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Showing 1 - 200 of 2351 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Aquaculture International
  [SJR: 0.613]   [H-I: 40]   [22 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-143X - ISSN (Online) 0967-6120
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Effect of feeding level on growth, body composition, fatty acid profile,
           and nutrient accumulation in shrimp ( Litopenaeus vannamei )
    • Authors: Alokesh Kumar Ghosh
      Pages: 405 - 417
      Abstract: A study was conducted in a recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) to assess the growth performance, body composition, fatty acid profile, and nutrient accumulation in different tissues of shrimp using two feeding levels (10 and 16 g/kg0.8/day). The shrimp PL25 was nursed in the nursing tank for 2 months and stocked in six grow out tanks (ten individuals in each 30 L tank). A commercial feed with 42.7% protein was used over a 16-h period per day. After 4 weeks, the final average weight when fed 16 g/kg0.8/day was 9.7 g which was not significantly different from a final weight of 8.6 g achieved when feeding 10 g/kg0.8/day. The protein and energy content increased in high feeding level whereas moisture, crude fat, and ash content decreased with feeding level (P > 0.05). With the high feeding level, the fatty acid content increased in the eye, muscle, and whole body, with eye containing the highest concentration. The isotopic ratio of δ13C was enriched with feeding level in the muscle and whole shrimp whereas the ratio of δ13C was depleted in the viscera with feeding level. The fraction of δ15N was enriched with decreasing feeding level and highest value was found in the muscle than in the whole shrimp and viscera.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0225-z
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Effects of electrolyte enhanced water on culturing giant freshwater prawn
           Macrobrachium rosenbergii
    • Authors: Muhamad Syahmin Aiman Sahrir; Mushrifah Idris; Abdullah Samat; Suhairi Alimon
      Pages: 419 - 431
      Abstract: In this work, electrolyte enhanced water (EW) was used to determine the effect of EW in culturing freshwater prawns. The giant freshwater prawn juvenile, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, was exposed to different concentrations of EW in experiment 1. The EW was added into the water and labeled as treatment A1 which consists of 1% anolyte and 0.5% catholyte. In the respective treatments, the proportion of anolytes and catolytes are as follows: treatment B1 (1% anolyte and 1% catholyte), treatment C1 (2% anolyte and 0.5% catholyte), treatment D1 (2% anolyte and 1% catholyte), and control (without EW). All these treatments were run in three replicates for each treatment including the control. In the first experiment, the growth of the M. rosenbergii under treatment A1 showed an increased in growth as compared to the control after 56 days of exposure with a significant difference of p < 0.05. The survival rate of prawns is higher in treatments A1 (73%), B1 (70%), and control (63%) as compared to treatments C1 (53%) and D1 (50%). In the second experiment, the treatment using EW concentration of 1% anolyte and 0.5% catholyte was used as the most suitable concentration for the prawn culturing tested with recirculating aquaculture system (RAS). The treatments used in the second experiment was labeled as A2 (EW), B2 (EW and RAS), C2 (RAS), and control. Treatment B2 showed a higher growth and survival rate and was significantly different to the other treatments. The colony-forming unit (CFU) showed a lower count of bacteria in all experiments that used EW as compared to the control. The concentration of 1% of anolyte and 0.5% of catholyte has shown to improve the growth and survival rate of the M. rosenbergii culture when combined with the RAS. This study showed a potential use of electrolyte enhanced water in culturing giant freshwater prawn.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0223-1
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Effects of extensive bottom cultivation of tropical oyster Crassostrea
           belcheri on benthic invertebrate community structure in Ban Don Bay,
           Suratthani Province, Southern Thailand
    • Authors: Sirusa Kritsanapuntu; Nilnaj Chaitanawisuti
      Pages: 433 - 449
