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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Aquaculture International
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.591
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 26  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-143X - ISSN (Online) 0967-6120
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Protective effect of Clostridium butyricum against Carassius auratus
           herpesvirus in gibel carp
    • Abstract: A strain of Clostridium butyricum (Cb) was isolated and characterized as an immunostimulant for gibel carp. Healthy gibel carp were fed and immersed with or without Cb (group Cb + V and group V), and then were intraperitoneally injected with Carassius auratus herpesvirus (CaHV) respectively. The fish began to die at 4 days post injection (dpi). The overall survival rate of group Cb + V (45%) is more than that of group V (11%), which indicated the significant protection effect of Cb. The RT-qPCR results showed that virus major capsid protein gene (MCP) copy numbers of group Cb + V was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than that of group V at 3 dpi. Meanwhile, the expression levels of the four host innate immunity-related genes (IL11, IRF7, PKR, and Mx) were significantly higher (P < 0.01) in group Cb + V than in group V at this time point. IRF7 and PKR also had significantly higher expression levels in group Cb + V than in group V at 0 dpi, which revealed enhanced immune responses in Cb-treated fish. Treatment with Cb prompted stronger host immune responses at the early stage of virus infection, and then resulted in the survival of gibel carp. To our knowledge, it is the first report about the immune protection of fish from herpesvirus by probiotics.
      PubDate: 2019-04-24
  • A comparative study of immune response between hybrid yellow catfish
           “Huangyou-1” and its parental populations after challenge with
           Aeromonas hydrophila or Edwardsiella ictaluri
    • Abstract: Bacterial septicemia and red-head disease are crucial factors restricting the development of yellow catfish. The hybrid yellow catfish “Huangyou-1” from female Pelteobagrus fulvidraco and male Pelteobagrus vachelli, has been a successful crossbreed, while the hybrids show advantages in growth performance. In the present study, we analyzed the survival rates, the expressions of copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/ZnSOD), manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), and lysozyme (Lyz) as well as SOD and Lyz activity after challenge with Aeromonas hydrophila or Edwardsiella ictaluri between the hybrid and its parental species. Results showed that hybrid population possessed higher survival rate than its parental populations after pathogen challenge. The fold change of Cu/ZnSOD and MnSOD at the mRNA and protein level as well as SOD activity in hybrid were higher than those of both parental populations after pathogen challenge. Hybrid population showed the highest fold change of Lyz at the mRNA and enzyme activity after challenge with A. hydrophila or E. ictaluri. Moreover, the increased SOD and Lyz activity in hybrid indicated the response or the recognition capacity was increased. Our study suggested hybrid may be more active in non-specific immune response after pathogen infection and potential breeding prospects compared with its parental populations. Our findings provided valuable insights into the heterosis in the novel hybrid yellow catfish Huangyou-1, which could help us better understand heterosis in yellow catfish aquaculture.
      PubDate: 2019-04-22
  • Identification of important pathogens in European perch ( Perca
           fluviatilis ) culture in recirculating aquaculture systems
    • Abstract: With the development of recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS), fish species, like European perch (Perca fluviatilis), can be produced efficiently. The lack of experience in the cultivation and emerging pathogens of this species often lead to high mortality during the production cycle. In this study, we evaluated diagnostic submissions of European perch from a warm water RAS analyzed at the Centre for Fish and Wildlife Health, University of Bern, in the years 2017 and 2018. The aim of this study was to identify important pathogens for this species to provide a base for future prophylactic and treatment concepts. The results demonstrated that bacterial infections were some of the most important issues in perch health, with Aeromonas sp. as one of the most commonly isolated. In histology, liver and muscle alterations with unclear cause and oomycete infections were frequently detected. Parasites and viral diseases were less prevalent. However, consequences of viral infections, like Perch rhabdovirus, would be detrimental for an RAS. This study shows the importance of a proper quarantine and the need for a protocol to reduce stress, as this is a major predisposing factor for disease outbreaks in European perch.
