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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2353 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2353 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 120)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Archives of Dermatological Research
  [SJR: 0.9]   [H-I: 65]   [6 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-069X - ISSN (Online) 0340-3696
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • The role of microbiota, and probiotics and prebiotics in skin health
    • Authors: Mia Maguire; Greg Maguire
      Pages: 411 - 421
      Abstract: Abstract During the past decade, scientists have made great strides in understanding the microbiome’s role in human health. Today, the microbiome has become key in scientific research, therapeutic development, medical treatment, and as a news feature in the media. Most studies have focused on the microbiome of our gut, but recently researchers have turned their attention to other microbiomes, including that of the skin. These studies of gut and skin microbiomes are yielding very informative results, new treatment strategies, and the development of new prebiotic and probiotic products for the treatment of many skin conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1750-3
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Skin permeation and antioxidant efficacy of topically applied resveratrol
    • Authors: Cristina Alonso; M. Martí; C. Barba; V. Carrer; L. Rubio; L. Coderch
      Pages: 423 - 431
      Abstract: Abstract The permeation of resveratrol was assessed by in vitro and in vivo experiments 24 h after topical administration. The in vitro profile of resveratrol was assessed by Raman spectroscopy. Human skin permeation was analysed in vivo by the tape stripping method with the progressive removal of the stratum corneum layers using adhesive tape strips. Moreover, the free radical scavenging activity of resveratrol after its topical application was determined using the DPPH assay. The Raman spectra indicated that the topically applied resveratrol penetrates deep into the skin. The results showed high amounts of resveratrol in the different stratum corneum layers close to the surface and a constant lower amount in the upper layers of the viable epidermis. The concentration of resveratrol present in the outermost stratum corneum layers was obtained by tape stripping after in vivo application. The results demonstrated that resveratrol mainly remained in the human stratum corneum layers. After topical application, resveratrol maintained its antiradical activity. The antioxidant efficacy of the compound was higher in the inner layers of the stratum corneum. As these results have demonstrated, topically applied resveratrol reinforces the antioxidant system of the stratum corneum and provides an efficient means of increasing the tissue levels of antioxidants in the human epidermis.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1740-5
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Increased expression of uPA, uPAR, and PAI-1 in psoriatic skin and in
           basal cell carcinomas
    • Authors: K. A. Rubina; V. Yu. Sysoeva; E. I. Zagorujko; Z. I. Tsokolaeva; M. I. Kurdina; Ye. V. Parfyonova; V. A. Tkachuk
      Pages: 433 - 442
      Abstract: Abstract There is substantial evidence implicating the urokinase system in tissue remodeling during neo-vascularization, inflammation, tumor invasion, and metastasis. Regulated degradation of the extracellular matrix at the leading edge of migrating cells, mediated by uPA and uPAR, is required for tissue remodeling, invasiveness, and angiogenesis. Psoriasis and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) are the most common skin diseases. Pathogenesis of both of them is associated with keratinocyte hyperproliferation, inflammatory cell migration, and angiogenesis—processes in which the plasminogen system (uPA, uPAR, tPA, and PAI-1) plays a crucial role. In the present study, the comparative analysis of uPA, uPAR, tPA, and PAI-1 expression in the normal skin, in the biopsies of patients with psoriasis vulgaris, and BCC was carried out. uPA, uPAR, and PAI-1 expression was up-regulated in the epidermis of psoriatic skin and in tumor cells in BCC. Increased uPAR expression was detected in the derma of psoriatic lesions and in the stroma surrounding tumor cells in BCC. Increased expression of uPA in epidermal cells in psoriasis and in tumor cells in BCC suggests an important role of the uPA system for aggressively proliferating and invading cells of epidermal origin. A possible activation of the stroma, as a result of uPA–uPAR interaction between tumor cells and the surrounding stroma, is suggested.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1738-z
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • An Italian multicentre study on adult atopic dermatitis: persistent versus
           adult-onset disease
    • Authors: Matteo Megna; Italian Adult Atopic Dermatitis Study Group; Cataldo Patruno; Anna Balato; Franco Rongioletti; Luca Stingeni; Nicola Balato
      Pages: 443 - 452