      Abstract: The diversity, distribution, and species richness of benthic invertebrates were examined under extensive bottom cultivation of the tropical oyster Crassostrea belcheri during the summer of 2015 at Ban Don Bay, Suratthani Province, Southern Thailand. Oyster farms that had been operating for 25 years were selected for the study, and four sampling sites were allocated along each transect as (i) at the center of the farm, (ii) inside the farm, (iii) at the farm boundary, and (iv) a reference site. Results indicated that a total of 23 families and 28 species of benthic invertebrate taxa were recorded from the four sampling sites, and the macrobenthic invertebrates inhabiting all study sites consisted mainly of gastropods (11 species), polychaetes (11 species), and bivalves (8 species). No significant differences in total density, diversity index, evenness index, and species richness index of benthic invertebrates were found among each sampling site (P > 0.05). Significant differences in total nitrogen, nitrate, nitrite, total ammonia, sulfide, total phosphorus, organic matter, and grain sizes of sediment were found among each sampling site, but no significant differences in pH and total nitrogen were found. Among the independent variables analyzed, correlation analysis showed relationships between benthic diversity indices and abiotic variables. There were no clear patterns of differences in the detrimental environmental effects between sampling site locations, which indicated a minimal ecological impact of oyster cultivation.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0227-x
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Assessment of household risk management strategies for coastal
           aquaculture: the case of clam farming in Thaibinh Province, Vietnam
    • Authors: Thi Thu Hang Ngo; Hossein Azadi; Huu Cuong Tran; Philippe Lebailly
      Pages: 451 - 468
      Abstract: Clam farmers have experienced different types of risks that have been further exacerbated by the rapid expansion of clam farming areas, increased growing densities, and increased market difficulties in recent years in the Thaibinh Province of Vietnam. Most farmers have been seriously affected by production risk, market risk, and financial risk, while a number of others have met with success in almost all of their clam-raising cycles. This study applied a differentiating comparative analysis method and multiple discriminant analysis method to discuss the differences in risk management strategies between and among clam farming households and the impacts of those differences on their success/failure rates. In general, the tactics are related to increase in farm size, the application of technical innovations, diversifying livelihood activities, and accessing secure financial sources all provided better conditions for clam growth, diminished losses, and led to speedier recovery from shocks. To support farmers in managing risks, several government interventions are needed: (1) better re-zoning of clam farming areas in parallel with an increase in the farm size of each household, (2) promoting sustainable linkages between the farmers and the formal financial market and output market, and (3) investing more funding into research and extension related to sustainable clam farming practices and to the improvement of farmers’ skills in cooperative works and management.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0226-y
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Better management practices and their outcomes in shrimp farming: evidence
           from small-scale shrimp farmers in Southern Vietnam
    • Authors: Aya Suzuki; Vu Hoang Nam
      Pages: 469 - 486
      Abstract: Despite the growth of aquaculture exports from developing countries to developed countries in recent years, a high percentage of these products are rejected at developed countries’ ports because of non-compliance with international standards. This paper presents a case study of the shrimp aquaculture sector in Vietnam to examine the factors behind the persistence of such port rejections. In particular, we focus on why the so-called better management practices (BMPs) are not appropriately adopted by many farmers and examine whether the number and types of information sources matter in farmers’ decisions on BMP adoption and whether BMP adoption actually leads to better performances. On the basis of our estimation using primary data collected in Southern Vietnam, we find that information sources and training experiences indeed matter in the adoption of a higher number of BMPs and that BMP adoption indeed reduces the possibility of disease outbreaks. These results prove the effectiveness of BMPs and suggest the importance of disseminating knowledge regarding them to farmers through experts.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0228-9
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Can the polyculture with South American catfish improve the feeding
           efficiency of rainbow trout culture'
    • Authors: Felipe Anderson Pereira; Natalia Ha; André Fernando Nascimento Gonçalves; Hélio Antunes; Wagner C. Valenti; Thiago El Hadi Perez Fabregat
      Pages: 487 - 493
