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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Dermatological Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.006
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 7  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-069X - ISSN (Online) 0340-3696
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • HLA-A*01:01 in MHC is associated with psoriatic arthritis in Chinese Han
    • Abstract: To verify whether PsA-associated HLA alleles proposed in other populations are also related to PsA in Chinese Han population, a study of PsA susceptible alleles in the HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C and HLA-DRB1 alleles was presented for Chinese Han population. Genotyping was performed by Illumina Miseq platform (Illumina, USA). 50 subtypes and 77 subtypes of HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C and HLA-DRB1 with minor allele frequency (MAF) > 1% were genotyped from two-digit and four-digit resolution analysis in 111 PsA and 207 HCs (healthy controls) collected from Chinese Han population, respectively. Data handling, quality control and association analysis were performed using SPSS 25.0 software. In risk estimate, by mean of Bonferroni correction, a newfound four-digit allele HLA-A*01:01 [P = 5.5 × 10−4, OR 3.35 (1.69–6.66)], four-digit allele HLA-C*06:02 [P = 8.5 × 10−7, OR 3.80 (2.23–6.47)] and six two-digit alleles HLA-A*01 [P = 5.2 × 10−5, OR 3.43 (1.89–6.23)], HLA-B*13 [P = 4.0 × 10−6, OR 2.65 (1.76–4.01)], HLA-B*27 [P = 7.5 × 10−4, OR 5.84 (2.09–16.29)], HLA-B*57 [P = 5.8 × 10−5, OR 20.10 (4.65–86.83)], HLA-C*03 [P = 2.1 × 10−4, OR 0.40 (0.25–0.65)], HLA-C*06 [P = 1.9 × 10−12, OR 4.48 (2.95–6.81)] showed statistical significance by the univariate binary logistic regression analysis. Besides, in the binary logistic regression analysis with multiple variables, when the two alleles HLA-A*01:01 and HLA-C*06:02 were considered as covariates, HLA-A*01:01 [P = 2.7 × 10−3,OR 2.95 (1.46–5.98)] also showed significant association for PsA as risk factor, but may be not the main risk factor [HLA-C*06:02, P = 3.0 × 10−6, OR 3.68 (2.13–6.37)]. When all the above two-digit alleles were included as covariates, HLA-A*01 [P = 4.8 × 10−2, OR 2.00 (1.01–3.94)], HLA-B*13 [P = 4.2 × 10−5, OR 2.62 (1.65–4.16)], HLA-B*27 [P = 1.7 × 10−4, OR 7.62 (2.64–21.96)], HLA-B*57 [P = 2.97 × 10−4, OR 15.90 (3.55–71.18)], HLA-C*06 [P = 6.1 × 10−5, OR 2.70 (1.66–4.40)] showed significant for PsA as risk factors, HLA-C*03 [OR 0.65 (0.39–1.09), P = 0.10] showed no association with PsA. In conclusion, we assessed HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C and HLA-DRB1 alleles in PsA cohort of Chinese Han population, found HLA-A*01:01 and HLA-A*01 may be the susceptible genes associated with PsA, and also confirmed the association of four loci with PsA in Chinese Han population. These findings may extend the susceptibility HLA alleles of PsA and help in developing possible genetic markers to predict PsA.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • The role of adipokines in systemic sclerosis: a missing link'
    • Abstract: Systemic sclerosis is a multiorgan autoimmune disease characterized by vasculopathy and tissue fibrosis of unknown etiology. Recently, adipokines (cell signaling proteins secreted by adipose tissue) have attracted much attention as a cytokine family contributing to the various pathological processes of systemic sclerosis. Adipokines, such as leptin, adiponectin, resistin, adipsin, visfatin or chemerin are a heterogenic group of molecules. Adiponectin exhibits anti-fibrotic features and affects inflammatory reactions. Leptin promotes fibrosis and inflammation. Resistin was linked to vascular involvement in systemic sclerosis. Visfatin was associated with regression of skin lesions in late-stage systemic sclerosis. Chemerin appears as a marker of increased risk of impaired renal function and development of skin sclerosis in the early stage of systemic sclerosis. Vaspin was indicated to have a protective role in digital ulcers development. Novel adipokines—adipsin, apelin, omentin and CTRP-3—are emerging as molecules potentially involved in SSc pathogenesis. Serum adipokine levels may be used as predictive and diagnostic factors in systemic sclerosis. However, further investigations are required to establish firm correlations between distinct adipokines and systemic sclerosis.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Nestin + progenitor cells isolated from adult human sweat gland stroma
