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Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2352 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2352 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 10)
4OR: A Quarterly J. of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.073, h-index: 25)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.192, h-index: 74)
AAPS PharmSciTech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.718, h-index: 54)
Abdominal Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.723, h-index: 60)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.447, h-index: 12)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.492, h-index: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.135, h-index: 6)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.378, h-index: 30)
Acoustical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.355, h-index: 20)
Acoustics Australia     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Analytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.387, h-index: 6)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.624, h-index: 34)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.419, h-index: 25)
Acta Diabetologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.318, h-index: 46)
Acta Endoscopica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.113, h-index: 8)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.465, h-index: 23)
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.294, h-index: 13)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.818, h-index: 22)
Acta Informatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 32)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 8.021, h-index: 47)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 29)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.406, h-index: 30)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.451, h-index: 5)
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.22, h-index: 20)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 52)
Acta Mechanica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.426, h-index: 29)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.525, h-index: 18)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, h-index: 14)
Acta Neurochirurgica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.833, h-index: 73)
Acta Neurologica Belgica     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.348, h-index: 27)
Acta Neuropathologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 6.61, h-index: 117)
Acta Oceanologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 17)
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.581, h-index: 28)
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.551, h-index: 39)
Acta Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.658, h-index: 20)
Activitas Nervosa Superior     Hybrid Journal  
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.871, h-index: 15)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.795, h-index: 40)
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.774, h-index: 52)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.319, h-index: 15)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.959, h-index: 44)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.255, h-index: 44)
Advances in Contraception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.113, h-index: 14)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.397, h-index: 42)
Advances in Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.2, h-index: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.637, h-index: 89)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.79, h-index: 44)
Aegean Review of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.882, h-index: 23)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.511, h-index: 36)
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.821, h-index: 49)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.612, h-index: 24)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 6)
AGE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.358, h-index: 33)
Ageing Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.337, h-index: 10)
Aggiornamenti CIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.529, h-index: 55)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.197, h-index: 49)
Agroforestry Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.64, h-index: 56)
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 1.732, h-index: 59)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 19)
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 2.006, h-index: 71)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.706, h-index: 19)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.566, h-index: 18)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 22)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.868, h-index: 20)
Algorithmica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.898, h-index: 56)
Allergo J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.183, h-index: 20)
Allergo J. Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.729, h-index: 20)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.392, h-index: 32)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.094, h-index: 87)
American J. of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.864, h-index: 39)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.237, h-index: 83)
American J. of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.634, h-index: 13)
American J. of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.283, h-index: 3)
American J. of Dance Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.175, h-index: 13)
American J. of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.558, h-index: 35)
American J. of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.293, h-index: 13)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 13)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.362, h-index: 83)
AMS Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 37)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.665, h-index: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis of Verbal Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.096, h-index: 123)
Anatomical Science Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.301, h-index: 26)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.212, h-index: 69)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.122, h-index: 55)
Annales françaises de médecine d'urgence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.156, h-index: 4)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.377, h-index: 32)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.504, h-index: 14)
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.167, h-index: 26)
Annals of Behavioral Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 2.112, h-index: 98)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.182, h-index: 94)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.849, h-index: 15)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.857, h-index: 40)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.686, h-index: 14)
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.929, h-index: 57)
Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.136, h-index: 23)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.117, h-index: 62)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 42)
Annals of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.402, h-index: 26)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.68, h-index: 45)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.186, h-index: 78)
Annals of Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.405, h-index: 42)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Solid and Structural Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.553, h-index: 8)
Annals of Surgical Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.902, h-index: 127)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.315, h-index: 25)
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.931, h-index: 31)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.992, h-index: 87)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.14, h-index: 57)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.554, h-index: 87)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.354, h-index: 27)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 20)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.575, h-index: 80)
