Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2626 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2626 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
aBIOTECH : An Intl. J. on Plant Biotechnology and Agricultural Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adolescent Research Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Fiber Materials     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Adversity and Resilience Science : J. of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : J. of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
Affective Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Functional Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 185, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
arktos : The J. of Arctic Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Aquatic Ecology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.656
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 38  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-5125 - ISSN (Online) 1386-2588
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Do the ecological drivers of lake littoral communities match and lead to
           congruence between organism groups'
    • Abstract: Lake littoral environments are heterogeneous, and different organisms typically show specific responses to this environmental variation. We examined local environmental and spatial factors affecting lake littoral biodiversity and the structuring of assemblages of phytoplankton, zooplankton and macroinvertebrates within and among three basins of a large lake system. We explored congruence of species composition and species richness among the studied organism groups to evaluate their general indicator potential to represent spatial variation in other groups. We expected that effects of water chemistry on plankton assemblages were stronger than effects of habitat characteristics. In contrast, we anticipated stronger effects of habitat on macroinvertebrates due to their mainly benthic mode of life. We also expected that within-basin spatial effects would be strongest on macroinvertebrates and weakest on phytoplankton. We predicted weak congruence in assemblage composition and species richness among the organism groups. Phytoplankton assemblages were mainly structured by the shared effects of water chemistry and large-scale spatial factors. In contrast to our expectations, habitat effects were stronger than water chemistry effects on zooplankton assemblages. However, as expected, macroinvertebrate species composition and richness were mainly affected by habitat conditions. Among-group congruence was weak for assemblage composition and insignificant for richness. Albeit weak, congruence was strongest between phytoplankton and zooplankton assemblages, as we expected. In summary, our analyses do not support the idea of using a single organism group as a wholesale biodiversity indicator.
      PubDate: 2020-07-10
       
  • Dominance, reproductive behaviours and female mate choice in sterilised
           versus non-sterilised invasive male crayfish
    • Abstract: Many methods of controlling invasive crayfishes have limited success because they fail to target all life stages of the population, notably by capturing only large adults that can result in increased juvenile recruitment by removing intraspecific predation. An alternative approach uses the sterile male release technique that involves the mass release of sterile males into the environment, which then mate with fertile females, resulting in unfertilised eggs and, ultimately, reduced juvenile recruitment. This does, however, rely on the sterilised males exhibiting behaviours similar to non-sterilised (entire) males and remaining attractive to females during mate choice. Post-copulatory male guarding behaviour and female promiscuity might also be affected by male sterilisation. To test for the presence of normal reproductive behaviours in sterilised male American signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus, a two-stage experiment examined how sterilisation affects female mate choice and promiscuity, male hierarchical status (relative dominance) and post-copulation guarding. Sterilised males showed similar reproductive behaviours to entire males and remained as attractive to females, with no differences in relative dominance. Post-copulation, guarding behaviours were also unaffected. Females did not display promiscuous behaviour and this was unaffected by whether males were entire or sterilised. The results demonstrated that sterilised males were equally as capable as entire males of achieving dominance and winning mates. In combination, these findings suggest that male sterilisation could be an effective control technique to help reduce juvenile recruitment in wild P. leniusculus populations by reducing reproductive success.
      PubDate: 2020-07-08
       
  • Cascading effects of predation risk under high organic and inorganic
           turbidity: impacts on individuals and shoals of a mesopredator fish
    • Abstract: We tested whether changes in water transparency caused either by precipitation-mediated sedimentation (inorganic turbidity) or eutrophication (organic turbidity) differently interact with top predator presence to determine predation rates, and individual decisions of mesopredators between foraging and avoiding predators. We tested the hypothesis that fear-induced cascade effects are more pronounced in organic turbid water through an experiment in which we manipulated turbidity (clear water and organic/inorganic turbid water) and predation risk (presence/absence of a top predator) in a 3 × 2 factorial design. We assessed prey consumption, prey selection (benthic and planktonic invertebrates) and food partitioning among individuals within shoals of an invertivorous fish, Moenkhausia forestii. The overall prey consumption by mesopredators was similar with and without top predator in clear water, but the presence of a top predator resulted in decreased invertebrate consumption in turbid waters, with no difference between organic and inorganic turbidity. Also, fear-induced cascade effects caused a strong preference of planktonic prey over benthic in inorganic turbidity and decreased evenness in prey consumption among individuals. Our findings suggest that the interactive effects of turbidity and top predator presence on mesopredator foraging depend on prey type and highlight individual differences in foraging behaviours among shoal members. Increased anthropogenic impacts on aquatic environments could have lasting long-term population impacts for fishes in terms of foraging and predator avoidance behaviour.
      PubDate: 2020-07-06
       
