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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2348 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2348 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.222, CiteScore: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 3)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.439, CiteScore: 0)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.359, CiteScore: 1)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.587, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.769, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.24, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.588, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 7.066, CiteScore: 3)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.607, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.576, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.638, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 7.589, CiteScore: 12)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.334, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.574, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.605, CiteScore: 1)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.005, CiteScore: 2)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.703, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.698, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.475, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.075, CiteScore: 3)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.517, CiteScore: 1)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.673, CiteScore: 2)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.825, CiteScore: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 1)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.39, CiteScore: 1)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.173, CiteScore: 3)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.663, CiteScore: 1)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.864, CiteScore: 6)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.792, CiteScore: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.862, CiteScore: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.531, CiteScore: 0)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.095, CiteScore: 1)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.56, CiteScore: 1)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.11, CiteScore: 3)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.569, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.951, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.772, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 0)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.135, CiteScore: 3)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.367, CiteScore: 1)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.177, CiteScore: 5)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.097, CiteScore: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 0)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.429, CiteScore: 0)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.197, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.042, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.932, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.85, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.986, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.228, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.043, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.687, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.943, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.986, CiteScore: 4)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.223, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.495, CiteScore: 1)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.424, CiteScore: 4)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.602, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.21, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.422, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.733, CiteScore: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.488, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.6, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.886, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.109, CiteScore: 3)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.725, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.909, CiteScore: 1)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 3.93, CiteScore: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, CiteScore: 2)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.41, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.006, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.773, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.644, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.146, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.71, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.493, CiteScore: 3)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.541, CiteScore: 5)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.973, CiteScore: 2)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.274, CiteScore: 3)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.946, CiteScore: 3)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal  
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.349, CiteScore: 1)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.766, CiteScore: 1)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.355, CiteScore: 0)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.839, CiteScore: 2)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.937, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.504, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.479, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 2)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.855, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.378, CiteScore: 1)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover
Aquaculture International
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.591
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 23  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-143X - ISSN (Online) 0967-6120