      PubDate: 2019-04-22
  • Pressure–State–Response of traceability implementation in
           seafood-exporting countries: evidence from Vietnamese shrimp products
    • Abstract: Shrimp products play a vital role in the international trade of fisheries products. The main suppliers for shrimp products are developing nations such as Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh, and other countries in Southeast Asia. Among them, Vietnam is one of the largest exporters of shrimp products, and developed countries, especially the United States (US), Europe, and Japan, are key importers of shrimp in the global market. An increase in the demand for shrimp products has led to the development of traceability regulations in developed countries. In this study, Pressure–State–Response (PSR) concepts are applied to evaluate the implementation responses of traceability regulations by exporting countries to meet the mandatory requirements of global markets. The evaluation was based on the prepared questions that were developed to allow comparison of specified indicators in the traceability regulations of importing countries and those of Vietnam. The examination showed that importing countries have introduced stringent traceability regulations via legislation and quality assurance practices. Regarding measures taken by exporting countries, Vietnam has introduced traceability regulations for both shrimp and other seafood products. Thus, Vietnamese regulations were found to satisfy the regulations of importing countries. However, the implementation of these regulations has faced a number of challenges, largely because of complicated of distribution channels, small-scale production, price discrimination, and a lack capital to apply for international certificates.
      PubDate: 2019-04-22
  • Seeking for the inner potential: comparison of larval growth rate between
           seven populations of Perca fluviatilis
    • Abstract: Larval rearing is a crucial step in fish production. However, issues in larval production, such as low growth/survival rate, impede the aquaculture development of many species including Perca fluviatilis. Since allopatric populations of P. fluviatilis exhibit different growth rates for first-life stages, basing fish stocks on populations displaying optimal features in aquaculture conditions could overcome some of these issues. Here, we (i) compare the growth rate in standardised re-circulating aquaculture system conditions and (ii) assess the genetic differentiation using four mitochondrial markers between seven allopatric populations. Our results confirm that key features for aquaculture can vary at the intraspecific level. However, we do not highlight any clear aquaculture trait differences related to genetic differentiation. Therefore, we cannot assess the genetic basis of growth rate differentiation between populations. This paves the way to future studies on aquaculture performances of genetically distinct populations in P. fluviatilis.
      PubDate: 2019-04-19
  • In vitro storage of pikeperch ( Sander lucioperca ) eggs
    • Abstract: The possibility of egg storage after stripping was examined in pikeperch (Sander lucioperca). The storage temperature was adjusted to 4 °C, as the cold storage temperature, and to 15 °C, as the natural spawning temperature of pikeperch. Batches of 2 g egg aliquots from four females were fertilized at 0, 12, 24, and 48 h post stripping (HPS). The highest fertilization and hatching rates were obtained immediately after the stripping of the eggs. Thereafter, the values decreased significantly (P < 0.05); fertilization rates dropped to 5% at 48 HPS at the storage temperature of 4 °C and to 10% at 24 HPS at 15 °C. In addition, with elapsing time after ovulation, the embryo mortality and larval malformation rates increased significantly. The embryo mortalities increased from 35% at 0 HPS to 100% at 24 HPS at 4 °C and at 12 HPS at 15 °C. The larval malformation rates also increased from 36% at 0 HPS to 71% at 12 HPS at the storage temperature of 4 °C. Pikeperch eggs, therefore, should be immediately fertilized after stripping to obtain the highest egg fertilization and hatching rates, as well as the lowest embryo mortality and larval malformation rates.
      PubDate: 2019-04-16
  • Pharmacokinetics of two dosing forms of a recrystallized enrofloxacin as
           hydrochloride dihydrate in tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochromis
           mossambicus )
    • Abstract: A recrystallized solvate of enrofloxacin in the form of hydrochloride dihydrate (enro-C) has shown a greater bioavailability in other species and a higher solubility in water compared to standard enrofloxacin. This led to define the pharmacokinetics (PK) of enro-C in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochromis mossambicus), when administered as in-feed medication, either by the addition of enro-C during food pelleting (T2) or by the coating of pre-manufactured pellets with a gelatin suspension containing enro-C (T1). T1 and T2 were both prepared with 3000 mg of enro-C/kg of feed, and a total dose of 10 mg/kg based on feed consumption. The trial was carried out in fresh water tanks, collecting blood samples twelve times during 70 h (three repetitions with five tilapias per sampling time). Maximum plasma concentrations (CMAX) for T1 and T2 were 1.35 ± 0.55 μg/mL and 1.92 ± 0.26 μg/mL, respectively. The time to achieve CMAX (TMAX) occurred almost simultaneously at 6.5 h. The area under the plasma vs time concentrations (AUC0-24) were 25.41 ± 24 μg/mL/h and 57.91 ± 30 μg/mL/h for T1 and T2, respectively. MIC data from available literature indicate that PK/PD ratios (CMAX/MIC90 and AUC0-24/MIC90) are higher in T2 compared to T1 in tilapia. Results indicate that the customary dose of enrofloxacin (10 mg/kg) using enro-C reaches, in particular, higher values of CMAX and AUC0-24. Thus, based on these results, it is feasible to propose enro-C for the treatment of bacterial diseases in tilapia, preferably as was done in T2. However, before this happens, toxicity and drug-residue studies, as well as environmental and public health issues, must be resolved.
