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Publisher: Springer-Verlag   (Total: 2355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 118)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Aquatic Sciences
  [SJR: 1.172]   [H-I: 53]   [12 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1015-1621 - ISSN (Online) 1420-9055
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Flow velocity tolerance of lowland stream caddisfly larvae (Trichoptera)
    • Authors: J. H. F. de Brouwer; A. A. Besse-Lototskaya; C. J. F. ter Braak; M. H. S. Kraak; P. F. M. Verdonschot
      Pages: 419 - 425
      Abstract: The process of macroinvertebrate drift in streams is characterized by dislodgement, drift distance and subsequent return to the bottom. While dislodgement is well studied, the fate of drifting organisms is poorly understood, especially concerning Trichoptera. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the ability of six case-building Trichoptera species to return to the stream bottom under different flow velocity conditions in a laboratory flume. The selected species occur in North-West European sandy lowland streams along a gradient from lentic to lotic environments. We determined species specific probability curves for both living and dead (control) specimens to return to the bottom from drift at different flow velocities and established species specific return rates. Species on the lotic end of the gradient had highest return rates at high flow velocity and used active behaviour most efficiently to return to the bottom from drift. The observed gradient of flow velocity tolerance and species specific abilities to settle from drift indicate that, in addition to dislodgement, the process of returning to the bottom is of equal importance in determining flow velocity tolerance of Trichoptera species.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0507-y
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Ecological determinants of Potamogeton taxa in glacial lakes: assemblage
           composition, species richness, and species-level approach
    • Authors: Marcus W. Beck; Janne Alahuhta
      Pages: 427 - 441
      Abstract: The diverse Potamogeton genus includes over 80 species of aquatic macrophytes that occur across a broad geographic range and have variable response to environmental conditions. This study evaluated how environmental and spatial variables structure assemblage composition and species richness of Potamogeton spp. in the US states of Minnesota and Wisconsin. Variation partitioning analysis was used to study the relative contribution of local, climate and spatial variables in explaining assemblage composition and species richness. Models were also developed for sixteen Potamogeton spp. using partial linear regression. Assemblage composition and total species richness were better explained by the pure effects of spatial and local variables as compared to the pure effects of climate variables. However, geographical structuring of variables suggested that species followed a latitudinal gradient that was strongly related to eutrophication and partially related to climate. Models for individual species were similar although some were disproportionately described by specific categories of explanatory variables. For example, invasive Potamogeton crispus was more tolerant of eutrophication than most species and was also described by a strong spatial grouping of lakes near a large urban area. These results suggest that the distribution of Potamogeton spp. is limited by species tolerances to lake variation in local and climate characteristics across spatial gradients, whereas specific species may be more limited by dispersal barriers between lakes with suitable habitat. This analysis is the first regional evaluation of factors related to the distribution of this ecologically important genus and the importance of landscape-level approaches to ecological conservation is emphasized.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0508-x
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Methane distribution and methane oxidation in the water column of the Elbe
           estuary, Germany
    • Authors: Anna Matoušů; Roman Osudar; Karel Šimek; Ingeborg Bussmann
      Pages: 443 - 458