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.267, h-index: 26)
Applied Cancer Research     Open Access  
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.361, h-index: 21)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.705, h-index: 35)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.554, h-index: 34)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.323, h-index: 9)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.541, h-index: 13)
Applied Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.777, h-index: 43)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 34)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.955, h-index: 33)
Applied Mathematics - A J. of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.275, h-index: 8)
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.37, h-index: 26)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 1.262, h-index: 161)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, h-index: 121)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.983, h-index: 104)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.677, h-index: 47)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 15)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 9)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.613, h-index: 40)
Aquarium Sciences and Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.646, h-index: 44)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.764, h-index: 39)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.172, h-index: 53)
Arabian J. for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.345, h-index: 20)
Arabian J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.417, h-index: 16)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.056, h-index: 15)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.397, h-index: 13)
Archiv der Mathematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.597, h-index: 29)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.804, h-index: 22)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.28, h-index: 15)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.946, h-index: 23)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 4.091, h-index: 66)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.865, h-index: 40)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.841, h-index: 40)
Archives of Dermatological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.9, h-index: 65)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.846, h-index: 84)
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.695, h-index: 47)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.702, h-index: 85)
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.039, h-index: 56)
Archives of Osteoporosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.092, h-index: 13)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 1.198, h-index: 74)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 1.595, h-index: 76)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.086, h-index: 90)
Archives of Women's Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.264, h-index: 50)
Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia     Hybrid Journal  
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.2, h-index: 42)
ArgoSpine News & J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 3)
Argumentation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.295, h-index: 18)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 22)
Arnold Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.797, h-index: 17)
Arthroskopie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 8)
Artificial Intelligence and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 25)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.948, h-index: 48)
Artificial Life and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.231, h-index: 14)
Asia Europe J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.247, h-index: 9)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.371, h-index: 17)
Asia Pacific J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.676, h-index: 50)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 13)
Asia-Pacific Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 15)
Asia-Pacific J. of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 1.006, h-index: 14)
Asian Business & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.41, h-index: 10)
Asian J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.263, h-index: 8)
AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.681, h-index: 15)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.195, h-index: 5)
ästhetische dermatologie & kosmetologie     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Applied Solar Energy
  [SJR: 0.251]   [H-I: 6]   [16 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1934-9424 - ISSN (Online) 0003-701X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Application of artificial neural networks for forecasting photovoltaic
           system parameters
    • Authors: Lalia Miloudi; Dalila Acheli; Mohamed Kesraoui
      Pages: 85 - 91
      Abstract: Abstract The main element which justifies the installation of a photovoltaic system is the solar energy potential. Various structures of artificial neural networks (ANNs) are used for predicting the sun location, the global solar radiation (GSR) at horizontal and inclined plans. Real meteorological data have been exploited in order to validate the computation results. The ANNs are also carried out to predict the current-voltage characteristics of the photovoltaic module. It can be concluded that the ANNs effectively predict the behavior of photovoltaic system parameters with good a coefficient of determination.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020104
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • PV/batteries sizing and energy dispatching using Continuous Petri Net
    • Authors: Dalia Fendri; Maher Chaabene
      Pages: 92 - 99
      Abstract: Abstract Electrification of isolated area is commonly ensured by autonomous power installation including renewable energy sources. Many software tools are available to size such installations. These tools refer to the daily energy need and the site global renewable potential which leads to inaccurate and wasteful sizing. This paper presents an alternative tool based on the energy consumption and the daily loads profile to compute the size of a standalone PV/batteries system installed in an isolated chalet in Sfax, Tunisia. Obtained results are compared to those provided by PVsyst sizing tool to confirm the proposed algorithm effectiveness. Referring to obtained results, an assessment is proposed to dispatch energy between connected autonomous installations to cover the need of some houses by energy surplus offered by neighbors. A Continuous Petri Net (CPN) is used to model the energy flow between houses.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020062
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • On stability and power quality impacts of vehicle to grid (V2G)
    • Authors: Esra’a Alghsoon; Ahmad Harb; Mohammad Hamdan
      Pages: 100 - 108
      Abstract: Abstract In the last two decades or so, Electric Vehicles (EV) start to be part of the transportation sector. EV is supplied with storage batteries, that powered from the electrical power grid. Therefore, EV considered to be a load on the electrical power grid. But on the other hand, EV could be working as a source of energy. So, power can be recovered back to the grid in case of unused. In this paper, we studied the effect of connecting the energy from Vehicle to power grid (V2G) technology at substation 33 kV/11 kV located at Amman city. The load profile for each feeder at the substation is been considered. The substation and the out feeders build and tested using DIGSILENT software. We studied and analyzed the harmonic distortion that the charge controller produces it on the grid for eight scenarios at different hours for winter and summer semesters. In addition, the effect of V2G technology on the stability was found for fourteen scenarios at different penetration level for electric vehicles. Finally, the effect of V2G technology on voltage stability was found for three cases. We compared he results with IEEE standard for the allowable harmonic distortion limits, where the highest total harmonic distortion occurs at summer peak and high penetration for electric vehicles which equal 0.37%, and the frequency stability results compared by the NECA (National Electricity Code Agency).
