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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2351 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2351 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Aquatic Ecology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.656
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 37  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-5125 - ISSN (Online) 1386-2588
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • The longer the conditioning, the better the quality' The effects of
           leaf conditioning time on aquatic hyphomycetes and performance of
           shredders in a tropical stream
    • Abstract: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of leaf conditioning time on aquatic hyphomycete assemblages and the performance of invertebrate shredders. We hypothesized that post-conditioning effects, i.e., that phase in which leaf nutritional quality no longer increase or even decline, occur late in tropical streams. Consequently, leaf quality would increase monotonously with fungal colonization and leaves conditioned for longer periods would promote higher growth and survival of shredders than leaves conditioned for shorter periods. Leaves of the tree species Miconia chartacea were conditioned for different time periods (7, 15, 30, 45 and 60 days) in an Atlantic Forest stream (Southeast Brazil) and offered to larvae of the caddisfly shredder Triplectides gracilis in food preference and monodietary experiments. Leaf toughness, total phenolics and tannins decreased with conditioning time. The leaves were poorly colonized by aquatic fungi, and sporulation rates were low. The larvae consumed leaves from all conditioning periods, but those conditioned for 30 days were preferred over those conditioned during the initial periods (7 and 15 days). In the monodietary trials, larval survival was high in all treatments, and the larvae fed leaves conditioned for 7 and 15 days had high growth rates. Our results show that leaves conditioned for longer periods did not constitute a better food resource for shredders, which did not corroborate the proposed hypothesis. The influence of leaf conditioning time on detritivore-mediated decomposition may be more relevant in streams with a high diversity of aquatic hyphomycetes that may colonize the leaves more effectively.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
  • Differential resource consumption in leaf litter mixtures by native and
           non-native amphipods
    • Abstract: Leaf litter processing is an essential ecosystem function in freshwater systems, since much of the carbon and nutrients moving through freshwater food webs come from the surrounding terrestrial ecosystems. Thus, it is important to understand how the species performing this function differ, especially because many native species are being replaced by non-native species in aquatic ecosystems. We used a field experiment to examine leaf consumption rates of two common shredding macroinvertebrates (the native Gammarus fossarum and the non-native Gammarus roeselii). Leaves from three species, varying in resource quality, were added both in leaf monocultures and as a three-species mixture. Biomass-adjusted daily consumption rates were similar between the two amphipod species, and each consumed nitrogen-rich alder leaves faster than oak or beech leaves. However, because adult G. roeselii are approximately twice the size of G. fossarum, this led to systematic, though nonsignificant, differences in consumption rates at the per-capita or population level. Furthermore, we found nuanced effects of decomposer identity on leaf decomposition in mixtures. Only G. roeselii showed increased consumption of the preferred resource (alder) in the mixture, while G. fossarum consumed all leaves at the same proportional rates as in monocultures. This is an important distinction, as most measures of macroinvertebrate leaf shredding are made in the laboratory with only a single leaf resource available. Our results, based on a field experiment which could control the presence of dominant macroinvertebrates while still providing natural, biologically realistic context, suggest that even functionally similar species may subtly shift ecosystem processes.
      PubDate: 2019-06-01
  • Stable isotopes and stomach content analyses indicate omnivorous habits
           and opportunistic feeding behavior of an invasive fish
    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a widespread non-native fish species in Brazil displays opportunistic feeding behavior and changes its diet according to environmental conditions. We compared the diet, feeding selectivity, carbon assimilation, trophic niche, and trophic level of Knodus moenkhausii (a small non-native characid fish species of Upper Paraná River) in streams surrounded by natural riparian vegetation (natural cover streams) and in streams impacted by pasture. We analyzed stomach contents and stable isotopes (carbon and nitrogen), simultaneously. Overall, insects were the most common food items (> 65%). In natural cover streams, K. moenkhausii showed higher selectivity among aquatic macroinvertebrates consumed, while in pasture streams, they fed on the most abundant groups. The proportion of feeding groups assimilated by K. moenkhausii and the proportion of primary sources consumed by each feeding group of macroinvertebrates also varied between natural cover and pasture streams, as indicated by stable isotopes. In natural cover streams, fine and coarse particulate organic matter accounted for approximately 80% of K. moenkhausii’s diet, while in pasture streams, algae and periphyton also contributed greatly. As a result, K. moenkhausii occupied a higher trophic level and exhibited a broader niche width in pasture streams. We conclude that K. moenkhausii presents feeding selectivity with capacity to alter the trophic niche depending on environmental conditions. Such opportunism could be one of the reasons underpinning the abundance and wide distribution of this invasive species.
