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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 133)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Aquatic Sciences
  [SJR: 1.172]   [H-I: 53]   [13 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1015-1621 - ISSN (Online) 1420-9055
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Functional ecology of fish: current approaches and future challenges
    • Authors: Sébastien Villéger; Sébastien Brosse; Maud Mouchet; David Mouillot; Michael J. Vanni
      Pages: 783 - 801
      Abstract: Fish communities face increasing anthropogenic pressures in freshwater and marine ecosystems that modify their biodiversity and threaten the services they supply to human populations. To address these issues, studies have been increasingly focusing on functions of fish that are linked to their main ecological roles in aquatic ecosystems. Fish are indeed known to control other organisms through predation, mediate nutrient fluxes, and can act as ecosystem engineers. Here for each of the key functions played by fish, we present the functional traits that have already been used to assess them. We include traits measurable from observations on living individuals, morphological features measured on preserved organisms or traits categorized using information from the literature, and we discuss their respective advantages and limitations. We then list future research directions to foster a more complete functional approach for fish ecology that needs to incorporate functional traits describing, food provisioning and cultural services while accounting more frequently for intraspecific variability. Finally, we highlight ecological and evolutionary questions that could be addressed using meta-analyses of large trait databases, and how a trait-based framework could provide valuable insights on the mechanistic links between global changes, functional diversity of fish assemblages, and ecosystem services.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0546-z
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Gravel bar inundation frequency: an important parameter for understanding
           riparian corridor dynamics
    • Authors: W. Gostner; M. Paternolli; A. J. Schleiss; C. Scheidegger; S. Werth
      Pages: 825 - 839
      Abstract: Riparian zones are some of the most valuable and at the same time endangered ecosystems in the world. Their progressive degradation caused by anthropogenic pressure calls for the adoption of effective, resilient restoration strategies. However, a full understanding of the complex mechanisms governing riparian ecosystems has not yet been achieved, and many assumptions are based on qualitative findings. We quantitatively investigated the habitat conditions of a key riparian plant, the German tamarisk (Myricaria germanica), using a two-dimensional hydrodynamic model that was created for a braided reach of the river Sense (Switzerland). The results demonstrate that the presence of this species in gravel bar habitats is strongly correlated with inundation frequency. The species was present on gravel bars near the main river channels, which are inundated every 4–5 years. Where the gravel bars are frequently flooded, seedlings do not survive the hydrodynamic perturbations, whereas elsewhere, where periodic flooding does not reach, M. germanica is replaced by stronger competitors. Our study contributes to an understanding of the dynamics of riparian corridors and provides a quantitative basis for developing effective restoration plans, which may involve the optimisation of hydropower regulation programmes.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0535-2
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Experimental drought changes ecosystem structure and function in a
           macrophyte-rich stream
    • Authors: T. Riis; P. S. Levi; A. Baattrup-Pedersen; K. G. Jeppesen; S. Rosenhøj Leth
      Pages: 841 - 853
      Abstract: Water abstraction continues to increase worldwide, causing periods with extreme low-flow in many streams, which will likely intensify in the future due to climate change. Extreme low-flow may have major effects on in-stream habitats, organisms, and consequently ecosystem functions. We investigated the effects of a 2 months experimentally induced extreme low-flow scenario on the physical, biological, and functional characteristics in a macrophyte-rich lowland stream using a before-after, control-impact (BACI) approach. We quantified nutrient dynamics, including inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations, ammonium uptake, and whole-stream metabolism. We found a significant decline in the stream wetted habitat area, an increase in water temperature, and an increase in the accumulation of fine organic matter with reduced flow, but no significant changes in dissolved oxygen or benthic chlorophyll a concentrations. Furthermore, the relative demand and overall uptake of ammonium was lower in the low-flow reach relative