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Showing 1201 - 1400 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
J. of Clinical Geropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.332, h-index: 75)
J. of Clinical Monitoring and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.661, h-index: 37)
J. of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.46, h-index: 34)
J. of Cluster Science     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.416, h-index: 31)
J. of Coal Science and Engineering (China)     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.188, h-index: 8)
J. of Coastal Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.474, h-index: 25)
J. of Coatings Technology and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.425, h-index: 25)
J. of Combinatorial Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.093, h-index: 34)
J. of Communications Technology and Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.29, h-index: 16)
J. of Community Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.727, h-index: 14)
J. of Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.921, h-index: 44)
J. of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.087, h-index: 74)
J. of Comparative Physiology B : Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.126, h-index: 59)
J. of Compassionate Health Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Computational Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.291, h-index: 19)
J. of Computational Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 20)
J. of Computational Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.068, h-index: 60)
J. of Computer and Systems Sciences Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, h-index: 13)
J. of Computer Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.437, h-index: 31)
J. of Computer Virology and Hacking Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.151, h-index: 2)
J. of Computer-Aided Molecular Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.995, h-index: 78)
J. of Computers in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
J. of Computing in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.363, h-index: 21)
J. of Consumer Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.704, h-index: 30)
J. of Contemporary Mathematical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.237, h-index: 5)
J. of Contemporary Physics (Armenian Academy of Sciences)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.197, h-index: 6)
J. of Contemporary Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 23)
J. of Control Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 19)
J. of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 9)
J. of Crop Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Cross-Cultural Gerontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.631, h-index: 29)
J. of Cryptographic Engineering     Partially Free   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.989, h-index: 11)
J. of Cryptology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.443, h-index: 55)
J. of Cultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.539, h-index: 29)
J. of Database Marketing & Customer Strategy Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.149, h-index: 8)
J. of Derivatives & Hedge Funds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.114, h-index: 5)
J. of Developmental and Physical Disabilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.574, h-index: 29)
J. of Digital Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.578, h-index: 35)
J. of Direct Data and Digital Marketing Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.154, h-index: 6)
J. of Dynamical and Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.4, h-index: 26)
J. of Dynamics and Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.418, h-index: 31)
J. of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.483, h-index: 16)
J. of Earth System Science     Open Access   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 32)
J. of East Asian Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.537, h-index: 20)
J. of Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.22, h-index: 3)
J. of Ecology and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Economic Growth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 3.273, h-index: 63)
J. of Economic Interaction and Coordination     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.263, h-index: 12)
J. of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 23)
J. of Economics and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 19)
J. of Educational Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.961, h-index: 21)
J. of Elasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.851, h-index: 45)
J. of Electroceramics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.577, h-index: 57)
J. of Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.609, h-index: 75)
J. of Electronic Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.372, h-index: 27)
J. of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.112, h-index: 9)
J. of Elementary Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
J. of Elliptic and Parabolic Equations     Hybrid Journal  
J. of Engineering Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 37)
J. of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 11)
J. of Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 5)
J. of Engineering Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.763, h-index: 9)
J. of Environmental Studies and Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
J. of Ethology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.609, h-index: 25)
J. of Evolution Equations     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.826, h-index: 26)
J. of Evolutionary Biochemistry and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 11)
J. of Evolutionary Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 52)
J. of Experimental and Theoretical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.458, h-index: 39)
J. of Experimental Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.445, h-index: 28)
J. of Failure Analysis and Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.261, h-index: 15)
J. of Family and Economic Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.396, h-index: 32)
J. of Family Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.639, h-index: 56)