  • Do antipredator responses of Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis tadpoles depend on
           the intensity of predation risk'
    • Abstract: Successful coexistence with predators depends on the ability of prey to strike a balance between the costs of predator avoidance and the benefits of foraging and reproducing as there is a trade-off between these activities. Prey animals can balance this trade-off by responding to predation risk in a manner that matches the intensity of risk posed by the predator, which is known as the threat-sensitive predator avoidance hypothesis. To test this hypothesis, we exposed larval Indian skipper frogs (Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis) to different intensities of predation risk by increasing the number of predators and the amount of biomass consumed and recorded their behaviour, morphology, and metamorphic traits. We also quantified the whole-body corticosterone to assess the physiological basis of alterations in morphology, behaviour, and life-history traits. The results indicate that behavioural responses of larval skipper frogs increased with the intensity of risk conforming to the predictions of the threat-sensitivity hypothesis. However, the morphological responses did not vary with the intensity of risk and hence did not support the predictions of the hypothesis. Interestingly, tadpoles facing a higher level of predation risk metamorphosed at the largest size, but with increased larval duration. At the physiological level, corticosterone levels increased with increases in the intensity of risk. Thus, our results suggest that certain antipredator responses may vary with the intensity of risk while others may not. Further, the results of our study also show an association between physiological and behavioural responses of larval E. cyanophlyctis to predation risk. More importantly, we show that larval skipper frogs can assess the intensity of predation risk through threat-sensitive learning by associating conspecific alarm cues with odours of dragonfly nymphs.
      PubDate: 2020-06-29
       
  • Ontogenic change in the vertical swimming of East Asian common octopus
           Octopus sinensis paralarvae under different water flow conditions
    • Abstract: The East Asian common octopus Octopus sinensis is a bottom-dwelling species, but goes through a planktonic phase as ‘paralarvae’ during the first several weeks of life. As the swimming performance of the paralarvae is relatively poor, their dispersion relies primarily on ocean currents; however, vertical swimming may play an important role in their horizontal dispersion by controlling their buoyancy in the current. Within this context, ontogenic changes in vertical swimming in relation to the ambient water flow are key to understanding the dispersion properties of the paralarvae and the subsequent onset of settlement, yet this information remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated the effects of different water flows (downward × 4 velocities, stagnant and upward × 5 velocities) on the vertical swimming position in test columns using laboratory-raised O. sinensis paralarvae aged 0, 5, 10 and 15 days during the day and at night. Paralarvae younger than 10 days (< 3 mg in dry weight) tended to swim upwards regardless of the water flow conditions, but their swimming was disrupted under downward water flows, while they exhibited repeating upward swimming and downward pushing-back movements. Thus, for early paralarvae, an upward water flow may have a positive effect on dispersion by supporting their innate upward swimming, while a downward water flow may impact paralarvae negatively due to exhaustion through excess swimming activities. Paralarvae aged 15 days (> 5 mg) commenced short clinging behaviour, and their swimming positions dispersed downwards during daytime regardless of the water flow, indicating the onset of the transition to settlement. In contrast, their position shifted to near the upper limit at night by swimming upwards, even under downward water flows. Our results suggest that O. sinensis exhibits characteristic behaviour that alternates between diurnal descent dispersion with clinging (hyperbenthic trait) and nocturnal upward swimming (planktonic trait) during the transition to permanent benthic life.
      PubDate: 2020-06-17
       
