Publisher: SciELO   (Total: 911 journals)

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Showing 601 - 800 of 911 Journals sorted alphabetically
Revista Chilena de Anatomia     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Cardiología     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Cirugía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.645, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Derecho Privado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Enfermedades Respiratorias     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Infectología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Literatura     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Neuro-Psiquiatria     Open Access   (SJR: 0.137, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Nutricion     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.167, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Pediatria     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.171, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Chilena de Radiologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.124, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Ciência Agronômica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Ciencia y Cultura     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Científica Ciencia Médica     Open Access  
Revista Científica de la UCSA     Open Access  
Revista Científica General José María Córdova     Open Access  
Revista Clínica de Medicina de Familia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista Clínica de Periodoncia, Implantología y Rehabilitación Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Colombiana de Anestesiología     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.154, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Antropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Biotecnología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Cancerología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Cardiologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Químico-Farmacéuticas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Educación     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Entomología     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Estadística     Open Access   (SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Matemáticas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.151, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Colombiana de Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Contabilidade & Finanças     Open Access   (SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Costarricense de Cardiología     Open Access  
Revista Costarricense de Psicología     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Anestesiología y Reanimación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Cirugía     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Endocrinología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Enfermería     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Estomatologí­a     Open Access   (SJR: 0.128, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Información en Ciencias de la Salud     Open Access   (SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Informática Médica     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biomédicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Medicina     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical     Open Access   (SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.191, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Oftalmología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Ortopedia y Traumatologí­a     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.127, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública     Open Access   (SJR: 0.262, CiteScore: 0)
Revista da Educação Física : UEM     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 1)
Revista da Faculdade de Educação     Open Access  
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia     Open Access  
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical     Open Access   (SJR: 0.658, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Administração - RAUSP     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Administração Contemporânea     Open Access  
Revista de Administração de Empresas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Administração Pública     Open Access   (SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Análisis Económico     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Antropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Bioética y Derecho     Open Access  
Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía     Open Access   (SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Biología Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.326, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Ciencia Politica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Cirugía     Open Access   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Derecho     Open Access   (SJR: 0.364, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Derecho (Concepción)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Derecho (Coquimbo)     Open Access  
Revista de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Economia Contemporânea     Open Access   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Economía del Caribe     Open Access  
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Economía Institucional     Open Access   (SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Economia Poli­tíca     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.282, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Enfermagem Referência     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Estudios Historico-Juridicos     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.166, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Filosofia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Filosofía Open Insight     Open Access  
Revista de Geografía Norte Grande     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Gestão Costeira Integrada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.251, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Historia (Concepción)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Historia del Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista de Investigacion Psicologica     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría     Open Access  
Revista de la Ciencia del Suelo y Nutricion Vegetal     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de la Construcción     Open Access   (SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista de la Facultad de Derecho : Universidad de la República     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Medicina (México)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Pediatría     Open Access  
Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access  
Revista de la Sociedad Química del Perú     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de la Sociedad Venezolana de Microbiologia     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud     Open Access  
Revista de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista de Microbiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Nutrição     Open Access   (SJR: 0.282, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP     Open Access  
Revista de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo     Open Access  
Revista de Osteoporosis y Metabolismo Mineral     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello     Open Access  
Revista de Protección Vegetal     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones     Open Access   (SJR: 0.418, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.271, CiteScore: 1)
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.171, CiteScore: 0)
Revista de Saúde Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 2)
Revista de Sociologia e Polí­tica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.482, CiteScore: 0)
Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical     Open Access  
Revista del Nacional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Dental Press de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Diacrítica     Open Access  
Revista Direito GV     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões     Open Access   (SJR: 0.221, CiteScore: 1)
Revista do Departamento de Psicologia. UFF     Open Access  
Revista do Hospital das Clinicas     Open Access  
Revista do Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo     Open Access   (SJR: 0.669, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Dor     Open Access  
Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista EIA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista electrónica de investigación educativa     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Electronica Educare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.117, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.417, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Española de Salud Pública     Open Access   (SJR: 0.249, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria     Open Access   (SJR: 0.135, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Estudos Feministas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Facultad de Ciencias Económicas: Investigación y Reflexión     Open Access  
Revista Facultad de Ingenieria - Universidad de Tarapaca     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.172, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.125, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomía, Medellín     Open Access   (SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem     Open Access   (SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Geológica de América Central     Open Access  
Revista Geológica de Chile     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud     Open Access   (SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Historia y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ingeniería Biomédica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ingenieria de Construcción     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Ingenierías Universidad de Medellín     Open Access  
Revista Integra Educativa     Open Access  
Revista Interamericana de Bibliotecología     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Revista Internacional de Contaminación Ambiental     Open Access   (SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Revista ION     Open Access  
Revista IUS     Open Access  
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Lasallista de Investigación     Open Access   (SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem     Open Access   (SJR: 0.339, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Bioética     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Derecho Social     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Económico     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Inclusiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Hipertension     Open Access   (SJR: 0.158, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Latinoamericana de Investigación en Matemática Educativa     Open Access   (SJR: 0.171, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental     Open Access   (SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Medica de Chile     Open Access   (SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Médica del Hospital Nacional de Niños Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Médica del Uruguay     Open Access  
Revista Médica Electrónica     Open Access  
Revista Médica La Paz     Open Access  
Revista Médico-Científica : Luz y Vida     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Análisis de la Conducta     Open Access   (SJR: 0.405, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Astronomía y Astrofísica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.596, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad     Open Access   (SJR: 0.421, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Farmaceuticas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Mexicana de Economía y Finanzas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Física     Open Access   (SJR: 0.203, CiteScore: 0)
Revista mexicana de física E     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Biomédica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química     Open Access   (SJR: 0.328, CiteScore: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Investigación Educativa     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.291, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Mexicana de Micologí­a     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Musical Chilena     Open Access   (SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Revista MVZ Córdoba     Open Access   (SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 0)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.323
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 9  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2237-6089 - ISSN (Online) 2238-0019
Published by SciELO Homepage  [911 journals]
  • Time-driven interventions for affective disorders: on resonance and the
           Oberth effect

