic surgical decompression within 12–24 since the beginning of medical therapy, represent the best solution in terms of risk–benefit ratio for the patients.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Health-related quality of life measurement after cholesteatoma surgery:
           comparison of three different surgical techniques
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to compare health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after sequential cholesteatoma surgery including exclusively transcanal technique (ETC), combined transcanal transmastoidal technique (TCM) and canal wall down surgery with obliteration (CWD). It was a clinical case study conducted in a tertiary referral center. 97 patients at least 12 months after cholesteatoma surgery were included. Interventions included sequential cholesteatoma surgery with ETC, TCM or CWD; ossiculoplasty with partial and total ossicular replacement prostheses. HRQOL assessed by Chronic Otitis Media Outcome Test 15 including an overall score and three subscores (‘ear symptoms’, ‘hearing function’ and ‘mental health’) as well as a general evaluation of HRQOL and the frequency of physician consultations, audiometric outcome related to HRQOL were the main outcome measures. Patients, who had undergone sequential cholesteatoma surgery, showed moderate restrictions in HRQOL postoperatively. Stratified for the three surgical techniques, patients receiving ETC tended to report lower restrictions in HRQOL. The ETC group offered a significantly lower value in the subscore ‘ear symptoms’. The ‘hearing function’ was attributed to be the most restriction criteria for all techniques. The overall score and all subscores correlated moderately with the postoperative air conduction threshold. The strongest correlation coefficient was achieved for the subscore ‘hearing function’ (r s = 0.49, p < 0.001). Sequential cholesteatoma surgery offers acceptable moderate restrictions in HRQOL postoperatively. Patients receiving canal wall down surgery with obliteration showed equivalent limitations in HRQOL compared to closed techniques (ETC, TCM). The postoperative air conduction threshold was shown not to be a sufficient indicator for HRQOL. Therefore, disease-specific validated and reliable measuring instruments for HRQOL should be transferred from clinical research to clinical practice to provide an individualized postoperative assessment after cholesteatoma surgery.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging noise in standard head and neck
           sequence does not cause temporary threshold shift in high frequency
    • Abstract: Abstract High acoustic noise level is one of the unavoidable side effects of 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A case of hearing loss after 3 T MRI has been reported in this institution and hence this study. The objective of this study was to determine whether temporary threshold shift (TTS) in high frequency hearing occurs in patients undergoing 3 T MRI scans of the head and neck. A total of 35 patients undergoing head and neck 3 T MRI for various clinical indications were tested with pure tone audiometry in different frequencies including high frequencies, before and after the MRI scan. Any threshold change from the recorded baseline of 10 dB was considered significant. All patients were fitted with foamed 3 M earplugs before the procedure following the safety guidelines for 3 T MRI. The mean time for MRI procedure was 1,672 s (range 1,040–2,810). The noise dose received by each patient amounted to an average of 3,906.29 % (1,415–9,170 %). The noise dose was derived from a normograph used by Occupational Noise Surveys. This was calculated using the nomograph of L eq, L EX, noise dose and time. There was no statistically significant difference between the hearing threshold before and after the MRI procedures for all the frequencies (paired t test, P > 0.05). For patients using 3 M foamed earplugs, noise level generated by 3 T MRI during routine clinical sequence did not cause any TTS in high frequency hearing.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Audiological results after total ossicular reconstruction for stapes
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective was to assess audiological results after total ossicular reconstruction for stapes fixation. The study is a retrospective evaluation conducted in a tertiary referral centre. The patients were 16 adults with conductive or mixed hearing loss and stapes fixation due to tympanosclerosis or otosclerosis. A total or partial stapedectomy with perichondrium interposition on the oval window and ossicular reconstruction with titanium total prosthesis were done. To assess pre- and post-operative (1 and 4 years) air and bone-conduction thresholds (frequencies 0.5, 1, 2, 3 kHz), pure-tone average air and bone conduction, and air–bone gaps were measured and the number of decibels of closure of the air–bone gap at 1 year and at 4 years were compared. One year after surgery, air conduction thresholds and pure-tone average air conduction were improved for all frequencies, and there were no significant differences in bone conduction thresholds or in pure-tone average bone conduction. There were no differences in air and bone conduction thresholds, pure-tone average air or bone conduction between 1 and 4 years. The air–bone gap was significantly reduced 1 year after surgery and remained so at 4 years. (Preoperative air–bone gap, 34.04 dB; at 1 year, 16.40 dB; at 4 years, 17.3 dB. Decibels of closure of the air–bone gap at 1 year, 17.64 dB; at 4 years, 16.74 dB.) No differences were found between otosclerosis subjects and all other cases combined. Total ossicular reconstruction in stapes fixation due to tympanosclerosis or otosclerosis produces satisfactory short- and long-term auditory results.