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Showing 1 - 200 of 2335 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 4.511, h-index: 44)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.58, h-index: 30)
Astronomy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.473, h-index: 23)
Astrophysical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.469, h-index: 11)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 11)

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Journal Cover Aquatic Sciences
  [SJR: 1.172]   [H-I: 53]   [12 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1015-1621 - ISSN (Online) 1420-9055
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Nitrous oxide and methane seasonal variability in the epilimnion of a
           large tropical meromictic lake (Lake Kivu, East-Africa)
    • Authors: Fleur A. E. Roland; François Darchambeau; Cédric Morana; Alberto V. Borges
      Pages: 209 - 218
      Abstract: Abstract We report a data-set of monthly vertical profiles obtained from January 2012 to October 2013, from the surface to 70 m depth of nitrous oxide (N2O) and dissolved methane (CH4) in Lake Kivu, a large and deep meromictic tropical lake (East Africa). Vertical variations of N2O were modest, with ranges of 6–9 and 0–16 nmol L−1 in surface and bottom waters, respectively, and occasionally peaks of N2O (up to 58 nmol L−1) were observed at the oxic-anoxic interface. On the contrary, steep vertical gradients of CH4 were observed with values changing several orders of magnitude from surface (19–103 nmol L−1) to 70 m (~113,000–520,000 nmol L−1). Seasonal variations of CH4 were caused by annual cycles of mixing and stratification, during the dry and rainy seasons, respectively. This mixing allowed the establishment of a thick oxic layer (maximum 65 m deep), leading to decreased CH4 concentrations (minimum of 8 nmol L−1), presumably due to bacterial CH4 oxidation. During the stratification period, the oxic mixed layer was thinner (minimum 25 m deep), and an increase of CH4 concentrations in surface waters was observed (maximum of 103 nmol L−1), probably due to a lower integrated CH4 oxidation on the water column. Lake Kivu seasonally alternated between a source and a sink for atmospheric N2O, but on an annual scale was a small source of N2O to the atmosphere (on average 0.43 µmol m−2 day−1), while it was a small source of CH4 to the atmosphere throughout the year (on average 86 µmol m−2 day−1). Vertical and seasonal variations of N2O are discussed in terms of nitrification and denitrification, although from the present data-set it is not possible to unambiguously identify the main drivers of N2O production.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0491-2
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Global climate change and local watershed management as potential drivers
           of salinity variation in a tropical coastal lagoon (Laguna de Terminos,
    • Authors: Renaud Fichez; Denisse Archundia; Christian Grenz; Pascal Douillet; Francisco Gutiérrez Mendieta; Montserrat Origel Moreno; Lionel Denis; Adolfo Contreras Ruiz Esparza; Jorge Zavala-Hidalgo
      Pages: 219 - 230
      Abstract: Abstract The wide range of ecological goods and services provided by tropical coastal lagoons and wetlands are under considerable pressure due to the synergistic effects of local anthropogenic impact and global climate change. In transitional waters, salinity is a key driver of ecological processes mostly depending on the balance between marine and river inputs, a balance that can be significantly modified by climate change and by anthropogenic alteration of the watershed. Mesoamerica being considered as a climate change hot-spot and as an ecoregion strongly vulnerable to global change, our study aimed at analyzing the relationship between salinity, river runoff, and rainfall variability in a tropical coastal lagoon and to assess the respective influence of climate change and watershed management. The study focusing on the large and shallow coastal lagoon of Laguna de Terminos in south eastern Mexico established: (1) the variability in salinity distribution along the yearly cycle and the occurrence of a high salinity anomaly period during the wet season of 2009; (2) the relationship between lagoon waters salinity and river inputs further underlying the anomalous situation encountered in 2009; (3) a long term increase in river discharge during the past 60 years, indicating potential salinity decrease in the lagoon during that same period; (4) an absence of any change in rainfall linking the increase in runoff to watershed management rather than long term trend in climate change. Additionally, the specific context of the 2009–2010 Central-Equatorial Pacific El Niño is underlined and the potential relationship between river discharge and ENSO is discussed. Those results should be of significant practical value to decision-makers who are often keen to point the finger at global climate change when local environmental management is also and sometime most significantly responsible.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0492-1
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • CDOM and the underwater light climate in two shallow North Patagonian