J. of Financial Services Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.273, h-index: 10)
J. of Financial Services Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.572, h-index: 36)
J. of Fixed Point Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.644, h-index: 13)
J. of Fluorescence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 56)
J. of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.307, h-index: 4)
J. of Food Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 29)
J. of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.495, h-index: 27)
J. of Forestry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.304, h-index: 14)
J. of Fourier Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.18, h-index: 42)
J. of Friction and Wear     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.373, h-index: 7)
J. of Fusion Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 19)
J. of Gambling Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.171, h-index: 57)
J. of Gastroenterology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.651, h-index: 88)
J. of Gastrointestinal Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.304, h-index: 39)
J. of Gastrointestinal Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.64, h-index: 99)
J. of General Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.804, h-index: 134)
J. of General Plant Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.554, h-index: 22)
J. of Genetic Counseling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.902, h-index: 39)
J. of Genetics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.458, h-index: 28)
J. of Geodesy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 2.173, h-index: 56)
J. of Geographical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.8, h-index: 23)
J. of Geographical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.822, h-index: 39)
J. of Geometric Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.491, h-index: 27)
J. of Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 15)
J. of Global Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 60)
J. of Global Policy and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
J. of Grid Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.414, h-index: 37)
J. of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.881, h-index: 39)
J. of Hematopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 13)
J. of Heuristics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.308, h-index: 50)
J. of High Energy Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.052, h-index: 153)
J. of Homotopy and Related Structures     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, h-index: 2)
J. of Housing and the Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.648, h-index: 28)
J. of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.344, h-index: 19)
J. of Ichthyology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.304, h-index: 10)
J. of Immigrant and Minority Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.759, h-index: 37)
J. of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 46)
J. of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
J. of Indian Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.127, h-index: 12)
J. of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.966, h-index: 80)
J. of Industry, Competition and Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.327, h-index: 15)
J. of Infection and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.673, h-index: 46)
J. of Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.474, h-index: 55)
J. of Information Technology Teaching Cases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
J. of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.25, h-index: 36)
J. of Inherited Metabolic Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.389, h-index: 77)
J. of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials     Partially Free   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.338, h-index: 33)
J. of Insect Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.569, h-index: 39)
J. of Insect Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.872, h-index: 43)
J. of Intelligent and Robotic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.629, h-index: 43)
J. of Intelligent Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.691, h-index: 43)
J. of Intelligent Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 54)
J. of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.93, h-index: 43)
J. of Intl. Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 4.208, h-index: 130)
J. of Intl. Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.549, h-index: 23)
J. of Intl. Migration and Integration / Revue de l integration et de la migration internationale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 13)
J. of Intl. Relations and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.793, h-index: 22)
J. of Labor Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.394, h-index: 27)
J. of Logic, Language and Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
J. of Low Temperature Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.531, h-index: 52)
J. of Machinery Manufacture and Reliability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 7)
J. of Mammalian Evolution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.134, h-index: 37)
J. of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 2.252, h-index: 83)
J. of Management and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.805, h-index: 33)
J. of Management Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.605, h-index: 6)
J. of Marine Science and Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.439, h-index: 11)
J. of Marine Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, h-index: 19)
J. of Maritime Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.228, h-index: 8)
J. of Market-Focused Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
J. of Marketing Analytics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
J. of Material Cycles and Waste Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.449, h-index: 22)
J. of Materials Engineering and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.544, h-index: 40)
J. of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.836, h-index: 123)
J. of Materials Science : Materials in Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Mathematical Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.011, h-index: 71)
