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Digestive Diseases and Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.19, h-index: 89)
Directieve therapie     Hybrid Journal  
Discrete & Computational Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.269, h-index: 40)
Discrete Event Dynamic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.42, h-index: 32)
Distributed and Parallel Databases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.766, h-index: 30)
Distributed Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.41, h-index: 31)
DNP - Der Neurologe und Psychiater     Full-text available via subscription  
Documenta Ophthalmologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 40)
Doklady Biochemistry and Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 10)
Doklady Biological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.248, h-index: 10)
Doklady Botanical Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Doklady Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.272, h-index: 12)
Doklady Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.48, h-index: 17)
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.345, h-index: 13)
Doklady Physical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.299, h-index: 12)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 17)
Douleur et Analg├ęsie     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.113, h-index: 6)
Drug Delivery and Translational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.607, h-index: 8)
Drug Safety - Case Reports     Open Access  
Drugs : Real World Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamic Games and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.481, h-index: 5)
Dysphagia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 107, SJR: 0.822, h-index: 52)
e & i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.279, h-index: 9)
e-Neuroforum     Hybrid Journal  
Early Childhood Education J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.466, h-index: 16)
Earth Science Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.282, h-index: 7)
Earth, Moon, and Planets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 29)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.482, h-index: 21)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 9)
East Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 9)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 27)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.88, h-index: 26)
Ecological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.847, h-index: 43)
Economia e Politica Industriale     Hybrid Journal  
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.375, h-index: 6)
Economic Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.527, h-index: 44)
Economic Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Economic Change and Restructuring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.264, h-index: 9)
Economic Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.557, h-index: 34)
Economic Theory Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Economics of Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 14)
Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.909, h-index: 93)
Ecotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.333, h-index: 56)
Education and Information Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 115, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.374, h-index: 15)
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.776, h-index: 61)
Educational Research for Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.273, h-index: 9)
Educational Studies in Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.825, h-index: 32)
Educational Technology Research and Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 104, SJR: 1.785, h-index: 52)
Electrical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.336, h-index: 18)
Electrocatalysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.883, h-index: 10)
Electronic Commerce Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.582, h-index: 16)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.411, h-index: 8)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.407, h-index: 15)
Elemente der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Emergency Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.678, h-index: 25)
Emission Control Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Empirica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 16)
Empirical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.489, h-index: 31)
Empirical Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.285, h-index: 39)
Employee Responsibilities and Rights J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 15)
Endocrine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.878, h-index: 57)
Endocrine Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.638, h-index: 31)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.732, h-index: 14)
Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.176, h-index: 7)
Engineering With Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.433, h-index: 30)
Entomological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 5)
Environment Systems & Decisions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Environment, Development and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 29)
Environmental and Ecological Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.458, h-index: 32)