      PubDate: 2019-04-13
  • Comparative genetic analysis of natural and farmed populations of
           pike-perch ( Sander lucioperca )
    • Abstract: Pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) is a native fish species in the European and Asian basin, representing high natural and economical value. However, our information on the genetic background and diversity of European populations is still limited, despite of that the production and the number of bread stocks has increased significantly in the last decade. Our aim was to develop new useable species-specific microsatellites and compare genetic diversity of ten pikeperch population from the Danube drainage basin. Thirty-four novel species-specific DNA markers were isolated and seven polymorphic microsatellite markers were selected for the population genetic analysis. The results indicated strong anthropogenic effects among the populations. The FST estimated by the method of Weir and Cockerham (1984) was 0.214, showing moderate genetic difference among the populations. The Structure analysis and the neighbour-joining dendrogram are showing the same result: the ten examined populations aggregate six genetically distinct units. Significant lack of heterozygosity was detected in most of the populations. Presumably, it is indicating the effects of human activities and such as vigorous stocking of natural waters. In addition, the effect was proved that fish stocks involved in pond culture and RAS rearing do not necessarily originated from the geographically closest natural populations.
      PubDate: 2019-04-13
  • Influence of rosemary extract ( Rosmarinus officinalis ) Inolens to extend
           the shelf life of vacuum-packed rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss )
           fillets stored under refrigerated conditions
    • Abstract: The effects of three concentrations (0.5, 1.0 and 2%) of rosemary extract “Inolens 4” and control (without additive) on microbiological quality, sensory attributes, colour parameters and oxidative stability of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fillets during refrigerated storage after different periods (0, 3, 6, 10 and 14 days) were investigated. Microbial communities grew to between 1.93 and 2.29 colony-forming units per gramme (log CFU g−1), 5.10 and 5.27, 5.12 and 5.80 and 6.34 and 7.66 log CFU g−1 after 0, 6, 8 and 10 days of storage, respectively, and fillets treated with Inolens 0.5 showed the lowest total viable counts among all analysed groups. Also, sensory analyses showed that Inolens 0.5 achieved best scores in all sensory attributes of cooked flesh. Evaluation of lipid oxidation parameters proved that treatment with Inolens 4 had a positive effect, leading to delay oxidation processes in flesh.
      PubDate: 2019-04-11
  • Blue aquarium background is appropriate for rearing male Siamese fighting
           fish ( Betta splendens )
    • Abstract: The effects of five aquarium backgrounds (transparent, white, red, blue, and black) on growth, feed utilization, digestive enzyme activities, skin coloration, muscle parameters, and carcass composition were investigated in solid red male Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens). The fish (1.13 ± 0.01 g initial body weight) were distributed individually into glass aquaria (3.5 cm width × 8 cm length × 20 cm height) varying in color backgrounds (n = 15 per treatment). They were fed a commercial floating diet for small ornamental fish (35% crude protein) twice daily (0800 and 1700 h), and all measurements of fish were examined at the end of 8 weeks. The growth performance (specific growth rate = 0.97% body weight day−1) and feed utilization (feed conversion ratio = 1.60 g feed g gain−1 and protein efficiency ratio = 1.83 g gain g protein−1) of the fish reared on blue background were superior relative to the other treatments, followed by red background as next best (0.86% body weight day−1, 1.50 g feed g gain−1, and 1.71 g gain g protein−1, respectively). There were no significant differences in specific activities of digestive enzymes (pepsin, trypsin, chymotrypsin, lipase, and amylase) between the fish reared on blue and transparent backgrounds (P > 0.05), but significantly increased ratio of amylase to trypsin was observed in the blue treatment. Skin coloration (in terms of lightness and redness), muscle RNA concentration, and muscle RNA/protein ratio did not differ in the fish reared on blue background, while muscle actin/myosin ratio and carcass lipid increased, relative to the control with transparent background. Findings from the current study indicate that the blue-based aquarium background is appropriate for rearing male Siamese fighting fish.