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2348 journals]
  • Enhanced growth rate and ulvan yield of Ulva pertusa using light-emitting
           diodes (LEDs)
    • Authors: Bao Le; Jong-Am Shin; Man-Gu Kang; Sangmi Sun; Seung Hwan Yang; Gyuhwa Chung
      Pages: 937 - 946
      Abstract: Light-emitting diode (LED) technology offers potential energy-efficient light sources for algal aquaculture. In this study, the growth rate and ulvan yield of Ulva pertusa used for broad commercial applications were enhanced in vitro. To investigate the response of Ulva to LEDs, algae were grown under white fluorescent, pure primary color LED, and mixed LED lights for 28 days. Ulva sp. under blue LED and white fluorescent light showed higher specific growth rate (SGR, 12% day−1) than other light sources, while the growth under mixed red-blue LED light was lower than that under white fluorescent lighting. Despite the differences in alga growth under LEDs and white fluorescent light, few differences are observed in N and P content among algae grown under any light source. U. pertusa showed tissue nitrogen and ulvan contents in the ranges of 4.4–6.7% and 20.4–25.1%, respectively, under all LED light treatments. The ulvan extracted from algae under blue LED showed high levels of antioxidant activity measured with 2,2-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and hydrogen peroxide. Moreover, the ulvan obtained under different lights showed different monosaccharide compositions. Based on these results, LEDs should be considered as the main light sources for indoor seaweed cultivation.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0260-4
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • Effects of salinity, stocking density, and algal density on growth and
           survival of Iwagaki oyster Crassostrea nippona larvae
    • Authors: Tao Wang; Qi Li; Jingxiao Zhang; Ruihai Yu
      Pages: 947 - 958
      Abstract: To determine the optimal salinity, stocking density, and algal density for hatchery culture of the Iwagaki oyster Crassostrea nippona larvae, three experiments with salinities of 14, 18, 22, 26, 30, and 34 practical salinity unit (PSU); stocking densities of 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 larvae ml−1; and algal densities of 10, 20, 40, and 100 × 103 cells ml−1 were designed, which included the developmental stages from newly hatched D-larvae to pediveligers. Results showed that larval growth of C. nippona was the fastest at a salinity of 26 PSU, and when salinity was adjusted to a level that was lower or higher than this salinity, survival and growth rate of larvae declined (P < 0.05), resulting both in a decreased mean shell length and a high mortality. Larval growth decreased significantly with increasing stocking density. Larvae reared at 4 larvae ml−1 had the smallest shell length (198.9 μm) and lowest survival rate (7.9%), whereas larvae reared at 0.5 larvae ml−1 had the largest shell length (245 μm) and highest survival rate (66.3%) on day 13. And the shell length of larvae reared at 0.5 and 1 larvae ml−1 was significantly (P < 0.05) larger than the values in other treatments, except those reared at 2 larvae ml−1 (P > 0.05). When feeding the single-algal diet of Isochrysis galbana (clone T-ISO), the shell length of larvae increased markedly as the algal density was increased. Larvae reared at the highest algal density (100 × 103 cells ml−1) had the largest mean shell length; however, under the conditions of our experiment, there was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in growth and survival rates between the treatments at algal densities of 40 × 103 and 100 × 103 cells ml−1. For a large-scale culture, based on the results of this study, a salinity of 26 PSU, stocking density of 0.5–1 larvae ml−1, and algal density of 40 × 103 cells ml−1 are recommended for an early development of C. nippona.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0261-3
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • In vitro and in vivo evaluation of probiotic properties of Enterobacter
           cloacae in Kenyi cichlid, Maylandia lombardoi
    • Authors: Nisha Rajagopalan Girijakumari; Kannapiran Ethiraja; Prabhu Narayanasamy Marimuthu
      Pages: 959 - 980
      Abstract: In this study, Enterobacter cloacae bacterium was isolated from curd and its antibacterial potential against the pathogen Plesiomonas shigelloides was evaluated using the freshwater ornamental fish Kenyi cichlid (Maylandia lombardoi). Among the bacterial isolates, E. cloacae exhibited tolerance to acidic pH 2 and demonstrated the highest antibacterial activity against P. shigelloides in various in vitro assays. Dietary supplementation of E. cloacae with prebiotic supplement 2% mannan oligosaccharide improved the growth performance and reduced the toxic metabolites such as nitrite in culture tank water of Kenyi cichlid. In vivo application of E. cloacae with mannan oligosaccharide significantly elevated (p < 0.05) white blood cell counts (88.47 ± 2.15 103 mm−3) and respiratory burst activity (0.243 ± 0.007) of Kenyi cichlid when challenged with P. shigelloides. Intestinal morphology of Kenyi cichlid fish treated with probiotic and prebiotic combinations showed improved intestinal architectures. The present findings confirm that the isolated bacterium E. cloacae is a potential probiotic and can be used effectively to prevent infection of P. shigelloides in freshwater ornamental fish culture.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0262-2
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • Nutritional effect of Artemia nauplii enriched with Tetraselmis suecica
           and Chaetoceros calcitrans microalgae on growth and survival on the river
           prawn Macrobrachium americanum larvae
    • Authors: Yuniel Méndez-Martínez; Marcelo Ulises García-Guerrero; María Concepción Lora-Vilchis; Luis Rafael Martínez-Córdova; Fabiola Guadalupe Arcos-Ortega; Juan José Alpuche; Edilmar Cortés-Jacinto
      Pages: 1001 - 1015