Environmental and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.632, h-index: 54)
Environmental Biology of Fishes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.725, h-index: 58)
Environmental Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.741, h-index: 28)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.724, h-index: 63)
Environmental Economics and Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 4)
Environmental Evidence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 24)
Environmental Geochemistry and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.013, h-index: 36)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.522, h-index: 19)
Environmental Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.942, h-index: 66)
Environmental Modeling & Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.533, h-index: 31)
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.685, h-index: 52)
Environmental Science and Pollution Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.885, h-index: 46)
Epileptic Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.608, h-index: 38)
EPJ A - Hadrons and Nuclei     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.287, h-index: 63)
EPJ B - Condensed Matter and Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.731, h-index: 89)
EPJ direct     Hybrid Journal  
EPJ E - Soft Matter and Biological Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.641, h-index: 62)
EPMA J.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.284, h-index: 6)
ERA-Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.128, h-index: 3)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.621, h-index: 16)
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.206, h-index: 9)
Esophagus     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.311, h-index: 10)
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.332, h-index: 67)
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.297, h-index: 10)
Ethics and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 109, SJR: 0.484, h-index: 23)
Ethik in der Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.163, h-index: 6)
Euphytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.745, h-index: 64)
Eurasian Business Review     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover   European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
  [SJR: 0.849]   [H-I: 42]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1434-4726 - ISSN (Online) 0937-4477
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2276 journals]
  • TransOral endoscopic UltraSonic Surgery (TOUSS): a preliminary report of a
           novel robotless alternative to TORS
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study is to describe and evaluate the feasibility of TransOral UltraSonic Surgery (TOUSS), a new endoscopic alternative to transoral robotic surgery for approaching pharyngeal and laryngeal tumours based on ultrasonic scalpel as a resection tool. This is a prospective study on 11 consecutive patients with pharyngeal and supraglottic carcinomas between December 2013 and August 2014. All tumours were resected transorally with 35 cm ThunderbeatTM. Exposure was achieved using GyrusTM FK-retractor and Olympus ENDOEYE Flex 5 mm 2D/10 mm 3D deflecting tip video laparoscopes. We evaluated tumour staging, surgical margins, surgical time, blood transfusions, tracheostomy, enteral feeding, postoperative pain and hospital stay. The operating room setup and procedure are described. This series comprised seven early and four locally advanced carcinomas. The mean setup for TOUSS and resection time were 16 and 70.9 minutes. No major intraoperative complications were identified. The average time of nasogastric feeding tube dependence (n = 9) was 13 days. Gastrostomy was performed in one patient. The average hospital stay was 14.3 days. Postoperative pain was satisfactory treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. We have described TOUSS as a new feasible and intuitive procedure to approach endoscopically pharyngeal and supraglottic tumours, with good intraoperative conditions and functional outcomes.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Long-term efficacy of Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation vs. liquid paraffin
           plus antiseptic cream in the treatment of recurrent epistaxis
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation with that of liquid paraffin plus antiseptic cream in the management of recurrent epistaxis. Eighty consecutive patients who suffered from recurrent anterior epistaxis presented to the Otolaryngology Department at the Eye and ENT Hospital, Fudan University between February 2011 and June 2011. These patients with histories of recurrent epistaxis were randomly assigned to receive treatment in an outpatient setting consisting of either a combination of liquid paraffin plus antiseptic cream (Group 1) or Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation (Group 2). Main outcome measures: the following outcome measures were assessed: bleeding intensity; bleeding frequency 2 years after treatment (0 = no bleeding, 1 = reduced bleeding, 2 = the same, 3 = worse), participant’s perception of discomfort during the management (grade 0–10, where 10 is the worst pain), and complications. Finally, 70 patients remain in our study. At 2 years, 86 % of laser patients versus 31 % of control patients had no reported bleeding. The outcome score at 2 years after treatment showed a significant difference between the two groups (P = 0.000, P < 0.01). The median and mean ± SD pain levels experienced were 5.0 and 5.2 ± 2.2. Both groups had no complications. It can be further concluded that Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation is a preferable therapy in the treatment of recurrent epistaxis in long-term efficacy. The level of pain associated with the procedure was well tolerated. It is a simple, easy, safe and rapid therapy, which can be performed in an office setting.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Management of different kinds of head and neck defects with the submental