           promote reepithelialisation and may stimulate angiogenesis in wounded
           human skin ex vivo
    • Abstract: The combination of an aging population and an increasing prevalence of diseases associated with impaired-wound healing, including obesity, peripheral vascular disease and diabetes, is likely to result in a dramatic increase in the incidence and prevalence of chronic skin wounds. Indeed, systemic reviews are now not only trying to establish both the prevalence and the often under-estimated socio-economic costs of chronic skin wounds, but most importantly are addressing the impact that chronic wounds have on quality of life. Given the clear need for novel approaches to the management of chronic skin ulceration, ideally developed and tested in the human system in a manner that can be rapidly translated into clinical practice, we examined the effects of multipotent primary human nestin+ progenitor cells on human wound healing in an ex vivo model. Human sweat gland-derived nestin+ cells demonstrated the capacity to significantly promote two key wound healing parameters, i.e., both reepithelialisation and angiogenesis in experimentally wounded, organ-cultured human skin. The current data further support the use of full-thickness human skin wound-healing models ex vivo to pre-clinically test wound healing-promoting candidate agents. Whilst larger studies are required to substantiate a firm “proof-of-concept,” our preliminary studies encourage further efforts to systemically determine the potential of cell-based regenerative medicine strategies in general, and the use of skin appendage-associated human nestin+ cells in particular, as novel treatment strategies for chronic skin ulceration.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Malondialdehyde and advanced oxidation protein products are not increased
           in psoriasis: a controlled study
    • Abstract: This study investigated oxidative stress in patients with psoriasis of low and medium disease activity. We measured advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in plasma using UV-spectrophotometry and high performance liquid chromatography connected to a fluorescence detector in 84 patients and 84 matched healthy subjects. AOPP is a marker of protein oxidation due to inflammation, whereas MDA is a hydroxyl radical initiated lipid peroxidation product. Clinico-demographic variables including age, gender, disease severity, and fatigue were assessed in relation to AOPP and MDA. Disease severity was evaluated with the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index and the Dermatology Life Quality Index. Median (interquartile range, IQR) AOPP concentrations were 66 µmol/l (IQR 54–102) in patients and 69 µmol/l (IQR 55–87) in healthy subjects (P = 0.75). Median plasma MDA concentrations were significantly lower in patients than in healthy subjects (0.68 µM, IQR 0.54–0.85 vs. 0.76 µM, IQR 0.60–0.97; P = 0.03). Plasma levels of AOPP and MDA did not indicate oxidative stress in patients with mild psoriasis. Higher AOPP concentrations were associated with male gender, high body mass index, and high hemoglobin values. Elevated MDA concentrations were associated with advanced age and male gender. No associations with disease severity were detected. Although, the two selected biomarkers do not provide a complete measure of oxidative damage, our study demonstrates that a number of physiological and methodological factors influence the levels of MDA and AOPP. Such methodological issues are important to consider when interpreting results using these biomarkers in patients with psoriasis.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Understanding the basis of Ehlers–Danlos syndrome in the era of the
           next-generation sequencing
