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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2355 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 132)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Applied Solar Energy
  [SJR: 0.251]   [H-I: 6]   [17 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1934-9424 - ISSN (Online) 0003-701X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Harmonic control using matrix converter of unbalanced input voltage
           supplied from solar power system
    • Authors: K. V. Kandaswamy; Sarat Kumar Sahoo
      Pages: 199 - 207
      Abstract: Abstract Most of the renewable energy sources are not distributed directly to consumer. It gone through several section to get optimum output voltage and current with the almost zero distortion. Direct Matrix converters are well known of its better power quality and low power distortion to the reactive loads. Conversely, multilevel H bridge inverters are broadly used to attain a sinusoidal output voltage in solar photovoltaic application. Reactive power is subject to high importance for the operation of alternating current (AC) power systems. Moreover there is always a challenge to obtain the balance current control from an unbalanced supply voltage with minimum harmonic distortion for reactive load application from solar power system. The main objective of the proposed system is to maximize the power usage by maintaining the current and power factor nearby unity. There are many different optimization techniques are used so far in matrix converter, a novel method of optimization BAT algorithm is proposed for the power quality to get the best result. This work mainly deals with the compensation of reactive power used in Solar Photovoltaic Power System. Bidirectional energy flow is possible with matrix converter for battery charging. Simulation results are presented to confirm the appropriate operation of the system under different of operating conditions. Also, in the proposed method the percentage of the higher order harmonics can reduced less than 9% of matrix converter for solar photovoltaic application.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17030070
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 3 (2017)
  • A novel islanding detection technique for grid connected photovoltaic
    • Authors: M. Balamurugan; Sarat Kumar Sahoo
      Pages: 208 - 214
      Abstract: Abstract Islanding detection is the major issue in Grid Connected Photovoltaic (PV) System and still it remains a challenge for researchers to interconnect the PV system with the Grid. The algorithms which are listed in the literature are failed to identify the Islanding phenomena for the several source configuration. In this paper a novel islanding detection technique is presented to reduce the non-detection zone (NDZ) at the point of common coupling (PCC) and it can be widely used for various renewable energy system configurations. The simulations have been carried out in Matlab/Simulink for several test conditions. The simulations results are presented to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17030057
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 3 (2017)
  • Performance studies on solar collector with grooved absorber tube
           configuration using aqueous ZnO–ethylene glycol nanofluids
    • Authors: G. Niranjan; L. Chilambarasan; Y. Raja Sekhar; D. Vikranthreddy
      Pages: 215 - 221
      Abstract: Abstract Solar flat plate collector (SFPC) is regarded as one of the best renewable energy devices to acquire hot water for domestic usage. Though its theoretical efficiency is projected at higher scale, its conversion efficiency is observed to be low due to various collector losses. Hence, to achieve improved performance of collector different techniques for heat transfer augmentation in circular pipes can be adopted. Among passive and active techniques available, passive is preferred over active due to economics and saving in exergy. Hence, in the present study absorber tube configuration is modified with internal grooves in the collector setup to enhance the rate of heat transfer. Also, fluids dispersed with metal oxide particles provide an increase in thermal conductivity such that ZnO-based aqueous EG mixture nanofluid is used as working medium to analyze the performance of collector setup. Also, the change in heat transfer rate and temperature profile of grooved tubes under forced laminar conditions for different working fluids are compared and reported.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17030082
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 3 (2017)
  • Experimental studies on solar flat plate collector with internally grooved
           tubes using aqueous ethylene glycol
    • Authors: Vidhi Upadhyay; Rashmi; P. Himanshu Khadloya; Y. Raja Sekhar; A. D Sai Anoop Reddy; Bharath Reddy
      Pages: 222 - 228
      Abstract: Abstract In order to cope up with the increase in energy demand and decline in fossil fuels, it has become imperative to use renewable resources efficiently. Among these renewable resources, solar thermal energy is abundant in nature. Solar water heating systems are one of the most important applications of solar thermal energy. Providing internal fins to absorber tube is the technique to improve heat transfer augmentation. Hence in the present study, experiments were performed on solar flat plate collector with different cross section of absorber tubes (plain tube and internally grooved tubes with different helix angles) and by varying the mass flow rates of the working fluids. This study reports the experimental results of flat plate collector, where the working fluid is water and aqueous ethylene glycol (50 : 50). Temperature profile of grooved absorber tube will be compared with plain tube. Since conversion efficiency of solar devices is low, the present study mainly focuses on improving the efficiency of solar flat plate collector.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17030112
