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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2574 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2574 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Aquatic Geochemistry
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.591
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-1421 - ISSN (Online) 1380-6165
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2574 journals]
  • Kinetics of Thiocyanate Formation by Reaction of Cyanide and Its Iron
           Complexes with Thiosulfate
    • Abstract: Reactions between cyanide and compounds, which contain S–S bonds, in aqueous media result in formation of thiocyanate. In this work, we studied the kinetics of reactions of thiosulfate with free cyanide and its complexes under environmental conditions. Rates of reactions between cyanide species and thiosulfate decrease in the following order: CN− > HCN > [Fe(CN)6]3− > [Fe(CN)6]4−. However, at neutral and slightly acidic pH range, reaction of thiosulfate with iron-cyanide complexes outcompetes its reaction with free cyanide, which exists in equilibrium with complexed cyanide. At environmentally relevant conditions, the characteristic time of reaction between free cyanide and thiosulfate was found to be tens of thousands of years, while for iron-cyanide complexes it was found to be hundreds to millions of years. Examples of application of kinetic parameters for calculation of rates of cyanide consumption in industrial (coke oven wastewater) and non-polluted natural aquatic system (Delaware Great Marsh) are provided.
      PubDate: 2019-11-07
  • The Stability of Fe-Isotope Signatures During Low Salinity Mixing in
           Subarctic Estuaries
    • Abstract: We have studied iron (Fe)-isotope signals in particles (> 0.22 µm) and the dissolved phase (< 0.22 µm) in two subarctic, boreal rivers, their estuaries and the adjacent sea in northern Sweden. Both rivers, the Råne and the Kalix, are enriched in Fe and organic carbon (up to 29 µmol/L and up to 730 µmol/L, respectively). Observed changes in the particulate and dissolved phase during spring flood in May suggest different sources of Fe to the rivers during different seasons. While particles show a positive Fe-isotope signal during winter, during spring flood, the values are negative. Increased discharge due to snowmelt in the boreal region is most times accompanied by flushing of the organic-rich sub-surface layers. These upper podzol soil layers have been shown to be a source for Fe-organic carbon aggregates with a negative Fe-isotope signal. During winter, the rivers are mostly fed by deep groundwater, where Fe occurs as Fe(oxy)hydroxides, with a positive Fe-isotope signal. Flocculation during initial estuarine mixing does not change the Fe-isotope compositions of the two phases. Data indicate that the two groups of Fe aggregates flocculate diversely in the estuaries due to differences in their surface structure. Within the open sea, the particulate phase showed heavier δ56Fe values than in the estuaries. Our data indicate the flocculation of the negative Fe-isotope signal in a low salinity environment, due to changes in the ionic strength and further the increase of pH.
      PubDate: 2019-11-06
  • An Integrated Novel Approach to Understand the Process of Groundwater
           Recharge in Mountain and Riparian Zone Aquifer System of Tamil Nadu, India
    • Abstract: The nature of groundwater recharge along the mountain front (MF) and riparian zone (RZ) was discerned by multiple tools involving rain/water level relationship, geophysical of subsurface, seasonal hydrochemistry and environmental isotopic signatures. The proposed study has been carried out in Courtallam Hills, the north-western part of Tirunelveli District, South India. The study area is a hilly terrain with narrow valleys endowed with steep slopes. The relationship between water-level fluctuation and precipitation were evaluated by observing daily water level in 8-h interval at three piezometer zones and regular rainfall data. It was inferred that the RZ played a role in storage zone and gets recharged from mountain block (MB) and lateral flow. The seasonal geochemistry of the groundwater was studied to determine the sources of recharge in MF and RZ. Geostatistical treatment of factor analysis revealed that weathering was the dominant recharge process along the foothill. The geophysical studies reveal good quality of groundwater observed in the northern part along with low conductance and high resistivity. The increased level of groundwater conductivity and lower resistivity was noted in southern part of the study area due to the irrigation activities. The isotopic tracers range from − 2.5 to − 12.6‰ for δ18O and from − 91.2 to − 15.5‰ for δ2H. Moreover, the groundwater recharge was evaluated by source of rainfall moisture. High-altitude recharge from MB along the MF was clearly indicated by depleted isotopic content of the water samples. It was also supported by hydrogeochemical and statistical evidences, showing that rainfall over both MB and MF zones provided the recharge to foothill aquifers, while the RZ zone was mainly recharged by local precipitation with less contribution from regional flows.