    • Abstract: Ehlers–Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of heritable connective tissue disorders (HCTDs) defined by joint laxity, skin alterations, and joint hypermobility. The latest EDS classification recognized 13 subtypes in which the clinical and genetic phenotypes are often overlapping, making the diagnosis rather difficult and strengthening the importance of the molecular diagnostic confirmation. New genetic techniques such as next-generation sequencing (NGS) gave the opportunity to identify the genetic bases of unresolved EDS types and support clinical counseling. To date, the molecular defects have been identified in 19 genes, mainly in those encoding collagen, its modifying enzymes or other constituents of the extracellular matrix (ECM). In this review we summarize the contribution of NGS technologies to the current knowledge of the genetic background in different EDS subtypes.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Development and evaluation of a vegetable oil blend formulation for
           cutaneous wound healing
    • Abstract: This work aimed to evaluate the in vivo capacity of a vegetable oil blend formulation (VOB) developed to accelerate cutaneous wound closure. Total thickness wounds were punctured on the skin on the back side of each animal and topically treated with the VOB formulation, Dersani® ointment or the vehicle control. After 2, 7, 14, 21 days post-wounding, five animals from each group were euthanized, and the rates of wound closure and re-epithelialization were evaluated. The wounds were harvested for histological and biochemical analysis. VOB resulted in faster and greater re-epithelialization in the in vivo excisional wounds, exhibiting significant wound area reduction of 8.9, 8.0, 35.1, 45.2 and 47.0% after 2, 5, 10, 14 and 21 days post-wounding, respectively, when compared with the vehicle control. Histological and biochemical analyses showed that the VOB-treated wounds exhibited a significant increase of granular tissue and controlled inflammatory response by modulation of the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1. Moreover, VOB-treated wounds showed a significant and concrete increase in the deposition and organisation of collagen fibres in the wound site and improved the quality of the scar tissue. Altogether, these data revealed that VOB accelerates wound healing processes and might be beneficial for treating wound disorders.
      PubDate: 2019-04-22
  • The prevalence of ADH1B and OPRM1 alleles predisposing for alcohol
           consumption are increased in the Hungarian psoriasis population
    • Abstract: Alcohol intake affects in great the symptoms and life of  psoriasis patients, although the association of SNPs related to increased alcohol consumption with psoriasis has not been elucidated. Therefore, to investigate the association of psoriasis with established alcohol consumption and dependence-related gene variants we conducted a population-based case–control study including 3743 subjects (776 psoriasis cases and 2967 controls from the general Hungarian population). Genotyping of 23 SNPs at ADH1B, ADH1C, ALDH1A1, ALDH2, SLC6A3, DDC, GABRA2, GABRG1, HTR1B, MAOA, TPH2, CHRM2, GRIN2A, POMC, OPRM1, OPRK1 and BDNF were determined and differences in genotype and allele distributions were investigated. Multiple logistic regression analyses were implemented. Analysis revealed association between C allele of the rs1229984 polymorphism (ADH1B gene) and psoriasis risk (ORadditive = 1.58, 95% CI 1.23–2.03, p < 0.001, ORrecessive = 1.58, 95% CI 1.22–2.04, p = 0.001). Furthermore, the G allele of rs1799971 polymorphism (OPRM1 gene) increased the risk of familial aggregation (ORadditive = 1.99, 95% CI 1.36–2.91, p < 0.001 ORdominant = 2.01, 95% CI 1.35–3.01, p < 0.001). In subgroups of psoriatic patients with history of early onset and familial aggregation effect allele ‘C’ of rs1229984 showed association in the additive and recessive models (ORadditive = 2.41, 95% CI 1.26–4.61, p < 0.01, ORrecessive = 2.42, 95% CI 1.26–4.68, p < 0.01). While effect allele ‘G’ of rs1799971 (OPRM1) also associated with increased risk of early onset and familial aggregation of psoriasis in the additive and dominant models (ORadditive = 1.75, 95% CI 1.27–2.43, p = 0.001, ORdominant = 1.82, 95% CI 1.26–2.63, p = 0.001). Our results suggest that genetically defined high-risk individuals for alcohol consumption are more common in the psoriasis population.
