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Showing 1 - 200 of 707 Journals sorted alphabetically
ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Agronómica     Open Access  
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Botanica Brasilica     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.325, CiteScore: 1)
Acta botánica mexicana     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.212, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira     Open Access   (SJR: 0.395, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.28, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Neurológica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.343, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.275, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Pediátrica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.431, CiteScore: 1)
Acta zoológica mexicana     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Human Rights Law J.     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
African Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.198, CiteScore: 1)
Afro-Asia     Open Access  
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.132, CiteScore: 0)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agrociencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access  
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.106, CiteScore: 0)
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Alfa : Revista de Linguística     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
Ambiente & sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
Ambiente & Agua : An Interdisciplinary J. of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.263, CiteScore: 1)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
América Latina en la historia económica     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.134, CiteScore: 0)
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.418, CiteScore: 1)
Anais do Museu Paulista : História e Cultura Material     Open Access  
Anales de Medicina Interna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.157, CiteScore: 0)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.674, CiteScore: 1)
Antipoda. Revista de Antropología y Arqueología     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.135, CiteScore: 0)
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura     Open Access   (SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Anuario de Historia Regional y de las Fronteras     Open Access  
Apuntes : Revista de Estudios sobre Patrimonio Cultural - J. of Cultural Heritage Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 0)
Archivos de Neurociencias     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Archivos de Pediatria del Uruguay     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Archivos Españoles de Urología     Open Access   (SJR: 0.178, CiteScore: 0)
Argos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARQ     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Arquitectura y Urbanismo     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.248, CiteScore: 0)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.381, CiteScore: 1)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia     Open Access  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.518, CiteScore: 1)
Arquivos de Gastroenterologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.396, CiteScore: 1)
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria     Open Access   (SJR: 0.448, CiteScore: 1)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia     Open Access  
ARS     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atenea (Concepción)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Atmósfera     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.449, CiteScore: 1)
Audiology - Communication Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Avaliação : Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas)     Open Access  
Avances en Enfermería     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Avances en Odontoestomatologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bakhtiniana : Revista de Estudos do Discurso     Open Access   (SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
BAR. Brazilian Administration Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.137, CiteScore: 0)
Biota Neotropica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.381, CiteScore: 1)
Biotecnología Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial     Open Access  
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access   (SJR: 0.188, CiteScore: 0)
Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 0)
Boletin Chileno de Parasitologia     Open Access  
Boletín de Filología     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana     Open Access   (SJR: 0.291, CiteScore: 1)
Boletín del Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 0)
Bosque     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.29, CiteScore: 1)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian Dental J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.476, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian J. of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.523, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian J. of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.395, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian J. of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.206, CiteScore: 0)
Brazilian J. of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 2)
Brazilian J. of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.63, CiteScore: 2)
Brazilian J. of Oceanography     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Brazilian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Brazilian J. of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.802, CiteScore: 2)
Brazilian J. of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.178, CiteScore: 3)
Brazilian J. of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Brazilian Oral Research     Open Access  
Brazilian Political Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 2.532, CiteScore: 3)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.233, CiteScore: 0)
Caderno de Estudos     Open Access  
Cadernos CEDES     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Cadernos de Pesquisa     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
Cadernos de Saúde Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Cadernos de Tradução     Open Access  
Cadernos Metrópole     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Cadernos Pagu     Open Access   (SJR: 0.356, CiteScore: 0)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caldasia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.195, CiteScore: 0)
Calidad en la educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports     Open Access  
Cerâmica     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 0)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Chilean J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.377, CiteScore: 1)
Chungara (Arica) - Revista de Antropologia Chilena     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.565, CiteScore: 1)
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.566, CiteScore: 1)
Ciência & Educação (Bauru)     Open Access  
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.216, CiteScore: 0)
Ciência da Informação     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Ciencia del suelo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access   (SJR: 0.383, CiteScore: 1)
Ciencia e Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e investigación agraria     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.211, CiteScore: 0)
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access  
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.337, CiteScore: 1)
Ciencia y Enfermeria - Revista Iberoamericana de Investigacion     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.158, CiteScore: 0)
Ciencias Marinas     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.414, CiteScore: 1)
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Cirugia Plastica Ibero-Latinoamericana     Open Access   (SJR: 0.166, CiteScore: 0)
CLEI Electronic J.     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access   (SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 0)
Clinics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access   (SJR: 0.267, CiteScore: 0)
Comuni@cción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comunicación y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 0)
Contaduría y Administración     Open Access   (SJR: 0.219, CiteScore: 0)
Contexto Internacional     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Correo Científico Médico     Open Access  
Corrosão e Protecção de Materiais     Open Access  
Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.609, CiteScore: 1)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American J. of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Historia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Historia de la Salud Publica     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)     Open Access   (SJR: 0.38, CiteScore: 0)
Cubo. A Mathematical J.     Open Access  
Cuicuilco     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dados - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 0)
De Jure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DELTA : Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.133, CiteScore: 0)
Dementia & Neuropsychologia     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Press J. of Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.489, CiteScore: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desarrollo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 0)
Diálogo Andino - Revista de Historia, Geografía y Cultura Andina     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
Diánoia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dimensión Empresarial     Open Access  
Dynamis : Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
e-J. of Portuguese History     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Eclética Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecología en Bolivia     Open Access  
Economia Aplicada     Open Access   (SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Economia e Sociedade     Open Access  
EconoQuantum     Open Access  
Educação & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Educação e Pesquisa     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 0)
Educação em Revista     Open Access  
Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Educación Médica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.236, CiteScore: 0)
Educación Médica Superior     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.237, CiteScore: 0)
Educación y Educadores     Open Access  
Educar em Revista     Open Access  
EDUMECENTRO     Open Access  
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 0)
Encuentros     Open Access  
Ene : Revista de Enfermería     Open Access  
Enfermería Global     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.165, CiteScore: 0)
Enfermería Nefrológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.198, CiteScore: 0)
Enfoques     Open Access  
Engenharia Agrícola     Open Access   (SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental     Open Access   (SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 0)
Ensaio Avaliação e Políticas Públicas em Educação     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.254, CiteScore: 0)
Entomologia y Vectores     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Escritos de Psicología : Psychological Writings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Atacameños     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.446, CiteScore: 1)
Estudios Constitucionales     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 0)
Estudios de Cultura Maya     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.272, CiteScore: 0)
Estudios de Economía     Open Access   (SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Estudios de historia moderna y contemporánea de México     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Estudios Filologicos     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, CiteScore: 0)