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020037
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Minimizing the impact of distributed generation of a weak distribution
           network with an artificial intelligence technique
    • Authors: Naser El Naily; Saad. M. Saad; T. Hussein; Faisal A. Mohamed
      Pages: 109 - 122
      Abstract: Abstract Integration of renewable energy sources directly into the distribution network become a common practice nowadays, the contribution of renewable energy sources to the distribution network predominate by weather conditions which change short circuit level capability for the electric network. This change in the network configuration could influence the operation of the protective devices in the distribution network. In this study, an online adaptive protection scheme base on adaptive fuzzy algorithm proposed to update and optimize the protection coordination when network topology has been changed. The online algorithm depends on different parameters such as the status of main feeder circuit breaker and the prefault power flow in the network. The simplified network represents a portion of the Eastern Libyan Electric Network implemented in ETAP package.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020128
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Investigation of composition and current transport mechanism in
           polycrystalline thin film ultra violet Au–Zn x Cd 1–x S–Mo-structure
           with narrow spectrum of photosensitivity
    • Authors: R. R. Kobulov; M. A. Makhmudov; S. Y. Gerasimenko; O. K. Ataboev
      Pages: 123 - 125
      Abstract: Abstract The composition and photovoltaic characteristics of Au–Zn x Cd1–x S–Mo–thin film structural injection photo detectors sensitive to narrow the ultraviolet region of the electromagnetic spectrum created and investigated. Studies of the morphology and composition of Zn x Cd1–x S films showed that in the Au–Zn x –Cd1–x S–Mo–UV structure, with a narrow photosensitivity spectrum, x = 0.6 ± 0.02. The features of current transport mechanism in the structure and the basic parameters of semiconductor material are defined. Polycrystalline Zn x Cd1–x S is a wide-band-semiconductor material may be used instead of the CdS buffer layer in various types of heterostructural solar cells. This will give an opportunity to increase the photo sensitivity of the structure in the short-wave part of the radiation spectrum, increase the built-in potential and solve the problem of open circuit voltage deficiency in the thin-film solar cells.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020098
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A TRNSYS-based simulation framework for the analysis of solar thermal and
           heat pump systems
    • Authors: Danny Jonas; Danjana Theis; Felix Felgner; Georg Frey
      Pages: 126 - 137
      Abstract: Abstract The modeling and simulation of combined solar and heat pump (SHP) systems is a challenging task as it requires expert knowledge in modeling as well as in the behavior of the real systems. As an example of a SHP system, this work considers parallel solar thermal and heat pump systems with ground or air source heat pumps for the efficient energy supply of buildings. An introduction to SHP systems and the considered system concepts is given and the challenges in designing new models within the simulation environment TRNSYS are described. Finally, a TRNSYS-based stand-alone tool (SHP-SimFrame) ispresented which enables users to analyze predefined SHP concepts with hardly any knowledge in modeling and simulation itself.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020074
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • The benefits of the transition from fossil fuel to solar energy in Libya:
           A street lighting system case study
    • Authors: Ashraf Khalil; Zakariya Rajab; Moneer Amhammed; Ali Asheibi
      Pages: 138 - 151
      Abstract: Abstract The Libyan economy is dominated by the oil and the gas industry which are considered as the primary energy sources for the generating power plants. With the increased energy demands in the near future, Libya will be forced to burn more oil and gas. This, in turn will result in reducing the country revenue, threatening the economy and increasing the CO2 emission. This triggers the alarm for Libya to an urgent plan to diversify the energy sources through using sustainable energy. The sun showers Libya every day by a huge amount of sunshine, especially during the peaks in the summer days. Recently, the country has been struggling to satisfy its escalating energy demands. The residential and street lighting loads constitute more than 50% of the electricity demands in Libya. Street lighting consumes more than 3.996 TW h, which is around one fifth of the energy demands in Libya. Energy conservation and transition from fossil fuel to renewable energy could have significant profit on the energy sector in Libya. For example, Libya is still relying on the old-fashioned, inefficient and unsustainable street lighting systems. Replacing the old technology lighting systems with up-to-date solar powered lighting system can achieve energy saving and sustainability. In this paper, improving the energy situation in Libya through replacing the