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Publisher: SciELO   (Total: 721 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 721 Journals sorted alphabetically
ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 5)
ACIMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Agronómica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.11, h-index: 2)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.32, h-index: 18)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Acta Botanica Brasilica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.364, h-index: 23)
Acta botánica mexicana     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.251, h-index: 6)
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira     Open Access   (SJR: 0.319, h-index: 19)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.29, h-index: 6)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 2)
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Neurológica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.288, h-index: 10)
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.242, h-index: 15)
Acta Pediátrica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.961, h-index: 15)
Acta zoológica mexicana     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Human Rights Law J.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
African Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.106, h-index: 4)
Afro-Asia     Open Access  
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 2)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agrociencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 15)
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access  
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 1)
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 3)
Alfa : Revista de Linguística     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.114, h-index: 3)
Ambiente & sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.142, h-index: 8)
Ambiente & Agua : An Interdisciplinary J. of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.221, h-index: 4)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
América Latina en la historia económica     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 1)
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.498, h-index: 23)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.322, h-index: 42)
Anais do Museu Paulista : História e Cultura Material     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 18)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.129, h-index: 3)
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.109, h-index: 8)
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.997, h-index: 25)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 29)
Antipoda. Revista de Antropología y Arqueología     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 0)
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, h-index: 1)
Anuario de Historia Regional y de las Fronteras     Open Access  
Apuntes : Revista de Estudios sobre Patrimonio Cultural - J. of Cultural Heritage Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 16)
Archivos de Neurociencias     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 4)
Archivos de Pediatria del Uruguay     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.248, h-index: 9)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.188, h-index: 19)
ARQ     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 2)
Arquitectura y Urbanismo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.307, h-index: 22)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.334, h-index: 32)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia     Open Access  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.308, h-index: 19)
Arquivos de Gastroenterologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.424, h-index: 22)
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access   (SJR: 0.1, h-index: 5)
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria     Open Access   (SJR: 0.374, h-index: 38)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia     Open Access  
ARS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atenea (Concepción)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.111, h-index: 3)
Atmósfera     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.377, h-index: 18)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Avaliação : Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas)     Open Access  
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.109, h-index: 4)
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bakhtiniana : Revista de Estudos do Discurso     Open Access  
BAR. Brazilian Administration Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.188, h-index: 6)
Biota Neotropica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.373, h-index: 18)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.122, h-index: 10)
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, h-index: 5)
Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.139, h-index: 4)
Boletin Chileno de Parasitologia     Open Access  
Boletín de Filología     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana     Open Access   (SJR: 0.231, h-index: 8)
Boletín del Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.149, h-index: 1)
Bosque     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.256, h-index: 10)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.522, h-index: 20)
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.242, h-index: 31)
Brazilian Dental J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.47, h-index: 34)
Brazilian J. of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.358, h-index: 35)
Brazilian J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.424, h-index: 32)
Brazilian J. of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Brazilian J. of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (SJR: 0.541, h-index: 70)
Brazilian J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.39, h-index: 38)
Brazilian J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 13)
Brazilian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.145, h-index: 6)
Brazilian J. of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.466, h-index: 16)
Brazilian J. of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.452, h-index: 32)
Brazilian J. of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.184, h-index: 10)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 2.819, h-index: 123)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 4)
Caderno de Estudos     Open Access  
Cadernos CEDES     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, h-index: 5)
Cadernos de Pesquisa     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.26, h-index: 8)
Cadernos de Saúde Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.593, h-index: 55)
Cadernos de Tradução     Open Access  
Cadernos Metrópole     Open Access  
Cadernos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Cadernos Pagu     Open Access   (SJR: 0.179, h-index: 4)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Calidad en la educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cerâmica     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 11)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Chilean J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 15)
Chungara (Arica) - Revista de Antropologia Chilena     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.49, h-index: 13)
Ciência & Educação (Bauru)     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.588, h-index: 30)
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access   (SJR: 0.322, h-index: 4)
Ciência da Informação     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.117, h-index: 7)
Ciencia del suelo     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.206, h-index: 13)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.444, h-index: 19)
Ciencia e Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e investigación agraria     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.21, h-index: 10)
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access  
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.389, h-index: 24)
Ciencia y Enfermeria - Revista Iberoamericana de Investigacion     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.165, h-index: 7)
Ciencias Marinas     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.348, h-index: 21)
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Cirugia Plastica Ibero-Latinoamericana     Open Access   (SJR: 0.175, h-index: 8)
CLEI Electronic J.     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access   (SJR: 0.15, h-index: 3)
Clinics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.525, h-index: 36)
CoDAS     Open Access   (SJR: 0.177, h-index: 12)
Computación y Sistemas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.253, h-index: 4)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunicación y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.104, h-index: 1)
Contaduría y Administración     Open Access   (SJR: 0.103, h-index: 1)
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, h-index: 4)
Correo Científico Médico     Open Access  
Corrosão e Protecção de Materiais     Open Access  
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.604, h-index: 13)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American J. of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Historia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Historia de la Salud Publica     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.106, h-index: 4)
Cuadernos.info     Open Access   (SJR: 0.117, h-index: 2)
Cubo. A Mathematical J.     Open Access  
Cuicuilco     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access  
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dados - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (SJR: 0.429, h-index: 15)
De Jure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DELTA : Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.142, h-index: 5)
Dementia & Neuropsychologia     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.232, h-index: 10)
Dental Press J. of Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.214, h-index: 7)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desarrollo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.106, h-index: 2)
Diálogo Andino - Revista de Historia, Geografía y Cultura Andina     Open Access  
Diánoia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dimensión Empresarial     Open Access  
Dynamis : Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.134, h-index: 7)
e-J. of Portuguese History     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.125, h-index: 2)
Eclética Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecología en Bolivia     Open Access  
Economia Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.168, h-index: 6)
Economia e Sociedade     Open Access  
EconoQuantum     Open Access  
Educação & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.244, h-index: 12)
Educação e Pesquisa     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.171, h-index: 8)
Educação em Revista     Open Access  
Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Educación Médica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.11, h-index: 7)
Educación Médica Superior     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.188, h-index: 7)
Educación y Educadores     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Educar em Revista     Open Access  
EDUMECENTRO     Open Access  
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros     Open Access  
Ene : Revista de Enfermería     Open Access  
Enfermería Global     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.14, h-index: 2)
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Engenharia Agrícola     Open Access   (SJR: 0.396, h-index: 18)
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental     Open Access   (SJR: 0.15, h-index: 10)
Ensaio Avaliação e Políticas Públicas em Educação     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 6)
Entomologia y Vectores     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Escritos de Psicología : Psychological Writings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Atacameños     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.418, h-index: 8)
Estudios Constitucionales     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.383, h-index: 5)
Estudios de Cultura Maya     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.167, h-index: 1)
Estudios de Economía     Open Access   (SJR: 0.144, h-index: 7)
Estudios de historia moderna y contemporánea de México     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, h-index: 3)
Estudios Filologicos     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, h-index: 3)
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios internacionales     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Estudios Pedagogicos (Valdivia)     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, h-index: 7)
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover América Latina en la historia económica
  [SJR: 0.148]   [H-I: 1]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1405-2253 - ISSN (Online) 2007-3496
   Published by SciELO Homepage  [721 journals]
  • Trade and Atlantization Mexican Pacific and South America: The crisis of
           lago indiano and Manila Galleon, 1750-1821

