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Dynamic Games and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dysphagia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144, SJR: 0.684, h-index: 46)
e & i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.146, h-index: 8)
e-Neuroforum     Hybrid Journal  
Early Childhood Education J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.367, h-index: 12)
Earth Science Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.245, h-index: 5)
Earth, Moon, and Planets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.436, h-index: 28)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.433, h-index: 17)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.486, h-index: 7)
East Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.165, h-index: 9)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.289, h-index: 23)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.651, h-index: 22)
Ecological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.698, h-index: 38)
Economic Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.666, h-index: 40)
Economic Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Economic Change and Restructuring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 6)
Economic Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.857, h-index: 31)
Economic Theory Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Economics of Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.367, h-index: 12)
Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.793, h-index: 83)
Ecotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.041, h-index: 53)
Education and Information Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 15)
Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.519, h-index: 14)
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.781, h-index: 52)
Educational Research for Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.211, h-index: 8)
Educational Studies in Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 27)
Educational Technology Research and Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 132, SJR: 1.124, h-index: 45)
Electrical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.352, h-index: 17)
Electrocatalysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.542, h-index: 7)
Electronic Commerce Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.636, h-index: 14)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.326, h-index: 5)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 11)
Elemente der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal  
Emergency Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.446, h-index: 22)
Empirica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.185, h-index: 12)
Empirical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.5, h-index: 29)
Empirical Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.319, h-index: 33)
Employee Responsibilities and Rights J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 13)
Endocrine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.659, h-index: 55)
Endocrine Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.555, h-index: 27)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 10)
Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.589, h-index: 5)
Engineering With Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.497, h-index: 26)
Entomological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.128, h-index: 5)
Environment Systems & Decisions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Environment, Development and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 26)
Environmental and Ecological Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.389, h-index: 29)
Environmental and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.651, h-index: 46)
Environmental Biology of Fishes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.486, h-index: 53)
Environmental Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.664, h-index: 22)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.601, h-index: 55)
Environmental Economics and Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 3)
Environmental Evidence     Open Access  
Environmental Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.732, h-index: 23)
Environmental Geochemistry and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.909, h-index: 32)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 14)
Environmental Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.773, h-index: 60)
Environmental Modeling & Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.413, h-index: 27)
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.671, h-index: 46)
Environmental Science and Pollution Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.878, h-index: 42)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.002, h-index: 14)
Epileptic Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.669, h-index: 34)
EPJ A - Hadrons and Nuclei     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.435, h-index: 58)
EPJ B - Condensed Matter and Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.749, h-index: 85)
EPJ direct     Hybrid Journal  
EPJ E - Soft Matter and Biological Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 57)
EPMA J.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.161, h-index: 4)
ERA-Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.13, h-index: 2)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.62, h-index: 14)
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.173, h-index: 8)
Esophagus     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.268, h-index: 9)
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.111, h-index: 61)