      PubDate: 2019-05-10
  • Innate resistance of PSII efficiency to sunlight stress is not an
           advantage for cyanobacteria compared to eukaryotic phytoplankton
    • Abstract: The effects of acute solar radiation stress on photosynthetic efficiency in freshwater unialgal cultures representing three phytoplankton pigment groups were measured by pulse amplitude modulated fluorometry (Walz Phyto-PAM) and compared to previous observations on field populations. Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) (UV-B and UV-A) induced a loss of photochemical quantum efficiency (Fv/Fm) in all 13 taxa examined in culture, while effects of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) were smaller and often insignificant. Cyanobacteria were the most sensitive to PAR and UVR stress, chlorophytes the least and chromophytes intermediate but variable. The kinetics of maximal (Fm) and minimal (F0) fluorescence responses suggested uncoupling of antenna pigments from reaction centers (decreased Fm) persistent after dark adaptation was a common response, in particular for chromophytes, while the extent of impairment from damaged reaction centers (increased F0) was more variable. Changes in Fv/Fm with irradiance exposure were well described by the Kok model of photoinhibition and indicated that damage, rather than recovery, processes were predictive of acute cumulative inhibition. Field populations of cyanobacteria and chromophytes tended to greater tolerance and lower damage rates than laboratory strains. The results for cultures under standardized conditions supported field results in showing cyanobacteria more sensitive to acute UVR exposure than eukaryotic algae, and thus lacking any innate resistance of photosystem II to sunlight stress that might help explain their success in surface bloom formation.
      PubDate: 2019-05-02
  • Epipelon responses to N and P enrichment and the relationships with
           phytoplankton and zooplankton in a mesotrophic reservoir
    • Abstract: The phototrophic epipelon has been suggested to play an important role in ecosystems, especially those with shallow depths; however, only a few studies have investigated this function. Nutrient availability has been shown to be a determining factor for autotrophic interactions and can potentially interfere with the food web, as eutrophication. Thus, we evaluated the responses of epipelon, phytoplankton and zooplankton to combined and isolated N and P addition, during the enrichment period (14 days) and after 12 days with no enrichment. It was hypothesized that P addition (the limiting nutrient) should decrease the photosynthetic potential of the epipelon, due to the rapid increase in phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass, which can strongly attenuate light, and that the opposite effect would be observed after a period with no enrichment. We developed an in situ experiment with combined and isolated N and P enrichment at open-bottom mesocosms. The addition of P, individually and combined, augmented phytoplankton chlorophyll-a concentrations during the enrichment period, while zooplankton density only responded positively after day 14. After 12 days with no enrichment, the phytoplankton chlorophyll-a and zooplankton density decreased. While P enrichment had no significant effect on epipelon chlorophyll-a, there was a significant increase in the photosynthetic potential detected 12 days after the enrichment was stopped. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that P enrichment reduces the photosynthetic potential of epipelon, and that variations in nutrient availability can modulate relationships among phytoplankton, zooplankton and epipelon. Drastic changes in the growth and development of the phototrophic epipelon, due to the input of nutrients, could directly impact the functioning of shallow tropical lakes and reservoirs.
