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Diabetologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 3.157, h-index: 161)
Diabetologia Notes de lecture     Hybrid Journal  
Diabetology Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.273, h-index: 5)
Dialectical Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.314, h-index: 9)
Die Weltwirtschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.364, h-index: 15)
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.63, h-index: 7)
Digestive Diseases and Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.19, h-index: 89)
Directieve therapie     Hybrid Journal  
Discrete & Computational Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.269, h-index: 40)
Discrete Event Dynamic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.42, h-index: 32)
Distributed and Parallel Databases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.766, h-index: 30)
Distributed Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.41, h-index: 31)
DNP - Der Neurologe und Psychiater     Full-text available via subscription  
Documenta Ophthalmologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 40)
Doklady Biochemistry and Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 10)
Doklady Biological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.248, h-index: 10)
Doklady Botanical Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Doklady Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.272, h-index: 12)
Doklady Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.48, h-index: 17)
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.345, h-index: 13)
Doklady Physical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.299, h-index: 12)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 17)
Douleur et Analg├ęsie     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.113, h-index: 6)
Drug Delivery and Translational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.607, h-index: 8)
Drug Safety - Case Reports     Open Access  
Drugs : Real World Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamic Games and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.481, h-index: 5)
Dysphagia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82, SJR: 0.822, h-index: 52)
e & i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.279, h-index: 9)
e-Neuroforum     Hybrid Journal  
Early Childhood Education J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.466, h-index: 16)
Earth Science Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.282, h-index: 7)
Earth, Moon, and Planets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 29)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.482, h-index: 21)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 9)
East Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 9)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 27)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.88, h-index: 26)
Ecological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.847, h-index: 43)
Economia e Politica Industriale     Hybrid Journal  
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.375, h-index: 6)
Economic Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.527, h-index: 44)
Economic Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Economic Change and Restructuring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.264, h-index: 9)
Economic Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 2.557, h-index: 34)
Economic Theory Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Economics of Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 14)
Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.909, h-index: 93)
Ecotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.333, h-index: 56)
Education and Information Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.374, h-index: 15)
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 2.776, h-index: 61)
Educational Research for Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.273, h-index: 9)
Educational Studies in Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, h-index: 32)
Educational Technology Research and Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 73, SJR: 1.785, h-index: 52)
Electrical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.336, h-index: 18)
Electrocatalysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.883, h-index: 10)
Electronic Commerce Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.582, h-index: 16)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.411, h-index: 8)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.407, h-index: 15)
Elemente der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Emergency Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.678, h-index: 25)
Emission Control Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Empirica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 16)
Empirical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.489, h-index: 31)
Empirical Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.285, h-index: 39)
Employee Responsibilities and Rights J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 15)
Endocrine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.878, h-index: 57)
Endocrine Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.638, h-index: 31)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.732, h-index: 14)
Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.176, h-index: 7)
Engineering With Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.433, h-index: 30)
Entomological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.144, h-index: 5)
Environment Systems & Decisions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Environment, Development and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 29)
