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Showing 1 - 200 of 2345 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)

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Journal Cover Archives of Dermatological Research
  [SJR: 0.9]   [H-I: 65]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-069X - ISSN (Online) 0340-3696
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2345 journals]
  • Differences in the melanosome distribution within the epidermal melanin
           units and its association with the impairing background of leukoderma in
           vitiligo and halo nevi: a retrospective study
    • Authors: Xi-Xi Xiong; Gao-Zhong Ding; Wen-E Zhao; Xue Li; Yu-Ting Ling; Li Sun; Qing-Li Gong; Yan Lu
      Pages: 323 - 333
      Abstract: Skin color is determined by the number of melanin granules produced by melanocytes that are transferred to keratinocytes. Melanin synthesis and the distribution of melanosomes to keratinocytes within the epidermal melanin unit (EMU) within the skin of vitiligo patients have been poorly studied. The ultrastructure and distribution of melanosomes in melanocytes and surrounding keratinocytes in perilesional vitiligo and normal skin were investigated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Furthermore, we performed a quantitative analysis of melanosome distribution within the EMUs with scatter plot. Melanosome count within keratinocytes increased significantly compared with melanocytes in perilesional stable vitiligo (P < 0.001), perilesional halo nevi (P < 0.01) and the controls (P < 0.01), but not in perilesional active vitiligo. Furthermore, melanosome counts within melanocytes and their surrounding keratinocytes in perilesional active vitiligo skin decreased significantly compared with the other groups. In addition, taking the means—standard error of melanosome count within melanocytes and keratinocytes in healthy controls as a normal lower limit, EMUs were graded into 3 stages (I–III). Perilesional active vitiligo presented a significantly different constitution in stages compared to other groups (P < 0.001). The distribution and constitution of melanosomes were normal in halo nevi. Impaired melanin synthesis and melanosome transfer are involved in the pathogenesis of vitiligo. Active vitiligo varies in stages and in stage II, EMUs are slightly impaired, but can be resuscitated, providing a golden opportunity with the potential to achieve desired repigmentation with an appropriate therapeutic choice. Adverse milieu may also contribute to the low melanosome count in keratinocytes.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1730-7
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 5 (2017)
  • Prognostic factors for mortality in patients with bullous pemphigoid: a
    • Authors: Yi-Di Liu; Yan-Hong Wang; Yi-Cong Ye; Wen-Ling Zhao; Li Li
      Pages: 335 - 347
      Abstract: Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a chronic debilitating autoimmune blistering disease that frequently occurs in the elderly population. Previous studies have suggested a high morbidity and mortality associated with BP. However, relatively few studies have investigated prognostic factors of BP mortality, and they showed considerably various results. This meta-analysis aimed to quantitatively assess the association between several potential prognostic factors and risk of mortality in bullous pemphigoid. A comprehensive search was performed using Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Library. Cohort studies that assessed prognostic factors of BP mortality were included. Random-effects model was utilized to calculate the pooled hazard ratio (HR). Publication bias was evaluated qualitatively by constructing a funnel plot and quantitatively by conducting Egger’s test. 14 studies were included comprising 2499 patients. Combined HRs suggested that advanced age (HR 1.63, 95% CI 1.34–1.97), presence of circulating antibodies (HR 1.77, 95% CI 1.20–2.62), concomitant dementia (HR 2.01, 95% CI 1.22–3.33), and concomitant stroke (HR 1.86, 95% CI 1.29–2.67) have an unfavorable impact on patient survival. Gender, disease extent, mucosal involvement, and indirect immunofluorescence result were not shown to be linked to mortality by our analysis. This study indicated that BP patients with older age, circulating antibodies, dementia, and stroke are at greater risk of mortality. Clinicians should be aware of this association and utilize this information in patient education and treatment process.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1736-1
