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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2351 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2351 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Aquatic Geochemistry
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.591
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-1421 - ISSN (Online) 1380-6165
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • An Integrated Isotope-Geochemical Approach to Characterize a Medium
           Enthalpy Geothermal System in India
    • Abstract: The Manuguru geothermal area, situated in the Telangana state, is one of the least explored geothermal fields in India. In this study, the chemical characteristics of the groundwater (thermal and non-thermal waters) are investigated to elucidate the source of the solutes dissolved in the water and to determine the approximate residence time of the thermal waters. The major hydrogeochemical processes controlling the groundwater geochemistry have been deciphered using multivariate statistical analysis, conventional graphical plots and geochemical modelling (PHREEQC). Geochemically different groundwater clusters (bicarbonate type, bicarbonate–chloride type and chloride type) can clearly be identified from the chemometric analysis, i.e. PCA and HCA. Thermal waters are mostly Na–HCO3 type having low EC and TDS compared to non-thermal groundwaters. Silicate weathering and ion exchange mainly contribute to the dissolved ion budget in the groundwater of the study area. The carbon isotopic composition of DIC (δ13C) points to silicate weathering with soil CO2 coming from C3 type of plants. Stable isotopes (δ18O, δ2H) data confirm the meteoric origin of the thermal waters with no oxygen-18 shift. The low tritium values of the thermal water samples reveal the long circulation time (> 50 years) of the recharging waters. Radiocarbon dating (14C) shows that the approximate residence time of the thermal waters ranges from 9952 to 18,663 year BP (before present).
      PubDate: 2019-04-26
       
  • Geochemistry of Chilean Rivers Within the Central Zone: Distinguishing the
           Impact of Mining, Lithology and Physical Weathering
    • Abstract: Several rivers of Chile from the latitude 30°–38° have been sampled during a stable anticyclonic period (October 2008). Firstly, our aim was to evaluate the dissolved chemical composition (major and trace elements) of poorly known central Chilean rivers. Secondly, we used a co-inertia analysis (see Dolédec and Chessel in Freshw Biol 31:277–294, 1994) to explore the possible relationships between the concentrations of elements and the environmental parameters [surface of the basin (km2)/mining activity (%)/average height (m)/watershed mean slope (%)/% of the surface covered by vegetation, sedimentary rocks, volcano-sedimentary rocks, volcanic rocks, granitoid rocks/erosion rate (mm/year)]. Globally, the major elements concentration could be explained by a strong control of mixed silicate and carbonate and evaporate lithology. The statistical treatment reveals that the highest metal and metalloids loads of Tinguiririca, Cachapoal, Aconcagua, Choapa, Illapel and Limari could be explained by the contribution of the mining activities in the uppermost part of these watersheds and/or by the higher geochemical background. Indeed, it remains difficult to decipher between a real mining impact and a higher geochemical background. Even if these rivers could be impacted by AMD process, the size of these watersheds is capable of diluting AMD waters by the alkaline character of tributaries that induce acid neutralization and decrease the level of metals and metalloids.