    • Abstract: Resumen: El ensayo tiene por objetivo identificar los factores que contribuyeron a la crisis y desaparición de un sistema comercial que se desarrolló por el Pacífico colonial entre 1580 y 1750. Se identifican tres razones; todas ellas ocurridas en el periodo comprendido desde 1750 hasta 1821. La primera examina la aparición a la escena de las compañías comerciales peninsulares por el Pacífico novohispano que comienzan a competir comercialmente con el Galeón de Manila. La segunda razón trata sobre el cierre del mercado de Perú al comercio de bienes extranjeros procedentes de Acapulco, a través de la inauguración de la vía por el Cabo de Hornos (1740) para el tráfico de navíos de registro procedentes de Europa. La tercera examina el comercio de los ingleses entre Jamaica, Panamá y el puerto mexicano de San Blas durante las primeras décadas del siglo XIX. : The essay has to aims to identify the factors that contributed to the crisis and disappearance of a trading system that was developed by the colonial Pacific between 1580 and 1750. They identified three reasons, all of which occurred in the period from 1750 to 1821. The first, the appearance on the scene of the peninsular commercial companies by the Pacific novohispano begin to compete commercially with the Manila galleon under review. The second reason is about the market close Peru foreign goods trade from Acapulco, through the opening of the route around Cabo de Hornos (1740) for the registration of ships traffic from Europe. The third one examines the British trade between Jamaica, Panama and the Mexican port of San Blas in the early decades of the nineteenth century.
       