      PubDate: 2019-04-12
  • Are the patterns of zooplankton community structure different between
           lakes and reservoirs' A local and regional assessment across tropical
    • Abstract: Lakes and reservoirs present contrasting differences regarding origin, age and trophic state that may influence their biological communities. In the face of the inevitably rising number of reservoirs worldwide, our objective was to investigate the differences in zooplankton community structure and diversity patterns from 98 tropical shallow lakes and reservoirs (northeast Brazil). We tested the hypothesis that reservoirs have less diverse communities, which could be associated with ecosystem age or high productivity (a typical local pattern). The results show that most reservoirs are eutrophic ecosystems that hold distinct zooplankton communities in comparison with lakes. Despite their higher productivity, reservoirs played an essential role in subsidizing zooplankton diversity as they had higher gamma diversity because of the number of exclusive species, especially for the Rotifera group. The zooplankton density and biomass were also higher in the reservoirs, but this pattern was not associated with higher species dominance. Lakes also played a central role in zooplankton diversity, having a distinct species composition. Jointly, lakes and reservoirs help to maintain the zooplankton species pool at a regional level, suggesting the importance of complementarity in community composition between artificial and natural aquatic ecosystems on large-scale patterns of zooplankton biodiversity.
      PubDate: 2019-04-10
  • Feeding by two closely related species of Chironomus (Diptera:
           Chironomidae) in south Baltic lagoons, with implications for competitive
           interactions and resource partitioning
    • Abstract: Four major categories of food items were determined in the gut content of chironomid larvae collected in the Curonian and Vistula Lagoons in the spring–summer period of 2009–2011. These were detritus (range from 88 to 92% of the gut content, by volume), matter of plant (2–7%) and animal origin (0.2–0.5%), and mineral particles (3–7%). Plant matter comprised pine pollen, conidia of fungi, cyanobacteria, green algae and diatoms. Matter of animal origin consisted of remnants of oligochaetes and rotifers. Food content was more diverse in the larvae inhabiting the Curonian Lagoon. The size of mineral particles in gut contents was significantly higher in C. balatonicus, although the distance between the bases of the maxillas, as a predictor of the size of the particles being eaten, was larger in C. plumosus. The gut content analysis suggested lack of clear food selectivity which potentially may lead to interspecific competition for food. However, the strength of interaction can be substantially weakened by several factors: (1) exceptionally favourable food conditions for benthic chironomids in both highly eutrophic lagoons, (2) the ability to occupy areas differing in salinity, (3) different feeding behaviour and (4) the ability to swallow particles of different size spectra.
      PubDate: 2019-04-10
  • Testing salt stress on aquatic plants: effect of salt source and substrate
    • Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the use of industrial sand and commercial salts for mimicking brackish systems in laboratory and greenhouse experiments. Many wetland and freshwater aquatic plants are adversely affected by salt stress and increased salinity concentrations. Sea level rise can increase salinity in aquatic ecosystems and shift vegetation compositions toward more salt-tolerant species. Many studies focus on salt tolerance mechanisms to understand the impacts of wetland salinization and saltwater intrusion. Ideally, natural substrates and seawater should be employed in these experiments to represent the natural environment, but acquiring seawater and field soil is not always feasible, so researchers use proxies to simulate these materials in greenhouse experiments. In this study, we evaluated the growth of Vallisneria americana and Hydrilla verticillata under four salinity levels (0.5, 1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 ppt) induced by four salt sources commonly used by researchers (seawater, Instant Ocean Aquarium Mix, laboratory-grade NaCl and Morton Sea Salt). Plants were grown in separate fertilized pots filled with field-collected soil or silica sand and were submersed in 60-L mesocosms filled with pond water. Salinity levels were increased gradually, and water level, salinity and pH were monitored every week. Our results showed that Instant Ocean Aquarium Mix is an appropriate proxy for inducing salinity in mesocosm experiments as its effects on plant biomass were similar to those produced in seawater. Substrate type did not affect the biomass of either plant species, which suggests that sand could be utilized in these types of experiments, provided plants are grown with sufficient fertilization.