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine if the South American catfish (Rhamdia quelen) is suitable to be farmed in polyculture with rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in intensive systems during the juvenile phase to maximize feed efficiency. Juveniles of rainbow trout (3.94 ± 0.11 g) and South American catfish (2.07 ± 0.04 g) were distributed in 16 tanks (100 L) with continuous water renewal at the density of 50 fish/tank. The experimental design was completely randomized with four treatments (proportions between species) and four replicates. The treatments were 100% trout (100T), 70% trout and 30% catfish (70T30C), 50% trout and 50% catfish (50T50C), and 100% catfish (100C). Fish were fed twice daily with pelleted commercial feed (45% crude protein) during an experimental period of 56 days. No feed was provided for the catfish in polyculture. The weight gained by the trout was higher in polyculture. Fish survival did not differ among the treatments. The average survival of the trout in all tanks was 99.6 ± 1.0%, while the survival of the South American catfish was 97.9 ± 2.7%. The total feed conversion ratio was lower in the 70T30J treatment, followed by the 100T treatment. Rainbow trout and South American catfish are compatible species for farming together in the first phase of their juvenile development. The different spaces occupied by these species inside tanks probably prevent competition or agonistic behavior. Catfish eat the non-ingested leftover diet from the trout, which improves feed conversion and increases sustainability.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0234-y
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Environmental factors on virulence of Aeromonas hydrophila
    • Authors: Ruan E. F. Abreu; Thaís C Magalhães; Renilde C Souza; Samira TL Oliveira; Adriana MG Ibelli; Fábio N Demarqui; João JS Gouveia; Mateus M Costa; Gisele V Gouveia
      Pages: 495 - 507
      Abstract: Aeromonas hydrophila are known for being opportunistic pathogens, harboring various virulence factors and triggering lesions and death in fish. The disease caused by bacteria can make fish inappropriate for human consumption, besides representing a risk to public health. The pathogenesis can be influenced by environmental variables, affecting fish productivity and mortality. The present study aimed to determine whether A. hydrophila harbor the virulence genes aerolysin, hydrolipase, elastase, lipase, cytotonic enterotoxin (ast), lateral flagellum (laf), and polar flagellum (fla) and to evaluate the influence of environmental variables on in vitro growth, in vivo virulence and expression of some of these genes. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based screening for the presence of these virulence genes was performed on 35 isolates. Six isolates containing different profiles of virulence genes were tested for in vitro growth under different conditions of pH, temperature, and ammonia and for in vivo virulence under these same environmental conditions. RT-qPCR was used to quantify the expression of aerolysin, lipase, and fla genes. All the tested environmental factors influenced the growth of A. hydrophila, while pH and ammonia concentrations influenced the bacterial virulence. The expression of the fla gene increased when bacteria were grown in higher ammonia concentration. The mortality established by Aeromonas is influenced by several environmental factors pinpointing the importance of its control in fish farming to avoid higher economic loses associated to bacterial disease outbreaks.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0230-2
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Enhancing the dietary value of palm oil in the presence of lysolecithin in
           tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon
    • Authors: Hajah Imran Khan; Jagabattuala Syama Dayal; Kondusamy Ambasankar; Eda Purdhvi Madhubabu; Rajabdeen Jannathulla; Vanjiappan Rajaram
      Pages: 509 - 522
      Abstract: The effect of four iso-nitrogenous and iso-lipidic diets containing soy lecithin and lysolecithin with fish oil (sardine) and palm oil on growth, digestibility, and fatty acid composition of tail muscle and non-muscle portions of tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon, was evaluated. Shrimp fed with lysolecithin diets had significantly (P < 0.05) higher daily growth coefficient values (1.40–1.45% day−1) than those fed with soylecithin containing diets (1.32–1.37% day−1). Correspondingly, lysolecithin-supplemented diets showed significantly higher (P < 0.05) apparent digestibility coefficients (ADC) of fatty acids with both the oils due to higher emulsification ability of small micelle forming by lysolecithin. However, there were no significant differences in survival and FCR among all treatments. The fatty acid composition of the test diets reflected to a certain extent in the fatty acid composition of the muscle and non-muscle portions of shrimp. Arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic, and docosahexaenoic acid contents of muscle and non-muscle portions of shrimp were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in lysolecithin-supplemented diet compared to soylecithin-supplemented diet. The present results suggest that lysolecithin improved the fatty acid digestibility with its high emulsification properties that reflected in better performance by improving dietary value of palm oil.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0235-x