      Abstract: The River Elbe, as one of the major waterways of central Europe, is a potential source of high amounts of methane into the North Sea. Twelve sampling cruises from October 2010 until June 2013 were conducted from Hamburg towards the mouth of the Elbe at Cuxhaven. The dynamic of methane concentrations in the water column and its consumption via methane oxidizing bacteria was measured. In addition, physico-chemical parameters were used to estimate their influence on the methanotrophic activity. We observed high methane concentrations at the stations in the area of Hamburg harbour (“upper estuary”) and about 10 times lower concentrations in the lower estuary (median of 416 versus 40 nmol L−1, respectively). The methane oxidation rate mirrored the methane distribution with high values in the upper estuary and low values in the lower estuary (median of 161 versus 10 nmol L−1 day−1, respectively). Methane concentrations were significantly influenced by the river hydrology (falling water level) and the biological oxygen demand while interestingly, no clear relation to the amount of suspended particulate matter (SPM) was found. Methane oxidation rates were significantly influenced by methane concentration and to a lesser extent by temperature. Methane oxidation accounted for 41 ± 12 % of the total loss of methane in summer/fall periods, but for only 5 ± 3 % of the total loss in the winter/spring periods (total loss = methane oxidation + diffusion into the atmosphere). The average sea-air flux of methane was 33 ± 8 g CH4 m−2 y−1. We applied a box model taking into account the residence times of each water parcel depending on discharge and tidal impact. We observed almost stable methane concentrations in the lower estuary, despite a strong loss of methane through diffusion and oxidation. Thus we postulate that losses in the lower Elbe estuary were balanced by additional inputs of methane, possibly from extensive salt marshes near the river mouth.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0509-9
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Wood mitigates the effect of hydropeaking scour on periphyton biomass and
           nutritional quality in semi-natural flume simulations
    • Authors: Matthew J. Cashman; Gemma L. Harvey; Geraldene Wharton; Maria Cristina Bruno
      Pages: 459 - 471
      Abstract: The daily fluctuating discharge from hydroelectric power plants, known as hydropeaking, has been shown to cause catastrophic drift in aquatic insect communities and limit secondary production, but relatively little attention has been given to its effects on periphyton, an important food resource for consumers. We simulated daily 5-h hydropeaking events over the course of 5 days in spring and summer in an open air, experimental flume system fed by a pristine 2nd order stream in the Italian Alps. We hypothesized that hydropeaking would suppress periphyton biomass and especially nutritional quality (i.e., fatty acid content). Hydropeaking resulted in decreased periphyton Chl-a and AFDM on tiles, but there was no corresponding loss on wood. Hydropeaking did not alter periphyton elemental nutrient stoichiometry but led to a disproportionate loss of periphyton fatty acid content on both substrates. Ordination of overall fatty acid profiles indicated different periphyton fatty acid profiles by substrate and a shift from physiologically important highly-unsaturated fatty acids to non-essential saturated fatty acids after hydropeaking. These results suggest that hydropeaking may have the potential to depress primary biomass and nutritional quality in downstream ecosystems, and that availability of wood substrate may mitigate part, but not all, of this effect. Since food nutritional quality, especially fatty acid content, has been suggested to be a limiting resource on production in aquatic systems, this may generate an indirect and potentially overlooked limiting effect on aquatic consumers in hydropeaking-impacted alpine rivers.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0510-3
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • CO 2 time series patterns in contrasting headwater streams of North
    • Authors: John T. Crawford; Emily H. Stanley; Mark M. Dornblaser; Robert G. Striegl
      Pages: 473 - 486
      Abstract: We explored the underlying patterns of temporal stream CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) variability using high-frequency sensors in seven disparate headwater streams distributed across the northern hemisphere. We also compared this dataset of >40,000 pCO2 records with other published records from lotic systems. Individual stream sites exhibited relatively distinct pCO2 patterns over time with few consistent traits across sites. Some sites showed strong diel variability, some exhibited increasing pCO2 with increasing discharge, whereas other streams had reduced pCO2 with increasing discharge or no clear response to changes in flow. The only “universal” signature observed in headwater streams was a late summer pCO2 maxima that was likely driven by greatest rates of organic matter respiration due to highest annual temperatures. However, we did not observe this seasonal pattern in a southern hardwood forest site, likely because the region was transitioning from a severe drought. This work clearly illustrates the heterogeneous nature of headwater streams, and highlights the idiosyncratic nature of a non-conservative solute that is jointly influenced by physics, hydrology, and biology. We suggest that future researchers carefully select sensor locations (within and among streams) and provide additional contextual information when attempting to explain pCO2 patterns.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0511-2
