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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 152, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Journal Cover
Archives of Dermatological Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.006
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 7  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-069X - ISSN (Online) 0340-3696
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in systemic sclerosis: a review of
           the literature
    • Authors: Beata Polkowska-Pruszyńska; Agnieszka Gerkowicz; Paulina Szczepanik-Kułak; Dorota Krasowska
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic, connective tissue disease with an autoimmune pattern characterized by inflammation, fibrosis and microcirculation changes leading to internal organs malfunctions. Recently, the presence of uncharacteristic gastrointestinal symptoms in the course of SSc has been underlined. The possible cause of such clinical presentation is the small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). Nevertheless, these manifestations resulting from gastrointestinal tract hypomotility may occur in numerous disease entities. The systematic review of the literature was performed on MEDLINE database using the relevant MeSH terms including all sub-headings. After further investigation, the initial number of 56 records was limited to 7 results. The study analysis showed an increased presence of SIBO in 39% of patients suffering from SSc. The average SSc duration was longer in SSc patients with coexisting SIBO. SIBO remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge and therefore is a significant clinical problem among patients suffering from SSc.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1874-0
      Issue No: Vol. 311, No. 1 (2019)
  • Gene expression analysis of antimony resistance in Leishmania tropica
           using quantitative real-time PCR focused on genes involved in
           trypanothione metabolism and drug transport
    • Authors: Mehdi Mohebali; Elham Kazemirad; Homa Hajjaran; Elaheh Kazemirad; Mohammad Ali Oshaghi; Reza Raoofian; Aref Teimouri
      Pages: 9 - 17
      Abstract: Pentavalent antimonials remain the treatment of choice for all the clinical forms of leishmaniasis. The increasing rates of antimony resistance are becoming a serious health problem in treatment of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL). Accordingly, unraveling molecular markers is crucial for improving medication strategies and monitoring of drug-resistant parasites. Different studies have suggested the importance of genes involved in trypanothione metabolism and drug transport. In this regard, present study was designed to investigate the RNA expression level of five genes including γ-GCS, ODC, TRYR (involved in trypanothione metabolism), AQP1 (acts in drug uptake) and MRPA (involved in sequestration of drug) in sensitive and resistant Leishmania tropica isolates. Seven antimony-resistant and seven antimony-sensitive L. tropica clinical isolates were collected from ACL patients. Drug sensitivity test was performed on the samples as well as reference strains; afterwards, gene expression analysis was performed on clinical isolates by quantitative real-time PCR. The results revealed that the average expression level of AQP1 gene was decreased (0.47-fold) in resistant isolates compared to sensitive ones whereas MRPA (2.45), γ-GCS (2.1) and TRYR (1.97) was upregulated in resistant isolates. The average expression of ODC (1.24-fold) gene was not different significantly between sensitive and resistant isolates. Our findings suggest that AQP1, MRPA, GSH1 and TRYR can be considered as potential molecular markers for screening of antimony resistance in some L. tropica clinical isolates.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1872-2
      Issue No: Vol. 311, No. 1 (2019)
  • Mortality and risk factors among Israeli bullous pemphigoid patients
    • Authors: Mati Rozenblat; Awad Halaj; Tal Rozenblat; Shani Fisher; Mohammad Sah; Roni P. Dodiuk-Gad; Michael Ziv
      Pages: 19 - 27
      Abstract: There are differences concerning reported mortality rates and prognostic factors of bullous pemphigoid (BP) patients in different studies. Our objectives were to evaluate the mortality rates and prognostic factors among Israeli BP patients compared to matched control subjects. Three age- and sex-matched patients without BP (n = 261) who were treated in our clinic were selected and compared to BP patients (n = 87). Mean survival period of the BP group was 4.1 years (95% CI: 3.3–4.8 years) and 5.9 years among the non-BP group (95% CI: 5.6–6.3 years). The 1-year mortality rate was 24.1% for the BP group and 6.5% for the control group. In multivariate analysis, age above 80 was a significant risk factor for mortality [HR 3.22 (95% CI, 1.15–8.96), p = 0.03], while statins intake had a protective role [HR 0.36 (95% CI, 0.15–0.88), p = 0.03]. In univariant analysis, dementia [HR 2.44 (95% CI, 1.02–5.99), p = 0.04] was a risk factor. In conclusion, BP patients’ mortality is correlated to increasing age at diagnosis, dementia, and statins use. Statins’ protective role is newly discussed in the literature.