      Abstract: The nutritional value of nauplii and metanauplii I of Artemia enriched with microalgae as food for freshwater prawn larvae (Macrobrachium americanum) was tested. The larvae were fed with three different diets consisting of Artemia nauplii (D1), Artemia metanauplii I enriched with Tetraselmis suecica (D2), and Artemia metanauplii I enriched with Chaetoceros calcitrans (D3) from zoea (Z)II. Growth showed differences since the third week, and the highest and lowest growth was observed with D3 and D1, respectively. The first metamorphosis to post-larvae appeared with treatment D3 at 9 weeks. Survival showed differences at the first week with D1 and D3 treatments, and D2 showed the best survival up to week 4. From the sixth week to the end, treatment D3 reached the highest survival. With treatments D1 and D2, all larvae died at the 9th and 10th week, respectively. D3 was the most effective of the three diets.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0264-0
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • Dietary inclusion of hydrolyzed soybean and cottonseed meals influence
           digestion, metabolic enzymes, and growth-related hormones and growth of
           juvenile turbot ( Scophthalmus maximus )
    • Authors: Zhidong Song; Peiyu Li; Jiying Wang; Yongzhi Sun; Chengqiang Wang
      Pages: 1017 - 1033
      Abstract: To investigate the effects of a mixture of hydrolyzed soybean and cottonseed meals (HSC) on the digestion, metabolic enzymes, growth-related hormones, and growth of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) (initial weight ca 35 g), six isoenergetic (ca 20 kJ/g) and isoproteic (ca 45%) diets were formulated with 0 (control), 14.7% (HSC14.7), 29.4% (HSC29.4), 44.1% (HSC44.1), 58.8% (HSC58.8) HSC, and 44.1% its native protein (SC44.1). Each diet was assigned to triplicate tanks with 36 fish per tank in a re-circulating system. Fish were fed twice daily. After 54 days, fish were weighed after a 24-h fast, and five digestive tracts were dissected for digestive enzyme analysis. Six blood and liver samples were collected from remaining 31 fish at 5 h post-feeding for metabolic enzymes and hormones analysis. The results showed that fish fed diets containing 14.7–44.1% HSC had higher average weight gain (g) (38.77–41.52 vs 29.74) but lower feed conversion rate (0.83–0.88 vs 1.02) than fish given the control diet. The HSC diets increased apparent digestibility coefficients of dry material, protein, and energy from 73.82% to 80.03%, 87.38% to 93.68%, and 76.13% to 81.46%, respectively. Pepsin and trypsin activities (U mg prot−1) were higher in group HSC14.7 (4.94 vs 4.26, 141.66 vs 115.14) than in the control group. The HSC44.1 and HSC58.8 diets increased the serum insulin level (IU L−1) (5.38, 5.50 vs 4.05), as well as the activities (U g prot−1) of hepatic alanine transaminase (868.42, 938.71 vs 730.82), aspartate transaminase (793.84, 854.64 vs 600.30), and glucokinase (104.76, 109.17 vs 93.90). The HSC diets reduced glucose 6 phosphatase activity (262.27–383.81 vs 537.21, U g prot−1) but increased phosphofructokinase activity (1592.55–1983.71 vs 978.52, U g prot−1). The HSC29.4 diet increased insulin-like growth factor 1 level (187.30 vs 151.17, ng L−1). Fish fed the SC41.1 diet exhibited lower growth performance and diet utilization than those fed the HSC44.1 diet. In conclusion, juvenile turbot can efficiently utilize HSC, and the recommended inclusion level is 27.14–30.70%.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0265-z
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • Influence of porosity of low-density polyethylene media on the maturation
           process of biofilters used in recirculating aquaculture systems
    • Authors: Túlio Pacheco Boaventura; Kleber Campos Miranda-Filho; Rodrigo Lambert Oréfice; Ronald Kennedy Luz
      Pages: 1035 - 1049
      Abstract: The effect of pores with different diameters in polyethylene media on the process of ammonia nitrification during the maturation of biofilters is evaluated. Four types of media were produced: M1 without pores, M2 with 40–112 μm in diameter pores, M3 with 125–187 μm diameter pores, and M4 with 312–437 μm diameter pores. Ammonia concentrations were statistically equal among media. On the majority of days, nitrite concentrations were lowest for M1 and M2, intermediate for M3, and highest for M4. Increased pore diameter favored the formation of biofilm in the interior, but the pores obtained in the expansion process were not interconnected, which may have caused low oxygenation of the water in the internal area. It was concluded that porosity did not reduce biofiltration time and did not increase the efficiency of nitrification of ammonia.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0266-y
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • Photoperiod manipulation for the reproductive management of captive
           wolffish populations: Anarhichas minor and A. lupus
    • Authors: Bernard-Antonin Dupont Cyr; Helge Tveiten; Domynick Maltais; Grant W. Vandenberg; Nathalie R. Le François
      Pages: 1051 - 1065
      Abstract: This study provides new and practical information to implement the use of photoperiodic manipulation for the control of the sexual maturation of Canadian 6+ Atlantic wolffish (Anarhichas lupus) and 3+ first-time spawners spotted wolffish (Anarhichas minor) from Canadian and Norwegian populations. Wolffish reproductive cycle (gametogenesis and oocyte maturation and spermiation) was monitored for 23 consecutive months. Control groups were held under a 12-month simulated natural photoperiod and treatment groups under an 8-month compressed photoperiod. Plasma sex steroid concentrations (estradiol-17β and 11-ketotestosterone), oocyte diameter growth, and milt production were assessed monthly. For all groups under study, fish subjected to the compressed photoperiod spawned 2–6 months earlier than the controls. Complete out-of-shift cycle was not achieved based on the completion of two reproduction cycles, and this is briefly discussed. Photoperiod treatment induced temporal shifts in sex steroid profiles, which are the likely mediators of altered timing of ovulation/final maturation. Photoperiod has a strong influence on the timing of wolffish maturation and could be used as an efficient and inexpensive tool to secure wolffish reproduction operations (year-round supply of egg and milt and/or timing with optimal temperature regimes).