      PubDate: 2019-04-22
  • Lactoferrin promotes hair growth in mice and increases dermal papilla cell
           proliferation through Erk/Akt and Wnt signaling pathways
    • Abstract: Hair loss affects men and women of all ages. Dermal papilla (DP) plays a crucial role in regulating the growth and cycling of hair follicles. Lactoferrin (LF) exhibits a wide range of biological functions, including antimicrobial activity and growth regulation. However, its effect on DP and its role in hair growth remain unknown. In this study, we found that bovine LF (bLF) promoted the proliferation of DP cells and enhanced the phosphorylation of Erk and Akt. The bLF-mediated proliferation was significantly blocked by the Erk phosphorylation inhibitor PD98059 or the Akt phosphorylation inhibitor LY294002. Moreover, biotin-labeled bLF could bind to DP cells, and the binding was independent of lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1, a known LF receptor. Importantly, bLF stimulated hair growth in both young and aged mice. Moreover, we also found that bLF significantly induced the expression of Wnt signaling-related proteins, including Wnt3a, Wnt7a, Lef1, and β-catenin. The bLF-mediated DP cell proliferation could be significantly reversed by the Wnt pathway inhibitor XAV939. Our findings suggest that bLF promotes hair growth in mice and stimulates proliferation of DP cells through Erk/Akt and Wnt signaling pathways. This study highlights a great potential of the use of bLF in developing drugs to treat hair loss.
      PubDate: 2019-04-20
  • NAV2 facilitates invasion of cutaneous melanoma cells by targeting SNAI2
           through the GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway
    • Abstract: Previous studies have identified neuron navigator 2(NAV2) as an oncogene in several human tumors. However, the NAV2 gene expression changes and its role in the pathogenesis of cutaneous melanoma have not been clearly illustrated. Further investigations of NAV2 in cutaneous melanoma may provide new mechanistic insight and treatment strategy for this disease. Through immunohistochemistry assay and bioinformatics analysis, we found that melanoma tissues showed an upregulated expression of NAV2 which correlated with poor prognosis of cutaneous melanoma. To investigate the effect of NAV2 on the proliferation and invasion of melanoma, shNAV2 and NAV2-cDNA were transfected into melanoma cell lines. NAV2 overexpression significantly promoted melanoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion, while NAV2 silencing effectively inhibited this process. The potential underlying mechanisms were investigated using bioinformatics analysis, qRT-PCR, and western blot. Results showed that NAV2-mediated invasion of melanoma cells was driven by enhanced epithelial–mesenchymal transition, which was resulted from SNAI2 upregulation via the GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway. This study suggested that NAV2 could induce melanoma proliferation and invasion by epithelial–mesenchymal transition through the GSK-3β/β-catenin-SNAI2 pathway. Our findings on the pathological mechanisms of NAV2-associated cutaneous melanoma may contribute to the development of potential therapeutic strategy for melanoma.
      PubDate: 2019-04-17
  • Liver fatty acid-binding protein might be a predictive marker of clinical
           response to systemic treatment in psoriasis
    • Abstract: Fatty acid-binding proteins play an inconclusive role in lipid metabolism and cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) which are closely related with psoriasis. Aim of the study was to investigate the diagnostic value of serum liver fatty acid-binding protein (FABP1) level and associations with disease severity, inflammation or metabolic parameters and influence of systemic treatment in psoriatic patients. The study included thirty-three patients with active plaque-type psoriasis and eleven healthy volunteers. Blood samples were obtained before and after 12 weeks of therapy with methotrexate and acitretin. Serum FABP1 concentrations were analyzed by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Statistical analysis was performed for correlation of FABP1 with anthropometric, metabolic or inflammatory indices and treatment used. Serum liver-type FABP levels were significantly increased in psoriatic patients compared to the controls (p < 0.001). No statistical correlations between FABP1 and PASI (p = 0.25) was noted, however patients with severe psoriasis had the highest level of FABP1. No significance with metabolic parameters was obtained, beside a positive significant relation with BMI after therapy (p = 0.03). Liver-type FABP significantly correlated with CRP (p = 0.01) and morphotic blood elements. Systemic treatment combined resulted in significant decrease of FABP1 (p = 0.04), regardless of the drug: p = 0.1 in acitretin group, p = 0.3 in methotrexate group. Liver-type FABP might be a novel marker of psoriasis and predictor of clinical response to systemic therapy. FABP1 could be involved in CMDs risk assessment and perhaps link psoriasis with hematological disorders.