      PubDate: 2019-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1875-z
      Issue No: Vol. 311, No. 1 (2019)
  • Ameliorative effects of green tea extract from tannase digests on house
           dust mite antigen-induced atopic dermatitis-like lesions in NC/Nga mice
    • Authors: YeonSil Hwang; BoYoon Chang; TaeYoung Kim; SungYeon Kim
      Abstract: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common chronic inflammatory skin diseases, which is affected by several factors. Anti-histamines, steroids, and immunosuppressive agents have been used for the treatment of AD. However, many studies have reported that long-term use and abuse of these drugs causes many side effects. This study was performed to evaluate the ameliorative effect of green tea extract on AD-like lesions in NC/Nga mice. Green tea extract from tannase digest (GTT), beta-hexosaminidase, and histamine were measured in IgE-antigen complex-stimulated RBL-2H3 cells. Dorsal skin application of house dust mite-ointment induced AD-like symptoms in NC/Nga mice. Dermatitis scores, skin moisture, transepidermal waterloss (TEWL), thickness of skin and ear, T-cell proliferation, levels of immunoglobulins and cytokines, and infiltration of mast cell were measured to assess the degree of AD induction. Skin moisture and TEWL were measured using probes, and ELISA was performed to measure the immunoglobulin and cytokine levels in blood. GTT was selected based on its ability to inhibit the release of beta-hexosaminidase and histamine in IgE-antigen complex-stimulated RBL-2H3 cells. Oral administration of GTT significantly suppressed the skin inflammation and symptoms of AD-like skin lesions in NC/Nga mice. GTT may have a potential therapeutic effect in the treatment of AD.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-01886-6
  • Melanoma-prone families: new evidence of distinctive clinical and
           histological features of melanomas in CDKN2A mutation carriers
    • Authors: Laura Cristina Gironi; Enrico Colombo; Barbara Pasini; Roberto Giorgione; Pamela Farinelli; Francesca Zottarelli; Elia Esposto; Elisa Zavattaro; Elias Allara; Paola Ogliara; Marta Betti; Irma Dianzani; Paola Savoia
      Pages: 769 - 784
      Abstract: Germline mutations on the CDKN2A gene, the most important known genetic factors associated with cutaneous melanomas (CMs), predispose carriers to multiple primary CMs (MPMs) with higher frequency and younger onset compared to non-carriers. Most of the largest published studies concerning clinical and histological characteristics of CMs with CDKN2A mutation carriers did not specify if the described CMs are first or subsequent to the first, and they used sporadic CMs from non-genotyped patients as controls. We conducted a single-centre observational study to compare clinical and histological CM features of 32 unrelated carriers (MUT) of 5 germline CDKN2A mutations (one of which was never previously described) compared to 100 genotyped wild-type (WT) patients. We stratified the data based on time of diagnosis, anatomical site and histological subtype of CMs, demonstrating several significant unreported differences between the two groups. MUT developed a higher number of dysplastic nevi and MPMs. We proved for the first time that anatomical distribution of CMs in MUT was independent of gender, unlike WTs. MUTs developed in situ and superficial spreading melanomas (SSMs) more frequently, with significantly higher number of SSMs on the head/neck. In MUTs, Breslow thickness was significantly lower for all invasive CMs. When CMs were stratified on the basis of the time of occurrence, statistical significance was maintained only for SSMs subsequent to the first. In WTs, Clark level was significantly higher, and ulceration was more prevalent than in MUTs. Significant differences in ulceration were observed only in SSMs. In nodular CMs, we did not find differences in terms of Breslow thickness or ulceration between WTs and MUTs. In situ CMs developed 10 years earlier in MUTs with respect to WTs, whereas no significant differences were observed in invasive CMs. In contrast to those reported previously by other authors, we did not find a difference in skin phototype.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1866-0
      Issue No: Vol. 310, No. 10 (2018)
  • Complex segregation analysis of facial melasma in Brazil: evidence for a
           genetic susceptibility with a dominant pattern of segregation