to the control reach, whereas the relative demand and uptake of phosphate were higher at low-flow. Our results demonstrate that low-flow conditions cause resource limitation in stream biota most likely due to increased thickness of the diffusive boundary layers and an enhanced heterotrophic activity in the accumulated fine organic matter. Our results imply that the basal resources for productivity shift from autotrophic towards more heterotrophic resources causing a shift at higher trophic levels towards more detritivore based and less herbivore based food webs with implications for the invertebrate community composition and the distribution of functional feeding groups. Based on the strong links observed between low-flow and nutrient uptake, we suggest that functional metrics are suitable to assess the effects of low-flow conditions in small streams.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0536-1
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Using a gradient in food quality to infer drivers of fatty acid content in
           two filter-feeding aquatic consumers
    • Authors: James H. Larson; William B. Richardson; Jon M. Vallazza; Lynn A. Bartsch; Michelle R. Bartsch
      Pages: 855 - 865
      Abstract: Inferences about ecological structure and function are often made using elemental or macromolecular tracers of food web structure. For example, inferences about food chain length are often made using stable isotope ratios of top predators and consumer food sources are often inferred from both stable isotopes and fatty acid (FA) content in consumer tissues. The use of FAs as tracers implies some degree of macromolecular conservation across trophic interactions, but many FAs are subject to physiological alteration and animals may produce those FAs from precursors in response to food deficiencies. We measured 41 individual FAs and several aggregate FA metrics in two filter-feeding taxa to (1) assess ecological variation in food availability and (2) identify potential drivers of among-site variation in FA content. These taxa were filter feeding caddisflies (Family Hydropyschidae) and dreissenid mussels (Genus Dreissena), which both consume seston. Stable isotopic composition (C and N) in these taxa co-varied across 13 sites in the Great Lakes region of North America, indicating they fed on very similar food resources. However, co-variation in FA content was very limited, with only one common FA co-varying across this gradient (α-linolenic acid; ALA), suggesting these taxa accumulate FAs very differently even when exposed to the same foods. Based on these results, among-site variation in ALA content in both consumers does appear to be driven by food resources, along with several other FAs in dreissenid mussels. We conclude that single-taxa measurements of FA content cannot be used to infer FA availability in food resources.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0537-0
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Does the loss of climate sensitive detritivore species alter leaf
    • Authors: Bonny Wenisch; Diego G. Fernández; Eduard Szöcs; Brendan G. Mckie; Ralf B. Schäfer
      Pages: 869 - 879
      Abstract: Climate change is predicted to increase average temperatures and the frequency of extreme weather events, and thus might alter the composition of freshwater communities through effects on climate-sensitive taxa, with uncertain outcomes for the ecosystem processes they regulate. Here we investigated how loses of more environmentally sensitive detritivores alter the key ecosystem process of leaf litter decomposition in a field experiment in two pristine streams with different local shredder assemblages in the Palatinate forest, south-western Germany. We compared bulk leaf decomposition rate and the leaf processing efficiency of shredders in enclosures containing three shredder diversity treatments, where species loss was simulated based on their climate sensitivity. Litter decomposition rates contrasted markedly between survey sites, with a 33% increase and 41% decrease in decomposition following species loss at the first and second site, respectively. Results for the first site suggest that the least sensitive taxa, which were also larger in biomass, contributed most to leaf mass loss, and these were able to compensate for losses of sensitive species, ultimately increasing bulk leaf processing. By contrast, at the second site sensitive species played a more important role in litter decomposition and their loss was not compensated when accounting for detritivore biomass. Our findings demonstrate the importance of the species trait composition of local species pools in regulating the potential effects of changes in assemblage composition caused by climate change.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0538-z
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Biomass loss and nutrient release from decomposing aquatic macrophytes:
           effects of detrital mixing