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Climate modulates the magnitude of the effects of flow regulation on
           leaf-litter decomposition
    • Authors: Aingeru Martínez; Aitor Larrañaga; Javier Pérez; Carmen Casado; José Jesús Casas; José Manuel González; Margarita Menéndez; Salvador Mollá; Jesús Pozo
      Pages: 507 - 514
      Abstract: The need of water for human use has led the impact on running waters of flow regulation to be of a global-scale. Although the effects of this impact have been widely investigated, efforts have been focused on large dams, so information about small reservoirs and their effects on ecosystem functioning is lacking. A recent collaborative project (IMPARIOS) addressed the effects of flow regulation by small impoundments on leaf-litter decomposition, a key function in low order streams which contributes greatly to the global carbon cycle. Flow regulation was found to affect ecosystem functioning reducing decomposition rate by altering shredders, but the magnitude of change varied among the different sub-climatic regions. The current project examined whether climatic variables modulate the effect of flow regulation on decomposition. For this, 19 bioclimatic variables were studied in relation to the leaf-litter decomposition rate and associated variables (sporulation rate and richness of aquatic hyphomycetes, and richness, density and biomass of total macroinvertebrates and shredders) in 17 streams impacted by regulation structures distributed in four sub-climatic regions within Spain. Overall, decomposition was slower below structures and climate influenced the magnitude of reduction. Effect sizes were negatively related to the seasonal changes in temperature and precipitation and to the general water deficit of the locations. In the future, the forecasted increase of seasonality in precipitation and temperature and the expected increase of number of dams to meet the needs of growing population may exacerbate the effects of flow regulation, altering nutrient recycling and the carbon cycle globally.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0513-0
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Optode use to evaluate microbial planktonic respiration in oligotrophic
           ecosystems as an indicator of environmental stress
    • Authors: Juan Manuel Medina-Sánchez; Guillermo Herrera; Cristina Durán; Manuel Villar-Argaiz; Presentación Carrillo
      Pages: 529 - 541
      Abstract: The suitability of O2 optodes to resolve the effects of global-change stressors on respiration of microbial planktonic assemblages from oligotrophic ecosystems was tested. With this aim, we first evaluated how O2 measurements with optodes on closed flasks depended on delayed temperature equilibration (hysteresis), which can bias actual measurements on samples not subjected to constant temperature. This must be addressed when using optodes for in situ measurements. Thus, we provide the mathematical tools to correct the effects of hysteresis on O2 measurements hence removing the constraints of maintaining a constant temperature over the long incubations required to measure respiration in oligotrophic ecosystems. Optodes proved suitable to resolve the effects of stressors such as CO2, temperature, thermal stratification, nutrient input, and ultraviolet radiation in different oligotrophic aquatic ecosystems. These experiments resulted in significant differences in microbial planktonic respiration for all stressors tested. From these results, we conclude that (1) optodes constitute a useful tool to make realistic measurements on samples subjected to natural (or experimental) ranges of temperature variability, and (2) microbial planktonic respiration measured with O2 optodes has the potential to be used as an ecological indicator for assessing the effects of environmental stress, even in oligotrophic aquatic ecosystems, where higher sensitivities are needed.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0515-y
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Feeding and nutrient excretion of the New Zealand freshwater mussel
           Echyridella menziesii (Hyriidae, Unionida): implications for nearshore
           nutrient budgets in lakes and reservoirs
    • Authors: Hélène Cyr; Kevin J. Collier; Susan J. Clearwater; Brendan J. Hicks; Simon D. Stewart
