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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2573 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2573 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 172, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Aquatic Sciences
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.109
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 14  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1015-1621 - ISSN (Online) 1420-9055
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2573 journals]
  • Carbon dioxide efflux and ecosystem metabolism of small forest lakes
    • Abstract: Abstract Small lakes are numerous in the landscape and closely connected to the terrestrial environment, which strongly influences the system scale carbon cycling. However, despite their importance in large-scale carbon budgets, small lakes remain understudied compared to large lakes. We investigated oxygen and carbon dynamics in four small Danish forest lakes over a year. Continuous pH measurements were used to establish a high-frequency time series of CO2 partial pressure and 1169 direct measurements of air–water CO2 flux were performed using floating chambers. Net ecosystem oxygen production (NEP) was derived from free-water oxygen measurements in order to quantify the contribution of in-lake aerobic metabolism to the air–water CO2 flux. We found that the forest lakes, on average, were tenfold CO2 supersaturated. The two most intensively studied lakes had mean CO2 effluxes of 36.3 mol m−2 year−1. The CO2 effluxes exceeded NEP during all months implying that the CO2 generated by aerobic respiration alone could not account for the observed CO2 efflux. The observed discrepancy is likely promoted by a hydrologic CO2 input and/or anaerobic sediment processes generating CO2 without a concurrent consumption of O2. A broad-scale national analysis showed that the CO2 efflux increased as lake size decreased despite lower gas exchange velocity. Small lakes also showed higher excess CO2 efflux compared to O2 influx. Overall, small lakes and forest lakes in particular have high CO2 effluxes and high CO2 supersaturation. However, the contribution of hydrological inputs and anaerobic sediment processes to the net CO2 efflux remains elusive.
      PubDate: 2019-11-30
       
  • Quality and contribution of food sources to Australian lungfish evaluated
           using fatty acids and stable isotopes
    • Abstract: Abstract The Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri Krefft, 1870, is a threatened species whose long-term persistence is at risk due to land-use intensification, water resource development, and other human pressures. Changes to the hydrology of rivers has the potential to alter the availability of certain high-quality food resources for this species, that may impact recruitment success, and contribute to population declines. This study analysed the fatty acid (FA) composition of lungfish eggs and fin tissues from two locations upstream and downstream of a large dam in the Brisbane River. We tested the hypothesis that river impoundment and flow alteration associated with the dam have altered the dietary composition and the FA composition of important dietary items for N. forsteri which translates to the body tissues and eggs. The contribution of each food source was estimated with mixing models using carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes. The total FA content in lungfish fin and eggs was significantly higher in downstream sites compared to upstream. Few significant differences in FA contents of the nine potential lungfish food sources were found between sites upstream and downstream of the dam. Stable isotope analyses of lungfish fin tissues revealed the most likely food sources were gastropods, bivalves, and crustaceans, however their relative importance differed upstream and downstream of the dam. Collectively, these results indicate that the dam did not negatively affect food quality for lungfish downstream. The most likely mechanism for potential FA deficiency and subsequent impacts on recruitment success in N. forsteri would be due to changes to the availability of high-quality food sources. This study highlights the need for future research to determine whether the low FA contents we observed in lungfish, is a function of broader environmental changes, or if FA contents are naturally low for this sub-tropical species.
      PubDate: 2019-11-23
       
  • Assessing the impact of ground ice degradation on high mountain lake
           environments (Lago Nero catchment, Swiss Alps)
    • Abstract: Abstract In high mountain hydrosystems, glacial meltwater composition is potentially affected by the degradation of alpine permafrost terrains and ground ice bodies releasing atmospheric pollutants that have been stored in permafrost terrains for several decades. In this study we investigate the potential local permafrost distribution as well as the physical and chemical ground water characteristics of the periglacial environments of the Lago Nero (“Black Lake”) catchment, a high alpine basin located in the Southern Swiss Alps. Our approach combines in situ geological and geomorphological mapping, potential permafrost distribution modelling, a thermal monitoring of ground surface temperatures and the study of the meltwater chemistry of an intact rock glacier (active or inactive rock glacier, i.e. containing ice) and several perennial ice patches. The comparison of elemental concentrations between the periglacial terrains and the Lago Nero outflow unveiled the presence of atmospheric chemicals in the meltwater. Considering the temporal concordance between the recorded peak of sulphur deposition between 1965 and 1980 and the last identified period of positive glacier mass balance occurred in the region (1961–1985), we argue that the enhanced melting of ground ice related to the recent severe warming is nowadays releasing “legacy” pollutants that have been stored in the cryosphere for several decades.
      PubDate: 2019-11-16
       
