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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2573 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2573 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Dermatological Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.006
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 7  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-069X - ISSN (Online) 0340-3696
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2573 journals]
  • Inactivated P. aeruginosa restores immune imbalance of chronic idiopathic
    • Abstract: Abstract The main pathology involved in chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) is immunological dysfunction which mainly adapts to the immune system of body. Pseudomonas aeruginosa-mannose-sensitive hemagglutinin (PA) is an inactivated Pseudomonas aeruginosa biological product which displays a broad immune regulatory effect. The current study was designed to explore the protective nature of PA as an immune regulator in CIU. The participants were randomly divided into CIU + PA, CIU, control + PA and control group. lg E, anti FcεRI, anti IgE antibody, IL-4, IL-17, TGF-β1 and interferon-γ in the sera were assayed by ELISA. Then CD4+ T cells and CD19+ B cells were isolated from peripheral blood of patients with CIU (n = 10) and healthy control (n = 10). CD4+ T cells and CD19+ B proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed through CCK-8 and flow cytometry respectively. T helper cells differentiations were assessed by real-time PCR. The results revealed that compared with the control group, the curative effect of CIU + PA group was more effective than that of the CIU control group. There was a hyper proliferation of CD19+ B cells in the CIU patients. Moreover, it was also discovered that presence of Th1 decreased while Th2 cells increased in CIU patients. PA significantly inhibited the proliferation of CD19+ B and Th2 cells but at the same time promoted the proliferation of Th1 compared to healthy control. The conclusion arrived at from this study is that the PA displayed a remarkable regulatory effect in CD4+ T cells and CD19+ B cells function by promoting Th1 but inhibited Th2 and the hyperfunction of B cells of CIU patients.
      PubDate: 2019-12-03
  • Stem cells in aesthetic dermatology: bioethical and professional
    • Abstract: Abstract Recently, stem cells in aesthetics have attracted increased attention, especially as they have become a popular trend that is being mass-marketed to consumers on the Internet and social media. Unfortunately, studies have shown this marketing to be misleading as it portrays many purported benefits of stem cells that have yet to be proven in the limited studies that are available. It is important for clinicians to understand the evidence and marketing behind any new trends, especially in the fast-paced world of aesthetics, where treatments often outpace current medical understanding. As clinicians, we have bioethical and professional obligations to educate ourselves on current trends, ensure adequate patient safety, and advocate for continued consumer education.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Medical malpractice cases involving lack of access to dermatologists for
           incarcerated patients in the United States from 1982 to 2018
    • Abstract: Abstract While prison medicine is a heavily researched area for quality improvement, little is known regarding prisoner access to dermatologists. The goal of this study was to characterize the claims related to a lack of dermatologist access in prison malpractice cases. We searched the LexisNexis Academic database of legal records from 1970 to 2018 using the terms “medical malpractice and dermatologist” to yield federal malpractice cases involving dermatologists. Ultimately, 89 distinct cases in which a prisoner was not able to see a dermatologist were included in the final analysis. Data relating to year, location, anatomical site, symptoms, dermatologist related claim, specialty of treating physician, and final diagnosis were extracted for each case. The 89 cases involving prisoners who were not able to see a dermatologist for their skin condition ranged from 1982 to 2018, with California (n = 12) and Pennsylvania (n = 11) containing the largest number of cases. 76% of the prisoners were only treated by primary care prison physicians for their dermatologic concerns. Several issues regarding dermatologist access were categorized in this study. This study reveals limited access to dermatologists for prisoners in need of dermatologic care. Improved collaboration between prison officials, prison medical staff, and dermatologists could help improve prisoner care and limit malpractice risk.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Double blinded, vehicle controlled, crossover study on the efficacy of a