      PubDate: 2019-10-11
  • Colloidal Organic Matter and Metal(loid)s in Coastal Waters (Gulf of
           Trieste, Northern Adriatic Sea)
    • Abstract: Large volumes of seawater were sampled in the Gulf of Trieste (northern Adriatic Sea) in order to study the interactions between colloidal organic matter (COM) and metal(loid)s (Me) in coastal waters. COM (> 5 kDa) was isolated by ultrafiltration and characterized using 1H NMR spectroscopy and elemental Corg. and Ntot. analyses. COM in the gulf represents about one quarter of the dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and according to 1H NMR analysis, it is composed of polysaccharides (30–45%), lipids (30–55%), proteins and carboxyl-rich alicyclic molecules (CRAM) (15–20%), and humics (< 1%). An accumulation of COM was observed in the late spring–early summer. The polysaccharide and lipid fractions increased up to twofold and the protein fraction decreased, reflected in a higher Corg./Ntot. (28, molar) ratio. Higher concentrations of humics were observed due to local freshwater discharges in spring. COM from the Isonzo/Soča River differed from the marine COM exhibiting higher protein/CRAM and higher humic contents. COM from the Isonzo/Soča mouth at salinities 16–33 was compositionally similar to marine COM. Analysis of Me, performed by ICP-MS and CVAFS (Hg), showed that Hg (nearly 100%), Cu (20%), Cr (10%), and Se (10%) have the highest Me affinity to colloids. Similar to COM, Hg and Cu rapidly increased till summer due to their sequestration in accumulated COM (transfer to particulate phase). The observed Me/Corg. ratios (Co, Cd, Hg < U, Cr, Ni, Mn < As, Zn, Cu, V < Se, Al, Fe) differ somewhat from those of the Irving–Williams series and can be explained by the composition of COM and variable background concentrations of studied Me in the northern Adriatic. Data from the salinity gradient in the metal-contaminated (especially Hg, Pb, Zn) Isonzo/Soča mouth showed flocculation of Al and Ba and desorption of V, Co, As, Se, Cs, U, and Hg, from the riverine particles with increasing ionic strength, while Fe, Mn, Cu, Cr, Ni, Zn, Cd, and Pb did not correlate with salinity.
      PubDate: 2019-10-03
  • The Sources of Organic Matter in Seagrass Sediments and Their Contribution
           to Carbon Stocks in the Spermonde Islands, Indonesia
    • Abstract: Seagrass ecosystems have a potential role in climate change mitigation due to their ability to store high amount of carbon, particularly in the sediment. Studying the factors and mechanisms responsible for this storing capacity is essential to understand seagrass carbon sink function. Therefore, in this study, we identified the sources of organic carbon (Corg) in seagrass sediments and the implication to Corg stocks from four islands in the Spermonde Islands that located at different zones. We used the Bayesian stable isotope mixing model to estimate the proportional contribution of different sources to sediment carbon. Seagrass meadows that located in adjacent to high anthropogenic activities (deforestation and aquacultures) with direct exposure to wave actions, such as on the Bauluang Island, accumulated organic carbon that derived from multiple sources, where phytoplankton contributed the highest, while on the other three islands that are relatively protected from wave actions, the highest contribution (~ 75%) was from autochthonous production (seagrass-derived). Sediment Corg stocks vary spatially, ranging from 11.9 to 32.1 Mg C ha−1 (based on the obtained depth of 20–55 cm), or 40.5 to 83.5 Mg C ha−1 if extrapolated to 1 m depth. The variability of sediment properties and Corg stocks in this study is not solely determined by the geographical differences (inshore, nearshore and offshore islands), but also influenced by other local factors such as hydrodynamics that control the distribution of carbon sources, anthropogenic pressures and species composition. These factors should be taken into account when developing coastal management strategies, as efforts are being undertaken to include coastal ecosystems (including seagrass ecosystems) on the National Green House Gasses Reduction Strategy.