      PubDate: 2019-03-20
       
  • The Speciation and Mobility of Mn and Fe in Estuarine Sediments
    • Abstract: Dissolved and solid-phase speciation of Mn and Fe was measured in the porewaters of sediments recovered from three sites in the Greater St. Lawrence Estuary: the Saguenay Fjord, the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary (LSLE) and the Gulf of St. Lawrence (GSL). At all sites and most depths, metal organic ligand complexes (Mn(III)–L and Fe(III)–L) dominated the sedimentary porewater speciation, making up to 100% of the total dissolved Mn or Fe. We propose that these complexes play a previously underestimated role in maintaining oxidized soluble metal species in sedimentary systems and in stabilizing organic matter in the form of soluble metal–organic complexes. In the fjord porewaters, strong (log KCOND > 13.2) and weak (log KCOND < 13.2) Mn(III)–L complexes were detected, whereas only weak Mn(III)–L complexes were detected at the pelagic and hemipelagic sites of the GSL and LSLE, respectively. At the fjord site, Mn(III)–L complexes were kinetically stabilized against reduction by Fe(II), even when Fe(II) concentrations were as high as 57 μM. Only dissolved Mn(II) was released from the sediments to overlying waters, suggesting that Mn(III) may be preferentially oxidized by sedimentary microbes at or near the sediment–water interface. We calculated the dissolved Mn(II) fluxes from the sediments to the overlying waters to be 0.24 µmol cm−2 year−1 at the pelagic site (GSL), 11 µmol cm−2 year−1 at the hemipelagic site (LSLE) and 2.0 µmol cm−2 year−1 in the fjord. The higher benthic flux in the LSLE reflects the lower oxygen concentrations (dO2) of the bottom waters and sediments at this site, which favor the reductive dissolution of Mn oxides as well as the decrease in the oxidation rate of dissolved Mn(II) diffusing through the oxic layer of the sediment and its release to the overlying water.
      PubDate: 2019-03-15
       
  • Evaluation of Hydrogeochemical Processes for Waters’ Chemical
           Composition and Stable Isotope Investigation of Groundwater/Surface Water
           in Karst-Dominated Terrain, the Upper Tigris River Basin, Turkey
    • Authors: E. Dişli
      Abstract: The Upper Tigris River Basin is one of the biggest basins in Turkey, where municipal, agricultural and industrial water supplies are highly dependent on groundwater and surface water resources. The interpretation of plots for different major ions indicates that the chemical compositions of the surface/groundwater in the Upper Tigris River Basin are dominated Ca2+, Mg2+, HCO3− and SO42− which have been arisen largely from chemical weathering of carbonate and evaporate rock, and reverse ion exchange reactions. Isotopic composition of surface and groundwater samples is influenced by two main air mass trajectories: one originating from the Central Anatolia that is cold and rainy and another originating from the rains falling over northeastern Syria that is warm and rainy, with warm winds. The relative abundance of cations and anions in water samples is in the order: Ca2+  > Mg2+  > Na+  > K+ for cations and HCO 3 −   > Cl− > SO42−, respectively. Majority of the water samples are plotted on a Piper diagram showing that the chemical composition of the water samples was predominantly Ca–Mg–HCO3 type. Groundwater and surface water have an average (Ca2+ + Mg2+/2HCO3−) ratio of 0.65 and 0.74, indicating no significant difference in their relative solute distribution and dissolution of carbonate rock (calcite and dolomite) predominantly by carbonic acid. The Mg2+/Ca2+ and Mg2+/ HCO3− molar ratio values are ranging from 0.21 to 1.30 and 0.11 to 0.47 for the groundwater and from 0.13 to 2.46 and 0.10 to 0.61 for the surface water samples, respectively, indicating that significant contribution of dolomite dissolution has a higher advantage over limestone within the Upper Tigris River Basin.
      PubDate: 2019-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-019-09349-8
       
  • Acknowledgement to Reviewers 2018
    • PubDate: 2019-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-019-09348-9
       
  • Detection of Biochar Carbon by Fluorescence and Near-Infrared-Based
           Chemometrics
    • Authors: Minori Uchimiya; Alan J. Franzluebbers; Zhongzhen Liu; Marshall C. Lamb; Ronald. B. Sorensen
      Abstract: Large-scale biochar field trials have been conducted worldwide to test for “carbon negative strategy” in the event of carbon credit and if other subsidies become enacted in the future. Once amended to the soil, biochar engages in complex organo-mineral interactions, fragmentation, transport, and other aging mechanisms exhibiting interactions with treatments including the irrigation and fertilizer application. As a result, quantitative tracing of biochar carbon relying on the routinely measured soil parameters, e.g., total/particulate organic carbon, poses a significant analytical uncertainty. This study utilized two biochar field trial sites to calibrate for the biochar carbon structure and quantity based on the infrared- and fluorescence-based chemometrics: (1) slow pyrolysis biochar pellets on kaolinitic Greenville fine sandy loam in Georgia and (2) fast pyrolysis biochar powder on Crider silt loam in Kentucky. Partial least squares-based calibration was constructed to predict the amount of solvent (toluene/methanol)-extractable fluorescence fingerprint (290/350 nm excitation and emission peak) attributed to biochar based on the comparison with the authentic standard. Near-infrared-based detection was sensitive to the C–H and C–C bands, as a function of biochar loading and the particulate organic carbon content (< 53 μm) of the bulk soil. Developed chemometrics could be used to validate tarry carbon structures intrinsic to biochar additives, as the impact of biochar additives on soil chemical properties (pH, electric conductivity, and dissolved organic carbon) becomes attenuated over time.