    • Authors: Nicole França Holmo; Geovana Brotto Ramos; Heloisa Salomão; Renata Iani Werneck; Marcelo Távora Mira; Luciane Donida Bartoli Miot; Hélio Amante Miot
      Pages: 827 - 831
      Abstract: Despite high prevalence, the etiopathology of melasma is not fully understood. Nevertheless, many factors have been associated with the disease, including: sun exposure, sex steroids hormones, drugs, stress, and pregnancy. The high occurrence within familiars (40–60%) suggests a genetic predisposition to the disease. This study explored, through complex segregation analysis (CSA), the inheritance model that best fit the family segregation pattern of facial melasma when accounting for the main epidemiological risk factors. We evaluated 686 subjects from 67 families, and 260 (38%) of them had facial melasma. The CSA model, adjusted for age, skin phototype, sex, sun exposure at work, hormonal oral contraceptive, and pregnancy, evidenced a genetic component that was best fitted to a dominant pattern of segregation. Melasma results from an interaction between exposure factors (e.g. pregnancy, hormones, and sun exposure) over genetically predisposed individuals.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1861-5
      Issue No: Vol. 310, No. 10 (2018)
  • Is prolactin a negative neuroendocrine regulator of human skin
           re-epithelisation after wounding'
    • Authors: E. A. Langan; T. Fink; R. Paus
      Pages: 833 - 841
      Abstract: Chronic wounds remain a major unmet healthcare challenge, associated with substantial morbidity and economic costs. Therefore, novel treatment strategies and therapeutic approaches need to be urgently developed. Yet, despite the increasingly recognized importance of neurohormonal signaling in skin physiology, the neuroendocrine regulation of cutaneous wound healing has received surprisingly little attention. Human skin, and its appendages, locally express the pleiotropic neurohormone prolactin (PRL), which not only regulates lactation but also hair follicle cycling, angiogenesis, keratinocyte proliferation, and epithelial stem cell functions. Therefore, we examined the effects of PRL in experimentally wounded female human skin organ culture. Overall, this revealed that PRL slightly, but significantly, inhibited epidermal regeneration (reepithelialisation), cytokeratin 6 protein expression and intraepidermal mitochondrial activity (MTCO1 expression), while it promoted keratinocyte terminal differentiation (i.e. involucrin expression) ex vivo. If the current pilot data are confirmed by further studies, PRL may serve as one of the—rarely studied—negative regulators of cutaneous wound healing that control excessive reepithelialisation. This raises the intriguing and clinically relevant question of whether PRL receptor antagonists could actually promote epidermal repair after human skin wounding.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1864-2
      Issue No: Vol. 310, No. 10 (2018)
  • Pushing and loss of elastic fibers are highly specific for melanoma and
           rare in melanocytic nevi
    • Authors: A. Stillhard; S. Cazzaniga; L. Borradori; Helmut Beltraminelli
      Abstract: The histopathological differentiation of melanocytic nevi from malignant melanoma (MM) is based on well-known criteria, and is straightforward in the vast majority of cases. However, there are few cases of melanocytic lesions (ML), the diagnosis of which is very challenging or even impossible. Here we have studied several morphological characteristics with particular focus on elastic fibers (EF) to identify features, helpful for the distinction between nevi and MM. In a monocentric retrospective study we have analyzed 14 morphological histological characteristics in 30 MMs and 90 nevi, encompassing 30 compound/dermal nevi, 30 junctional nevi, 30 dysplastic nevi. All consecutive cases were retrieved from the archives of our tertiary referral centre during the 6-month study period. Nine characteristics including loss of EF in the ML, loss of EF in lesional fibrosis, pushing of the EF, UV-elastosis, loss of rete ridges of the epidermis, regression of the ML, atrophy of the epidermis, pigment incontinence, and concentric eosinophilic fibroplasia (CEF) showed a statistical significant difference (p < 0.05 and at least an OR > 2) distinguishing nevi from MM. Loss of EF was found in 73.1% of MM cases, but in less than 2.5% of nevi. We identified nine morphological characteristics that are helpful to differentiate melanocytic nevi from MM. A loss of the EF in a ML appeared to be highly associated with MM.