Environmental and Ecological Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.458, h-index: 32)
Environmental and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.632, h-index: 54)
Environmental Biology of Fishes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.725, h-index: 58)
Environmental Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.741, h-index: 28)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.724, h-index: 63)
Environmental Economics and Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 4)
Environmental Evidence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 24)
Environmental Geochemistry and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.013, h-index: 36)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.522, h-index: 19)
Environmental Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.942, h-index: 66)
Environmental Modeling & Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.533, h-index: 31)
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.685, h-index: 52)
Environmental Science and Pollution Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.885, h-index: 46)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.4, h-index: 17)
Epileptic Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.608, h-index: 38)
EPJ A - Hadrons and Nuclei     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.287, h-index: 63)
EPJ B - Condensed Matter and Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.731, h-index: 89)
EPJ direct     Hybrid Journal  
EPJ E - Soft Matter and Biological Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.641, h-index: 62)
EPMA J.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.284, h-index: 6)
ERA-Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.128, h-index: 3)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.621, h-index: 16)

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Journal Cover   European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
  [SJR: 0.849]   [H-I: 42]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1434-4726 - ISSN (Online) 0937-4477
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2302 journals]
  • Low blood levels of sTWEAK are related to locoregional failure in head and
           neck cancer
    • Abstract: Identifying serum pre-treatment molecular markers that can predict response to therapy is of great interest in head and neck oncology and is required to develop personalized treatments that maximize survival while minimizing morbidity. The main aim was to investigate the potential prognostic significance of tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), and its receptors, fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 (Fn14) and CD163, in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The study comprised 37 consecutive patients with pathologically confirmed, untreated HNSCC. Serum and tissue samples from these patients were available for study. We determined sTWEAK and sCD163 levels in serum from 37 HNSCC patients by ELISA. TWEAK, CD163, Fn14 and TNF-α gene expression were detected by real-time RT-PCR in 111 matched tissue samples (tumoral, adjacent and distal/normal mucosa). Our results showed a significant relationship between low sTWEAK levels and poor locoregional control of the disease. Kaplan–Meier curves indicated that the locoregional recurrence-free survival rate in patients with low sTWEAK circulating levels was significantly lower than in patients with high levels, and that high CD136/TWEAK expression ratio in tumors was also related to poor prognosis. sTWEAK pre-treatment serum levels might be used as prognostic non-invasive biomarkers for locoregional control in patients with HNSCC. Future investigations are warranted to determine the potential prognostic significance of this non-invasive biomarker in the rapid discrimination according to the locoregional control achieved in patients who received a non-surgical organ preservation treatment.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • The feasibility of endoscopic transcanal approach for insertion of various
           cochlear electrodes: a pilot study
    • Abstract: To determine the feasibility of inserting various types of electrode arrays using an endoscopic transcanal approach into the cochlea via the round window membrane (RWM). All the procedures were performed by the first author and started with a cortical mastoidectomy. A six o’clock vertical incision was made in the meatal skin, and a posterior tympano-meatal flap was elevated transmeatally to expose the middle ear cavity using a rigid 0° endoscope (diameter 3 mm, length 14 cm). The chorda tympani nerve (CTN) and body of the incus were exposed. The RWM was incised, and the electrodes were passed through the tunnel from the mastoid to the epitympanum, medial to the CTN and lateral to the incus into the round window (RW) in seven procedures. In the other six cases, an open groove had been drilled, starting superiorly and laterally to the CTN and ending in the mastoid region. After electrodes insertion, the groove was filled with bone dust and covered with a large piece of fascia prior to repositioning of the tympano-meatal flap. Complete electrode insertion (7 Nucleus Contour Advance, 5 Concerto and 1 HiRes90K) via the RW was achieved in all 13 cases. Endoscopic CI was more feasible for insertion of concerto electrode followed by HiRes90K and Nucleus. An assistance of another surgeon was required for removal of stylet in the “off-the-stylet technique” utilized for implantation of nucleus electrode. Endoscopic transcanal implantation of different cochlear electrodes through the RW is feasible in both children and adults and can be used as first surgical option or as a complementary to the traditional posterior tympanotomy approach.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Reliability and validity of the Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire in
