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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 128)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Archives of Dermatological Research
  [SJR: 0.9]   [H-I: 65]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-069X - ISSN (Online) 0340-3696
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Topically used herbal products for the treatment of hair loss: preclinical
           and clinical studies
    • Authors: Anna Herman; Andrzej P. Herman
      Pages: 595 - 610
      Abstract: Abstract Currently available conventional therapies of hair loss using synthetic drugs are still imperfect and have a number of limitations. Their effectiveness as well as the safety of their use is often questioned. It has led to an increased interest in alternative treatments with fewer side-effects such as formulations containing herbs and/or their active constituents. For this purpose several electronic databases and hand-searched references were used to summarize current knowledge regarding topically used herbal products for the treatment of hair loss acquired on the basis of preclinical and clinical studies. Moreover, mechanism of their action, follicular penetration and possible adverse effect of herbal products will be also described.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1759-7
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 8 (2017)
  • Vorinostat and Mithramycin A in combination therapy as an interesting
           strategy for the treatment of Sézary T lymphoma: a transcriptomic
    • Authors: R. Ragheb; G. Venton; R. Chelbi; N. Bonnet; T. Le Treut; V. Ivanov; C. Mercier; P. Poulin; N. Beaufils; J. Gabert; P. Suchon; P. Rihet; B. Loriod; B. Kahn-Perlès; Régis T. Costello
      Pages: 611 - 623
      Abstract: Abstract SAHA (vorinostat) is a histone deacetylase inhibitor approved by the USA Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treating advanced refractory cutaneous T cell lymphomas. As SAHA alters the expression of many genes under control of the Sp1 transcription factor, we examined the effect of its association with the FDA-approved anticancer antibiotic Mithramycin A (MTR, plicamycin), a competitive inhibitor of Sp1 binding to DNA. Sézary syndrome (SS) cells, expanded ex vivo from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 4 patients, were tested for their sensitivity to the drugs regarding cytotoxicity and differential responsive gene expression. Multivariate statistical methods were used to identify genes whose expression is altered by SAHA, MTR, and the synergist effect of the two drugs. MTR, like SAHA, induced the apoptosis of SS cells, while the two drugs in combination showed clear synergy or potentiation. Expression data stressed a likely important role of additive or synergistic epigenetic modifications in the combined effect of the two drugs, while direct inhibition of Sp1-dependent transcription seemed to have only limited impact. Ontological analysis of modified gene expression suggested that the two drugs, either independently or synergistically, counteracted many intertwined pro-survival pathways deregulated in SS cells, resistance of these tumors to intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis, abnormal adhesion migration, and invasive properties, as well as immunosuppressive behavior. Our findings provide preliminary clues on the individual and combined effects of SAHA and MTR in SS cells and highlight a potential therapeutic interest of this novel pair of drugs for treatment of SS patients.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1761-0
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 8 (2017)
  • Association between serum/plasma adiponectin levels and immune-mediated
           diseases: a meta-analysis
    • Authors: Ming-Yue Zhang; Ahmed Ali Dini; Xiao-Ke Yang; Lian-Ju Li; Guo-Cui Wu; Rui-Xue Leng; Hai-Feng Pan; Dong-Qing Ye
      Pages: 625 - 635
      Abstract: Abstract Adiponectin plays an important role in the development of immune-mediated diseases. Currently published data regarding the relationship between serum/plasma levels of adiponectin and immune-mediated diseases are inconsistent. We therefore conducted this meta-analysis to explore the association of serum/plasma adiponectin levels with immune-mediated diseases in humans. Systematic literature search was conducted to identify all relevant studies. The study quality was assessed by the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Pooled standard mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated by random-effect model analysis. A total of 47 studies were included in our meta-analysis, including 27 studies of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), 9 studies of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 7 studies of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and 4 studies of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The results revealed significant differences in serum/plasma levels of adiponectin between immune-mediated diseases and normal controls (SMD = 1.262, 95% CI 0.766–1.758, p < 0.001). In the subgroup analysis stratified by disease type, the serum/plasma levels of adiponectin in T1DM, RA and SLE patients were higher than those in normal control, but not in AS patients. Moreover, in the subgroup analysis stratified by gender, in both men and women group, the serum/plasma levels of adiponectin in patients with immune-mediated diseases were higher than that in the control group. Furthermore, subgroup analyses also showed that immune-mediated diseases from Asian population, Caucasian population, mean age >40 years, and BMI ≥24 kg/m2 had higher serum/plasma adiponectin levels when compared with normal controls. Collectively, this meta-analysis demonstrates that serum/plasma levels of adiponectin in T1DM, RA and SLE patients were higher than those in normal controls, but not in AS patients.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1755-y
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 8 (2017)
  • Understanding the phenotypic similarities between IFAP and Olmsted
           syndrome from a molecular perspective: the interaction of MBTPS2 and TRPV3
    • Authors: Georges Nemer; Rémi Safi; Firas Kreidieh; Julnar Usta; Christina Bergqvist; Farah Ballout; Waed Btadini; Nour Hamzeh; Ossama Abbas; Abdul Ghani Kibbi; Yutaka Shimomura; Mazen Kurban
      Pages: 637 - 643
      Abstract: Abstract Ichthyosis Follicularis, Atrichia, and Photophobia (IFAP) is a severe rare genetic disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding the Membrane-Bound Transcription Factor Peptidase, Site 2 (MBTPS2). Olmsted syndrome is another rare genetic disease with overlapping clinical features caused by mutations in the gene encoding the Transient Receptor Potential Cation Channel, subfamily V (TRPV3). Mutations in MBTPS2 have been recently reported in Olmsted syndrome, underscoring the overlap and the confusion in separating Olmsted from IFAP syndrome. We studied a Lebanese family with IFAP syndrome both, clinically and molecularly, and investigated whether there is a cross relation between TRPV3 and MBTPS2. We identified a recurrent mutation designated p.F475S in MBTPS2 in the affected individuals. This mutation was not found in 100 control individuals from the same population. We determined that TRPV3 regulatory region is a target for MBTPS2. In addition, there was an increased cell death in the cells transfected with the mutant versus the wild-type MBTPS2. In conclusion, we identified a direct regulatory effect of MBTPS2 on TRPV3 which can partially contribute to the overlapping clinical features of IFAP and Olmsted syndromes under a common signaling pathway.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1762-z
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 8 (2017)
  • High-frequency ultrasonography in objective evaluation of the efficacy of
           PUVA and UVA 1 phototherapy in mycosis fungoides
    • Authors: Adriana Polańska; Agnieszka Osmola-Mańkowska; Karolina Olek-Hrab; Marta Molińska-Glura; Zygmunt Adamski; Ryszard Żaba; Aleksandra Dańczak-Pazdrowska
      Pages: 645 - 651
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of UVA1 and PUVA therapy in treating patients with mycosis fungoides (MF) and to evaluate high-frequency ultrasonography (HF-USG) to monitor the clinical response of these patients. A total of 18 patients diagnosed with MF (stages I–IIA) underwent phototherapy, either UVA1 (6 cases) or PUVA (12 cases). Clinical response was evaluated according to modified Severity Weighted Assessment Tool (mSWAT) criteria and HF-USG (20 MHz). In the PUVA group, 50% of patients (6/12) achieved complete remission (CR) versus 33% (2/6) of patients in the UVA1 group. Before treatment, all subjects (100%) presented a subepidermal low echogenic band (SLEB) on HF-USG in the lesional skin. After phototherapy, the SLEB decreased significantly in all cases, with complete disappearance in 66% of cases. SLEB thickness was associated with disease severity and was wider in stage IIA patients than in stage IA and IB. These findings demonstrate that skin ultrasonography can be used to monitor treatment response in these patients. Moreover, HF-USG can quantify response, thus providing an objective measure of response that closely corresponds to scoring systems such as mSWAT used in routine clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1767-7
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 8 (2017)
  • Change in skin properties over the first 10 years of life: a
           cross-sectional study
    • Authors: Fanqi Kong; Carlos Galzote; Yuanyuan Duan
      Pages: 653 - 658