           topical endocannabinoid membrane transporter inhibitor in atopic Beagles
    • Abstract: Abstract The endocannabinoid system is important for skin homeostasis and alterations are linked to inflammatory diseases like atopic dermatitis (AD). Importantly, activation of cannabinoid receptor CB2 decreases pruritus and inflammation in mouse models. Reduction of inactivation of endogenous cannabinoids could, therefore, be a therapeutic option for AD. Dogs spontaneously develop AD, which closely mimics the human disease making them suitable to test new therapies. Our study aimed to test the effects of a topical endocannabinoid membrane transporter inhibitor (WOL067-531, 1% gel) on pruritus and dermatitis in a canine model of AD. Nineteen Beagles allergic to dust mites (DM) were randomized to receive either active ingredient or vehicle on inguinal area while challenged epicutaneously with DM twice weekly for 28 days. Treatment was administered twice daily and started after three challenges (day 8). Dermatitis and pruritus were scored weekly by personnel blinded to treatment allocation. Dermatitis was scored using a validated scoring system and pruritus was scored using camera recordings. After a 4-week washout, dogs were crossed over and the study was repeated. On days 15 and 22, dermatitis scores were significantly increased after DM challenge in the vehicle group (16.34, p = 0.0089 and 7.42, p = 0.04845, respectively) but not in the active ingredient group (p = 0.3177 and p = 0.3190, respectively). Significant decrease on pruritus both on inguinal area and overall (p = 0.048 and p = 0.032, respectively) occurred in the active ingredient group. No adverse effects were noted. In conclusion, the newly developed topical endocannabinoid membrane transporter inhibitor (WOL067-531) minimized allergic flares and pruritus in a canine model of AD.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Genetic disposition to primary hyperhidrosis: a review of literature
    • Abstract: Abstract Primary hyperhidrosis is a condition characterized by excessive sweating. The estimated prevalence is between 0.6 and 4.4%, and it can have economic, psychological, and social consequences for affected individuals. Family and genetic studies have suggested a genetic component in the inheritance of the disease. In this review, we summarize the current literature on genetic disposition to primary hyperhidrosis. We Identified 20 studies on Pubmed and Embase in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Probands reported a positive family history in 5.7–65% of cases, and the inheritance appeared to be either autosomal dominant or recessive. Individuals with palmoplantar phenotypes and a positive family history had a younger age of onset. Genetic linkage and genome-wide association studies have identified loci on chromosome 2, 14, and 16. However, the evidence is heterogeneous and limited. It seems that primary hyperhidrosis is polygenically inherited, and considering the impairment, further data to understand the genetic etiology of the disease are needed.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • In silico analysis of gene expression data from bald frontal and haired
    • Abstract: Abstract Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a progressive dermatological disorder of frontal and vertex scalp hair loss leading to baldness in men. This study aimed to identify candidate genes involved in AGA through an in silico search strategy. The gene expression profile GS36169, which contains microarray gene expression data from bald frontal and haired occipital scalps of five men with AGA, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The differential gene expression analysis for all five subjects was carried out separately by PUMA package in R and identified 32 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) common to all five subjects. Gene ontology (GO) biological process and pathway- enrichment analyses of the DEGs were conducted separately for the up-regulated and down-regulated genes. ReactomeFIViz app was utilized to construct the protein functional interaction network for the DEGs. Through GO biological process and pathway analysis on the clusters of the Reactome FI network, we found that the down-regulated DEGs participate in Wnt signaling, TGF-beta signaling, and up-regulated DEGs participate in oxidative-stress- related pathways.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Effectiveness of methotrexate in moderate to severe psoriasis patients:
           real-world registry data from the Swiss Dermatology Network for Targeted
           Therapies (SDNTT)
