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ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva     Open Access   (4 followers)
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Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (2 followers)
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Acta Ortopédica Brasileira     Open Access   (2 followers)
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem     Open Access   (1 follower)
Acta Pediátrica Costarricense     Open Access   (1 follower)
Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy     Open Access   (3 followers)
Acta Toxicológica Argentina     Open Access  
Acta zoológica mexicana     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (1 follower)
African Natural History     Open Access   (1 follower)
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Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (2 followers)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (5 followers)
Agrociencia     Open Access   (2 followers)
Agronomía Costarricense     Open Access   (2 followers)
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access   (1 follower)
Aisthesis     Open Access  
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (1 follower)
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
Ambiente & sociedade     Open Access   (2 followers)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (2 followers)
América Latina en la historia económica     Open Access   (1 follower)
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia     Open Access  
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (2 followers)
Anais do Museu Paulista : História e Cultura Material     Open Access   (1 follower)
Anales de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (1 follower)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access   (2 followers)
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access  
Analisis Politico     Open Access   (3 followers)
Andean geology     Open Access   (5 followers)
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura     Open Access   (1 follower)
Apuntes : Revista de Estudios sobre Patrimonio Cultural - Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies     Open Access   (3 followers)
Aquichán     Open Access   (2 followers)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (1 follower)
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Archivos de Pediatria del Uruguay     Open Access   (1 follower)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access  
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access  
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacología y Terapéutica     Open Access   (1 follower)
Argos     Open Access   (1 follower)
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Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (1 follower)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (1 follower)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia     Open Access  
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Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access  
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia     Open Access  
ARS     Open Access   (1 follower)
Atenea (Concepción)     Open Access   (1 follower)
Atmósfera     Open Access  
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (3 followers)
Avaliação : Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas)     Open Access  
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access  
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (3 followers)
BAR. Brazilian Administration Review     Open Access  
Biocell     Open Access  
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biota Neotropica     Open Access  
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access  
Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas     Open Access   (1 follower)
Boletin Chileno de Parasitologia     Open Access  
Boletín de Filología     Open Access  
Boletín de Historia Argentina y Americana Dr. Emilio Ravignani     Open Access  
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Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana     Open Access  
Boletín del Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino     Open Access  
Bosque     Open Access   (1 follower)
Bragantia     Open Access   (2 followers)
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology     Open Access   (1 follower)
Brazilian Dental Journal     Open Access   (2 followers)
Brazilian Journal of Biology     Open Access   (3 followers)
Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (2 followers)
Brazilian Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (2 followers)
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology     Open Access   (1 follower)
Brazilian Journal of Oceanography     Open Access   (3 followers)
Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (1 follower)
Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (5 followers)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (5 followers)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (9 followers)
Caderno CRH     Open Access  

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Acta Toxicológica Argentina    Follow    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 0327-9286 - ISSN (Online) 1851-3743
     Published by SciELO Homepage  [681 journals]
  • Cytotoxic and antiparasitic activity of Lygodium venustum SW
    • Abstract: . Doenças parasitárias infecciosas como leishmaniose e doença de Chagas tem se difundido nas últimas décadas a locais onde antes não se observava sua ocorrência. São consideradas negligenciadas por assolarem países pobres e serem marginalizadas farmacologicamente. O tratamento não apresenta muitas opções de fármacos e estes demonstram relevante toxicidade contribuindo para o aparecimento de diversos efeitos colaterais. A pesquisa com produtos naturais tem se mostrado uma interessante alternativa para a procura por novos fármacos. Lygodium venustum é uma samambaia cosmopolita de hábito lianescente encontrada na encosta na Chapada do Araripe, considerada por algumas populações americanas como planta medicinal para o tratamento de dermatoses, infecções, micoses e tricomoníases. Neste estudo foi avaliada sua atividade anti-parasitária contra Leishmania brasiliensis e Trypanosoma cruzi, bem como sua citotoxicidade através de ensaios n vitro. Foram testadas a fração hexânica e o extrato etanólico obtido das folhas de Lygodium venustum em diferentes concentrações. Para os testes in vitro de T. cruzi, foi utilizado o clone CL-B5 e para Leishmania brasiliensis foram utilizadas formas promastigotas. O ensaio de citotoxicidade foi realizado com linhagens de fbroblastos. L. venustum não apresentou atividade antiparasitária clinicamente relevante na forma de extrato etanólico bruto nem como fração hexânica contra Leishmania. A fração hexânica apresentou uma atividade intermediária contra T. cruzi, porém a concentração de efeito moderado possui citotoxicidade máxima tornando-se inviável para aplicação clínica. Entretanto, a citoxicicidade apresentada poderá ser útil em pesquisas sobre atividade antineoplásica em células tumorais.Infectious and parasitic diseases like leishmaniasis and Chagas disease have spreading recent decades to places not observed before. They are considered neglected by desolating poor countries and marginalized pharmacologically. There are not many options for the treatment and these drugs have shown signifcant toxicity contributing to the appearance of several side effects. Research on natural products has been shown to be an interesting alternative to the search for new drugs. Lygodium venustum is a cosmopolitan fern with latescence habit found on the Chapada do Araripe, considered by some American popula-tions as a medicinal plant for the treatment of skin diseases, infections, fungal infections and trichomoniasis. This study evaluated its antiparasitic activity against Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania brasiliensis, as well as its cytotoxicity through trials in vitro. We tested the ethanolic extract and hexane fraction obtained from the leaves of L. venustum at different concentrations. For in vitro tests of T. cruzi, we used the clone CL-B5 and for L. brasiliensis we used promastigotes. The cytotoxicity assay was performed with strains of fbroblasts. L.venustum showed no antiparasitic activity clinically relevant in the form of crude ethanolic extractor as the hexane fraction against Leishmania. The hexane fraction showed an intermediate activity against T.cruzi, but the concentration of moderate effect has maximum cytotoxicity becoming unfeasible for clinical application. However, the cytotoxicity presented may be useful in research on antineoplastic activity in tumor cells.
       