J. of Mathematical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.497, h-index: 45)
J. of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.22, h-index: 22)
J. of Mathematical Imaging and Vision     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.901, h-index: 53)
J. of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.414, h-index: 23)
J. of Mathematical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.272, h-index: 23)
J. of Mathematics Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.062, h-index: 20)
J. of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Mechanical Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.589, h-index: 26)
J. of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 18)
J. of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.299, h-index: 18)
J. of Medical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.717, h-index: 44)
J. of Medical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.874, h-index: 28)
J. of Medical Ultrasonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
J. of Medicine and the Person     Hybrid Journal  
J. of Membrane Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.738, h-index: 82)
J. of Micro-Bio Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.28, h-index: 3)
J. of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.741, h-index: 43)
J. of Mining Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.317, h-index: 16)
J. of Molecular Evolution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.952, h-index: 108)
J. of Molecular Histology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.755, h-index: 48)
J. of Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.165, h-index: 113)
J. of Molecular Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.466, h-index: 50)
J. of Molecular Neuroscience     Partially Free   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.988, h-index: 69)
J. of Mountain Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 15)
J. of Muscle Research and Cell Motility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 55)
J. of Nanoparticle Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.583, h-index: 84)
J. of Natural Medicines     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.602, h-index: 28)
J. of Near-Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Nephrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.689, h-index: 55)
J. of Network and Systems Management     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.466, h-index: 26)
J. of Neural Transmission     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.034, h-index: 86)
J. of Neuro-Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.274, h-index: 90)
J. of Neuroimmune Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.662, h-index: 45)
J. of Neurology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.429, h-index: 105)
J. of NeuroVirology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.979, h-index: 69)
J. of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.863, h-index: 27)
J. of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.887, h-index: 42)
J. of Nonverbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 47)
J. of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.024, h-index: 68)
J. of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.919, h-index: 60)
J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 6)
J. of Occupational Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.811, h-index: 51)
J. of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Ocean University of China (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.237, h-index: 11)
J. of Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.796, h-index: 52)
J. of Ocular Biology, Diseases, and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.183, h-index: 11)
J. of Optical and Fiber Communications Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 8)
J. of Optimization Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 65)
J. of Ornithology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
J. of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.574, h-index: 33)

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Journal Cover European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
  [SJR: 0.755]   [H-I: 50]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1434-4726 - ISSN (Online) 0937-4477
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Professor Emeritus, Dr. Med. Mirko Tos
    • Authors: Ulrik Pedersen; Hans Edmund Eckel
      Pages: 847 - 847
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4907-6
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • A comparison of semi-automated volumetric vs linear measurement of small
           vestibular schwannomas
    • Authors: Samuel MacKeith; Tilak Das; Martin Graves; Andrew Patterson; Neil Donnelly; Richard Mannion; Patrick Axon; James Tysome
      Pages: 867 - 874
      Abstract: Objective Accurate and precise measurement of vestibular schwannoma (VS) size is key to clinical management decisions. Linear measurements are used in routine clinical practice but are prone to measurement error. This study aims to compare a semi-automated volume segmentation tool against standard linear method for measuring small VS. This study also examines whether oblique tumour orientation can contribute to linear measurement error. Study design Experimental comparison of observer agreement using two measurement techniques. Setting Tertiary skull base unit. Participants Twenty-four patients with unilateral sporadic small (< 15 mm maximum intracranial dimension) VS imaged with 1 mm-thickness T1-weighted Gadolinium enhanced MRI. Main outcome measures (1) Intra and inter-observer intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), repeatability coefficients (RC), and relative smallest detectable difference (%SDD). (2) Mean change in maximum linear dimension following reformatting to correct for oblique orientation of VS. Results Intra-observer ICC was higher for semi-automated volumetric when compared with linear measurements, 0.998 (95% CI 0.994–0.999) vs 0.936 (95% CI 0.856–0.972), p < 0.0001. Inter-observer ICC was also higher for volumetric vs linear measurements, 0.989 (95% CI 0.975–0.995) vs 0.946 (95% CI 0.880–0.976), p = 0.0045. The intra-observer %SDD was similar for volumetric and linear measurements, 9.9% vs 11.8%. However, the inter-observer %SDD was greater for volumetric than linear measurements, 20.1% vs 10.6%. Following oblique reformatting to correct tumour angulation, the mean increase in size was 1.14 mm (p = 0.04). Conclusion Semi-automated volumetric measurements are more repeatable than linear measurements when measuring small VS and should be considered for use in clinical practice. Oblique orientation of VS may contribute to linear measurement error.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4865-z