    •  
  • Childhood trauma and bipolar spectrum: a population-based sample of young
           adults

    • Abstract: Abstract Introduction Childhood trauma has been suggested to be involved in susceptibility to bipolar disorder (BP). However, it remains unclear whether the occurrence of childhood trauma is differently distributed in subthreshold bipolar disorder (SBP). Objective To assess childhood trauma in young adults with SBP, as compared to young adults with BP and population controls (PC). Method This was a cross-sectional, population-based study. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) was used to define the groups with BP (subjects with a lifetime or current manic episode or lifetime or current hypomania with a history of a depressive episode), SBP (subjects with a history of hypomanic episode without lifetime or current depressive episode), and subjects without mood disorders (PC). Childhood trauma was assessed using de Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). We investigated differences regarding childhood trauma across the three groups (BP, SBP and PC). Result Except for sexual abuse, all subtypes of childhood trauma remained associated with the BP group as compared to PC. Additionally, when we compared SBP and BP, significant differences were found only for emotional abuse. No significant differences were found in relation to childhood trauma between the SBP and PC groups after adjusting for confounding factors. Conclusion These findings suggest that investigating childhood trauma, with a particular focus on emotional abuse, could be considered a preventive measure and potentially improve the prognosis.
       
  • The effect of cognitive behavioral counseling on sexual knowledge,
           motivation to avoid risky sexual relationships, and sexual depression in
           female university students

    • Abstract: Abstract Introduction Misunderstanding of different aspects of sex makes individuals vulnerable to sexual dysfunction, sexually transmitted diseases, mental disorders, and illegal relationships. This study aimed to determine the effect of cognitive behavioral counseling on the sexual self-concept of female students at Kerman University of Medical Sciences. Methods This study is an intervention conducted with female students living in dormitories at Kerman and Rafsanjan Universities of Medical Sciences. The sample size was estimated at 63 students from different fields of study; 31 students from Kerman University of Medical Sciences comprised the experimental group and 32 students from Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences comprised the control group. Cognitive behavioral group counseling sessions were held every 3 days. The instrument used for collecting pre-test and post-test data was Snell’s Multidimensional Sexual Self-concept Questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted using measures of central tendency, t tests and chi-square tests. Results The two groups were homogenous in terms of demographic factors. Analysis of the results of the intervention revealed significant differences in sexual self-consciousness and motivation to avoid high risk sexual relationships, but there was no significant difference in terms of sexual depression. Discussion Cognitive behavioral group counseling can improve sexual self-concept. Therefore, this type of counseling is recommended from younger ages or at enrollment at university, to help correct development of this important part of identity.
       