    • Authors: Lauren K. Banks; Paul C. Frost
      Pages: 881 - 890
      Abstract: Aquatic plant decomposition is typically studied on species held separately, whereas diverse plant communities are usually found in lake littoral zones and decomposition occurs as mixtures of multiple species. Here, we examined whether detrital mixing affects the rate of aquatic macrophyte decomposition. Specifically, we measured decomposition rates of detritus from four species (Myriophyllum heterophyllum, Ceratophyllum demersum, Typha × glauca, and Potamogeton robinsii) in single, double, triple, and quadruple species mixtures held over two summer months in a mesotrophic lake in southern Ontario, Canada. We measured detrital mass loss after different time periods for all combinations. There were limited effects of mixing on decomposition rates with inhibitory effects observed in only two of the eleven multi-species mixtures. Decomposition rates of single and mixed species detritus varied with initial C:N and C:P ratios with faster rates seen for more nutrient-rich detritus. Overall, there was no effect of detrital species richness on macrophyte decomposition rates other than smaller differences among the averages of more species-rich mixtures. Our results were inconsistent with interactive effects of mixing on decomposition rates of multiple aquatic plant taxa. Instead, we found decomposition rates of mixed species communities were largely predicted by biomass composition and single-species decomposition estimates. There were also no apparent effects of species mixing on N- or P-specific fluxes or the ratio of these fluxes that resulted during decomposition during our experiment. Our results indicate that future changes in aquatic plant biodiversity may affect rates of decomposition in these ecosystems, but these should be largely predictable based on changes in plant communities and their biomass-weighted stoichiometry.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0539-y
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Molecular composition and bioavailability of dissolved organic nitrogen in
           a lake flow-influenced river in south Florida, USA
    • Authors: Oliva Pisani; Joseph N. Boyer; David C. Podgorski; Cassondra R. Thomas; Teresa Coley; Rudolf Jaffé
      Pages: 891 - 908
      Abstract: Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) represents a large percentage of the total nitrogen in rivers and estuaries, and can contribute to coastal eutrophication and hypoxia. This study reports on the composition and bioavailability of DON along the Caloosahatchee River (Florida), a heavily managed system receiving inputs from Lake Okeechobee as well as agricultural and urban runoff from the surrounding watershed. Water samples were collected bimonthly for 1 year beginning December 2014 at three stations along the river. Treatments included 28-day dark incubations with and without prior photo-irradiation. Concentrations of DON, ammonium, nitrate–nitrite, total hydrolyzable amino acids (THAA), and urea, as well as bacterial numbers, leucine aminopeptidase activity, and fluorescent optical properties were measured. Ultra-high resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) was used to characterize the molecular composition of DON before and after incubation for selective samples. The total dissolved N pool was dominated by DON (61–99%), with low inorganic N (1–39%), and small amounts of THAA-N (0.1–23%) and urea-N (0.6–3.2%). The mean percentage of biologically available DON (BDON) for the study was 15% (−12–61% range) with highest values occurring when water inputs from Lake Okeechobee were the most dominant freshwater source. FT-ICR MS analysis revealed the presence of a wide range of N-containing formulas and the generation of aliphatic and ‘peptide-like’ structures likely due to microbial alteration of the carbon skeleton of DON compounds. Effects of light exposure prior to incubation did not have a measurable effect on %BDON but did affect bacterial biomass and DON composition. These findings may help predict nutrient loading effects to the Caloosahatchee River estuary and may aid in understanding wetland potential as a treatment technology for removing N in this and other freshwater systems sensitive to N loading.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0540-5
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Functional associations between microalgae, macrophytes and invertebrates
           distinguish river types
    • Authors: Maria João Feio; Salomé F. P. Almeida; Francisca C. Aguiar
      Pages: 909 - 923