      Abstract: Abstract Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, recurrent, inflammatory skin disease which predominantly affects children. However, AD may persist until adulthood (persistent AD), or directly start in adults (adult-onset AD). AD often shows a non-flexural rash distribution, and atypical morphologic variants in adults and specific diagnostic criteria are lacking. Moreover, adult AD prevalence as well as detailed data which can characterize persistent vs adult-onset subtype are scant. The aim of this study was to investigate on the main features of adult AD particularly highlighting differences between persistent vs adult-onset form. An Italian multicentre observational study was conducted between April 2015–July 2016 through a study-specific digital database. 253 adult AD patients were enrolled. Familiar history of AD was negative in 81.0%. Erythemato-desquamative pattern was the most frequent clinical presentation (74.3%). Flexural surface of upper limbs was most commonly involved (47.8%), followed by eyelid/periocular area (37.9%), hands (37.2%), and neck (32%). Hypertension (7.1%) and thyroiditis (4.3%) were the most frequent comorbidities. A subgroup analysis between persistent (59.7%) vs adult-onset AD patients (40.3%) showed significant results only regarding AD severity (severe disease was more common in persistent group, p < 0.05), itch intensity (higher in adult-onset disease), and comorbidities (hypertension was more frequent in adult-onset group, p < 0.01). Adult AD showed uncommon features such as significant association with negative AD family history and lacking of association with systemic comorbidities respect to general population. No significant differences among persistent vs adult-onset subgroup were registered except for hypertension, itch intensity, and disease severity.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1739-y
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Clinical characteristics, risk factors and long-term outcome of 114
           patients with folliculotropic mycosis fungoides
    • Authors: Iris Wieser; Casey Wang; Silvia Alberti-Violetti; Genevieve Lyons; Casey Tran; Rakshandra Talpur; Madeleine Duvic
      Pages: 453 - 459
      Abstract: Abstract Folliculotropic mycosis fungoides (FMF) is a distinct variant of mycosis fungoides (MF) where atypical T-cells invade the hair follicles. The objective was to assess the clinical features, risk factors for progression, long-term outcome and response to treatment modalities in a large cohort of FMF patients. We, therefore, conducted a single-center retrospective study, reviewing 114 patients with FMF seen from 1987 to 2015 at the cutaneous T-cell lymphoma clinic of the MD Anderson Cancer Center. The mean age at diagnosis of FMF was 57.1 ± 13.5 years. The male to female ratio was 1.2:1. MF stage IA (n = 50, 43.9%) was the most common diagnosed stage, followed equally by stages IB and IIB (n = 23, 20.2%, respectively). Eighty-six patients (75.4%) suffered from pruritus. Concomitant hair loss was observed in 37 (32.5%) subjects. The median number of different treatment modalities used per patient was 4 (range 1–12). Low-dose radiation was beneficial in clearing therapy refractory lesions. The overall survival was influenced by several factors, including advanced age (>65), late stages and the presence of large cell transformation (LCT). Thirty-three of 113 patients (29.2%) progressed to more advanced stages and 26 (23.0%) died, with the cause of death being MF in 11 (9.7%) subjects. In conclusion, patients with FMF have a worse overall 10-year survival rate compared with other MF variants. Several factors, including stage, advanced age and the presence of LCT impact survival. Multiple different treatment approaches may be needed to achieve a good clinical response and to prevent disease progression.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1744-1
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Associations between PTPN22 and TLR9 polymorphisms and systemic lupus
           erythematosus: a comprehensive meta-analysis
    • Authors: Li-Ya Hu; Zhi Cheng; Bo Zhang; Qiong Yin; Xiao-Wei Zhu; Pian-Pian Zhao; Ming-Yu Han; Xiao-Bo Wang; Hou-Feng Zheng
      Pages: 461 - 477
      Abstract: Abstract Previous studies have explored the relationship of PTPN22 and TLR9 polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In consideration of the population stratification, conflicting results and updating data, we conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis, which consists of a total of 17 research articles (9120 cases and 11,724 controls) for PTPN22 and 20 articles (including up to 2808 cases and 3386 controls) for TLR9. Significant association was verified between PTPN22 rs2476601 and SLE in the overall population (OR = 1.511 per T allele, 95% CI 1.338–1.706, P = 2.931 × 10−11) and under dominant model of T allele (TT+CT vs. CC: OR = 1.531, 95% CI 1.346–1.742, P = 9.17 × 10−11). Analysis after stratification by ethnicity indicated that PTPN22 rs2476601 was related to SLE in Americans (OR = 2.566, 95% CI 1.796–3.665, P = 2.219 × 10−7), Europeans (OR = 1.399, 95% CI 1.261–1.552, P = 2.153 × 10−10), and Africans (OR = 4.14, 95% CI 1.753–9.775, P = 1.0 × 10−3). We did not observe any association between TLR9 polymorphisms (rs187084, rs352140, rs5743836 and rs352139) and SLE under any model, after excluding the data that were inconsistent with Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium (HWE). In summary, PTPN22 rs2476601 was significantly interrelated with SLE and contributed to susceptibility and development of SLE in Americans, Europeans and Africans in this analysis, while their relationship needs to be validated in Africans by future research.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1745-0
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Comparative study of p16 protein expression in squamous cell carcinomas
           from patients with epidermodysplasia verruciformis and patients without
           the disease
    • Authors: Mayra S. G. Mattos; Walmar R. Oliveira; Mirian N. Sotto
      Pages: 479 - 483