      PubDate: 2019-09-21
  • Tufa Deposition Dynamics in a Freshwater Karstic Stream Influenced by Warm
    • Abstract: Sweet Springs Creek, located in the Valley and Ridge Province of the Appalachian Mountains in southeastern West Virginia and southwestern Virginia, USA, contains major fluvial tufa formations at the sites of localized fractures and faults. Sweet Springs Creek receives input from higher-temperature thermal springs of lower pH and higher sulfate concentration that differ significantly in chemical composition due to differences in the underlying geology. In this study, theoretical rates of tufa accumulation were compared with those measured on travertine tiles left in situ for 30 days during periods of high and low stream flow above and below the sites of major fluvial tufa formations. Consistent with the chemistry of the spring waters, observed and predicted tufa accumulation rates in the stream were low compared to others reported worldwide. Tufa formation rate estimates were consistently higher during seasonal conditions of low flow, warm temperatures, and higher pH that occurred in late summer, but net annual accumulation may still be zero or less due to formation erosion during periodic flooding events. Computer tomography analysis determined that the natural porosity of travertine tiles results in a total surface area 32% greater than that calculated based solely on tile dimensions, which may overestimate initial tufa accumulation rates in situ. Measured rates of carbonate deposition on travertine tiles were 1.6–82 × lower than rates predicted based on theoretical models, consistent with the hypothesis of rate reduction due to variable diffusional boundary layer limitations and variability in stream hydrology. The generation of loose, platy, and unconsolidated precipitate on tiles under geochemical conditions predicted to be the greatest for optimal tufa formation suggested that the precipitation of particulate calcite in the stream system may predominantly result in the formation of unconsolidated marl deposits.
      PubDate: 2019-08-19
  • Multicomponent Versus Classical Geothermometry: Applicability of Both
           Geothermometers in a Medium-Enthalpy Geothermal System in India
    • Abstract: The Manuguru geothermal area, located in the Khammam district of Telangana state, India, is one of the least explored medium-enthalpy geothermal systems in India. In this study, subsurface reservoir temperature was estimated by applying various methodologies such as chemical geothermometry, multicomponent geothermometry and mixing models. Chemical geothermometers provided wide range in temperature estimation, and most of them (Na–K, Na–K–Ca, Mg-corrected Na–K–Ca) were found to be unsuitable for predicting reservoir temperature due to the absence of attainment of equilibrium between suitable mineral pairs. The temperature range estimated from the quartz geothermometers varied from 72 to 120 °C which matched closely with values obtained from K–Mg geothermometers. To overcome this problem and to better constrain the reservoir temperature, multicomponent solute geothermometry modelling was carried out by applying the GeoT computer code. Fluid reconstruction was done after taking into account both the degassing and mixing phenomena. GeoT modelling of the reconstructed fluid provided excellent clustering of the minerals. From the GeoT modelling study, it was found that minerals like quartz, chalcedony, calcite, etc., attained simultaneous equilibrium with thermal waters in the temperature range of 130 ± 10 °C, which can be taken as the most probable reservoir temperature. The subsurface temperature (137 °C) obtained from the mixing model further validated the results obtained from multicomponent geothermometry. This integrated multicomponent method and the simulation program used in this study take into account various processes (i.e. mixing, degassing, non-attainment of equilibrium, etc.) which affect the composition of the thermal fluids during its ascent to the surface. The statistical approach of ‘best clustering minerals’ used in this model helps to overcome the problems encountered in applying cation or single-component geothermometers in the medium-enthalpy geothermal systems.
      PubDate: 2019-08-09
  • Editorial
    • PubDate: 2019-06-29
  • Isotopic Composition and Origin of Sulfide and Sulfate Species of Sulfur
           in Thermal Waters of Jiangxi Province (China)
    • Abstract: The reduced sulfur species, sulfide, elemental and thiosulfate were considered in the thermal waters of Jiangxi Province for the first time. It is shown that the sulfur speciation content significantly varies and depends on the pH values. The major part of reduced sulfur refers to sulfide species in the nitric thermal waters, to elemental—in the carbon dioxide thermal waters. The presence of both reduced and oxidized sulfur speciation indicates the possibility of sulfide minerals hydrolysis and disproportionation of the product of this reaction (SO2) with the participation of hot water with the formation of elemental and sulfate sulfur. The isotopic composition of dissolved sulfate and sulfide sulfur speciation has shown that the process of bacterial reduction proceeds in the thermal waters, accompanied by accumulation of relatively heavy sulfur isotope in sulfates. Simultaneously with reduction, the oxidation of both sulfide minerals and newly formed hydrosulfide proceeds with formation of elemental, thiosulfates and also sulfates in the discharge zone was proceeded. It is shown that the process of sulfide oxidation mostly occurs in carbon dioxide thermal waters. Therefore, the elemental sulfur is predominant in carbon dioxide waters. The oxidation process is less significant in the nitric thermal waters, whereby the concentrations of sulfide ion are higher than sulfates. The ambiguous effect of sulfate reduction on the hydrogeochemical environment of the thermal waters is confirmed by the differing value of the carbon isotope ratio of HCO3− in the considered waters. The obtained isotopic composition data 34δS(SO42−) indicate host rocks as a source of sulfates in the thermal waters of Jiangxi Province.