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0267-x
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • Energy metabolic enzyme responses of Litopenaeus vannamei to thermal
           stress: a comparative study in freshwater and seawater conditions
    • Authors: Xu-Ying Jia; Da-Sen Zhong; Dan Zhang; Fang Wang; Wen-Li Zhou
      Pages: 1067 - 1081
      Abstract: To investigate the effect of hypothermal (22 → 16 °C) and hyperthermal (22 → 28 °C) stress on the energy regulation of Litopenaeus vannamei cultured in long-term freshwater, the activities of hexokinase (HK), pyruvate kinase (PK), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) were determined and compared with those kept in seawater. Results showed that at the early stage of thermal stress, HK, PK, and LDH activities increased and then decreased. At the end of the trial (48 h), all enzyme activities except PK and LDH activities in shrimps cultured in freshwater returned to the pre-experiment level. Following temperature stress, SDH activity of shrimps cultured in freshwater and seawater all decreased first and then increased, and finally reached the pre-experiment level, while SDH activity in gills of shrimps cultured in seawater was significantly lower than that before. At a constant temperature of 22 °C, compared with shrimps cultured in seawater, those cultured in freshwater had a lower level in HK, PK, and SDH activities, but a higher level in LDH activity. In summary, shrimps cultured in freshwater might rely more on anaerobic metabolism, while the opposite was true for glycolysis and aerobic metabolism. Because shrimps cultured in freshwater had a higher sensitivity to thermal stress, noticeable temperature variation especially when temperature decrease should be avoided in the freshwater intensive culture of L. vannamei.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0268-9
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • PGF 2α and gonadal steroid plasma levels of successful and unsuccessful
           spawning Piaractus mesopotamicus (Teleostei, Characiformes) females
    • Authors: Rafael Yutaka Kuradomi; Sergio Ricardo Batlouni
      Pages: 1083 - 1094
      Abstract: Gonadal steroid and prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) plasma levels were evaluated in successfully (SP) and unsuccessfully ovulated (UN) female Piaractus mesopotamicus. Forty-one females were injected with crude carp pituitary extract (0.6 and 5.4 mg kg−1 with a 24-h interval between the doses) and sampled to determine the plasma concentration of 17β-estradiol (E2), 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17α-OHP), 17α,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (DHP), PGF2α, and testosterone (T) after each injection (first—A1 and second—A2), and at the time of ovulation for SP and UN. Two clusters were obtained using multivariate analysis: 1—composed of all A1, all A2, and some UN; and 2—composed of all SP and some UN. Median values of E2 plasma levels were similar between clusters; however, plasma levels of T, 17α-OHP, DHP, and PGF2α of cluster 2 (predominantly formed by SP) were higher than those of cluster 1. Since cluster 2 contained all SP and females of this cluster presented higher levels of PGF2α, T, 17α-OHP, and DHP, here we evidently shown in an unprecedented manner that concomitant increased levels of these substances were associated with successful ovulation in this species, but such an increase was not determinant for successful ovulation due to the presence of some UN females in the same cluster 2. These findings highlight the unexplored potential of PGF2α to be used as an accessory tool for inducing successful ovulation for fish farming purposes.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0269-8
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • Evaluation of potential probiotics isolated from saline tilapia in shrimp
    • Authors: Alvin M. Doroteo; Fiona L. Pedroso; James David M. Lopez; Mary Jane S. Apines-Amar
      Pages: 1095 - 1107
      Abstract: Integration of tilapia to shrimp culture is currently being practiced to minimize the growth of pathogenic luminous bacteria. The microorganisms that are associated in tilapia may contribute to the inhibition of the growth of Vibrio harveyi through the production of secondary metabolites. In this study, two Bacillus strains (MJA1.1, MJA2.1) isolated from mucus of tilapia were evaluated for their possible application in shrimp culture. The inhibitory property of these isolates against V. harveyi was determined in vitro using co-culture assay in a liquid medium. Also qualitative extracellular enzyme assay was conducted to assess whether the bacterial isolates produce extracellular enzymes. Furthermore, the potential use of these isolates as shrimp