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Publisher: SciELO   (Total: 718 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 718 Journals sorted alphabetically
ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 5)
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Agronómica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.11, h-index: 2)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.32, h-index: 18)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Acta Botanica Brasilica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.364, h-index: 23)
Acta botánica mexicana     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira     Open Access   (SJR: 0.319, h-index: 19)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.29, h-index: 6)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 2)
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Neurológica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 10)
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.242, h-index: 15)
Acta Pediátrica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.961, h-index: 15)
Acta zoológica mexicana     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Human Rights Law J.     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
African Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.106, h-index: 4)
Afro-Asia     Open Access  
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 2)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agrociencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 15)
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access  
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 1)
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Alfa : Revista de Linguística     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.114, h-index: 3)
Ambiente & sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.142, h-index: 8)
Ambiente & Agua : An Interdisciplinary J. of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.221, h-index: 4)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
América Latina en la historia económica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 1)
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.498, h-index: 23)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.322, h-index: 42)
Anais do Museu Paulista : História e Cultura Material     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 18)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.129, h-index: 3)
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.109, h-index: 8)
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.997, h-index: 25)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 29)
Antipoda. Revista de Antropología y Arqueología     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 0)
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, h-index: 1)
Anuario de Historia Regional y de las Fronteras     Open Access  
Apuntes : Revista de Estudios sobre Patrimonio Cultural - J. of Cultural Heritage Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 16)
Archivos de Neurociencias     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 4)
Archivos de Pediatria del Uruguay     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 9)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.188, h-index: 19)
ARQ     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 2)
Arquitectura y Urbanismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.307, h-index: 22)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.334, h-index: 32)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia     Open Access  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.308, h-index: 19)
Arquivos de Gastroenterologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.424, h-index: 22)
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access   (SJR: 0.1, h-index: 5)
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria     Open Access   (SJR: 0.374, h-index: 38)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia     Open Access  
ARS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atenea (Concepción)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Atmósfera     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.377, h-index: 18)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Avaliação : Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas)     Open Access  
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.109, h-index: 4)
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bakhtiniana : Revista de Estudos do Discurso     Open Access  
BAR. Brazilian Administration Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.188, h-index: 6)
Biota Neotropica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.373, h-index: 18)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.122, h-index: 10)
Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial     Open Access  
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, h-index: 5)
Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.139, h-index: 4)
Boletin Chileno de Parasitologia     Open Access  
Boletín de Filología     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana     Open Access   (SJR: 0.231, h-index: 8)
Boletín del Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.149, h-index: 1)
Bosque     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.256, h-index: 10)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.522, h-index: 20)
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.242, h-index: 31)
Brazilian Dental J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 34)
Brazilian J. of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 35)
Brazilian J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.424, h-index: 32)
Brazilian J. of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Brazilian J. of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (SJR: 0.541, h-index: 70)
Brazilian J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.39, h-index: 38)
Brazilian J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 13)
Brazilian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 6)
Brazilian J. of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.466, h-index: 16)
Brazilian J. of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.452, h-index: 32)
Brazilian J. of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 10)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.819, h-index: 123)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
Caderno de Estudos     Open Access  
Cadernos CEDES     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 5)
Cadernos de Pesquisa     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.26, h-index: 8)
Cadernos de Saúde Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 55)
Cadernos de Tradução     Open Access  
Cadernos Metrópole     Open Access  
Cadernos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Cadernos Pagu     Open Access   (SJR: 0.179, h-index: 4)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Calidad en la educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cerâmica     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 11)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Chilean J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 15)
Chungara (Arica) - Revista de Antropologia Chilena     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.49, h-index: 13)
Ciência & Educação (Bauru)     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.588, h-index: 30)
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access   (SJR: 0.322, h-index: 4)
Ciência da Informação     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.117, h-index: 7)
Ciencia del suelo     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.206, h-index: 13)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.444, h-index: 19)
Ciencia e Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e investigación agraria     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 10)
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access  
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.389, h-index: 24)
Ciencia y Enfermeria - Revista Iberoamericana de Investigacion     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.165, h-index: 7)
Ciencias Marinas     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 21)
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Cirugia Plastica Ibero-Latinoamericana     Open Access   (SJR: 0.175, h-index: 8)
CLEI Electronic J.     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access   (SJR: 0.15, h-index: 3)
Clinics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.525, h-index: 36)
CoDAS     Open Access   (SJR: 0.177, h-index: 12)
Computación y Sistemas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.253, h-index: 4)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunicación y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.104, h-index: 1)
Contaduría y Administración     Open Access   (SJR: 0.103, h-index: 1)
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, h-index: 4)
Correo Científico Médico     Open Access  
Corrosão e Protecção de Materiais     Open Access  
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.604, h-index: 13)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American J. of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Historia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Historia de la Salud Publica     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.106, h-index: 4)
Cuadernos.info     Open Access   (SJR: 0.117, h-index: 2)
Cubo. A Mathematical J.     Open Access  
Cuicuilco     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access  
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dados - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (SJR: 0.429, h-index: 15)
De Jure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DELTA : Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.142, h-index: 5)
Dementia & Neuropsychologia     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.232, h-index: 10)
Dental Press J. of Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 7)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desarrollo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.106, h-index: 2)
Diálogo Andino - Revista de Historia, Geografía y Cultura Andina     Open Access  
Diánoia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dimensión Empresarial     Open Access  
Dynamis : Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.134, h-index: 7)
e-J. of Portuguese History     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.125, h-index: 2)
Eclética Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecología en Bolivia     Open Access  
Economia Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.168, h-index: 6)
Economia e Sociedade     Open Access  
EconoQuantum     Open Access  
Educação & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.244, h-index: 12)
Educação e Pesquisa     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 8)
Educação em Revista     Open Access  
Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Educación Médica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.11, h-index: 7)
Educación Médica Superior     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.188, h-index: 7)
Educación y Educadores     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Educar em Revista     Open Access  
EDUMECENTRO     Open Access  
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros     Open Access  
Ene : Revista de Enfermería     Open Access  
Enfermería Global     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.14, h-index: 2)
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Engenharia Agrícola     Open Access   (SJR: 0.396, h-index: 18)
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental     Open Access   (SJR: 0.15, h-index: 10)
Ensaio Avaliação e Políticas Públicas em Educação     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 6)
Entomologia y Vectores     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Escritos de Psicología : Psychological Writings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Atacameños     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 8)
Estudios Constitucionales     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.383, h-index: 5)
Estudios de Cultura Maya     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 1)
Estudios de Economía     Open Access   (SJR: 0.144, h-index: 7)
Estudios de historia moderna y contemporánea de México     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, h-index: 3)
Estudios Filologicos     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, h-index: 3)
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios internacionales     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Estudios Pedagogicos (Valdivia)     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, h-index: 7)
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  