high pressure sodium street lighting systems with solar powered LED street lighting systems is investigated. A four km road is chosen as a case study. Four alternatives are analyzed; grid-powered high pressure sodium lamp street lighting system, grid-powered LED lamp street lighting system, stand-alone solar powered LED street lighting system and grid-connected solar powered LED street lighting system. The four options are compared in terms of the capital cost, maintenance cost, total cost, fuel cost and the CO2 emission. Replacing the high pressure sodium lamp system with LED lamp system saves 75% of energy and reduces the CO2 emission by 75%. The stand-alone solar powered LED lighting system cuts the CO2 emission, saves the fuel and is economically feasible. Furthermore, improvement is attained if the solar powered lighting system is connected to the grid where the excess energy is fed to the grid. The two solar powered options are economically feasible and sustainable.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020086
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Photovoltaic thermal collectors: Reverse osmosis desalination system as an
           application
    • Authors: Mahmoud Ammous; Maher Chaabene
      Pages: 152 - 160
      Abstract: Abstract Solar energy presents one of the frequent used energy resources to desalinate water especially with reverse osmosis desalination process. Photovoltaic thermal collector (PV/T) is a hybrid generator which converts solar radiation into useful electric and thermal energies simultaneously. This paper gathers all PV/T submodels and reverse osmosis desalination model in order to form a unique dynamic model that reveals PVT based reverse osmosis desalination interactions. As the system is a multi-input/output/output system, a state space model based on energy balance equations is developed in order to analyze and assess the parameters behaviors and correlations of the system constituents. The model simulation is performed using LabVIEW software. The simulation reveals the influence of heating feed water on the process efficiency and the afforded energetic gain by the coolant fluid circulation.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020049
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Innovative sensible heat transfer medium for a moving bed heat exchanger
           in solar central receiver power plants
    • Authors: Louy Qoaider; Qahtan Thabit; Suhil Kiwan
      Pages: 161 - 166
      Abstract: Abstract Renewable energies are gaining importance due to the steadily increasing scarcity of fossil fuels, the ongoing climate change and last but not least the risks which accompany the use of nuclear power. In this growing market, solar thermal power plants offer a centralized, potentially load following electricity production. To serve this need, the integration of thermal energy storage systems is essential. The Moving Bed Heat Exchanger MBHX storage concept for CSP systems using sensible heat transfer medium aims at using a low cost solid storage media. This concept requires intermediate bulk cycles to transfer heat between the solar field and the storage material (the bulk). Heat Transfer Fluids (HTF) such as synthetic oils (mobiltherm 603) are typically used. In this work, granular materials such as sand and rocks are studied to present an additional HTF to represent an efficient and cost-effective alternative. Low cost solid particulates can store and transport heat at temperatures over 1000°C. For the purpose of heat recovery, a moving bed heat exchanger (MBHX) is applied and tested. In this study, the dense granular mass is gravity-driven through a heat exchanger. The performance of the MBHX with the utilization of Sand, Basalt, and a Mixture of Sand and Basalt as a granular material was experimentally investigated. It is found that the effectiveness of the MBHX using a mixture of 50% sand and 50% basalt improved by 30% compared to using sand alone.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x1702013x
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Cigs flexible nano solar cell by inert argon gas condensation
    • Authors: Falah I. Mustafa; Zainb Abdsalam; Mushtak A. Jabbar
      Pages: 167 - 172
      Abstract: Abstract The Cu(In0.7Ga0.3)Se2 nano solar cell pn junction structure consist of six layers of Al/CIGS/nano-CIGS/CdS/ITO/PET with thicknesses about 200, 500, 70, 100, 150 nm and 170 um were deposited by thermal evaporation technique at vacuum pressure 2 × 10–5 mbar respectively. where the ITO/PET conductive flexible substrate with sheet resistance 15 Ohms per sq. The X-ray diffraction analysis showed that as-deposited thin films CIGS and CdS are polycrystalline where optical energy gap and carrier concentration are found that 1.15 and 2.38 eV with p = 3.58 × 1010 cm–3 and n = 3.11 × 1013 cm–3 respectively. CIGS nano solar cell thin films are deposited on CdS/ITO/PET with assistance of inlet Argon gas vacuum pressure at 1, 5, 20 mbar by thermal evaporation technique at room temperature by using Inert gas condensation (IGC) is the method by which one can deposit films with high purity as deposition is done in low vacuum. The high magnification SEM image of CIGS nano-structures synthesized at 20 mbar revealed that the particles have exact spherical shape with sizes ranged from few nanometers to hundreds nanometers due to agglomeration effect. It was found that the grain size and the root mean square of surface roughness increases as Argon gas pressure increase. Therefore the structure of CIGS thin films has been changed from polycrystalline to nanostructure and have been found with increase Argon gas vacuum pressure from 1mbar to 5 mbar and then 20 mbar will increase grain size at 2θ = 32° from 15.9, 18.9 and 25.7 nm with decrease optical energy gap from 1.54, 1.44 and 1.26 eV respectively. The results showed the efficiency increase from 1.37% of CIGS/CdS to 2.01% of CIGS nano thin films of solar cells.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020116