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 3 (2017)
  • Fault detection in PV systems
    • Authors: P. Jenitha; A. Immanuel Selvakumar
      Pages: 229 - 237
      Abstract: Abstract A practical fault detection approach for PV systems intended for online implementation is developed. The fault detection model here is built using artificial neural network. initially the photovoltaic system is simulated using MATLAB software and output power is collected for various combinations of irradiance and temperature. Data is first collected for normal operating condition and then four types of faults are simulated and data are collected for faulty conditions. Four faults are considered here and they are: Line to Line faults with a small voltage difference, Line to line faults with a large voltage difference, degradation fault and open-circuit fault. This data is then used to train the neural network and to develop the fault detection model. The fault detection model takes irradiance, temperature and power as the input and accurately gives the type of fault in the PV system as the output. This system is a generalized one as any PV module datasheet can be used to simulate the Photovoltaic system and also this fault detection system can be implemented online with the use of data acquisition system.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17030069
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 3 (2017)
  • Experimental scrutinization on conversion of seawater into drinking water
           using solar energy
    • Authors: A. M. Saravanan; Asma Said Al-Kharusi; Anna Jesil; Shabib Rashdi
      Pages: 238 - 242
      Abstract: Abstract The paper investigates the experimental studies on conversion of seawater into drinking using solar energy with the help of single basin double slope solar still unit.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17030094
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 3 (2017)
  • Performance evaluation of photovoltaic/thermal–HDH desalination
    • Authors: B. Anand; T. Srinivas
      Pages: 243 - 249
      Abstract: Abstract The efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) panel drops with increase in cell temperature. The temperature of the PV panel can be controlled with various cooling techniques. In the proposed work the PV panel is cooled by circulating water and the recovered heat energy is used to run a humidification and dehumidification desalination to produce distilled water from sea water (or) brackish water. This work deals with a detailed analysis of performance of combined power and desalination (Photovoltaic/Thermal–Humidification and Dehumidification) system. A mathematical model of PV/thermal–humidification dehumidification plant was developed and simulations were carried out in MATLAB environment. The performance of photovoltaic/ thermal desalination (Photovoltaic/Thermal–Humidification and Dehumidification) system was investigated under various solar radiation levels (800–1000 W/m2). For each solar radiation level the effect of mass flow rate of coolant water (30–110 kg/h) on water outlet temperature, PV efficiency, PVT thermal efficiency, distilled water production, and plant efficiency was studied. Results show that under each solar radiation level increasing coolant flow rate increases efficiency of PV panel and reduces the plant efficiency. The highest PV efficiency (16.598%) was reached under 800 W/m2 at mass flow rate of 110 kg/h and the highest plant efficiency (43.15%) was reached under 800 W/m2 at a mass flow rate of 30 kg/h. The maximum amount of distilled water production rate (0.82 L/h) was reached under 1000 W/m2 at water mass flow rate of 30 kg/h.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17030045
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 3 (2017)
  • Study of the possibilities of thermal performance enhancement of flat
           plate solar water collectors by using of nanofluids as heat transfer fluid
    • Authors: J. S. Akhatov; S. Z. Mirzaev; A. S. Halimov; S. S. Telyaev; E. T. Juraev
      Pages: 250 - 257
      Abstract: Abstract The current work represents the simulation results of the thermal performances of flat-plate solar collector with heat transfer fluid–nanofluid (SiO2 + water with 5% concentration) which is obtained experimentally [1]. The dependence of the outlet temperature and gained useful energy of heat transfer fluid (nanofluid) on the flow rates (10, 15 and 20 L/h) at different ranges of incident solar radiation (500–1000 W/m2) was obtained.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17030033
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 3 (2017)
  • Correlation between central receiver size and solar field using flat
    • Authors: V. Venkatesh; Badri S. Rao; Gopalakrishnan Srilakshmi; N. C. Thirumalai; M. A. Ramaswamy
      Pages: 258 - 266