      Abstract: Contemporary large-scale river ecology is grounded on the existence of patterns in the distribution of aquatic communities, structured by prevailing abiotic conditions. Here, we investigated the existence of functional consistent associations of traits (i.e., traits appearing consistently together at different sites and the same river type) between different biological elements of the aquatic community, assuming that species traits confer them advantages for certain environmental conditions but also within the aquatic community. If this is true, these trait associations should be consistently found in water bodies with similar characteristics (river types), defining different types of ecosystem functioning. To test this, 79 least-disturbed sites, belonging to five well-defined Portuguese river types and covering the longitudinal river gradient were used: headwaters of semi-arid streams, mountainous streams and northern-Atlantic climate streams, middle reaches and lowland large rivers. For each river type, we analyzed the strongest associations (via the Bray–Curtis coefficient) between diatoms, benthic invertebrates and macrophytes and traits that could be relevant to their interactions (e.g., invertebrate trophic groups, mobility/fixation ability of diatoms, macrophyte affinity to water) against a priori predictions. The strongest associations of traits changed over the river continuum with an increase in their complexity (number of associations) from headwaters to middle reaches and a decrease in lowland large rivers. These changes were not related to total richness, which was similar for all river types and over the continuum (ca. 100 taxa). In the three types of headwaters, there were also clear differences in associations among aquatic elements. The importance of riparian trees in small streams was not as high as expected while instream macrophytes were more relevant than predicted. This study revealed the existence of predictable functional associations that could serve as a basis for the functional assessment of running waters.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0541-4
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Influence of land use and lithology on sources and ages of nutritional
           resources for stream macroinvertebrates: a multi-isotopic approach
    • Authors: Amber R. Bellamy; James E. Bauer; Andrea G. Grottoli
      Pages: 925 - 939
      Abstract: Terrestrially-derived carbon (C) and organic matter (OM)—often of significant age—dominate in many streams and rivers, yet little is known about their potential nutritional contributions to aquatic macroinvertebrate consumers. Impacts of watershed characteristics (e.g., land use and lithology) on the sources and ages of C and OM utilized by aquatic consumers are also poorly understood. To assess these factors, macroinvertebrates were collected from six headwater streams having different watershed lithologies and land uses in the Hudson-Mohawk River system (New York, USA) and analyzed for natural δ13C, δ15N, δ2H, and ∆14C. A Bayesian stable isotopic mixing model revealed that autochthonous primary production dominated (62–92%) the biomass of all functional feeding groups (FFGs) across all sites, with allochthonous sources being of secondary but still significant (21–31%) importance. Macroinvertebrates collected from streams in watersheds having low vs. high agricultural land use were estimated to assimilate 0–13 and 4–31% soil-derived C and OM, respectively. ∆14C values and apparent ages of macroinvertebrates from shale-rich and shale-poor sites were also significantly different (mean ∆14C = −75 and −34‰; equivalent 14C ages = 630 and 280 years B.P., respectively). Inclusion of ∆14C data in mixing models confirmed the importance of autochthonous primary production, and also demonstrated indirect lithological control of nutritional resource utilization by influencing stream substrate type and potential retention of allochthonous C and OM. Findings from this study further showed that the relative magnitudes of autochthonous vs. allochthonous contributions to macroinvertebrates were dependent on FFG, land use type, and lithology.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0542-3
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Moderate nutrient enrichment affects algal and detritus pathways
           differently in a temperate rainforest stream
    • Authors: Liliana García; Isabel Pardo; Wyatt F. Cross; John S. Richardson
      Pages: 941 - 952
      Abstract: We manipulated nutrient concentrations in 14 channels adjacent to a forested headwater stream to examine the influence of nutrient enrichment on detrital and algal pathways. Our fertilization experiment increased the average water concentration of N up to a maximum of ~2 times and of P up to ~7 times relative to control channels, levels considered as moderate enrichment. We measured algal biomass and leaf mass loss as a proxy measure of primary production and leaf decomposition, respectively. We determined the effects of nutrients on the quantity and quality of food resources and tested whether these effects influenced biotic structure and stoichiometry. Our results indicate that algal pathways showed significant and consistent responses across treatments by increasing epilithon quantity and quality. Moreover, despite an increase in quality of leaves, its quantity and loss rate were unaltered. Importantly, changes to detritivore densities were subtle, but they showed a hump-shaped response along the induced nutrient gradient. This trend suggests the existence of nutrient limitation at low nutrient concentrations and the existence of negative biotic interactions and/or sublethal toxic effects at higher concentrations, while enhancing detritivore densities at intermediated enriched conditions (threshold at ~10 µg/l of P–PO4 in water and 0.10% of leaf-P). This study reveals the complexity of connections between algal and detritus pathways with implications in the study of transfer of matter and energy in oligotrophic, forested headwater streams.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0543-2