  • Experimental effects of elevated temperature and nitrogen deposition on
           high-elevation aquatic communities
    • Abstract: Abstract Two widespread drivers of change in high-elevation lakes are climate warming and atmospheric nitrogen deposition, which may have interactive effects on aquatic ecosystems. Using an outdoor mesocosm experiment at 2900 m above-sea level along the Colorado Front Range, we investigated the individual and combined effects of realistic increases in temperature (ambient versus 2.4 °C increase) and nitrogen concentrations (three levels) on lake plankton and hydrochemistry. Relative to the low temperature treatment, enhanced temperatures decreased the overall density of Daphnia pulicaria by ~ 40% and of gravid females specifically by ~ 20%. Increased nitrogen also reduced Daphnia density, especially in the low-temperature treatments, leading to a significant nitrogen-by-temperature interaction. The calanoid copepod Hesperodiaptomus shoshone, in contrast, was unaffected by experimental manipulations of temperature and nitrogen, and declined in abundance over time regardless of treatment. Chlorophyll-a increased to a maximum in week 4 and was unaffected by the temperature manipulation, suggesting that observed effects on Daphnia were likely direct physiological responses to warming rather than bottom-up effects. Nitrate additions caused transient increases in chlorophyll-a, which converged across treatments by the end of the study as nutrients were assimilated. Nitrogen additions also led to progressive increases in dissolved organic carbon concentrations throughout the experiment. Our results suggest that warming has the potential to reduce zooplankton production, consistent with observed decreases in large-bodied Daphnia density with decreasing elevation in the Colorado Rockies. Future work should evaluate how the observed effects on plankton communities scale-up to natural lakes, particularly the relative importance of species-specific stress responses versus indirect food web effects.
      PubDate: 2019-11-16
       
  • Compound effects of water clarity, inflow, wind and climate warming on
           mountain lake thermal regimes
    • Abstract: Abstract Many studies have examined the effects of climate warming on lake stability, but few have addressed environmental changes concomitant with climate change, such as alterations in water clarity and lake inflow. Although air temperature rise is a predominant factor linked to lake thermal characteristics, climate-driven changes at watershed scales can substantially alter lake clarity and inflow, exacerbating the effects of future air warming on lake thermal conditions. Without accounting for potential changes in clarity and inflow, future thermal predictions could be inaccurate. We employed the General Lake Model to simulate future thermal conditions (relative thermal resistance to mixing; RTRM) of small (< 12 ha) mountain lakes of the western United States by calibrating the model to a set of lakes in the Southern Rocky Mountains, USA. We found that after air temperature, alterations in inflow had the largest effect on lake thermal conditions, changes in wind had the least effect, and larger lakes experienced more than double the increase in lake stability than smaller lakes. Generally, clear, high inflow lakes had the lowest stability now, and in the future, while the largest overall increase in thermal stability occurred in larger lakes with low inflows and high turbidity. Assuming air temperature rise alone, summer stability of mountain lakes of the western United States was predicted to increase by 15–23% at + 2 °C air temperatures, and by 39–62% at + 5 °C air temperatures. When accounting for associated changes in clarity and inflow, lake stability was predicted to increase by 208% with + 2 °C air warming and 318% with at 5 °C air warming. Thus, ignoring the multivariate effects of climate change can substantially underestimate changes to mountain lake thermal and stratification regimes. Dimictic lakes may become more strongly stratified and polymictic lakes will experience more prolonged stratification. While predicted changes to lake temperatures may not be harmful to trout species that currently inhabit mountain lakes, longer and more intense stratification could cause indirect effects, such as hypoxia, that could reduce growth and survival of these organisms.
      PubDate: 2019-11-16
       