           flap for reconstruction
    • Abstract: Abstract Head and neck surgeries often accompany with moderate-sized defects that require time-consuming reconstructions by free flaps. The submental flap is a versatile and time-effective option for reconstruction of orofacial defects providing acceptable cosmetic and functional results without requiring microsurgical techniques. A retrospective case series study of patients who underwent reconstruction with the submental flap between 2009 and 2013 was conducted. There were 36 patients (33 men and 3 women), with a mean age of 56.4 years, enrolled in this study. The primary lesion sites included oral cavity (24 patients), pharynx (8 patients), larynx (2 patients), neck (1 patient) as well as maxillary sinus (1 patient). All flaps were harvested as the myocutaneous flaps. All donor sites were closed primarily without the need of additional surgery. No complete loss of the flap was encountered and two cases developed marginal necrosis of the flap. The submental flap had a reliable pedicle and had minimal donor-site morbidity. It is an excellent flap option for patients with small- to medium-sized defects in head and neck region.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Importance of yawning in the evaluation of excessive daytime sleepiness: a
           prospective clinical study
    • Abstract: Abstract As a dark and not fully understood side of human nature, yawning is believed to be a signs of various physiological or pathological behaviors of human. In this study, we aimed to investigate the importance of yawning in the evaluation of sleepiness. One hundred and twenty-nine snorers who were suspected to have obstructive sleep apnea syndrome underwent polysomnography and were asked to fill the Epworth sleepiness scale. The number of yawnings of patients was counted during the day following polysomnography. Patients were stratified into two groups: those have apnea hypopnea index <5 (n = 43, group 1) and those have apnea hypopnea index >30 (n = 86, group 2). Mean duration of sleep phases, oxygen saturations, sleep efficacies, yawning frequencies and Epworth scores of the groups were compared. Correlations of yawning frequency with Epworth scores, duration of sleep phases and mean oxygen saturations were investigated. Sleep efficacies were similar between the groups (p > 0.05). Yawning frequencies in group 1 and group 2 were 43.48 and 75.76 (mean rank), respectively (p < 0.01). Mean N1, N2, N3 phase durations and oxygen saturations were significantly lower in group 2 (p < 0.01). While there was a negative correlation between yawning frequency and duration of the non-REM phases and mean oxygen saturation (r = −0.53 and r = −0.31, respectively, p < 0.05), yawning frequency was positively correlated with Epworth scores (r = 0.46, p < 0.05). In addition to the shortened phases of sleep, increased Epworth score and decreased oxygen saturation, increased yawning frequency may indicate sleep deprivation.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Association between XRCC3 Thr241Met polymorphism and laryngeal cancer
           susceptibility in Turkish population
    • Abstract: Abstract DNA repair systems are essential for normal cell function. Genetic alterations in the DNA repair genes such as X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3), can cause a change in protein activity which results in cancer susceptibility. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of XRCC3 Thr241Met single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), smoking and alcohol consumption with the risk of laryngeal cancer in Turkish population. The frequencies of Thr241Met SNP were studied in 58 laryngeal cancer cases (SSC) and 67 healthy individuals. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood samples of both controls and laryngeal cancer cases. Thr241Met SNP was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR–RFLP) method. The genotype and allele frequencies of Thr241Met polymorphism were not statistically significant between the laryngeal cancer and control groups. Carrying mutant allele was not associated with the risk of laryngeal cancer. On the other hand, smoking and chronic alcohol consumption were associated with the risk of laryngeal cancer but there is no association between Thr241Met, smoking and alcohol consumption in laryngeal cancer cases. These results indicate that Thr241Met polymorphism was not associated with the development of laryngeal cancer in Turkish population. However, it should be kept in mind that the association of a polymorphism with cancer susceptibility can differ due to several factors such as cancer type, selection criteria, ethnic differences and size of the studied population.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Modern trends in the management of head and neck paragangliomas
    • PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Effect of distribution of nasal polyps in ostiomeatal complex on long-term
           outcomes after endoscopic surgery
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of the study was to elucidate the characteristics of spatial distribution of nasal polyps in the ostiomeatal complex (OMC) and the corresponding correlation with long-term quality of life in patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery. 107 patients with unilateral or bilateral nasal polyps who had undergone functional endoscopic sinus surgery from September 2009 to June 2010 were enrolled in this study. Distribution of nasal polyps in the study subjects was documented. Long-term quality of life assessment was carried out at 1-year after surgery by SNOT-20 analysis. Observation of a total of 214 sides of rhinal cavities revealed that nasal polyps were distributed inside the OMC at 573 sites out of the total 635 sites (90.2 %), and predominantly distributed at the middle turbinate, the ethmoid sinus, the middle meatus, the uncinate process, the maxillary sinus, and the ethmoid bulla and significantly differed from the nasal polyps which were found outside the OMC (P < 0.01). Statistical analysis indicated that pre-operative Sinonasal Outcome Test 20 (SNOT-20) scores and 1-year post-operative scores were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The score changes of the left maxillary sinus, both sides ethmoid bulla were significant, respectively (P < 0.05). Nasal polyps predominantly distribute in the OMC. The differences among the sites of nasal polyps do not significantly impact the long-term score for quality of life except for the maxillary sinus and ethmoid bulla.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Toxic inner ear lesion following otitis media with effusion: a comparative
           CT-study regarding the morphology of the inner ear
    • Abstract: Abstract Viral infections of the upper respiratory airways can lead to a delayed viral otitis media (VOM) caused by a diffusion of viruses/virus particles through the round window membrane and resulting in sensorineural hearing loss. The treatment of choice is immediate paracentesis, evacuation of all fluids from the middle ear cavity, and haemorrheological infusions. However, in some cases, persistent symptoms may be an indication for a surgical approach using mastoidectomy. In high-resolution computed tomography, an extended small-sized pneumatisation of the mastoid cells with complete shading was found in these non-responsive cases. Therefore, a direct means of inner ear affliction through weak parts of the labyrinthine bone may be hypothesised. Patients suffering from a toxic inner ear lesion (TIEL) following a common cold, treated over a 10-year period in a Tertiary Care Centre (N = 52, 57 ears), were identified and the morphological characteristics of the temporal bones of affected patients were examined by means of high-resolution computed tomography (hrCT). The findings were compared with a matched control group of 64 normal ears (CONT). Measurements included the grade of pneumatisation, distances within the temporal bones and Hounsfield units (HU) at defined anatomical structures. In the TIEL group, we found a small-sized pneumatisation in 79.4 % and a medium-sized pneumatisation in 10.9 %, thus differing from the CONT group and the literature data. Thickness of the bone wall of the lateral semicircular canal (LSC) and distances within the aditus ad antrum were significantly reduced in the TIEL group. HU’s were markedly lower in the TIEL group at the precochlea, the LSC, and dorsolateral to the promentia of the LSC. There was a correlation between the HU’s at the prominentia of the LSC and the hearing loss (p = 0.002). Persisting interosseous globuli, as described in 1897 by Paul Manasse, form an osseochondral network within the otic capsule and may be responsible for a direct means of toxic inner ear infection. The CT-morphometric results support this thesis. In the group of these patients (TIEL) a CT-scan and in non-responders to conservative treatment a surgical approach by mastoidectomy is recommended.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • The effect of bevacizumab on vestibular schwannoma tumour size and hearing
           in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2
    • Abstract: Abstract The hallmark of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is bilateral vestibular schwannomas (VS) and severe hearing loss is common in NF2 patients. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression level in NF2 correlates with tumour growth rate and bevacizumab, a VEGF-binding antibody, has previously been shown to induce tumour shrinkage and improve hearing. We retrospectively reviewed the effect of bevacizumab on hearing and VS tumour size in 12 consecutive NF2 patients. Bevacizumab 10 mg/kg was administered intravenously every second week for 6 months; hereafter, bevacizumab 15 mg/kg was administered every third week. Patients were evaluated with repeated audiometries, MR scans and clinical evaluations. Radiological response was defined as a 20 % or greater reduction in VS volume. A total of 398 treatments (median 36) were administered and the median duration on therapy was 22 months (range 7–34). We observed a radiological response (≥20 % tumour shrinkage) in seven out of 18 tumours (39 %) in six out of 12 patients (50 %). Sustained radiological responses were maintained in six tumours (33 %) for more than 2 months. Three patients had objectively improved hearing and five patients reported subjective benefit in neurological symptoms, including improved hearing. Toxicity was in general manageable; however, one patient died from cerebral haemorrhage which was possibly related to therapy. In conclusion, bevacizumab improved hearing and reduced the size of VS in some patients with progressive NF2 which corroborates previous findings; however, the risk of severe side effects should be carefully considered and discussed with the patients prior to treatment.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Correlation between hippocampal sulcus width and severity of obstructive