           lakes: evaluating the effects on nano and microphytoplankton community
    • Authors: Marina Gerea; Gonzalo L. Pérez; Fernando Unrein; Carolina Soto Cárdenas; Donald Morris; Claudia Queimaliños
      Pages: 231 - 248
      Abstract: Abstract We performed an annual synchronous sampling in two oligotrophic shallow lakes to assess the influence of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) on the underwater light climate, and its potential effects on the nano and microphytoplankton community structure. Lake Escondido showed higher CDOM concentration and light attenuation with a spectral composition of underwater light shifted towards green–yellow light, while Lake Morenito presented clearer waters and a dominance of green light. Temporal dynamics of CDOM absorption at 440 nm were consistently explained by differences in cumulative precipitation. Mixotrophic cryptophytes and chrysophytes dominated the phytoplankton of both lakes, although the prevalence of each algal group was different between lakes. The dominance of these groups was largely explained by differences in spectral composition of underwater light, estimated as the ratio between Kd(RED) and Kd(GREEN) [Kd(R)/Kd(G) ratio]. Cryptophytes prevailed in Lake Morenito and their biomass showed a positive strong relationship with Kd(R)/Kd(G) ratio. Chrysophyte biomass was comparatively more important in Lake Escondido showing an opposite relationship with the Kd(R)/Kd(G) ratio. These results underscore that higher relative green light availability allowed the dominance of cryptophytes, while changes in light spectral composition driven by CDOM allowed coexistence. We suggest that nano and microphytoplankton community structure in these lakes could be driven by changes in spectral composition of underwater light shaped by differences in CDOM, ultimately determined by precipitation/hydrological patterns.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0493-0
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Estimating future cyanobacterial occurrence and importance in lakes: a
           case study with Planktothrix rubescens in Lake Geneva
    • Authors: Nicole Gallina; Martin Beniston; Stéphan Jacquet
      Pages: 249 - 263
      Abstract: Abstract Among the multiple forms of freshwater pelagic cyanobacteria, the phycoerythrin-rich species Planktothrix rubescens is well adapted to temperate, deep and large lakes. In Lake Geneva, this filamentous and microcystin-producing species has been the dominant cyanobacterial species observed since the early years of this century. In addition to the trophic state (e.g., the phosphorus level), the influences of air and water temperature on the occurrence and development of cyanobacteria are particularly relevant in the context of global climate change. The latter may indeed be particularly marked for lakes in the Alpine region, with a rate of warming that may be twice as large as the global average. The impact of climate change on P. rubescens is thus an important challenge and it has been analysed in this study through two different approaches: (1) the extreme air temperature events as a proxy for future climate and (2) the multi adaptive regression splines (MARS) model to predict future P. rubescens biomass. These methods allowed us to determine whether Lake Geneva will still sustain an important biomass of P. rubescens in forthcoming years, provided there is no severe over-enrichment with nutrients in the future. The outcomes strongly suggest that the fraction of cyanobacterium could increase with respect to the total phytoplankton community by as much as 34 % by the end of this century and induce a significant change in the microalgal composition. Additionally, the results point to the fact that spring is a key period during which air temperature and nutrients become the determinant factors for outbreaks of this species in the subsequent seasons.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0494-z
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Consequences of altered temperature regimes for emerging freshwater
    • Authors: Paula Sardiña; John Beardall; Jason Beringer; Mike Grace; Ross M. Thompson
      Pages: 265 - 276
      Abstract: Abstract We used highly realistic temperature treatments based on down-scaled global circulation models for 1990–2000 (control) and 2100 (warming treatment) to experimentally assess the impacts of altered temperature regimes on the emerging adults of aquatic insect communities. Experiments were run for 6 weeks and emerging adults of insects were identified and measured for length. There were clear responses to the warming treatment, but responses were taxa- and gender-specific. Males of mayfly Ulmerophlebia pipinna Suter 1986 (Leptophlebiidae) emerged faster under 2100 temperatures. This resulted in a change in the sex ratio that could compromise populations. Mean body size of some insects decreased under warming conditions, which is in agreement with the general hypothesis of reduced body size in response to climate change. However, the degree to which organism size was affected by temperature varied within and between taxa. These changes show the potential for changed temperature regimes to impact ecological systems at individual, population, and community levels. Changes in body size and species composition of emerging insects are likely to impact different levels in both the aquatic and terrestrial communities, for example through disruption of interactions between emerging insects and riparian predators which rely on those resources.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0495-y