  • Modeling the impact of dam removal on the Formosan landlocked salmon in
           the context of climate change
    • Abstract: Abstract Dam removal is analyzed as a conservation strategy for the Formosan landlocked salmon Oncorhynchus masou formosanus, a critically endangered species whose last refuge is the Wuling basin in central Taiwan. In a previous study, a stochastic age-structured simulation model was developed and used to assess the effectiveness of removing four dams in increasing salmon abundance in Kaoshan Stream in the context of climate change. Three check dams remain intact in Chichiawan Stream and one of its tributaries. In this study, the model is recalibrated for these regions and simulates the removal of each of these dams. Model analysis suggests that the combined effect of dam removal and climate change decreases the effectiveness of dam removal while increasing the negative impact of climate change on abundance. A simple graphing technique is presented for comparing the predicted impact of the removal of each dam under consideration. The model predicts that removing the dam in Chichiawan Stream has the largest potential for increasing the 2035 abundance, but only under narrow conditions of climate change and effectiveness of dam removal. The potential benefit from removing one of the tributary dams is smaller, but the conditions for reaching closer to its potential are less restrictive. This type of analysis is useful for dam removal management decisions regarding habitat restoration.
      PubDate: 2019-10-23
       
  • Exit here: strategies for dealing with aging dams and reservoirs
    • Abstract: Abstract Aging infrastructure is prevalent throughout the world, but water control management structures, specifically dams, are of growing concern. Dams and their corresponding reservoirs have inherent, but separate, lifespans. The proportion of dams around the world that continue operation beyond their intended lifespans is growing at an alarming rate. Society will not only have to navigate the tradeoffs associated with the deterioration of services provided by reservoirs and dams, but also impending structural failures. Society is nearing a critical pinch point where we will have to decide how to deal with dams and reservoirs at scales that range from a single system to multiple systems in large watersheds. No comprehensive strategy exists to inform both the range of actions that can be applied to such infrastructure and how such actions would influence biophysical, socioeconomic, and geopolitical tradeoffs. The development of proactive exit strategies is a critical first step in ensuring controlled transitions for aging dams and reservoirs. Herein, we present an overview of actions and considerations for aging dams and reservoirs, followed by an initial framework for exit strategy development to launch a further discussion on how society could deal with this aging infrastructure.
      PubDate: 2019-10-22
       
  • A study of bioavailable phosphorus in the inflowing rivers of Lake Taihu,
           China
    • Abstract: Abstract Phosphorus (P) is a vital nutrient for algal growth. Aside from soluble reactive P (SRP), organic P (OP) is used by algae via alkaline phosphatase (AP) hydrolysis, which can play an important role in supplying P. Enzymatically-hydrolysable OP (EHP) can potentially be used as an indicator of bioavailability of P other than SRP in natural waters. We investigated the ecological significance of alkaline phosphatase activity (APA), EHP concentration and P turnover time in the inflowing rivers of Lake Taihu (Taihu) during three hydrologic periods. Results indicated high SRP concentration and low SRP demand by algal suppressed APA in the inflowing rivers, the highest proportion of OP mineralization rate (v) to the maximum reaction velocity of AP (Vmax) is only 14.7%. P turnover time of the inflowing rivers was generally from 3 to 7 days and in exceptional cases, it could exceed 10 days. The high EHP reserve and the sufficient AP for OP mineralization render the rivers a significant source of utilizable OP, further exacerbating eutrophication of Taihu.
      PubDate: 2019-10-11
       
  • Uptake and trophic transfer of nitrogen and carbon in a temperate forested
           headwater stream
    • Abstract: Abstract In temperate headwater streams, riparian forests hinder the development of algae by reducing light availability and generate large inputs of detritus. Microbial assemblages associated with this detritus are expected to strongly influence in-stream elemental cycling. However, most research has focused on quantifying nitrogen (N) cycling while we know little about the coupling of N and carbon (C) cycling. We conducted a simultaneous whole-reach tracer addition of 15N-ammonium and 13C-acetate in a forested headwater stream to examine the importance of different primary uptake compartments (e.g. epilithic biofilm, leaves, small wood) on N and C uptake, storage, and transfer to consumers. We predicted high whole-reach uptake of N and C from the water column to satisfy requirements of microbial decomposers. We also predicted a dominant role of the abundant detrital compartments, especially leaf litter, in the uptake, storage and trophic transfer of these labile forms of N and C. Our results show efficient immobilization of both ammonium and acetate along the study reach. Leaf litter showed the highest percentage of contribution among all compartments to whole-reach ammonium and acetate uptake. We also found evidence of rapid transfer of N and C to higher trophic levels, thereby extending the retention time of these elements within the ecosystem. Overall, our study provides relevant insights into the influence of detritus on N and C cycling in headwater streams.
      PubDate: 2019-09-28
       