  • Biodisponibilidad y toxicidad de metales pesados en aguas naturales con
           características físico-químicas extremas: Bases para su
           monitoreo y remediación
    • Abstract: . Doenças parasitárias infecciosas como leishmaniose e doença de Chagas tem se difundido nas últimas décadas a locais onde antes não se observava sua ocorrência. São consideradas negligenciadas por assolarem países pobres e serem marginalizadas farmacologicamente. O tratamento não apresenta muitas opções de fármacos e estes demonstram relevante toxicidade contribuindo para o aparecimento de diversos efeitos colaterais. A pesquisa com produtos naturais tem se mostrado uma interessante alternativa para a procura por novos fármacos. Lygodium venustum é uma samambaia cosmopolita de hábito lianescente encontrada na encosta na Chapada do Araripe, considerada por algumas populações americanas como planta medicinal para o tratamento de dermatoses, infecções, micoses e tricomoníases. Neste estudo foi avaliada sua atividade anti-parasitária contra Leishmania brasiliensis e Trypanosoma cruzi, bem como sua citotoxicidade através de ensaios n vitro. Foram testadas a fração hexânica e o extrato etanólico obtido das folhas de Lygodium venustum em diferentes concentrações. Para os testes in vitro de T. cruzi, foi utilizado o clone CL-B5 e para Leishmania brasiliensis foram utilizadas formas promastigotas. O ensaio de citotoxicidade foi realizado com linhagens de fbroblastos. L. venustum não apresentou atividade antiparasitária clinicamente relevante na forma de extrato etanólico bruto nem como fração hexânica contra Leishmania. A fração hexânica apresentou uma atividade intermediária contra T. cruzi, porém a concentração de efeito moderado possui citotoxicidade máxima tornando-se inviável para aplicação clínica. Entretanto, a citoxicicidade apresentada poderá ser útil em pesquisas sobre atividade antineoplásica em células tumorais.Infectious and parasitic diseases like leishmaniasis and Chagas disease have spreading recent decades to places not observed before. They are considered neglected by desolating poor countries and marginalized pharmacologically. There are not many options for the treatment and these drugs have shown signifcant toxicity contributing to the appearance of several side effects. Research on natural products has been shown to be an interesting alternative to the search for new drugs. Lygodium venustum is a cosmopolitan fern with latescence habit found on the Chapada do Araripe, considered by some American popula-tions as a medicinal plant for the treatment of skin diseases, infections, fungal infections and trichomoniasis. This study evaluated its antiparasitic activity against Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania brasiliensis, as well as its cytotoxicity through trials in vitro. We tested the ethanolic extract and hexane fraction obtained from the leaves of L. venustum at different concentrations. For in vitro tests of T. cruzi, we used the clone CL-B5 and for L. brasiliensis we used promastigotes. The cytotoxicity assay was performed with strains of fbroblasts. L.venustum showed no antiparasitic activity clinically relevant in the form of crude ethanolic extractor as the hexane fraction against Leishmania. The hexane fraction showed an intermediate activity against T.cruzi, but the concentration of moderate effect has maximum cytotoxicity becoming unfeasible for clinical application. However, the cytotoxicity presented may be useful in research on antineoplastic activity in tumor cells.
       