      Pages: 557 - 571
      Abstract: Native freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionoida) can represent a large portion of benthic biomass, but their functional role is still poorly understood. We sampled Echyridella menziesii (Hyriidae) in six lakes from two regions of the North Island of New Zealand to develop general allometric relationships for predicting filtration, excretion and biodeposition rates. Experimental containers were set up in the field (no-flow conditions) to measure filtration and biodeposition using natural phytoplankton communities, and excretion in filtered lake water. Filtration rates were 0.02–1.3 L mussel−1 h−1 and increased with increasing mussel size (R2 = 0.13, P = 0.023). Stable isotope analysis suggests that mussels also assimilate food from non-planktonic origins. Nitrogen excretion rates were 4–50 μg N mussel−1 h−1 and increased with mussel size (R2 = 0.70, P < 0.0001), with no difference between regions (ANCOVA, P > 0.3). In contrast, phosphorus excretion rates did not vary with mussel size, and were much lower in Rotorua than Waikato lakes (2 vs 5 μg P mussel−1 h−1). The reason for this regional difference is unclear, but suggests that mussels could contribute different N:P ratios to nearshore nutrient budgets in different types of lakes. Biodeposits represented 50–70% of the N, and 25–70% of the P recycled. Echyridella filters and excretes nutrients at rates similar to those measured in North American and European mussels (Unionidae, Margaritiferidae). Mussels could be important contributors of nutrients in areas where they are abundant, and their inclusion into nutrient budget models could improve the predictions of nearshore nutrient fluxes in lakes and reservoirs.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-016-0517-9
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Phylogenetic relatedness, ecological strategy, and stress determine
           interspecific interactions within a salt marsh community
    • Authors: Liwen Zhang; Bingchen Wang; Longbin Qi
      Pages: 587 - 595
      Abstract: Species interactions in nature can be positive or negative. The stress gradient hypothesis (SGH) states that the strength of positive interactions increases with increasing stress. The phylogenetic limiting similarity hypothesis (PLSH) states that competition intensity is likely to be greater between closely related species than between distantly related species. Testing the SGH, the PLSH and determining the factors that influence species interactions with changing stress levels are important for ecosystem conservation and restoration. In the following study we conducted experiments to investigate the effects of salinity stress, phylogenetic relatedness (i.e., the sum of branch lengths separating species on a phylogenetic tree), and species ecological strategy on interspecific interactions using 11 species found with in a salt marsh located in the Yellow River Delta, China. We found most of the species interactions across increasing salinity levels to be inconsistent with the SGH. The net outcomes of interspecific interactions were significantly affected by multiple factors, including salinity stress, phylogenetic distance, ecological strategy, and the interaction between salinity and phylogenetic distance. Importantly, with increasing phylogenetic distance separating a pair species, the likelihood of facilitative interactions was increased and the likelihood of competitive interactions was reduced; this relationship was especially strong at medium and high salinities and supports the PLSH.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0519-2
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Effects of episodic sediment resuspension on phytoplankton in Lake Taihu:
           focusing on photosynthesis, biomass and community composition
    • Authors: Yanqing Ding; Boqiang Qin; Jianming Deng; Jianrong Ma
      Pages: 617 - 629
      Abstract: Sediment resuspension is an important characteristic of large shallow lakes. To further understand the influence of sediment resuspension on the nutrients release, the algal photosynthetic activity, algal biomass and algal community composition, a 2 × 5 factorial (2 water types and 5 turbulence intensities) bioassay experiment was carried out for 2 weeks. 2 water types: one type water was filtered through GF/F filter to remove all indigenous algae (Filtered group) and the other type was source water without filtering through GF/F filter (Non-filtered group). 