      PubDate: 2019-04-09
  • Effects of physical space and nutrients on the growth and intraspecific
           competition of a floating fern
    • Abstract: Physical space, defined by its volume and shape, is considered a resource for plant growth, as a plant can be limited by physical space even when other resources (e.g., light, water and nutrients) are unlimited. However, the effect of physical space limitation on intraspecific competition of plants, especially floating plants, is not well understood. Here we tested the hypothesis that physical space affects the growth and intraspecific competition of floating plants, which is further influenced by the volume and surface area of the containers in which these plants are grown. We grew either one or four clonal fragments of a floating clonal fern, Azolla imbricata, in cylindrical containers differing in diameter and height (and thus surface area and volume) and filled with solutions containing the same or different nutrient concentrations. Biomass and number of clonal fragments of A. imbricata were higher in the container with the larger diameter and thus water surface area, but were not significantly affected by the height/volume of the container. Biomass and number of clonal fragments were reduced by intraspecific competition and tended to increase first and then decreased with increasing nutrient concentration. Increasing nutrient concentration inhibited the growth and then reduced intraspecific competition of A. imbricata, but the diameter or height/volume of the container had no effect. Our findings suggest that nutrient levels can alter intraspecific competition of plants, but physical space may not.
      PubDate: 2019-03-29
  • Intraspecific differences in relative isotopic niche area and overlap of
           co-occurring sharks
    • Abstract: Few studies have assessed whether patterns of resource partitioning among sympatric marine predators vary between different habitats. This type of data is important for understanding food web functioning as well as for supporting an ecosystem-based fisheries management plan. In this study, we used δ13C and δ15N stable isotope analysis to assess the relative isotopic niche area (i.e., which species has the largest and smallest isotopic niche area within a study site) and core isotopic niche overlap between 299 sharks of 11 co-occurring shark species that vary in size, diet and behavior in three coastal study areas in South Florida. Overall, results show that the relative isotopic niche area and patterns of core isotopic niche overlap between some sympatric shark species varied between sites, suggesting plasticity in resource use and competitive interactions between shark species (e.g., 85% of blacktip shark Carcharhinus limbatus standard ellipse area overlapped with the blacknose shark C. acronotus ellipse in Biscayne Bay, but there was no overlap between these species’ ellipses in nearby Florida Bay). Therefore, patterns of resource use and trophic interactions documented among species from one site may not be applicable to a neighboring location. These findings may have implications for food web models that incorporate trophic data from different areas for a species when local data are unavailable.
      PubDate: 2019-03-28
  • Assessing the relevance of top-down and bottom-up effects as phytoplankton
           structure drivers in a subtropical hypereutrophic shallow lake
    • Abstract: Although several studies explain the trophic cascade in water systems, we lack knowledge about top-down–bottom-up effects on phytoplankton from eutrophic lakes. In this study, we tested the importance of trophic cascades on phytoplankton structure, predicting that environmental variations are the main drivers. We performed a monthly sampling during a year to measure environmental variables, phytoplankton and zooplankton, plus two samplings (winter and summer) to assess fish structure. Furthermore, we analyzed zooplanktivorous fish stomach-gut contents and completed a hatching zooplankton resting egg experiment to assess the effect of fish on dormant populations. We ran a partial redundancy analysis (pRDA) for phytoplankton using zooplankton, nutrient availability and environmental variables as predictor variables. We finally calculated several ratios of the zooplankton:phytoplankton biovolume to assess potential predation effects. Phytoplankton was correlated with variations in temperature and conductivity plus nutrients (pRDA: 63.4%, F = 4.6, P = 0.001) and was dominated alternatively by diatoms and cyanobacteria. Zooplankton was dominated by microphagous rotifers (> 45% of the total biovolume), and only the ratio of microphagous rotifer:small chlorophytes was significant during summer and autumn (F = 10.6, P = 0.005). The fish community was dominated by insectivorous-planktivorous fish (> 65% of total density), yet a negative selection of zooplankton items (Ivlev’s index < 0) was found. Nevertheless, the zooplankton resting stage analysis showed that microphagous Rotifera were dominant (29 species emerged), suggesting a structuring effect of fish on the zooplankton size. We conclude that phytoplankton was mainly controlled by environmental variations plus nutrient availability, while top-down had a less evident effect.