      PubDate: 2018-12-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1885-x
  • Downregulation of aquaporin 3 in bullous pemphigoid patients
    • Authors: Mona Mostafa Korany; Marwa Ahmed Amer; Laila Ahmed Rashed; Marwah Adly Saleh
      Abstract: Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a chronic autoimmune skin disease. Aquaporin 3 (AQP 3) has a possible role in the pathogenesis of many dermatological diseases. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the expression of AQP 3 in BP. Perilesional skin biopsies were taken from 24 BP patients and 13 controls. The biopsies were stained by direct immunofluorescence using rabbit anti-human AQP 3 FITC antibody. The expression of AQP 3 was weak in 5 patients (20.8%), moderate in 18 patients (75%), strong in 1 patient (4.2%) in the suprabasal layers. It was negative in 4 patients (16.7%), weak in 18 patients (75%), moderate in 2 patients (8.3%) and no strong fluorescence was seen in the basal layers. In the controls, the expression was strong in ten controls (76.9%), moderate in three controls (23.1%) and no controls showed weak fluorescence in the suprabasal layer. The basal layer showed strong fluorescence in 11 controls (84.6%), moderate in 2 controls (15.4%) and no controls showed mild or no fluorescence. There was a statistically significant difference in the expression of AQP 3 between basal and suprabasal layers of BP patients but not of the controls. There was statistically significant difference in the expression of AQP 3 between patients and controls in both the basal (P value < 0.001) and the suprabasal layers (P value < 0.001). In conclusion, AQP 3 was downregulated in BP patients especially in the basal cell layer. This suggests that AQP 3 plays a role in the pathogenesis of BP.
      PubDate: 2018-12-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1884-y
  • Leakage of sweat into the dermo-epidermal junction as a possible trigger
           for lichen planus lesion development
    • Authors: Yoshiko Mizukawa; Yoshimi Yamazaki; Tetsuo Shiohara
      Abstract: No previous studies have convincingly linked sweating disturbance with the subsequent development of lichen planus (LP). Therefore, we investigated whether sweating disturbance could be specifically detected in LP lesions and how it could trigger lesion development. We utilized the impression mold technique (IMT), which allows accurate quantification of individual sweat glands/ducts actively delivering sweat in a well-defined location, to evaluate sweating disturbance in LP lesions. Psoriasis vulgaris (PsV) lesions were included as controls. Leakage of sweat and subsequent induction of chemokine expression were immunohistochemically identified. Both baseline and thermal stimulus-induced sweating responses were markedly impaired in LP lesions, as well as in PsV lesions. A marked difference, however, was found in normal-appearing perilesional skin; “cold spots”, which were defined as a 1 mm2 area with no sweat droplets, were specifically and abundantly detected in perilesional LP skin, but not perilesional PsV skin. Leakage of sweat as evidenced by the immunohistochemical detection of dermcidin was specifically observed around the acrosyringium of these “cold spots” in LP, but not PsV, lesions and associated with CXCL10 induction on neighboring keratinocytes and syringotropic migration of CXCR3+ T cells. Leakage of sweat into the dermo-epidermal junction would serve not only to decrease sweat delivery to the skin surface but also to induce T-cell recruitment to the inflammatory site. Therapies for LP may be directed not only at ameliorating inflammatory responses but also at preventing the leakage of sweat into the dermo-epidermal junction.