      Abstract: Abstract Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is a rare genodermatosis associated with susceptibility to beta-human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. EV patients develop disseminated warts and non-melanoma skin cancer, mainly squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) that are locally aggressive. EV pathogenesis is not yet fully understood, but alterations in the p16 gene play a role in the pathogenesis of neoplasms caused by high-risk genital HPV. To explore its role in EV lesions, we compared p16 expression in SCC from patients with and without EV. Tissue microarray slides composed of 27 SCC from EV patients, and 35 from non-EV patients were stained with an anti-p16 antibody. Twenty (74%) EV tumors exhibited diffuse (nuclear and cytoplasmic) p16 expression, one (4%) displayed focal expression, and six (22%) displayed no p16 staining. Eleven (31%) SCC from non-EV patients presented diffuse p16 staining, 14 (40%) displayed focal expression and 10 (29%) did not express p16. The frequency of diffuse p16 expression was higher in EV tumors than in SCC from patients without EV. The frequency of diffuse p16 expression in moderately and poorly differentiated EV-SCC was similarly higher than non-EV tumors with the same degree of differentiation. The diffuse expression of p16 in EV-SCC suggests that changes in the p16 gene, probably resulting in a functionally defective protein, may be one factor determining the locally aggressive clinical behavior of SCC in young EV patients.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1742-3
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Oxidation products are increased in patients affected by non-segmental
           generalized vitiligo
    • Authors: Mario Vaccaro; Gianluca Bagnato; Mariateresa Cristani; Francesco Borgia; Giovanna Spatari; Valeria Tigano; Antonina Saja; Fabrizio Guarneri; Serafinella P. Cannavò; Sebastiano Gangemi
      Pages: 485 - 490
      Abstract: Abstract Several lines of evidence support the relevance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in vitiligo, but the exact role of glycation and oxidation of macromolecules needs to be better addressed. To investigate the involvement of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) and advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), we performed a case–control association study by spectrofluorimetry and spectrophotometry, in 47 patients with non-segmental generalized vitiligo and 47 age- and sex-matched controls. Significantly higher levels of both AOPPs (p < 0.0001) and AGEs (p < 0.0001) were observed in vitiligo patients compared to healthy controls. In vitiligo patients, AGEs and AOPPs serum levels were directly associated with extension, duration of vitiligo, and disease activity. ROS, and in particular AGEs and AOPPs, could represent one of the main biomarkers to assess the onset and progression of vitiligo, due to the potential role as direct inducers of cell damage and also as autoimmunity triggers. Further longitudinal studies involving larger cohorts of patients are required to elucidate the role of oxidation products in the pathogenesis of vitiligo.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1746-z
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • BET bromodomain inhibitor JQ1 decreases CD30 and CCR4 expression and
           proliferation of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cell lines
    • Authors: Hiroaki Kamijo; Makoto Sugaya; Naomi Takahashi; Tomonori Oka; Tomomitsu Miyagaki; Yoshihide Asano; Shinichi Sato
      Pages: 491 - 497
      Abstract: Abstract Bromodomain and external domain (BET) proteins regulate cell growth, proliferation, cell cycle, and differentiation in various cancers. Therefore, they have emerged as interesting targets. The effect of BET inhibitor on cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), however, is yet to be known. Here, we examined the effect of BET inhibitor JQ1 on four cell lines (MyLa, SeAx, Hut78 and HH cells). CTCL cell lines were treated with JQ1 and cell number, cell cycle, frequency of apoptosis, and expressions of CD25, CD30 and CCR4 on the cell surface were evaluated by flow cytometry. Cell surface molecules were also analyzed by quantitative RT-PCR. JQ1 dose-dependently decreased the cell number of CTCL cells through G1 arrest concomitantly with downregulation of c-Myc expression. JQ1 induced senescence in MyLa cells and apoptosis in Hut78 and HH cells. We also showed that JQ1 inhibited tumor growth of HH cells in vivo. Moreover, JQ1 downregulated CD30 and CCR4 expression both on the cell surface and at mRNA levels. Thus, BET bromodomain inhibitor JQ1 may be useful for treatment of CTCL.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1749-9
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • High-frequency ultrasonography in objective evaluation of the efficacy of
           PUVA and UVA 1 phototherapy in mycosis fungoides
    • Authors: Adriana Polańska; Agnieszka Osmola-Mańkowska; Karolina Olek-Hrab; Marta Molińska-Glura; Zygmunt Adamski; Ryszard Żaba; Aleksandra Dańczak-Pazdrowska
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of UVA1 and PUVA therapy in treating patients with mycosis fungoides (MF) and to evaluate high-frequency ultrasonography (HF-USG) to monitor the clinical response of these patients. A total of 18 patients diagnosed with MF (stages I–IIA) underwent phototherapy, either UVA1 (6 cases) or PUVA (12 cases). Clinical response was evaluated according to modified Severity Weighted Assessment Tool (mSWAT) criteria and HF-USG (20 MHz). In the PUVA group, 50% of patients (6/12) achieved complete remission (CR) versus 33% (2/6) of patients in the UVA1 group. Before treatment, all subjects (100%) presented a subepidermal low echogenic band (SLEB) on HF-USG in the lesional skin. After phototherapy, the SLEB decreased significantly in all cases, with complete disappearance in 66% of cases. SLEB thickness was associated with disease severity and was wider in stage IIA patients than in stage IA and IB. These findings demonstrate that skin ultrasonography can be used to monitor treatment response in these patients. Moreover, HF-USG can quantify response, thus providing an objective measure of response that closely corresponds to scoring systems such as mSWAT used in routine clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2017-08-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1767-7
       