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Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.186
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0366-6913
Published by SciELO Homepage  [707 journals]
  • Utilization of gypsum from construction and demolition waste in Portland
           cement mortar

    • Abstract: Civil construction generates the largest amount of construction and demolition waste (CDW), most of which is not reused and is discarded as inert waste in landfills. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of reusing gypsum recovered from CDW in the preparation of mortar. This material was examined to determine its specific mass, morphology, elemental composition and particle size distribution. Test specimens were prepared with a mix design of 1:3 (cement:sand), with the gypsum waste substituting part of sand in proportions of 0, 10, 20 and 30% (in volume). The consistency of the fresh mortar was evaluated: the specimens were tested to determine their flexural and compressive strength, apparent density, water absorption, voids index, and specific mass. After 28 days, the mechanical strength of the specimens exceeded the limits specified by NBR 13281 standard, indicating that up to 30% of ground gypsum waste can be included in a mortar.
  • Development of a microwave absorbing material based on molybdenum-doped
           niobium pentoxide

    • Abstract: This work aimed to perform the characterization of electrical properties of niobium pentoxide, Nb2O5, pure and doped with molybdenum, prepared by powder metallurgy route and to do a comparative analysis of the influence of this material when sintered in a muffle or in a microwave oven. The results showed that the doping of the niobium pentoxide with 0.5% or 1% of molybdenum along with the process of sintering in a microwave oven make the material more applicable as a microwave absorber material for electromagnetic radiation in the UHF (ultra-high frequency) range between 0.3 to 3 GHz. The motivation of this work was associated with the fact that in Brazil are located two of the largest niobium reserves in the world. Under this view, the study of the processing of the ceramic materials is important considering possible technological applications.
  • Objective criterion for evaluation of the quality decoration in ceramic
           floor tile production prior to the sintering process

    • Abstract: In the ceramic tile decoration process, the set of variables that can cause hue variation is quite wide and independent of the methodology used in the production. The understanding of the effects of these variables over the final expected result is of great importance to the producers, especially if it could be done before the ceramic tile’s sintering stage. The quality of the decoration is linked to the deposited dot shape and its filling with ink. It is proposed in this paper the determination of a ‘quality index’, comparing the theoretical deposition pattern and a real deposition obtained with samples. Measuring the values of the areas with and without ink, using the statistical tool of the ROC curve, it was obtained the values for sensibility=0.791, specificity=0.830, precision=0.802 and quality index=0.768. The method is intended to be used prior to the sintering step for hue variation control.
  • Effect of sol-gel processing parameters on structure of zirconia