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Journal Cover Cadernos Metrópole
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   ISSN (Print) 1517-2422 - ISSN (Online) 2236-9996
   Published by SciELO Homepage  [718 journals]
  • Apresentação

    •  
  • Crisis, dispossession and labor market in Spain: impacts on the
           Metropolitan Region of Madrid

    • Abstract: Resumen Las áreas urbanas españolas han padecido una crisis que es global por su dimensión, pero tiene manifestaciones locales diversas y que ha afectado de modo intenso a sus mercados de trabajo. Los procesos de desposesión se reflejan en el fuerte crecimiento del desempleo, la precarización laboral, la devaluación salarial y una mayor desprotección de los trabajadores, que se concentran en aquellos sectores urbanos más vulnerables. El artículo ofrece una reflexión teórica sobre estas cuestiones y analiza lo ocurrido en la región metropolitana de Madrid en el contexto español mediante el uso de diferentes indicadores. También precisa las profundas desigualdades internas en el impacto de la crisis dentro de la aglomeración, que acentúan la segmentación territorial heredada y plantean nuevos retos. The Spanish urban areas have experienced a crisis that is global in its dimension but has different local manifestations. Such crisis has intensively affected the labor markets of these areas. Dispossession processes are reflected in the strong growth of unemployment, job insecurity, wage devaluation and less protection for workers, who are concentrated in the most vulnerable urban sectors. The article offers a theoretical reflection on these issues and analyzes what has happened in the metropolitan region of Madrid, in the Spanish context, by using different indicators. It also specifies deep internal disparities in the impact of the crisis within the agglomeration, which increase the territorial segmentation that has been inherited and pose new challenges.
       