      PubDate: 2018-12-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1882-0
  • Comparing early and late treatments with rituximab in pemphigus vulgaris:
           which one is better'
    • Authors: Kamran Balighi; Maryam Daneshpazhooh; HamidReza Mahmoudi; Mehrnoosh Badakhsh; Amir Teimourpour; Amir Houshang Ehsani; Arghavan Azizpour; Zahra Akbari; Mostafa Mahdavinia; Mojtaba Ghasemiadl; Soheil Tavakolpour
      Abstract: During the last decade, successfully treatment of patients diagnosed with pemphigus vulgaris (PV) with rituximab (RTX) was reported by several authors. The present study has been designed to compare the clinical outcomes and RTX-related side effects between the two groups of early treated (≤ 6 months) and lately treated PV (> 6 months) patients with RTX. We did a retrospective study between Oct 2014 and Jun 2016 to compare the short-term efficacy and safety of RTX in PV diagnosed patients. The primary and secondary endpoints were complete/partial remission of disease and safely tapering of corticosteroids without disease relapse, respectively. Among the 250 RTX exposed PV patients in the selected period, 107 were successfully followed for the mean 19.71 ± 16.78 months. Twenty-four and eighty three have categorized as the early (≤ 6 months after diagnosis) or lately (> 6 months after diagnosis) RTX-treated patients, respectively. A higher rate of complete remission, longer time lasting remission phase, and a lower number of adjuvants were associated with early RTX treatment. Early treatment with RTX might be associated with improvement of clinical effects, but does not seems to be safer than lately RTX therapy. Those in the early treated group may not only have a higher chance to achieve complete remission, but also experience a longer time of disease remission with lower cumulative doses of adjuvant therapy.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1881-1
  • CXCL12 regulates differentiation of human immature melanocyte precursors
           as well as their migration
    • Authors: Takaaki Yamada; Seiji Hasegawa; Yuichi Hasebe; Mika Kawagishi-Hotta; Masaru Arima; Yohei Iwata; Tsukane Kobayashi; Shigeki Numata; Naoki Yamamoto; Satoru Nakata; Kazumitsu Sugiura; Hirohiko Akamatsu
      Abstract: Melanocyte stem cells (McSCs) are localized in the bulge region of hair follicles and supply melanocytes, which determine hair color by synthesizing melanin. Ectopic differentiation of McSCs, which are usually undifferentiated in the bulge region, causes depletion of McSCs and results in hair graying. Therefore, to prevent hair graying, it is essential to maintain McSCs in the bulge region, but the mechanism of McSC maintenance remains unclear. To address this issue, we investigated the role of CXCL12, a chemokine which was previously suggested to induce migration of melanocyte lineage cells, as a niche component of McSCs. Immunohistological analysis revealed that CXCL12 was highly expressed in the bulge region of human hair follicles. CXCL12 mRNA expression level was significantly lower in white hairs plucked from human scalps than in black hairs. CXCL12 attracted the migration of early-passage normal human epidermal melanocytes (eNHEMs), an in vitro model of McSCs, which had characteristics of immature melanocyte precursors. We also found that CXCL12 suppressed their differentiation. These results suggest that CXCL12 regulates differentiation of McSCs as well as their proper localization, and maintaining McSCs by regulating CXCL12 expression level in the bulge region may be a key to preventing hair graying.
      PubDate: 2018-11-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1880-2
  • Podoplanin suppresses the cell adhesion of epidermal keratinocytes via
           functional regulation of β1-integrin
    • Authors: Takashi Shibuya; Masaru Honma; Mizue Fujii; Shin Iinuma; Akemi Ishida-Yamamoto
      Abstract: Epidermal stem cells adhere more efficiently to the extracellular matrix (ECM) than the less adhesive differentiating cells due to their high expression of cell adhesion molecules including β1-integrin. Podoplanin is majorly expressed in the markedly proliferative and differentiating basal cells of the wounded and psoriatic epidermis. This study was designed to reveal podoplanin’s function in human epidermal keratinocytes (HEK) focusing on its interaction with β1-integrin. We analyzed the adhesion and differentiation of HEK in both podoplanin-overexpressing and -knock-down cells, considering their β1-integrin levels. The basal layer of IL-22-treated hyperproliferative reconstituted epidermis cells (simulating basal hyperproliferative psoriatic epidermal basal cells) expressed higher podoplanin levels than the untreated control cells. The adhesiveness of HaCaT cells, which do not express podoplanin, was reduced after the overexpression of podoplanin. HEK with podoplanin overexpression suppressed the cell adhesion to type I collagen (while downregulating β1-integrin functions) and podoplanin silencing augmented it (by increasing active ECM-bound β1-integrin). The increased cell adhesion to type I collagen induced by podoplanin silencing could be reversed by addition of P5D2, a neutralizing antibody against β1-integrin. In the psoriatic epidermis, podoplanin expression was especially upregulated on the rete ridges of the basal cell layer. This expression pattern was inversely correlated with the total/ECM-bound active β1-integrin-expression, which was stronger at the basal cell layer covering the dermal papillae. Our results indicate that podoplanin inhibits the cell ECM attachment by suppressing β1-integrin and initiating HEK differentiation. Podoplanin is presumably involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis.