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Implementation of modified incremental conductance and fuzzy logic MPPT
           techniques using MCUK converter under various environmental conditions
    • Authors: Adedayo M. Farayola; Ali N. Hasan; Ahmed Ali
      Pages: 173 - 184
      Abstract: Abstract Incremental Conductance (IC) technique is a cheap, and easy algorithm to implement for Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT). However, the IC technique usually takes time and suffers some delay to approach the MPP if the voltage is not near to the MPP or when subjected to rapid change in irradiance. In this paper, IC technique was implemented and compared to the modified Incremental Conductance technique (MIC) under various environmental conditions such as standard test conditions (STC) and partial shading conditions. Also the MIC method was compared to a Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC) MPPT technique in order to evaluate the best and the accurate controller for the MPPT for different weather conditions. Results show that using FLC and MIC techniques are efficient for MPPT and may increase the PV system stability.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020050
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Solar thermal energy discharging from a multiple phase change materials
           storage tank
    • Authors: B. Touati; N. Kerroumi; J. Virgone
      Pages: 185 - 189
      Abstract: Abstract In this work we have studied numerically the charging and the discharging of solar thermal energy stored (TES) using latent heat from a storage unit contains PCMs. We have also studied the improvement of the heat transfer between fluid which is the water and the PCMs by adding the fins to our storage unit with various configurations, including in-line fins and staggered fins. Then, we studied the assembly of two PCMs in our storage unit. In addition, an experimental work has been validated. The ANSYSFLUENT 15 code was used to solve the formulation of the fusion/solidification processes, where three users define have been developed to describe the thermo-physical properties of the PCMs.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020141
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Energy management and control of a hybrid water pumping system with
           storage
    • Authors: Lazizi Aldjia; Kesraoui Mohamed; Achour Djalloul; Ahmed Chaib
      Pages: 190 - 198
      Abstract: Abstract This paper aims to define a control and management strategy for water pumping system which would be powered by a hybrid PV/diesel generator system with battery storage. The particularity of the proposed power management method is to ensure the water volume in need and to maximize the use of PV generator while limiting the use of the diesel generator. In order to capture the maximum power from PV generator, a fuzzy logic maximum power point tracking controller is applied. On the other hand, a PI regulator is used with a boost converter in order to adapt the voltage of the battery bank to the DC bus. The water flow of the pump is also controlled. The developed power management and control strategy has been implemented using SIMPOWER toolbox in Matlab/Simulink. The obtained satisfying simulation results prove the efficiency of the proposed solution that assures continuous supply of water and electricity.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17020025
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A study of limiting energy and temperature characteristics of photovoltaic
           solar radiation converters
    • Authors: V. M. Evdokimov; V. A. Maiorov
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Abstract Photovoltaic and thermal characteristics of a photovoltaic converter are studied. The power losses in photovoltaic conversion and the optimal power, current, and voltage and efficiency limit of the converter are determined. A theoretical model is presented for calculating the photoinduced current, reverse saturation current density, diffusion factor, lifetime, and current–voltage characteristic (CVC). The limiting idle voltage, efficiency, and CVC filling factor are determined for various temperatures.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17010042
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Thermoelectric effect in the graded band gap Si 1–x Ge x (0.2 ≤ x ≤
           1), Si 1–x Ge x (0.5 ≤ x ≤ 1) solid solutions dependent on the gap
           difference
    • Authors: A. Yu. Leiderman; A. S. Saidov; A. B. Karshiev
      Pages: 13 - 15