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Cochlear implantation using the underwater technique: long-term results
    • Authors: Konrad Johannes Stuermer; David Schwarz; Andreas Anagiotos; Ruth Lang-Roth; Karl-Bernd Hüttenbrink; Jan Christoffer Luers
      Pages: 875 - 881
      Abstract: Introduction The opening of the round window and the insertion of the electrode array into the scala tympani during cochlear implant surgery can lead to a pressure shock of the delicate inner ear structures. By filling the tympanic cavity with Ringer Solution during these surgical steps (underwater technique), the hydrostatic pressure of the fluid acts as a smooth pressure stabilizer, avoiding a pressure shock of the inner ear structures. The aim of this retrospective study was to present long-term results of this new method of cochlear implantation in underwater technique. Methods Altogether, 47 implantations in 43 patients with residual hearing at the frequencies 250, 500 and 1000 Hz in the unaided preoperative pure tone audiometry were included. A cochlear implantation via round window with a conventional full-length electrode was performed in underwater technique. Changes of residual hearing 7 weeks and 24 months after surgery were analyzed. Results Overall postimplant hearing preservation 7 weeks after implantation was achieved in 22 ears (47%). Subsequent follow-up was performed on average 24 months after surgery (range 12 months–4.2 years) in all patients. At this late postoperative evaluation, preservation of hearing was recorded in 18 ears (38%). Neither the follow-up time nor the type of electrode had a significant impact on the postoperative hearing loss. Conclusion The underwater technique is an atraumatic cochlear implantation technique with hearing preservation rates comparable to results in literature and a very small hearing preservation decline rate over time even when using full-length CI electrodes.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4886-7
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Validation of the second version of the LittlEARS ® Early Speech
           Production Questionnaire (LEESPQ) in German-speaking children with normal
    • Authors: Annerose Keilmann; Barbara Friese; Anne Lässig; Vanessa Hoffmann
      Pages: 883 - 888
      Abstract: Introduction The introduction of neonatal hearing screening and the increasingly early age at which children can receive a cochlear implant has intensified the need for a validated questionnaire to assess the speech production of children aged 0‒18. Such a questionnaire has been created, the LittlEARS® Early Speech Production Questionnaire (LEESPQ). This study aimed to validate a second, revised edition of the LEESPQ. Methods and materials Questionnaires were returned for 362 children with normal hearing. Completed questionnaires were analysed to determine if the LEESPQ is reliable, prognostically accurate, internally consistent, and if gender or multilingualism affects total scores. Results Total scores correlated positively with age. The LEESPQ is reliable, accurate, and consistent, and independent of gender or lingual status. A norm curve was created. Discussion This second version of the LEESPQ is a valid tool to assess the speech production development of children with normal hearing, aged 0‒18, regardless of their gender. As such, the LEESPQ may be a useful tool to monitor the development of paediatric hearing device users. Conclusion The second version of the LEESPQ is a valid instrument for assessing early speech production of children aged 0‒18 months.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4889-4
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Middle ear microvascularization: an “in vivo” endoscopic
           anatomical study
    • Authors: Matteo Alicandri-Ciufelli; Pierre Guarino; Filippo Fabbri; Elio Maria Cunsolo; Livio Presutti; Lukas Anschuetz
      Pages: 889 - 894
      Abstract: Purpose To describe the in vivo vascularization of middle ear by an endoscopic point of view, particularly focusing on the medial wall of tympanic cavity and incudostapedial region (ISR). Study design Case series with surgical videos review and anatomical description. Methods 48 videos from exclusive endoscopic middle ear surgery performed at the University Hospital of Modena from November 2015 to July 2017 were reviewed. Data about anatomy of vessels, and blood flow direction (BFD) were collected in an appropriate database for further analyses. Results 48 cases were included in the present study. In 18/48 patients (37,5%), a clearly identifiable inferior tympanic artery (ITA) was present, running just anteriorly to the round window (RW), with a superior BFD (65% of cases) from the hypotympanic region toward the epitympanum. Some promontorial variants were described in 67% of cases and the most common finding was a mucosal vascular network with a multidirectional BFD. On the ISR, an incudostapedial artery (ISA) was detected in 65% of cases with BFD going from the long process of the incus (LPI) toward the pyramidal eminence in the majority of cases. Conclusion The vascular anatomy and BFD of the medial wall of the tympanic cavity can be easily studied in transcanal endoscopy. ITA (with a superior BFD in most cases) and ISA (with a main BFD from the incus to the stapes) are the most constant identifiable vessels.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4905-8
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Accuracy and feasibility of a dedicated image guidance solution for
           endoscopic lateral skull base surgery
    • Authors: Christoph Rathgeb; Lukas Anschuetz; Daniel Schneider; Cilgia Dür; Marco Caversaccio; Stefan Weber; Tom Williamson
      Pages: 905 - 911