  • Crisis and neoliberalization rounds: impacts on metropolitan areas and on
           the labor world in Brazil

    • Abstract: Resumo O objetivo deste ensaio é analisar a crise e as recentes rodadas de neoliberalização nas escalas mundial e nacional, procurando discutir os possíveis impactos no mundo do trabalho, sobretudo nos espaços urbano-metropolitanos no Brasil. Partindo da natureza do processo de urbanização brasileiro, busca apontar a lógica daquelas rodadas e das transformações geopolíticas e geoeconômicas atuais, procurando situar o Brasil nesse contexto. Analisa a rede urbana e o fenômeno da metrópole, enquanto sistema urbano socioeconômico e socioespacial complexo, como um lócus importante para se investigar as mudanças no mundo do trabalho no Brasil. Conclui afirmando que nos últimos 20 anos, de 1995 a 2015, o Brasil sofreu três rodadas de neoliberalização, que lançaram mão de dispositivos, mecanismos e instrumentos bastante diferenciados de experimentações re-regulatórias, com variadas repercussões, que requerem mais aprofundados estudos comparativos. The purpose of this essay is to analyze the crisis and recent neoliberalization rounds on the global and national scales, aiming to discuss possible impacts on the labor market, especially in urban--metropolitan areas in Brazil. Based on the nature of the Brazilian urbanization process, it seeks to identify the logic of those rounds and of current geopolitical and geo-economic transformations, trying to place Brazil within this context. It analyzes the urban network and the phenomenon of the metropolis, which is an urban and complex socio-economic and socio-spatial system, as an important locus to investigate changes in the labor world of Brazil. It concludes by arguing that, in the last 20 years, from 1995 to 2015, Brazil underwent three neoliberalization rounds that used very different devices, mechanisms and instruments of re-regulatory experiments. They have had different repercussions and require in-depth comparative studies.
       
  • Post-2008 crisis in the Portuguese cities of NUT III Oeste: unemployment
           and social exclusion

    • Abstract: Resumo Neste artigo, avaliam-se os impactos da crise pós-2008 no desemprego, na acessibilidade a fontes de rendimento e a bens essenciais e nas situações de pobreza e de exclusão vivenciadas pelas famílias residentes nas cidades da NUT III Oeste1 (Alcobaça, Caldas da Rainha, Peniche e Torres Vedras). Os resultados obtidos baseiam-se em trabalho de campo (inquiriram-se 387 famílias, recolhendo-se informação referente a 1.028 indivíduos), realizado entre os dias 4 de abril e 6 de maio de 2014. O quadro geral de resultados a que chegamos quantifica e qualifica a degradação do acesso ao emprego e, por conseguinte, a fontes de rendimentos por parte das famílias, expondo múltiplas dimensões da exclusão social que essas comunidades conheceram no decurso dos 6 anos analisados. In this paper, we evaluate the impact of the post-2008 crisis on unemployment, accessibility to sources of income and essential goods, and on situations of poverty and exclusion experienced by families living in the cities of NUT III Oeste2 (Alcobaça, Caldas da Rainha, Peniche and Torres Vedras). The results are based on a fieldwork (387 households were inquired and the collected information refer to 1,028 individuals) that was conducted from April 4 to May 6, 2014. Overall, the results we attained quantify and qualify the decline of the access to employment and, as a consequence, to sources of income by the households, exposing multiple dimensions of the social exclusion that these communities experienced in the six years that were analyzed (between 2008 and 2014).
       
  • The crisis of neoliberal globalization and labor markets in Andalusia
           (Spain)

    • Abstract: Resumen Las profundas transformaciones de las estructuras económicas, laborales, sociales e institucionales que se venían produciendo desde finales del siglo XX se han acelerado, profundizado y complejizado durante la última década al generarse una crisis de excepcional calado que, aunque empezó siendo financiera, ha ido evolucionado hasta convertirse en sistémica. Dicha crisis, además de poner en evidencia las fragilidades del sistema está provocando nuevas desigualdades socioeconómicas y territoriales. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar los efectos de la crisis en los mercados de trabajo de las ciudades de Andalucía de más de 20.000 habitantes, intentando detectar si se han producido alteraciones en el modelo territorial de esta región, considerada periférica tanto en el ámbito español como en el europeo. The profound changes in economic, labor, social and institutional structures that have been occurring since the late 20th century have become faster, deeper and more complex over the last decade, as a crisis of exceptional depth has been generated. Although it began as a financial crisis, it has evolved to become systemic. This crisis, in addition to exposing the frailties of the system, is causing new socio-economic and territorial inequalities. The aim of this paper is to analyze the effects of the crisis on labor markets of the cities of Andalusia that have more than 20,000 inhabitants, trying to detect whether there have been changes in the territorial model of this region, which is considered peripheral both in the Spanish and European spheres.
       