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Aquatic habitat response to climate-driven hydrologic regimes and water
           operations in a montane reservoir in the Pacific Northwest, USA
    • Authors: D. E. Weigel; L. C. Vilhena; P. Woods; D. Tonina; A. Tranmer; R. Benjankar; C. L. Marti; P. Goodwin
      Pages: 953 - 966
      Abstract: Freshwater systems are progressively becoming more stressed with increased human demands combined with expected trends in climate, which can threaten native biota and potentially destabilize the ecosystem. Numerical models allow water managers to evaluate the combined effects of climate and water management on the biogeochemical processes thereby identifying opportunities to optimize water management to protect ecosystem function, biodiversity and associated services. We used a 3D hydrodynamic model (ELCOM) coupled with an aquatic ecosystem dynamic model (CAEDYM) to compare two scenarios across three climatic and hydrologic conditions (extreme wet, extreme dry and average) for Deadwood Reservoir (USA). Additionally, we collected water temperature, water chemistry and biological data from the reservoir and inflowing tributaries to validate the model, as well as migration and growth data from Bull Trout (Salvelinus confluentus) the top predator of the food web. Modeled scenarios identified that reducing minimum outflows from 1.4 to 0.06 m3 s−1 during the fall and winter months resulted in higher reservoir elevations and cooler water temperatures the following year, which extended reservoir rearing during the summer and fall seasons. The scenarios with reduced stream flow during the fall and winter seasons indicate benefits to the reservoir ecosystem, particularly during dry years, and could reduce the effects of climatic warming.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0544-1
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Community responses to dam removal in a subtropical mountainous stream
    • Authors: Hao-Yen Chang; Ming-Chih Chiu; Yi-Li Chuang; Chyng-Shyan Tzeng; Mei-Hwa Kuo; Chao-Hsien Yeh; Hsiao-Wen Wang; Sheng-Hai Wu; Wen-Hui Kuan; Shang-Te Tsai; Kwang-Tsao Shao; Hsing-Juh Lin
      Pages: 967 - 983
      Abstract: Dam removal has the potential to efficiently solve the problems caused by fragmented stream habitats but may simultaneously cause negative impacts on biotic communities. To conserve the critically endangered Formosan landlocked salmon (Oncorhynchus masou formosanus), a 15-m-tall check dam was partially removed from the Chichiawan Stream at the end of May 2011, before the flood season. Using this dam removal experience, we aimed to cast dam removal as an action comparable to a natural flood event. We applied a before-after-control-impact (BACI) design and quantified the environmental factors and major biotic communities at four sampling sites in the stream bimonthly before (2010) and after (2012 and 2013) the dam removal and monthly in the year of the dam removal (2011). After the dam removal, a faster current velocity and more turbid water were observed at the downstream sites, and the area’s deposition consisted of small-grained sediments. Despite this, our results show that the dam removal was performed during a suitable period. There was no obvious influence on tadpoles as they metamorphosed into adult frogs and left the stream before the dam removal. Fish exhibited a greater resistance to the alteration in flow resulting from the dam removal. An increase in fish abundance at the upstream sites after the dam removal suggests that the corridors created by the dam removal allowed access to more habitats for the fish. In particular, the periphyton biomass and aquatic insect densities decreased markedly at the downstream sites after the dam removal, but they recovered within a year, demonstrating the resilience of these taxa. Coleoptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera were more resistant than the periphyton, Diptera and Ephemeroptera after the dam removal and an extreme flood event. In conclusion, the responses of stream communities to dam removal were similar to the responses to an extreme flood event. To mitigate the impacts caused by dam removal, our results suggest that stream communities may respond to dam removal as a natural flow alteration if the timing of the dam removal occurs just before the flood season.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0545-0