      PubDate: 2019-03-22
  • Water temperature gradients drive early life-history patterns of the
    • Abstract: The existence of a temperature gradient across latitudes is crucial to explain the patterns presented in the early life-history characteristics of marine fish species over large geographical areas. Hence, the aim of the present work was to analyse the temperature-related pattern in the early life-history events and characteristics of the common sole, Solea solea, along most of its geographical distribution area, focusing on key nursery areas for this species: Venice lagoon (Italy), Mondego estuary (Portugal), Vilaine estuary (France) and Balgzand (Netherlands). Otolith microstructure from metamorphosed age 0 juveniles was used to estimate age, the pelagic larval and metamorphosis stages duration, and the spawning period. A latitudinal cline was found for the main processes of the early life cycle: spawning started in December in the southernmost areas (Mondego estuary and Venice Lagoon) and in February in the Balgzand population. Hatching started earlier in the Venice lagoon, where warmer water temperatures in the winter led to an earlier development. The longest pelagic stage was observed in the French coast populations, which differed significantly from those of the Mediterranean, while metamorphosis lasted longer in the North Sea (Balgzand), when compared with the Portuguese Atlantic coast (Mondego). Populations further north were characterized by higher growth rates, suggesting an adaptation to local conditions. Despite that several abiotic factors play an important role in flatfish early life history, the observed temperature gradient seems to be one of the most important drivers.
      PubDate: 2019-03-15
  • Meteorological factors influence marine and resident fish movements in a
           brackish lagoon
    • Abstract: Brackish lagoons are vulnerable aquatic environments that host specifically adapted fish species, as well as marine species on a temporary basis. We used long-term passive fishing gear data, to investigate how meteorological factors (i.e., wind and rain) affected resident and marine fish movement between inner and outer habitats in a Northern Mediterranean coastal lagoon. In particular, we used multivariate and threshold analyses to explore the relationship between fish catches in a transitional habitat and wind and rain variables, accounting for other major temporal and environmental variables. Our results indicated that meteorological factors had effects comparable to seasonal and annual variations, for wind and rain, respectively, and thus are potentially relevant drivers of the movement of fish species between coastal lagoons and marine habitats. Overall, prevalent wind direction and rain on the day before sampling were the most effective meteorological variables in enhancing fish movement. Furthermore, movement of lagoon resident species seemed to be enhanced by wind factors (both direction and wind speed), whereas marine species movement was enhanced by rain factors (but it was not possible to disentangle annual and seasonal effects for the latter). Among other factors, dissolved oxygen seemed to be linked to prevailing wind direction and showed significant thresholds around 7–8 mg/l for the increased movement of a number of marine species. Prevailing and gusty wind directions (around WSW) and speed (2–6 m s−1) also showed significant thresholds for at least a resident species and a marine species that uses the lagoon as nursery.
      PubDate: 2019-03-14
  • Fine-scale spatial heterogeneity of invertebrates within cryoconite holes
    • Abstract: Cryoconite holes (water-filled reservoirs) are considered ecologically simple ecosystems but represent biological hotspots of biodiversity on glaciers. In order to check for fine-scale spatial distribution of metazoans on the bottom of the holes, in this study, we analysed three groups of grazing invertebrates as a model: tardigrades, rotifers, and mites. We addressed differences within cryoconite holes comparing the distribution of invertebrates within and between separate holes and between glaciers at a worldwide scale. We divided each cryoconite hole into three sampling zones (established in relation to water flow on a glacier) and collected nine subsamples within cryoconite holes on glaciers in the Arctic (Longyearbreen), Norway (Blåisen), the Alps (Forni) and maritime Antarctic (Ecology Glacier). Generally, we found no consistent difference in sampling zones within cryoconite holes, which suggests homogeneity on the hole floors. However, we did find strong differences and high heterogeneity between subsamples, even within the same zone. Invertebrate densities ranged between 52 and 426 individuals per ml in subsamples collected from the same hole. We found from zero to four trdigrade species in the cryoconite hole on Longyearbreen. Our results show that benthic animals in cryoconite holes in various climatic zones have heterogeneous spatial distribution, even if no preference could be highlighted for upstream versus downstream areas with respect to water flow. The distribution of invertebrates may result from ecosystem disturbance by flushing water and animals’ active movement. Cryoconite holes, usually considered to be simple ecosystems, seem to be complex habitats where hidden spatial heterogeneity may affect abundance and diversity of organisms.