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 5 (2017)
  • Dermatological comorbidity in psoriasis: results from a large-scale cohort
           of employees
    • Authors: N. Zander; I. Schäfer; M. Radtke; A. Jacobi; H. Heigel; M. Augustin
      Pages: 349 - 356
      Abstract: The field of dermatological comorbidity in psoriasis is only passively explored with contradictory results. Objective of this study was to further investigate the complex field of psoriasis and associated skin diseases by identifying skin comorbidity patterns in an extensive cohort of employees in Germany. Retrospective analysis of data deriving from occupational skin cancer screenings was conducted. From 2001 to 2014 German employees between 16 and 70 years from different branches underwent single whole-body screenings by trained dermatologists in their companies. All dermatological findings and need for treatment were documented. Point prevalence rates and their 95% confidence intervals were computed. Logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate odds ratios (OR) of single dermatological diseases to occur together with psoriasis controlled for age and sex. Data from 138,930 persons (56.5% male, mean age 43.2) were evaluated. Psoriasis point prevalence was 2.0%. Of those 20.6% had unmet treatment needs of their disease. Onychomycosis was the most frequent dermatological comorbidity with a prevalence of 7.8%. Regression analysis found rosacea (OR = 1.40, 95% CI 1.13–1.72) and telangiectasia (OR = 1.25, 95% CI 1.10–1.41) to be significantly associated with psoriasis. 17.2% of psoriasis patients had at least one further finding requiring treatment. The highest treatment needs were found for onychomycosis (3.4%), tinea pedis (3.1%), and verruca plantaris (1.0%). It can be concluded that persons with psoriasis are at increased risk to suffer from comorbid skin diseases, which should be considered in treatment regimens. Particular attention should be paid to fungal diseases of the feet.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1741-4
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 5 (2017)
  • Effect of sinapic acid on hair growth promoting in human hair follicle
           dermal papilla cells via Akt activation
    • Authors: Hyunju Woo; Seungjun Lee; Seungbeom Kim; Deokhoon Park; Eunsun Jung
      Pages: 381 - 388
      Abstract: Hair loss known as alopecia is caused by abnormal hair follicle cycling including shortening of the anagen (growth) phase and changing of hair follicle morphology with miniaturization. In accordance with the life extension, the quality of life is considered to be a most important thing. The yearning for healthy and beautiful hair and low self esteem due to hair loss had negative influence on the quality of life with psychosocial maladjustment. The objective of this research was to identify new compound that can be used as a drug to promote hair growth. We investigated whether the function of sinapic acid (SA) is able to promote hair growth in human hair follicle dermal papilla cells (hHFDPC). We showed that treatment of SA in hHFDPC could induce proliferation and the activation of Akt signaling in HFDPC. In addition, SA could stimulate the expressions of the several growth factors, insulin-like growth factor 1, and vascular endothelial growth factor for hair growth. We showed that SA led to an increased level of phospho-GSK-3β and β-catenin accumulation in HFDPC. Finally, the promoting effect of SA in hHFDPC cell growth occurred by the induction of cell cycle progression. These results suggest that SA could be one of the potential candidate compounds for the treatment of alopecia by inducing hair growth through triggering the expressions of growth factors via activation of Akt and subsequent inactivation of GSK-3β /β-catenin pathway.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1732-5
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 5 (2017)