      Abstract: Abstract This study investigated skin characteristics in healthy Chinese children aged from 1 to 10 years and compared these findings with similar measures from the child’s mothers. Children aged 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 10 years (n = 29–30 per age group) and the child’s mothers were enrolled in a single-visit cross-sectional study. Clinical parameters evaluated on the face, ventral forearm, and calf were softness, smoothness, erythema, edema, rash, dryness, and scaling. Instrumental evaluations included transepidermal water loss, moisture content, and water-holding capacity. The clinical evaluations indicated a general decrease in softness, smoothness, and overall skin condition with increased child age. In general, the child’s clinical scores were better than in adults. Children had a more permeable skin barrier that matured to adult values by approximately 5 years of age. Mothers had greater skin moisture than children. Clinical and instrumental measures were consistent with skin being softer and smoother and in better overall condition in younger children. As the skin matured with age, higher scores were observed. Instrumental measures demonstrated a more permeable skin barrier in younger children compared with older children and with adults.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1764-x
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 8 (2017)
  • The role of sleep in pemphigus: a review of mechanisms and perspectives
    • Authors: Matheus Negrao Pedroni; Camila Hirotsu; Adriana Maria Porro; Sergio Tufik; Monica Levy Andersen
      Pages: 659 - 664
      Abstract: Abstract Pemphigus is an autoimmune bullous disease that causes the development of blisters and erosions on the skin and/or mucosa. Its inflammatory process is mediated by cytokines, which interact with sleep in a bidirectional manner. Pain, a frequent symptom due to pemphigus lesions, is well known to impair sleep quality. Depression is also associated with pemphigus and pro-inflammatory cytokines and may impair sleep. Additionally, a common relationship among other dermatological diseases and sleep has increasingly been described. Poor sleep quality is associated with an increased risk for autoimmune diseases, and insomnia is a comorbidity that has recently been associated with pemphigus. Thus, this review will explore the evidence supporting the likely bidirectional relationship between pemphigus and sleep quality and its possible mechanisms involved. This approach covering both pemphigus and sleep will open a research avenue for future studies focusing on the efficacy of the sleep disorders treatment in patients with pemphigus. In the long term, this may provide relevant information to dermatologists regarding new strategies for the management of pemphigus clinical condition, allowing possibly a better quality of life for the patients.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1765-9
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 8 (2017)
  • Topical application of palmitoyl-RGD reduces human facial wrinkle
           formation in Korean women
    • Authors: Jung-Soo Bae; Jong Mook Kim; Jung Yun Kim; Chi Ho Choi; Ju Yeon Kim; Won Kang Moon; Min Sup Lee; Sung Ho Moon; Joo Hyuck Lim; Sung Jun Park; Jin Seo Lee; Hyunnam Song; Beom Joon Kim; Young Jun Park; Jin Seok Seo
      Pages: 665 - 671
      Abstract: Abstract Maintaining a youthful appearance is a common desire among the aging population. Loss of elasticity and dermal density constitutes major causes of wrinkle formation during skin aging. In particular, periorbital wrinkles comprise the critical assessment point of skin aging. To address these issues, cosmetic industries have been making increasing efforts to develop efficient agents against wrinkle formation. Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) is a tripeptide sequence used for surface coating because of its integrin-binding property. However, its pharmacological properties on skin have not yet been studied. Here, we synthesize the novel palmitoyl-Arg-Gly-Asp (Palm-RGD) and investigate its effects on periorbital wrinkle formation by clinical and in vitro studies. We observed that Palm-RGD cream application for 12 weeks decreased global photodamage and skin roughness (R1, R2, R3, and Ra) scores without causing skin irritation. In addition, topical application of Palm-RGD cream time-dependently increased skin elasticity and dermal density. An in vitro study using human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) demonstrated increased type I procollagen production by Palm-RGD treatment. Furthermore, Palm-RGD suppressed MMP-1 expression in HDFs. Our results demonstrate that Palm-RGD has protective effects against wrinkle formation, likely through the activation of collagen expression and the protection against collagen degradation. Therefore, Palm-RGD could be used as a potential agent for the prevention of wrinkle formation consequent to aging.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1763-y
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 8 (2017)
  • Changes in circulating cell-free DNA and nucleosomes in patients with
           exacerbated psoriasis
    • Authors: Martin Beranek; Zdenek Fiala; Jan Kremlacek; Ctirad Andrys; Jan Krejsek; Kvetoslava Hamakova; Marcela Chmelarova; Vladimir Palicka; Lenka Borska