    • Abstract: The Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (NCIQ) is a specific and quantifiable self-assessment health-related quality of life (QoL) questionnaire. It was developed to determine the subjective benefits of a cochlear implant (CI). The present study aimed to determine the validity and reliability of the NCIQ in Spanish. Seventy-six adult, Spanish speaking, CI users and 28 control subjects answered the NCIQ. Reliability of the questionnaire was determined using Cronbach’s α coefficient and the validity established using Pearson’s correlation coefficient. All questionnaire respondents performed significantly better in all sub-domains with a cochlear implant than before cochlear implantation. The Cronbach’s α score exceeded 0.70 in most sub-domains and the total score. The objective measures: bisyllables tested without lip-reading and with masking; and bisyllables, tested without lip-reading and without masking were correlated with the sub-domain ‘advanced sound perception’. To determine health-related QoL the NCIQ in Spanish is a reliable self-assessment questionnaire and a valuable instrument in determining the subjective benefit of a CI.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Paradigm change in the treatment of non-melanoma skin cancer of the
           auricle: reconstruction with full thickness skin grafting instead of wedge
    • Abstract: Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) has become an epidemic disease and is predominantly located in the head and neck area. While historically auricular NMSCs are treated by means of a wedge excision, we describe a more elegant technique with excellent esthetical results. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 43 consecutive patients with NMSC of the auricle who underwent reconstruction with a full thickness skin graft (FTSG). All grafts survived. Two patients (5 %) showed crust formation, but fully recovered. One patient had an irradical resection for which he required a limited re-excision. All patients showed excellent esthetical results. When treating NMSC of the auricle, reconstruction with a FTSG demonstrates several important advantages. It is a relatively simple but oncological safe technique; it leads to excellent esthetical and functional outcomes, and shows high patient and surgeon satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Topographic bone thickness maps for Bonebridge implantations
    • Abstract: Bonebridge™ (BB) implantation relies on optimal anchoring of the bone-conduction implant in the temporal bone. Preoperative position planning has to account for the available bone thickness minimizing unwanted interference with underlying anatomical structures. This study describes the first clinical experience with a planning method based on topographic bone thickness maps (TBTM) for presigmoid BB implantations. The temporal bone was segmented enabling three-dimensional surface generation. Distances between the external and internal surface were color encoded and mapped to a TBTM. Suitable implant positions were planned with reference to the TBTM. Surgery was performed according to the standard procedure (n = 7). Computation of the TBTM and consecutive implant position planning took 70 min on average for a trained technician. Surgical time for implantations under passive TBTM image guidance was 60 min, on average. The sigmoid sinus (n = 5) and dura mater (n = 1) were exposed, as predicted with the TBTM. Feasibility of the TBTM method was shown for standard presigmoid BB implantations. The projection of three-dimensional bone thickness information into a single topographic map provides the surgeon with an intuitive display of the anatomical situation prior to implantation. Nevertheless, TBTM generation time has to be significantly reduced to simplify integration in clinical routine.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Expression of podoplanin and prognosis in oropharyngeal cancer
    • Abstract: It has been shown that podoplanin expression is associated with carcinoma of the aerodigestive tract. Recent studies indicate that podoplanin may serve as a prognostic biomarker in oral carcinoma. In order to provide evidence on the role of podoplanin in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, we evaluated the prognostic impact of podoplanin in these patients. We analyzed formalin-fixed tissue samples from 107 consecutive patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. HPV typing and immunohistochemical staining for both p16 and podoplanin were performed. Expression of podoplanin was seen in 38.3 % of all cases. We found no correlation of the podoplanin scores with either p16 expression or with HPV status. There was no significant correlation of podoplanin expression with the staging variables T, N, M, and tumor grading. Podoplanin expression did neither influence the 5-year overall survival nor the 5-year disease-free survival. Concluding, we could not find a prognostic role of podoplanin expression neither in the HPV-positive cases nor in the HPV-negative cases. It appears that podoplanin is not expressed as often in oropharyngeal cancer compared to oral cancer. We could not show any relation of lymph node metastases and podoplanin expression in this homogenous cohort of tumors.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Restudy of malformations of the internal auditory meatus, cochlear nerve
           canal and cochlear nerve