  • Psychometric properties of the Brazilian Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale
           – Short Version (IUS-12)

    • Abstract: Abstract Introduction The Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale – Short Version (IUS-12) is a measure of trait intolerance of uncertainty. Objective The purpose of the present study was to conduct a cross-cultural adaptation of the IUS-12 for use in Brazil and to investigate the scale’s psychometric properties. Methods The research was conducted via an online research platform with a sample (n = 704; 80.1% female and 19.9% male) from different states in all five regions of Brazil. Participants were adults between 18 and 59 years of age (mean = 26.74; standard deviation = 8.36) who completed the Brazilian version of the IUS-12 online along with other anxiety-related measures. Results Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that the original two-dimensional structure fit the sample well. The total score for the scale had good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha [α] = 0.88), as did both subscales (i.e. Prospective IU α = 0.79; Inhibitory IU α = 0.86). Conclusions The results demonstrated strong positive correlations with measures of anxiety-related constructs, contributing to the transdiagnostic understanding of IU. The IUS-12 appears to be a useful tool for assessment of IU and its availability has several implications of theoretical importance and practical utility for understanding of psychopathology and uncertainty.
       
  • The effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for reducing
           rumination and improving mindfulness and self-compassion in patients with
           treatment-resistant depression

    • Abstract: Abstract Introduction Depression is one of the most important psychiatric disorders, and the rate of recurrence is high. The heavy cost burden of depression is probably due to treatment-resistant depression. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Method The present study was a quasi-experimental study conducted with twenty-four patients with treatment-resistant depression. Participants were selected by purposive sampling and randomly assigned to two groups, an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group received MBCT and antidepressants, while the control group received antidepressants only. The Hamilton and Beck Depression Inventory, Self-Compassion Scale, Thought Rumination Scale, and Mindfulness Scale were administered. The treatment program was conducted in eight sessions; with a follow-up period of one month subsequent to treatment termination. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (analysis of variance for repeated measures and Bonferroni’s post-hoc test). Results The results showed that MBCT significantly reduced depression and ruminative thinking in the experimental group and also improved mediators such as mindfulness and self-compassion. Patients maintained gains over the one month follow-up period (p < 0.01). Conclusion The present study provides additional evidence for the effectiveness of MBCT for TRD.
       
  • Modulation of neuropeptide Y levels is impaired in crack withdrawal
           patients

    • Abstract: Abstract Introduction The dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has a key role in drug addiction susceptibility. In addition to the well-known relationship between cortisol and the HPA axis, other molecules are involved with stress response and could modify the HPA activation, such as the neuropeptide Y (NPY), which has anxiolytic proprieties. There are few studies evaluating the effect of NPY levels on addiction, especially in crack cocaine dependence. Objective To evaluate NPY in crack users during early withdrawal to determine its relationship with drug use and cortisol levels. Methods We analyzed 25 male inpatient crack users. Serum NPY levels were measured at admission and discharge (mean of 24 days). Morning salivary cortisol was measured at admission. Results Serum NPY levels at admission and discharge were very similar. Lower NPY levels at discharge were associated with higher lifetime crack use. Also, a negative correlation was found between morning cortisol and delta NPY (NPY discharge – NPY admission). Conclusion These preliminary findings indicate that crack use influences the modulation of NPY levels and modifies stress response. The NPY pathway may play an important role in the pathophysiology of crack addiction, and the anxiolytic effect of NPY may be impaired in crack users. Future studies should consider NPY as a measurable indicator of the biological state in addiction.
       
  • High rates of incarceration due to drug trafficking in the last decade in
           southern Brazil

    • Abstract: Abstract Introduction Drug-related crimes, especially drug trafficking, account for a large part of incarcerations not only in Brazil, but also worldwide. It is not clear whether the change in the drug law has contributed to the increase in the number of drug trafficking prisoners. Few studies have investigated gender differences and the growth of drug trafficking offenses in the Brazilian southern state of Rio Grande do Sul. Objective To investigate the growth of the prison population in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, emphasizing incarcerations for drug trafficking and gender differences. Method This was an ecological study using secondary data collected from official databases of the Brazilian National Penitentiary Department (Departamento Penitenciário [DEPEN]), affiliated with the Brazilian Ministry of Justice. Results Between 2006 and 2015, incarcerations increased by 27% (25% men, 83% women). Incarcerations for drug trafficking accounted for 11% of total arrests in 2006 (11% men, 20% women) and 45% in 2015 (47% men, 91% women), corresponding to an increase of 427% (415% among men, 723% among women). Conclusions Imprisonment for drug trafficking has increased considerably, especially among women. This may be due to factors such as: increase of drug trafficking, increase in the numbers of gangs in the state, and changes in the Brazilian drug law. These results highlight an emerging challenge in public health from the perspective of human rights and gender.
       