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Effects of stocking densities of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus,
           1758) with the inclusion of silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
           (Valenciennes, 1844) in C/N-CP prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man,
           1879) culture pond
    • Authors: M. Rezoanul Haque; M. Ashraful Islam; Zohura Khatun; Md Afzal Hossain; Md Abdul Wahab
      Pages: 523 - 541
      Abstract: The effects of stocking density of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus with the inclusion of silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix were evaluated in the C/N-CP prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii farming system in triplicate. Management practices were same for all treatments. Bamboo side shoots were posted vertically into the pond bottoms as a periphyton substrate. A locally formulated and prepared feed containing 15.44% crude protein with a C/N ratio 15 were applied twice daily in all ponds. Maize flour was supplied in water for raising the C/N ratio 20 in all treatments. Water quality parameters, except transparency and chlorophyll a, did not differ significantly (P > 0.05) among the treatments. The periphytic abundance and biomass differed significantly (P < 0.05) among the treatments and even among different months. Although the individual harvesting weight, individual weight gain, and SGR were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the T10000 treatment compared to T15000 and T20000 treatments, respectively, the gross and net yields of tilapia were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the treatment T20000 followed by T15000 and T10000 treatments resulting in higher combined gross and net yield of both prawn and tilapia (16.05 and 16.92%, 32 and 33.59% from the later two treatments, respectively) with a higher economic return (BCR 0.53) during a 122-day culture period. As a whole, the study revealed that prawn, tilapia, and silver carp with a stocking density at 30,000, 20,000, and 1250 ha−1, respectively, was found to provide an optimum and sustainable production as well as economic benefit in the C/N-CP-based culture system.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0229-8
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • The application of two benthic indices to investigate the effects of
           land-based fish farms in coastal transitional ecosystems: two case studies
           in Tuscany region (Italy)
    • Authors: Andrea Alberto Forchino; Fabio Brambilla; Simona Rimoldi; Marco Saroglia; Genciana Terova
      Pages: 543 - 555
      Abstract: The effects on the benthic ecosystem deriving from the activities of two land-based fish farms located in Italian coastal transitional ecosystems (CTEs) were investigated. Together with chemical and physical analysis, some biological analysis was performed. For each fish farm, three stations were sampled: two stations located inside the farm (ponds exit and farm exit) and one station located outside the fish farm, considered as reference site. The AZTI’s Marine Biotic Index (AMBI) and the BENTIX index were calculated, which are being used in assessing the ecological status of benthic communities within the European Water Framework Directive (WFD). Results were compared in order to evaluate the more suitable index for this study area. Both the indices gave similar results but AMBI resulted more sensitive than BENTIX, probably due to the small size of the collected samples. This study seems to suggest that AMBI, being not dependent from sample size, could be preferred as descriptor of benthic health status in CTEs.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0224-0
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Effects of cold acclimation on the survival, feeding rate, and
           non-specific immune responses of the freshwater red claw crayfish ( Cherax
           quadricarinatus )
    • Authors: Dong-Lei Wu; Zhi-Quan Liu; You-Hui Huang; Wei-Wei Lv; Ming-Hai Chen; Yi-Ming Li; Yun-Long Zhao
      Pages: 557 - 567