           sleep apnea syndrome
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) severity and the hippocampal sulcus width in a cohort of subjects with OSAS and controls. A total of 149 OSAS patients and 60 nonapneic controls were included in the study. Overnight polysomnograpy was performed in all patients. Hippocampal sulcus width of the patients was measured by a radiologist blinded to the diagnosis of the patients. Other variables noted for each patient were as follows: gender, age, body mass index, apnea hypopnea index, Epworth sleepiness scale, sleep efficacy, mean saturation, lowest O2 saturation, longest apnea duration, neck circumference, waist circumference, hip circumference. A total of 149 OSAS patients were divided into three groups: mild OSAS (n = 54), moderate OSAS (n = 40), severe OSAS (n = 55) groups. The control group consisted of patients with AHI <5 (n = 60). Hippocampal sulcus width was 1.6 ± 0.83 mm in the control group; while 1.9 ± 0.81 mm in mild OSAS, 2.1 ± 0.60 mm in moderate OSAS, and 2.9 ± 0.58 mm in severe OSAS groups (p < 0.001). Correlation analysis of variables revealed that apnea hypopnea index (rs = 0.483, p < 0.001) was positively correlated with hippocampal sulcus width. Our findings demonstrated that severity of OSAS might be associated with various pathologic mechanisms including increased hippocampal sulcus width.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Reduced dosage of bevacizumab in treatment of vestibular schwannomas in
           patients with neurofibromatosis type 2
    • Abstract: Abstract Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a tumor suppressor syndrome associated with vestibular schwannomas and other benign tumors of the central nervous system. Bevacizumab is used for treatment of progressive vestibular schwannomas, with the intent to reduce tumor size or preserve/improve hearing. Prolonged treatment can cause side effects such as hypertension and proteinuria, which can be cause for discontinuation of therapy. We report on 3 patients who were treated with bevacizumab for 66–76 months, with dose reductions that minimized side effects while sustaining the clinical effect of the antiangiogenic therapy. After dose reduction from 5 mg/kg bi- or tri-weekly to 2.5 mg bi- or tri-weekly, all patients appeared clinically stable and radiographic and audiologic follow-up showed sustained response. In conclusion, in some NF2 patients, dose reduction of bevacizumab seems to be an effective option for managing side effects.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Long-term outcomes of observation for clinically negative central
           compartment lymph nodes in papillary thyroid carcinoma
    • Abstract: Abstract The treatment strategy for clinically negative lymph nodes of papillary thyroid carcinoma is controversial. We report the long-term outcomes of a series of cases treated with thyroidectomy without prophylactic central neck dissection. We reviewed 1,397 cases with papillary thyroid carcinoma treated at our institution between 1991 and 2000. One hundred and seventy-two newly diagnosed cases underwent observation for cN0 central neck lymph nodes. Regional recurrence of the ipsilateral side including central compartment and the lateral neck which needs reoperation was considered as key point for analysis. With a mean follow-up of 96.4 months (34–204 months), the overall 10-year disease-specific and recurrence-free survival rates were 99 and 86 %, respectively. The recurrence and reoperation rates of the central compartment were 3 % (5/172) and 4 % (7/172), respectively. Univariate analysis showed that extrathyroidal extension was associated with regional recurrence (99 vs. 82 %; p = 0.002). Central compartment observation is safe in cN0 cases with papillary thyroid carcinoma, particularly in those without extrathyroidal extension.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • The nutritional assessment of head and neck cancer patients
    • Abstract: Abstract Patients affected by head and neck cancer are particularly at risk for nutritional depletion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional status of patients affected by head and neck cancer at diagnosis. All adult patients with head and neck cancer between January 2009 and December 2013 were included. The following data were recorded: demographics, tobacco and/or alcohol consumption, weight, height, the reference weight 6 months before the diagnosis, tumor site, tumor stage, and laboratory data. Then, Body mass index (BMI), and Buzby nutrition risk index (NRI) were calculated. Statistical analysis was used to search for associations among multiple variables. 122 men and 22 women were enrolled. As for reference BMI, 77 patients were overweight, whereas just 7 subjects were underweight. At diagnosis, 72 subjects were overweight according to BMI, whereas 52 patients were underweight. Instead, according to NRI, 96 patients were severely malnourished, 42 patients were moderately malnourished, whereas just 6 patients had a normal value of NRI. The assessment of nutrition by BMI excluded from a thorough consideration all overweight and obese patients with head and neck cancer. Instead, NRI correctly identified both undernourished and overweight/obese patients as “malnourished” subjects.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Transorbital endoscopic assisted resection of a superior orbital fissure