  • Production, Supply and Circulation of National Gold Coins in Brazil
           (1703-1807)

    • Abstract: : In this paper, we assess the production, supply, and circulation of national gold coins in Brazil in the eighteenth century. New estimates have been provided of the volume of production of these gold coins at Mints of Rio de Janeiro, Bahia, and Minas Gerais. Comparing the values of this coinage with remittances to Lisbon, the first half of the eighteenth century reveals a more stable conjuncture than the second half. This latter period shows fluctuations that were expressed in the faster growth of the supply, despite the fall that took place in the production-coinage of gold. Our conclusions question the historiographical theses about the shortage of currency in Brazil throughout the Eighteenth Century. The growth of the economy from the last quarter of the Century onwards implied an increase in the demand for money, which may explain the increase in the supply of national gold coins.Resumen: En este trabajo evaluamos la producción, el suministro y la circulación de monedas de oro nacionales en Brasil en el siglo XVIII. Se han proporcionado nuevas estimaciones del volumen de producción de estas monedas de oro en las Casas de Moneda de Río de Janeiro, Bahía y Minas Gerais. Comparando los valores de esta acuñación con remesas a Lisboa, la primera mitad del siglo XVIII revela una coyuntura más estable que la segunda mitad. Este último periodo muestra las fluctuaciones que se expresaron en el crecimiento más rápido de la reserva, a pesar de la caída que tuvo lugar en la producción-acuñación de oro. Nuestras conclusiones cuestionan las tesis historiográficas sobre la escasez de moneda en Brasil durante el siglo XVIII. El crecimiento de la economía desde el último cuarto de siglo implicó un aumento en la demanda de dinero, que puede explicar el incremento en el suministro de monedas de oro "nacionales".Resumo: Nesta investigação, avalia-se a produção, oferta e circulação da moeda 'nacional' de ouro no Brasil durante o século XVIII. Novas estimativas da produção destas moedas de ouro nas Casas da Moeda do Rio de Janeiro, Bahia e Minas Gerais são disponibilizadas. Comparando-se os valores das cunhagens com as remessas para Lisboa, a primeira metade do século XVIII revela uma conjuntura mais estável comparativamente à segunda metade. Este último período indicia flutuações que foram expressas no crescimento mais rápido da oferta apesar da queda ocorrida na produção-cunhagem de ouro. Estas conclusões questionam as teses historiográficas sobre a escassez de moeda no Brasil ao longo do século XVIII. O crescimento da economia brasileira a partir do último quartel do século implicou um aumento da procura de moeda, situação que pode explicar o aumento da oferta de moedas 'nacionais' de ouro.
       
  • The Food Problem: An Approach from Nutritional Surveys (Chile, 1928-1938)

    • Abstract: Resumen: El presente artículo analiza una serie de encuestas de nutrición entre 1928 y 1938, en el contexto de la preocupación por las condiciones de vida de la clase trabajadora. Estas encuestas, junto con el reconocimiento de la importancia de la alimentación en la estructura de gastos de las familias, permiten identificar patrones de consumo y los serios problemas que las familias más pobres tuvieron para alcanzar un nivel de vida mínimo, medido en términos de consumo de calorías. Además de valorar estas encuestas, este artículo se inserta en un proyecto mayor que busca aportar elementos teóricos y metodológicos para la comprensión del fenómeno de la alimentación y reflexionar históricamente sobre el desarrollo de la ciencia de la nutrición. : This article analyzes several nutrition surveys conducted between 1928 and 1938, in the context of the concerns about the living conditions of the working-class. In addition to acknowledging the importance of food in the expenses structure of the working families in the country, these surveys identify consumption patterns and the serious problems that the poor families had to endure in order to attain a minimum living standard, measured in terms of caloric intake. In addition to acknowledging the value of these surveys, this article is part of a larger project that seeks to provide theoretical and methodological elements for the understanding of the food issue, and to historically study the development of the science of nutrition.
       