  • Effects of palmitoyl-KVK-L-ascorbic acid on skin wrinkles and pigmentation
    • Authors: Hyeong Mi Kim; Hyo Sun An; Jung-Soo Bae; Jung Yun Kim; Chi Ho Choi; Ju Yeon Kim; Joo Hyuck Lim; Joon-hun Choi; Hyunnam Song; Sung Ho Moon; Young Jun Park; Shin-Jae Chang; Sun Young Choi
      Pages: 397 - 402
      Abstract: Wrinkle formation and abnormal pigmentation are major clinical alterations associated with skin aging. As the aim of our study was to investigate the effects of palmitoyl-KVK-L-ascorbic acid on skin aging, the anti-wrinkle and depigmentation effects of palmitoyl-KVK-L-ascorbic acid were evaluated by measuring collagen expression in dermal fibroblast cells and inhibition of melanogenesis in B16F1 cells, respectively. The anti-aging effect of palmitoyl-KVK-L-ascorbic acid cream was also evaluated against a placebo cream in a clinical trial. Our results confirmed that the expression of type Ι collagen in dermal fibroblast cells treated with palmitoyl-KVK-L-ascorbic acid (0.1–4 μg/mL) increased in a dose-dependent manner. In B16F1 cells, treatment with 20 μg/mL palmitoyl-KVK-L-ascorbic acid reduced the melanin content by approximately 20% compared to alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone treatment. In the clinical trial, application of palmitoyl-KVK-L-ascorbic acid cream led to an improvement in skin roughness and lightness in 12 and 8 weeks, respectively. Our data show that palmitoyl-KVK-L-ascorbic acid is an effective anti-aging agent that reduces wrinkles and abnormal skin pigmentation.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1731-6
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 5 (2017)
  • Diagnostic performance of transient elastography for detection of
           methotrexate-induced liver injury using Roenigk classification in Asian
           patients with psoriasis: a retrospective study
    • Authors: Pasinee Rongngern; Leena Chularojanamontri; Chanisada Wongpraparut; Narumol Silpa-Archa; Watcharasak Chotiyaputta; Ananya Pongpaibul; Phunchai Charatcharoenwitthaya
      Pages: 403 - 408
      Abstract: Liver biopsy, the gold standard for monitoring methotrexate-induced liver fibrosis in psoriasis patients, has potential morbidity and mortality. Transient elastography (TE) has been widely used as an alternative non-invasive method. Currently, psoriasis-specific data of TE comparing to Roenigk histopathology is lacking. This retrospective study assessed the diagnostic performance of TE in the detection of methotrexate-induced liver injury and liver fibrosis in Asian psoriasis patients. Risk factors that associated with liver injury by TE and histopathology were also determined. Psoriasis patients who had received methotrexate and undergone both TE and liver biopsy (gold standard) examinations between 2005 and 2016 were enrolled. Ten of 41 patients developed methotrexate-induced liver injury (Roenigk grade ≥3a) and two of them had significant liver fibrosis (Metavir fibrosis stage ≥2). Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC = 0.78) indicated that TE was capable of identifying patients with and without liver injury. Using a cut-off TE value of 7.1 kilopascal (kPa), this ultrasound-based elastography yielded 50% sensitivity and 83.9% specificity for detecting methotrexate-induced liver injury and had 50% sensitivity and 76.9% specificity for identifying significant liver fibrosis. A total cumulative dosage of methotrexate, age, gender, metabolic syndrome, and metabolic components were not significantly associated with TE values ≥7.1 kPa and Roenigk grade ≥3a. Thus, using clinical context, laboratory information, and a cut-off TE value of 7.1, TE is an attractable non-invasive tool for identify psoriasis patients who have a low probability of methotrexate-induced liver injury and significant liver fibrosis. Liver biopsy can be reserved for selected patients.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1733-4
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 5 (2017)
  • Differentiation of pityriasis rubra pilaris from plaque psoriasis by
    • Authors: N. E. Abdel-Azim; S. A. Ismail; E. Fathy
      Pages: 311 - 314