           cavernous haemangioma: a technical case report
    • Abstract: Objectives Superior orbital fissure and orbital apex lesions are challenging to manage, regardless of the approach chosen, due to the potential morbidity. The objectives of this study are to describe an innovative, minimally invasive surgical approach addressing this critical area and to discuss its indications and outcomes. Subject A young patient presented with visual disturbances (reduction of color discrimination, central scotoma) and mild exophthalmos owing to the presence of a right orbital apex cavernous haemangioma with superior orbital fissure invasion. Methods The lesion was removed via a minimally invasive, neuronavigated, transorbital superior eyelid endoscopic-assisted approach. Main outcome measures Technical feasibility and safety, early and late complications, length of hospitalization time and follow-up data were collected and analyzed. Results The lesion was radically resected minimizing the surgical morbidity and hospitalization time for the patient and with encouraging functional and cosmetic outcomes. No recurrences were observed 1 year after surgery. Conclusions The endoscopic-assisted transorbital approach should be considered a safe and effective option that can be applied in the treatment of lesions affecting such complex anatomical regions, as it offers excellent visualization of the surgical field, acceptable sequelae and reduced morbidity in relation to the traditional transcranial/transfacial approaches. Further studies and larger case series are needed in order to validate the reproducibility and range of applications of this surgical technique.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Dysphagia and health-related quality of life in patients with eosinophilic
           esophagitis: a long-term follow-up
    • Abstract: Abstract Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune/antigen-mediated disease, with dysphagia as the main symptom. The aim of this study was to survey symptoms and health-related quality of life in adult patients with EoE at least 1 year after diagnosis and a 2-month course of topical corticosteroids. Forty-seven consecutive patients [79 % males, mean age 49 years (range 18–90 years)] were evaluated using three different questionnaires at three different occasions: the Watson Dysphagia Scale (WDS), the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire–Oesophageal Module 18 (EORTC QLQ-OES18) and the Short Form-36 (SF-36). The median time from diagnosis to the long-term follow-up was 23 months (range 12–34 months). The WDS scores and the EORTC QLQ-OES18 Dysphagia and Eating scale scores were improved after 2 months of treatment (p = 0.00007, p = 0.01, p = 0.004, respectively), as were the long-term follow-up scores (p = 0.01, p = 0.03, p = 0.005, respectively), relative to the scores at diagnosis. In addition, the EORTC QLQ-OES18 Choking scores were improved after the steroid course (p = 0.003) but not after the long-term follow-up. No significant differences were detected with respect to the SF-36 scores. In summary, EoE seems to be associated with a substantial burden of symptoms that improve significantly after treatment. A partial remission persists more than 1 year after diagnosis and the discontinuation of medication. The WDS and the EORTC QLQ-OES18 appear to be sensitive instruments appropriate for surveillance in these patients.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Early voice rehabilitation with injection laryngoplasty in patients with
           unilateral vocal cord palsy after thyroidectomy
    • Abstract: Abstract Injection laryngoplasty is a safe and efficient procedure for the management of hoarseness resulting from unilateral vocal cord paralysis (VCP). However, proper timing and material of injection after the occurrence of VCP are still under discussion. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of early injection laryngoplasty with long-lasting soft tissue filler in patients with post-thyroidectomy unilateral VCP. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 59 consecutive patients who developed unilateral VCP after thyroidectomy and received ArteSense™ injection laryngoplasty. Objective and subjective voice outcomes were compared between early (within 3 months) and late (after 3 months) injection groups. The mean duration from thyroidectomy to injection laryngoplasty was 39.7 and 334.2 days in the early and late injection groups, respectively. All of the tested objective and subjective voice parameters were significantly improved in both the early and late groups. However, the amount of voice improvement was significantly larger in the early injection group, especially jitter % (P = 0.02) and shimmer % (P = 0.03) improvement. Four patients showed spontaneous recovery from VCP after early injection laryngoplasty; nevertheless, their voice outcomes were excellent and there was no significant discomfort or complication. Early voice rehabilitation with injection laryngoplasty is a safe and efficient treatment in the patients with post-thyroidectomy unilateral VCP.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Quality of life and audiologic performance through the ability to phone of