feed additive was tested. Thereafter, shrimps were exposed to lethal dose of ammonia (140 mg l−1) to test the effects of the isolates in vivo. The results showed that in vitro co-culture assay after 72 h caused a significant decline in the population of V. harveyi in treatments with potential probiotic isolates. Both isolates showed protease, amylase, and cellulase activities. Although no significant difference was observed in growth, survival was significantly higher in shrimp fed with diets added with either of the isolates. The shrimp exposed to lethal dose of ammonia demonstrated better survival when supplemented with the probionts compared to the control group. Thus, the efficiency of the isolates in inhibiting V. harveyi population and the improvement of survival and resistance of cultured shrimp to ammonia stress indicate their potential as probionts for shrimp culture.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0270-2
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • Effect of diet and rearing conditions on growth and survival throughout
           developmental stages of larvae and juveniles of dusky grouper Epinephelus
           marginatus (Lowe 1834)
    • Authors: Santiago Cabaleiro; Lucía Barreiro; Rubén Caamaño
      Pages: 1109 - 1118
      Abstract: Two rearing conditions, tank light-dimensions and diet, were tested in dusky grouper—larvae and juveniles—in order to improve larval rearing techniques for this species. Larvae reared in high-volume and fluorescent tubes showed the highest survival rate at 18 dph (17.67%, 16%). This might be due to a higher depth and less trapping area during surface death in high-volume tanks than in low volume. Besides, a 500-lx evenly distributed light with fluorescent tubes might improve survival rate at early stages rather than illumination with energy-efficient light bulbs (4.68%, 9.64%). Light bulbs created shaded areas with less illumination inducing low larval activity. First feeding was performed with minimum rotifer lorica width of 102 ± 10.2 μm. No mixed diet was supplied. Throughout metamorphosis, stress shock syndrome appeared to be the main cause of mortality. Diet A showed best growth and survival (4.1–7.36%) during this period probably due to its high HUFA content (9.5%). Contrary to what was observed during first stages, groupers showed best performance with lower illumination. Cannibalism was observed during this period in all culture conditions.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0271-1
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • Microalgal paste production of the diatom Chaetoceros calcitrans using
           electrolytic flocculation method at optimum culture conditions
    • Authors: Milagros R. de la Peña; Annie Villa Franco; Hermoso P. Igcasan; Mary Dianne Grace N. Arnaldo; Ramil M. Piloton; Soledad S. Garibay; Vicente T. Balinas
      Pages: 1119 - 1134
      Abstract: The optimum culture conditions of the local strain Chaetoceros calcitrans were determined to improve biomass and reduce cost of production. Under outdoor culture conditions, higher cell density was attained when the cultures were enriched with Tungkang Marine Research Laboratory (TMRL) medium composed of cheap technical grade reagents and cultured at 25 g L−1 salinity. The cultures were lighted with two 40 W cool-white GE fluorescent tubes (24–35 μmol photon m−2 s−1). Using semi-continuous culture system under established optimum culture conditions, C. calcitrans can be re-cultured thrice and concentrated at each culture cycle using electrolytic flocculation method to produce 4.6 kg m−3 of diatom paste. The viability of concentrated C. calcitrans after 3 months of storage was comparable to live diatom cells. Simple preservation technique by low-temperature storage is convenient for storing algal concentrates for use as starter cultures and for feeding invertebrates. The paste costs USD 8.24 kg−1 inclusive of the assets and flocculation materials for culturing and harvesting the diatom, respectively. This study established the suitable conditions for mass culture of C. calcitrans and produced concentrated diatoms in paste form that is readily available for aquaculture hatcheries at a lower cost.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0272-0
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • Design and practical test of a compact phosphorus elimination module for
           freshwater RAS discharge water
    • Authors: Andreas Müller-Belecke; Sebastian von Plessen; Gregor Schmidt; Carsten Kühn; Andreas Spranger
      Pages: 1135 - 1145