      PubDate: 2019-02-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9347-9
       
  • Reduction of Manganese Oxides: Thermodynamic, Kinetic and Mechanistic
           Considerations for One- Versus Two-Electron Transfer Steps
    • Authors: George W. Luther; Aubin Thibault de Chanvalon; Véronique E. Oldham; Emily R. Estes; Bradley M. Tebo; Andrew S. Madison
      Pages: 257 - 277
      Abstract: Manganese oxides, typically similar to δ-MnO2, form in the aquatic environment at near neutral pH via bacterially promoted oxidation of Mn(II) species by O2, as the reaction of [Mn(H2O)6]2+ with O2 alone is not thermodynamically favorable below pH of ~ 9. As manganese oxide species are reduced by the triphenylmethane compound leucoberbelein blue (LBB) to form the colored oxidized form of LBB (λmax = 623 nm), their concentration in the aquatic environment can be determined in aqueous environmental samples (e.g., across the oxic–anoxic interface of the Chesapeake Bay, the hemipelagic St. Lawrence Estuary and the Broadkill River estuary surrounded by salt marsh wetlands), and their reaction progress can be followed in kinetic studies. The LBB reaction with oxidized Mn solids can occur via a hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) reaction, which is a one-electron transfer process, but is unfavorable with oxidized Fe solids. HAT thermodynamics are also favorable for nitrite with LBB and MnO2 with ammonia (NH3). Reactions are unfavorable for NH4+ and sulfide with oxidized Fe and Mn solids, and NH3 with oxidized Fe solids. In laboratory studies and aquatic environments, the reduction of manganese oxides leads to the formation of Mn(III)-ligand complexes [Mn(III)L] at significant concentrations even when two-electron reductants react with MnO2. Key reductants are hydrogen sulfide, Fe(II) and organic ligands, including the siderophore desferioxamine-B. We present laboratory data on the reaction of colloidal MnO2 solutions (λmax ~ 370 nm) with these reductants. In marine waters, colloidal forms of Mn oxides (< 0.2 µm) have not been detected as Mn oxides are quantitatively trapped on 0.2-µm filters. Thus, the reactivity of Mn oxides with reductants depends on surface reactions and possible surface defects. In the case of MnO2, Mn(IV) is an inert cation in octahedral coordination; thus, an inner-sphere process is likely for electrons to go into the empty e g * conduction band of its orbitals. Using frontier molecular orbital theory and band theory, we discuss aspects of these surface reactions and possible surface defects that may promote MnO2 reduction using laboratory and field data for the reaction of MnO2 with hydrogen sulfide and other reductants.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9342-1
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Uranium and Multi-element Release from Orthogneiss and Granite (Austria):
           Experimental Approach Versus Groundwater Composition
    • Authors: Daniel Elster; Edith Haslinger; Martin Dietzel; Heinz Fröschl; Gerhard Schubert
      Pages: 279 - 306
      Abstract: In this study, the release of elements and in particular U from five Austrian orthogneiss and granite samples into a CO2-bearing solution was investigated to describe the initial phase (24 h) of leaching focusing on the impact of ferrous (hydro)oxide formation. Experiments were conducted at ambient temperature by flushing CO2:N2 gas through the reactive solution (pHinitial ~ 4.3) at a liquid:solid ratio of 10:1 with and without a reducing agent. The chemical evolution of the leaching solution was dominated by incongruent dissolution of silicates showing a parabolic kinetic behavior due to protective surface formation most likely caused by precipitation of amorphous FeIII/Al hydroxides. However, the relative distribution of Ca, Mg and Sr in the leaching solution excellently traced the individual bulk rock composition. The mobilization of U was highly prevented under oxidizing conditions by sorption onto ferrous (hydro)oxides, which were precipitating through ongoing silicate leaching. Therefore, the leaching behavior of individual U-bearing minerals was less relevant for U release. At reducing conditions, the above elements were accumulated in the solution, although an oversaturation regarding UIVO2 was calculated. This indicates its inhibited formation within the experimental run time. The composition of experimental leaching solutions did not reflect analyzed groundwater compositions from investigated local rock-type aquifers indicating that reaction rate constants of siliceous rocks significantly differ between values found in nature and in the laboratory. Change in active mineral surface areas with ongoing weathering, accumulation of secondary precipitates, leached layer formation and given reaction time are key factors for distinct elemental release.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9344-z