      PubDate: 2019-04-16
  • Lectin-like transcript 1 (LLT1) expression is associated with nodal
           metastasis in patients with head and neck cutaneous squamous cell
    • Abstract: The interaction of lectin-like transcript 1 (LLT1) with CD161 inhibits Natural Killer cell activation. Overexpression of LLT1 contributes to the immunosuppressive properties of tumor cells. However, there are little data about LLT1 expression in human solid tumors. The objective of this paper is to investigate the relationship between LLT1 expression with the clinicopathologic features and its impact on the prognosis of head and neck cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). LLT1 expression was analyzed on paraffin-embedded tissue samples obtained from 100 patients with cSCC by immunohistochemistry. The estimator of Fine and Gray was used to estimate the cumulative incidence curves for relapse. Proportional Hazard models and Hazard ratios (HRs) were used for studying the risk of tumor relapse and mortality. LLT1 strong expression was a significant risk factor for nodal metastasis with crude and adjusted ratios (HRs) of 3.40 (95% CI 1.39–9.28) and 3.25 (95% CI 1.15–9.16); and for cSCC specific death of 6.17 (95% CI 1.79–21.2) and 6.10 (95% CI 1.45–25.7). Strong LLT1 expression is an independent predictor of nodal metastasis and poor disease-specific survival and it might be helpful for risk stratification of patients with cSCC.
      PubDate: 2019-04-06
  • Association of dermatomyositis with systemic and opportunistic infections
           in the United States
    • Abstract: Patients with dermatomyositis have multiple risk factors for serious and opportunistic infections, including immune dysregulation, long-term systemic corticosteroid treatment and comorbid health conditions. We sought to determine whether dermatomyositis is associated with increased odds and burden of systemic, opportunistic and antibiotic-resistant infections. We analyzed data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2012, containing a cross-sectional representative 20% sample of all hospitalizations in the US. Overall, dermatomyositis was associated with serious infections in adults (multivariable logistic regression; adjusted odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 2.19 [2.08–2.30]) and children (1.45 [1.20–1.76]). In particular, dermatomyositis was significantly associated with 32 of 48 and 15 of 48 infections examined in adults and children, respectively, including infections of skin, bone, joints, brain, heart, lungs, and gastrointestinal system, as well sepsis, antibiotic-resistant and opportunistic infections. Predictors of infections included non-white race/ethnicity, insurance status, history of long-term systemic corticosteroid usage, Cushing’s syndrome (likely secondary to corticosteroid usage), diabetes, and cancer. Serious infections were associated with significantly increased inpatient cost and death in dermatomyositis patients. In conclusion, dermatomyositis is associated with higher odds, costs and inpatient mortality from serious and opportunistic infections.