      Abstract: Abstract Psoriasis is a multifactorial chronic inflammatory disease. We aimed to examine blood levels of nucleosomes derived from apoptotic cells, nucleosomal cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and immune-inflammatory biomarkers tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP), and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in psoriatic subjects. The study included 28 patients with exacerbated psoriasis vulgaris and 22 controls. The clinical and laboratory investigations included the determination of PASI score, BMI, cfDNA (by real-time PCR), nucleosomes, TNF-α, CRP, and IL-6. The range of PASI score in psoriatic patients was 10–34 (median 19). In the patients, we found significantly elevated levels (p < 0.001) of cfDNA, nucleosomes, TNF-α, CRP, and IL-6. We did not find any significant relationship between the analyzed parameters in either group (i.e., experimental or control). Elevated levels of the biomarkers of inflammation (TNF-α, CRP, and IL-6) and the indicators of apoptosis (cfDNA, circulating nucleosomes) proved that exacerbated psoriasis vulgaris is associated with a high degree of systemic inflammatory responses and dysregulated apoptotic pathways.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1785-5
  • Effect of isoliquiritigenin for the treatment of atopic dermatitis-like
           skin lesions in mice
    • Authors: Haiyang Yu; Haiyan Li; Yongxi Li; Min Li; Guanzhi Chen
      Abstract: Abstract Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized with high heterogeneity. Recent studies have suggested that it is driven by both terminal keratinocyte differentiation defects and type 2 immune responses. The mainstay steroid topical therapy has severe side effect and new treatment is in demand. Isoliquiritigenin (ISLG) is a small phenolic bioactive molecule from licorice that has shown multiple pharmacological effects against cancer, inflammatory disorder, and cardiovascular diseases. ISLG was evaluated in AD-like lesion model induced by the repetitive application of 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) in BALB/c mice. Overall symptom score, serological and molecular changes of the skin lesions were evaluated. ISLG could ameliorate the overall manifestation of AD-like symptoms including scratching behavior incidence and skin lesion severity. At blood level, ISLG significantly suppressed the DNCB-induced IgE and Th2 cytokines up-regulation. At skin lesion site, ISLG also inhibited DNCB-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines like TNF-α, IL-6 as well as IL-4 expressions. In a human monocyte model THP-1, ISLG suppressed the up-regulation of CD86 and CD54 and abolished the DNCB-induced p38-α and ERK activation, suggesting a molecular mechanism for ISLG therapy. This study indicated that ISLG could be a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of AD.
      PubDate: 2017-10-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1787-3
  • Correction to: Digestive system in psoriasis: an update
    • Authors: Daniel Pietrzak; Aldona Pietrzak; Dorota Krasowska; Andrzej Borzęcki; Kinga Franciszkiewicz-Pietrzak; Beata Polkowska-Pruszyńska; Maja Baranowska; Kristian Reich
      Abstract: In the original publication, the data labels are incorrect in Fig. 3. The corrected Fig. 3 is given here.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1788-2
  • Pediatric mycosis fungoides: a study of the human leukocyte antigen system
           among Israeli Jewish patients
    • Authors: Ofer Reiter; Dan Ben Amitai; Iris Amitay-Laish; Moshe Israeli; Lev Pavlovsky; Emmilia Hodak
      Abstract: Abstract Pediatric mycosis fungoides (MF) is a rare disease characterized by over-representation of atypical clinical variants, with a different prognosis from adult MF. Several human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles have been associated with MF in certain adult populations, including Israeli Jews. However, HLA data on pediatric MF as a group are lacking. To evaluate the possible association of the HLA system with pediatric MF, 59 Israeli Jewish patients diagnosed with MF at age ≤ 18 years underwent high- and intermediate-resolution genotyping for HLA class I (HLA-A*, HLA-B*) and class II (HLA-DRB1*, DQB1*) loci. The results were compared with data on 4169 umbilical cord blood units retrieved from a public cord blood bank in Jerusalem and samples from 252 healthy, unrelated Israeli Jewish volunteers. No statistically significant associations were found between pediatric MF and any of the alleles examined except HLA-B*73. However, given the extremely low frequency of B*73 in both the control group (0.1%) and the study group (2%), the biological significance of this finding is questionable. Further subgroup analyses by ethnicity (Ashkenazi and non-Ashkenazi) and clinicopathologic variant (follicular and non-follicular) yielded no significant between-group differences. These results suggest that the associations with the HLA system, reported previously in adult MF, do not hold true for pediatric MF. Thus, pediatric MF differs from its adult counterpart not only in clinical manifestations and course, but apparently also in the underlying immuno-pathogenetic mechanism.