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Riparian vegetation condition is associated with invertebrate assemblage
           composition in intermittent and humic streams
    • Authors: P. O’Toole; B. J. Robson; J. M. Chambers
      Pages: 277 - 289
      Abstract: Abstract Riparian vegetation is known to provide environmental benefits for aquatic ecosystems and is commonly used in the restoration of agricultural catchments. However, little information exists on the influence of riparian vegetation on the fauna of intermittent or humic (coloured) streams. We examined the ecological condition of riparian vegetation and its influence on stream fauna amongst humic and non-humic intermittent and perennial stream reaches in the Ellen Brook catchment, south west Western Australia. Permutation-tests showed that flow regime (Global R = 0.444, P < 0.001) and the presence/absence of riparian vegetation (Global R = 0.407, P < 0.001) were the most influential factors associated with invertebrate assemblage composition. Riparian vegetation influenced invertebrate assemblages through the provision of organic matter for food and habitat, and by shading stream channels, thereby limiting light and algal growth. This was illustrated by a higher proportion of algal grazers (Chironominae and Physidae) in unvegetated streams and more detritivores (Leptoceridae, Gripopterygidae, Ceinidae) in vegetated streams. Humic intermittent streams showed different invertebrate assemblages to non-humic intermittent streams; having fewer Cladocera and Chironomidae and more grazing gastropods (Physidae and Lynceidae). A significant proportion of the variation in invertebrate assemblages was associated with stream width, salinity and NO x -N concentrations because intermittent streams were narrower, more brackish and less enriched than with nitrogen than perennial streams. Riparian vegetation benefited invertebrate assemblages in all stream types, showing that revegetation is as effective a restoration action in intermittent and humic streams as it is in perennial streams.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0496-x
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Spatial and seasonal variability of forested headwater stream temperatures
           in western Oregon, USA
    • Authors: J. A. Leach; D. H. Olson; P. D. Anderson; B. N. I. Eskelson
      Pages: 291 - 307
      Abstract: Abstract Thermal regimes of forested headwater streams control the growth and distribution of various aquatic organisms. In a western Oregon, USA, case study we examined: (1) forested headwater stream temperature variability in space and time; (2) relationships between stream temperature patterns and weather, above-stream canopy cover, and geomorphic attributes; and (3) the predictive ability of a regional stream temperature model to account for headwater stream temperature heterogeneity. Stream temperature observations were collected at 48 sites within a 128-ha managed forest in western Oregon during 2012 and 2013. Headwater stream temperatures showed the greatest spatial variability during summer (range up to 10  \(^\circ\) C) and during cold and dry winter periods (range up to 7.5  \(^\circ\) C), but showed less spatial variability during spring, fall and wet winter periods (range between 2 and 5  \(^\circ\) C). Distinct thermal regimes among sites were identified; however, geomorphic attributes typically used in regional stream temperature models were not good predictors of thermal variability at headwater scales. A regional stream temperature model captured the mode of mean August temperatures observed across the study area, but overpredicted temperatures for a quarter of the sites by up to 2.8  \(^\circ\) C. This study indicates considerable spatial thermal variability may occur at scales not resolved by regional stream temperature models. Recognizing this sub-landscape variability may be important when predicting distributions of aquatic organisms and their habitat under climate and environment change scenarios.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0497-9
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Host plant location by chemotaxis in an aquatic beetle
    • Authors: Gregory Röder; Matteo Mota; Ted C. J. Turlings
      Pages: 309 - 318