    • Abstract: Abstract Methotrexate (MTX) is a frequently used anti-psoriatic drug that is commonly recommended in international psoriasis guidelines. It is effective in treating skin lesions, nail changes and psoriatic arthritis. In 2017 a prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial, commonly known as the METOP trial, was published assessing the effectiveness and safety of subcutaneous administration of methotrexate. Because trial data do not always relate to real-life data with unselected patient populations, we wanted to determine whether the data obtained in the METOP-trial correspond to real-life registry data from our Swiss Dermatology Network for Targeted Therapies (SDNTT). Data of 449 patients with moderate to severe psoriasis who participated in the SDNTT registry between 2011 and 1st of July 2017 were analyzed. Only patients receiving methotrexate s.c. were included. 66 patients under MTX were included into this study. Baseline PASI was 6.3 ± 3.8 (SDNTT) compared to 15.9 ± 5.9 in the METOP trial. In our cohort, only 18% of all patients reached PASI 75 after 12 weeks, 6% showed a complete remission (PASI 100) compared to 41% and 4% in the METOP trial after 16 weeks. 22.7% of all patients showed increased liver enzymes in either study and nausea was seen in 15% (SDNTT) versus 22% (METOP) of patients. No severe adverse events were observed in our cohort. Compared to the METOP-trial, the response rates seen our real-world cohort were distinctly lower.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Resveratrol-loaded nanoemulsion gel system to ameliorate UV-induced
           oxidative skin damage: from in vitro to in vivo investigation of
           antioxidant activity enhancement
    • Abstract: Abstract In the present study resveratrol nanoemulsion gel was developed and optimized with the aim of enhancing the permeability and antioxidant activity against ultraviolet (UV)-induced oxidative skin damage. Droplet size, polydispersity index, drug permeation flux, permeability coefficient and drug deposition in skin of resveratrol-loaded nanoemulsion were found to be 65.00 ± 5.00 nm, 0.171 ± 0.082, 144.50 μg/cm2/h, 2.90 × 10–2 cm/h and 45.65 ± 4.76%, respectively, whereas drug permeation flux, permeability coefficient and drug deposition in skin from nanoemulsion gel were found to be 107.70 μg/cm2/h, 2.06 × 10–2 cm/h and 62.65 ± 4.98%, respectively. Confocal studies depicted deeper penetration of resveratrol from nanoemulsion gel. Differential scanning calorimetry and Fourier-transform infrared spectrophotometer studies confirmed that nanoemulsion gel enhanced fluidization of stratum corneum lipids and conformational disruption of lipid bilayer, thereby enhancing skin permeation of resveratrol. Histopathology study of skin revealed that resveratrol-loaded nanoemulsion gel inhibited UV-induced spongosis, edema and epidermal hyperplasia response. Levels of glutathione, superoxide dismutase, catalase and protein carbonyl in the skin of UV-irradiated rats were significantly (p < 0.01) improved in the skin of animals treated with nanoemulsion gel. Experimental results suggested that nanoemulsion gel could be explored as a promising carrier for topical delivery of resveratrol for prevention of UV-induced oxidative skin damage owing to its enhanced permeability and retention effect.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • The expression of serotonin transporter protein in the skin of patients
           with chronic spontaneous urticaria and its relation with depression and
    • Abstract: Abstract Studies have indicated a possible role for serotonin transporter protein (SERT) in the pathophysiology of inflammatory skin disorders. This study was aimed to determine the expression of SERT in the skin of patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) and its relation to depression and anxiety. In this case–control study, 30 CSU patients and 30 healthy controls were evaluated with skin biopsies to evaluate the expression of the SERT protein based on histopathologic findings. Beck depression and anxiety inventories were used to investigate depression and anxiety in the case group. Data were analyzed by SPSS software. P values < 0.05 were considered significant. The case group showed significantly higher percentage of stained cells (P < 0.0001) and intensity of SERT expression (P < 0.0001) compared with the control group. The patients with uncontrolled CSU showed significantly higher percentage (P < 0.002) and intensity (P < 0.006) of SERT expression, compared with those with controlled CSU. The intensity of SERT expression in CSU patients had no significant correlation with the severity of depression, but was significantly correlated with the severity of anxiety (r = 0.555; P = 0.001). The percentage of stained cells was significantly correlated with the severities of depression (r = − 0.433; P = 0.017) and anxiety (r = 0.528; P = 0.003). The SERT expression in patients with CSU was higher compared with controls, which can demonstrate the role of serotonin in the pathogenesis of this disease. This higher SERT expression is correlated with the severity of the disease.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Effects of combination of mizolastine and proteoglycan on chronic