  • Cadmium: effects on health. Cellular and molecular response
    • Abstract: El cadmio (Cd) es un metal que se encuentra principalmente en la corteza terrestre y siempre se presenta en combinación con el zinc. Es ampliamente utilizado en la industria. Se considera un contaminante y es liberado al ambiente como subproducto de la extracción de cobre, hierro y zinc. La exposición al Cd puede producir una variedad de efectos adversos tanto en el humano como en los animales. Una vez absorbido se acumula en el organismo por tiempos largos. Dependiendo de la dosis, fuente y tipo de exposición puede dañar varios órganos como el hígado, riñón, pulmón, hueso, testículos y placenta. Los seres humanos están expuestos al Cd principalmente a través de la ingesta de alimentos, del humo del cigarro, así como del agua y aire contaminados con el metal. La entrada de Cd a las células no es uniforme en todos los sistemas y puede ser mediada por transporte pasivo o activo, o por canales de calcio. Se considera que uno de los mecanismos de toxicidad de este metal es debido, en parte, a las especies reactivas de oxígeno, las cuales pueden actuar como segundos mensajeros y por tanto alterar diferentes vías de señalización. Por todo lo expuesto el objetivo de esta revisión es analizar los efectos del Cd sobre la salud, así como sobre la respuesta celular y molecular.Cadmium (Cd) is a metal found in the earth´s crust, always as part of several, mainly zinc-rich, ores. Cd is considered as an environmental pollutant, it is widely used in the industry. It coexists with other metals and its release into the environment is carried out in parallel with the release of copper, iron and zinc. Cd is known to have numerous undesirable effects on health in both humans and animals. Once absorbed, it is effciently retained in the body, where it accumulates throughout life. Depending on the dose, source and type of exposure it could damage several organs as the liver, kidney, lung, bones, testes and placenta. Impor-tant sources of human intoxication are food, cigarette smoke as well as contaminated water and air. Cd cell uptake is not uniform across all systems. This could be mediated by passive or active transport, or via calcium channels. It is known that the toxicity produced by this metal is due, in part to reactive oxygen species, which could act as second messengers that may alter different signaling cascades. The aim of this review is to analyze the effects of Cd on health, as well as on cellular and molecular response.
       
  • Anticoagulant and factor Xa-like activities of Tityus discrepans scorpion
           venom
    • Abstract: Tityus discrepans venom (TdV) produces a variety of haemostatic manifestations including alveoli fbrin deposition and/ or prothrombin and partial thromboplastin time (PT, PTT) alterations in mammals. In vitro studies have demonstrated that TdV contains tissue plasminogen activator-like (t-PA), fbrinolytic and plasmin inhibitory compounds and produces platelets activation through GPVI and a novel Src-dependent signalling pathway. The aim of this study is to describe the initial characterization of procoagulant and anticoagulant components from TdV. This venom was fractionated by exclusion molecular chromatography on a Sephadex G-50 column. The eluted material was collected as fve fractions called S1 to S5. These fractions and the whole venom were used to evaluate factor Xa- and thrombin-like activities, fbrinogen degradation, furthermore thrombin- and factor Xa-inhibitory activities. The results demonstrated that TdV contain components with factor Xa-like activity (procoagulants) as well fbrinogenolytic compounds present in the fraction S1 and components with factor Xa inhibitory activity in the fractions S4 and S5 (anticoagulants).El veneno de Tityus discrepans (TdV) produce en mamíferos una variedad de manifestaciones hemostáticas tales como depósitos de fbrina en alveolos y/o alteración en los tiempos de protrombina y tromboplastina parcial (PT, PTT). Estudios in vitro han demostrado que el TdV contiene componentes semejantes al activador del plasminógeno tipo tisular (t-PA), fbrino-líticos, compuestos que inhiben la actividad de plasmina y además componentes que promueven la activación de plaquetas a través del receptor GPVI y por una nueva vía de señalización dependiente de las Src kinasas. El objetivo de este estudio es describir la caracterización inicial de componentes procoagulantes y anticoagulantes a partir del TdV. Este veneno fue fraccionado por cromatografía de exclusión molecular sobre una columna Sephadex G-50. El material eluido fue colectado en cinco fracciones denominadas S1 a S5. Estas fracciones y el veneno completo fueron usados para evaluar actividades semejantes a factor Xa y trombina, degradación de fbrinógeno, como también la inhibición de la actividad del factor Xa y de la trombina. Los resultados demostraron que TdV contiene componentes con actividad semejante al factor Xa (procoagulantes) y compuestos fbrinogenolíticos presentes en la fracción S1, además de componentes con actividad inhibitoria del factor Xa presentes en la fracción S4 y S5 (anticoagulantes).
       