      Abstract: Abstract Interactions between plants and aquatic insects are poorly documented, especially for turbid freshwater ecosystems. Many Swiss lakes offer such habitats, several of which are inhabited by the leaf beetle Macroplea appendiculata (Panzer 1794). This donaciid beetle is the only coleopteran species known to complete its life cycle entirely under water, where it lives primarily on perfoliate pondweed (Potamogeton perfoliatus L.), with Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum L.) as an alternative host plant. Direct observations during diving trips, aquatic olfactometer bioassays, and stir bar sorptive extractions (SBSE) coupled with GC–MS analysis were used to understand how these beetles locate their patchily distributed host plants and congeners in a harsh, often swirling environment. In olfactometer assays we observed that the aquatic beetle is strongly attracted to water extracts of pondweed, whereas neither mature males nor females beetles seem to produce attractive cues. The chemical analyses revealed that perfoliate pondweed releases one dominating compound, eucalyptol. Olfactometer assays confirmed that this is a potent attractant for the beetle. We also observed attraction to phytol, which is released by the main, as well as the alternative host plant. These finding are somewhat surprising as eucalyptol has never been reported for aquatic plants and phytol is poorly soluble in water. In addition, both are frequently described as insect repellents in terrestrial ecosystems. We suggest that these terpenoids normally have a defensive function against herbivores and pathogens, but that the highly specialized leaf beetle has evolved to exploit its host’s defence chemistry for optimal foraging.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0498-8
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Intra- and inter-annual variability in metabolism in an oligotrophic lake
    • Authors: David C. Richardson; Cayelan C. Carey; Denise A. Bruesewitz; Kathleen C. Weathers
      Pages: 319 - 333
      Abstract: Abstract Lakes are sentinels of change in the landscapes in which they are located. Changes in lake function are reflected in whole-system metabolism, which integrates ecosystem processes across spatial and temporal scales. Recent improvements in high-frequency open-water metabolism modeling techniques have enabled estimation of rates of gross primary production (GPP), respiration (R), and net ecosystem production (NEP) at high temporal resolution. However, few studies have examined metabolic rates over daily to multi-year temporal scales, especially in oligotrophic ecosystems. Here, we modified a metabolism modeling technique to reveal substantial intra- and inter-annual variability in metabolic rates in Lake Sunapee, a temperate, oligotrophic lake in New Hampshire, USA. Annual GPP and R increased each summer, paralleling increases in littoral, but not pelagic, total phosphorus concentrations. Storms temporarily decoupled GPP and R, resulting in greater decreases in GPP than R. Daily rates of GPP and R were positively correlated on warm days that had stable water columns, and metabolism model fits were best on warm, sunny days, indicating the importance of lake physics when evaluating metabolic rates. These metabolism data span a range of temporal scales and together suggest that Lake Sunapee may be moving toward mesotrophy. We suggest that functional, integrative metrics, such as metabolic rates, are useful indicators and sentinels of ecosystem change. We also highlight the challenges and opportunities of using high-frequency measurements to elucidate the drivers and consequences of intra- and inter-annual variability in metabolic rates, especially in oligotrophic lakes.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0499-7
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • In situ accumulation of tetrodotoxin in non-toxic Pleurobranchaea maculata
    • Authors: Lauren Salvitti; Susanna A. Wood; Rex Fairweather; David Culliford; Paul McNabb; S. Craig Cary
      Pages: 335 - 344
      Abstract: Abstract Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is a highly potent neurotoxin targeting voltage gated sodium channels. It is found in numerous phyla, including both marine and terrestrial taxa, however, its origin is a topic of considerable debate. The aim of this study was to investigate the origin of TTX in the Opisthobranch Pleurobranchaea maculata using in situ experimentation. Sixteen individuals sourced from non-toxic populations were transplanted to a habitat with toxic populations. These were kept in mesh net cages either; (1) anchored to the seafloor, or (2) deployed 0.5 m off the benthos. They were fed a non-toxic diet for 8 weeks before being sacrificed, and either the entire organisms or specific organs analysed for TTX via liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. Four of the six remaining individuals from cages on the benthos contained TTX (max. 0.79 mg kg−1), whilst only two of eight from the suspended cages contained TTX and concentrations were lower (max. 0.43 mg kg−1). These were similar to the lowest concentrations (min. 0.4 mg kg−1) detected in free-living specimens collected during the experimental period. Among positive individuals the highest concentrations were detected in gonad tissues. These data, in concert with previous studies, suggest an environmental source of TTX for P. maculata, which may be bacterial or dietary in origin. High-Throughput Sequencing (18S ribosomal RNA gene metabarcoding) of foregut contents from toxic and non-toxic individuals was used to investigate their diet. High abundances of Cnidaria and Annelida sequences were identified and these groups should be targeted in future efforts to identify TTX-containing organisms.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0500-5