  • Memory and language impairments are associated with anxiety disorder
           severity in childhood

    • Abstract: Abstract Introduction Children with anxiety disorders have been suggested to possess deficits in verbal fluency, shifting and attention, with inconsistent results regarding working memory and its subcomponents. This study extends previous findings by analyzing the performance of children with anxiety disorders in a wide range of neuropsychological functions. Methods We evaluated 54 children with a primary diagnosis of an anxiety disorder according to diagnostic criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) using subtests of a neuropsychological battery. The severity of anxiety disorders was assessed using the Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale (PARS). We calculated the frequency of neuropsychological impairments (-1.5 standard deviation of the normative sample). Comparisons between groups were performed based on the severity of anxiety symptoms, as well as in the presence of one vs. more diagnoses of anxiety disorder. Results We found higher impairment in visuospatial working memory (23.1%), semantic memory (27.8%), oral language (35.4%) and word writing (44.4%) in anxious children. Moreover, children with higher anxiety severity presented lower performance in visuospatial working memory, inferential processing, word reading, writing comprehension, copied writing, and semantic verbal fluency (d = 0.49 to 0.96 [Cohen’s d]). The higher the number of anxiety diagnoses, the lower the performance in episodic memory and oral and written language (d = 0.56 to 0.77). Conclusion Our data suggested the presence of memory (visuospatial working memory and semantic memory) and language deficits (oral and writing) in some children with an anxiety disorder. Severity and number of anxiety diagnoses were associated with lower performance in memory and language domains in childhood.
       
  • Neither God nor others: a qualitative study of strategies for avoiding
           suicide among homeless people

    • Abstract: Abstract Introduction Drug addiction and alcoholism characterize the existential condition of most homeless people, while the risk of suicide runs in parallel. Objectives Following the Provisional Model (PM), this study aimed to explore the relationships between addiction, suicidal ideation, and religiosity among 13 homeless people, and the roles of bonding ties (within the group) and bridging ties (intergroup). Method The study is rooted in the field of qualitative psychology research. A survey was conducted, analyzing the personal accounts of participants and applying the PM psychological interpretation integrated with theory from literature on drug addiction, religiosity, and suicidal ideation in the field of homelessness. Results Outcomes show that suicidal ideation appears in the first phase of homelessness and is opposed by alcoholism and drug addiction. Religiosity does not help to counteract suicidal ideation or to create bonding relationships. Conversely, drugs and alcohol seem to be more useful for preventing suicide, but also do not help in bonding relationships. Conclusion Our survey only partially confirmed the PM, because the main result was the importance of relationships between suicidal ideation and alcohol/drug abuse during the initial phase of becoming homeless, while the importance of bonding ties deriving from addiction behavior did not emerge.
       
  • Personality differences and COVID-19: are extroversion and
           conscientiousness personality traits associated with engagement with
           containment measures'

    • Abstract: Abstract Introduction In December 2019, an outbreak of the novel coronavirus, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) probably occurred in Wuhan, China. By March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) had declared a pandemic. Containment measures such as social distancing and hand hygiene were recommended. In this study, we start from the hypothesis that engaging with containment measures in a pandemic situation should be more comfortable for some people than for other people. Thus, individual differences should be associated with engagement with containment measures. Objective To investigate to what extent two personality traits, extroversion and conscientiousness, are associated with engagement with two containment measures (social distancing and handwashing). Methods The sample consisted of 715 Brazilian adults aged 18-78 years, who answered the Big Five Inventory 2 Short (BFI-2-S) and factors from the Dimensional Clinical Personality Inventory 2 (IDCP-2). Results Higher scores for extroversion were associated with lower means for social distancing (p < 0.001) and higher scores for conscientiousness were associated with higher means for social distancing and handwashing (p < 0.05). Conclusion The findings indicate the importance of acknowledging extroversion and conscientiousness traits as relevant to people’s engagement with the measures recommended for COVID-19 containment.
       
  • Work Environment Evaluation Instrument (WEEI): development, validation,
           and association with burnout

    • Abstract: Abstract Introduction Physician burnout is considered an epidemic. In 2019, 44% of U.S. physicians reported feeling burned out. The work environment is a central risk factor for this. The aim of this study is to develop and test an instrument to evaluate work environment factors in medical training courses. Method After focus groups, an initial pool of 14 items was generated and tested in a pilot study (n = 66). Face validity was verified, and small adjustments were made. The resulting version was administered to a sample of 115 psychiatry residents. Eleven items were selected based on the correlations between them, principal component analysis, and theoretical reasons, and then tested for internal and construct validity. Results The final version had high reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.898) and comprised three dimensions: relations with the institution; with colleagues; and with preceptors. Both total scores and dimensions correlated significantly with burnout scores (p < 0.01). Cutoffs defining the environment as healthy (>32 points); risky (23-31 points); or toxic (<22 points) were suggested and related to the risk of burnout. Conclusion Several authors have emphasized the importance of approaching institutional factors as an effective strategy for coping with the increased prevalence of burnout. This instrument should contribute to these efforts.
       