      Abstract: The effect of cold acclimation on growth performance, non-specific immune responses, and expression level of HSP21 and CSP gene were studied in red claw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus) using a 4-week stress trial. We set a four-temperature gradient, with water temperatures of 25, 20, 15, and 9 °C, respectively. With the gradual decrease of temperature, the survival rate, feeding rate, and hepatopancreas index (HIS) of the red claw crayfish showed a decreasing trend. Decreased total hemocyte count (THC) and hemocyanin concentration were observed when water temperature decreased. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) in the hepatopancreas and hemolymph all gradually declined with decreasing temperatures and then significantly lowered at 9 °C compared with those at 25 °C. The activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in these two tissues showed in the opposite trend, indicating that they may have different regulation mechanisms. A gradual increase of malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration was detected in the hepatopancreas and hemolymph when the temperature decreased. Low temperature stress also affected the expression of heat shock proteins 21(HSP21) and cold shock domain protein (CSP). These results indicate that cold acclimation may induce oxidative stress on the crayfish and then cause oxidative damage and hemocyte apoptosis, as well as immunosuppression in Cherax quadricarinatus, which may finally affect the growth and survival of Cherax quadricarinatus.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0236-4
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Long-term effects of vermicompost manure leachate (powder) inclusions on
           growth and survival, biochemical composition, total carotenoids, and
           broodstock reproductive performance of Artemia franciscana (Kellogg, 1906)
    • Authors: Saeid Vahdat; Abolghasem Esmaeili Fereidouni; Mohammad Kazem Khalesi
      Pages: 569 - 588
      Abstract: Long-term effects of different levels of dietary vermicompost manure leachate powder (VCL) were investigated on the nauplii growth and survival, biochemical composition, total carotenoids, and reproductive performance of broodstock Artemia franciscana in laboratory cultures. The instar I nauplii were fed in five treatments including 100% of the microalga Dunaliella salina (Alg; control group, with a density of 18 × 106 cells mL−1) and mixtures of 75% Alg-25% VCL, 50% Alg-50% VCL, 25% Alg-75% VCL, and 100% VCL for 3 weeks. At maturity, 35 pairs (males and females) were individually isolated from each treatment and transferred to 50-mL falcon tubes in which the reproduction and longevity of females were monitored until mortality. Results showed that the total length of Artemia in the control, 75 Alg-25 VCL, and 50 Alg-50 VCL treatments was significantly different from the other groups at the end of the 2nd and 3rd weeks. The pre-puberty survival rate was severely affected by the increased dietary levels of VCL declining from 52% (control) to 6.7% (100 VCL). The adults’ body protein levels in the control and 75 Alg-25 VCL (54–57%) were similar, but both groups were significantly different from the other treatments. However, the lipid content (13.7–19.8%) and total carotenoids (36.5–47.7 μg mg−1) were significantly different between treatments. Many broodstocks’ reproductive characteristics were affected by the diet so that the total number of offspring in the control was markedly higher than the other groups. However, the number of offspring per brood revealed no differences between the control and 75 Alg-25 VCL treatment, but both were significantly dissimilar with the other groups. The interval between two successive brood productions detected in 100 VCL was almost double those in the other groups. The lifetimes of Artemia were not significantly different in the treatments received varied algal diets with the lowest lifespan in 100 VCL treatment. By increasing VCL to over 25%, the growth, survival, and particularly females’ reproductive performance decreased significantly so that Artemia had to be fed only up to 25% VCL (with 75% Alg). These findings indicate an inefficiency of VCL powder supply in long-term feeding to A. franciscana. Moreover, the use of only 25% VCL is apparently appropriate in small-scale laboratory cultures.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0232-0
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Genetic, nutritional and pathological investigations on the effect of
           feeding low protein diet and biofloc on growth performance, survival and
           disease prevention of Indian white shrimp Fenneropenaeus indicus
    • Authors: Mohamed E. Megahed; Gamal Elmesiry; Ahmed Ellithy; Khaled Mohamed
      Pages: 589 - 615