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Potential Influence of Ocean Acidification on Deep-Sea Fe–Mn Nodules and
           Pelagic Clays: An Improved Assessment by Using Artificial Seawater
    • Authors: Quan Wang; Hodaka Kawahata; Kyoko Yamaoka; Atsushi Suzuki
      Pages: 307 - 322
      Abstract: In order to assess the potential risk of metal release from deep-sea sediments in response to pH decrease in seawater, the mobility of elements from ferromanganese (Fe–Mn) nodules and pelagic clays was examined. Two geochemical reference samples (JMn-1 and JMS-2) were reacted with the pH-controlled artificial seawater (ASW) using a CO2-induced pH regulation system. Our experiments demonstrated that deep-sea sediments have weak buffer capacities by acid–base dissociation of surface hydroxyl groups on metal oxides/oxyhydroxides and silicate minerals. Element concentrations in the ASW were mainly controlled by elemental speciation in the solid phase and sorption–desorption reaction between the charged solid surface and ion species in the ASW. These results indicated that the release of heavy metals such as Mn, Cu, Zn and Cd should be taken into consideration when assessing the influence of ocean acidification on deep-sea environment.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9345-y
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Correction to: A Tribute to Rick and Debbie Jahnke: From Deep Sea Pore
           Water to Coastal Permeable Sediments-Contributions that Cover the Oceans
    • Authors: Timothy J. Shaw; Steve Emerson; Herbert L. Windom
      Pages: 323 - 323
      Abstract: In the original publication of the article, the third author affiliation was incorrectly published.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9343-0
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Oxygen Consumption in Permeable and Cohesive Sediments of the Gulf of
           Aqaba
    • Authors: Valeria Boyko; Adi Torfstein; Alexey Kamyshny
      Pages: 165 - 193
      Abstract: Oxygen profiles were measured in the sediments of the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea), an oligotrophic marine system affected by episodic seasonal flash floods and intense aeolian dry deposition. Sediment cores were retrieved from shallow (15–45 m), intermediate (250–561 m) and deep (700 m) water sites of south–north and east–west transects. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were measured simultaneously by using microelectrodes and microoptodes immediately after sampling and after transportation. Oxygen penetration depths were found to increase from 2 to 5 mm at the shallow water sites with sandy permeable sediments to 10–21 mm at the deeper sites with cohesive muddy sediments. This increase corresponds to decrease in oxygen diffusive fluxes at the sediment–water interface and oxygen consumption rates with depth. Oxygen consumption rates exhibit local maxima at the oxic–anoxic sediment boundary, which may be attributed to oxygen reduction coupled to oxidation of dissolved Fe(II) and Mn(II) at deep and intermediate water sites and of hydrogen sulfide at shallow water sites. Microelectrodes and microoptodes measurements of cohesive sediments from deep and intermediate water sites yielded similar results. By comparison, the microoptodes displayed more robust measurements than microelectrodes in sandy near-shore sediments. This was attributed to their flexible fiber structure that is less likely to break or to abruptly displace sand particles. After transportation of sediment cores from Eilat to Beer Sheva followed by ≤ 24-h storage, no changes in oxygen fluxes and consumption rates were detected.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9338-x