      PubDate: 2019-04-11
  • Optimal fish densities and farm locations in Norwegian fjords: a framework
           to use a PSO algorithm to optimize an agent-based model to simulate fish
           disease dynamics
    • Abstract: Risk of pathogen transmission in Norwegian fjords depends on two main factors: location of farms and the density of fish in each farm. This paper presents a novel method to find the optimal values of these two variables that yield the optimal aquaculture system with a minimum risk of spreading disease and high fish production. For this purpose, agent-based models (ABMs) are used to simulate and analyze fish disease dynamics within and between fish farms in Norwegian fjords. Moreover, a modified particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is used to identify the optimal values of fish density and farm’s location for each farm. The objective function is defined as being the weighted sum between the fish density and the infection risk. We validated the PSO algorithm with the optimal objective function by demonstrating the capability of the algorithm to drive the system to produce an expected behavior and output in tested, known scenarios. The simulation results demonstrate the ability of the PSO algorithm to converge rapidly to the optimal solution. In only 18 iterations, it finds an optimal solution that is three times larger than the initial fish farm density and in a location that keeps the risk of infection at an accepted level. The use of the PSO algorithm in finding optimal parameter values of ABMs will open for new applications of the model in aquaculture industry management, such as planning for a sustainable aquaculture industry.
      PubDate: 2019-04-11
  • The effect of hormonal preparation (gonadotropins vs. gonadoliberins) on
           pre-seasonally obtained eggs and larvae quality in pikeperch ( Sander
           lucioperca L.)
    • Abstract: Although several papers were dealing with intensively reared broodstocks, most of the published artificial reproduction protocols were applied in wild pikeperch breeders. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects of ovulation induction agents, namely human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and salmon gonadotropin–releasing hormone analogue (sGnRHa) on the reproductive performance in pre-seasonal artificial propagation of cultured pikeperch. Breeders were harvested from an outdoor in-pond circulation system in mid-September and transferred to indoor facility in late January, conditioned and injected with either 50 μg kg−1 of sGnRHa or 500 IU kg−1 of hCG, with six females in each hormonal group. Stripped eggs from each female were sampled for chemical composition analysis, fertilised with the milt of two males, incubated and obtained larvae were further reared. No significant differences were noticed between the treatments in any of the analysed parameters of embryo survival nor larviculture performance. Rather high differences in intragroup variation were seen between the treatments, expressed in several-fold higher coefficients of variation in embryo survival in experimental and commercial conditions in the hCG group. Eggs obtained from females treated with hCG had a significantly higher lipid content (31.1% ± 2.0%) compared to sGnRHa-treated females (27.4% ± 1.8%). Fatty acid profiles of the eggs revealed differences in total n − 6 and linoleic acid 18:2n − 6 content while n − 3/n − 6 was significantly lower in the hCG group. Gonadoliberins reduced the variability in the spawning outcome. It appears that hormones can modify the eggs’ fat content during the pre-season artificial reproduction.
      PubDate: 2019-04-10
  • Nutritional value and production performance of the rotifer Brachionus
           plicatilis Müller, 1786 cultured with different feeds at commercial scale
    • Abstract: The rotifer Brachionus plicatilis is the first live feed in larviculture of marine fish species. Rotifer diets differ in their biochemical composition, physical properties, and production technology while feeding protocols largely vary among facilities. The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of two different forms of Nannochloropsis oculata and commonly used commercial diets on growth performance and biochemical composition of rotifers produced under commercial conditions. Rotifers were fed one of five different types of feed: Algome® (dried Schizochytrium sp.), Protein Plus® (PP), Inactive Baker’s Yeast® (INBY), spray-dried Nannochloropsis oculata (SDN), or freshly cultured Nannochloropsis oculata (FN). Rotifers fed SDN diet resulted in significantly higher rotifer biomass during 16 days of semi-continuous culture, with an increasing biomass trend that lasted 11 days, high egg production, and egg-carrying female numbers, whereas rotifers fed PP showed highest ∑n-3, arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid contents. Amino acid profiles of rotifers were enhanced by utilization of both INBY and SDN diets. Overall, the results indicated that SDN is optimal for long-term biomass production of rotifers. However, their nutritional profile needs to be enriched by feeding PP (EFA source) and INBY (EAA source) once desired biomass production is obtained.