      Abstract: Objective We aimed to design, build and validate a surgical navigation system which fulfills the accuracy requirements for surgical procedures on the ear and the lateral skull base, and which integrates with the endoscopic workflow and operating room setup. Materials and Methods The navigation system consists of portable tablet computer (iPad Pro, Apple Computer, USA) and an optical tracking system (Cambar B1, Axios3D, Germany), both connected via a wireless Bluetooth link and attached directly to the OR table. Active optical tracking references are rigidly fixed to both the patient and surgical tools. Software to support image import, registration and 2D/3D visualization has been developed. Two models were used for targeting accuracy assessment: a technical phantom model and an ex vivo temporal bone model. Additionally, workflow integration and usability of the navigation system during endoscopic lateral skull base procedures was investigated in ex vivo experiments on 12 sides of cadaver head specimens. Results The accuracy experiments revealed a target registration error in the technical phantom model of 0.20 ± 0.10 mm (n = 36) and during the ex vivo assessment of 0.28 ± 0.10 mm (n = 21). Navigation was successfully carried out in n = 36 procedures (infracochlear, suprageniculate and transpromontorial approach), with navigated instruments usable without interference with the endoscope. The system aided in the successful and accurate identification of vital anatomical structures. Conclusions Useful surgical navigation is, to a large extent, a result of sufficiently accurate tracking technology. We have demonstrated sufficient accuracy and a potentially suitable integration for surgical application within endoscopic lateral skull base procedures.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4906-7
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Cochlear implantation in the elderly: outcomes, long-term evolution, and
           predictive factors
    • Authors: Leire Garcia-Iza; Zuriñe Martinez; Ane Ugarte; Mercedes Fernandez; Xabier Altuna
      Pages: 913 - 922
      Abstract: Objective Our goal in this study is to find out the outcomes of cochlear implantation in elderly (> 60 years) and check if this improvement is similar to that of their younger counterparts in short- and long-term evolution. In addition, we have attempted to ascertain the predictive factors that might affect the verbal comprehension results of older patients. Study design Retrospective cohort study. Methods Ninety-four patients older than 40 years, divided into two groups. 40–60 years n = 55 and > 60 years n = 39. A pure-tone audiometry, a disyllabic word test, and the test of phonetically balanced sentences of Navarra were made in silence to each patient. These measurements were made pre-implantation and 1, 5, and 10 year post-implantation. Peri- and postoperative complications were registered. The hypothetic predictive factors of post-implanted performance were evaluated in the elderly. Results Our study shows no significant difference between young and old adult´s outcomes in short- and long-term evolutions, nor in the complication rate. Furthermore, we proved the significant influence of the side of implantation, use of hearing aids, and duration of hearing loss in the short- and long-term results in the elderly. Conclusion This study shows that cochlear implantation in the elderly is as safe, useful, and worthwhile as in young adults. Age has a low influence in cochlear implant outcomes; however, we have found the significant influence of the side of implantation, the use of hearing aids, and the duration of hearing loss in the short- and long-term results.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4910-y
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Radiological comparison of inferior turbinate hypertrophy between allergic
           and non-allergic rhinitis: does allergy really augment turbinate
    • Authors: Salma Saud Al Sharhan; Eun Jung Lee; Chi Sang Hwang; Jae Sung Nam; Joo-Heon Yoon; Chang-Hoon Kim; Hyung-Ju Cho
      Pages: 923 - 929
      Abstract: Background Inferior turbinate hypertrophy could be a result of allergic rhinitis (AR) that leads to nasal congestion and nasal airway obstruction, which is the most bothersome complaint in patients with AR. However, evidence regarding whether patients with AR have a more hypertrophied inferior turbinate than do patients with non-AR is lacking. Objective We aimed to evaluate the degree of inferior turbinate hypertrophy according to the presence of AR using radiological measurements of the inferior turbinate. Methods For evaluating the inferior turbinate, which contributes to nasal obstruction in patients with AR, we enrolled 90 adult patients with septal deviation and divided them into two groups (AR group: n = 49; non-AR group: n = 41). Allergic rhinitis was diagnosed according to the presence of an allergic history, positive multiple allergen simultaneous test, and serological total immunoglobulin E level (≥ 100 kU/L). We analyzed the minimal cross-sectional area on acoustic rhinometry for both groups. The bilateral total width as well as medial mucosa and nasal cavity space in the anterior and posterior portions of the inferior turbinate were measured using computed tomography. Results We could not find any significant differences in the anterior and posterior dimensions of the inferior turbinate, intranasal space, and choanal spaces between the AR and non-AR groups. Instead, the anterior part of the inferior turbinate in both the groups showed significant differences between the deviated and contralateral sides. The contralateral side had a larger width than did the deviated side, but no significant difference was noted in the posterior portion of the inferior turbinate. Conclusion The degree of inferior turbinate hypertrophy showed no difference between patients with and without AR. Therefore, we suggest that surgical treatment for reducing the size of the inferior turbinate hypertrophy should be considered when performing septoplasty in patients with symptoms of nasal obstruction, regardless of the presence of AR.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4893-8
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Coexistence of frontal sinus hypoplasia with maxillary sinus hypoplasia: a
           radiological study
    • Authors: Kursat Murat Ozcan; Omer Hizli; Zeynep Alev Sarisoy; Hakan Ulusoy; Guven Yildirim
      Pages: 931 - 935