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Environmental factors structuring benthic primary producers at different
           spatial scales in the St. Lawrence River (Canada)
    • Authors: David Lévesque; Christiane Hudon; Patrick M. A. James; Pierre Legendre
      Pages: 345 - 356
      Abstract: Abstract The influence of environmental factors controlling the biomass of submerged aquatic macrophytes, cyanobacterial mats, and epiphyton was examined at three nested spatial scales within the St. Lawrence River: (1) along a 250-km-long upstream–downstream river stretch, (2) among three fluvial lakes located within that river stretch and (3) within each fluvial lake at sites located upstream, at the mouth, and downstream of the St. Lawrence River tributaries. Over its 250-km-long course, large increases of water colour (fivefold), suspended matter (tenfold), dissolved organic carbon (DOC) (twofold) and dissolved N and P concentrations (2.5-fold) were observed in the St. Lawrence River, showing the cumulative effects of human activities on water quality. In contrast, biomass of submerged vascular macrophytes dropped tenfold along the sampled reach whereas biomass of epiphytes and cyanobacterial mats rose significantly. Biomass of the three benthic primary producers (PP) was explained (59 %) by the combined effects of conductivity, TP and spatial structure. Macrophyte biomass was related to changes in conductivity (+), biomass of epiphyton responded to DIN:TDP ratio (+) and light extinction coefficient (+) and cyanobacterial mats coincided with differences in DOC (+) and NH4 + (−). Within-lake structure was the most important spatial component for all benthic PP, suggesting that local effects, such as enrichment by the inflow of tributaries, rather than upstream–downstream gradients, determined the biomass of benthic PP. Our study shows that the sum of local tributary inflows exerts major overall pressures on benthic PP in the St. Lawrence River and that conversely, small-scale management of individual watersheds, can markedly improve local ecological condition of the river ecosystems.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0501-4
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Phytoplankton community dynamics within peritidal pools associated with
           living stromatolites at the freshwater–marine interface
    • Authors: Gavin M. Rishworth; Renzo Perissinotto; Nelson A. F. Miranda; Thomas G. Bornman; Paul-Pierre Steyn
      Pages: 357 - 370
      Abstract: Abstract Recently-discovered peritidal stromatolite ecosystems in South Africa form at the interface of freshwater seeps and the ocean intertidal zone, sharing several similarities with both tidal pool and estuarine ecosystems. While the overall ecology of tidal rock pools has been well studied, the dynamics of the phytoplankton assemblage have been comparatively neglected. In addition, there are no studies to date which describe the dynamics of phytoplankton within a habitat associated with stromatolites. The aim of this study was to investigate the coarse-scale phytoplankton community composition of a series of peritidal pools associated with living stromatolites, using a spectral fluorescence analysis tool, in relation to source-specific drivers related to both freshwater and marine forces. Three sites were sampled monthly from January to December 2014. Physico-chemical, biotic and meteorological parameters were recorded to assess some of the factors which might influence the phytoplankton size-fractionation and community composition using a generalised linear modelling approach. Results indicate that fresh or marine pool state, temporal differences associated with season, macronutrients (N and P), and benthic microalgal biomass are important drivers of the phytoplankton assemblages. Specifically, a transition from fresh to marine pool conditions resulted in an increased abundance of smaller phytoplankton size fractions and a shift from Chlorophyta and Cyanophyta to Bacillariophyta and Cryptophyta. Overall, the community was dominated by Chlorophyta and Bacillariophyta. There was consistency between the drivers and composition of the phytoplankton community compared to those from the few other comparable published studies. Furthermore, this study demonstrates a system which is dominated by benthic rather than pelagic microalgae in terms of biomass, thereby supporting the persistence of actively accreting stromatolites.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0502-3
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • What drives riparian plant taxa and assemblages in Mediterranean
    • Authors: Claudia Angiolini; Alessia Nucci; Marco Landi; Gianluigi Bacchetta
      Pages: 371 - 384