5 turbulence intensities in the experiment simulated the different intensity of the field wind-induced turbulence in Lake Taihu, with different turbidities (0, 30, 70, 150, 250 NTUs). Results showed that sediment resuspension had significant effects on the nutrients release that could be absorbed to support algae growing. Different turbulence intensities had no significant effects on the photosynthetic activities. The time variation of photosynthetic parameters in the Filtered and Non-filtered groups indicated that algae could moderate themselves to adapt to different intensities turbulence environment to be more in favor of photosynthesis. In addition, sediment resuspension also brought sediment-associated algae back into the water body increasing the algal biomass. The community composition in the Filtered group and Non-filtered group showed that the new phytoplankton community formed from the resuspended algae was similar to the original community. So, the research highlights the importance of sediment resuspension in long-term management goals and restoration efforts for these types of ecosystems.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0523-6
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Nearshore fish community responses to large scale dam removal:
           implications for watershed restoration and fish management
    • Authors: J. Anne Shaffer; Francis Juanes; Thomas P. Quinn; Dave Parks; Tara McBride; James Michel; Cayla Naumann; Morgan Hocking; Chris Byrnes
      Pages: 643 - 660
      Abstract: The nearshore is a critical zone for northeast Pacific Ocean fish communities, including ecologically and culturally important salmon species. The largest dam removal in the world was recently completed on the Elwha River, with the goal of restoring fisheries and ecosystems to the watershed. The nearshore Elwha fish community was monitored monthly from January 2008 to November 2015 before, during and after dam removal. As of September 2015, approximately 2.6 million m3 of sediment material had increased the area of the Elwha delta to over 150 ha. Newly formed nearshore habitats were quickly colonized by fish communities during the dam removal period but the communities were similar in total species richness and Shannon diversity before and after dam removal, and were similar to a nearby reference site (Salt Creek estuary). Select fish species, including ESA-listed Pacific salmon and trout Oncorhynchus spp., and eulachon Thaleichthys pacificus, and non-native, American shad (Alosa sapidissima), appeared quickly in these new habitats. Hatchery releases of Chinook, O. tshawytscha, coho, O. kisutch, and steelhead, O. mykiss (over 3 million total fish annually to the lower river), dominated the Elwha estuary catch from April through August of each year before, during, and after dam removal. Chum salmon catch rate, size, and duration of estuary occupancy declined during and after dam removal. Overall catches of chum salmon fry prior to, during, and after dam removal were significantly negatively correlated with Chinook salmon catches but significantly, and positively, correlated with coho salmon. When assessed at the Elwha estuary separately, chum abundance was significantly positively correlated with Chinook, coho, and steelhead abundance. These patterns indicate overlap, and likely interaction between these respective groups of hatchery and wild fish. Continued hatchery releases may therefore further challenge chum salmon recovery and should be considered when planning for watershed recovery.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0526-3
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Bottom-up effects of streambed drying on consumer performance through
           changes in resource quality
    • Authors: Esther Mas-Martí; Isis Sanpera-Calbet; Isabel Muñoz
      Pages: 719 - 731
      Abstract: Stream flow intermittency and subsequent streambed drying, which already occurs in most biomes worldwide, is expected to increase in many regions due to both climate change and increased water demand. We studied the effects of streambed drying on leaves and epilithic biofilm and their effects on potential consumers. In the field, resources were conditioned according to the following treatments: (i) continuously submerged (PERM), (ii) submerged, exposed to the dry streambed and then submerged again (INT), or (iii) conditioned in the dry streambed and only allowed instream conditioning for 1 week (DRY, only for leaves). The results showed that drying affects resource quality, and the effects on biofilm were more severe than those on leaves. Both DRY leaves and INT biofilm showed lower microbial colonization and nitrogen accrual, whereas INT leaves had similar characteristics to PERM leaves. Drying resulted in decreased shredder and herbivore consumption rates and detritivore growth. Our results suggest that bottom-up effects of drying through changes in resource quality can constrain detritivore growth in temporary streams, potentially affecting stream secondary production and invertebrate-mediated organic matter cycling under a drier climate scenario.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0531-6