      Abstract: Abstract In Central Receiver Systems (CRSs), thousands of heliostats track the sunrays and reflect beam radiation on to a receiver surface. The size of the reflected image and the extent of reflection from the heliostats are one of the important criteria that need to be taken into account while designing a receiver, since spillage losses may vary from 2 to 16% of the total losses. The present study aims to determine the size of an external cylindrical receiver, such that the rays reflected from all the heliostats in the field are intercepted. A dimensionless correlation with respect to tower height and receiver size (diameter and height) as a function of heliostat size and its position is discussed in the paper. This correlation could be used as a first-order approximation to estimate the receiver dimensions. When applied to the Ivanpah Solar Electricity Generating Station (ISEGS) plant, the correlation yields satisfactory estimation of receiver dimensions.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17030124
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 3 (2017)
  • Thermodynamic evaluations of solar cooling cogeneration cycle using
           NaSCN–NH 3 mixture
    • Authors: R. Shankar; T. Srinivas; B. V. Reddy
      Pages: 267 - 275
      Abstract: Abstract The commercial refrigeration and air conditioning consumes more electric power for its operation. The solar vapor absorption refrigeration helps to minimize the electric power usage and it is renewable. Large size of solar collector area is required for producing the standalone power as well as cooling cycle. The integration of power and cooling cycle minimizes the number of components such as heat exchanger, separator and collector area. The main objective of the work is to integrate power and cooling for two outputs with single cycle using NaSCN–NH3 as working fluid. The advantages of NaSCN–NH3 are having high pressure and pure ammonia vapor at the exit of the generator. The integrated cycle is made by providing the turbine at the exit of the generator along with superheater. It has three pressures of generator, condensing and sink pressure, which is depending on separator and ambient temperature. At the separator temperature of 150°C with weak solution concentration of 0.30, it produces the cogeneration output of 284.80 kW with cycle and plant thermal efficiency of 0.49 and 0.20 respectively.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17030100
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 3 (2017)
  • Comparative study of single and multi-layered packed-bed thermal energy
           storage systems for CSP plants
    • Authors: Ajas Abdulla; K. S. Reddy
      Pages: 276 - 286
      Abstract: Abstract The Multi-layered Thermal Energy Storage (TES) tank consists of three regions–top and bottom part is packed with suitable Phase Change Materials (PCM) and low-cost pebbles are placed in the middle region, whereas entire tank portion is filled by solid fillers in Single-layered tank system. For a storage tank operating between 563 and 663 K with bed dimensions of 12 and 14.38 m using Solar salt as Heat Transfer Fluid (HTF), it is observed that the duration of discharge for multi-layered tank is 5.32 h whereas it is 4.19 h for single-layered tank with a Reynolds number of 10. The effect of intermediate melting temperature range of PCMs are also analyzed by taking PCMs with sharp as well as intermediate melting ranges. Further, comparison of single and multi-layered systems is carried out by analyzing the temperature profiles and width of both PCM layers. The width of top and bottom PCM layers of tank is varied from 0 to 30% to analyze its effect on the discharging duration. It is observed that multi-layered system provides extra discharge of 1 h with introduction of PCM at top and bottom with a width of 10%. Discharge duration increases with increase in PCM width whereas the percentage increase in duration of discharge with increase in PCM width is comparatively less. It is also seen that PCMs with sharp melting point performs better compared to one having intermediate range of melting temperatures. Multi-layered configuration concept offers best possibilities as integration to CSP plants with desired efficiency.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17030021
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 3 (2017)
  • PV/batteries sizing and energy dispatching using Continuous Petri Net
    • Authors: Dalia Fendri; Maher Chaabene
      Pages: 92 - 99
      Abstract: Abstract Electrification of isolated area is commonly ensured by autonomous power installation including renewable energy sources. Many software tools are available to size such installations. These tools refer to the daily energy need and the site global renewable potential which leads to inaccurate and wasteful sizing. This paper presents an alternative tool based on the energy consumption and the daily loads profile to compute the size of a standalone PV/batteries system installed in an isolated chalet in Sfax, Tunisia. Obtained results are compared to those provided by PVsyst sizing tool to confirm the proposed algorithm effectiveness. Referring to obtained results, an assessment is proposed to dispatch energy between connected autonomous installations to cover the need of some houses by energy surplus offered by neighbors. A Continuous Petri Net (CPN) is used to model the energy flow between houses.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020062
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Minimizing the impact of distributed generation of a weak distribution