      Abstract: Abstract The goal of this study was to determine whether frontal sinus hypoplasia coexists with maxillary sinus hypoplasia. Analyzing paranasal CT scans retrospectively, we included 86 patients who had a hypoplastic maxillary sinus at least on one side and 80 patients with bilateral normal maxillary sinuses (control group). We classified hypoplastic maxillary sinuses using the classification system previously defined by Bolger et al. (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 103(5):759–765, 1990). We classified the frontal sinuses as aplastic, hypoplastic, medium-sized, and hyperplastic; as previously defined by Guerram et al. (Am J Phys Anthropol 154(4):621–627, 2014). We compared the presence of frontal sinus hypoplasia using Chi-square test between the groups. The mean age of the maxillary sinus group was 43.2 (range 18–84) years. Of 86 patients, 33 (38.4%) had unilateral and 53 (61.6%) had bilateral maxillary sinus hypoplasia. Of 139 maxillary sinuses totally included, 73 (52.5%) were type 1, 51 (36.7%) were type 2 and 15 (10.8%) were type 3 hypoplastic maxillary sinuses. Of 332 frontal sinuses totally included, 25 (7.5%) were aplastic, 32 (9.6%) were hypoplastic, 172 (51.9%) were medium-sized, and 103 (31%) were hyperplastic. Of 86 patients with a hypoplastic maxillary sinus at least on one side, 29 (33.7%) had a hypoplastic and/or aplastic frontal sinus, while 10 (12.5%) had a hypoplastic and/or aplastic frontal sinus at least on one side in control group. Incidence of frontal sinus hypoplasia and/or aplasia was significantly higher in patients with maxillary sinus hypoplasia compared to the patients with bilaterally normal maxillary sinuses (χ2 = 10.384, P = 0.001). Maxillary sinus hypoplasia has a significantly higher coexistence with frontal sinus hypoplasia. This study may have an implication for anatomical studies about the development of the paranasal sinuses and paranasal sinus surgery as well as further morphological studies.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4892-9
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Innovative real CSF leak simulation model for rhinology training: human
           cadaveric design
    • Authors: Abdulaziz A. AlQahtani; Abeer A. Albathi; Othman M. Alhammad; Abdulkarim S. Alrabie
      Pages: 937 - 941
      Abstract: Objective To study the feasibility of designing a human cadaveric simulation model of real CSF leak for rhinology training. Method The laboratory investigation took place at the surgical academic center of Prince Sultan Military Medical City between 2016 and 2017. Five heads of human cadaveric specimens were cannulated into the intradural space through two frontal bone holes. Fluorescein-dyed fluid was injected intracranialy, then endoscopic endonasal iatrogenic skull base defect was created with observation of fluid leak, followed by skull base reconstruction. The outcome measures included subjective assessment of integrity of the design, the ability of creating real CSF leak in multiple site of skull base and the possibility of watertight closure by various surgical techniques. Results The fluid filled the intradural space in all specimens without spontaneous leak from skull base or extra sinus areas. Successfully, we demonstrated fluid leak from all areas after iatrogenic defect in the cribriform plate, fovea ethmoidalis, planum sphenoidale sellar and clival regions. Watertight closure was achieved in all defects using different reconstruction techniques (overly, underlay and gasket seal closure). Conclusion The design is simulating the real patient with CSF leak. It has potential in the learning process of acquiring and maintaining the surgical skills of skull base reconstruction before direct involvement of the patient. This model needs further evaluation and competence measurement as training tools in rhinology training.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4902-y
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Olfactory and gustatory functions after free flap reconstruction and
           radiotherapy for oral and pharyngeal cancer: a prospective follow-up study
    • Authors: Markus Lilja; Mari Markkanen-Leppänen; Sanna Viitasalo; Kauko Saarilahti; Andrew Lindford; Patrik Lassus; Antti Mäkitie
      Pages: 959 - 966
      Abstract: Background The senses of smell and taste can be adversely affected by both tumour- and treatment-related factors amongst head and neck cancer patients. The consequences may negatively impact nutritional status as well as quality of life in this patient population. Patients and methods This prospective longitudinal follow-up study is consisted of 44 patients treated for oral cavity, oropharyngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer with tumour resection and microvascular free tissue transfer reconstruction at the Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. Thirty-nine (89%) of them also received radiotherapy. The senses of smell (odour detection, identification and threshold test) and taste (electrogustometry) and quality of life (UW-QOL) were evaluated preoperatively, and at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months, postoperatively. Results There were higher scores in the odour detection values in the 6-week and 3-month tests compared with preoperative values for the tumour side. Other detection scores did not differ statistically from the preoperative values neither in the tumour nor the contralateral side. However, in the odour identification test, all posttreatment values were statistically significantly higher than pretreatment ones. In the olfactory threshold test, no statistically significant differences were found between pre- and posttreatment values. Electrogustometry values for the taste on the tumour side were statistically significantly impaired at 6 weeks (p < 0.05) and at 3 months (p < 0.01) compared with the pretreatment results. They were also impaired at 6 months and at 12 months, although the differences were not statistically significant. The quality of life was impaired after treatment in this patient series. However, the correlation between quality of life and sense of taste was found only at one time point (3 months) and only with contralateral side measurements. Conclusions We conclude that in oral and pharyngeal cancer patients the postoperative taste problems are related to the impairment on the taste sensation in the tongue but not with the sense of smell. Moreover, the impairment in the quality of life is not clearly related to the impaired sense of taste.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4883-x
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Tumors of the parapharyngeal space: the VU University Medical Center
           experience over a 20-year period
    • Authors: Thijs van Hees; Stijn van Weert; Birgit Witte; C. René Leemans
      Pages: 967 - 972