      PubDate: 2019-06-13
  • An Integrated Isotope-Geochemical Approach to Characterize a Medium
           Enthalpy Geothermal System in India
    • Abstract: The Manuguru geothermal area, situated in the Telangana state, is one of the least explored geothermal fields in India. In this study, the chemical characteristics of the groundwater (thermal and non-thermal waters) are investigated to elucidate the source of the solutes dissolved in the water and to determine the approximate residence time of the thermal waters. The major hydrogeochemical processes controlling the groundwater geochemistry have been deciphered using multivariate statistical analysis, conventional graphical plots and geochemical modelling (PHREEQC). Geochemically different groundwater clusters (bicarbonate type, bicarbonate–chloride type and chloride type) can clearly be identified from the chemometric analysis, i.e. PCA and HCA. Thermal waters are mostly Na–HCO3 type having low EC and TDS compared to non-thermal groundwaters. Silicate weathering and ion exchange mainly contribute to the dissolved ion budget in the groundwater of the study area. The carbon isotopic composition of DIC (δ13C) points to silicate weathering with soil CO2 coming from C3 type of plants. Stable isotopes (δ18O, δ2H) data confirm the meteoric origin of the thermal waters with no oxygen-18 shift. The low tritium values of the thermal water samples reveal the long circulation time (> 50 years) of the recharging waters. Radiocarbon dating (14C) shows that the approximate residence time of the thermal waters ranges from 9952 to 18,663 year BP (before present).
      PubDate: 2019-04-26
  • Geochemistry of Chilean Rivers Within the Central Zone: Distinguishing the
           Impact of Mining, Lithology and Physical Weathering
    • Abstract: Several rivers of Chile from the latitude 30°–38° have been sampled during a stable anticyclonic period (October 2008). Firstly, our aim was to evaluate the dissolved chemical composition (major and trace elements) of poorly known central Chilean rivers. Secondly, we used a co-inertia analysis (see Dolédec and Chessel in Freshw Biol 31:277–294, 1994) to explore the possible relationships between the concentrations of elements and the environmental parameters [surface of the basin (km2)/mining activity (%)/average height (m)/watershed mean slope (%)/% of the surface covered by vegetation, sedimentary rocks, volcano-sedimentary rocks, volcanic rocks, granitoid rocks/erosion rate (mm/year)]. Globally, the major elements concentration could be explained by a strong control of mixed silicate and carbonate and evaporate lithology. The statistical treatment reveals that the highest metal and metalloids loads of Tinguiririca, Cachapoal, Aconcagua, Choapa, Illapel and Limari could be explained by the contribution of the mining activities in the uppermost part of these watersheds and/or by the higher geochemical background. Indeed, it remains difficult to decipher between a real mining impact and a higher geochemical background. Even if these rivers could be impacted by AMD process, the size of these watersheds is capable of diluting AMD waters by the alkaline character of tributaries that induce acid neutralization and decrease the level of metals and metalloids.