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Fluorescence Quenching and Energy Transfer Phenomena Associated with the
           Interactions of Terbium Ion and Humic Acid
    • Authors: Mingquan Yan; Gregory V. Korshin; Marc F. Benedetti; Chi-Wang Li
      Pages: 195 - 207
      Abstract: Fluorescence of the hydrophobic acid fraction (HPOA) of Suwannee River natural organic matter and Tb3+ excitation spectra were measured in tandem using the instantaneous and time-resolved emission modes. The intensity of HPOA fluorescence decreased in the presence of Tb3+, while the intensity of the emission from Tb3+ cations bound by HPOA increased by up to several orders of magnitude due to energy transfer (ET) from HPOA to Tb3+ ions. To determine intrinsic ET and fluorescence quenching (FQ) coefficients, NICA–Donnan modeling was carried. It showed that phenolic groups in HPOA dominated both the ET and FQ processes and that the binding of Tb3+ by HPOA could be described using the non-ideality parameter nTb, median binding constant log \(\tilde{K}_{\text{Tb}}\) for the phenolic sites and intrinsic ET and FQ coefficients (denoted as ηTbΦ and αTbΦ), and were 0.48, 8.5, 1385 and 0.12, respectively. The high value of the energy transfer coefficient of Tb3+ ions bound by the phenolic groups in HPOA is indicative of both the match between the electronic levels of the donor and acceptor, and the short distance between them. The deviation of the data of Nica–Donnan modeling of the ET and FQ dependence of versus [Tb]total for a 1.0 M ionic strength highlights the need to quantify the distribution of donor–acceptor distances in HPOA molecules in more detail.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9339-9
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Salt Crystallization Sequences of Nonmarine Brine and Their Application
           for the Formation of Potassium Deposits
    • Authors: Chuanyong Ye; Jianye Mao; Yaqiong Ren; Yingping Li; Yongjie Lin; Ian M. Power; Yangbing Luo
      Pages: 209 - 229
      Abstract: The salt assemblages precipitated during evaporation of concentrated brine collected from Gasikule Salt Lake (GSL) were studied to better understand the formation of potassium deposits in the Qaidam Basin. The study included isothermal evaporation at 25 °C in the laboratory and solar evaporation in the ponds at GSL field. Brines increased in density and became moderately acidic (pH ≈ 5.30) while major ion geochemistry and precipitate mineralogy all showed broad agreement between both systems. Four salt assemblages were identified in the isothermal evaporation experiment: halite → halite + hexahydrite → halite + bischofite + carnallite → bischofite. Alternately, three salt assemblages were recognized in the solar evaporation: halite → halite + epsomite + carnallite → halite + carnallite + bischofite. The key difference in salt assemblages between the two systems is attributed to differences in relative humidity and temperature conditions. Although the GSL has deep spring inflow recharge, the high abundance of MgSO4 salts demonstrates that the salt assemblages are similar to normal seawater evaporation. Thus, different proportions of deep spring inflow and river water could form both MgSO4-deficient potassium evaporite and normal seawater potassium evaporites. Therefore, nonmarine water may form diverse potassium evaporite deposits in continental basins when the geological structure as well as hydrogeological and climatic conditions is appropriate.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9340-3
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Integration of In Situ Experiments and Numerical Simulations to Reveal the
           Physicochemical Circumstances of Organic and Inorganic Precipitation at a
           Thermal Spring
    • Authors: Petra Kovács-Bodor; Dóra Anda; Laura Jurecska; Mihály Óvári; Ákos Horváth; Judit Makk; Vincent Post; Imre Müller; Judit Mádl-Szőnyi
      Pages: 231 - 255