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Response of aquatic insects along gradients of agricultural development
           and flood magnitude in northern Japanese streams
    • Authors: Masanao Sueyoshi; Koji Tojo; Nobuo Ishiyama; Futoshi Nakamura
      Pages: 985 - 994
      Abstract: Agricultural activities have increased environmental homogenisation in stream ecosystems. These alterations reduce the availability of flow refugia during flooding and increase the effects of flood disturbances on aquatic insects. Thus, we examined the effects of the agricultural development (percentage of pasture cover within the catchment) and flood magnitude (ratio of shear stress at high flow to that at low flow) on the resistance indices measured by relative changes in taxon richness or abundance between pre- and post-flood (all insects, five orders and 31 dominant taxa) at 27 sites in the Kitamihorobetsu River, northern Japan. The resistance index of taxon richness decreased with increasing agricultural development, whereas that of the abundance of all insects decreased synergistically with increasing agricultural development and flood magnitude. Among 31 dominant taxa, the resistance indices of 20 taxa, generally belonging to Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera, exhibited stronger negative relationships with agricultural development than with flood magnitude. By contrast, three Diptera taxa exhibited week negative relationships with agricultural development. These results showed that the interactive effect between agricultural development and flood magnitude was taxon dependent, but agricultural development could be detrimental to the resistance of most of the studied taxa, especially Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera taxa. Additionally, agricultural developments in our study watersheds was relatively low (<18% pasture cover), and nevertheless, apparent interacting effects with natural disturbance was detected. This implies that limited agricultural development along the river line can lower the resistance of instream insects to natural disturbances.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0547-y
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 4 (2017)
  • Flow velocity tolerance of lowland stream caddisfly larvae (Trichoptera)
    • Authors: J. H. F. de Brouwer; A. A. Besse-Lototskaya; C. J. F. ter Braak; M. H. S. Kraak; P. F. M. Verdonschot
      Pages: 419 - 425
      Abstract: The process of macroinvertebrate drift in streams is characterized by dislodgement, drift distance and subsequent return to the bottom. While dislodgement is well studied, the fate of drifting organisms is poorly understood, especially concerning Trichoptera. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the ability of six case-building Trichoptera species to return to the stream bottom under different flow velocity conditions in a laboratory flume. The selected species occur in North-West European sandy lowland streams along a gradient from lentic to lotic environments. We determined species specific probability curves for both living and dead (control) specimens to return to the bottom from drift at different flow velocities and established species specific return rates. Species on the lotic end of the gradient had highest return rates at high flow velocity and used active behaviour most efficiently to return to the bottom from drift. The observed gradient of flow velocity tolerance and species specific abilities to settle from drift indicate that, in addition to dislodgement, the process of returning to the bottom is of equal importance in determining flow velocity tolerance of Trichoptera species.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0507-y
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Climate modulates the magnitude of the effects of flow regulation on
           leaf-litter decomposition
    • Authors: Aingeru Martínez; Aitor Larrañaga; Javier Pérez; Carmen Casado; José Jesús Casas; José Manuel González; Margarita Menéndez; Salvador Mollá; Jesús Pozo
      Pages: 507 - 514