  • Implications of climate change for submerged macrophytes: effects of CO 2
           , flow velocity and nutrient concentration on Berula erecta
    • Abstract: Climate change can result in multiple indirect alterations of the environment in riverine ecosystems, due to changes in precipitation and runoff. Flow velocity, concentrations of CO2 and nutrients are thereby expected to change, and consequences of the combination of those effects for macrophytes, a key organism group, are still poorly understood. This was tested in a racetrack flume experiment on macrophyte species Berula erecta, an amphibious species growing fully submerged in the experiment. In a full-factorial design, plants were exposed to two different CO2 concentrations, two nutrient concentrations (N, P and Si) and two flow velocities. Apart from individual dose–response tests, two climate change scenarios were tested: a wet scenario simulating heavy precipitation and runoff with high flow velocity, high CO2 and high nutrient concentrations and a dry scenario simulating evapotranspiration with low flow velocity, high CO2 and high nutrient concentrations. Growth rate, biomass, morphology, chlorophyll and nutrient content were measured. Berula erecta responded strongly to both scenarios. Biomass and relative growth rate increased, leaf BSi content decreased, and especially in the wet scenario macrophytes had shorter stems and formed stolons with new ramets: the plants invested in horizontal growth to avoid hydrodynamic stress. Moreover, the C/N ratio was higher, leading to lower quality of macrophyte tissue as food source, and chlorophyll concentration was lower in the high CO2 treatment. It can be concluded that combined stressors caused by climate change strongly affect macrophytes, which may indirectly have consequences for other organisms of the aquatic ecosystem that depend on macrophytes.
      PubDate: 2020-06-07
       