  • Spatial and temporal behavioural patterns of the European eel Anguilla
           anguilla in a lacustrine environment
    • Abstract: Abstract Conservation of the critically endangered European eel Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) requires knowledge of silver eel escapement across all eel-producing habitats. Describing eel production from deep waters is especially challenging, thus telemetry studies can be used to detect specific behavioural patterns and aid in designing cost-effective survey methodologies. Here, 36 and 68 European eels were monitored via acoustic telemetry in Hanningfield reservoir, UK in 2015 and 2016, respectively. The aim of the study was to assess activity rates and home range sizes of eels in relation to explanatory variables: fish length, stage, lipid level, time of day, water temperature, night duration, lunar phase, water depth and distance to shore. In addition, site fidelity and return time to previously visited locations across the study area were investigated. Time of day, water temperature and lunar phase significantly affected eel behaviour, with higher activities observed during increased temperatures and dark periods. Furthermore, their monthly displacements rates were higher over medium-ranged depths (4–7 m), with depth use affected by water temperature, time of day and lunar phase. In general, eels had large home ranges in this study, which increased further during warmer and darker periods. Despite travelling great distances, with long return times to previously visited locations, they displayed high home fidelity between months. The results of this study provide greater insight into eels’ temporal and spatial utilisation of a lacustrine habitat, and survey design to collect abundance data for the assessment.
      PubDate: 2019-09-26
       
  • High export of nitrogen and dissolved organic carbon from an Alpine
           glacier (Indren Glacier, NW Italian Alps)
    • Abstract: Abstract Mountain glaciers can export large amounts of nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) to downstream aquatic ecosystems. To date, however, the number of studies that analysed concentrations and fluxes of N forms and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from glaciers in the European Alps and worldwide is limited, given the high complexity of data gathering in harsh high-elevation environments. In this work, we rely upon new, unexploited data from field campaigns pursued during 2012–2015 at high elevations (> 3000 m a.s.l.) of the Indren Glacier (NW Italian Alps) to (1) develop glacio-hydrological modelling and stream flow estimates within a heavily glacier-fed catchment, (2) provide N forms and DOC concentrations and estimated fluxes in meltwater, and (3) provide possible explanations of cryospheric control upon water chemistry. Water and soil samples were also collected at two lower-elevation sites along the glacial stream to investigate the downstream variability of N forms and DOC. Nitrate-N, dissolved organic nitrogen, and DOC concentrations (0.21 ± 0.12, 0.19 ± 0.14, 1.16 ± 0.63 mg L−1, respectively) and yields (220, 210, 1279 kg km−2 year−1, respectively) were among the highest considering other glaciated areas of the globe, probably due to high atmospheric N and C depositions. Limited effect of soil on water characteristics was found and attributed to the reduced soil development in recently deglaciated areas (after the Little Ice Age), thus underlining the role of glacier melting in determining N and C dynamics in high-elevation, Alpine surface waters.
      PubDate: 2019-09-26
       
  • Distribution patterns of bacterial communities and their potential link to
           variable viral lysis in temperate freshwater reservoirs
    • Abstract: Abstract Man-made reservoirs which receive substantial inputs of terrestrial organic matter are characterized by physiologically diverse and distinct bacterial communities. Here we examined bacterial community structure using Illumina MiSeq sequencing of 16S rRNA genes and evaluated the potential role of viruses in influencing them in two productive freshwater reservoirs namely, Villerest and Grangent (Central France). Two dimensional non-metric multidimensional scaling analyses indicated that bacterial communities in both reservoirs were structurally different in time and space, with Villerest harboring more diverse communities than Grangent reservoir. The bacterial communities in both reservoirs were dominated by hgcI clade (Actinobacteria) and Limnohabitans (Betaproteobacteria) which are known to have adaptive life strategies towards top-down mechanisms and resource utilization. In Villerest, thermal stratification of water column which resulted in temporary anoxia especially during summer promoted the occurrence of anoxygenic phototrophic and methanotrophic bacteria. Overall, low bacterial richness which was linked to viral lytic infection possibly suggests that a relatively small number of highly active bacterial populations sustained high bacterial activity and viral abundances. Weighted UniFrac analysis indicated that a minimum threshold viral infection and virus-to-bacteria ratio (serve as a proxy) of 10% and 10, respectively, is required to exert its impact on phylogenetic structure of bacterial community. Therefore depending on the levels of viral infection we suggest that viruses at times can prevail over other trophic or top-down factors in shaping and structuring bacterial communities in such man-made artificial freshwater systems.
      PubDate: 2019-09-10
       