  • The Stock Exchange in Mexico during the Porfiriato and the Revolution,
           1885-1934

    • Abstract: Resumen: En este artículo se sostiene que la Bolsa de México sólo contribuyó a la financiación empresarial desde su fundación hasta el inicio de la revolución. Allí encontraron fuentes de financiación empresarios mineros, banqueros e industriales. Pero desde entonces, particularmente desde la aplicación de la doctrina de Carranza en 1916, la Bolsa se convirtió en un mero instrumento financiero del Estado y sirvió entonces casi exclusivamente para la suscripción de deuda. Para demostrar esta hipótesis se presentan series cuantitativas inéditas que miden los efectos de la actividad bursátil en el desarrollo económico del país, al margen de los aspectos específicamente financieros. : This paper holds that the Mexican Stock Exchange was merely a contribution to business financing from its opening to the beginning of the Revolution. Mining investors, bankers, and industrial found financing sources in it. Since then, particularly since the implementation of the Carranza policy in 1916, the Stock Market became a mere financing tool for the State, serving almost exclusively for the subscription of foreign debt. To prove this hypothesis quantitative unprecedented series are presented measuring the impact of the stock market activity on the country's economical development, apart from the specific financial aspects.
       
  • Characteristics and Vulnerabilities of Cuban Export Sector in the
           Revolutionary Period (1959-2013)

    • Abstract: Resumen: Este trabajo analiza las transformaciones del sector exterior cubano a través de la evolución de un grupo de indicadores seleccionados en el periodo revolucionario entre 1959 y 2013 para identificar las principales vulnerabilidades que enfrenta en el corto y mediano plazos. Se siguió un enfoque histórico descriptivo basado en la evolución de variables económicas en el tiempo (1959-2013). Se observó que el sector exportador cubano ha sufrido cambios importantes, aunque ha mantenido debilidades estructurales, a lo largo del periodo considerado. A partir de 1989, Cuba tuvo que ajustar sus relaciones comerciales frente a la inesperada caída de los regímenes socialistas europeos con los cuales tenía relaciones privilegiadas. En la etapa sucesiva el comercio se ha diversificado, pero ha conservado la relación de dependencia con países ideológicamente afines, y con eso las debilidades mencionadas que en el corto plazo vislumbran un panorama poco alentador. : This work is aimed at examining the transformations in the Cuban exports sector through the evolution of a group of indicators chosen in the revolutionary times, from 1959 to 2013, in order to identify the main vulnerabilities it has to face in the short and middle terms. A descriptive historical approach has been taken based on the evolution of economical variables through that period (1959-2013). It was observed that the Cuban export sector has gone through important changes, keeping nonetheless structural weaknesses all along the studied period. From 1989 on Cuba had to adjust its trading relations due to the unexpected fall of the European socialist regimes with which it shared privileged relationships. In the following stage, trade has diversified, but the dependent relation with ideologically similar countries has kept on, as well as the above-mentioned weaknesses, that are far from facing an encouraging picture in the short run.
       