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.278, h-index: 8)
Ethics and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 150, SJR: 0.363, h-index: 20)
Ethik in der Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.204, h-index: 6)
Euphytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.709, h-index: 57)
Eurasian Soil Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.271, h-index: 10)
EURO J. of Transportation and Logistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
EURO J. on Computational Optimization     Hybrid Journal  
EURO J. on Decision Processes     Hybrid Journal  
Europaisches J. fur Minderheitenfragen     Hybrid Journal  
European Actuarial J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.737, h-index: 37)
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.446, h-index: 12)
European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.334, h-index: 62)
European Biophysics J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.979, h-index: 53)
European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.269, h-index: 51)
European Clinics in Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Food Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.773, h-index: 49)
European J. for Education Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European J. for Philosophy of Science     Partially Free   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.165, h-index: 2)
European J. of Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.49, h-index: 17)
European J. of Applied Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.044, h-index: 74)
European J. of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.958, h-index: 74)
European J. of Clinical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.916, h-index: 69)
European J. of Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European J. of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.24, h-index: 25)
European J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.946, h-index: 60)
European J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 25)

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Journal Cover European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
   [5 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1434-4726 - ISSN (Online) 0937-4477
     Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2209 journals]   [SJR: 0.737]   [H-I: 37]
  • MRI artefacts after Bonebridge implantation
    • Abstract: Abstract The new transcutaneous bone conduction implant (BCI) Bonebridge (BB, MED-EL) allows the skin to remain intact and therefore overcomes some issues related to percutaneous systems, such as skin reaction around the external screw and cosmetic complaints. According to manufacturer, BB is MRI conditional up to 1,5 Tesla (T). The artefact of the neurocranium after BB implantation is extensive as shown in the present report. This has to be taken into account when patients suffering conductive, mixed or single-sided hearing loss with candidacy for a BCI are counselled. In patients with comorbid intracranial tumour or other diseases of the brain that require imaging control scans with MRI percutaneous, BCI should be the implant of choice considering the very small artefact of the percutaneous screw in MRI.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Using temperature–time integration as a critical parameter in using
           monopolar radiofrequency ablations
    • Abstract: Abstract It is generally believed that radiofrequency energy delivered to the tissue determines the RFA lesion size. The purpose of this study was to re-evaluate this relationship and propose a potentially parameter of temperature–time integration as a better indicator of RFA lesion size. Using an Ex Vivo lesioning model, fixed 300 J RFA lesions were created under target temperature settings of 65, 75, and 85 °C. The lesion sizes were recorded and compared. Under the target temperature of 65 and 75 °C, the RFA procedures were sustained for a period of time after reaching the target temperature. The correlation between the lesion size and the sustained time (Ts) after reaching the target temperature was calculated. Under the same amount of energy output (300 J), the lesion size created under the three different target temperatures (65, 75, and 85 °C) differs significantly. When the target temperature was set to 75 °C, the correlation coefficient between the Ts and the lesion area and the maximal effective radius (Mer) were 0.913 and 0.971, respectively. When the target temperature was set to 65 °C, the correlation coefficient between the Ts and the lesion area and the Mer were 0.962 and 0.923, respectively. The RFA lesion size is not proportional to the total delivered energy. The Temperature–time integration appears to be a much better indicator that critically influences the lesion size.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Sensorineural hearing loss: a complication of acute otitis media in adults