      Issue No: Vol. 79, No. 3 (2017)
  • Erratum to: Using a gradient in food quality to infer drivers of fatty
           acid content in two filter-feeding aquatic consumers
    • Authors: James H. Larson; William B. Richardson; Jon M. Vallazza; Lynn A. Bartsch; Michelle R. Bartsch
      PubDate: 2017-07-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0548-x
  • Ecological impacts of winter water level drawdowns on lake littoral zones:
           a review
    • Authors: Jason R. Carmignani; Allison H. Roy
      Abstract: Freshwater littoral zones harbor diverse ecological communities and serve numerous ecosystem functions that are controlled, in part, by natural water level fluctuations. However, human alteration of lake hydrologic regimes beyond natural fluctuations threaten littoral zone ecological integrity. One type of hydrologic alteration in lakes is winter water level drawdowns, which are frequently employed for hydropower, flood control, and macrophyte control, among other purposes. Here, we synthesize the abiotic and biotic responses to annual and novel winter water level drawdowns in littoral zones of lakes and reservoirs. The dewatering, freezing, and increased erosion of exposed lakebeds drive changes in the littoral zone. Shoreline-specific physicochemical conditions such as littoral slope and shoreline exposure further induce modifications. Loss of fine sediment decreases nutrient availability over time, but desiccation may promote a temporary nutrient pulse upon re-inundation. Annual winter drawdowns can decrease taxonomic richness of macrophytes and benthic invertebrates and shift assemblage composition to favor taxa with r-selected life history strategies and with functional traits resistant to direct and indirect drawdown effects. Fish assemblages, though less directly affected by winter drawdowns (except where there is critically low dissolved oxygen), experience negative effects via indirect pathways like decreased food resources and spawning habitat. We identify eight general research gaps to guide future research that could improve our understanding about the complex effects of winter drawdowns on littoral zone ecology.
      PubDate: 2017-07-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0549-9
  • High rates and close diel coupling of primary production and ecosystem
           respiration in small, oligotrophic lakes
    • Authors: Kenneth Thorø Martinsen; Mikkel René Andersen; Theis Kragh; Kaj Sand-Jensen
      Abstract: Studies on small, shallow lakes are few and have traditionally focused on humic lakes, whereas transparent, oligotrophic lakes dominated by submerged macrophytes have been overlooked. This may have given rise to a skewed perception of shallow lakes as being well mixed, turbid and dominated by ecosystem respiration relative to primary production. Mixing patterns and ecosystem metabolism in five oligotrophic shallow lakes dominated by charophytes were investigated in order to determine gross primary production, ecosystem respiration, their regulation and mutual coupling in this very common lake type. Although lakes were very shallow (<0.5 m), high charophyte biomass caused strong daytime stratification followed by nocturnal mixing. Despite the nutrient-poor water, volumetric rates of production and respiration during spring–summer were high compared to most medium to large lakes. This intensive metabolism is likely a result of the high charophyte biomass and the shallow mixed surface layer. Areal rates of production and respiration were also high compared to values from other aquatic systems. Strong coupling between daily rates of production and respiration suggested that the majority of organic substrates for ecosystem respiration were produced within the lakes. Net ecosystem production was slightly positive during the growth season. This study highlights the role of submerged macrophytes as primary drivers of temperature dynamics, stratification-mixing as well as high metabolism in small, shallow lakes with dense vegetation.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0550-3
  • The trapping of organic matter within plant patches in the channels of the
           Okavango Delta: a matter of quality
    • Authors: Jonas Schoelynck; Jörg Schaller; Mike Murray-Hudson; Patrick J. Frings; Daniel J. Conley; Dimitri van Pelt; Keotshephile Mosimane; Mangaliso Gondwe; Piotr Wolski; Patrick Meire; Eric Struyf