      PubDate: 2019-04-06
  • Determinants of disease severity among patients with atopic dermatitis:
           association with components of the atopic march
    • Abstract: We aimed to explore the association of key clinical characteristics with disease severity in atopic dermatitis (AD) and its relation to components of the atopic march in a large hospital cohort. Outpatients with AD referred to the Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark, between January 2012 and December 2017, were compared based on disease severity (SCORAD); mild (< 25), moderate (25–50) and severe (> 50). A total of 470 AD patients were included: 122 small children (< 4 years of age), 103 children/adolescents (age 4–15 years) and 245 adults (> 15 years of age). A significant difference between severity groups in small children was observed for FLG mutation carrier status (16.7 vs. 30.2 vs. 60.0% mutation carriers among patients with mild, moderate and severe AD, respectively, p = 0.012) and self-rated health (3.2 vs. 2.7 vs. 2.8 with 4 being excellent health, p = 0.022). A significant difference between severity groups in adults was observed for male sex (24.4 vs. 39.8 vs. 52.9%, p = 0.003), serum total IgE (577 vs. 1269 vs. 2379 × 103 IU/L, p < 0.001), blood eosinophil count (0.28 vs. 0.39 vs. 0.61 × 109/L, p < 0.001) and asthma (42.9 vs. 38.8 vs. 72.0%, p < 0.001). Early onset of AD (< 1 year of age) and FLG mutation was associated with more severe disease and high serum total IgE levels. In conclusion, the distribution of key clinical characteristics varies significantly according to the severity of AD measured by SCORAD. Sub-typing of AD patients related to determinants of disease severity may be helpful in establishing prognosis and targeted treatment of AD.
      PubDate: 2019-04-01
  • Mast cells in hidradenitis suppurativa: a clinicopathological study
    • Abstract: Mast cells (MC) have been observed in hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) lesions. Their potential role in the pathogenesis of HS is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the number and distribution MC in HS lesions, and its association with disease and itch severity. We studied biopsies from HS-lesions and perilesional skin from 34 HS patients. The samples were stained with CD117 and toluidine blue, and the number of MC determined semi-quantitatively (40 × magnification). The distribution of MC was also noted. The clinical features of the disease were extracted from patients’ case records and a questionnaire-based database. MC were present to a greater degree in HS-lesions than in perilesional skin (P = 0.004). Disease severity (Sartorius score) was correlated to with MC count and itch when adjusted for sex and age (P = 0.042). Duration of the disease could not been significantly correlated with MC count. A positive correlation between MC count and HS activity was detected, suggesting a potential link between MC and HS.
      PubDate: 2019-03-15
  • Modulation of lipid fluidity likely contributes to the
           fructose/xylitol-induced acceleration of epidermal permeability barrier
    • Abstract: We previously showed that topical application of hexoses such as fructose accelerates barrier recovery after disruption. We also showed that various hexoses and polyols interact with phospholipid and alter the phase transition temperature. Thus, we hypothesized that the improvement of barrier recovery by hexoses and polyols might be related to the interaction with phospholipid. Here, we tested this idea by examining the effects of xylitol (a component of some skin-care products) and fructose on lipid dynamics in an epidermal-equivalent model at the single-cell level by means of two-photon microscopy after staining with Laurdan, a fluorescent dye sensitive to the physical properties of its membrane environment. First, we confirmed that topical application of xylitol aqueous solution on tape-stripped human skin accelerated barrier recovery. Then, we examined changes of lipid fluidity in the epidermal-equivalent model after application of water or an aqueous solution of xylitol or fructose. Application of xylitol and/or fructose increased the lipid fluidity in the uppermost part of the stratum granulosum layer, compared to treatment with water alone, and accelerated the exocytosis of lamellar bodies to the intercellular domain between stratum corneum and stratum granulosum. Our results support the idea that the improvement of epidermal barrier homeostasis upon topical application of xylitol or fructose is due to increased lipid fluidity in the uppermost layer of the stratum granulosum, which enables accelerated release of lipid from the stratum granulosum, thereby improving the lamellar structure and accelerating epidermal permeability barrier recovery.