           urticaria: a randomized controlled trial
    • Abstract: Abstract The present study aimed to observe the therapeutic effect of combined mizolastine and proteoglycan in chronic urticaria. The patients were randomly divided into the treatment group (n = 56) and the control group (n = 44). The treatment group was medicated with calcium gluconate (10 mg/ time, 1 time/day), vitamin D3 (intramuscular 10 mg/time, 1 time/week), mizolastine (10 mg/time, 1 time/day), and proteoglycan (1.2 g/time, 3 times/day), while the control group was administered with the same drugs except proteoglycan for 4 weeks. After treatment with combined mizolastine and proteoglycan, therapeutic effect with symptoms decline index (SDI) more than 60% was significant different (44 vs. 24, p = 0.000973) and the relapse rate after 2 months was significantly lower (17.9% vs. 38.6%, p = 0.0202). Using ELISA, we found that the IFN-γ (37.88 ± 4.27 pg/mL vs. 21.91 ± 4.95 pg/mL, p = 0.028) levels were specifically increased in the experiment group. The combination of mizolastine plus proteoglycan is effective in treating chronic urticaria with better therapeutic effect and lower relapse rate through promoting IFN-γ production.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Substrate softness promotes terminal differentiation of human
           keratinocytes without altering their ability to proliferate back into a
           rigid environment
    • Abstract: Abstract Substrate stiffness is a key regulator of cell behavior. To investigate how mechanical properties of cell microenvironment affect the human keratinocyte, primary cells were seeded on polyacrylamide hydrogels of different compliances (soft: 4 kPa, medium: 14 kPa, rigid: 45 kPa) in comparison with glass coverslip (> GPa). Keratinocyte spreading and proliferation were strongly decreased on the softest hydrogel, while no significant difference was observed between medium, rigid hydrogels and glass coverslip, and cells’ viability was comparable in all conditions after 72 h. We then performed a RNA-seq to compare the transcriptomes from keratinocytes cultured for 72 h on the softest hydrogel or on coverslips. The cells on the soft hydrogel showed a strong increase in the expression of late differentiation marker genes from the epidermal differentiation complex (1q21) and the antioxidant machinery. In parallel, these cells displayed a significant loss of expression of the matrix receptors (integrin α6 and β1) and the EGF receptor. However, when these cells were replated on a plastic culture plate (> GPa), they were able to re-engage the proliferation machinery with a strong colony-formation efficiency. Overall, using low-calcium differentiation monolayers at confluence, the lesser the rigidity, the stronger the markers of late differentiation are expressed, while the inverse is observed regarding the markers of early differentiation. In conclusion, below a certain rigidity, human keratinocytes undergo genome reprogramming indicating terminal differentiation that can switch back to proliferation in contact with a stiffer environment.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Effect of artesunate and relation with TGF-β1 and SMAD3 signaling on
           experimental hypertrophic scar model in rabbit ear
    • Abstract: Abstract Artesunate (ART) is the derivative of artemisinin isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine qinghao. Although several studies reported the efficiency of artesunate in the treatment of malaria, inhibiting fibroblasts and collagen synthesis, the association between artesunate and scar formation is unclear. The research was designed to study the significance of artesunate (ART) on the expression of transforming growth factor (TGF-β1) and small mother against decapentaplegic (SMAD3) in rabbit's ear hypertrophic scar model. Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into six groups: control group, matrix group, low-concentration artesunate group (0.48%), medium-concentration artesunate group (0.96%), high-concentration artesunate group (1.92%) and silicone gel group. Punched defects were established on each rabbit’s ear which resulted in a hypertrophic scar. On the 28th day, topical artesunate creams were applied twice a day except on the control group. On the 56th day, scar samples were collected for histopathology and immunoassay. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, Van Gieson staining, immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis were done. Amongst the six groups, findings showed that the medium-concentration artesunate group (0.92%) efficiently decreased hypertrophic scar formation and significantly reduced fibroblasts and collagen synthesis. The results had also shown a decrease in the expression of transforming growth factor (TGF-β1) and declined small signal mother against decapentaplegic (Smad3). The overall study shows efficacy and mechanism of artesunate. It concluded that the medium concentration of artesunate (0.92%) could be an effective therapeutic agent for hypertrophic scars.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Botulinum toxin type A suppresses pro-fibrotic effects via the JNK
           signaling pathway in hypertrophic scar fibroblasts
    • Abstract: Abstract Hypertrophic scar is a dermal fibroproliferative disease characterized by the overproduction and deposition of extracellular matrix, and the hyperproliferation and enhanced angiogenesis of fibroblasts, along with their enhanced differentiation to myofibroblasts. Botulinum toxin type A shows potential for prevention of hypertrophic scar formation; however, its effectiveness in attenuating skin fibrosis and the related mechanism are unclear. In this study, human scar fibroblasts were cultured and stimulated with botulinum toxin type A, and the changes in fibroblast proliferation, migration, and protein expression of pro-fibrotic factors were evaluated with colorimetric, scratch, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and western blotting, respectively. Botulinum toxin type A treatment decreased the proliferation and migration of human scar fibroblasts compared with those of untreated controls. Protein expression levels of pro-fibrotic factors (transforming growth factor β1, interleukin-6, and connective tissue growth factor) were also inhibited by botulinum toxin type A, whereas the JNK phosphorylation level was increased. Activation of the JNK pathway demonstrated the inhibitory effects of the toxin on human scar fibroblast proliferation and production of pro-fibrotic factors, suggesting that the suppressive effects of botulinum toxin type A are closely associated with JNK phosphorylation. Overall, this study showed that botulinum toxin type A has a suppressive effect on extracellular matrix production and scar-related factors in human scar fibroblasts in vitro, and that regulation of JNK signaling plays an important role in this process. Our results provide a theoretical basis, at the cellular level, for the therapeutic use of botulinum toxin type A.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01
  • Human mesenchymal stem cells-conditioned medium improves diabetic wound
           healing mainly through modulating fibroblast behaviors
    • Abstract: Abstract Fibroblast plays a key role in wound healing, and the advantages of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) secretome in wound healing have previously been reported. In the present study, we investigated the impact of human bone marrow MSC-conditioned media (CM) on skin wound healing in diabetic rats and found that some improvements occurred mainly through fibroblast functions. Then, we scrutinized the impact of MSC-CM treatment on fibroblast cellular behavior by culturing human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) in a high-glucose (HG) medium, as an in vitro diabetic model. In vivo findings revealed significant improvements in some healing kinetics of diabetic wound which received MSC-CM. Particularly, MSC-CM-treated diabetic wounds reached considerably higher percentages of wound closure. Also, the granulation tissue of these wound had less pronounced inflammatory response, better tissue remodeling, and more vascularization compared with non-treated diabetic ones. Gene expression analyses indicated that MSC-CM treatment leads to upregulation of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) genes. In addition, a significantly higher cell viability/proliferation, migration, and bFGF gene expression were observed when MSC-CM was used to treat HDFs in HG culture media. Based on these findings, it is suggested that MSC-CM could promote wound repair and skin regeneration, in some major processes, via improvement of cellular behaviors of fibroblasts in the diabetic microenvironment. The beneficial advantages of mesenchymal stem cells-conditioned media on fibroblast cellular behaviors and wound healing may lead to establish a novel approach as an alternative therapeutic procedure to cure chronic wounds in diabetic conditions.