  • Effect of density and neighbours on interactions between invasive plants
           of similar growth form
    • Abstract: Invasive aquatic plants constitute a great problem in many freshwater systems. Although many studies have addressed the potential threats of invasion by exotic species in aquatic ecosystems, few studies have considered the interactions (competition, facilitation, coexistence) between exotic aquatic plants of similar growth form in invaded communities. Our aim was to investigate experimentally the effect of density in monocultures and the effect of neighbour identity and plant density on a focal species in mixed cultures. We used Elodea canadensis, Egeria densa and Lagarosiphon major as model species and conducted two experiments, one in a monoculture and another in a mixed culture following an additive design. Individuals were planted in pots with several treatments based on the identity and density of neighbour species. Our results demonstrated that the development of an invasive submerged plant could be influenced either positively (facilitation) or negatively (competition or inhibition) by the presence of more than one neighbour species of different densities. An increase in density significantly stimulated competition intensity, although the effect of density on the performance of the invader also depended on neighbour identity. A facilitative effect of E. canadensis on the apical growth of E. densa was established. However, despite these results, the competitive outcome also depended on other environmental factors (e.g. underwater radiation), not on plant density and neighbour identity alone.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • The ecology of the whale shark in Djibouti
    • Abstract: Within the Gulf of Aden, Djibouti is an important site where whale sharks (Rhincodon typus Smith 1828) aggregate seasonally; however, up to now, only few studies have been carried out in the area (Rowat et al. in Environ Biol Fishes, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-006-9148-7; Mar Freshw Res, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF10135; Rezzolla and Storai in Cybium 34:195–206, 2010). From 2015 to 2018, whale shark photo-id, skin biopsies, and zooplankton samples were collected to investigate the ecology of this species in Djibouti. Of the 190 photo-identified individuals, the majority were juvenile males, confirming a significant male-based aggregation (X2 = 65, df = 1, p < 0.0001). Within each season, the maximum number of times an individual was re-sighted was 11, while the inter-annual re-sighting rates varied between 11 and 32%. Animals were feeding on surface zooplankton, consisting primarily of copepods (85%); however, Chaetognatha and Ctenophora appeared to be important taxa as well, since the areas most visited were also those with higher concentration of these organisms. Feeding zooplankton patches had a mean biomass of 42.2 ± 31.9 mg m−3, almost 1.5 higher than control stations, indicating that the abundance of this species was positively related to food availability. Furthermore, whale sharks exhibited a clear temporal distribution associated with the variation in zooplankton biomass due to the monsoon winds. Sharks aggregated in October–February, with a peak in sightings in November, and dispersed outside the upwelling season. δ13C values suggested that whale sharks might migrate to other habitats or shift their activities to deeper areas outside the aggregation phase. Little intra-specific variation in δ15N and δ13C was found between animals, suggesting a similar habitat use.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Bottom-up processes control benthic macroinvertebrate communities and food
           web structure of fishless artificial wetlands
    • Abstract: In freshwater environments, the relative contributions of top-down and bottom-up effects on invertebrate communities in relation to productivity are largely ecosystem dependent. Artificial wetlands are increasingly developed to compensate for the loss of natural wetlands; however, their trophic processes remain poorly studied. The present study aimed to evaluate the respective contributions of bottom-up and top-down processes in structuring benthic food webs of three artificial wetlands with varying levels of benthic primary productivity. We found that phototrophic-based food webs in our artificial wetlands were controlled from the bottom-up by primary productivity and algal biomass developing at the water–sediment interface. No significant top-down control of herbivore species by invertebrate predators was detected even in the wetland with the highest productivity. Increased richness of invertebrate grazers and scrapers with benthic primary productivity and algal biomass might have dampened the trophic cascade from predators to primary producers. In contrast with the phototrophic-based food web, analyses performed on the detritus-based food web showed that deposit-feeder invertebrate abundance was not correlated with the quantity of organic matter in sediments, suggesting no bottom-up effect of sedimentary organic matter content on deposit-feeders. More surprisingly, deposit-feeders, especially aquatic oligochaetes, seemed to influence the detritus-based food webs by stimulating organic matter processing and bacterial growth through bioturbation. The present study highlights the occurrence of contrasting trophic processes between phototrophic-based and detritus-based food webs which can have implications on ecosystem functions, such as nutrient cycling and energy fluxes.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Native Gammarus fossarum affects species composition of macroinvertebrate
           communities: evidence from laboratory, field enclosures, and natural
           habitat
    • Abstract: Despite the fact that native species of amphipods have been recognized as active predators similarly to invasive species, little is known about their predatory impact on aquatic communities. In this study, we used a laboratory experiment, a field enclosure experiment, and an analysis of natural community data to demonstrate how Gammarus fossarum affects the species composition of benthic communities by imposing survival selection on its prey. Our laboratory single-prey experiment brought a clear evidence that tube-less chironomids are vulnerable prey and that the predation rate on the tube-dwelling chironomids decreases with increasing tube toughness (from the soft tubes made of detritus to the hard tubes made of sand or calcium carbonate grains). We found that the introduction of G. fossarum to field enclosures significantly changed the species composition of a macroinvertebrate community at an experimental spring fen site. The soft-bodied, slow moving, and tube-less taxa were depleted the most. It appears that the observed patterns were a result of predator’s preference rather than encounter rate. Survival selection was detected also in natural communities across a large spatial scale. In accordance with the experiments, high densities of G. fossarum limited the proportion or abundance of vulnerable prey. Our study (1) provides the first convincing evidence that biotic interactions have a structuring effect on the spring fen communities, (2) documents how the predatory effect in a community depends on an interplay between the prey handling behaviour of the predator and species-specific susceptibility of prey, and (3) shows that an omnivorous native amphipod may have a strong impact on aquatic communities despite it is regarded less aggressive than its invasive relatives.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • The influence of environmental and spatial factors on benthic invertebrate
           metacommunities differing in size and dispersal mode
    • Abstract: Understanding the drivers of species distribution is an important topic in conservation biology and ecology, pertaining to species traits like dispersal strategies and species–environment interactions. Here we examined the drivers of benthic species distribution at 20 sections of a second-order stream network. Environmental and spatial factors and the dispersal modes of the organisms were considered. We expected that species with aerial dispersal capabilities like insects would be less restrained by distance between sites and thus mostly affected by environmental factors. In contrast, we hypothesized that completely benthic species would mainly be affected by spatial factors due to limited dispersal. However, microscopic species like nematodes characterized by a high passive dispersal potential may be less limited by spatial factors. When using redundancy analyses and subsequent variance partitioning, the included variables explained 24% (insects), 24% (non-flying macrobenthos), and 32% (nematodes) of the variance in the respective community composition. Spatial factors mainly explained the species composition of all tested groups. In contrast with other larger species, nematodes were characterized by fine-scale patterns that might have been induced by random processes (e.g., random distribution and priority effects). Our study showed that dispersal processes are crucial in shaping benthic communities along streams albeit the relatively small sampling area (max. distance between sampling sites: 2 km). The demonstration of spatial factors as important drivers of the species distribution of passively dispersing benthic organismal groups highlights the role played by connectivity in determining species distribution patterns in river systems.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Non-marine Ostracoda (Crustacea) as indicator species group of habitat
           types
    • Abstract: To understand interactions between ecological properties of ostracod species and the habitat types, 89 different aquatic bodies with nine different habitat types were randomly visited in Artvin province, Turkey. A total of 24 taxa, all new for the province, were found from 62 sites. Shannon–Weaver alpha diversity of the numbers of species value was higher (3.972) than the mean index value of all samples (2.945) with relatively low standard error (0.264). Six species (Psychrodromus olivaceus, P. fontinalis, Heterocypris incongruens, Potamocypris fulva, P. fallax and Ilyocypris bradyi) encountered most frequently contributed more than 90% of diversity in four different habitat types (lake, creek, trough and canal) of 11 sampling sites. Two positive co-occurrences (p < 0.05) were found for P. olivaceus–I. bradyi, and P. olivaceus–I. inermis. Canonical correspondence analyses explained 60.5% of the variance between 12 asexual species and environmental variables. Water temperature, dissolved oxygen and elevation were the most predictive variables for species found in five different habitats (lake, creek, trough, canal and ditch). Ordination on the first axis of the species negative filter method characterized the sites (samples) by the presence of rare (negative indicators) and common (positive indicator) species in opposite ends. According to TWINSPAN analysis, these species as the key members (indicators) of that particular habitat(s) can be used to distinguish characteristics of habitats. Overall, multiple regression models suggested that rather than focusing on one particular species, two or more ostracod species or the so-called indicator species group can also be used for habitat type(s) and/or aquatic condition(s).
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Spatial patterns of abundance and shell morphology of two gastropod
           species associated with different morphologies of an intertidal seaweed
    • Abstract: Patterns of abundance and shell morphology of intertidal gastropods are typically thought to depend on environmental conditions, but ecosystem engineers such as canopy-forming seaweeds can also influence these traits. The intertidal seaweed Hormosira banksii (H. banksii) is an abundant species and important ecosystem engineer on rocky shores and estuaries in south-east Australia, where it creates thick canopies colonized by a range of invertebrates, particularly gastropods. In Tasmania (southern Australia), H. banksii shows large variability in thallus length and structure, with different algal morphologies on coasts and in estuaries. In this study, individuals of two gastropod species were sampled from different habitats (north coast, east coast and northern estuaries) to: (1) describe the spatial variability in their abundance and shell morphology, and (2) understand if any relationship exists between H. banksii morphology and gastropod shell morphology. Gastropod abundance and morphology were variable, but multivariate analysis suggested a marginal influence of H. banksii morphological traits, particularly vesicle size, on the patterns observed. As the two gastropod species use habitat differently and that different H. banksii morphs occur in different locations, our results suggest that both algal morphology and environmental conditions may affect gastropod abundance and shell morphology across the different habitats. Hence, from these results a model can be developed and tested in subsequent experimental work to tease apart the effects of seaweed morphology from environmental conditions.
      PubDate: 2020-03-11
       