    • Abstract: The present study reports the experimental results regarding the effect of molar ratio of hydrolysis water used in the sol-gel synthesis upon the structure of zirconia. The ZrO2 materials were synthesized via simple metal-chelate route using zirconium n-propoxide [Zr(OCH2CH2CH3)4], n-propanol, acetic acid, and deionized water. Thermogravimetric analysis and infrared spectroscopy were performed to evaluate the structural evolution upon samples heating; the complete removal of organic compounds at 330 °C was verified. The results of X-ray diffraction showed that the calcination temperature of 400 °C was enough to the crystallization of the metastable tetragonal zirconia phase. Nitrogen adsorption-desorption measurements indicated that the textural properties of zirconia were affected by the water content used in the synthesis, and the highest surface area was achieved when the water molar ratio of 4 was used.
  • Construction and demolition waste in concrete: property of pre-molded
           parts for paving

    • Abstract: Construction and demolition waste (CDW) production is a growing factor on a global scale and its incorrect disposal becomes an increasingly common problem in cities. It is estimated to represent, on average, 50% of the urban solid waste mass in the world. In this sense, an alternative to the destination is their reuse. In this work, the properties of interlocking concrete pieces for paving with the CDW in substitution to large aggregates were analyzed. The substitution occurred in fractions from 20 to 100 wt% of CDW in cylindrical test specimens to find the ideal substitution content, so that to prepare pre-molded concrete blocks. The piece properties obtained were analyzed according to Brazilian standards for compressive strength and water absorption. Therefore, the influence of the residue incorporation in the pieces, from the technical viewpoint, was verified. The sample that presented the best performance had a substitution of 20% of the natural aggregate by crushed CDW.
  • Passive vibration control using a metaconcrete thin plate

    • Abstract: We investigated the band structure of flexural waves propagating in a metaconcrete thin plate, consisting of a concrete matrix reinforced by steel inclusions coated by rubber in square and triangular lattices. We considered the classical Kirchhoff-Love thin plate theory. We also studied the influence of inclusion geometry - circular, square and rotated square with a 45° angle of rotation with respect to the x, y axes. Improved plane wave expansion method was used to solve the wave equation considering flexural wave propagation in the xy plane. Flat bands and locally resonant band gaps were observed for all types of inclusion studied regarding square and triangular lattices. The locally resonant band gaps for square and rotated square inclusions in a triangular lattice were slightly shifted to higher frequencies than that given by circular inclusion. We suggest that the metaconcrete thin plate studied should be feasible for flexural vibration control in low frequencies.
  • Ceramic characterization of raw material with a high content of organic
           matter reduced by composting

    • Abstract: The process of beneficiation of a peaty ceramic raw material extracted from the Poços de Caldas region, MG, through the composting method to reduce organic matter (OM) was analyzed. The raw materials used in separate piles were divided, keeping one of the samples pure (TP) and adding bovine wastes in the second (TB). The process lasted 6 months and, at the end of each month, the amount of MO was analyzed by the Walkley-Black method. Results of maximum degradation of 56%±6% of OM in the TB and 47%±5% of OM in the TP were obtained. The ceramic characterization of the processed raw material was then carried out. It has been proved that the proposed method is efficient for the decrease of OM in the ceramic raw material. Regarding the composting product, the results were positive, showing that this material can be used in ceramic applications.
  • Brazilian refractory grade bauxite: a new alternative to refractories
           makers and users

    • Abstract: After two centuries of the discovery, we now know that there are several types of bauxites, in which mineralogy points to the most appropriate application. In the non-metallurgical industry, bauxites with refractory grades have been applied as raw materials in the production of high-alumina refractories for both shaped and unshaped. The increase in the cost of other sources of high-alumina raw materials has encouraged the refractory producers to find a more cost-effective substitute, such as refractory-grade calcined bauxites (RGB). Nowadays, concerns rise regarding the availability of RGB due to the continuous restrictions taking place in China, which has a 95% market share. This work presents a new RGB of high-alumina content (~85%) from a Brazilian source in which process enabled a technology with high refractoriness.
  • Photodegradation of Rhodamine B catalyzed by ZnO pellets