      Abstract: Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) and plaque psoriasis (PP) are two distinctive erythemato-squamous skin diseases that often have to be differentiated from each other and from other similar dermatoses. Dermoscopy has been proven to aid the clinical diagnosis of several inflammatory disorders, minimizing the need for skin biopsy. Our aim was to determine the dermoscopic patterns of PRP compared to PP and to assess the significance of certain dermoscopic criteria in the diagnosis of PRP. This case–control study included 11 patients with biopsy proven PRP and 25 patients with biopsy proven plaque psoriasis. The most recently developed lesion of each patient was examined by non-contact dermoscopy. Whitish keratotic plugs and linear vessels in yellowish background are significant dermoscopic features of PRP compared to white diffuse scales and dotted vessels in a light red background in PP. In conclusion, PRP and PP reveal specific distinguishing dermoscopic patterns that may assist in their clinical diagnosis and may also be useful for the differential diagnosis from other resembling dermatoses.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1727-2
      Issue No: Vol. 309, No. 4 (2017)
  • Erratum to: Cancer stem-like cells enriched with CD29 and CD44 markers
           exhibit molecular characteristics with epithelial–mesenchymal transition
           in squamous cell carcinoma
    • Authors: Songmei Geng; Yuanyuan Guo; Qianqian Wang; Lan Li; Jianli Wang
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1737-0
  • Microscopic and ultrastructural evidences in human skin following calcium
           hydroxylapatite filler treatment
    • Authors: Nicola Zerbinati; Edoardo D’Este; Pier Camillo Parodi; Alberto Calligaro
      Abstract: This study uses light and electron microscopes to gain a better knowledge of the interactions of calcium hydroxylapatite filler with the connective tissue of the skin and the modifications of the human deep dermis, after 2 months of treatment. Some morphological evidences of this observational study of filler treated tissue support-specific mechanism involved in the structural modifications of both filler microspherules and cells of the connective tissue. They demonstrate the absence of any immunological reaction and show that the used filler is modified very slowly over time by the action of cells of the connective tissue closely related to the filler without any activity of phagocytosis. Furthermore, associated with the modifications of the filler, evidences of stimulatory effects on dermal fibroblasts are reported.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1734-3
  • The microRNA effector RNA-induced silencing complex in hidradenitis
           suppurativa: a significant dysregulation within active inflammatory
    • Authors: S. Hessam; M. Sand; M. Skrygan; Falk G. Bechara
      Abstract: Recently, we could show that the expression levels of the key regulators of the microRNA (miRNA) maturation and transport were dysregulated in inflamed hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) tissue (Heyam et al. in Wiley Interdiscip Rev RNA 6:271–289, 2015). The RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) is the central element of the miRNA pathway and regulates miRNA formation and function. We investigated the expression of the RISC components, namely transactivation-responsive RNA-binding protein-1 (TRBP1), TRBP2, protein activator (PACT) of the interferon-induced protein kinase R, Argonaute RISC Catalytic Component-1 (AGO1) and Component-2 (AGO2), metadherin, and staphylococcal nuclease and Tudor domain-containing-1 (SND1) in inflamed HS tissue compared to healthy and psoriatic controls by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Expression levels of all investigated components were significantly lower in lesional HS skin (n = 18) compared to healthy controls (n = 10). TRBP1, PACT, AGO1, AGO2, and SND1 expression levels were significantly down-regulated in lesional HS skin compared to healthy-appearing perilesional skin (n = 7). TRBP2 and SND1 expression levels were significantly lower in healthy-appearing perilesional skin compared to healthy controls. In lesional HS skin, expression levels of PACT, AGO1, and AGO2 were significantly lower compared to psoriatic skin (n = 10). In summary, our data showed that all investigated components of RISC are dysregulated in the skin of HS patients, providing support for the hypothesis that miRNAs may have a pathological role in the inflammatory pathogenesis of HS.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1752-1