      PubDate: 2018-11-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1878-9
  • Evidence of proliferative activity in human Merkel cells: implications in
           the histogenesis of Merkel cell carcinoma
    • Authors: Yutaka Narisawa; Takuya Inoue; Kotaro Nagase
      Abstract: The cellular origin of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is controversial. We previously hypothesized that MCC originates from hair follicle stem cells or Merkel cell (MC) progenitors residing within the hair follicle bulge. Examination of three cases of combined MCC led to the unexpected discovery that numerous keratin 20 (CK20)-positive MCs within the squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) component of combined MCC appeared morphologically normal with dendritic and oval shapes. Moreover, one extremely rare case of combined SCC and MCC showed both intra-epidermal and dermal MCCs. These three cases represent the first documentation of MC hyperplasia in MCC, besides various benign follicular neoplasms associated with MC hyperplasia. Therefore, to elucidate the proliferating potential of MCs and their histogenetic relationship with MCCs, we further investigated these cases based on pathological observations. We identified numerous cells co-expressing CK20 and the proliferation marker Ki-67, identical to the morphological and immunohistochemical features of normal MCs. This finding indicated that MCs can no longer be considered as pure post-mitotic cells. Instead, they have proliferative potential under specific conditions in the diseased or wounded skin, or adjacent to various skin tumors, including MCC. Intimate co-existence of two malignant cell components composed of intradermal and intra-epidermal MCCs, with the proliferation of normal-appearing MCs in the same lesion, lends support to the hypothesis that MCs and MCC cells are derived from MC progenitors residing within the hair follicle bulge. Specifically, MCCs are derived from transformed MC progenitors with potential for dual-directional differentiation towards neuroendocrine and epithelial lineages.
      PubDate: 2018-11-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1877-x
  • A randomized placebo-controlled single-center pilot study of the safety
           and efficacy of apremilast in subjects with moderate-to-severe alopecia
    • Authors: Daniela Mikhaylov; Ana Pavel; Christopher Yao; Grace Kimmel; John Nia; Peter Hashim; Anjali S. Vekaria; Mark Taliercio; Giselle Singer; Rachel Karalekas; Danielle Baum; Yasaman Mansouri; Mark G. Lebwohl; Emma Guttman-Yassky
      Abstract: Alopecia areata (AA) is a common autoimmune disease that results in non-scarring hair loss. AA pathogenesis is thought to involve multiple inflammatory cytokines. Apremilast is a phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor that reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine production. Recent studies demonstrate upregulation of PDE4 in human scalp lesions of AA patients and hair regrowth in a humanized AA mouse model upon apremilast treatment, suggesting a possible potential of apremilast in AA. To assess the efficacy and safety of apremilast in AA, we conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled single-center pilot study in 30 moderate-to-severe AA patients (≥ 50% scalp involvement) that were randomized 2:1 to receive apremilast (n = 20) or placebo (n = 10) orally for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was the percentage of patients achieving 50% reduction in severity of alopecia tool (SALT) score (SALT50) at 24 weeks compared to baseline, and the secondary endpoints included the percent change in SALT score at weeks 24 and 48. Eight patients in the apremilast arm withdrew prior to week 24 along with two patients in the placebo group, mostly due to lack of efficacy and adverse events. At 24 weeks, only 1 of 12 apremilast-treated subjects achieved SALT50, and similarly 1 of 8 placebo-treated subjects achieved SALT50. The difference between the mean percent improvement in SALT score at week 24 compared to baseline of the two study arms was not statistically significant (p = 0.38). The lack of treatment response in most of our patients argues against a pathogenic role for PDE4 specifically in moderate-to-severe AA, but targeting this pathway may still be of value in patients with mild AA as there is less of an inflammatory burden in this population. However, future larger studies may be needed to conclude apremilast’s lack of efficacy in moderate-to-severe AA.