      Abstract: This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of feeding low protein diets (~20BFd20.13; ~22BFd22.20; ~24BFd24.32, and ~26BFd26.44) in the presence of the biofloc on the growth performance and feed utilization of (Fenneropenaeus indicus) in comparison with commercial feed of 35% CP as control. The present study was based on application of genetic, nutritional and pathological tools. The biofloc was developed in the low protein diet using molasses as a carbon source. Fifty juveniles F. indicus with an average body weight of 0.52 ± 0.03 g were stocked in 50 L plastic tanks. Low protein diets and the control were tested in three replicates over a 112 days feeding trial. There were significant differences in protein, amino acids profile, lipids and fatty acids profile between the control and low diets group in the presence of the biofloc. However, less variation was noticed in the whole body composition (protein, amino acid profile, lipids and fatty acid profiles) of the shrimp between the control and low diets groups in the presence of the biofloc. There were no significant differences in final weight between control and low diets groups. Same trend was noted in the SGR, which did not vary significantly between low protein diets and control. However, the utilization of the biofloc by shrimp as a feed source was evident by the significant differences (P< 0.05) in FCR between low protein diets and control. There was a significant difference in the shrimp survival (%) (P< 0.05) between the low protein diets and the control which ranged between 86.66 % and 66.66 %, respectively. The development of biofloc significantly reduced the TAN, nitrate NO3-N and nitrite NO2-N levels in the low protein diets tanks. Diagnostic of mortality cases revealed that biofloc can serve as a biosecurity system for shrimp farmimg. RAPD-PCR were used to study the epidemiology of Vibrio parahaemolyticus responsible for early mortality syndrome (EMS) isolated from the water of culture system. The OPC5 (GATGACCGCC) primer produced bands ranged from 1 to 8 with sizes from 0.2–5.0 kb.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0231-1
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Experimental infection of Betanodavirus in freshwater fish Gambusia
           affinis (Baird and Girard, 1853)—a potential infection model for viral
           encephalopathy and retinopathy
    • Authors: J. Praveenraj; P. Ezhil Praveena; T. Bhuvaneswari; A. Navaneeth Krishnan; K. P. Jithendran
      Pages: 617 - 627
      Abstract: Betanodaviruses are the causative agents of the disease known as viral nervous necrosis (VNN) or viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER) in a variety of marine and freshwater fish species. The aim of this study was to demonstrate experimental infection of an isolate of betanodavirus (RGNNV genotype) in freshwater fish, Gambusia affinis, for elucidation of transmission mechanism and potential use as a laboratory model. Morbidity and mortality rate was significantly higher by injection route of infection as compared to immersion by bath and resembled the natural infection of juvenile marine fish. The fish in disease affected group showed severe neurological disorders accompanied by extensive vacuolar degeneration and mild to moderate neuronal necrosis of the brain in comparison to control. Amplification of ~ 427 bp product in the variable region of the coat protein gene of betanodavirus was achieved by RT-PCR with 100% sequence homology to RGNNV genotype.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0241-7
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Demographic and competition studies on Brachionus ibericus and Proales
           similis in relation to salinity and algal ( Nannochloropsis oculata )
    • Authors: Uriel Arreguin Rebolledo; S. Nandini; S. S. S. Sarma; José Cristóbal Román Reyes; Gustavo Alejandro Rodríguez Montes de Oca
      Pages: 629 - 644
      Abstract: We isolated the rotifers Brachionus ibericus and Proales similis from the sediment of shrimp tanks and studied their individual demographic characters and competition between them at two food levels (0.25 × 106, 1.00 × 106 cells ml−1 of Nannochloropsis oculata at 25 °C) and salinities ranging from 10 to 30‰. Our hypothesis was that growth rates would be higher with increasing food levels and salinities. Observations were taken twice a day for life table studies and daily once for population growth experiments. Using survivorship and fecundity data, we derived various life history variables. Although the average life span (7.6 ± 0.4 days) and gross reproductive rate (33.8 ± 2.9 neonate female−1 day−1) of B. ibericus were higher than those of P. similis (average life span 5.4 ± 0.6 days and gross reproductive rate 13.0 ± 0.6 neonate female−1 day−1), the population growth experiments showed that P. similis had higher r values (0.32 ± 0.005 day−1) than B. ibericus (0.23 ± 0.002 day−1) at 1.0 × 106 cells ml−1 of N. oculata. The rotifer P. similis was more adversely affected due to the presence of B. ibericus than vice versa. The data are important for developing techniques for a large-scale culture of these rotifers as food in aquaculture.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0233-z
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Individual growth pattern of juvenile stages of the Chinese mitten crab (
           Eriocheir sinensis ) reared under laboratory conditions
    • Authors: Zhigang Yang; Banghong Wei; Qibin Liu; Yongxu Cheng; Junyu Zhou
      Pages: 645 - 657