      Abstract: Recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) can emit total phosphorus (TP) concentrations in their discharge water, which exceed environmentally tolerated restrictions. A compact phosphorus (P) elimination module has been developed and its performance has been tested using the discharge water from a commercial scale freshwater RAS for pike perch (Sander lucioperca) production. To enable its widespread and easy use in practical conditions, the standard principle of chemical-physical phosphorus elimination was adapted to the conditions prevalent in RAS operations. The effect of different precipitants and flocculants in RAS discharge water was studied in laboratory trials. When it came to the TP-elimination performance and the environmental impact, the combination of iron(III) chloride and calcium hydroxide proved highly suitable as the precipitation and flocculation agents. Based on the results that were obtained, a commercial scale P-elimination module was designed. The module was equipped with a 500-L hopper-bottomed reaction tank, dosing units for the precipitation and flocculation agents and valves for the automatic discharge of sludge and cleared water. The TP-elimination potential in different operational modes and retention times was examined. The amounts of excess sludge and cleared water quality were evaluated. The designed 500 L P-elimination module works in automatic batch mode and enables operators to eliminate approx. 95% of the phosphorus emissions from the discharge water from a RAS for annual fish production of about 20 to 25 t. It was possible to achieve TP concentrations of below 1 mg L−1 in the module’s cleared water discharge.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0273-z
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • The immune modulatory effect of oregano ( Origanum vulgare L.) essential
           oil on Tilapia zillii following intraperitoneal infection with Vibrio
    • Authors: Mahmoud Abd Elaziz Mabrok; Ali Wahdan
      Pages: 1147 - 1160
      Abstract: The current study aimed to evaluate the possible effect of Origanum essential oil on innate immune parameters as well as the hematological profiles of Tilapia zillii following challenge with Vibrio anguillarum. Fifty-four of Tilapia zillii weighing 180 ± 10.2 g were randomly distributed into three identical closed recirculating seawater systems. The study included three groups (G1, G2, and G3) repeated in triplicates. Fish of the first two groups were fed on a basal diet without herbs, whereas fish of the last group were fed on a basal diet supplemented with Origanum essential oil at concentration 1 g kg−1 for 15 days. Subsequently, fish of G2 and G3 subjected to a peritoneal inflammation by intraperitoneally injecting V. anguillarum (5.5 × 105 CFU mL−1), whereas fish of G1 injected with saline and served as control. Fish of all groups were then sampled at 4, 12, and 24 h post injection. No mortalities were observed in both basal and Origanum fed groups. However, some specimens of fish fed basal diet showed dorsal fin erosions, eroded mouth, and detached skin. Although the kinetics of RBCs, WBCs, Hb, and differential leukocyte values remained unchanged in fish fed different diets at the beginning of the trial, significant increases in those values were observed in fish fed Origanum essential oil at 12 and 24 h post injection. Similarly, an augmentation of plasma proteases, antiproteases, and lysozyme activities were recorded in fish fed Origanum essential oil at the same particular sampling points. A significant enhancement in plasma bactericidal capacity was only recorded in fish fed Origanum essential oil at 12 and 24 h post challenge compared to those fed basal diet. In conclusion, Origanum essential oil had a pronounced influence on the innate immunity and increased the fish resistance to V. anguillarum. These data gave insight into the potential use of Origanum in prophylactic strategies against threatening pathogens.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0274-y
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2018)
  • Comparison of Lactuca sativa growth performance in conventional and
           RAS-based hydroponic systems
    • Authors: Simon Goddek; Tycho Vermeulen
      Abstract: A recent study related to aquaponics has shown that hydroponic lettuce grown in aquaculture-derived supplemented water grew significantly better than lettuce grown in a conventional hydroponic system. The principal objective of this study was to verify this finding in a larger setup. Even though the aquaculture water that was added to the aquaculture-based hydroponic system contained relatively high amounts of sodium, we were still able to observe an enhanced growth performance of the lettuce in that system compared to the lettuce grown in the conventional hydroponic nutrient solution. The lettuce final fresh weight was 7.9%, and its final dry weight even 33.2% higher than the one of the hydroponic control.