    • Abstract: Abstract We aim to evaluate the incidence and clinical manifestations of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in adult patients with acute otitis media (AOM). Seventy-five patients (age > 18 years; 83 ears) diagnosed with AOM between January 2008 and March 2011 at our clinic were enroled and retrospectively reviewed. We detected audiometrically confirmed SNHL during the course of AOM in eight patients. The clinical course, treatment, and audiometric final outcome of each case were reviewed. SNHL was associated with AOM in 8 out of 83 ears (9.3 %). The mean age of patients was 57.5 years, and the mean follow-up period was 21.1 months (range 0.6–46.3 months). The most common symptom was tinnitus. Mean bone conduction hearing threshold was 39.5 dB in pure tone audiometry. All patients showed high-frequency HL, and three showed pan-frequency HL. All patients were treated with oral antibiotics at the initial visit. Seven ears were treated with a combination of oral steroids. Myringotomy was also performed. Seven of eight patients showed improvement; however, 8 kHz thresholds were not improved. This suggested that the inflammation spread through the round window. The mean duration of recovery was 18.6 days. SNHL associated with AOM in adult patients occurs during the early phases of the disease course. High-frequency hearing was commonly affected and was well treated with oral antibiotics, myringotomy, and steroid therapy. Audiometry can be helpful for treating adult patients with AOM. Active treatment, including myringotomy, should be performed during the early phase, if SNHL is suspected.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Prognostic factors of Bell’s palsy: prospective patient collected
           observational study
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate various parameters potentially influencing poor prognosis in Bell’s palsy and to assess the predictive value for Bell’s palsy. A single-center prospective patient collected observation and validation study was conducted. To evaluate the correlation between patient characteristics and poor prognosis, we performed univariate and multivariate analyzes of age, gender, side of palsy, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and facial grading score 1 week after onset. To evaluate the accuracy of the facial grading score, we prepared a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and calculated the area under the ROC curve (AUROC). We also calculated sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative likelihood ratio, and positive/negative predictive value. We included Bell’s palsy patients who attended Ehime University Hospital within 1 week after onset between 1977 and 2011. We excluded patients who were less than 15 years old and lost-to-follow-up within 6 months. The main outcome was defined as non-recovery at 6 months after onset. In total, 679 adults with Bell’s palsy were included. The facial grading score at 1 week showed a correlation with non-recovery in the multivariate analysis, although age, gender, side of palsy, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension did not. The AUROC of the facial grading score was 0.793. The Y-system score at 1 week moderate accurately predicted non-recovery at 6 months in Bell’s palsy.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Primary tuberculosis of the middle ear cleft: diagnostic and therapeutic
    • Abstract: Abstract Tuberculosis remains one of the most challenging infectious diseases, which rarely manifests in the middle ear cleft exclusively. Typical symptoms of tuberculosis have become more and more confusing due to the genetic evolution of different Mycobacterium species. In the diagnosis of tuberculous otitis media (TOM), clinical suspicion plays a fundamental role, when topical and/or systemic antibiotic treatment cannot lead to improvement in ear discharge and inflammation. If there is no other reason of persisting otorrhea, microbiological sampling and culturing are the subsequent steps of diagnosis. These investigations, however, have low sensitivity; therefore a canal wall-up mastoidectomy is recommended, which includes the removal of necrotic bone and multiple histological sampling from various locations. Currently, histopathological analysis is the most robust and reliable method in the diagnosis of TOM. Tuberculin skin test, Mycobacterium-specific PCR and interferon-gamma release assay cannot distinguish between active, inactive or post-infective conditions. According to these considerations, these methods may serve as supplementary assays for the final diagnosis. Having the appropriate diagnosis after surgical intervention and laboratory analysis, medical management should be continued by anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy. Hereby, we demonstrate two cases with primary TOM and provide an overview of the literature in the light of diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines in the management of TOM.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Analysis of swallowing after partial frontolateral laryngectomy with
           epiglottic reconstruction for glottic cancer
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of the study was to evaluate swallowing using a reproducible objective methodology and to seek preoperative factors that could influence swallowing outcomes in patients operated on for partial laryngectomy. Twenty-four patients who underwent partial frontolateral laryngectomy with epiglottic reconstruction for T1bN0 or T2N0 glottic carcinoma between 2008 and 2012 were retrospectively evaluated. Using fiberoptic endoscopic and videofluoroscopic evaluation, early (15 days postoperatively) and late (2 months postoperatively) scores were obtained for all patients to quantify their swallowing skills. Eighty-three percent of patients achieved at least partial oral feeding at time of hospital discharge and 87.5 % achieved exclusive oral feeding within 2 months postoperatively. Early score was good or excellent in 50 %, average in 4.2 % and poor in 41.8 %. Regarding late scores, 63 % were classified as having a good or excellent late score, 7 patients (29 %) were classified as “middle result” because their time to recover was longer (i.e. between 1 and 2 months postoperatively), and two patients had a poor late score. Finally, at last follow-up, only one patient was partially fed by gastrostomy (180 days after surgery). T stage (p = 0.04) was the only factor influencing early swallowing outcomes and length of hospital stay was longer for poor scores than for good late results (p = 0.02). Our findings show good outcomes in terms of postoperative swallowing. Objective assessment of deglutition is essential for a better understanding of the mechanisms of postoperative swallowing disorders and for patient selection.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • New treatment strategies for HPV-positive head and neck cancer