      Abstract: Background Tumors of the parapharyngeal space (PPS) are rare, accounting for 0.5–1.5% of all head and neck tumors. The anatomy of the PPS is responsible for a wide variety of tumors arising from the PPS. This series of 99 PPS tumors provides an overview of the clinical course and management of PPS tumors. Materials and methods This retrospective study included clinical data from patients treated for PPS tumors from 1991 to 2012 (warranting at least a 4-year follow-up) at the VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Results Fifty percent were salivary gland tumors, 41% were neurogenic and 9% had a different origin. 18.2% of the PPS tumors were malignant. The most reported symptom at presentation was swelling of the neck and throat. In 14%, the PPS tumor was an accidental finding following imaging for other diagnostic reasons. Cytology showed an accuracy rate of 73.1% (19/26). The positive predictive value of a malignant cytology result was 86% (95% CI 42.1–99.6%). Surgery was performed in 55 patients (56%). The most frequently performed approach (56%) was the cervical–transparotid approach, followed by the cervical (25%), transmandibular (16%) and transoral (2%) approach. Nine patients died of the disease, of which seven patients had a malignant salivary gland tumor, one patient had a pleomorphic adenoma at first diagnosis which degenerated into carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma and one patient died of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Conclusion This large single-centre report on PPS tumors shows that careful diagnostic work up and proper surgical planning are important in this specific and rare group of head and neck tumors. Surgery was the main treatment (56%) for parapharyngeal tumors. Management of parapharyngeal neurogenic neoplasms generally consists of active surveillance due to peri-operative risk for permanent cranial nerve damage. The histopathological diagnoses were consistent with previous reports.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4891-x
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Non-enhanced MRI in combination with color Doppler flow imaging for
           improving diagnostic accuracy of parotid gland lesions
    • Authors: Wei Zhang; Zhichao Zuo; Ningbin Luo; Lianfeng Liu; Guanqiao Jin; Junjie Liu; Danke Su
      Pages: 987 - 995
      Abstract: Purpose To determine the value of non-enhanced MRI in combination with color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) for differentiating malignant parotid tumors from benign ones. Methods This retrospective study analyzed 51 parotid gland lesions (39 benign and 12 malignant) in 51 patients who underwent preoperative CDFI as well as non-enhanced MRI including T1-weighted, T2-weighted, and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Degrees of intratumor vascularity were categorized into four grades basing on CDFI findings. The relationships between the lesion and its adjacent external carotid artery and retromandibular vein were inspected on T1-weighted and T2-weighted images. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were calculated from diffusion-weighted images, and were used to classify the parotid gland lesions with and without reference to the CDFI findings. The classification results were compared using the McNemar test. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy percentages were calculated when the non-enhanced MRI/CDFI findings were used to differentiate benign lesions from malignant ones. Results The diagnostic accuracy (96.1 vs 82.4%) was significantly improved when ADCs were used together with CDFI findings for classifying parotid gland lesions compared to when ADCs were used alone. Pleomorphic adenomas had the highest ADCs. The ADC thresholds were 1.425 × 10−3 mm2/s for differentiating pleomorphic adenomas from carcinomas, 0.999 × 10−3 mm2/s for differentiating pleomorphic adenomas from other benign lesions, and 0.590 × 10−3 mm2/s for differentiating benign lesions other than pleomorphic adenomas from lymphomas. Conclusion Combining CDFI with non-enhanced MRI can improve the diagnostic accuracy of MRI for classifying parotid gland lesions.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4895-6
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Health-related quality of life in patients with major salivary gland
    • Authors: Christoph Becker; Jens Pfeiffer; Kitty Lange; Kilian Konrad Kenjiro Dahlem
      Pages: 997 - 1003
      Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the health-related quality of life (QOL) in patients with major salivary gland carcinoma (MSGC). Methods 45 patients with MSGC completed the University of Washington Quality of Life (UWQOL) questionnaire. Results and factors influencing quality of life were analyzed using Mann–Whitney U test. Results 24 patients were male, 21 patients were female, and median age was 57 years. 33 patients presented with early stage (UICC stage I or II) cancer. All patients had surgery as initial therapy. The UWQOL domains with the worst results were ‘appearance’, ‘activity’ and ‘anxiety’. Factors influencing QOL were sex, tumor stage, comorbidities, follow-up time, tumor grade, postoperative radiation therapy and facial nerve dysfunction. Conclusions Diagnosis and treatment of MSGC has influence on overall QOL. Postoperative radiation has the greatest impact on QOL. This is one of the largest study evaluating QOL in patients with salivary gland carcinoma using the UWQOL.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4914-7
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Lingual tonsillectomy with palatal surgery for the treatment of
           obstructive sleep apnea in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Phantipar Samutsakorn; Prakobkiat Hirunwiwatkul; Busarakum Chaitusaney; Natamon Charakorn
      Pages: 1005 - 1013