  • Erratum to: Autoantibodies to desmogleins 1 and 3 in patients with lichen
           planus
    • Authors: Vahide Lajevardi; Zahra Halaji; Forugh Ghaedi; Nazi Saljoughi
      PubDate: 2017-08-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1766-8
       
  • Topical application of palmitoyl-RGD reduces human facial wrinkle
           formation in Korean women
    • Authors: Jung-Soo Bae; Jong Mook Kim; Jung Yun Kim; Chi Ho Choi; Ju Yeon Kim; Won Kang Moon; Min Sup Lee; Sung Ho Moon; Joo Hyuck Lim; Sung Jun Park; Jin Seo Lee; Hyunnam Song; Beom Joon Kim; Young Jun Park; Jin Seok Seo
      Abstract: Abstract Maintaining a youthful appearance is a common desire among the aging population. Loss of elasticity and dermal density constitutes major causes of wrinkle formation during skin aging. In particular, periorbital wrinkles comprise the critical assessment point of skin aging. To address these issues, cosmetic industries have been making increasing efforts to develop efficient agents against wrinkle formation. Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) is a tripeptide sequence used for surface coating because of its integrin-binding property. However, its pharmacological properties on skin have not yet been studied. Here, we synthesize the novel palmitoyl-Arg-Gly-Asp (Palm-RGD) and investigate its effects on periorbital wrinkle formation by clinical and in vitro studies. We observed that Palm-RGD cream application for 12 weeks decreased global photodamage and skin roughness (R1, R2, R3, and Ra) scores without causing skin irritation. In addition, topical application of Palm-RGD cream time-dependently increased skin elasticity and dermal density. An in vitro study using human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) demonstrated increased type I procollagen production by Palm-RGD treatment. Furthermore, Palm-RGD suppressed MMP-1 expression in HDFs. Our results demonstrate that Palm-RGD has protective effects against wrinkle formation, likely through the activation of collagen expression and the protection against collagen degradation. Therefore, Palm-RGD could be used as a potential agent for the prevention of wrinkle formation consequent to aging.
      PubDate: 2017-07-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1763-y
       