      Abstract: The specific growth pattern of Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis, during the juvenile stages was investigated under an individual rearing system for 160 days, including parent crab selection, hatchery management, larval stages, and juvenile cultivation. There were 36 males and 40 females developed from megalopa to the juvenile crab stage 10 (M–C10), with a total survival of 38%. The survival rate in early stages (M–C3) remained less than 80%, which was lower than that in latter stages (> 90%). The intermoult duration sharply increased in an exponential manner (y = 3.1059e0.2149x R2 = 0.9383) from 4 ± 0.54 days to 38 ± 6.26 days. The increments in wet weight, carapace width, and carapace length per moult were recorded throughout the experiment, which followed certain patterns with progressing moulting time. In addition, moulting increment in wet weight varied greatly from C1 to C6, with a minimum increment of 108.09%. Meanwhile, the specific growth rate markedly increased in the early stages and subsequently decreased, mainly because of significant increases in the intermoult duration starting from C6 stage. Males and females could be differentiated at C4 based on sexual dimorphism in the abdomen, and the most distinct changes in female and male juvenile crabs occurred in the shape of the abdomen and amount of cheliped fluff, respectively.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0239-1
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Effects of tank color on the growth, stress responses, and skin color of
           snakeskin gourami ( Trichogaster pectoralis )
    • Authors: Parichart Ninwichian; Nirandon Phuwan; Kesara Jakpim; Panya Sae-Lim
      Pages: 659 - 672
      Abstract: The effects of tank color on the growth, stress responses, and skin color of snakeskin gourami (Trichogaster pectoralis) were investigated in this study. Fish with initial body weights of 5.03±0.00 g were reared in five experimental tank colors (white, red, green, blue, and black) for 8 weeks. Each tank color was tested in triplicate with an initial stocking density of 15 fish per tank. Fish were fed with commercial sinking pellets at 4% of the average body weight per day. Growth performance, feed utilization efficiency, stress indicators (hematocrit, blood glucose, plasma cortisol levels), and skin color parameters were investigated. The fish reared in blue tanks had a significantly higher average final body weight (9.73 ± 0.14 g) and significantly lower average feed conversion ratio (3.42 ± 0.12) than the fish reared in black tanks (P < 0.05). The fish reared in black tanks exhibited higher average hematocrit (36.63 ± 1.11%), blood glucose (48.33 ± 1.45 mg dL−1), and plasma cortisol (9.00 ± 0.56 μg dL−1) levels than those reared in the other tank colors. However, the blood glucose levels in only the fish reared in black tanks were significantly higher than those in the fish reared in the other tank colors. The fish skin color ranged from very pale (high skin lightness) in the white tanks to very dark (low skin lightness) in the black tanks, and 80% of the variation in skin lightness were explained by the tank lightness. The use of a blue tank resulted in normal skin color; hence, blue tanks will not affect the customer acceptance of the fish. Our study revealed that blue is the most appropriate tank color for culturing snakeskin gourami.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0242-6
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Proximate and fatty acid composition of 13 important freshwater fish
           species in central Europe
    • Authors: Zuzana Linhartová; Jakub Krejsa; Tomáš Zajíc; Jan Másílko; Sabine Sampels; Jan Mráz
      Abstract: We aimed to investigate proximate and fatty acid composition of important freshwater fish species in the Czech Republic. Sampled fish include seven species from intensive farming: African catfish, rainbow trout, Wels catfish, Nile tilapia, brook trout, northern whitefish, and pikeperch; eight species from semi-intensive culture systems: common carp, northern pike, pikeperch, grass carp, European perch, tench, silver carp, and catfish; and three species from extensive culture systems: rainbow trout, tench, and common carp. The fat content and fatty acid composition were highly influenced by the culture systems. Simultaneously, we observed a significant dependence of fatty acid composition on the fat content. The content of saturated fatty acids was below 34% in all analyzed fish. Northern pike, pikeperch, and European perch contained with over 50% the highest proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Intensively cultured fish reached the highest content of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic fatty acid. Nutritional quality was determined by atherogenic and thrombogenic indexes which ranged from 0.27 to 0.63 and 0.20 to 0.61 and by ratios n-3/n-6 (0.54–3.45) and polyunsaturated/saturated fatty acids (0.67–2.01). Results demonstrated that the flesh of all studied species are of high nutritional quality.