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Erratum to: Characteristics of the perception for unilateral facial nerve
    • PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • RETRACTED ARTICLE: Total facial nerve decompression in severe idiopathic
           recurrent facial palsy
    • PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Analyses of functional and oncologic outcomes following supracricoid
           partial laryngectomy
    • Abstract: Abstract To review the functional and oncologic outcomes of patients who received supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL) with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) or cricohyoidopexy (CHP) in our institution. A total of 208 patients who received SCPL with CHEP or CHP from our institution from 1995 to 2007 were involved. Among them, 190 cases were patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx (T1–T4, N0–N2), 14 cases were patients with recurrent larynx cancer and 4 cases were patients with laryngeal stenosis. Forty-four patients also received unilateral neck dissection, and 41 patients received a bilateral neck dissection. All patients were assessed at functional outcome and complications of their treatment. Also, the oncologic outcomes, such as disease-specific survival, total survival, and local recurrence, were measured for patients with tumor. Decannulation was achieved in nearly all patients, with the average time to decannulation being 20 ± 11.52 days in CHEP patients and 28 ± 8.92 days in CHP patients (P < 0.05). The average nasogastric tubes were removed, days postoperation, was 18 ± 7.39 days in CHEP patients and 25 ± 13.87 days in CHP patients (P < 0.05). The 5-year local recurrence rate was 5.77 %, the 5-year disease-specific survival was 82.7 %, and the 5-year overall survival was 84.1 %. The patients with CHEP had a better recovery than the patients with CHP. SCPL was a well-tolerated procedure with generally good functional outcomes for patients with advanced laryngeal cancer, also for some patients with laryngeal stenosis.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Quality of information available via the internet for patients with head
           and neck cancer: are we improving'
    • Abstract: Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the type, content, accessibility and quality of information available via the internet for patients with head and neck cancer. The Google search engine was used to generate lists of the first 100 websites for general head and neck cancer and the first ten for head and neck cancers by anatomical location (160 total). Websites were evaluated with the validated DISCERN and LIDA instruments, the SMOG (Simple measure of gobbledygook) readability score and against the JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) criteria. 40 of the 160 websites ranked by Google were suitable for analysis. Seven websites (17.5 %) partially or fully achieved all four JAMA benchmarks and only one (2.5 %) site achieved none. 28 (70 %) included reference to quality of life factors. Correlations were identified between Google site rank and all four of our appraisal tools; LIDA (−0.966, p = 0.006), JAMA (−5.93, p = 0.028), DISCERN (−0.568, p = 0.037) and SMOG (4.678, p = 0.04). Google site rank and both government run sites (−35.38, p = 0.034) and sites run by universities or hospitals (−27.32, p = 0.016) also showed an association. Comparing our observations with those of Riordain in 2008, there has been little improvement in the quality of head and neck cancer information available online over this time. Given the variability in quality of information online, patients would benefit from being directed to reliable websites by clinicians
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Long-term results of combined approach in parotid sialolithiasis