      PubDate: 2017-09-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1783-7
  • Adipose-derived stem cells express higher levels of type VII collagen
           under specific culture conditions
    • Authors: Yuichiro Maeda; Toshio Hasegawa; Akino Wada; Tatsuo Fukai; Hideo Iida; Atsushi Sakamoto; Shigaku Ikeda
      Abstract: Abstract Type VII collagen (Col7) is a major component of the anchoring fibrils at the dermoepidermal junction. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are a cell population highly useful in regenerative medicine because of their ease of isolation and their potential for multilineage differentiation. Based on the observations that K14 was expressed in undifferentiated ADSCs and the expression was downregulated after differentiation into adipocytes, we speculated that ADSCs are keratinocyte stem/progenitor cells. ADSCs were co-cultured with fibroblasts on type IV collagen in a medium containing all-trans retinoic acid and bone morphogenetic protein 4. At day 14 of culture in keratinocyte serum-free medium, the cells were harvested and subjected to immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, real-time PCR, and western blotting. Approximately, 45% of ADSCs were immunostained positively for anti-human cytokeratin 10, and approximately 80% were stained positively for Col7. Flow cytometry, real-time PCR, and western blotting also confirmed that differentiated ADSCs expressed higher levels of Col7. These findings support the therapeutic potential of ADSCs, not only for wound healing, but also for the correction of Col7 deficiencies.
      PubDate: 2017-09-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1781-9
  • Phytosphingosine enhances moisture level in human skin barrier through
           stimulation of the filaggrin biosynthesis and degradation leading to NMF
    • Authors: Hyun Kyung Choi; Young Hoon Cho; Eun Ok Lee; Jin Wook Kim; Chang Seo Park
      Abstract: Abstract Phytosphingosine (PHS) is a sphingoid that is a key component of phytoceramides NP, AP and EOP. PHS has been known to have anti-inflammation and antimicrobial activities and to stimulate epidermal differentiation. In addition, it is reported that PHS treatment notably increased phytoceramide content in keratinocytes. In this study, we tried to investigate whether PHS has any effect on the maturation of corneocytes such as formation of cornified envelope and natural moisturizing factor (NMF) that is also an essential event during the formation of skin barrier, stratum corneum. Special focus was made on the filaggrin (FLG) metabolism that is directly responsible for NMF production. PHS increased the expression of essential keratinocyte differentiation genes such as involucrin and transglutaminase 1 in cultured human keratinocytes. Interestingly, the expressions of FLG, caspase 14 and bleomycin hydrolase, all of which involved in NMF production in corneocytes, were significantly induced by PHS treatment in vitro. The effect of PHS on FLG metabolism was manifested as the increase of pyrrolidone carboxylic acid and skin hydration in vivo human skin. Results showed PHS had skin moisturizing effect by modulating FLG metabolic pathways and suggested to be an essential role in coordinated formation of the corneocyte envelope and NMF within.