    • Abstract: This paper describes the development of ZnO semiconductors applied as photocatalysts for the degradation of water contaminants, with the shape of ceramic pellets thick enough to maintain their structures, prepared by slip casting and sintering. The samples presented porosities around 40% and densities around 3.4 g/cm3, which represented about 61% of the theoretical density of ZnO. After obtaining the ceramic samples, the degradation of Rhodamine B dye by photocatalysis was evaluated in six cycles of degradation. After the cycles, changes in the surface of the samples were verified, possibly due to leaching during photocatalysis since they presented mean grain sizes of 0.61 μm before and 0.36 μm after the photocatalysis. The ceramic ZnO samples were able to satisfactorily degrade Rhodamine B for several cycles, resulting in successful reuse of photocatalysts and increased facility of removing the photocatalysts from the medium after degradation compared to powders in suspensions.
  • New mathematical modelling for grain size distribution adjustment in

    • Abstract: Concrete used in civil engineering is a composite obtained from the combination of coarse and fine aggregates, cement and water, and its cost and quality are normally associated to the proportion of its constituents (ceramic formulation), as well as the reduction of water consumption. The aggregates used in concrete may have diverse origins, and the syenite extracted at Pedra Branca Alkaline Massif is one of the materials that can be used for this substitution. In order to do so, a reference formulation of concrete was calculated and optimized using the mathematical models of Andreasen, and syenite was added substituting 25, 50, 75 and 100% of the fine aggregate. In order to maintain the original granulometric distribution, an algorithm was developed to compensate the different particle size distributions. The grain size correction guaranteed the maintenance of the original properties of the concrete, reaching values of mechanical strength above 35 MPa.
  • Tribological behavior of hydrogenated W-C/a-C:H coatings deposited by
           three different sputtering techniques

    • Abstract: The evolution of structure, mechanical properties and friction behavior of DC magnetron sputtered (DCMS), high power impulse magnetron sputtered (HiPIMS) and high target utilization sputtered (HiTUS) W-C:H coatings was investigated as a function of the addition of acetylene and hydrogen into Ar atmosphere. The gradual addition of reactive gases caused a transition from PVD toward hybrid PVD-PECVD and even PECVD dominant processes. The coating structure evolved from nanocrystalline toward nanocomposite and amorphous structure with the increase of acetylene addition. Deposition rates in all techniques increased linearly with the increase of acetylene flow until certain saturation limit due to the limited energy available for acetylene fragmentation during hybrid PVD-PECVD deposition. Hardness and coefficient of friction in DCMS and HiTUS W-C:H coatings deposited in this regime followed standard congruent tendencies whereas PECVD dominated deposition process produced coatings with different dependencies. In contrary, HiPIMS W-C:H coatings showed low sensitivity to the influence of acetylene and hydrogen additions. Lower coefficients of friction (<0.1) and moderate hardness (around 20 GPa) of HiPIMS W-C:H coatings over a wide range of acetylene additions seem to be a principal advantage of HiPIMS compared to DCMS and HiTUS techniques in this class of coatings.
  • Evaluation of mechanical properties of porous alumina ceramics obtained
           using rice husk as a porogenic agent

    • Abstract: The objective of this work was to evaluate the mechanical properties of porous alumina ceramics, using the rice husk as a porogenic element. The rice husk was milled and graded in two granulometry, <65 μm and 65-150 μm, and added in a high purity calcined alumina in the proportion of 5, 15 and 30 wt%. The samples were pressed by uniaxial pressing and sintered at 1450 ºC for 1 h. Sintered density, total porosity, Young’s modulus, modulus of rupture, and compressive strength were evaluated. Samples were also prepared without the addition of rice husk (RH) in order to compare the properties. Porous ceramics with total porosity ranging from 24% to 54% were produced, and with the composition of 5% RH 65-150 μm, a high porosity value was obtained for a lower loss in mechanical properties.
  • Evaluation of Portland pozzolan blended cements containing diatomaceous

    • Abstract: Clinker replacement by supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) is one strategy to reduce CO2 emissions of cement industry. Diatomaceous earth, a natural pozzolan, has been used as SCM. So, this study aimed to evaluate two Portland pozzolan blended cements with distinct content of diatomaceous earth (16DE and 49DE) and compare then with a high clinker content cement (REF). Cements were physically and chemically characterized; pastes and mortars were analyzed in terms of reactivity, water demand, and mechanical strength; finally, environmental indicators were estimated. Cements with diatomaceous earth demanded a similar volume of mix water for mortars without superplasticizer and less water than REF for mortars with superplasticizer. The chemical bound water at 91 days reduced 21% and 27% for 16DE and 49DE, respectively, in relation with REF. For binder intensity indicator, both cements had worst results compared to REF, but for carbon intensity indicator 49DE obtained better results comparing to REF.
  • Densification and microstructure of Si3N4-TiN
           ceramic composites