      Abstract: The role of in-stream aquatic vegetation as ecosystem engineers in the distribution of organic matter was investigated in the Okavango Delta, one of the world’s largest oligotrophic wetlands. The Okavango channel beds are covered up to 50% with submerged macrophyte patches. By accumulating and concentrating organic matter in the sediments below the patches, macrophytes are likely able to locally forestall a deficiency of nutrients. Up to 21 times more N, 18 times more C, 13 times more P and 6 times more Si can be found in vegetated sediments compared to non-vegetated sediments. Nutrient specific accumulation relates to its relative scarcity in the overlaying water. There is a depletion of dissolved N relative to P, whereas Si is relatively abundant. The Okavango Delta water can generally be characterised as oligotrophic based on plant species composition (e.g. presence of carnivorous plants and absence of floating plants), low plant N:P ratios, and low nutrient- and element-concentrations. Local mineralization and intensified nutrient cycling in the sediments is hypothesized to be crucial for the macrophytes’ survival because it provides a key source of the essential nutrients which plants otherwise cannot obtain in sufficient quantities from the nutrient poor water. By engineering the ecosystem as such, channel vegetation also retards the loss of elements and nutrients to island groundwater flow, contributing to one of the key processes driving the high productivity of the Okavango Delta, making it unique among its kind.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0527-2
  • Sediment resuspension effects on dissolved organic carbon fluxes and
           microbial metabolic potentials in reservoirs
    • Authors: Tallent Dadi; Katrin Wendt-Potthoff; Matthias Koschorreck
      Abstract: Sediment resuspension can affect water quality in lakes and reservoirs. We investigated the effect of sediment resuspension on benthic fluxes of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), metals (Fe, Mn), and nutrients (N, P) in three drinking water reservoirs using sediment core incubations. Measurement of Fe and Mn fluxes, and of microbial potentials to degrade organic substrates (Biolog EcoPlates™) were employed to understand mechanisms regulating DOC exchange after sediment resuspension. Single sediment resuspension events resulted in DOC fluxes [−104 (into sediment) to 46 (release) mmol m−2 event−1] equal to 9–17 days of diffusive fluxes, making them a relevant process. Shallow reservoir sites were more likely to immobilize DOC after resuspension than deep sites. Sediment resuspension under anoxia always led to increases of DOC and metals in the overlying water. Resuspension did not necessarily mobilize nitrate or phosphorus even under anoxia, while ammonium was released after resuspension. Sediment resuspension increased hypolimnetic microbial potentials to utilize organic substrates in both spring and summer. However microbial cells counts and biomass either remained constant or decreased in summer. Adsorption to Fe minerals seemed to play a role in DOC immobilization as evidenced by a decrease in DOC:Fe molar ratios after resuspension in Fe limited sites and constant ratios in Fe rich sites. The results demonstrate a potential for DOC immobilization mainly by Fe minerals and to some extent by benthic microbes. Therefore, sediment resuspension can be beneficial for water quality in low nutrient, iron rich systems.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0533-4
  • Effort-based predictors of headwater stream conditions: comparing the
           proximity of land use pressures and instream stressors on
           macroinvertebrate assemblages
    • Authors: Gregory J. Pond; Kelly J. G. Krock; Jonathan V. Cruz; Leah F. Ettema
      Abstract: Environmental agencies are often faced with resource and time constraints in assessing waterbody health. We compared the strengths of varying levels of effort (field measures, laboratory chemistry, land use, and multiple combinations of these) to explain macroinvertebrate assemblage response along a gradient of urban land use intensity among 30 headwater streams in northern West Virginia. Because the spatial arrangement of human disturbance can govern biotic response, land use effects were analyzed at five spatial scales (whole catchment, and 100 m buffer zone at three fixed upstream distances and total stream network upstream of site); instream ecological measures included physical habitat, algal concentrations and water chemistry. Of the five spatial scales, we predicted that riparian land use nearest the site would explain the most variation but that instream measures would be the overall driver of the macroinvertebrate assemblages. Regression analysis evaluated the strength of single and multiple variables in explaining macroinvertebrate multimetric index (MMI) and ordination patterns, and revealed that assemblages were highly