      PubDate: 2019-11-30
  • Effect of propylene glycol on the skin penetration of drugs
    • Abstract: Abstract Propylene glycol (PG) has been used in formulations as a co-solvent and/or to enhance drug permeation through the skin from topical preparations. Two skin in vitro permeation approaches are used to determine the effect of PG on drug penetration. The in vitro Skin-PAMPA was performed using 24 actives applied in aqueous buffer or PG. PG modulates permeability by increasing or diminishing it in the compounds with poor or high permeability, respectively. Percutaneous absorption using pigskin on Franz diffusion cells was performed on seven actives and their commercial formulations. The commercial formulations evaluated tend to have a lower permeability than their corresponding PG solutions but maintain the compound distribution in the different strata: stratum corneum, epidermis and dermis. The results indicate the enhancer properties of PG for all compounds, especially for the hydrophilic ones. Additionally, the Synchrotron-Based Fourier Transform Infrared microspectroscopy technique is applied to study the penetration of PG and the molecular changes that the vehicle may promote in the different skin layers. Results showed an increase of the areas under the curve indicating the higher amount of lipids in the deeper layers and altering the lipidic order of the bilayer structure to a more disordered lipid structure.
      PubDate: 2019-11-30
  • Circulating levels of adiponectin, leptin, resistin and visfatin in
           non-diabetics patients with hidradenitis suppurativa
    • Abstract: Abstract Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with insulin resistance (IR), metabolic syndrome and increased cardiovascular risk. Adipokines are biologically active, pleotropic molecules which have been involved in the development of IR and in the pathogenesis of several chronic inflammatory conditions. The aim of the present study was to analyze serum concentrations of adiponectin, leptin, resistin and visfatin in patients with HS, and investigate their possible associations with IR, HS risk and disease severity. This case–control study enrolled 137 non-diabetic individuals (76 HS-patients and 61 age and sex-matched controls). Serum concentrations of adiponectin, leptin, resistin and visfatin, and the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) were measured in all the participants. Serum adiponectin concentrations were found to be significantly lower, and leptin, resistin and visfatin levels were significantly higher in HS-patients than in controls. These differences remained significant even after adjusting for age, sex and body mass index, except for leptin. In a multivariate regression analysis, HOMA-IR was inversely correlated with adiponectin and positively associated with resistin levels. Furthermore, serum levels of resistin and visfatin were independently associated with HS risk. However, we found no association between serum levels of adipokines and HS severity. Our results suggest that reduced adiponectin and increased resistin serum levels may be surrogate biomarkers for IR in patients with HS. Moreover, resistin and visfatin might be independent risk factors for the development of HS.
      PubDate: 2019-11-30
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important
           pathogen in erythrodermic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) patients
    • Abstract: Abstract Erythroderma can occur in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) prevalence is increased in CTCL patients and contributes to CTCL disease flares. Our primary aim was to describe S. aureus infections, including resistance patterns and the antibiotic treatment regimens used, in erythrodermic CTCL patients. This was a retrospective chart review of erythrodermic CTCL patients who had S. aureus infection or colonization and were treated at the UT MD Anderson Cancer Center’s Melanoma Skin Center between 2012 and 2016. Twenty-six erythrodermic CTCL patients had 50 documented S. aureus colonization or infection events. Patients had an improvement in body surface area (BSA) or modified Severity Weighted Assessment Tool (mSWAT) in 53% events treated for S. aureus. Seventeen of the 50 (34%) events were due to methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). One-third (33%) of MRSA events were initially treated with dicloxacillin. The MRSA isolates were sensitive to trimethoprim–sulfamethoxazole (92%) and doxycycline (88%). Patients treated in the outpatient setting (OR 0.073; 95% CI 0.008–0.627; p = 0.017) and patients with a previous history of topical anti-S. aureus decolonization treatments before S. aureus event as stand-alone (OR 0.125; 95% CI 0.018–0.887; p = 0.038) or in combination treatment with systemic antibiotics (OR 0.094; 95% CI 0.009–0.944; p = 0.045) were less likely to see improvement in BSA or mSWAT from S. aureus treatment. Treatment of S. aureus improved CTCL skin score in a high number of erythrodermic patients. The MRSA prevalence was high in erythrodermic CTCL patients. Clinicians should consider using empiric MRSA antibiotic coverage for these patients.