  • Subclinical cutaneous inflammation remained after permeability barrier
           disruption enhances UV sensitivity by altering ER stress responses and
           topical pseudoceramide prevents them
    • Authors: Sang Eun Lee; Yutaka Takagi; Takahiro Nishizaka; Ji Hwoon Baek; Han Jo Kim; Seung Hun Lee
      Abstract: Stratum corneum forms the UV barrier. The effect of ultraviolet B (UVB) on normal skin was extensively studied; however, its effect on barrier perturbed skin remains undefined. Both barrier perturbation and UVB irradiation induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and unfolded protein response (UPR) in keratinocytes. Mild ER stress activates homeostatic UPR, while severe ER stress leads to abnormal UPR, promoting apoptosis and inflammation. Here, we investigated UV sensitivity and UVB-induced UPR in barrier-disrupted human skin and the effects of pseudoceramide-dominant emollient on UVB-induced skin responses. Tape-stripped skin of healthy volunteers showed enhanced susceptibility to erythema and augmented proinflammatory cytokines induction following suberythemal UVB irradiation. Suberythemal UVB activated XBP1 in normal skin, while increased CHOP transcription in barrier perturbed skin. After tape stripping, pseudoceramide-dominant emollient was applied for 3 days, and then, the areas were irradiated with suberythemal UVB. Pretreatment with topical pseudoceramide protected against UVB-induced upregulation of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α transcription and reduced susceptibility to erythema following UVB. Topical pseudoceramide also suppressed suberythemal UVB-induced CHOP transcription in barrier-disrupted skin. Taken together, these data indicate that permeability barrier disruption increases UV sensitivity in human skin, partly via switch the UVB-induced UPR, from homeostatic signals to pro-apoptotic and proinflammatory signals. In addition, we conclude that pseudoceramide-dominant emollient suppresses excessive ER stress induction and CHOP activation following UVB in barrier damaged skin, providing evidence that pseudoceramide-dominant emollients can be promising strategies for photoprotection of the barrier damaged skin.
      PubDate: 2017-06-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1753-0
  • Rituximab treatment in pemphigus vulgaris: effect on circulating Tregs
    • Authors: Bakr El-Zawahry; Dalia Bassiouny; Rehab Hegazy; Heba Gawdat; Suzan Shalaby; Mervat Khorshied; Marwah Adly Saleh
      Abstract: Rituximab (RTX) has been used successfully to treat refractory pemphigus. We aimed to assess the response of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) cases to RTX therapy and its effect on CD4+CD25+ (T regulatory) cells level. Sixteen PV patients were included in this study, each received one cycle of two RTX infusions (1000 mg on days 1 and 15). Five PV patients served as controls. All cases were on prednisolone ± adjuvant therapy. Pemphigus disease area index (PDAI), autoimmune bullous skin intensity score (ABSIS), anti-desmoglein antibodies, CD4, CD8, CD20 and CD4+CD25+ levels were assessed at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months after therapy. Fourteen patients were followed up for a mean duration of 17 while two were lost to follow up 6 months after RTX therapy. A significant decrease in PDAI, ABSIS, Dsg3 (p < 0.0001) was found. The depletion of B cells lasted for 12 months in 11 (69%) patients and for 24 months in 3 (21.4%) patients. There was significant decrease in CD20+ and CD4+CD25+ cells after 12 months of RTX, p values were 0.005 and 0.02, respectively. While no similar change in CD8 and CD4 was found (p = 0.2 for both), no significant change of CD20 and CD4+CD25+ cells were detected in the control group. In conclusion RTX is safe and effective as an adjuvant therapy in refractory cases of PV. In addition to B cell depletion a significant reduction of T regulatory cells occurs in treated cases which may be due to increased skin homing of these cells.