      Abstract: Objective To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate effects of lingual tonsillectomy with palatal surgery as a combined procedure for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults. Search methods Data source: a comprehensive search of MEDLINE, Scopus, Ovid, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library was performed through November 2017. Manual searches and subject matter expert input were also obtained. This review includes studies assessing efficacy of lingual tonsillectomy with palatal surgery as a combined procedure for the treatment of OSA in adults, who had multilevel obstruction including lingual tonsil hypertrophy, in which apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) or respiratory disturbance index (RDI) were reported. Results A total of four studies (107 patients) met our inclusion criteria. Pooled random effects analysis demonstrated a statistically significant improvement of polysomnographic respiratory events postoperatively, with average AHI reduction of 18.51 events per hour, [95% confidence interval (CI) (− 31.72, − 5.31); P = 0.006] and increase in minimal arterial oxygen saturation of 5.26 [95% CI (0.10, 10.42); P = 0.05]. The result also showed that the procedures significantly improved sleepiness resulting in an average Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) reduction of 5.44 [95% CI (− 8.69, − 2.18); P = 0.001]. Conclusion A combination of lingual tonsillectomy with palatal surgery may offer benefits in a selected group of OSA adults, in terms of apnea/hypopnea index, minimal arterial oxygen saturation and Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Data were based on meta-analysis of all case series with 2–6 months’ follow-up.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4887-6
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Evaluation of the success of obstructive sleep apnea surgery using
           criteria based on long-term symptoms and incident hypertension
    • Authors: Jae Hyun Lim; Pona Park; Jee Hye Wee; January E. Gelera; Kundan Kumar Shrestha; Chae-Seo Rhee; Jeong-Whun Kim
      Pages: 1015 - 1022
      Abstract: Objective To identify appropriate success criteria, based on long-term symptoms and incident hypertension, after surgery for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods This observational cohort study included 97 adult OSA patients (90 men) who underwent surgical treatment at our tertiary medical center. Subjective symptoms [witnessed sleep apnea and snoring, and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) scores] were evaluated through a telephone survey, and incident hypertension was assessed from medical records. The subjects were divided into success and failure groups according to seven different criteria, and data were analyzed to identify the criteria that could significantly differentiate the success from failure groups. Results The participants had a mean age of 48.8 ± 11.9 years and a mean preoperative body mass index of 26.5 ± 3.5 kg/m2. The mean preoperative and postoperative apnea–hypopnea index (AHI) values were 36.1/h and 19.4/h, respectively. The mean follow-up duration was 77.0 ± 31.1 months. Postoperative witnessed apnea, snoring, and the ESS scores decreased significantly compared to preoperative scores in both the success and failure groups based on most of the seven criteria. Among the seven criteria, success and failure groups based on a postoperative AHI cutoff of 15 or 20/h differed significantly in witnessed apnea, snoring, or ESS scores. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis based on incident hypertension revealed that no criterion could significantly distinguish between the two groups. Conclusions Our results suggest that some of the success criteria analyzed may be more useful in differentiating between success and failure groups after surgery, in terms of long-term improvement of subjective OSA-related symptoms.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4894-7
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Swallowing evaluation after surgery for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome:
           uvulopalatopharyngoplasty vs. expansion pharyngoplasty
    • Authors: Anne M. B. Corradi; Liciane P. Valarelli; Thaís H. Grechi; Alan L. Eckeli; Davi C. Aragon; Daniel S. Küpper; Leila A. Almeida; Heidi H. Sander; Luciana V. V. Trawitzki; Fabiana C. P. Valera
      Pages: 1023 - 1030
      Abstract: Purpose To evaluate the effect of pharyngeal surgery on swallowing pattern in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), and to compare two surgical techniques: uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) and expansion pharyngoplasty (EP), through videofluoroscopy. Methods Longitudinal prospective cohort, in a tertiary referral center. 17 adult patients were enrolled this study, divided into two groups: patients who underwent UPPP (n = 10) or EP (n = 7). Swallowing videofluoroscopy (for both liquid and pasty consistences) was assessed at three different periods: before surgery, and at 14 and 28 days following surgery. Comparisons were performed between pre- and post-operative (PO) swallowing conditions in the same patient, and between surgical techniques. Results Asymptomatic OSAS patients already presented altered swallowing pattern before surgery. Both surgical procedures led to an increased hyoid movement time and an increased frequency of laryngeal penetration in early PO during liquid ingestion. For pasty consistency, both techniques reduced velum movement time and increased pharyngeal transit time and the rate of stasis in hypopharynx. All these parameters reached or tended to reach the pre-operative indices at day PO 28. Conclusions OSAS patients show sub-clinical changes in swallowing pattern before surgery. Both surgical techniques are related to transitory changes in swallowing biomechanics. Complete or partial reversal to pre-operative swallowing parameters occurs 1 month after both surgery techniques.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4898-3
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Calculation of indirect costs of associated with postoperative caregiver
           absences after pediatric tonsil surgery
    • Authors: Zhengcai Lou; Zi-Han Lou
      Pages: 1031 - 1032
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-017-4779-1
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • In response to “Calculation of indirect costs of associated with
           postoperative caregiver absences after pediatric tonsil surgery”
    • Authors: Gunnhildur Gudnadottir; J. Stalfors; J. Hellgren
      Pages: 1033 - 1033
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-018-4879-6
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
  • Revision adenoidectomy in children: residual vs regrowth'
    • Authors: Hassan A. Elhassan; Gülpembe Bozkurt; İ. Emrah Emre
      Pages: 1035 - 1035
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00405-017-4850-y
      Issue No: Vol. 275, No. 4 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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