      Abstract: Abstract This study focused on floodplains of four rivers flowing into the Tyrrhenian Sea. Our main questions are: what environmental classifications account for variations in riparian plant assemblages along Mediterranean river floodplains' How is classification predictive power affected by taxonomic resolution' What are the environmental features that may be influencing plant taxa composition' We collected riparian vascular plant and environmental GIS data (morphology and land-use) from 189 river segments. Hierarchical clustering was used to derive environmental and biological groups of segments. We applied a measure of classification strength (CS) to account for variations in riparian plant assemblages, considering CS with respect to species and higher taxonomic levels. We used non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMS) ordination to identify major environmental features influencing plant assemblages. Our results showed the correspondence’s strength between classifications and plant taxa was significant, albeit low, for all data. The hybrid classification, based on morphology plus land use, gave the best CS values for all taxonomic levels and emerged as the best determinant for discriminating differences in riparian plant composition. The correspondence between the classification criteria and plant assemblages depended on the taxonomic level analysed and genus level has best CS results. NMS for taxonomic groups showed that only a few environmental features could be identified as major factors influencing plant composition in floodplains, among which cover of mixed woodlands was the best. A local-scale approach and incorporation of more detailed variables into the classification scheme may therefore improve the match between environmental classification and plant community composition.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0503-2
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Seasonal shifts in the relative importance of local versus upstream
           sources of phosphorus to individual lakes in a chain
    • Authors: Cory P. McDonald; Richard C. Lathrop
      Pages: 385 - 394
      Abstract: Abstract Water quality in the Yahara chain of lakes in southern Wisconsin has been degraded significantly since European settlement of the region, primarily as a result of anthropogenic nutrient inputs. While all four main lakes (Mendota, Monona, Waubesa, and Kegonsa) have undergone eutrophication, elevated phosphorus and chlorophyll concentrations are particularly pronounced in the smaller lakes at the bottom of the chain (Waubesa and Kegonsa). Due to their short water residence times (2–3 months), these lakes are more responsive to seasonal variability in magnitude and source of phosphorus loading compared with the larger upstream lakes. In 2014, more than 80 % of the phosphorus load to Lake Waubesa passed through the outlet of Lake Monona (situated immediately upstream). However, between mid-May and late October when phosphorus concentrations in Lake Monona were reduced as a result of thermal stratification the upstream load dropped to ~40 % of the total, with the majority of loading during this period coming from Lake Waubesa’s local watershed. Correspondingly, seasonal phosphorus trends in Lake Waubesa during summer are correlated with precipitation, rather than phosphorus concentrations leaving upstream lakes. While phosphorus export from the local watersheds of Lakes Waubesa and Kegonsa is relatively small on an annual time scale, targeted loading reductions in these areas during the summertime will most effectively reduce summertime phosphorus concentrations in these fast-flushing lakes. Understanding the interaction of landscape position, water residence time, and mixing regime can help guide watershed management for water quality improvements in lake chains.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0504-1
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Profound daily vertical stratification and mixing in a small, shallow,
           wind-exposed lake with submerged macrophytes
    • Authors: Mikkel René Andersen; Kaj Sand-Jensen; R. Iestyn Woolway; Ian D. Jones
      Pages: 395 - 406
      Abstract: Abstract Mixing and stratification patterns in lakes are critical attributes because they are important regulators of distribution of gases, solutes and organisms. While numerous studies have focused on mixing and stratification in large lakes, the ecology and hydrodynamics of small lakes remain grossly understudied. This is critical because small lakes are far more abundant than large lakes globally. We studied a small (<1000 m2) and shallow (<0.6 m) lake with clear water and dense submerged charophyte stands located on Öland, SE Sweden, between March 25th and May 29th to investigate the thermal regimes, surface heat fluxes and stratification and mixing processes. Daytime vertical temperature differences developed in the water column ranging from 3 °C in March to 15 °C in May. Cooling of surface waters led to full convective mixing of the water column each night. The lake shallowed from March to May. The largest temperature differences were recorded in the early afternoon although wind speeds were highest at this time. The dense charophyte cover rapidly attenuated depth penetration of wind-induced mixing and radiative fluxes. Dense macrophyte stands can engineer their own environment by facilitating build-up of steep temperature and chemical gradients. This interaction should have implications for small lakes worldwide.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0505-0
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Changes in macroinvertebrate trophic structure along a land-use gradient