    • Abstract: Abstract Epidemiological studies show an increasing incidence of human papilloma virus-associated oropharyngeal cancer. HPV-positive head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is recognized as a special subgroup of HNSCC. Because HPV-positive patients are often younger and have an outstanding prognosis, long-term toxicities of therapy have become an important issue. Current clinical trials focus on a reduction of treatment-related toxicity and the development of HPV-specific therapies. New treatment strategies include a dose reduction of radiotherapy, the use of cetuximab instead of cisplatin for chemoradiation and transoral robotic surgery (TORS). Increasing comprehension of the molecular background of HPV-associated HNSCC has also lead to more specific treatment attempts including immunotherapeutic strategies. Whereas recently published data shed light on immune mechanisms resulting in a tolerogenic niche for HPV and HPV-associated HNSCC, other studies focus on specific vaccination of HPV-positive HNSCC. This study will summarize current therapy approaches and illustrate ongoing clinical trials in the field of HPV-positive HNSCC.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Rhinoscleroma: a case series report and review of the literature
    • Abstract: Abstract Rhinoscleroma is a rare chronic granulomatous infectious disease and important differential diagnosis in developing countries and emigrants from these regions. In this survey we present seven cases from University Hospital Kigali, Rwanda, and one more from Germany. All cases are discussed on the background of the current literature.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Malignant transformation of metachronous bilateral Schneiderian inverted
           papilloma of the lacrimal sac: management considerations and the
           contentious issue of orbital exenteration
    • Abstract: Abstract The authors present an unusual case of malignant transformation of metachronous bilateral Schneiderian inverted papilloma (IP) of the lacrimal sac. Such pathology has been sparingly covered in prior published literature, in particular with little formal discussion surrounding its optimal management. We describe the clinical presentation, course and management in a 35-year-old male with histopathological diagnosis of Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising within IP. He underwent radical surgery, including orbital exenteration and medial maxillectomy. Our patient re-presented with IP in the contralateral side and subsequent malignant transformation to SCC with disseminated disease. Unfortunately he succumbed to disease approximately 20 months following initial surgery. This case raises several important questions with regard to appropriate treatment. In particular, we discuss the various management options with special consideration given to the contentious topic of orbital exenteration in such patients. We emphasise two particular controversial issues, namely, oncological efficacy of orbital preservation and the functional compromise that may result in the preserved eye.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Multivariate approach to investigating prognostic factors in deep neck
    • Abstract: Abstract Deep neck infections (DNI) spread along fascial planes and involve neck spaces. Very few studies have investigated potentially prognostic factors using multivariate statistical models. Our aim was to analyze 282 consecutive cases of DNI using multivariate (logistic) statistical models to identify independent significant factors influencing prognosis in terms of complications and long-term hospitalization (>6 days). In our series, only involvement of more than one neck space was independently significant in prognosticating complications of DNI (odds ratio [OR] 2.46). The presence of comorbidities (OR 2.13), non-odontogenic sites of origin (OR 1.88), leukocyte counts above 11.0 cells × 109/L at presentation (OR 3.57), and the need for both medical and surgical treatments (OR 4.66) was significantly and independently prognostic of long hospital stays. Multivariate analysis can distinguish between risk factors and their relative contribution to outcome. The few published studies using multivariate models to analyze DNI prognosis considered quite large cohorts, but no clinical variables persistently revealed an independent significant prognostic role. This evidence seems to underscore the complex interdependence of several clinical variables in contributing to DNI prognosis, and the heterogeneity of the diagnostic/therapeutic approaches adopted.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Finding balance between minimally invasive surgery and laryngotracheal
           resection in the management of adult laryngotracheal stenosis