    • Abstract: Abstract Combined sialendoscopic and transcutaneous approach in parotid sialolithiasis is a surgical option for large and impacted stones. The aim of this study is to assess the long-term results regarding postoperative stenosis, recurrent swellings and gland function. Prospective study in a tertiary referral center of patients with parotid sialolithiasis requiring combined approach. A total of 12 patients have been treated within a period of 3 years. Intraductal stents were placed in 9 of 12 cases. Scintigraphic evaluation of salivary glands and follow-up sialendoscopy performed 1 year postoperatively. In total, fourteen stones (two stones in two cases) were successfully removed along with two coexisted inflammatory polyps. Postoperative endoscopic evaluation revealed mild stenosis in 7 out of 12 cases without clinical significance as no recurrent swellings were reported. Scintigraphy showed normal gland function in 11 cases and mild hypofunction in 1 case with long-standing history of sialolithiasis. All patients were free of symptoms within the follow-up period of time (median follow-up 15.5 months). Combined approach is a safe, gland preserving and efficacious procedure in long term. The stenosis in the area of ductal surgical opening when present does not seem to be of clinical value.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Are small olfactory bulbs a risk for olfactory loss following an upper
           respiratory tract infection'
    • Abstract: Abstract Considering the correlation between olfactory function and size of the human olfactory bulb (OB), it may be that OB volume is representative of the average number of functional olfactory receptor neurons in the nose. We observed a woman (64-year-old) with a 3-week history of hyposmia following an upper respiratory tract infection. Interestingly, both OB volumes were below the tenth percentile of the general population which seems to be difficult to explain by rapid, adaptive changes in the OB volume. It is hypothesized that small OBs may be a risk factor for acquiring olfactory loss.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • The effects of indwelling voice prosthesis on the quality of life,
           depressive symptoms, and self-esteem in patients with total laryngectomy
    • Abstract: Abstract This study aims to evaluate the effects of voice rehabilitation with indwelling voice prosthesis on quality of life, depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and sexual functions in laryngectomy patients. Provox-1™ was applied to 30 patients who underwent total laryngectomy by opening a tracheoesophageal fistula. WHO Quality of Life-BREF, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Arizona Sexual Experience Scale forms were asked to be filled out by the patients before voice prosthesis application. These tests were asked to be filled out again 3 months later after the voice prosthesis application. Paired samples and Wilcoxon tests were used to compare before and after operation values. Indwelling voice prosthesis was found to improve quality of life, self-esteem, and sexual function (p < 0.05). Additionally, symptoms of depression and anxiety were regressed (p < 0.05). Indwelling voice prosthesis was found to especially increase the quality of life and decrease depression (p < 0.05). This study is an uncontrolled single-arm study comparing patients’ psychosocial statuses pre- and post-voice prosthesis.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • The utility of minimally invasive transcanal endoscopic approach for
           removal of residual/recurrent cholesteatoma: preliminary results
    • Abstract: Abstract To investigate the feasibility of applying the transcanal endoscopic approach (TEA) for surgical treatment of residual/recurrent cholesteatoma and present the preliminary results of 17 revision procedures that were carried out with this minimally invasive approach. The records of 17 patients (aged 5–76 years) who underwent transcanal revision procedure using rigid 3-mm diameter, 0°, 30° and 45° endoscopes between 2009 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. A wide posterior tympanomeatal flap was elevated via the external auditory canal and then transposed inferiorly in cases of cholesteatoma situated in the middle ear under a tympanic membrane. In certain cases, cholesteatoma was assessed and removed using the endoscopes directly from the radical cavity or from the mastoid cavity remaining after a canal-wall-down procedure. Six patients had originally undergone the canal-wall-up mastoidectomy, 6 patients had a canal-wall-down mastoidectomy and 5 patients had radical mastoid cavities. The interval between the previous and the index surgery ranged between 1 and 6 years. The attic was the most common site involved with cholesteatoma, followed by the tympanic portion of the facial nerve, sinus tympani, mastoid, supratubal recess, promontory, round and oval windows. The size of residual/recurrent lesion varied between 3 and 15 mm. The patients were followed up 26–67 months (mean 52.1 months). The single recurrence (a 4-mm pearl over the tympanic portion of the facial nerve) was eradicated by a transcanal re-revision 1 year following the index surgery. Minimally invasive TEA can be successfully applied in carefully selected patients with endoscopically accessible cholesteatoma subsequent to various types of mastoidectomy.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials and subjective visual vertical
           testing in patients with vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency
    • Abstract: Abstract Otolith function in subjects with vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency is investigated through vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) and subjective visual vertical (SVV) testing. The study group included 62 patients with vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency (30 females, 32 males), with age range 24–56 years (40.6 ± 9.1). The control group included 44 healthy volunteers of similar age and gender distribution. The entire study group had: (1) serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D <30 ng/ml; (2) normal bone mineral density as indicated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry with T-score >−1; (3) normal middle ear function; (4) Age is ≤60 years. All subjects enrolled in the current study underwent audiovestibular evaluation consisting of pure-tone audiometry, immittancemetry, cervical VEMP (cVEMP), ocular VEMP (oVEMP), and SSV. The entire control group had normal cVEMP, two subjects had abnormal oVEMP. Thirty-three subjects (53 %) in the study group had abnormal oVEMP and 31 subjects (50 %) had abnormal cVEMP. Forty-one (66 %) had abnormal VEMP when abnormal VEMP was considered as either abnormal oVEMP or cVEMP. The entire control and study groups had normal SSV test results. Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with development of otolith dysfunction affecting both the utricle and saccule. This was suggested by the high prevalence of abnormal ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMP) and cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP) in the study group.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Systematic review on treatment of Zenker’s diverticulum
    • Abstract: Abstract This study was designed to compare rates of failure, revision and morbidity from endoscopic and open approaches as treatment for pharyngeal pouch. Systematic review was conducted using MEDLINE and PubMed databases. Search terms treatment, Zenker’s, hypopharyngeal, pharyngeal, diverticulum, and pouch. There were no randomised clinical trials. Therefore, cohort and comparative studies with at least 10 patients in each arm, a follow-up of a least 12 months and reporting on all patients were included. Seventy-one studies met inclusion criteria. Diverticulectomy with or without cricopharyngeal myotomy comprised 33 studies (1,990 patients), and endoscopic stapler diverticulotomy was in 22 studies (1,089 patients). Failure of open and endoscopic approaches was 4.2 and 18.4 %, respectively, and corresponding complication rates were 11 and 7 %. Within endoscopic techniques, failure rates were 18.9 % for stapler diverticulotomy and 21.7 % for laser diverticulotomy. Corresponding complication rates were 4.3 and 7.9 %. Flexible endoscopy techniques have a higher failure (29 %) and overall complication rate (14.3 %). Most reported complications for transcervical techniques relate to the recurrent nerve (3.4 %) and salivary fistula (3.7 %) and for endoscopic group emphysema (3.0 %) and mediastinitis (1.2 %). Operation-related deaths were infrequent in both groups, but more frequent with open approach (0.9 vs. 0.4 %). Open approaches have more success but more complications than endoscopic techniques. Taking in account overall complications and failure rates, open approaches and stapler diverticulotomy yield different patterns, but are arguably comparable. In younger patients open approach is preferred, as well in patients with unfavourable anatomic conditions for endoscopic exposure. Flexible endoscopic techniques provide a suitable option for patients who do not tolerate general anaesthesia.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the lip: survival analysis with long-term
    • Abstract: Abstract The first aim of this study was to evaluate the survival of the patients who underwent surgery due to lip squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Furthermore, the predictive value of the prognostic factors regarding overall outcome was also assessed. The secondary objective was to justify the need of a prophylactic neck dissection according to the tumor size. One hundred and one cases with lip SCC were included in this study. The data regarding prognostic factors and survival were retrospectively collected. The 5-year survival rate was found to be 82.1 %. Among the multiple prognostic factors, only age and disease stage had significant impact on survival (p < 0.05). Lymph nodes were positive in two (3.0 %) T1, 3 (11.5 %) T2, one (16.6 %) T3 and 3 (100 %) T4 patients. In Turkish population, the 5-year survival rate was found to be 82.1 %. Age and disease stage were independent factors which have significant impact on survival. In geriatric population, the 5-year survival rate was 69.6 %. There was an increased prevalence of the disease among women in the geriatric population. We suggest elective neck dissection and aggressive treatment for T2 tumors especially if the patient has multiple risk factors such as high tumor thickness and poor prognostic indicators such as increased age.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
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