           within a lowland stream network
    • Authors: Simone D. Baumgartner; Christopher T. Robinson
      Pages: 407 - 418
      Abstract: Abstract Running waters are among the most threatened ecosystems globally, having altered hydrological regimes, homogenized habitat, and impaired water quality. These multiple stressors impact aquatic biodiversity and ecosystem function across space and time, although a clear mechanistic understanding is still lacking. Here, we examined the trophic response of macroinvertebrates among streams in a Swiss lowland catchment encompassing a gradient of land uses. Clear compositional changes were observed as anthropogenic impacts increased from least-impacted to agricultural and urbanized sites. Taxonomic diversity was lowest at sites with morphological and water quality impairment (agricultural sites), whereas taxonomic identity (susceptible vs. generalist species) mainly changed due to water quality degradation (agricultural and urban sites) based on the SPEAR (pesticides) index. Using stable isotopes (δ13C, δ15N), a simplification in macroinvertebrate trophic structure was evident along the land use gradient. At a site receiving wastewater treatment effluent, stable isotopes also revealed trophic shifts in primary consumers that corresponded to changes in available food resources. Results further showed that some taxa losses, e.g., the mayfly Ecdyonurus, to land- use effects may be due to low trophic plasticity. The combination of analyses, including stable isotopes, provided an improved mechanistic understanding of community and population responses to land-use changes along river networks.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0506-z
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 2 (2017)
  • Nearshore fish community responses to large scale dam removal:
           implications for watershed restoration and fish management
    • Authors: J. Anne Shaffer; Francis Juanes; Thomas P. Quinn; Dave Parks; Tara McBride; James Michel; Cayla Naumann; Morgan Hocking; Chris Byrnes
      Abstract: Abstract The nearshore is a critical zone for northeast Pacific Ocean fish communities, including ecologically and culturally important salmon species. The largest dam removal in the world was recently completed on the Elwha River, with the goal of restoring fisheries and ecosystems to the watershed. The nearshore Elwha fish community was monitored monthly from January 2008 to November 2015 before, during and after dam removal. As of September 2015, approximately 2.6 million m3 of sediment material had increased the area of the Elwha delta to over 150 ha. Newly formed nearshore habitats were quickly colonized by fish communities during the dam removal period but the communities were similar in total species richness and Shannon diversity before and after dam removal, and were similar to a nearby reference site (Salt Creek estuary). Select fish species, including ESA-listed Pacific salmon and trout Oncorhynchus spp., and eulachon Thaleichthys pacificus, and non-native, American shad (Alosa sapidissima), appeared quickly in these new habitats. Hatchery releases of Chinook, O. tshawytscha, coho, O. kisutch, and steelhead, O. mykiss (over 3 million total fish annually to the lower river), dominated the Elwha estuary catch from April through August of each year before, during, and after dam removal. Chum salmon catch rate, size, and duration of estuary occupancy declined during and after dam removal. Overall catches of chum salmon fry prior to, during, and after dam removal were significantly negatively correlated with Chinook salmon catches but significantly, and positively, correlated with coho salmon. When assessed at the Elwha estuary separately, chum abundance was significantly positively correlated with Chinook, coho, and steelhead abundance. These patterns indicate overlap, and likely interaction between these respective groups of hatchery and wild fish. Continued hatchery releases may therefore further challenge chum salmon recovery and should be considered when planning for watershed recovery.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0526-3
  • Are long-term fish assemblage changes in a large US river related to the
           Asian Carp invasion' Test of the hostile take-over and opportunistic
           dispersal hypotheses
    • Authors: Mark Pyron; Jesse C. Becker; Kyle J. Broadway; Luke Etchison; Mario Minder; Dawn DeColibus; M. Chezem; Kevin H. Wyatt; Brent A. Murry