      PubDate: 2018-08-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0293-8
  • Evaluation of interferon gamma (IFN-γ) of Labeo rohita as an
           immunomodulator: in vitro expression model
    • Authors: Megha Kadam Bedekar; Praveena Soman; Sajal Kole; Deepika Anand; Gayatri Tripathi; M. Makesh; K. V. Rajendran
      Abstract: Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) or type II interferon is a cytokine that is critical for innate and adaptive immunity against viral and some bacterial and protozoal infections. The importance of IFN-γ in the immune system lies in its ability to inhibit viral replication directly and most importantly from its immunomodulatory effects. Previously, we successfully co-administered IFN-γ along with GAPDH gene of Edwardsiella tarda as bicistronic DNA vaccine in Labeo rohita. In order to ascertain the individual role of IFN-γ, the present study involves cloning and expression of 552-bp IFN-γ open-reading frame (ORF) of L. rohita in striped snakehead (SSN-1) cell line using eukaryotic expression vector system (pQE-TriSystem) followed by transfection in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBMCs) to evaluate its immunomodulatory ability in comparison to polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (Poly I:C)-treated PBMCs. The 18.7-kDa protein, expressed in the pQE-IFNγ-transfected SSN-1 cells, reacted with anti-His antibody in Western blot confirming it to be recombinant IFN-γ, whereas the relative expression of IFN-γ, iNOS, Mx, and IL-1β genes in PBMCs was quantified at 24 h and 48 h post treatment by qPCR. The comparative kinetics of all four genes showed significantly (p < 0.05) high upregulation pattern in both pQE-IFNγ-transfected cell group and Poly I:C-treated cell group demonstrating recombinant IFN-γ as an equally efficient inducer like Poly I:C. Thus, our in vitro experiment results highlight the immunomodulatory potential of recombinant IFN-γ as an analogue to synthetic Poly I:C which warranted future studies to further explore the potential of recombinant IFN-γ as an effective vaccine adjuvant against different microbial invasion.
      PubDate: 2018-08-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0292-9
  • Effects of seasonal and environmental changes on aquaculture production in
           tropical Lake Volta, Ghana
    • Authors: Emmanuel T. D. Mensah; Hederick R. Dankwa; Lauridsen L. Torben; Ruby Asmah; Benjamin B. Campion; Regina Edziyie
      Abstract: Globally, aquaculture production is faced with numerous challenges, notable among which is water quality. The study determined seasonal environmental changes in Lake Volta and its implications on cage production of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus in experimental and commercial farm (Sun Woo Farm) set-ups. For each set-up, three cages were used, each measuring 81 and 162.5 m3 for experimental and commercial, respectively. The cages were stocked with 22.5 g fingerlings at a rate of 40 and 80 m−3 in experimental and commercial cages, respectively, and fed commercial diet. The growth performance, yield, economics, and selected water quality parameters were monitored during the dry and wet seasons between November 2014 and July 2015. There were no differences in water quality parameters between dry and wet seasons (p > 0.05). Water quality for both seasons remained within limits required for good Tilapia growth in both set-ups. There were minimal variations in growth characteristics between seasons which were not significant; however, final mean weight and yields were high in the dry seasons in both set-ups. The cost of feed and fingerling accounting for about 80% of total costs were the major components identified to affect cost of production. A higher profit index and returns on investment were observed in the dry season in both set-ups and was linked to higher survival rates in the season. Production of Nile tilapia in cages can be cultured throughout the year without any adverse effects as exhibited in similar production patterns in both experimental and commercial set-ups.
      PubDate: 2018-08-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0294-7
  • The effect of collagenase, water and calcium chloride on the removal of
           Salmo salar (salmon) and Oncorhynchus mykiss (trout) pin bones
    • Authors: Sarah Schroeder; John M. Grigor; Constantinos E. Stathopoulos; Anne Savage; Philip Cassidy; Stefan Toepfl; Jonathan D. Wilkin
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of the fillet structure on the deboning force required to remove salmon and trout pin bones. Salmon and trout fillets with differing fillet structure were used, in order to study the importance of the fillet structure on the deboning process. In the first test naturally gaping and non-gaping fillets were compared. To confirm the role that the collagen plays within the fillet structure, the fillets underwent series of treatments. Fillets were put into (i) a collagenase solution to remove the collagen in the fillet and (ii) a calcium chloride solution to determine if collagen was the main influential factor. Both treated salmon and trout fillets were again compared to untreated fillets from the same batch. The results indicate that collagenase and calcium chloride have a large interaction on deboning force compared to water or no treatments.