      PubDate: 2017-06-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1754-z
  • The role of microbiota, and probiotics and prebiotics in skin health
    • Authors: Mia Maguire; Greg Maguire
      Abstract: During the past decade, scientists have made great strides in understanding the microbiome’s role in human health. Today, the microbiome has become key in scientific research, therapeutic development, medical treatment, and as a news feature in the media. Most studies have focused on the microbiome of our gut, but recently researchers have turned their attention to other microbiomes, including that of the skin. These studies of gut and skin microbiomes are yielding very informative results, new treatment strategies, and the development of new prebiotic and probiotic products for the treatment of many skin conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-06-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1750-3
  • BET bromodomain inhibitor JQ1 decreases CD30 and CCR4 expression and
           proliferation of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cell lines
    • Authors: Hiroaki Kamijo; Makoto Sugaya; Naomi Takahashi; Tomonori Oka; Tomomitsu Miyagaki; Yoshihide Asano; Shinichi Sato
      Abstract: Bromodomain and external domain (BET) proteins regulate cell growth, proliferation, cell cycle, and differentiation in various cancers. Therefore, they have emerged as interesting targets. The effect of BET inhibitor on cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), however, is yet to be known. Here, we examined the effect of BET inhibitor JQ1 on four cell lines (MyLa, SeAx, Hut78 and HH cells). CTCL cell lines were treated with JQ1 and cell number, cell cycle, frequency of apoptosis, and expressions of CD25, CD30 and CCR4 on the cell surface were evaluated by flow cytometry. Cell surface molecules were also analyzed by quantitative RT-PCR. JQ1 dose-dependently decreased the cell number of CTCL cells through G1 arrest concomitantly with downregulation of c-Myc expression. JQ1 induced senescence in MyLa cells and apoptosis in Hut78 and HH cells. We also showed that JQ1 inhibited tumor growth of HH cells in vivo. Moreover, JQ1 downregulated CD30 and CCR4 expression both on the cell surface and at mRNA levels. Thus, BET bromodomain inhibitor JQ1 may be useful for treatment of CTCL.
      PubDate: 2017-06-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1749-9
  • Serum fatty acid profile in psoriasis and its comorbidity
    • Authors: Hanna Myśliwiec; Anna Baran; Ewa Harasim-Symbor; Piotr Myśliwiec; Anna Justyna Milewska; Adrian Chabowski; Iwona Flisiak
      Abstract: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that is accompanied by metabolic disturbances and cardio-metabolic disorders. Fatty acids (FAs) might be a link between psoriasis and its comorbidity. The aim of the study was to evaluate serum concentrations of FAs and to investigate their association with the disease activity, markers of inflammation and possible involvement in psoriatic comorbidity: obesity, type 2 diabetes and hypertension. We measured 14 total serum fatty acids content and composition by gas–liquid chromatography and flame-ionization detector after direct in situ transesterification in 85 patients with exacerbated plaque psoriasis and in 32 healthy controls. FAs were grouped according to their biologic properties to saturated FA (SFA), unsaturated FA (UFA), monounsaturated FA (MUFA), n-3 polyunsaturated FA (n-3 PUFA) and n-6 PUFA. Generally, patients characteristic included: Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), Body Mass Index, inflammatory and biochemical markers, lipid profile and presence of psoriatic comorbidity. We have observed highly abnormal FAs pattern in psoriatic patients both with and without obesity compared to the control group. We have demonstrated association of PASI with low levels of circulating DHA, n-3 PUFA (p = 0.044 and p = 0.048, respectively) and high percent of MUFA (p = 0.024) in the non-obese psoriatic group. The SFA/UFA ratio increased with the duration of the disease (p = 0.03) in all psoriatic patients. These findings indicate abnormal FAs profile in psoriasis which may reflect metabolic disturbances and might play a role in the psoriatic comorbidity.
      PubDate: 2017-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1748-x
  • In vitro modeling of unsaturated free fatty acid-mediated tissue
           impairments seen in acne lesions
    • Authors: Wen-Hwa Li; Qihong Zhang; Carol R. Flach; Richard Mendelsohn; Michael D. Southall; Ramine Parsa
      Abstract: Acne vulgaris is a disease of pilosebaceous units with multifactorial pathogenesis, including hyperkeratinization, increased sebum secretion, and inflammation. Recently, it was suggested that acne subjects may have also impaired skin barrier. We hypothesized that excess unsaturated free fatty acids (UFFA) present in the sebum may cause barrier impairment associated with increased follicular stratum corneum (SC) thickening and inflammation seen in acne. Therefore, epidermal and sebaceous lipid profiles from acne and healthy subjects were analyzed and an in vitro epidermal tissue model was developed to validate this hypothesis. Significantly increased levels of free fatty acids (p < 0.05) were observed in skin lipids of human acne vs. healthy subjects. Exposure of human epidermal equivalents (HEEs) to the UFFA oleic acid (OA), also present in sebum, led to barrier impairment associated with increased SC lipid disorder, increased secretion of interleukin-1α (IL-1α), and excessive SC thickening. Furthermore, the expression of genes encoding for inflammatory cytokines and epidermal differentiation proteins was also increased both in acne lesions and in OA-treated HEEs. Taken together, these data are in agreement with the hypothesis that excess UFFAs in sebum of acne subjects may contribute to impaired skin barrier associated with the increased follicular SC thickness and inflammation seen in acne. Moreover, OA induces similar molecular and phenotypic changes in HEEs as those seen in acne lesions and suggests that an UFFA-treated epidermal tissue model can be used to study the UFFA-mediated pathways involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory acne and for the development of appropriate therapies.