  • The Symbiosis between Docenave and the Brazilian Naval Industry

    • Abstract: Resumo: O objetivo desse artigo é discutir a relação entre a DOCENAVE, uma companhia de navegação subsidiária da Companhia Vale do Rio Doce, e a trajetória de consolidação e desmonte parcial da indústria da construção naval pesada no Brasil entre 1963 e 1997. O período compreende desde a criação da DOCENAVE à privatização da Companhia Vale do Rio Doce. A DOCENAVE, juntamente com outros armadores estatais, Lloyd Brasileiro e Frota Nacional de Petroleiros, ajustou-se às estratégias da Superintendência Nacional da Marinha Mercante, que tinha como objetivo fortalecer e consolidar o setor naval brasileiro. Tendo como referência básica os relatórios de atividades da Companhia Vale do Rio Doce, anuários da Marinha Mercante e artigos da revista Portos e Navios, além de outras fontes documentais e bibliográficas, o texto analisa a trajetória da Companhia Vale do Rio Doce e da DOCENAVE em quatro décadas: novos mercados e criação da DOCENAVE (1960), expectativas favoráveis e ampliação da frota (1970), diversificação da produção e consolidação da companhia (1980) e incertezas e desnacionalização das encomendas (1990). : The purpose of this article is to discuss the relationship between DOCENAVE, a company subsidiary navigation of Companhia Vale do Rio Doce, and the path of consolidation and partial dismantling of the heavy shipping industry in Brazil between 1963 and 1997. The period begins at creation of DOCENAVE the privatization of Companhia Vale do Rio Doce. DOCENAVE, along with other state owners, Lloyd Brasileiro and Frota Nacional de Petroleiros, set the strategies of the Superintendência Nacional da Marinha Mercante, which aimed to strengthen and consolidate the Brazilian shipbuilding industry. With Companhia Vale do Rio Doce Activity Reports, Yearbooks of the Merchant Marine and magazine articles Port and Ships, and other documentary as basic references, and bibliographic sources, this paper analyzes the trajectory of Companhia Vale do Rio Doce and DOCENAVE in four decades: new markets and creation of DOCENAVE (1960), favorable expectations and expansion of the fleet (1970), diversification of production and the company’s consolidation (1980), and uncertainties and denationalization of orders (1990).
       
  • Ecuador 1980-1990: Crisis, Adjustment, and Change of Development Regime

    • Abstract: Resumen: En la década de 1980 terminó la industrialización dirigida por el Estado, comenzaron las reformas de mercado y cambió la forma de gestionar la política económica. En Ecuador los gobiernos de los presidentes Osvaldo Hurtado (1981-1984), León Febres Cordero (1984-1988), Rodrigo Borja (1988-1992) y la influencia del FMI promovieron este cambio adaptativo al régimen económico alentado por las emergentes doctrinas neoconservadoras de la época. Se estudian las cartas de intención remitidas al FMI y las memorias anuales del Banco Central del Ecuador, además de otras fuentes primarias. El PIB creció en promedio 2.4% anual, mientras la población lo hizo al 2.6%; la gestión de la crisis se desplazó desde la Junta Nacional de Planificación hacia el Banco Central, entidad que hizo de la devaluación monetaria su principal herramienta de política económica. : In the 1980s ended industrialization managed by the State, began the so called market reforms, and changed public management. This adaptive change towards the economic regime promoted by the emerging neoconservative social doctrine was fostered by presidents Oswaldo Hurtado (1981-1984), León Febres Cordero (1984-1988, Rodrigo Borja (1988-1992), and the IMF influence in the Country. The Central Bank’s annual reports and the proposals to the IMF are analyzed, as well as other primary sources. The Ecuadorian GDP grew 2.4 per cent annual average, while population grew 2.6 per cent. The Central Bank take the place of the Junta Nacional de Planificación in order to manage the crisis, and money devaluation became the main tool of economic policy.
       
  • Some Notes on the Internal Slave Trade in the West of São Paulo,
           1875-1880

    • Abstract: Resumo: Este artigo lança luz sobre aspectos do comércio interno de escravos no Oeste de São Paulo, Brasil, durante o intervalo 1875-1880. Procuramos estudar a dinâmica desse comércio em Araras, importante município cafeeiro. Com este objetivo em vista, compulsamos os Livros Cartoriais –preservados pelo 1º Cartório de Notas e Protestos de Araras– relativos à compra e venda de indivíduos escravizados. Nestes livros, localizamos 323 sujeitos comprados-vendidos ao longo de 110 escrituras. A partir das informações coletadas, realizamos apreciações econômicas e demográficas desse conjunto de pessoas. : This article discusses elements of the Brazilian domestic slave trade during the interval 1875-1880. We conducted this research through the analysis of 110 deeds that recorded the purchase-sale of 323 slaves in Araras, municipality belonging to the Zona da Baixa Paulista. The primary sources reveal the economic and demographic background of those trafficked into the town of Araras.
       
 
 
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