  • N 2 and N 2 O production and emission variation during the flood period of
           Poyang Lake (China)
    • Abstract: Abstract Lakes are globally important sites to alleviate nitrogen (N) concentrations through gaseous N production and emission, and hydro-geomorphological characteristics can influence the spatial variation, patterns, and efficiency of N removal in lakes. In this study, gaseous N removal via dinitrogen (N2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) production and emission in different hydro-geomorphological areas of Poyang Lake, China, were investigated through direct measurement of excess dissolved N2 and N2O (ΔN2 and ΔN2O) using the N2:Ar ratio method and headspace equilibrium technique, respectively. The highest value of ΔN2 (75.2 ± 31.0 μmol N2 L−1) was observed in the open lake, while the lowest ΔN2 (47.2 ± 14.9 μmol N2 L−1) occurred in the south estuarine delta (p < 0.05). However, the distribution of ΔN2O was opposite to that of ΔN2 with the highest ΔN2O being observed in the south estuarine delta (5.1 ± 5.0 nmol N2O L−1). Gaseous N2 removal fraction (the ΔN2 proportion among the sum of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentration and ΔN2) varied from 36% in the south estuarine delta to 48% in the open lake, while N2O yield (the ΔN2O proportion among the sum of ΔN2 and ΔN2O) varied from 0.04‰ in the open lake to 0.10‰ in the south estuarine delta. Correlation analyses showed that NO3− was the main factor controlling N2O yield. This study confirmed that N removal fractions and patterns vary with different hydro-geomorphological areas.
      PubDate: 2019-09-09
       
  • Climate change accelerates recovery of the Tatra Mountain lakes from
           acidification and increases their nutrient and chlorophyll a
           concentrations
    • Abstract: Abstract We evaluated changes in the concentration of cations, anions, nutrients (dissolved organic carbon, DOC; phosphorus, P; and nitrogen forms including nitrate, NO3− and total organic nitrogen, TON), and chlorophyll a (Chl-a) in 31 Tatra Mountain lakes in Slovakia and Poland during their recovery from acidic deposition (1992–2018). Typical effects of decreasing acidic deposition on the lakes’ water composition, such as decreasing base cation concentrations, were confounded by climate change and catchment characteristics, including areal proportions of well-developed soils and scree. A climate-related increase in physical erosion provided freshly exposed unweathered granodiorite (the dominant bedrock) to chemical weathering. Dissolution of accessory calcite in the granodiorite increased the in-lake Ca2+ and HCO3− concentrations and reversed the Ca2+ trends, which originally decreased in parallel with strong acid anions. These changes were most pronounced in steep, scree-rich areas, which are most sensitive to physical weathering. Fresh apatite [Ca5(PO4)3(F, Cl, OH)] in the crushed granodiorite acts as a P source at soil pH’s between 4 and 5 and in the presence of chelating organic acids within soils. These conditions enhance apatite solubility, which in part explains increasing P in lakes with scree-dominated catchments. Soil recovery from acidification due to decreasing acidic deposition and the neutralizing effect of weathering of erosion-derived accessory calcite were the most likely causes of elevated DOC and P export from soils. Their elevated leaching was accompanied by increasing in-lake concentrations of Chl-a and TON. The increasing TON concentrations were, as for Ca2+, most pronounced in the scree-rich catchments, and represented the most sensitive indicator of the changes in the lake water nutrient composition.
      PubDate: 2019-09-06
       
  • Bird feet morphology drives the dispersal of rotifers and microcrustaceans
           in a Neotropical temporary pond
    • Abstract: Abstract The present study aimed to determine zooplankton diversity and composition through a laboratory simulation of dispersal by morphologically different birds’ feet (large, small and webbed anisodactylous feet) and by comparing them between different water accumulation phases. We hypothesized that large anisodactylous birds, because of their larger size, can disperse a higher number of species. A laboratory experiment with zooplankton dispersal simulation by birds’ feet was carried out, using dry sediments collected at different past phases of water accumulation in a temporary pond, which represent the flood (upper egg bank) and drought (lower egg bank), intending to evaluate differences in species richness between these phases. The lower egg bank showed higher species richness (42 species) while the samples from upper egg banks presented almost the same number of species (35 or 36 at each one). The number of eggs carried on each footprint model (treatment) was different, and it was higher for large anisodactyl feet with 46 species, supporting the hypothesis of the study. Furthermore, the species compositions carried by footprint models were different from one other. In addition, some species were specific from each footprint model. We conclude that birds can disperse a large number of dormant zooplankton, acting in the dissemination of local species.
      PubDate: 2019-08-31
       