  • The role of sleep in pemphigus: a review of mechanisms and perspectives
    • Authors: Matheus Negrao Pedroni; Camila Hirotsu; Adriana Maria Porro; Sergio Tufik; Monica Levy Andersen
      Abstract: Abstract Pemphigus is an autoimmune bullous disease that causes the development of blisters and erosions on the skin and/or mucosa. Its inflammatory process is mediated by cytokines, which interact with sleep in a bidirectional manner. Pain, a frequent symptom due to pemphigus lesions, is well known to impair sleep quality. Depression is also associated with pemphigus and pro-inflammatory cytokines and may impair sleep. Additionally, a common relationship among other dermatological diseases and sleep has increasingly been described. Poor sleep quality is associated with an increased risk for autoimmune diseases, and insomnia is a comorbidity that has recently been associated with pemphigus. Thus, this review will explore the evidence supporting the likely bidirectional relationship between pemphigus and sleep quality and its possible mechanisms involved. This approach covering both pemphigus and sleep will open a research avenue for future studies focusing on the efficacy of the sleep disorders treatment in patients with pemphigus. In the long term, this may provide relevant information to dermatologists regarding new strategies for the management of pemphigus clinical condition, allowing possibly a better quality of life for the patients.
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1765-9
       
  • Change in skin properties over the first 10 years of life: a
           cross-sectional study
    • Authors: Fanqi Kong; Carlos Galzote; Yuanyuan Duan
      Abstract: Abstract This study investigated skin characteristics in healthy Chinese children aged from 1 to 10 years and compared these findings with similar measures from the child’s mothers. Children aged 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 10 years (n = 29–30 per age group) and the child’s mothers were enrolled in a single-visit cross-sectional study. Clinical parameters evaluated on the face, ventral forearm, and calf were softness, smoothness, erythema, edema, rash, dryness, and scaling. Instrumental evaluations included transepidermal water loss, moisture content, and water-holding capacity. The clinical evaluations indicated a general decrease in softness, smoothness, and overall skin condition with increased child age. In general, the child’s clinical scores were better than in adults. Children had a more permeable skin barrier that matured to adult values by approximately 5 years of age. Mothers had greater skin moisture than children. Clinical and instrumental measures were consistent with skin being softer and smoother and in better overall condition in younger children. As the skin matured with age, higher scores were observed. Instrumental measures demonstrated a more permeable skin barrier in younger children compared with older children and with adults.
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1764-x
       
  • Understanding the phenotypic similarities between IFAP and Olmsted
           syndrome from a molecular perspective: the interaction of MBTPS2 and TRPV3
           