      PubDate: 2019-03-07
  • Association of GA genotype of SNP rs4680 in COMT gene with psoriasis
    • Abstract: Psoriasis is a multigene and multifactorial skin disease with heterogeneous genetic inheritance. Mental disorders participate in the development of psoriasis as predisposing factors; a correlation of dermatological diseases with pathological anxiety and stress was shown. Meanwhile, there are no studies describing molecular mechanisms of the linkages between psycho-emotional disorders and skin diseases. The aim of this study is to find the associations between SNP in genes COMT (rs4680), DBH (rs141116007), CCKAR (rs1800857) and CCKBR (rs1805002), and psoriasis. Patients were selected according to the 10th revision of International Classification of Diseases (L-40). The sample size was 88 patients. The size of the control sample (population control) was 365 people. Genotyping was performed using PCR-RFLP and real-time PCR. Statistical analysis was performed using WinPepi software. Identification of complex genotypes was performed by the Monte Carlo method using APSampler 3.6.1 algorithm. Among the studied genes, only GA genotype of COMT gene is significantly associated with psoriasis [χ2 = 19.163 (p = 1.3E−5), F (p) = 1.2E−5, OR 3.47 (CI 99% = 1.61–7.91)]. At the moment, the functional significance of this phenomenon is difficult to explain.
      PubDate: 2019-03-06
  • Malondialdehyde, lipoprotein-a, lipoprotein ratios, comprehensive lipid
           tetrad index and atherogenic index as surrogate markers for cardiovascular
           disease in patients with psoriasis: a case–control study
    • Abstract: Psoriasis is now recognized as an immune-mediated inflammatory dermatosis with increased risk for metabolic syndrome, its individual components, and cardiovascular disease. We quantitatively estimated malondialdehyde (MDA), lipoprotein-a (LP-a), lipoprotein ratios, comprehensive lipid tetrad index (CLTI), and atherogenic index (AI), and evaluated cardiovascular risk in 132 (M:F 94:38) patients with psoriasis aged 20–79 years with chronic plaque psoriasis and equal number of age and gender-matched controls. Lipoprotein ratios, CLTI and AI were calculated using standard formulae. Cardiovascular 10-year risk was graded by Framingham risk score (FRS) as low, intermediate and severe. Mild-to-moderate and severe psoriasis was present in 125 (94.7%), and 7 (5.3%) patients, respectively, and 19 (14.39%) patients had psoriatic arthritis. Statistically significant differences were noted for LDL, LDL/HDL, non-HDL/HDL, MDA, LP-a, AI and CLTI. There was a significantly positive correlation between PASI with LP-a (p = 0.003, r = 0.25) and AI (p = 0.012, r = 0.22). Serum levels of MDA correlated positively with LP-a (p < 0.001, r = 0.55), AI (p < 0.001, r = 0.51) and CLTI (p = 0.006, r = 0.24). FRS was low, intermediate and severe in 78%, 18.9%, and 3% patients compared to 85.6%, 13.6%, and 0.8% controls, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant. Psoriasis appears to be an independent risk factor for elevated serum MDA, LP-a, CLTI and AI. However, whether they can be used as surrogate markers for enhanced cardiovascular risk in patients with psoriasis, remains conjectural.
      PubDate: 2019-03-04
  • Atopic dermatitis and autoimmunity: the occurrence of autoantibodies and
           their association with disease severity
    • Authors: James Holmes; Lucy C. Fairclough; Ian Todd
      Abstract: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a widespread condition that appears to be increasing in prevalence and severity worldwide, yet the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Recent research has identified various similarities between AD and autoimmune conditions, as well as indicating that there may be an association between AD and autoimmunity. This systematic review evaluates the association between AD and autoimmunity, as well as between severity of disease in AD and autoimmunity, with an emphasis on the associations with autoantibodies. MEDLINE (1946 to December 2017) and Embase (1974 to December 2017) databases were searched. Further relevant articles were retrieved from reference lists. Only studies measuring direct indicators of autoimmunity, in humans, were included. Qualitative analysis was carried out for all studies. In addition, quantitative analysis was used to evaluate prevalence of IgE autoantibodies and anti-nuclear antibodies (ANAs) in AD patients and control subjects. The Mantel–Haenszel method was used with a random-effects model. 28 studies assessed the occurrence of autoantibodies in AD patients and 16 studies were used to evaluate association between disease severity and autoantibodies. Pooled analysis from 14 studies, involving 986 AD patients and 441 control subjects, showed that IgE autoantibodies were significantly more prevalent in patients with AD (P < 0.00001) than control subjects. Similar analysis was carried out for ANAs, with eight studies that involved 1045 AD patients and 1273 control subjects. ANAs were significantly more prevalent in patients with AD (P = 0.003). This quantitative analysis supported an association between AD and IgE autoantibodies, as well as between AD and ANAs. There was insufficient data to make similar conclusions for other indicators of autoimmunity. The weight of evidence also suggests an association between IgE autoantibodies and disease severity. There was insufficient evidence to make this link for other indicators of autoimmunity.