      PubDate: 2018-08-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0288-5
  • Validation of 12 species-specific, tetrasomic microsatellite loci from the
           Russian sturgeon, Acipenser gueldenstaedtii , for genetic broodstock
    • Authors: K. Kohlmann; P. Kersten; J. Geßner; O. Eroglu; S. Firidin; M. Ciorpac; E. Taflan; R. Suciu
      Abstract: The Russian sturgeon, Acipenser gueldenstaedtii, is a critically endangered fish species. Hatcheries are operated in several countries within its natural range to produce stocking material for release into the wild and also for aquaculture purposes (caviar and meat production). An appropriate genetic broodstock management (plan or strategy) is required to avoid negative effects, e.g., admixture and hybridization of genetically differing stocks or loss of genetic variability due to inbreeding and genetic drift. Therefore, 11 tetrasomic microsatellite loci were newly isolated from the Russian sturgeon genome and arranged together with an already known locus into four multiplex PCR sets. These microsatellites were used to characterize three groups of hatchery juveniles from Germany (aquaculture production), Turkey, and Romania (production of stocking material) as well as a group of wild-caught adults from the Danube River, Romania. Based on the variability within groups, measured by the mean number of alleles per locus and expected heterozygosity, and the differentiation between groups, measured by Nei’s GST and genetic distance D, the ability of the 12 loci to detect unwanted reductions in genetic variability within hatchery juveniles and to differentiate between groups could be demonstrated. This set of loci can also be used to identify those pairs of spawners that transmit the highest possible genetic variability to the next generation.
      PubDate: 2018-08-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0290-y
  • Wheat grains fermented by fungal mycelia ( Pleurotus ostreatus or Lentinus
           edodes ) as alternative feed ingredients for juvenile rainbow trout (
           Oncorhynchus mykiss )
    • Authors: Mariano M. Pascual; Juan P. Hualde; Virginia A. Bianchi; Pablo Moreno; Juan M. Castro; Carlos M. Luquet
      Abstract: We investigated the effects of replacing non-fermented wheat grains with wheat grains fermented by fungal mycelia in the diet of juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). We assessed growth performance, feeding parameters, and body composition in three experimental groups (0.33 ± 0.01 g, in triplicates of 50 individuals each). The diets for all the groups contained ca. 43% protein and 19% lipids. Experimental diets were made by replacing the 100 g kg−1 of wheat grains present in the basal diet (CTRL) with the same proportion of wheat grains fermented by Pleurotus ostreatus (PWD) or Lentinus edodes (LWD) mycelium. Fish were fed to apparent satiation twice a day for 56 days. Both, PWD and LWD, significantly increased fish body weight from day 28 onwards. Final body weight was 2.37 ± 0.04 g (CTRL), 4.29 ± 0.02 g (PWD), and 3.50 ± 0.05 g (LWD), and feeding efficiency (%) was increased from 64.5 ± 0.7 (CTRL) to 92.5 ± 0.5 (PWD) and 84.8 ± 1.5 (LWD). The experimental diets also improved nutrient retention efficiency (%): 30.0 ± 0.5 (PWD), 27.7 ± 1.1 (LWD), and 21.0 ± 0.1 (CTRL), for crude protein; 40.3 ± 0.6 (PWD), 31.0 ± 1.8 (LWD), and 16.1 ± 0.7 (CTRL), for ether extract; and 16.1 ± 0.1 (PWD), 14.0 ± 0.3 (LWD), and 11.6 ± 0.6 (CTRL), for phosphorus. Body lipid content was highest for PWD followed by LWD and CTRL (81.4 ± 1.4, 63.2 ± 2.5, 42.3 ± 2.6 g kg−1, respectively), while viscerosomatic index was lowest for PWD (p < 0.05). Liver glycogen in LWD and PWD fish (0.62 ± 0.10 and 0.21 ± 0.08% liver weight) was significantly higher than in CTRL fish (0.05 ± 0.01% liver weight). Wheat-mycelium meals appear to be suitable dietary ingredients for improving juvenile rainbow trout growth and nutritional performance. These benefits vary according to the mushroom species used.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0286-7
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