    • Authors: Georges Nemer; Rémi Safi; Firas Kreidieh; Julnar Usta; Christina Bergqvist; Farah Ballout; Waed Btadini; Nour Hamzeh; Ossama Abbas; Abdul Ghani Kibbi; Yutaka Shimomura; Mazen Kurban
      Abstract: Abstract Ichthyosis Follicularis, Atrichia, and Photophobia (IFAP) is a severe rare genetic disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding the Membrane-Bound Transcription Factor Peptidase, Site 2 (MBTPS2). Olmsted syndrome is another rare genetic disease with overlapping clinical features caused by mutations in the gene encoding the Transient Receptor Potential Cation Channel, subfamily V (TRPV3). Mutations in MBTPS2 have been recently reported in Olmsted syndrome, underscoring the overlap and the confusion in separating Olmsted from IFAP syndrome. We studied a Lebanese family with IFAP syndrome both, clinically and molecularly, and investigated whether there is a cross relation between TRPV3 and MBTPS2. We identified a recurrent mutation designated p.F475S in MBTPS2 in the affected individuals. This mutation was not found in 100 control individuals from the same population. We determined that TRPV3 regulatory region is a target for MBTPS2. In addition, there was an increased cell death in the cells transfected with the mutant versus the wild-type MBTPS2. In conclusion, we identified a direct regulatory effect of MBTPS2 on TRPV3 which can partially contribute to the overlapping clinical features of IFAP and Olmsted syndromes under a common signaling pathway.
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1762-z
       
  • Association between serum/plasma adiponectin levels and immune-mediated
           diseases: a meta-analysis
    • Authors: Ming-Yue Zhang; Ahmed Ali Dini; Xiao-Ke Yang; Lian-Ju Li; Guo-Cui Wu; Rui-Xue Leng; Hai-Feng Pan; Dong-Qing Ye
      Abstract: Abstract Adiponectin plays an important role in the development of immune-mediated diseases. Currently published data regarding the relationship between serum/plasma levels of adiponectin and immune-mediated diseases are inconsistent. We therefore conducted this meta-analysis to explore the association of serum/plasma adiponectin levels with immune-mediated diseases in humans. Systematic literature search was conducted to identify all relevant studies. The study quality was assessed by the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Pooled standard mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated by random-effect model analysis. A total of 47 studies were included in our meta-analysis, including 27 studies of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), 9 studies of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 7 studies of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and 4 studies of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The results revealed significant differences in serum/plasma levels of adiponectin between immune-mediated diseases and normal controls (SMD = 1.262, 95% CI 0.766–1.758, p < 0.001). In the subgroup analysis stratified by disease type, the serum/plasma levels of adiponectin in T1DM, RA and SLE patients were higher than those in normal control, but not in AS patients. Moreover, in the subgroup analysis stratified by gender, in both men and women group, the serum/plasma levels of adiponectin in patients with immune-mediated diseases were higher than that in the control group. Furthermore, subgroup analyses also showed that immune-mediated diseases from Asian population, Caucasian population, mean age >40 years, and BMI ≥24 kg/m2 had higher serum/plasma adiponectin levels when compared with normal controls. Collectively, this meta-analysis demonstrates that serum/plasma levels of adiponectin in T1DM, RA and SLE patients were higher than those in normal controls, but not in AS patients.
      PubDate: 2017-07-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1755-y
       
  • Topically used herbal products for the treatment of hair loss: preclinical
           and clinical studies
    • Authors: Anna Herman; Andrzej P. Herman
      Abstract: Abstract Currently available conventional therapies of hair loss using synthetic drugs are still imperfect and have a number of limitations. Their effectiveness as well as the safety of their use is often questioned. It has led to an increased interest in alternative treatments with fewer side-effects such as formulations containing herbs and/or their active constituents. For this purpose several electronic databases and hand-searched references were used to summarize current knowledge regarding topically used herbal products for the treatment of hair loss acquired on the basis of preclinical and clinical studies. Moreover, mechanism of their action, follicular penetration and possible adverse effect of herbal products will be also described.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1759-7
       