      PubDate: 2018-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1876-y
  • Reconstructed human keloid models show heterogeneity within keloid scars
    • Authors: Grace C. Limandjaja; Leonarda J. van den Broek; Taco Waaijman; Melanie Breetveld; Stan Monstrey; Rik J. Scheper; Frank B. Niessen; Susan Gibbs
      Abstract: Keloid scars are often described as having an actively growing peripheral margin with a regressing centre. The aim of this study was to examine the possible heterogeneity within keloids and the involvement of different regions within and around keloid scars in the pathogenesis, using an in vitro keloid scar model. In vitro skin models were constructed from keratinocytes and fibroblasts from normal skin and different regions within and around keloid scars: periphery, centre, and (adjacent) surrounding-normal-skin regions. Additionally, fibroblasts were isolated from the superficial-central and deep-central regions of the keloid and combined with central keratinocytes. All keloid regions showed increased contraction compared to normal skin models, particularly in central regions. Myofibroblasts were present in all keloid regions but were more abundant in models containing central-deep keloid fibroblasts. Secretion of anti-fibrotic HGF and extracellular matrix collagen IV gene expression was reduced in the central deep keloid compared to normal skin. No significant differences between peripheral and central regions within keloids were observed for inflammatory cytokine CCL20, CCL27, CXCL8, IL-6 and IL-18 secretion. Parameters for surrounding-normal-skin showed similarities to both non-lesional normal skin and keloids. In conclusion, a simple but elegant method of culturing keloid-derived keratinocytes and fibroblasts in an organotypic 3D scar model was developed, for the dual purpose of studying the underlying pathology and ultimately testing new therapeutics. In this study, these tissue engineered scar models show that the central keloid region shows a more aggressive keloid scar phenotype than the periphery and that the surrounding-normal-skin also shares certain abnormalities characteristic for keloids.
      PubDate: 2018-10-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1873-1
  • Benefits of a membership in a psoriasis patient organisation: a
           quasi-experimental longitudinal study
    • Authors: Anna Langenbruch; Marc A. Radtke; Zinaida Foos; Matthias Augustin
      Abstract: Background and Objectives Patient organisations play an important role in supporting patients with chronic diseases and allow information transfer beyond professional care structures. Until now, only few studies have investigated the benefits of a dermatological patient organisation. In this study, potential benefits of joining the German Psoriasis Association (Deutscher Psoriasis Bund e. V., DPB) were surveyed. Methods The quasi-experimental longitudinal design included four groups of individuals suffering from psoriasis: those (1) with DPB membership of 5 years, (2) with voluntary new membership, (3) with randomly awarded membership, and (4) without membership. Participants were interviewed two times in 12 months, about quality of life, depression, participation in patient education classes, health status, and treatment benefits. Results 295 individuals participated (mean age 54 years; 50.3% females). At the outset of the study, participants with voluntary new membership rated their health status worse and showed higher depression scores than those with awarded membership. The proportion of participants who joined patient education classes only increased in the group of long-term members. Health status worsened in the group of non-members, and it improved in the group of those with awarded and voluntary new membership. Treatment benefit only increased in the voluntary new members group. Conclusions DPB membership seems to be associated with some relief from psoriasis-related strains, particularly in the group of those who joined voluntarily. This could be due to the fact that individuals who become members out of their own volition are more likely to seek information and, therefore, benefit from their active engagement.