      PubDate: 2018-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0243-5
  • Culture environment and the odorous volatile compounds present in
           pond-raised channel catfish ( Ictalurus punctatus )
    • Authors: Stephen T. McCrummen; Yifen Wang; Terrill R. Hanson; Lisa Bott; Shaoyang Liu
      Abstract: A headspace solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) coupled with GS-MS method was used to measure volatile compounds in fillets from musty off-flavor, muddy off-flavor, and on-flavor channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus), along with water and soil samples from the farm ponds in which the fish had been raised. Two ponds of each type of flavor were selected, and five fish, water, and soil samples were collected from each pond. Linear and multiple linear regression analyses were carried out between/among off-flavor strength and volatile compound contents to investigate their possible correlations. The combination of two strong off-flavor compounds, 2-methylisoborneol (MIB) and geosmin (GSM), was probably mainly responsible for the musty off-flavor in the catfish fillets, and an odorous alcohol, 1-hexanol, was correlated with muddy off-flavor (p = 0.015). There was a strong correlation between beta-cyclocitral and MIB in a pond that gave musty off-flavor catfish contents (p = 0.006), suggesting that these compounds might be generated by similar cyanobacteria. The contents of GSM, MIB, and beta-cyclocitral were high in the water of ponds that yielded off-flavor fish, indicating that catfish might acquire these compounds from pond water.
      PubDate: 2018-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0247-1
  • Growth enhancement and protective potential of feed-based outer membrane
           proteins against vibriosis in Macrobrachium rosenbergii
    • Authors: Abdullateef Ajadi; M. Y. Sabri; A. B. Dauda; M. Y. Ina-Salwany; A. H. Hasliza
      Abstract: The use of antibiotics to curtail vibriosis, which is a major infectious disease, plaguing shrimp and prawn is rather becoming less effective and the need for a better alternative is expedient. The outer membrane proteins (OMPs) of V. alginolyticus were extracted, mixed with powdered commercial feed and fed to the prawns to evaluate its effect on growth performance and protective potential. Sixty prawns were divided into groups A, B and C of 10 prawns each, with two replicates in six (150 L) glass aquaria. Groups A, B and C were fed with OMPs mixed diet, with OMPs-Freund’s incomplete adjuvant mixed diet and OMPs or adjuvant free diet (control diet) respectively. All the prawns were weighed weekly, and haemolymph was collected to determine the total haemocyte count (THC) and phenoloxidase (PO) activity. At the end of the feeding trial, prawns were intramuscularly challenged with 50 μL of 107 CFU V. alginolyticus. The treated groups were significantly higher in growth performance and THC than the control group, but no significant difference between the groups in terms of PO activity and mortality rate. The study, however, submitted that oral administration of OMPs with or without adjuvant is a good growth promoter and has the potential for protection against vibriosis in giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii).
      PubDate: 2018-02-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0244-4
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