    • Abstract: The present study aims to restudy the correlation between the internal auditory meatus (IAM), the cochlear nerve canal (CNC), the cochlear nerve (CN) and inner ear malformations. In this retrospective study design, the abnormal diameter of the IAM, CNC and CN in patients with any kind of inner ear malformations was evaluated using multi-slice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) (37 patients) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (18 patients). Of 37 MSCT-diagnosed patients, 2 had IAM atresia, 11 IAM stenosis, 22 enlarged IAM, and 2 normal IAM with an abnormal CN. MRI diagnoses of 18 patients revealed 8 cases of aplastic CN, 6 hypoplastic CN, and 4 normal CN. CNC stenosis was associated with CN hypoplasia (P < 0.001). Patients with absent or stenotic IAM had less CN development than those with normal or enlarged IAM (P = 0.001). We propose a modification of the existing classification systems with a view to distinguishing malformations of the IAM, CNC and CN.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Effects and consequences of Digisonic SP cochlear implant on radiotherapy
    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess dose attenuation by a Digisonic SP cochlear implant (CI) and evaluate its impact on treatment planning. The Digisonic CI was irradiated with 6 MV photons. Overall dose attenuation was assessed with MOSFET dosimeters and Gafchromic films. In addition, we evaluated the attenuation of separate CI components. Dose attenuation was also calculated using different radiation treatment planning systems (TPS) softwares and dose calculation algorithms. The CI was placed on a head phantom. Single-beam and multiple-beam plans were evaluated for dose attenuation using two radiation techniques (Conformal and Stereotactic radiotherapy) and four different algorithms (Clarkson, Point Kernel-Superposition, Ray Tracing and Monte Carlo). MOSFET and Gafchromics film showed maximal 6–7.5 % radiation dose attenuation, at the center of the CI. Computerized TPS-based dose attenuation by the implant was 4–8.1%, using a single ipsilateral field. No clinically meaningful dose attenuation was found in multiple field plans owing to the contribution of various beam paths with only a couple going through the implant using either conventional conformal or stereotactic treatment plans. Dose attenuation induced by a Digisonic SP CI is about 6%, for single 6 MV photon field. This dose reduction is unlikely to be clinically significant, as single-field radiotherapy plans to this anatomic region are uncommon.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Audiological changes over time in adolescents and young adults with
           auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder
    • Abstract: Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) describes a condition in which a patient’s otoacoustic emissions (OAE) are (or were at one time) present and auditory brainstem responses (ABR) are abnormal or absent. ANSD is also diagnosed based on the presence of cochlear microphonics and abnormal or absent ABRs with or without abnormalities of OAE. We noted the changes in audiological characteristics over time with respect to pure tone thresholds, OAEs and Speech Identification Scores (SIS) in seven individuals with ANSD. The results indicated that all the individuals with ANSD had decreased SIS over time, whereas there was subsequent reduction in pure tone thresholds only in nine out of fourteen ears. There was absence of OAEs for two individuals in both ears during the follow-up evaluations. There was no regular pattern of changes in pure tone thresholds or SIS across all individuals. This indicates that there may be gradual worsening of hearing abilities in individuals with ANSD. Thus, regular follow-up and monitoring of audiological changes are necessary for individuals with ANSD. Also, longitudinal studies need to be done to further add evidence to the audiological changes over time in individuals with ANSD.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Erratum to: Clinical implication of ocular torsion in peripheral
    • PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Erratum to: Reliability and validity of the Nijmegen Cochlear Implant
           Questionnaire in Spanish
    • PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • The clinical relevance of Ki-67 expression in laryngeal squamous cell
    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of Ki-67 immunostaining in patients affected by laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. A systematic review was carried out in a tertiary university referral center. An appropriate string was run on PubMed to retrieve articles dealing with Ki-67 immunohistochemical staining and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. A double cross-check was performed on citations and full-text articles by two investigators independently to review all manuscripts and perform a comprehensive quality assessment. Of 85 abstracts identified, 18 articles were included. These studies reported on 1,342 patients with histological confirmed diagnosis of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Most studies showed a statistical association between Ki-67 immunohistochemical expression and at least one of the clinical and histopathological parameters considered by the authors. Overall the studies analyzed suggested that the tumoral proliferative index was statistically connected respectively with T stage (2/18), N stage (4/18), grading (6/18), disease-free survival (10/18) and overall survival (4/18). Our review strongly suggests that immunohistochemical staining of Ki-67 correlates with tumoral aggressiveness and worse prognosis in patients affected by laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Further high-quality prospective studies should be carried out to confirm our finding and determine the eventual differences between cancers of specific laryngeal subsites.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Comparative analysis of Cutanplast and Spongostan nasal packing after