  • Carbon dioxide emission from drawdown areas of a Brazilian reservoir is
           linked to surrounding land cover
    • Abstract: Abstract Reservoir sediments exposed to air due to water level fluctuations are strong sources of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). The spatial variability of CO2 fluxes from these drawdown areas are still poorly understood. In a reservoir in southeastern Brazil, we investigated whether CO2 emissions from drawdown areas vary as a function of neighboring land cover types and assessed the magnitude of CO2 fluxes from drawdown areas in relation to nearby water surface. Exposed sediments near forestland (average = 2733 mg C m−2 day−1) emitted more CO2 than exposed sediments near grassland (average = 1261 mg C m−2 day−1), congruent with a difference in organic matter content between areas adjacent to forestland (average = 12.2%) and grassland (average = 10.9%). Moisture also had a significant effect on CO2 emission, with dry exposed sediments (average water content: 13.7%) emitting on average 2.5 times more CO2 than wet exposed sediments (average water content: 23.5%). We carried out a systematic comparison with data from the literature, which indicates that CO2 efflux from drawdown areas globally is about an order of magnitude higher than CO2 efflux from adjacent water surfaces, and within the range of CO2 efflux from terrestrial soils. Our findings suggest that emissions from exposed sediments may vary substantially in space, possibly related to organic matter supply from uphill vegetation, and that drawdown areas play a disproportionately important role in total reservoir CO2 emissions with respect to the area they cover.
      PubDate: 2019-08-21
       
  • Disentangling spatio-temporal drivers influencing benthic communities in
           temporary streams
    • Abstract: Abstract Temporary streams on the island of Mallorca support unique fauna that differ from other temporary streams on the mainland. It comprises many poor-dispersing endemics as well as more ubiquitous species with better dispersal abilities. To determine the importance of spatial and temporal drivers, this study assesses on the composition and biological traits of macroinvertebrate assemblages, and their variation among 26 non impaired streams corresponding to 3 temporary stream types (mountain, canyon and lowland) during two hydrological phases (flow and disconnected pools) sampled seasonally between 2005 and 2008. Mountain and canyon streams showed longer water permanence, and higher biodiversity than lowland streams, which were characterized by higher drying impact. Significant differences (PERMANOVA and PERMDIST) in species and biological traits composition were found among hydrological phases and stream types, indicating the high spatial and temporal heterogeneity of these temporary systems. The lack of desiccation-resistant forms was dominant in the temporary streams community, suggesting that taxa may survive and persist over the summer in other refugia, such as the hyporheic zone and/or groundwater springs. The environmental variables (physico-chemical, hydromorphological and basin land uses) explained only 40% of the distribution of macroinvertebrate composition (dbRDA analysis), leaving spatial characteristics and temporal variables the highest percentages of variance. Moreover, a significant influence of distance on the macroinvertebrate dispersion (within the surrounding 5 km) was found. Therefore, both neutral (dispersal processes) and niche explanations (local environmental conditions) contribute to patterns of local diversity. Our study highlights the importance of determining the spatio-temporal drivers which influence the ecology and composition of aquatic communities of temporary streams. Such improvement on our knowledge is highly needed for the appropriate design of monitoring programs, being urgently required in the lowlands streams, as they are the most vulnerable to climate change (longer seasonal and supra-seasonal droughts) and human impacts.
      PubDate: 2019-08-12
       