      Abstract: Abstract The thermoelectric effect, i.e., appearance of thermally stimulated current and voltage during uniform heating in a temperature range from 30 to 250°C, is studied. It is shown that greatest values of the current and voltage appear when maximum band gap difference is observed.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17010091
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A study of main causes of malfunction and breakdown for PV inverter and
           suggestion of some practical measures
    • Authors: O. S. Kim; N. A. Matchanov; M. A. Malikov; B. R. Umarov
      Pages: 35 - 38
      Abstract: Abstract The inverters and modules are main components of solar power plants. If any one of them is failure, result will affect the production of electricity. Through the literatures survey, it is found that the inverter among the lots of parts of the solar power plant occupy the largest portion of the fault, and the failure and malfunction of the inverter are caused by the conductive surges induced through the power system. Based on these results, authors analyzed power disturbance factors and results were compared with IEC international standards. Finally, some practical measures applicable in designing and construction grid tied PV power plant in Uzbekistan were suggested.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17010078
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Nontracking solar concentrators with louvered heliostats: A calculation
           algorithm
    • Authors: D. S. Strebkov; A. E. Irodionov; N. S. Filippchenkova
      Pages: 39 - 44
      Abstract: Abstract An algorithm for calculating the solar radiation flux on the receiving surface of a nontracking parabolic trough concentrator with a louvered heliostat is presented. Cylindrical geometry of the concentrator and shape and arrangement of mirror lamellae of the heliostat make it possible to consider sunlight passage across the mirror system of the module as a whole band, which significantly increases the computational efficiency of the algorithm proposed.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17010157
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Performance of parabolic through solar power plant under weather
           conditions of the Oujda city in Morocco
    • Authors: H. Ait Lahoussine Ouali; R. Guechchati; M. A. Moussaoui; A. Mezrhab
      Pages: 45 - 52
      Abstract: Abstract A numerical simulation of Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) plant based on an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) power generation unit integrated with parabolic trough collectors is carried out. For the study we refer to the Solar Electric Generating System VI (SEGS VI), installed in the Mojave desert-California (USA), whose solar field which is constituted by LS2 parabolic trough collectors and we consider the same plant implementation in the region of Oujda city (Morocco). To predict the energy performance, the simulations are carried out using TRNSYS 16 simulation program known for its modularity and flexibility and the external library known as the Solar Thermal Electric Components (STEC) library. The meteorological parameters including Direct Normal Irradiation (DNI), ambient temperature and other weather conditions are taken from meteorological year database provided by a high precision MHP station located in Mohamed Premier University. The obtained results show that the region of East offers great potential in general for implementing this type of plant. In fact, the value of 30 MWe is reached during the strongest sunshine day and the operating time can go from 7 AM until 19 PM for a summer day.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17010121
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Measurements of solar resources in Uzbekistan
    • Authors: Sh. A. Faiziev; Yu. B. Sobirov
      Pages: 57 - 60
      Abstract: Abstract High-precision modern sensors for measuring the solar resources operating in six regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan are studied. The data on incoming solar energy obtained by the ground and satellite stations are analyzed.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17010054
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Solar thermal power plants in the world: The experience of development and
           operation
    • Authors: N. R. Avezova; A. E. Khaitmukhamedov; A. Yu. Usmanov; B. B. Boliyev
      Pages: 72 - 77
      Abstract: Abstract The main areas of large-scale development of solar energy are: —conversion of solar energy into low-grade heat, and using the latest in heating systems of residential, municipal facilities, public and industrial buildings that consume energy such as temperature capacity; —conversion of solar energy into electricity through photovoltaic and thermodynamic converters. This report provides short information of the dynamics of the creation and operation of solar power plants (SPP) with the thermodynamic conversion, and the criteria for reducing cost of electricity produced from them.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.3103/s0003701x17010030
      Issue No: Vol. 53, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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