responsive to numerous stressors. In contrast to predictions, total upstream network riparian forest cover explained the most variation overall (83%) while specific conductance was the single best instream measure (64%). Stepwise regression models using combinations of field, laboratory, and land use variables all performed reasonably well but we found that a 3-variable model [% forest (catchment), road density, and specific conductance] that minimized colinearity and cost/effort explained 90% of the variation in the MMI. Validation and spatial autocorrelation results suggest that this model could potentially be used to forecast stream condition for prioritizing conservation and remediation efforts in headwaters within the ecoregion, and our general approach would be broadly applicable in other settings.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0534-3
  • Decoupled reciprocal subsidies of biomass and fatty acids in fluxes of
           invertebrates between a temperate river and the adjacent land
    • Authors: Sydney Moyo; Lenin D. Chari; Martin H. Villet; Nicole B. Richoux
      Abstract: Streams and riparian areas are tightly coupled through reciprocal trophic subsidies, and there is evidence that these subsidies affect consumers in connected ecosystems. Most studies of subsidies consider only their quantity and not their quality. We determined the bidirectional exchange of organisms between the Kowie River and its riparian zone in South Africa using floating pyramidal traps (to measure insect emergence) and pan traps (to capture infalling invertebrates). The exchanges of biomass were variable spatially (three sites) and temporally (four seasons), with emergence declining about two orders of magnitude between summer (169–1402 mg m−2 day−1) and winter (3–28 mg m−2 day−1) across all sites, while invertebrate infall declined by a much smaller range from summer (413–679 mg m−2 day−1) to winter (11–220 mg m−2 day−1). Conversely, the absolute flux of physiologically important highly unsaturated fatty acids contained in the emergent and infalling arthropods peaked at comparable values in summer (emergence = 0.3–18 mg m−2 day−1 and infall = 0.3–3 mg m−2 day−1) and declined less in winter (emergence = 0.01–0.51 mg m−2 day−1 and infall = 0.01–0.03 mg m−2 day−1). During some seasons, there was no net flux of essential fatty acids, but there was generally a net flow of highly unsaturated fatty acids from river to land, even when land-to-river inputs dominated by biomass. Thus, quantitative net fluxes of biomass were decoupled from net fluxes of qualitatively key nutrients, establishing the importance of considering both the quality and the quantity of trophic subsidies.
      PubDate: 2017-04-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0529-0
  • Hydrology drives seasonal variation in dryland stream macroinvertebrate
    • Authors: Xingli Giam; William Chen; Tiffany A. Schriever; Richard Van Driesche; Rachata Muneepeerakul; David A. Lytle; Julian D. Olden
      Abstract: Many lotic ecosystems are spatially and temporally heterogeneous but none more so than dryland streams flowing through arid and semi-arid landscapes. Understanding seasonal variation in richness and trait composition is critical to our fundamental understanding of these dynamic stream networks. Here, we analyzed aquatic macroinvertebrate communities within perennial and intermittent reaches in replicate dryland watersheds in southwestern USA across 10 seasons and 4 years. We quantified how hydrology, season, and microhabitat type affected taxa richness and trait composition. Taxa richness was higher in perennial than intermittent reaches, in pools than riffles, and in fall and summer than in spring. The interaction between hydrology and season was important; the difference between fall high and spring low richness was greater in intermittent than perennial streams. Hydrology was the main predictor of trait composition; intermittent streams supported a larger fraction of small taxa, taxa with the ability to undergo diapause, and uni- or multivoltine taxa (i.e., taxa with shorter life cycles). Trait composition did not vary across seasons among perennial reaches whereas the fraction of aerial dispersers appeared to be greater in spring than other seasons among intermittent reaches. Our results were largely consistent with predictions of the habitat templet; r-selected traits were more frequently represented in intermittent communities. The temporal characterization of macroinvertebrate community structure in dryland streams provides a powerful glimpse of how stream communities may respond to a drying climate.
      PubDate: 2017-04-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00027-017-0530-7
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