      PubDate: 2019-03-20
  • The Speciation and Mobility of Mn and Fe in Estuarine Sediments
    • Abstract: Dissolved and solid-phase speciation of Mn and Fe was measured in the porewaters of sediments recovered from three sites in the Greater St. Lawrence Estuary: the Saguenay Fjord, the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary (LSLE) and the Gulf of St. Lawrence (GSL). At all sites and most depths, metal organic ligand complexes (Mn(III)–L and Fe(III)–L) dominated the sedimentary porewater speciation, making up to 100% of the total dissolved Mn or Fe. We propose that these complexes play a previously underestimated role in maintaining oxidized soluble metal species in sedimentary systems and in stabilizing organic matter in the form of soluble metal–organic complexes. In the fjord porewaters, strong (log KCOND > 13.2) and weak (log KCOND < 13.2) Mn(III)–L complexes were detected, whereas only weak Mn(III)–L complexes were detected at the pelagic and hemipelagic sites of the GSL and LSLE, respectively. At the fjord site, Mn(III)–L complexes were kinetically stabilized against reduction by Fe(II), even when Fe(II) concentrations were as high as 57 μM. Only dissolved Mn(II) was released from the sediments to overlying waters, suggesting that Mn(III) may be preferentially oxidized by sedimentary microbes at or near the sediment–water interface. We calculated the dissolved Mn(II) fluxes from the sediments to the overlying waters to be 0.24 µmol cm−2 year−1 at the pelagic site (GSL), 11 µmol cm−2 year−1 at the hemipelagic site (LSLE) and 2.0 µmol cm−2 year−1 in the fjord. The higher benthic flux in the LSLE reflects the lower oxygen concentrations (dO2) of the bottom waters and sediments at this site, which favor the reductive dissolution of Mn oxides as well as the decrease in the oxidation rate of dissolved Mn(II) diffusing through the oxic layer of the sediment and its release to the overlying water.
      PubDate: 2019-03-15
  • Evaluation of Hydrogeochemical Processes for Waters’ Chemical
           Composition and Stable Isotope Investigation of Groundwater/Surface Water
           in Karst-Dominated Terrain, the Upper Tigris River Basin, Turkey
    • Authors: E. Dişli
      Abstract: The Upper Tigris River Basin is one of the biggest basins in Turkey, where municipal, agricultural and industrial water supplies are highly dependent on groundwater and surface water resources. The interpretation of plots for different major ions indicates that the chemical compositions of the surface/groundwater in the Upper Tigris River Basin are dominated Ca2+, Mg2+, HCO3− and SO42− which have been arisen largely from chemical weathering of carbonate and evaporate rock, and reverse ion exchange reactions. Isotopic composition of surface and groundwater samples is influenced by two main air mass trajectories: one originating from the Central Anatolia that is cold and rainy and another originating from the rains falling over northeastern Syria that is warm and rainy, with warm winds. The relative abundance of cations and anions in water samples is in the order: Ca2+  > Mg2+  > Na+  > K+ for cations and HCO 3 −   > Cl− > SO42−, respectively. Majority of the water samples are plotted on a Piper diagram showing that the chemical composition of the water samples was predominantly Ca–Mg–HCO3 type. Groundwater and surface water have an average (Ca2+ + Mg2+/2HCO3−) ratio of 0.65 and 0.74, indicating no significant difference in their relative solute distribution and dissolution of carbonate rock (calcite and dolomite) predominantly by carbonic acid. The Mg2+/Ca2+ and Mg2+/ HCO3− molar ratio values are ranging from 0.21 to 1.30 and 0.11 to 0.47 for the groundwater and from 0.13 to 2.46 and 0.10 to 0.61 for the surface water samples, respectively, indicating that significant contribution of dolomite dissolution has a higher advantage over limestone within the Upper Tigris River Basin.
      PubDate: 2019-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-019-09349-8
  • Acknowledgement to Reviewers 2018
    • PubDate: 2019-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-019-09348-9
  • Detection of Biochar Carbon by Fluorescence and Near-Infrared-Based
    • Authors: Minori Uchimiya; Alan J. Franzluebbers; Zhongzhen Liu; Marshall C. Lamb; Ronald. B. Sorensen
      Abstract: Large-scale biochar field trials have been conducted worldwide to test for “carbon negative strategy” in the event of carbon credit and if other subsidies become enacted in the future. Once amended to the soil, biochar engages in complex organo-mineral interactions, fragmentation, transport, and other aging mechanisms exhibiting interactions with treatments including the irrigation and fertilizer application. As a result, quantitative tracing of biochar carbon relying on the routinely measured soil parameters, e.g., total/particulate organic carbon, poses a significant analytical uncertainty. This study utilized two biochar field trial sites to calibrate for the biochar carbon structure and quantity based on the infrared- and fluorescence-based chemometrics: (1) slow pyrolysis biochar pellets on kaolinitic Greenville fine sandy loam in Georgia and (2) fast pyrolysis biochar powder on Crider silt loam in Kentucky. Partial least squares-based calibration was constructed to predict the amount of solvent (toluene/methanol)-extractable fluorescence fingerprint (290/350 nm excitation and emission peak) attributed to biochar based on the comparison with the authentic standard. Near-infrared-based detection was sensitive to the C–H and C–C bands, as a function of biochar loading and the particulate organic carbon content (< 53 μm) of the bulk soil. Developed chemometrics could be used to validate tarry carbon structures intrinsic to biochar additives, as the impact of biochar additives on soil chemical properties (pH, electric conductivity, and dissolved organic carbon) becomes attenuated over time.