      PubDate: 2019-04-08
  • Individual growth rates of pikeperch ( Sander lucioperca ) depending on
           water exchange rates in recirculating aquaculture systems
    • Abstract: The main focus of recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) is to achieve the highest possible growth rates of the cultured fish at lowest possible cost implications. Growth rates of fish are species- and life stage–specific. Detailed knowledge on the growth rates of the reared species is thus indispensable. Commercial culture of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) in RAS has been growing for the last decades, but knowledge on growth rates is still scarce. The aim of the study was to closely monitor the growth rates of pikeperch in RAS for a total of 98 feeding days. Three common water exchange rates (1000 L kg feed−1, 500 L kg feed−1 and 200 L kg feed−1) were used to simulate different intensities of RAS and evaluate the effect on individual pikeperch from 250 g onwards. Pikeperch were tagged individually and weighted every 2 to 3 weeks. Whole body composition was analysed after 56 and 98 feeding days. The water exchange rate did not show a significant effect on the individual fish. Detailed information on individual pikeperch showed that 75% of pikeperch experienced low or even negative growth during at least one of the time periods. The body composition analysis showed similar results among all treatment groups with slight increases in lipid content at the end of the experiment. Growth of pikeperch in the monitored weight range (191.9–603.1 g) was neither linear nor exponential but indicates a sigmoidal shape. The equation for the average growth of pikeperch within this experiment was y = − 0.012 ± 0.004 x2 + 3.21 ± 0.33 x + 249.76 ± 5.27 with an R2 of 0.53. Based on this equation, pikeperch would experience positive growth in average until day 134 (ranging between day 90 and day 221) of the experiment. The average absolute growth rate among all fish over the whole experimental time period was 1.79 ± 1.00 g day−1, and the average specific growth rate was 0.52 ± 0.26% day−1. Further studies on a wider weight range need to be conducted in order to evaluate the shape of the overall growth curve and determine pikeperch-specific growth models for RAS.
      PubDate: 2019-04-06
  • Effect of light intensity on embryonic development of the cuttlefish Sepia
    • Abstract: The effects of light intensity on embryonic development of fertilized eggs of Sepia lycidas were investigated to determine the best light conditions for the embryos’ development. A single-factor experiment was performed to examine the effects of different light intensities (dark or 4.3, 10.2, 29.6, or 50.7 μmol/(m2·s)) on the embryonic development. The hatching rate, incubation period, hatching period and weight, and survival of hatchling cuttlefish were significantly affected by the light intensities (P < 0.05). When light intensity exceeds 10.2 μmol/(m2·s), the weight of hatchling cuttlefish and incubation period gradually decreased with the increase of light intensity, while the hatching rate first increased and later decreased. The sensitivity to light clearly varies among stages of embryonic development; the impact of light intensity on embryonic development appeared from the red-bead stage to hatching. High light intensities can interfere with the development of embryos and lead to abnormal development and premature hatching, reduced hatchability, decreased vitality of cuttlefish hatchlings, and asynchronous hatching, especially at light intensities exceeding 10.2 μmol/(m2·s). Low light intensities are better for embryonic development of S. lycidas than high light, and the light intensity as 10.2 μmol/(m2·s) was thus recommended. During incubation of paralarvae, fertilized eggs should be kept out of direct sunlight, and shading measures should be taken to keep the eggs in low light intensities.
      PubDate: 2019-04-04
  • Streptococcosis in Oreochromis sp.: is feed-based biofilm vaccine of
           Streptococcus agalactiae effective'
    • Abstract: This study was carried out to determine the potential of a biofilm vaccine of Streptococcus agalactiae in protecting tilapia from streptococcocal infection. The tilapia were vaccinated orally using the biofilm vaccine with 1091010 CFU/g (FBV) incorporated in feed and killed whole-cell vaccine (FCV) of S. agalactiae also prepared in feed, and the unvaccinated control group (Cx) was fed with standard feed formulation. Throughout the study, serum, mucus and gut lavage fluid were collected to evaluate the antibody responses among the groups. The results showed that tilapia vaccinated with FBV exhibited significantly (p < 0.05) stronger immune response and high protection with the relative percentage survival (RPS) of more than 70% (85%) compared with the FCV group, which was only 56%. None of the tilapia in the Cx group survived (0%) post-challenge. Thus, the study revealed that the feed-based biofilm vaccine (FBV) significantly confers the immune protection against the high-dose challenge of S. agalactiae by secretion of the protective immunity in the mucosal and humoral in tilapia.