      PubDate: 2017-05-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1747-y
  • Oxidation products are increased in patients affected by non-segmental
           generalized vitiligo
    • Authors: Mario Vaccaro; Gianluca Bagnato; Mariateresa Cristani; Francesco Borgia; Giovanna Spatari; Valeria Tigano; Antonina Saja; Fabrizio Guarneri; Serafinella P. Cannavò; Sebastiano Gangemi
      Abstract: Several lines of evidence support the relevance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in vitiligo, but the exact role of glycation and oxidation of macromolecules needs to be better addressed. To investigate the involvement of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) and advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), we performed a case–control association study by spectrofluorimetry and spectrophotometry, in 47 patients with non-segmental generalized vitiligo and 47 age- and sex-matched controls. Significantly higher levels of both AOPPs (p < 0.0001) and AGEs (p < 0.0001) were observed in vitiligo patients compared to healthy controls. In vitiligo patients, AGEs and AOPPs serum levels were directly associated with extension, duration of vitiligo, and disease activity. ROS, and in particular AGEs and AOPPs, could represent one of the main biomarkers to assess the onset and progression of vitiligo, due to the potential role as direct inducers of cell damage and also as autoimmunity triggers. Further longitudinal studies involving larger cohorts of patients are required to elucidate the role of oxidation products in the pathogenesis of vitiligo.
      PubDate: 2017-05-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1746-z
  • Associations between PTPN22 and TLR9 polymorphisms and systemic lupus
           erythematosus: a comprehensive meta-analysis
    • Authors: Li-Ya Hu; Zhi Cheng; Bo Zhang; Qiong Yin; Xiao-Wei Zhu; Pian-Pian Zhao; Ming-Yu Han; Xiao-Bo Wang; Hou-Feng Zheng
      Abstract: Previous studies have explored the relationship of PTPN22 and TLR9 polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In consideration of the population stratification, conflicting results and updating data, we conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis, which consists of a total of 17 research articles (9120 cases and 11,724 controls) for PTPN22 and 20 articles (including up to 2808 cases and 3386 controls) for TLR9. Significant association was verified between PTPN22 rs2476601 and SLE in the overall population (OR = 1.511 per T allele, 95% CI 1.338–1.706, P = 2.931 × 10−11) and under dominant model of T allele (TT+CT vs. CC: OR = 1.531, 95% CI 1.346–1.742, P = 9.17 × 10−11). Analysis after stratification by ethnicity indicated that PTPN22 rs2476601 was related to SLE in Americans (OR = 2.566, 95% CI 1.796–3.665, P = 2.219 × 10−7), Europeans (OR = 1.399, 95% CI 1.261–1.552, P = 2.153 × 10−10), and Africans (OR = 4.14, 95% CI 1.753–9.775, P = 1.0 × 10−3). We did not observe any association between TLR9 polymorphisms (rs187084, rs352140, rs5743836 and rs352139) and SLE under any model, after excluding the data that were inconsistent with Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium (HWE). In summary, PTPN22 rs2476601 was significantly interrelated with SLE and contributed to susceptibility and development of SLE in Americans, Europeans and Africans in this analysis, while their relationship needs to be validated in Africans by future research.