           endoscopic sinus surgery: a prospective, randomized, multicenter study
    • Abstract: Commercial gelatin-based packing materials are available under different names and compositions to be used after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of Spongostan and Cutanplast nasal packing on patients’ subjective symptoms, hemostasis, and wound healing following ESS. One hundred adult patients with chronic sinusitis requiring the same extent of ESS were included. Following surgery, one nasal cavity was packed with Cutanplast and the other one with Spongostan. Patients’ subjective symptoms while the packing was in situ, hemostatic properties, degree of remaining amount of packing materials, postoperative wound healing, and the cost of the pack were evaluated. Cutanplast and Spongostan are equally effective in the control of postoperative bleeding following ESS. However, Cutanplast packing was significantly more comfortable than Spongostan for nasal obstruction, postnasal drip, rhinorrhea, and headache. Furthermore, the Cutanplast packing was significantly less painful at all time points. The remaining amount of the pack was significantly lower in the Cutanplast than Spongostan packing. Spongostan packing appears to impair wound healing within the sinus cavities up to 3 months postoperatively. Cutanplast was less expensive than Spongostan as used in this study. Cutanplast may be more useful gelatin-based packing material than Spongostan in terms of efficacy and cost–benefit after ESS.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • The clinical course of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis after the use
           of cidofovir is influenced by multiple factors
    • PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Preservation of laryngeal function improves outcomes of patients with
           hypopharyngeal carcinoma
    • Abstract: This study compares clinical characteristics and survival between patients with and without laryngeal function (LF) preservation during surgical treatment for hypopharyngeal carcinoma. We retrospectively reviewed 485 cases of hypopharyngeal carcinoma treated at a single institution for analysis. There were 337 cases with and 148 cases without LF preservation after surgery. Preservation of LF was complete in 237 patients and partial in 100 patients. There were significant statistical differences between the preservation group and the group without preservation in T-stage (P < 0.001), overall staging (P < 0.001), and tumor sites (P < 0.001) except the N-stage (P = 0.240). The patients with LF preservation had significantly better overall survival (log-rank, P = 0.005) and a lower risk of death than those without LF preservation (HR 0.62, 95 % CI 0.43–0.97), after multivariable adjustment. Treatment with surgery in combination with radiotherapy is still the favorable choice for patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma. The maximal restoration of pharyngoesophageal continuity and function improves survival for patients whose tumors are excised completely for the preservation of LF and laryngeal and pharyngeal reconstruction.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Increased frequency of mitral valve prolapse in patients with deviated
           nasal septum
    • Abstract: Any abnormality of collagen may affect the tissues with higher collagen content, e.g., joints, heart valves, and great arteries. Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a characteristic of generalized collagen abnormality. Nasal septum (NS) is constituted by osseous and cartilaginous septums that are highly rich in collagen. We evaluated the co-existence of deviation of NS (DNS) in patients with MVP. We retrospectively evaluated the recordings of echocardiographic and nasal examinations of subjects with MVP and DNS. We analyzed the features of MVP and anatomical classification of DNS among subjects. Totally, 74 patients with DNS and 38 subjects with normal nasal passage were enrolled to the study. Presence of MVP was significantly higher in patients with DNS compared to normal subjects (63 vs 26 %, p < 0.001). Prolapse of anterior, posterior and both leaflets was higher in patients with DNS. Thickness of anterior mitral leaflet was significantly increased in patients with DNS (3.57 ± 0.68 vs 4.59 ± 1.1 mm, p < 0.001) compared to normal subjects. Type I, II, and III, IV DNS were higher in frequency in patients with MVP while type V and VI were higher in normal subjects. DNS is highly co-existent with MVP and increased thickness of mitral anterior leaflet. Generalized abnormality of collagen which is the main component of mitral valves and nasal septum may be accounted for co-existence of MVP and DNS. Also co-existence of them may exaggerate the symptoms of patients with MVP due to limited airflow through the nasal passage.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Teaching laryngeal electromyography