  • Intragroup differences and similarities in performance on rapid
           automatized naming tasks in children with ADHD symptoms, children with
           reading disabilities, and controls

    • Abstract: Abstract Introduction Rapid automatized naming (RAN) is the ability to name, as fast as possible, symbols such as letters, digits and figures. The present study aimed to investigate intragroup performance patterns on RAN tasks in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms alone, children with reading disability (RD) alone and controls with typical development. Methods A total of 216 Brazilian children between 8 to 11 years old were selected from public schools located in two Brazilian capitals, namely Porto Alegre and Belo Horizonte, to participate in the study. Mixed 3 (participant group: ADHD symptoms, RD or control group) × 3 (type of stimulus: letters, numbers or figures) ANOVAs were performed using response time and number of errors as dependent variables. Only intragroup comparisons are described in this paper. Results The groups with ADHD symptoms and RD showed similar performance results on naming speed. There were no differences between letters and numbers within each group, but we found slower responses in figure naming compared to the other tasks for both groups. Concerning accuracy, children with ADHD symptoms showed a similar number of errors in all three tasks. These patterns were distinct from the performance of the control group. Conclusion Results suggest a shared deficit in naming speed of alphanumeric stimuli in children with ADHD symptoms and those with RD, and impairments in naming digits correctly in children with ADHD symptoms.
       
  • Corticotropin-releasing factor receptor signaling and modulation:
           implications for stress response and resilience

    • Abstract: Abstract Introduction In addition to their role in regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and its related peptides, the urocortins, are important mediators of physiological and pathophysiological processes of the central nervous, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, immune, endocrine, reproductive, and skin systems. Altered regulation of CRF-mediated adaptive responses to various stressful stimuli disrupts healthy function and might confer vulnerability to several disorders, including depression and anxiety. Methodology This narrative review was conducted through search and analysis of studies retrieved from online databases using a snowball method. Results This review covers aspects beginning with the discovery of CRF, CRF binding protein and their actions via interaction with CRF receptors type 1 and type 2. These are surface plasma membrane receptors, activation of which is associated with conformational changes and interaction with a variety of G-proteins and signaling pathways. We also reviewed the pharmacology and mechanisms of the receptor signaling modulatory activity of these receptors. Conclusion This review compiles and presents knowledge regarding the CRFergic system, including CRF related peptides, CRF binding protein, and CRF receptors, as well as some evidence that is potentially indicative of the biological roles of these entities in several physiological and pathophysiological processes.
       
  • Factors associated with levels of empathy among students and professionals
           in the health field: a systematic review

    • Abstract: Abstract Objective This study aimed to investigate factors associated with empathy and identify instruments used to measure this ability in professionals and students in the health field. Method A systematic review was performed. Searches were conducted on the PsycINFO, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases using the keywords “empathy” and “health professional”. We selected 29 articles published in English, with no restriction imposed regarding the year of publication. Results Based on the findings of the articles selected, sociodemographic factors (female gender, being married, being older, having siblings, and having children) are associated with higher levels of empathy. Professional experience (years of practice) and being on the final years of the course also contributed to higher levels of empathy. Different versions of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy were the most prevalent assessment tools employed in the different studies. Conclusion The articles analyzed describe several factors that influence the level of empathy among health professionals and students. Thus, future studies should take sociodemographic factors into account when evaluating levels of empathy in this population.
       
  • Corrigendum

    • Abstract: Abstract Objective This study aimed to investigate factors associated with empathy and identify instruments used to measure this ability in professionals and students in the health field. Method A systematic review was performed. Searches were conducted on the PsycINFO, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases using the keywords “empathy” and “health professional”. We selected 29 articles published in English, with no restriction imposed regarding the year of publication. Results Based on the findings of the articles selected, sociodemographic factors (female gender, being married, being older, having siblings, and having children) are associated with higher levels of empathy. Professional experience (years of practice) and being on the final years of the course also contributed to higher levels of empathy. Different versions of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy were the most prevalent assessment tools employed in the different studies. Conclusion The articles analyzed describe several factors that influence the level of empathy among health professionals and students. Thus, future studies should take sociodemographic factors into account when evaluating levels of empathy in this population.
       
 
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