      PubDate: 2019-04-03
  • Effects of fish farming on macrophytes in temperate carp ponds
    • Abstract: Anthropogenic impacts on carp pond environments have increased over the last 100–150 years in Central Europe. Present semi-intensive carp pond management combines natural food resources, supplementary feeding and additional intensification measures such as manuring, liming, and winter and summer drainage. Despite increased eutrophication and fish stock pressure, many carp ponds still serve as habitats for threatened biota, including macrophytes. Both the ecologically essential role of aquatic macrophytes and the impacts that reared fish may have on them have been repeatedly reported in the literature; however, information is scattered and there exists no multidisciplinary synthesis of knowledge of fish farming and plant interactions for European carp ponds. In this review, we show that macrophytes from different ecological groups have specific demands regarding optimal ecological conditions (e.g. pH and trophy level); hence, they can act as indicators of a water body’s ecological status. Nevertheless, the overall ecological ranges of many species (i.e. the limits enabling their survival) remain rather broad. Moreover, interactions between the different elements within carp pond ecosystems are complex and change rapidly, facilitating the co-existence of macrophytes with contradictory ecological demands. As the literature suggests, carp ponds may play a role in biodiversity protection that is just as important (or even more so) than that of natural wetlands. Sustainable, environmentally friendly carp pond management is undoubtedly the best means of preserving the unique natural and cultural value of these aquatic ecosystems for the future.
      PubDate: 2019-04-01
  • Single-nucleotide polymorphisms linked to body weight revealed in growth
           selected Macrobrachium rosenbergii
    • Abstract: Association of type I single nucleotide polymorphic (SNP) markers with quantitative traits can provide an effective method for detecting genes and functions that are responsible for performance variation in domesticated species. In order to discover novel polymorphisms in candidate genes that could be associated with growth, fragments (175 to 668 bp) from 11 housekeeping, regulatory, and immune response genes of Macrobrachium rosenbergii previously reported to contain 83 SNPs were amplified from genomic DNA of 23 growth selected (cumulative genetic gain of 18%) and 23 unselected individuals and sequenced by Sanger’s method. A total of 45 SNPs were identified from eight genes, of which 20 were novel and 18 were found to be growth associated with allele frequencies > 0.65 in the selected group. Eleven of these were located in exonic regions of which 3 present in crustacean lipocalin (LIPC) and heat shock protein 21 (HSP21) were nonsynonymous. In silico prediction indicates that 2 of the non-synonymous alleles may result in higher stability of the proteins. Of the 5 synonymous growth-associated SNPs, 3 present in phosphoenol pyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), cytochrome oxidase 1 (COX1), and HSP70 were a switch to the preferred codon. Seven SNPs were located in the 3′UTRs of lectin 3 and 4 (LEC3, LEC4) and anti-lipopolysaccharide factor 1 (ALF1). Only one altered allele was observed at every locus. No SNPs were found in NaK-ATPase, mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutase, and tachylectin genes. This is the first such marker association study being reported for M. rosenbergii from India and will be of use in selecting future generations.
      PubDate: 2019-04-01
  • Diversity and bacterial succession of a phototrophic biofilm used as
           complementary food for shrimp raised in a super-intensive culture
    • Authors: Ángel Martín Ortiz-Estrada; Teresa Gollas-Galván; Luis Rafael Martínez-Córdova; Armando Burgos-Hernández; Susana María Scheuren-Acevedo; Mauricio Emerenciano; Marcel Martínez-Porchas
      Abstract: Biofilm-based systems for shrimp aquaculture have emerged as a novel alternative to improve the water quality and obtain a better performance into ponds using zero or limited water exchange. The aims of this work were (1) to evaluate the production response and water quality of a super-intensive shrimp culture using a phototrophic biofilm as complementary food and (2) to study the bacterial diversity of these biofilms. A trial was performed, consisting of a shrimp culture system using biofilms as food source and a control without biofilms. Results showed that the biofilm-based system had better water quality and shrimp registered a higher growth performance compared to the control. Regarding the taxonomic profile of bacterial populations detected in the biofilm, results revealed that Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Planctomycetes were the three most abundant phyla; of these, eight bacterial orders belonging Rhizobiales, Clostridiales, Cytophagales, Actinomycetales, Vibrionales, Flavobacterales, Planctomycetales, Chlamydiales, and Rhodobacterales constituted a microbial core maintained over time. Some of these are related to anaerobic and aerobic removal processes of nitrogen. The results of this study are a first approach to understand how the bacterial communities forming biofilms are related to water quality of ponds and production performance of aquaculture farms, and how the microbial succession may cause changes on the taxonomic profile biofilms.
      PubDate: 2019-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-019-00345-x
  • J. T. Trushenski: Understanding aquaculture
    • Authors: Malcolm Jobling
      PubDate: 2019-02-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-019-00349-7
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