      PubDate: 2017-05-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1745-0
  • Assessment of the psychometric properties of the EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L
           instruments in psoriasis
    • Authors: John Yfantopoulos; Athanasios Chantzaras; Stathis Kontodimas
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the five-level (EQ-5D-5L) in comparison with the standard three-level (EQ-5D-3L) classification systems of the EQ-5D in a sample of psoriatic patients. Psoriatic subjects (n = 396) recruited from 16 private practicing centers from various areas of Greece self-completed the two EQ-5D versions and the Dermatology Life Quality Index, while information was also collected on socio-demographics, clinical characteristics and comorbidities. The EQ-5D-5L and EQ-5D-3L were evaluated in terms of agreement, feasibility, ceiling effects, redistribution properties, inconsistency, informativity, and convergent and known-groups validity. Missing values were negligible in both versions. The agreement between the EQ-5D-5L and the EQ-5D-3L was very high (ICC = 0.94), while the largest differences were identified for subjects with moderate health status. Ceiling effects decreased in the EQ-5D-5L system by 14.08% (p < 0.05), with “anxiety/depression” showing the highest relative reduction (−10.31%; p < 0.05). Overall inconsistency was rather low (1.7%) and respondents preferred to report milder problems in the EQ-5D-5L. Absolute informativity improved by 56.42% in the EQ-5D-5L, while relative informativity declined by 9.24%, with only “anxiety/depression” demonstrating a small increase (6.77%). Both instruments demonstrated good convergent and known-groups validity, with evidence of a slightly better convergent performance and discriminatory efficiency of the EQ-5D-5L. In conclusion, both instruments demonstrated consistency, valid redistribution and good construct validity. The EQ-5D-5L system may be preferable to the EQ-5D-3L in psoriatic patients, as it demonstrated a marginally better performance in terms of reduced ceiling effects, increased informativity, and improved convergent and known-groups validity efficiency, particularly in the domain of “anxiety/depression”.
      PubDate: 2017-05-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1743-2
  • Clinical characteristics, risk factors and long-term outcome of 114
           patients with folliculotropic mycosis fungoides
    • Authors: Iris Wieser; Casey Wang; Silvia Alberti-Violetti; Genevieve Lyons; Casey Tran; Rakshandra Talpur; Madeleine Duvic
      Abstract: Folliculotropic mycosis fungoides (FMF) is a distinct variant of mycosis fungoides (MF) where atypical T-cells invade the hair follicles. The objective was to assess the clinical features, risk factors for progression, long-term outcome and response to treatment modalities in a large cohort of FMF patients. We, therefore, conducted a single-center retrospective study, reviewing 114 patients with FMF seen from 1987 to 2015 at the cutaneous T-cell lymphoma clinic of the MD Anderson Cancer Center. The mean age at diagnosis of FMF was 57.1 ± 13.5 years. The male to female ratio was 1.2:1. MF stage IA (n = 50, 43.9%) was the most common diagnosed stage, followed equally by stages IB and IIB (n = 23, 20.2%, respectively). Eighty-six patients (75.4%) suffered from pruritus. Concomitant hair loss was observed in 37 (32.5%) subjects. The median number of different treatment modalities used per patient was 4 (range 1–12). Low-dose radiation was beneficial in clearing therapy refractory lesions. The overall survival was influenced by several factors, including advanced age (>65), late stages and the presence of large cell transformation (LCT). Thirty-three of 113 patients (29.2%) progressed to more advanced stages and 26 (23.0%) died, with the cause of death being MF in 11 (9.7%) subjects. In conclusion, patients with FMF have a worse overall 10-year survival rate compared with other MF variants. Several factors, including stage, advanced age and the presence of LCT impact survival. Multiple different treatment approaches may be needed to achieve a good clinical response and to prevent disease progression.
      PubDate: 2017-05-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00403-017-1744-1
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