      PubDate: 2019-02-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9347-9
  • Reduction of Manganese Oxides: Thermodynamic, Kinetic and Mechanistic
           Considerations for One- Versus Two-Electron Transfer Steps
    • Authors: George W. Luther; Aubin Thibault de Chanvalon; Véronique E. Oldham; Emily R. Estes; Bradley M. Tebo; Andrew S. Madison
      Pages: 257 - 277
      Abstract: Manganese oxides, typically similar to δ-MnO2, form in the aquatic environment at near neutral pH via bacterially promoted oxidation of Mn(II) species by O2, as the reaction of [Mn(H2O)6]2+ with O2 alone is not thermodynamically favorable below pH of ~ 9. As manganese oxide species are reduced by the triphenylmethane compound leucoberbelein blue (LBB) to form the colored oxidized form of LBB (λmax = 623 nm), their concentration in the aquatic environment can be determined in aqueous environmental samples (e.g., across the oxic–anoxic interface of the Chesapeake Bay, the hemipelagic St. Lawrence Estuary and the Broadkill River estuary surrounded by salt marsh wetlands), and their reaction progress can be followed in kinetic studies. The LBB reaction with oxidized Mn solids can occur via a hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) reaction, which is a one-electron transfer process, but is unfavorable with oxidized Fe solids. HAT thermodynamics are also favorable for nitrite with LBB and MnO2 with ammonia (NH3). Reactions are unfavorable for NH4+ and sulfide with oxidized Fe and Mn solids, and NH3 with oxidized Fe solids. In laboratory studies and aquatic environments, the reduction of manganese oxides leads to the formation of Mn(III)-ligand complexes [Mn(III)L] at significant concentrations even when two-electron reductants react with MnO2. Key reductants are hydrogen sulfide, Fe(II) and organic ligands, including the siderophore desferioxamine-B. We present laboratory data on the reaction of colloidal MnO2 solutions (λmax ~ 370 nm) with these reductants. In marine waters, colloidal forms of Mn oxides (< 0.2 µm) have not been detected as Mn oxides are quantitatively trapped on 0.2-µm filters. Thus, the reactivity of Mn oxides with reductants depends on surface reactions and possible surface defects. In the case of MnO2, Mn(IV) is an inert cation in octahedral coordination; thus, an inner-sphere process is likely for electrons to go into the empty e g * conduction band of its orbitals. Using frontier molecular orbital theory and band theory, we discuss aspects of these surface reactions and possible surface defects that may promote MnO2 reduction using laboratory and field data for the reaction of MnO2 with hydrogen sulfide and other reductants.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9342-1
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2018)
  • Uranium and Multi-element Release from Orthogneiss and Granite (Austria):
           Experimental Approach Versus Groundwater Composition
    • Authors: Daniel Elster; Edith Haslinger; Martin Dietzel; Heinz Fröschl; Gerhard Schubert
      Pages: 279 - 306
      Abstract: In this study, the release of elements and in particular U from five Austrian orthogneiss and granite samples into a CO2-bearing solution was investigated to describe the initial phase (24 h) of leaching focusing on the impact of ferrous (hydro)oxide formation. Experiments were conducted at ambient temperature by flushing CO2:N2 gas through the reactive solution (pHinitial ~ 4.3) at a liquid:solid ratio of 10:1 with and without a reducing agent. The chemical evolution of the leaching solution was dominated by incongruent dissolution of silicates showing a parabolic kinetic behavior due to protective surface formation most likely caused by precipitation of amorphous FeIII/Al hydroxides. However, the relative distribution of Ca, Mg and Sr in the leaching solution excellently traced the individual bulk rock composition. The mobilization of U was highly prevented under oxidizing conditions by sorption onto ferrous (hydro)oxides, which were precipitating through ongoing silicate leaching. Therefore, the leaching behavior of individual U-bearing minerals was less relevant for U release. At reducing conditions, the above elements were accumulated in the solution, although an oversaturation regarding UIVO2 was calculated. This indicates its inhibited formation within the experimental run time. The composition of experimental leaching solutions did not reflect analyzed groundwater compositions from investigated local rock-type aquifers indicating that reaction rate constants of siliceous rocks significantly differ between values found in nature and in the laboratory. Change in active mineral surface areas with ongoing weathering, accumulation of secondary precipitates, leached layer formation and given reaction time are key factors for distinct elemental release.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9344-z