    • Abstract: Silicon nitride is a ceramic material widely used in various structural applications at high temperatures owing to its excellent combination of mechanical and thermal properties. To increase the application of Si3N4, many researches have been developed to improve its fracture toughness and processing conditions. In this study, the sintering and microstructure of Si3N4-TiN composites, containing Al2O3 and Y2O3 as sintering aids, were studied. Samples were obtained by the conventional method of mixing powders and sintered at 1750 ºC/1 h and 1815 ºC/1 h under nitrogen atmosphere. Density values of the samples were determined by the Archimedes method, reaching values between 96.9% and 98.0% of theoretical density, with a porosity of less than 0.5%. The sintered samples were analyzed by X-ray powder diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed the materials reached high fracture toughness, low hardness and a microstructure with TiN grains dispersed in a β-Si3N4 matrix containing an amorphous intergranular phase.
  • Development of metakaolin and geopolymer proppants with nanocarbon

    • Abstract: From the first hydraulic fracturing in the 40’s until nowadays, the techniques of each process step have evolved significantly. This study presents a new approach on the development of metakaolin (MK) and geopolymer based proppant with and without nanocarbon materials such as multi-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide. For manufacturing the microspheres, the chosen method was intensive mixing of raw material with dispersed nanocarbons followed by sintering metakaolin and curing the geopolymer using an alkaline medium (NaOH). Compression mechanical tests, bulk density, turbidity, and K&S method analysis were made following API RP 19C standard. The sample containing 4.3 M NaOH to produce alkali-activated metakaolin sintered at 1300 ºC for 2 h presented higher mechanical resistance generating 2.4% of fines at 3 K (3000 psi). The geopolymer samples showed higher crushing strength and lower bulk density when compared to the MK samples without heat treatment. Furthermore, reduced graphene was produced and incorporated into activated MK. Morphology and presence of carbon nanostructures on the proppants were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. Crushing test reached 3 K enabling it to be used as a ceramic synthetic proppant containing carbon nanomaterials.
  • Influence of sintering temperature on the development of alumina membrane
           shaped by centrifugal casting for gas separation

    • Abstract: The development of ceramic membranes for the most diverse separation processes has gained high visibility, mainly due to their better performance in harsh environments in comparison to polymeric materials. Among the different techniques used to prepare tubular ceramic membranes, the centrifugal casting (CC) is interesting for obtaining highly homogeneous structures, essential for gas separations. This study assessed the influence of two sintering temperatures (1450 and 1500 °C) of alumina membranes prepared by CC on the membrane morphology and on the permeation of helium, nitrogen and oxygen gases. The membranes were characterized by their morphology, apparent porosity, and gas permeation. The results indicated that the sintering temperature is a fundamental parameter for controlling membrane properties, an increase of only 50 °C led to a tenfold decrease in the gas permeate flux, indicating densification of membrane porous structure. This was in accordance with the results observed in the membrane micrographs and the apparent porosity.
  • Effect of sawdust as porosity agent on final properties of geopolymers

    • Abstract: The geopolymers synthesis are based on geopolymerization, a sequence of reactions processed in an alkaline medium through oligomers providing a three-dimensional molecular structure. In this work, the polycondensation of metakaolin was performed with alkaline activators (NaOH and sodium silicate), wood sawdust and other additives. Two different compositions were evaluated after and before sintering at a high temperature (850 °C). The effect of sawdust addition and the thermal treatment of geopolymers were evaluated by scanning electronic microscopy, X-ray diffraction, mechanical properties, apparent density and porosity by different characterization techniques to guide of development of high porous and low-density materials for thermal and noise control application on building/home construction engineering applications.
  • The use of tire rubber in the production of high-performance concrete

    • Abstract: The advances in concrete technology lead to the search for alternative materials that provide improvements in concrete properties while at the same time collaborating with sustainable practices in construction. In this study, the influence of the incorporation of waste tire rubber on the mechanical properties of high-performance concrete was discussed. The waste rubber from the tire retreading process was used in partial substitution of the fine aggregate (sand) in the percentages of 7.5%, 15% and 30% with respect to the mass of the sand. For the characterization of the concrete, the following tests were carried out: water absorption, void index, specific density, compressive strength, flexural tensile strength, modulus of elasticity and microscopy analysis. The incorporation of rubber as aggregate in high-performance concrete proved to be promising for the production of a structural concrete with special characteristics, besides collaborating with the proper disposal of waste tires.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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