           network with an artificial intelligence technique
    • Authors: Naser El Naily; Saad. M. Saad; T. Hussein; Faisal A. Mohamed
      Pages: 109 - 122
      Abstract: Abstract Integration of renewable energy sources directly into the distribution network become a common practice nowadays, the contribution of renewable energy sources to the distribution network predominate by weather conditions which change short circuit level capability for the electric network. This change in the network configuration could influence the operation of the protective devices in the distribution network. In this study, an online adaptive protection scheme base on adaptive fuzzy algorithm proposed to update and optimize the protection coordination when network topology has been changed. The online algorithm depends on different parameters such as the status of main feeder circuit breaker and the prefault power flow in the network. The simplified network represents a portion of the Eastern Libyan Electric Network implemented in ETAP package.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020128
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Investigation of composition and current transport mechanism in
           polycrystalline thin film ultra violet Au–Zn x Cd 1–x S–Mo-structure
           with narrow spectrum of photosensitivity
    • Authors: R. R. Kobulov; M. A. Makhmudov; S. Y. Gerasimenko; O. K. Ataboev
      Pages: 123 - 125
      Abstract: Abstract The composition and photovoltaic characteristics of Au–Zn x Cd1–x S–Mo–thin film structural injection photo detectors sensitive to narrow the ultraviolet region of the electromagnetic spectrum created and investigated. Studies of the morphology and composition of Zn x Cd1–x S films showed that in the Au–Zn x –Cd1–x S–Mo–UV structure, with a narrow photosensitivity spectrum, x = 0.6 ± 0.02. The features of current transport mechanism in the structure and the basic parameters of semiconductor material are defined. Polycrystalline Zn x Cd1–x S is a wide-band-semiconductor material may be used instead of the CdS buffer layer in various types of heterostructural solar cells. This will give an opportunity to increase the photo sensitivity of the structure in the short-wave part of the radiation spectrum, increase the built-in potential and solve the problem of open circuit voltage deficiency in the thin-film solar cells.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020098
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Photovoltaic thermal collectors: Reverse osmosis desalination system as an
    • Authors: Mahmoud Ammous; Maher Chaabene
      Pages: 152 - 160
      Abstract: Abstract Solar energy presents one of the frequent used energy resources to desalinate water especially with reverse osmosis desalination process. Photovoltaic thermal collector (PV/T) is a hybrid generator which converts solar radiation into useful electric and thermal energies simultaneously. This paper gathers all PV/T submodels and reverse osmosis desalination model in order to form a unique dynamic model that reveals PVT based reverse osmosis desalination interactions. As the system is a multi-input/output/output system, a state space model based on energy balance equations is developed in order to analyze and assess the parameters behaviors and correlations of the system constituents. The model simulation is performed using LabVIEW software. The simulation reveals the influence of heating feed water on the process efficiency and the afforded energetic gain by the coolant fluid circulation.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020049
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Innovative sensible heat transfer medium for a moving bed heat exchanger
           in solar central receiver power plants
    • Authors: Louy Qoaider; Qahtan Thabit; Suhil Kiwan
      Pages: 161 - 166
      Abstract: Abstract Renewable energies are gaining importance due to the steadily increasing scarcity of fossil fuels, the ongoing climate change and last but not least the risks which accompany the use of nuclear power. In this growing market, solar thermal power plants offer a centralized, potentially load following electricity production. To serve this need, the integration of thermal energy storage systems is essential. The Moving Bed Heat Exchanger MBHX storage concept for CSP systems using sensible heat transfer medium aims at using a low cost solid storage media. This concept requires intermediate bulk cycles to transfer heat between the solar field and the storage material (the bulk). Heat Transfer Fluids (HTF) such as synthetic oils (mobiltherm 603) are typically used. In this work, granular materials such as sand and rocks are studied to present an additional HTF to represent an efficient and cost-effective alternative. Low cost solid particulates can store and transport heat at temperatures over 1000°C. For the purpose of heat recovery, a moving bed heat exchanger (MBHX) is applied and tested. In this study, the dense granular mass is gravity-driven through a heat exchanger. The performance of the MBHX with the utilization of Sand, Basalt, and a Mixture of Sand and Basalt as a granular material was experimentally investigated. It is found that the effectiveness of the MBHX using a mixture of 50% sand and 50% basalt improved by 30% compared to using sand alone.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x1702013x