      Abstract: The need of water for human use has led the impact on running waters of flow regulation to be of a global-scale. Although the effects of this impact have been widely investigated, efforts have been focused on large dams, so information about small reservoirs and their effects on ecosystem functioning is lacking. A recent collaborative project (IMPARIOS) addressed the effects of flow regulation by small impoundments on leaf-litter decomposition, a key function in low order streams which contributes greatly to the global carbon cycle. Flow regulation was found to affect ecosystem functioning reducing decomposition rate by altering shredders, but the magnitude of change varied among the different sub-climatic regions. The current project examined whether climatic variables modulate the effect of flow regulation on decomposition. For this, 19 bioclimatic variables were studied in relation to the leaf-litter decomposition rate and associated variables (sporulation rate and richness of aquatic hyphomycetes, and richness, density and biomass of total macroinvertebrates and shredders) in 17 streams impacted by regulation structures distributed in four sub-climatic regions within Spain. Overall, decomposition was slower below structures and climate influenced the magnitude of reduction. Effect sizes were negatively related to the seasonal changes in temperature and precipitation and to the general water deficit of the locations. In the future, the forecasted increase of seasonality in precipitation and temperature and the expected increase of number of dams to meet the needs of growing population may exacerbate the effects of flow regulation, altering nutrient recycling and the carbon cycle globally.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0513-0
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Effects of episodic sediment resuspension on phytoplankton in Lake Taihu:
           focusing on photosynthesis, biomass and community composition
    • Authors: Yanqing Ding; Boqiang Qin; Jianming Deng; Jianrong Ma
      Pages: 617 - 629
      Abstract: Sediment resuspension is an important characteristic of large shallow lakes. To further understand the influence of sediment resuspension on the nutrients release, the algal photosynthetic activity, algal biomass and algal community composition, a 2 × 5 factorial (2 water types and 5 turbulence intensities) bioassay experiment was carried out for 2 weeks. 2 water types: one type water was filtered through GF/F filter to remove all indigenous algae (Filtered group) and the other type was source water without filtering through GF/F filter (Non-filtered group). 5 turbulence intensities in the experiment simulated the different intensity of the field wind-induced turbulence in Lake Taihu, with different turbidities (0, 30, 70, 150, 250 NTUs). Results showed that sediment resuspension had significant effects on the nutrients release that could be absorbed to support algae growing. Different turbulence intensities had no significant effects on the photosynthetic activities. The time variation of photosynthetic parameters in the Filtered and Non-filtered groups indicated that algae could moderate themselves to adapt to different intensities turbulence environment to be more in favor of photosynthesis. In addition, sediment resuspension also brought sediment-associated algae back into the water body increasing the algal biomass. The community composition in the Filtered group and Non-filtered group showed that the new phytoplankton community formed from the resuspended algae was similar to the original community. So, the research highlights the importance of sediment resuspension in long-term management goals and restoration efforts for these types of ecosystems.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0523-6
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Altered food-web dynamics under increased nitrogen load in phosphorus
           deficient lakes
    • Authors: Gabriele Trommer; Monika Poxleitner; Patrick Lorenz; Eleftherios Bitzilekis; Aleksandre Gogaladze; Sabine Schultes; Herwig Stibor
      Abstract: Atmospheric nitrogen deposition predominantly influences ecosystems by shifting their available nutrient budgets towards excess nitrogen conditions. In temperate lakes nitrogen is often naturally in excess and phosphorus is deficient, when compared with the optimal Redfield ratio of 16:1. To investigate effects of future increasing nitrogen conditions on lake plankton communities, we performed mesocosm experiments in three different nitrogen rich lakes, all characterised by high nitrogen to phosphorus ratios. In order to determine functional responses to increased nitrogen loading, we conducted six nitrogen fertilization treatments. Nitrogen fertilization was based upon existing nitrate and ammonium concentrations in natural wet deposition and multiple loadings of these concentrations. Despite the initial conditions of excess nitrogen, removal of additional nitrogen by the plankton community was observed in all of the lakes. In one lake, an increasing phosphorus limitation became visible in seston stoichiometry. Over all of the lakes and within each lake’s experimental nitrogen gradient, we found evidence for decreased mesozooplankton due to nitrogen enrichment. The negative responses of mesozooplankton to N enrichment were mainly restricted to cladocerans and nauplii. The results indicate that nitrogen enrichment within the magnitudes of projected future atmospheric nitrogen depositions may lead to a long-term reduction of mesozooplankton in phosphorus deficient lakes. The transfer of nitrogen enrichment effects on lower food-web dynamics could have consequences for higher trophic levels, such as fish.