  • New climate regime started and further shaped the historic Yellowstone
           Lake cutthroat trout population decline commonly attributed entirely to
           nonnative lake trout predation
    • Abstract: The storied Yellowstone cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii bouvieri; YCT) population of Yellowstone Lake, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, USA, has shown a profound and mostly continuous decline since the 1970s despite pristine habitat and vanishing angler harvests. An age-structured Leslie model that had a broad climate index as its only driver (regulating age-0 YCT survival) was Bayesian-fitted to data for a key YCT spawning stock from 1977 to 1992, arguably before predation from an introduced lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) population (1994 discovery) measurably affected YCT population dynamics. The middle 50% of model fits encompassed 12 of 14 observed spawning populations and nominally excluded the others. Forecasting to 2007 (the final empirical data year) showed the new climate regime largely explained declining YCT numbers, but a growing predation effect became evident soon after lake trout discovery and quickly became the major YCT population driver. The climate effect may have involved the fatal blockage of out-emigrating YCT fry by natural alluvial deposits at spawning tributary mouths in warm, dry years. The previously reported Yellowstone Lake ecosystem shift suggested by the YCT population decline actually began with the 1977 North Pacific Basin climate shift and was only later enhanced by lake trout predation. This study showed identifying and accounting for the overarching population drivers is important to structuring statistical models intended to detect and assess the effects of new and emerging population impacts across historic data sets. Management actions intended to protect these YCT must consider climate effects and probable future climates.
      PubDate: 2020-03-07
       