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2018)
  • Potential Influence of Ocean Acidification on Deep-Sea Fe–Mn Nodules and
           Pelagic Clays: An Improved Assessment by Using Artificial Seawater
    • Authors: Quan Wang; Hodaka Kawahata; Kyoko Yamaoka; Atsushi Suzuki
      Pages: 307 - 322
      Abstract: In order to assess the potential risk of metal release from deep-sea sediments in response to pH decrease in seawater, the mobility of elements from ferromanganese (Fe–Mn) nodules and pelagic clays was examined. Two geochemical reference samples (JMn-1 and JMS-2) were reacted with the pH-controlled artificial seawater (ASW) using a CO2-induced pH regulation system. Our experiments demonstrated that deep-sea sediments have weak buffer capacities by acid–base dissociation of surface hydroxyl groups on metal oxides/oxyhydroxides and silicate minerals. Element concentrations in the ASW were mainly controlled by elemental speciation in the solid phase and sorption–desorption reaction between the charged solid surface and ion species in the ASW. These results indicated that the release of heavy metals such as Mn, Cu, Zn and Cd should be taken into consideration when assessing the influence of ocean acidification on deep-sea environment.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9345-y
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2018)
  • Correction to: A Tribute to Rick and Debbie Jahnke: From Deep Sea Pore
           Water to Coastal Permeable Sediments-Contributions that Cover the Oceans
    • Authors: Timothy J. Shaw; Steve Emerson; Herbert L. Windom
      Pages: 323 - 323
      Abstract: In the original publication of the article, the third author affiliation was incorrectly published.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9343-0
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2018)
  • Hydrogeochemical Processes in a Small Eastern Mediterranean Karst
           Watershed (Nahr Ibrahim, Lebanon)
    • Authors: N. Hanna; B. Lartiges; V. Kazpard; E. Maatouk; N. Amacha; S. Sassine; A. El Samrani
      Abstract: Watersheds located in semiarid areas such as the eastern Mediterranean are particularly sensitive to the impact of climate change. To gain knowledge on the hydrogeochemical processes occurring in the Nahr Ibrahim watershed, a Critical Zone Observatory in Lebanon, we analyze the isotopic composition of the river water as well as the concentrations of the major ions exported (Ca2+, Mg2+, HCO3−, Na+, Cl−, K+, SO42−). Sampling campaigns were conducted from March 2014 to August 2016 to capture contrasting hydrological conditions. The results indicate that the carbonate lithology of the watershed is the predominant source of Ca2+, Mg2+ and HCO3−, whereas the low contents of Na+, Cl−, K+, SO42− mainly originate from sea spray. Except in the headwaters, the Nahr Ibrahim River is oversaturated with respect to calcite and dolomite. During wet seasons, calcite weathering and dolomite weathering contribute in an equivalent manner to the solute budget, whereas during dry seasons, calcite precipitates in the river. The isotopic composition of the river water reveals little seasonal dependency, the groundwater recharge by snowmelt infiltration leading to spring waters depleted in heavier isotopes during the dry seasons. A carbonate weathering rate of about 176 t/km2/year was determined at the outlet of the Nahr Ibrahim watershed. The calculated values of CO2 partial pressure, on average twice the atmospheric pressure, suggest that the river is a significant source of CO2 to the atmosphere (111 t/year).
      PubDate: 2018-12-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10498-018-9346-x
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