      PubDate: 2017-09-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1782-8
  • Quantity and quality of sweating in atopic dermatitis
    • Authors: Marlies Wruhs; Andreas Gleiß; Andreas Steiner; Paul Sator
      Abstract: Abstract Sweat may be an important factor in triggering an exacerbation of atopic dermatitis. It was the aim of this study to evaluate a possible correlation between atopic patients and hyperhidrosis—measured by a questionnaire—and to find out whether there are qualitative differences in sweat response—measured by sudomotor activity (sympathetic skin response test, SSR). Included were 100 study participants, of whom 50 were patients with atopic dermatitis and 50 were serving as control group. The frequency of hyperhidrosis is higher in atopic patients than in the control group (30 vs. 16%), but has no statistical significance. In addition, patients with hyperhidrosis and atopic dermatitis have a significantly higher exacerbation rate of atopic dermatitis in summertime. The group of atopic patients shows a statistically significant prolonged SSR latency period, which indicates an insufficient sympathetic innervation. In our tests, type IV allergic patients showed clear differences in terms of SSR latency and amplitude. Atopic patients have a higher incidence of hyperhidrosis. The study clearly shows that there is a dysfunction of sudomotor activity in the sympathetic nervous system of atopic patients. Our findings suggest that a deficient innervation of sweat glands in atopic patients may lead to an increase in the development of type IV allergies.
      PubDate: 2017-09-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1770-z
  • Dermal–epidermal separation methods: research implications
    • Authors: Ying Zou; Howard I. Maibach
      Abstract: Abstract Dermal–epidermal separation is an important basic investigation technique for pharmacology, toxicology and biology. To choose the optimal method for a given research need, we reviewed studies on epidermal separation. PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were utilized. Different separation systems have been compared, including chemical, enzyme, heat and mechanical separation; each has advantages and disadvantages. Heat is simple but causes thermal damage. Chemical reagents are effective but disturb cellular electrolyte equilibrium. Enzymes provide complete separation, but destroy important components. Mechanical division does not alter physical and/or chemical integrity, but necessitates a relatively large sample and may cause cross-contamination of layers. Thus, the appropriate method should be chosen for a given research question, and no single method appears superior for all purposes.
      PubDate: 2017-09-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1774-8
  • Resveratrol suppresses melanoma by inhibiting NF-κB/miR-221 and
           inducing TFG expression
    • Authors: Fangfang Wu; Liying Cui
      Abstract: Abstract Resveratrol (Res) is a natural compound with anti-cancer effects. The goal of this study is to evaluate the suppression of Res in melanoma and investigate its relationship with miRNAs during this process. The in vitro and in vivo anti-cancer abilities of Res were evaluated using cellular assays and animal model. Two melanoma cell lines (A375 and MV3) were used for both in vitro assay and in vivo experiments. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the changes in gene expressions and protein levels. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and bioinformatic tools were used to further confirm the protein binding and activation of targeted genes. In vitro experiments showed Res significantly decreased the expression of miR-221, an oncogenic microRNA, which was confirmed by the overexpression of miR-221 with or without Res treatment. Mechanistically, we showed that the inhibition of miR-221 by Res was achieved by regulating NF-κB (RELA) activity. In the meantime, we also identified that TFG, a tumor suppressor gene, was a target of miR-221. Finally, using in vivo melanoma model, we confirmed the tumor suppressive effects of Res and our in vitro regulatory network. Res displayed a significant anti-tumor effect on melanoma cells both in vitro and in vivo. The cellular mechanism under this effect involves miRNA regulation.