      PubDate: 2019-03-11
  • Zooplankton functional-approach studies in continental aquatic
           environments: a systematic review
    • Abstract: Functional-approach studies are currently increasing in ecology. However, for zooplankton communities, studies are mostly concentrated in marine environments. This study provides a systematic review to reveal the trends and gaps in scientific literature regarding zooplankton functional-approach in continental aquatic environments, including its main groups (testate amoebas, cladocerans, copepods, and rotifers). We focused on determining which functional traits were evaluated for these groups and whether they were based on direct measurements or on literature. We found that despite the recent increase in publications, most studies were limited to Canada, USA, Brazil, and Italy. Publications have been increasing over the last 3 years, representing an advance toward the understanding of the dynamics of these organisms in relation to environmental variations. Most studies used size-related functional traits. Nonetheless, other studies that deal with dietary and feeding strategies have improved the understanding of the dynamics of these organisms. Therefore, we highlight that the use of functional approach is an important tool to understand ecosystem processes and thus to contribute to the knowledge of biodiversity conservation and ecosystem dynamics.
      PubDate: 2019-03-08
  • Application of stable isotopic analyses for fish host–parasite systems:
           an evaluation tool for parasite-mediated material flow in aquatic
    • Abstract: Parasites potentially have important roles in aquatic ecosystems, although relatively little is known about their contributions to the complexity of food web structure. In this study, stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analyses (δ13C and δ15N) were applied for fish host–parasite systems in a shallow swamp–lake ecosystem to assess the validity of stable isotope technics to reveal the parasite-mediated trophic linkages in the food web. Forty host–parasite pairs, including seven parasite taxa (cestodes, trematodes, crustaceans, and hirudinids), found on six host fish species (cyprinids and percids) were examined. The parasites showed unusual δ15N fractionation, with an overall average of − 1.9‰, suggesting the intake of 14N-rich ammonia for amino acid synthesis and/or selective absorption of 15N-depleted amino acids in the host fluid. The isotopic signatures of fish hosts and their parasites were positively correlated, suggesting the absorption and transfer of host-derived nutrients during infection. A δ13C-based isotope mixing model showed that each host fish species exhibited unique dependencies on POM, land-derived organic matter, and macrophytes, suggesting the host-specific trophic niche of the associated parasites in the lake–swamp food web. These emphasized that parasites are potential pathways of material and energy flows in aquatic ecosystems, contributing substantially to the food web complexity. Stable isotope analyses are the useful tools to elucidate the host–parasite trophic linkages, and case-specific isotopic fractionation factors are the mandatory information for a better understanding of the parasite-mediated material flow in ecosystems.
      PubDate: 2019-03-06
  • Upstream migration and altitudinal distribution patterns of Nereina
           punctulata (Gastropoda: Neritidae) in Dominica, West Indies
    • Abstract: The snail Nereina punctulata has been observed performing amphidromous migrations (salt to freshwater migration, post-larval settlement) in the Caribbean, with small- and medium-sized snails achieving maximum fitness at the mid- and high altitudes, but they may be restricted by energy stores. Large snails show no difference in fitness across altitude, but their previous migration history dictates their high-altitude placement in watersheds. The factors determining the rate of migration have not yet been studied. In this study, we sought to understand how migration rate changes with shell size and altitude. We used mark–recapture to track individual snails across seven sites of varying altitude in a single watershed on Dominica and measured the shell length of randomly collected snails at sites. Volunteers were assisted with data collection in both cases. Shell length was positively correlated with distance from river mouth, although smaller snails were more frequently found at high altitude, high flow sites. Snails closer to the river mouth had faster upstream migration rates than those at mid-altitude. While we found large snails at higher altitude sites, there was no significant relationship between migration rate and shell size. Our findings suggest that large snails do not migrate at maximal rates allowed by energy stores. We also observed erosion of the outer shell periostracum and calcium carbonate underneath, which was seen significantly more often on larger shells. We hypothesise that this erosion is a product of exposure of the structural calcium carbonate to low alkalinity in Dominican streams, following an initial chipping of the periostracum.