      Abstract: Organic and inorganic precipitates are both characteristic in the active hypogenic karst area of Buda Thermal Karst in Hungary. As an active system, it is a good natural laboratory to study ongoing precipitation processes. Because of anthropogenic influence and the complexity of spring environments, it is challenging to reveal all the governing factors in the process of precipitation. In situ experiments, i.e. artificially controlled natural systems simplify the complexity by adding, excluding or stabilizing influencing parameters during the experiment. CO2 degassing drives changes in the physicochemical parameters of spring waters from the discharge along their flow path. The rate and spatial extension of these changes depend on local hydrogeological, geological, climatic, topographical etc. factors, affecting precipitation processes. In this study, two one-day-long in situ experiments were executed to examine the physicochemical parameter changes of thermal water in a tunnel. The integration of the results with reactive transport models revealed the physicochemical processes of ingassing and degassing and predicted CaCO3 precipitation along the flow path. Small-scale roughness of the channel surface seemed to further influence pH and concentration of HCO3−. After 6 weeks of thermal water flowing, organic precipitate (biofilm) formed close to the discharge and then, with a sharp change, inorganic precipitate (calcite) dominates a bit further from the discharge. In situ experiments and connected numerical simulations revealed the role of CO2 degassing and calcite precipitation in the changes of physicochemical parameters, but organic precipitates also have to be considered near the discharge.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9341-2
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Galena Non-oxidative Dissolution Kinetics in Seawater
    • Authors: Rodrigo F. Embile; Ingar Walder
      Pages: 107 - 119
      Abstract: The rate of non-oxidative galena dissolution in seawater compositions over the pH range of 2–4.5 was determined from batch reactor experiments. The derivative at zero time of a polynomial fit of the Pb concentration versus time data for the first 30 min was used to determine the rate. A plot of RGn (rate of galena dissolution) versus pH for data from six experiments is linear (R2 = 0.96), with a slope of 0.5. The rate equation describing the rate of galena dissolution as a function of hydrogen ion activity is $$R_{\text{Gn}} = - \,10^{ - 10.72} \left( {a_{{{\text{H}}^{ + } }} } \right)^{0.50}$$ Varying the concentration of dissolved oxygen produced no significant effect on the measured rates. The activation energy, based on four experiments carried out over the temperature range of 7–30 °C, is 61.1 kJ/mol.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9335-0
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Variation of the Chemistry of the Dead Sea Brine as Consequence of the
           Decreasing Water Level
    • Authors: Jamal Abu-Qubu; Broder Merkel; Volkmar Dunger; Omar Rimawi
      Pages: 121 - 135
      Abstract: For many years, the Dead Sea suffers from an annual inflow deficiency of about one billion cubic meters, flood and baseflow. The water level changes are related to the majority of surface water inflows diverted for irrigation purposes, in addition to intensive loss of water by the high rate of evaporation and industrial water use. This causes the Dead Sea water level to decline about 35 m within the last 50 years for a long-term average of about 0.79 m per year. The changes in the hydrochemical composition were simulated experimentally to determine the changes that take place as a function of brine water evaporation level and its density. The Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and the density of the Dead Sea water varies as a function of its water evaporation level changes. It was found that the density variation is not following a linear function with respect to water volume changes. But it follows the total amount of precipitate that occurred at different water levels. The electrical conductivity (EC) changes with respect to time and the prevailing temperature. There was no formula to calculate the high salinity of brine water above the normal ocean water. Consequently, the EC measurements were adopted to represent the Dead Sea water salinity. But in this research a converging factor (0.80971) has been found to convert the TDS values into salinity values. On contrary, the pH values revealed an inverse relationship with respect to the evaporation levels.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9336-z