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Cigs flexible nano solar cell by inert argon gas condensation
    • Authors: Falah I. Mustafa; Zainb Abdsalam; Mushtak A. Jabbar
      Pages: 167 - 172
      Abstract: Abstract The Cu(In0.7Ga0.3)Se2 nano solar cell pn junction structure consist of six layers of Al/CIGS/nano-CIGS/CdS/ITO/PET with thicknesses about 200, 500, 70, 100, 150 nm and 170 um were deposited by thermal evaporation technique at vacuum pressure 2 × 10–5 mbar respectively. where the ITO/PET conductive flexible substrate with sheet resistance 15 Ohms per sq. The X-ray diffraction analysis showed that as-deposited thin films CIGS and CdS are polycrystalline where optical energy gap and carrier concentration are found that 1.15 and 2.38 eV with p = 3.58 × 1010 cm–3 and n = 3.11 × 1013 cm–3 respectively. CIGS nano solar cell thin films are deposited on CdS/ITO/PET with assistance of inlet Argon gas vacuum pressure at 1, 5, 20 mbar by thermal evaporation technique at room temperature by using Inert gas condensation (IGC) is the method by which one can deposit films with high purity as deposition is done in low vacuum. The high magnification SEM image of CIGS nano-structures synthesized at 20 mbar revealed that the particles have exact spherical shape with sizes ranged from few nanometers to hundreds nanometers due to agglomeration effect. It was found that the grain size and the root mean square of surface roughness increases as Argon gas pressure increase. Therefore the structure of CIGS thin films has been changed from polycrystalline to nanostructure and have been found with increase Argon gas vacuum pressure from 1mbar to 5 mbar and then 20 mbar will increase grain size at 2θ = 32° from 15.9, 18.9 and 25.7 nm with decrease optical energy gap from 1.54, 1.44 and 1.26 eV respectively. The results showed the efficiency increase from 1.37% of CIGS/CdS to 2.01% of CIGS nano thin films of solar cells.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020116
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Implementation of modified incremental conductance and fuzzy logic MPPT
           techniques using MCUK converter under various environmental conditions
    • Authors: Adedayo M. Farayola; Ali N. Hasan; Ahmed Ali
      Pages: 173 - 184
      Abstract: Abstract Incremental Conductance (IC) technique is a cheap, and easy algorithm to implement for Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT). However, the IC technique usually takes time and suffers some delay to approach the MPP if the voltage is not near to the MPP or when subjected to rapid change in irradiance. In this paper, IC technique was implemented and compared to the modified Incremental Conductance technique (MIC) under various environmental conditions such as standard test conditions (STC) and partial shading conditions. Also the MIC method was compared to a Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC) MPPT technique in order to evaluate the best and the accurate controller for the MPPT for different weather conditions. Results show that using FLC and MIC techniques are efficient for MPPT and may increase the PV system stability.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020050
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Solar thermal energy discharging from a multiple phase change materials
           storage tank
    • Authors: B. Touati; N. Kerroumi; J. Virgone
      Pages: 185 - 189
      Abstract: Abstract In this work we have studied numerically the charging and the discharging of solar thermal energy stored (TES) using latent heat from a storage unit contains PCMs. We have also studied the improvement of the heat transfer between fluid which is the water and the PCMs by adding the fins to our storage unit with various configurations, including in-line fins and staggered fins. Then, we studied the assembly of two PCMs in our storage unit. In addition, an experimental work has been validated. The ANSYSFLUENT 15 code was used to solve the formulation of the fusion/solidification processes, where three users define have been developed to describe the thermo-physical properties of the PCMs.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020141
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
  • Energy management and control of a hybrid water pumping system with
    • Authors: Lazizi Aldjia; Kesraoui Mohamed; Achour Djalloul; Ahmed Chaib
      Pages: 190 - 198
      Abstract: Abstract This paper aims to define a control and management strategy for water pumping system which would be powered by a hybrid PV/diesel generator system with battery storage. The particularity of the proposed power management method is to ensure the water volume in need and to maximize the use of PV generator while limiting the use of the diesel generator. In order to capture the maximum power from PV generator, a fuzzy logic maximum power point tracking controller is applied. On the other hand, a PI regulator is used with a boost converter in order to adapt the voltage of the battery bank to the DC bus. The water flow of the pump is also controlled. The developed power management and control strategy has been implemented using SIMPOWER toolbox in Matlab/Simulink. The obtained satisfying simulation results prove the efficiency of the proposed solution that assures continuous supply of water and electricity.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020025
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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