      PubDate: 2017-07-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0551-2
  • Erratum to: Using a gradient in food quality to infer drivers of fatty
           acid content in two filter-feeding aquatic consumers
    • Authors: James H. Larson; William B. Richardson; Jon M. Vallazza; Lynn A. Bartsch; Michelle R. Bartsch
      PubDate: 2017-07-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0548-x
  • Ecological impacts of winter water level drawdowns on lake littoral zones:
           a review
    • Authors: Jason R. Carmignani; Allison H. Roy
      Abstract: Freshwater littoral zones harbor diverse ecological communities and serve numerous ecosystem functions that are controlled, in part, by natural water level fluctuations. However, human alteration of lake hydrologic regimes beyond natural fluctuations threaten littoral zone ecological integrity. One type of hydrologic alteration in lakes is winter water level drawdowns, which are frequently employed for hydropower, flood control, and macrophyte control, among other purposes. Here, we synthesize the abiotic and biotic responses to annual and novel winter water level drawdowns in littoral zones of lakes and reservoirs. The dewatering, freezing, and increased erosion of exposed lakebeds drive changes in the littoral zone. Shoreline-specific physicochemical conditions such as littoral slope and shoreline exposure further induce modifications. Loss of fine sediment decreases nutrient availability over time, but desiccation may promote a temporary nutrient pulse upon re-inundation. Annual winter drawdowns can decrease taxonomic richness of macrophytes and benthic invertebrates and shift assemblage composition to favor taxa with r-selected life history strategies and with functional traits resistant to direct and indirect drawdown effects. Fish assemblages, though less directly affected by winter drawdowns (except where there is critically low dissolved oxygen), experience negative effects via indirect pathways like decreased food resources and spawning habitat. We identify eight general research gaps to guide future research that could improve our understanding about the complex effects of winter drawdowns on littoral zone ecology.
      PubDate: 2017-07-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0549-9
  • High rates and close diel coupling of primary production and ecosystem
           respiration in small, oligotrophic lakes
    • Authors: Kenneth Thorø Martinsen; Mikkel René Andersen; Theis Kragh; Kaj Sand-Jensen
      Abstract: Studies on small, shallow lakes are few and have traditionally focused on humic lakes, whereas transparent, oligotrophic lakes dominated by submerged macrophytes have been overlooked. This may have given rise to a skewed perception of shallow lakes as being well mixed, turbid and dominated by ecosystem respiration relative to primary production. Mixing patterns and ecosystem metabolism in five oligotrophic shallow lakes dominated by charophytes were investigated in order to determine gross primary production, ecosystem respiration, their regulation and mutual coupling in this very common lake type. Although lakes were very shallow (<0.5 m), high charophyte biomass caused strong daytime stratification followed by nocturnal mixing. Despite the nutrient-poor water, volumetric rates of production and respiration during spring–summer were high compared to most medium to large lakes. This intensive metabolism is likely a result of the high charophyte biomass and the shallow mixed surface layer. Areal rates of production and respiration were also high compared to values from other aquatic systems. Strong coupling between daily rates of production and respiration suggested that the majority of organic substrates for ecosystem respiration were produced within the lakes. Net ecosystem production was slightly positive during the growth season. This study highlights the role of submerged macrophytes as primary drivers of temperature dynamics, stratification-mixing as well as high metabolism in small, shallow lakes with dense vegetation.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0550-3
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