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • The Origin and MgCl 2 –NaCl Variations in an Athalassic Sag Pond:
           Insights from Chemical and Isotopic Data
    • Authors: Tiziano Boschetti; Salih Muhammad Awadh; Emma Salvioli-Mariani
      Pages: 137 - 162
      Abstract: The examination of past and new chemical–isotopic data (2H/1H–18O/16O, 11B/10B and 87Sr/86Sr ratios) shows the meteoric origin of the Sawa Lake (Muthanna Governorate, Iraq) and its connection with the local aquifers, which feed the lake via the groundwater emerging from its floor through fault systems. The chemical and isotopic evaporation models are traced by geochemical computer codes by using a different composition of some potential inflows to the lake (e.g., the Euphrates River and Dammam aquifer). The main product of the chemical evaporation models is gypsum, as confirmed by the mineralogical examination of the sediment and the surrounding outcrops. A strong 18O–2H enrichment is a consequence of the evaporation effect in arid regions; δ18O–Cl models and δ11B = + 23.4‰ exclude the contribution of any seawater-derived fluids. This latter value along with 87Sr/86Sr = 0.707989 suggests a mixed origin from the Eocene–Miocene aquifers. The isotope and chemical evaporation paths from the meteorically recharged sources match the lake composition. However, compositional switches from NaCl toward MgCl2 occurred in the last decade and are related to post-drought periods, showing that the interaction of the recharging waters with the local soils (Na–Mg exchange and/or the leaching of the top layer salts) have a role in the chemical composition. This demonstrates that the lake is significantly influenced by climatic variations.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9337-y
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Correction to: The Iodide and Iodate Distribution in the Seto Inland Sea,
           Japan
    • Authors: Kazuhiko Takeda; Kengo Yamane; Yuuta Horioka; Kazuaki Ito
      Pages: 163 - 164
      Abstract: In the original publication of the article, Figs. 3 and 4 were interchanged. Now the correct figures have been provided in this erratum.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9334-1
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Passing the Editorial Baton
    • Authors: George W. Luther
      Pages: 1 - 2
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9331-4
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Hydrogeochemical Processes in a Small Eastern Mediterranean Karst
           Watershed (Nahr Ibrahim, Lebanon)
    • Authors: N. Hanna; B. Lartiges; V. Kazpard; E. Maatouk; N. Amacha; S. Sassine; A. El Samrani
      Abstract: Watersheds located in semiarid areas such as the eastern Mediterranean are particularly sensitive to the impact of climate change. To gain knowledge on the hydrogeochemical processes occurring in the Nahr Ibrahim watershed, a Critical Zone Observatory in Lebanon, we analyze the isotopic composition of the river water as well as the concentrations of the major ions exported (Ca2+, Mg2+, HCO3−, Na+, Cl−, K+, SO42−). Sampling campaigns were conducted from March 2014 to August 2016 to capture contrasting hydrological conditions. The results indicate that the carbonate lithology of the watershed is the predominant source of Ca2+, Mg2+ and HCO3−, whereas the low contents of Na+, Cl−, K+, SO42− mainly originate from sea spray. Except in the headwaters, the Nahr Ibrahim River is oversaturated with respect to calcite and dolomite. During wet seasons, calcite weathering and dolomite weathering contribute in an equivalent manner to the solute budget, whereas during dry seasons, calcite precipitates in the river. The isotopic composition of the river water reveals little seasonal dependency, the groundwater recharge by snowmelt infiltration leading to spring waters depleted in heavier isotopes during the dry seasons. A carbonate weathering rate of about 176 t/km2/year was determined at the outlet of the Nahr Ibrahim watershed. The calculated values of CO2 partial pressure, on average twice the atmospheric pressure, suggest that the river is a significant source of CO2 to the atmosphere (111 t/year).
      PubDate: 2018-12-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9346-x
       
 
 
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