      PubDate: 2018-10-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1869-x
  • Topical treatment with the bacterium-derived c-Met agonist InlB 321 /15
           accelerates healing in the abrasion wound mouse model
    • Authors: Yaroslava M. Chalenko; Elena V. Sysolyatina; Konstantin A. Sobyanin; Marina R. Kapkaeva; Alexandra Lavrikova; Egor Kalinin; Olga N. Scheglovitova; Svetlana A. Ermolaeva
      Abstract: Studies of factors affecting wound-healing rates are encouraged by a critical need for new treatments to manage an increasing burden of non-healing wounds. The InlB protein produced by the Gram-positive bacterium Listeria monocytogenes is an agonist of the tyrosine kinase receptor c-Met and a functional analog of the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), which is a mammalian ligand of c-Met. The recombinant InlB321 protein, which is the c-Met-binding InlB domain (amino acids 31–321), was cloned from the L. monocytogenes serovar 4b clinical strain VIMHA015 and serovar 1/2a strain EGDe (InlB321/15 and InlB321/EGDe, respectively). Both InlB321 variants stimulated proliferation of endothelial HUVEC cells. InlB321/15 was more active in Erk1/2 phosphorylation assay, and more potent than InlB321/EGDe in the 2D-scratch wound-healing assay. Scratch closure reached 86%, 29% and 72% for InlB321/15, InlB321/EGDe and HGF, respectively, 72 h post-wounding (p < 0.05). Topically applied glycerol-mixed InlB321/15 (300 µg ml− 1) increased abrasion wound-healing rates in mice. The 50% wound closing time (CT50) was reduced by InlB321/15 (4.18 ± 0.91 days; CI: 3.05; 5.31) compared with control animals (5.51 ± 1.21 days; CI: 4.01; 7.01; p < 0.05). Taken together, obtained results suggested a potential of InlB321/15 as a means of accelerating wound healing.
      PubDate: 2018-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1870-4
  • Inflammatory reaction, clinical efficacy, and safety of bacterial
           cellulose wound dressing containing silk sericin and polyhexamethylene
           biguanide for wound treatment
    • Authors: Supamas Napavichayanun; Sumate Ampawong; Tavornchai Harnsilpong; Apichai Angspatt; Pornanong Aramwit
      Abstract: Bacterial cellulose wound dressings containing silk sericin and PHMB (BCSP) were developed in our previous studies. It had good physical properties, efficacy, and safety. For further use as a medical material, this dressing was investigated for its efficacy and safety in split-thickness skin graft (STSG) donor-site wound treatment compared to Bactigras® (control). Moreover, the inflammatory responses to both dressings were also deeply investigated. For in vivo study, expressions of anti-inflammatory cytokines were intensely considered in the tissue interfacing area. The result showed that IL-4 and TGF-β from BCSP-treated tissue had advantages over Bactigras®-treated tissue at 14 and 21 days post-implantation. For clinical study, a single-blinded, randomized controlled study was generated. The half of STSG donor site wound was randomly assigned to cover with BCSP or Bactigras®. Twenty-one patients with 32 STSG donor site wounds were enrolled. The results showed that wound-healing time was not significantly different in both dressings. However, wound quality of BCSP was better than Bactigras® at healing time and after 1 month (p < 0.05). The pain scores of BCSP-treated wound were statistically significant lower than Bactigras®-treated wound (p < 0.05). No sign of infection or adverse event was observed after treatment with both dressings. In conclusion, the inflammation responses of the dressing were clearly clarified. The advantages of BCSP were wound-quality improvement, pain reduction, and infection protection without adverse events. It was fit to be used as the alternative treatment of STSG donor site wound.
      PubDate: 2018-10-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1871-3
  • Effect of tofacitinib on the expression of noggin/BMP-4 and hair growth
           stimulation in mice
    • Authors: J. Meephansan; T. Pongcharoensuk; J. Thummakriengkrai; S. Ponnikorn; W. Yingmema; R. Deenonpoe
      Abstract: Many hair loss disorders, including non-scaring alopecia, are caused by the arrest of hair follicles at the telogen phase, and the failure to enter the growth phase. Several studies report the efficacy of tofacitinib in promoting hair growth, by mechanisms not precisely known. The aim of this study was to identify other mechanisms by which tofacitinib, applied topically, promotes hair growth. The results showed that histopathological studies in mice treated topically with tofacitinib increased number of hair follicles, ratio of hair follicles in anagen phase, and length of hair infundibulum, and a reduced interfollicular epidermal thickness, compared to DMSO-treated mice. RT-PCR experiments showed significant increases in the expression of noggin (P < 0.05) and BMP4 (P < 0.05) mRNAs, which were greater than those in the vehicle-controlled group. Moreover, the expression of noggin and BMP4 mRNAs was significantly higher in the tofacitinib-treated group than in the minoxidil-treated group. This study would help understand the efficacy and mechanism by which tofacitinib, applied topically, triggers noggin and BMP4 mRNA expression, both being important molecules involved in the onset of the growth phase of hair growth cycles.
      PubDate: 2018-10-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-018-1868-y
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