  • Phenotype changes of cyanobacterial and microbial distribution
           characteristics of surface sediments in different periods of
           cyanobacterial blooms in Taihu Lake
    • Abstract: This study investigates the morphological changes in cyanobacterial and microbial distribution characteristics of surface sediments, throughout different cyanobacterial blooms periods in Zhushan Bay, Taihu Lake. Comparative microscopic analysis of cyanobacterial morphology (n = 36) was performed during the formation period (W1), stationary period (W2), decline period (W3) and decomposition period (W4). Simultaneously, sequence analysis was performed on microbial 16S rRNA genes in sediments (n = 36) by high-throughput sequencing. The coverage of the sequencing library was very high (100%) indicating that the sequencing results well represented the microbes present in samples, among which the species richness in W4 was the highest, while the species distribution uniformity was low. The microbial abundance distribution in all four periods showed that Firmicutes (33.45%), Cyanobacteria (30.44%), Proteobacteria (27.17%) and Bacteroidetes (7.2%) were the dominant flora, with W1 dominated by Cyanobacteria, W2 dominated by Firmicutes, W3 dominated by Proteobacteria and Cyanobacteria, and W4 dominated by Proteobacteria. There were significant differences in microbial species abundance and distribution observed during each cyanobacterial bloom period and synchronous microorganisms in the sediment regulated bacterial abundance and distribution through signal transduction of various proteases. The findings of this study help to establish the impact of cyanobacteria blooms on the sediment environment and benefit the comprehensive assessment of hazard presented by cyanobacteria to the aquatic environment.
      PubDate: 2020-03-06
       
  • Size-fractioned aggregates within phycosphere define functional bacterial
           communities related to Microcystis aeruginosa and Euglena sanguinea blooms
           
    • Abstract: Phytoplankton growth and degradation are associated with bacterial communities in phycosphere. We compared the bacterial communities in two algal blooms (Microcystis aeruginosa and Euglena sanguinea). In particular, large particle-associated, small particle-associated, and free-living bacteria were collected in succession using membranes with three different pore sizes (10 µm, 1 µm, and 0.22 µm) in this study. The results showed that Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes were the dominant phyla in both blooms. Significant differences in the structure, function, and assembly were observed between large particle-associated and free-living bacterial community in both blooms. Specifically, relative abundance of Roseomonas was higher in the large-size (> 10 µm) aggregates, while Candidate_division_TM7 and Candidate_division_SR1 were more abundant in the free-living bacterial community (0.22–1 µm). The large particle-associated bacterial community was mainly driven by heterogeneous selection and dispersal limitation, whereas the small particle-associated and free-living bacterial communities were mostly determined by dispersal limitation. Besides, some specific bacterial subgroups were found between M. aeruginosa and E. sanguinea blooms. Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, and Fusobacteria were abundant in the M. aeruginosa blooms, whereas Deinococcus–Thermus was abundant in the E. sanguinea blooms. Those specific bacteria provide competitive advantages for the dominated algae. Altogether, these findings indicate that the phycosphere of bloom-forming algae provides different ecological niches where different functional bacterial groups can adapt.
      PubDate: 2020-03-05
       
  • Cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins in estuarine water and sediment
    • Abstract: While transfer of freshwater cyanobacteria to estuaries has been observed worldwide, the associated transfer of cyanotoxins is less often reported, in particular the sediment contribution. During fall 2018, we monitored the co-occurrence of cyanobacteria and microcystin (MC) in both the water column and in surface sediments at five stations along a river continuum, from a freshwater reservoir to the coastal area in Brittany, France. Cyanobacteria dominated the phytoplankton community in the water column with high densities at the freshwater sites. Microcystis cells and intracellular MC transfer to estuarine and marine sites were observed with decreasing concentrations in accordance with flow dilution. Extracellular MC showed the opposite trend and increased from upstream to downstream in accordance with the lysing of the cells at elevated salinities. Surface sediment samples contained high densities of colonial Microcystis in freshwater and with decreasing concentrations along the salinity gradient, similar to cells concentrations in the water column. Intracellular MC was detected in sediment at all sites except at the marine outlet suggesting the survival of intact cells. Extracellular MC concentrations in sediment were up to five times higher than intracellular concentrations suggesting incomplete MC degradation. mcyB genes were present at all sites, while mcyA genes were absent at the marine outlet suggesting the presence of toxic strains along the estuary. The high densities of intact colonies of potentially toxic Microcystis in the estuarine sediment strongly suggest that sediments can act as an inoculum of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins in estuaries.
      PubDate: 2020-03-04
       