  • Impairment of cognitive and motor functions in children from rural areas
           of Jujuy, and its relationship with cholinesterase inhibitor pesticides: A
           pilot study
    • Abstract: El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar el efecto de la exposición a plaguicidas en las funciones cognitivas y motoras de 42 niños de una zona rural con mayor probabilidad de exposición a plaguicidas organofosforados y carbámicos (Yuto, Jujuy). Los resultados de las pruebas realizadas para estudiar el efecto fueron comparados con los resultados obtenidos con 29 niños con menor exposición a plaguicidas (León, Jujuy). A todos los participantes se les realizó historia clínica, evaluación médica, revisión de antecedentes, pruebas neuroconductuales, de motricidad gruesa y equilibrio, y medición de biomarcadores (colinesterasa plasmática y eritrocitaria). Se realizó una historia clínica neurológica estándar con las siguientes pruebas: Subtest de Dígitos y Símbolos, Subtest de Recuerdo de Dígitos, Subtest de Laberinto del WISC-III de Wechsler. En la prueba de Laberintos realizada en el presente estudio se observan diferencias entre las localidades y se comprobó una relación lineal inversa entre los años de residencia y la puntuación de la prueba. Se observó reducción en las actividades de acetilcolinesterasas en los niños pertenecientes a Yuto. No se observó una correlación signifca-tiva entre los niveles de actividad de las enzimas y el rendimiento en la prueba, para ninguna de las dos localidades. Los resultados señalaron la probabilidad de que la exposición crónica a bajas dosis de plaguicidas pudiera estar dañando algunas funciones cognitivas y que esto dependería de la duración de la exposición. Por falta de correlación entre las actividades de las enzimas y los resultados adversos en las pruebas neuroconductuales de motricidad y de equilibrio, no fue evidente una asociación entre ambos.The aim of this research was to study the effects of these toxics on the cognitive and motor functions of a group of 42 children of a rural town with high percentage of exposure to organophosphate and carbamic pesticide (Yuto) and compare the results with a group of 29 children with low percentage of exposure to pesticides. In both cases a research of the patients history was done, a medical revision and a full checkup including neurobehavioral tests, motor and balance tests and biomarkers levels (plasma pseudocholinesterase and erythrocyte cholinesterase). The behavioral assessment was performed by a standard neurological clinic history, a digital and symbol subtest, a digital memory, a maze test, intelligence test WISC-III of Wechsler and gross motor and balance tests. In the group from Yuto, Pearson correlations were done between the years of residency and the neurobehavioral tests and the linear correlation between the years of residency and the acetylcholinesterase activities. In the maze test results there were differences between the two towns and it was proved an inverse lineal relation between the years of residency and the tests scores. It was also observed a reduction in the acetylcholinesterase activities both erythrocyte and plasma in the children from Yuto. Nevertheless there were not signifcant correlations between the levels of enzyme activities and the performance in the tests for neither of the towns. The results achieved did not point out that chronic exposure to low-dose pesticides can produce cognitive malfunctions, such as psychomotor problems. The lack of correlations between the activities of the acetylcholinesterase enzyme and the negative results of the neurobehavioral motor and balance tests couldn´t be associated.
       
  • Pesticide mixtures genotoxicity: More than the sum of its parts?
    • Abstract: Un factor decisivo de la Revolución Verde ha sido el desarrollo y aplicación de plaguicidas para combatir una gran variedad de organismos considerados perjudiciales por el hombre, que afectan la productividad de los cultivos de interés agronómico. Sin embargo, el incremento sostenido del uso de pesticidas trajo aparejado un aumento de la presencia de los mismos en el ambiente, llegando a afectar a los ecosistemas y a la salud humana. La exposición de las poblaciones a plaguicidas, se da en forma de mezclas complejas, tanto por la aplicación de distintos plaguicidas en simultáneo como por la presencia de aditivos en las formulaciones comerciales. Teniendo en cuenta la producción científica relacionada en los últimos años, el objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar los avances sobre la genotoxicidad de pesticidas y sus mezclas, en concentraciones similares a las encontradas en el ambiente. Además, dada la complejidad de los estudios de monitoreo y la imposibilidad de establecer correlaciones directas, se propone reconocer la utilidad de los ensayos de corto plazo en niveles de evaluación de menor complejidad como una aproximación al contexto real.A crucial factor of the Green Revolution has been the development and application of pesticides to prevent the potential harm of a variety of organisms that affect crop yields of agronomic interest. However, the sustained increase in the use of these compounds resulted in an enhancement of their presence in the environment, affecting ecosystems and human health. Populations are exposed to complex pesticide mixtures because they are usually combined and commercial formulations content several additives. Considering the scientifc output on the subject in recent years, the aim of this work is to evaluate advancement on the genotoxicity of pesticides and their mixtures at similar concentrations to those found in the environment. Moreover, given the complexity of monitoring studies and the lack of certainty to establish direct correlations, it is proposed to recognize the applicability of short-term tests of minor complexity as an approximation to the real context.
       
 
 
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