    • Abstract: Abstract Management of adult laryngotracheal stenosis is complex and several treatment options are known. The present study focuses on finding the right balance between minimally invasive surgery and laryngotracheal resection by reviewing a single institution’s experiences. Retrospective analysis was performed of all adult and adolescent patients with laryngotracheal stenosis who underwent treatment in a tertiary referral center, between 1990 and 2012. Age, gender, etiology, treatment, recurrence, pre- and post-operative peak flow (PF), and pre- and post-treatment subjective complain scores (SCS) were registered. 87 patients with 267 interventions were analyzed. There were 238 dilatation tracheoscopies, 22 open surgeries and various other endoscopic procedures registered. Idiopathic stenoses required the most dilatation tracheoscopies, while post-tracheotomy stenoses required the least. Patients in the post-intubation and post-tracheotomy groups were significantly more often treated with open surgery compared to those in the granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and idiopathic groups. The gain in PF flow after dilatation tracheoscopy was significantly higher in the idiopathic group compared to the other groups. The median SCS of dyspnoea decreased in the whole population, while other SCS did not change remarkably. Repeated endoscopic procedures are recommended in patients with severe systemic disease which do not allow open surgery or when other comorbidities contraindicate open surgery. Open surgery very often offers the definitive solution in the treatment of laryngotracheal stenosis and cannot be avoided when the laryngeal or the tracheal framework is damaged. Patients′ personal preferences have to be considered in the pre-operative assessment process.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Reliability of postural control measures in children and young adolescents
    • Abstract: Abstract Although many studies have been carried out regarding postural stability during pediatric age, reliable information and a complete analysis of all age groups are still lacking. The purpose of this study was to verify the test–retest reliability of posturographic parameters in four sensory conditions and provide normative values for children and young adolescents. 289 subjects, aged 6–14 years, were assessed by means of the static posturography system SVeP. 173 elementary school pupils (114 males and 59 females, aged 6–10 years; mean age 8.80 ± 1.53) and 116 middle school students (60 males and 56 females, aged 11–14 years; mean age 12.6 ± 0.9) underwent static posturography in two consecutive trials with four testing conditions: eyes open and eyes closed with and without foam pads. The participants were divided into nine age groups. Thirty healthy young adults were also recruited for comparison. The analysis of test–retest reliability demonstrated an excellent reliability of velocity measurement and a moderate reliability of area measurement. Velocity and area decreased significantly with age in all sensory conditions, indicating an improvement in postural control from childhood to adolescence. Postural stability had not reached the adult level by the age of 13–14 years. Reliable information regarding postural stability can be obtained in children and young adolescents by means of stabilometric parameters. These data can be used as a reference for early detection of atypical postural development and for the assessment of dizziness and balance disorders in children.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Do the blinds smell better'
    • Abstract: Abstract If people lose a sense organ, there is thought to be an increase in the remaining sensory functions. Previous studies showed ambiguous results on this topic. In a prospective matched pair case-control study on 46 blind and 46 normal-sighted subjects, the olfactory performance was examined using the Sniffin’ Sticks Test [threshold-discrimination-identification (TDI) test], determining the olfactory threshold, the identification and the discrimination performance. There was no significant difference between the groups. Neither the overall olfactory performance (TDI score) nor any of its subtests did correlate with the vision or with the duration of blindness. The study could not detect any superior smell abilities of blind subjects as compared to sighted subjects.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • New diagnostic markers in salivary gland tumors
    • Abstract: Abstract Parotid gland tumors are a rare and heterogeneous entity. Molecular markers are sparse. The aim of the study was to identify new diagnostic markers in benign and malignant salivary tumors. A tissue microarray was constructed with 158 tumor samples. Expression of 21 tumor antigens involved in tumor cell survival and known for prognostic potential was assessed immunohistochemically in all parotid gland samples. CEA, Cox-1, Cox-2, Sigma, beta-Catenin, WISP-1 and PDGF-beta were differently regulated in benign and malignant parotid tumors. Subsequently, these seven proteins entered the step-wise logistic regression analysis. As a second step, we defined a score for differentiating benign versus malignant parotid lesions: 4*CEA+15*Cox-1+4*Cox-2+4*Sigma+3*PDGF-beta+10*beta-Catenin+14*Wisp1. Sensitivity and specificity of 94 and 83 % were reached. Besides routine hematoxylin and eosin staining, definition of new diagnostic markers and subsequently a new diagnostic score are an attempt to create an additional tool for the diagnosis of parotid gland tumors.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Characterization of age-related changes in sacculocolic response
           parameters assessed by cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials
    • Abstract: Abstract Age-related changes have been documented in anatomical studies on peripheral as well as central vestibular systems. Similar changes have also been observed for saccular responses evaluated through Cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) after the age of 60 years. Nevertheless, most of these studies have either made use of small sample sizes, considered inappropriate for normative studies of such kind, or incorporated wider age groups which might have confounded the conclusions. In order to overcome the above shortcomings, the present study aimed at evaluating the effect of age on cVEMP using larger sample size and distributing the participants to smaller age group divisions. A cross-sectional design was employed to record cVEMPs from 280 healthy volunteers in the age range of 10–85 years who were distributed to seven age groups (10–20, 20–30, 30–40, 40–50, 50–60, 60–70 and above 70 years). The latency, amplitude, inter-aural asymmetry ratio, and threshold were compared using one-way analysis of variance, whereas the response rate was calculated in terms of percentage of ears in which the responses were identifiable. The results revealed a steady decline in response rate and amplitude with advancing age beyond 5th decade (50–60 years). In addition, the latency of P13 and N23 was prolonged, while the thresholds worsened with increasing age also after 50 years. Hence, age-matched norms have to be considered while interpreting the results of cVEMP, especially in individuals above 50 years of age.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Anatomical and surgical study of the sphenopalatine artery branches
    • Abstract: Abstract The sphenopalatine artery gives off two main branches: the posterior lateral nasal branch and the posterior septal branch. From 2007 to 2012 17 patients were treated with cauterization and/or ligature of the sphenopalatine artery with endonasal endoscopic approach. 90 nasal dissections were performed in 45 adult cadaveric heads. We evaluated the number of branches emerging from the sphenopalatine foramen and the presence of an accessory foramen. In the surgery group, we observed a single trunk in 76 % of the patients (13/17) and a double trunk in 24 % (4/17). We found an accessory foramen in four cases. We obtained a successful result in bleeding control in 88 % of the cases. In the cadaver dissection group, 55 nasal cavities had a single arterial trunk (61 %), 30 had 2 arterial trunks (33 %) and in only 5 nasal fossae we observed 3 arterial trunks (6 %). We were able to dissect four accessory foramina. We suggest that in most cases only one or two branches are found in the sphenopalatine foramen.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • Endonasal nasolacrimal duct surgery: a comparative study of two techniques
    • Abstract: Abstract Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is performed in patients with saccal or postsaccal lacrimal duct obstruction. Focusing on the endonasal approach, we compared success rates, clinical outcome, complications and patient satisfaction of endoscopic vs. non-endoscopic techniques in endonasal DCR. We analyzed the results of 173 patients who underwent an endonasal DCR either utilizing a non-endoscopic (Group I) or an endoscopic technique (Group II) between 2006 and 2011. Irrigation tests followed the first day and at least 3 months after surgery. Postoperative patients’ satisfaction and the occurrence of symptoms were documented and evaluated in a follow-up questionnaire. The minor complication rates of both endonasal DCR techniques were similarly low (10 %) without severe adverse events. The use of the endoscope prolonged the operating time significantly (28 ± 9 min Group I vs. 34 ± 14 min Group II, p = 0.003). The success rate was 90.2 % in Group II compared to only 57.9 % in Group I (p < 0.000). Further, we determined the absence of reflux during the irrigation test 1 day after surgery as a significant predictor for the later outcome (R = 1.598, p = 0.005). The follow-up questionnaire revealed a significant improvement in subjectively perceived symptoms by the surgical intervention for both endonasal techniques (p < 0.000). The endoscopically assisted DCR is a safe and successful endonasal technique for patients with saccal or postsaccal lacrimal duct obstructions. The use of the endoscope led to significant higher success rates compared to non-endoscopic techniques in our collective.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • In Memoriam: Hans von Leden 1918–2014
    • PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • “Injured” Chinese otolaryngologist
    • PubDate: 2014-07-01
  • MiR-155 up-regulation by LMP1 DNA contributes to increased nasopharyngeal
           carcinoma cell proliferation and migration
    • Abstract: Abstract Regulation of oncogenic or tumor-suppressive microRNAs expression by Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) and the correlation of EBV with the nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) have cast new light on the cause of NPC. The present study is to determine the association of miR-155 with EBV-positive NPC, and to evaluate the oncogenic role of miR-155 in cell proliferation, migration and invasion of NPC cells. The miR-155 expression was determined by real-time RT-qPCR; The oncogenic promotion of miR-155 was evaluated by by cell colony formation assay, proliferation assay, scratch assay and transwell migration assay. It showed that miR-155 expression was up-regulated in EBV-positive NPC tissue samples and was correlated with plasma LMP1 DNA copies. Expression of miR-155 was also up-regulated in NPC cell lines post-transfecting with LMP1-expressing plasmid. Up-regulated miR-155 stimulated the capability of NPC cell proliferation, colony formation, cell migration and invasion. Therefore, miR-155 is up-regulated in NPC tissues, with a correlation with plasma LMP1 DNA copies, and is significantly induced in NPC cells by LMP1 in vitro. The oncogenic miR-155 promotes NPC cell proliferation, migration and invasion significantly in vitro.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
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