  • Social-geographical effects of the commodities’ super cycle and of
           its end in Chile

    • Abstract: Resumen Los ciclos económicos de los commodities impactan a las economías emergentes, y muy desigualmente a sus diversos territorios subnacionales y sectores sociales, unos más vulnerables que otros. Este artículo investiga los efectos socioterritoriales en Chile del súper ciclo de los commodities y de su término, evaluando regional y comunalmente las reducciones en la pobreza durante los años de alto precio del cobre y, con su declinación, el incremento subnacional del desempleo. Se constata una mayor concentración territorial de la pobreza, que acusa una inercia territorial y temporal. En cambio, la relativamente mayor dispersión y fluctuación de los índices de desempleo evidencia una volatilidad de esta variable. El desafío de la equidad se hace presente en los periodos de bonanza y urgente en los de crisis. Commodities’ economic cycles affect emerging economies and have different impacts on their diverse subnational territories and social sectors, as some are more vulnerable than others. In this article, we investigate the social-geographical effects of the commodities’ super cycle and of its end in Chile. In addition, we evaluate poverty reduction at regional and district levels when the price of copper was high, and the subnational increase in unemployment when the prices decreased. A greater geographical concentration of poverty was found, which reveals a geographical and temporal inertia. Conversely, the relatively greater dispersion and fluctuation of unemployment rates evidence this variable’s volatility. The challenge of equity arises in prosperity periods and becomes urgent during crises.
       
  • Impacts of the urban dynamics on labor markets in major Chilean cities

    • Abstract: Resumen Las reformas de liberalización económica y financiera en la mayoría de los países de América Latina, provocaron un cambio radical en la base de producción material en la región. En este contexto, este trabajo pretende identificar y caracterizar el vínculo entre el crecimiento de las principales ciudades chilenas y la evolución de sus mercados laborales urbanos, buscando responder si estamos en presencia o no, de un proceso de urbanización de la estructura laboral. Específicamente, la hipótesis es que, a pesar de que las ciudades analizadas se distinguen en función de economías regionales especializadas, las estructuras de los diversos mercados laborales tienden a un proceso de homogenización, asociados a una dinámica eminentemente urbana y arrastrando con ello a la estructura de diferenciación social. Economic and financial liberalization reforms, in most Latin American countries, have led to a radical change in the structure of material production in the region. In this context, this paper aims to identify and characterize the link between the growth trends of the main Chilean cities and the evolution of their urban labor markets, seeking to clarify whether the labor structure has been undergoing a process of urbanization or not. Specifically, the hypothesis is that, although the analyzed cities are different regarding their specialized regional economies, the structures of the labor markets tend to undergo a process of homogenization, increasingly marked by urban dynamics and involving a process of internal differentiation of the urban social structure.
       
  • Contradictions among development, labor and spacein periods of crisis: the
           case of Rio de Janeiro

    • Abstract: Resumo Em tempos de crise é comum se afirmar que os limites e as contradições dos modelos econômicos e políticos se revelam. As crises recentes deságuam em pressões para redução de gastos públicos, aumento do desemprego e propostas de redução de direitos trabalhistas e sociais. Argumenta-se, neste artigo, que as características e as contradições mais gerais do modelo de desenvolvimento nacional e de sua crise podem ser melhor observadas em suas dimensões espaciais e do trabalho. Desse modo, o objetivo é examinar as transformações em tais dimensões no Brasil e no estado do Rio de Janeiro, entre 2003 e 2016, tendo em vista haver grande articulação entre o ciclo nacional e o dessa Unidade da Federação. A análise utiliza informações estatísticas do IBGE, sobretudo a Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílio/Pnad. During periods of crisis, it is common to state that the limits and contradictions of economic and political models are revealed. Recent crises have triggered pressures to reduce public spending; moreover, they have increased unemployment and brought proposals to reduce labor and social rights. In this article, we argue that the general characteristics and contradictions of the national development model and its crisis can be best observed in their spatial and labor dimensions. Thus, the objective is to examine transformations in these dimensions in Brazil and in the state of Rio de Janeiro between 2003 and 2016, given that the national cycle and the cycle of this state are largely articulated.
       