  • Testing the native invasion hypothesis to explain anthropogenic influence
           on stream fish assemblages
    • Abstract: Abstract In communities or regions where non-native fish species still do not predominate, changes in the assemblage composition are driven by loss, gain or substitution by native species only. We investigated the native invasion hypothesis in small streams, in which human modifications may influence fish assemblage composition by boosting the expansion and establishment of widespread species, as well as of species commonly found in large streams and rivers. Fish community data from 54 lowland streams from South Brazil were used to investigate this hypothesis. We found a positive relationship between cropland cover at the catchment scale and the dominance of fish species that commonly inhabit large streams or rivers (inferred on museum records). We also observed a weak and negative relationship between site elevation and the percentage of widely distributed species in fish assemblages. Our results partly support the hypothesis of native invasion in lowland streams, but the low explanatory power of the models suggests that it is less pronounced compared to highland streams. Our results contribute to understand inconsistencies among studies on the effects of land use on stream fish assemblages using traditional metrics (alpha and beta diversities). For instance, land use can initially increase fish species richness in small streams by favouring the occurrence and establishment of fish species common to rivers. In this sense, alternative metrics that consider specific changes in native species distribution, such as proliferation of common species, should be used to better assess the mechanisms that drive changes in communities of aquatic ecosystems.
      PubDate: 2019-08-06
       
  • Seasonal and spatial within-marsh differences of biophysical plant
           properties: implications for wave attenuation capacity of salt marshes
    • Abstract: Abstract Salt marshes attenuate waves and thus have an important function for coastal protection. Biophysical properties of salt-marsh plants play a key role in the process of wave attenuation and can be differentiated by morphological properties such as stem density, vegetation height and aboveground biomass as well as by biomechanical properties related to stem flexibility. Numerical or physical scale models predicting wave attenuation over vegetated surfaces need to include biophysical properties. However, few studies have quantified morphological and biomechanical properties of salt-marsh plants and fewer have considered seasonal and within-marsh spatial variability of biomechanical properties. The aim of this study was to quantify biophysical properties of the common salt-marsh grasses Spartina anglica and Elymus athericus, including stem flexibility and density as well as aboveground biomass, temporally and spatially. Samples were collected in spring and in summer 2014 at a study site located in the Northern German Wadden Sea. Aboveground biomass was harvested in plots of 50 × 50 cm, stem density was determined by counting and flexibility of plant stems was determined with three-point bending tests. Biophysical properties of both species varied significantly between seasons with plant stem stiffness being 5.0 (S. anglica) and 2.9 times (E. athericus) higher and aboveground biomass being 2.1 (S. anglica) and 1.3 times (E. athericus) higher in summer than in spring. Small-scale spatial differences for those biophysical plant properties were found for S. anglica with plant stem stiffness being 4.0 (spring) and 2.8 times (summer) higher and aboveground biomass being 1.6 (spring) and 1.5 times (summer) higher in a landward than in a seaward-located zone. Small-scale spatial differences of biophysical properties were not found in E. athericus. We conclude that variability in biophysical properties should be considered in models and experiments especially for S. anglica when predicting and quantifying marsh wave attenuation capacity.
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
       
  • Non-conservative patterns of dissolved organic matter degradation when and
           where lake water mixes
    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, we experimentally investigated the degradation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) during lateral and vertical mixing of different water masses in a peri-alpine lake. River intrusions and vertical winter turnover in Lake Geneva (Switzerland, France) were simulated through short-term laboratory incubations by mixing riverine and lacustrine waters or lacustrine waters collected at different depths in winter. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) degradation was monitored by dissolved oxygen (DO) measurements and changes in DOM composition were tracked by fluorescence spectroscopy in pure and mixed treatments during 72 h. Initial DOC content and DOM composition were relatively similar between end-members. The amount of DOC respired at the end of the incubation was similar between treatments, but decay constants in mixed treatments derived from a first-order decay model were significantly higher than expected values calculated based on a simple mass balance model. Fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) in mixed treatments followed non-conservative patterns that could not be predicted based on observations made in pure treatments. Hence, one protein-like and one microbial-like fluorophore that were consumed in lake waters were continuously produced in mixed treatments although lake waters represented 90% of the mix. No relationships were observed between the rate of DOC consumption and the initial DOM composition, suggesting that other factors such as nutrients and/or interactions in microbial communities were involved. Moreover, no relationships were found between DOC and FDOM patterns during incubations, suggesting that these measurements targeted different facets of microbial metabolism of DOM, respectively microbial respiration (catabolism) and microbial production (anabolism). While additional investigations are required in order to identify the drivers of these changes, this study provides evidence of non-conservative behavior of DOM degradation in mixing zones in lakes.
      PubDate: 2019-07-30
       
 
 
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