    • Abstract: To achieve consensus in the methodology, interpretation, validity, and clinical application of laryngeal electromyography (LEMG), a working group on neurolaryngology from the European Laryngological Society (ELS) was founded in 2010. The main task of the working group was to teach key techniques like LEMG procedures. The objective of this study was to collect information on the teaching techniques used and describe them. A multicenter registry was created to analyze the data collected from LEMGs in 14 departments. We screened how often different departments participated in teaching events. Teaching events were classified retrospectively: presentations at conferences and meetings; workshops with hands-on training on patients; workshops with hands-on training on animal models; workshops with hands-on training on anatomic specimens; and supervision by experts to perform LEMG together. Both, supervision to perform LEMG together and the total number of PCA–LEMGs (r = 0.713), as well as supervision to perform LEMG together and the PCA/total-number-of-LEMG ratio (r = 0.814) were correlated significantly (p < 0.05). Similarly, the sum of teaching events was correlated significantly with the total number of PCA–LEMGs (r = 0.605), and so did the sum of teaching events with the PCA/total-number-of-LEMG ratio (r = 0.704). Participation in hands-on training in humans was correlated significantly with the PCA/total-number-of-LEMG ratio (r = 0.640). The data presented herein suggest that multimodal teaching techniques are most effective. To promote multimodal learning an interactive webpage ( providing videos and animations, and the possibility to discuss cases with other experts was established.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Endoscopic prelacrimal recess approach adjunct with vestibular sulcus
           incision: case report of a minimally invasive access to remove
           infratemporal fossa tumor
    • Abstract: To remove tumor located at anterolateral–inferior of infratemporal fossa (ITF) with purely transnasal approach is still a great challenge because of the over lateral angulation. The aim of this study is to present our initial experience—endoscopic prelacrimal recess approach adjunct with vestibular sulcus incision as a simple and minimally invasive approach to remove tumor in this area. Tumor in anterolateral ITF can be well explored via endoscopic prelacrimal recess approach; a simple vestibular sulcus incision provides a second access for two-surgeon co-operation, so tumor can be removed conveniently with minimal invasion. It is a viable alternative to endoscopic extended medial maxillectomy approach or open approaches to this area.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • A novel multipurpose mini-endoscope for frontal sinus endoscopy
           “sinus view”
    • Abstract: Endoscopic frontal sinus surgery has been proven to enable the treatment of most frontal sinus pathologies but may be challenging for the surgeon in regard to the variable frontal sinus anatomy. Frontal sinus drainage identification and frontal sinus visualization are an essential part of successful frontal sinus surgery. We demonstrate a novel modular mini-endoscopic system for frontal sinus surgery. Fifty-two patients (37 male, 15 female) with a chronic rhino-sinusitis were enrolled. In this study, all patients were subjected to standard endonasal endoscopic sinus surgery with use of the fibre optic endoscope “Sinus View” (1.1 mm diameter, 10,000 pixels, irrigation channel and additional working channel) accessing the frontal sinus. A frontal sinus drainage type I in 38 cases, a frontal sinus drainage type IIa in 9 cases and a frontal sinus drainage type IIb in 5 cases according to Draf were performed. The modular mini-endoscopic system “Sinus view” was used to identify frontal sinus drainage in ten patients before ethmoidectomy and in the remaining patients (N = 42) after ethmoidectomy. Visualization of the frontal sinus drainage or the frontal sinus itself was easily carried out after irrigation. A clear identification of the frontal sinus by illumination was achieved in all cases. In addition the working channel of the endoscope was successfully used to perform visualized balloon dilatation at the frontal sinus drainage or for biopsy. The endonasal visualization of the frontal sinus drainage and frontal sinus itself is facilitated by also using a modular mini-endoscope with the option to use the working channel of the endoscope for biopsy or balloon dilatation.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
  • Nasal and oral snoring endoscopy: novel and promising diagnostic tools in
           OSAS patients
    • Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate if any of the three awake procedures [fiberoptic nasopharyngoscopy with modified Müller Maneuver (FNMM), nasal snoring endoscopy (NSE), or oral snoring endoscopy (OSE)] could efficiently predict the grade or pattern of upper airway (UA) collapse found with drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE), which is considered by many authors as the current gold standard in optimizing obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patient selection for UA surgery. Twenty consecutive patients (simple snorers and OSAS patients) were studied with FNMM, NSE, OSE, and DISE. The inter-test agreement was evaluated with Cohen’s kappa coefficient (κ). In the current series, we found that NSE and OSE were better than FNMM in predicting the pattern of collapse found with DISE. A significant pattern agreement between NSE and DISE was present in all sub-sites, and the agreement was measured with a scale proposed by Landis and Koch as: moderate in velo- and oropharynx (κ = 0.52, p = 0.001, and κ = 0.47, p = 0.003, respectively), and substantial in hypopharynx (κ = 0.63, p < 0.00001). Comparing OSE with DISE, the pattern agreement was almost perfect at oropharyngeal level (κ = 0.82, p < 0.00001), and moderate at hypopharyngeal level (κ = 0.55, p = 0.0002); while a trend towards significance was found at velopharyngeal level (κ = 0.20, p = 0.07). FNMM showed a fair pattern agreement with DISE only at oropharyngeal level (κ = 0.31, p = 0.009); while in the other sub-sites, no significant agreement was found. NSE and OSE are new promising diagnostic tools in OSAS patients. Further investigations are needed to see if they could predict the effectiveness of UA surgery.
      PubDate: 2015-07-01
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