  • Employment in the oil sector: economic dynamics and work in the North of
           the state of Rio de Janeiro

    • Abstract: Resumo Este artigo registra e analisa os impactos causados pela indústria petrolífera na Região Norte Fluminense, seu papel estruturante no mercado de trabalho e sua influência no comportamento da economia regional. A metodologia para a realização do levantamento quanto ao emprego regional baseou-se em pesquisa quantitativa com base em análise de dados secundários relativos ao trabalho formal, sendo primordialmente utilizados dados do Cadastro Geral de Empregados e Desempregados (Caged), dentre outros. Conclui-se que as perspectivas de médio e longo prazo configuram essa região como uma província petroleira em decadência tendo, contudo, possibilidades de buscar estratégias de reconversão produtiva baseada em projetos endógenos, uma vez que dispõe de elevado contingente populacional e já atingiu complexidade econômica em termos de infraestrutura de serviços. This article records and analyzes the impacts caused by the oil industry in the North of the state of Rio de Janeiro, its structuring role in the labor market, and its influence on the behavior of the regional economy. The methodology applied to carry out the survey of regional jobs was based on quantitative research, which employed the analysis of secondary data related to formal work. Data from the General Roll of Employed and Unemployed Individuals (Caged), among others, were primarily used. It was concluded that medium – and long-term perspectives characterize this region as a declining oil province. However, it is possible to find strategies of productive reconversion based on endogenous projects, since the region has a high population density and has already achieved economic complexity in terms of service infrastructure.
       
  • Workers left in the lurch: thoughts on the shipbuilding labor market in
           the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Area

    • Abstract: Resumo Este artigo analisa a importância da região metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro no mercado de trabalho da indústria de construção naval brasileira, especialmente as cidades do Rio de Janeiro, Niterói e São Gonçalo. Destaca a desconcentração regional da indústria naval e a evolução do emprego nas diferentes fases de sua história, com foco no período recente de início de uma provável nova crise, além de caracterização do mercado de trabalho e descrição de uma provável nova crise a partir de 2014 nessa indústria. A produção naval brasileira sempre foi concentrada no Sudeste, em especial no estado do Rio de Janeiro, berço do setor, historicamente detentor dos principais estaleiros e dos principais indicadores de produção e emprego. This papers aims to analyze the importance of the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro in the Brazilian shipbuilding labor market, especially the cities of Rio de Janeiro, Niterói and São Gonçalo. It highlights the regional decentralization of the shipbuilding industry and the evolution of employment in different stages of its history, and focus on the recent period in which a new crisis has probably been triggered. In addition, the article characterizes the labor market and describes the probable new crisis that has been affecting this industry since 2014. The Brazilian shipbuilding production has always been concentrated in the Southeast, especially in the state of Rio de Janeiro, which has historically housed the main shipyards and the main output and employment indicators.
       
  • The Brazilian shipbuilding industry and the recent crisis: the case of
           Polo Naval and Offshore Rio Grande (state of Rio Grande do Sul)

    • Abstract: Resumo Este artigo analisa a reativação da indústria naval no Brasil na década de 2000 como resultado da política neodesenvolvimentista dos governos Lula e Dilma e que repercutiu imediatamente na criação de empregos e postos de trabalho no setor. A partir da contextualização histórica dessa indústria no Brasil, com os dados da Relação Anual de Informações Sociais (Rais), no Cadastro Geral de Empregados e Desempregados (Caged), do Sindicato Patronal (Sinval), bem como de entrevista com o sindicato dos trabalhadores (Stimmmerg) sobre emprego e sua dinâmica de contratação recente, constatamos que, embora essa atividade seja sazonal, caracterizada pela contratação por projetos (encomendas), a crise do emprego no período de 2015 encontra explicação no quadro político e jurídico que se instalou no Brasil. This article analyzes the reactivation of the shipbuilding industry in Brazil in the 2000s as a result of the neo-developmentalist policy of the governments of Lula and Dilma, which immediately reflected in the creation of jobs in the sector. Based on the historical contextualization of this industry in Brazil, with the use of data provided by the Annual Social Information List (Rais), by the General Roll of Employed and Unemployed Individuals (Caged), by the employers’ association (SinavaL), and by an interview with the workers’ union (Stimmmerg) on employment and its recent hiring dynamics, we have found that, although this activity is seasonal, characterized by the hiring of workers for specific projects, the employment crisis in 2015 can be explained by the political and legal scenario that has settled in Brazil.
       