           cochlear implant users
    • Abstract: Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the impact of cochlear implantation on quality of life (QoL), using general and cochlear implant (CI) specific questionnaires and to determine the relationship of phone ability with QoL, speech recognition abilities and tinnitus. Twenty-six adult volunteers with a post-lingual profound deafness, unilaterally implanted with a CI, were included in this study. All subjects had used a CI for at least 1 year. The Glasgow benefit inventory (GBI) and Nijmegen cochlear implant questionnaire (NCIQ) were administered to assess QoL. Speech recognition was tested using phonemic Lafon’s lists. The subjective tinnitus severity scale (STSS) questionnaire was used to determine the effects of tinnitus. CI users were split into four groups according to their phone ability. There was an improvement in QoL after cochlear implantation. The NCIQ showed significant (p < 0.001) improvements in the total score and in all subdomains after CI. A significant relationship between phone ability, QoL and speech recognition was found. Improving phone ability led to higher QoL (p < 0.05) and speech recognition (p < 0.01) scores. The CI use decreased significantly the occurrence of tinnitus, but its severity was not correlated with QoL. Post-surgery assessment should include speech recognition measures and QoL evaluation. The NCIQ appeared more effective than the GBI in its ability to detect improvements in QoL. Assessing phone ability represents an easy and fast approach to evaluate hearing performances and QoL, and may reflect global outcomes of CI.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Assessing the rhinoplasty outcome: inter-rater variability of aesthetic
           perception in the light of objective facial analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the success of rhinoplasty by evaluating the inter-rater variability in the light of primary indication as functional or cosmetic. Subjective aesthetic perception was compared with objective facial analysis. 45 rhinoplasty patients were included in the study. 25 had cosmetic plus functional reasons with septal deviation (group 1) and 20 had pure cosmetic reasons without septal deviation (group 2). Preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively, four individuals (patient, surgeon, 2 independent surgeons) rated the aesthetic appearance of the nose with visual analogue scale. Facial photogrammetric analysis was applied. The patient’s aesthetic perception score was significantly correlated with the two independent surgeons (p < 0.05) whereas not with the primary surgeons. Regarding the objective parameters, patient’s aesthetic perception was significantly correlated with the dorsal alignment in both groups (p < 0.05). General satisfaction score was significantly correlated with the nasal breathing as well as with the aesthetic perception scores in both groups. This correlation was higher for aesthetic perception in group 1 and nasal breathing in group 2. Inter-rater variability of outcome perception was higher in cosmetic patients. Nasal dorsal alignment was the only objective parameter which was correlated with the patient’s perception. Patient’s perception of outcome has better represented the objective photogrammetric analysis rather than the primary surgeons. An interesting finding was the more significant correlation of general satisfaction with aesthetic perception in the functional group whereas nasal breathing in the cosmetic group.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Erratum to: Dysphagia and health-related quality of life in patients with
           eosinophilic esophagitis: a long-term follow-up
    • PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Sharp neck injuries in suicidal intention
    • Abstract: Abstract Sharp neck injuries in suicidal intention often present as serious emergency situations with the need for an immediate diagnosis and treatment. We report our study of the clinical evolution of this emergency condition. This study investigates the cases of sharp neck injuries in suicidal intention treated at our institution between 2000 and 2010. Patient records were collected in a retrospectively reviewed and analyzed database. The current literature was compared to our findings. We found 36 cases (10 female and 26 male). The neck injuries were superficial and profound in 16 and 20 patients, respectively. Twenty-two patients were seen by the Head and Neck surgeon. A surgical neck exploration was necessary in 19 cases. Tracheal, laryngeal, pharyngeal and vascular injuries were found in one, five, three and three cases, respectively. The hospital stay ranged from 1 to 47 days. All the patients underwent emergency psychiatric assessment and were subsequently referred for psychiatric treatment. One patient died in the emergency room from an additional arterial injury to the wrist. Sharp neck injuries in suicidal intention treated with an interdisciplinary medical, surgical and psychiatric emergency assessment and treatment have low mortality and morbidity.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
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