      PubDate: 2019-11-27
  • Willingness-to-pay stated preferences in cutaneous lupus erythematosus: a
           pilot study
    • Abstract: Abstract Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is a chronic skin disease that significantly impacts quality of life (QOL). This study tested a novel method to measure QOL in CLE using willingness-to-pay (WTP) stated preferences, and aimed to determine which of nine domains of life are most affected by CLE. Twenty-one participants with CLE ranked the domains in order of impact on CLE-related QOL, and then stated how many United States dollars they would be willing to pay for a hypothetical cure for each domain. Eighty-one percent of participants were female; mean age was 42.4 years. Photosensitivity was ranked highest by 71.4% of respondents. Participants were willing to pay the most for a hypothetical cure for CLE specific to photosensitivity (median = $200,000), the least for a cure specific to self-care (median = $0). Participants were willing to pay a median of $1,000,000 for an overall cure for CLE. Limitations include a small sample size for this pilot study and that willingness-to-pay may be influenced by individual perception of money and socioeconomic factors. This study successfully pilot-tested a WTP method and ranking task for health-related QOL. Photosensitivity was the domain of life most affected by CLE, which is a domain unique to our novel tool.
      PubDate: 2019-11-26
  • A potential association between psoriasin to rs4819554 of IL-17RA gene
           polymorphism in psoriasis Egyptian patients
    • Abstract: Abstract Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is one of the pro-inflammatory cytokine. Psoriasin is a noticeably over-expressed protein found in the skin lesions of psoriatic patients. Our current study was planned to examine the association of (− 947 A/G) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in IL-17RA promoter region (rs4819554) with psoriasis susceptibility in Egyptian psoriatic patients. Our study included 100 patients and 100, age as well as sex matched, control groups. IL-17RA SNP association was studied using allelic discrimination. RT-qPCR and ELISA were done to assess IL-17 expression. ELISA was performed to assess psoriasin expression. Our study showed a significant association between IL-17 rs4819554 SNP and psoriasis risk, evidenced by higher G allele and AG genotype frequencies in psoriatic patients when compared to controls (allelic: OR 2.283, 95% CI 1.321–3.946, p = 0.003, and genotype: OR 3.026, 95% CI 1.356–6.752, p = 0.007). Additionally, serum psoriasin level was significantly increased when comparing psoriatic patients to controls (p = 0.0003). Moreover, significant increase in IL 17 gene and protein level in AA, AG psoriatic genotypes compared to the corresponding genotypes in normal control (p = 0.0004). IL-17 rs4819554 is significantly associated with psoriasis, and with psoriasin level, in the Egyptian population.
      PubDate: 2019-11-19
  • Association of pemphigus and pemphigoid with osteoporosis and pathological
    • Abstract: Abstract Patients with pemphigus and bullous pemphigoid (BP) have potential risk factors for osteoporosis and/or fractures. To determine whether pemphigus and BP are associated with osteoporosis and fractures in the US, a cross-sectional study of 198,102,435 adults was performed, including 4506 with pemphigus and 8864 with BP from the 2006–2012 National Emergency Department Sample, a 20% sample of emergency care visits throughout the US. Pemphigus was associated with higher odds (multivariate logistic regression; adjusted odds ratio [95% confidence intervals]) of osteopenia (2.20 [1.59–3.05]), osteoporosis (2.54 [2.16–2.98]), osteomalacia (29.70 [4.05–217.83]), and pathological fractures (2.04 [1.42–2.91]). BP was associated with osteoporosis (1.55 [1.39–1.73]) and pathological fractures (1.52 [1.22–1.88]). When compared to BP, pemphigus was associated with higher odds of osteopenia (1.59 [1.06–2.41]), osteoporosis (1.38 [1.18–1.63]), and fractures (1.26 [1.04–1.53]), particularly of the ulna and radius (3.17 [1.23–8.17]). Patients with pemphigus or BP as well as long-term systemic corticosteroid use had highest odds of osteoporosis and fractures. No data were available on treatments for pemphigus or BP. Pemphigus and BP were associated with osteopenia, osteoporosis, and pathologic fractures. Patients with PEM and BP may benefit from increased screening for osteoporosis and interventions to prevent fractures.
      PubDate: 2019-11-18
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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