  • Mining territories: territorial planning after the disruption in Mariana,
           Minas Gerais

    • Abstract: Resumo O poder da mineração no Brasil, particularmente em Minas Gerais, interfere no planejamento territorial e nos direitos da população atingida, que habita as áreas de interesse das mineradoras. Este artigo propõe refletir sobre a correlação de forças que resultou no rompimento da barragem em Mariana (MG), em 2015, e os conflitos territoriais em torno da desterritorialização de Bento Rodrigues e Paracatu de Baixo. A metodologia inclui revisão bibliográfica e análise dos discursos pós-desastre de atores locais. Debater sobre o modelo exploratório da mineração subentende refletir sobre participação popular no planejamento territorial, sendo necessária uma leitura crítica sobre o refreamento da autonomia dos atingidos, buscando reconhecer o conflito como motor na construção de cidadania e justiça social e ambiental nas cidades. The power of mining in Brazil, particularly in the state of Minas Gerais, interferes in territorial planning and in the civil rights of the affected population, which inhabit areas of interest to the mining companies. This study proposes a reflection on the correlation of forces that resulted in the disruption of a mining dam in the municipality of Mariana (Minas Gerais), in 2015, and on the territorial conflicts surrounding the deterritorialization of two sub-districts. The methodology includes literature review and analysis of post-disaster speeches delivered by local actors. The debate about the exploratory model of mining implies a reflection on popular participation in territorial planning. It is necessary to make a critical reading of the containment of the affected actors’ autonomy and to recognize the conflict as an engine in the construction of citizenship and social/environmental justice in the cities.
       
  • The right to the city. A view from Latin America

    • Abstract: Resumen El propósito de este artículo es realizar un aporte a la configuración de una perspectiva latinoamericana respecto del “derecho a la ciudad”. El pensamiento dominante, sostenido en las epistemologías del norte, ha obturado durante cierto tiempo la búsqueda de una perspectiva crítica propia, es decir, del sur, que contribuya a agudizar una mirada alternativa. Para ello se indagan dos tensiones. Por un lado, la existente entre el modelo de sociedad propuesto e implementado por el neoliberalismo frente al impulsado en ciertos países de la región y con distintos matices por el post-neoliberalismo. Y, por otro lado, la disputa respecto al significado atribuido al derecho a la ciudad. The purpose of this article is to make a contribution to the establishment of a Latin American perspective on the "right to the city ". The dominant thought, held in the northern epistemologies, has blocked, during a certain time, the search for a southern critical perspective that can help to sharpen an alternative view. Therefore, two tensions are investigated. On the one hand, the tension that exists between the model of society proposed and implemented by neoliberalism, in opposition to the model stimulated in certain countries of the region, with different shades, by post-neoliberalism. And, on the other hand, the dispute with regard to the meaning attributed to the right to the city.
       
  • The wagon beside the airplane: the right to the metropolitan city in
           Brasília

    • Abstract: Resumo A teoria do desenvolvimento desigual e combinado ajuda a entender o processo de metropolização de Brasília. Esse nexo, além das dimensões socioeconômicas próprias àquela teoria, possui dimensão urbanística: um urbanismo pautado pelo ideário do movimento moderno inscreveu-se na forma de um avião como matriz do território que se metropolizou. Derivações da metropolização periférica não lhe acompanharam fazendo contraponto paradoxal: surgem bem posteriormente, portanto mais atuais; quanto mais recentes, mais atrasadas e antigas se configuram, parecendo pertencer a tempos remotos ao urbanismo modernista, convivendo funcionalmente no território metropolitano. O texto utiliza o binômio Carroça & Avião para a reflexão de políticas de reprodução de padrões de precariedade urbana expressas no primeiro termo fazendo parte do mesmo processo que garante privilégios a áreas bem providas da metrópole expressas no segundo termo. The theory of combined and uneven development helps to understand the metropolization process of Brasília. This nexus, in addition to the socioeconomic dimensions that are part of that theory, has an urban dimension: an urban design guided by the ideas of the modern movement was inscribed, in the form of an airplane, as the originating matrix of the territory that became a metropolis. Derivations of the peripheral metropolization have not accompanied it and have made a paradoxical counterpoint: they emerge much later and, the more recent they are, the more old-fashioned and archaic they are configured, seeming to belong to periods before the modern urbanism of the 20th century, co-existing in a functional manner in the metropolitan territory. In the article, we use the binomial Wagon & Airplane to reflect on policies that reproduce urban precariousness patterns, expressed in the first term; they are part of the same process that ensures privileges to well-equipped areas of the metropolis, which are expressed in the second term.
       
 
 
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