      PubDate: 2019-03-05
  • The influence of elevated CO 2 on Vallisneria spiralis , Radix auricularia
           , and their plant–herbivore interaction
    • Authors: Chaochao Lv; Hui Wang; Jiaan Wang; Xufa Ma; Chengxing Xia
      Abstract: Aquatic plants and associated herbivores are expected to perform better under the rising atmospheric CO2 concentration brought about by climate change. However, it is not clear how increasing CO2 affects herbivory on aquatic macrophytes. In this research, we set four treatments (A group: ambient air without snails; AS group: ambient air with snails; E group: elevated CO2 without snails; and ES group: elevated CO2 with snails) and studied the effects of low (0–0.5 mg/L) and high (4–8 mg/L) CO2 concentration on the growth, morphology, and chemical traits of the macrophyte Vallisneria spiralis (Angiosperms: Hydrocharitaceae) and the snail Radix auricularia (Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae), and the relationships between them in the laboratory. We found that herbivory decreased the total biomass of V. spiralis by 28.6% and 25.3% under low and high CO2 conditions, respectively. Compared with A group, ES group reduced the total plant biomass by 43.3%. Elevated CO2 and herbivory both affected the growth of V. spiralis and change its resource allocation patterns. Total nitrogen content in V. spiralis leaves decreased under herbivory condition, and total phenols increased under the interactions condition between elevated CO2 and herbivory. However, total C content of R. auricularia increased under elevated CO2 condition. These results could provide valuable insights into how climate change affects plant–herbivore interactions and food web structure in shallow inland waters.
      PubDate: 2019-01-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s10452-019-09678-4
  • Still waters run deep: marbled crayfish dominates over red swamp crayfish
           in agonistic interactions
    • Authors: Md Shakhawate Hossain; Jan Kubec; Antonín Kouba; Pavel Kozák; Miloš Buřič
      Abstract: Intra- and interspecific interactions contribute to the successful establishment and consequent spreading of species in the environment, which became particularly apparent in the context of ongoing biological invasions. The parthenogenetic marbled crayfish, Procambarus virginalis, Lyko 2017 is recently recognized as an emerging invader due to its high adaptability, fast growth, early maturation, and high fecundity. The present study explored the interaction patterns of size-matched (including 15 body parts morphometry evaluation) pairs of marbled crayfish and red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii, a well-known highly aggressive and widely distributed invader of freshwater ecosystems. Despite this, marbled crayfish won significantly more fights and establish dominancy in more cases in both premature and mature experimental trials. Premature red swamp crayfish pairs were more active in contact and fight initiation than mature. In mature, the dominance over female red swamp crayfish was 100%, in males it reached 60%. Premature marbled crayfish dominated in more than 75% pairs. Agonistic behaviour and intensity of fights significantly dropped after establishment of dominance in particular (size and sex) pairs. Therefore, we confirmed that sex and age (size) have effects on agonistic behaviour in crayfish as well as the dominance of marbled crayfish within similarly sized specimens. Despite described behavioural patterns, we can expect that the situation in the potential sympatric occurrence of both species will not be as clear as found in experimental conditions due to greater maximal size of red swamp crayfish.
      PubDate: 2019-01-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10452-019-09675-7
  • Sex or food' Effects of starvation, size and diet on sexual
           cannibalism in the amphipod crustacean Gammarus zaddachi
    • Authors: Joseph Edward Ironside; Samuel Thomas Dalgleish; Sean Joseph Kelly; William Payne
      Abstract: Cannibalism of females by males before, during or immediately following sex has been attributed to misidentification of females, rejection of females as mates and prioritisation of feeding over reproduction. In the gammarid amphipod Gammarus zaddachi, males demonstrate that they have identified a female and accepted her as a suitable mate by engaging in precopula pairing behaviour. However, a male may later decide to eat the female after pairing with her. Laboratory experiments were performed in which survival of females in precopula pairs of G. zaddachi was monitored after their male partners had been subjected to starvation, herbivorous diets or diets containing animal matter. These indicate that the female is less likely to survive when she is abnormally small relative to the male, when the male is at risk of death by starvation or when the male’s diet has lacked animal content. Decisions by males to forgo reproductive opportunities in favour of cannibalism, even after engaging in costly mate-guarding behaviour, emphasise the importance of carnivory in the trophic ecology of Gammarus species.
      PubDate: 2018-11-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10452-018-9668-1
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