  • Cyanobacteria in an urban lake: hidden diversity revealed by metabarcoding
    • Abstract: The study and monitoring of communities within microbiomes is important as some organisms can synthesize toxic substances, such as cyanotoxins synthesized by cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria is a large portion of the periphyton biomass and is responsible for toxic blooms in aquatic environments. This makes urban environments an interesting environment for observing cyanobacteria diversity, due to the disturbances from anthropic activities. As many classes of cyanobacteria are difficult to identify using traditional morphology methods, the use of molecular tools could complement periphyton community studies. Herein, we use the hypervariable V4 region of 16S rRNA gene to observe cyanobacteria diversity in the periphyton from an urban lake. After DNA extraction and metabarcoding analyses, the reads were classified according to the SILVA database, and the cyanobacteria operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were separated to compare with the GenBank database. Most of the cyanobacteria OTUs obtained in this study do not correspond to cyanobacteria previously found in this environment by traditional methods, and our GenBank comparison generated significantly improved taxonomic assignments. Metabarcoding is a useful tool and has allowed our first step toward understanding the true cyanobacteria diversity in the periphyton community of urban lakes.
      PubDate: 2020-03-03
       
  • Exploring the distribution patterns of macroinvertebrate signature traits
           and ecological preferences and their responses to urban and agricultural
           pollution in selected rivers in the Niger Delta ecoregion, Nigeria
    • Abstract: Macroinvertebrate signature traits’ and ecological preferences’ distribution patterns and their responses to urban and agricultural pollution were explored in rivers-draining urban–agricultural catchments within the Niger Delta ecoregion of Nigeria. Physico-chemical variables (water temperature, electrical conductivity, depth, flow velocity, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, nitrates and phosphates) were sampled alongside macroinvertebrates in 17 sites of 11 rivers for a period of five years (2008–2012). Physico-chemically based classification using principal component analysis classify selected sites into least impacted sites (LIS), moderately impacted sites (MIS) and heavily impacted sites (HIS). The results based on RLQ [physico-chemical variables (R), macroinvertebrate taxa (L) and traits and ecological preferences (Q)] and fourth-corner analyses showed that preference for permanent attachment, high sensitivity to oxygen depletion, moderate sensitivity to oxygen depletion and large body size (> 20–40 mm) which were associated with LIS were also positively correlated with DO; thus, they were deemed sensitive to urban–agricultural pollution. Detritus (CPOM) and very small body size (< 5 mm) that were associated with HIS were deemed tolerant to urban–agricultural pollution. Box plots and Kruskal–Wallis test revealed that all sensitive traits and ecological preferences were not significantly different between LIS, MIS and HIS (p > 0.05) except for large body size, while tolerant traits CPOM and very small body size were significantly highest at HIS (p < 0.05). Generally, the study observed differential patterns in the distribution of traits and ecological preferences to urban–agricultural pollution.
      PubDate: 2020-03-03
       
  • Marine soundscape and fish chorus in an archipelago ecosystem comprising
           bio-diverse tropical islands off Goa Coast, India
    • Abstract: Many biological sources of sound in tropical coastal shallow-water marine environments remain unidentified. Characterizing the soundscape of such environments requires that all sources of biological sound be examined for their distinct patterns and specific frequency ranges. The present study identified soniferous fish in the ecosystem and measured underwater ambient sound in terms of its sound pressure levels (SPL) to quantify and characterize their contribution to the soundscape. Underwater SPLs were measured from 2012 to 2016 at a site near Grande Island Archipelago (15° 18′ N, 73° 41′ E) 18 km off the coast of the state of Goa, which lies along India’s western coast. Acoustic data were recorded using three types of methods for passive acoustic monitoring, namely a hanging hydrophone, five seabed-mounted hydrophones and an autonomous moored vertical hydrophone. Underwater visual census at the site revealed that both species richness and diversity were high indicating the Grande Island Archipelago is a bio-diverse site. The seabed-mounted hydrophones proved to be the best choice for long-term SPL measurements, although the moored arrays were more economical. Ambient sound levels underwater varied markedly over time both within a day and with the season. Long-term SPLs were above 100 dB re 1 μPa over frequencies 62.5–8000 Hz and peaked to 120–130 dB re 1 μPa between frequencies 500 Hz and 1000 Hz, corresponding to the chorus frequencies of soniferous fish at the site. High SPLs and marked temporal variations of the soundscape indicate the abundance, diversity and life activities of fish species and healthy ecological state of the bio-diverse archipelago.
      PubDate: 2020-03-02
       
 
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