      PubDate: 2017-09-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1784-6
  • Updated strategies for the management, pathogenesis and molecular genetics
           of different forms of ichthyosis syndromes with prominent hair
    • Authors: Madiha Rasheed; Shaheen Shahzad; Afifa Zaeem; Imran Afzal; Asma Gul; Sumbal Khalid
      Abstract: Abstract Syndromic ichthyosis is rare inherited disorders of cornification with varied disease complications. This disorder appears in seventeen subtypes associated with severe systematic manifestations along with medical, cosmetic and social problems. Syndromic ichthyosis with prominent hair abnormalities covers five major subtypes: Netherton syndrome, trichothiodystrophy, ichthyosis hypotrichosis syndrome, ichthyosis hypotrichosis sclerosing cholangitis and ichthyosis follicularis atrichia photophobia syndrome. These syndromes mostly prevail in high consanguinity states, with distinctive clinical features. The known pathogenic molecules involved in ichthyosis syndromes with prominent hair abnormalities include SPINK5, ERCC2, ERCC3, GTF2H5, MPLKIP, ST14, CLDN1 and MBTPS2. Despite underlying genetic origin, most of the health professionals solely rely on phenotypic expression of these disorders that leads to improper management of patients, hence making these patients living an orphanage life. After dermal features, association of other systems such as nervous system, skeletal system, hair abnormalities or liver problems may sometimes give clues for diagnosis but still leaving place for molecular screening for efficient diagnosis. In this paper, we have presented a review of ichthyosis syndrome with prominent hair abnormalities, with special emphasis on their updated genetic consequences and disease management. Additionally, we aim to update health professionals about the practice of molecular screening in ichthyosis syndromes for appropriate diagnosis and treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-09-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1780-x
  • Digestive system in psoriasis: an update
    • Authors: Daniel Pietrzak; Aldona Pietrzak; Dorota Krasowska; Andrzej Borzęcki; Kinga Franciszkiewicz-Pietrzak; Beata Polkowska-Pruszyńska; Maja Baranowska; Kristian Reich
      Abstract: Abstract Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory immune-mediated disorder associated and often coexisting with many other immune-related clinical conditions including those affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Data obtained from the reviewed literature suggest an association between psoriasis and pathologies of the oral cavity, both psoriasis-specific lesions, as well as non-specific, such as geographic tongue or fissured tongue. These findings show the importance of thorough examination of oral mucosa in psoriatic patients. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are also linked with psoriasis. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis share a common genetic background, inflammatory pathways and have an evident iatrogenic anti-TNF treatment link, necessitating dermatological or gastroenterological care in patients with IBD or psoriasis, respectively, as well as treatment adjusted to manifestations. The presence of celiac disease-specific antibodies in psoriatic patients and their correlation with the severity of the disease show the association between these disorders. The linking pathogenesis comprises vitamin D deficiency, immune pathway, genetic background and increase in the intestinal permeability, which suggests a potential benefit from gluten-free diet among psoriatic patients. The link between psoriasis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease implies screening patients for components of metabolic syndrome and lifestyle changes necessity. Some studies indicate increased prevalence of cancer in patients with psoriasis, probably due to negative influence of skin lesion impact on lifestyle rather than the role of psoriasis in carcinogenesis. However, there are no sufficient data to exclude such an oncogenic hit, which is yet to be confirmed. Therefore, all psoriasis-associated comorbidities establish the importance of a multidisciplinary approach in the treatment of these patients.
      PubDate: 2017-09-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1775-7
  • IL-36 cytokines are increased in acne and hidradenitis suppurativa
    • Authors: Roberta Di Caprio; Anna Balato; Giuseppina Caiazzo; Serena Lembo; Annunziata Raimondo; Gabriella Fabbrocini; Giuseppe Monfrecola
      Abstract: Abstract Interleukin (IL)-36 cytokines are new members of the IL-1 family, which include pro-inflammatory factors, IL-36α, IL-36β and IL-36γ, and a natural receptor antagonist IL-36Ra. Over recent years, much has been learned on their important functions in the regulation of immune response and, especially, on their role in many inflammatory skin diseases. However, to date, no data have been reported on their possible involvement in acne and hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). Here, we have shown that IL-36α, IL-36β, and IL-36γ are increased in lesional skin of acne and HS, highlighting their possible pathogenetic contribution to these two skin conditions. In contrast, IL-36Ra (the anti-inflammatory member of IL-36 sub-family) was increased just in psoriasis, suggesting that an imbalance in IL-36/IL36Ra functions could play a role in the phenotype of skin damage. One of the consequences of this imbalance may be the increased induction of IL-8 that we found higher in acne, HS, and ACD respect to psoriasis.
      PubDate: 2017-08-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1769-5
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