      Abstract: Abstract Gizzard shad is a dominant planktivore/detritivore in the Wabash River, and populations crashed in the early 1990s. Previous work (1974–2008) identified a substantial shift in body-size structure and functional trait composition in the Wabash River fish assemblage between 1989 and 1996. Invasive Asian Carp appeared in the Ohio River basin including the Wabash River in the 1990s. Our goal was to test for temporal changes in assemblage composition and trophic structure relative to the invasion of Asian carp from the early 1990s. We hypothesized that establishment of Asian Carp was a contributor to the assemblage composition shift, and that their presence altered the trophic pathways and food sources of native fishes including Gizzard Shad (hostile takeover hypothesis). Alternatively, Asian Carp may have found success through capitalizing on an empty niche, likely left vacant by the decline in Gizzard Shad, or abundance changes in other trophic groups (opportunistic hypothesis). We utilized archival fish and mussel collections to test for trophic changes in the ecosystem using δ13C and δ15N stable isotope analyses. We examined stomach contents of the dominant planktivore/detritivore consumer, Gizzard Shad, from archival and recent collections to test for changes in the phytoplankton community. Stable isotopes indicated a community reliance on other, more deplete, carbon sources than indicated by the algae, and a slight increase between the δ13C time periods. Although all functional feeding groups of fishes indicated some reduction in δ15N, the differences were only significant for omnivores, mussels, and planktivore/detritivores. Although Asian Carp may have contributed to the collapse of Gizzard Shad populations, other stressors were likely more important drivers of their decline. This is the first, albeit indirect, evidence of opportunistic “invasion” as opposed to the historically presumed hostile takeover model.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0525-4
  • Effects of episodic sediment resuspension on phytoplankton in Lake Taihu:
           focusing on photosynthesis, biomass and community composition
    • Authors: Yanqing Ding; Boqiang Qin; Jianming Deng; Jianrong Ma
      Abstract: Abstract Sediment resuspension is an important characteristic of large shallow lakes. To further understand the influence of sediment resuspension on the nutrients release, the algal photosynthetic activity, algal biomass and algal community composition, a 2 × 5 factorial (2 water types and 5 turbulence intensities) bioassay experiment was carried out for 2 weeks. 2 water types: one type water was filtered through GF/F filter to remove all indigenous algae (Filtered group) and the other type was source water without filtering through GF/F filter (Non-filtered group). 5 turbulence intensities in the experiment simulated the different intensity of the field wind-induced turbulence in Lake Taihu, with different turbidities (0, 30, 70, 150, 250 NTUs). Results showed that sediment resuspension had significant effects on the nutrients release that could be absorbed to support algae growing. Different turbulence intensities had no significant effects on the photosynthetic activities. The time variation of photosynthetic parameters in the Filtered and Non-filtered groups indicated that algae could moderate themselves to adapt to different intensities turbulence environment to be more in favor of photosynthesis. In addition, sediment resuspension also brought sediment-associated algae back into the water body increasing the algal biomass. The community composition in the Filtered group and Non-filtered group showed that the new phytoplankton community formed from the resuspended algae was similar to the original community. So, the research highlights the importance of sediment resuspension in long-term management goals and restoration efforts for these types of ecosystems.
      PubDate: 2017-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0523-6
  • Flood pulse induced changes in isotopic niche and resource utilization of
           consumers in a Mexican floodplain system
    • Authors: Alejandra Sepúlveda-Lozada; Ulrich Saint-Paul; Manuel Mendoza-Carranza; Matthias Wolff; Alejandro Yáñez-Arancibia
      Abstract: Abstract Tropical coastal ecosystems of the southern Gulf of Mexico including marshes, mangroves and seagrasses of Centla Wetlands and Terminos Lagoon (Grijalva-Usumacinta delta) are known to host a high diversity of aquatic consumers. Nevertheless, the limited research focusing on the energy fluxes that sustain consumers has as yet neither considered the strong seasonality of these systems, nor the linkage of the trophic flow patterns with ecosystem functioning. The present work analyses and compares stable isotope ratios (δ13C and δ15N) of consumers during the dry and rainy season at different wetland sites to determine their resource utilization. The sites compared comprise three fluvio-lagoons and a coastal mangrove creek that differ in vegetational characteristics, distance to the sea, and freshwater input. The results support the hypothesis that a larger isotopic niche breadth of consumers prevails during the rainy season, when resource availability is supposedly higher. This translates into an increase in resource use diversification by consumers and corroborates the flood pulse concept (FPC), which can be particularly applied to those habitats with high riverine influence in the study area (e.g., fluvio-lagoons). However, the FPC alone cannot be applied to understand the main factors influencing the fate and utilization of basal resources in areas interacting more actively with the sea, and therefore further extensions and/or complementary conceptual approaches considering marine systems highly interconnected with coastal floodplains should be considered.
      PubDate: 2017-02-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0520-9
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