  • The metabolic analysis of psoriasis identifies the associated metabolites
           while providing computational models for the monitoring of the disease
    • Authors: Aigar Ottas; Dmytro Fishman; Tiia-Linda Okas; Külli Kingo; Ursel Soomets
      Abstract: Abstract The majority of studies on psoriasis have focused on explaining the genetic background and its associations with the immune system’s response. The aim of this study was to identify the low-molecular weight compounds contributing to the metabolomic profile of psoriasis and to provide computational models that help with the classification and monitoring of the severity of the disease. We compared the results from targeted and untargeted analyses of patients’ serums with plaque psoriasis to controls. The main differences were found in the concentrations of acylcarnitines, phosphatidylcholines, amino acids, urea, phytol, and 1,11-undecanedicarboxylic acid. The data from the targeted analysis were used to build classification models for psoriasis. The results from this study provide an overview of the metabolomic serum profile of psoriasis along with promising statistical models for the monitoring of the disease.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1760-1
       
  • Vorinostat and Mithramycin A in combination therapy as an interesting
           strategy for the treatment of Sézary T lymphoma: a transcriptomic
           approach
    • Authors: R. Ragheb; G. Venton; R. Chelbi; N. Bonnet; T. Le Treut; V. Ivanov; C. Mercier; P. Poulin; N. Beaufils; J. Gabert; P. Suchon; P. Rihet; B. Loriod; B. Kahn-Perlès; Régis T. Costello
      Abstract: Abstract SAHA (vorinostat) is a histone deacetylase inhibitor approved by the USA Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treating advanced refractory cutaneous T cell lymphomas. As SAHA alters the expression of many genes under control of the Sp1 transcription factor, we examined the effect of its association with the FDA-approved anticancer antibiotic Mithramycin A (MTR, plicamycin), a competitive inhibitor of Sp1 binding to DNA. Sézary syndrome (SS) cells, expanded ex vivo from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 4 patients, were tested for their sensitivity to the drugs regarding cytotoxicity and differential responsive gene expression. Multivariate statistical methods were used to identify genes whose expression is altered by SAHA, MTR, and the synergist effect of the two drugs. MTR, like SAHA, induced the apoptosis of SS cells, while the two drugs in combination showed clear synergy or potentiation. Expression data stressed a likely important role of additive or synergistic epigenetic modifications in the combined effect of the two drugs, while direct inhibition of Sp1-dependent transcription seemed to have only limited impact. Ontological analysis of modified gene expression suggested that the two drugs, either independently or synergistically, counteracted many intertwined pro-survival pathways deregulated in SS cells, resistance of these tumors to intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis, abnormal adhesion migration, and invasive properties, as well as immunosuppressive behavior. Our findings provide preliminary clues on the individual and combined effects of SAHA and MTR in SS cells and highlight a potential therapeutic interest of this novel pair of drugs for treatment of SS patients.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1761-0
       
  • Autoantibodies to desmogleins 1 and 3 in patients with lichen planus
    • Authors: Lajevardi Vahide; Halaji Zahra; Ghaedi Forugh; Saljoughi Nazi
      Abstract: Abstract There is controversy about the role of autoantibodies against desmoglein 1 and 3 (Dsg1 and 3) in the pathogenesis of lichen planus (LP); the authors planned this study to determine the presence of circulating levels of these antibodies in patients with different types of oral LP and to compare that with cutaneous LP and healthy controls. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test was performed on serum samples of 24 cases of erosive oral LP, 29 cases of reticular oral LP, 30 cases of cutaneous LP and 30 healthy controls. The severity of oral LP was evaluated by Reticulation, Erosion and Ulceration scoring system. There were no significant differences in the concentrations of autoantibodies to Dsg1 between the four groups. Autoantibodies to Dsg3 were increased in erosive oral LP compared with healthy controls (p value = 0.005) but no increase was observed between other groups. We did not detect a correlation between the severity of the disease and the levels of anti-Dsg1 and 3 in patients with erosive and reticular types of oral LP. In conclusion, regardless of the increased level of anti-Dsg3 antibody in erosive oral LP, serum concentrations of antibodies were under cut-off values. Moreover, the pathogenic role of anti-Dsg3 antibodies in erosive oral LP is uncertain.
      PubDate: 2017-07-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1756-x
       
 
 
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