      PubDate: 2019-02-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-019-01890-4
  • Cytidine decreases melanin content in a reconstituted three-dimensional
           human epidermal model
    • Authors: Sudhir M. Baswan; Sunghan Yim; Jesse Leverett; Jeff Scholten; John Pawelek
      Abstract: The process of melanin biosynthesis and its distribution throughout the skin is regulated by complex processes involving several enzymes in melanocytes. Recently, Diwakar et al. demonstrated that cytidine—a sialyltransferase inhibitor, 6′-sialyllactose (6′-SL) and 3′-sialyllactose (3′-SL) inhibited melanogenesis and melanosome transfer process. In this study, we have furthered this research, considering cytidine as a commercially viable and safe option over 6′-SL and 3′-SL. The efficacy of 2% w/v cytidine was studied in MelanoDerm™ skin equivalents in comparison with the positive control 1% w/v kojic acid and the vehicle control. Both the positive control and cytidine demonstrated a significant reduction in melanin content relative to the vehicle control. These experiments conclude that cytidine can effectively reduce melanin content in a skin equivalence assay and suggests that cytidine may be a good candidate for a skin lightening agent for human skin.
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-019-01897-x
  • Rutin and ascorbic acid cooperation in antioxidant and antiapoptotic
           effect on human skin keratinocytes and fibroblasts exposed to UVA and UVB
    • Authors: Agnieszka Gęgotek; Ewa Ambrożewicz; Anna Jastrząb; Iwona Jarocka-Karpowicz; Elżbieta Skrzydlewska
      Abstract: The combination of ascorbic acid and rutin is frequently used in oral preparations. However, despite numerous protective effects of each component individually, their combined effect on ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated skin cells has never been evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of ascorbic acid and rutin on human keratinocytes and fibroblasts exposed to UVA and UVB radiation. Skin keratinocytes and fibroblasts exposed to UVA and UVB radiation were treated with ascorbic acid or/and rutin. The total antioxidant properties of both components, as well as their effect on cellular pro- and antioxidant status, lipid and protein oxidation, transmembrane transport, and pro-inflammatory and pro/antiapoptotic protein expression were measured. The combination of ascorbic acid and rutin had higher antioxidant properties compared to the activity of the single compound alone, and showed a stronger effect against UV-induced reactive oxygen species generation. The ascorbic acid and rutin combination also showed increased antioxidant enzyme activity (catalase, superoxide dismutase, thioredoxin reductase), which was impaired following UV irradiation. Moreover, ascorbic acid additional stimulated UV-induced bilitranslocase activity responsible for rutin transport, and therefore favored rutin effect on Nrf2 pathway, simultaneously differentiating the reaction of keratinocytes and fibroblasts. In keratinocytes, Nrf2 is strongly activated, while in fibroblasts decreased Nrf2 activity was observed. Used mixture, also significantly silenced UV-induced expression of pro-inflammatory factor NFκB and pro-apoptotic proteins such as caspases 3, 8, and 9. These results showed that ascorbic acid and rutin are complementary in their antioxidant actions, transport and signaling functions. Their combined antioxidant, antiinflammatory and antiapoptotic actions suggest rutin and ascorbic acid are a potentially cytoprotective team against UV-induced skin damage.
      PubDate: 2019-02-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-019-01898-w
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